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A Dividing Nation

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					     A Dividing Nation

  If you are involved in a serious
   argument in which something
important is at stake, is it better to
   compromise or confront your
             opponent?
North and South
    Missouri Compromise (1820)
•   Missouri into U.S. as slave state 1819
•   Maine into U.S. as a free state
•   36/30 Line
•   Banned slavery north of this line except
    for in Missouri
      Compromise of 1850
• CA to enter the U.S. as a free state
• Strengthen the national Fugitive Slave
  Law
• Slavery will be decided in NM and UT
  by a vote
• Abolished slave trade in D.C.
   Fugitive Slave Act (1850)
• Southern masters could capture fugitive
  slaves anywhere.
• Denied jury trial and other rights to the
  accused.
• Northern abolitionists violently resisted
  slave catchers
  Uncle Tom’s Cabin (1852)
• By Harriet Beecher Stowe
• Described the cruelties of slavery
• Turned many Northerners against
  slavery
• Many ignored the Fugitive Slave Act
 Kansas-Nebraska Act (1854)
• People will vote to decided the status of
  slavery in the KS and NE Territories
• KS and NE are above the 36/30 line
• Destroyed the Missouri Compromise
    Birth of the Republican Party
                (1854)
•   Response to Kansas-Nebraska Act
•   Party Grew Rapidly
•   Only in the North
•   #1 goal to keep slavery out of the New
    Territories
    Bleeding Kansas (1856)
• Pro & anti slavery forces flood KS
• Violence & Death
• Brooks (SC) beats Sumner (MA) in the
  US Senate
• WE ARE GOING TO HAVE A WAR
  OVER THIS!
  Dred Scott Decision (1857)
• Supreme Court Case
• Scott sued
• If your master takes you into a free state
  are you free?
• Could not sue because not a citizen
• Masters can take slave wherever they
  want
     John Brown’s Raid (1859)
•   Harpers Ferry, VA
•   Attack arsenal to incite a slave revolt
•   North see him as a hero
•   South worried the North would support
    a slave uprising.
      Lincoln’s Election (1860)
•   Abraham Lincoln (Republican)
•   Elected President
•   Had anti-slavery views
•   Refused to support the expansion of
    slavery into the new territories
      Southern Secession
         (1860-1861)
• Formed the Confederate States of
  America
        Fort Sumter (1861)
• Outbreak of War
• Attacked U.S. forts in the South

				
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