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					Common Name          Scientific Name          Code      Each 3+     5+    25+     100+     Each   3+    5+    25+   100+   Tempera    Gro   Sh    Dro    Goo Typ
                                                                                                                           ture       wth   ad    ugh    d    e
                                                                                                                           toleranc   Rat   e     t      for
                                                                                                                           e          e     tol   tole   Lan
                                                                                                                                            era   ran    dsc
                                                                                                                                            nt    t      apin
                                                        1+0   1+0   1+0   1+0     1+0      2+0    2+0   2+0   2+0   2+0                                  g
Pacific Silver fir   Abies amabilis           ABAM      $8.25 $6.80 $5.80 $4.80    $3.80 $11.25 $8.95 $7.95 $6.95          7° F       S     Y     N          C
Balsam fir           Abies balsamea           ABBAB     $7.95 $6.50 $5.25 $4.25    $3.60 $11.00 $8.45 $7.45 $6.45 $4.45 -43° F        S     Y     L          C



White fir            Abies concolor           ABCO      $8.25 $6.80 $5.80 $4.80    $3.80 $11.25 $8.95 $7.95                -38° F     S     Y     M      Y   C



Lowiana fir          Abies concolor lowiana   ABCOL     $7.95 $6.50 $5.25 $4.25    $3.60 $11.00 $8.45 $7.45 $6.45 $4.45 -30° F        S     Y     M          C

Fraser fir           Abies fraseri            ABFR      $8.25 $6.80 $5.80 $4.80    $3.80                                   -23° F to - M    Y     L      Y   C
                                                                                                                           30° F

Grand fir            Abies grandis            ABGR      $8.25 $6.80 $5.80 $4.80    $3.80 $11.25 $8.95 $7.95                -33° F     M     Y     L      Y   C

Subalpine fir        Abies lasiocarpa         ABLAL     $8.25 $6.80 $5.80 $4.80    $3.80 $11.25 $8.95 $7.95 $6.95 $4.95 -51° F        S     Y     L      Y   C




Corkbark fir         Abies lasiocarpa arizonica ABLAA   $8.25 $6.80 $5.80 $4.80    $3.80 $11.25 $8.95 $7.95 $6.95                     S     N     M          C



California red fir   Abies magnifica          ABMA      $8.25 $6.80 $5.80 $4.80    $3.80 $11.25 $8.95 $7.95 $6.95 $4.95 -23° F        S     Y     L          C

Noble fir            Abies procera            ABPR      $8.25 $6.80 $5.80 $4.80    $3.80 $11.25 $8.95 $7.95 $6.95 $4.95 -23° F to - F       M     L      Y   C
                                                                                                                        30° F

Rocky Mountain       Acer glabrum var.        ACGLD     $8.25 $6.80 $5.80 $4.80    $3.80 $11.25 $8.95 $7.95 $6.95          -43° F     F     M     M          D/S
maple                douglasii

Bigtooth maple       Acer grandidentatum      ACGR      $7.95 $6.50 $5.25 $4.25    $3.60 $11.00 $8.45 $7.45 $6.45 $4.45 -23° F        M     Y     L          D/S

Black maple          Acer nigrum              ACNI      $7.55 $6.15 $5.15 $4.15    $3.35                                   -33° F     M     No M             D

Red maple            Acer rubrum              ACRU      $7.95 $6.50 $5.25 $4.25    $3.60 $11.00 $8.45 $7.45 $6.45          -38° F     F     Y     L      Y   D

Sugar maple          Acer saccharum           ACSA      $7.95 $6.50 $5.25 $4.25    $3.60 $11.00 $8.45 $7.45 $6.45 $4.45 -43° F to S         Y     M          D
                                                                                                                        100° F
Mountain maple       Acer spicatum            ACSP    $8.25 $6.80 $5.80 $4.80   $3.80                                 -28° F    M   Y   L       D/S



White alder          Alnus rhombifolia        ALRH    $8.25 $6.80 $5.80 $4.80   $3.80                                 -23° F    F   M   N   Y   D

Red alder            Alnus rubra              ALRU2   $7.55 $6.15 $5.15 $4.15   $3.35                                 -22° F to M   P/F M       D
                                                                                                                      115° F


Sitka alder          Alnus sinuata            ALSI3   $7.95 $6.50 $5.25 $4.25   $3.60 $11.00 $8.45 $7.45              -33° F    S   P/F L       D



Mountain alder       Alnus tenuifolia         ALINT   $7.95 $6.50 $5.25 $4.25   $3.60 $11.00 $8.45 $7.45              -20° F    F   M   L       D/S



Shadblow             Amelanchier canadensis   AMCA    $7.55 $6.15 $5.15 $4.15   $3.35 $10.55 $7.95 $6.45 $5.75 $3.95 -33° F     M   P   L   Y   S
serviceberry
Wyoming big          Artemesia tridentata     ARTRW   $7.55 $6.15 $5.15 $4.15   $3.35 $10.55 $7.95 $6.45 $5.75        -33° F    S   No Y    Y   S
sagebrush            wyomingensis

Yellow birch         Betula alleghaniensis    BEALM   $7.95 $6.50 $5.25 $4.25   $3.60 $11.00 $8.45 $7.45 $6.45 $4.45 -40° F to F    M   M       D
                                                                                                                     >100° F
Bog (dwarf) birch    Betula glandulosa        BEGL    $7.95 $6.50 $5.25 $4.25   $3.60 $11.00 $8.45 $7.45 $6.45 $4.45 <-40° F            L       D/S




Cherry (Sweet) birch Betula lenta             BELE    $8.25 $6.80 $5.80 $4.80   $3.80 $11.25 $8.95 $7.95 $6.95 $4.95 -33° F     M   No M        D

Yukon white birch    Betula neoalaskana       BENE4   $7.95 $6.50 $5.25 $4.25   $3.60 $11.00 $8.45 $7.45              <-40° F                   D

River birch          Betula nigra             BENI    $8.25 $6.80 $5.80 $4.80   $3.80 $11.25 $8.95 $7.95              -23° F    F   No L    Y   D




Water birch          Betula occidentalis      BEOC    $7.95 $6.50 $5.25 $4.25   $3.60 $11.00 $8.45 $7.45 $6.45        -28° F    F   M   L       D



Paper birch          Betula papyrifera        BEPA    $8.25 $6.80 $5.80 $4.80   $3.80 $11.25 $8.95 $7.95 $6.95 $4.95 -43° F     F   No L    Y   D



Gray birch           Betula populifolia       BEPO    $7.55 $6.15 $5.15 $4.15   $3.35 $10.55 $7.95 $6.45 $5.75 $3.95 -33° F     F   No M    Y   D

Incense-cedar        Calocedrus decurrens     CADE2   $8.25 $6.80 $5.80 $4.80   $3.80 $11.25 $8.95 $7.95              -33° F to S   M   M   Y   C
                                              7                                                                       118° F
Bitternut hickory   Carya cordiformis        CACO1   $8.25 $6.80 $5.80 $4.80   $3.80                                  -23° F to S   No Y    Y   D
                                             5                                                                        115° F



Pignut hickory      Carya glabra             CAGL8   $8.25 $6.80 $5.80 $4.80   $3.80 $11.25 $8.95 $7.95               -28° F to S   No Y    Y   D
                                                                                                                      115° F
Shellbark hickory   Carya laciniosa          CALA21 $8.25 $6.80 $5.80 $4.80    $3.80 $11.25 $8.95 $7.95               -18° F to M   Y   M       D
                                                                                                                      115° F
Shagbark hickory    Carya ovata              CAOV2   $8.25 $6.80 $5.80 $4.80   $3.80 $11.25 $8.95 $7.95 $6.95 $4.95 -43° F to F     M   M       D
                                                                                                                    115° F

Mockernut hickory   Carya tomentosa          CATO6   $8.25 $6.80 $5.80 $4.80   $3.80 $11.25 $8.95 $7.95 $6.95 $4.95 -28° F     S    No M        D

New Jersey Tea      Ceanothus americanus     CEAM                                      $10.55 $7.95 $6.45 $5.75       -28° F   S    Y   Y       S

Port Orford cedar   Chamaecyparis            CHLA    $7.95 $6.50 $5.25 $4.25   $3.60 $11.00 $8.45 $7.45 $6.45 $4.45 2° F       F    Y   M   Y   C
                    lawsoniana)



Alaska-cedar        Chamaecyparis            CHNO    $8.25 $6.80 $5.80 $4.80   $3.80                                  -22° F   S    Y   L       C
                    nootkatensis
Red-osier dogwood   Cornus stolonifera       COSES                                     $10.55 $7.95 $6.45 $5.75 $3.95 -33° F   M    M   L       S

American hazel      Corylus americana        COAM3   $7.95 $6.50 $5.25 $4.25   $3.60                                  -33° F   M    M   M   Y   S



White ash           Fraxinus americana       FRAM    $8.25 $6.80 $5.80 $4.80   $3.80 $11.25 $8.95 $7.95 $6.95         -34° F   M    No L    Y   D

Black ash           Fraxinus nigra           FRNI    $8.25 $6.80 $5.80 $4.80   $3.80 $11.25 $8.95 $7.95 $6.95         -38° F   M    No L        D

Green ash           Fraxinus pennsylvanica   FRPE    $8.25 $6.80 $5.80 $4.80   $3.80 $11.25 $8.95 $7.95 $6.95         -43° F   F    P   M   Y   D



Blue ash            Fraxinus quadrangulata   FRQU    $8.25 $6.80 $5.80 $4.80   $3.80                                  -30° F   M    No M        D
Witch-hazel         Hamamelis virginiana     HAVI4   $7.95 $6.50 $5.25 $4.25   $3.60                                  -28° F   S    Y   L       D/S

Butternut           Juglans cinerea          JUCI    $8.25 $6.80 $5.80 $4.80   $3.80 $11.25 $8.95 $7.95 $6.95         -33° F   F    N   L       D
Black walnut        Juglans nigra            JUNI    $7.95 $6.50 $5.25 $4.25   $3.60 $11.00 $8.45 $7.45 $6.45 $4.45 -28° F     F    N   L   Y   D



Common juniper      Juniperus communis       JUCO6   $8.25 $6.80 $5.80 $4.80   $3.80 $11.25 $8.95 $7.95               -43° F   S    No Y        C/S



Utah juniper        Juniperus osteosperma    JUOS    $7.95 $6.50 $5.25 $4.25   $3.60                                  -28° F   S    No Y        C/S
Rocky mountain      Juniperus scopulorum     JUSC2   $8.25 $6.80 $5.80 $4.80   $3.80 $11.25 $8.95 $7.95               -38° F to S   M   Y       C
juniper                                                                                                               110° F
Tamarack             Larix laricina         LALA    $7.95 $6.50 $5.25 $4.25   $3.60 $11.00 $8.45 $7.45 $6.45 $4.45 -79° F to F    No L        D/S
                                                                                                                   110° F

Western larch        Larix occidentalis     LAOC    $7.95 $6.50 $5.25 $4.25   $3.60 $11.00 $8.45 $7.45 $6.45 $4.45 -43° to   F    No L        D/C
                                                                                                                   106°
Black tupelo         Nyssa sylvatica        NYSY    $8.25 $6.80 $5.80 $4.80   $3.80                                -18° F    M    Y   L   Y   C

Eastern              Ostrya virginiana      OSVIV   $7.55 $6.15 $5.15 $4.15   $3.35                                 -38° F   S    Y   M   Y   D
hophornbeam
Brewer spruce        Picea breweriana       PIBR    $8.25 $6.80 $5.80 $4.80   $3.80 $11.25 $8.95 $7.95 $6.95        -13° F   S    Y   L   Y   C



Engelmann spruce     Picea engelmannii      PIENE   $7.55 $6.15 $5.15 $4.15   $3.35 $10.55 $7.95 $6.45 $5.75 $3.95 -50° F to S    Y   L       C
                                                                                                                   90° F
White spruce         Picea glauca           PIGL    $7.95 $6.50 $5.25 $4.25   $3.60 $11.00 $8.45 $7.45 $6.45 $4.45 -64° F to S    M   Y       C
                                                                                                                   110° F

Black Hills spruce   Picea glauca densata   PIGLD   $7.95 $6.50 $5.25 $4.25   $3.60                                 -65° F   S    N   M   Y   C
Black spruce         Picea mariana          PIMA    $7.95 $6.50 $5.25 $4.25   $3.60 $11.00 $8.45 $7.45 $6.45 $4.45 <-79° F S      M   L       C
                                                                                                                   to 105° F

Colorado spruce      Picea pungens          PIPU    $7.95 $6.50 $5.25 $4.25   $3.60 $11.00 $8.45 $7.45 $6.45 $4.45 <-4° F to S    M   M   Y   C
                                                                                                                   >100° F

Red spruce           Picea rubens           PIRU    $7.95 $6.50 $5.25 $4.25   $3.60 $11.00 $8.45 $7.45 $6.45 $4.45 -47° F    M    Y   M       C



Sitka spruce         Picea sitchensis       PISI    $7.95 $6.50 $5.25 $4.25   $3.60 $11.00 $8.45 $7.45 $6.45 $4.45 -33° F    M    M   L       C

Whitebark pine       Pinus albicaulis       PIAL    $8.25 $6.80 $5.80 $4.80   $3.80                                 -58° F to S   M   Y       C
                                                                                                                    90° F




Bristlecone pine     Pinus aristata         PIAR    $7.95 $6.50 $5.25 $4.25   $3.60 $11.00 $8.45 $7.45 $6.45 $4.45 -33° F    S    No Y        C




Knobcone pine        Pinus attenuata        PIAT    $7.95 $6.50 $5.25 $4.25   $3.60 $11.00 $8.45 $7.45 $6.45 $4.45 -10° F    F    No M        C

Foxtail pine         Pinus balfouriana      PIBAB   $8.25 $6.80 $5.80 $4.80   $3.80 $11.25 $8.95 $7.95                       S    No M        C
Jack pine            Pinus banksiana            PIBA2      $7.95 $6.50 $5.25 $4.25   $3.60 $11.00 $8.45 $7.45 $6.45 $4.45 -53° F to F    No L        C
                                                                                                                          >100° F




Shore pine           Pinus contorta var.           PICOC   $7.55 $6.15 $5.15 $4.15   $3.35                                 -24° F   F    No M    Y   C
                     contorta
Lodgepole pine       Pinus contorta var. latifolia PICOL   $7.95 $6.50 $5.25 $4.25   $3.60 $11.00 $8.45 $7.45 $6.45 $4.45 -70° F to F    No L        C
                                                                                                                          >100° F




Pinyon pine          Pinus edulis               PIED       $8.25 $6.80 $5.80 $4.80   $3.80                                 -31° F to S   No Y        C
                                                                                                                           112° F



Limber pine          Pinus flexilis             PIFL2      $8.25 $6.80 $5.80 $4.80   $3.80 $11.25 $8.95 $7.95 $6.95 $4.95 -43° F    S    No Y        C



Jeffrey pine         Pinus jeffreyi             PIJE       $8.25 $6.80 $5.80 $4.80   $3.80 $11.25 $8.95 $7.95              -38° F   F    No M        C



Sugar pine           Pinus lambertiana          PILA       $8.25 $6.80 $5.80 $4.80   $3.80 $11.25 $8.95 $7.95 $6.95        -28° F   F    M   M       C




Western white pine   Pinus monticola            PIMO3      $7.95 $6.50 $5.25 $4.25   $3.60 $11.00 $8.45 $7.45 $6.45 $4.45 -33° F to F    M   L       C
                                                                                                                          107° F



Ponderosa pine       Pinus ponderosa var.       PIPOS      $7.95 $6.50 $5.25 $4.25   $3.60 $11.00 $8.45 $7.45 $6.45 $4.45 -36° F to M    No Y        C
                     scopulorum                                                                                           >100° F

Red pine             Pinus resinosa             PIRE       $7.95 $6.50 $5.25 $4.25   $3.60 $11.00 $8.45 $7.45 $6.45 $4.45 -43° F    F    No L        C



Pitch pine           Pinus rigida               PIRI       $7.95 $6.50 $5.25 $4.25   $3.60 $11.00 $8.45 $7.45 $6.45 $4.45 -43° F    F    No M        C




Eastern white pine   Pinus strobes              PIST       $7.95 $6.50 $5.25 $4.25   $3.60 $11.00 $8.45 $7.45 $6.45 $4.45 -33° F    F    M   L       C



American sycamore Platanus occidentalis         PLOC       $7.95 $6.50 $5.25 $4.25   $3.60                                 -40° F to F   M   L   Y   D
                                                                                                                           105° F
Bigtooth aspen       Populous grandidentatum POGR4     $7.95 $6.50 $5.25 $4.25   $3.60                                 -50° F   F    No M        D

Quaking aspen        Populus tremuloides       POTR5   $7.95 $6.50 $5.25 $4.25   $3.60 $11.00 $8.45 $7.45 $6.45 $4.45 -70° F to F    No L    Y   D
                                                                                                                      105° F
Black cottonwood     Populus trichocarpa       POBAT   $7.95 $6.50 $5.25 $4.25   $3.60 $11.00 $8.45 $7.45 $6.45        -53° F to F   No L        D
                                                                                                                       117° F
American plum        Prunus americana          PRAM    $7.55 $6.15 $5.15 $4.15   $3.35                                 -38° F   M    No Y        S

Western sand         Prunus besseyi            PRPUB   $7.55 $6.15 $5.15 $4.15   $3.35                                 -38° F   M    No H        S
cherry
Black cherry         Prunus serotina           PRSE    $7.95 $6.50 $5.25 $4.25   $3.60 $11.00 $8.45 $7.45 $6.45 $4.45 -33° F    F    No M        D

Douglas fir (interior) Pseudotsuga menziesii   PSMEG   $7.95 $6.50 $5.25 $4.25   $3.60 $11.00 $8.45 $7.45 $6.45        -32° F   M    M   Y       C
                       glauca
Douglas fir (coastal) Pseudotsuga menziesii    PSMEM   $7.95 $6.50 $5.25 $4.25   $3.60                                 -33° F   M    M   L       C
                       menziesii

White oak            Quercus alba              QUAL    $7.95 $6.50 $5.25 $4.25   $3.60 $11.00 $8.45 $7.45 $6.45 $4.45 -43° F to S    M   M   Y   D
                                                                                                                      >110° F
Swamp white oak      Quercus bicolor           QUBI    $8.25 $6.80 $5.80 $4.80   $3.80 $11.25 $8.95 $7.95 $6.95 $4.95 -28° F to F    M   L   Y   D
                                                                                                                      105° F
Scarlet oak          Quercus coccinea          QUCOC $8.25 $6.80 $5.80 $4.80     $3.80 $11.25 $8.95                    -28° F to F   No M    Y   D
                                                                                                                       105° F
Northern pin oak     Quercus ellisoidalis      QUEL    $8.25 $6.80 $5.80 $4.80   $3.80 $11.25 $8.95 $7.95 $6.95 $4.95 -30° F    M    No Y        D

Gambel oak           Quercus gambelii          QUGAB   $7.55 $6.15 $5.15 $4.15   $3.35                                 -43° F   S    No L        D

Oregon white oak     Quercus garryana          QUGA4   $8.25 $6.80 $5.80 $4.80   $3.80                                 -33° F to S   M   Y   Y   D
                                                                                                                       116° F

Shingle oak          Quercus imbricaria        QUIM    $7.55 $6.15 $5.15 $4.15   $3.35                                 -18° F to M   No M        D
                                                                                                                       100° F
Bur oak              Quercus macrocarpa        QUMAM $8.25 $6.80 $5.80 $4.80     $3.80 $11.25 $8.95 $7.95 $6.95 $4.95 -38° F    S    M   Y       D
Chinkapin oak        Quercus muehlenbergii     QUMU    $7.55 $6.15 $5.15 $4.15   $3.35                                 -33° F   M    No Y        D

Pin oak              Quercus palustris         QUPA2   $7.95 $6.50 $5.25 $4.25   $3.60 $11.00 $8.45 $7.45 $6.45 $4.45 -33° F    F    No L        D



Chestnut oak         Quercus prinus            QUPR4   $8.25 $6.80 $5.80 $4.80   $3.80 $11.25 $8.95 $7.95 $6.95 $4.95 -18° F    S    M   M       D

Red oak              Quercus rubra             QURU    $8.25 $6.80 $5.80 $4.80   $3.80 $11.25 $8.95 $7.95 $6.95 $4.95 -28° F    M    M   M   Y   D




Post oak             Quercus stellata          QUST    $7.55 $6.15 $5.15 $4.15   $3.35                                 -33° F   S    No Y    Y   D
Black oak           Quercus velutina      QUVE    $7.95 $6.50 $5.25 $4.25   $3.60 $11.00 $8.45 $7.45 $6.45 $4.45 -28° F     S    M   L       D

Nootka rose         Rosa nutkana          RONU    $7.55 $6.15 $5.15 $4.15   $3.35                                  7° F     h    Y   L   Y   S

Wood’s rose         Rosa woodsi           ROWO    $7.55 $6.15 $5.15 $4.15   $3.35 $10.55 $7.95 $6.45 $5.75         -43° F   F    M   M       S

Shiny leaf spirea   Spiraea betulifolia   SPBEL                                     $10.55 $7.95 $6.45 $5.75 $3.95 -38° F   M    M   L       S



Subalpine spirea    Spiraea densiflora    SPDE                                      $10.55 $7.95 $6.45 $5.75 $3.95 -38° F        M           S

Douglas spirea      Spiraea douglasii     SPDO                                      $10.55 $7.95 $6.45 $5.75 $3.95 -23° F   M    N M         S
Hardhack            Spiraea tomentosa     SPTO2                                     $10.55 $7.95 $6.45 $5.75 $3.95 -33° F   M    No M        S


White cedar         Thuja occidentalis    THOC2   $7.55 $6.15 $5.15 $4.15   $3.35                                  -33° F   S    M   L       C
(Arborvitae)

Canadian hemlock    Tsuga Canadensis      TSCA    $7.95 $6.50 $5.25 $4.25   $3.60 $11.00 $8.45 $7.45               -33° F   S    Y   L   Y   C



Carolina hemlock    Tsuga Caroliniana     TSCA2   $8.25 $6.80 $5.80 $4.80   $3.80                                  +2° F    S    Y   L       C
Western hemlock     Tsuga heterophylla    TSHE    $7.95 $6.50 $5.25 $4.25   $3.60 $11.00 $8.45 $7.45 $6.45 $4.45 -23° F to S     Y   L       C
                                                                                                                 105° F

Mountain hemlock    Tsuga mertensiana     TSME    $8.25 $6.80 $5.80 $4.80   $3.80 $11.25 $8.95 $7.95 $6.95         -18° F to S   Y   L   Y   C
                                                                                                                   100° F

Rock elm            Ulmus thomasii        ULTH    $8.25 $6.80 $5.80 $4.80   $3.80                                  -53° F to M   M   L       D
                                                                                                                   100° F
Modified Descriptions




Thrives where moisture is high (38 to 260 inches). Lumber used for plywood, pulp and veneer.
Grows on a wide range of soils and prefers abundant moisture. Mean annual precipitation in its primary range is 30-43 inches. Provides good
shelter for large ungulates, small mammals and birds. Most important products from balsam fir wood are pulpwood and lumber. The wood is light
and soft and its primary use is in light-frame construction.
                                                                                                                                                       o
Grows on high elevation sites with long winters. Requires minimal moisture (20-35 inches). We have adult white fir growing well in zone 4 (- 30
F). Seedlings grow slowly for the first 5 years or so. Wood used for general construction, pulp and veneer. Valuable landscape tree.

This fir is the dominant shade-tolerant species in the Sierra Nevada mixed-conifer forest, which has been called the “finest conifer forest area on
Earth.”
Tree is visually stunning, and is a valuable esthetic asset whether found in its historical locations or growing as a specimen landscape tree.
Stunning wood - used for lumber, pulp and veneer. Grown in southeast South Dakota for Christmas trees, which is in zone 4 (- 30°F).

Wide moisture requirement from minimal (20 inches) to extreme (100 inches). Luxuriant foliage, symmetrical form, and deep green foliage make
this a valuable recreation species and an extremely, valuable landscape tree. Wood used for pulp, veneer, lumber, Christmas trees.
Its long, narrow, conical crown is spire-like in form characterizes this smallest true fir. Grows in the coolest and wettest highest elevations of its
mountainous habitat. It is not exacting in its soil requirements and grows equally well on too dry or too wet locations. Early root growth is slow as is
the shoot growth. On lower elevation sites shoot growth can be as much as 5 inches with limited competition. It forms krummholz, but at lower
elevations in closed forests it can achieve a height of 100 feet or more. The mixed subalpine fir-engelmann spruce forest is primary habitat for
many species of mountain wildlife. Wood used in construction, boxes, crates, doors, and frame. Extremely valuable landscape tree.


This variety of subalpine fir is distinguished by its creamy white, corky bark and it is restricted to the Rocky Mountains of southern Colorado,
Arizona and New Mexico. It mixes with Abies lasiocarpa lasiocarpa in Colorado. These two firs, otherwise, are similar in many respects. Corkbark
fir may be somewhat less cold hardy. Lumber used for rough construction.
Grows best in full sun but it can survive extended periods in dense shade. It is not as drought tolerant as white fir but still tolerates dry conditions.
Lumber, pulp and veneer.
Has a clean, columnar bole at maturity and attains the greatest dimensions of all of the true firs. Grows on a wide variety of soils if ample moisture
is available. Initial growth of noble fir is slow but young trees on good sites grow very rapidly. Very attractive landscape tree. Wood is strong and
valuable. Lumber, pulp and veneer.
Tall shrub/small tree grows to about 40'. Very hardy, occurs on wet or dry sites. Even though moderate drought tolerance, and some shade
tolerance, it does best in full sun. It is an important component of the shrubfields in the Rocky Mountains which are used by a wide variety of
browsing ungulates, including deer, elk, bighorn sheep, moose, and mountain goat.
Shrub/small tree. Wildlife species and livestock browse it heavily. Often found growing with gambel oak in the mountain-brush zone and in
combination - forms an important wildlife cover.
Slightly less cold hardy than sugar maple but extends farther into the warmer and drier grasslands. Lumber excellent quality, as well as used for
maple syrup.
Grows on very diverse sites with a wide range of precipitation but its natural range excluded the prairie states due to limited moisture. Browse,
lumber, fuel and used extensively for landscaping.
One of the largest and most valuable species. Grows on sand and loam that is well drained but watered and it does not grow in wet soils. Important
timber tree, high quality for cabinetry and finished wood products. Also, principal source of maple syrup.
Tall shrub or clumped small tree growing to about 35 feet. Tolerant of deep shade but grows well in full sun. It has low drought tolerance, is cold
hardy, and medium growing over time. Prefers rich, moist, well-drained soils along streams in mountainous terrain. Valuable browse for moose,
white-tailed deer caribou, beaver and other wildlife.
Can be an important species for stream stabilization projects important for many bird species. Used as a shade tree for residential landscaping.

Grows best where annual precipitation exceeds 25". Seedlings can tolerate some shade but full sun is required for normal development afterward.
Grows rapidly as a juvenile. Has a very extensive fibrous root system (no taproot) and its root nodules fix nitrogen. Moderate palatable animal
browse. Pulpwood product - medium fuelwood.
Grows rapidly in moist woodlands, stream banks, pond margins and open moist mountain slopes to timberline. Very cold hardy to at least zone 2
and can grow in light shade to full sun. Has the capability to fix nitrogen that is available to nearby plants. Tolerates infertile sites and often grows
into a thicket - moderate wildlife; source for fuel.
Used by a wide variety of wildlife from large game animals to muskrats, beavers, and hares. Multistemmed shrub/small tree; tends to form thickets.
Associated with stream banks and bottomlands. Tolerant of shade and flooding, thus is a good stabilizer for stream banks. Quite cold hardy and
lives with a variety of extreme conditions.
Grows across much of the U.S. It is an attractive shrub with a variety of foliage color from spring through fall, and it produces edible, very tasty
small purple fruits.
Grows throughout the western half of the U.S. from the Dakotas and Nebraska to the coast. It can grow to 15 feet but normally stays at about 4
feet. Leaves persist through the winter and the leaves and twigs are used by many wildlife species. Attractive and aromatic - can be an attractive
landscape plant.
Easily recognized by its exfoliating yellow-bronze bark. Rapid growing, long lived and grows on a wide range of soils with a wide range of moisture.
Most valuable of all native birches - used for furniture, paneling, cabinets, doors & more.
A preferred browse for many wildlife species including elk in Jackson Hole, Wyoming and caribou in Alaska and Canada. In its native state it is
often low growing, spreading to erect shrub with one to several stems. In the arctic it is often prostrate growing only 8 inches tall. Extremely hardy,
tolerating cold, high winds, and permanent frost. Though it is mostly associated with wetlands, it is found growing on dry rocky locations as well.

Cold hardy; grows best on moist, well-drained soils. Although it is intolerant of shade through its life some light shade is useful in the first few
years. Wood is unique - when exposed to air, it darkens to a mahogany color. Used for furniture, cabinets & millwork.
Grows with a narrow crown, red-brown bark in youth turning pinkish white to light red and exfoliating as it matures. It grows in rocky, peaty, boggy,
sandy and open woody locations. Very tolerant of cold, wind and climatic extremes.
The only spring fruiting birch and the only birch whose range includes the southeastern coastal plain. Tolerates hot humid summers but also
survives well in the cold of the northern U.S. (grows in Northern Nebraska - zone 4). This birch is typically associated with alluvial river bottom soils
but it establishes well on dry sites. Its wood is not as valuable as other birch species but it is very valuable as an ornamental tree. Palatable browse
animal - moderate. Quoted as being the most beautiful of American trees (Prince Maximilian) Pulpwood product - moderate fuel usage.

Forms dense thickets. Often found in riparian communities with cottonwood, willow and alder. Mostly associated with stream banks and found on
silty, sandy and rocky soils. Found growing from Alaska to Manitoba and North Dakota south to New Mexico. Browsed by big game animals -
valuable protective cover. Wood hard and heavy - used for fuel wood & posts.
Adaptable to very cold climates and a wide range of precipitation. Young paper birch grows rapidly but growth rate declines as they become aged.
Very cold hardy, prefers a little more moisture than oaks. Highly valued for ornamental plantings. Browse for deer & moose; seeds used by many
bird species. Wood used mostly in the pulp & paper industry.
Wood is not as valuable as other birches but its pleasing form; white bark, graceful branches and delicate foliage make the gray birch a valuable
ornamental tree. Often used for woodenware like spools, balusters and clothespins.
Grows on many types of soil and has an extensive, widespreading root system that allows it to resist drought and windthrow. Growth can be rapid
when competition and grazing damage is controlled. It is also grown as an ornamental. Heartwood is durable & resistant to decay so it is
extensively used for sills, sash, sheathing under stucco and brick, greenhouse benches, fencing, poles, exterior home siding.
Tolerates extreme temperature ranges and is found on wet bottomland but also on dry poor sites where it grows equally well. Wood is strong but
not as strong as other “true hickories”. Bitternut is in a group known as pecan hickories that are less desirable as lumber. Nuts used by many
wildlife but not humans due to the high tannin content which makes it astringent and extremely bitter. Valuable ornamental and shade tree.

Grows in precipitation range of 30 to 80 inches annuall on dry upland sites but often under humid conditions. Seedlings grow slowly and develops a
large taproot early in life. Nuts relished by wildlife; important shade tree in some suburban areas; valuable lumber.
Not as cold hardy as shagbark and not as tolerant of dry conditions, though it is found on dry sandy soils. The nut is the largest of the hickories,
sweet, and prized and eaten by human and wildlife alike. Heavy, hard, strong, flexible wood.
A distinctive tree with loose-plated bark and sweet nuts that were once a staple food for American Indians and numerous wildlife species. Grows
on a wide range of soils and prefers adequate moisture. Fastest growing hickory but still slower than most oaks. Strong wood used where impact
resistance is important. Nuts eaten by human and wildlife.
Cold hardy. Wood used for handles, implements, dowels, poles, furniture and gym equipment. Grows best on deep fertile, but tolerates poor, dry
soils.
Used for wildlife browse. Useful for rehabilitation of disturbed sites due to its fast growth, drought tolerance and its nitrogen fixing ability. A major
understory dominate shrub in both forest and prairie.
This very valuable cedar grows in a small area of southern Oregon and Northern California. High palatable browse for animal. Valuable cedar -
versatile wood - known for its graceful ornamental plantings. Old-growth logs bring higher prices than almost any other conifer in the U.S. Most
logs are exported to Japan. The tree has a very uncertain future. A fatal root rot was introduced that is still spreading and old-growth forests are
being rapidly depleted, while secondary-growth forests are slow growing in the early stages.
Grows in cool, wet, and humid climate. Rainfall averages nearly 90 inches. It is listed as hardy in zone 5 (- 20 o F). Excellent, durable wood for
milling, heavy flooring, framing bridge and dock decking, water and chemical tanks & many other uses. (Krummholz form)
Also called red-twig dogwood. Shrub is large, spreading, and thicket forming. Prefers moist soils in stream corridors or in moist woodlands.

Dominant shrub in forest and prairie ecotones. Tends to form thickets. Leaves, twigs, and catkins are essential browse for deer and moose and
many small mammals and birds consume the nuts. Grown as an ornamental and for its nuts, which are sweet and can be eaten raw or ground into
flour.
Grows best on fertile soils that are well-drained. Fast growing, handsome tree. Forms a taproot; is tolerant of shade as a seedling but grows best
with full sun. Makes a fine shade or landscape tree. Valuable timber tree.
Slow-growing, very cold hardy tree. Prefers wet, aerated soil. Small tree, has a shallow, fibrous root system - intolerant of shade. Grows in
northern swampy woodlands; valuable timber tree.
Very cold hardy, drought tolerant, and with good care, seedlings will grow 1 to 2 feet annually. Has an extensive root system without a taproot.
Though its wood is strong it is not as useful as white ash. A popular shade and ornamental tree that has been planted extensively. Most adaptable
of the ashes - strong wood.
Cold hardy - grows from southeastern Canada south to Kansas and Alabama. Prefers sandy, loamy or even clay soils.
Small tree/shrub found in the understory of woodlands. Shallow rooted, cold hardy, and prefers moist soils. Medium palatable graze animal. Berry,
nut, seed product.
Wood softer than black walnut, but with attractive grain. Lumber, pulp and veneer.
Prefers deep fertile soils with adequate moisture but with early care it becomes very tolerant of extreme conditions. Widely planted as a
shade/valuable landscape tree and for its nuts which are collected for commercial use; and wildlife. One of the most durable hardwoods in America
- hard, straight grained, easily worked and used for fine furniture, bookcases, tables, desks, and more.
Possibly the most widely distributed tree in the world. It is a low-growing dominant in many forest and shrubland communities. Technically it is
classified as a shrub but it can grow as a decumbent mat-forming shrub to a tree-like version that approaches 50 feet tall. It grows in a wide range
of soils and climates. Used by wildlife for food and cover.
Valuable for wildlife in both food and cover. Wood used for construction, posts, fuel - highly decay resistant.
The climate in their range is dry and subhumid, with moisture varying from 12 to 18 inches. Growth is slow in its natural habitat. Rocky Mountain
juniper is a small tree rarely growing taller than 30 feet. Colorful and attractive. Used for carvings, novelties, for posts and fuel wood.
Grows on wide range of soils. One of the fastest growing conifers easily averaging more than 1.5 feet/year. One of the unique characteristics is
that it looses its needles annually (deciduous) and yet produces a seed cone. Wood used mainly for pulp and also for posts, poles, ties. Wood
very appealing, but not used as an ornamental.
Like the Tamarack, the Western larch is esthetically appealing as the foliage takes on a range of colorful hues as the seasons change in the fall
before it drops its needles. Used for lumber, fuel, posts, pulp and veneers.
Moderately cold hardy; grows on a wide variety of soils and climates. Excellent wildlife tree. Attractive landscape and honey tree that also produces
logs suitable for production of veneer lumber; otherwise it is used for pallets.
Small, short-lived tree that grows in the understory of hardwood forests. It is slow to moderate growing on a wide range of soils. Good wildlife
browse; very hard wood - attractive landscape tree. Fuel wood, posts. Durable and colorful.
Very striking conifer is endemic to the Klamath Range. It has a distinctive drooping appearance caused by long ropelike branches. Despite its
narrow distribution, it is tolerant of soil moisture stress, cold temperatures, low light, low-fertility and heavy snow. It grows in a climate of cold, wet
winters and warm, dry summers. Used for lumber.
A major component of the Rocky Mountain high elevation forests. Valuable wildlife habitat, and livestock grazing units. Valuable timber tree - used
for post, pulp, veneer, fuel.
Grows under highly variable conditions. Lives with as little as 10 inches to as much as 50 inches of moisture. Grows on glacial, lacustrine, marine,
and alluvial origin soils. Lumber is valuable for a wide range of products including house logs, musical instruments and much more.

This conifer is a variant of white spruce. Superior ornamental tree for landscaping.
Grows on wet organic soils, deep humus, clay, loam, sand, coarse till, and even boulder pavement. Wood makes high quality pulp.



Tolerates heat well as referenced by its wide distribution for landscaping. It is adapted to limited moisture (18 inches) but grows best with abundant
moisture. We try hard to grow Colorado spruce from native seed stocks. Widely used as an ornamental tree. Lumber, posts, fuel and pulp.

Where it occurs naturally, moisture may range from 36-52 inches and fog drip may help maintain consistently high moisture levels. Wood is valued
for its lightweight and straight grain - used for paper, construction lumber, and is highly preferred for making musical instruments.

Grows in a high precipitation zone where moisture averages 116 inches, but some stands of sitka spruce receive much less moisture. It is
susceptible to windthrow. Wood used for clear lumber, sounding boards for pianos and guitars, and many construction uses.
This is a species of special concern due to replacement by other species possibly associated with climate changes. It grows mostly in cold, windy,
snowy zones. The hottest summer temperatures in its primary range approach 90 o F, while record lows approach – 60o F. It grows best in exposed
sites with full sun and tolerates a wide range of moisture conditions; considered to be drought tolerant. It develops a deep, spreading root system
that anchors it against the most ferocious winds. Seeds are large and valued by numerous wildlife species including grizzly bear. Valued for
watershed protection and its esthetic form.
Its habitat is mostly upper montane and subalpine. At treeline it forms krummholz (i.e., dwarfed and deformed coniferous vegetation due to wind
speeds in excess of 100 mph, snow depths in excess of 12 feet, and growing seasons as short as 2 months). Bristlecone pine below the
krummholz line in the subalpine region grows as a small tree. Shoot growth is very slow in its native habitats, on the order of one inch per year.
We have achieved nearly 3 inches of growth in the first year in the greenhouse.
May have multiple trunks and the root system is wide and deep. Wet, mild winters and hot, dry summers characterize the climate in which this pine
grows. Fog drip helps ameliorate hot weather.
Cold hardy to at least zone 4 but extremes in its typical habitat can get much colder. In fact, this pine has more difficulty with hot summer
temperatures versus cold winter temperatures. It prefers dry, rocky soils, is windfirm and a slow growing pine. Dominates portions of the subalpine
community of the Klamath Mountain ranges. Unlike other conifers, it rarely forms krummholz at high elevations but maintains a straight, single bole.
The bark of this pine can be exceptionally thick to > 3 inches in mature trees.
Grows farther north than any other American pine. The major portion of the jack pine range is in Canada where it extends north through the
Northwest Territories but it can be found in most of the north central and northeast states in the United States. Grows on a diversity of soils from
very sandy to loams. Exceedingly drought tolerant, growing where scarcely any tree might survive. It is the least shade tolerant in its native range.
Windthrow is not a problem in jack pine stands; stem breakage from ice and snow is more common. Jack pine stands stabilize watersheds;
produce food and shelter for a wide variety of wildlife including white-tailed deer. It is an important source of pulpwood, lumber, and round timber.


Shore pine, also known as beach pine, is a coastal subspecies of lodgepole pine. It has numerous branches and may perform well when used as a
shelterbelt species. Used for fuel, posts and wildlife.
Grows best with moist soils but can grow on a wide variety of soils. Because of its shallow root system the pine is susceptible to windfall. However,
the shallow rootedness is most associated with hardpan or shallow rocky soils. On deeper soil profiles the root system more firmly anchors the
tree. Lodgepole pine is very intolerant of shade and competition from other plants. It does not self-prune easily but branches are often small and
the resultant main bole (stem) is tall and solid producing good structural lumber but the best stands are those that have been thinned to reduce
seedling competition. Provides excellent habitat at all life stages for numerous wildlife species. Lumber used for framing, paneling, posts, poles,
ties, pulpwood and especially valuable for the developing structural particleboard industry because of the rapid juvenile growth. Not only an
important timber tree, but it is a scenic spectacle.

It is co-dominant with juniper species in semiarid forests with hot summers and cold winters. Height growth of young trees is on the order of 6
inches annually and mature trees grow even more slowly (i.e., 4 inches/ year). In good seed years, as many as 2 million pounds are harvested and
sold. Pinyon-juniper woodlands are prime wildlife habitats for mule deer, white-tailed deer, elk and turkey. Nuts edible both by people and wildlife.


Grows where precipitation is minimal at best, the humidity is low, and the temperature ranges are wide. Because it does withstand severe wind and
dry conditions this pine would make a good shelterbelt tree but it is slow growing. Used for rough construction, railroad ties, and poles.

Jeffrey pine is slower growing than Ponderosa pine in the sapling stage but faster growing in the pole stage. Provides important food (large seeds)
for numerous birds and mammals. Produces high-grade lumber indistinguishable from Ponderosa pine and is used for moldings, millwork,
cabinets, doors and windows.
Where it grows the bulk of the moisture is received in winter as snow so it tolerates some summer drought. It is somewhat shade tolerant and so
sheltering trees can be protected from un-seasonal frost, but young sugar pines will eventually stagnate beneath an overstory and in competition
with root systems of established trees. Soft and unequaled in its quality in value - used for veneers and pulp.

Grows on a wide variety of soils in areas with wet winters and dry summers. Seedlings benefit from some shade but once established this pine
grows best in full sun. Along with lodgepole pine, western white pine is one of the more frost (cold) tolerant western tree species. An important
timber tree with lightweight, straight-grained wood used for sash, door frames, doors, interior paneling and building construction.

Grows in a wide range of soils and moisture regimes. Ponderosa pine grows relatively fast in its youth but slows with age. This pine has a vigorous
taproot and aggressive lateral roots, making this pine windfirm - can be damaged by heavy snow loads. Major source of timber, is an important tree
for recreation, esthetics and wildlife habitat.
Good tough tree, branches heavily to the ground in open stands. Growth is slow during the first 4 to 5 years but speeds up as the tree ages.
Grows in dry, sandy, acidic, often infertile soils but it can grow in nearly all types of soil, especially where the soils are sub-irrigated and well
aerated. Lumber, posts, pulp and veneer.
This pine can yield more timber on unfavorable sites than other pines. Can thrive on dry and wet sites. Seedlings grow rather slowly and are
susceptible to drought for the first 2-years, but growth is faster as the tree ages. Valuable wildlife tree for many species; whitetail deer commonly
browse pitch pine needles. Wood used for rough construction, pulp, crating and fuel. Has been used in the past for ties, timbers, and even
shipbuilding because it contains a lot of resin, which resists decay.
Tolerates some shade better than other pine species. It occurs on a wide variety of soils and the full range of moisture gradient from wet to dry.
Highly valuable for wildlife including bald eagle; valuable timber used for doors, moldings, trim, siding, paneling, cabinetry, and furniture.

Cold hardy - most commonly found in stream bottoms and tolerant of wet soil. Attractive landscape tree.
Grows with moisture variations from 20 - 60 inches. Adaptable on many sites but not as much as quaking aspen. Used in much the same way as
quaking aspen - many uses from pulp to veneers and wildlife.
Whole-tree aspen chips can be processed into animal feed or biomass fuel. Aspen provides a superb habitat for many wildlife species. Wood
used for pulp, veneers, shingles and more. Esthetically appealing.
Also known as western balsam poplar, this tree is the largest hardwood tree in western North America. Wood is like other cottonwood species,
straight grained, fine textured, light in weight but tough and it is used for pallets, crates, and fiberboard.
Valuable plant for wildlife and soil stabilization. Tends to form thickets that provide excellent wildlife cover and it is used in shelterbelt development.
Fruit is used to make jelly, jams, sauces, and is excellent to eat fresh from the tree in late summer.
This shrub is very hardy, prefers full sun and will grow in many soil types. Fruit is used by people and many wildlife species and the plant makes
excellent cover.
Largest of the native cherries and the cherry with valuable wood. Fruit and seed are important food for many wildlife species. Large trees are
harvested for exceptional lumber used for furniture. Fruit is used for jelly and wine.
Valuable timber tree. Wood used for dimensional lumber, paneling, timbers & beams.

Lives long and remains productive for at least 200 years. The oldest recorded coastal Douglas fir was 1,400 years old. An abundance of laterals
and fine feeder roots form a platelike structure, which helps to anchor the tree. A very valuable timber tree used for dimensional lumber, paneling,
timbers & beams.
Its range includes much of the eastern U.S. west to Minnesota, Iowa, Nebraska and south to the gulf. Grows in a widely variable range of
precipitation. High wildlife value. Among most handsome of oaks. Lumber, fuel, landscaping.
Tolerates poorly drained soils. Root system is relatively shallow for an oak. Squirrels, and wild ducks relish its sweet acorns. Lumber and fuel -
excellent landscape shade tree.
Known for its brilliant fall foliage. Because of its hardiness it is planted on a wide variety of soils. Lumber mixed with other red oaks. Planted as a
landscpe and shade tree.
The natural range is mostly the middle and western Great lakes states. Useful for rehabilitating disturbed sites. Wood is valuable like other red
oaks and its acorns are important food for many wildlife. Lumber mixed with other red oaks - valuable.
Has a deep root system, xeromorphic leaves and an efficient water transport morphology that helps it weather dry periods. Gambel oak forests
provide good wildlife cover.
Grows well on exposed and droughty sites. Establishes well even in grass because of the rapid development of a deep taproot - has a well-
developed lateral root system. Dense wood used for flooring and furniture. Now commonly used for posts and valuable fuel wood. Can be an
excellent landscape specimen.
A member of the red oak group that adapts well to poor soil, drought tolerance, and thrives in full sun. It has an elliptical, smooth, unlobed leaf.
Wildlife browse. Lumber mixed with other red oaks.
Relatively slow growing but landscape trees grow nearly 2 feet per year. Acorns valuable as wildlife forage. Lumber and fuel wood.
Grows on well-drained alkaline soils with adequate moisture. Acorns relished by wildlife. Wood heavy, acorns sweet - excellent fuel wood.

Occurs along major rivers and wide glacial till plains in north-central and eastern U.S. Because of many small knots the lumber from this oak is
less valuable but it is hard and heavy and used for timbers and fuel. Acorns are valuable food especially for wood ducks and other waterfowl. Hard
and heavy lumber used for timbers.
Grows best with adequate moisture of 32 inches or more annually but it grows on sandy and rocky upland sites. Seedling growth is rapid when
conditions are optimal. Acorns are sweet and relished by wildlife. Lumber similar to and marketed as white oak.
Grows with a wide range of temperatures and precipitation and is very cold hardy and somewhat drought tolerant. Northern red oak shoot growth is
episodic. When moisture, light, and temperature is favorable shoot growth flushes occur several times during the growing season with rest periods
between the flushes. Acorns important wildlife food. Valuable wood for finish carpentry. Planted widely for shade and landscaping.

Acorns are valuable for wildlife. Considered a beautiful shade tree and often used in urban landscaping. Wood decay resistant - used for ties,
siding, lath, planks, timbers, stair parts, posts and fuel.
Grows best on well-drained loam soil but is found on poor, dry, sandy soils as well. Acorns valuable wildlife food. Wood mixed with red oak.

Important wildlife browse for deer, elk, moose, caribou, sheep, bears and many other smaller species. Thickets of this rose provide excellent
nesting and cover for many birds. Used in landscaping.
Forms thickets. Found in the Northwest Territories south to Missouri and west to New Mexico and Colorado. Important wildlife browse and cover.

Forms thickets. It is rhizomatous so it grows in dense colonies and has a deep fibrous root system. Grows well on dry sites; is shade tolerant but
its canopy declines under dense shade. Grows to about 3 feet so its cover value for wildlife is limited to small mammals and birds.


Shrub reaches about 5 feet, prefers moist locations with full to partial sun. Found on rocky slopes in mountainous terrain to the treeline at about
11,000 feet.
Rhizomatous shrub grows in riparian areas including meadows, floodplains, bogs, swamps and stream banks. It is useful to wildlife.
Cold hardy, prefers moist soils with full sun. Found from Nova Scotia to Manitoba and south to Kansas and east to Georgia. Rhizomatous - forms
dense thickets.
Commonly known as arborvitae. Branches on open grown trees extend to the ground and old trees reach at least 80 feet. This species is long-
lived. Grows on both upland and lowland sites so it tolerates wet and moderately dry sites. Very cold hard. One of the best winter browse species
for white-tailed deer. Wood decay resistant - used for posts, shingles, paneling, log home construction & pulp.
Root system is shallow and widespreading. Although it is generally described as a moisture-demanding species it is found growing on dry rocky
outcrops. Dense stands provide superior wildlife habitat. Wood used for pulp, sheathing, roofing subflooring and light duty framing. Planted as an
ornamental.
Listed as rare in its very limited natural geographical range. Prefers cool and moist climate.
Lives with precipitation that varies from 15 inches to more than 260 inches. Lives on a wide range of soils. Western hemlock forests are among
the most productive forest in the world. This conifer is an important commercial tree of the Pacific coast and the northern Rocky Mountains.
Preferred species for the construction industry in North America.
Much of the moisture available to this hemlock falls as snow. Annual moisture can be as low as 39 inches only 2 of which comes in the growing
season. The tree grows slowly in height, is shallow rooted, and subject to windthrow. Wildlife browse. Its subalpine form is esthetically appealing
and used as an ornamental.
Grows in rich, moist forests. Shade tolerant as a seedling but requires more sun as it matures. Rock elm is now somewhat uncommon and seed is
hard to find. Seeds are the largest of the elms & eaten by a wide variety of wildlife. Wood valuable, hard and superior quality.
                                               TECH TREES                                            88896 552 Ave.
                                                                                                   Crofton, NE 68730
                                               ORDER FORM                                                402.388.4276

                                   *Age        1+0    1+0   1+0    2+0    2+0    2+0
                                               Buy    Buy   Buy    Buy    Buy    Buy
         Common Name                           1-2    3-4    5+    1-2     3-4   5-24    Total
                                              each each each each each each
                                    Symbol      @      @     @      @      @       @
Fill in quantity by typing number of trees you wish to purchase under columns "D-I." Complete
personal information rows 107-109. Save file and email to: order@techtrees.net

Alder           Mountain         ALINT                                                     $0.00
Alder           Red              ALRU2                                                     $0.00
Alder           Sitka            ALSI3                                                     $0.00
Alder           White            ALRH                                                      $0.00
Ash             Black            FRNI                                                      $0.00
Ash             Green            FRPE                                                      $0.00
Ash             White            FRAM                                                      $0.00
Aspen           Bigtooth         POGR4                                                     $0.00
Aspen           Quaking          POTR5                                                     $0.00
Birch           Bog/dwarf        BEGL                                                      $0.00
Birch           Cherry           BELE                                                      $0.00
Birch           Gray             BEPO
Birch           Paper            BEPA                                                      $0.00
Birch           River            BENI                                                      $0.00
Birch           Water            BEOC                                                      $0.00
Birch           Yellow           BEALM                                                     $0.00
Birch           Yukon White      BENE4                                                     $0.00
Black           Cherry           PRSE                                                      $0.00
Cedar           Alaska           CHNO                                                      $0.00
Cedar           Incense          CADE27                                                    $0.00
Cedar           Port Orford      CHLA                                                      $0.00
Cedar           White Cedar      THOC2                                                     $0.00
Dogwood         Red-osier        COSES                                                     $0.00
Douglas-Fir     Coastal          PSMEM                                                     $0.00
Douglas-Fir     Interior         PSMEG                                                     $0.00
Hazelnut        American         COAM3                                                     $0.00
Hemlock         Eastern          TSCA                                                      $0.00
Hemlock         Mountain         TSME                                                      $0.00
Hemlock         Western          TSHE                                                      $0.00
Hickory         Bitternut        CACO15                                                    $0.00
Hickory         Mockernut        CATO6                                                     $0.00
Hickory         Pignut           CAGL8                                                     $0.00
Hickory         Shagbark         CAOV2                                                     $0.00
Juniper         Common           JUCO6                                                     $0.00
Juniper         Rocky Mountain   JUSC2                                                     $0.00
Larch           Tamarack         LALA                                                      $0.00
Larch           Western          LAOC                                                      $0.00
Maple           Bigtooth         ACGR                                                      $0.00
Maple           Red              ACRU                                                      $0.00
Maple           Rocky Mountain   ACGLD                                                     $0.00
Maple           Sugar            ACSA                                                      $0.00
Oak             Black            QUVE                                                      $0.00
Oak             Bur              QUMAM                                                     $0.00
Oak             Chestnut         QUPR4                                                     $0.00
Oak             Chinkapin        QUMU                                                      $0.00
Oak             Gambel           QUGAB                                                     $0.00
Oak             Northern pin     QUEL                                                      $0.00
Oak             Oregon White     QUGA4                                                     $0.00
Oak             Pin              QUPA2                                                     $0.00
Oak             Post             QUST                                                      $0.00
Oak             Red              QURU                                                      $0.00
Oak             Scarlet          QUCOC                                                     $0.00
Oak             Swamp White      QUBI                                                      $0.00
Oak             White            QUAL                                                      $0.00
Pine            Bristlecone      PIAR                                                      $0.00
Pine            Eastern White    PIST                                                      $0.00
                                                    TECH TREES                                                88896 552 Ave.
                                                                                                            Crofton, NE 68730
                                                    ORDER FORM                                                    402.388.4276

                                      *Age      1+0    1+0     1+0     2+0     2+0        2+0
                                                Buy    Buy     Buy     Buy     Buy        Buy
       Common Name                               1-2    3-4     5+      1-2     3-4       5-24   Total
                                                each   each    each    each    each       each
                                     Symbol      @      @       @       @       @          @
Pine              Jack              PIBA2                                                           $0.00
Pine              Jeffrey           PIJE                                                            $0.00
Pine              Knobcone          PIAT                                                            $0.00
Pine              Limber            PIFL2                                                           $0.00
Pine              Lodgepole         PICOL                                                           $0.00
Pine              Pinyon            PIED                                                            $0.00
Pine              Pitch             PIRI                                                            $0.00
Pine              Ponderosa         PIPOS                                                           $0.00
Pine              Red               PIRE                                                            $0.00
Pine              Shore             PICOC                                                           $0.00
Pine              Western White     PIMO3                                                           $0.00
Pine              Whitebark         PIAL                                                            $0.00
Popular           BlCottonwood      POBAT                                                           $0.00
Rose              Wood’s            ROWO                                                            $0.00
Sagebrush         Wyoming Big       ARTRW                                                           $0.00
Serviceberry      Shadblow          AMCA                                                            $0.00
Spirea            Douglas           SPDO                                                            $0.00
Spirea            Hardhack          SPTO2                                                           $0.00
Spirea            Shiny Leaf        SPBEL                                                           $0.00
Spirea            Subalpine         SPDE                                                            $0.00
Spruce            Black             PIMA                                                            $0.00
Spruce            Black Hills       PIGLD                                                           $0.00
Spruce            Colorado          PIPU                                                            $0.00
Spruce            Engelmann         PIENE                                                           $0.00
Spruce            Red               PIRU                                                            $0.00
Spruce            Sitka             PISI                                                            $0.00
Spruce            White             PIGL                                                            $0.00
True Fir          Balsam            ABBAB                                                           $0.00
True Fir          California Red    ABMA                                                            $0.00
True Fir          Corkbark          ABLAA                                                           $0.00
True Fir          Fraser            ABFR                                                            $0.00
True Fir          Grand             ABGR                                                            $0.00
True Fir          Lowiana           ABCOL                                                           $0.00
True Fir          Noble             ABPR                                                            $0.00
True Fir          Pacific Silver    ABAM                                                            $0.00
True Fir          Subalpine         ABLAL                                                           $0.00
True Fir          White             ABCO                                                            $0.00
Tupelo            Black             NYSY                                                            $0.00
Walnut            Black             JUNI                                                            $0.00
Walnut            Butternut         JUCI                                                            $0.00
Western           Sandcherry        PRPUB                                                           $0.00
Sandcherry
Tax                                 5.5%                                                            $0.00
Shipping/boxing                     20%     Do you wish to ship? (Click to                          $0.00
                                                                                      1
TOTAL                                                 the right)                                    $0.00
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    *2007 trees (2-0) available now 2008 trees (1-0) available 7/21/08 - Some available sooner - watch
                          NURSERY NOTES. Quantities are limited - order now!

				
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