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					         Summary of Discovery Projects Proposals by Primary Class Code for
                          Funding to Commence in 2007


230000    MATHEMATICAL SCIENCES                                                   36

240000    PHYSICAL SCIENCES                                                       48

250000    CHEMICAL SCIENCES                                                       55

260000    EARTH SCIENCES                                                          46

270000    BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES                                                   124

280000    INFORMATION, COMPUTING AND COMMUNICATION SCIENCES                       56

290000    ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY                                            121

300000    AGRICULTURAL, VETERINARY AND ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES                     16

310000    ARCHITECTURE, URBAN ENVIRONMENT AND BUILDING                                6

320000    MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES                                             28

330000    EDUCATION                                                               14

340000    ECONOMICS                                                               23

350000    COMMERCE, MANAGEMENT, TOURISM AND SERVICES                              19

360000    POLICY AND POLITICAL SCIENCE                                            14

370000    STUDIES IN HUMAN SOCIETY                                                35

380000    BEHAVIOURAL AND COGNITIVE SCIENCES                                      52

390000    LAW, JUSTICE AND LAW ENFORCEMENT                                        15

400000    JOURNALISM, LIBRARIANSHIP AND CURATORIAL STUDIES                            5

410000    THE ARTS                                                                16

420000    LANGUAGE AND CULTURE                                                    25

430000    HISTORY AND ARCHAEOLOGY                                                 46

440000    PHILOSOPHY AND RELIGION                                                 22

Total Number of Grants                                                          822




                                                                             Page 1
         Summary of Discovery Projects Proposals by Primary Class Code for
                          Funding to Commence in 2007



230000    MATHEMATICAL SCIENCES

2301      MATHEMATICS                                                             27
2302      STATISTICS                                                               7
2399      OTHER MATHEMATICAL SCIENCES                                              2
230000    MATHEMATICAL SCIENCES                                                   36


240000    PHYSICAL SCIENCES

2401      ASTRONOMICAL SCIENCES                                                   11
2402      THEORETICAL AND CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS                                14
2403      ATOMIC AND MOLECULAR PHYSICS; NUCLEAR AND PARTICLE PHYSICS; PLASMA       9
          PHYSICS
2404      OPTICAL PHYSICS                                                         11
2499      OTHER PHYSICAL SCIENCES                                                  3
240000    PHYSICAL SCIENCES                                                       48


250000    CHEMICAL SCIENCES

2501      PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY (INCL. STRUCTURAL)                                   12
2502      INORGANIC CHEMISTRY                                                     10
2503      ORGANIC CHEMISTRY                                                       15
2504      ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY                                                     1
2505      MACROMOLECULAR CHEMISTRY                                                 7
2506      THEORETICAL AND COMPUTATIONAL CHEMISTRY                                  5
2599      OTHER CHEMICAL SCIENCES                                                  5
250000    CHEMICAL SCIENCES                                                       55


260000    EARTH SCIENCES

2601      GEOLOGY                                                                 22
2602      GEOPHYSICS                                                               4
2603      GEOCHEMISTRY                                                             5
2604      OCEANOGRAPHY                                                             3
2605      HYDROLOGY                                                                2
2606      ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES                                                    10
260000    EARTH SCIENCES                                                          46


270000    BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES

2701      BIOCHEMISTRY AND CELL BIOLOGY                                           28
2702      GENETICS                                                                29
2703      MICROBIOLOGY                                                             6
2704      BOTANY                                                                  11
2705      ZOOLOGY                                                                  4
2706      PHYSIOLOGY                                                               7
2707      ECOLOGY AND EVOLUTION                                                   31
2708      BIOTECHNOLOGY                                                            2
2799      OTHER BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES                                                6
270000    BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES                                                   124




                                                                               Page 2
         Summary of Discovery Projects Proposals by Primary Class Code for
                          Funding to Commence in 2007


280000    INFORMATION, COMPUTING AND COMMUNICATION SCIENCES

2801      INFORMATION SYSTEMS                                                   18
2802      ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE AND SIGNAL AND IMAGE PROCESSING               24
2803      COMPUTER SOFTWARE                                                      5
2804      COMPUTATION THEORY AND MATHEMATICS                                     4
2805      DATA FORMAT                                                            5
280000    INFORMATION, COMPUTING AND COMMUNICATION SCIENCES                     56


290000    ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY


2901      INDUSTRIAL BIOTECHNOLOGY AND FOOD SCIENCES                             2
2902      AEROSPACE ENGINEERING                                                  2
2903      MANUFACTURING ENGINEERING                                              2
2904      AUTOMOTIVE ENGINEERING                                                 1
2905      MECHANICAL AND INDUSTRIAL ENGINEERING                                  6
2906      CHEMICAL ENGINEERING                                                   8
2907      RESOURCES ENGINEERING                                                  1
2908      CIVIL ENGINEERING                                                     10
2909      ELECTRICAL AND ELECTRONIC ENGINEERING                                  9
2910      GEOMATIC ENGINEERING                                                   1
2911      ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEERING                                              8
2913      METALLURGY                                                             4
2914      MATERIALS ENGINEERING                                                 16
2915      BIOMEDICAL ENGINEERING                                                 9
2916      COMPUTER HARDWARE                                                      1
2917      COMMUNICATIONS TECHNOLOGIES                                           17
2918      INTERDISCIPLINARY ENGINEERING                                         17
2999      OTHER ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY                                       7
290000    ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY                                          121


300000    AGRICULTURAL, VETERINARY AND ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES

3001      SOIL AND WATER SCIENCES                                                 1
3002      CROP AND PASTURE PRODUCTION                                             7
3004      ANIMAL PRODUCTION                                                       1
3007      FISHERIES SCIENCES                                                      1
3008      ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES                                                  5
3009      LAND, PARKS AND AGRICULTURE MANAGEMENT                                  1
300000    AGRICULTURAL, VETERINARY AND ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES                   16


310000    ARCHITECTURE, URBAN ENVIRONMENT AND BUILDING

3101      ARCHITECTURE AND URBAN ENVIRONMENT                                      6
310000    ARCHITECTURE, URBAN ENVIRONMENT AND BUILDING                            6


320000    MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES

3202      IMMUNOLOGY                                                             1
3205      PHARMACOLOGY AND PHARMACEUTICAL SCIENCES                               1
3206      MEDICAL PHYSIOLOGY                                                     4
3207      NEUROSCIENCES                                                          2
3210      CLINICAL SCIENCES                                                      3
3212      PUBLIC HEALTH AND HEALTH SERVICES                                     16
3214      HUMAN MOVEMENT AND SPORTS SCIENCE                                      1

                                                                             Page 3
         Summary of Discovery Projects Proposals by Primary Class Code for
                          Funding to Commence in 2007


320000    MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES                                           28


330000    EDUCATION

3301      EDUCATION STUDIES                                                     12
3302      CURRICULUM STUDIES                                                     2
330000    EDUCATION                                                             14


340000    ECONOMICS

3401      ECONOMIC THEORY                                                        3
3402      APPLIED ECONOMICS                                                     14
3403      ECONOMIC HISTORY AND HISTORY OF ECONOMIC THOUGHT                       1
3404      ECONOMETRICS                                                           4
3499      OTHER ECONOMICS                                                        1

340000    ECONOMICS                                                             23


350000    COMMERCE, MANAGEMENT, TOURISM AND SERVICES

3501      ACCOUNTING, AUDITING AND ACCOUNTABILITY                                 1
3502      BUSINESS AND MANAGEMENT                                                 8
3503      BANKING, FINANCE AND INVESTMENT                                         7
3504      TRANSPORTATION                                                          3
350000    COMMERCE, MANAGEMENT, TOURISM AND SERVICES                            19


360000    POLICY AND POLITICAL SCIENCE

3601      POLITICAL SCIENCE                                                     11
3602      POLICY AND ADMINISTRATION                                              3
360000    POLICY AND POLITICAL SCIENCE                                          14


370000    STUDIES IN HUMAN SOCIETY

3701      SOCIOLOGY                                                             11
3702      SOCIAL WORK                                                            1
3703      ANTHROPOLOGY                                                           8
3704      HUMAN GEOGRAPHY                                                        6
3705      DEMOGRAPHY                                                             4
3706      HISTORY AND PHILOSOPHY OF SCIENCE AND MEDICINE                         4
3799      OTHER STUDIES IN HUMAN SOCIETY                                         1
370000    STUDIES IN HUMAN SOCIETY                                              35


380000    BEHAVIOURAL AND COGNITIVE SCIENCES

3801      PSYCHOLOGY                                                            41
3802      LINGUISTICS                                                            8
3803      COGNITIVE SCIENCE                                                      2
3899      OTHER BEHAVIOURAL AND COGNITIVE SCIENCES                               1
380000    BEHAVIOURAL AND COGNITIVE SCIENCES                                    52




                                                                             Page 4
         Summary of Discovery Projects Proposals by Primary Class Code for
                          Funding to Commence in 2007


390000    LAW, JUSTICE AND LAW ENFORCEMENT

3901      LAW                                                                     7
3903      JUSTICE AND LEGAL STUDIES                                               4
3904      LAW ENFORCEMENT                                                         4
390000    LAW, JUSTICE AND LAW ENFORCEMENT                                      15


400000    JOURNALISM, LIBRARIANSHIP AND CURATORIAL STUDIES

4001      JOURNALISM, COMMUNICATION AND MEDIA                                     5
400000    JOURNALISM, LIBRARIANSHIP AND CURATORIAL STUDIES                        5


410000    THE ARTS

4101      PERFORMING ARTS                                                         7
4103      CINEMA, ELECTRONIC ARTS AND MULTIMEDIA                                  3
4104      DESIGN STUDIES                                                          2
4199      OTHER ARTS                                                              4
410000    THE ARTS                                                              16


420000    LANGUAGE AND CULTURE

4201      LANGUAGE STUDIES                                                       1
4202      LITERATURE STUDIES                                                    17
4203      CULTURAL STUDIES                                                       7
420000    LANGUAGE AND CULTURE                                                  25


430000    HISTORY AND ARCHAEOLOGY


4301      HISTORICAL STUDIES                                                    34
4302      ARCHAEOLOGY AND PREHISTORY                                            12
430000    HISTORY AND ARCHAEOLOGY                                               46


440000    PHILOSOPHY AND RELIGION

4401      PHILOSOPHY                                                            19
4402      RELIGION AND RELIGIOUS TRADITIONS                                      3
440000    PHILOSOPHY AND RELIGION                                               22

Total Number of Grants                                                        822




                                                                             Page 5
            Summary of Discovery Projects Proposals by Primary Class Code for
                             Funding to Commence in 2007


2301         MATHEMATICS

Macquarie University
DP0771252          Prof RH Street; Prof MS Johnson; Dr SG Lack; A/Prof DR Verity

Approved           Cohomology enhanced: an application of enriched and higher categories
Project Title

2007 :            $94,000
2008 :            $92,000
2009 :            $90,000

Administering Organisation Macquarie University
Project Summary
Motivated by the needs of physicists, computer scientists, and colleagues in other similar fields, mathematicians
study highly complicated structures which are typically hard to understand completely in concrete terms.
Cohomology is an invaluable technicaltool which allows data to be extracted from these complex structures. This
project will involve a radical expansion in scope of the amountand type of data so extracted. This is made possible
by the most recent advances in higher-dimensional category theory.


The Australian National University
DP0774193          Prof PG Bouwknegt

Approved           Generalized Geometries and their Applications
Project Title

2007 :            $95,000
2008 :            $90,000
2009 :            $85,000

 Administering Organisation The Australian National University
 Project Summary
 Geometry is one of the pillars of both ancient and modern mathematics. It also plays a vital role in many scientific
 applications, in particular in physics. Progress on the mathematical aspects and the applications have often gone
 hand in hand, as for example with differential geometry and general relativity. Geometry is a very fruitful area for
 interdisciplinary research. Australia has a long tradition and a recognized research strength in Mathematical
Physics, and this project will contribute to maintaining that status. An integral part of this proposal is student
involvement and postgraduate research training, for which the topic lends itself particularly well.


DP0771826          Dr A Hassell

Approved           Quantum chaos and scattering theory
Project Title

2007 :            $90,000
2008 :            $85,000
2009 :            $80,000

Administering Organisation The Australian National University
Project Summary
The project will involve mathematical research of the highest international standard, as well as research training of
postgraduate students and postdoctoral researchers, in a very active and far-reaching field. Progress in this field
will have implications in areas ranging from engineering (e.g. nanotechnology, quantum computing) and
mathematical analysis (e.g. theory of partial differential equations) through to number theory.




                                                                                                                Page 6
            Summary of Discovery Projects Proposals by Primary Class Code for
                             Funding to Commence in 2007


DP0774156          Prof DJ Hill

Approved           Dynamics and Security Control of Complex Networks
Project Title

2007 :            $165,000
2008 :            $130,000
2009 :            $115,000

Administering Organisation The Australian National University
Project Summary
The research will yield basic techniques to analyse, design and operate complex networks so that security, as well
as performance, is achieved. These techniques will be further developed towards particular applications including
power grids and telecommunication networks. However, the emphasis is on providing basic ideas and techniques.


DP0773301          Prof A Neeman; Dr JM Borger

Approved           Topological Lambda-Algebras
Project Title

2007 :            $50,000
2008 :            $130,000
2009 :            $123,000
2010 :            $115,000
2011 :            $34,244

Administering Organisation The Australian National University
Project Summary
This project will explore a mathematical puzzle that has defied twenty years of attempts to solve it. This puzzle is in
an area which has been at the centre of worldwide mathematics research for more than a decade. The idea of the
project is to use new techniques, developed in the last couple of years by Borger and Wieland, and bring them to
bear on the old questions.


The University of Adelaide
DP0769986          Prof MK Murray; Prof AL Carey; Prof Dr M Marcolli

Approved           Geometric problems from quantum theory
Project Title

2007 :            $110,000
2008 :            $105,000
2009 :            $100,000

Administering Organisation The University of Adelaide
Project Summary
This Proposal is fundamental, basic research at the forefront of the application of mathematics to physical theories.
The problems that will be worked on are central to much of the research activity which is presently occuring in
leading centres and institutes internationally. By being a part of that research we ensure that not only is Australia
involved in todays mathematical and physical advances but that we also have Australian mathematicians trained to
take advantage of the benefits those advances will bring in the future.




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            Summary of Discovery Projects Proposals by Primary Class Code for
                             Funding to Commence in 2007


DP0770927          Prof M Varghese

Approved           New approaches to index theory
Project Title

 2007 :               $101,480
 2008 :               $101,480
 2009 :               $101,480
 2010 :               $90,000
 2011 :               $90,000
 APF                           Prof M Varghese
 Administering Organisation The University of Adelaide
 Project Summary
 The laws of nature are often expressed by differential equations, involving their rates of change. If 'elliptic,' they
 have an 'index,' which is the number of solutions minus the number of constraints imposed. The Atiyah-Singer
index theorem gives a striking calculation of this "index'. An extension is Fractional Index Theory, which has
received international attention, having solved a fundamental open problem. A central aim is to investigate this
further. I will assist beginners to navigate to the cutting edge of research through workshops, spring-schools and
supervision. Benefits include the enhancement of Australia's position in the forefront of international research.


The University of Melbourne
DP0770705          A/Prof AL Owczarek; Dr I Jensen; Dr AD Rechnitzer

Approved           Searching for solvability in Statistical Mechanics and beyond using advanced
Project Title      Enumerative Combinatorics

2007 :            $178,200
2008 :            $178,200
2009 :            $178,200
2010 :            $178,200
2011 :            $178,200
 QEII                          Dr AD Rechnitzer
 ARF                           Dr I Jensen
Administering Organisation The University of Melbourne
Project Summary
Standard models in lattice statistical mechanics provide basic models of a large variety of physical systems from
polymers to the spread of forest fires. The ability to write down some kind of solution to these problems provides
inestimable insight into their generic and universal behaviour. This project aims to expand the types of "solution"
that mathematicians and physicists can write down.


DP0772838          Prof MG Pandy; Prof IM Mareels; Dr JW Fernandez

Approved           A Control Systems Approach for Understanding Human Locomotion
Project Title

2007 :              $108,000
2008 :              $102,000
2009 :              $100,000
 APD                             Dr JW Fernandez
Administering Organisation The University of Melbourne
Project Summary
This proposal addresses fundamental, difficult questions in the context of human movement: How do muscles
move our limbs during walking? How do the nervous system and muscles work together to control movement?
Realistic computer simulations of human movement can help answer these questions and, in so doing, can play a
pivotal role in three of Australia's largest industries: healthcare, through clinical gait analysis and gait rehabilitation
(diagnosis and treatment of movement disorders); sports, through the development of personalized training
programs for elite athletes; and entertainment, through the development of video/digital games and animated films
(creation of virtual life-like actors).




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            Summary of Discovery Projects Proposals by Primary Class Code for
                             Funding to Commence in 2007


DP0772708          Prof JH Rubinstein; Dr J DeGier

Approved           Statistical Topology and its Application to Deriving New Geometric Invariants
Project Title

2007 :              $110,000
2008 :              $85,000
2009 :              $75,000
2010 :              $65,000
2011 :              $65,000
 QEII                          Dr J DeGier
Administering Organisation The University of Melbourne
Project Summary
This project will offer a great opportunity for talented students to engage in internationally competitive research.
Statistical topology, which combines ideas in topology, geometry and statistical mechanics is becoming a rapidly
increasing branch of mathematics, with many emerging applications in bio-informatics, computer science and
theoretical physics.


The University of New England
DP0772693          A/Prof Y Du; Prof NE Dancer; Dr S Yan

Approved           Sharp transitions in partial differential equations and related problems
Project Title

2007 :            $85,000
2008 :            $80,000
2009 :            $75,000

Administering Organisation The University of New England
Project Summary
This research produces cruicial mathematical methods and results for better understanding important nonlinear
problems in applied siences, such as ecology and material science. The mathematical theory itself is of significant
value in nonlinear partial differential equations. The project strengthens Australian research in nonlinear sience, a
critical area of modern international research, and provides high level training for the next generation of Australian
mathematicians.


The University of New South Wales
DP0771300          Dr T Britz

Approved           Chromatic polynomials, random graphs, and error-correcting codes: a unified approach
Project Title      to graph colouring problems

2007 :              $82,518
2008 :              $78,698
2009 :              $80,850
 APD                          Dr T Britz
Administering Organisation The University of New South Wales
Project Summary
Through a unified approach involving cutting-edge results on chromatic polynomials, random graphs, matroids, and
error-correcting codes, this project will establish the foundations for a rigorous mathematical framework for
attempting to provide a short, transparent and illuminating solution to the Four Colour Problem. The project will
support developments in computer science and statistical mechanics and is likely to have flow-on effects in
real-world disciplines such as network communication. This project will also strengthen Australia's international
presence in discrete mathematics and will further strengthen ties between Australian and international
mathematicians.




                                                                                                                 Page 9
            Summary of Discovery Projects Proposals by Primary Class Code for
                             Funding to Commence in 2007


DP0770289          Dr G Froyland; Prof Dr M Dellnitz; Mrs AM Treguier

Approved           A Dynamical Systems Approach to Mapping Southern Ocean Circulation Pathways
Project Title

2007 :             $100,000
2008 :             $95,000
2009 :             $90,000

Administering Organisation The University of New South Wales
Project Summary
Climate change can be expected to have complex, long-term consequences for Australia's biodiversity, for our
agricultural and marine production systems, and for regional communities. The Southern Ocean is a critical driver
of global climate, connecting the three major oceanic basins. Using sophisticated mathematics to analyse
state-of-the-art global ocean models, this project will create a detailed picture of hitherto invisible Southern Ocean
circulation 'pathways'. The newly discovered pathways will greatly enhance our understanding of the Southern
Ocean circulation, lead to improved coupled climate models, and increase our ability to predict future climate
change and threats to marine populations.


DP0772548          Dr TD Hoang; Prof AV Savkin

Approved           Robust State Estimation of Complex Multi-Object Systems
Project Title

2007 :             $117,000
2008 :             $117,000
2009 :             $117,000

Administering Organisation The University of New South Wales
Project Summary
Conceptual advances will be made in the area of robust state estimation of complex systems. New design rules will
be developed and published in the top international journals and major international conferences. The main benefit
of this project will be its direct applications to industrial control problems in the military equipment and
manufacturing industries, bio-engineering, and automobile industry. We also build a world class research group at
the University of New South Wales to focus attention on multi-object state estimation. There will be increased
capacity for contract research, international collaboration with leading researchers in the area and high quality
Ph.D. graduates in the field of Systems and Control.


DP0770148          A/Prof V Jeyakumar; Prof MA Thera

Approved           Quadratic Support Function Technique to Solving Hard Global Nonconvex Optimization
Project Title      Problems

2007 :             $84,000
2008 :             $82,000
2009 :             $80,000

Administering Organisation The University of New South Wales
Project Summary
Optimization techniques are becoming increasingly beneficial to modern Australian society in areas such as
manufacturing and commerce by improving technical and management decisions. The proposed research is
expected to produce enhanced optimization techniques that can be applied to solve a wider range of important
problems too complex to be currently solved. The proposed research also represents an international collaboration
which will improve Australia's ability to participate effectively in international research and innovation and to
produce globally competitive mathematical technologies




                                                                                                                Page 10
           Summary of Discovery Projects Proposals by Primary Class Code for
                            Funding to Commence in 2007


DP0770878         Dr FY Kuo

Approved          Innovative Methods for Very High Dimensional Problems
Project Title

2007 :               $141,826
2008 :               $139,761
2009 :               $122,893
2010 :               $122,893
2011 :               $122,893
 QEII                          Dr FY Kuo
Administering Organisation The University of New South Wales
Project Summary
Real world problems tend to involve an enormous number of variables. This "curse of dimensionality" poses great
difficulty in application areas such as statistics, finance, economics, and physics. These high dimensional problems
are not confined to Australia, and there is great demand worldwide for effective and efficient methods to tackle
these problems. The novel methods developed here will lead to improvements in prevailing computational
technologies, which will help to enhance Australia's reputation as a leading scientific innovator. The international
collaborations will increase the research output of the country, build up the knowledge base in the discipline, draw
international interest, and initiate linkages.


DP0774473         Dr JA Roberts; Prof F Vivaldi

Approved          Signatures of Order, Chaos and Symmetry in Algebraic Dynamics
Project Title

2007 :            $95,000
2008 :            $90,000
2009 :            $85,000

Administering Organisation The University of New South Wales
Project Summary
The project in the breakthrough science of algebraic dynamics will help inform and sustain both algebraic number
theory and dynamical systems in Australia. Thus far, Australia is not well represented in this cutting edge
international area, and international research prominence and teaching benefits will flow from the pioneering and
innovative topics to be addressed. The research incorporates the synergy of an existing highly-productive
international collaboration and creates possibilities for many more such linkages. It affords Australia a strategic
opportunity to considerably increase its profile in the algebraic dynamics community, particularly in the Pacific
region.


The University of Newcastle
DP0774287         A/Prof SO Moheimani; Prof RH Middleton

Approved          Robust Control of Electrostatic Microactuators
Project Title

2007 :            $230,000
2008 :            $190,000
2009 :            $180,000
2010 :            $170,000
2011 :            $100,000

Administering Organisation The University of Newcastle
Project Summary
This proposal seeks to address a number of fundamental problems associated with electrostatic microactuators
that form an integral part of microelectromechanical systems (MEMS). Performance of these microactuators is
limited due to the presence of a specific form of nonlinearity in their dynamics. In this research advanced and
innovative feedback controllers will be developed to improve operational performance of such microactuators. The
global MEMS market is projected to increase from $10B in 2005 to $40B in 2015. This project will enhance
Australia's standing in this important high-tech field.


                                                                                                              Page 11
            Summary of Discovery Projects Proposals by Primary Class Code for
                             Funding to Commence in 2007


DP0772093          Prof I Raeburn; Dr A an Huef

Approved           Endomorphisms, transfer operators and Hilbert modules
Project Title

2007 :             $150,131
2008 :             $135,000
2009 :             $120,000

 Administering Organisation The University of Newcastle
 Project Summary
 This project is in the general area of functional analysis, an area where both Newcastle University and the
 University of New South Wales have strong international reputations. The aim of the project is to study irreversible
 dynamics in the presence of transfer operators, as recently introduced by Professor Exel. The motivation comes
 from a variety of examples arising in different areas of mathematics, including number theory and graph theory. It
is hoped that the results will give new understanding of the algebraic and analytic structure underlying the
 multi-resolution analyses used in approximation theory and Fourier analysis. This project will help ensure that
 Australia has a strong foundation in mathematics which will foster innovation.


The University of Queensland
DP0770400          Dr DE Bryant

Approved           Cycle decompositions of graphs
Project Title

2007 :             $87,000
2008 :             $87,000
2009 :             $87,000
2010 :             $87,000
2011 :             $87,000
 QEII                         Dr DE Bryant
Administering Organisation The University of Queensland
Project Summary
The benefits to Australia of fundamental research in core disciplines such as mathematics are well documented.
This project aims to solve long-standing and significant open problems in the field of mathematics known as graph
theory. Solving such problems will undoubtedly bring Australian research in this field to the fore, and help to
enhance Australia's international research profile generally. The project offers substantial postgraduate training in
the form of three excellent PhD projects in discrete mathematics. The computer age has ensured that this is a
booming discipline and an increasing component of undergraduate syllabi around the world. It is thus a crucial area
in which to be providing quality research training.


The University of Sydney
DP0772368          Dr JJ Cannon; Dr DF Holt

Approved           Constructive Representation Theory and its Applications
Project Title

2007 :             $109,000
2008 :             $107,000
2009 :             $105,000

Administering Organisation The University of Sydney
Project Summary
The algorithms developed will make it possible to determine the different ways (representations) in which a group
of symmetries may be realised as transformations of some space. Such knowledge is required in many areas
including differential equations, digital signal processing, engineering ('strut-and-cable' constructions), the design of
telephone networks, crystallography and quantum information processing. The high-performance tools for linear
algebra developed will also find application in cryptography and coding theory. This work represents the latest
stage in a long-term project to discover practical algorithms for elucidating the properties of complex algebraic
structures - an area where Australia is a world-leader.

                                                                                                                  Page 12
            Summary of Discovery Projects Proposals by Primary Class Code for
                             Funding to Commence in 2007


DP0772870         Prof GI Lehrer; A/Prof R Zhang

Approved          Invariant theory, cellularity and geometry.
Project Title

2007 :            $160,000
2008 :            $137,000
2009 :            $124,000
2010 :            $94,000
2011 :            $96,000

Administering Organisation The University of Sydney
Project Summary
Mathematics underpins every aspect of people's interactions with nature (e.g. physics) and with each other (e.g.
finance). Its uses range from formulating physical laws in order to understand and predict nature, to analysis of
financial concepts and transactions. This project will make fundamental contributions to the mathematics of
symmetry. Benefits include enhancement of Australia's position at the very frontier of world class mathematical
research, and a myriad of potential applications to physics, coding theory, information technology, electronic
security and experimental design.


DP0774133         Mr PJ O'Sullivan

Approved          Categorical splitting theorems in algebraic geometry
Project Title

 2007 :            $77,030
 2008 :            $77,030
 2009 :            $77,030
 APD                         Mr PJ O'Sullivan
 Administering Organisation The University of Sydney
 Project Summary
 Algebraic geometry is the study of solutions of polynomial equations.It is one of the richest fields of Mathematics,
and has led to advances in cryptography and other areas of technology. The project aims to apply in this field some
recently developed abstract techniques in order to obtain results of a new type. It is also expected that the
approach taken will help to simplify and unify the branches of algebraic geometry considered. Projects of a
theoretical nature such as this one help to maintain Australia's high standing in the international scientific
community.


The University of Western Australia
DP0770915         Prof CE Praeger; Dr MR Giudici; A/Prof C Li; A/Prof TJ Penttila

Approved          Finite permutation groups and flag-transitive incidence structures
Project Title

2007 :              $209,354
2008 :              $210,000
2009 :              $200,000
2010 :              $190,000
2011 :              $190,000
 ARF                            Dr MR Giudici
 APF                            Prof CE Praeger
Administering Organisation The University of Western Australia
Project Summary
Mathematics is the enabling discipline for all the sciences and so a strong mathematical research community in
Australia provides the foundations for future discoveries in science and technology. By developing new theory for
permutation groups, producing a new paradigm for the study of Buekenhout geometries and classifying certain
families of flag-transitive incidence structures, we will enhance Australia's leading position in Permutation Group
Theory, Algebraic Graph Theory and Finite Geometry. This will attract international and Australian postgraduate
students and visitors, and strengthen the research activities of Australia by enhancing the collaboration between
UWA and leading international universities.


                                                                                                              Page 13
            Summary of Discovery Projects Proposals by Primary Class Code for
                             Funding to Commence in 2007


University of Ballarat
DP0771709         Dr Z Wu

Approved          Filled function methods for global optimization and their applications
Project Title

 2007 :             $77,030
 2008 :             $77,030
 2009 :             $77,030
 APD                          Dr Z Wu
 Administering Organisation University of Ballarat
 Project Summary
 Many real problems in science, commerce and industry are restricted in the way that they are modelled and solved
 by the known inability to deal with global optimization problems. The development of computational efficient global
 optimization methods in this project will allow new more complete approaches to these problems, especially in new
 areas of bio-informatics, data mining, economic modelling, supply chain management, air traffic management,
 biochemical engineering and automotive industry, consequently helping Australia advance in these various areas.
It will also enhance the understanding of global optimization from both theoretical and numerical viewpoints,
 particularly boosting optimization research in Australia.


University of South Australia
DP0774504         Prof PG Howlett; Prof CE Pearce; Dr KE Avrachenkov

Approved          A new perturbation method for solving singular operator equations with applications to
Project Title     complex systems

2007 :            $60,000
2008 :            $60,000
2009 :            $60,000

Administering Organisation University of South Australia
Project Summary
This project will develop new methods for analysis of web-based search routines such as Google PageRank, a
new algorithm for optimal estimation of random signals, more accurate error analysis in the approximate solution
of singular systems of equations and enhanced understanding of models for the simulated management of urban
stormwater. The project will involve collaboration between two Australian universities and a leading European
Research Institute. It will provide employment and vital training for two postdoctoral Research fellows and
research projects for three postgraduate students and two honours students.


University of Western Sydney
DP0774701         A/Prof WX Zheng; Prof E Bai; Prof Y Zheng

Approved          Development of Identification Methods for Nonlinear Dynamical Systems
Project Title

2007 :            $50,000
2008 :            $50,000
2009 :            $50,000

Administering Organisation University of Western Sydney
Project Summary
It is widely recognized that nonlinear systems theory will mark a new era of control science in the coming decade,
and will be used in various types of applications. Driven by such immense opportunities and needs, identification of
nonlinear systems is emerging as a vital, active area of research. The success of this project will enhance
Australia's leading role in the international control community. The training of the postdoctoral research associates
will generate the expertise needed to maintain the involvement of the coming generation in cutting-edge
technological advancement. The project will strengthen research activities in Australia through strong international
collaborations.


                                                                                                              Page 14
            Summary of Discovery Projects Proposals by Primary Class Code for
                             Funding to Commence in 2007


2302         STATISTICS

Monash University
DP0771338          Dr V Abramov

Approved           Queueing systems and their application to telecommunication systems and dams
Project Title

2007 :             $82,030
2008 :             $82,030
2009 :             $82,030
 APD                           Dr V Abramov
Administering Organisation Monash University
Project Summary
The aim of this project is to investigate the behaviour of large queueing systems under critical load conditions and
solve problems related to large telecommunication systems, information technologies and dams. The project will
have significant economic and social benefits. It will lead to the solution of high priority problems of optimal control
of water resources, as well as problems in design technology of high speed telecommunication networks. It will
suggest new more profitable approaches to known problems such as effective bandwidth problem, analysis and
design of computer networks, optimal control of dams, and anticipate not ordinary results and solutions. It will
contribute to the mathematical culture in Australia and worldwide.


The University of Adelaide
DP0770388          Prof NG Bean; Dr MM O'Reilly

Approved           The use of stochastic fluid models for the evaluation of applications-driven sample path
Project Title      integrals.

2007 :             $71,000
2008 :             $66,000
2009 :             $61,000

 Administering Organisation The University of Adelaide
 Project Summary
 The major technical goal of this project is the production of novel methodologies which can be used to model and
 solve real-world problems of considerable engineering and/or environmental significance. The research for this
 project will serve to enhance further Australia's reputation as a country which makes major contributions, both
 theoretical and practical, to this field. The activities of the Stochastic Modelling, Analysis and Optimisation group at
 the University of Adelaide and the School of Mathematics at the University of Tasmania will receive further
impetus, consequently maintaining a dynamic research environment for staff and students at both universities.
Links between the two groups will be strengthened.


The University of Melbourne
DP0772068          Prof RM Huggins; Dr G Qian; Dr A Robinson

Approved           Statistical Analysis of Some Partially Observed Processes Arising in Ecological Research
Project Title

2007 :             $65,000
2008 :             $60,000
2009 :             $55,000

Administering Organisation The University of Melbourne
Project Summary
The expected outcomes of this project are the provision of statistical methods to draw important information from
samples from wild animal populations and the training of researchers to conduct high quality statistical ecological
research. The national benefit lies on the availability of the developed techniques and researchers from this project
to the society for finding better ways of managing Australia's ecological systems and making Australia
environmentally sustainable.
                                                                                                                  Page 15
            Summary of Discovery Projects Proposals by Primary Class Code for
                             Funding to Commence in 2007


The University of Queensland


DP0773445          Prof PD Drummond

Approved           Simulating viral evolution and genetic complexity
Project Title

2007 :            $92,765
2008 :            $92,765
2009 :            $91,765

 Administering Organisation The University of Queensland
 Project Summary
 This project has direct relevance to understanding the growth of viral infections, and therefore has possible
practical applications in disease research and control. Examples of these are emerging diseases in humans such
as those caused by HIV-1, SARS coronavirus and Dengue virus, which cause considerable human suffering
throughout the world. A major part of current research into these diseases involves attempts to model the
evolutionary genetics and dynamics of virus populations in order to understand how to control epidemics, develop
vaccines and design drugs. The research program is designed to provide new computational modelling tools for
this purpose, which may have wider applications as well.


DP0772887          Prof GJ McLachlan; Dr SK Ng; Dr A Ng

Approved           Multivariate Methods for the Analysis of Microarray Gene-Expression Data with
Project Title      Applications to Cancer Diagnostics

2007 :             $196,710
2008 :             $193,494
2009 :             $201,895
2010 :             $153,000
2011 :             $150,000
 APF                          Prof GJ McLachlan
Administering Organisation The University of Queensland
Project Summary
The project will benefit the Australian Society as a whole by developing statistical methodology for the analysis of
high-throughput data. In particular, it will develop a novel and easily implemented model for the analysis of
correlated and structured data that may be of high dimension. It thus has wide applicability to improving the quality
and validity of applied research in most industries in Australia. More specifically, it is to be applied here to the
diagnosis and prognosis of ovarian cancer. This cross-disciplinary project will strengthen Australian researchers'
capacity and capability of participating in cutting-edge DNA microarray research.

The University of Sydney
DP0772881          Dr Q Wang; Prof J Robinson; Prof NC Weber

Approved           Asymptotic Expansions and Large Deviations in Probability and Statistics: Theory and
Project Title      Applications

2007 :               $153,614
2008 :               $123,614
2009 :               $113,614
2010 :               $136,614
2011 :               $136,614
 ARF                           Dr Q Wang
Administering Organisation The University of Sydney
Project Summary
Statistics is the major enabling science in a number of disciplines. This is fundamental research in probability and
statistics but it has wide applications in Biology and Social Sciences which will ultimately be of national benefit. The
behaviour of self normalized sums is an exciting new area of fundamental research that has implications for the
application of statistics in many areas. U-statistics for dependent situations has direct application to understanding
financial time series and the analysis of sample survey data. Saddlepoint methods provide extremely accurate
approximations in a number of important applications.

                                                                                                                 Page 16
            Summary of Discovery Projects Proposals by Primary Class Code for
                             Funding to Commence in 2007


DP0770395          Dr JY Yang

Approved           Statistical methods and tools for integrative microarray analysis
Project Title

2007 :             $89,000
2008 :             $84,000
2009 :             $82,000

Administering Organisation The University of Sydney
Project Summary
Tools used for biological and medical research have been evolving and there has been an increase in
high-throughput technologies such as genome sequencing and DNA microarray. The growing number of entries
and the increasing availability of public microarray repositories and other sequence databases have generated the
new challenge of developing tools to efficiently integrate data by different research groups. This research provides
new statistical methods to integrate different data sets. Its application in the biomedical field will allow researchers
to effectively interpret the myriad of data generated within the community.


2399         OTHER MATHEMATICAL SCIENCES

Queensland University of Technology
DP0773230          Dr GJ Pettet; Dr J Malda; Prof DL McElwain

Approved           Human skin equivalent constructs: enhanced culturing and application of
Project Title      laboratory-grown skin through mathematical modelling and in silico experimentation.

2007 :             $79,000
2008 :             $77,000
2009 :             $75,000

 Administering Organisation Queensland University of Technology
 Project Summary
 Laboratory-grown human skin equivalent constructs, given social and legislative imperatives, will be critical for
 advances in novel treatment protocol definitions for wound repair, dermatogical screening of pharmacueticals and
 fundamental studies of skin diseases.In silico studies undertaken in this project will make a significant contribution
to the effectiveness of the application of human skin constructs, by delivering new and deeper insights into the
interplay between dependent processes that regulate the behaviour of skin, in vivo or ex vivo. The models and the
researchers associated with this project will drive innovative studies in medical science over the next decade.


The University of Queensland
DP0773894          Dr Z Yuan

Approved           New computational methods study on protein function prediction
Project Title

2007 :             $55,000
2008 :             $50,000
2009 :             $45,000

Administering Organisation The University of Queensland
Project Summary
The proposed research aims to develop new computational methods to solve one of the most important
bioinformatics problems in the post-genome era. This project will expand the knowledge on protein
sequence-structure-function relationship, provide new analysis methods and predict the functions of novel proteins.
This project will strengthen Australia's reputation for research excellence.




                                                                                                                 Page 17
            Summary of Discovery Projects Proposals by Primary Class Code for
                             Funding to Commence in 2007


2401         ASTRONOMICAL SCIENCES

Swinburne University of Technology
DP0772084         Prof WJ Couch; A/Prof MJ Drinkwater; Prof DA Forbes; Prof K Glazebrook; Dr CA Blake; Dr M
                  Colless; Dr BF Madore; Dr DC Martin
Approved          The Last 8 Billion Years of Cosmic Evolution
Project Title

2007 :            $196,000
2008 :            $196,000
2009 :            $196,000

Administering Organisation Swinburne University of Technology
Project Summary
A key factor in Australia's international prominence in astronomy has been the development and use of innovative
instrumentation on its telescopes to undertake major leading-edge surveys. This project will enhance this
reputation by using the new AAOmega facility on the 3.9m Anglo-Australian Telescope to make the largest ever
survey of galaxies in the distant universe. This will allow us to address the two most important issues in cosmology
today - the nature of the "dark energy" that is causing the universe's expansion to accelerate, and the detailed role
of dark matter in galaxy formation and evolution.


DP0770233         Prof DA Forbes; Prof JP Brodie; Prof B Moore

Approved          Timing the birth of galaxies using supercomputer simulations and telescope
observations
Project Title

2007 :            $71,000
2008 :            $63,000
2009 :            $68,000

Administering Organisation Swinburne University of Technology
Project Summary
This proposal addresses several of the big questions identified by Australian astronomers as the key ones over the
next 10 years. Tackling these issues with the world's largest telescopes will maintain Australian astronomy as one
of the nation's highest impact sciences. Several students and postdocs will receive training on world-class facilities
worth ~$1M each year.


DP0774469         Prof K Glazebrook

Approved          The Broken Hierarchy of Galaxy Formation
Project Title

2007 :            $120,000
2008 :            $115,000
2009 :            $115,000

Administering Organisation Swinburne University of Technology
Project Summary
This project will bring Australia access to a significant foreign investment in new telescope instruments (Frontier
Technologies) and a significant amount of expensive time on large astronomical telescopes (breakthrough
science). Funding of this project will accrue the science return to Australia and further enhance Australia's world
leading reputation in astrophysics and cosmology. The knowledge gained of the formation and development of
galaxies over cosmic time will represent a major advance in the field and significantly enhance Swinburne's world
leading educational and outreach activities.




                                                                                                               Page 18
            Summary of Discovery Projects Proposals by Primary Class Code for
                             Funding to Commence in 2007


The Australian National University
DP0772283 Prof KC Freeman; Dr QA Parker; Dr GF Lewis; Dr TR Bedding; Dr J Bland-Hawthorn; Prof BK Gibson

Approved Galactic Archaeology: A Radial Velocity Experiment to Unveil the History of the Milky Way
Project Title

2007 :              $340,000
2008 :              $340,000
2009 :              $300,000
2010 :              $150,000
2011 :              $150,000
Administering Organisation The Australian National University
Project Summary
The RAVE survey is a large international project, conceived by Australians and involving astronomers from 10
countries. The survey is well-known internationally - it enhances Australia's scientific visibility and contributes very
significantly to Australia's international collaborations in science. RAVE will be an outstanding resource for
Australia's distinguished community of stellar and galactic astronomers, as well as for the international community.
A large astronomical survey of this kind provides excellent opportunities for public outreach and stimulation of
young Australian prospective scientists.

The University of Melbourne
DP0771638          Dr S Wyithe; Prof RL Webster; Prof T Padmanabhan

Approved           Formation of Supermassive Black Holes
Project Title

2007 :             $107,446
2008 :             $92,446
2009 :             $92,446
2010 :             $57,446
2011 :             $57,446
QEII                         Dr S Wyithe
Administering Organisation The University of Melbourne
Project Summary
One of the most remarkable discoveries in astronomy is the observation that supermassive black holes, weighing
as much as a billion suns, are found in the centers of galaxies, including our own Milky Way. Astronomers do not
understand how these black holes came to be, or their role in the evolution of galaxies. This Discovery Project will
address these issues by analysing data on supermassive black holes from the local and early universes. Black
holes fascinate students both young and old. This Discovery Project will train a new generation of young Australian
astronomers at the leading edge of astrophysics.

The University of New South Wales
DP0774000          Dr CG Tinney
Approved           The Science of Exoplanets - Finding & Understanding our Planetary Neighbours
Project Title

2007 :              $301,061
2008 :              $300,061
2009 :              $292,061
2010 :              $154,061
2011 :              $154,061
 APF                           Dr CG Tinney
Administering Organisation The University of New South Wales
Project Summary
There can be few questions more fundamental to humanity, and more capable of engaging young Australians in
science and technology, than to ask "Are we alone in the Universe?". The discovery of planetary systems orbiting
other stars now enables us to realistically address this fundamental question in the years ahead. A critical
component of this global endeavour will be determining 'How common are Earth-like planets orbiting nearby
stars?'. This project will establish the nation's leading research group in this field and employ the world's leading
astronomical facilities to place Australia at the forefront of the international race to answer these fundamental
questions.
                                                                                                                 Page 19
            Summary of Discovery Projects Proposals by Primary Class Code for
                             Funding to Commence in 2007


The University of Sydney
DP0770519          Dr NM McClure-Griffiths

Approved           Understanding the Evolution of the Milky Way
Project Title

2007 :              $179,893
2008 :              $168,893
2009 :              $124,893
2010 :              $114,893
2011 :              $114,893
 QEII                          Dr NM McClure-Griffiths
Administering Organisation The University of Sydney
Project Summary
This research will produce stunning radio images of the Milky Way, which will help us understand the nature of our
Galaxy and how it evolves. This project will capitalise on Australia's unique strengths in radio astronomy to help
return Australia to the forefront of Milky Way research. The headway made on understanding the evolution of the
Milky Way will be applied to understanding countless other galaxies and the Universe as a whole.


DP0772080          Prof DB Melrose; Dr JR Macquart; Dr S Johnston

Approved           Physics of extreme brightness temperatures in radioastronomical sources
Project Title

2007 :             $100,000
2008 :             $90,000
2009 :             $80,000

Administering Organisation The University of Sydney
Project Summary
Pulsars and some quasars are so very bright that the conventional explanation for radioastronomical emission from
other sources either does not apply to them, or presents unsolved problems. We see (in radio waves) these
sources through the interstellar medium which acts like a wrinkled pane of glass in distorting the image. New
scientific ideas and methodologies are proposed here and will be explored in the project, with the objective to
understand these sources and to extract information on their propreties and those of the interstellar medium.


DP0771840          Mr D Stello

Approved           Habitable planets and stellar oscillations with the NASA Kepler mission
Project Title

2007 :              $65,773
2008 :              $63,773
2009 :              $63,773
2010 :              $57,773
 APD                         Mr D Stello
Administering Organisation The University of Sydney
Project Summary
This project will ensure Australia's participation in a large space mission, which will detect habitable planets, like
our own, around stars. We will build strong links to leading international institutions, supply high-level training for
students in information processing skills, and develop new techniques for data analysis that are directly relevant to
future space missions. This will position Australia in space exploration, with potential spin-offs for Australian
industry. The science of this project will lead to a breakthrough in our understanding of the structure and evolution
of stars and their planets, which will enhance Australia's reputation in these two fields of research.




                                                                                                                 Page 20
            Summary of Discovery Projects Proposals by Primary Class Code for
                             Funding to Commence in 2007


DP0770729          Dr PG Tuthill

Approved           DRAGONFLY: A revolutionary instrument for astronomical imaging
Project Title

 2007 :            $117,446
 2008 :            $112,446
 2009 :            $122,446
 2010 :            $72,446
 2011 :            $72,446
 QEII                         Dr PG Tuthill
 Administering Organisation The University of Sydney
 Project Summary
 The vast distances in the galaxy have motivated the long-held dream of astronomers to build telescopes with
 enough magnification to zoom in on the intimate lives of stars. With a bold new approach, the Dragonfly
instrument will make a major step in performance beyond existing technology, delivering images with an
unmatched combination of high fidelity and resolution. A number of crucial questions await such a breakthrough in
capability. How do stars form? What happens as they die? Are planetary systems common? Demonstrated
success with this instrument will place it at the forefront of astronomical imaging worldwide, providing a vital
element in the case for justifying the next generation of large telescopes.


University of Tasmania
DP0770157          Prof JM Dickey; Dr SP Ellingsen; Prof PM McCulloch

Approved           Radio Interferometer Studies of Compact Astronomical Sources
Project Title

2007 :            $139,271
2008 :            $117,313
2009 :            $99,708

Administering Organisation University of Tasmania
Project Summary
The giant black holes in the centres of distant galaxies that are the topic of this study are used to set the reference
frame for geodesy on the earth. Remote and exotic as they are, they have real-world applications such as
improving the positions available from GPS receivers and measuring continental drift. The signal processing
equipment being developed for this new telescope is based on FPGA (field programmable gate array) chips, that
promise to revolutionize the data processing industry, from radar to cellular telephones to computer networks. The
young scientists who are working on this project will go on to lead the commercial and industrial applications of this
new technology.


2402         THEORETICAL AND CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS

RMIT University
DP0770543          A/Prof SP Russo; Prof IK Snook; Prof K Binder

Approved           Understanding and controlling the processes underlying self assembly of nanostructures
Project Title      on surfaces

2007 :            $80,000
2008 :            $70,000
2009 :            $50,000

Administering Organisation RMIT University
Project Summary
Efficient clean fuel technology, new classes of nano- and bio-materials, bio specific drug delivery systems, efficient
environmental remediation technologies, advanced catalytic applications, namely every area of technology would
benefit from the ability to control self-assembly of matter at the atomic level during fabrication of nanodevices. This
proposal seeks to understand the processes driving self-assembly of nanomaterials and how to control these
processes.

                                                                                                                Page 21
            Summary of Discovery Projects Proposals by Primary Class Code for
                             Funding to Commence in 2007


The Australian National University
DP0771133          Dr JD Close; Dr SM Scott; Dr CM Savage; Prof M Visser

Approved           Quantum Simulations with Dilute Gas Bose Einstein Condensates
Project Title

2007 :             $110,000
2008 :             $110,000

 Administering Organisation The Australian National University
 Project Summary
 Fundamental scientific research, such as we propose, is an important contributor to the long term wealth and well
 being of the Nation. It shapes our culture, our ways of thinking, and our beliefs. It also contributes directly, and in
the shorter term, through the technology development that accompanies scientific research at the frontiers of
 knowledge. The students participating in this research will develop skills in innovation, intellectual property
 management, and commercialisation - all of which are critical to the Nation's future.


DP0771158          Prof RG Elliman; Prof SH Choi; Dr J Valenta

Approved           Self-assembled semiconductor nanocrystals as functional materials for microelectronics,
Project Title      optoelectronics and photonics

2007 :             $110,000
2008 :             $105,000
2009 :             $100,000

Administering Organisation The Australian National University
Project Summary
This project will study an important new class of nanoscale materials (semiconductor nanocrystals) with the aim of
understanding the processes and mechanisms responsible for their structure and properties. It will have direct
application to microelectronics, optoelectronics and photonics; will provide world-class training for Australia's future
scientists and engineers in materials science and nanotechnology; and will further strengthen international
scientific collaboration in these field.


DP0771312          Prof AS Kheifets; Prof Dr JH Ullrich; Prof NA Cherepkov

Approved           Multiple ionization of atoms and molecules in strong laser fields
Project Title

2007 :             $86,000
2008 :             $83,000
2009 :             $86,000

 Administering Organisation The Australian National University
 Project Summary
 Our research contributes to multidisciplinary efforts to unravel thefundamental mechanisms that govern interaction
of intense laserradiation with matter. Understanding and accurate numerical modelling of such preocesses have
far-reaching implications for astrophysics, plasma physics and controlled fusion, life and materials sciences. The
 research project will further enhance our reputation in an area where Australian theorists are preeminent, and the
research training will produce PhD graduates with a high-level ability in numerical modelling using supercomputers.
Such skills are essential in many defense, information and nano-technology applications of national priority.




                                                                                                                   Page 22
            Summary of Discovery Projects Proposals by Primary Class Code for
                             Funding to Commence in 2007


DP0770380          Dr DH Macdonald; Dr LJ GEERLIGS; Dr J Schmidt

Approved           Unlocking the potential of n-type silicon for solar cells
Project Title

 2007 :              $140,000
 2008 :              $150,000
 2009 :              $175,000
 2010 :              $135,000
 2011 :              $135,000
  QEII                          Dr DH Macdonald
 Administering Organisation The Australian National University
 Project Summary
 This project will lead to an improved understanding of impurities in silicon, especially several emerging low-cost
 n-type silicon materials made especially for solar cells. This knowledge will enable the negative effects of these
 impurities to be eliminated or reduced, thus yielding higher efficiency modules that produce solar electricity at a
 lower cost. The potential benefits to Australia, which already has an established silicon solar cell industry, are
large. They include increased employment in well-paid high-technology jobs, increased export earnings, and
reduced carbon dioxide emissions. These benefits could grow rapidly, in line with the global photovoltaic industry
growth rate of more than 30% per year.


DP0772931          Prof NB Manson

Approved           Optical-spin coupling in the nitrogen-vacancy centre in diamond
Project Title

2007 :             $100,000
2008 :             $80,000
2009 :             $60,000

Administering Organisation The Australian National University
Project Summary
Australia has made investment in the developing area of quantum information processing where information is
stored and processed by manipulating the spin states in solids. One of the most promising materials for this
purpose is diamond incorporating nitrogen-vacancy colour centres. The appeal with this material is that the
processing can be faster and components smaller as the spins can be controlled by laser beams. This project
investigates the control of spin with light to obtain optimum performance.


DP0773069          Dr EA Ostrovskaya

Approved           Controlled manipulation of matter-waves in atomic waveguiding structures
Project Title

2007 :              $96,614
2008 :              $96,614
2009 :              $96,614
2010 :              $96,614
2011 :              $96,614
 ARF                          Dr EA Ostrovskaya
Administering Organisation The Australian National University
Project Summary
This project will enable Australian researchers to actively participate in the cutting edge, internationally competitive
research that investigates ways to manipulate and guide large ensembles of ultra-cold atoms and underpins future
technological applications in ultra-high-precision metrology and sensors. Australia is currently moving into a
prominent position amongst world leaders in this fast-paced research field. The outcomes of this proposal will
further raise the prestige of Australian research overseas, and lead to greater acceptance of Australia as a major
player in fundamental research. It will also provide outstanding training opportunities for young researchers.




                                                                                                                 Page 23
            Summary of Discovery Projects Proposals by Primary Class Code for
                             Funding to Commence in 2007


DP0772300          Dr I Shadrivov

Approved           Engineering and control of metamaterials with negative refraction
Project Title

2007 :              $87,030
2008 :              $82,030
2009 :              $82,030
 APD                          Dr I Shadrivov
Administering Organisation The Australian National University
Project Summary
This project will extend significantly the research activity on metamaterials in Australia, promoting this new field
and aiming to solve high priority problems and paving the way to creation of practical sub-wavelength devices. This
project is therefore of national benefit for its advances in critical fundamental research and for potential applications
in a large number of engineering tasks in microwave and optical devices. The project will initialize collaboration
with world leading experts in the area, bringing important expertise to Australia. It will provide a greater acceptance
of Australia as a major world player in fundamental research.


The University of Adelaide
DP0771453          Mr A Iqbal

Approved           Study of mathematical models of evolution using the theory of quantum games -
Project Title      strengthening the theoretical foundation of quantum computation

2007 :              $61,773
2008 :              $61,773
2009 :              $61,773
2010 :              $61,773
 APD                          Mr A Iqbal
Administering Organisation The University of Adelaide
Project Summary
The fields of nanotechnology, quantum technology and quantum information processing are rapidly converging.
This project aims to provide a novel approach in the fundamental understanding of quantum
computation/information by using methods inspired by mathematics of evolutionary competition. The project will
contribute towards the theoretical foundations of quantum computation by complementing efforts of several groups
in Australia collaborating on the experimental design of quantum computers. The outcome of this project will
contribute towards the successful operation of quantum computers and will help maintain Australia's position in the
global forefront of quantum computation/information.


The University of Melbourne
DP0770715          A/Prof LC Hollenberg

Approved           Quantum Nanotechnology: Concepts to Devices
Project Title

2007 :              $77,030
2008 :              $190,030
2009 :              $189,030
2010 :              $84,030
2011 :              $84,030
 APF                         A/Prof LC Hollenberg
Administering Organisation The University of Melbourne
Project Summary
Just as the technological advances of the past few decades at the micro level fundamentally changed our lives, so
too the emerging era of 'quantum nanotechnology' promises to revolutionise our society in the 21st century. This
Fellowship will explore and develop critical areas of quantum nanotechnology - absolutely secure communication,
nanoscopic level imaging, and exponentially fast computers. Such technology will have far reaching applications in
all areas of society and provide significant National benefit.



                                                                                                                  Page 24
            Summary of Discovery Projects Proposals by Primary Class Code for
                             Funding to Commence in 2007


The University of New South Wales
DP0772946          Dr AP Micolich; A/Prof AR Hamilton; Dr U Zuelicke; Prof RP Taylor; Dr Y Hirayama

Approved           Engineering Ultra-low Disorder Semiconductor Quantum Nanostructures
Project Title

 2007 :              $388,030
 2008 :              $371,030
 2009 :              $328,030
 2010 :              $130,030
 2011 :              $100,030
 APF                            A/Prof AR Hamilton
 Administering Organisation The University of New South Wales
 Project Summary
 The multi-trillion dollar semiconductor industry drives the explosive growth in information technology that we have
 witnessed over the past 25 years. This proposal will provide a significant breakthrough by develop a new class of
 ultra low disorder 'quantum dot transistors' that will be of benefit to Australia's ongoing efforts in semiconductor
 nanotechnology and quantum information science, allowing us to play a role in the future development of
nanoscale and quantum electronics. This research program will bring together Australian researchers and students
to work with leading international universities in the USA and New Zealand, and a leading Japanese industrial
research facility - Nippon Telegraph and Telecommunications.


The University of Queensland
DP0773169          Dr MA Schlosshauer

Approved           Decoherence in quantum computing and quantum electromechanical systems
Project Title

2007 :             $85,030
2008 :             $77,030
2009 :             $77,030
 APD                          Dr MA Schlosshauer
Administering Organisation The University of Queensland
Project Summary
Australia is one of the world leaders in fundamental studies and implementation of quantum computing and
quantum electromechanical systems. By developing a framework to quantify and control noise due to decoherence
in such systems, this research will facilitate progress in the development and understanding of quantum computing
and quantum electromechanical devices. The project will also significantly strengthen the general representation of
research on decoherence, a field of crucial importance to many areas of theoretical and experimental physics, in
Australia. Funding of this project will enable Australia to further expand its leading position in cutting-edge science
and next-generation technology.

The University of Sydney
DP0770631          Prof CM Stampfl; Dr O Warschkow; Dr B Delley; Prof CG Van de Walle

Approved           First Principles Catalyst Design Towards an Environmentally Clean and Energy Efficient
Project Title      Future

2007 :            $130,000
2008 :            $100,000
2009 :            $100,000

Administering Organisation The University of Sydney
Project Summary
This Proposal will explore through first-principles calculations novel catalytic materials critical for the advancement
of hydrogen production and fuel-cell performance, as a viable clean energy source. Theory and computation in
forefront sciences plays a crucial role not only in understanding and guiding experiment, but in prediciting new
(potential) structures and processes. This project will involve collaboration with leading international experts, thus
enhancing Australias knowledge base and research capacity. This work will raise the profile of Australian-lead
research, and afford a deeper integration into global reseach programs.

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            Summary of Discovery Projects Proposals by Primary Class Code for
                             Funding to Commence in 2007


DP0770987          Dr R Zheng

Approved           Microscopic Origin of Ferromagnetism of Diluted Magnetic Demiconductors
Project Title

2007 :            $180,614
2008 :            $171,614
2009 :            $171,614
2010 :            $96,614
2011 :            $96,614
 ARF                         Dr R Zheng
Administering Organisation The University of Sydney
Project Summary
Spintronics based on the spin in addition to the charge of electrons is believed to revolutionize current
microelectronics, which is approaching the end of the so-called silicon road map. Diluted magnetic semiconductors
are required to achieve spintronics, just as silicon in microelectronics. This project aims to understand the
microscopic origin of ferromagnetism of diluted magnetic semiconductors - a major obstacle towards spintronics.
This research, addressing an important problem in breakthrough science and frontier technologies, will not only
expand Australia's knowledge base and research capability, but also help to build Australia's high value-added
industries.


2403       ATOMIC AND MOLECULAR PHYSICS; NUCLEAR AND PARTICLE
           PHYSICS; PLASMA PHYSICS
Griffith University
DP0773354          Dr D Kielpinski; Prof HM Wiseman; Dr EW Streed

Approved           Quantum computing with trapped ions
Project Title

2007 :            $190,000
2008 :            $190,000
2009 :            $190,000

 Administering Organisation Griffith University
 Project Summary
 Computers are the foundation of our digital economy. Quantum computing offers new and revolutionary solutions
to limitations of current computers by taking advantage of quantum physics. Methods for factoring large numbers or
 searching unordered databases run with significantly fewer operations on quantum computers. Our research is
 focused on improving the speed, size and reliability of ion-trap quantum computers. Small ion-trap quantum
 computers have already been demonstrated and a clear roadmap exists toward large-scale quantum computation.


Murdoch University
DP0771153          Prof I Bray

Approved           Matter-antimatter interactions
Project Title

2007 :              $77,030
2008 :              $77,030
2009 :              $77,030
2010 :              $77,030
2011 :              $77,030
 APF                          Prof I Bray
Administering Organisation Murdoch University
Project Summary
Much of the light that we see is either due to or is influenced by collisions between particles on the atomic scale.
The understanding of astronomical observations, the Sun, or our atmosphere is underpinned by the knowledge of
atomic collisions. They are also critical in the development of fusion, lasers and lighting sources generally.
Interactions with antimatter have additional applications in the medical and material sciences. For example,
positron collisions with matter are used in Positron Emission Tomography (PET) scans and in surface analysis.
                                                                                                               Page 26
            Summary of Discovery Projects Proposals by Primary Class Code for
                             Funding to Commence in 2007


The Australian National University
DP0771978          Prof PM Gill; Prof MA Collins

Approved           Molecular Energies and Non-Bonded Interactions
Project Title

2007 :             $170,000
2008 :             $163,000
2009 :             $170,000

Administering Organisation The Australian National University
Project Summary
The development of new techniques that allow non-bonded chemical interactions to be modelled and predicted
reliably and accurately will allow researchers in the chemical, and pharmaceutical sciences to predict the physical
and chemical behaviour of moderately large molecular systems with an accuracy and efficiency that has not
previously been possible. The software that will result will enable cost and time savings in molecular design within
the medical and agricultural contexts.


DP0770023          Dr C Lee

Approved           Many-body quantum effects in the physics of ultracold atoms
Project Title

2007 :             $77,030
2008 :             $77,030
2009 :             $77,030
 APD                          Dr C Lee
Administering Organisation The Australian National University
Project Summary
The project will advance the fundamental research in quantum atom optics by exploring the mysterious many-body
quantum phenomena in the systems of ultracold atoms. It will therefore contribute into the fundamental knowledge
base that underpins future quantum technologies based on manipulating and utilizing the systems of ultracold
atoms. The project will also further Australia's international competitive ability in fundamental research and
strengthen its reputation in the field of quantum atom optics.


DP0773273          Dr AE Stuchbery; Prof PF Mantica; Prof N Koller

Approved           Magnetic moments of radioactive beams - an incisive probe of novel structures in
Project Title      neutron-rich nuclei

2007 :             $200,000
2008 :             $200,000
2009 :             $160,000

Administering Organisation The Australian National University
Project Summary
This project gives Australian scientists, whose expertise underpins recent ground-breaking success, the
opportunity for continued leadership in research with international large-scale radioactive beam facilities - a
scientific frontier of high technical and intellectual standing. In the process of studying the fundamental goal of
nuclear physics, to reach a unified understanding of all nuclei, it will develop the basic science needed for future
applications of exotic isotopes, e.g. in materials science and medicine. Including experiments in Australia and
abroad, it offers an exceptional breadth of training to address the shortage of nuclear expertise needed by the
health sector, industry, government, and for national security.




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            Summary of Discovery Projects Proposals by Primary Class Code for
                             Funding to Commence in 2007


The University of Melbourne
DP0771096          A/Prof CT Chantler; Dr JD Gillaspy; Dr LT Hudson; Prof JD Silver; Prof IP Grant

Approved           Critical Tests of Quantum Electro-Dynamics (QED) in heavy atomic systems
Project Title

2007 :            $150,000
2008 :            $150,000
2009 :            $150,000

 Administering Organisation The University of Melbourne
 Project Summary
 The 2005 Nobel prize was awarded for high-precision spectroscopy and a critical test of QED in light atomic
 systems. This led to dramatic applications to constants of nature and Quantum Optics. Our research has also
 developed state-of-the-art detector and spectrometer technology in pursuit of fundamental knowledge, but in the
 X-ray regime. We will make major progress for heavy atomic systems. Applications include the development of a
 few-electron calibration lamp, widely discussed as a new energy standard. These studies provide data, physical
 insights and highly skilled personnel for Australia's future in frontier technologies. Our fundamental research has
led to two orders of magnitude improvement in mammographic diagnostic accuracy.


DP0770828          Prof GN Taylor; Dr E Barberio; A/Prof ME Sevior; Dr SN Tovey; Dr KE Varvell; A/Prof LS Peak

Approved           Frontier Experiments in High Energy Physics
Project Title

2007 :            $450,000
2008 :            $450,000
2009 :            $400,000
2010 :            $300,000

Administering Organisation The University of Melbourne
Project Summary
This project will support physicists in the expected era of discovery in the knowledge of fundamental particles that
makes up our Universe. Having participated in developing the giant $½ billion ATLAS experiment, Australian
scientists will be making major discoveries in this era. ATLAS will hunt down the Higgs boson, to understand the
origin of mass of fundamental particles. It will also search for particles to explain Dark Matter, which makes up 25%
of our Universe. ATLAS will search for undiscovered laws of nature to help us unify our understanding of the forces
of nature. Excellent training and enhhancement of public interest, international cooperation and networking, and
national pride will be provided by this project.


The University of Sydney
DP0771274          Dr K Ostrikov

Approved           Plasma nanotools: bridging plasma physics and surface science
Project Title

2007 :            $94,000
2008 :            $87,000
2009 :            $90,000

Administering Organisation The University of Sydney
Project Summary
This project will herald a new frontier research area at the edge of plasma physics and surface science, secure and
strengthen Australia's presence in newly emerging nanotechnology fields, reveal the superior potential of and raise
the global high-tech market sentiment in plasma-aided nanofabrication of flat display panels, biosensors,
nanoelectronic devices, smart nanomaterials, and other high-tech products. The outcomes will ultimately lead to
new environment-friendly and cost-efficient plasma-based technologies and nanofabrication and nanotooling
industries in Australia. High profile of Australia-based research will be raised via a new network of international
collaborations and low-cost involvement into forefront research programs.


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            Summary of Discovery Projects Proposals by Primary Class Code for
                             Funding to Commence in 2007


DP0773967          Dr AA Samarian

Approved           Dust Physics: a Challenge in International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor
Project Title

2007 :               $159,893
2008 :               $149,893
2009 :               $129,893
2010 :               $114,893
2011 :               $114,893
 QEII                          Dr AA Samarian
Administering Organisation The University of Sydney
Project Summary
This proposal is highly relevant to development of the electricity-producing fusion power plants. The outcomes will
contribute to the achievement of greater control, predictability, and cost efficiency of fusion reactors operation. The
project falls within the " An Environmentally Sustainable Australia " research priority and will contribute to
development of widely available energy source with essentially unlimited supply and manageable environmental
impact.


2404         OPTICAL PHYSICS

Monash University
DP0773650          Dr DM Paganin

Approved           Generalized imaging systems incorporating hybrid hardware-software optics
Project Title

2007 :            $77,000
2008 :            $80,000
2009 :            $83,000

Administering Organisation Monash University
Project Summary
Fundamental optics research underpins the commercial optical technologies of tomorrow. Modern examples of
such evolution, from the fundamental to the commercial, include lasers, LED traffic lights, thin-screen computer
monitors and digital cameras. The recent advent of accessible powerful computers, together with recent advances
in optical physics, promise a powerful merging of computing and optical technologies into so-called virtual optical
systems in which the computer processes optical information in a manner very similar to lenses. In particular, the
computer may be used to decode distorted images provided by an imperfect imaging system.


RMIT University
DP0770027          Dr A Mitchell; Dr DN Neshev

Approved           Active Control of Light for Nonlinear Photonic Devices
Project Title

2007 :            $85,000
2008 :            $150,000
2009 :            $140,000

Administering Organisation RMIT University
Project Summary
In free space, light travels in a straight line, but since ancient times mankind has always sought to direct its
propagation. Controlling light is an enduring problem in modern photonic technologies. The ultimate goal is to
actively manipulate light propagation in space and time with a great accuracy. With this project we will investigate
the fundamental science of active control of light in periodic structures and will provide a unique platform for
exploration of ground breaking optical physics, ensuring Australia remains a world leader in the field. Precision
manipulation of light will form the basis of new techniques for all-optical signal processing and computing, with
great impact on Australian photonic and defense industries.


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            Summary of Discovery Projects Proposals by Primary Class Code for
                             Funding to Commence in 2007


The Australian National University
DP0771188          Dr AS Desyatnikov; Prof YS Kivshar; Prof WZ Krolikowski

Approved            Singular photonics: twisted light and optical vortices
Project Title

2007 :             $190,000
2008 :             $180,000
2009 :             $180,000

Administering Organisation The Australian National University
Project Summary

This project will help to establish and support a world-leading research team in Australia in the field of singular
photonics and the physics of twisted light; it will help to return the leading positions of the Australian physics in the
field of singular optics, and it will initiate a design of a novel generation of photonic devices operating with vortex
beams. The project will promote this field in order to enhance its rapid development and facilitate the emergence of
novel technologies in Australia; it will be combined with an extensive collaboration with top overseas groups
attracting strong interest from industry.


DP0772298          Prof C Jagadish; Dr HT Hattori; Prof RM De La Rue

Approved           Photonic Crystal Quantum Dot Lasers
Project Title

2007 :             $213,000
2008 :             $213,000
2009 :             $213,000

Administering Organisation The Australian National University
Project Summary
Nanotechnology is expected to make a major impact in all industry sectors. This research has the potential to
develop patentable technologies of interest to Australian industries in the fields of computers, communications,
defence, environmental and medical sensing. This project will enhance Australia's international links with UK,
France, Canada, Korea and USA and allow us to train skilled personnel essential for the development of high tech
industries in Australia.


DP0773408          Dr JJ Longdell

Approved           Quantum technologies based on crystalline rare-earth ion doped optical waveguides and
Project Title      resonators

2007 :             $137,030
2008 :             $132,030
2009 :             $105,030
 APD                          Dr JJ Longdell
Administering Organisation The Australian National University
Project Summary
Quantum information processing is a powerful emerging technology that aims to fully exploit the properties of
quantum mechanics to perform computations and securely transmit information. This project will develop an
essential component for this technology that will enable for the first time the direct and reversible transfer of
quantum information between solid-state quantum systems and light. Successful completion of this project will
provide a route to fully scalable quantum computing and long range quantum networks. This project will help
secure Australia's leading role in this strategically important new generation technology.




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            Summary of Discovery Projects Proposals by Primary Class Code for
                             Funding to Commence in 2007


DP0771218          Dr AE Miroshnichenko

Approved           Tunable nonlinear photonic devices with liquid crystals
Project Title

 2007 :               $77,030
 2008 :               $77,030
 2009 :               $77,030
  APD                            Dr AE Miroshnichenko
 Administering Organisation The Australian National University
 Project Summary
 This project will help to initiate in Australia a systematic study of nonlinear properties of liquid crystals for
 applications in optical components. Taking the advantage of strong and tunable nonlinear response of liquid
crystals and low threshold powers, it will analyse new opportunities for controllable light manipulation in nanoscale
photonic devices, suggesting realistic designs for tunable photonic circuits. The project will promote this attractive
field and will facilitate the emergence of novel technologies. It will also lead to important international collaborations
and bring important new expertise to Australia, complementing the core research program of the ARC Centre of
Excellence CUDOS.


DP0770279          Dr AA Sukhorukov

Approved           Slow light in nanostructured materials
Project Title

2007 :               $114,893
2008 :               $114,893
2009 :               $114,893
2010 :               $114,893
2011 :               $114,893
 QEII                         Dr AA Sukhorukov
Administering Organisation The Australian National University
Project Summary
This project will introduce and demonstrate novel concepts for dynamically controlling the speed of light and
manipulating optical pulses in specially designed nanoscale structures, making an essential step towards the
creation of all-optical devices performing fast switching and processing of optical signals. These developments
underpin the next generation of high-performance networks, promising to revolutionize global communications.
This project will keep Australia at the forefront of international research and provide training of students on
breakthrough applications of photonics and nanotechnology, contributing to the uptake of frontier technologies by
Australian industries for successful operation in a competitive global environment.


The University of Melbourne
DP0774121          Dr JR Rabeau; Dr MJ Sellars

Approved           Diamond based single spin detector
Project Title

 2007 :              $107,030
 2008 :              $97,030
 2009 :              $87,030
  APD                          Dr JR Rabeau
 Administering Organisation The University of Melbourne
 Project Summary
 It is expected that the development of the diamond based spin detector will further enhance Australia's
international reputation as a significant contributor to the broad field of nanotechnology. The spin detection
technology will have many applications in a variety of fields that rely on nanoscale precision measurement of single
quantum systems. Single spin detection will also be a pivotal tool in the push to produce quantum information
technologies, a field that has been invested in heavily by the Australian government. This device will significantly
enhance the potential success of a range of projects related to such nanoscale science.




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            Summary of Discovery Projects Proposals by Primary Class Code for
                             Funding to Commence in 2007


The University of Queensland
DP0770617          Prof RH McKenzie; Dr MP Kennett; Dr NE Hussey

Approved           Quantum coherence of electronic transport in layered magnetoresistive materials
Project Title

2007 :             $87,000
2008 :             $92,000
2009 :             $97,000

Administering Organisation The University of Queensland
Project Summary
The continued rapid expansion of information technology requires new materials and devices for information
storage. State of the art computer memories are based on new materials which consist of layers of complex arrays
of atoms. These materials have metallic properties quite unlike those of simple metals such as copper and steel.
This research will lead to a greater understanding of and ability to design better materials. Australia's capacity for
research and development in this scientifically challenging and technologically important field will be enhanced by
this project.


DP0771676          Dr T Plakhotnik; Prof Dr M ORRIT

Approved           Sensing single electrons with single molecules
Project Title

2007 :             $120,000
2008 :             $110,000
2009 :             $100,000

 Administering Organisation The University of Queensland
 Project Summary
 The focus of this project is on optical detection of single electron transport in solids and in large/bio molecules.
 Successful experimental demonstration of the proposed technique will considerably enhance Australia's standing
in high profile areas of natural sciences. In practical terms, it can contribute to development of new generation
solar cells, artificial photosynthetic centres, and a new generation of nanoprobes for biomedical applications.
Because the single-molecule technique is a new and dynamic field, opportunities exist for significant commercial
property development. The project will also train a number of students in several fields of high technology, all of
which are likely to have high demand in the future.


The University of Western Australia
DP0770748          Prof DG Blair; Dr L Ju; Dr C Zhao; Dr DH Reitze; Dr DH Shoemaker

Approved           Control of Instabilities in Advanced Gravitational Wave Detectors
Project Title

 2007 :             $270,307
 2008 :             $270,307
 2009 :             $270,307
 2010 :             $48,307
 2011 :             $48,307
 ARF                            Dr L Ju
 Administering Organisation The University of Western Australia
 Project Summary
 Gravitational wave technology from UWA has already given rise to significant spin-offs including sapphire
oscillators for radar applications and vibration isolators for airborne mineral exploration. This project will lead to
techniques for increasing the sensitivity of already extraordinary sensitive instruments, and could have applications
in many areas. The project will strengthen Australia's role in the world wide quest to detect gravitational waves,
which is one of the most significant and challenging human endeavours. The project will use the superb national
research facility at Gingin. Its content contributes to the Eureka Prize winning Gravity Discovery Centre also
located at the site, which is a major centre for science education.


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            Summary of Discovery Projects Proposals by Primary Class Code for
                             Funding to Commence in 2007


2499         OTHER PHYSICAL SCIENCES

Monash University
DP0773221          Dr JR Friend; Dr M Sitti

Approved           Asymmetrically Twisted Structures to form High-Power Rotary Micromotors for In-Vivo
Project Title      Swimming Microrobots

2007 :             $120,000
2008 :             $100,000
2009 :             $80,000

Administering Organisation Monash University
Project Summary
Major surgery is traumatic and risky, but often the only choice for the most serious of diseases that affect older
people. In this study, we aim to provide doctors with a means to avoid major surgery and extend the capabilities of
doctors to diagnose and treat patients using non- and minimally-invasive procedures: a powerful micromotor
carrying its own power supply and a special flagellar propeller to swim within the vascular and digestive systems of
the human body to perform tasks via remote control. We also aim to understand the mechanisms underlying the
operation of our motor system and flagellar motion in fluids to assist in the understanding of twisted blade
structures and propulsion in fluids on the micro-scale.


The Australian National University
DP0770149          Dr W Hillier; Prof ER Krausz; Dr TJ Wydrzynski; Dr RJ Debus; Dr A Boussac; Dr M Sugiura

Approved           The mechanism of water splitting in photosynthesis
Project Title

2007 :             $92,000
2008 :             $106,000
2009 :             $92,000

Administering Organisation The Australian National University
Project Summary
Sunlight reaching the earth is used by the vast body of plants and algae living in surface waters and on the land to
drive photosynthesis. One of the most fundamental contributions that photosynthesis provides to the Biosphere is
the gaseous oxygen produced by its water-splitting chemistry - ~300 gigatons of O2 are released into the
atmosphere per year. However, the mechanism behind water-splitting is not precisely known. We will use a range
of unique experimental approaches to determine the molecular mechanism of the photosynthetic water-splitting
chemistry. The understanding of this reaction will provide the molecular blueprint for the development of efficient
biocatalysts to generate H2 and O2 from water.

DP0770426          Prof DE McClelland; Dr SM Scott; Dr BJ Slagmolen; Dr SE Whitcomb; Prof B Owen

Approved           Pushing the frontiers of gravitational wave science: from technology to astrophysics
Project Title

 2007 :             $270,030
 2008 :             $270,030
 2009 :             $270,030
 APD                            Dr BJ Slagmolen
 Administering Organisation The Australian National University
 Project Summary
 The direct detection of Einstein's elusive gravitational waves will not only confirm one of the most important
theories in physics, it will unleash a new form of radiation (in addition to electromagnetic) with which to study the
Universe. Our participation in this quest continues Australia's role in the vanguard of new astronomy and its
exploitation. This proposal will produce scientists highly trained in areas of national priority, including frontier
technologies such as photonics and smart information use through GRID computing. Developing ways to build
instruments of almost unimaginable sensitivity fosters innovation leading to spin-offs into other areas of optical
sensing - fundamental research resulting in economic benefit.


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            Summary of Discovery Projects Proposals by Primary Class Code for
                             Funding to Commence in 2007


2501          PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY (INCL. STRUCTURAL)

The Australian National University
DP0774260           A/Prof VS Craig

Approved            Salt, Bubbles and Life; A study of ion specificity in colloid science
Project Title

2007 :             $105,000
2008 :             $80,000
2009 :             $60,000

 Administering Organisation The Australian National University
 Project Summary
 A colloidal solution is a liquid that contains a finely dispersed material. The properties of these solutions are critical
 in many industrially important practices and in the everyday processes of life. Though not understood, it is
observed that the type of salt in solution controls how the colloid behaves. Through a series of very careful
experiments we seek to learn precisely how different salts influence the properties of a colloidal solution. This
world-leading research will enable us to improve our fundamental understanding of colloids and thereby facilitate
advances in topics as diverse as enzymatic action and minerals purification, ensuring Australia remains at the
forefront of science in this field.


DP0770665           Prof TR Welberry

Approved            Understanding, prediction and control of polymorphism in pharmaceuticals.
Project Title

2007 :             $110,000
2008 :             $85,000
2009 :             $60,000

Administering Organisation The Australian National University
Project Summary
The proposed research will lead, through a better understanding of polymorphism, to more efficient production of
pharmaceuticals and will enhance the establishment and protection of patents. The work will have flow-on in other
areas such as the manufacture of pigments, dyes and explosives. The project uses methodology for the elucidation
of local structure and function at the atomic to nanoscale level in which Australia is a world leader. The project will
further enhance our standing in this field and will provide excellent research training opportunities in areas
particularly pertinent to future exploitation of the Australian Synchrotron and the new Research Reactor OPAL,
which open in 2007.


Flinders University of South Australia
DP0774578           Prof WD Lawrance

Approved            Energetics, spectroscopy and dissociation dynamics of bimolecular complexes of
Project Title       atmospheric importance

2007 :             $105,141
2008 :             $100,000
2009 :             $100,000

Administering Organisation The Flinders University of South Australia
Project Summary
The Global Warming debate illustrates the importance of having a firm scientific underpinning to calculations of the
atmosphere. It is important in calculations of atmospheric chemistry to have all pathways and species properly
accounted for. It has recently emerged that intermolecular complexes may play a role in atmospheric chemistry.
Of these, those involving water are very important because of water's ability to form strong hydrogen bonds. This
project will provide key experimental data on one of the most important complexes, the water-hydroxyl radical
complex.


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            Summary of Discovery Projects Proposals by Primary Class Code for
                             Funding to Commence in 2007


The University of Melbourne
DP0770585          Dr J Xie

Approved           Novel Photo-Catalysts for Water Oxidation: Linking Nature to New Technologies
Project Title

2007 :              $92,030
2008 :              $87,030
2009 :              $87,030
 APD                           Dr J Xie
Administering Organisation The University of Melbourne
Project Summary
Photosynthesis is the catalytic process used by biology to convert the sun's light into energy. This project aims to
mimic photosynthesis with cheap and robust molecules. The approach has great potential for development of
renewable energy production and benign industrial chemical processes. The project will bring Australia to the
international forefront of this field. It will provide excellent research training in a range of scientific skills for
Australian research students.


The University of New South Wales
DP0772356          A/Prof JJ Gooding; Dr K Gaus

Approved           Surface Chemistry meets Cell Biology: Molecular Level Control of Surface Architecture
Project Title      for Cell Adhesion and Migration

2007 :             $130,000
2008 :             $120,000
2009 :             $120,000

Administering Organisation The University of New South Wales
Project Summary
Biotechnological applications such as tissue engineering, bone supports, implantable materials, cell assays and
biosensors all require detailed knowledge of how cells interact with their environment. The proposed research aims
to provide this knowledge by developing unique modified surfaces to investigate white blood cell migration and
adhesion. Additional expected outcome will contribute to our understanding of the many fundamental cellular
processes such as cell growth, differentiation and cell death as well as the molecular basis of diseases such as
inflammation, cancer, cardiovascular diseases and wound healing. This research program will establish Australia
as a leading force in this new research field.


DP0770415          A/Prof HA Riesen

Approved           Highly efficient X-ray storage phosphor for medical and scientific imaging
Project Title

2007 :             $90,000
2008 :             $90,000
2009 :             $90,000

Administering Organisation The University of New South Wales
Project Summary
X-rays are invaluable in medical diagnostics. For example, they are widely used in breast screening programs.
However,they can cause cancer even at low doses. Consequently there is a global effort to reduce the X-ray dose
by exploring more efficient imaging technologies. The present proposal seeks to exploit our recent discovery of a
highly efficient storage phosphor that has the potential to facilitate substantial X-ray dose reduction; this is of
greatest significance to the general population. Also, the phosphor facilitates higher resolution images, a feature
that is highly important in scientific imaging. This project may lead to substantial revenue streams for the nation
because it taps into a global multibillion dollar industry.




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            Summary of Discovery Projects Proposals by Primary Class Code for
                             Funding to Commence in 2007


DP0772053          Dr T Waters

Approved           Reactivity and Spectroscopy of Gas Phase Metal Oxide Cluster Ions: Structure-Reactivity
Project Title      Correlations and Fundamental Insights into Heterogeneous Catalysis

2007 :               $92,030
2008 :               $87,030
2009 :               $84,030
 APD                          Dr T Waters
Administering Organisation The University of New South Wales
Project Summary
This project will make use of world class ARC funded instrumentation to carry out breakthrough science. The
research will contribute fundamental insights into chemical bond activation relevant to industrial catalytic processes
important to national manufacturing industries. These insights will improve the efficiency and selectivity of catalytic
processes and lead to increased profitability and/or a reduction in unwanted side products and pollution. The
project will train young scientists in important experimental and theoretical chemical techniques, and will enhance
and contribute to Australia's international research profile.


The University of Queensland
DP0771213          Prof DD Do; Dr D Nicholson

Approved           Fundamental Characterization of Adsorption of Simple to Complex Fluids on Carbon
Project Title      Black and in Carbon Pores

2007 :            $90,000
2008 :            $80,000
2009 :            $70,000

Administering Organisation The University of Queensland
Project Summary
The outcome of this project will help designing engineers with a molecular simulation model for adsorption of
simple to complex fluids commonly used in industries. The success of this project translates to a significant saving
because it requires minimum effort in experimentation.


The University of Sydney
DP0773172          A/Prof JK Beattie; Prof JW White

Approved           Water at Hydrophobic Surfaces
Project Title

2007 :            $250,000
2008 :            $215,000
2009 :            $200,000

Administering Organisation The University of Sydney
Project Summary
The properties of water define the nature of life on this planet. When water encounters a hydrophobic surface - at
the air/water interface, in contact with unreactive solids such as Teflon, or at an oil drop, our recent experiments
indicate that the water dissociates more readily into protons and hydroxide ions - undergoes autolysis - than in bulk
water. Furthermore, the hydroxide ions are preferentially adsorbed at the surface, giving it a negative charge. This
project will test the generality and implications of this novel concept. The results will range across physics,
chemistry, biology and their associated technologies, a consequence of the ubiquitous importance of water.




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            Summary of Discovery Projects Proposals by Primary Class Code for
                             Funding to Commence in 2007


DP0774259         A/Prof JK Beattie

Approved          Electroacoustic and Acoustic Characterisation of Nanoporous Colloids
Project Title

2007 :            $120,000
2008 :            $90,000
2009 :            $90,000

Administering Organisation The University of Sydney
Project Summary
Nanoporous materials have an enormous technological importance in many different industries, both traditional
and advanced. New technologies require new materials, which are being produced in thousands of laboratories
worldwide. The methods for characterising these materials are slow and expensive. A new suite of measurements
will be developed, based on acoustic methods, that is rapid and relatively inexpensive. It will not only give
parameters such as particle size, porosity and pore size, which are complementary to existing methods, but also
important new information about charge and conductivity that is not presently available.


DP0772006         A/Prof SH Kable

Approved          Molecular signatures of complex photodissociation reactions
Project Title

2007 :            $145,000
2008 :            $100,000
2009 :            $110,000

Administering Organisation The University of Sydney
Project Summary
All energy on earth comes from the sun, either directly (e.g photosynthesis) or indirectly (e.g fossil fuels).
Photochemistry is the study of how this light is absorbed and what happens to a molecule afterwards. Despite
significant experimental and theoretical advances in the past decade (some in our lab), scientists still cannot
predict the outcomes of most photochemical reactions. In this project we will determine the reactivity of several
small, fundamental organic molecules. Not only are these molecules pollutants around our cities, but discovery of
how they react in the presence of light will allow us to understand and predict the photochemistry of a much wider
range of organic species.


University of South Australia
DP0770930         Dr D Losic

Approved          Engineered Nanotube Membranes for Molecular Separation and Biosensing
Project Title

2007 :              $108,614
2008 :              $109,614
2009 :              $106,614
2010 :              $105,614
2011 :              $106,614
 ARF                         Dr D Losic
Administering Organisation University of South Australia
Project Summary
This broad research effort on the development of nanotube technology will provide potential applications not just in
separation and biosensors but also in nanotechnology, biotechnology, drug delivery, energy storage, and catalysis.
Development of advanced separation technologies and ultra sensitive biosensing devices based on functionalised
gold nanotube membranes and low-cost fabrications are an important direction for Australian innovation in these
fields. They will bring competitive advantages for further developments and applications for molecular separation
and biomedical diagnostics. These research outcomes will enhance Australia's capacity in frontier technology and
build strength in new analytical and separation technologies.




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                             Funding to Commence in 2007


2502         INORGANIC CHEMISTRY

Monash University
DP0771940          Dr SR Batten

Approved           Reactive Coordination Polymers and Supramolecules
Project Title

2007 :            $90,000
2008 :            $90,000
2009 :            $90,000

Administering Organisation Monash University
Project Summary
Large discrete or infinite assemblies of molecules will be designed and produced by self-assembly processes.
Through careful design of the precursors, these nano-sized assemblies will be chemically reactive. The new
techniques pioneered in this study will allow the design of new advanced materials, such as homogeneous
multicentre catalysts (analogous to biological enzymes), industrially important heterogeneous catalysts, nanoscale
molecular sieves, molecular sensors and switches, or materials that show unusual host-guest chemistry.


DP0771700          Prof L Spiccia; Dr S Mukhopadhyay; Dr G Dismukes; Dr GF Swiegers

Approved           Bio-inspired Catalysts for Water Oxidation
Project Title

2007 :            $99,000
2008 :            $96,000
2009 :            $97,000

Administering Organisation Monash University
Project Summary
Successful completion of the project will result in the development of devices that utilise redox active manganese
clusters to catalyse the oxidation of water. This achievement would place us at the forefront of international efforts
to develop devices that can split water into hydrogen and oxygen, an endeavour which has the potential to solve
pressing energy demands. As an added benefit, these devices can be adapted for the purposes of carrying out the
catalytic oxidation of organic substrates, for which a variety of industrial and environmental applications can be
envisaged.


DP0774389          Dr A Stasch

Approved           Polyanionic carbon ligands in metal complexes as new reagents in organometallic and
Project Title      inorganic chemistry

 2007 :              $126,614
 2008 :              $111,614
 2009 :              $111,614
 2010 :              $96,614
 2011 :              $96,614
  ARF                          Dr A Stasch
 Administering Organisation Monash University
 Project Summary
 The proposed research will benefit Australia by creating a knowledge base in an internationally important area of
 chemistry. It addresses fundamental questions in organometallic chemistry that will be of great significance for
 chemical synthesis as well as for a greater understanding of structure and bonding. Through an integrated and
 interdisciplinary approach, the exploitation of technologies arising from this research programme will be explored.
In addition to the academic community, these technologies will benefit hi-tech industries including pharmaceutical
and fine chemical concerns which will gain from the use of polymetalated carbon species in organic and inorganic
 synthesis, catalysis and the development of new materials.




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            Summary of Discovery Projects Proposals by Primary Class Code for
                             Funding to Commence in 2007


The Australian National University
DP0771497         Prof AF Hill

Approved          Understanding and Harnessing the Unique and Curious Metal Boron Bond: Unlocking the
Project Title     Metallaboratrane Cage

2007 :            $105,000
2008 :            $98,000
2009 :            $101,000

Administering Organisation The Australian National University
Project Summary
Metal-boron bonding holds enormous technological importance due to the emergence of boron-based
metal-mediated synthetic transformations that access a diversity of high value-added fine chemicals. Whilst
Australia boasts an emergent boron-based fine chemicals industry, no research program into the nature of metal
boron bonding exists to provide either fundamental science or advanced training in organometallic boron
chemistry. The proposed work offers two distinct national benefits: The maintenance of a discipline in which
Australia leads the world (metallaboratranes) and the genesis of one, which whilst intensely studied elsewhere, is
notably absent from the Australian science base (low coordinate, unsaturated boron chemistry).


The University of Melbourne
DP0773135         Dr PS Donnelly

Approved          Copper Radiopharmaceuticals for Molecular Imaging of Alzheimer's Disease
Project Title

2007 :            $80,000
2008 :            $80,000
2009 :            $80,000

 Administering Organisation The University of Melbourne
 Project Summary
 The expected outcome of this research is to develop molecular agents to allow non-invasive diagnostic imaging of
 senile plaques associated with the onset of Alzheimer's disease. This will contribute to a better understanding of
the disease, assist in early diagnosis and help assess new intervention strategies. Alzheimer's disease is the most
 common form of dementia and affects over 160,000 Australians. The imaging agent market is a niche
 biotechnology industry in which Australia already has an international presence. The proposed research will lead to
 innovations to ensure Australia remains internationally competitive in this area. This research has potential social
 and economic benefits for the nation.


The University of Queensland
DP0773027         A/Prof PV Bernhardt; Prof DR Richardson

Approved          Chemical and Biochemical Characterisation of Novel Iron Chelators with Therapeutic
Project Title     Potential

2007 :            $200,000
2008 :            $205,000
2009 :            $210,000

Administering Organisation The University of Queensland
Project Summary
Resistance by cancers to established chemotherapeutics is a growing problem in the community and one that
demands the development of new strategies. Chelators that target the essential element iron within cancer cells
represent a novel and promising approach to this problem. The Chief Investigators represent a unique combination
of expertise in coordination chemistry and the biochemistry of iron chelation. They have discovered and
characterised new chelators that show marked anticancer activity, and act by a new mechanism that overcomes
problems of resistance. In this project they will pursue a course that will lead to a greater understanding of how
these compounds work with the outcome that new effective anticancer drugs may emerge.

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            Summary of Discovery Projects Proposals by Primary Class Code for
                             Funding to Commence in 2007


The University of Sydney


DP0773953          Prof TW Hambley

Approved           Rational Optimisation of the Uptake of Metal-Based Anti-Cancer Agents by Tumours
Project Title

2007 :             $100,000
2008 :             $100,000
2009 :             $100,000

Administering Organisation The University of Sydney
Project Summary
In this project will develop an understanding of how anticancer drugs are taken up, distributed and modified in
tumours. The information gathered will be of value to all those developing new anticancer drugs and we will then
use it to develop new drugs that more selectively target tumours and therefore have reduced side effects.
Successful development of less toxic anticancer agents would lead to less debilitating treatment, more effective
treatment, and an increase in the number of patients effectively treated. Effective anticancer drugs can also be
very large income earners for Australia.


DP0772108          Dr BJ Kennedy

Approved           Cation Ordering - A Strategy to Prepare Multiferroic Oxides
Project Title

2007 :             $140,000
2008 :             $130,000
2009 :             $130,000

 Administering Organisation The University of Sydney
 Project Summary
 This project will produce new families of functional metal oxides with technologically relevant properties, especially
 multiferroic behavior. Such materials are highly sort-after in the rapidly emerging field of spintronics. Through
 comprehensive experimental studies of a number of such materials this project will enhance the ability of industry
to develop new and improved materials.


DP0774173          Prof PA Lay

Approved           The roles of metal ions in glucose metabolism and the treatment of diabetes
Project Title

2007 :             $131,000
2008 :             $131,000
2009 :             $132,000

Administering Organisation The University of Sydney
Project Summary
Metal supplements, such as chromium and vanadium are consumed widely for their purported fat reduction and
anti-diabetic activities. However, much is still to be learnt about the efficacy and safety of such metal ions when
they are taken in supplements and whether they have an essential role in the prevention of diabetes or, in some
instances, are a risk factor for cancer. The research will provide an understanding of how these metal complexes
exert their anti-diabetic effects and how they can be made safer and/or more efficacious for the treatment of type 2
diabetes, which is a rapidly expanding epidemic in developed countries.




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            Summary of Discovery Projects Proposals by Primary Class Code for
                             Funding to Commence in 2007


The University of Western Australia
DP0769967          Prof CL Raston; A/Prof TG St Pierre

Approved           Tuneable monodispersed nanoparticles and nanoparticle superstructures
Project Title

2007 :             $127,000
2008 :             $120,000
2009 :             $120,000

Administering Organisation The University of Western Australia
Project Summary
Integrating spinning disc processing (SDP), which is new to Australia, with advances in magnetic properties of
nanoparticles will have wide ranging applications in nanotechnology. The cutting edge research will foster
collaboration with industry, and lead to new industries in memory device technology, nano-medicine, and catalysis,
through exploiting commercial opportunities. Continuous flow SDP technology in industry has a small footprint and
low capital cost outlay. The project will provide excellent research training in a range of scientific skills and in
professional development, and will involve overseas PhD exchange programs. The exciting research incorporating
nano-toxicology will enhance public opinion towards nanotechnology.


2503         ORGANIC CHEMISTRY

Griffith University
DP0774383          Prof M von Itzstein; Dr RD Hartnell; Dr MJ Kiefel; Dr H Blanchard; Dr BS Coulson

Approved           Design, Synthesis and Biological Evaluation of Rotavirus Inhibitors
Project Title

2007 :             $120,000
2008 :             $120,000
2009 :             $120,000

Administering Organisation Griffith University
Project Summary
Rotavirus causes, particularly in children under 5 years of age, significant loss of life worldwide. Over 400,000
children under 5 years of age per annum die as a result of rotavirus infection. Australia records over 10,000
hospitalisations per annum due to rotavirus infection. This project aims, using structure-based drug design
techniques, to develop inhibitors of a rotavirus protein that is essential in its lifecycle. These inhibitors may lead to
the development of useful drugs to treat rotavirus infection and may reduce significant loss of life caused by this
deadly virus.


Monash University
DP0772124          Dr AJ Robinson; Prof WR Jackson

Approved           New methods for the synthesis of stable cyclic peptides
Project Title

2007 :             $100,000
2008 :             $90,000
2009 :             $90,000

Administering Organisation Monash University
Project Summary
This proposal will design, synthesise and evaluate novel carbocyclic analogues of cyclic peptides which have
application in the treatment of pain, diabetes management, malaria, and cancer therapy and diagnosis. The
carbocyclic analogues will have improved biostability and will also provide the opportunity for oral administration.
Carbacyclic analogues of insulin could lead to improved treatment of Australia's 1.2 million diabetics including
many Aboriginal Australians who are particularly susceptible to Type II diabetes and its debilitating complications.

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            Summary of Discovery Projects Proposals by Primary Class Code for
                             Funding to Commence in 2007


The Australian National University
DP0771749         Prof MG Banwell; Prof MJ Garson

Approved          Total Synthesis and Biological Evaluation of Australian Sponge Metabolites
Project Title

2007 :            $181,151
2008 :            $168,509
2009 :            $185,086

Administering Organisation The Australian National University
Project Summary
The development of functional syntheses of Australian natural products and certain analogues of ecological and
therapeutic significance will emerge. Such activities will lead to the identification and evaluation of molecular
entities of value in managing marine environments, reduce the need for removal of organisms from marine
environments both within and outside of Australia as well as helping maintain and enhance chemical synthesis
capacity within the country. The proposed studies could lead to the identification of related natural products
produced by organisms on the Great Barrier Reef and that may display even more potent activities and/or
complementary ecological roles.


Flinders University of South Australia


DP0771098         Dr MV Perkins

Approved          New Chemistry for the Total Synthesis of Pyrone Containing Marine Natural Products
Project Title

2007 :            $90,000
2008 :            $70,000
2009 :            $60,000

 Administering Organisation The Flinders University of South Australia
 Project Summary
 The project will produce a range of compounds in the laboratory that have been identified from marine organisms.
 These compounds, which have potential as new medicines, are produced in minute quantities by the organisms,
 and synthesis in the laboratory is a way to produce significant quantities for biological evaluation. The new
methods developed for the preparation of complex polypropionates compounds, can be applied to the preparation
of known medicinally active compounds. The grant will allow a PhD student and post doctoral worker to receive
first-rate training in organic and medicinal chemistry, which are areas in great demand to support the increasing
number of start-up biotechnology and niche pharmaceutical companies.


The University of Adelaide
DP0771901         Prof AD Abell; Prof R Grubbs; A/Prof IL Hudson; Dr AT Neffe

Approved          Mimicking peptide structure - towards an aqueous environment
Project Title

2007 :            $100,000
2008 :            $100,000
2009 :            $100,000

Administering Organisation The University of Adelaide
Project Summary
In this proposal we develop a fundamental understanding of the balance between 'weak' and 'strong' forces to
define the properties of peptides and proteins. This will allow the design of new biological probes and materials
with tailor-made chemical and physical properties for use in bioengineering, biotechnology, proteomics, and drug
design. One such example is the design and preparation of a new chemical agent for the non-surgical treatment for
cataract, the major cause of blindness world-wide.

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            Summary of Discovery Projects Proposals by Primary Class Code for
                             Funding to Commence in 2007


DP0770653          Dr JC Morris; Prof L Meijer; Prof MA Kron; Prof LA Kuhn

Approved           Development of Pyrrolopyrimidines as Inhibitors of ATP-Binding Proteins
Project Title

2007 :            $100,000
2008 :            $70,000
2009 :            $60,000

 Administering Organisation The University of Adelaide
 Project Summary
 This project seeks to generate analogues of natural products that have been found to be active against cancer
cells and tropical parasites. The new materials produced by this project will aid in the study of biochemical
processes involved in diseases such as cancer and lymphatic filariasis, thus leading the way to development of
these compounds as potential treatments for such diseases.


The University of Melbourne
DP0770177          Dr GA Burley

Approved           Understanding and controlling the construction of molecular electronic and photovoltaic
Project Title      devices using nucleic acids

2007 :              $200,893
2008 :              $180,000
2009 :              $180,000
2010 :              $150,000
2011 :              $130,000
 QEII                         Dr GA Burley
Administering Organisation The University of Melbourne
Project Summary
The efficient generation and use of energy is arguably the most pressing problem the world faces today. This
project will enable the construction of molecular electronic and energy generation devices with increased
efficiency, and will impact the fields of bio-organic chemistry and material science. Australia will benefit from the
cheap and efficient energy produced by these new environmentally benign energy generation and transducing
devices. A secondary benefit will arise when these devices are applied to medical diagnostics for early detection of
diseases. Economic and environmental benefits for the Australian community and Australia's development as a
knowledge-based economy will be the result.


DP0770668          Prof AB Holmes; Prof AW Burgess; Dr BL Catimel

Approved           Identifying mitogenic signalling proteins with phosphatidyl inositol lipids
Project Title

2007 :            $200,000
2008 :            $210,000
2009 :            $220,000

Administering Organisation The University of Melbourne
Project Summary
Health care of an ageing population is a national priority of the community. In order to understand the factors that
control cell growth and death in cancer cells signalling proteins can be identified and studied and compared with
model systems from quiescent cells. Using phospholipids attached to 'fishing lines' we can search for, identify and
study the function of all the downstream signalling proteins in activated cancer cells. This will provide the basic
information for drug discovery processes to target specific molecules that inhibit and control the function of the
signalling proteins implicated in the growth of cancer cells.




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            Summary of Discovery Projects Proposals by Primary Class Code for
                             Funding to Commence in 2007


DP0770408          A/Prof MA Rizzacasa

Approved           Biomimetic and Methodology Based Total Synthesis of Bioactive Natural Products
Project Title

2007 :             $100,000
2008 :             $100,000
2009 :             $100,000

Administering Organisation The University of Melbourne
Project Summary
The proposal will study the synthesis of novel natural products that possess biological activities. Most significantly,
this project will deliver compounds with anticancer activity. In addition, chemistry may be developed which could be
utilised to synthesise a number of bioactive molecules. The rewards of the synthesis of compounds and
application for the treatment of cancer and other diseases are enormous for the community and in the education
and training of scientists.


DP0770565          A/Prof JM White; Prof CA Reed

Approved           Structures and Properties of beta-R3M (M = Si, Ge, Sn)- and beta-Chalcogenyl-substituted
Project Title      Carbenium Ions

2007 :             $90,000
2008 :             $90,000
2009 :             $40,000

 Administering Organisation The University of Melbourne
 Project Summary
 The benefits of this work are many-fold. The scientific knowledge gained will be invaluable to all scientists working
 in organic chemistry; mechanistic chemists who will learn from the science, and synthetic organic chemists who
can utilise the results when planning strategies for the synthesis of complex drugs. Another major benefit of this
 research is in the training of young scientists. The students who work on this proposal gain invaluable experience
in many areas of chemistry, ranging from synthetic chemistry to structural chemistry and theoretical chemistry.
They will also gain experience in important physical techniques from NMR spectroscopy to X-ray crystallography.


DP0770839          Dr SJ Williams; A/Prof M McConville

Approved           Mannose metabolism in pathogenic microorganisms
Project Title

2007 :             $90,000
2008 :             $80,000
2009 :             $80,000

Administering Organisation The University of Melbourne
Project Summary
Current treatments for tuberculosis and leishmaniasis are failing due to chronic underinvestment by the private
sector and public agencies over many decades. The causative agents, the microorganisms Leishmania spp and
Mycobacterium tuberculosis, respectively, use sugar processing pathways that differ from humans, and thus
represent targets for new drugs. We will study two related sugar-processing biochemical pathways in these
organisms. We will develop new ways to measure enzyme activity using mass spectrometry, and new reagents to
clone several biosynthetic enzymes. Our work will lay a foundation for new antibiotics to combat these insidious
diseases, and will foster Australian expertise in chemical biology and innovative basic science.




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            Summary of Discovery Projects Proposals by Primary Class Code for
                             Funding to Commence in 2007


The University of Queensland
DP0770936          Prof DP Fairlie

Approved           From Chemical Architecture to Protein Surfaces
Project Title

2007 :             $100,000
2008 :             $100,000
2009 :             $100,000

Administering Organisation The University of Queensland
Project Summary
Creation of small stable molecules that reproduce key functions of important protein surfaces, would be a
significant technology breakthrough with many important potential applications in science, medicine & industry. As
new scientific tools they could be used to interrogate biological systems & implicate specific protein surfaces in
biological/disease mechanisms. As leads to new medicines (pharmaceuticals, vaccines, diagnostics), they could
offer new ways of impacting on infection, diseases of the aged, & preventative medicine (National Research
Priorities). As new intellectual property, the technology has the potential to advance basic science at the
chemistry-biology interface while providing new economic opportunities for Australia.


DP0770863          Prof C Wentrup

Approved           Reactive intermediates and microwave-assisted organic reactions
Project Title

2007 :             $75,000
2008 :             $60,000
2009 :             $60,000

Administering Organisation The University of Queensland
Project Summary
The use of our chemistry to help develop new, safer, better drugs against schizophrenia is a strong driving force for
this research. This relates to the National Research Priority of promoting and maintaining good health, ageing well
and productively, and preventative healthcare. Microwave-assisted chemical synthesis will undoubtedly become a
very important methodology in the pharmaceutical industry, and our work will help developing such know-how in
Australia and thereby contribute to the Australian economic fabric.


The University of Sydney
DP0770619          A/Prof KM Downard

Approved           Proteomics of the Influenza Virus for In-field Surveillance
Project Title

2007 :             $105,000
2008 :             $104,000
2009 :             $120,000

Administering Organisation The University of Sydney
Project Summary
The influenza virus continues to pose a serious health risk to Australians and remains a leading cause of death.
The molecular characterisation of emerging strains of the virus lies at the heart of current surveillance procedures
vital to vaccine preparation and the development of new anti-viral drugs. This research will advance a world-first
proteomics surveillance of the virus developed in this laboratory that will enable it to be characterised in-field at the
site(s) of infection outbreaks. This rapid response is vital, particularly in the event of a pandemic or a deliberate
release of the virus in a bioterrorist attack.




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            Summary of Discovery Projects Proposals by Primary Class Code for
                             Funding to Commence in 2007


DP0773847          Dr JR Reimers; Prof MJ Crossley; Em/Prof NS Hush

Approved             Principles, synthesis, and evaluation of molecular electronic devices
Project Title
2007 :              $320,000
2008 :              $320,000
2009 :              $250,000
2010 :              $150,000
2011 :              $150,000
Administering Organisation The University of Sydney
Project Summary
This project is at the forefront of modern science and technology. It involves exploration of the operation and
means of fabrication of devices on the nanoscale. Future advances in silicon-chip manufacture will require
development of new technologies such as molecular electronics, technologies in which Australia is well placed to
play a significant role. This project will generate the first method for the integration and construction of complex
molecular devices on silicon with atomic control and precision, and advances in solar electricity and solar-powered
hydrogen production. It provides advanced training in important areas in nanotechnology including nanoscale
synthesis, measurement, and computation.

2504         ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY

University of Tasmania
DP0771893          Dr RA Shellie

Approved            New separation technologies for profiling metabolites in biological samples
Project Title
2007 :              $70,000
2008 :              $50,000
2009 :              $30,000
Administering Organisation University of Tasmania
Project Summary
Metabolomics is an important new field of science that is contributing to the understanding of life processes at the
molecular level. But a widely acknowledged major limitation of current metabolomics technologies is the inability to
accurately identify high numbers of detected metabolites in the biological extracts being studied. This project will
develop cutting-edge separation science approaches to address this existing problem in metabolomics analysis. In
doing so it will provide enormous benefit to Australian biotechnology and biomedical research and play a major role
in transferring capabilities to laboratories and research institutes that are involved in research aimed at elucidating
biological pathways and networks.

2505         MACROMOLECULAR CHEMISTRY

The University of New South Wales
DP0769972          A/Prof C Barner-Kowollik

Approved            Defining Polymer Structures in Radical Polymerization Systems: Chain Birth, Chain
Project Title       Growth and Complex Macromolecular Architectures
2007 :              $230,000
2008 :              $215,000
2009 :              $220,000
2010 :              $215,000
2011 :              $220,000
 APF                          A/Prof C Barner-Kowollik
Administering Organisation The University of New South Wales
Project Summary
The project underpins and extends Australia's leading position in the development and application of novel
methods to generate advanced polymeric materials. By carefully studying the reaction pathways underpinning the
polymerization processes, an in-depth picture of the polymerization is obtained. The research outcomes will
strongly benefit the preparation of the coming generations of intelligent polymer materials of a highly controlled
structure, responsive to their environment, with an even broader range of applications than existing polymers. In
addition, the project has a substantial educational component providing training embedded in cutting polymer
science for several honours and 1 PhD student.

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            Summary of Discovery Projects Proposals by Primary Class Code for
                             Funding to Commence in 2007


DP0769981          A/Prof C Barner-Kowollik; Dr M Stenzel

Approved           Novel Complex Architecture Polymers via a Combination of RAFT Chemistry and
Project Title      Pericyclic Reactions: Synthesis and Characterization

2007 :             $125,000
2008 :             $110,000
2009 :             $120,000

 Administering Organisation The University of New South Wales
 Project Summary
 The project aims at advancing the synthetic limits and broadening the synthetic scope of living free radical
 polymerization and thus enhancing the library of polymer structures available for applications ranging from drug
 delivery to opto-electronics. Current material design for these applications is yet to reach its full potential through
 innovative synthetic approaches. The proposal critically underpins and further advances Australia's leading
position in both breakthrough science as well as advanced materials. Due to its significant scientific breadth and
large coverage of both synthetic and physical aspects of polymer science, the project also provides a significant
platform for research training at both honours and PhD level.


DP0770818          Dr V Bulmus; Prof TP Davis; A/Prof M Kavallaris; Dr HD Maynard

Approved           Development and Evaluation of Well-Defined Polymer-RNA Conjugates as Improved
Project Title      Therapeutics

2007 :             $105,000
2008 :             $105,000
2009 :             $185,000
2010 :             $105,000

Administering Organisation The University of New South Wales
Project Summary
Gene-based drugs offer an enormous potential to treat a wide range of diseases including, but not limited to, AIDS,
hepatitis, and cancer. However, effective delivery of these drugs in body is needed to convert their therapeutic
potential to clinically applicable treatments. Our multidisciplinary team will aim to develop novel, polymer-gene
hybrid materials for efficient delivery of gene based therapeutics. Development of such advanced drug delivery
systems will significantly enhance Australia`s power in biotechnology. Development and/or formation of new
materials and strategies to improve the health quality of Australians, is an important anticipated outcome of this
innovative project.


DP0771155          Dr M Stenzel

Approved           Multivalent drug delivery carrier for the targeted delivery of platinum anticancer agents to
Project Title      hepatocytes

2007 :             $91,000
2008 :             $91,000
2009 :             $91,000

Administering Organisation The University of New South Wales
Project Summary
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is often treated with chemotherapy using cytotoxic drugs. This systemic treatment
results in the distribution of the drug throughout the body. Employing a polymer particle as a drug carrier for these
drugs ensures a temporal control of the release and therefore supply of the drug within the body. By attaching
carbohydrate moieties onto the surface of the polymer particle the drug carrier can specifically be recognized by
cell receptors, thus allowing a targeted delivery of the drug to the desired area in the body. A range of
carbohydrate-based drug carriers will be synthesized and tested towards their interaction with hepatocytes to allow
optimisation of this drug carrier system.




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            Summary of Discovery Projects Proposals by Primary Class Code for
                             Funding to Commence in 2007


The University of Queensland
DP0774245          Prof GF King

Approved           Safeguarding Australia against invasive arthropod pests
Project Title

2007 :             $204,000
2008 :             $192,000
2009 :             $180,000

Administering Organisation The University of Queensland
Project Summary
An increasingly serious public health issue for Australia is the emergence of infectious diseases disseminated by
arthropods such as ticks and mosquitoes. Arthropod-borne viruses are already the major human pathogens in
Australia, and they disproportionately affect Aboriginal communities. The aim of this research is to develop
environmentally-sustainable methods for controlling arthropods that destroy crops or disseminate human and
animal disease. These insecticides will not only provide benefits within Australian territories, but will be useful to
our defence forces when operating in overseas locations where arthropod pests are a problem (e.g., malarial
regions of Iraq).


The University of Sydney
DP0770321          Prof J Trewhella

Approved           Studies of the Dynamic Language of Bio-Molecular Communication and Signalling
Project Title

2007 :             $150,000
2008 :             $120,000
2009 :             $120,000

Administering Organisation The University of Sydney
Project Summary
For normal biological function, a multitude of external signals must be interpreted and responded to by cells. The
responses must be carefully regulated and coordinated, or else pathological conditions will develop and, if not
corrected, lead to uncontrolled proliferation or cell death. This project studies the mechanisms by which cells
transmit signals. Proteins accomplish this communication by modifying the interactions among their functional
domains, effectively creating a conformational language. Knowledge of this language will impact biomedicine
through its contributions to understanding the molecular pathology of diseased states, and biotechnology by
enhancing our ability to use biological processes for applications.


DP0774289          Prof AS Weiss; Prof CM Kielty

Approved           Biochemistry of tropoelastin and elastin: the molecular architecture of elastic fibre
Project Title      assembly

2007 :             $100,000
2008 :             $100,000
2009 :             $95,000

Administering Organisation The University of Sydney
Project Summary
Elastin destruction drives the progression of emphysema, a major component of chronic obstructive pulmonary
disease which is a major cause of death. Loss of elastin leads to profound blockage of arteries. If we are to treat
these problems we need to know how to make and repair elastin. This research will enable us to discover how
elastin is constructed and define its interacting partners. We will learn how to make tissue components found in
parts of the body that expand and contract such as the arteries, lung and skin. We will learn about the molecular
mechanisms of elastin assembly and cell interactions, which gives us the core molecular toolkit to repair elastin
tissue.



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            Summary of Discovery Projects Proposals by Primary Class Code for
                             Funding to Commence in 2007


2506         THEORETICAL AND COMPUTATIONAL CHEMISTRY

The University of Queensland
DP0771344          Prof SK Bhatia

Approved           Development and structural characterisation of carbide-derived carbon membranes and
Project Title      their application in separation

2007 :            $125,000
2008 :            $100,000
2009 :            $105,000

Administering Organisation The University of Queensland
Project Summary
This research addresses a key challenge in gas separation crucial to our energy future and environmental
sustainability, while harnessing the potential of carbide derived carbons. The project has a multitude of benefits for
Australia, not only because it contributes to on-going research on carbon dioxide sequestration and utilization of
alternate fuels, but because it will see a new generation of Australian researchers trained in multidisciplinary
cutting-edge research while addressing several areas of national priority, including reducing emissions,
breakthrough sciences, development of frontier technologies and advanced materials, and thereby creating new
opportunities for industry.


DP0773830          Dr Q Kaas

Approved           Theoretical and computational approaches to accurately predict the structures of a
Project Title      unique family of circular and knotted proteins.

2007 :            $92,030
2008 :            $87,030
2009 :            $87,030
 APD                         Dr Q Kaas
Administering Organisation The University of Queensland
Project Summary
The primary outcome will be a fundamental new knowledge on cyclotide structures and a new protein engineering
method to design stabilised proteins. Because cyclotides have significantly higher stabilities than conventional
proteins, they have a range of pharmaceutical and agricultural applications. Both fields of use have the potential for
very great economic and social benefits for Australia. From a pharmaceutical perspective our computing
development will greatly facilitate the design of stabilised peptide-based drugs using the cyclotide framework. Such
drugs have potential sales of several billion dollars per annum and the royalty returns from successful
commercialisation of IP can be substantial.


DP0770375          Prof AE Mark; Dr CT Tuttle

Approved           Dynamic modelling of biomolecular systems: Going beyond classical empirical force
Project Title      fields.

 2007 :             $200,030
 2008 :             $200,030
 2009 :             $180,030
  APD                         Dr CT Tuttle
 Administering Organisation The University of Queensland
 Project Summary
 The ability to accurately model the structural and functional aspects of biomolecular systems at an atomic level is
of fundamental importance in the pharmaceutical and biotechnological industries. By developing new approaches
for treating dispersion terms and transition metals we aim to improve our understanding of critical biomolecular
 systems such as how novel anti-cancer metal complexes interact with DNA and block transcription and the role
 various transition metals such as Cu(II) and Zn(II) stabilize the conformations of peptides involved in Alzheimer's
 disease. In addition by greatly expanding the range of systems that can be modeled efficiently the work will have
 widespread benefits in academic research as well as for industry.



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                             Funding to Commence in 2007


DP0771867         Prof SC Smith

Approved          Quantum Unimolecular Reaction Dynamics: from Isolated Molecules to
Project Title     Protein-Embedded Chromophores

2007 :            $80,000
2008 :            $77,000
2009 :            $80,000

Administering Organisation The University of Queensland
Project Summary
The outcomes of this research will (a) enhance the reputation of Australian science internationally,(b) develop
highly skilled research personnel with core capabilities in computational chemistry who can contribute to Australian
industry, (c) lead to more accurate modelling of atmospheric ozone depletion phenomena, and (d) improve our
understanding of the most common cellular imaging tool - the Green Fluorescent Protein - with spinoff benefits for
molecular biology research in Australia through the potential for design of new fluorescent proteins.


The University of Sydney
DP0772893         Prof P Harrowell; Prof CA Angell

Approved          Fluctuation Effects in Non-Crystallising Liquids
Project Title

2007 :            $494,061
2008 :            $434,061
2009 :            $334,061
2010 :            $254,061
2011 :            $204,061
 APF                         Prof CA Angell
Administering Organisation The University of Sydney
Project Summary
Understanding the behaviour of liquids colder than their freezing temperature is important in areas as diverse as
metal alloy preparation, prevention of cell damage in plants and animals at low temperatures, extending the
working temperature range of new high voltage automotive batteries and controlling drug delivery in
pharmaceuticals. Advances in these areas would represent important new manufacturing opportunities in industries
already established in Australia. In this project the fundamental physical chemistry of supercooled liquids is
developed and applied to a number of these technological challenges.


2599         OTHER CHEMICAL SCIENCES

Monash University
DP0771578         A/Prof SJ Langford; Dr BM Abbott

Approved          Investigations into the Versatility of Peptide Nucleic Acid Conjugates
Project Title

2007 :            $147,000
2008 :            $117,000
2009 :            $110,000

Administering Organisation Monash University
Project Summary
Neurodegeneration and cancer are two of the greatest frontiers in modern medicine. They impose significant
medical, financial and social burdens on sufferers, carers and the wider community. Novel technologies with the
ability to help diagnosis, enlighten researchers to the biological principles governing the disease and that can make
a contribution to prevention, quality of life issues and survival of sufferers are of utmost importance. This project
aims to make a significant contribution to these areas using antisense technologies against some previously
studied targets.



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                             Funding to Commence in 2007


The Australian National University
DP0772122          Prof MG Humphrey; Dr MJ Samoc; Dr MP Cifuentes

Approved           Metal Alkynyl Materials for Photonics
Project Title

2007 :             $149,000
2008 :             $123,000
2009 :             $113,000

Administering Organisation The Australian National University
Project Summary
Investment in this project (i) will gain Australia entry into an international network of researchers investigating
materials (particularly NLO) properties of organometallic and other compounds, (ii) will involve training four PhD
students, who will graduate with highly developed interdisciplinary skills, (iii) may identify new materials with
sufficient performance for commercial development, and (iv) will build bridges between traditional research in
organometallic chemistry and that in nanophotonics and biophotonics, and position Australia as a major player in
these nascent fields.


The University of New South Wales
DP0771614          Prof R Bishop

Approved           Control of the Enantiomeric Self-Resolution Process
Project Title

2007 :             $80,000
2008 :             $80,000
2009 :             $80,000

 Administering Organisation The University of New South Wales
 Project Summary
 The availability of enantiopure molecules is crucial in chemistry and medicine. Enantiomeric self-resolution on
 crystallisation provides pure left- and right-handed molecules from 1:1 mixtures of the two. It is the simplest and
 cheapest means of obtaining enantiopure molecules, but its occurrence in any given case cannot normally be
 predicted. The understanding and control of the self-resolution process gained through this project will represent a
 major breakthrough in organic and pharmaceutical chemistry. This technological advance will make pure handed
 molecules available readily and cheaply, thereby allowing chemical, pharmaceutical and biological developments
to be made by Australian industry.


The University of Sydney
DP0773011          Dr CJ Sumby

Approved           Anion Binding and Sensing With Self-Assembled Metallo-Supramolecular Assemblies
Project Title

 2007 :             $92,030
 2008 :             $87,030
 2009 :             $87,030
  APD                         Dr CJ Sumby
 Administering Organisation The University of Sydney
 Project Summary
 Anions are of particular significance in several areas relating to the day-to-day lives of Australians; for example as
 contaminants in waterways and nuclear waste streams, as indicators of chemical weapons, and as antagonists in
 biological systems. The proposed research programme will investigate a relatively unexplored approach to binding
 and sensing anions. This will further research in the area of supramolecular chemistry, providing additional
research expertise in this rapidly progressing area of the chemical sciences. In terms of Breakthrough science the
targeted assemblies will shed further light on self-assembly processes involving ligands with different domains,
placing Australian research at the forefront of such investigations.


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            Summary of Discovery Projects Proposals by Primary Class Code for
                             Funding to Commence in 2007


University of Tasmania
DP0771720          Prof AJ Canty

Approved           New Directions in Alkynylpalladium and Platinum Chemistry
Project Title

2007 :             $90,000
2008 :             $100,000
2009 :             $100,000

Administering Organisation University of Tasmania
Project Summary
Reactions involving palladium or platinum compounds with organic reagents are important for the synthesis of new
materials and organic molecules, including pharmaceuticals. This research program will provide a better
understanding of applications involving these metals, together with advances in fundamental chemistry of wide
general interest at an international level, and high quality research training in an area essential for the continued
development of modern chemical and related industries in Australia.


2601         GEOLOGY

Deakin University
DP0772161          Prof GR Shi; Dr AS Biakov; Prof S Shen; Prof J Tazawa; Prof CM Henderson; A/Prof K Ueno

Approved           The bipolarity of Late Palaeozoic marine faunal distributions: origin, processes and
Project Title      implications for modern global marine biogeography

2007 :             $60,000
2008 :             $60,000
2009 :             $50,000

Administering Organisation Deakin University
Project Summary
The fossil record of 'deep-time' ecological processes provides the only tangible tool and material to probe into the
dynamics of past biotic responses to global environmental perturbations at a temporal scale extending well beyond
the human impact. It is in this context that the project is linked to the National Research Priority Goal 1.5
(Australia's biodiversity), Goal 1.7 (climate change and variability) and Goal 3.1 (breakthrough new knowledge). In
addition, the project will enhance Australia's global research profile through multinational and multidisciplinary
research collaborations, and, importantly, also provide a crucial training opportunity for the next generation of
Australian palaeobiologists.


James Cook University
DP0771982          Prof TH Bell; Prof BE Hobbs

Approved           Numerical modelling of deformation partitioning and its role in metamorphism, tectonism
Project Title      and mineralization

2007 :             $68,000
2008 :             $73,000
2009 :             $38,000

 Administering Organisation James Cook University
 Project Summary
 Targeting blind mineralization is the biggest problem facing the Australian mining industry. The modelling
developed in this project will integrate deformation, fluid and chemical processes and provide a means for
understanding the deformation partitioning that localizes epigenetic ore regionally as well as along portions of
large-scale structures. Applying this to known ore deposits may delineate adjacent plus regionally distributed zones
where the deformation event responsible for mineralization is locally present at sufficient intensity to form ore. This
would allow targeted deep drilling in ground with no ore close to the surface saving millions in drilling costs and
dramatically increasing the financial viability of this industry.
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                             Funding to Commence in 2007


DP0773486         Prof NH Oliver; Prof BE Hobbs; Dr SF Simmons; Prof RH Sibson; Dr T Baker; Dr J Rowland

Approved          Numerical modelling of coupled deformation, fluid flow and heat flow in modern and
Project Title     ancient rifts

2007 :            $100,000
2008 :            $90,000
2009 :            $90,000

Administering Organisation James Cook University
Project Summary
Computer modeling of geological processes is increasingly important to mineral and hydrocarbon exploration, to
hazard prediction (e.g. earthquakes) and to plate tectonics. Because it is difficult to understand geological
processes from ancient rocks, we will use new computer models to study fluid circulation in an active volcanic fault
zone in New Zealand, where many of the parameters obscured in ancient rocks can be measured directly. We will
determine processes of fluid migration that contributed to the formation of mineral deposits in ancient rocks, such
as those mined in eastern Australia for gold. The project also has implications for discovery and development of
energy resources including fossil fuels and geothermal waters.


Macquarie University

DP0770929         Prof SY O'Reilly; Prof WL Griffin; Dr NJ Pearson; Dr O Alard; Prof Dr K Regenauer-Lieb; Prof S
                  Grand; Prof S Chung; Prof J Cottin; Dr R Herrington; Prof Dr M Scambelluri; Prof Dr E
Rampone;
                  A/Prof T Stachel; Prof X Xu
Approved          Earth's Internal System: deep processes and crustal consequences
Project Title

2007 :            $230,000
2008 :            $230,000
2009 :            $230,000

Administering Organisation Macquarie University
Project Summary
Outcomes will include significant new information about the structure and formation of the Earth's crust and the
underlying mantle. An improved framework for interpreting the architecture of Australia and other continents will be
directly relevant to exploration for world-class economic deposits, the Earth resources on which society depends.
Innovations in geochemical technology and in the integration of information from geochemistry, geophysics and
geodynamics will maintain our high international profile in research relevant to National Priority 1.6 (Developing
Deep Earth Resources). The project and its interaction with the minerals industry will provide advanced
Postgraduate training in a field critical to Australia's future.


DP0771610         Prof SP Turner

Approved          Mantle Melting Dynamics and the Influence of Recycled Components
Project Title

2007 :            $90,000
2008 :            $90,000
2009 :            $95,000

Administering Organisation Macquarie University
Project Summary
This proposal is directly concerned with the continuing aim of building a sustainable Australia through knowledge of
deep earth resources. The more we know about the processes of melting and melt and fluid migration the better
we will be able to inform models for resource exploration and volcanic hazard mitigation. Uranium series isotopes
are relevant to the very recent history of the planet (< 350 000 years) - time scales which are often overlooked.
Application to mantle melting as described in this proposal may also have direct application to gold exploration in
the Manus basin and elsewhere. It is to these techniques we must look if we are to understand the immediate past
as a clue to the immediate future of our planet.



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                             Funding to Commence in 2007


The Australian National University
DP0773815          Prof LK Fifield; Prof JM Chappell; Dr M Honda

Approved           Exposure dating with manganese-53, neon-21 and beryllium-10: a new toolkit for studying
Project Title      long-term landscape evolution

2007 :             $130,000
2008 :             $125,000
2009 :             $123,000

Administering Organisation The Australian National University
Project Summary
Australia today is the driest inhabited continent but this was not always the case. Tens of millions of years ago the
climate of Australia was considerably wetter. Then, several million years ago, aridity in Australia developed
producing most of the desert features of the red Centre that we see today. The age of our deserts and other arid
features are not, however, well known. This project will determine the age of desertification in Australia, thereby
enhancing our understanding of such processes and the response of our landscape to changing climate.


DP0772775          Dr J Hermann

Approved           Experimental and natural constraints on trace element and volatile recycling in
Project Title      subduction zones

2007 :             $100,000
2008 :             $100,000
2009 :             $100,000

Administering Organisation The Australian National University
Project Summary
The results of this project will provide important constraints on the differentiation of Earth, which ultimately leads to
the concentration of elements suitable for mining. Trace element and volatile recycling in subduction zones is an
integral part of the research theme 'Journey to the centre of the Earth' which has been identified as a key project
(4.4) in the national strategic plan for geosciences. CO2 recycling in subduction zones is crucial for our
understanding of the long-term greenhouse gas variations on Earth. The ANU is one of the world-leading research
institutions in experimental petrology and geochemistry, and the outcomes of this project will ensure that Australia
remains at the forefront in these disciplines.


DP0772770          Dr RC Kerr; Prof KV Cashman

Approved           Solidification, Channel Formation and Thermal Erosion In Lava Flows
Project Title

2007 :             $56,000
2008 :             $56,000
2009 :             $45,000

Administering Organisation The Australian National University
Project Summary
This project will elucidate the complex dynamics that control the cooling rates and advance rates of lava flows. It
will result in improved hazard assessments for volcanic areas around the world affected by the advance of lava
flows, including many Pacific islands and most countries around the Pacific Rim. The project will also provide a
quantitative understanding of thermal erosion in lava channels, which will help explain the formation and location of
major ore deposits of nickel, copper and platinum in Western Australia and elsewhere around the world.




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                            Funding to Commence in 2007


DP0773236         Dr J Mavrogenes; Prof RJ Arculus; Dr JE Mungall

Approved          Magmatic processes, volatiles and ore formation
Project Title

2007 :            $50,000
2008 :            $50,000
2009 :            $40,000

Administering Organisation The Australian National University
Project Summary
A major current source of Australia's export wealth derives from mining of gold and copper ores. Many of our
largest ore deposits, such as those at Mt Isa and Broken Hill, formed in paleo- environments equivalent to the
active submarine volcanic arcs which we are proposing to study. Modern systems yield the vital clues to explore
intelligently for fossil equivalents. We propose a two-pronged approach in world-renowned analytical and
experimental laboratories to understand active processes that will guide experimental simulations under controlled
conditions. Results are critical for national economic advantage and the maintenance of Australian Earth science in
the forefront of global research effort.


DP0771640         Prof HS O'Neill

Approved          An experimental exploration of silicate melt therrmodynamics
Project Title

2007 :            $43,000
2008 :            $43,000
2009 :            $36,000

Administering Organisation The Australian National University
Project Summary
The chemical properties of magmas are the key to understanding igneous activity in the Earth, and hence the
tectonic significance of magmatism, and the mineral resources resulting from past magmatism. The chemistry of
magmas is also a determining factor in assessing the hazards associated with volcanic eruptions, including natural
inputs into the atmosphere against which anthropogenic inputs causing climate change must be assessed. This
research program will measure experimentally the way different magma compositions affect the solubilites of
important volatile and trace-element components in magmas, providing the much-needed fundamental data to
model magmatic activity.


DP0771823         Dr WP Schellart

Approved          Relationship between subduction zone geometry, trench kinematics and great
subduction
Project Title     earthquakes

2007 :              $179,893
2008 :              $139,893
2009 :              $124,893
2010 :              $114,893
2011 :              $114,893
 QEII                         Dr WP Schellart
Administering Organisation The Australian National University
Project Summary
The devastating Boxing Day 2004 earthquake near Sumatra and the four other largest earthquakes in recorded
history all occurred along subduction zones. This research will compare the geodynamic setting of these
subduction zones with those surrounding the Australian continent and assess whether the Australian subduction
zones are capable of producing great earthquakes and tsunamis that might pose a risk for the east and northwest
coast of Australia. Also, Eastern Australia is a composite of fossil arcs rich in ore deposits and the Tasman Sea
region is composed of basins that host hydrocarbons, all of which formed by subduction processes. The proposed
research will thus improve the basis for mineral and hydrocarbon exploration.




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                             Funding to Commence in 2007


DP0772138          Dr GC Young; Prof JA Long; Prof Dr M Zhu

Approved           Old brains, new data - early evolution of structural complexity in the vertebrate head
Project Title

2007 :             $175,000
2008 :             $180,000
2009 :             $173,000

Administering Organisation The Australian National University
Project Summary
Of the all the complex structures biology has provided, the evolution of the vertebrate brain and its sensory organs
is perhaps the most enigmatic. The fossil record occasionally provides a chance to trace this evolution, but only
with the use of novel X-ray scanning techniques can these secrets be detailed in three dimensions. Exploiting the
exceptional fossil record from Australia and China, this team will for the first time collect a vast comparative data
base which will yield clues on the early evolution of the ear, eye and brain.


The University of Adelaide
DP0772229          Dr J Brugger; Prof A Pring; Prof A Putnis

Approved           Minerals replacement reactions: understanding mineral formation under hydrothermal
Project Title      conditions

2007 :             $130,000
2008 :             $90,000
2009 :             $85,000

 Administering Organisation The University of Adelaide
 Project Summary
 Many geological processes involve the transformation of one mineral into another. By understanding
 molecular-level reaction mechanisms, we can predict how fast reactions progress, and what the final product will
 look like. This project focuses on a reaction mechanism called 'coupled dissolution-reprecipitation', in which the
 parent mineral is dissolved into a thin layer of fluid at the reaction front, and the daughter mineral subsequently
 precipitates. This concept will be applied to sulfide minerals for the first time. The results have many applications
for the Australian mining industry, in particular in improving the efficiency of the processing of Ni- and Au-ores.


DP0774019          Dr AS Collins; Dr MP Hand; Dr A Mruma; Dr KM Barovich; Dr GS Heinson

Approved           Modern-Style Subduction Reflected in the 2.0 Billion Year Old East African Eclogites
Project Title

2007 :             $50,000
2008 :             $45,000
2009 :             $30,000

Administering Organisation The University of Adelaide
Project Summary
Plate tectonics is the crustal expression of the dynamic Earth, and has been so for the past 2 billion years (Ga). As
the link between the deep Earth, the hydrosphere and the atmosphere, plate tectonics is fundamental to life on
Earth: it is what stands us apart from our planetary neighbours. Yet, plate tectonics may not have existed in the
same form for the first half of the planet's life. This project will 1) increase our understanding of the Earth at the
dawn of plate tectonics and foster community knowledge of the evolving Earth; 2) address the fundamental nature
of the Earth at the time of much Australian ore formation, thus assisting in deep Earth resource exploration.




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                             Funding to Commence in 2007


DP0773913          Prof JD Foden; Dr BF Schaefer; Dr PG Betts; Dr MA Elburg; Prof GA Jenner; A/Prof CR Kincaid

Approved           The Initiation of Early Palaeozoic Subduction in Eastern Australia and North America:
Project Title      causes and effects

2007 :             $70,000
2008 :             $60,000
2009 :             $50,000

Administering Organisation The University of Adelaide
Project Summary
Identified thirty or more years ago subduction is the return of cold, dense, oceanic lithosphere to the mantle and is
one of the key dynamic elements of the plate tectonic paradigm. It is this process that is responsible for the 'Pacific
Ring of Fire'. It is the root cause of many key geological processes and is a primary control of some of the earth's
largest-scale physiographic features, including deep-sea trenches and mountain ranges. Using the important
record of Cambrian in eastern Australia and in the comparable Canadian Atlantic margin, we will look at the
causes and impact of the earliest stages of subduction as it first developed in the western Pacific and pre-cursor
Atlantic 500 million years ago.


The University of Melbourne
DP0773097          Prof CJ Wilson; Prof JC Burg; Dr PD Bons; Dr MW Jessell; Prof K Stuewe

Approved           Microscale evolution of deformed rocks and glaciers
Project Title

2007 :             $105,000
2008 :             $105,000
2009 :             $105,000

Administering Organisation The University of Melbourne
Project Summary
Scientific outcomes from this research have significant implications for predictions on material properties and are
applicable to rock behaviour in mineralised systems, a focus of Australia's minerals industry, and the development
of new materials for the Australian manufacturing industries. It will help maintain Australia's excellent international
research reputation in the fields of microstructural geology and glaciology.


The University of New South Wales
DP0770118          Dr IL Turner; Dr G Masselink; Dr PE Russell

Approved           Wave-by-wave bed-level changes at the beachface of gravel and sand beaches
Project Title

2007 :             $104,000
2008 :             $103,000
2009 :             $97,000

 Administering Organisation The University of New South Wales
 Project Summary
 Australia's coastline is one of this country's greatest natural, cultural and economic resources. Recent experiences
 internationally have shown that in a changing climate, coastal erosion is a real and growing threat to the
present-day sustainability of our coasts. Innovative instrumentation developed by our team now enables
fundamental erosion and accretion processes to be quantified for the first time. Working within the framework of
two collaborative, fully-integrated, international research programs commencing in 2007 and 2008, this study will
place Australia at the forefront of break-through coastal research, leading to rapid advances in the scientific,
engineering and operational understanding and modelling of coastal change.




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                             Funding to Commence in 2007


The University of Queensland
DP0771377         Prof HB Muhlhaus; Dr AJ Hale; Prof RS Sparks; Dr OE Melnik; Prof G Wadge

Approved             Computationally Modelling a Volcano: Flow and Stability.
Project Title
2007 :               $100,030
2008 :               $85,030
2009 :               $95,030
 APD                          Dr AJ Hale
Administering Organisation The University of Queensland
Project Summary
Mainland Australia is fortunate not to suffer directly from active volcanism. However, this does not mean volcanoes
are of little importance. The products of ancient eruptions can define the wealth of a nation. But they are also highly
destructive and there are currently 30 active volcanoes capable of generating a tsunami that could affect Australia.
Understanding the physical processes using computational models is essential to save lives and help us benefit
from their products. This is a relatively new research field and owing to the resources in Australia, our research
team has the potential to be at the forefront. There is also the capability to build and impressive research team
within the University of Queensland.


The University of Sydney
DP0770253         Dr CP Marshall

Approved           Links Between Modern and Fossil Microbes and the Evolution of Life in Earth's Extreme
Project Title      Early Environments
2007 :             $143,673
2008 :             $148,573
2009 :             $156,053
2010 :             $147,263
2011 :             $146,808
 QEII                       Dr CP Marshall
Administering Organisation The University of Sydney
Project Summary
The quest to understand early and modern life in extreme environments tackles some of the most profound
questions of humankind. The novel application of spectroscopic techniques to investigate modern and fossil
microbes presents an unprecedented opportunity to establish the link between primitive living and fossil organisms,
thus enriching our understanding of the early evolution of life and its interactions with Earth's early environments.
The project links fundamental processes that shaped the Earth and thus fits into the National Research Priority 1:
An Environmentally Sustainable Australia.


The University of Western Australia
DP0770938         Dr ZQ Chen; Dr RJ Twitchett; Dr J Tong; Dr S Xie

 Approved            Reconstruction of marine ecosystems following the greatest mass extinction during the
 Project Title       Phanerozoic history of Earth life: Lessons for the present
 2007 :              $136,614
 2008 :              $128,614
 2009 :              $104,614
 2010 :              $96,614
 2011 :              $96,614
 ARF                          Dr ZQ Chen
 Administering Organisation The University of Western Australia
 Project Summary
 Frequent defaunation events strongly threaten sustainable development of marine resources and human
 environments especially in countries that are surrounded by oceans such as Australia. By analysing recovery
 mechanisms of marine ecosystems following the Permian-Triassic mass extinction, the greatest crisis of Earth life,
 we will develop predictive tools for analysing restoration of modern marine defaunated ecosystems. Understanding
 biotic extinction and recovery is crucial to understanding the evolution of the Earth's biosphere. This study
increases Australia's research profile on this global issue. The target strata are quality oil source rocks in Perth
Basin, and thus this project is beneficial to the Australian petroleum industry.

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                             Funding to Commence in 2007


DP0770228          Dr Z Li; Prof D Evans; Prof Dr E Hegner; Prof P Hoffman; Asst Prof G Jiang; Prof X Li

Approved           Neoproterozoic global geodynamic and climatic events: were they linked?
Project Title

2007 :            $150,000
2008 :            $60,000
2009 :            $20,000

Administering Organisation The University of Western Australia
Project Summary
This project will study a unique cluster of global geodynamic and climatic events 850-700 million years ago that will
help us to understand the interactions between the Earth's deep mantle, its crust, and its atmospheric climate.
Academic values aside, the work will bring direct benefit to the Australian industry. Knowledge on the distribution of
the Neoproterozoic plume events will provide new exploration targets for Ni-Cu-PGE and V-Ti deposits. Better
constrained palaeogeography will help to locate mineral-rich crustal provinces that were once connected.
Understanding climatic consequences of global geodynamic events will help to better understand and respond to
climate changes.


University of Wollongong
DP0772571          Ms KE Westaway

Approved           Landscape evolution and palaeoclimates in Indonesia: environmental, faunal and
Project Title      archaeological implications.

2007 :              $102,030
2008 :              $102,030
2009 :              $102,030
 APD                           Ms KE Westaway
Administering Organisation University of Wollongong
Project Summary
The influence of environmental and climatic changes on faunal (including human) populations is a pressing issue
for Australian communities in environmentally sensitive areas. This project will address this issue by documenting
how certain flora and fauna in Indonesia, our nearest northern neighbour, responded to environmental challenges.
Revealing when humans first dispersed through the region and how they adapted to changing environmental
conditions will also contribute to our understanding of the cultural heritage of Australia's indigenous settlers. This
project will build on established collaborations with Indonesian researchers and pioneer new dating methodologies
to further enhance Australia's place at the forefront of geochronology.


2602         GEOPHYSICS

Curtin University of Technology
DP0771044          Prof B Gurevich; Prof AV Dyskin; Dr TM Mueller; Dr L Paterson

Approved           Seismic response of partially saturated petroleum reservoir zones: towards quantitative
Project Title      recovery monitoring

2007 :            $90,000
2008 :            $70,000
2009 :            $60,000

Administering Organisation Curtin University of Technology
Project Summary
In most Australian reservoirs less than 50% of the original oil in place is recovered. A major factor that contributes
to low recovery rates is bypassed oil/gas. Even a small, 1% improvement in recovery is of substantial economic
significance. The proposed project aims to develop quantitative models for reservoir monitoring of zones with
bypassed hydrocarbons using time-lapse (4D) seismic measurements, and thus to improve the hydrocarbon
recovery factors. Developing these models will be a cutting edge research achievement, which will make a
significant contribution to the knowledge base of the discipline and advance the international reputation of
Australian science.

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            Summary of Discovery Projects Proposals by Primary Class Code for
                             Funding to Commence in 2007


The Australian National University
DP0770131          Prof BL Kennett; Dr N Rawlinson

Approved           From crust to core: probing the heterogeneity of the Earth with seismic arrays
Project Title

2007 :            $80,000
2008 :            $91,000
2009 :            $80,000

Administering Organisation The Australian National University
Project Summary
Seismic array deployments will be used for a variety of studies including tomographic mapping of upper mantle
structure, coda analysis for crustal properties and delineation of deeper Earth structure. The high resolution
information on crustal and upper mantle structure will provide important detail on the building blocks of the
Australian plate at depth. This class of information helps to refine our understanding of the way that the Australian
continent has been assembled with regard to the interaction of the crust and mantle and the emplacement of
mineral resources.


The University of Adelaide
DP0771235          Prof SA Greenhalgh

Approved           Numerical simulation of seismic waves in the regional and global earth with 3D Gaussian
Project Title      quadrature grids

2007 :            $105,000
2008 :            $105,000
2009 :            $115,000

Administering Organisation The University of Adelaide
Project Summary
The ability to realistically model the propagation of seismic waves through the global 3D earth, taking account of all
internal and surface complexity, is extremely important for predicting the response to earthquakes and imaging the
interior structure. This will lead to fundamental new knowledge on Earth constitution and heterogeneity, and will
have spin-off benefits in others areas such as exploring for oil and minerals, and better understanding of seismic
hazard. The numerical modelling and seismic data analysis will be done on a supercomputer, thus providing
important training for research students.


The University of Queensland
DP0772409          Prof PR Mora; Dr A Tordesillas; Dr F Alonso-Marroquin

Approved           Micromechanical modelling of fault gouge dynamics: towards an improved fault
Project Title      constitutive relation

2007 :             $120,773
2008 :             $110,773
2009 :             $110,773
2010 :             $57,773
 APD                          Dr F Alonso-Marroquin
Administering Organisation The University of Queensland
Project Summary
The human and economic costs of geological and other particulate media related problems in Australia are
staggering. These include geological hazards (e.g. landslides and earthquakes; the Newcastle earthquake cost
around $4 billion and 13 lives), to particulate processes prevalent in Australia's major export industries (e.g. coal
export valued at $9.3 billion, iron ore at $3.8 billion, and wheat at $3.4 billion), to Australia's 810,000 km granular
paved road network that costs around $5.5 million per day to maintain. The program will deliver new knowledge
and advanced analytical and predictive modelling tools capable of fuelling breakthroughs in earthquake forecasting
research and industrial innovations.


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2603         GEOCHEMISTRY

James Cook University
DP0773029          Dr AI Kemp

Approved            Proterozoic crustal evolution of the Northern Australian Craton revealed from
Project Title       hafnium-oxygen isotope systematics of granite-hosted and detrital zircons
2007 :              $115,000
2008 :              $120,000
2009 :              $125,000
2010 :              $115,000
2011 :              $105,000
 ARF                          Dr AI Kemp
Administering Organisation James Cook University
Project Summary
This project will provide an detailed view of continental crust formation during a key period of Earth's history.
Through an innovative approach and the use of sophisticated micro-analytical techniques, it will enhance the
profile and global competitiveness of Australian research. The project is an integral part of a national collaboration
on Proterozoic terranes involving universities, Geoscience Australia and state geological surveys, and datasets
generated by this study can potentially lead to refined mineral exploration strategies. The project is linked to the
development of a major new analytical facility at James Cook University that will support local and international
research and research training.


DP0772691          Prof JF Nott; Prof MI Bird; Dr SG Smithers

Approved           Are humans responsible for recent changes in the behaviour of tropical cyclones?
Project Title      Decoupling natural variability from human influence using isotopes
2007 :             $80,000
2008 :             $50,000
2009 :             $90,000
2010 :             $70,000
2011 :             $25,118

Administering Organisation James Cook University
Project Summary
An increase in the frequency of intense landfalling tropical cyclones will have a major impact upon Australia's
economy and the safety of its citizens and visitors. There is little doubt that global climate change will cause this
increase. Understanding when this might occur and the extent of this change over and above that which could also
occur naturally will help reduce economic loss and save peoples' lives. Using isotope records of tropical cyclones
and global climate models we will differentiate natural from human induced changes and ascertain the likely future
impact of this hazard on Australia and its near neighbours.


The Australian National University
DP0771043          Dr JJ Brocks; Dr SC George; Prof JF Banfield

Approved           Molecular fossils, environmental genomics and the natural history of an Australian salt
Project Title      lake
2007 :             $90,000
2008 :             $88,000
2009 :             $85,000

Administering Organisation The Australian National University
Project Summary
Increasing salinity of lakes is a critical problem for sustainable water supply in Australia. To comprehend the
consequences of human-induced salinization, it is crucial to understand salt lakes at their most fundamental level.
This project develops pioneering technologies to elucidate the microbial ecology and geochemistry of salt lakes in
unprecedented detail. It will open new pathways to unravel how microbial ecosystems adapt to increasing
salinization, and how they reacted to climate fluctuations in the past. Students will gain multidisciplinary skills in
environmental genomics, proteomics and geochemistry, a unique combination that will become decisive for
understanding and preserving ecosystems on our continent.

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                             Funding to Commence in 2007


DP0772180          Prof P De Deckker; Prof NJ Tapper; Dr GE Allison; Dr D De Beer; Prof K Hinrichs; Dr E
                   Schefuss; Dr JW Stuut
Approved           The composition and transport of Australian air-borne dust: critical to continental and
Project Title      marine environments

2007 :            $255,000
2008 :            $250,000
2009 :            $240,000

Administering Organisation The Australian National University
Project Summary
This project will determine the composition of Australian airborne dust and effects on the environment and in
particular soils, rainforests and the marine realm, including reefs. 'Fingerprinting' the chemical and microbiological
content of aeolian dust is of particular relevance to determining its impact on the health of the Australian people
and environment. Atmospheric conditions propitious for dust entrainment and transport will be determined, and in
particular atmospheric exchanges between Indonesia, southern Africa and Australia will be established. The
relevance of aeolian dust to climate, ecosystems and biosecurity in our region will be established through the study
of marine and lacustrine cores.


DP0771519          Dr SM Eggins; Dr MJ Ellwood; Dr M Kelly

Approved           The Southern Ocean's role in determining atmospheric CO2 levels: new insights from
Project Title      novel biogenic silica records of seawater pH

2007 :            $112,000
2008 :            $78,000
2009 :            $72,000

Administering Organisation The Australian National University
Project Summary
About half the emissions from the burning of fossil fuel since the Industrial Revolution have been absorbed by the
oceans. However, considerable uncertainty surrounds the consequences of and the extent to which the oceans will
continue to sequester CO2 into the future. This research will improve existing limited knowledge of the key
biological and related ocean processes that transfer CO2 between the surface and depth, and the poorly
understood effects on marine ecosystems of increasing ocean acidity due to CO2 absorption. This knowledge will
contribute to predicting the course of future climate change and gauging the impacts on marine life and production
systems.


2604         OCEANOGRAPHY

The Flinders University of South Australia
DP0772186          Dr JR Seymour; A/Prof M Middelboe; A/Prof M Polz

Approved           Microbial Oceanography: Community Heterogeneity Fuelled by Environmental Variability
Project Title

2007 :             $80,000
2008 :             $80,000
2009 :             $80,000
 APD                          Dr JR Seymour
Administering Organisation The Flinders University of South Australia
Project Summary
The ocean is a crucial resource to Australia. This work will open a new area of research within Australian habitats,
which will improve our understanding of how the base of the ocean food web functions, and build a new
perspective from which to look at the microscopic plankton that influence fisheries yield and species invasions.
Appreciating how microbial communities respond to environmental perturbations will provide an improved
vantage-point to predict future changes to the Australian marine environment. Leading international scientists will
provide conceptual and technical expertise in an Australian based project, applying novel analytical tools not
currently employed within oceanographic surveys within Australian waters.



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                             Funding to Commence in 2007


The University of Western Australia
DP0770094          Dr RJ Lowe

Approved            Hydrodynamics of Fringing Reef Systems
Project Title
2007 :             $92,030
2008 :             $80,030
2009 :             $79,030
 APD                          Dr RJ Lowe
Administering Organisation The University of Western Australia
Project Summary
Ningaloo Marine Park is part of the National Representative System of Marine Protected Areas. Coral reefs are in
a state of decline worldwide, yet Ningaloo Reef has remained in a relatively pristine state. However, its close
proximity to land makes it particularly vulnerable to human activities, which are forecast to significantly grow in the
near future. Results from this project will advance our ability to predict circulation on reefs and other similar coastal
systems. This will provide insight into various ecological processes that are linked to hydrodynamics (e.g.
recruitment), and will provide a foundation for conducting risk analysis of processes that threaten the integrity of
nearshore environments (e.g. contaminant spills).


University of Canberra
DP0770820          Prof WA Maher; Dr MJ Ellwood; Dr M Kelly

Approved           Southern Ocean nutrients and their links to climate change: insights from the isotope and
Project Title      elemental signature of diatoms and sponges
2007 :             $140,000
2008 :             $139,000
2009 :             $111,000

 Administering Organisation University of Canberra
 Project Summary
 It is not possible to respond effectively to climate change and variability associated with increases in atmospheric
 carbon dioxide without understanding the role that marine phytoplankton play in the uptake and sequestering of
 carbon dioxide. The proposed research will lead to a greater understanding of how nutrients such as silica have
 limited phytoplankton growth, and ultimately the role the ocean plays in the sequestration of carbon dioxide over
 time. Such knowledge will benefit possible ocean-based carbon dioxide mitigation strategies, i.e. ocean
fertilisation to stimulate ocean productivity and carbon dioxide drawdown.


2605         HYDROLOGY

Macquarie University
DP0772665          Dr JP Evans

Approved            Vulnerability of the Murray-Darling basin hydrometeorology to human modification
Project Title
2007 :              $143,000
2008 :              $140,000
2009 :              $125,000
2010 :              $125,000
2011 :              $125,000
 ARF                           Dr JP Evans
Administering Organisation Macquarie University
Project Summary
The Murray-Darling Basin (MDB) provides 40 per cent of Australia's agricultural production. Some 1,500,000
hectares use irrigation for agriculture and year-to-year variations in productivity highlights a basin that is vulnerable
to changes resulting from human activity. This proposal builds an integrated modelling system of the MDB to
understand its hydrology and meteorology in the context of human modification to climate and to land use in the
basin. The improved understanding of the MDB will allow science-aware policy developments that reduce the
vulnerability of agriculture and water resources within the basin to future changes caused through human activity.

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The University of Melbourne
DP0773016          Em/Prof TA McMahon

Approved           Understanding and modelling of interannual hydroclimatic variability in the context of
Project Title      historic streamflow

2007 :            $65,000
2008 :            $65,000
2009 :            $65,000
Administering Organisation The University of Melbourne
Project Summary
Recent persistently dry conditions in Australia have triggered water restrictions in major cities and re-emphasised
the importance of water to this country. This project represents an integrated package of research that will enhance
our understanding of interannual hydroclimatic variability, and its implications for land and water resources
systems. The methodologies and model developed here will directly lead to more informed decision making for
sustainable use and management of Australia's increasingly scarce natural resources to cope with changing
climate over a range of time scales. This is particularly important for Australia because of its higher interannual
hydroclimate variability compared to elsewhere in the world.


2606         ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES

La Trobe University
DP0770366          Dr R Makarevich

Approved           Study of the ionospheric E region during disturbed geomagnetic conditions using
Project Title      stereoscopic HF radar observations

2007 :              $50,000
2008 :              $40,000
2009 :              $40,000
Administering Organisation La Trobe University
Project Summary
This project is expected to benefit Australia by: maintaining and expanding Australia's traditionally strong research
positions in the field of space physics; conducting leading edge research in the rapidly expanding field of
geomagnetic storm effects on technological systems; establishing bi-directional transfer of radar technology
between Australia and international partners; providing unique training in space science and advanced data
processing highly valued by industry, government and academia' potentially leading to significant improvements in
performance and stability of satellite communication and positioning systems; and supporting Australia's critical
infrastructure such as surveillance and power distribution networks.


Monash University
DP0770651          Prof AH Lynch; Asst Prof JJ Cassano; Dr J Maslanik; Dr A Rinke; Dr J Bareiss; Prof Dr K
                   Dethloff
Approved           Interactions between small scale cyclones and sea ice and their role in the Southern
Project Title      Ocean climate system

 2007 :            $80,000
 2008 :            $60,000
 2009 :            $50,000
 Administering Organisation Monash University
 Project Summary
 The Southern Ocean cyclone belt has a strong influence on Australian weather and climate. This project will allow
 improvements in the understanding of intense small scale cyclones in the region. Importantly, the research will
 highlight key sensitivities in the coupling between these atmospheric circulations and the underlying sea ice.
 Further, the compilation of an updated Southern Ocean cyclone climatology will provide a basis for evaluating
future changes in cyclone distribution and frequency of occurrence in the Antarctic region. Finally, by leading this
unique international collaboration with German and US scientists, the profile of Australian scientists in Antarctic
 atmospheric research will be strongly enhanced.



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                             Funding to Commence in 2007


The Australian National University
DP0773019          Prof K Lambeck; Prof CD Woodroffe; Dr J Zhao; Dr SG Smithers; Dr D Fabel; Dr J Stone

Approved           Sea-level change in the Australasian region during the past 6000 years: Understanding
Project Title      the past to predict the future.

2007 :            $128,000
2008 :            $137,000
2009 :            $96,000

 Administering Organisation The Australian National University
 Project Summary
 Interactions of climate, ice, oceans, and solid earth result in complex variations sea level in time and space. This
 proposal develops a predictive understanding of this change through an interdisciplinary integration of geophysical
 theory and geologic observations. Focus is on the Australian area and on the present interglacial but the outcomes
 will be placed in a global frame. Outcomes will include estimates of rates and amplitudes of sea-level change, of
 changes in ice volume, of land movements from isostatic and tectonic causes. It also provides the framework
 necessary for separating natural change from anthropogenic change during the recent past and for predicting
future regional and global sea-level change on a century time scale.


DP0773050          Dr FP Mills; Prof BR Lewis; Prof YL Yung; Dr GR Gladstone

Approved           Isotopic fractionation in planetary atmospheres
Project Title

2007 :            $200,000
2008 :            $150,000
2009 :            $100,000

 Administering Organisation The Australian National University
 Project Summary
 Ongoing changes in the Earth's atmosphere, such as ozone depletion, demonstrate the need to understand
 atmospheric photochemical processes. Isotopic fractionation is one vehicle for obtaining detailed insight into these
processes. The proposed research will increase our understanding of fundamental molecular processes and use
these new results to improve our knowledge of isotopic fractionation in planetary atmospheres. The resulting
models will lead to new insight into the Earth's ozone chemistry and the recent evolution of Titan's and Venus'
atmospheres, including how much water may have been present on Venus in the recent past. The research
program also enables Australian participation in three international spacecraft missions.


The University of Melbourne
DP0770381          Dr TP Lane; Dr MJ Manton; Dr ST Siems; Dr PT May; Dr C Jakob

Approved           Tropical convection and its contribution to climate variability
Project Title

2007 :            $77,000
2008 :            $79,000
2009 :            $82,000

 Administering Organisation The University of Melbourne
 Project Summary
 This research will provide the necessary data to test and improve the representation of tropical convective clouds
in weather forecast and climate simulation models. This will lead to more robust estimates of future climate change,
 and improved prediction of precipitation in the Australian tropics. This project will also provide training to
 undergraduate and postgraduate students in using modern computer models; such models will be a key
component of weather forecasting in the future.




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                             Funding to Commence in 2007


DP0773207          Prof IH Simmonds

Approved           Tropical and mid- and high latitude cyclones in a time of climate change: New insights
Project Title      and integration

2007 :             $110,000
2008 :             $110,000
2009 :             $110,000

Administering Organisation The University of Melbourne
Project Summary
Significant national and community benefits will be derived. Australian weather and climate variability, particularly
with respect to rainfall, is influenced dramatically by meteorological features in the tropics and the extratropics.
Enhanced understanding of these and their interactions will lead to increased comprehension of the causes of
Australian rainfall variability and trends. There are also benefits in that the project's timing is very opportune and
will be able to derive benefit for Australia by participation in a number of large international programs. The
personnel and students will derive considerable profit from expose to these.


The University of New South Wales
DP0772938          Dr WP Sijp

Approved           What controls the shift from a hot house climate to a cold house climate: the Eocene/
Project Title      Oligocene climate transition and greenhouse warming

 2007 :            $81,030
 2008 :            $81,030
 2009 :            $81,030
 APD                          Dr WP Sijp
 Administering Organisation The University of New South Wales
 Project Summary
 This study contributes to putting Australia on the map as a centre of excellence in the study of past climates as well
 as in global warming research. It aims at a greater understanding of the dynamics of past warm climate states.
This could ultimately lead to a better knowledge of the formation of the ancient deposits that we mine in Australia
today. Furthermore, the study of these past warm climates tells us something about current global warming as both
involve increased levels of carbon in the atmosphere. The impact of climate change on Australia is likely to be
large. Our study of past warm climates helps to gain an understanding of the mechanisms behind climate change
and help quantify the risks of climate change posed to Australia.


The University of Newcastle
DP0773700          Dr RN Drysdale; Dr JC Hellstrom; Dr R Maas; Dr G- Zanchetta; Prof AE Fallick; Prof G Lohmann

Approved           Improving climate models through new insights on long-term inter-hemispheric climate
Project Title      synchronicity from speleothems

2007 :             $150,000
2008 :             $142,000
2009 :             $37,000

Administering Organisation The University of Newcastle
Project Summary
It is important that palaeoclimatologists continue to improve understanding of how the Earth responds to climate
forcing, so that climate models can be rigorously validated and refined. Since the Earth responds to most of this
forcing over time scales that exceed the length of instrumental weather measurements, the recovery of datable
palaeoclimate archives that are highly sensitive to past climate changes is essential. Our project will provide
important new palaeoclimate data from both hemispheres on how key regions of the Earth responded to past
climate changes. This will bring improved understanding of past oceanic-atmospheric processes that can be fed
into climate models, ultimately producing better forecasts to the benefit of all Australians.




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DP0772504         Prof BJ Fraser; Dr CC Chaston

Approved          Electromagnetic Ion Cyclotron Waves and Magnetosphere Plasma Dynamics
Project Title

2007 :            $82,000
2008 :            $82,000
2009 :            $85,000
Administering Organisation The University of Newcastle
Project Summary
Space weather, manifest as magnetic storms in the Earth's magnetosphere, can severely disrupt and damage
advanced technological systems operating in space and on the ground. Spacecraft may experience operational
anomalies, pipeline corrosion may eventuate in the long term, and the performance of GPS navigation systems,
HF communication systems, mobile phone networks, and surveillance radars, may be degraded. Knowledge of the
near-Earth space environment under which these problems occur is extremely important. This project identifies
relevant mechanisms. The research consolidates Australia's international space profile, provides excellent
postgraduate training in the field, and contributes to Australia's future technological development.


The University of Queensland
DP0773081         A/Prof J Zhao; Dr K Yu; A/Prof MF Barbetti; Dr Q Hua; Prof Y Wang

Approved          Characterising the tropical "heat engine" of global climate: combined coral, stalagmite
Project Title     and tree-ring records from the Indo-Pacific region

2007 :            $192,614
2008 :            $192,614
2009 :            $102,614
2010 :            $96,614
2011 :            $96,614
 ARF                         Dr K Yu
Administering Organisation The University of Queensland
Project Summary
The recent anthropogenic global warming is causing polar icecap melting, sea level rise, reef coral bleaching and
degradation, and increased frequency and intensity of severe droughts, floods, tropical
cyclones/hurricanes/typhoons in the past decades, focusing daily media headlines worldwide. Our study will
enhance understanding of global climate change, El Niño and Asian-Australian monsoon variability and coral reef
degradation, and provide improved knowledge for future predictions. The outcome will impact on our National
Research Priority 1: An Environmentally Sustainable Australia, enhance Australia's leadership in coral reef
research, and contribute to an improved relationship with our neighbours in science, education and training.


2701         BIOCHEMISTRY AND CELL BIOLOGY

La Trobe University
DP0770013         Dr DA Dougan; Dr KN Truscott

Approved          Function and modulation of the protein quality control network in mammalian
Project Title     mitochondria

2007 :              $90,000
2008 :              $88,000
2009 :              $85,000
Administering Organisation La Trobe University
Project Summary
This project has potential technological benefit in the areas of biotechnology and molecular medicine especially in
relation to age-related cellular degeneration. As a result of our research outputs, strategies could be developed to
either delay the onset or reduce the severity of diseases related to mitochondrial dysfunction. Training research
scientists of the future, forms an integral part of our research program and our association with world leaders in the
field provide excellent opportunity for exchange of personnel, ideas and emerging methodologies. This project will
lead the way in this field and consequently will expand Australia's reputation at the forefront of scientific
advancement.

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                             Funding to Commence in 2007


DP0771309          Prof NJ Hoogenraad; Dr MT Ryan; Prof DL Vaux; Dr N Klonis

Approved           A Cytosolic Complex for Targeting Mitochondrial Proteins
Project Title

2007 :            $132,000
2008 :            $123,000
2009 :            $114,000

Administering Organisation La Trobe University
Project Summary
Mitochondria are essential for the viability of cells, and are the major source of cellular energy via oxidative
phosphorylation. A loss of mitochondrial function with age contributes to the ageing process and therefore
understanding the basic functions of this organelle is an important aim in biology. In mammalian cells this
organelle comprises about 1500 different proteins, 99% of which need to be imported from outside the organelle.
We have found that this requires a large protein complex to target the preproteins to the organelle. This research is
directed to determining the component parts of this complex and the roles each component plays in the targeting
process and in mitochondrial reproduction.


Monash University
DP0773627          Dr SP Bottomley

Approved           Molecular Investigations into Polyglutamine Repeat Proteins
Project Title

2007 :            $107,000
2008 :            $100,000
2009 :            $93,000

Administering Organisation Monash University
Project Summary
The proposed research program, will provide significant fundamental insight into the processes that control protein
aggregation and disease. Investigating processes central to protein aggregation is important, as it will further our
understanding of these critically-important events and our understanding of disease processes. Such knowledge
will increase Australia's international research standing, as well as having the potential to generate novel therapies,
that prevent neurodegeneration.


DP0773722          Dr CS Clements; Dr A Brooks

Approved           Investigation of the fundamental roles of class Ib MHC (major histocompatibility complex)
Project Title      molecules in immunity

2007 :             $156,000
2008 :             $145,000
2009 :             $144,000
2010 :             $144,000
2011 :             $144,000
 QEII                        Dr CS Clements
Administering Organisation Monash University
Project Summary
The proposed research program, using laboratory-based and synchrotron-based radiation, will provide insight into
the roles of a poorly understood class of immune molecules. This will improve our understanding of the regulation
of immunity, and the knowledge gained will increase Australia's international research profile.




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                             Funding to Commence in 2007


RMIT University
DP0770546         Prof MA Febbraio; Mr RJ Southgate

Approved          Autophagic vacuole formation in mammalian skeletal muscle; role of FOXO proteins.
Project Title

2007 :              $95,000
2008 :              $95,000
2009 :              $95,000
 APD                           Mr RJ Southgate
Administering Organisation RMIT University
Project Summary
Loss of muscle tissue is a hallmark of many common health problems including cancer, HIV-Aids and renal failure.
Recently, we identified that a family of transcription factors termed the forkhead box class-O (FOXO) winged helix
transcription factors are key regulators of both anabolic (building) and catabolic (wasting) signalling pathways. This
project will investigate the molecular regulation of cell integrity by FOXO proteins. Although very basic in nature,
these projects will identify how FOXO proteins regulate muscle cell building and wasting and, therefore, present a
potential therapeutic target for muscle wasting diseases, making this project highly significant.


The Australian National University
DP0771754         Prof K Kirk; Dr KJ Saliba

Approved          Ion transport in the malaria parasite and parasitised erythrocyte
Project Title

2007 :            $100,000
2008 :            $95,000
2009 :            $90,000

Administering Organisation The Australian National University
Project Summary
This work will contribute to the national research effort in parasitology (an area in which the ARC has established a
Research Network), as well as laying the groundwork for subsequent efforts (not part of this grant) to develop new
antimalarial strategies. Although not yet endemic in Australia, malaria is a serious problem in the local region and,
as the major developed nation in the region Australia has an obligation to make a significant contribution to
research in this area. The work proposed here will contribute to Australia's meeting this obligation.


DP0769999         Dr GD Price; Prof MR Badger

Approved          Nano-molecular structure and function of protein mini-compartments known as
Project Title     carboxysomes

2007 :            $90,000
2008 :            $88,000
2009 :            $85,000

Administering Organisation The Australian National University
Project Summary
Intriguing protein nano-structures, present in blue-green algae and known as carboxysomes, act as tiny
compartments where CO2 can be fixed into simple sugars at high efficiency. This important photosynthetic process
forms the basis of global primary productivity on this planet, but most land-based CO2 fixation lacks the efficiency
seen in blue-greens. This research aims to determine how the several proteins that make up carboxysomes come
together to makeup carboxysome nano-structures and how these function to enhance rates of CO2 fixation. A
more thorough understanding of the carboxysome is likely to have potential applications in industrial
nano-technology and improvements in crop productivity.




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DP0774014          Dr DJ Tremethick

Approved           The Dynamic Control of Chromatin Structure
Project Title

2007 :             $90,000
2008 :             $88,000
2009 :             $85,000

 Administering Organisation The Australian National University
 Project Summary
 A human chromosome is a highly heterogeneous global structure because along its axis, it folds to different
extents to form either highly compacted domains that repress the expression of genes or less condensed regions
that enable genes to be turned on. Changes to the structure or stability of chromosomes, and the corresponding
 alterations to gene expression, have been linked to many diseases states like defects in human development and
 cancer. This study will uncover the underpinning mechanism of how our chromosomes are organised into distinct
 functional domains, which may offer the potential to develop new strategies to correct chromosomal abnormalities.


The University of Melbourne
DP0773117          Prof PA Gleeson

Approved           The functional organisation of the trans-Golgi network: From cultured cells to
Project Title      physiological systems

2007 :             $90,000
2008 :             $88,000
2009 :             $85,000

 Administering Organisation The University of Melbourne
 Project Summary
 This research will result in a better understanding of the secretory pathway of all eukaryotic cells, a process of
 broad biological and biomedical significance. It will impact on cell biology in the broadest sense, from membrane
 biogenesis to lipid domain organization, as well as membrane transport, protein structure and protein targeting.
 Furthermore, this work will utilize and develop frontier technologies of live cell imaging and RNA interference as a
 genetic tool to investigate functions of a protein family. By training post-graduate students and post-doctoral staff,
it will contribute to the expertise of cell biology in Australia. International collaborations will enhance connections
 between Australia and overseas research.


DP0770283          A/Prof TJ Lithgow; Dr V Likic

Approved           Mitochondrial biogenesis: the evolution of molecular machines
Project Title

2007 :             $110,000
2008 :             $105,000
2009 :             $100,000

 Administering Organisation The University of Melbourne
 Project Summary
 Benefits from this research program fall into two discrete types. Firstly, excellent outcomes are provided for the
 training of postgraduate students and research staff. This project entails cutting edge technology, and the
 development of skills not common in Australia. Secondly, detailed knowledge will be gained of molecular machines
 and the way in which they may differ in human cells and in the cells of human cell parasites, with implications for
the treatment of human disease.




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                             Funding to Commence in 2007


DP0770301          Prof MW Parker

Approved           Molecular analysis of glutathione transferase interactions with drugs and physiological
Project Title      ligands

2007 :             $90,000
2008 :             $88,000
2009 :             $85,000

Administering Organisation The University of Melbourne
Project Summary
Proteins called glutathione transferases protect us from toxic molecules that we ingest, breathe in or are
by-products of normal metabolism. The same proteins also bind to many types of drugs leading them to be
excreted from the body. In this project molecular structures of glutathione transferases bound to anti-cancer drugs
will be determined as the basis for devising inhibitors of the protein that will make drugs much more effective.


DP0770888          Dr MA Perugini; Dr CA Hutton; A/Prof JA Gerrard

Approved           Dissociation of a Tetrameric Enzyme with Interface-Targeted Peptides
Project Title

2007 :             $90,000
2008 :             $88,000
2009 :             $85,000

 Administering Organisation The University of Melbourne
 Project Summary
 With antibiotic resistance on the rise, there is an urgent need to develop new antibiotics and an equally urgent
need to characterise new antibiotic targets. One such target is dihydrodipicolinate synthase (DHDPS) which
catalyses the critical step in lysine and cell wall biosynthesis in bacteria. This proposal aims to generate new drugs
targeting DHDPS for effective and rapid treatment of bacterial infections, including gastroenteritis. Recent statistics
show that over 5 million Australians suffer from gastroenteritis each year and hospitalisation for this infection is
nearly seven times higher for indigenous than non-indigenous children. Accordingly, this research has the potential
to assure a healthier future for millions of Australians.


DP0770031          Dr SM Russell; Dr HE Richardson

Approved           A novel role for the proteins Scribble & Dlg in the formation of cell protrusions and their
Project Title      effects on cell function

2007 :             $90,000
2008 :             $88,000
2009 :             $85,000

Administering Organisation The University of Melbourne
Project Summary
Dlg and Scribble are recently discovered proteins that are required during development, immune regulation, neural
signalling and tumour suppression. Understanding how they work will enable the development of diagnostic and
therapeutic tools that have the potential to influence an enormous range of diseases, from cancer to
immunodeficiencies and autoimmune diseases. Researchers at the PeterMac perform world-leading research into
the biology of Scribble and Dlg, and their role in cancer biology and immune function. The mechanistic insight
provided by this project will continue that tradition, and facilitate translation of our basic research into clinical
applications in important disease areas.




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DP0771366          Dr B Sarcevic; Dr HE Richardson

Approved           Unveiling and characterisation of a fundamental pathway important in cell division
Project Title

2007 :             $150,000
2008 :             $140,000
2009 :             $130,000

Administering Organisation The University of Melbourne
Project Summary
This work will have a major impact by producing top quality research that addresses a fundamental biological
question of relevance to all organisms. The research will advance understanding of genetic factors important in
foetal and early childhood development and proliferative disorders that occur during ageing. This work will provide
intellectual and practical training to Honours and PhD students and postdoctoral researchers in the disciplines of
Molecular Genetics, Molecular & Cellular Biology, Developmental Cell Biology, Mass Spectrometry and
Proteomics, which will be of immense benefit to their scientific careers and the Australian scientific community.


The University of New South Wales
DP0773661          Dr MJ Naylor

Approved           The role of the transcription factor Runx2 during mammary gland development and
Project Title      lactation

2007 :             $90,000
2008 :             $88,000
2009 :             $85,000

Administering Organisation The University of New South Wales
Project Summary
This proposal will further our understanding of mammary gland development and lactation and the mechanisms
controlling mammary cell fate decisions such as differentiation. Regulation of cell fate lies at the core of most
aspects of cell biology from normal development to dysfunction such as cancer. The knowledge gleamed from this
project also has the potential to make economic gains for Australia by increasing the profitability and ensuring the
sustainability of both the dairy and meat industries. Better understanding of the mechanisms controlling mammary
epithelial cell differentiation should enable augmentation of lactation such as increasing milk protein content, using
marker assisted selection (of targets such as Runx2) in cattle.

The University of Newcastle
DP0770679          Mr MB Sheahan

 Approved          The Dynamics of Plant Cell Division-Discovering the Mechanisms of Organelle
Inheritance
 Project Title

 2007 :             $77,030
 2008 :             $77,030
 2009 :             $77,030
 APD                           Mr MB Sheahan
 Administering Organisation The University of Newcastle
 Project Summary
 This project seeks to understand molecular mechanisms responsible for organelle partitioning in dividing plant
cells. Understanding these mechanisms will contribute new knowledge relevant to plant biotechnology (eg
chloroplast transformation, cytoplasmic male sterility, plant development and totipotency) and thus to Australian
agriculture broadly. This project will enhance Australian research capacity in the fields of organelle inheritance and
plant cytoskeletal dynamics and thus will maintain Australia's leading reputation in these fields. In addition, the
project will maintain a high quality and productive research environment capable of providing excellent research
training for new scientists in this field.




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The University of Queensland
DP0772145          A/Prof JR Botella; Prof RA Bressan

Approved           Establishing the role of heterotrimeric G-proteins in plant defence
Project Title

2007 :             $90,000
2008 :             $88,000
2009 :             $85,000

Administering Organisation The University of Queensland
Project Summary
Agriculture is an important economic activity in Australia that resulting in considerable export revenues. Agricultural
losses caused by plant pathogens account for millions of dollars every year and have profound economic and
social implications.The proposed research will explore new approaches to increase plant resistance to pathogens
using a previously unkown component of this network: G-proteins and could ultimately reduce dependency on toxic
chemical products.


DP0771404          Dr BG Gabrielli

Approved           The function of truncated MEK1 protein in a G2 phase cell cycle delay and in mitosis.
Project Title      Understanding cell proliferation.

2007 :             $90,000
2008 :             $88,000
2009 :             $85,000

Administering Organisation The University of Queensland
Project Summary
Intracellular signaling pathways controlling cell growth are often mutated in cancers and other hyperproliferative
diseases. Understanding precisely how these pathways operate and how mutations of these pathways can
contribute to uncontrolled growth can readily provide new targets for preventative therapies or cures. We have
identified a novel mechanism regulating one component of a well studied pathway, the MAPK pathway, and new
functions for this component. The contribution of this novel component to mechanisms involved in regulating cell
growth previously through to be controlled by the canonical MAPK pathway could change our understanding of the
fundamental mechanisms controlling cell growth.


DP0771627          Prof JF Hancock; Dr T Tian

Approved           Spatio-temporal modelling of Ras dependent MAP kinase activation
Project Title

 2007 :              $162,782
 2008 :              $150,580
 2009 :              $138,152
 2010 :              $126,614
 2011 :              $126,614
  ARF                            Dr T Tian
 Administering Organisation The University of Queensland
 Project Summary
 This project is at the heart of the national research priority 'Frontier Technologies for Building and Transforming
 Australian Industries'. Using cutting edge methods and techniques of systems biology, coupled with innovative
 experimental molecular cell biology we will construct and simulate mathematical models of the EGF-regulated MAP
 kinase pathway. The project will yield new insights into the fundamental mechanisms of cell signal transduction
that drive cell division, differentiation and transformation and may enable the design of new anticancer therapies.
 Importantly, the modelling and simulation methods developed in the project will have a general applicability to other
 complex systems such as sustainable ecological systems.




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DP0773954          A/Prof JW Lynch

Approved           Molecular structure and function of the glycine receptor
Project Title

2007 :            $90,000
2008 :            $88,000
2009 :            $85,000

 Administering Organisation The University of Queensland
 Project Summary
 This proposal will employ a cutting edge approach to reveal fundamental new insights into the ways that
 ligand-gated ion channels, and proteins in general, work. The new knowledge and technology developed here will
 broaden and strengthen Australia's research expertise across a number of basic scientific disciplines. The results
 will also have relevance to human health. Glycine receptors have an essential role in brain function and are
targets for anaesthetics and drugs of abuse. GlyRs are also important in modulating pain sensation by the brain.
New insights into how natural agonists and drugs affect ion channel structure and function may lead to novel
therapeutic opportunities and improved drug structure predictions.


DP0770465          A/Prof JL Martin; A/Prof B Kobe; Prof JL Hunter; Dr S Kellie

Approved           Macrophage proteins: structure, function and e-science
Project Title

 2007 :            $335,000
 2008 :            $300,000
 2009 :            $298,000
 2010 :            $298,000
 2011 :            $231,000
 APF                         A/Prof JL Martin
 Administering Organisation The University of Queensland
 Project Summary
 The human genome was published five years ago, yet the functions of only a small fraction of the tens of
thousands of encoded proteins are known. The development of smarter and faster methods for elucidating the
structure and function of uncharacterised proteins is vital to a knowledge-based economy and a healthy society.
The long-term benefits to the community will include fundamental new knowledge, generation of new
pharmaceuticals and the development of new eScience approaches to streamline costs and efforts of research and
to make science more accessible to the public.


DP0771169          A/Prof RA Sturm; Prof JL Stow

Approved           Combined genetic and cellular analysis of melanisation to study variation in human
Project Title      pigmentation

2007 :            $170,000
2008 :            $165,000
2009 :            $160,000

 Administering Organisation The University of Queensland
 Project Summary
 This investigation examines variations in the genes that are important determinants of human skin pigmentation
 and are likely to be associated with skin cancer risk. Our research program will form the basis of future diagnostics
 based on major genes that determine a persons skin type. Current skin cancer prevention strategies rely
 predominantly on broad spectrum campaigns that are aimed at increasing the general community awareness of
the damaging effects of UV radiation. A better understanding of the genetic basis of UV-sensitive skin types will
greatly enhance the targeting of such skin cancer-prevention campaigns, provide an understanding of changes that
occur in skin pathology, and the mechanisms of sun induced tanning.




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DP0771706          Dr RD Teasdale; Prof JL Stow

Approved           The molecular basis of macropinocytosis in mammalian cells: the composition of
Project Title      endosome proteins and their function

2007 :             $90,000
2008 :             $88,000
2009 :             $85,000

Administering Organisation The University of Queensland
Project Summary
Individual cells communicate with their immediate environment by the process of macropinocytosis, a process that
involves the exchange of materials between the extracellular space and a specialised region of the cell termed
endosomes. It is an important process in mammalian cells being essential to the correct functioning of many
tissues. This project will advance understanding of macropinocytosis at a molecular level. The project is relevant to
understanding the functioning of normal cells and the means by which some pathogens can enter cells and also
understanding processes involved in tumour progression and metastasis.


The University of Sydney
DP0771559          Dr SM Firth; Prof RC Baxter

Approved           Proteolysis of binding protein complexes regulates bioavailability of insulin-like growth
Project Title      factor (IGF)

2007 :             $78,000
2008 :             $78,000
2009 :             $78,000

Administering Organisation The University of Sydney
Project Summary
We aim to determine how growth factors kept inactive in complexes in the blood can become free and active. The
fundamental knowledge gained will help us understand the regulation of growth factors' availability to tissues and
develop novel or more effective delivery systems for therapeutic growth factors that could impact on several
conditions including diabetes, growth disorders and critical illness. This project therefore benefits Australia at two
levels: by maintaining our international leadership in the study of these important growth-regulatory molecules, and
by providing a better understanding of physiological mechanisms that might benefit the health of Australians and
provide opportunities to develop novel therapeutics.


DP0773140          Dr DA Gell

Approved           Investigating the molecular function of alpha-Haemoglobin stabilising protein.
Project Title

 2007 :            $130,000
 2008 :            $125,000
 2009 :            $120,000
 2010 :            $120,000
 2011 :            $120,000
  ARF                         Dr DA Gell
 Administering Organisation The University of Sydney
 Project Summary
 The research described in this proposal will provide new insights into haemoglobin regulation and redox chemistry
 in erythrocytes. Deregulation of these processes gives rise to a number of debilitating diseases, including varieties
 of anaemia and thalassaemia-in Australia it is estimated that 3% of the population could be carriers of
 b-thalassaemia mutations. Given the contribution of free aHb to the pathology of b-thalassaemia, understanding
the specific aHb-binding factor, AHSP is a goal of national significance. In the long term, manipulation of AHSP
function through gene therapy may have a direct role in the treatment of thalassaemia.




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DP0773777          Prof DR Richardson

Approved           The Effect of Nitrogen Monoxide on Intracellular Iron Metabolism
Project Title

2007 :             $132,000
2008 :             $125,000
2009 :             $120,000

Administering Organisation The University of Sydney
Project Summary
For the first time, we discovered that nitric oxide (NO) is actively transported from cells by a protein that is known to
also transport glutathione (GSH). This is important, as NO was thought to passively diffuse from cells. Active
transport overcomes the problems of diffusion which is inefficient and non-targeted. Moreover, NO is released as a
complex with iron and GSH which markedly increases its half-life. These findings have broad implications for
understanding the activity of NO in many processes which have major health implications, including tumour cell
killing by macrophages, blood pressure etc.


University of Wollongong
DP0773555          Prof MR Wilson; Dr JA Aquilina

Approved           Discovering Mechanisms for Quality Control of Extracellular Protein Folding
Project Title

2007 :             $90,000
2008 :             $88,000
2009 :             $85,000

Administering Organisation University of Wollongong
Project Summary
The expected outcomes will provide important advances in understanding of how the mammalian body maintains
the normal structure/function of extracellular proteins. This information may ultimately aid in the design of agents to
be used to clear the body of pathological protein aggregates - potentially providing a direct economic benefit to
Australia. The high novelty and broad significance of this work indicate that it will produce high-impact publications
which will tangibly assist Australia being recognized as a major contributor to world research outcomes. This
project will also provide a direct social benefit by training research students with the skills necessary to further the
development of biological research in Australia.


Walter and Eliza Hall Institute of Medical Research
DP0774639          Dr S Carotta

Approved           Role of the PU.1 transcription factor in regulating lymphoid development
Project Title

 2007 :              $77,030
 2008 :              $77,030
 2009 :              $77,030
 APD                            Dr S Carotta
 Administering Organisation Walter and Eliza Hall Institute of Medical Research
 Project Summary
 Haemopoiesis is a tightly regulated process and provides an important model for our understanding and
application of stem cell biology. Perturbation of early haemopoiesis results in a number of important disorders
including leukaemia, anaemia and immunodeficiency. The application of stem cells to many disease conditions is
currently being pursued, however, in order to develop therapeutic interventions knowledge of normal cellular
differentiation is crucial. The studies outlined here aim to contribute to the understanding of the these processes
and hence help to provide the framework for future studies aimed at more directly altering cell fate decision for
clinical applications.




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2702         GENETICS

Monash University
DP0771232         Dr JL Bowman

Approved           Manipulation of transcription factors that control plant architecture
Project Title

2007 :            $220,210
2008 :            $208,000
2009 :            $195,000

Administering Organisation Monash University
Project Summary
This project will provide fundamental knowledge about how plant body plans are constructed and elaborated. In
particular this proposal could influence agriculture in two manners. First, we will examine the ability to control
infestations of parasitic plants in the field using the expression of small RNA molecules and second, we will
determine whether manipulation of expression of specific transcription factors can alter the characteristics of
secondary growth plants.


Museum Victoria
DP0769975         Dr JE Melville; Dr JB Losos

Approved          Convergent Evolution of Desert Lizards: Phylogenomic and Morphological Analyses of
Project Title     Limb Development.

2007 :            $90,000
2008 :            $88,000
2009 :            $85,000

 Administering Organisation Museum Victoria
 Project Summary
 Evolutionary convergence, where similar traits evolve independently in multiple lineages, is a fundamental
biological process, which affects many aspects of an organism's morphology. Despite its importance we don't
understand what underlies the convergence we observe in nature - does convergence in genetic make-up underlie
 convergence in morphology? We will investigate whether similar hindlimb morphologies are determined by the
 same genetic mechanisms in iguanian lizards of Australia and North America. Our study will be the first of its kind
in vertebrates and will provide significant information about the evolutionary link between an animal's morphology
and its genetic make-up.

The Australian National University
DP0772030         Prof JA Graves

Approved          Organization, function and evolution of marsupial Y chromosomes
Project Title

2007 :            $220,000
2008 :            $205,000
2009 :            $190,000

 Administering Organisation The Australian National University
 Project Summary
 The Y chromosome of humans and other mammals contains only a few genes, most specialized for male sex and
 reproduction. How the Y chromosome evolved to be so peculiar has been debated for 90 years. It began as an
 ordinary chromosome, but has degraded until there is almost nothing left, and it is likely to disappear in about 13
 million years. Molecular characterization of the Y chromosomes of distantly related mammals could serve to 're-run
 the evolutionary tape', but the Y chromosome has been left out of whole genome sequencing because it is hard to
 do efficiently. We developed a novel technique to isolate DNA sequences and genes on the Y chromosome in
three species of marsupials, which are especially valuable because they are so different from human and mouse.

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DP0770821          Dr R Maleszka

Approved           Epigenesis and sociality: Unraveling the link between nutrition and the genome - how do
Project Title      genes and environment interact to produce phenotypes?

2007 :            $82,000
2008 :            $82,000
2009 :            $82,000

Administering Organisation The Australian National University
Project Summary
This project has the capacity to transform our understanding of how genes and environment interact to produce
whole-organism phenotypes. It will provide novel data on how an entire genome responds to nutrition and how
external factors can enforce a differential expression of a common heritable genetic program. The national and
community benefits of the project will be to maintain Australian leadership in epigenetics and advanced genetics of
complex self-organizing systems. The findings of this project have the potential to be applicable to explaining
regulatory networks underlying diet induced changes in human gene expression.


DP0773270          Dr AA Millar; Dr PM Waterhouse; Dr F Gubler

Approved           MicroRNA control of gene expression and development in plants.
Project Title

2007 :            $112,000
2008 :            $104,000
2009 :            $96,000

Administering Organisation The Australian National University
Project Summary
Controlling a gene's activity is fundamental in biotechnology, from dissecting a gene's function to introducing
desired traits in crop plants. Recently a new class of genes have been identified that are 'master-regulators' able to
control the activity of many genes, and through this, they can ultimately control how an organism develops and
functions. By understanding how these genes operate and the extent of their influence, not only will we gain
greater insights into the gene regulatory networks required for multicellular life, but how we may develop methods
of controlling gene activity that will have tremendous biotechnological applications.


The University of Adelaide
DP0773602          Prof A Cooper; Prof JF Taylor

Approved           Evolutionary genetics of bovid genomes over 60,000 years
Project Title

2007 :            $188,825
2008 :            $178,000
2009 :            $166,000

Administering Organisation The University of Adelaide
Project Summary
This project will provide data critical for understanding the genetic background of modern cattle and bison, and how
humans have shaped factors such as milk yield, growth rates and muscle mass. It will also reveal genes and
genomic regions that were favoured in the domestication process, including those potentially linked to genes of
commercial interest for future research. This pioneering ancient DNA approach will also be applicable to a variety
of other domestic crops and animals. The unique temporal analysis of microevolution will provide crucial data for
genetic research, and groundproof our attempts to analyse the timing and nature of human evolutionary history,
major domestication events and inform conservation management.




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DP0773105          Dr MT Lardelli; Prof RN Martins

Approved           Truncating presenilin mutations and their effects on gamma-secretase activity, tau and
Project Title      beta-catenin - insights into Alzheimers disease and cancer

2007 :            $90,000
2008 :            $88,000
2009 :            $85,000

Administering Organisation The University of Adelaide
Project Summary
Cancer and dementia are primarily afflictions of the aged and are increasingly important in an aging Australian
population. 95% of all Alzheimer's disease is spontaneous (not inherited) but we know little about the molecular
mechanisms underlying it. Our discovery that truncated presenilin proteins potently inhibit normal protein function
suggests that changes in presenilin function in aged cells might be a common molecular link between spontaneous
and inherited Alzheimer's disease and could contribute to frontotemporal dementia and cancer. Our research will
show whether this phenomenon might provide a breakthrough in our understanding of these diseases and be a
productive area for research into their amelioration and/or prevention.


DP0770966          Prof MA Tester; Prof RA Leigh; Dr A Johnson; Dr K Birnbaum

Approved           Microgenomics - a tool to dissect effects of salinity on gene expression in specific cell
Project Title      types of Arabidopsis and rice

2007 :            $150,000
2008 :            $140,000
2009 :            $130,000

Administering Organisation The University of Adelaide
Project Summary
This project will provide novel, fundamental understanding of the cell type-specific processes involved in salinity
tolerance in higher plants. As such, it will impact on our understanding of a range of processes relevant to salinity
tolerance, an area of great importance to Australian agriculture and environmental sustainability. The increased
understanding arising from this project will underpin future work to increase agricultural productivity and the quality
of life for all in the Australian and international communities.


The University of Melbourne
DP0772003          Dr PJ Daborn

Approved           Insect development : the role of cytochrome P450s
Project Title

2007 :              $153,000
2008 :              $143,000
2009 :              $133,000
2010 :              $133,000
2011 :              $133,000
 ARF                         Dr PJ Daborn
Administering Organisation The University of Melbourne
Project Summary
Pest insects vector human diseases such as malaria and impose a massive burden in agriculture due to control
costs and production losses. The intelligent control of insect pests requires an understanding of their development
that is controlled by hormones. This project will provide an in depth understanding of insect hormone
synthesis/degradation that is controlled by a class of enzymes, the cytochrome P450s. This will increase the
potential for new insect-specific control strategies with a decreased environmental impact.




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DP0772814          Dr BG Fry; Dr JA Norman; A/Prof WC Hodgson

Approved           Evolutionary venomics: Venom system diversification in the animal kingdom
Project Title

2007 :               $147,000
2008 :               $148,000
2009 :               $140,000
2010 :               $140,000
2011 :               $140,000
 QEII                           Dr BG Fry
Administering Organisation The University of Melbourne
Project Summary
This proposal represents a tremendous opportunity for biodiscovery from the Australian toxic fauna. This will be
achieved through the researcher's unique approach of investigating previously unmapped venom systems for
divergent, bioactive proteins. An understanding of venomous animal protein evolution has practical implications for
the treatment of envenomations - an enormous problem in Australia - as well as great potential in drug discovery
and other commercial applications. This project will provide Australian graduate and post-graduate students with
finely tuned skills in cutting edge methodological techniques and a fluent understanding of molecular evolution,
preparing them to be internationally competitive scientists.


DP0770245          Prof AA Hoffmann; Prof L Partridge

Approved           Identifying genes causing thermal evolution of ectotherm body size
Project Title

2007 :             $120,000
2008 :             $120,000
2009 :             $120,000
2010 :             $100,000
2011 :             $100,000

Administering Organisation The University of Melbourne
Project Summary
Cold-blooded animals increase in body size as they are found in populations at greater distances from the equator.
These patterns are due to populations adapting to temperature. The aim of this project is to identify the genes
involved in this adaptation process. We will do this by taking advantage of a well-studied body size cline in the
vinegar fly on the east coast of Australia, and by building on an international collaboration between a leading UK
and two Australian research groups. In doing so we will provide an explanation at the molecular level for one of the
great unresolved phenomena in biology: why do cold-blooded animals get bigger in the cold? The research also
leads to the potential to manipulate body size in animals.


DP0771924          Dr MR Kearney; Prof CC Moritz

Approved           Hybridization, polyploidy and the evolution of parthenogenesis in the Australian desert
Project Title

2007 :             $120,406
2008 :             $95,000
2009 :             $90,000

 Administering Organisation The University of Melbourne
 Project Summary
 This project considers the ecology and evolution of Australian animals that reproduce by parthenogenesis, i.e.
 without sex. These animals have long fascinated evolutionary biologists for the clues they provide about the role of
 sex in evolution. The Australian desert is a hot-spot for parthenogenesis, providing a unique opportunity to study
the ecological and evolutionary forces favouring the loss of sex. Our research will exploit Australian cases of
 parthenogenesis to understand how genetic changes associated with the transition to parthenogenesis affect
 ecological success. This will significantly extend our understanding of both the role of sex in evolution, and of the
 evolutionary history of the Australian arid zone.




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DP0771017          Prof MB Renfree; Dr AJ Pask

Approved           How does the unilaminar blastocyst form an embryo?
Project Title

2007 :             $90,000
2008 :             $88,000
2009 :             $85,000

Administering Organisation The University of Melbourne
Project Summary
Marsupials are synonymous with Australia and they are scientifically amazing. An understanding how the
single-layered marsupial blastocyst cells are directed to form the complex organisation of an embryo would help us
understand the biology underlying the developmental potential of all cells. Understanding these processes is not
only of great fundamental interest to developmental biology but also for the development of embryonic stem cell
lines. This research will continue Australia's high profile in reproductive biology using one of our iconic native
mammals. A greater understanding of marsupial reproduction will also contribute to management of our threatened
marsupial populations.


DP0773186          Dr R Saffery; Prof A Choo; Dr P Kalitsis; Dr J Craig

Approved           Taming the intruders: the domestication of Tigger transposable elements in mammals
Project Title

2007 :             $79,000
2008 :             $79,000
2009 :             $79,000

 Administering Organisation The University of Melbourne
 Project Summary
 It has become apparent that most of the DNA that makes us what we are is actually comprised of the remnants of
 invading parasitic DNA acquired over time. A continual battle exists between host which tries to silence or remove
 this DNA, and the parasite that tries to multiply and spread. We are currently investigating an intriguing aspect of
 this process that involves host genomes 'domesticating' parasitic DNA to provide novel functions, thereby
facilitating the evolution of specific characteristics within species.


The University of New South Wales
DP0774511          Dr E Postma

Approved           The genetic basis of differentiation: Towards a predictive understanding of evolution in
Project Title      the wild

2007 :             $75,000
2008 :             $75,000
2009 :             $84,000

 Administering Organisation The University of New South Wales
 Project Summary
 Given that Australia cannot escape the effects of, among others, climate change and habitat deterioration, the
 question of how this is going to impact Australia's unique flora and fauna is an important one. Since extinction is
the final consequence of the inability to adapt with sufficient speed to changing environmental conditions, this
raises the issue of how well we understand the processes underlying evolutionary adaptation. This project will
provide insight into the process of population divergence and the role of genetics therein, and will enhance our
understanding of the effects of environmental change, habitat fragmentation and population bottlenecks on
population viability and Australia's biodiversity in general.




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DP0774282          Dr T Preiss

Approved           Determining the sequence of events during eukaryotic translation initiation
Project Title

2007 :             $70,000
2008 :             $85,000
2009 :             $80,000

Administering Organisation The University of New South Wales
Project Summary
Multiple benefits will arise from a more complete understanding of translation initiation. It is a frequent target for
mechanisms that control gene expression and its dys-regulation is associated with human disease. For example,
this is evident in cancer biology, since altered translation is a frequent cause of tumorigenesis. Translation is of
universal importance for cellular function and knowledge of how it works is central to modern life sciences and its
application to medical and biotechnological problems. Finally, a better understanding of yeast cellular biology is of
benefit to the food and biotechnology sector of industry.


DP0774248          Prof PR Schofield; Dr E Gordon; Dr C Dobson-Stone

Approved           Identification of genetic polymorphisms of synaptically expressed genes that contribute
Project Title      to variation in normal brain function

2007 :             $90,000
2008 :             $88,000
2009 :             $85,000

Administering Organisation The University of New South Wales
Project Summary
This project focuses on understanding brain functions. Brain and mind disorders are by far the largest contributors
to the burden of disability, far exceeding any other disorder. This research will contribute to knowledge through
addressing the national research priority promoting and maintaining good health. The research outcomes will form
the scientific knowledge base essential for the translation of the project into public benefit through their application
in development of new testing paradigms for a range of brain and mind disorders.


DP0771859          Dr C Suter; Prof DI Martin

Approved           An epigenetic basis for foetal programming
Project Title

2007 :             $88,000
2008 :             $88,000
2009 :             $85,000

 Administering Organisation The University of New South Wales
 Project Summary
 The social and economic impact of adult-onset diseases such as diabetes, hypertension and atherosclerosis is
 increasing. Evidence indicates that a mother's nutrition influences the risk of her children developing some
diseases later in life. This proposal aims to elucidate the mechanism underlying this phenomenon. By
understanding the mechanism through which maternal nutrition affects disease risk, we may make it possible to
design early diagnosis and intervention strategies. Our work may suggest intervention strategies - such as
supplementation of at-risk mothers with key molecules such as methyl donors - during foetal and early postnatal
life, which could be key to preventing premature morbidity and mortality.




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The University of Queensland
DP0769995         A/Prof MW Blows; Dr E McGraw

Approved          The Genomic Dimensionality of the Response to Natural Selection
Project Title

2007 :            $80,000
2008 :            $80,000
2009 :            $80,000

Administering Organisation The University of Queensland
Project Summary
Many future advances in agriculture and medicine, as well as an understanding of adaptive evolution in natural and
pest populations will require discovering the genes that regulate the expression of complex traits. Microarray
technology is at the forefront of modern genomics, but despite its promise, is currently restricted in its utility by
significant analytical problems associated with the analysis of the large number of gene expression profiles and
their interpretation. Analytical approaches will be developed that will substantially enhance the ability of
transcriptional profiling to effectively uncover key genes underlying important phenotypes of interest across the
biological and medical sciences.


DP0770302         Prof AW Boyd

Approved          Regulation of the EphA3 receptor tyrosine kinase in vertebrate development
Project Title

2007 :            $90,000
2008 :            $88,000

Administering Organisation The University of Queensland
Project Summary
The Eph/ephrin system has a critical role in normal embryonic development. Amongst vertebrates, the EphA3 gene
is one of the most highly conserved genes in this system with critical roles in development of the visual system and
in other developmental processes. Understanding how this gene is regulated will help us to understand the critical
role of EphA3 in the basic biology of humans and other animals. This knowledge may also shed light on the basis
of congenital abnormalities and other pathological processes and possibly help us to understand how to prevent or
treat these conditions.


DP0772679         Dr SF Chenoweth; Dr R Bonduriansky

Approved          The Genetic Basis of Differences Between the Sexes
Project Title

 2007 :             $177,000
 2008 :             $165,000
 2009 :             $172,000
 2010 :             $162,000
 2011 :             $162,000
  ARF                          Dr R Bonduriansky
 Administering Organisation The University of Queensland
 Project Summary
 Improved medical interventions against genetic disorders like cancer are made possible by advances in
 fundamental understanding of gene function and, especially, genetic mechanisms (like genomic imprinting) that are
 directly implicated in these disorders. Furthermore, an understanding of environmental effects within and across
 generations is vital in an age of global climate change. Recent theory and evidence suggest that research on
 sexually dimorphic traits may hold a key to a better understanding of these phenomena. The proposed research
will strengthen Australia's position as leader in evolutionary genetics, enhance knowledge of native fauna, and
improve our understanding of biological phenomena that affect human health.




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DP0772241          Prof BM Degnan

Approved           The sponge genome project and the evolution of multicellularity: using comparative
Project Title      genomics and developmental biology to reconstruct the first animals

2007 :             $120,000
2008 :             $115,000
2009 :             $110,000

Administering Organisation The University of Queensland
Project Summary
Recently the entire genome from a living fossil - a sponge from the Great Barrier Reef - was sequenced (jointly
supported by the ARC and US Department of Energy). As this genome is assembled and analysed, many of the
fundamental biological processes that underlie the construction and evolution of all animals, including humans, will
be revealed. In addition, sponge genomics will fuel innovations in medicine and biotechnology. Specifically,
sponges are renowned for their capacity to synthesise bioactive compounds used in drug development, and
high-grade silica used for semi-conductor construction. This project will identify the gene networks controlling these
biosynthetic processes.


DP0771341          Dr A Kloda; Prof B Martinac; A/Prof OP Hamill

Approved           Mechanosensitive properties and modulation of N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptors
Project Title      by lipid environment

 2007 :              $120,000
 2008 :              $115,000
 2009 :              $115,000
 2010 :              $115,000
 2011 :              $115,000
  ARF                          Dr A Kloda
 Administering Organisation The University of Queensland
 Project Summary
 This project will provide new information about the molecular determinants which influence NMDA receptor
channel gating that will significantly advance our understanding of a link between NMDA receptor function and
many neurodegenerative diseases as well as pain and learning and memory. The outcomes of this project may
lead to the discovery of novel lipid-based biomaterials for application in medicine and the drug industry. This
research is highly significant in relation to human health. The biological and nutritional aspects of polyunsaturated
lipids and dietary fish oils have long been recognized. Thus this project will provide further knowledge that could
benefit the health of the nation with consequent reduced health care costs.


DP0770036          Prof PA Koopman

Approved        How the Y Chromosome makes a male: Molecular genetic analysis of key
sex-determining
Project Title   genes

2007 :            $359,727
2008 :            $323,000
2009 :            $305,000
2010 :            $305,000
2011 :            $255,000
 APF                        Prof PA Koopman
Administering Organisation The University of Queensland
Project Summary
Sex reversal and intersex syndromes are among the most common and highly stigmatized disorders affecting
newborn babies. Our research will reveal how the Y chromosome regulates normal male development, identify the
steps that go wrong in many male babies, and suggest ways to diagnose and deal with these conditions. It will also
pave the way for biotechnological applications in the areas of stem cell technology, pest management, wildlife
conservation and animal breeding.




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DP0770471          A/Prof AC Perkins; Dr MC Frith; A/Prof MJ Weiss; Prof RC Hardison; Dr TL Bailey

Approved           Transcriptional regulation of erythropoiesis
Project Title

2007 :             $90,000
2008 :             $88,000
2009 :             $85,000

Administering Organisation The University of Queensland
Project Summary
The major expected outcome from this proposal will be development of a pipeline for the study of how transcription
factors work at a genome level. There will be national benefit in the areas of Frontier Technologies, and Promoting
and Maintaining Good Health. There will be specific outcomes with respect to development of tests for human
blood diseases, future design of drugs to target the aberrant activities of transcription factors in genetic and
degenerative diseases. Also, a strong bridge will be built upon the previous collaborations of the research teams in
Brisbane and Pennsylvania, which will facilitate advanced teaching and training of Australian PhD and
post-doctoral scientists.


DP0770096          Prof PM Visscher; Prof ME Goddard

Approved           Maximising knowledge from dense SNP (single nucleotide polymorphisms) data using
Project Title      multi-locus analysis

2007 :             $103,000
2008 :             $103,000
2009 :             $103,000

 Administering Organisation The University of Queensland
 Project Summary
 The genomics revolution has made it possible to measure thousands of DNA variants in individuals. This
 information can be used in many ways, including to find genes that cause variation between individuals in a
 population and to estimate the size of the population in the past. Our study will lead an analysis method that will
 extract more information out of such data. This will improve the efficiency of gene mapping methods, including
 applications in humans for traits related to productive ageing and a healthy start to life, will allow the estimation of
 genetic relatedness and genetic variation in natural populations, and will lead to more efficient selection programs
in agricultural populations.


The University of Sydney
DP0772446          Dr M Byrne

Approved           Neurogenesis in bilateral larval and radial adult body plans: identification of echinoderm
Project Title      homologues of the chordate central nervous system

2007 :             $76,000
2008 :             $76,000
2009 :             $76,000

 Administering Organisation The University of Sydney
 Project Summary
 The modern synthesis of embryology and gene expression studies, as undertaken in this project with sea stars, is
a major way forward to achieve advances in our understanding of animal evolution and generate new insights into
the mystery that surrounds the origin of our own phylum, the Chordata. This project utilises life history diversity in
 species that are unique Australian fauna. Extreme life history diversity as seen in these sea stars is unparalleled on
 a global scale and provides an important resource to generate new discoveries on the processes underlying
 evolution in the sea and enhance our understanding of marine systems.




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DP0770991          Dr M Charleston; Dr LS Jermiin

Approved           The Origin and Evolution of the Animal Phyla inferred from Analysis of Multiple-Gene
Data
Project Title

2007 :            $90,000
2008 :            $88,000
2009 :            $85,000

Administering Organisation The University of Sydney
Project Summary
Australia has recently begun an extensive research programme in the genomics of our flora and fauna. The
enormous amounts of data that emerge from such research are highly complex, but they hold the key to
understanding how biological organisms change over time. Our research will untangle that data to answer
fundamental, unanswered questions in modern science: How did the animal groups originate? How are they
related to each other? How is biodiversity changing? The answers to these questions and the new analytical tools
we will develop will put Australia firmly on the international "map" of Bioinformatics.


University of Tasmania
DP0770506          A/Prof RE Vaillancourt; Dr VF Hecht; Dr AA Myburg; Dr A Kilian

Approved           Ultra-high-throughput genotyping of Eucalyptus trees: Development and application of
Project Title      diversity array technology for genomic studies

2007 :            $90,000
2008 :            $88,000
2009 :            $85,000

Administering Organisation University of Tasmania
Project Summary
A major international eucalypt genomic project is underway. Australia needs to take part because the Australian
public would expect Australia to be at the forefront of research on one of its national symbols. Eucalypts are
critically important to biodiversity and commercial forestry. The development of the proposed generic eucalypt
DArT chip will help keep Australia at the forefront of genetic and genomic research in eucalypts and help develop
our biotechnology industry. Such research is essential for future forest tree breeding. Furthermore, eucalypt forests
are one of our most important natural assets and their continual preservation requires that we develop better
knowledge of their natural genetic variation and development.


2703         MICROBIOLOGY

Monash University
DP0773921          Dr EL Hartland; Prof RM Robins-Browne; Prof G Frankel

Approved           Host cell targets of bacterial virulence effectors
Project Title

2007 :            $90,000
2008 :            $88,000
2009 :            $85,000

 Administering Organisation Monash University
 Project Summary
 The research described in this proposal will result in a better understanding of the cell biology of host-pathogen
 interactions. We are in a unique position to analyze the importance of protein/protein interactions between
bacterial virulence determinants and host cell proteins using a range of cell biology techniques to address the
fundamental, molecular basis of the host-pathogen interaction. In addition we will construct a new genetic tool to
identify novel bacterial virulence determinants. We anticipate that a greater knowledge of the factors that contribute
to the host-pathogen interaction will provide new insights into the subversion of host cell processes by bacterial
pathogens of animals, plants and humans.

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The University of New South Wales
DP0770711          Prof SL Kjelleberg; Dr SA Rice; Dr D McDougald; Dr C Matz; A/Prof M Givskov; Asst Prof HF
                   Yildiz; Prof DH Bartlett
Approved           Roles for quorum sensing and biofilm formation by Vibrio cholerae in resistance to
Project Title      protozoan grazing

2007 :             $115,236
2008 :             $106,958
2009 :             $112,908

Administering Organisation The University of New South Wales
Project Summary
This research will benefit Australia through an increased fundamental understanding of how our model bacterium,
Vibrio cholerae, survives in the environment. This could lead to the development of strategies that control bacterial
biofilms, a significant medical and industrial concern. This project will also be of benefit through the training of
postgraduate students in environmental microbiology and is expected to result in the publication and presentation
of data in quality journals and conferences, which increases the profile of Australian science.

DP0773476          Prof PD Steinberg; Dr MW Taylor

Approved           Bacterial disease and bleaching of chemically defended marine algae
Project Title

2007 :             $108,000
2008 :             $105,000
2009 :             $100,000
 APD                           Dr MW Taylor
Administering Organisation The University of New South Wales
Project Summary
Disease has emerged as a major factor in the ecology and management of natural marine communities. Moreover,
the impact of disease in marine ecosystems is linked to environmental changes such as global warming. Much of
the research in this area has focused on tropical systems (coral reefs). However, in temperate reef systems
seaweeds are the major habitat formers. This proposal investigates how environmental factors (temperature, UV)
mediate bacterial disease of seaweeds, key temperate organisms. The proposal thus adresses National Research
Priority 1: An Environmentally Sustainable Australia, and in particular the Priority Goals 'Sustainable use of
Australia's biodiversity' and 'Responding to climate change and variability'.


The University of Queensland
DP0773857          Prof LL Blackall; Prof CR Johnson; Dr RG Beiko

Approved           Metagenomics and the genetic basis of ecology and evolution of communities - complex
Project Title      microbial communities in industrial processes as excellent paradigms

2007 :             $175,000
2008 :             $160,000
2009 :             $150,000

 Administering Organisation The University of Queensland
 Project Summary
 Benefits accrue on two fronts: the international reputation of Australian science in contributing significantly to two
 new, challenging and highly topical questions in ecology and evolution, and in pioneering a route to better
efficiency and control of an important industrial process. Wastewater is rich in organic phosphorus that is damaging
to the environment if untreated, but current understanding enables only rudimentary control of the microbial
communities that are the basis of the treatment process. The work will provide unprecedented insight into the
mechanisms underpinning the dynamics of phosphorus absorbing microbes in industrial facilities by integrating
from gene-to-ecosystem.




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The University of Sydney
DP0771664         Prof IR Kennedy; A/Prof IB Zhulin

Approved          Biofertiliser technology for improved yields and environmental sustainability of rice and
Project Title     wheat crops

2007 :             $140,000
2008 :             $140,000
2009 :             $140,000
Administering Organisation The University of Sydney
Project Summary
Australia faces the double challenge of improving the efficiency of its crop production while minimising the
agricultural impact on its fragile biodiversity. Our project will meet this challenge by providing the technology for
using natural biofertilisers in cereal crops. This will reduce our heavy reliance on chemical fertilisers - with
associated soil loss, salinity and acidity, and high demand on scarce water resources - and significantly increase
our crop yields. Our advances will help Australian farmers to reduce the costs and increase the productivity of our
substantial export crops while improving their environmental sustainability.


University of Canberra
DP0774082         A/Prof S Mahalingam; Dr PA Ryan; Prof BH Kay

Approved          The biology of arbovirus virulence and fitness in arthropod and vertebrate hosts in vivo
Project Title

 2007 :             $110,000
 2008 :             $105,000
 2009 :             $100,000
 Administering Organisation University of Canberra
 Project Summary
 In Australia, Ross River virus (RRV) represents significant concern to human health. Between 1992-2005 more
than 50,000 notifications of RRV infection have been reported. While not fatal, the disease is responsible for
morbidity in the community/individual that can have both social and economic costs. The project has several
national benefits. It will help elucidate whether there is any association between RRV strain and increased risk of
RRV transmission and/or occurrence of more severe cases of human disease. It will help develop technologies that
can lead towards the identification of viral markers, which could provide new avenues in the design of novel
antiviral strategies.


2704         BOTANY

Charles Darwin University
DP0771427         Dr LA Cernusak

Approved          Water-use efficiency of Australian tropical trees: mechanistic analysis at multiple scales
Project Title

2007 :              $90,000
2008 :              $90,000
2009 :              $90,000
 APD                         Dr LA Cernusak
Administering Organisation Charles Darwin University
Project Summary
The proposed research will provide valuable information about the physiological functioning of trees in northern
Australia. Experiments will elucidate mechanisms that can result in variation in water-use efficiency among
different tree species. Such a mechanistic understanding will have multiple benefits: (1) results will be able to be
incorporated into process-based models of carbon and water cycling in the north-Australian landscape; (2) they will
provide valuable information for land managers interested in optimizing both plant biomass production and water
resource management; and (3) they will provide a critical test of proxy methods for identifying high water-use
efficiency in taxonomically diverse tree species.

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The Australian National University
DP0774491          Prof MC Ball; Dr CE Lovelock; Prof NM Holbrook

Approved           Interactive effects of salinity and nutrients: linking physiological processes with patterns
Project Title      in mangrove forest productivity

2007 :             $90,000
2008 :             $88,000
2009 :             $85,000

 Administering Organisation The Australian National University
 Project Summary
 The proposed research will provide insight into physiological mechanisms that underpin mangrove productivity
 along salinity and aridity gradients, and determine how these factors affect plant responses to nutrient enrichment.
 Plant traits that increase salt and drought tolerance will be identified, thereby assisting development of plant
 varieties suited to Australian conditions. The results will also contribute to development of process-based models
to better manage mangrove resources with climate change and increasing nutrient influx from urban or agricultural
 activities. Such models are essential for managing mangrove productivity for sustainable fisheries, and protecting
 the ecological well being of the coastal zone.


DP0771413          Dr JR Evans; Prof S Von Caemmerer

Approved           What limits CO2 diffusion inside leaves? Dissecting the diffusion path with Arabidopsis
Project Title      mutants.

2007 :             $90,000
2008 :             $88,000
2009 :             $85,000

 Administering Organisation The Australian National University
 Project Summary
 Human induced increase in atmospheric carbon dioxide is now generally accepted as contributing to global
 warming. Forecasting our future impact relies on models of terrestrial photosynthesis which use a signature in the
 atmosphere created by plants when they discriminate against the heavy stable isotope of carbon during
 photosynthesis. Discrimination between isotopes is affected by carbon dioxide diffusion within leaves and key
steps in this process will be identified through the use of Arabidopsis mutants. Better representation of this process
in models will improve estimates of terrestrial photosynthesis and climate change forecasts


DP0771374          Prof AR Hardham; Dr DA Jones; Dr PN Dodds; Dr JG Ellis

Approved           Translocation of secreted effector proteins from fungal pathogens into host plant cells
Project Title

2007 :             $127,000
2008 :             $119,000
2009 :             $110,000

Administering Organisation The Australian National University
Project Summary
Every year, fungal diseases of plants cause huge losses in agricultural productivity and extensive environmental
damage in Australia. Disease control in major crops, like wheat, currently relies heavily on breeding for disease
resistance. However, fungal pathogens continually adapt to overcome plant defences, necessitating identification
of new sources of resistance. The research in this project will elucidate the molecular basis of a new aspect of the
establishment of plant infection by fungi, and in so doing will provide new avenues for the development of novel
disease resistance strategies, with relevance in particular to devastating cereal diseases like wheat rust.




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DP0771262          Dr J Masle; Prof GD Farquhar

Approved           Physiological and molecular controls of plant transpiration efficiency: investigating the
Project Title      role of the ERECTA gene

2007 :            $90,000
2008 :            $88,000
2009 :            $85,000

Administering Organisation The Australian National University
Project Summary
Water is the single most limiting factor in agriculture and the world's supply of fresh water is diminishing, the
greatest fraction of total water use being by agriculture. Progress in water-use efficiency will have social value, and
this program should help us to achieve it. Our progress in this area is already one of the most successful of
'bottom-up' approaches - in the sense of transferring knowledge from biochemistry and biophysics to breeding and
agronomy, as CSIRO now has a successful wheat breeding program based on this earlier work of ours. Now that
we have discovered a gene that controls water-use efficiency at the leaf level, we wish to see how the gene works,
and how it affects mineral nutrition of leaves.


The University of Adelaide
DP0774063          Prof RA Leigh; Prof SD Tyerman; Dr BN Kaiser

Approved           Calcium compartmentation in leaves: testing an integrated model of water and calcium
Project Title      transport with cell specific functional genomics.

2007 :               $193,000
2008 :               $184,000
2009 :               $182,000
2010 :               $182,000
2011 :               $132,000
 APF                            Prof SD Tyerman
Administering Organisation The University of Adelaide
Project Summary
Calcium is a vital nutrient to animals and humans and its storage in vegetation is important for its accessibility. We
believe this storage is linked to water flow in the leaf by a novel mechanism. This project will provide fundamental
understanding of the cell type-specific processes involved in calcium storage and water flow in plants. High calibre
PhD and Honours students will be educated to maintain the momentum of international excellence within Australia
in the field of plant nutrient relations. The increase in understanding will allow future work to improve calcium
availability and water use by plants to the benefit of agricultural productivity and quality of life.


DP0771854          Prof RS Seymour; Prof Dr G Gottsberger; Prof Dr I Lamprecht; Dr M Gibernau; Dr K Ito

Approved           Diversity of pollination biology in heat-producing flowers
Project Title

2007 :            $140,000
2008 :            $95,000
2009 :            $90,000

Administering Organisation The University of Adelaide
Project Summary
This research is an entirely new approach to understanding pollination biology. It will highlight the value of
ecological diversity in tropical ecosystems and will work toward conservation of these threatened habitats. The
project is very strong in developing international links, involving Australia, Germany, France, Turkey, Brazil,
Guyana, India and Malaysia. By supporting research involving the International Canopy Crane Network, Australia
will be recognised as a major contributor to the multinational effort. The project deals with energetics of scarab
beetles, with work on reproductive energetics of natural and pest species. Research maintains and develops
critical thought, essential for effective university teaching and training.




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The University of Western Australia
DP0771156          Prof AH Millar

Approved           The role of changes to the proteome in the signalling of stress response in plant
Project Title      mitochondria

 2007 :              $154,061
 2008 :              $154,061
 2009 :              $154,061
 2010 :              $154,061
 2011 :              $154,061
  APF                          Prof AH Millar
 Administering Organisation The University of Western Australia
 Project Summary
 Innovative agricultural solutions in Australia's harsh climate will be built on manipulating the expression of groups
of genes and understanding how the proteins they encode operate to influence whole plant phenotypes under
stress to provide more robust plants and improved plant products. Mitochondria are central components in plant
 metabolism. Stabilizing their function during stress has the potential to modify germination characteristics, early
 seedling vigour, and stress tolerance. Studying plant mitochondria supports the generation of intellectual property
to be applied within Australia's plant-based industries and at the same time provide a rich intellectual environment
for the training of students and researchers.


University of Tasmania
DP0772348          Dr E Foo

Approved           The role of plant hormones in arbuscular mycorrhizal symbiosis
Project Title

2007 :             $90,000
2008 :             $88,000
2009 :             $90,000
 APD                         Dr E Foo
Administering Organisation University of Tasmania
Project Summary
The vast majority of plant species can form a beneficial symbiosis with specialised soil fungi, an association that
can enhance the uptake of nutrients from the soil, improve tolerance to drought and disease and minimise soil
erosion. An understanding of how plants establish and regulate this important symbiosis has the potential to
contribute to the development of productive and sustainable farming systems by making efficient use of the limited
water resources, reducing soil erosion, reducing reliance on pesticides and fertilisers and producing more nutritious
fruits, vegetables and grains.


DP0770478          Prof JB Reid; Dr JL Weller

Approved           Genetic regulation of photomorphogenesis in legume crops to meet changing agronomic
Project Title      needs

2007 :             $150,000
2008 :             $147,000
2009 :             $138,000

Administering Organisation University of Tasmania
Project Summary
Legumes are widely grown as forage and grain crops and make a substantial contribution to the Australian
economy. Light is an important determinant of plant architecture and productivity and we need to know more about
how development is regulated by light in this important plant group. The natural light environment faced by plants is
complex and varies with crop density, season and time of day. Understanding the interaction of photoreceptors and
plant hormones in the control of growth is vital for manipulating crops to meet changing agronomic requirements.
Training of students in state-of-the art techniques and the generation of new germplasm for use by other
researchers and plant breeders will be other significant outcomes of the project.


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University of Technology, Sydney
DP0773558          A/Prof PJ Ralph; Prof A McMinn; Prof M Kuehl

Approved           Bio-optical model of Antarctic sea-ice algae photosynthesis
Project Title

2007 :             $90,000
2008 :             $88,000
2009 :             $85,000
Administering Organisation University of Technology, Sydney
Project Summary
Antarctica contains no permanent human population; however the impact of climate change is being observed.
Sea-ice is slowly becoming less thick and covering smaller areas of the Southern Ocean. Algae grow on the
underside of this sea-ice which feed krill, which in turn support most of the Antarctic food web. Understanding how
changes in sea-ice and snow thickness will change the productivity of Antarctica will have significant implications to
our management of this wilderness. Knowledge of how sea-ice algae responds to changes in light can be
incorporated in climate change models.


2705         ZOOLOGY

Edith Cowan University
DP0772899          Dr M Thomas; Dr M Ziman; Prof LD Beazley; Dr R Barker

Approved           Neurological cell replacement therapies: improving outcomes by matching
developmental
Project Title      profiles of transplanted cells with the damaged brain area.

2007 :              $88,000
2008 :              $85,000
2009 :              $80,000
Administering Organisation Edith Cowan University
Project Summary
Stem cell transplantation offers a way to replace nerve cells lost due to acute CNS injury or chronic degenerative
conditions such as Parkinson's Disease. However, to date, results have been disappointing because of poor
differentiation, survival and integration of stem cells confounded by ethical issues associated with the use of
embryos as the source of stem cells. The experiments conducted in this study will provide strategies to improve the
efficacy of stem cell transplantation into the damaged CNS as well as developing the use of autologous bone
marrow stem cells for repair. Outcomes will be improved transplant methodologies and expertise for the
bio-technology industry.

The University of Adelaide
DP0770979          Dr NP Murphy; Prof AD Austin; Mr MA Adams

Approved           Evolution of the unique fauna of the Great Artesian Basin mound springs: the impact of
Project Title      aridification and climate change.

2007 :             $75,001
2008 :             $75,001
2009 :             $75,001
2010 :             $75,001
 APD                           Dr NP Murphy
Administering Organisation The University of Adelaide
Project Summary
The mound springs of the Great Artesian Basin represent one of Australia's most unique environments and are of
national biodiversity, cultural and economic significance. Their conservation is a major issue following listing of the
springs as a threatened ecological community. As economic productivity in the GAB intensifies, the mound springs
are under increasing threat from escalating groundwater use. The results of this study on the evolution of two
crustacean groups will provide significant biological information for management plans, facilitating conservation of
mound springs communities, and helping to understand the impacts of water extraction and climate change on this
unique habitat.
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The University of Queensland
DP0772992          Prof SL O'Neill; Dr JC Brownlie

Approved           Host provisioning by Wolbachia: re-examining the invasion potential of a common
Project Title      invertebrate endosymbiont

 2007 :              $80,000
 2008 :              $80,000
 2009 :              $80,000
 Administering Organisation The University of Queensland
 Project Summary
 Wolbachia are often described as reproductive parasites that manipulate their host for their own gain. This study
will determine for the first time how Wolbachia can help its insect host during periods of nutritional stress. As
Wolbachia are able to infect host populations it will be used in the near future to control insects that transmit
disease or are commercial pests. Understanding how Wolbachia interacts with its host, as a parasite or beneficial,
will improve its application in the field. Knowing how benefits are provided to the host will improve human health in
the future. As Wolbachia are needed for filarial nematode development, disrupting the beneficial mechanisms
identified in this study will improve filariasis control programs


The University of Western Australia
DP0774113          Dr M Ruitenberg

Approved           CX3C chemokine signalling in the olfactory epithelium and its role in the self regeneration
Project Title      of the olfactory system

2007 :             $100,000
2008 :             $95,000
2009 :             $95,000
 APD                          Dr M Ruitenberg
Administering Organisation The University of Western Australia
Project Summary
The current proposal will explore new venues in adult neural stem cell research and contribute to the further
development of molecular biology and neuroscience research in Western Australia and Australia. The use of
neural stem cells holds therapeutic promise for the treatment of a wide variety of neurological conditions, including
neurotrauma and stroke. The proposed research will provide new data on the fundamental cellular and molecular
events that are required to trigger the birth, differentiation and conditions for growth of new neurons in the adult
nervous system. The generation of such insights will be critical for any translational research.


2706         PHYSIOLOGY

The Australian National University
DP0773683          Prof AF Dulhunty; Dr R Dirksen

Approved           Structural Determinants of an Intracellular Calcium Store.
Project Title

2007 :             $90,000
2008 :             $88,000
2009 :             $85,000
Administering Organisation The Australian National University
Project Summary
Understanding the molecular interactions between key proteins in calcium signalling in muscle and the heart will
allow calcium signalling to be used as a platform for a variety of purposes. These include reducing the debilitating
effects of changes in calcium signalling and muscle performance in aging and in genetically- or drug-induced
disorders. The project will have benefits for Australian biotechnology since it will facilitate the design of novel
compounds for treating muscle disorders in animals and humans, for improving meat quality and for use as
insecticides. The project will facilitate graduate and undergraduate training in basic science with exposure to
biotechnology, through our commercial partner Biotron.

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The University of Adelaide
DP0773315         Prof R Ivell; A/Prof J Schwartz

Approved          Establishment of the endocrine axes in the embryo and their xenobiotic distortion
Project Title

2007 :            $116,567
2008 :            $110,000
2009 :            $100,000

Administering Organisation The University of Adelaide
Project Summary
Millions of tons of supposedly harmless chemicals are produced and enter the environment each year. However,
some of these substances can act on wildlife and humans to distort the way that hormone systems are established
in the embryo, leading to subtle effects on health and function in later life. We will use one of the commonest of
these substances, found in many cosmetics, food wrappings, and medicinal plastics, to learn how hormone
systems becomes established in a healthy embryo, and how these then get distorted after exposure to these
compounds. This project directly addresses the way we assess the health of our environment, and offers ways to
screen for compounds which can have subtle effects on wildlife, domestic species and humans.


DP0771268         A/Prof S Orgeig; Prof CB Daniels; A/Prof J Perez-Gil; Dr AD Postle

Approved          A new paradigm for surfactant composition and function - how do lungs cope with
Project Title     stress?

2007 :            $90,000
2008 :            $88,000
2009 :            $85,000

 Administering Organisation The University of Adelaide
 Project Summary
 Our research will increase the understanding of the scope of change and precise molecular interactions occurring
in the surfactant lipids and proteins of animals under physiological stress. The novel insights will improve the
 treatment of lung diseases (such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and acute lung injury). We have formed
 a team of international surfactant researchers all experts in state-of-the-art chemical and biophysical technologies
 relating to surfactant. These collaborations will bring new technological applications to Australia and provide
 outstanding cross-disciplinary training for postgraduate students and research staff at the interface between animal
 physiology, biophysical chemistry and respiratory medicine.


The University of Queensland
DP0771481         Dr P Thorn

Approved          A new model for secreton in epithelial cells
Project Title

2007 :            $90,000
2008 :            $88,000
2009 :            $85,000

Administering Organisation The University of Queensland
Project Summary
This proposal sets out to test a new model for secretion that we have developed in the light of recent experimental
data. The project outcomes will advance our understanding of normal processes of secretion and may be important
in understanding disease. We will develop cutting-edge techniques of microscopy which will place Australia at the
forefront of this exciting field. The project will bring benefit to the Australian scientific community through
interactions and collaborations with other scientists in Australia and internationally and will benefit early-career
scientists, training them in novel methods and allowing them to develop their research expertise and profile and
enabling them to compete on the world science stage.



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The University of Sydney
DP0774320          Prof DI Cook

Approved           Phospholipids and kinases as regulators of epithelial sodium channels
Project Title

2007 :             $157,548
2008 :             $148,000
2009 :             $140,000

Administering Organisation The University of Sydney
Project Summary
The intracellular signalling pathways that will be identified in this project will facilitate the development of novel
therapies for the many conditions in which the activity of epithelial sodium channels is abnormal. These include
influenza, otitis media, high blood pressure and cystic fibrosis. It will also provide training for post-doctoral fellows
and research students in a number of the key techniques in modern cellular physiology.


DP0772439          Dr F Seebacher

Approved           Genetic mechanisms of metabolic control and thermal sensing during thermoregulation
Project Title

2007 :             $76,000
2008 :             $76,000
2009 :             $76,000

 Administering Organisation The University of Sydney
 Project Summary
 This research will significantly advance understanding of how animals can respond to climate change, and the
 results will benefit wildlife management processes. The proposed research will lead to collaboration with Prof. Ken
 Storey an ISI highly cited author and expert in microarray analysis. The cDNA microarray for Crocodylus porosus
 which I will construct in the proposed research will be a valuable resource for Australia by increasing
collaborations, and it will help find the cause of problems prevalent in the crocodile industry such as runt animals
that significantly decrease production efficiency.


University of Wollongong
DP0770977          Prof AJ Hulbert; A/Prof PL Else

Approved           Food supply, diet and membrane lipids and the determination of metabolic rate
Project Title

2007 :             $100,000
2008 :             $100,000
2009 :             $100,000

Administering Organisation University of Wollongong
Project Summary
There are two types of polyunsaturated fatty acids (omega-3 and omega-6), which are both essential in the diet.
This project will examine whether our current diet has a good balance of these two classes of fatty acids. It will
examine the hypothesis that we do not have enough omega-3 polyunsaturates in our modern diet and that this
imbalance has important consequences for metabolism and health. It will give insight into a relatively
unappreciated cause of the current obesity epidemic and likely result in new strategies to combat this problem. It
will have implications for other important health issues (such as depression) as well as for the food supply of
Australia.




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2707         ECOLOGY AND EVOLUTION

Charles Sturt University
DP0770261         Dr GW Luck

Approved          Sustainable development in urban environments: maximising biodiversity conservation
Project Title     where people live

 2007 :              $110,000
 2008 :              $103,000
 2009 :              $110,000
 Administering Organisation Charles Sturt University
 Project Summary
 This project directly addresses the National Research Priority of An Environmentally Sustainable Australia. This is
 achieved by a pioneering approach that links socio-economic variables with settlement design and biodiversity
 status. Human settlements have substantial capacity to support a rich biodiversity. Developing ecologically
sensitive management strategies here will not only ensure the conservation of many native species, but also
provide considerable opportunities for interaction between people and nature. This can have significant social
benefits including improved health, increased community well-being and greater understanding of the environment.
It also ensures ready access to a broad range of ecosystem goods and services.


Macquarie University
DP0770300         A/Prof K Cheng; Dr R Wehner

Approved          Evolution, learning, and the use of multiple cues in desert ant navigation
Project Title

2007 :            $90,000
2008 :            $83,000
2009 :            $77,000
Administering Organisation Macquarie University
Project Summary
This research on desert ants benefits Australia by fostering an international collaboration with one of the best
European scientists, training students, and increasing knowledge about Australia's unique fauna, helping us to
appreciate and better manage our fragile desert environments. With this international link, students working on this
and related projects benefit intellectually from mingling with an international community of scientists.Understanding
insect behaviour also has benefits for robotics. Work on desert ants has already resulted in robotic applications,
and our outcomes concerning the optimal integration of multiple spatial cues are especially relevant.


Monash University
DP0771672         Prof RC Mac Nally; Dr BW Brook; Dr B Leung; Dr R Sabbadin

Approved          Applying search theory for eradicating invasive species
Project Title

2007 :             $130,000
2008 :             $125,000
2009 :             $120,000
Administering Organisation Monash University
Project Summary
Invasive species have major economic and environmental impacts in Australia and are a major cause of
extinctions worldwide. Monitoring is crucial for the timely control of invasive species in sensitive environments.
Early detection increases the probability of eradication and increased accuracy in detection reduces the impact of
control programs on non-target species. Efficient monitoring also is crucial in determining whether eradication has
succeeded. Search Theory has been applied for over 60 years in a wide range of non-biological monitoring
problems, resulting in large increases in target detection rates. Gains of a similar magnitude in invasive species
detection would greatly enhance Australia's capacity to manage these threats.



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DP0771070          Dr BB Wong

Approved           Sexual signalling and parental care: A life-history perspective
Project Title

2007 :            $90,000
2008 :            $88,000
2009 :            $85,000

Administering Organisation Monash University
Project Summary
I will use a fish, the Australian desert goby, to gain pivotal insights into male reproductive investment.
Under-appreciated as potential study subjects, desert gobies are ideal because males must make important
reproductive decisions regarding how much effort to spend on mate attraction and parental care but, importantly,
they must do so within the constraints imposed by desert-living. The likely impact of my work in the field of
behavioural ecology will improve Australia's research capacity and profile. By using an Australian species, my
research will also raise awareness and understanding of extraordinary fishes living in habitats vulnerable to human
impact.


Murdoch University
DP0771971          Dr M Bunce

Approved           Ancient DNA as a tool to study Australia's paleome: exploring climatic change, past
Project Title      biodiversity, extinctions and long-term survival of DNA.

2007 :            $63,000
2008 :            $69,000
2009 :            $60,000

 Administering Organisation Murdoch University
 Project Summary
 Restoration of Australian ecosystems can only occur if we know what plants, animals and insects used to live in
the area before 'pest' species were introduced. This project will use ancient DNA obtained from 'poo' and cave
 sediments, that is thousands of years old, to discover what species used to live where and when. The ancient DNA
 profiles of past ecosystems will allow us to make better decisions when trying to establish sustainable and 'natural'
 mainland and island sanctuaries. Ancient DNA is well preserved in some dry environments; this project will assess
 DNA preservation from sites all across Australia and use the DNA sequences to discover information about extinct
 animals and how past climate changes effected the native biota.


Museum Victoria
DP0771913          Dr DG Chapple

Approved           The success and rapid evolution of invasive species: resolving a genetic paradox
Project Title

2007 :              $100,000
2008 :              $90,000
2009 :              $90,000
 APD                          Dr DG Chapple
Administering Organisation Museum Victoria
Project Summary
Invasive species have an enormous economic impact on trade, agriculture, aquaculture, fisheries and eco-tourism
in Australia. In order to negate such detrimental impacts, integrated strategies need to be formulated to effectively
control and eradicate introduced species. Our limited knowledge of the factors underlying the success of invasive
species has hampered such efforts. A detailed understanding of the invasion dynamics of introduced species is
essential for identifying potential weaknesses that can be exploited in management strategies. My research will
examine the invasion dynamics of a successful invasive species, the delicate skink, providing information directly
relevant to the management of introduced species in Australia.



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The Australian National University
DP0771018          Dr PR Backwell; Dr MD Jennions

Approved           The intensity of sexual selection with density and age and its importance in the evolution
Project Title      of animal populations

2007 :             $90,000
2008 :             $88,000
2009 :             $85,000

Administering Organisation The Australian National University
Project Summary
Australia is internationally highly regarded for the quality of its research into the basic biology of its fauna. This
study will provide information on the breeding biology of an endemic marine species distributed across the
Northern tropics of Australia. It addresses a pure research question of great theoretical interest. However, it also
provides valuable training opportunities for postgraduate students in the practicalities of conducting tropical field
biology and the execution of field experiments. These are essential skills that can readily be transferred to applied
biological problems. Maintaining a pool of skilled field biologists is essential for the on-going success of
programmes in conservation and ecosystem management.


DP0771378          Dr J Fischer

Approved           Sustainable Farms: Tree Regeneration and the Future of Farmland Biodiversity
Project Title

 2007 :             $181,000
 2008 :             $165,000
 2009 :             $162,000
  APD                           Dr J Fischer
 Administering Organisation The Australian National University
 Project Summary
 While many government and community initiatives aim to enhance the sustainability of Australian farming systems,
 none specifically target the important regional-scale threatening process of tree recruitment failure. Unless this
 problem is addressed urgently, many farming landscapes may be virtually treeless in the future, with severe
 negative ramifications for both biodiversity and agricultural productivity. 'Sustainable Farms' will have major
national and community benefits because it will: (1) identify more sustainable farming practices that are conducive
to successful tree recruitment in the future, and (2) raise awareness about a much neglected threat to the
 sustainability of Australian farming landscapes.


DP0773920          Dr DO Fisher

Approved           Extrinsic threats and biological predisposition in animal extinction and rediscovery
Project Title

2007 :               $105,000
2008 :               $105,000
2009 :               $98,287
2010 :               $100,000
2011 :               $96,950
ARF                            Dr DO Fisher
Administering Organisation The Australian National University
Project Summary
A global extinction crisis looms, and Australia has a shocking record, especially of mammal extinctions. The results
of this project to find how different threats affect each species will lead to management that focusses on species-
and region-specific causes. This will help to prevent further extinctions of Australian mammals and other fauna.
Many people hope that species of particular importance to us such as the thylacine have defied extinction, and will
be rediscovered. This project will test which predictive factors can increase the chance of species rediscovery, and
help management agencies plan for the expected number of future rediscoveries.




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DP0773537          Mr CJ Hoskin

Approved           Understanding “reinforcement”, an evolutionary process that can lead to the origin of
Project Title      new species and generate species diversity

2007 :             $90,000
2008 :             $90,000
2009 :             $85,000
 APD                         Mr CJ Hoskin
Administering Organisation The Australian National University
Project Summary
Understanding how species are formed is of broad significance. National benefit will come from internationally
competitive research and collaborations with leading international researchers. Benefits will also come under the
ARC Priority Goals of 'An Environmentally Sustainable Australia' as I will (i) provide genetic data that will be
invaluable for the conservation of a highly threatened species, (ii) determine the importance of contact zones for
generating new species and maintaining the evolutionary potential of regions, and (iii) address the role of climate
change in shaping diversity over recent evolutionary time, an understanding of which is essential for predicting the
impact of future change.


DP0770057          Dr MD Jennions

Approved           Does size really matter? Selection, constraints and allometry
Project Title

2007 :              $150,000
2008 :              $140,000
2009 :              $130,000
2010 :              $130,000
2011 :              $130,000
 QEII                          Dr MD Jennions
Administering Organisation The Australian National University
Project Summary
Australia is internationally recognized for its strong performance in evolutionary biology and quantitative genetics.
This study contributes to the advancement of these fields. It is explicitly designed to create selection lines that can
be used by developmental biologists, physiologists, geneticists and endocrinologists. This will strengthen links
between institutes within Australia and internationally and later allow more applied questions to be asked. Although
this study addresses a basic research question, it uses techniques and statistics that are integral to work selecting
for improvement of commercial crops and animals. It therefore provides valuable training opportunities for an
essential part of Australia's agricultural sector.


DP0774015          Dr MJ Phillips

Approved           Uncovering the evolutionary history of Australasian marsupials: combining molecular
Project Title      phylogenetics and ecological inference

 2007 :               $120,000
 2008 :               $100,000
 2009 :               $100,000
  APD                           Dr MJ Phillips
 Administering Organisation The Australian National University
 Project Summary
 Marsupials are symbolic of the uniqueness of Australia's biological systems and there is widespread public interest
 in their natural history. Yet we know little of the evolutionary mechanisms that have shaped their biodiversity. This
is a critical problem when considered in the context of Australian marsupials having suffered the highest extinction
 rate of any continental mammal fauna over the past 200 years. This project will make a major contribution to
 understanding the origins, timescale and ecological nature of Australasian marsupial evolution. In doing so, it will
 inform conservation strategy, promote Australasian marsupials as a model system for studying faunal coevolution
 and develop widely applicable bioinformatic tools.




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Flinders University of South Australia
DP0772943         Dr GJ Prideaux

Approved          Responses of southern Australian mammal faunas to climate change before and after
Project Title     human arrival

2007 :              $139,274
2008 :              $130,000
2009 :              $120,000
2010 :              $120,000
2011 :              $120,000
 ARF                         Dr GJ Prideaux
Administering Organisation The Flinders University of South Australia
Project Summary
In the past 170 years, southern Australia mammals have suffered one of the worst extinction rates in the world.
More losses are predicted in the face of global warming. This recent extinction wave follows a major extinction
event that saw 90% of Australia's large animals disappear 60,000-40,000 years ago. The causes are hotly
debated. Some researchers argue for a human cause, others suggest that climate change was to blame. This
study will refine our knowledge of the timing and causes of these extinctions in southern Australia by assessing
how communities responded to climate change in the lead-up to human arrival. It will provide vital information for
managing the conservation of many modern species and guide us in limiting future losses.


The University of Melbourne
DP0772854         A/Prof BJ Downes; Dr J Lancaster

Approved          Resource patchiness, dispersal and species co-occurrence: an experimental and
Project Title     levels-of-evidence approach in some lowland streams

2007 :            $90,000
2008 :            $80,000
2009 :            $85,000

Administering Organisation The University of Melbourne
Project Summary
Millions of dollars are being spent on rehabilitating river ecosystems that have often been highly simplified by
human activities. It is important that such rehabilitation be well-grounded in sound ecological knowledge. We will
test how the availability of essential resources of food and living space affect the identity and density of species
present. We expect to provide practical advice allowing managers to enhance biodiversity in streams surrounded
by, and serving, agricultural areas. Likewise, we will be able to advise on the consequences of excessive water
extraction on the likely success of such rehabilitation in rivers with highly variable flows.


DP0772648         Prof MJ Keough

Approved          Post-settlement mortality as a filter for variable settlement in marine invertebrates
Project Title

2007 :            $90,000
2008 :            $88,000
2009 :            $85,000

Administering Organisation The University of Melbourne
Project Summary
Most marine organisms have a planktonic dispersive stage. Recruitment from this stage into adult populations is a
key process. Variations in recruitment affect our ability to manage fisheries, plan national parks, and predict
environmental impacts. Our ability to understand variation in recruitment is limited by our poor understanding of
one key component of recruitment, post-settlement mortality. I will take several common, economically important,
marine invertebrates, and determine how strongly post-settlement mortality affects overall recruitment. By looking
at several species, I will be able to identify general patterns applicable to a wider range of species.



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DP0772057         Ms ML Moir; Dr PA Vesk; A/Prof LA Hughes; Dr DA Keith

Approved          Predicting co-extinction risk of invertebrates on endangered plants
Project Title

2007 :            $80,000
2008 :            $80,000
2009 :            $80,000

 Administering Organisation The University of Melbourne
 Project Summary
 Co-extinction occurs when a dependent species goes extinct with the loss of its host species. A recent overseas
 modelling study suggested losses to global biodiversity through this mechanism may be high, but only when a
large number of hosts are extinguished. However, estimates were constrained because there are no datasets with
 insects sampled from endangered plants. Thus, the accuracy of the estimates remains unknown, particularly for
 Australian insects. This project will provide the most accurate estimate to date by sampling endangered plants and
 identify management strategies for sustaining viable populations of endangered insects, thereby conserving
 Australia's biodiversity.


The University of New England
DP0769961         Dr NR Andrew; A/Prof MA McGeoch

Approved          Ecology of insect herbivore assemblages: influence of climate, evolutionary history and
Project Title     plant traits

2007 :            $90,000
2008 :            $88,000
2009 :            $78,000

Administering Organisation The University of New England
Project Summary
The results from this project will be a key reference when assessing future impacts of human-induced impacts on
natural communities. Our research will provide insights into the impacts of climate change on herbivorous insects
associated with Acacia: the dominant plant genus in the major climatic zones of Australia. Results and conclusions
from this research will aid land-holders, government agencies and other parties in determining how important
Acacia-dominated ecosystems are in conserving insect biodiversity in a range of different habitats within regional
and rural Australia. Our research will also aid in a better understanding of biocontrol agents of Australian Acacia
pest species here and overseas.


The University of New South Wales
DP0770660         Dr S Hand; Prof M Archer

Approved          Unravelling the last great Gondwanan mystery: the first land vertebrate fauna from the
Project Title     Tertiary of New Zealand

2007 :            $182,902
2008 :            $171,000
2009 :            $160,000

Administering Organisation The University of New South Wales
Project Summary
This project will dramatically increase knowledge about Australia's and New Zealand's shared biodiversity and the
history of trans-Tasman dispersals. By comparing Australian and New Zealand fossil records, it will be possible to
assess the speed at which evolving vertebrates of one landmass invade another, as well as the biotic
consequences of such events, and provide data important for predicting and responding to future
potentially-damaging events of this kind. Developing understanding about the timing and intensity of antipodean
faunal response to past climate change will improve ability to anticipate and manage processes that threaten
ecosystem resilience in both lands.



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DP0772577          Dr SP Lailvaux

Approved           Exposing genetic quality: whole-organism performance and life-history trade-offs under
Project Title      genetic and phenotypic stress in the field cricket Teleogryllus commodus

2007 :              $85,000
2008 :              $85,000
2009 :              $85,000
 APD                          Dr SP Lailvaux
Administering Organisation The University of New South Wales
Project Summary
This project will provide fundamental knowledge by answering several important evolutionary questions concerning
the relationship between performance and reproductive fitness, and in doing so will pave the way for future
integration between traditionally separate disciplines. If funded, the project will enhance Australia's reputation for
integrative evolutionary research, and will contribute to the training of young scientists in this and related areas.
Finally, the proposed work will provide important information to conservationists and animal breeders on the
potential effects of inbreeding, and on factors affecting the spread of invasive species.


DP0774587          Dr AA Maklakov

Approved           The role of sexual conflict in the evolution of lifespan and ageing
Project Title

 2007 :            $80,000
 2008 :            $80,000
 2009 :            $80,000
  APD                         Dr AA Maklakov
 Administering Organisation The University of New South Wales
 Project Summary
 Despite the central importance of ageing in our own lives, our understanding of the evolution of ageing is still
 incomplete. Reproductive interests of males and females often diverge, resulting in sexual conflict which may in
turn drive the evolution of rapid ageing. I will use experimental evolution to investigate the role of sexual conflict in
the evolution of age-specific mortality, reproductive ageing and lifespan in the seed beetle Callosobruchus
maculates. This study will reveal the role of sexual interactions and reproduction in the ageing process and result in
the development of important new resources for resolving the genetic basis of deteriorative ageing.


DP0770889          Dr SR Pryke

Approved           Alternative life-history strategies in the evolution of colour polymorphism
Project Title

 2007 :             $150,000
 2008 :             $145,000
 2009 :             $127,000
 APD                           Dr SR Pryke
 Administering Organisation The University of New South Wales
 Project Summary
 Theoreticians have long recognised the value of colour polymorphic systems for providing a window into the
 evolution of genetic diversity, adaptations and even speciation. However, few species display appropriate discrete
 polymorphisms, and as such, there is little empirical evidence to support these ideas. Using a series of innovative
 experiments and a unique bird displaying three discrete head colours, I will test these theories, producing results
 which will have a major international impact. Understanding the interaction of environmental and genetic diversity
in the highly endangered Gouldian finch also offers an opportunity to provide insight into how declining wild
 populations can be effectively managed.




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DP0774080          Dr AF Russell

Approved           Quantifying the costs and benefits of cooperative behaviour in birds: An experimental
Project Title      test of the group augmentation hypothesis

2007 :            $90,000
2008 :            $88,000
2009 :            $85,000

Administering Organisation The University of New South Wales
Project Summary
Cooperation is seen as a hallmark of human evolution, but is common throughout the animal kingdom. Indeed, our
greatest appreciation of the factors associated with family living and cooperation comes from animal research. My
project uses novel approaches to address questions about the role of kinship and energetic costs of cooperation in
the evolution of cooperation and family living. My study species is a highly charismatic, desert-living cooperative
Australian bird, the chestnut-crowned babbler. This study will add significantly to our understanding of the evolution
of social behaviour and the extended family. The results will be of international significance and make an impact in
scientific journals and through the media


The University of Queensland
DP0772644          A/Prof HI McCallum

Approved           Network structure, connectivity and wildlife disease
Project Title

2007 :            $70,000
2008 :            $70,000
2009 :            $70,000

Administering Organisation The University of Queensland
Project Summary
Emerging infectious diseases of wildlife pose threats to human health (75% of human emerging diseases are
zoonotic). They also threaten biodiversity and livestock. Changes in connectivity between wildlife individuals and
populations are occurring because of human activities, including globalisation, climate change and habitat
destruction. Understanding how these changes in connectivity affect wildlife disease dynamics is crucial for the
development of better strategies to manage their impacts. The project will also build Australia's wider capacity to
manage outbreaks of infectious diseases.


The University of Sydney
DP0773754          Prof CR Dickman; Dr GM Wardle

Approved           Biodiversity enhancement in arid Australia: the importance of micro-refugia and biotic
Project Title      interactions

2007 :            $90,000
2008 :            $88,000
2009 :            $85,000

Administering Organisation The University of Sydney
Project Summary
This project will dramatically increase our understanding of the factors that influence the biodiversity of Australia's
deserts, and thus improve our ability to manage these iconic landscapes for both conservation and production
needs. It will attract attention from the international community by helping to resolve contentious theoretical debate
about the function of refuge habitats, and how species interact with each other to influence overall diversity. It will
provide the longest time series of ecological data available for any Australian desert, and hence provide a key
resource for increasing community awareness and achieving sustainable management of biodiversity throughout
the continent's arid interior.




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DP0772418         Dr BL Phillips

Approved          Disperse or die: the evolution of dispersal ability in a changing climate.
Project Title

2007 :              $120,000
2008 :              $115,000
2009 :              $97,000
 APD                           Dr BL Phillips
Administering Organisation The University of Sydney
Project Summary
Whether or not climate change will affect a species depends upon the ability of ecological communities to track
climate change. Species that rapidly shift their range in response to climate change will not be unduly affected,
whereas species that are stuck in one place are at extreme risk from a changing climate (they must either adapt, or
perish). We need, therefore, a firm understanding of how, and how rapidly, species shift their range. This project
will develop a universal framework within which to model species' responses to climate change. As such, the
project will contribute greatly to how we plan for, and manage, the effects of climate change.


DP0770296         Prof R Shine

Approved          Toad vs Toad: Innovative approaches to understand and control an invasive species
Project Title

2007 :            $233,000
2008 :            $218,000
2009 :            $220,000
2010 :            $208,000

Administering Organisation The University of Sydney
Project Summary
Understanding the ecology of an invasive pest species can be a powerful tool for developing control methods.
Cane toads pose a major threat to Australian native species, and are spreading increasingly rapidly through the
Australian tropics. Unfortunately, we still know very little about the biology of invasion-front populations of toads.
This project will provide that understanding, and will explore new ideas about ways to control toad populations. For
example, if we can reduce the survival of feral animals by increasing the intensity of competition within their own
popualtions rather than relying on effects of other species, we may be able to use the toads to control their own
populations.


The University of Western Australia
DP0770050         Dr BC Baer

Approved          Sex, Sperm and Society. Insights into the evolutionary potential of sexual conflict in
Project Title     insects: a fundamental question in evolutionary biology

 2007 :              $178,000
 2008 :              $167,000
 2009 :              $165,000
 2010 :              $165,000
 2011 :              $165,000
 QEII                          Dr BC Baer
 Administering Organisation The University of Western Australia
 Project Summary
 Social insects are biologically and economically important species. Honeybees or stingless bees are used for crop
 pollination and honey production and invasive ants or termites are severe pest species causing economic damage.
 Part of the biological success of social insects is based on the capability to produce colonies with many workers
 although colonies typically contain only one or very few reproductives. Consequently, colony success is bound to
 queen fertility and studying social insect reproduction can therefore optimize breeding regimes of species of
interest or offer new possibilities to control pest species. Detailed information on sperm form and function will
provide pioneering insights into the complexity of sexual reproduction.



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DP0772498           Dr JP Evans; Dr F Garcia-Gonzalez

Approved            Sources of genetic and phenotypic variation in sexual selection
Project Title

2007 :             $117,841
2008 :             $110,000
2009 :             $113,000

Administering Organisation The University of Western Australia
Project Summary
This project will contribute towards Australia's reputation as a country where excellent and original research in
evolutionary biology is conducted. The project will focus on the evolution of mate choice in the Western Australian
rainbowfish, which has never been formally studied. Our research will therefore work towards a better
understanding of Australian native fauna. Conceptually, the work encompasses new and innovative experimental
procedures that will address fundamental questions in sexual selection. The results will ultimately be geared
towards publication in the highest ranking journals, thereby promoting Australian science on the international
stage. Australian science will further benefit from the training of young scientists.


DP0771680           Prof LW Simmons

Approved            Sperm Competition and Sexual Selection: answering fundamental questions in
Project Title       evolutionary biology

2007 :             $136,272
2008 :             $100,000
2009 :             $95,000

 Administering Organisation The University of Western Australia
 Project Summary
 This research will yield results that are at the cutting-edge in evolutionary biology, that will have a significant
 international impact, promoting the international profile of Australian science. The award will build on an existing
 world-class centre of excellence for research, and will train internationally competitive research scientists, adding
to Australia's scientific capabilities. The research centre's connections with local fertility clinics, and their work on
 human sperm quality, has the potential to inform those studying human fertility.


University of Tasmania
DP0773686           A/Prof BM Potts; Dr JM O'Reilly-Wapstra; Prof T Whitham

Approved            Impacts of Eucalypt genetics at the community and ecosystem levels
Project Title

2007 :             $130,000
2008 :             $125,000
2009 :             $120,000

Administering Organisation University of Tasmania
Project Summary
The genetics of a dominant tree species has recently been shown to have far reaching effects on associated
biodiversity and ecosystem processes. If this finding proves to be general and is shown to be the case for
Australia's iconic eucalypts then understanding their genetics will provide significant insights into the drivers of
biological organisation and ecological processes in Australia's native forests and woodlands. This will also have
major implications for the rapidly expanding environmental and forestry plantings across Australia where choice of
seed source may have far reaching consequences.




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University of Wollongong
DP0772215          Dr D Stuart-Fox

Approved           The evolution of female resistance to male reproductive traits in animals
Project Title

2007 :             $90,000
2008 :             $90,000
2009 :             $90,000
 APD                          Dr D Stuart-Fox
Administering Organisation University of Wollongong
Project Summary
Australia has an outstanding international reputation in the fields of Ecology and Evolution. This study will reinforce
Australia's excellence in these fields. Sexual conflict is a topic of great scientific interest because it has important
implications for evolutionary theory and our understanding of the diverse strategies that animals use to attract or
repel potential mates. Consequently, articles on this topic feature regularly in top international scientific journals. In
addition, research on the unique social behaviours of Australian animals holds general public interest and plays an
important role in attracting young people to careers in science.


2708         BIOTECHNOLOGY

RMIT University
DP0773893          Prof DM Stalker

Approved           Dissecting the Indigo Pathway in Natural Indigo Producing Plants: Intricate Pathway
Project Title      Engineering for the Generation of Blue-Fibre Cotton

2007 :             $90,000
2008 :             $88,000
2009 :             $85,000
Administering Organisation RMIT University
Project Summary
Australian cotton growers must maintain a sustained competitive advantage in the future to compete within the
global cotton market by commanding higher margins for specialty cotton lint over and above current revenues.
Development, via biotechnology, of naturally-colored, 'blue' lint cottons is the technical goal, where novel
environmentally-benign textile products could be produced without the use of toxic synthetic dyes or caustic dyeing
processes. Success will provide a unique opportunity to re-establish an Australian cotton/textile industry by
allowing direct participation in the development, branding and marketing of novel Australian textile products,
generating potential revenue upwards of $10B/year.


The University of Queensland
DP0772404          Dr EM Gillam; Prof DL Ollis

Approved           Evolving enzymes to harness the clean energy reserves of nature
Project Title

2007 :             $90,000
2008 :             $88,000
2009 :             $85,000
Administering Organisation The University of Queensland
Project Summary
We want to improve enzymes that are used by nature to harness huge amounts of energy - the energy present in
glucose, one of the most abundant materials in the biosphere. The enzymes will be evolved to efficiently produce
biological power in a practically useable form rather than for the growth of the organisms from which they
originated. We will use this energy to drive the synthesis of chemicals of practical value, truly green chemistry. We
also seek to answer questions such as: how do proteins evolve, how do enzymes work and how can biochemical
pathways be optimised for industrial processes? This information will be of fundamental benefit for the use of
enzymes in green chemistry, providing cleaner ways to produce important chemicals.

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2799         OTHER BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES

Monash University
DP0772981          Dr J Beringer; A/Prof JM Hacker; Prof K Paw U; Dr BG Neininger; Dr LB Hutley

Approved           Patterns and processes of carbon and water budgets across northern Australian
Project Title      landscapes: From point to region

2007 :             $255,000
2008 :             $270,000
2009 :             $143,000

Administering Organisation Monash University
Project Summary
Quantifying carbon sources and sinks and understanding the underlying processes are pre-requisites to informed
policy decisions, especially as nations seek to develop strategies to manage carbon emissions and sequestration.
Australia is unique because of its poor soils and high climate variability and is likely to have patterns and process
of carbon that are globally different. We focus on Australia's Top-End region, but will develop tools/methods that
can be applied to other important Australian hot-spots. This project will support the existing National Carbon
Accounting System by providing new information on processes and spatial variability and regional budgets of
carbon and water budgets that underpin our international commitments.


DP0772837          Dr PJ Sunnucks; Dr MR Kearney; Ms M Norgate; Dr W Porter

Approved           Understanding responses to climate change: a mechanistic approach integrating
Project Title      functional genetics, physiology and biophysical models for the Common brown butterfly

2007 :             $80,000
2008 :             $80,000
2009 :             $80,000

Administering Organisation Monash University
Project Summary
We will dissect the interaction between an Australian butterfly and changing climate. This will make significant
contributions to the national research priorities Responding to climate change and variability and Sustainable use
of Australia's biodiversity. We will address the known deficits in standard approaches to predicting futures for biota.
We will provide an Australian species in which the mechanisms of response to climate change are understood in
detail. Our outputs will be directly applicable to other butterflies: 19 threatened taxa in Australia. The novelty of our
approach will be of marked international interest, and will train Australian researchers in a new way of predicting
biological impacts of climate change.


Southern Cross University
DP0773868          Dr JF Parr

Approved           Enhancing long-term soil organic carbon sequestration
Project Title

2007 :              $85,000
2008 :              $85,000
2009 :              $85,000
 APD                          Dr JF Parr
Administering Organisation Southern Cross University
Project Summary
This project addresses National Research Priority One areas, restoration of land surfaces through sustainable land
management practices and sequestration of carbon. The resulting data will be transferable to domestic and
international sustainable agricultural and land rehabilitation applications. The project specifically addresses an area
of global significance, the long-term, millennia rather than short-term sequestration of terrestrial carbon. There will
be spin-off benefits including the provision of a formula for sustainable agriculture resources and localised
employment opportunities, educational and financial incentives for farmers to improve on-farm soil health as well
as health benefits from the reduction of atmospheric CO2.

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The University of Queensland

DP0769983          Prof B Martinac; Dr BA Corry; Dr PJ Rigby; Prof E Perozo; Prof K Schulten; Dr SL Grage; A/Prof
                   OP Hamill; Dr E Honore
Approved           Force from lipids: the role of the lipid bilayer in mechanosensory transduction
Project Title

 2007 :               $350,000
 2008 :               $325,000
 2009 :               $325,000
 2010 :               $329,821
 2011 :               $234,165
 ARF                             Dr BA Corry
 APF                             Prof B Martinac
 Administering Organisation The University of Queensland
 Project Summary
 The proposed research will significantly contribute to a better understanding of the wide range of physiological
 processes underlying mechanosensory transduction in living cells. The direct benefit for Australian science
consists of: (i) strengthening international links with leading overseas laboratories, and (ii) accessing the
state-of-the-art expertise not available in Australia. The acquired knowledge will aid in developing and designing
artificial tactile sensors inspired by their biological models studied in this project. Long-term, the project is expected
to make an original contribution towards developing new technologies and novel medical applications, both of
which promise to be of great national benefit.


University of Tasmania
DP0770910          A/Prof MA Hindell; Dr PN Trathan

Approved           Winter Foraging Locations Of Southern Ocean Predators In Relation To Stochastic
Project Title      Variation In Sea-Ice Extent

2007 :             $90,000
2008 :             $88,000
2009 :             $85,000

 Administering Organisation University of Tasmania
 Project Summary
 Antarctic marine communities are likely to be amongst the first anywhere to show changes due to climate change.
A top national priority for Australia is to understand how Antarctic communities will be affected if climate change
does occur. As predators reflect changes occurring lower in the food chain, these are an important group to study.
This study will be the first to specifically link ice extent with the habitat use of predators, and quantify how this
varies over time. Some work already indicates that there have been community level changes in some predators in
the Antarctic due to changes in ice extent, so developing tools to predict the nature and magnitude of these
changes are needed.


DP0772319          Dr MJ Hovenden; Dr PC Newton; Dr M Rillig; Dr E Pendall

Approved           Ecosystem level impacts of climate change on a temperate grassland
Project Title

2007 :             $90,000
2008 :             $88,000

Administering Organisation University of Tasmania
Project Summary
The sustainable use of temperate native pastures is important economically because of grazing and for biodiversity
since they are home to many threatened plants. Native pasture sustainability depends on maintaining species
diversity and vegetation productivity, both of which have been shown to change in response to climate change.
The aims of this project are to elucidate what impact these changes have on the ecosystem properties of a native
pasture. This is important, as it will allow likely problems caused by global climate change to be predicted by
increasing the understanding of the underlying mechanisms as well as improving the management of grasslands in
an environmentally sustainable way.

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2801         INFORMATION SYSTEMS

Deakin University
DP0773264          Prof W Zhou; Mr Y Xiang

Approved           Development of methods to address internet crime
Project Title

2007 :             $74,000
2008 :             $74,000
2009 :             $74,000

Administering Organisation Deakin University
Project Summary
If this research accomplishes successfully, it will be a big step forward in terms of traceback scope, accuracy,
usability and deployment. This will empower authorities to control and punish Internet crimes more effectively and
efficiently. It will also limit the damage caused by Internet crimes quickly. For example, if we can quickly identify the
origins of a fast spreading virus, we will be able to prevent its propagation as fast as possible. If we can quickly
identify and block a harmful phishing site, then less innocent people will be deceived into disclosing their credit
card numbers, bank account information, passwords or other sensitive information.


Edith Cowan University
DP0772878          Prof PE Love; Dr C Standing; Prof Z Irani

Approved           Dynamic Life Cycle Evaluation of Customer Relationship Management Systems
Project Title

2007 :             $63,779
2008 :             $54,979
2009 :             $61,259

Administering Organisation Edith Cowan University
Project Summary
Striving to become a knowledge based nation is dependent upon effective adoption, diffusion and implementation
of information and communication technology thoughout the business community. This research will produce a
dynamic model that can be used to evaluate enterprise wide applications such as electronic Customer Relationship
Management (CRM) so that managers can examine the impact of new tehnology on business processes. In
addition, the research will provide managers wit the foundation of knowledge needed to guide and support their
decision-making when implementing new technology.


Macquarie University
DP0771612          A/Prof J Yang; Prof MP Papazoglou

Approved           A Formal Framework for Developing and Managing Adaptable Service Oriented Business
Project Title      Collaboration

2007 :             $75,000
2008 :             $70,000
2009 :             $65,000

Administering Organisation Macquarie University
Project Summary
Business collaboration and integration is at the heart of ICT objectives and initiatives global wide. The project aims
to be of unique value to Australian industry and provide a means to achieve excellence in the field of research that
promises to shape the future of e-business technology. The research conducted within this project will position
Australia as one of the leaders in the business collaboration area. The project outcomes in the form of framework,
formal models and specifications will provide generic solutions that are applicable to many Australian and
international companies involved in business process development and management in particular and e-business
technologies in general.
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Monash University
DP0773532          Dr TG Dwyer

Approved           Constrained numerical optimisation techniques for automatic graph drawing
Project Title

2007 :             $58,728
2008 :             $58,728
2009 :             $58,728

Administering Organisation Monash University
Project Summary
Network visualisation (graph drawing) is an enabling technology that is valuable to many important Australian
interests. This project aims to develop new techniques that are more easily adapted to specific applications than
current methods. There are a range of benefits in developing this technology including but not limited to: improved
mapping of terrorist networks that can aid early identification of security threats; improved design and analysis of
communication networks, either for the telecommunications industry or for emergency and disaster management
scenarios such as bushfires; improved access to biological network databases used in the study of metabolic
processes critical to drug development and genetic research.


DP0770359          Prof DG Green

Approved           Emergence of robust, stable structures via computation within natural networks
Project Title

2007 :             $180,856
2008 :             $165,856
2009 :             $165,206
2010 :             $81,754
2011 :             $84,633

Administering Organisation Monash University
Project Summary
An ever-increasing challenge for modern society is the sheer complexity of vast infrastructures. Unexpected, and
sometimes catastrophic, behaviour often emerges from interactions between elements of large systems. As a
result, highly complex systems such as the Internet, international finance markets, and power grids are highly
susceptible to costly problems such as cascading failures, inefficiency, and critical sensitivity. High-tech industries,
such as biotechnology and information networking, also face problems in coordinating swarms of interacting
agents. This project will contribute to solving such problems by identifying and adapting solutions from nature.


DP0773563          Prof RA Weber; Dr SK Milton

Approved           Improving the Effectiveness of Conceptual Model Validation Work
Project Title

2007 :             $58,000
2008 :             $56,000
2009 :             $48,000

 Administering Organisation Monash University
 Project Summary
 Errors or omissions in conceptual models often lead to significant problems when information systems are being
 built. Prior research has shown the cost of fixing the consequences of such errors or omissions grows
exponentially as a function of how late they are discovered. Thus, significant economic benefits arise if they are
identified early in the system development process. The project outcomes will facilitate early prevention and
detection of errors of omissions in conceptual models. They will also contribute to attainment of the national priority
goal of smart information use through improved data management.




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Queensland University of Technology
DP0773341          Prof PD Bruza; Prof KC Van Rijsbergen; Prof S Malin

Approved           The Quantum Mechanics of Semantic Space
Project Title

2007 :            $85,000
2008 :            $80,000
2009 :            $75,000

 Administering Organisation Queensland University of Technology
 Project Summary
 Quantum mechanics (QM) is a well known and successful theory from physics which has recently attracted quite
 some public interest. Quantum Mechanics is emerging out of physics and permeating into other areas, for
example, information retrieval, human language and cognition. This offers tantalizing possibilities and bizarre
implications, some of which, if realized, can lead to genuine breakthroughs in producing information technology to
enhance human awareness in increasingly complex information environments. Through this project, Australia has
the possibility to be at the forefront and have a hand in determining such developments.


The University of Melbourne
DP0772078          Prof AM Moffat; Prof J Zobel

Approved           Methodologies for Designing and Evaluating Information Retrieval Experiments
Project Title

2007 :            $145,000
2008 :            $152,000
2009 :            $146,000
2010 :            $113,000

Administering Organisation The University of Melbourne
Project Summary
Australian researchers have been highly successful in the area of information searching for more than two
decades. This project will reinforce that position. By developing better measures of how retrieval systems such as
web search engines perform, we will be able to advise the providers of such services on how to structure software
so as to maximize the utility gained by their customers. Targeted access to the right information is a goal of all
organizations, regardless of their type, and improved methodologies for conducting information retrieval
experiments will have widespread and tangible benefits. The techniques developed will also be applicable in fields
such as document categorization, text summarization, and machine learning.


DP0771805          Dr PB Seddon; Ms SK Cullen; Prof LP Willcocks

Approved           Managing IT Service Provision and Sourcing in Australia, 2010-2019
Project Title

2007 :            $118,540
2008 :            $98,540
2009 :            $83,540

 Administering Organisation The University of Melbourne
 Project Summary
 Commoditization of IT and increasing globalization mean that the best ways to organize IT service provision in
 Australian organizations are changing rapidly. By studying the way IT is managed in 12 large Australian
 organizations over three years (2007-9), the primary benefit expected for this study is that we will be able to offer
 sound advice to Australian Chief Information Officers on the best ways to structure and manage IT service
provision in Australian organizations. As a secondary benefit, we will be able to offer advice to students, on careers
in IT, and to Information Systems Departments in Australian universities, on desirable curriculum content for the
next decade.



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DP0771504         Mr R Sinha

Approved          Efficient Algorithms for In-memory Sorting, Searching and Indexing on Modern Multi-core
Project Title     Cache-based and Graphics Processor Architectures

2007 :             $82,030
2008 :             $82,030
2009 :             $82,030
 APD                          Mr R Sinha
Administering Organisation The University of Melbourne
Project Summary
This project clearly belongs to one of the national research priority
goals, Smart Information Use. The copy-based techniques and work on sorting and searching will considerably
impact the development of in-memory algorithms in cutting-edge computer architectures. Efficient suffix trees and
suffix sorting have myriad applications in string-processing and will be of high interest to bioinformatics companies.
The sortdex project will develop novel algorithms that will be used by enterprise search engine companies to
develop applications for libraries and organisations dealing with large databases. Algorithms using the graphics
processor as a co-processor have important applications in the high-growth field of computer graphics and games.


The University of New South Wales
DP0770523         Dr C Chou; Dr S Kanhere; Dr N Bulusu

Approved          Participatory Wireless Sensor Networks
Project Title

2007 :            $58,000
2008 :            $58,000
2009 :            $56,000

 Administering Organisation The University of New South Wales
 Project Summary
 The investment in the Participatory Wireless Sensor Netwok (PWSN) research will ensure that Australia stays in
the forefront of this innovative and disruptive technology. Since the PWSN concept leverages on the existing
 communication and sensing infrastructure, the entry cost for developing new business opportunities on it is low.
 There are ample opportunities for local companies (e.g. Internet service providers, mobile phone carriers and
 wireless service providers) and start-up companies to create innovative services on PWSN for both the Australian
 and overseas markets.


DP0772487         Dr F Magrabi

Approved          Engineering safe decision support systems for healthcare
Project Title

2007 :            $74,887
2008 :            $82,521
2009 :            $85,781

Administering Organisation The University of New South Wales
Project Summary
System safety is critical to the success of large-scale computerisation being undertaken to improve the quality of
health services delivery worldwide. The research program will develop innovative tools and methods to improve the
safety of clinical information systems. The focus on electronic prescribing systems will ensure that the outcomes of
this research will have immediate impact on reducing medication errors which are a significant public health issue
both nationally and internationally.




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The University of Queensland
DP0773122          Prof ME Orlowska; Dr S Sadiq

Approved           Approaching the limits in Data Quality Management
Project Title

2007 :             $128,531
2008 :             $105,000
2009 :             $90,000

 Administering Organisation The University of Queensland
 Project Summary
 The impact of data quality has acquired new heights in the current climate of global information systems, triggering
 the attention of researchers and software vendors. However, some fundamental questions are neglected in current
 solutions, allowing us to avail an opportunity to promote Australia's capability in developing cutting edge
 technologies that have the capacity to make dramatic impact on success of technology solutions. Focus on
 exploring the limitations and providing a grounded understanding of data quality management has potential to
 significantly add to Australia's research profile. The project will also provide a conducive environment for students
to gain high quality research experience.


DP0773483          Dr HT Shen

Approved           PreferPeer: Towards Efficient Location-aware Preference Search in Mobile Peer-to-Peer
Project Title      Databases

2007 :             $56,000
2008 :             $56,000
2009 :             $56,000

Administering Organisation The University of Queensland
Project Summary
Our research is right in the forefront of ICT research, leading the international effort of extending database
technologies to support data management and query processing in very large scale highly mobile data. The
proposed PreferPeer stands to open up major research directions in mobile point-to-point computing. Advances in
this project will bring significant economic and social benefits to Australia. The research outcome of this project will
directly benefit the following sectors: telecommunications, transportation, supply chain management, logistics,
mobile computing, mobile e-commerce and marketing, air traffic control, defence, and so on, where efficient
access to large amounts of highly mobile and distributed information is vital.


University of Southern Queensland
DP0774450          Dr J Li; Dr H Wang

Approved           Privacy preserving data sharing in data mining environments
Project Title

2007 :             $60,000
2008 :             $55,000
2009 :             $50,000

Administering Organisation University of Southern Queensland
Project Summary
Preserving privacy in data mining among various enterprises and organisations is essential for many real world
applications in areas like health surveillance, business analysis, fraud detection and terror protection. Efficient and
effective techniques are badly needed to protect privacy in data sharing and data mining. The developed
cutting-edge techniques in this project will be implemented in freely available open source software tools,
empowering Australian organisations to utilise the techniques to develop intelligent systems in data sharing
environments. These techniques will ultimately lead to better utilisation of the information available in many
enterprises and organisations.



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University of Technology, Sydney
DP0773412          Dr L Cao

Approved           Domain-Driven Actionable Link Discovery
Project Title

2007 :             $75,000
2008 :             $75,000
2009 :             $75,000

 Administering Organisation University of Technology, Sydney
 Project Summary
 Driven by emergent data mining applications such as detecting terrorist and distributed fraudulent activities, this
 project will deliver effective techniques and algorithms for discovering isolated yet important links dispersed across
 related enterprise information systems. The outcomes will enable Australia to play a significant role in the new link
 discovery area. They will empower Australian organizations with powerful data mining capabilities to deal with
 critical cross-organization problems, for instance, counter-terrorism, cross-market surveillance, auditing
surveillance and social network analysis. They will enhance Australian social security, compliance and life quality
through smart information use.


DP0773136          A/Prof RJ Steele

Approved           An Innovative Framework and Techniques for Trusted Mobile Interaction
Project Title

2007 :             $30,118
2008 :             $30,618
2009 :             $22,618

Administering Organisation University of Technology, Sydney
Project Summary
Emerging mobile applications such as mobile commerce, location-based services and wireless sensor networks
promise to have an enormous impact in business, society, health and defence and be the next technological wave.
However for successful real-world deployment, for reasons of privacy, safety and business efficacy users must be
able to have trusted interactions. This project will contribute to Australia's ICT innovation and international
competitiveness by developing dynamic, generic, scalable and extensible techniques for trusted mobile interaction.
Resulting benefits will be world-leading enabling technology facilitating the creation of novel mobile services and
products with potential productivity benefits and export opportunities.


University of Wollongong
DP0774168          Dr M Hagenbuchner; Prof M Gori; Prof A Tsoi; Prof A Sperduti

Approved           Investigations into Distributed Information Processing of the World Wide Web:
Project Title      Addressing Major Bottlenecks in Search Engine Design

2007 :             $130,841
2008 :             $95,348
2009 :             $85,294

Administering Organisation University of Wollongong
Project Summary
The Internet is a global medium used increasingly for commercial purposes. Nationally provided commercial
services and products, as well as general types of information are made available globally via the Internet. Web
search engines are the only method by which a common user can find a relevant service or information on the
Internet. The sheer size and the dynamics of the Internet pose a significant challenge to search engines. This
project proposes to address some major bottlenecks in search engine design (viz. the page rank computation).
This may help future search engines to maintain a good level of Web penetration and, consequently will help to
ensure a suitable coverage of nationally available services and information to the world.



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2802          ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE AND SIGNAL AND IMAGE PROCESSING

Curtin University of Technology
DP0771132           Prof S Venkatesh; Dr BD Adams; Dr DQ Phung

Approved            Taming media for the masses: Computational frameworks for intelligent digital media
Project Title       capture, management, and sharing

2007 :             $125,000
2008 :             $120,000
2009 :             $115,000

 Administering Organisation Curtin University of Technology
 Project Summary
 The core issues tackled in this project are learning, recognition and application of semantics in multimedia data
and the context of its creation and use - a foundational issue in pattern recognition with many applications. The
project is part of the Institute for Multi-sensor Processing and Content Analysis whose aim is to tackle technical
issues in large scale pattern recognition. By developing scalable and robust techniques to extract information from
large scale multi-modal data, the applications include large scale surveillance systems from multi-modal data (e.g.
airport security, smart homes for the aged), context-aware devices, and the next generation of media creation and
 repurposing tools - a fast-growing sector of the economy.


Deakin University
DP0773446           Dr Y Xiang; Dr VK Nguyen

Approved            Blind Signal Separation from Unidentifiable Systems
Project Title

2007 :             $50,369
2008 :             $50,369
2009 :             $50,369

Administering Organisation Deakin University
Project Summary
This project will contribute to the designated national research priority goal on frontier Information and
Communications Technology. The outcomes of the project will advance the theory of signal processing and enable
performance improvement of a wide range of hi-tech applications. This project will enhance Australia's research
reputation and competitiveness, promote the understanding and applications of advanced signal processing
techniques in local industries, and provide excellent training opportunity for PhD and Honours students.


Griffith University
DP0773266           Prof KK Paliwal; Dr S So

Approved            Fixed and variable-length segment vocoders for very low bitrate speech coding
Project Title

2007 :             $64,000
2008 :             $62,000
2009 :             $60,000

 Administering Organisation Griffith University
 Project Summary
 Reliable and secure voice communication is an important aspect of military and defence operations. In order to
 reduce the possibility of interception, low power transmitters are normally used for radio communications, where
the bandwidth is often very low. Military voice communication, therefore, requires the coding of speech at very low
 bitrates. Our research proposal aims to develop speech coders that can operate at lower bitrates and reproduce
 speech of high quality and intelligibility. This is highly beneficial to the defence forces of Australia as it will permit
 the use of high-grade encryption technology to improve the security of transmission.

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Monash University
DP0771183          Dr SE Boyd

Approved           Computational techniques for protease research
Project Title

2007 :              $87,000
2008 :              $82,000
2009 :              $80,000
 APD                           Dr SE Boyd
Administering Organisation Monash University
Project Summary
Protease research is an area of intensive research in Australia. Correctly assessing the mechanisms of protease
function is crucial not only for improving our health through medical research and drug development, but also to
multiple national areas of research and development, including biotechnology, agriculture, and industries such as
the dairy industry. This project will develop innovative computational techniques to advance understanding of how
proteases function by redressing a common research assumption that can significantly affect the accuracy of
protease function prediction. The outcomes will improve fundamental research into proteases, and enable
improved research and development in the many fields that rely on protease work.


DP0774617          Prof A Tsoi; Dr M Hagenbuchner; Prof M Gori; Prof F Scarselli

Approved           Data structures which change with time, a machine learning approach
Project Title

2007 :            $140,000
2008 :            $135,000
2009 :            $130,000

 Administering Organisation Monash University
 Project Summary
 Visibility of web pages, based on page importance, on the Internet controls their accessibility by users which is
 critical for e-Commerce applications. The page importance depends on its contents and its link structure to other
 web pages, both of which can be time varying. This project proposes a novel model in which time varying aspects
of the changes to contents and their link structures are captured, thus allowing us a better understanding of how
these influence the page importance over time. It will also allow us insight on how to improve the visibility of web
pages.


DP0772238          Prof GI Webb

Approved           Discovering justified knowledge from data
Project Title

2007 :            $114,442
2008 :            $124,000
2009 :            $108,000
2010 :            $59,000

Administering Organisation Monash University
Project Summary
Knowledge discovery from data has assumed a critical role in numerous areas of science, commerce and public
administration. However, its effectiveness is limited by the undesirable propensity of current techniques to make
many false, as well as real, discoveries. This research will rectify that problem, a critical outcome given the
potential cost of making decisions or setting policy using flawed information. For example, it may prevent the
adoption of ineffective strategies for addressing land degradation; inappropriately targeted public health
expenditure; expensive development and clinical trialing of drugs which prove ineffective; and wasted police and
security investigations into unfounded suspicions of criminal or terrorist activity.




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DP0770741          Dr Y Yang

Approved           Learning Semi-Naive Bayesian Classifiers from Numeric Data
Project Title

2007 :             $60,332
2008 :             $62,461
2009 :             $64,585

 Administering Organisation Monash University
 Project Summary
 This project addresses research priority 3, offering frontier technologies. It will deliver better and faster
classification technologies that greatly help accomplish many real-world tasks including medical diagnosis, fraud
detection, spam filtering and webpage search, where accurate and fast classification is critical to save life, increase
efficiency, reduce crime and conserve resources. Hence this project addresses priority 4 as well, better
safeguarding Australia from disease and crime. This project will also support a young research group of
international standing. It will train the involved researchers to attain a high level of proficiency and excellence in
machine learning research and development.


National ICT Australia
DP0774118          Dr AA Robles Kelly

Approved           Spectral Mutli-camera Tracking
Project Title

2007 :              $77,030
2008 :              $77,030
2009 :              $77,030
 APD                          Dr AA Robles Kelly
Administering Organisation National ICT Australia
Project Summary
This proposal falls well within the Research Priorities: ``Frontier Technologies for Building and Transforming
Australian Industries'' and ``Safegaurding Australia''. This project, will have a direct impact in the capabilities of
Australian industries to develop and implement new, leading edge technology in ICT and sensing. The technology
developed throughout this project can be used to protect Australia, not only from terrorism and crime, but also from
pests and diseases. The potential for biosecurity applications is a great advantage of spectral imaging and makes
of this project an opportunity to track not only persons but also detect pests and diseases at strategic entry points
throughout Australia, such as ports and airports.


The Australian National University
DP0773761          Prof RI Hartley; Dr L Wang

Approved           Computer Vision Optimization Problems Using Machine Learning
Project Title

2007 :             $85,000
2008 :             $85,000
2009 :             $85,000
 APD                         Dr L Wang
Administering Organisation The Australian National University
Project Summary
Computer Vision concerns itself with understanding the world through the analysis of images obtained by a video
or still camera. An important application is tracking of people in video and modelling their movements. This has
evident applications in security, sport and entertainment. By enabling the computer to capture the motion of a
subject in a video, we may detect suspicious activity in security, analyze the motion (golf-swing, diving style) of a
sports-person, or capture the motion of an actor for animation or game applications. Development of a reliable
technology requires new optimization techniques, which will place Australia at the forefront of the application of
such research, commercially and for the public benefit.



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DP0773898         Prof RA Kennedy; Mrs P Sadeghi; Prof Dr P Rapajic

Approved          Model-Based Approach to Adaptive Channel Coding and Estimation for Future Wireless
Project Title     Communication Systems

2007 :            $110,000
2008 :            $105,000
2009 :            $100,000

Administering Organisation The Australian National University
Project Summary
The project aims to maximise capacity, data rate and user mobility in wireless communication systems and will
advance Australia's fundamental knowledge base in this field so that it stays at the forefront of international
research in mobile communications. The application of research outcomes by the Australian telecommunications
industry will improve the extent and quality of mobile networks, increasing network capacity and the number of
mobile phone subscribers in Australia. This project will also optimise the use of mobile network resources (such as
bandwidth and power) in next generation mobile networks, which in turn will result in faster and more reliable
services such as wireless Internet access for business and private use.


DP0773924         Prof JH Manton

Approved          Nonlinear Signal Processing: Optimisation and Tracking on Manifolds
Project Title

2007 :            $160,000
2008 :            $135,000
2009 :            $120,000

Administering Organisation The Australian National University
Project Summary
Most hi-tech electronic devices must process signals. A mobile phone, for example, must encode, transmit, decode
and receive voice signals. This project will use specialised mathematical theories applied in novel ways to
advance the theoretical foundations of signal processing and develop better signal processing algorithms for
practical applications. Companies with access to better signal processing algorithms have an edge over their
competitors, and consumers benefit too from better and more advanced products.


DP0774054         Prof RC Williamson; Dr AJ Smola; Prof Dr B Schoelkopf

Approved          Unifying Modern Approaches in Machine Learning
Project Title

2007 :            $81,993
2008 :            $91,000
2009 :            $91,000

Administering Organisation The Australian National University
Project Summary
The proposed research will lead to better algorithms for some important machine learning problems that could lead
to better tools for extracting useful knowledge from data such as in bioinformatics and sensor networks; it will
strengthen an international collaboration with one of the world's top centres of machine learning research; it will
contribute to an open source toolkit of machine learning algorithms which will put Australia on the map as a
provider of sophisticated machine learning software; it will provide training opportunities for several PhD students
and a postdoc to work with some of the best machine learning researchers in the world.




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The University of Adelaide
DP0770482         Prof MJ Brooks; Dr AR Dick

Approved          Automated acquisition of surveillance-camera network topology
Project Title

2007 :            $67,000
2008 :            $67,000
2009 :            $67,000

Administering Organisation The University of Adelaide
Project Summary
The development of an automated system for acquisition of camera network topology is a crucial prerequisite to
obtaining intelligent surveillance systems operating at the network level. Such systems will contribute improved
methods for safeguarding Australia from terrorism and crime by facilitating the tracking of suspicious individuals
and vehicles, and detecting anomalous behaviours in busy environments. The leading-edge techniques involved
will also constitute smart information use of significant commercial value to Australian industry.


The University of Melbourne
DP0770931         Dr TJ Baldwin; Prof I Zukerman; Prof EA Sonenberg; A/Prof S Bird; Dr SH Balbo

Approved          Personalised Content Delivery for Assisted Navigation of Information Rich, Physical
Project Title     Environments such as a Museum

2007 :            $110,000
2008 :            $110,000
2009 :            $105,000

 Administering Organisation The University of Melbourne
 Project Summary
 The research will yield improved international standing through scientific advances disseminated through high
 impact refereed publications and open source software. The collaborations within the project will make Melbourne
a hub for research in user modeling and language technology. This will attract post-graduate students in these
areas, and potentially commercialisation interest. The demonstration prototypes will provide proof of concept of
eventual applications that improve the capabilities of the environments in which we live. These applications, which
can be investigated by follow-up projects, will in turn encourage collaborations with Australian companies seeking
to build innovative software applications.


DP0771815         Dr AN Burkitt; Dr DB Grayden

Approved          Temporal Pattern Learning and Recognition in Neural Systems
Project Title

2007 :            $80,000
2008 :            $75,000
2009 :            $70,000

Administering Organisation The University of Melbourne
Project Summary
This project is relevant to the National Research Priority area of Frontier Technologies and addresses fundamental
cross-disciplinary issues of how neural systems learn patterns that change with time, which is at the cutting edge of
intelligent processing systems. Applications are in rapidly growing fields of automatic speech processing, robotics,
machine learning and intelligent systems, all with applications in areas of economic importance. Application to
cochlear implant speech processing will provide benefit for the hearing impaired. The project will provide students
with training at an international level within Australia, thus helping ensure Australia maintains and extends its
science and technology base into the future.




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The University of New South Wales
DP0774447          A/Prof DS Taubman; Dr V Sivaraman

Approved           A New Paradigm for the Representation and Distribution of High Dimensional Multimedia
Project Title      Content

2007 :            $85,000
2008 :            $80,000
2009 :            $75,000

Administering Organisation The University of New South Wales
Project Summary
The proposed project involves cutting edge research in a field of great international significance. The most obvious
benefits will be international acclaim and the potential to patent, develop and ultimately export technology and
systems for the distribution of high dimensional multimedia content. Outcomes from the project may support the
growth of surveillance and networking equipment industries within Australia. One application considered explicitly
within the project is the demonstration of a new surveillance oriented approach to both distance education and
pre-recorded educational content, based upon dense multimedia sampling and our proposed paradigm for efficient
distribution to interactive clients.


The University of Newcastle
DP0773584          Prof JS Jin; Dr S Luo; A/Prof U Schall

Approved           Automatic detection of the circle of Willis in neuro-images using multi-scale gradient
Project Title      calculation and knowledge-based genetic algorithms

2007 :            $72,000
2008 :            $70,000
2009 :            $68,000

Administering Organisation The University of Newcastle
Project Summary
Stroke is the third most common cause of death and a major contributor to long term disability in Australia. The
most efficient way of preventing stroke from happening is to detect related symptoms early. The group of cerebral
blood vessels that closely related to strokes is the circle of Willis (CoW). We build a system that can automatically
detect and quantify CoW in neuroimages, providing ways of preventing strokes from happening. The project will
enhance Australia¡¯s leading position in promoting and maintaining good health, especially in preventive
healthcare.


The University of Queensland
DP0773687          Dr UR Abeyratne; Dr C Hukins; Prof Y Kinouchi

Approved           Non-contact Instrumentation for the Home Monitoring of Upper Airway Obstructions in
Project Title      Sleep

2007 :            $52,000
2008 :            $52,000
2009 :            $27,000

Administering Organisation The University of Queensland
Project Summary
Over 800,000 Australians suffer from obstructive sleep apnoea costing billions of dollars annually to the nation.
Obstructive sleep apnoea patients use twice the health resources compared to a normal person, and 7 times more
likely to cause traffic accidents. In NSW alone up to 43000 accidents per year are due to obstructive sleep apnoea.
Obstructive sleep apnoea is treatable and thus consequences such as stroke and heart attacks are preventable. At
present over 90% patients remain undiagnosed. Current diagnosis is expensive and requires hospitalization; no
acceptable mass screening device exists. This project proposes an enabling technology for the population
screening of obstructive sleep apnoea based on analysing snoring sounds. Outcomes of the project have the
potential to revolutionize the diagnosis of obstructive sleep apnoea.

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The University of Sydney
DP0772004          Dr CT Jin; A/Prof IS Burnett

Approved           Beamforming with acoustic vector sensors for audio user interfaces
Project Title

2007 :             $95,000
2008 :             $92,000
2009 :             $90,000

Administering Organisation The University of Sydney
Project Summary
We aim to create new Audio User Interfaces (AUIs) for the automatic separation and annotation of audio from
complex sound scenes using acoustic vector sensor beamforming technology. Specifically, we will develop:
speech AUIs for noisy, multi-talker, reverberant environments; and sound transcription AUIs for the deaf.
Ultimately, users will be able to walk into a room, hold conversations and leave with a searchable,
automatically-generated transcript of the audio events, tagged with metadata. The application of these technologies
will create new possibilities for recording audio in the music, radio, TV industries, and future home based audio
communication systems.


The University of Western Australia
DP0771294          A/Prof M Bennamoun; Dr DQ Huynh; Prof RA Owens

Approved           Automated Determination of the Pose of a Human from Visual Information - Markerless
Project Title      3D Pose Recovery of Humans from Videos

2007 :             $92,000
2008 :             $85,000
2009 :             $80,000

Administering Organisation The University of Western Australia
Project Summary
The development of 3D human pose recovery has been sought by computer vision researchers for many years.
Our results will, firstly, have benefit for Australia's standing in the international computer vision community. Over
time, the research outcomes will be developed into a software product for rehabilitation analysis by recognizing
discrepancies between the walking patterns of healthy individuals and those with abnormalities as a result of
accidents or diseases. The Australian economy will benefit by the reduction in the lifetime cost of injuries. This
software will also provide benefits to the movie animation, computer games industry, and the training of athletes.


University of South Australia
DP0770747          Mr MD McDonnell

Approved           A lossy compression paradigm for sensory neural coding
Project Title

2007 :               $77,030
2008 :               $77,030
2009 :               $77,030
 APD                           Mr MD McDonnell
Administering Organisation University of South Australia
Project Summary
By applying new interdisciplinary theoretical results, this research aims to enhance our understanding of how the
ear turns sounds into electrical signals in the presence of high levels of random noise. Socio-economic benefits to
Australia include: (i) contributions to the knowledge base of theoretical neuroscience, and communications
systems, enhancing Australia's reputation for cutting-edge research; (ii) strengthening of European international
collaborations; (iii) outcomes that will ultimately impact on improved designs for bionic ears and future biomedical
prosthetics; and (iv) commercialisation and technology transfer opportunities, via the transfer of results to wireless
artificial sensor networks.


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DP0773658          A/Prof A Torokhti; Prof S Friedland; Prof GH Golub; A/Prof I Yamada

Approved            New perspectives on computing methods for mathematical signal processing
Project Title

2007 :             $64,000
2008 :             $62,000
2009 :             $60,000

Administering Organisation University of South Australia
Project Summary
This project determines how best to design computing methods for challenging demands in signal processing. The
expected conceptual & algorithmic advances will have significant repercussions in a number of fields including
optimal filtering theory and will contribute to applications ranging from bio-informatics to electrical engineering. The
new techniques will allow development of software that will benefit Australian industries and technologies. The
formation of a strong research team across four universities in Australia, USA and Japan will enhance our scientific
standing in the international community and will place Australian researchers at the forefront of world-class
research methods.


University of Southern Queensland
DP0774601          Dr JA Lopez

Approved           RadioGenes2: Modelling complex biomolecular interactions in radiated tumours:
Towards
Project Title      understanding the genesis of therapeutic radioresistance.

2007 :             $60,000
2008 :             $55,000
2009 :             $55,000

Administering Organisation University of Southern Queensland
Project Summary
About 45% of bladder cancer patients require radiotherapy or surgery. Radiotherapy has a failure rate of ~50%.
Surgery (bladder removal) diminishes quality of life considerably. Modelling complex gene interactions in radiated
cancer cells will provide crucial knowledge on the molecular genesis of radiotherapy-resistance of tumours. Our
findings will provide: (i) an accurate mathematical/computational model for diagnosing radiosensitivity; (ii) further
insights to be applied in the pharmaceutical sector such as the discovery of novel molecular targets that have the
potential to increase radiotherapy success ratios; (iii) a holistic modelling technique applicable to a larger diversity
of tumours.


University of Wollongong
DP0773879          Prof A Bouzerdoum; Prof M Amin; Dr S Phung

Approved           Advanced Processing for Through-the-Wall Radar Imaging
Project Title

2007 :             $137,236
2008 :             $121,197
2009 :             $115,920
2010 :             $105,542
2011 :             $105,542

Administering Organisation University of Wollongong
Project Summary
There is currently considerable interest around the world in imaging systems that can 'see' through-the-walls. This
project is at the cutting edge of through-the-wall radar imaging research and technology. It will benefit both the
defence and security industries, and position Australia among the leading countries in this technology, as only a
handful of research teams around the world have the necessary background and expertise in this area. The
research outcomes will enhance the capability of the military, law enforcement, counter-terrorism, and search and
rescue personnel. It will play a vital role in protecting and safeguarding Australia from terrorism and crime.

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2803         COMPUTER SOFTWARE

Monash University
DP0773741          Prof DA Abramson

 Approved            A Unified Grid Programming Methodology for Global e-Science
 Project Title
 2007 :              $179,367
 2008 :              $159,367
 2009 :              $149,367
 2010 :              $199,821
 2011 :              $199,821
 APF                            Prof DA Abramson
 Administering Organisation Monash University
 Project Summary
 This project will contribute to the national benefit in three important ways. First, we will build a set of novel
e-Science applications as demonstrator projects in areas of national priority. These will have enormous economic
impact in areas ranging from environmental management to health. Second, we will build software infrastructure
that will have both commercial and strategic value in its own right. Third, we shall build a critical mass of expertise
that bridges the physical sciences and computer science. The support provided to this proposal will allow
 multi-disciplinary teams to address scientific problems of significant scale.


Swinburne University of Technology
DP0771733          Prof TY Chen; Dr MF Lau
Approved           Metamorphic Testing: An In-Depth Study to Enhance the Failure-Detection Capability of
Project Title      Software Testing Without an Oracle

2007 :            $108,852
2008 :            $113,348
2009 :            $103,348
2010 :            $93,348
2011 :            $93,348
Administering Organisation Swinburne University of Technology
Project Summary
Nowadays, software is pervasive and ubiquitous. It plays a significant role in the daily lives of all kinds of people.
The Australian software industry has bloomed in recent years. Our research results will improve the
cost-effectiveness of software development, thereby upgrading the nation's software productivity and quality.
These factors are conducive to the export of software produced by Australians and helpful in raising our nation's
competitive advantage towards the goal of becoming a leading nation in the software industry among Asia-Pacific
countries.


The University of Melbourne
DP0774029          Dr R Buyya
Approved           Quality of Service-based Scheduling of e-Research Application Workflows on Global
Project Title      Grids

2007 :             $113,000
2008 :             $106,000
2009 :             $100,000
Administering Organisation The University of Melbourne
Project Summary
e-Research has the potential to offer Australia significant economic and social benefits as it enables researchers
from different disciplines and organisations to engage in collaborative scientific investigation. In e-Research
environments, users need to have secure access to remote resources owned by different organisations. Since
these resources are not directly under the control of e-Research applications, they need to negotiate with resource
providers for access time, duration, and the level of quality of service expected to make sure that the interlinked
operations are performed as required. This project develops information and communications technologies that
enable the creation of such e-Research environments.

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The University of Newcastle
DP0772799         Dr H Ye; Dr Y Lin

Approved          A framework for modelling feature variability and dependencies in software product lines
Project Title

2007 :              $56,000
2008 :              $56,000
2009 :              $56,000
Administering Organisation The University of Newcastle
Project Summary
In most Australian software development organisations software products are developed individually rather than
product line based. This project will promote the awareness of product line based software development and
provide a frontier technology, the effective feature modelling approaches, to help Australian software industry
transform from the single product based development to the product line based development to achieve significant
improvement on the productivity and the quality of the software development. This improvement will dramatically
reduce the cost of software products and alleviate the pressure of skill shortage that currently threatens Australian
economy.


The University of Queensland
DP0773438         A/Prof PA Strooper

Approved          Cost-effective use of assertions in the verification and validation of distributed and
Project Title     real-time systems

2007 :              $43,000
2008 :              $85,000
2009 :              $88,000
Administering Organisation The University of Queensland
Project Summary
The project will reinforce Australia as a world leader in empirical software engineering and software verification and
validation research, thus building on Australia's strengths in ICT research and innovation. Through the involvement
of a local software verification and validation company and through industrial case studies, this project will also
improve the software verification and validation capabilities of local industry, allow them to save software
development costs, and improve the quality of the software produced.


2804         COMPUTATION THEORY AND MATHEMATICS

Griffith University
DP0773331         Prof V Estivill-Castro; Dr MR Fellows; Prof MA Langston

Approved          Efficient Pre-Processing of Hard Problems: New Approaches, Basic Theory and
Project Title     Applications

 2007 :            $93,064
 2008 :            $102,998
 2009 :            $99,709
 2010 :            $85,042
 Administering Organisation Griffith University
 Project Summary
 Computers store even larger amounts of data about all aspects of human and industrial activity. However, they
 have not become significantly better at solving common problems in optimization and search. Traditional
complexity theory indicates many of these problems require algorithms that are very unlikely to exist. The
Parameterized Complexity approach allows us to obtain very efficient algorithms for a large variety of problems, but
the machinery required was diverse and complicated. This research will organize the machinery into a new
approach that systematically finds good algorithms by applying simplifications around a parameter of the domain of
the problem. As a result, efficient algorithms are obtained for many diverse areas.



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DP0772205          A/Prof J Lu; Dr E Li

Approved           A Virtual Electromagnetic Compatibility (EMC) Lab Based on Advanced Computer
Project Title      Modeling and Simulation Techniques

2007 :             $95,000
2008 :             $90,000
2009 :             $90,000

 Administering Organisation Griffith University
 Project Summary
 The proposed project will provide a framework of electromagnetic compatibility computer modelling technologies
for an electromagnetic compatibility/electromagnetic interference problem-solving environment. It will result in
 theoretical and practical contributions to the field of electromagnetic compatibility/electromagnetic interference and
 computational electromagnetics. The project will provide an innovative technology to industry and societies with
 following major benefits: a) increased productivity and minimized the product risk with low failure rate, b) quicker
 project management cycles through such cost-effective electromagnetic compatibility computer modelling and
 simulation techniques based virtual Electromagnetic Compatibility Lab. and c) improved electromagnetic
 compatibility/electromagnetic interference problem solving environment and techniques for scientific research and
 commercial applications.


Monash University
DP0770857          Dr TE Hall; Dr IM Wanless; Dr AZ Tirkel

Approved           Information security and digital watermarking with Latin squares
Project Title

2007 :             $82,977
2008 :             $76,381
2009 :             $63,987

Administering Organisation Monash University
Project Summary
The importance of digital information is increasing constantly. Audio, video, and still image data dominate our daily
lives. Such information has commercial and strategic importance. It is invaluable in crime prevention: for example,
video from security cameras. The protection of commercially valuable material against piracy and sensitive
information against security breaches is vital to our economy and our safety. This project addresses these issues,
by developing new, secure watermarks and fingerprints to protect digital information. Such watermarks can also
protect radio communication channels, which is important due to the rising demand for wireless connectivity.


The University of Newcastle
DP0773279          Dr PA Moscato; Prof RJ Scott; Dr MA Langston

Approved           Application of novel exact combinatorial optimisation techniques and metaheuristic
Project Title      methods for problems in cancer research

2007 :             $72,485
2008 :             $80,326
2009 :             $85,480

Administering Organisation The University of Newcastle
Project Summary
Novel biotechnologies are offering an unprecedented opportunity to understand the genetic basis of cancer
development and progression. However, they present us with a challenge; new computational methods and
improved mathematical models and algorithms need to be introduced to complement these technologies in the
determination of the function of our individual genetic makeup, especially in connection with disease states. The
project will deal with research questions and datasets related to some of the highest incidence cancers in Australia.
This project will contribute towards the development of new powerful algorithms for pattern recognition for future
"personalized" molecular diagnostics methods.


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2805         DATA FORMAT

Macquarie University
DP0772493          Prof V Varadharajan; Prof CJ Mitchell

Approved           Techniques for the Design of Trust Enhanced Secure Distributed Applications
Project Title

2007 :            $75,000
2008 :            $72,000
2009 :            $70,000

Administering Organisation Macquarie University
Project Summary
Security and trusted systems for on-line services and information infrastructures are now of paramount importance.
Secure trustworthy computing applications have become a strategic necessity for businesses, governments and
individuals in the ever-increasing digital world. It is critically important for Australia to develop technologies to
anticipate and respond to security threats to its industry and society. The outcomes of this research will result in
secure and trustworthy computing technologies that will enable the design of trust enhanced secure applications
and trusted platforms, which will help to achieve secure e-commerce applications and on-line services, and trusted
interactions between users over the Internet.


Queensland University of Technology
DP0773348          Prof CA Boyd

Approved           Cryptographic Protocols: Proofs and Designs
Project Title

2007 :            $76,000
2008 :            $74,000
2009 :            $72,000

Administering Organisation Queensland University of Technology
Project Summary
Cryptographic protocols are the foundation for protection of the critical electronic communications infrastructure on
which much of commerce and industry rely. They will increasingly be required in emerging technologies such as
ad-hoc wireless networks and sensor networks. This project will provide the ability to design new and efficient
protocols with a mathematical guarantee of security. The resulting practical protocols will benefit all users of
electronic communications who require security for their information. This includes the financial industries,
government, commerce and domestic users.


DP0773706          Prof EP Dawson; Prof SG Corones; Prof W Lane; Dr SV Russell; Dr AJ McCullagh

Approved           Technical and Legal Models for Virtual Info-Sharing Networks (VISN) for Critical
Project Title      Infrastructure Protection (CIP)

2007 :            $130,000
2008 :            $127,000
2009 :            $125,000

 Administering Organisation Queensland University of Technology
 Project Summary
 This project has substantial national benefit because it will result in the design of a virtual information sharing
 network (VISN) that will better protect Australia's critical infrastructure. It will provide a comprehensive
 legal/technical analysis of the requirements/characteristics necessary for the development of a VISN. The
 development of a secure environment for a VISN will improve industry trust and confidence in participating in the
 sharing of sensitive information; especially the disclosure of potential vulnerabilities or ascertained potential
threats. The project will improve information dissemination speeds and assist post information disclosure controls.



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The University of Newcastle
DP0771131         Dr SR Weller; Dr CM Kellett

Approved          Dynamical systems and iterative decoding of low-density parity-check codes
Project Title

2007 :             $75,000
2008 :             $70,000
2009 :             $65,000
Administering Organisation The University of Newcastle
Project Summary
Modern telecommunication systems are increasingly built on principles of iteration and feedback. By contributing to
the knowledge base of iterative telecommunication systems, this project addresses important fundamental
problems in the area of telecommunications. The Federal Government has clearly indicated that it recognises the
importance that information and communications technology (ICT) plays in the economic and social fabric of
Australia, through the recent Innovation Action Plan, Backing Australia's Ability. These technologies are key drivers
of the information economy, the spawning of new businesses, the transformation of established industries, the
opening up of new export markets, and the creation of new jobs.


Victoria University of Technology
DP0770479         Dr X Yi; Prof Y Zhang

Approved          Privacy Protection in Distributed Data Mining
Project Title

2007 :             $60,236
2008 :             $55,236
2009 :             $50,236
Administering Organisation Victoria University of Technology
Project Summary
Information and Communications Technology (ICT) has dramatically altered the world's social and economic
landscape. 'From data to knowledge' is one of the priority challenges recognized by National ICT Australia.
However, privacy concerns may prevent it from realization. This project aims to fulfil 'from data to knowledge'
without breaching privacy of data from distributed resources held by different parties. The outcomes of this project
will create new directions in the research of privacy-preserving distributed data mining and are applicable to
Australian counter-terrorism and homeland defence in detecting bio-terrorism from privacy sensitive data.


2901        INDUSTRIAL BIOTECHNOLOGY AND FOOD SCIENCES

The University of Sydney
DP0772260         A/Prof TA Langrish; Dr BP Adhikari; A/Prof BR Bhandari; A/Prof T Howes

Approved          Surface Modification of Spray-Dried Powders By Surface-Active Proteins
Project Title

2007 :            $230,000
2008 :            $130,000
2009 :            $120,000
2010 :            $120,000
2011 :            $120,000
 ARF                          Dr BP Adhikari
Administering Organisation The University of Sydney
Project Summary
Internal wall deposits in spray dryers lead to product degradation and pose fire hazards. This situation has limited
the manufacturing of high value bio-food powders by the Australian bio-food and dairy industry, which exports 13%
of the milk powder in the world. The specific economic benefits to Australia from this project arise from innovative
surface modification of powder particles by proteins, development of scientific instruments and predictive tools
based on Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD). These outcomes will lead to production of free flowing powders
from bio-food materials.
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DP0771339          Prof RI Tanner

Approved           Mullins-type effects in soft filled viscoelastic solids
Project Title

2007 :            $89,938
2008 :            $93,809
2009 :            $97,238

Administering Organisation The University of Sydney
Project Summary
Bread dough is made in vast quantities daily, and improvements in processing,especially sheet rolling,are
needed,and to enable this we propose to create a novel mathematical description of the material. Also, wheat
breeding cycles can be drastically shortened by using knowledge of dough rheology, since baking quality is closely
linked to rheology. The mathematical framework can then be applied to other filled viscoelastic systems, and work
on liquid crystals may be used to develop artificial muscle material, once their rheological description and
behaviour are known.


2902         AEROSPACE ENGINEERING

The University of Queensland
DP0773371          Prof RG Morgan; Dr PA Jacobs; Dr TJ McIntyre; A/Prof DR Buttsworth; Dr MN Macrossan; Dr
                   PA Gnoffo
Approved           Radiating hypersonic flows
Project Title

2007 :            $160,000
2008 :            $160,000
2009 :            $170,000

 Administering Organisation The University of Queensland
 Project Summary
 Benefits will accrue through the involvement of Australia in the international program for future space missions.
 Through this project, Australia, already among the leaders in scramjet propulsion development, can also become a
 major player in spacecraft design. Significant educational benefits will be created due to the challenging nature of
 the work, through immediate contact with leading overseas researchers, and through subsequent marketing of
flight vehicles. The project could lead to the involvement of Australian technology at a commercial level in a new
 generation of hardware for space exploration.


The University of Sydney
DP0774596          Prof L Tong

Approved           Morphing flexible structures with lead lanthanum zirconium titanate (PLZT) based optical
Project Title      actuators

2007 :            $112,450
2008 :            $119,214
2009 :            $120,278

Administering Organisation The University of Sydney
Project Summary
Lead lanthanum zirconate titanate (PLZT) materials yield mechanical strains when exposed to near ultraviolet light
as a result of combined photovoltaic and converse piezoelectric effects. They offer actuation strain on par with
piezoelectric materials and other advantages, such as wireless light-to-mechanical energy transfer, immunity from
electrical and magnetic disturbances and fast response with the transparent electrode design. This project aims to
pioneer the application of PLZT optical actuators in morphing flexible structures leading to development of wireless
smart structures technology and opt-electromechanical systems such as medical instruments.




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2903         MANUFACTURING ENGINEERING

The University of Newcastle
DP0774086          A/Prof BM Ninness; Dr AG Wills

Approved           Advancing System Identification using Modern Optimisation Methods
Project Title

2007 :              $87,030
2008 :              $82,030
2009 :              $77,030
 APD                            Dr AG Wills
Administering Organisation The University of Newcastle
Project Summary
This project lies within an ARC Research Priority Area. Namely, "Frontier Technologies". It involves the
development of new technologies and fundamental theory that take data records from physical or abstract systems
and generate mathematical models for use in prediction, control and diagnosis of the underlying system. In light of
this, the project also lies within the ARC Research Priority Area of "Smart Information Use",


The University of Sydney
DP0773123          Prof L Zhang; Dr I Zarudi; A/Prof W Gao; Dr Y Gu

Approved           Damage-Free Surfacing of Large Brittle Wafers with On-Machine Flatness Control
Project Title

2007 :               $267,664
2008 :               $287,748
2009 :               $247,470
2010 :               $200,000
2011 :               $200,000
Administering Organisation The University of Sydney
Project Summary
The knowledge gained from this research project will be of great value to the development of new generations of
high-integrity semiconductor systems for high-speed telecommunication, large-scale computation, transport,
biomedicine, agriculture, mining and security. The outcomes will have significant impact on the ultra-precision
discipline scientifically and will sharpen the competitive edge of the Australian fabrication industry. The research
will open up remarkable opportunities for young researchers to work in one of the most frontier fields in the 21st
century.


2904         AUTOMOTIVE ENGINEERING

University of Technology, Sydney
DP0773415          A/Prof N Zhang; Dr S Huang; Dr H Du

Approved           Demand Dependent Active Suspensions for Preventing Vehicle Rollover
Project Title

2007 :              $40,000
2008 :              $40,000
2009 :              $40,000
Administering Organisation University of Technology, Sydney
Project Summary
Rollover crashes are a major public safety issue in Australia. Reliable and low cost anti-roll technology and the
availability of required design methodology and simulation tools will greatly assist the automotive industry in
improving vehicle safety and consequently enhance its competitiveness in the global marketplace. The knowledge
acquired from this project would provide an essential theoretical basis for commercialising the proposed
suspensions and enhance the exports of Australian car component manufacturers. It would also benefit
aeronautical, military and other industries. The wide community would benefit by potentially reduced death rates
and fatal injuries caused by rollover crashes, and through increased employment in industry.
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2905         MECHANICAL AND INDUSTRIAL ENGINEERING

Monash University
DP0774525         Prof J Sheridan

Approved          Characterising and suppressing vortex induced vibration
Project Title

2007 :             $90,000
2008 :             $80,000
2009 :             $80,000
Administering Organisation Monash University
Project Summary
Vortex-Induced Vibration has become the design limiting factor in offshore design of elements such as the flexible
pipelines that bring oil and gas to the surface. With rising oil and gas prices it is becoming more economic to
explore such resources in deeper waters, which exacerbates the problem. Currently, high factors of safety must be
used in the design of such pipelines because of our current lack of understanding of when the vibrations occur and
their frequency and amplitude. This study will provide insight into the character of such vibrations and also look at
means of suppressing them.


Queensland University of Technology
DP0773109         A/Prof CK Mechefske

Approved          Improved patient care and image resolution in magnetic resonance imaging
Project Title

 2007 :             $110,000
 2008 :             $60,000
 2009 :             $60,000
 Administering Organisation Queensland University of Technology
 Project Summary
 A better understanding of the vibration within MRIs would result in techniques to both improve the image resolution
 and lower the noise emissions. Direct improvement of health care for Australians will result. Both the patient and
the working environment around these scanners will improve as well as image resolution. Presently imaging is
possible at the cellular scale, but only through improved MRI stability will imaging reach the molecular level.
Medical research that is linked to MRI imaging can be expected to advance in step with improved image resolution.
The resulting knowledge could also be used in other research and industrial areas, including micro- and nano-scale
 devices, where vibration is a critical performance limiting factor.


Swinburne University of Technology
DP0773871         Prof G Lu; Prof GN Nurick

Approved          Response of Metallic Foam Core Sandwich Panels under Impact and Blast Loadings
Project Title

2007 :             $100,000
2008 :             $100,000
2009 :             $100,000
Administering Organisation Swinburne University of Technology
Project Summary
Human or natural disasters such as vehicle crashes, terrorist attacks or tsunami take place with catastrophic
consequences, including significant loss of life and considerable financial losses. For example, in Australia in 2002
over 1,700 people died as a result of vehicle crashes. Research on new materials composites and novel composite
structures for use in vehicles, buildings and other man-made structures will be undertaken to evaluate their
performance under extreme or disastrous conditions. This project will investigate the performance of sandwich
panels with a cellular core structure under high impact or blast loading conditions. The findings will be directly
applicable to structural design of military and civil vehicles and components for the aerospace industry in order to
mitigate the level of impact or blast loading under extreme conditions.

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The University of Newcastle
DP0772127          Prof MG Jones

Approved           Modelling of Bypass Pneumatic Conveying Systems
Project Title

2007 :             $90,000
2008 :             $85,000
2009 :             $80,000

Administering Organisation The University of Newcastle
Project Summary
Many of the physical items we use in our daily lives have at some point required transport and handling as
powdered or granular materials during the manufacturing process. Be it food (sugar, flour), chemicals (soap
powders, detergents) or power generation (coal and ash); each of these industries uses the flexibility of pipelines
as a transport mechanism. However, not all materials will convey reliably in conventional pipelines. This project will
provide the fundamental understanding of how bypass systems can overcome this problem by conditioning the
material along the pipeline length. The results will lead to better pipeline design outcomes that will ultimately
expand the use of the cost effective process of pneumatic pipeline conveying.


DP0774012          Em/Prof AW Roberts; Dr CM Wensrich; Dr CA Wheeler

Approved           Modelling and Optimisation of Belt Conveyor Systems
Project Title

2007 :             $130,000
2008 :             $110,000
2009 :             $60,000

Administering Organisation The University of Newcastle
Project Summary
Belt conveyors are the arteries of Australia's heavy industries. Their efficiency and cost are critical to the
productivity of our major export markets. A current trend in this area is the introduction of high-speed and long
distance conveying. This has placed tremendous pressure on the current design standards which are in drastic
need of re-evaluation. This project will address these deficiencies and build a strong foundation for future conveyor
design. This will be achieved by developing rigorous mechanical models for conveyor mechanics and the
application of state-of-the-art optimisation methods based on Darwinian natural selection. This will lead to
significant improvements in the efficiency and running costs of belt conveyor systems.


The University of Western Australia
DP0774645          Prof Dr J Pan

Approved           Active control of vibration in marine riser systems
Project Title

2007 :             $130,000
2008 :             $125,000
2009 :             $120,000

 Administering Organisation The University of Western Australia
 Project Summary
 Effective control of vibrations of riser/drill rigs and vessels is an important measure of the technical quality,
 productivity, and environmental protection from pollution of the oil and gas industry in a country. The successful
 completion of this project promises to put the Australian oil and gas industry in a leading position in this area. Due
to the multi-disciplinary nature of this project, the development of this section of the shipbuilding industry will also
 stimulate the development in many other areas such as structure dynamics, control sensors, actuators, electronics
 and control.




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2906         CHEMICAL ENGINEERING

Curtin University of Technology
DP0770420          Dr T Zhang

Approved           Wavelet approaches for solving nonlinear dynamic systems in process engineering
Project Title

2007 :              $61,434
2008 :              $61,074
2009 :              $60,074
2010 :              $61,074
 APD                           Dr T Zhang
Administering Organisation Curtin University of Technology
Project Summary
The success of the proposed project will enable us to obtain more accurate numerical solutions for the nonlinear
dynamical systems arising from process engineering. This ensures the potential for understanding and optimising
industrial and engineering processes. Hence, a wide range of processing industries in Australia, such as
agricultural chemicals, mineral processing, food, detergents, pharmaceuticals, ceramics and specialty chemicals
will benefit from the results of this project. This will ensure globally competitive production and, therefore, greater
contributions to the Australian economy.


Monash University
DP0770462          Dr KP Hapgood

Approved           Granulation of hydrophobic powders: design and control of granule structure
Project Title

2007 :               $60,000
2008 :               $40,000
2009 :               $35,000
Administering Organisation Monash University
Project Summary
This unique project will further enhance Australia's established world-class excellence in granulation research, and
will assist in setting up a new school of excellence in granulation at Monash University. The innovative use of
normally problematic material properties to produce 'designer granules' is a clear example of a 'Frontier
Technologies' that can be used to develop 'Advanced Materials' for the next generation of agricultural, food and
pharmaceutical industries, particularly for delivery of hydrophobic drugs. The innovative ideas presented in this
proposal are expected to provide multiple opportunities for collaboration with national and international research
institutions and pharmaceutical companies.


DP0773160          Dr PA Webley; Prof D Zhao; Dr X Zhang

Approved           Advanced hierarchical materials for separation applications
Project Title

2007 :            $185,000
2008 :            $185,000
2009 :            $185,000
2010 :            $155,000
2011 :            $155,000
 ARF                         Dr X Zhang
Administering Organisation Monash University
Project Summary
The proposed project represents an international collaboration between Monash University and Fudan University
and builds on the research strengths within these two Institutions in nano-materials research and applications. The
proposed research will lead to a new class of materials for use in the chemical and biological industries, making
their operation more efficient and permitting new separations to be performed. The research will also pioneer new
techniques for use in nano-engineering materials and falls within one of Australia's National Research Priorities:
Frontier Technologies for Building and Transforming Australian Industries.

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The University of Melbourne
DP0772689          Prof GW Stevens

Approved           Influence of Impurities in Commercial Solvent Extraction Processes
Project Title

2007 :             $180,000
2008 :             $140,000
2009 :             $120,000
2010 :             $100,000
2011 :             $100,000

Administering Organisation The University of Melbourne
Project Summary
This project directly supports the solvent extraction industry in Australia. This industry is responsible for generating
in excess of $600M annually of export earnings for Australia. This type of technology can be applied in the
recovery of base metals such as coper, nickel, cobalt, etc and in the environmental area for the clean up of heavy
metals from waste water. Solvent extraction has the advantage of high selectivity that enables metals to be
recovered and recycled, thus reducing the wastage of these metals in, for example, the chromium plating process.


The University of Newcastle
DP0772490          Mr CM Phan

Approved           Influence of adsorbed surfactants on three phase contact line motion at high capillary
Project Title      number

2007 :             $90,000
2008 :             $82,000
2009 :             $80,000
 APD                         Mr CM Phan
Administering Organisation The University of Newcastle
Project Summary
The interaction between thin films and solid surfaces underpins the performance of a number of value-adding
industrial processes, most notably metallurgical coating operations. Typically, these operations are performed at
speeds well beyond the range of existing models, thereby limiting their value when changes in operation occur or
when there are problems with product quality. Existing models are also limited by their inability to account for the
presence of surfactants commonly used throughout industry. This study will produce a capability for predicting how
velocity and local changes in molecular composition affect the wetting/dewetting of coated surfaces.


The University of Queensland
DP0771910          Prof AP Middelberg; Dr AF Dexter

Approved           Microfluidic Studies of Stimuli-Responsive Emulsions
Project Title

2007 :             $190,000
2008 :             $170,000
2009 :             $170,000

Administering Organisation The University of Queensland
Project Summary
Breakthrough 'stimuli-responsive interface technology' has been developed in Australia to allow better control over
emulsions, which are oil-in-water mixtures used widely in everyday products such as medicines. This project will
increase our understanding of this new technology, by examining how the chemistry of the molecules at the
interface interacts with fluid behaviour when the emulsion is made. The research will employ miniature
lab-on-a-chip systems, to give engineers and scientists design rules for this new technology, opening the way to
new products that will improve our everyday lives. One immediate product to be researched is 'precision' double
emulsions, which show unique properties for the delivery of chemotherapy medicines.


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DP0773111          Prof AP Middelberg; Dr SP Mickan; Dr L Lua

Approved           Terahertz Spectroscopy of Mass-Manufactured Viral Vaccines
Project Title

2007 :            $196,148
2008 :            $161,136
2009 :            $194,116

 Administering Organisation The University of Queensland
 Project Summary
 The breakthrough vaccine for cervical cancer proves that new and exciting products are on the way to treat and
 protect against previously untouchable diseases. Similar products for bird flu are being researched, and new
 manufacturing methods are urgently needed to get this science to market at a price that people can afford.
 However, manufacturing innovation in the pharmaceutical industry is constrained by a lack of methods for product
 analysis. In this project engineers will devise advanced methods to fingerprint these new vaccine products,
ensuring that manufacturing processes can be improved without compromising safety. These new analytical
techniques will potentially lead to new low-cost vaccine products made in Australia.


The University of Sydney
DP0773755          A/Prof H Chan; Dr R Yang

Approved           Discrete particle simulation of powder dispersion in pharmaceutical aerosol inhalers
Project Title

2007 :            $110,000
2008 :            $90,000
2009 :            $90,000

 Administering Organisation The University of Sydney
 Project Summary
 A successful completion of the project will i) greatly enhance the Australian R&D profile and capabilities of both
 computational modelling and pharmaceutical aerosol research in the world; ii) provide an improved delivery of
 therapeutic dose to patients via inhalers with better performance to enhance the therapeutic benefits; iii) enable
 wide availability of inexpensive and effective pharmaceutical inhalation products to the Australian community for
the treatment of asthma and other diseases, iv) facilitate environmentally friendly technology since powder aerosol
 delivery does not require any harmful organic solvents to operate.


2907         RESOURCES ENGINEERING

The University of Sydney
DP0774006          Dr I Einav

Approved           The micro-thermo-mechanics of sand crushing in geotechnical collapse problems
Project Title

2007 :            $100,000
2008 :            $90,000
2009 :            $90,000

Administering Organisation The University of Sydney
Project Summary
Oil and gas exploration is a major industry in Australia. Collapse problems in the soil to which structures such as oil
rigs are anchored are a major challenge, involving issues of safety, longevity and maintenance. Research on this
topic has been devoted to non-crushable sands, but Australia's offshore seabed is rich in breakable calcareous
sediments. We will create a novel theory and visualisation techniques that will allow us to gain a deep
understanding of sand crushing and will be a major step towards minimising the occurrence of catastrophic failures
in the offshore oil and gas industry.



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2908         CIVIL ENGINEERING

Monash University
DP0773861          Dr JK Kodikara

Approved           Modelling of shrinkage crack development in porous media
Project Title

2007 :             $55,000
2008 :             $45,000
2009 :             $40,000

Administering Organisation Monash University
Project Summary
Australia has interesting land formations comprising various reactive soils and rock. The formation of cracking
patterns due to material shrinkage during either drying or cooling has a significant influence on their origin and
subsequent behaviour. The shrinkage cracks significantly affect the performance of buildings, roads and buried
pipelines. The possibility of their formation is important in many engineering designs, ranging from few millimetres
thick material film to hundreds of metres long clay barriers used in hazardous waste landfills. Despite their
wide-spread significance, quantitative methods to predict the crack formation and interpretation are not yet
available, and this project will provide a solution to this problem.


DP0772478          Dr L Shen

Approved           Multi-Scale Model-Based Simulation of Glass Fragmentation under Blast Loading
Project Title

2007 :             $44,618
2008 :             $28,618
2009 :             $28,618

Administering Organisation Monash University
Project Summary
It is estimated that most injuries from bomb blasts can be attributed to airborne sharp glass fragments. The
proposed project will help us gain better understanding of glass failure mechanism under impact/blast loading. The
results from the proposed project are expected to help in developing more effective blast-resistant transparency,
ensuring the reliability and quality of buildings and facilities, mitigating injury or death due to flying glass fragments,
and eventually enhancing public safety and security.


Swinburne University of Technology
DP0772088          Prof JL Wilson; Reader NT Lam

Approved           Collapse modelling of soft storey buildings
Project Title

2007 :             $60,000
2008 :             $60,000
2009 :             $60,000

 Administering Organisation Swinburne University of Technology
 Project Summary
 Soft storey buildings investigated in this research paper represent a large number of building stock in Australia,
 such as high density housing apartments and buildings occupied by organisations with a post disaster function
such as hospitals and emergency services. The outcomes from the research will be of direct benefit to the
insurance industry, owners of building stock, emergency planning organisations, building code committees and
policy makers involved in risk reduction strategies.




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The University of Adelaide
DP0770860         A/Prof MF Lambert; Prof GA Kuczera; Dr AV Metcalfe; Dr MA Thyer; Dr PS Cowpertwait

Approved          A stochastic space-time model of rainfall fields in large heterogeneous regions
Project Title

2007 :            $124,281
2008 :            $108,027
2009 :            $113,572

Administering Organisation The University of Adelaide
Project Summary
The extreme temporal and spatial variability of Australia's rainfall affects the quantity and quality of its water
resources, the productivity of its agricultural systems, and its aquatic and terrestrial ecosystems. Given the impact
of extreme events such as droughts and floods and given the massive investment in water-related infrastructure,
evaluation of such risks is an issue of national economic, social and environmental significance. Stochastic
space-time rainfall models enable rainfall and climatic variability to be quantified, simulated over arbitrarily long
periods, and risks assessed. This research will provide software and the development of rainfall modelling
frameworks for large river basins such as the Murray-Darling.


DP0772320         Prof AR Simpson; A/Prof MF Lambert; A/Prof MS Ghidaoui; Dr PJ Lee

Approved          Micro-reflections for pipe condition assessment in water networks
Project Title

2007 :            $130,000
2008 :            $120,000
2009 :            $130,000

Administering Organisation The University of Adelaide
Project Summary
Maintaining highly reliable water supply pipeline infrastructure for cities, towns and in rural Australia is extremely
important. Our research will develop new non-invasive condition assessment techniques. Transient events will be
used to create pressure waves that travel up and down a pipe. Sophisticated analysis of the micro-reflections in the
measured pressure traces will be the heart of the new techniques. Water utility managers will be able to make a
detailed assessment of the interior pipe wall to determine if significant corrosion or deterioration of the cement
mortar lining has occurred. Rehabilitation strategies can then be determined. These new techniques will replace
camera inspections that are extremely invasive and expensive.


The University of New South Wales
DP0770539         Prof MA Bradford

Approved          Time-dependent dynamic, creep and shrinkage response of curved structural members
Project Title

2007 :            $159,217
2008 :            $158,775
2009 :            $134,093

Administering Organisation The University of New South Wales
Project Summary
This project concerns curved structural members, such as bridge beams, that are subjected to dynamic excitation
and to concrete shrinkage and creep. Hitherto, unified formulations for the structural behaviour of these members
have not been properly developed. The proposal seeks to build on a previous ARC DP of the investigator that
produces significant results for static loading, by developing a sophisticated methodology to handle non-static
dynamic loading and for shrinkage and creep. It will develop advanced mathematical tools to enable the safe and
efficient design of a multiplicity of structures that is of benefit to on and offshore Australian technology.




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The University of Newcastle
DP0771695          Prof RE Melchers; Prof MG Stewart

Approved           Modelling of Damage Progression and its Effects on the Expected Safety and Satisfactory
Project Title      Performance of Existing Reinforced Concrete Infrastructure

2007 :             $90,000
2008 :             $80,000
2009 :             $70,000

Administering Organisation The University of Newcastle
Project Summary
The extent of reinforcement corrosion in existing infrastructure will influence demolish/repair decisions,
maintenance strategies and hence the frequency, timing, extent and required level of efficiency and effectiveness
of repairs. The project will provide improved evaluation of existing structural systems by considering improved
deterioration modelling and predictions of safety and satisfactory performance. The potential economic benefits of
greater precision in infrastructure replacement or repair strategies and of the risks involved are large given that the
size of Australia's infrastructure stock is valued at over $400 billion and its maintenance involves considerable
costs.


The University of Western Australia
DP0771348          Dr C Gaudin

Approved           Follower-embedded plate anchors to underpin economic development in ultra deep water
Project Title

2007 :             $55,618
2008 :             $53,307
2009 :             $50,000

Administering Organisation The University of Western Australia
Project Summary
Oil and gas is a key Australian industry, worth over $15 billion annually. In order to maintain current hydrocarbon
production levels, Australian offshore oil and gas companies are extending their capabilities beyond the 2000
metre water depth limit. The offshore industry has identified economic and geotechnical limitations of current
anchoring technology to be the major challenge that must be overcome in order to make this transition into deep
and ultra-deep water. The research proposed in this project focuses directly on this critical issue, with potential for
immediate application to the Australian offshore oil and gas industry, and ensuring the continued viability of the key
oil and gas industry in Australia.


DP0774061          Dr H Hao

Approved           Blast Damage and Fragmentation Prediction for Occupants and Structure Protection
Project Title

2007 :             $100,000
2008 :             $80,000
2009 :             $70,000

Administering Organisation The University of Western Australia
Project Summary
Protecting infrastructures against blast loads from terrorist bombing or accidental explosion is a challenge.
Researchers have been working on developing a numerical model, but the progress is slow owing to difficulties in
modelling nonlinear and high strain rate damage process. Most blast effect assessment is based on empirical
relations from blast tests. These have been demonstrated not necessarily yielding accurate prediction owing to
variations of structural properties from the test model. A reliable numerical model is therefore important. It will
result in big savings from blast tests, and better prediction of blast effects for structure and occupant protection. It
will have applications in civil, mining and defence engineering.



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University of Technology, Sydney
DP0772690          Prof S Vigneswaran; Prof RM Ben Aim; Prof M Elimelech

Approved           An Optimal Integrated Immersed Membrane System as Pre-Treatment for Reverse
Project Title      Osmosis Desalination

2007 :              $80,000
2008 :              $80,000
2009 :              $60,000
Administering Organisation University of Technology, Sydney
Project Summary
This project will be useful for both coastal and inland areas of Australia. It will provide sustainable technology to
meet the needs of water supply where the main sources are seawater and brackish water. Reverse osmosis (RO)
is the dominant technology in water desalination and in the final polishing step in wastewater treatment for reuse.
The novel pre-treatment proposed in this study is the key for the cost-effective and energy efficient operation of
RO. This project will strengthen research links among Australian, European and USA universities, to come up with
a forefront pre-treatment technology for RO desalination. The technology is of direct benefit to ongoing RO
installations in Australia and also has significant export potential.


2909         ELECTRICAL AND ELECTRONIC ENGINEERING

Curtin University of Technology
DP0772734          Prof SM Islam; Dr M Masoum; Dr KK Tan; Dr H Dehbonei

Approved           Frequency and Voltage Stabilisation in Grid-connected Wind Farms Using
Project Title      Pitch-controlled Doubly Fed Induction Generators (DFIGs)

2007 :             $70,000
2008 :             $90,000
2009 :             $30,000
Administering Organisation Curtin University of Technology
Project Summary
Australian power systems are well developed but currently stretched to their maximum capacity and often over
loaded. Development of a pitch controlled doubly-fed induction generator (DFIG) wind farm is a practical solution to
extend the capacities of large interconnected power systems. This research ensures that Australian Power
Systems are able to incorporate pitch-controlled DFIG without sacrificing operational simplicity and flexibility. It
allows large scale penetration of renewable wind power into the grid, thereby reducing huge amount of green
house gas emissions and delay capital expenditure on critical national assets.


Queensland University of Technology
DP0774092          Prof A Ghosh

Approved           Electricity Distribution in the Bush: Operation, Control and Energy Management of Grid
Project Title      Connected Distributed Generation Based Microgrids

2007 :              $85,000
2008 :              $85,000
2009 :              $85,000
Administering Organisation Queensland University of Technology
Project Summary
Increasing the access of electricity by conventional means to remote areas requires a substantial increase in
generating and transmission capacities over what is presently available. These will require large capital
expenditure and will increase the levels of emissions of carbon dioxide and various nitrous oxides. As an
alternative distributed generation (DG) using renewable energy resources and alternative fuels can be used to
mitigate environmental impacts and cost. This project will contribute to the knowledge of operating a microgrid
based on various DG energy sources that will be environmentally friendly and renewable. Community and
economic benefits will flow from increased diversity of supply and reduced environmental impacts.



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DP0774497          Dr F Zare; Prof A Ghosh; Prof F Blaabjerg; Prof Dr RD Lorenz

Approved           Low Loss Distributed Wind Generators with Reduced Electromagnetic Interference and
Project Title      Shaft Voltage Based on Multilevel Converters

2007 :             $66,000
2008 :             $65,000
2009 :             $65,000

Administering Organisation Queensland University of Technology
Project Summary
Distributed wind generators with minimum electromagnetic interference and bearing spikes are very important for
the Australian energy industry because they are an environmentally friendly energy source. Predicting and
reducing electromagnetic interferences and mechanical failures in wind farm systems is an important issue
especially for the next generation of wind systems when fast and advanced power electronic switches can create
more EMI noise for both onshore and offshore wind farms. Medium-Voltage Direct Current (MVDC) systems have
good performance and low losses, and are of particular interest to states which are close to wind power sources.


RMIT University
DP0770349          Dr K Kalantar-zadeh; Prof W Wlodarski; Prof Y Li

Approved           Formation of Nanoporous titanium dioxide (TiO2) by Anodization of Titanium Thin Films
Project Title

2007 :             $60,000
2008 :             $60,000
2009 :             $60,000

Administering Organisation RMIT University
Project Summary
The development of nanoporous titanium dioxide (TiO2), with pore diameter less than 25 nm, represents a
significant advance for both R&D and industrial applications. It is an invaluable material for the manufacture of a
range of electronic and optical devices. These structures can be employed for the development of efficient
thermoelectric coolers, highly sensitive biosensors as well as optical micro-devices with high refractive index. In
addition, nanoporous TiO2 has numerous applications in the fields of nanotechnology, bioengineering, diagnostics,
materials science, and in the building industry. Australia will greatly benefit from the research and development of
such a product with its promising market.


The University of New South Wales
DP0774106          A/Prof MF Rahman; A/Prof C Grantham; Prof T Jahns

Approved           An Integrated Starter Alternator for Automobiles using a New Wide Speed Range Interior
Project Title      Permanent Magnet Motor and a Matrix Z-Source Converter

2007 :             $96,000
2008 :             $95,000
2009 :             $90,000

 Administering Organisation The University of New South Wales
 Project Summary
 The projected growth of power demand and efficiency of future automobiles calls for a suitable integrated
 starter-alternator (ISA) to be developed. While interim solutions have been offered, a true ISA is still considered to
 be more than five years away. Considering the huge worldwide market, an ISA developed in Australia is expected
to benefit the large Australian automobile industry significantly. The CIs has strong links with local developers and
 suppliers of power semiconductors and motors, who have participated in the recent developments already carried
 out. A proven ISA developed locally should be a boon for these industries.




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The University of Newcastle
DP0774087          Dr JS Welsh; Prof GC Goodwin

Approved           Robust Experiment Design for Dynamical System Identification
Project Title

2007 :             $155,000
2008 :             $130,000
2009 :             $115,000

 Administering Organisation The University of Newcastle
 Project Summary
 Innovative and new robust experiment design methodologies are a Frontier Technology for Transforming
Australian Industries. By providing a solid foundation for generating high fidelity models, robust experiment design
will, by the use of breakthrough science, facilitate the estimation of models in minimum time. Also, this will entail
minimal disruption to the normal operation of the process under study. With the majority of advanced industrial
process control systems reliant on accurate models significant savings could also be made due to the implicit
improvement in process control.


DP0772929          Dr MR Yuce

Approved           New Approaches for Wireless Implantable Biomedical Devices
Project Title

2007 :             $61,000
2008 :             $61,000
2009 :             $61,000

Administering Organisation The University of Newcastle
Project Summary
Wireless biomedical implants of the future will interface with biological systems to perform physiological tasks such
as vision restoration, reanimation of paralyzed limbs, and chemical sensing. The potential benefit to society will
come not only from alleviating human suffering and improving quality of life, but also by reducing the health care
costs now directed to assist people with disabilities such as blindness, stroke and spinal-cord injury survivors.
Using similar technologies, cochlear implants have already restored functional hearing to over 100,000 deaf
patients around the world. The outcomes of the project can also be applied to a variety of other applications such
environmental monitoring, security and identification systems.


The University of Western Australia
DP0769992          A/Prof JM Dell; Dr RH Sewell

Approved           Growth dynamics and innovative spectroscopic techniques for real-time control of
Project Title      advanced electronics materials grown by molecular beam epitaxy

2007 :             $180,000
2008 :             $102,148
2009 :             $102,148
 APD                         Dr RH Sewell
Administering Organisation The University of Western Australia
Project Summary
Many important semiconductor devices for communications, lasers, high speed electronics and optical sensing are
based on materials grown by Molecular Beam Epitaxy (MBE). This research will provide the first measurements of
the reactions taking place during MBE and thus enable accurate growth of the complex multi-layered material
required for improved semiconductor devices. In particular, this project will make a major contribution to Australia's
established capability to produce and develop state-of-the art infrared sensors as required for defence applications,
remote sensing of minerals and pollutants, chemical analysis, and health diagnostics. PhD students will be trained
in advanced semiconductor growth and optical sensing technologies.




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University of Technology, Sydney
DP0773858         Prof JG Zhu; Dr D Liu; Mr Y Guo

 Approved          Application Oriented System Level Optimum Design Method for Advanced Electrical
Drive
 Project Title     Systems
 2007 :            $47,000
 2008 :            $45,000
 2009 :            $43,000
 Administering Organisation University of Technology, Sydney
 Project Summary
 The new concept of application-oriented, integrated, system level design will relieve the constraints formerly
applied to appliances by motors and give appliance designers full freedom to pursue the best appliance functions.
The new platform will become a powerful tool for designing advanced drive systems of new materials, novel
topologies, low cost and high performance, and shorten significantly the period of new product development. This
will enhance tremendously the competitiveness of Australian industry. The energy savings achieved by using
efficient systems will contribute significantly towards the reduction of greenhouse gas emission. High quality PhD
and honours degree students will be trained.


2910         GEOMATIC ENGINEERING

The University of New South Wales
DP0773929         Prof C Rizos; Prof DA Grejner-Brzezinska; Dr GW Roberts

Approved             A combined inertial, satellite & terrestrial signal navigation device for high accuracy
Project Title        positioning & orientation of underground imaging systems
2007 :               $115,000
2008 :               $115,000
2009 :               $110,000
Administering Organisation The University of New South Wales
Project Summary
The 'holy grail' of the mapping community is ubiquitous, cm-level accuracy positioning/orientation in all outdoor
environments with a minimum installed infrastructure and operational complexity. There is currently no system able
to address such needs. The integration of an Australian-developed technology within the standard GPS/inertial
navigation configuration would be a truly ground-breaking achievement. This would represent a significant
enhancement of Australia's capacity to develop high-value navigation products and services, and the proposed
project outcomes align closely with National Research Priority 3, and address the 'Frontier Technologies and
Smart Information Use' priority goals.


2911         ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEERING

Griffith University
DP0774218         A/Prof IE Agranovski; A/Prof AA Khromykh

Approved           Development of strategies for early detection of respiratory microbial infections possibly
Project Title      imported to Australia by humans and animals
2007 :             $185,621
2008 :             $199,791
2009 :             $161,848
Administering Organisation Griffith University
Project Summary
The impact of global terrorism, SARS and Avian influenza underlines the importance to Australia of having
advanced early-warning systems for airborne disease threats. Our new technique will provide continuous
monitoring, rapid detection, and viability reporting on pathogenic microorganisms transmitted by air. The technique
is non-invasive and is feasible to analyse much larger populations of humans and animals with their minimal
disturbance. This will benefit Australia and protect the country in the areas of public and animal health, and
defence against bioterrorism or biowarfare. The technology has worldwide export potential, creating new high-tech
enterprises and jobs.

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The University of New South Wales
DP0772864         Dr SJ Khan

Approved          The use of chiral pharmaceutical compounds to characterise sewage treatment
processes
Project Title     and sewage contamination of surface waters

2007 :            $55,000
2008 :            $30,000
2009 :            $30,000

Administering Organisation The University of New South Wales
Project Summary
Contamination by poorly treated and untreated sewage can severely degrade the quality of Australian surface
waters. However, the behaviour of organic chemicals during conventional sewage treatment processes remains
poorly understood. Furthermore, raw sewage pollution is generally not distinguishable from properly discharged
treated sewage effluent by current analytical methods. The proposed research will provide a chemical marker for
characterising treatment processes and identifying untreated sewage pollution. This will help to identify sources of
such pollution so that they may be corrected. A principal outcome of the research will be the improved ability to
protect Australia's valuable surface waters from sewage pollution.


DP0771055         Prof JH Middleton; Prof WK Melville

Approved          Hydrodynamics and Mixing around Coral Reefs
Project Title

2007 :            $100,000
2008 :            $90,000
2009 :            $90,000

Administering Organisation The University of New South Wales
Project Summary
The Great Barrier Reef is one of Australia's great natural resources, an international environmental icon and a
major contributor to the tourist industry in Queensland. The issues we will address are aligned with GBRMPA
strategic priorities concerning effects on the ecology of climate change. This research will help delineate the
physical processes responsible for the most serious potential impacts, which are of importance to management
strategies to be determined by GBRMPA. Other policy related issues range from sewage dispersal from coastal
communities to marine accidents and fuel spills. Informed management strategies are crucial to successful future
reef management.


The University of Newcastle
DP0773000         Prof GA Kuczera; Dr MA Thyer; A/Prof SW Franks

Approved          Efficient and Robust Prediction at Ungauged Catchments
Project Title

2007 :            $65,000
2008 :            $60,000
2009 :            $55,000

Administering Organisation The University of Newcastle
Project Summary
Hydrological models are an integral part of virtually all environmental models formulated at the catchment scale.
They are used in the planning, design and operation of water infrastructure. Despite the importance of these
models limited rainfall and streamflow gauging forces these models to be routinely applied at ungauged locations
where predictive power is poorly understood and almost always unsatisfactory. This project will directly benefit
model users by providing (a) robust framework for quantifying uncertainty and (b) improved predictions at
ungauged basins. This will provide more realistic guidance for design engineers and policy makers and be of
significant benefit to a large range of Australian water users.


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DP0774184          Dr PM Saco; Prof GR Willgoose; Mr DJ Tongway

Approved           Role of vegetation patchiness and self organisation in the ecohydrologic response of
Project Title      water limited ecosystems to climate variability and change

2007 :            $70,000
2008 :            $60,000
2009 :            $50,000

 Administering Organisation The University of Newcastle
 Project Summary
 The semi-arid Australian rangelands are some of the most sensitive regions to degradation and climate change,
 particularly with respect to hydrology and ecology. Our predictive ability in these environments is quite poor,
 however, climatic change (particularly changes in rainfall regimes) are expected to intensify vegetation patterning,
 intensify erosion and reduce runoff. This project will develop a modelling framework to better understand the
impact of these natural (climate variability and change) and anthropogenic (grazing, deforestation) disturbances on
runoff and erosion in these regions.


The University of Queensland
DP0774669          Dr WP Clarke; Dr MC Duke

Approved           Hydrogen production from the anaerobic digestion of organic waste using a novel
Project Title      membrane

2007 :            $130,000
2008 :            $100,000
2009 :            $100,000

Administering Organisation The University of Queensland
Project Summary
Solid organic waste is a potentially large, decentralized and sustainable source of hydrogen. The potential
hydrogen yield from the anaerobic digestion of solid organic waste in Sydney alone could power over 750,000
passenger vehicles. Hydrogen is always generated in the digestion of organic material, but under natural
conditions it is scavenged by methanogens. Recently developed silica membranes are selectively and highly
permeable to hydrogen, and these can be used to draw hydrogen from the digester. The digester will be run at
high temperatures (>65oC) because this favours organisms that produce hydrogen over methanogens. Anaerobic
digesters are well established in Europe and at least 3 municipal plants already exist in Australia.


DP0772660          Prof L Li; A/Prof DA Lockington; Prof DA Barry

Approved           Tidal dynamics of a subterranean estuary: Processes and functions
Project Title

2007 :            $50,000
2008 :            $40,000
2009 :            $30,000

 Administering Organisation The University of Queensland
 Project Summary
 Coastal environments and resources are of great significance for Australia economically and socially. Water
 pollution in many coastal areas is a serious environmental problem, threatening marine and estuarine ecosystems.
 High nutrient levels in coastal waters are causing alarming damage to the Great Barrier Reef. The proposed
project investigates an important mechanism underlying the chemical transfer from the aquifer to the ocean. It will
provide better understanding of the pathway of land-derived nutrients and contaminants entering coastal waters,
leading to (1) improvement of strategies for sustainable coastal resources management and development and (2)
integration of upland and lowland catchments management.




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The University of Western Australia
DP0773823          Prof J Imberger; Dr JP Antenucci; Dr C Dallimore; Dr T Zohary; Dr A Sukenik; Dr G Gal; Dr YZ
                   Yacobi; Prof RF Hauer
Approved           Factors controlling phytoplankton patchiness in a seasonally stratified lake
Project Title

2007 :              $70,000
2008 :              $140,000
2009 :              $25,118
Administering Organisation The University of Western Australia
Project Summary
This project will determine what processes result in the formation of phytoplankton patches in lakes, over what
scale, and how they can be parameterized into models to assist in managing aquatic systems. This will allow key
parameters to be measured at the correct time and space scales. The Controlled Lagrangian Drogue coupled
with correctly parameterized hydrodynamic and water quality models will provide the Australian and International
water industry with tools to measure and predict phytoplankton patchiness and make decisions about water quality
treatment, offtake regimes and reservoir management. This will minimize the economic costs of water quality
management and enhance the security of the quality of our water resources.


2913         METALLURGY

Deakin University
DP0771883          Prof PD Hodgson; Dr I Timokhina

Approved           A Microstructure Based Approach to Steel Design for Improved Crash Performance
Project Title

2007 :             $145,000
2008 :             $135,000
2009 :             $135,000
2010 :             $100,000
Administering Organisation Deakin University
Project Summary
There is a continual need for the automotive industry to develop vehicles with increased fuel efficiency and safety.
This research will establish how different types of new advanced steels can contribute to improved crash
worthiness, while also helping to increase fuel efficiency through lighter weight. This will lead to the development of
new steels that offer even better crash performance while also providing more realistic computer models for car
designers.

The University of New South Wales
DP0771059          Prof O Ostrovski; Prof DL Trimm

Approved           Alternative technology for titanium tetrachloride: production and chlorination of titanium
Project Title      oxycarbonitride

 2007 :              $200,000
 2008 :              $180,000
 2009 :              $170,000
 2010 :              $150,000
 2011 :              $100,000
  APF                         Prof O Ostrovski
 Administering Organisation The University of New South Wales
 Project Summary
 The proposed project targets alternative cost-efficient technology for titanium tetrachloride, which is an
intermediate product in production of titanium metal and titania pigment. More efficient technology for processing of
titanium minerals will strengthen the position of Australia in the titanium industry at a global level. It has a potential
to enhance Australia capacity to exploit niche markets for titanium dioxide white pigment and titanium metal,
enabling Australia to capitalise on its huge mineral sands resource, rich in ilmenite and rutile. The project will also
contribute to the theory of metallurgical processes, particularly to the gas-solid reactions in the reduction,
carburisation, nitridation and chlorination processes.

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DP0774100         Prof V Sahajwalla; Dr R Khanna

Approved          Recycling Alumina-Carbon Refractory Waste in Steelmaking: Fundamental understanding
Project Title     of impurities during refractory/steel interactions

2007 :            $100,000
2008 :            $90,000
2009 :            $90,000

Administering Organisation The University of New South Wales
Project Summary
This project will deliver the technical advances for critical aspects of the recycling of waste refractories as raw
materials in steelmaking. The novel and recycled refractories that we will develop will lead to reductions in waste
generation through reduced wear, resulting in significant economic and environmental benefits. Optimising the
characteristics of these refractories will result in longer refractory life, reduced downtime, and increased product
quality. These advances will result in significant advantages for the steel industry.


The University of Sydney
DP0770504         Dr JM Cairney; Dr D Larson

Approved          New Approaches to Understanding Grain Boundary Chemistry
Project Title

2007 :            $120,000
2008 :            $115,000
2009 :            $115,000

Administering Organisation The University of Sydney
Project Summary
This project will provide a fundamentally better understanding of the relationship between grain boundary
segregation and the recrystallisation behaviour of steel and Al alloys. This knowledge will lead to more efficient
thermomechanical processing techniques, which will be of benefit to Australia's steel and light alloy industries. The
experimental techniques to be developed will be the first of their kind. They have enormous potential for use in
future segregation studies of other alloy systems and are expected to make a major contribution to fundamental
and applied research over the next few years.


2914         MATERIALS ENGINEERING

Deakin University
DP0770021         Dr C Wen; Dr W Yan; Prof GC Nicholson

Approved          Titanium Alloy Scaffolds for Osseointegration Implant Materials
Project Title

2007 :            $110,000
2008 :            $110,000
2009 :            $110,000

Administering Organisation Deakin University
Project Summary
Australians' life expectancies are among the highest in the world. Degeneration of load bearing bones in the elderly
of age 65 and over often requires the inception of biomaterial implants. For the hip and knee replacements alone,
there are over 52,000 operations performed in Australia each year at an estimated cost of over $500 million. The
success of these procedures depends on the implant biomaterials. The outcomes of this project are a new
category of porous bone implant materials for load bearing applications.




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Monash University
DP0770531          Dr K Suzuki; Prof K Aoki

Approved           Novel nanostructured alloy membranes for hydrogen permeation: Advanced materials
Project Title      technology for renewable energy

2007 :            $100,000
2008 :            $90,000
2009 :            $90,000

Administering Organisation Monash University
Project Summary
Hydrogen purification by alloy membranes is a key technology in maintaining the greenhouse gas emission low
while using the fossil fuels including coal for energy generation. However, the alloys currently available for the
membrane separation are mostly based on a costly precious metal palladium, making the application of the
technology limited. The proposed non-equilibrium material processing will enable us to fabricate novel
nanocomposite niobium-based alloys to which excellent hydrogen permeation characteristics are expected with
high economic viability. Successful development of the proposed alloys could enhance the competitiveness of the
Australian coal industry worldwide.


DP0770588          Dr B Winther-Jensen

Approved           Switchable interfaces
Project Title

 2007 :             $115,000
 2008 :             $100,000
 2009 :             $100,000
  APD                         Dr B Winther-Jensen
 Administering Organisation Monash University
 Project Summary
 The discovery project will challenge some of the most demanding issues regarding adhesion and molecular
 separation: - Surfaces that can release/prevent bio-film formation can provide novel solutions for
 corrosion-protection, implants, anti-fouling in medical devices as well as in industrial piping and reactors. -
Materials for separation on the molecular level, which can bring new possibilities for fast and selective processes to
the pharmaceutical industry. The novel combination of the two materials research fields - plasma-polymerisation
and electroactive materials- will lead to an international capability at the forefront of separation and adhesion
research.


RMIT University
DP0771646          A/Prof DG McCulloch

Approved           Synthesis and Optimisation of Ultra-Thin Metal Oxide Coatings
Project Title

2007 :            $90,000
2008 :            $80,000
2009 :            $70,000

Administering Organisation RMIT University
Project Summary
Metal oxides are a rich class of materials in terms of their electronic, optical and chemical properties. The
emergence of nanotechnology has renewed the drive for miniaturisation and given new urgency to the synthesis of
ultra-thin metal oxide films for use in new electronic devices, sensors and functional coatings. This project will
generate valuable intellectual property in the form of optimised ultra-thin metal oxide coatings with properties
tailored to meet this rapidly growing set of new applications. The innovative combination of advanced plasma
synthesis, high resolution microscopy and accurate theoretical modelling will ensure success.




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The Australian National University
DP0773860          Dr AA Ashrafi

Approved           Pulsed Laser Deposition of Zinc Oxide-based Materials for Optoelectronic Device
Project Title      Applications

2007 :              $120,000
2008 :              $90,000
2009 :              $90,000
 APD                            Dr AA Ashrafi
Administering Organisation The Australian National University
Project Summary
Zinc oxide (ZnO) is expected to play an important role in new optoelectronic components and systems such as
visible and ultraviolet light sources, high temperature electronics and window materials for solar cells. This project
will not only investigate the fundamental issues related to the growth of ZnO but also develop some solutions to
realise the true potentials of ZnO-based materials. This project is at the forefront of a number of important fields,
and therefore the outcomes are expected to appeal to a large community of academics, national security and the
high technology industries. It will position the Australian researchers among the pioneering groups in this area.


DP0770083          Prof C Jagadish

Approved           Epitaxial Nanowires for Optoelectronic Device Applications
Project Title

2007 :            $230,000
2008 :            $235,000
2009 :            $210,000
2010 :            $175,000
2011 :            $150,000

Administering Organisation The Australian National University
Project Summary
Nanotechnology is expected to make a major impact in all industrial sectors and multi-trillion dollar economic
activity is expected by 2020. Nanowires are considered to be new building blocks for future electronics and
photonics technologies and our aim is to develop nanowire based technologies which are of benefit to Australian
industry. This project will develop patentable technologies as well as enhance international links with UK, China,
Sweden and Norway. Training of postgraduate students and post-doctoral fellows in the field of nanotechnology
will be of immense benefit to Australian industries, research and academic institutions.


The University of Melbourne
DP0774251          Dr KA Gross; Prof J Keskinen

Approved           Guided droplet deposition: Microfabrication of advanced materials
Project Title

2007 :            $90,000
2008 :            $80,000
2009 :            $70,000

Administering Organisation The University of Melbourne
Project Summary
The progress of micro and nanofabrication is opening an array of new opportunities with a new degree of freedom
for manufacturing. This process will complement the existing micromanufacturing facilities in Melbourne. While
metal printing and deposition of polymers is presently available, the guided droplet deposition will extend current
capabilities to include ceramics and high melting temperature metals. Direct application to medical devices will
provide a more effective surface for improved performance and allow the incorporation of smart and sensor
materials for multifunctional devices.




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The University of New South Wales
DP0771416          Prof PR Munroe; A/Prof MM Hyland

Approved           Interfacial Structures in Thermal Spray Coatings
Project Title

2007 :             $100,000
2008 :             $90,000
2009 :             $90,000

Administering Organisation The University of New South Wales
Project Summary
The use of coatings on the surfaces of components provides high levels of resistance to mechanical damage,
corrosion, oxidation or thermal degradation. As a result, coated components exhibit increased lifetimes and
reliability. However, the durability of such components is still crucially limited by the quality of the coating. An
improved understanding of the bonding mechanisms that occur during the deposition of such coatings, prepared
through thermal spray methods, will provide improvements in coating structure and thus, component performance
and lifetime. This will benefit a wide range of manufacturing industries that use such coatings.


DP0771432          Dr N Valanoor; Prof PR Munroe; Dr TC Petersen; Dr H Kohlstedt

Approved           Ferroelectric - ferromagnetic tunnel junctions
Project Title

2007 :             $70,000
2008 :             $150,000
2009 :             $110,000
2010 :             $90,000

Administering Organisation The University of New South Wales
Project Summary
Ferroelectric and ferromagnetic materials have attracted significant attention and exhibited potential in many
applications such as storage memories, solid-state light sources and a range of smart chemical and biological
sensors. This proposal seeks to investigate the behaviour of these materials in ultra-thin film form, where imposed
geometrical constraints produce novel combinations of ferroelectric and magnetic properties. The fundamental
understanding of the behaviour of these materials will help us develop new material systems with exciting
possibilities in the design of advanced devices and sensors.


DP0770424          Dr Y Zhang

Approved           Development of room temperature diluted magnetic semiconductors for spintronics
Project Title      devices application

2007 :              $155,148
2008 :              $100,148
2009 :              $101,148
 APD                         Dr Y Zhang
Administering Organisation The University of New South Wales
Project Summary
Semiconductor spintronics is very likely to have a significant impact on future generations of devices. Until
recently, Australian research groups have played a minor role in the field. The proposed program will lead to new
discoveries or fundamental advances within semiconductor spintronics or have substantial impact on the progress
in this field. The accomplishments of this project can greatly increase the scientific understanding of diluted
magnetic semiconductors and expand Australia's knowledge base in research in these materials. This program
can also be an education platform to provide a number of scientific talents for Australia by intensively training high
quality postgraduates at the international level.




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The University of Newcastle
DP0770278         Prof GE Murch

Approved          Computational design of titanium dioxide-based ceramics for the renewable energy
Project Title     technology platform: Solar-Hydrogen

2007 :             $148,021
2008 :             $186,202
2009 :             $209,261
2010 :             $100,000
2011 :             $100,000
Administering Organisation The University of Newcastle
Project Summary
Hydrogen is a clean non-polluting fuel. Production of hydrogen (Solar-Hydrogen) directly from water and sunlight is
a very appealing renewable energy technology. The key requirement to allow this technology to be adopted is
finding an electrically suitable material. This research program takes an innovative approach by combining state of
the art computational techniques to engineer advanced ceramics having sophisticated electrical signatures. These
ceramics will be synthesized in a partner experimental program to gauge their efficiencies for hydrogen production.
The program will provide the foundation for a renewable energy technology that will provide clean energy and
energy independence for Australia.


The University of Sydney
DP0771889         Prof MM Bilek; Dr RN Tarrant; Dr VJ Keast; Prof JM Schneider

Approved          New nanolaminate ternary and quaternary alloy phases by thin film synthesis
Project Title

2007 :              $250,000
2008 :              $225,000
2009 :              $200,000
Administering Organisation The University of Sydney
Project Summary
The availability of suitable materials is a driver of new technologies. We will develop a new class of ternary and
quaternary alloys with nanolaminate structures at the atomic scale using a combination of theoretical modeling,
novel thin film synthesis and advanced characterization methods. The nanostructure of these materials is expected
to promote a rare combination of metallic and ceramic like properties, such as low friction, high mechanical
strength, resistance to heat shock, fracture, corrosion and oxidation, up to very high temperatures. Careful
characterisation of the growth process and structure-property relationships will allow us to develop methods of
tailoring the property mix for operation in harsh environments.


University of Wollongong
DP0773710         Prof HR Brown; Prof GP Simon

Approved          New Types of Biomimetic Nanostructured Adhesives
Project Title

2007 :              $165,000
2008 :              $160,000
2009 :              $150,000
Administering Organisation University of Wollongong
Project Summary
Adhesives are one of the main ways in which we join materials, and have many advantages over other methods of
joining. In this work we will make a new class of adhesive using nanotechnology that attempts to copy the very
fine-haired feet of animals such as geckos who can stick to almost any surface, under most conditions. We will
make these adhesives over large surface areas, and thus they will have commercial possibilities in a range of high
technology industries, as well as in harsh environments. Because we will be able to manipulate the structure and
observe property changes, it should also give us a greater insight into the adhesion mechanisms used by many
small animals and bugs.


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DP0770205         Prof SX Dou; Dr C Jiang; Dr J Driscoll; Prof RL Flukiger; Dr H Kumakura; Dr MD Sumption

Approved          Current limiting mechanisms in magnesium diboride superconductors
Project Title

2007 :               $320,000
2008 :               $330,000
2009 :               $390,000
2010 :               $180,000
2011 :               $210,000
 APD                          Dr C Jiang
 APF                          Prof SX Dou
Administering Organisation University of Wollongong
Project Summary
Numerous important applications have already been identified for MgB2 wire: power transmission cables, fault
current limiters, transformers and magnets for motors and generators, as well as MRI. The significant increase in
current carrying capacity of one order of magnitude expected to result from the proposed program will enable
MgB2 to replace presently existing low-temperature superconductors (LTS) and expensive high-temperature
superconductors (HTS) in numerous important applications. MgB2 technology, coupled with renewable energy
sources, has the potential to provide a long-term solution to the energy crisis and global warming threat.


DP0773329         Prof KA Tieu; Dr H Zhu; Dr PB Kosasih; Dr DJ Nolan

Approved          Tribological contact of work roll in hot rolling
Project Title

2007 :            $130,000
2008 :            $120,000
2009 :            $110,000

Administering Organisation University of Wollongong
Project Summary
Steel and aluminium manufacturers form their products by shaping a hot metal billet using, for example, presses
and rollers which contact the rapidly cooling metal in the production line. The economic benefits of lubrication,
reduced rolling force (up to 25%), reduced roll wear and extended roll life (up to 40%), reduced down time due to
roll change, and better strip quality are very significant for these manufacturing processes. This comprehensive
program will provide new knowledge on lubrication and roll wear to help Australian manufacturing industry (e.g.
steel and aluminium) to better understand and optimise their processes to achieve maximum benefits.


DP0772999         Dr G Wang; Prof C Zhang; Dr KK Konstantinov; Dr JZ Wang; Prof MS Islam; Prof R Liu; Dr P
                  Novák; Prof Dr PH Notten
Approved          First principles for development of novel hybrid electrochemical energy storage and
Project Title     conversion systems

 2007 :              $210,000
 2008 :              $210,000
 2009 :              $220,000
 2010 :              $130,000
 2011 :              $130,000
  QEII                        Dr G Wang
 Administering Organisation University of Wollongong
 Project Summary
 Electrochemical energy is regarded as an alternative green energy/power source. The breakthrough technologies
to be developed will allow us to realise the great goal of widespread usage of electric vehicles and hybrid electric
 vehicles, inducing dramatic improvements to our environment. It will also help us to reduce our dependence on the
 current oil-driven economy, and increase national energy security and energy independence. The project will
 establish indigenous expertise and scientific know-how on electrochemical energy storage and conversion
 technology. The competitive results from this research will provide an incentive to the Australian automobile and
 energy industries.




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2915         BIOMEDICAL ENGINEERING

The University of Melbourne
DP0774670          Dr KA Gross; Prof SE Graves

Approved           Advanced micro-architecture and nanotopography for enhanced tissue growth in
Project Title      scaffolds

2007 :            $80,000
2008 :            $60,000
2009 :            $60,000

Administering Organisation The University of Melbourne
Project Summary
Tissue engineering scaffolds offer an urgently needed synthetic biomaterials solution to overcome disease
transmission from donor transplants. This work will combine biomaterial chemistry and designed surface
topography to trigger bone formation within a scaffold for the first time in the world. Collaboration with national
research leaders on stem cell and animal testing of the new scaffolds will provide the necessary interdisciplinary
approach to generate a new product for patients in need of bone regeneration. Australia will benefit from the
contribution to medical science, the development of a new device for rapid prototyping tissue engineering
scaffolds, retain biomaterials research expertise, and generate new biomedical products.


DP0771430          Dr AN Zelikin

Approved           Disulfide Cross-linked Hollow Polymer Capsules for Drug Delivery
Project Title

2007 :             $100,000
2008 :             $90,000
2009 :             $90,000
 APD                          Dr AN Zelikin
Administering Organisation The University of Melbourne
Project Summary
The project is expected to deliver an un-paralleled drug delivery opportunity which will benefit the pharmaceutical
industry, biomedical science and biotechnology. Young scientists will be trained bringing about skilled workers for
Australian science and industry. The project will build on the existing as well as establish new collaborations
between scientific institutions and industry. The project will result in novel intellectual property on which new
technologies and spin-off companies will emerge, leading to increased employment opportunities in Australia and
investment in Australian science and industry.


The University of New South Wales
DP0772153          Dr LJ Foster; Dr A Lauto

Approved           Development of a Light-Activated Bioadhesive for Low Temperature Tissue Repair
Project Title

2007 :            $120,000
2008 :            $100,000
2009 :            $90,000

 Administering Organisation The University of New South Wales
 Project Summary
 While sutures currently represent the gold standard for wound closure, their fundamental technology has changed
 little in thousands of years. Surgical sealants and energy based closure devices are expected to increasingly
 replace or complement sutures, improving tissue closure and wound healing. The innovative research in this
 proposal will develop the next generation of surgical bioadhesive technology and claim a stake in the estimated
 US$ 4 billion market. The project outcomes will enhance Australia's reputation in the biomedical field and will have
 world-wide social and health care benefits by ultimately allowing better functional healing through bioadhesives
that can be effectively applied rapidly and consistently.


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DP0774213          Dr W Wen; A/Prof A Xia; Prof PS Sachdev; Dr JT Ratnanather

Approved           Quantifying cortical thickness and white matter hyperintensity volumes and determining
Project Title      their relationship on Magnetic Resonance Imaging in ageing brains

2007 :             $100,000
2008 :             $95,000
2009 :             $90,000

 Administering Organisation The University of New South Wales
 Project Summary
 Australia's population is ageing, with a significant projected increase in the number of people aged over 65 and 85.
 Mental health and quality of life for this ageing population have become an increasingly important issue. This
project directly addresses the National Research Priority 2 in the terms of ageing well, ageing productively.
Accurately measuring the distribution of brain structural changes is an effective way of differentiating normal ageing
from various pathological conditions reflecting the underlying pathology. The project has access to an
unprecedented large sample of longitudinal Magnetic Resonance Imaging and health/clinical data and will produce
a set of algorithms to examine this issue and put Australia at the forefront of such research.


The University of Queensland
DP0774348          Prof JH Campbell; Dr Y Cao; Mr TI Croll; Mr MR Doran

Approved           Tissue Engineering the Meniscus: Combining Novel Biomimetic Hybrid Scaffolds with
Project Title      Adult Stem Cells

2007 :             $150,000
2008 :             $140,000
2009 :             $140,000

Administering Organisation The University of Queensland
Project Summary
Development of a meniscal implant ex vivo will provide significant health and economic benefits, given that
worldwide, millions of people annually suffer from meniscus damage or loss. We believe that a tissue engineered
meniscus, composed of a novel biomimetic scaffold which guides the differentiation of mesenchymal stem cells in
a novel bioreactor will provide a solution to the problem of donor scarcity in meniscal repair. Success in this project
will lead directly to large-animal studies and clinical trials. The training of four early careeer researchers involved in
this project will also be of significant benefit to the Australian Tissue Engineering and Biomaterials community.


DP0774647          Prof MA Kendall; Prof MS Roberts

Approved           Micro-nanoprojection patches for minimally-invasive and targeted delivery of genes and
Project Title      drugs to skin cells: from concept to technology platform

2007 :             $220,000
2008 :             $245,000
2009 :             $210,000

 Administering Organisation The University of Queensland
 Project Summary
 This project will address key science questions on the recently patented micro-nanoprojections patch, establishing
it in Australia as a world leading technology in the rapidly growing and important field of gene and drug delivery.
 Unique internationally-competitive science outcoumes and research training will be generated at the interfaces
 between bioengineering, nanotechnology, pharmaceutical science and immunology. Ultimately, the project will
allow improved treatment of major diseases (e.g. vaccination and immunotherapy of asthma). Achieving these
health benefits by commercial pathways is expected to benefit the Australian community and emerging
Biotechnology industry-creating highly valued career opportunities for Australians.




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The University of Sydney
DP0773726          Dr Q Li; Dr RC Appleyard; Dr W Li

Approved           Computational Scaffold Optimisation for Tissue Engineering
Project Title

2007 :            $75,000
2008 :            $70,000
2009 :            $70,000

Administering Organisation The University of Sydney
Project Summary
Due to exceptional potential, tissue engineering has attracted over US$4.5 billion research and development
investment and another US$2.6 billion market capital since 1990. It is important to cement Australia's position in
such a highly competitive field. This project aims to develop a novel technology for scaffold-based tissue
engineering, which would help Australia lead in the relevant area and increase its competitiveness in the future
global market of biomaterials, tissue products, biomedical software and instruments. An enormous socio-economic
benefit to Australia would be a significant improvement in the clinical success rate for our ageing population.


The University of Western Australia
DP0770275          A/Prof K Miller; Prof N Knuckey; A/Prof SK Warfield

Approved           Neuroimage Registration Using a Graphical Processing Unit
Project Title

2007 :            $100,000
2008 :            $90,000
2009 :            $90,000

Administering Organisation The University of Western Australia
Project Summary
The proposed research will develop a computational framework, which will allow matching high quality
pre-operative brain images with lower resolution images taken during neurosurgery. The key idea to be pursued is
conducting computations on a Graphical Processing Unit (GPU). The success of this work will greatly improve
effectiveness of brain tumour removal, and therefore improve clinical outcomes. The proposed work will provide
enabling technology for other areas of computer aided medicine, such as virtual reality operation planning systems
with realistic force and tactile feedback, control systems of neurosurgical robots with tissue deformation prediction
module, etc.


DP0771111          Prof DD Sampson; Prof MD Grounds; Prof S Boppart

Approved           Coherent optical tissue biopsy and analysis targeting muscle pathology
Project Title

2007 :            $198,478
2008 :            $220,000
2009 :            $200,000
2010 :            $180,000

Administering Organisation The University of Western Australia
Project Summary
This international, interdisciplinary collaborative research should change the way structures in tissues are
characterised with broad impact on health, biotechnology, and the meat industry. Specific benefits include: a large
reduction in the time/effort required for the ubiquitous process of histology of muscle and other tissue sections and
samples; a large reduction in the number of animals required in experimentation and the possibility of time
sequential studies of the same animal; and in muscular dystrophy in humans, a new capability in the direct
assessment of muscle tissue and the disease treatment and progression. This suite of advances should generate
intellectual property of major commercial importance.



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2916         COMPUTER HARDWARE

The University of New South Wales
DP0774615         Dr A Ignjatovic; Prof J Henkel; Mr A Janapsatya

Approved          Algorithms for Memory Management and Memory Design in Embedded Systems
Project Title

2007 :              $86,000
2008 :              $84,000
2009 :              $82,000
Administering Organisation The University of New South Wales
Project Summary
Given the importance of embedded systems technology, Australia must secure a place among significant
innovators in the field of embedded systems design. Our research aims at novel algorithmic solutions for
customization and resource management for embedded processors. Thus, besides generating intellectual
property, our research can be fully commercialized in Australia, because it does not require complex and expensive
technologies and other resources available only to the world's largest corporations. In addition, during our research
a number of undergraduate and graduate students will get a chance to get training in the cutting edge embedded
systems design, optimization and testing.

2917         COMMUNICATIONS TECHNOLOGIES

Macquarie University
DP0771385         Dr LM Davis; Dr SV Hanly; Prof AR Calderbank; Dr S Sirianunpiboon

Approved          Broadband to the bush: Polarization as a new resource in wireless cross-layer design
Project Title

2007 :                $153,000
2008 :                $150,000
2009 :                $148,000
Administering Organisation Macquarie University
Project Summary
'Broadband to the Bush' is a national priority - more than 1.6 million homes, small businesses and not-for-profit
organizations in rural, regional, and remote Australia are set to benefit from broadband access to phone networks
and the internet. The immediate challenges lie in overcoming poor download speeds and area coverage, as well
as expensive access. This research will deliver cost and power-efficient receiver architectures to provide end-user
utility, and will train postgraduate researchers across traditional discipline boundaries in mathematics and
engineering. The project represents an important contribution to frontier technologies in information and
communications technology for building and transforming Australian industries.


Monash University
DP0772937         A/Prof J Armstrong; Prof AJ Lowery

Approved          Optical Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing (OOFDM): a breakthrough for
Project Title     ultra-broadband optical fibre systems and infrared wireless personal-area networks

2007 :             $150,000
2008 :             $140,000
2009 :             $120,000
Administering Organisation Monash University
Project Summary
Optical-OFDM provides Australia with an opportunity to develop a new, high-tech, easy-to-export technology with a
very large market potential spanning three key communications markets: wireless personal-area networks,
local-area networks and long-haul (80-4000 km) optical networks. It is based on innovative Australian technology
generated from two research strengths: photonics and OFDM. OFDM is already the basis of most non-optical
broadband systems, including digital broadcasting and ADSL. Patent applications have been filed. One application
enables bandwidths to rural and remote communities to be quadrupled without laying new cables. By launching off
this local market Australian industry can develop a world leading industry.
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The Australian National University
DP0773333          Dr S Madden

Approved           Next Generation Planar Tellurite Waveguides
Project Title

2007 :             $110,000
2008 :             $95,000
2009 :             $95,000

Administering Organisation The Australian National University
Project Summary
The project provides the basis for the production of new high technology photonic products in Australia, the
availability of at least one new unique facility for future scientific endeavour, and the generation of skillsets new to
Australia. New IP will also be developed during the project. A successful outcome could also ultimately result in
new products offering, for example, enhanced National Security through the Defence applications, better
measurements of atmospheric contaminants through the sensing route, and more advanced telecommunications
services at lower cost for citizens and businesses, and for lower operating costs for service providers.


The University of Queensland
DP0773082          Prof ME Bialkowski

Approved           Microwave System for Breast Cancer Detection
Project Title

2007 :             $48,000
2008 :             $40,000
2009 :             $39,000

Administering Organisation The University of Queensland
Project Summary
Breast cancer is the most common cancer diagnosed in women in various parts of the world. Currently the primary
method for breast screening is X-ray mammography and in rare cases Magnetic Resonance Imaging. X-ray
mammography has saved many lives, but the technology still produces a relativity high number of false negative
and false positive diagnoses. In the last decade, active microwave techniques have attracted considerable interest
as viable alternatives to X-ray mammography. This project aims at the design and development of a low-cost
microwave system, which will complement X-ray mammography as a breast cancer diagnosis tool.


The University of Sydney
DP0774404          Prof SC Fleming; Dr S Min

Approved           Nano-Engineered Glass for Next Generation Optical Fibre Devices and Systems
Project Title

2007 :             $117,000
2008 :             $117,000
2009 :             $117,000

 Administering Organisation The University of Sydney
 Project Summary
 Optical fibre and fibre devices are a major technology platform of the IT revolution. The global photonics market is
 valued at $220bn, with Australian industry contributing ~$500m to the Australian economy. $158m is from
 communications photonics companies, largely SMEs, and comprises roughly 1% of the global telecoms photonic
 market. For Australia to be a significant player in this very competitive environment, the industry needs a
continuing flow of research innovations. The breakthrough science in this research project will extend Australia's
world leading speciality fibre and fibre device capabilities and the innovation will succour the growing Australian
industry, ensuring a place on the next wave of deployment of photonic technology.



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DP0774658         Dr C Grillet

Approved          Highly nonlinear all-optical switches using chalcogenide photonic crystal
Project Title

2007 :            $77,030
2008 :            $77,030
2009 :            $77,030
 APD                         Dr C Grillet
Administering Organisation The University of Sydney
Project Summary
Business productivity and economic prosperity are increasingly correlated with the speed of a country's Internet
connections and computer infrastructure. Australia will benefit from dramatic improvements to communications
technology arising from this research, through access to improved services and through the creation of enterprises
formed to commercialise our novel technology. The benefits from the eventual development of ultrahigh speed
networks include better rural and regional connectivity, improved business productivity and the emergence of new
high-bandwidth services, such as telemedicine and flexible learning.


DP0771523         Prof A Jamalipour

Approved          Cross-Correlated Security and Service Quality in Heterogeneous Mobile Communication
Project Title     Networks

2007 :            $110,780
2008 :            $103,000
2009 :            $90,030

Administering Organisation The University of Sydney
Project Summary
Mobile telecommunication infrastructures constitute the vital elements of all developed countries and therefore their
reliability and integrity has a profound role in a sustained national economy progress. This project will provide a
uniquely practical and long-term solution to the Internet security threat even after introduction of new mobile
applications and services. The project will put Australia on the frontbench of the extensive research activities
worldwide in the field of mobile network security and quality of service. This project will protect the nation's most
valuable data infrastructure from service interruption as a result of a sudden data traffic load increase.


DP0774431         Prof RA Minasian; Dr EH Chan

Approved          Dynamically tunable, low-noise, discrete-time optical processing of high-speed signals
Project Title

2007 :              $160,000
2008 :              $125,000
2009 :              $110,000
 APD                          Dr EH Chan
Administering Organisation The University of Sydney
Project Summary
In today's society there is an unrelenting push for increasing bandwidth requirements. Thus the challenge arises to
provide systems that can optimally condition high-speed signals. Many systems carry not only the desired
information but also high level interference signals. Tunable interference mitigation is required to address different
interferers actively while having minimal impact on the passband. The new dynamically tunable photonic signal
processors in this project have important applications for science, business and security services. The results have
widespread uses in enhancing fibre-fed distributed antenna systems, with national benefits in the fields of
radioastronomy and radar systems in defence.




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DP0773984          Dr C Monat

Approved           Slow light in nonlinear photonic crystals: less haste, more speed
Project Title

2007 :             $77,030
2008 :             $77,030
2009 :             $77,030
 APD                          Dr C Monat
Administering Organisation The University of Sydney
Project Summary
The development of communications is vital to Australia's future. Our project will enable both massive
improvements of the performance of the communication technologies and significant reductions in the cost and
size of the associated infrastructures. The resulting benefits will contribute to developing the economy and lifestyle
of rural and regional Australia. The expansion of a faster network throughout the country will eventually enable
advanced techniques and services such as remote surgery, remote engineering and distance education. We will
provide advanced training for three students who will gain valuable skills in this area that will be sought after by the
Australian information and communication technology industry.


DP0773173          Prof B Vucetic; Prof VG Oklobdzija; A/Prof X Tao

Approved           Design and Implementation of Ultra-Low Power Cooperative Communication Terminals
Project Title

2007 :             $107,000
2008 :             $107,000
2009 :             $107,000

Administering Organisation The University of Sydney
Project Summary
Low power consumption is one of the most critical issues for wide deployment of wireless sensor networks and
implementation of 4G communication systems. In the proposed project we will devise novel ultra-low power signal
processing and hardware design techniques enabling a significant advance in wireless communication technology.
The novel algorithms can be applied in home networks, irrigation in agriculture, environment monitoring and 4G
wireless communication systems.


University of South Australia
DP0772218          Dr SL Perreau; Prof BC Lovell; Dr AU Jayasuriya

Approved           Markov Field Theory applied to Sensor Networks Analysis and Design
Project Title

2007 :             $80,000
2008 :             $72,000
2009 :             $67,000

Administering Organisation University of South Australia
Project Summary
Ad hoc and sensor networks have a wide range of applications in defence, emergency services and agriculture
because they do not require telecommunications infrastructure such as base stations or access points, hence are
relatively easy to deploy in harsh environments. This project aims at improving the theoretical understanding of
sensor and ad hoc networks, which enable improvements in performance in such networks. Australian defence
industry and emergency services will benefit from this research by gaining access to improved ad hoc
communications networks. The agricultural sector will also benefit from the improved sensor networks in
applications such as monitoring soil conditions, stock and crop levels.




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University of Southern Queensland
DP0774440          Dr KI Ziri-Castro

Approved           Modelling Human-Body Effects on Indoor Multiple-Input Multiple-Output Channels for
Project Title      Broadband Wireless Systems

2007 :             $50,000
2008 :             $50,000

Administering Organisation University of Southern Queensland
Project Summary
Multiple-Input Multiple-Output (MIMO) technologies use a number of antennas to send multiple signals as a way to
significantly increase the speed, range and reliability of a wireless network. The upcoming IEEE 802.11n standard,
which includes MIMO in its specifications, will offer up to eight times the coverage and up to six times the speed of
currently available IEEE 802.11 products. Through comprehensive measurement campaigns, this project will
characterise the time-varying human body effect on indoor MIMO systems in populated environments, such as
busy industrial and commercial buildings. Results will have a direct impact on future wireless applications, and are
valuable from both scientific and economy-enhancement viewpoints.


University of Technology, Sydney
DP0772104          Prof S Challa; Dr MR Morelande

Approved           Generalized Information Fusion and Scheduling for Effective Situational Awareness
Project Title

2007 :             $78,755
2008 :             $80,500
2009 :             $82,500

 Administering Organisation University of Technology, Sydney
 Project Summary
 Research on the generalized information fusion will lead to better surveillance,monitoring & situational awareness
 technologies that will significantly enhance our national security and contribute to the strategic directions set by the
 Nation. It will deliver generic integrated uncertainty reasoning models, algorithms and implementations and will
lead to enhanced interoperation capability across multiple collaborating organizations that have surveillance and
 situational awareness as their prime responsibilities (defence, police and the road transport authority). It will
position the nation to use its relatively small defence force to maximum effectiveness in combating terrorism, crime
and natural disasters like Tsunami & Earth quakes.


DP0774207          Prof DB Hoang; A/Prof E Lawrence

Approved           Sensor and Actor Grid for Assistive Healthcare
Project Title

2007 :             $105,000
2008 :             $105,000
2009 :             $100,000

 Administering Organisation University of Technology, Sydney
 Project Summary
 Australia's population is ageing, with a significant, projected increase in the number of people aged over 65. This
 project addresses the core issue of providing an end-to-end assistive healthcare loop to maintain the wellness as
 well as improving the quality of life of this ageing population. It promises to reduce the enormous cost of public and
 primary healthcare. Furthermore, with the proposed framework, an end user will be able to enjoy the support of
 multiple caregivers (relatives, community-caregivers, etc.) working collaboratively. These factors certainly relate
this project to the strengthening of Australia's social and economic fabric priority.




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DP0773234         A/Prof AM Sanagavarapu; A/Prof KP Esselle; Dr TS Bird

Approved          A Three-Dimensional Ultra-Wideband Microwave Method Based On Multiple Antennas For
Project Title     Early Detection Of Breast Cancer

2007 :            $146,786
2008 :            $125,073
2009 :            $110,000

Administering Organisation University of Technology, Sydney
Project Summary
Breast cancer is the most common cause of cancer-related death among women in Australia. In 2003, it killed
2,713 women in Australia and approximately 400,000 worldwide. Despite significant advances, current breast
screening methods still suffer from several limitations. They may miss as many as 15% of cancers. Inconclusive
results are common, leading to invasive, expensive and painful follow-up tests such as biopsies. About 75% of
such biopsies are found to be negative, and this is a major deterrent for women in undertaking breast screening.
The proposed project contributes to the cause of finding a more reliable breast cancer detection method, and
hence, saving thousands of lives each year.


Victoria University of Technology
DP0773999         A/Prof SF Collins; Prof GW Baxter; Dr SA Wade; Prof KT Grattan

Approved          Fibre Bragg grating microstructures: a novel sensing tool?
Project Title

2007 :            $100,000
2008 :            $95,000
2009 :            $90,000

Administering Organisation Victoria University of Technology
Project Summary
This project seeks to produce novel optical fibre sensors based on in-fibre Bragg gratings that will find applications
in the measurement of transverse strain. The development of improved measurement techniques provides for
better monitoring of industrial processes that will provide greater efficiency and safety, and thereby significant
annual cost savings and improved safety.


DP0774689         Prof M Faulkner; Dr M Shafi; A/Prof PJ Smith

Approved          Cognitive Radio Technology: Increasing Spectral Efficiency of Wireless Communications
Project Title

2007 :            $161,899
2008 :            $107,286
2009 :            $110,000

Administering Organisation Victoria University of Technology
Project Summary
The radio spectrum is an expensive resource and normally requires licensed operation. Cognitive Radio has been
proposed as a means of releasing large tracts of unused spectrum without causing interference to other users. It
uses a combination of frequency agility and intelligence to identify unused spectrum for transmission. This study
will evaluate the performance gains of such a system by developing a spectrum occupancy data base to test a
variety of radio access strategies. Cognitive Radio is particularly suited to providing low cost broadband access to
remote, rural and city fringe dwellings.




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2918         INTERDISCIPLINARY ENGINEERING

Macquarie University
DP0770902         Prof EM Goldys; Prof Z Gryczynski; Prof I Gryczynski

Approved          Plasmon nanobiosensor for whole blood analysis
Project Title

2007 :            $110,000
2008 :            $100,000
2009 :            $100,000

Administering Organisation Macquarie University
Project Summary
The new method will be able to detect specific disease markers or to identify subtle differences in protein content in
complex dense analytes such as blood and other body fluids, of practical utility in diagnostic and clinical situations.
It will also be relevant in other areas such as medical diagnostics of viral diseases, and for unsolved environmental
monitoring problems such as the presence of specific microorganisms in industrial waste. Owing to their design
simplicity and low cost of components, the devices developed in this program will lend themselves well to the
development of new commercial technologies for Australia.


Monash University
DP0773688         Prof X Chen

Approved          Ink jet microfluidic spray drier for making high quality microencapsulated bioactive
Project Title     particles and nanosized particles

2007 :            $140,000
2008 :            $140,000
2009 :            $120,000

Administering Organisation Monash University
Project Summary
The proposal addresses National Research Priority area 3 (Frontier Technology). This work will develop a new,
simple and effective method for producing designer smart particles that have better functional properties as well as
improved uniformity for application in the food and pharmaceutical industries. The project will train graduates who
will be able to make a high-level contribution to these Australian industries. This will also mark a development in
Australia¡¯s nanotechnology capability in the bio-area.


RMIT University
DP0773572         Prof SN Bhattacharya; Dr M Rudman

Approved          Particle transport in turbulent non-Newtonian suspensions in self formed open channels
Project Title

2007 :            $60,000
2008 :            $60,000
2009 :            $60,000

Administering Organisation RMIT University
Project Summary
An improved understanding of the fundamentals of channel formation and the ability of channels to transport solids
in either a natural or created environment will be of benefit to industries employing open channels (or flumes) or
stacked tailings as part of their processes. This will lead to better design and operation with reduced water use
and reduced volume of waste disposal. This research will build the scientific foundation for the design tools to more
accurately predict the behaviour of tailings stacks. The mining industry will benefit from the improved management
of their tailings disposal regimes, reduced water usage, lowered cost of disposal and reduced impact on the
environment.

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The Australian National University
DP0774366          Dr W Lei

Approved           Indium arsenic antimony (InAsSb) Quantum Dots for Mid-Infrared Lasers
Project Title

2007 :              $125,000
2008 :              $110,000
2009 :              $100,000
 APD                         Dr W Lei
Administering Organisation The Australian National University
Project Summary
This proposal will open a new area of research for mid-infrared laser devices. Any achievement from this project
will benefit various academic and industrial communities, such as national security, environmental monitoring and
spectroscopy. The outcomes of this research could create a new generation of high-performance mid-infrared
lasers and put Australian researchers in the forefront of the development in this field.


DP0773380          Prof B Luther-Davies; Prof R Haglund

Approved           A Novel Optical Source for the Vaporization and Deposition of Polymers
Project Title

2007 :             $150,000
2008 :             $150,000
2009 :             $100,000

Administering Organisation The Australian National University
Project Summary
Thin polymer films are used widely in industrial processes and, hence, new techniques for producing such films are
increasingly important. This project develops new optical technology required before a novel process for depositing
polymers from the vapour phase can be widely explored for industrial applications. This project will enhance the
capacity of Australian science in this important area of technology and could benefit the Australian economy by
developing a novel commercial technology based on cutting-edge Australian research.


The University of Melbourne
DP0771094          Dr SE Kentish; Dr M Ashokkumar

Approved           Surfactant Effects In Sonoprocessing
Project Title

2007 :             $80,000
2008 :             $80,000
2009 :             $80,000

Administering Organisation The University of Melbourne
Project Summary
This project will provide the fundamental science required to further develop a range of ultrasonic applications
within the Australian food industry, for wastewater treatment and in medical science. In particular, it will assist more
applied research currently sponsored by both the Victorian government STI initiative and the CSIRO Food Futures
Flagship, which considers the use of ultrasound to assist in bioactives separation, food emulsification and
membrane operations. The development of ultrasound contrast agents (surfactant coated microbubbles) also has
the potential to increase both the length and quality of life for many Australians. The work addresses both National
Research priorities and the CSIRO Food Futures Flagship goals.




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The University of Queensland
DP0770048          Dr B Feng; Dr JC Diniz da Costa; Dr GX Wang; Dr JC Barry

Approved           Regenerable CO2 adsorbing materials for zero emission power generation systems
Project Title

2007 :            $80,000
2008 :            $80,000
2009 :            $70,000

Administering Organisation The University of Queensland
Project Summary
The new CAM material developed in this project will remove one of the major technical obstacles to the adoption of
the zero emission power generation systems, leading to solutions to CO2 management without economic
penalty.This project also contributes to building capacity in emerging advanced energy technologies, by keeping
informed about major technology developments in areas of Australia's strategic interest.


DP0773490          Dr L Wang; Dr S Qiao

Approved           New Pillared Nanoporous Materials for Hydrogen Production by Photoinduced Water
Project Title      Splitting

2007 :            $70,000
2008 :            $60,000
2009 :            $50,000

Administering Organisation The University of Queensland
Project Summary
The increasing concern over the limited supply of conventional energy sources has triggered world-wide efforts in
developing alternative energy generation systems. Hydrogen produced from sunlight and water is considered as
an ultimate solution for the hydrogen economy. This project addresses the material needs for more efficient and
cleaner means of generating/utilising energy. The novel nanoporous materials with increased photocatalytic water
splitting efficiency will lead to new breakthrough in technologies for energy conversion materials. The preparation
approach is also applicable to other functional layered materials, providing new opportunities for innovative
nanotechnology to more efficient and greener energy industries.


DP0770686          Dr A Yu; Dr C Yu

Approved           Smart Nanocapsules for Efficient Cellular Delivery of Bioactive Peptide Drugs
Project Title

2007 :            $50,000
2008 :            $50,000
2009 :            $50,000

Administering Organisation The University of Queensland
Project Summary
This project will bring about practical benefits in terms of developing efficient therapeutic drug delivery systems,
which has a market growth estimated to be ca. 23% p.a. in the world. The novel encapsulation technology
developed in this project is not only desirable for biomolecules but also applicable for other functional materials and
will find wide applications in a number of fields, such as chemical, food processing and cosmetic industries.
Successful completion of the project can also strengthen our capacity to participate in new areas of research and
positioning Australia at the forefront of bionanotechnology.




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The University of Sydney
DP0772551          Dr X Du; Prof Y Meng

Approved           Novel nanostructured high energy cathode material
Project Title

2007 :            $90,000
2008 :            $85,000
2009 :            $85,000
 APD                         Dr X Du
Administering Organisation The University of Sydney
Project Summary
Recently, the demand for rechargeable batteries has exploded due to the enormous increase in the variety and
number of miniaturized devices. It is expected that this demand for high capacity rechargeable batteries as energy
sources will become even greater in the future. This program is focused to develop novel high performance
cathode materials for lithium rechargeable batteries. The outcomes of the project will be of great benefit to develop
new class rechargeable batteries that are economical, lightweight, environmentlly benign and high energy.


DP0772880          Dr X Liao

Approved           Transmission electron microscopy investigation of the deformation mechanisms of
Project Title      nanostructured materials

 2007 :             $300,000
 2008 :             $210,000
 2009 :             $200,000
 2010 :             $135,000
 2011 :             $135,000
  QEII                         Dr X Liao
 Administering Organisation The University of Sydney
 Project Summary
 Structural materials with high strength and high ductility are desirable because high strength allows structural
 components to carry high load and high ductility is essential to prevent catastrophic failure. The combination of
high strength and high ductility has never been achieved in coarse-grained materials but has been realized in some
 nanostructured materials. This project aims to understand the mechanisms responsible for the combined high
 strength and high ductility in nanostructured materials. The results obtained from this research will be very
important for guiding the structural design of materials with high strength and high ductility which will find a wide
range of civil and defence applications.


DP0773977          Dr Z Liu; Prof Y Yan

Approved           Development of Carbon Nanotube Nanothermometers and Their Application for
Project Title      Temperature Measurement in the Catalytic Layers of Fuel Cells

2007 :             $165,000
2008 :             $135,000
2009 :             $135,000
2010 :             $135,000
2011 :             $125,000
 QEII                        Dr Z Liu
Administering Organisation The University of Sydney
Project Summary
The project encompasses cutting-edge work in nanotechnology and advanced materials, covering aspects of
carbon nanotubes and their applications, along with fuel cell technology. It will provide unique insights into the
phenomena of the nanoworld, including manipulation of nanotubes, and nanoscale oxidation behaviour and
temperature measurement. The scientific and engineering understanding acquired through this project is vital for
solving the problems that limit the wide application of fuel cells. Ultimately, full commercialisation of fuel cells will
provide significant environmental benefits by increasing the use of renewable energy sources and reducing
greenhouse gas emissions.



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                             Funding to Commence in 2007


DP0772408          Prof AR Masri; Prof RW Bilger

Approved           Finite Rate Chemistry Effects in Turbulent Combustion
Project Title

2007 :             $160,000
2008 :             $180,000
2009 :             $160,000

 Administering Organisation The University of Sydney
 Project Summary
 This proposal is closely aligned with the first national research priority of an environmentally sustainable Australia.
 The projects outlined here will improve the modelling of finite rate chemistry effects in turbulent flames hence
 providing the necessary framework for advancing the science of combustion that will ultimately lead to clean
 combustion technologies. Improved computational design tools that result from this research will assist Australia in
 meeting its obligations to the AP6 program towards the development of new energy technologies. Another
important benefit of this research is the training of graduates as future combustion scientists that are highly sought
after both locally and overseas.


The University of Western Australia
DP0773839          Dr E Pasternak

Approved           Negative Poisson's ratio and negative stiffness: rational approach to hybrid materials
with
Project Title      internally engineered architecture

2007 :             $100,000
2008 :             $90,000
2009 :             $90,000

Administering Organisation The University of Western Australia
Project Summary
The project falls within Research Priority 3: Frontier Technologies for Building and Transforming Australian
Industries. This generic work involves cutting-edge multidisciplinary research leading to better understanding of the
fundamental principles governing the behaviour of hybrid materials. The proposed framework of internally
engineered architecture will enrich the existing set of available methods of designing new materials, extend the
knowledge base of the discipline and maintain Australia's leading position in the field. Australian Industry will
benefit directly from unique engineering properties and functionalities that hybrids provide. This contributes to
Priority Goals: Breakthrough Science and Advanced Materials.


University of Southern Queensland
DP0774311          Prof AJ Roberts; Prof IG Kevrekidis

Approved           Modelling of multiscale systems in engineering and science supports large-scale
Project Title      equation-free simulations and analysis

2007 :             $113,083
2008 :             $115,000
2009 :             $105,000
2010 :             $59,058

Administering Organisation University of Southern Queensland
Project Summary
A persistent feature of complex systems in engineering and science is the emergence of macroscopic, coarse
grained, coherent behaviour from the interactions of microscopic agents (molecules, cells) and with their
environment. In current modeling, ranging from ecology to materials science, the underlying microscopic
mechanisms are known, but the closures to translate microscale knowledge to a system level macroscopic
description are rarely available in closed form. Our novel, equation free, computational methodologies will
circumvent this stumbling block, and promises to radically change the modeling, exploration and understanding of
complex system behavior. We continue to develop this powerful computational methodology.

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University of Wollongong
DP0771193          Dr ZP Guo; Prof HK Liu; Prof Dr PH Notten; Prof Dr J Chen; Dr A Zuettel

Approved           New concepts with multidisciplinary approach: novel functionalised nanostructures for
Project Title      hydrogen storage

2007 :             $100,000
2008 :             $100,000
2009 :             $100,000
Administering Organisation University of Wollongong
Project Summary
This project addresses National Research Priorities in the areas of breakthrough science, frontier technologies and
advanced materials. Developing new methodologies to fabricate novel functionalised nanostructured materials with
tailored properties has great potential in areas including energy storage, novel catalysts, novel sensors,
micro/nano-electronics, etc. This project will enhance the international reputation and impact of Australian research
in the internationally focused fields of nanotechnology and hydrogen energy technology. Applying innovative
nanotechnology to the area of hydrogen energy will add to Australia's export potential and reduce Australia's
reliance on foreign fuel sources.


DP0770649          Prof JM Hill; Dr N Thamwattana

Approved           Modelling applications of nanomaterials in biology and medicine
Project Title

2007 :             $175,000
2008 :             $150,000
2009 :             $190,000
2010 :             $140,000
2011 :             $140,000
 APD                         Dr N Thamwattana
Administering Organisation University of Wollongong
Project Summary
This proposal will address fundamental issues related to nanomaterials and their applications in biology and
medicine. Accurate mathematical models will be formulated, leading to new practical techniques in
nanobiotechnology, safe and effective methods to diagnose and cure diseases including cancer via targeted drug
and gene delivery, and detection methods for biological hazards, such as those arising from biological terrorism.
The research facility proposed involves significant training of applied mathematicians at honours, PhD and
postdoctoral levels and multidisciplinary collaboration, ensuring that Australia maintains and develops an expertise
in nanobiotechnology well into the future.


2999         OTHER ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY

Monash University
DP0770390          Dr V Stamatov

Approved           Physics of combustion of multicomponent alternative transport fuels
Project Title

2007 :              $90,000
2008 :              $80,000
2009 :              $80,000
Administering Organisation Monash University
Project Summary
Reducing Australian reliance on imported fuels, especially oil, will enhance the Australian long term energy outlook
and the national energy security, and will assist Australia to reach future greenhouse gas emission targets. At a
local level, the production of alternative transport fuels has the potential to provide rural Australia with a sustainable
biomass-based industry. The establishment of fast growing wood plantations to supply the needs of the new
industry can assist regions of low rain-fall and high salinity to recover. Exporting advanced Australian alternative
fuels technology to other countries with similar energy and environmental problems will further enhance the
economic and social benefit to Australia.

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The University of Adelaide
DP0771243          Dr BM Fischer

Approved           Towards a miniaturised on-chip terahertz biosensing system
Project Title

2007 :              $86,995
2008 :              $84,573
2009 :              $81,429
2010 :              $79,774
 APD                          Dr BM Fischer
Administering Organisation The University of Adelaide
Project Summary
Terahertz (or T-ray) radiation is highly sensitive to minute changes in the molecular structure of many substances.
Furthermore most packing materials are transparent to this new form of radiation. This implies enormous potential
for T-rays in a range of applications from quality control via non-invasive contact-less chemical fingerprinting
through to safety and security applications. A detailed study of the molecular vibrations that give rise to these
fingerprints will help chemists and biologists to learn more about the underlying molecular binding forces, impacting
on wide applications for safe non-invasive sensing in the medical, security, chemical and food industries.


DP0770059          A/Prof GJ Nathan; Dr BB Dally; Dr R Barlow; Prof H Pitsch; Dr A Dreizler

Approved           Investigating the coupled dependencies of soot in turbulent flames by advanced laser
Project Title      diagnostics and modelling

2007 :             $208,321
2008 :             $176,742
2009 :             $156,000

 Administering Organisation The University of Adelaide
 Project Summary
 The community will benefit from the project by reduced air pollution and improved health and safety. Soot is a
major air pollutant, adversely effecting public health, while also contributing directly to global warming. It also
dominates heat transfer and influences the emissions of NOx and CO2. The project will significantly advance
detailed understanding and modelling capability of flames containing soot. Hence it will provide significantly
improved capability to optimise these flames in applications spanning gas turbines, power generation, minerals
processing and fires.


The University of Newcastle
DP0773561          A/Prof B Moghtaderi; Prof KP Galvin

Approved           Enhanced Mixing Through Particle Motion in Micro-Channels
Project Title

2007 :             $136,889
2008 :             $171,305
2009 :             $118,833

Administering Organisation The University of Newcastle
Project Summary
This study will help place Australia within the forefront of one the key technological endeavours of this century, the
development of small-scale microfluidic devices, and, thus, should enable Australian industry to benefit relatively
early from these new developments. This new research field seeks to exploit many of the major advances being
made in science and engineering. Therefore, the work proposed here clearly addresses the Federal Government's
National Research Priority 3, Frontier Technologies for Building and Transforming Australian Industries (priority
goals: Breakthrough Science & Frontier Technology). The study will also support the research training of two
postgraduate students.




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DP0774651          A/Prof B Moghtaderi; Prof TF Wall

Approved           A Fundamental Study on Redox Behaviour of Oxygen Carriers in Chemical Looping
Project Title      Combustion

2007 :             $155,000
2008 :             $105,000
2009 :             $105,000

 Administering Organisation The University of Newcastle
 Project Summary
 Our goal here is to acquire fundamental knowledge about the redox behaviour of metal oxide oxygen carriers
 which, arguably, underpins the feasibility of the Chemical Looping Combustion (CLC) concept. Although the
 proposed work is fundamental and will contribute to the advancement of knowledge, the results will have
immediate practical applications in power generation industry at both national and international levels. This should
significantly contribute to the Australian Government's efforts in producing world class solutions for abatement of
greenhouse emissions (Research Priority 1: An Environmentally Sustainable Australia, Priority Goal 1.4 - Reducing
and capturing emissions in transport and energy generation).


The University of Queensland
DP0771585          A/Prof M Veidt; Dr F Rose; Prof P Cawley

Approved           Tomographic Imaging of Structural Damage in Plates
Project Title

2007 :             $60,000
2008 :             $60,000
2009 :             $60,000

Administering Organisation The University of Queensland
Project Summary
The potential benefit of structural health monitoring is highlighted by the socio-economic impact of structural failure,
which may result in loss of lives, infrastructure disruptions and loss of productivity. This proposal promotes a
fundamental advance in the novel concept of ultrasonic diffraction tomography for imaging early stage structural
damage in plates. The successful development will represent an essential advance in quantitative non-destructive
evaluation of thin structures and enable the transition of the technique to realistic structures with all the potential
benefits in mechanical and civil infrastructure management resulting in improved safety, reduced maintenance
costs and the use of more efficient structural designs.


The University of Sydney
DP0770692          Dr J Canning; Dr IM Bassett

Approved           Advanced Laser, Sensor and Diagnostic Technologies Using New Generation Micro- and
Project Title      Nano- Structured Fibres and Gratings

 2007 :            $284,900
 2008 :            $250,000
 2009 :            $280,000
 2010 :            $175,000
 2011 :            $175,000
  APF                         Dr J Canning
 Administering Organisation The University of Sydney
 Project Summary
 The project aims to provide the next generation of laser and sensor technologies, benefiting not only advanced
 instrument industries but also others involved with materials processing, sensing diagnostics, biomedicine and
 defence. The search for a universal model of light interactions with all photosensitive materials, coupled with a
 demonstration of nanotechnology within a fibre, will lead to new gratings and fibres that underpin these
technologies as well as open up new techniques and processes such as practical radiation hardening of optical
waveguides.


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3001         SOIL AND WATER SCIENCES

The University of Sydney
DP0773178         Prof AB McBratney; Dr B Minasny; Dr RA Viscarra Rossel

Approved          High resolution digital soil mapping
Project Title

2007 :            $120,000
2008 :            $110,000
2009 :            $100,000

Administering Organisation The University of Sydney
Project Summary
Soil mapping is a key part of land-resource assessment for sustainable environmental management. This project
aims to build a methodology to provide a high quality digital soil maps. The output will enable the use of soil data
and information to give a clear understanding of the status of, and changes in, the nation's land, vegetation and
water resources and implications for their sustainable use.


3002         CROP AND PASTURE PRODUCTION

Charles Sturt University
DP0773508         Prof Dr JE Pratley; Dr DE Hume; Dr A Kilian; Dr M An; Dr H Wu

Approved          Characterising annual ryegrass (Lolium rigidum) in Australia
Project Title

2007 :            $80,000
2008 :            $70,000
2009 :            $70,000

Administering Organisation Charles Sturt University
Project Summary
Annual rye grass (ARG) defies modern chemical technologies through evolving resistance. Agriculture has
prospect of no herbicide options for ARG control in 10 years. Traditional approaches do not provide sustainable
answers. A novel study of fundamental factors influencing competitiveness of this species is warranted to achieve
more strongly based management options. Benefits are a prototype for improving understanding of other weed
species, a stronger basis for determining management of Australia's worst temperate crop weed. Bringing together
knowledge of ARG's genetic diversity, the role of endophyte and its allelopathic capabilities provides a powerful
basis for unlocking the barriers to the control of this species.


Murdoch University
DP0771097         Prof MG Jones; Dr R Jones

Approved          Molecular dissection of resistance to subterranean clover mottle virus using Medicago
Project Title     truncatula

2007 :            $100,000
2008 :            $100,000
2009 :            $100,000

Administering Organisation Murdoch University
Project Summary
Plant virus diseases cause economic losses in most crop plants. Grain and pasture legumes are an important
component of Australian agricultural cropping sytems, and provide human food and animal feed: they also
contribute to higher yields of crops like cereals when grown in rotation, by providing nitrogen and a disease break.
In this project, the 'model' legume, Medicago truncatula ('Barrel Medic') will be used to identify a new virus
resistance gene. The knowledge gained will be used to improve resistance to viruses in crop legumes, so reducing
losses and aiding sustainability of production. This will support rural communities and the national economy.
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Queensland University of Technology
DP0773649         Prof JL Dale; A/Prof RM Harding; Dr MB Dickman

Approved          Plant transformation: exploiting anti-apoptosis genes for very high efficiency
Project Title     transformation

2007 :            $130,000
2008 :            $120,000
2009 :            $110,000

Administering Organisation Queensland University of Technology
Project Summary
Crop improvement through genetic modification depends on the ability to transform target species. The most
desirable method is Agrobacterium mediated transformation. However, plant species and cultivars differ
significantly in their ability to be efficiently transformed by Agrobacterium. This is particularly true for the
economically important cereals. We have discovered that anti-apoptosis genes, which inhibit programmed cell
death, dramatically increase the Agrobacterium transformation efficiency in bananas and sugarcane. We will utilise
this information and develop the use of these genes to increase the efficiency of transformation in those crops and
cultivars that are difficult to transform using Agrobacterium.


The University of Adelaide
DP0773638         A/Prof RJ Reid; Prof Y Zhu

Approved          New strategies for reducing the concentrations of arsenic and cadmium in crop plants
Project Title

2007 :            $90,000
2008 :            $80,000
2009 :            $70,000

Administering Organisation The University of Adelaide
Project Summary
The research is directed at reducing the concentrations in crops of cadmium and arsenic, two elements that
accumulate in humans and can have a range of toxic effects. The results will have widespread implications for
improving health in Australia, but are expected to have an even greater impact on populations in parts of Asia
where contamination of soil and water by these elements is most severe. The project will train two junior scientists
and foster scientific links with China.


The University of Sydney
DP0772452         Prof DA Day; Dr M Ludwig; Dr PM Smith

Approved          Symbiotic transport proteins in legumes
Project Title

2007 :            $90,000
2008 :            $88,000
2009 :            $85,000

Administering Organisation The University of Sydney
Project Summary
Some plants form a symbiosis with soil bacteria (rhizobia) that convert atmospheric nitrogen to ammonia which is
then supplied to the plant. This enables legumes to grow without application of nitrogen-based fertilizer, avoiding
environmental problems such as run-off and land degradation, thereby contributing to sustainable agriculture
practise. We will investigate the interactions between plant and rhizobia, focusing on identifying genes and proteins
which govern nutrient exchange between the partners and development of the special structures in the roots that
house the bacteria. Subsequent manipulation of these genes and proteins may allow us to identify control points
and enhance nitrogen fixation.



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The University of Western Australia
DP0773152         Dr H Eubel

Approved          Protein Complexes and Supercomplexes of Plant Organelles
Project Title

2007 :               $77,030
2008 :               $77,030
2009 :               $77,030
 APD                           Dr H Eubel
Administering Organisation The University of Western Australia
Project Summary
Ample parts of plant primary metabolism occur in subcellular structures called mitochondria, plastids and
peroxisomes. They are vital for plant growth and development and are central to the early success of germinating
and growing seedlings. This project intends to analyze the protein complexes and supercomplexes within these
organelles using state of the art instrumentation and technologies. Findings from this research have the potential to
directly flow into the plant biotechnology industry and could assist the future development of Australian agriculture
through genetic improvements. The expertise developed by this work will ensure that Australia is well placed to
meet future needs and to generally improve agricultural technology.


DP0772155         Dr NL Taylor

Approved          Adaptations of plant mitochondria during cold acclimation in Arabidopsis thaliana:
Project Title     towards an understanding of plant cold acclimation

2007 :              $77,030
2008 :              $77,030
2009 :              $77,030
 APD                          Dr NL Taylor
Administering Organisation The University of Western Australia
Project Summary
Frost damage is a major cost to agricultural producers and some crop plant species needlessly adapt to cold, when
they are grown in temperate regions or in glasshouses, which leads to decreased production. The principal
outcome of this project will be to greatly extend our knowledge about plant mitochondrial responses to
environmental cold stress and what role they have in helping plants adapt to environmental change. An
understanding of cold acclimation may allow the production of plants with altered cold acclimation phenotypes and
greater frost tolerance.


3004         ANIMAL PRODUCTION

Walter and Eliza Hall Institute of Medical Research
DP0774583         Dr MC Labat

Approved          Elucidation of the hierarchy of stem, progenitor and mature cells in the mouse mammary
Project Title     gland

2007 :             $77,030
2008 :             $77,030
2009 :             $77,030
APD                          Dr MC Labat
Administering Organisation Walter and Eliza Hall Institute of Medical Research
Project Summary
Breast cancer is the most common cause of cancer-related death in women in Australia. Although the treatments
have improved over the last 30 years, many women still die from the disease. It is therefore important to identify
new targets for breast cancer treatment. There is growing interest in the concept that a cancer-initiating cell may
arise from a stem cell or progenitor cell in the mammary gland. Our goal is to identify those cells and to determine
which genes are involved in transforming a normal cell to a cancerous cell.




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3007         FISHERIES SCIENCES

Deakin University
DP0772271          Dr GM Turchini; Prof SS De Silva; A/Prof M Paolucci

 Approved           Omega-3 fatty acids, appetite and growth in farmed fish
 Project Title
 2007 :            $90,000
 2008 :            $90,000
 2009 :            $85,000
 APD                           Dr GM Turchini
 Administering Organisation Deakin University
 Project Summary
 Australia has very limited wild fish supplies, and with the increasing realization of human health benefits of fish (i.e.
 omega-3 fatty acid) there is a need to increase availability through aquaculture. However, feeds used in
aquaculture contain costly fish oil with limited global supplies. Attempts made to substitute fish oil with vegetable
sources in aquaculture feeds have been mixed. This international, comparative and multidisciplinary project aims to
reduce the dependence on fish oils through investigation of basic fatty acid metabolism and endocrinology on
farmed fish to ensure that human health promoting characteristics in the final product are retained.

3008         ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES

James Cook University
DP0770759          Dr MS Pratchett

Approved            Climate change and coral reef communities: predicting and managing future impacts.
Project Title
2007 :              $96,614
2008 :              $96,614
2009 :              $96,614
2010 :              $96,614
2011 :              $96,614
 ARF                          Dr MS Pratchett
Administering Organisation James Cook University
Project Summary
Coral reefs are critically important for the goods and services they provide, but are facing considerable threat from
sustained, ongoing climate change. Results from this project, and supplementary data from other researchers
within the ARC Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies, will help develop innovative strategies to manage the
effects of climate change on coral reef ecosystems. There is no comparable team in the world that has the capacity
or resources to rigorously integrate world-class research into knowledge-based management of coral reef
ecosystems.


Southern Cross University
DP0772050          Dr ED Burton; Dr RT Bush; Prof LA Sullivan

 Approved            Unraveling the oxidative geochemistry of nanoparticulate mackinawite in acid sulfate soil
 Project Title       landscapes
 2007 :              $97,000
 2008 :              $90,000
 2009 :              $90,000
 APD                           Dr ED Burton
 Administering Organisation Southern Cross University
 Project Summary
 Acid sulfate soils impact over 8 million ha of valuable coastal land in Australia, and over 24 million ha throughout
the world. Drainage from acid sulfate soil waterways is a major threat to water quality, ecosystem health,
agricultural sustainability and fisheries productivity. The practical benefits of this project arise from an improved
understanding of the processes controlling water quality and associated resources in these areas. The intellectual
benefits include the development of novel geochemical concepts involving sulfur minerals that are central to
coastal rivers, wetlands and estuaries. This project will enhance Australia's capacity for sustainable environmental
management.
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The University of Melbourne
DP0772671         Prof MA Burgman

Approved          New models for predicting species' distributions
Project Title

2007 :            $90,000
2008 :            $90,000
2009 :            $90,000

Administering Organisation The University of Melbourne
Project Summary
This project will deliver new and more robust methods for generating the information that underpins sound
conservation and resource management decisions, with particular focus on new statistical techniques to predict
species' distributions. Results will be relevant to a wide range of applications including management of rare and/or
threatened species and ecosystems, setting realistic targets for species and ecosystem restoration, improved
management of pest species, and sustainable harvesting of species. Emphasis will be placed on transfer of
knowledge to users, fostering the development of new skills among Australian environmental and conservation
managers, and contributing to the sustainable use of our biodiversity.


DP0774288         Dr BA Wintle; Dr MA McCarthy

Approved          Optimal environmental monitoring under severe uncertainty.
Project Title

 2007 :           $100,000
 2008 :           $90,000
 2009 :           $90,000
 APD                         Dr BA Wintle
 Administering Organisation The University of Melbourne
 Project Summary
 Environmental monitoring is a type of quality control that informs managers about the health of the environment
and about how well their management systems are performing. Because it is a critical, but expensive, component
of sustainable management, it is important to ensure value for resources spent on monitoring and that
environmental impacts will be detected if they are occurring. We argue that current approaches to environmental
management ensure neither efficiency nor environmental security. The aim of the project is to develop theories and
techniques to make monitoring both cost effective and reliable, thereby providing monetary savings and better
environmental outcomes.

The University of Queensland
DP0771387         Dr YM Buckley; A/Prof R Nathan; Dr D Westcott; Prof CH Godfray

Approved          How do characteristics of seeds and landscape heterogeneity determine plant spread in
Project Title     new environments?

 2007 :            $170,000
 2008 :            $160,000
 2009 :            $180,000
 2010 :            $140,000
 2011 :            $140,000
 ARF                         Dr YM Buckley
 Administering Organisation The University of Queensland
 Project Summary
 Climate change and exotic invasions are among the greatest threats to Australia's, and the world's, biodiversity.
 Under a rapidly changing climate many Australian plant species will have to spread across a fragmented
landscape to persist. In order to contain or eradicate invasive plant species we need to know how they will spread
in novel landscapes. We will develop models which will be used for invasive plants to predict ecological and
evolutionary responses to novel landscapes and novel dispersers and for native plants to predict their spread in to
fragmented landscapes. These models can be used to prioritise management actions for species of most
conservation concern, and predict how far and fast invasive species will spread.


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3009         LAND, PARKS AND AGRICULTURE MANAGEMENT

The University of Melbourne
DP0772543         Prof JL Hopper; Prof MA Reuter; Prof J Langford

Approved          Expert judgment of environmental health risks from exposures to contaminants in urban
Project Title     water systems

2007 :              $94,000
2008 :              $94,000
2009 :              $94,000
Administering Organisation The University of Melbourne
Project Summary
Sustainable urban water policy requires informed risk management procedures for health and environmental risks
from exposures to many contaminants in urban water systems. This research articulates with the National Water
Quality Management Strategy and national guidelines for drinking and recycled water; and it shows barriers to
successful community adoption of new sustainable water technologies. Technical advances in modelling expert
opinion will contribute to improved standardised risk assessment frameworks throughout government. The
research is fundamental for better decision-making for regulators, suppliers, and managers and it will influence the
international development of similar guidelines for sustainable urban water use.


3101         ARCHITECTURE AND URBAN ENVIRONMENT

The University of Melbourne
DP0770425         Dr P Tombesi; Mr AE Hutson

Approved          A special talent for technological innovation? Analysing the other public function of the
Project Title     Australian Parliament House

2007 :              $88,226
2008 :              $111,257
2009 :              $57,248
Administering Organisation The University of Melbourne
Project Summary
Major projects build lessons for the future and draw upon past lessons. Australia's New Parliament House
represents a building of enormous scale and complexity, constructed within a tight time period, which provided
unprecedented opportunities for Australia's construction industry to examine and transform its own practices. By
producing a detailed history of the procurement process of the building and a systematic assessment of its
industrial influence over time, this research project will amplify the importance of intellectual investment made
through technical innovation in public buildings. The project will also help Australia maximise its creative and
technological capacity by understanding and accepting factors conducive to innovation.


DP0771644         A/Prof JL Willis; Prof PJ Goad; Prof A Adams

Approved          Australia's role in modern hospital design 1925-1960; developing a heritage framework
Project Title

2007 :              $69,459
2008 :              $73,459
2009 :              $79,376
Administering Organisation The University of Melbourne
Project Summary
The national benefit of this project will be the greater understanding of how the built form - from the micro to the
macro level - of Australian hospitals have brought together aspects of social reform, medicine and architecture to
become key community buildings. Economic benefit may be derived from: 1) the transfer of this knowledge to
current hospital architects and planners through greater understanding of the past and incorporation of innovative
ideas and practices; 2) the creation of robust heritage frameworks for considering preservation and adaptive re-use
of hospital buildings; and 3) to demonstrate the benefits of global engagement to Australian architecture and
society.

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The University of New South Wales
DP0773388          Prof WG Randolph; Dr RC Bunker; Dr BH Judd

Approved           The Demand for Higher Density Housing in Sydney and Melbourne
Project Title

2007 :             $236,000
2008 :             $91,000

Administering Organisation The University of New South Wales
Project Summary
The research will support the development of more socially sustainable approaches to the planning of higher
density housing in Australian cities. The project will improve our understanding of the processes driving higher
density urban change (and therefore the risks of such development), inform better land use outcomes, assist in
reducing potential community conflict over development proposals, and enhance wider social sustainability of
urban areas, thereby strengthening the social fabric of Australian cities. The research will also add to academic
debates surrounding the benefits (or non-benefits) of building higher density cities and on the structure of spatially
segmented urban housing markets.


The University of Newcastle
DP0770106          Prof MJ Ostwald; Dr SK Chalup

Approved           Shaping social and cultural spaces: the application of computer visualisation and
Project Title      machine learning techniques to the design of architectural and urban spaces

2007 :             $118,991
2008 :             $100,838
2009 :             $56,000

 Administering Organisation The University of Newcastle
 Project Summary
 The proposed research project provides a previously unavailable level of understanding of the experiential and
 symbolic characteristics of complex urban and architectural spaces. In a country that is experiencing increasing
 urban density there is an urgent need for the development of new tools, theories and design approaches that can
 produce spaces which are socially and culturally responsive. The research project produces a leading-edge
computational tool for analysing space, along with a conceptual advance in design theory. Both the tool and the
theoretical advance will assist design practitioners, scholars, town planners and policy writers to shape rich,
responsive and inclusive urban environments.


The University of Sydney
DP0773923          Prof T Heneghan

Approved           The influence of Contemporary Japanese architecture: its meanings and its
Project Title      miss-readings.

2007 :             $90,199
2008 :             $92,979
2009 :             $99,267

Administering Organisation The University of Sydney
Project Summary
Contemporary architecture and urbanism in Australia has generally been concerned with addressing 'modernity'
while little concerned with specific culture or place, and with little discernable ideology. Consequently, the City of
Sydney is much used by international film-makers as an undifferentiated generic metropolis backdrop. In contrast,
Japan's contemporary architects have developed a politically-charged architecture which registers the complexity
of their national identity while turning its back on nationalism. This project will contrast the ideologies of leading
contemporary architects in Japan and Australia and will serve as a benchmark against which contemporary
Australian architecture can be assessed.


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DP0774662          Dr D Lu

Approved           The export of Chinese architecture to the Third World; China's international role in
Project Title      development

2007 :             $60,000
2008 :             $60,000
2009 :             $50,000

Administering Organisation The University of Sydney
Project Summary
This project examines the global dimension of nation building through an investigation into the export of Chinese
architecture to the Third World as part of its overseas aid programs between 1956 and 1989. Australia's bilateral
relationship with China is one of our most important, and the overseas aid program is an important aspect of our
foreign policy. This research will advance the national interest through: a substantial increase in the knowledge of
China's international role in the Third World; evaluation of the cultural significance of overseas aid programs; and
conceptual reformulation of the relationship between nation building and global space.


3202         IMMUNOLOGY

The University of New South Wales
DP0771340          Dr MP Davenport; Dr SJ Turner; Dr V Venturi; Dr DC Douek

Approved           Understanding the T cell repertoire in health and disease
Project Title

2007 :             $140,000
2008 :             $132,000
2009 :             $124,000

Administering Organisation The University of New South Wales
Project Summary
Immune recognition of viruses usually involves a large number of different 'killer T cells' that kill cells infected by
virus. However, during prolonged infection or in the elderly the number of different killer T cells that recognise the
virus is greatly reduced. This reduction in the diversity of the immune response allows the virus to avoid immune
recognition, and leads to more severe infection. We aim to understand how diversity is generated in the immune
response, and how it becomes narrowed with age or prolonged infection. This information can be used to design
vaccines for persistent infections such as HIV, and to improve immune control of infection in the elderly.


3205         PHARMACOLOGY AND PHARMACEUTICAL SCIENCES

The University of Queensland
DP0770884          Prof DJ Adams; Prof PF Alewood; Prof DJ Craik

Approved           Alpha-Conotoxins: Selective Probes For Nicotinic Receptor Subtype Structure And
Project Title      Function

2007 :             $345,000
2008 :             $325,000
2009 :             $320,000

Administering Organisation The University of Queensland
Project Summary
Marine snails from the waters off the Australian coast produce an amazing variety of mini-proteins in their venoms
called conotoxins that they use to capture prey. These conotoxins bind very specifically to receptors in our body
associated with the transmission of nerve signals. We will use natural and synthetically modified conotoxins to
selectively block particular types of neuronal 'receptors' to gain a greater understanding of how the nervous system
functions. This knowledge will help in the design of new drugs to treat a variety of diseases and disorders.
Essentially we will use a chemical armoury developed by the cone snail to design state-of-the-art mini-protein
drugs.
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3206         MEDICAL PHYSIOLOGY

The University of Melbourne
DP0772781         A/Prof GS Lynch; Prof DA Williams

Approved          Regulating calcium handling in skeletal muscle - implications for muscle contraction,
Project Title     injury and repair, ageing and development

2007 :            $103,810
2008 :            $97,000
2009 :            $90,000

Administering Organisation The University of Melbourne
Project Summary
Understanding the mechanisms regulating calcium in skeletal muscle has important relevance for studying muscle
growth and development, injury and repair, and for identifying therapeutic targets and potential therapies for
ageing-related disorders, reconstructive surgery, sporting and workplace injuries, and muscle diseases. Combining
cell physiology, fluorescence microscopy and digital imaging technologies for studying multicellular tissues such as
skeletal muscle will enhance the international competitiveness of Australian biological research. The research will
optimise development of gene delivery systems that may find eventual application for muscle wasting disorders
and conditions where muscle weakness compromises quality of life.


DP0770955         Prof DA Williams

Approved          Transduction of neuronal signals by brain macroglial cells: implications for neuronal
Project Title     function

2007 :            $90,000
2008 :            $88,000
2009 :            $85,000

Administering Organisation The University of Melbourne
Project Summary
Study of mechanisms regulating brain cell (neuron and glial) communication is essential for understanding of
normal brain function and transformations that occur in neurodegenerative states and age-related disorders.
Mechanisms underlying neuron-glia communication are not well understood. By combining cell physiology, digital
imaging technologies, and genetically designed and delivered molecules we will enhance our understanding of this
brain cell communication and critical roles played by intracellular calcium. This will enhance international
competitiveness of Australian biological research and provide novel insight of glial function in neurodegeneration
and potential for specific therapeutic intervention in disease.


The University of New South Wales
DP0772223         A/Prof MV Apte; Prof A Shulkes; Prof JS Wilson; A/Prof R Pirola

Approved          Do pancreatic stellate cells play a role in pancreatic exocrine secretion?
Project Title

2007 :            $90,000
2008 :            $88,000
2009 :            $85,000

Administering Organisation The University of New South Wales
Project Summary
3 major national benefits: 1)Alignment with research priority goals of preventative health care and ageing well
ageing productively. Elucidation of mechanisms of action of CCK and the interaction of PSCs and acinar cells in
mediating pancreatic secretion will help refine our approach to the prevention and treatment of disorders related to
the above processes viz. maldigestion, malabsorption, obesity and pancreatic cancer. 2)Enhancement of
Australia's reputation in gastrointestinal (GI) research through a unique collaboration between internationally
recognised researchers in GI and pancreatic biology. 3)Training opportunities for Australian research students and
scientists in physiology, gastroenterology and pancreatology.

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The University of Sydney
DP0774425          Prof GE Grau; Prof NH Hunt

Approved           Microparticles as effectors of microvascular alterations in brain inflammation
Project Title
2007 :             $90,000
2008 :             $88,000
2009 :             $85,000
Administering Organisation The University of Sydney
Project Summary
Cerebral malaria (CM) kills many children worldwide, but we do not understand why their small blood vessels in the
brain become obstructed. We found that tiny elements detached from cell membranes, called microparticles (MP),
are dramatically elevated in the blood during CM. Our results strongly suggest that these MP are important in CM
development. We have found that some drugs block the release of MP and the stickiness of malaria parasites to
blood vessels. Our project will tackle the conditions of MP production and define new drugs to prevent it. It also
will explain how the brain becomes affected by high numbers of MP. Our results will cast new light on why the
brain functions abnormally when its blood vessels become modified.


3207         NEUROSCIENCES

Macquarie University
DP0772517          Dr XJ Nelson; A/Prof CS Evans; A/Prof DC O'Carroll

Approved            Visual processing in a unique modular system - how can a simple cognitive architecture
Project Title       be used to solve complex visual tasks?
2007 :              $70,001
2008 :              $70,001
2009 :              $70,001
2010 :              $70,001
 APD                           Dr XJ Nelson
Administering Organisation Macquarie University
Project Summary
The proposed interdisciplinary study of the visual system of jumping spiders will provide novel insights into how a
simple cognitive architecture can be used to solve complex visual tasks. This will be the first comprehensive study
of motion sensitivity in a spider. The insights obtained will be important for the development of artificial intelligence
systems. We will provide a stimulating environment to train a postdoctoral fellow with state-of-art skills ranging from
single-cell neurophysiology through to using 3D animation for sophisticated behavioural assays. The proposed
work is a hot topic and will attract considerable attention, raise the profile of Australian science, and support
postgraduate students.


The University of Sydney
DP0773577          Prof J Götz; Dr LM Ittner

 Approved            Novel cellular functions of the microtubule-associated protein tau: Physiological and
 Project Title       pathological implications
 2007 :             $160,000
 2008 :             $150,000
 2009 :             $140,000
 Administering Organisation The University of Sydney
 Project Summary
 The social and economic burden of Alzheimer's disease (AD) is enormous, and by 2040 more than 500,000
 Australians will suffer from this disease. A key histopathological hallmark of this and many other related diseases
 are insoluble deposits of the protein tau. Research into novel functions of tau in signalling and transport (both of
 which are heavily compromised in diseased brains) will be followed directly by assay development for tau-directed
 drug screening. The national benefit of this research is manifold by (a) patenting new data, (b) developing
treatment strategies for an un-curable disease, and (c) establishing links to the growing Australian biotech industry
(in addition to existing links to international pharmaceutical companies).



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3210         CLINICAL SCIENCES

Charles Sturt University
DP0773978          Dr S McLeod; Dr LJ Harrison; A/Prof LL McAllister

Approved           Children with speech impairment: A population study of prevalence, severity, impact and
Project Title      service provision

2007 :             $48,600
2008 :             $100,900
2009 :             $69,100
Administering Organisation Charles Sturt University
Project Summary
Compared to the general community, adults who had a speech impairment as a child typically achieve lower levels
of education, have greater literacy problems, experience significant social problems and discrimination, and have
decreased occupational opportunities. The social and economic cost of untreated speech impairment for
individuals, schools and society is large. This landmark study will identify strengths and limitations in the health and
education sectors regarding appropriate and holistic services for children with speech impairment combining
identified prevalence, severity and impact data.


The University of New South Wales
DP0773971          Prof AP Avolio; Prof JR Cockcroft; Dr IB Wilkinson

Approved           Effect of modification of structural and cellular properties of the arterial wall on functional
Project Title      stiffness of large arteries

2007 :             $100,000
2008 :             $100,000
2009 :             $90,000
Administering Organisation The University of New South Wales
Project Summary
The Australian population is ageing, becoming more obese and showing earlier onset of age-related conditions
such as high blood pressure, heart failure and inflammatory disorders. All these conditions are associated with
possible increase arterial stiffness. Inflammatory disorders in Australia affect one in six people, increasing to one in
five in the next decade. An equal proportion is affected by cardiovascular disease. This combined effect poses a
massive burden on the national health budget. This project aims to investigate basic mechanism leading to
degeneration of function of larger arteries and therapies to reverse the process and reduce cardiovascular risk in
the community.


The University of Queensland
DP0772934          Dr M Sterling; Prof JA Kenardy; A/Prof CG Maher; Dr RE Darnell

Approved           The development of chronicity following whiplash injury: the fear-avoidance model
Project Title      versus a neurobiological stress model.

2007 :             $220,100
2008 :             $92,266
2009 :             $100,266
Administering Organisation The University of Queensland
Project Summary
The economic burden of musculoskeletal conditions is second only to cardiovascular disease and Whiplash
Associated Disorders are one of most economically costly musculoskeletal conditions. This project brings together
leading Australian multiprofessional spinal pain researchers to investigate physiological and psychological
processes involved in the development of chronic pain after whiplash injury. The results will improve the
understanding of the processes and inter-relationships between these processes in the development of chronic
whiplash pain thus leading to the development of improved early intervention strategies in order to prevent the
transition to chronicity.



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3212         PUBLIC HEALTH AND HEALTH SERVICES

Griffith University
DP0770497          Prof J Searle; A/Prof PA Creed; Dr ME Rogers

Approved           Career Choices for Australian Medical Students: How, what, where and why - A
Project Title      longitudinal study

2007 :            $105,000
2008 :            $85,500
2009 :            $85,000

Administering Organisation Griffith University
Project Summary
The well publicised doctor shortage in Australia makes understanding how and where future doctors want to work
critical to planning tomorrow's medical workforce and addressing access problems for Australians in health areas
of need. This large national study will provide valuable insights about how future doctors wish to practise and how
these choices and determining factors change over time. Findings from this study will assist those who educate
and train our medical students and those who plan our future health workforce to better meet our community health
needs, especially those currently with reduced access to medical care.


Monash University
DP0771180          A/Prof E Gullone; A/Prof NJ King

Approved           The development of emotion regulation strategies and their relationships with
Project Title      psychological wellbeing: A long-term follow-up study.

2007 :            $95,400
2008 :            $93,500
2009 :            $91,200

Administering Organisation Monash University
Project Summary
A largely neglected area, emotion regulation in young people will be comprehensively examined. The first of its
kind worldwide, this research will provide a rich understanding of the development of emotion regulation over the
course of development from late childhood to early adulthood. An understanding of the role played by emotion
regulation in wellbeing will provide important foundations for the development of intervention and prevention
strategies that incorporate emotional functioning processes. This is predicted to result in a marked increase in the
efficacy of existing prevention and intervention efforts which will lead to significant health care cost savings and
social benefits, particularly for our youth.


DP0773299          Prof JR Richardson; Dr R Borland; Prof RA Cummins; Prof HE Herrman; Asst Prof R Hurworth;
                   Prof BA Swinburn; A/Prof ET Vos
Approved           Developing methods for benefit measurement in health-related economic analyses and
Project Title      their use in selecting public health promotional programs

2007 :            $240,000
2008 :            $240,000
2009 :            $240,000

Administering Organisation Monash University
Project Summary
The program involves the creation, validation and use of a suite of instruments for evaluating outcomes of health
promotional programs, including adult and childhood obesity, depression and smoking - areas that are universally
recognised as being of importance for the Australian community. The program will provide multiple scoring
algorithms for each of the instruments in order to test the sensitivity of results to assumptions made about social
values, and will produce Australian estimates of the person trade-off weights used in the Australian and Victorian
Burden of Disease studies (which presently use Dutch PTO weights).



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DP0770260          Dr DR Zion; A/Prof LR Briskman; Dr B Loff

Approved           Caring for Asylum Seekers in Australia: Bioethics and Human Rights
Project Title

2007 :             $70,000
2008 :             $45,000
2009 :             $55,000

 Administering Organisation Monash University
 Project Summary
 Australia's policy of mandatory detention has been criticised at home and abroad. This research will bring together
 both empirical and reflective material about that policy by those who have seen its effects first hand, which will
 make an important contribution to national self-definition. The research process itself will bring together
 practitioners who have worked in the field, many of whom have expressed the need for recording their
experiences, and guidelines as to how to practice in the future when human rights issues form a part of clinical
practice. As such, the project will contribute to other areas of healthcare where such issues are present, such as
indigenous health, mental health, and the care of other vulnerable populations.


The Australian National University
DP0772382          Dr MA Brady; Dr BH Hunter

Approved           Indigenous Australians and alcohol control: The impact of hotel ownership on harm
Project Title      reduction and social and economic development

2007 :             $125,000
2008 :             $129,000
2009 :             $124,000
2010 :             $115,000
2011 :             $115,000
 QEII                        Dr MA Brady
Administering Organisation The Australian National University
Project Summary
This project investigates Indigenous social enterprise that intersects with the alcohol industry. Findings will benefit
the Indigenous governing bodies of licensed premises and their communities, health and liquor regulation
authorities and the country as a whole. The research addresses policy uncertainty surrounding Indigenous
ownership of licensed premises and whether this achieves anticipated economic and social goals and reduces
alcohol-related problems. Harm minimisation is an object of liquor licensing acts in most jurisdictions in Australia.
Indigenous-owned licensed premises are well-placed to implement responsible alcohol service and promote harm
minimisation in keeping with Australian best practice.


Flinders University of South Australia
DP0771885          Dr R Nixon; Prof N Brewer

Approved           Children's memory for traumatic events
Project Title

2007 :             $66,215
2008 :             $66,717
2009 :             $68,257

Administering Organisation The Flinders University of South Australia
Project Summary
Many children are exposed to negative and distressing events. Understanding the processes underlying memories
of such events is critical, especially in the present world climate in which the Australian public is increasingly
confronted with threats of terrorism and other negative world events. This research will contribute directly to
understanding why some children develop maladaptive responses to major life events, and others appear to adjust
with few psychological difficulties. The research will pinpoint better management strategies for children affected by
trauma by improved understanding of how traumatic memories are developed, as well as identifying critical
variables that are amenable to change early after trauma exposure.

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The University of Adelaide

DP0773141          Dr SL De Lacey; A/Prof WA Rogers; Prof NM Naffine; A/Prof AJ Braunack-Mayer; Mrs BJ
                   Richards; Mrs AJ Ballantyne
Approved           Consent in the void: moral, legal and community values in decisions about human
Project Title      biological donations

2007 :             $30,000
2008 :             $35,000
2009 :             $40,000

 Administering Organisation The University of Adelaide
 Project Summary
 This project will improve consent procedures for embryo and organ donation. This will increase the autonomy of
 those consenting, the quality of consent that is given, and increase public trust in the processes of embryo and
 organ donation. The legal and moral status of the wishes of the newly dead or embryo donors and will be clarified
 thereby increasing the quality of consent processes for all involved. By including community values in addition to
the legal and moral issues, this project will make well-founded recommendations for the development of laws,
policies and guidelines in relation to decisions about frozen embryos and the newly dead.


The University of Melbourne
DP0771068          A/Prof E Manias; Prof P Dunning

Approved           Towards safe care and consumer engagement: addressing the complexities of
Project Title      communication processes for managing medications in hospitals

2007 :             $57,000
2008 :             $58,000
2009 :             $30,000

Administering Organisation The University of Melbourne
Project Summary
Ineffective communication is the most common cause of medication problems in Australia. This study focuses on
how health professionals of various disciplines including medicine, pharmacy and nursing communicate with each
other about medications. Integral involvement of consumers and family members will ensure that health and social
outcomes are considered from different perspectives, which are therefore likely to be successful. Examination of
communication processes will help lead to safe care and consumer involvement. The unique knowledge obtained
will inform policies in various clinical settings and identify strategies for better communication. Health professionals
and consumers can adopt these strategies to improve medication safety.


The University of New South Wales
DP0772977          A/Prof MR Teesson; Prof JG Andrews; Ms L Vogl

Approved           Fear, sadness and alcohol in adolescence: A test of innovative curriculum models to
Project Title      prevent adverse outcomes.

2007 :               $90,000
2008 :               $90,000
2009 :               $90,000
 APD                            Ms L Vogl
Administering Organisation The University of New South Wales
Project Summary
Lack of mastery over fear, sadness and alcohol use are risk factors for the common forms of mental ill health.
When fully developed, anxiety, depressive and substance use disorders account for three quarters of the disability
attributed to mental disorders. While prevention strategies exist, none are universally feasible. Climate schools
represents a utility that is acceptable, fits within the school syllabus, is effective, and is scaleable to meet the needs
of all schools in Australia. If it reduces the target risk factors by 10-20%, a minimal estimate based on the pilot
work, then it will be a most cost effective contribution to promoting and maintaining the good health of the
community.

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DP0771620          Dr DP Wilson

Approved           Allocating scarce HIV/AIDS antiretroviral drugs in resource-constrained countries: using
Project Title      modelling to develop tools and analyse consequences of ethics and HIV-epidemiology

2007 :            $34,000
2008 :            $39,000
2009 :            $36,000

 Administering Organisation The University of New South Wales
 Project Summary
 This project will benefit communities in some of the poorest countries of the world, suffering greatly from the
 HIV/AIDS epidemic. This research is important and timely for these nations in deciding how to distribute the limited
 treatment in an ethical manner to address treatment principles of these countries. However, the methods
developed can also be applied to other diseases in different regions and people, such as Australian aborigines to
increase their quality of health. Specifically, an epidemic of Chlamydia is widespread amongst the aboriginal
communities of Australia's Northern Territory. Tools developed in this project will be easily adaptable to address
control measures for Chlamydia among this population.


The University of Newcastle
DP0773617          Dr E Doran; Prof D Henry; A/Prof G Salkeld; Dr J Robertson

Approved           Moral Hazard and the Pharmaceutical Benefits Scheme
Project Title

2007 :            $96,000
2008 :            $70,000

Administering Organisation The University of Newcastle
Project Summary
The extent and significance of moral hazard in the PBS is an issue of significance for all Australians.
Pharmaceuticals are a central feature in maintaining the health of Australians and with factors such as an ageing
population and technological advances the centrality of pharmaceuticals is likely to be consolidated One, if not the,
major challenge will be how to provide pharmaceuticals efficiently, equitably and sustainably. If significant and
extensive, moral hazard potentially compromises PBS efficiency and threatens sustainability. The proposed project
represents a significant empirical contribution to understanding the impact of moral hazard on the PBS and will
make a significant contribution towards making the PBS sustainable


The University of Queensland
DP0770716          Prof DG Hegney; Prof C Del Mar; A/Prof EA Patterson; Prof PA Scuffham; Dr D Eley; Mr PP
                   Fahey
Approved           The feasibility, acceptability and cost-effectiveness of nurse-led models of chronic
Project Title      disease management in general practice

2007 :            $175,000
2008 :            $175,000
2009 :            $175,000

Administering Organisation The University of Queensland
Project Summary
This study directly relates to the National Research Priority of 'promoting and maintaining good health' through our
approach to trial a new and innovative model of chronic disease management specifically for CVD and Type II
diabetes in general practice. This project aims to test a new model of health service delivery - that is, the use of a
practice nurse to provide chronic disease care rather than a general practitioner. Our strategy involves
collaboration with health providers, stakeholders and consumers to help achieve this by providing patient education
and disease management through a registered nurse in general practice.




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The University of Sydney
DP0772996          A/Prof SC Hayes; A/Prof MH Levy

Approved           Intellectual disability in courts and police cells
Project Title

2007 :             $105,694

 Administering Organisation The University of Sydney
 Project Summary
 Benefit to the nation accrues because offenders with intellectual disability will be accurately identified early in their
 contact with the criminal justice system (CJS), and appropriate diversions from the CJS as well as rehabilitation
 programs can be implemented, thus producing cost-savings in all jurisdictions. The community benefits because
 offenders with ID can receive appropriate service provision, based on evidence provided by this study. The
 individual's ties to the community will be maintained and on the community will be supported to assist the
individual. Justice health systems, in staff management and training areas, will benefit. The outcomes will benefit
educational programs for the judiciary, police and lawyers.


DP0773987          A/Prof CR MacIntyre; Prof AJ Plant; Dr RE Watkins

Approved           Who acquires infection from whom across international borders? New approaches for
Project Title      control of emerging infections through understanding travel patterns

2007 :             $248,000
2008 :             $91,000

 Administering Organisation The University of Sydney
 Project Summary
 Mathematical modelling of data on travellers traversing Australia's borders and their contact patterns can be used
to understand the pathways by which infectious diseases enter and spread in Australia. Currently available social
 contact data which informs models are inadequate and outdated. Gathering new data relevant to modern society
 will help control future infectious disease threats to our society. Our aim is to collect detailed, unique data on
 demography, behavioural and social patterns of travellers and residents, and use this to develop mathematical
 models to evaluate effective control measures for emerging infections in Australia. This study will make a unique
 contribution to national disease control policy.


DP0773962          Prof TR Parmenter; A/Prof RJ Stancliffe; Dr MF Knox; Dr MC Donelly

Approved           Moving beyond crisis management: Creating a future for people with disabilities living
Project Title      with ageing parents

2007 :             $120,000
2008 :             $120,000
2009 :             $199,000

Administering Organisation The University of Sydney
Project Summary
The needs of thousands of people with disabilities being cared for by ageing parents are beyond the capacity of
our existing formal mechanisms for providing care. In order to mitigate this national crisis in support, this research
will establish effective, resource efficient support strategies where there are currently no plans in place for future
care arrangements. By enhancing the capacity of the community to provide support the benefit of existing formal
supports will be extended to address the needs of more families. This project will position Australian disability
research and support at the forefront of international efforts to legitimize the claim of people with disabilities and
their families on community resources.




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University of Western Sydney
DP0772335          Dr CP McGregor

Approved           Multi-dimensional Temporal Abstraction to Support Neonatal Clinical Research
Project Title

2007 :             $42,081
2008 :             $45,303

Administering Organisation University of Western Sydney
Project Summary
Each year, the death of a baby causes grief for thousands of Australian parents, contributes to depression and
considerable anxiety in the population. In this work we propose procedures that will significantly reduce this
unhappy scenario. The availability of a complex trend and pattern analysis will give Neonatologists access to
predictive clinical analysis that has not previously been available locally or internationally. Thus, significant benefits
in terms of lower mortality rates and lower long-term disability rates among babies requiring special care is
possible. This research will provide the basis for future projects that will support regional hospitals.


3214         HUMAN MOVEMENT AND SPORTS SCIENCE

The University of Sydney
DP0770913          A/Prof RD Herbert; Prof S Gandevia; A/Prof LE Bilston

Approved           Passive mechanical properties of human muscles
Project Title

2007 :             $150,000
2008 :             $140,000
2009 :             $130,000

Administering Organisation The University of Sydney
Project Summary
Australia has a strong record in the discipline of biomechanics. The proposed studies will help maintain Australia's
standing in the discipline. They will provide fundamental new data on the properties of human muscles and basic
insights into muscle growth and adaptation. The data will be used to develop more refined biomechanical models
than is currently possible. The studies will also provide training in world-leading research methods for two PhD
students and a research associate.


3301         EDUCATION STUDIES

Charles Sturt University
DP0773951          Prof S Kemmis

Approved           Sustaining practice: The theory and development of educational practice/praxis in the
Project Title      context of education for sustainability (EfS)

2007 :             $66,000
2008 :             $72,000

Administering Organisation Charles Sturt University
Project Summary
This project investigates educational practice in ten Education for Sustainability initiatives, to characterise
exemplary practice in schools and the community. It contributes to environmental, economic, cultural and social
and dimensions of sustainability through improved educational practice, with implications for theory, policy and
practice in sustainability, teacher education and education for the professions. It will also contribute directly to
sustainability through enhancing the work of Education for Sustainability Initiatives in communities and schools. It
will provide enhanced tools for understanding practice/praxis to assist policy makers, especially those concerned
with sustainability, Education for Sustainability, teacher education and education for the professions.

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Deakin University
DP0771591         Prof JA Blackmore; A/Prof DN Hayes

Approved          Redesigning schools and school leadership: an Australian comparative case study
Project Title

2007 :            $70,000
2008 :            $70,000
2009 :            $70,000

Administering Organisation Deakin University
Project Summary
This project on school redesign addresses an urgent need identified in Government and OECD reports for schools
and systems to redesign in order to be more responsive to multiple social and economic pressures while
addressing significant disparities between schools. Longitudinal case studies with a focus on schools in particularly
challenging circumstances will reconceptualize the relationship between sustainable school reform, leadership,
student learning and school-community relationships. These are all policy priority areas. Communication strategies
aim to inform policymakers, professional associations, the new National Institute for Quality Teaching and School
Leadership, and schools about how to conceptualise and sustain reform.


DP0770999         Prof RW Tytler; Prof VR Prain; A/Prof BG Waldrip; Dr PJ Hubber

Approved          The role of representation in learning science
Project Title

2007 :            $120,000
2008 :            $88,000
2009 :            $109,000

Administering Organisation Deakin University
Project Summary
School science is a core area for the future prosperity and health of Australia. Poor student attitudes to science
and low involvement in post compulsory science are of national concern. This project, by taking a fresh perspective
on key learning issues in middle years science, when student attitudes and future plans are being forged, has the
potential to lay the groundwork for more successful learning, increased retention into post compulsory science, and
enhanced public science literacy. By focusing on effective and innovative pedagogies and assessment strategies
the project has the capacity to enhance science students' capacity for innovation, potentially laying the groundwork
for increased productivity in the longer term.


Queensland University of Technology
DP0774408         Prof A Luke; Prof SJ Grieshaber

Approved          Family literacy practices, pedagogy and achievement in year one: A quantitative
Project Title     sociological study

2007 :            $118,000
2008 :            $180,000
2009 :            $120,000

 Administering Organisation Queensland University of Technology
 Project Summary
 Who succeeds and fails in the first year of school literacy? Why and how? Standards and methods for teaching
 initial literacy are the topic of national policy debate. Yet the debate often is based upon generic and populist
claims about the efficacy of instructional methods, relying upon small scale and overseas studies. This is the first
large scale quantitative study of variable sociodemographic factors, home experiences, instructional treatment and
 literacy achievement. It addresses policy debates on phonics, early intervention and standards. It will offer
 guidance for the development of early childhood curriculum strategies and programs.




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The University of Melbourne
DP0771028          A/Prof J Polesel; Prof JP Keating; Prof RV Teese

Approved           Vocational Education and Training in Schools: Cultural Resistance and the Academic
Project Title      Tradition

2007 :             $78,000
2008 :             $110,000

Administering Organisation The University of Melbourne
Project Summary
This study seeks to relate how well different models of VET in Schools delivery (in different settings) work towards
achieving the objectives of improved participation, more effective transitions and engagement of reluctant learners.
It also seeks to assess how effectively the different ways of delivering VET are meeting governments' objectives to
build Australia's skills base and provide young people with effective pathways. This study will provide education
and training systems with valuable data on the effectiveness of this major policy innovation for different student
groups. It will do so by analysing three major school leaver data-bases, followed up by qualitative studies in 12
schools in Victoria, New South Wales and Queensland.


DP0771231          Prof L Yates

Approved           School knowledge, working knowledge and the knowing subject: a review of state
Project Title      curriculum policies 1975-2005

2007 :             $80,000
2008 :             $52,000

Administering Organisation The University of Melbourne
Project Summary
Schooling is a central institution for forming the knowledge, workers and citizens of Australia's future, and this is a
period of widespread curriculum change. This project's systematic review of state differences is an important
resource for moves in a 'nationally consistent' direction. The project charts what is and is not being taken up in
relation to new vocational agendas and new conceptions of knowledge. It provides a fresh perspective on
Australian curriculum emphases, competing agendas, issues to be addressed and makes possible a more realistic
appraisal of the conditions in which innovation and reform need to be developed.


The University of Newcastle
DP0772492          Prof PJ Foreman; Dr M Arthur-Kelly

Approved           Partner training and communication outcomes for students with multiple and severe
Project Title      disabilities

2007 :             $36,000
2008 :             $78,600
2009 :             $38,000

Administering Organisation The University of Newcastle
Project Summary
This research has the potential to benefit one of the most disadvantaged groups in the community: students with
multiple and severe disabilities. These students typically spend more than 70% of the school day with no
communication with teachers, teacher aides or other students. The proposed research will investigate whether it is
possible to improve levels of communication and engagement through training teachers and teacher aides as
effective communication partners. Higher levels of communication at school will improve Quality of Life for these
students. This research will inform the development of training programs for school staff working with students with
multiple and severe disabilities.




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DP0772547          Dr MJ Schofield; A/Prof JA Grant

Approved           Supervision of psychotherapy: Understanding the processes that build professional
Project Title      competence

2007 :            $70,000
2008 :            $41,000
2009 :            $83,000

Administering Organisation The University of Newcastle
Project Summary
Psychotherapy can save lives and improve well-being. Clinical supervision is used to improve psychotherapy
effectiveness and support therapists. This study contributes to the national research priorities of promoting and
maintaining good health by building our knowledge of clinical supervision processes and how they influence
therapist practice and client outcomes. The study will lead to an evidence-based model of effective supervision
practice, which will enhance future service delivery, prevent therapist burnout, and improve client outcomes. The
study will also inform development of: measures of core supervisory processes, clinical supervision practice
standards, supervisor training, and professional development programs.


The University of Queensland
DP0772550          Prof PR Freebody; Prof JG Hedberg; Dr KC Nichols; Dr WS Van Rooy

Approved           Transforming the technologies and modalities of learning: The case of the New Life
Project Title      Sciences in secondary schooling.

2007 :            $90,000
2008 :            $90,000
2009 :            $90,000

 Administering Organisation The University of Queensland
 Project Summary
 This project aims to provide theoretical and analytic frameworks for understanding changing intellectual,
 technological and communicational parameters of contemporary education, but it also aims to make these
 frameworks accessible enough to become part of the conceptual repertoire of professional practitioners and
flexible enough to allow practitioners to maintain currency in evolving fields of knowledge in the NLS. As the NLS,
and education in this field are both expanding export industries, this study will offer Australian practitioners and
 authorities evidence and ideas for the growth of the NLS in schools, thereby supporting the maintenance of
 Australia's prominence in the region as a high-quality, current education provider.


DP0771846          A/Prof RM Gillies; Dr AF Ashman

Approved           The effects of teacher and student dialogues during cooperative learning on students'
Project Title      discourse, problem-solving, and learning

2007 :            $90,000
2008 :            $90,000

 Administering Organisation The University of Queensland
 Project Summary
 Teaching students to dialogue effectively together is critically important if they are to think and reason
constructively and develop new understandings and learning. While cooperative learning experiences provide
students with opportunities to interact with others, research clearly indicates that discourse can be enhanced when
students are taught how to dialogue together so they learn to seek and answer thought provoking questions to
construct new understandings and learning. This project builds on the benefits widely attributed to cooperative
learning by helping teachers to enhance students' strategic and metacognitive thinking and facilitative
communication patterns.




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The University of Sydney
DP0773812          A/Prof AR Welch; Dr R Yang

Approved           The Chinese Knowledge Diaspora and the International Knowledge Network - Australian
Project Title      and Canadian Universities Compared

2007 :             $60,134
2008 :             $74,784
2009 :             $58,264

 Administering Organisation The University of Sydney
 Project Summary
 For Australia, one of the key contemporary challenges is to understand China, in ways that maximise mutual
 benefits. This includes the key arena of education, where the growing number of Chinese intellectuals working in
 Australian (and Canadian) universities, can assist in replenishing an ageing domestic academic work force,as well
 as forging international research networks. The bi-cultural, bi-lingual expertise of this Chinese knowledge diaspora
 constitutes a key resource with which to build trans-national research and knowledge networks,with the diverse
and growing Chinese scholarly community, worldwide. The advantages, prospects and difficulties of such
trans-national networks are explained.


University of Tasmania
DP0772055          Prof JS Sigafoos; Dr VA Green

Approved           Increasing Behavioural Flexibility in Children with Autism
Project Title

2007 :             $85,000
2008 :             $90,000
2009 :             $80,000

 Administering Organisation University of Tasmania
 Project Summary
 Autism is a developmental disorder associated with social and language deficits and an abnormal resistance to
 change. The number of children diagnosed with autism is increasing, as are the social and economic costs to
 Australia. While programs exist for teaching social and language skills, effective strategies for teaching the child
 how to cope with change are lacking. This project aims to discover educational procedures for increasing the
child's tolerance for and ability to cope with change. By doing so, the project will benefit Australian families and
teachers who need effective, research-based procedures for managing this core feature of autism.


3302         CURRICULUM STUDIES

The University of Melbourne
DP0772787          Prof KC Stacey

Approved           The Shallow Teaching Syndrome in School Mathematics - towards practical ways that will
Project Title      engage students more deeply

2007 :             $52,964
2008 :             $51,721

Administering Organisation The University of Melbourne
Project Summary
Australian governments have made considerable investment in international comparative studies of student
achievement in mathematics. One of the findings is that an average Australian lesson exhibits the 'shallow
teaching syndrome', having relatively lower complexity, higher repetition and less mathematical reasoning than
high-achieving countries. This project will interview curriculum leaders and textbook writers, and analyse both
traditional textbook and innovative curriculum materials. This will help to understand the reasons for the syndrome
and recommend practical ways in which lessons that engage students more deeply, can be encouraged.

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University of Wollongong
DP0771675          Dr P Harris; Dr BM Derewianka; Dr H Chen; Dr P Fitzsimmons; Dr LK Kervin; Dr JB Turbill; Dr
                   KE Cruickshank; Ms B McKenzie; Dr DM Konza
 Approved          Investigating the relationship between literacy teaching, research and policy
 Project Title
 2007 :             $72,000
 2008 :             $80,000
 2009 :             $83,000
 Administering Organisation University of Wollongong
 Project Summary
 An expected outcome is contribution to the development of a national literacy research agenda that includes
priority areas; conceptual frameworks for characterising literacy; research approaches that help illuminate key
issues and practices in literacy teaching and policy; and means for dissemination amongst researchers, teachers
and policy makers. Another outcome is establishment of an Australia-based journal that publishes substantial
literacy studies, which is not currently done in Australia. With a view to internationalisation of the journal, and
encouragment of submissions that explore nexus of research, policy and practice, this journal would fulfil a
significant function in assisting interaction among the three fields.


3401         ECONOMIC THEORY

The University of Sydney
DP0773324          Prof AM McLennan

 Approved            'Fixed points': extending and deepening our understanding of mathematical and
 Project Title       computational aspects of game theory
 2007 :             $135,000
 2008 :             $140,000
 2009 :             $145,000
 2010 :             $100,000
 2011 :             $155,000
 APF                          Prof AM McLennan
 Administering Organisation The University of Sydney
 Project Summary
 This work will extend and deepen our understanding of mathematical and computational aspects of game theory.
It will produce computer code embodying new methods of solving systems of nonlinear equations, which is useful
in many areas of applied research in economics, in other disciplines such as chemistry, and potentially in the
analysis of business operations. The project will also deepen our understanding of the underlying mathematics of
such systems, and of other mathematical foundations of economic research. One application will be a new
measure of the relative power resulting from voting rules. Such measures assist the design of democratic
institutions by allowing the designer to assess the fairness of the outcomes they produce.


DP0770418          Prof R Pitchford

 Approved           Balancing the risk of harm with productivity in the mercurial firm: economic theory and
 Project Title      applications to Australian policy.
 2007 :             $115,000
 2008 :             $120,000
 2009 :             $120,000
 2010 :             $80,000
 2011 :             $125,000
  APF                          Prof R Pitchford
 Administering Organisation The University of Sydney
 Project Summary
 Australia has had at least one significant chemical spill per month for the last 30 years. While the Longford disaster
 fades from the news, James Hardy's asbestos problem fills its place. This project will develop a general conceptual
 framework in which to analyse the economics of risky firms. The framework will be used to evaluate Australian,
 International, and alternative policies. The end benefit to Australia will be an improvement in policy toward firms
that cause accidents.



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The University of Western Australia
DP0774266          Prof KW Clements

Approved           International Comparisons of Consumption, Incomes and Prices
Project Title

2007 :             $59,410
2008 :             $59,094
2009 :             $64,434

Administering Organisation The University of Western Australia
Project Summary
This project will provide insights into the workings of the world economy, and how it might change in the future.
This will be beneficial to the Australian economy as the role of international trade in goods, people and capital is
likely to become even more important to us in the future. The project will also enhance Australia's reputation for
producing high-level research of both a fundamental and applied nature in consumption economics and
international economics. It is hoped that the training of research students will be a further benefit of the project.


3402         APPLIED ECONOMICS

Monash University
DP0772235          A/Prof BP Hollingsworth; A/Prof MN Harris; Prof P Maitra; Dr K Hauck; Dr J Wildman; Dr P
                   Contoyannis
Approved           Modelling Inequalities in Health in Australia in the Area of Obesity
Project Title

2007 :             $90,000
2008 :             $70,000
2009 :             $70,000

Administering Organisation Monash University
Project Summary
This research will contribute to a body of knowledge that informs government policy and falls under a National
Research Priority - Promoting and Maintaining Good Health. Obesity is a serious health problem among adult
Australians and the situation is likely to worsen if left unchecked. The first task in addressing this issue is to identify
who is at risk. In this project we will use multiple and robust techniques to examine this issue. Our research will
therefore help in targeting public resources to those that can really benefit, as we hypothesise markets in health do
not clear efficiently for a multitude of reasons.


RMIT University
DP0770453          Prof SR Davidson; Prof RA Heaney

Approved           Does Australian Corporate Taxation Matter?
Project Title

2007 :             $70,000
2008 :             $70,000
2009 :             $70,000

Administering Organisation RMIT University
Project Summary
On a GDP-weighted basis the average OECD corporate rate has fallen from 44 percent in 1985 to 31 percent in
2004. Australia operates a flat thirty percent corporate tax rate and this compares well with the current OECD
average. Yet, the Business Council of Australia argues that the Australian corporate tax rate is 'uncompetitive'.
Certainly, the corporate tax burden (i.e. corporate tax revenue as a proportion of GDP) is very high in Australia, the
third highest in the OECD, and the highest in the Asia-Pacific region. This project will evaluate the extent that the
corporate tax burden is a hinderance to Australian firms and economic behaviour.




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DP0770537          Prof RA Heaney; Prof BD Grundy

Approved           Storage and the Hotelling Valuation Principle: Understanding the Dynamics of the Oil
Project Title      Industry

2007 :            $100,000
2008 :            $115,000
2009 :            $130,000

Administering Organisation RMIT University
Project Summary
Understanding the economics of the oil market is important for understanding the shift toward smaller, more
fuel-efficient motor vehicles and less fuel-intensive farming techniques. A better understanding of fundamental oil
price processes will lead to more accurate oil price forecasting and hence more accurate pricing of oil derivatives
(options, futures and swaps) and improved risk management (e.g. airlines hedging the cost of their jet fuel needs).


The Australian National University
DP0774597          Dr GR Barker; Prof L Waverman

Approved           The impact of Information and Communications Technology (ICT) on economic growth
Project Title      and productivity, and the role of Government Policy

2007 :            $55,000
2008 :            $58,000

 Administering Organisation The Australian National University
 Project Summary
 While it is widely agreed that the use of Information and Communications Technology (ICT) has many national
 benefits, the role of law and policy on the extent of ICT uptake and related productivity effects have not been
directly researched. A stronger research base on the role of law and policy on the use and economic effects of ICT
can potentially create a number of national and community benefits. It can assist Governments and firms to isolate
the drivers of the information economy and economic growth; it can facilitate the development of appropriate policy
and legislation, and inform better administration of existing policies.


DP0770874          Prof RQ Grafton; Dr T Kompas; Dr AD Smith

Approved           Bioeconomic Modelling of Marine Reserves
Project Title

2007 :            $85,000
2008 :            $85,000
2009 :            $100,000

Administering Organisation The Australian National University
Project Summary
Australian waters contain a huge range of biodiversity, but are under threat from human activities. To face this
challenge and resolve the problems of depleted fisheries and habitat destruction, innovative approaches are
required to integrate marine biology with fisheries economics. The research meets this immediate need by
developing bioeconomic models of marine reserves to determine reserve location and size, and analyse
interactions between reserves and harvested areas under environmental uncertainty. The models will be
developed using the latest developments in economics, biology and numerical methods and will be used to
conserve Australia's marine biodiversity and improve fisheries management.




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The University of Melbourne
DP0770567          A/Prof GR Kalb; Prof J Creedy

Approved           The effects of the tax and social security system on labour supply and social welfare
Project Title

2007 :             $110,000
2008 :             $115,000
2009 :             $120,000

 Administering Organisation The University of Melbourne
 Project Summary
 This research will provide independent assessment of the work-incentive effects of government policies in the area
 of income tax, social security and childcare costs. Capacity constraints may threaten sustained economic growth in
 Australia. Understanding and supporting the drivers of work force participation is stated in the National Research
 Priorities as being vital. In addition to the empirical results, the project provides a set of tools that can be used to
 evaluate new policies with respect to the effects on labour supply, income distribution and social welfare. This will
 provide timely and independent evidence on which to evaluate new policies and therefore increase the quality of
the debate on tax and social security policy.


DP0771005          Prof A Scott; A/Prof H Britt; Dr PH Jensen

Approved           Blended payment systems for doctors: evaluation of an experiment
Project Title

2007 :             $80,000
2008 :             $85,000

Administering Organisation The University of Melbourne
Project Summary
The results of the study will provide new evidence for health care policy makers in Australia (and internationally) on
the effects of changing the remuneration system for GPs on the costs and quality of health care provided. The
study will examine effects in the national priority and national health priority areas of preventive health care and
chronic disease. The results will be relevant to other countries, such as the US and UK, where blended payments
schemes exist for GPs but have not been evaluated.


DP0770354          A/Prof M Shields

Approved           New Econometric Evidence on the Roles of Socio-Economic Characteristics and Lifestyle
Project Title      Choices in Determining Child and Adult Health Outcomes

2007 :             $45,000
2008 :             $37,000
2009 :             $50,000

Administering Organisation The University of Melbourne
Project Summary
This research is directly relevant to the National Research Priority 'Promoting and Maintaining Good Health'. It will
provide detailed information on issues such as the extent of socio-economic differentials in child and adult health,
the role of income redistribution in reducing health inequalities, the effectiveness of the national health system in
protecting the health of children from the poorest families, and the role of lifestyle choices in determining health
outcomes. Attention will be paid to the effects of alcohol consumption, smoking, exercise and diet in the context of
adult and childhood obesity. There will also be new insights on the relative importance of 'nature' versus 'nurture' in
determining child health.




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The University of New South Wales
DP0772731          A/Prof GF Barrett; Dr TF Crossley; Dr Y Tseng

Approved           Understanding the Saving Behaviour of Australian Households: Private Retirement
Project Title      Provision and the Policy of Forced Saving

2007 :             $100,000
2008 :             $100,000
2009 :             $100,000

Administering Organisation The University of New South Wales
Project Summary
The outcomes from the research on Australian retirement saving behaviour will generate a range of national
benefits. First, the collaboration of researchers across institutions, and internationally, will enhance and promote
Australian research skills. Second, Australian research will be will be placed at the forefront of an important,
international field. Third, the research will make fundamental contributions to the evidence base for the design of
public policies to ensure Australians have access to adequate resources in retirement. This is an urgent public
policy concern due to the rapid ageing of the Australian population: the fraction aged over 65 years is forecast to
double from 10% to 20% over the next 40 years.


The University of Western Australia
DP0772702          Prof R Da Silva Rosa; Prof I Izan; Dr M Bugeja

Approved           The Role of Directors in CorporateTakeovers
Project Title

2007 :             $56,000
2008 :             $59,000
2009 :             $64,000

Administering Organisation The University of Western Australia
Project Summary
This research deals with one of the causes and consequences of mergers and acquisitions (M&A) for boards of
directors of companies involved in M&As. The Federal Government's Corporate Law and Economic Reform
Program (CLERP), Paper No:3 states that corporate governance practices by Australian companies should be
continuously monitored by the Australian Stock Exchange and relevant industries and professional bodies. Our
research on the extent to which directors get penalised and/or rewarded for acquisition decisions depending on the
outcomes of the M&A, contribute towards this monitoring.


DP0773251          Dr A Hailu; Dr RG Chambers

Approved           Designing better soil quality indexes to improve land and environmental management
Project Title

2007 :             $81,018

 Administering Organisation The University of Western Australia
 Project Summary
 This project will develop sound methods for capturing diverse soil quality attributes in summary soil quality indexes
 to facilitate wiser land and environmental management. The project will generate benefits through: 1)
improvements in the sustainability of our agricultural industries by providing better tools for matching soils with
crops and for more efficient chemical input use on farms, 3) improvements in environmental water quality through
reductions in nonpoint source pollution from agriculture, 3) tools for monitoring the recovery of degraded
agricultural or mining soil resources, and 4) better conservation contract design.




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DP0770213          Prof PW Miller; Dr ER Birch; Dr AT Le

Approved           Wage Determination and the New Household Economics
Project Title

2007 :            $80,000
2008 :            $80,000
2009 :            $80,000

Administering Organisation The University of Western Australia
Project Summary
By linking wage outcomes and occupational attainment to home time activities and the human capital and other
characteristics of partners, this project should help establish the basis for the payoffs to schooling, the gender pay
gap and the marriage wage premium in Australia. A focus on the household allocation of time, with a possible
emphasis on child care, may emerge as an important consideration in discussion of the gender wage gap, and of
the glass ceiling effects shown in recent research and in the media to be an important feature of the Australian
labour market.


University of Tasmania
DP0773489          Prof R Ray

Approved           Modelling Food Expenditure, Analysing Nutrient Security, Measuring Hunger and
Project Title      Calculating Purchasing Power Parity: Methodological Advances with Policy Applications

2007 :            $91,000
2008 :            $77,000
2009 :            $94,000

 Administering Organisation University of Tasmania
 Project Summary
 The analysis of consumption changes in selected Asian countries will throw light on Australia's trade potential,
 especially with one of the fastest growing countries.More informed debate on the role of trade and aid in reducing
hunger and poverty.Following the 2000 Millenium summit and the step up of Australian developmental aid, the
subject has returned to the centre stage in policy discussions. The systematic use of unit value information
available elsewhere, but currently lacking in ABS data, will help the latter in improving its HES.Contribute to
"understanding our region and the world"(Key Priority Goal in Research Priority 4 of ARC).Provide data sets for use
in Australian RHD dissertations .


University of Technology, Sydney
DP0774142          Prof JJ Louviere; A/Prof DJ Street; Dr N Wasi; Dr PZ Wang

Approved           Investigating Linkages Among Individual Decision Rules, Properties of Experimental
Project Title      Designs and Choice Models In Environmental Economics Applications

2007 :            $70,000
2008 :            $106,000
2009 :            $110,000

Administering Organisation University of Technology, Sydney
Project Summary
Discrete Choice Experiments or 'stated preference' (SP) surveys are increasingly being used to estimate public
benefits of proposed environmental policy changes. The accuracy of environmental policy analyses and forecasts
of welfare changes based on SP models depends heavily on unbiased parameter estimates. Our project aims to
assess what happens if common assumptions about consumer preferences in SP surveys are violated. We also
study whether exploratory analysis methods can detect the violations to guide future research and applications.
Successful completion of this project will lead to more accurate policy analyses and forecasts based on discrete
choice models.




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3403         ECONOMIC HISTORY AND HISTORY OF ECONOMIC THOUGHT

The University of Melbourne
DP0772302         Prof JI Borland; Dr AJ Clarke; Dr RH Hillberry; Dr LL Uren

Approved          New perspectives on Australian economic history: Geography, institutions and major
Project Title     episodes

2007 :              $65,000
2008 :              $95,000
2009 :              $65,000
Administering Organisation The University of Melbourne
Project Summary
This project will contribute directly to an improved knowledge of the determinants of the structure of economic
activity, and macroeconomic performance and economic growth in Australia. Having a better understanding of the
main influences on Australian economic growth will assist in the development of policies to promote these
outcomes. The project will also make a significant addition to international knowledge in the field of new
comparative economic history by adding an extra body of evidence to cross-country perspectives on the
determinants of national economic performance that draws on Australia's distinctive geography and institutions.
Finally, the project will provide valuable research training and skills.


3404         ECONOMETRICS

Monash University
DP0771334         Dr D Chotikapanich; Prof WE Griffiths

Approved          Bayesian Inference for Welfare Comparisons of Income Inequality and Poverty
Project Title

2007 :              $65,000
2008 :              $53,236
2009 :              $55,000
Administering Organisation Monash University
Project Summary
The major expected outcome of this research is an array of techniques for making welfare comparisons involving
income inequality and poverty within a framework of Bayesian inference. Various applications of the techniques are
expected to yield useful information on inequality comparisons over time and space and on changes in the level of
poverty. Given that reduction in levels of inequality and poverty is a matter of major concern, the development of
suitable measurement techniques has immense potential for national benefit. In addition, the project will serve as a
vehicle for training two PhD students, and hence will contribute to the small pool of highly trained econometricians
with expertise in measuring income inequality.

DP0771445         Prof DS Poskitt; Dr CL Skeels; Dr G Forchini

Approved          Estimation and Inference in Weakly Identified Models
Project Title

2007 :                $100,000
2008 :                $80,000
2009 :                $100,000
Administering Organisation Monash University
Project Summary
Economic and social systems are made up of interacting components leading to complex structures that are
difficult to predict and manage. Consequently policy analysis and decision-making must be informed by statistical
analysis of data. In many situations the informational content of observations is minimal; examples of such
situations are found in the areas of education, health, finance and various aspects of macroeconomic analysis. This
project aims to develop methods of estimation and inference that make more efficient use of the information
available in data. This will lead to more precise statistical analyses, resulting in a clearer understanding of
economic and social systems, and better informed policy analysis and decision-making.



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The University of Melbourne
DP0770580          Dr J Williams; Dr CL Skeels; Prof JC van Ours; Dr RL Pacula

Approved           An Econometric Analysis of Labour Market, Health and Educational Consequences of
Project Title      Cannabis Use

2007 :             $100,000
2008 :             $90,000
2009 :             $100,000
Administering Organisation The University of Melbourne
Project Summary
This research will provide comprehensive empirical knowledge about the linkages between cannabis use, health,
education, employment and earnings in Australia. Understanding these linkages is important because although
cannabis is a commonly used drug, it is unclear how its use impacts on these important aspects of overall
wellbeing and productivity. The knowledge gained from this research will contribute towards designing policies that
encourage Australians to make choices that lead to positive pathways, so that they may achieve healthy lifetime
outcomes. Productive and healthy outcomes for individuals will contribute to healthy economic outcomes for
Australia.


University of Technology, Sydney
DP0774247          Prof MP Keane

Approved           Effects of Maternal Work, Day Care Use and Other Investments in Children on Child
Project Title      Cognitive Outcomes

2007 :              $115,000
2008 :              $115,000
2009 :              $115,000
Administering Organisation University of Technology, Sydney
Project Summary
Later life outcomes due to investments by individuals and/or society in children is crucial to many countries,
including Australia. Appropriate policy responses require reliable and valid estimates of the likely effects of
individual investments and policy interventions. Despite many research reports on this topic, almost all do not
control for selection bias (eg, high achieving mothers tend to put children in day care), which is a feature of our
work. Thus, our empirical results will have major policy implications, and will suggest ways to obtain similar results
for Australian environments.


3499         OTHER ECONOMICS

The University of Queensland
DP0774201          A/Prof SR Bell; Dr H Feng

Approved           From Periphery to Central: the Politics of China's Central Banking Reform and the
Project Title      Building of a Financial Infrastructure in an Age of Transition

2007 :             $90,000
2008 :             $90,000
2009 :             $80,000
 APD                         Dr H Feng
Administering Organisation The University of Queensland
Project Summary
China's rapid economic growth and gradual integration with the international system, in particular the increasingly
strong economic links between Australia and China, means Australia now has a big stake in China's financial and
economic stability. By explaining the dynamics of China's central banking reform, monetary policy and banking
reform since 1979, this project will significantly enhance our capacity to interpret monetary policy management and
financial development in China, to support our commitment to states in the Asia Pacific region that are dealing with
economic reforms and transition, and more importantly, to exert influence on the desired direction of change in
China through engagement with the Chinese monetary authority.

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3501         ACCOUNTING, AUDITING AND ACCOUNTABILITY

The University of New South Wales
DP0774434          Prof W Chua; A/Prof JA Baxter; Dr N Sawabe

Approved           Strategizing and Management Accounting Control: Comparing and Contrasting
Australian
Project Title      and Japanese Practices

2007 :               $35,000
2008 :               $46,000
2009 :               $44,000
Administering Organisation The University of New South Wales
Project Summary
Organisations invest significant resources in the development of formal strategic plans, as well as management
accounting control systems (MACS) to facilitate their implementation. Yet we know very little about the practices
connecting MACS to the realisation of organisational strategies. This study intends to examine these practices by
using field research to compare and contrast practices in Australian and Japanese organisations. Such research
will contribute to the national benefit by highlighting 'best' practice in relation to the use of MACS in achieving
strategic goals/change, contributing to an innovative Australian business culture.


3502         BUSINESS AND MANAGEMENT

Griffith University
DP0772163          Prof GJ Bamber; Prof AJ Wilkinson

Approved           How Can High-Performance Human Resource Management Improve Workforce Retention
Project Title      in Hospitals?

 2007 :             $70,000
 2008 :             $70,000
 2009 :             $70,000
 Administering Organisation Griffith University
 Project Summary
 Workforce shortages in hospitals are a major problem in Australia and internationally. Shortages may lead to a
 reduced provision of health services, lengthy waiting lists for treatment, excessive workloads for staff and
increased likelihood of adverse outcomes. Despite a growth in labour supply, workforce shortages reflect, in part,
an inability of hospitals to retain trained staff. Benefits to the community of increasing workforce retention include:
improved continuity and quality of care; increased throughput of patients; lower workforce recruitment costs; less
staff burnout; and lower costs for training and educating new staff.


Queensland University of Technology
DP0773012          Prof CJ Fidge; A/Prof AH ter Hofstede; Dr M Dumas-Menjivar

Approved           Rapidly Locating Items in Distribution Networks with Process-Driven Nodes
Project Title

2007 :              $90,000
2008 :              $100,000
2009 :              $100,000
Administering Organisation Queensland University of Technology
Project Summary
Safety-critical product recalls are a major public health issue in Australia. Recent extortion attempts involving
poisoning of chocolate bars, paracetamol tablets and biscuits have demonstrated the urgent need for improved
ways of locating commercial products that have been released into the community. Existing product recall tools are
effective only within regulated manufacturing and warehousing facilities. This project will develop novel techniques
for locating items in large-scale distribution networks driven by complex logistic processes. The outcomes of the
project will make it easier to rapidly and accurately pinpoint product locations outside controlled facilities, thus
contributing to both cost savings and public safety.
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DP0771918          Prof BV Kabanoff

Approved           Economic short-termism among Australian firms: A longitudinal investigation of
Project Title      managers' temporal perspectives and their relation to firm strategy and performance.

2007 :             $60,000
2008 :             $76,000

Administering Organisation Queensland University of Technology
Project Summary
The Business Council of Australia (2004) indicated its concern about the effects of short termism on Australia's
future economic prosperity. We assess whether the attention managers give to the present and future when
describing firms' strategies in annual reports has changed during 1992-2006. One of the key effects of
short-termism is to reduce firms' focus on innovation. The project offers a direct, unobtrusive indicator of the time
frame firms use to shape their strategies. Such evidence helps policy makers decide whether policy action is
required; investors determine the seriousness of the problem in different business sectors, and creates a strong
foundation for pursuing further research into the possible causes.


DP0773733          Mr GJ Nicholson; A/Prof A Hillman; Prof GC Kiel; A/Prof ML Alexander

Approved           Director identity, identification and information flows as predictors of board monitoring,
Project Title      resource provision and organisational performance

2007 :             $59,000
2008 :             $68,000
2009 :             $81,000
2010 :             $40,000
2011 :             $40,000

 Administering Organisation Queensland University of Technology
 Project Summary
 Improving the corporate governance of companies has the potential to significantly and profoundly improve our
 national wealth and social capital. A 0.5% performance gain in listed companies would create an extra $50B for
the 55% of Australians that invest in equity markets. Systemic governance improvements can lower the cost of
capital for the nation, thus improving our international competitiveness. Our findings equally apply to the important
 not-for-profit sector. Finally, corporate collapses harm shareholders, employees, suppliers creditors and the
 general community. Quite simply, the ethical and social fibre of society reflects the ethics and values of
 corporations built into our governance system.


The University of Melbourne
DP0771223          Prof JS Gans; A/Prof MD Ryall

Approved           Developing a Coalitional Approach to Business Strategy and Industrial Organisation:
Project Title      Theory and Empirical Operationalisation

2007 :             $95,000
2008 :             $95,000
2009 :             $95,000

Administering Organisation The University of Melbourne
Project Summary
Recent advances in game theory have had an impact on understanding the strategic implications of some
business actions. However, of considerable more use to business would be a set of tools that can identify strategic
opportunities taking into account all of the reactions from rivals and others in the market place. This project will use
coalitional game theory to develop those tools and then take those tools and operationalise them utilising
Australian data. The end result will be new studies of the strategic environment facing Australian business and
recommendations that will hopefully improve the productivity of Australian industry.




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DP0771639          Prof C Hardy; Dr S Maguire

Approved           Managing Transformational Change: A Discursive Approach
Project Title

2007 :             $24,000
2008 :             $20,000
2009 :             $21,000

 Administering Organisation The University of Melbourne
 Project Summary
 This research program will help to improve business competitiveness, which is predicated on the ability to manage
 transformational change, and add to the Australian repertoire of effective change practices. It will provide insights
 into social innovation which depends upon effective inter-organizational collaboration by organizations from
different sectors to bring about social change. It will help managers in diverse organizations deal with issues of
sustainability and human health which depend upon managerial capacity in addition to scientific endeavours. It will
help locate Australia as a centre of expertise in the use of discourse analysis in organization and management
theory.


The University of New South Wales
DP0770719          A/Prof PK Ray; A/Prof R Bhar; Dr N Parameswaran; A/Prof R Jamieson; Dr LM Lewis

Approved           Managing E-Business using Ontology-Based Multi-Agent Systems (OBMAS)
Project Title

2007 :             $95,000
2008 :             $55,000
2009 :             $80,000

Administering Organisation The University of New South Wales
Project Summary
In view of some notorious corporate failures affecting large number of innocent investors, financial services (in
which Australia is a major exporter) regulations need the cooperation of people from diverse organisations and
geographical locations. This cooperation needs to be supported by sophisticated tools, such as intelligent agents.
This requires a common understanding (not available now) of terminologies and processes (semantics) of
management within and across organisations. This project aims to demonstrate a new approach to solving the
problem, and its validation in the important area of financial management, significant for Australia's financial
industry. The proposed methodology is expected to benefit all sectors of e-business.


The University of Queensland
DP0772168          Prof TB Cornwell; Prof MS Humphreys

Approved           Effective Marketing Communication: Pre-existing Knowledge Structures and Contextual
Project Title      Effects

2007 :             $88,000
2008 :             $110,000
2009 :             $88,000

Administering Organisation The University of Queensland
Project Summary
Applied findings in the area of sponsorship-linked marketing communications would support business, government
and sponsored activities such as sport, art, and charity. Findings will also enhance the reputation of research in
cognition and in business. Execution of the research will provide a national benefit by affording the opportunity of
experience and training to a research associate as well as any PhD or honours students affiliated with the project.
Further, application of the research findings will result in smart information use in an industry setting, where
sponsors and events organisers stand to benefit from marketing campaigns that promote their messages more
efficiently.



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3503         BANKING, FINANCE AND INVESTMENT

The University of Melbourne
DP0774407          A/Prof G Schwann; Prof GC Lim; Dr Q Zeng

Approved           Consumption, Financial Wealth and Housing Wealth over the Long Run
Project Title

2007 :             $73,000
2008 :             $59,983
2009 :             $61,028

Administering Organisation The University of Melbourne
Project Summary
Our research gives economic policymakers a better understanding of the linkage between housing and financial
market fluctuations and economic stability in Australia. In this, it focuses on how long run social trends have
helped or hindered macroeconomic stability. It promotes a deeper knowledge of consumption patterns across
different age groups, with a focus on financial security of retirees. Finally, we make a basic contribution to basic
research by developing new techniques for examining panel datasets.


The University of New South Wales
DP0774582          Prof F Moshirian; Dr PK Pham; Dr D Li; A/Prof M Zhong

Approved           News Arrival and Stock Market Trading: An Investigation of Investor Reactions to
Project Title      Information

2007 :             $60,000
2008 :             $20,000
2009 :             $20,000

Administering Organisation The University of New South Wales
Project Summary
The Australian Stock Exchange (ASX) is an important vehicle for attracting a large amount of capital into Australia
and hence its efficiency, transparency and orderliness are important to induce even more active stock market
participation from local investors, and to make the ASX more competitive against other investment destinations
such as Tokyo, Hong Kong, Singapore and Shanghai. This project will provide evidence that can promote better
understanding of the impact of information flows on volatility, price discovery and trading activity. Using data that
include ASX-mandated information releases, the results of this project will be highly useful and relevant to the ASX
in its quest to become a more efficient stock market.


The University of Queensland
DP0770081          Prof TJ Brailsford; Prof RD Terrell; Prof TJ O'Neill; Prof T Smith; Prof A Chen; Dr J Penm

Approved           Complexity, Risk Management and Dynamic Portfolio Selection in Investment
Project Title      Management using Advances in Evolutionary Parallel-computing Artificial Intelligence

2007 :             $115,000
2008 :             $115,000
2009 :             $115,000

 Administering Organisation The University of Queensland
 Project Summary
 With over $1 trillion of investors' monies in the hands of fund managers, the health of the Australian economy is
 critically dependent on the investment decisions of these managers. However, the majority of the funds are
invested in risky assets with histories of volatile price movements about which we do not possess a deep
understanding. This project draws upon a set of inter-disciplinary concepts and models centred in neural networks
that allow for learning over time to advance our understanding of complexity, leading to superior quantitative tools
and models to allow for improved decision-making in respect of risk management and asset allocation.

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DP0773662          Prof P Gray; Dr KL Benson; Dr BR Oliver; Dr MR Hutchinson; Dr K Alpert

Approved           Superannuation Funds: Ensuring the Financial Health of Australians in Retirement
Project Title

2007 :             $116,000
2008 :             $117,000
2009 :             $116,000

Administering Organisation The University of Queensland
Project Summary
Superannuation is relevant to all Australians, providing a foundation for their lifestyle in retirement. The protection
and enhancement of superannuation savings have been high priorities of both government and regulatory
agencies. Recent legislative changes include mandated choice of superannuation fund and increased disclosure
requirements. Regulators have also flagged the need for increased corporate governance among superannuation
funds. This project assesses the impact of these developments through an assessment of competition,
performance and accountability within the superannuation industry. Monitoring the industry in this way will strongly
contribute to the financial and economic health of Australians in retirement.


University of Technology, Sydney
DP0773965          Prof C Chiarella; Ms T To

Approved           The Modelling and Assessment of Credit Default Risk
Project Title

2007 :             $130,000
2008 :             $140,000
2009 :             $180,000

 Administering Organisation University of Technology, Sydney
 Project Summary
 This project will deliver an enhanced set of methodologies for the quantification and management of credit default
 risk. These outcomes will benefit researchers both in academia and in Australian financial institutions as research
 into credit risk has been active in recent years, due to the impending adoption by financial institutions of the Basel
II accord on risk assessment. The outcomes will provide a strong academic methodology applied to credit default
risk by Australian financial institutions and the Australian financial regulator. This research has the potential to
enhance the competitivemess of Australia's financial sector.


DP0773776          Dr X He; Prof C Chiarella

Approved           Dynamic Asset Pricing and Portfolio Decision Rules under Heterogeneous Expectations
Project Title      and Adaptive Learning

2007 :             $115,000
2008 :             $120,000
2009 :             $165,000

Administering Organisation University of Technology, Sydney
Project Summary
The outcomes of this project will provide two benefits to Australian financial market researchers in academe, in
industry and financial market regulators. First, a better theoretical and empirical foundation for understanding and
analysing optimal portfolio decision rules in a setting that captures many realistic features of market behaviour
such as heterogeneity of investor types and adaptive behaviour by market participants. Second, new tools to more
effectively understand and manage portfolio risk in financial markets. Consequently Australia will have a more
efficient and competitive financial system. It also has the potential to lead to the development of more finance
related industries such as financial market software.




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DP0771882          Prof E Platen

Approved           Large-Scale Simulation Methods for Measuring Financial Performance under the
Project Title      Benchmark Approach

2007 :            $95,000
2008 :            $95,000
2009 :            $95,000

Administering Organisation University of Technology, Sydney
Project Summary
All working Australians are now required to belong to superannuation schemes. Hence, the measurement of
financial performance safely, efficiently, and over long time horizons is of particular importance to Australia. One
outcome alone of this research will be the provision of a technology to optimize the long term performance of
superannuation funds. More generally, the results will allow better decision-making and integrated, strategic
planning for financial institutions and insurance companies. An additional outcome will be global growth for the
sectors of Australia's IT industry developing innovative simulation based hardware and software, since the new
simulation methods have wide applicability.


3504         TRANSPORTATION

The University of Sydney
DP0770618          Prof DA Hensher; Prof PR Stopher

Approved           Development of a behavioural system of stated choice models: modelling behavioural,
Project Title      pricing and technological opportunities to reduce automobile energy levels

2007 :            $72,522
2008 :            $93,024
2009 :            $98,848

Administering Organisation The University of Sydney
Project Summary
Automobile use is attributed with over 70% of CO2 emissions from the transport sector. This project delivers a new
framework to assess the impact of policies to reduce CO2 and other energy sources associated with existing ICE
fuel sources and a range of scenarios that involve futures with alternative fuels. The proposed framework will
radically change the approach used by practitioners in prediction, and provide a way of capturing behavioural
responses of car users to new environmental futures, in which price, performance, distribution and maintenance
play a crucial role in adopting environmentally friendly fuels and vehicle designs. Australia lacks this behavioural
capability.


DP0770633          Prof DA Hensher

Approved           Integrating Accident and Travel Delay Externalities in an Urban Speed Reduction Context
Project Title

2007 :            $77,522
2008 :            $78,024
2009 :            $83,848

Administering Organisation The University of Sydney
Project Summary
The recognition that accident externalities are not independent of travel delays, and hence travel time savings and
losses will promote a serious policy rethink about strategies designed to reduce the risk of exposure to accidents.
The evidence is designed to identify that additional externality that has to be factored into the accident costs to
recognise the other sources of externality typically ignored in accident costing and speed restriction studies. The
implication on the development of a national program of road safety is likely to be profound.




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DP0774507           Prof PR Stopher

Approved            Developing Tour Based Models for an Integrated Land Use, Transport and Environment
Project Title       Model System for Australia

2007 :             $62,000
2008 :             $66,000
2009 :             $79,000

Administering Organisation The University of Sydney
Project Summary
Land use activity and transport provision represent important facets of the Australian economy (e.g., transport
activities represent 17% of the total national gross domestic product). This project will improve significantly the
ability of policy makers to make better and timely judgments about the virtues of specific land use and transport
planning outcomes. The behavioural models to be developed will allow for greater sensitivity analysis to policy
scenario planning, with measured impacts including forecasts of traffic levels and environmental impacts,
especially greenhouse gas emissions and energy requirements.


3601          POLITICAL SCIENCE

Deakin University
DP0773663           Dr D Kingsbury; Dr MP Leach

Approved            Internal and External Sources of Political Instability in East Timor
Project Title

2007 :             $38,774
2008 :             $40,006

Administering Organisation Deakin University
Project Summary
This project is of direct relevance to Australia through its bilateral and multilateral provision of police to assist in the
maintenance of East Timor's law and order, through its training of and support for the East Timor Border Patrol
Unit, and its training and support of the East Timor defence force, Falintil-FDTL. The project also goes to the core
of Australia's concerns with regional state maintenance (or conversely, potential state failure), direct bilateral
relations with both East Timor and Indonesia, and the triangular relationship between these three states.


Griffith University
DP0773396           Prof MS Wesley; Prof Y Xu

Approved            The Dilemmas of Energy Security in China and India
Project Title

2007 :             $65,000
2008 :             $74,000
2009 :             $67,000

Administering Organisation Griffith University
Project Summary
As a major energy exporter to both China and India, Australia to a significant extent is dependent on the stability
and integrity of the international energy trade and more broadly of the global trade in goods and services. China
and India are major trading partners of Australia and have emerged as major potential markets for Australia's
energy exports. Developing a comprehensive understanding of the energy policy making dilemmas of these two
emerging great powers thus sits at the core of this country's security and foreign policy considerations.




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La Trobe University
DP0771998          Prof JA Camilleri

Approved             International Conflict, Religion and Culture: Implications for Southeast Asia and Australia
Project Title
2007 :               $97,000
2008 :               $53,000
2009 :               $140,000
Administering Organisation La Trobe University
Project Summary
This study will:
(1) Provide governments and their agencies critical benchmarks and strategic options for policy development and
public discourse, especially in periods of international tension;
(2) Offer religious and ethnic organisations greater expertise and more usable resources to help defuse potential
conflict and hostility within Australian society;
(3) Widen media skills in interpreting and disseminating material originating from diverse religious and cultural
sources;
(4) Enhance Australia's reputation as a vibrant multicultural society able to develop cutting-edge dialogical
programmes;
(5) Help to make Australia's engagement with Asia more sensitive to the religious and cultural dimensions of
international diplomacy.


Monash University
DP0770266          Dr S Akbarzadeh; Prof A Saikal; Prof J Piscatori; Mr Bj MacQueen

Approved           Democratizing the Middle East: implications of Washington's policies
Project Title
2007 :             $112,001
2008 :             $156,001
2009 :             $113,001
2010 :             $57,773
 APD                          Mr Bj MacQueen
Administering Organisation Monash University
Project Summary
Regime change has been justified by the coalition of willing as beneficial to the promotion of democracy and stable
governance in the Middle East. It is, therefore, important to examine how effective this project has been. Australia's
foreign policy towards the region resembles that of the United States, including military intervention in Iraq and
Afghanistan. This involvement warrants an assessment of the way state building has set these two societies on a
democratic trajectory, and whether they are serving as beacons of democracy in their neighbourhood. It is in
Australia's national interests to have a realistic assessment of its foreign policy impact in the Middle East and
Central Asia.

The Australian National University
DP0773626          Prof JS Dryzek; Dr B Kanra

Approved            Communication Across Difference in a Democracy: Australian Muslims and the
Project Title       Mainstream
2007 :              $87,000
2008 :              $105,000
2009 :              $77,030
 APD                          Dr B Kanra
Administering Organisation The Australian National University
Project Summary
The relationship between Islam and democracy is of central importance to Australia. In light of the possibility of
radical Islamist recruitment within such communities, it is vital to establish the place of these communities in
relation to other groups in the context of a liberal democratic society. The debate on the compatibility of Islamic and
western values has been very prominent. Our focus on the attitudes of Australian Muslims and how they perceive
themselves in relation to western values (and how the mainstream perceives Muslims) has implications for policy
and social learning across Islamic and non-Islamic communities, and so more productive social and political
relationships.

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DP0771420         Prof B Kerkvliet

Approved          Public Political Criticism in Contemporary Vietnam
Project Title

2007 :            $50,000
2008 :            $58,000
2009 :            $40,000

Administering Organisation The Australian National University
Project Summary
This study will enhance Australia's capacity to interpret and engage with its regional and global environment by
expanding its comprehension of the political system in Vietnam, a prominent Asian neighbor. The outcomes will
benefit Australian diplomats, investors, business people, journalists, aid donors, and universities with interests and
programs in the region. As a major work on Vietnam that is also comparative and engages political science
literature on authoritarian regimes and political movements, this project also augments Australia's reputation as a
source of high quality research on Asian countries.


The University of Adelaide
DP0770499         A/Prof LE Hill; Prof WR Prest; Dr BA Buchan

Approved          An Intellectual History of Political Corruption
Project Title

2007 :            $53,000
2008 :            $72,000
2009 :            $45,000

Administering Organisation The University of Adelaide
Project Summary
The project will bring expert historical and conceptual knowledge to bear on the shortcomings of current policy
debates, thereby suggesting new possibilities for re-defining and clarifying the problem of corruption and the
meaning of good governance.


The University of Melbourne
DP0771697         A/Prof RW Eckersley

Approved          Regime interplay: from conflict to integration in overlapping international regimes
Project Title

2007 :            $36,000
2008 :            $39,000
2009 :            $36,000

Administering Organisation The University of Melbourne
Project Summary
This project furthers the National Research Priority of An Environmentally Sustainable Australia, particularly the
subsidiary goal of meeting Australia's Kyoto targets. The project will recommend ways of improving the integration
of international trade and environmental regimes to enable the Australian government to tackle national
environmental problems and risks, such as climate change, and encourage the "greening" of Australian industry
without fear of retaliatory trade sanctions or unfair competitive advantages accruing to other nations. Successful
national environmental policies, particularly in the complex area of climate change, are dependent upon the
integration of environmental and economic policies at the international level.




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The University of New South Wales
DP0772343          Dr GB Levey

Approved           Autonomy, Liberalism and the Right to Culture
Project Title

2007 :             $32,584
2008 :             $40,000
2009 :             $23,000

 Administering Organisation The University of New South Wales
 Project Summary
 The question of whether or on what terms cultural diversity may be reconciled with liberal citizenship and national
 identity is among the most pressing issues confronting liberal democracies today. Australia, long committed to
 multiculturalism, faces this challenge daily in its law- and policy-making. This project tackles this question by
 offering a new way of thinking about the place and import of the core liberal value of individual autonomy. Now
 under considerable attack in political theory and from some groups for being "too sectarian", the project defends
the importance of autonomy to liberal citizenship, while elaborating its moral and political implications for liberals
and cultural minorities alike.


The University of Sydney
DP0771064          Dr DS Jarvis; Dr T O'Callaghan

Approved           Political Risk, Institutions and Regulatory Regimes: Business, Foreign Investment and
Project Title      Public Administration in Asia

2007 :             $90,000
2008 :             $76,000
2009 :             $90,000

Administering Organisation The University of Sydney
Project Summary
Rating accurately the risk environment of emerging economies has always been problematic. Insufficiently
developed methodological tools and the lack of institutional and regulatory data make the process imprecise. This
project overcomes this problem, developing a new industry based risk assessment system for understanding
political risk to commercial activities and foreign investors in nine of Asia's most rapidly developing economies. The
study, one of the first to correlate institutional and regulatory forms to the incidence, severity and recurrence of risk,
will deepen our knowledge of political and regulatory institutions in Asia and provide investors with the ability to
navigate those environments successfully.


DP0771521          Dr J Sharman

Approved           Following the Money: The Birth, Diffusion and Effectiveness of the Global Regime to
Project Title      Counter Money Laundering and Terrorist Financing

 2007 :             $113,000
 2008 :             $98,000
 2009 :             $107,000
 2010 :             $87,000
 2011 :             $83,000
 QEII                         Dr J Sharman
 Administering Organisation The University of Sydney
 Project Summary
 Countering international crime and terrorism are two of the government's top priorities, and attacking the financial
 underpinnings of these threats is crucial to combatting both. The more knowledge generated about the design,
 diffusion and effectiveness of existing standards in these areas, the more successful this effort can become.
 Australia is more closely involved with the campaign to stop such illicit financial activity than any other country in
the Asia-Pacific region. That our domestic laws and regulations are often designed by international organisations,
rather than federal or state governments, is a matter of broad political significance and of community interest.


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3602         POLICY AND ADMINISTRATION

Griffith University
DP0773267          Prof PM Weller; Prof J Wanna; Dr A Tiernan

Approved           Mapping the policy advisory capacity of the Australian federal government: assessing
Project Title      transformations in the policy advising role of the Australian Public Service

2007 :              $89,001
2008 :              $100,001
2009 :              $100,001
2010 :              $60,001
 APD                          Dr A Tiernan
Administering Organisation Griffith University
Project Summary
Governmental effectiveness depends to a significant extent on the availability of high quality information, analysis
and advice. This project therefore addresses a matter of crucial national importance, namely the ability of the
Australian Public Service to support decision-making through its policy advising functions. The project is significant
for both its theoretical and practical contributions. Its findings will inform better understandings of the policy
advising role of the public service and its relationship to decision-makers in an increasingly pluralised governance
context. The project will be the Australian contribution to a larger comparative project examining policy advisory
capacities in four Westminster-style governments.


The Australian National University
DP0772331          Prof I McAllister; Prof RK Gibson

Approved           Australian public opinion towards foreign and defence policy since 1960: patterns,
Project Title      explanations, policies

2007 :             $83,000
2008 :             $85,000
Administering Organisation The Australian National University
Project Summary
The issues of foreign affairs and national security have become increasingly important to Australians in the wake of
the Bali bombing, the invasion of Iraq, and the 'War on Terror.' However there are a number of unknowns in
research of this kind. What are the public's key concerns? How have our current attitudes been shaped and how
much have our opinions changed in recent years? This project would provide crucial insights into the topic,
identifying those countries seen as the principal threats to Australia, examining how and why people feel that way,
and most importantly, indicating what governments can do to better inform and shape public opinion in foreign
affairs and defence-related matters.


The University of Melbourne
DP0772790          A/Prof A Capling

Approved           The New Politics of Trade: Complexity, Innovation and Policy Development in the Asia
Project Title      Pacific Region

2007 :             $52,000
2008 :             $45,000
2009 :             $51,000
Administering Organisation The University of Melbourne
Project Summary
In Australia and the Asia Pacific region the negotiation of bilateral, regional and multilateral trade agreements has
become a central element of the foreign economic policies of many countries. The outcomes of the project will
have particular relevance for Australia: understanding how our trade partners determine their trade agendas, and
being able to identify potential allies and obstacles to the securing of bilateral trade agreements, is crucial for the
successful negotiation and conclusion of trade agreements. This project will contribute to our understanding of how
the processes of globalization are reconfiguring interactions between government, business and civil society both
within and across national boundaries.
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3701         SOCIOLOGY

Deakin University
DP0771641         A/Prof F Mansouri; A/Prof SM Kenny; Prof DR Walker

Approved          Local Governance, Multiculturalism and Active Citizenship: The Case of Arab-Muslim
Project Title     Diaspora in the West

2007 :            $49,000
2008 :            $46,000
2009 :            $46,000
2010 :            $39,000

Administering Organisation Deakin University
Project Summary
This project will advance our understanding of the best practice approaches towards the management of
intercultural relationships within multicultural communities. It will generate international benchmark data on the
management of multicultural spaces and will lead to a range of practical policies for local city councils, NGOs and
state governments. The findings will form a robust empirical basis for understanding the optimal way of formulating
government-NGOs partnerships in the successful implementation of culturally responsive policies. The study will
also result in the development of effective policy responses aimed at enhancing active citizenship, social cohesion
and intercultural understanding.


Griffith University
DP0771785         A/Prof L Mazerolle; Prof RJ Homel; Prof RJ Sampson

Approved          Crimes, Places and Communities: A Spatial and Temporal Analysis of Collective Capacity
Project Title     with implications for community-based crime prevention

2007 :            $208,000
2008 :            $83,000

Administering Organisation Griffith University
Project Summary
This project seeks to provide policy makers in Australia with better evidence on which to protect Australia from
crime. Our project will provide insights as to how communities might more effectively insulate themselves from
crime over time. Our research has the potential to lead the future direction in Australian approaches to
community-based crime prevention and crime control programs.


Macquarie University
DP0770743         Dr SA Wilson; Dr GA Meagher

Approved          Constituencies for welfare: Public responses to Australia's 'new welfare state'
Project Title

2007 :            $52,000
2008 :            $20,000

Administering Organisation Macquarie University
Project Summary
The main national and community benefits fall within Research Priority 2: Promoting and Maintaining Good Health,
and particularly 'Strengthening Australia's social and economic fabric'. Australia's welfare state helps maintain the
social fabric, but its performance depends on citizens' confidence in the purposes and outcomes of welfare. This
project investigates how well Australians understand recent welfare changes, and measures their confidence in
policy directions. The project will produce fresh research into the public's response to the Australian government's
largest area of fiscal responsibility, provide new analytical and data tools for policymakers, and strengthen
Australia's international profile in research into welfare reform.



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RMIT University
DP0773070           Prof TC Nairn

Approved            The changing nature of national identity and its relationship to other forms of identity
Project Title

2007 :              $40,000
2008 :              $38,000

Administering Organisation RMIT University
Project Summary
By providing a cultural understanding of the relationship between nationalism and other forms of identity, this
project sets the background for understanding the nature of Australian identity as we embark upon the difficult
passage from a post-imperial peripheral jurisdiction to a potentially more open, generous and constructive polity.
The project contributes to the recently added National Research Priorities category, 'Safeguarding Australia:
Understanding our Region and the World' - not in the sense of identifying 'the threat' to Australia, but rather in the
much more important long-term sense of understanding ourselves in a global, historical and comparative context.


The Australian National University
DP0774439           Dr L Strazdins; Dr B Rodgers; Dr S Charlesworth; Prof MP Bittman; A/Prof JM Nicholson; Dr R
                    D'Souza; Dr DH Broom; Dr M Clements
Approved            Job quality and the mental health and well-being of working parents and their children
Project Title

2007 :              $70,000
2008 :              $115,000
2009 :              $40,000

 Administering Organisation The Australian National University
 Project Summary
 Maximizing workforce participation is a national priority, essential to support an ageing population. Also critical is
the full development of children's capabilities; part of a healthy start to life. Jobs, parents, children and family life lie
at the centre of these priorities. Although employment supports families financially, this may come at a cost if
aspects of the job affect parent well-being, or strains family relationships, which are critical to children's
development and well-being. As well as informing industrial relations changes, this project will benefit the twin
economic and social policy goals of workforce participation while at the same time supporting the health and
well-being of parents and their children.


DP0772480           Prof J Unger

Approved            Land, Community and Governance in Rural China
Project Title

2007 :              $75,000
2008 :              $71,000
2009 :              $45,000

Administering Organisation The Australian National University
Project Summary
Although China is becoming Australia's largest trading partner, we know too little about the control of land in rural
China and the implications for the agricultural economy. Geo-politically, the stability of China is crucial to the
region, and many commentators see rural unrest as the greatest threat to the regime. Since disputes over the use
and ownership of land are the main source of this instability, providing much-needed information about China's
agricultural economy and the potential for political unrest in rural China is directly in Australia's interest.




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The University of Melbourne
DP0772653          Dr KJ McDonald

Approved           Islamic movements in secular societies: grammars of experience
Project Title

2007 :             $70,000
2008 :             $70,000
2009 :             $70,000

Administering Organisation The University of Melbourne
Project Summary
There is increasing public debate about the place of Islam in western societies, but little reference to lived
experience. At a same time, we are witnessing new forms of Islamic movements and experiences, in particular
among a 'global generation' of young people. This study explores forms of tension and grammars of creativity,
assisting actors make sense of and communicate their experience. It also grapples with new global forms of
violence that profoundly impact personal experience. This project aims at understanding new forms of social
creativity, as well as new types of tension, and to assist rethinking both contemporary security and citizenship.


DP0772759          Dr S McQuire; A/Prof N Papastergiadis; Prof SR Cubitt

Approved           Public screens and their transformation of social interactions in public spaces
Project Title

2007 :             $134,000
2008 :             $110,000
2009 :             $124,000

Administering Organisation The University of Melbourne
Project Summary
This project will provide the first Australian analysis of public interaction with large electronic screens. The
installation of large screens in public spaces is rapidly expanding in cities around the world. Our project will
explore the potential for these screens to support new cultural practices and generate new social interactions. The
research involves a cross-cultural comparison of screens in Europe, Asia and North America, along with the 'Big
Screen' in Federation Square, Melbourne. The strategic value of the project is its capacity to inform public policy,
and to improve understanding of the dynamics of public culture in mediated societies.


The University of Queensland
DP0770586          Ms BA Hewitt

Approved           Marital separation and divorce: social correlates, gender differences and initiation
Project Title

2007 :               $83,000
2008 :               $100,000
2009 :               $88,000
 APD                             Ms BA Hewitt
Administering Organisation The University of Queensland
Project Summary
For most couples, although not all, separation and divorce eventually lead to more positive life experiences and
outcomes, even so for all couples marriage breakdown has significant social, emotional and financial
consequences (at least in the short term). Billions of dollars in direct (i.e. social security, family court system) and
indirect costs (i.e. ill health, absenteeism) are incurred by the Australian community each year due to marriage
breakdown. This research will help us to understand why some marriages breakdown while others remain intact,
and in doing so, will add to the evidence base that informs policies concerning marriage and divorce.




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DP0773092          Prof GA Lawrence; Prof DF Burch; Dr JM Dixon

Approved           From Seedling to Supermarket: The Social and Environmental Implications for Australia
Project Title      of the Restructuring of Agri-food Supply Chains

2007 :            $27,000
2008 :            $107,000
2009 :            $200,000
2010 :            $38,000

Administering Organisation The University of Queensland
Project Summary
The organisation of agri-food industries is having a major impact upon firms and individuals along the supply chain,
including the sustainability of on-farm production. Australia will benefit greatly if foods being produced are from
environmentally sound production and distribution systems: current evidence suggests sustainability is not being
achieved. The emerging self-regulatory system for supermarkets may also militate against environmental security
and food safety. Finally, supermarket practices have a profound influence over consumer diet and health. In
exploring issues of power, food safety regulation, and diet, the research will contribute to a healthier system of food
production and consumption in Australia.


DP0771959          Dr PK Stephenson

Approved           A study of the rise of Islam and community survival in Indigenous Australia
Project Title

2007 :               $83,542
2008 :               $81,849
2009 :               $82,380
 APD                           Dr PK Stephenson
Administering Organisation The University of Queensland
Project Summary
The recovery of the history of Islam in Indigenous Australia makes available new information about the sources of
national identity. It provides compelling arguments to dismantle community stereotypes that have prevented the
recognition of an exemplary hybrid community tradition as integral to our collective sense of self. Linked to the
contemporary phenomenon of Indigenous Islamicisation, this study makes possible a new and timely dialogue
between Australian Muslims, Indigenous communities and Australian society generally. Identifying new sources
and resources of community-making at a local, national and international level, this study significantly enriches
Australia's capacity to negotiate its place in the world.


3702         SOCIAL WORK

The University of New South Wales
DP0770212          Ms E Harris; Dr C McMahon; Prof G Vimpani; Dr S Matthey; A/Prof SB Dockett; A/Prof RW
                   Perry; Dr TM Anderson; Adj/Prof VA Schmied
Approved           Early childhood sustained home visiting: outcomes at 4 years and the transition to
school
Project Title

2007 :            $58,000
2008 :            $93,700
2009 :            $100,200
2010 :            $50,000
2011 :            $151,000

Administering Organisation The University of New South Wales
Project Summary
The Commonwealth has been committed to developing a national agenda for early childhood, with a strong focus
on development and use of Australian-relevant evidence, an outcomes focus, a focus on vulnerable communities,
families and children, and strengths-based approaches. This agenda is also reflected in the key research priority
areas of the Commonwealth Government. The proposed study is a critical next step in the development of an
Australian evidence base for professional home visiting: a key strategy for the delivery of services to promote the
health and development of young Australians. The findings of this study will have significant implications for the
development of early childhood policy and strategy throughout Australia.
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3703         ANTHROPOLOGY

Deakin University
DP0773259          A/Prof RN Bastin

Approved           Managing ethnic tensions and developing religious tolerance in South India and Sri
Lanka
Project Title

2007 :             $20,000
2008 :             $46,294

 Administering Organisation Deakin University
 Project Summary
 The enhanced knowledge of Australia's neighbours, specifically two countries that have provided significant
 contributions to Australia's multicultural complexion, as well as an enhanced sense of the issues involved in
 managing ethnic tensions in a secular state will be the benefits of the study. Both sites have been the objects of
 previous social and cultural studies, but not compared together in terms of religious tolerance and state control.
The research will also strengthen ties between scholars in Australia, India and Sri Lanka, while having application
to issues of tolerance and mutual respect between communities in all three countries.


La Trobe University
DP0771272          Prof JS Kahn; Dr WP Mee; Dr C Houston

Approved           Translocal Identities in the Malay World: Travel, Commerce, Community Building and
Project Title      Religious Reform in Insular and Peninsular Southeast Asia

2007 :             $82,565
2008 :             $82,801
2009 :             $85,788

 Administering Organisation La Trobe University
 Project Summary
 First, the project contributes to an understanding of the region. Second, understanding how different governments
 in the region have and are managing religious and cultural diversity may provide lessons for Australia. Third, a
study of migration within the region can make a significant contribution to debates within Australia on immigration
from Asia. Fourth, there are benefits in greater understanding of Islamic networks in Southeast Asia as these are of
 strategic significance for Australia. Finally, there are benefits in informing an Australian public that Southeast Asia
 should not be equated solely with negative aspects but also with civility and tolerance.


RMIT University
DP0771296          Dr D Grenfell

Approved           After the Violence: Truth, Reconciliation and National Integration in Timor-Leste
Project Title

2007 :             $40,024
2008 :             $42,357

Administering Organisation RMIT University
Project Summary
In the aftermath of the Australian military-led intervention in 1999 and through the transition to nationhood in 2002,
the Commission for Reception, Truth and Reconciliation in East Timor (CAVR) has represented one of the key
institutional attempts at ensuring a stable transition to a peaceful society in Timor-Leste. The internal security of
Timor-Leste is of significant interest for Australia, and this project would seek to understand if and how CAVR has
succeeded in producing sustainable forms of social cohesion and integration. The project would also provide an
understanding of truth and reconciliation processes that could be of value for application in future post-conflict
societies.

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The Australian National University
DP0771475          Dr JF McCarthy; A/Prof R Cramb

Approved           Oil Palm and Agrarian Transition on the Indonesian and Malaysian Frontiers
Project Title

2007 :             $100,024
2008 :             $53,346
2009 :             $93,410

 Administering Organisation The Australian National University
 Project Summary
 Challenges to peace and security in Southeast Asia emerge from uneven economic development and agricultural
 and environmental changes that marginalize vulnerable communities, exacerbate tensions and lead to endemic
 local level conflicts. This project will explore the linkages between agrarian and environmental change,
governance systems and conflict by studying how policy and economic developments are affecting rural
communities. It will produce a comparative study that will be relevant to policy discussions and scholarship and of
interest to donor agencies and practitioners as well as educational institutions and the wider international research
community.


DP0769987          Dr MM Skidmore; Dr HJ Lang; Dr S Turnell

Approved           Understanding Burma's Health Crisis and its Challenge to Regional Security: New
Project Title      Pathways to Peacebuilding

2007 :             $123,685
2008 :             $105,617
2009 :             $105,620

Administering Organisation The Australian National University
Project Summary
Researching ways in which war-torn societies can build the human capital necessary for long-term implementation
of peacebuilding initiatives will contribute to making peace interventions more successful. The unique focus upon
the right to health and its linkages with human rights within conflict economies will provide significant information
and new policy directions for improving human security and stability among Australia's neighbours in the Asian
region.


The University of Queensland
DP0770446          Dr CJ Clarkson

Approved           The African origins of Asian and Australian lithic technologies: Exploring modern human
Project Title      origins and dispersals using new techniques of core analysis

2007 :              $107,030
2008 :              $97,030
2009 :              $100,030
 APD                          Dr CJ Clarkson
Administering Organisation The University of Queensland
Project Summary
This project will demonstrate that Australia is committed to understanding the origins of modern humans and
solving research problems within and beyond our geographic region. The history of modern human evolution in
Africa has significant implications for the origins of the first Australians, Indians and Asians and will contribute to an
understanding of our shared and recent common ancestry and the emergence of human diversity. Australian
archaeological innovations, especially when applied to global issues such as human evolution, will continue to
showcase Australian scientific expertise and achievements. The study of problem-solving and technological
innovation will help understand the sophisticated nature of early Australian peoples.




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The University of Western Australia
DP0772742          Prof RJ Watling; Prof CE Oxnard; A/Prof I Dadour

Approved           Estimating Time Since Death: Application of Radionuclide Technology
Project Title

2007 :             $152,000
2008 :             $163,000
2009 :             $175,000

Administering Organisation The University of Western Australia
Project Summary
This study will
- advance the knowledge base and expertise of Australian anthropologists and forensic scientists through the
development of an accurate method for determining time since death from skeletal remains
- directly assist police and forensic forces in their fight against crime, which is fundamental in ensuring the national
security of Australia
- promote Australia as a leader in the design of new evidence-based forensic methods
- raise the profile of Australian scientists in international investigations involving skeletal remains (e.g. Bali
bombing, Boxing Day Tsunami, Human Rights Issues)


University of Wollongong
DP0771350          Prof AH Vickers; A/Prof M Beresford; Dr V Crinis; Dr R Ganguly-Scrase; Dr K Hannan; Dr BC
                   Prasad; A/Prof AN Tran
Approved           The Clothing Industry in the Asia Pacific: Managing Constant Change
Project Title

2007 :             $110,001
2008 :             $83,001
2009 :             $125,001
2010 :             $57,773
 APD                          Dr V Crinis
Administering Organisation University of Wollongong
Project Summary
The dynamics of the garment industry have been central to industrialisation. This study will be the first examination
of the changing nature of clothing manufacture. By tracing regional and international networks, and connecting
them to patterns of legal and illegal movements of businesses, goods, money and people, it will show how
changes in transnational business affect daily working life. It will highlight the outcome of trade liberalisation on the
Asia Pacific, and contribute to safe-guarding Australia by providing a better understanding of the insecurities
created by this rapidly changing industry.


3704         HUMAN GEOGRAPHY

La Trobe University
DP0771418          Prof JF Martin; Dr NM Argent; A/Prof SW Baum; A/Prof L Bourke; Dr PA McManus; Dr WN
                   Pritchard; A/Prof AD Sorensen; Prof JJ Walmsley
Approved           Australia's Rural Heartlands: Declining Economic Fortune or Dynamic Regional
Project Title      Adjustment?

2007 :             $98,000
2008 :             $72,000

Administering Organisation La Trobe University
Project Summary
Agriculture in the rural heartlands provides high quality food and fibre for domestic consumption and export making
significant contributions to national earnings. The heartlands are the custodians of our natural resources and
cultural heritage and farmers play a vital economic and social role in the sustainability of these regions. While there
is considerable variability between these places this research will provide a detailed understanding as to why it is
that rural places differ in their development. A major benefit will be to present Australian governments, the
agricultural industry and rural communities with a more accurate picture of how the rural heartlands now function,
and to articulate the public policy implications.
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Macquarie University
DP0772518          Dr R Dowling; A/Prof PM McGuirk; Dr R Atkinson

Approved           Privatising neighbourhoods? Governance and social life in master-planned residential
Project Title      estates

2007 :             $87,000
2008 :             $97,000

Administering Organisation Macquarie University
Project Summary
Australian residential neighbourhoods are changing in the face of growing privatisation and privatism, with major
implications for the strength of the social and economic fabric of cities. Master planned residential estates are
emblematic of this change. This project empirically investigates the extent and nature of privatisation and privatism
in these new residential environments. It will provide a rigorous analysis necessary to growing national debates
about creating and sustaining urban social cohesion, and on the importance of social ties between people for
producing a more prosperous Australia.


The University of New England
DP0770460          Dr NM Argent; Prof R Jones; Dr MA Tonts; Prof JH Holmes

Approved           The Amenity Principle: The causes, incidence and landuse planning implications of
Project Title      amenity-led rural settlement in Australia.

2007 :             $52,000
2008 :             $39,000
2009 :             $61,000
2010 :             $35,000

Administering Organisation The University of New England
Project Summary
This project will produce an 'amenity index' - a composite measure of a community's relative attractiveness to
in-migrants for a substantial portion of the nation's ecumene. This index will aid in the development of more
targetted approaches to rural planning and place marketing. Through the multi-state and multi-region nature of the
fieldwork, the project will also draw together a range of approaches used in managing the complex and often
competing demands of amenity-inspired in-migration, thus making it a resource for innovative approaches to land
use planning and management.


DP0770520          Prof BE Dollery

Approved           Alternative Models of Governance for Australian Local Government: Classification,
Project Title      Evaluation and Policy

2007 :             $49,000
2008 :             $48,000
2009 :             $50,000

Administering Organisation The University of New England
Project Summary
Local government plays a central role in the lives of almost all Australians by providing essential services subject to
local democratic oversight. Its smooth running is thus critical to the national interest. However, many local
authorities are in dire financial straits, with services curtailed, and vital infrastructure deteriorating. Various
alternative models of local governance, often involving resource sharing and regional alliances, have been adopted
as solutions to these problems. Unfortunately, almost no scholarly effort has been invested in this area. This
project seeks overcome this neglect by identifying these models, evaluating their potential, and contributing to
policy discussion and development.




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The University of Sydney
DP0773790          Dr PA McManus; Dr GA Albrecht

Approved           A study of the Australian thoroughbred and racing industry and the construction of
Project Title      'nature'

2007 :             $75,000
2008 :             $90,000
2009 :             $75,000

 Administering Organisation The University of Sydney
 Project Summary
 The thoroughbred breeding and racing industry contributes significantly to national export income, regional
 development and national identity in Australia. Studying the physical and discursive construction and use of
'nature' (including, soil, grass, water, reproduction and the necessity of the unpredictability of nature) in different
phases of breeding and racing improves understandings of technology adoption, human-animal relations, sport and
nature. Research outcomes will improve our understanding of this traditionally resilient but now vulnerable
industry, thereby enhancing its capacity to adapt to change and remain internationally competitive.


University of Technology, Sydney
DP0773822          Dr G Searle; Prof KB O'Connor

Approved           Reconceptualising industry sector development within the contemporary Australian city:
Project Title      The case of the information technology sector

2007 :             $65,000
2008 :             $73,000
2009 :             $59,000

Administering Organisation University of Technology, Sydney
Project Summary
This project will aim to uncover the reasons why Australia's Information Technology industry is ranked low among
OECD countries by evaluating the impact of global and urban geography of the sector on the sector's performance.
It will show how policies to achieve more advanced IT sector development need to consider Australia's distinctive
position in the global economy and particular factors in the Sydney and Melbourne IT clusters that both help, and
hinder, development in ways not considered in present policy models.


3705         DEMOGRAPHY

Macquarie University
DP0773060          Dr F Guo; Prof GJ Hugo; Prof X Yuan

Approved           Rural Migrant Labour in Large Chinese Cities
Project Title

2007 :             $121,000
2008 :             $37,000
2009 :             $79,000

Administering Organisation Macquarie University
Project Summary
China¡|s economic and political significance globally, especially in the Asia-Pacific region, can hardly be
exaggerated. China is increasing rapidly in its importance to Australia as a trading partner, source of immigrants
and tourists and as a power in Australia¡|s region of influence. The rapid growth of Chinese cities is a critical
element in its striking social and economic development and a deeper understanding of this will contribute to
Australia enhancing economic, social and political linkages with China. It also will develop Australian capacity with
respect to Chinese research and develop strong academic linkages with China.



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The Australian National University
DP0772544          Dr HA Evans; Dr EE Gray

Approved           Understanding an important aspect of current-day family dynamics: the institution of
Project Title      repartnering in Australia

2007 :             $71,000
2008 :             $78,000
2009 :             $82,000
Administering Organisation The Australian National University
Project Summary
Families are at the core of Australia's social fabric. Understanding their dynamics assists in developing good
policies and mechanisms to support them. Repartnering is an important aspect of current-day family dynamics. Yet
we know relatively little about how these partnerships operate. This project will illuminate the patterns and issues
central to repartnering and provide a significant contribution to social research. Results from this study will equip
policy makers with appropriate knowledge to develop policies aimed at assisting families. The findings will
contribute to growing international knowledge on family dynamics in repartnered relationships, as well as
strengthen Australia's social and economic fabric through stronger families.


The University of Adelaide
DP0771500          Prof GJ Hugo

Approved           Linkages Between Temporary and Permanent Migration in Australia
Project Title

2007 :             $70,000
2008 :             $68,000
2009 :             $65,000
Administering Organisation The University of Adelaide
Project Summary
Australia's economy and society has benefited from immigration more than any OECD country during the postwar
era. Moreover it will continue to be of great significance to national prosperity, productivity and sustainability.
However paradigmatic changes are occurring in global international migration systems and if Australia is to
continue to maximise benefits from immigration it must continually modify its policies to accommodate those
changes. The present project seeks to contribute to this effort by providing a better understanding of the
contemporary migration system. Such understanding is a necessary pre-requisite for the timely formulation of
effective immigration and settlement policies and programs.


University of Tasmania
DP0771033          Dr HJ Maxwell-Stewart; Dr R Kippen; Prof JS McCalman; Mr GJ McCarthy; Dr R Shlomowitz;
                   A/Prof AJ Venn; A/Prof DG Meredith; Dr SC Dharmage
Approved           Founders and survivors: Australian lifecourses in historical context
Project Title

2007 :               $200,000
2008 :               $200,000
2009 :               $250,000
2010 :               $50,000
2011 :               $100,000
Administering Organisation University of Tasmania
Project Summary
This project will create one of the world's outstanding longitudinal studies of human health and resilience. It will
contribute to the historical understanding of European migration, settler colonialism, forced labour and human
health under stress, long-run family formation and falling fertility, household economy, and the social determinants
of health. It will contribute to debate both nationally and internationally on the long-run effects of social and
biomedical interventions and of investment in human capital. It will tell the grassroots history of the Australian penal
and colonial experiments and it will form a scholarly coalition with the great community of family historians.



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3706         HISTORY AND PHILOSOPHY OF SCIENCE AND MEDICINE

The Australian National University
DP0773307          Dr CJ Shepherd

Approved           Sustainable Development, Cultural Diversity, and Global Transformations: An
Project Title      Ethnography of Agricultural and Environmental Practices in East Timor

2007 :              $95,030
2008 :              $83,030
2009 :              $77,030
 APD                           Dr CJ Shepherd
Administering Organisation The Australian National University
Project Summary
Civil unrest, low productivity, and environmental degradation in East Timor, the Solomon Islands, PNG, Nauru, and
Indonesia, highlight the new challenges for international development policy. By providing culturally specific
analyses of development processes and by advancing new policy directions, the study will enhance the capacities
of Australian NGOs, as well as international NGOs with Australian offices, government agencies and Indigenous
communities, effectively to tackle acute poverty and environmental degradation in our region. These issues are
increasingly pertinent to Australia.


The University of New South Wales
DP0771770          Dr G Edmond

Approved           Just truth? An empirical study of expert evidence
Project Title

2007 :             $20,000
2008 :             $20,000
2009 :             $45,000
2010 :             $20,000
Administering Organisation The University of New South Wales
Project Summary
Though a ubiquitous feature of contemporary legal and regulatory practice, expert evidence continues to create
administrative and socio-economic problems. Expert evidence can add to the length, cost and complexity of
litigation and has been linked to the failure of tort law, the withdrawal of insurance coverage, legal mistakes and
notorious miscarriages of justice. This project will examine how expert knowledge is developed and used in and
around legal settings. It will identify means of improving the provision and evaluation of expert advice in order to
enhance the social legitimacy of our legal institutions and facilitate commercial innovation and productivity.


The University of Sydney
DP0772706          Dr O Gal; Mr CT Wolfe

Approved           The origins of scientific experimental practices: from the anatomical theatre to the
Project Title      conversations of the Royal Society

2007 :             $98,324
2008 :             $130,974
2009 :             $137,010
2010 :             $90,240
 APD                         Mr CT Wolfe
Administering Organisation The University of Sydney
Project Summary
This research will offer new insight into the emergence of scientific empiricism, and will thus provide an important
contribution towards informed public discussion concerning science education, the relations between the sciences
and between science and general culture. This discussion is incumbent on us in our quest for a knowledge-based
economy and a proper place in an increasingly competitive world of science-led industry `and commerce. Australia
enjoys a prime international position in history and philosophy of science scholarship, and in the field of
seventeenth century science in particular. This project will maintain and enhance this position.
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The University of Western Australia
DP0770605          A/Prof YA Haskell; Prof S Starkstein

Approved           Psychosomatic Illness in Early Modern Italy: lessons for modern psychiatric theory and
Project Title      practice

2007 :              $56,294
2008 :              $40,294
2009 :              $32,294
Administering Organisation The University of Western Australia
Project Summary
This pioneering collaboration between researchers in humanities and medicine will investigate the ways
psychosomatic illness was defined and spread in early modern Italy. Epidemics of such illness still occur today and
have had a major social and economic impact on Australia in recent decades. Our project will draw lessons for
modern psychiatric theory and practice from historical and cultural differences in the conceptualisation and
communication of 'hypochondria'. It will shed light on a very contemporary ethical dilemma in psychiatry: should
doctors lie to 'hypochondriacal' patients? It will also contribute to current debates on the role of disease labels and
information in the incidence and 'infectiousness' of psychosomatic illness.


3799         OTHER STUDIES IN HUMAN SOCIETY

The University of New South Wales
DP0771953          Prof VJ Johnson

Approved           A study of Indigenous art in settled Australia
Project Title

2007 :              $63,000
2008 :              $61,000
2009 :              $62,000
Administering Organisation The University of New South Wales
Project Summary
This project will assemble the first comprehensive data on Indigenous artists who operate outside the areas of
Central and Northern Australia generally regarded as the heartlands of Indigenous arts. Its findings may have
implications for Indigenous arts funding policies but will be primarily concerned with the task of mapping the artistic
landscape of the nation. Apart from the benefits for the participants, for Indigenous and Australian art scholarship,
and for more soundly based Indigenous arts industry research, the project will help dismantle entrenched attitudes
in non-Indigenous Australia against Indigenous people in 'non-remote' Australian society.


3801         PSYCHOLOGY

Griffith University
DP0770109          Dr PA Brough; Dr T Kalliath; Prof MP O'Driscoll; Prof S Aryee; Prof O Siu

Approved           An international evaluation of work-family balance: Validation of the work-family balance
Project Title      measure and theoretical model

2007 :              $150,000
2008 :              $150,000
2009 :              $150,000
Administering Organisation Griffith University
Project Summary
Work-family imbalance costs Australia $8 billion per annum, via staff absenteeism, turnover, and health costs. By
employing two Australian and three international experts, this project will investigate the long-term process of
work-family balance, identify effective employment policies, and produce a new balance measure for use by
industry and government. This will lead to improved health, personal satisfaction and employment choices for
working Australians, and hence higher productivity for industry. The research addresses the second national
research priority: promoting and maintaining good health. The consequential contributions to knowledge will
directly benefit Australia's regard within the global academic community.
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La Trobe University
DP0770535          Prof GD Cumming; Ms F Fidler

Approved           Evidence-based improvement of statistical inference practices in psychology and other
Project Title      disciplines

2007 :              $117,000
2008 :              $121,926
2009 :              $116,926
 APD                           Ms F Fidler
Administering Organisation La Trobe University
Project Summary
The commonest ways that many researchers currently draw conclusions from their data have been shown to be
inefficient, and often used incorrectly. This project will develop new, better statistical representations and software
tools for data analysis. It will evaluate and demonstrate the effectiveness of these. Wide adoption of these
techniques and tools will enhance the international reputation and competitiveness of Australian psychological
science. Adoption by Australian researchers across the social and behavioural sciences, and in other disciplines
including medicine, economics and ecology, will improve the efficiency and effectiveness of Australian research,
with consequential wide-ranging benefits to the Australian community.


Murdoch University
DP0774125          Prof B Barber; Prof J Eccles

Approved           The role of extracurricular activity participation in promoting healthy development of
Project Title      Australian youth

2007 :             $55,056
2008 :             $65,000
2009 :             $65,000

Administering Organisation Murdoch University
Project Summary
Organized extracurricular activities such as sport and art have the potential for promoting healthy development and
reducing the risks faced by teenagers. However, current research evidence, often based on middle-class youth in
the US, is inadequate for making policy recommendations for improvement to the after-school lives of Australian
youth. This study will offer insight into the importance of making a diverse selection of organized activities available
to Australian teenagers, and will improve our understanding of which aspects of participation are most likely to
enhance their social and educational opportunities.


Queensland University of Technology
DP0773544          Dr AJ Zele; Dr D Cao; Prof J Pokorny

Approved           Psychophysical Assessment of Receptoral and Post-Receptoral Visual Function
Project Title

2007 :                $89,000
2008 :                $77,030
2009 :                $80,000
 APD                             Dr AJ Zele
Administering Organisation Queensland University of Technology
Project Summary
Visual function and performance can be degraded under dim light levels. This occurs in many indoor settings,
emergency lighting and road traffic lighting conditions. Approximately 45% of all Australian road traffic fatalities
occur under dim lighting conditions. My data will be unique, as it will provide accurate parameters to better design
mesopic lighting environments to maximize visual function and performance. This work will help to optimise road
traffic lighting for the early recognition of obstacles and dangerous situations. The research program will make
important scientific contributions to understanding human visual function and performance at dim light levels.



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The Australian National University
DP0770731         Dr CA McGarty

Approved          Bolstering commitment to positive social change through group-based interaction.
Project Title

2007 :            $77,000
2008 :            $75,000
2009 :            $77,000

Administering Organisation The Australian National University
Project Summary
Building on an impressive series of preliminary results, this research uses small group interaction to bolster
commitment to work towards long-term goals. The methods explored in the proposal have the potential to boost
commitment in the public, private, and community sectors by identifying the key factors responsible for sustaining
long-term change. The research is relevant for efforts to combat racism, and to increase community support for
international development and environmental sustainability. Benefits are expected both in terms of the promotion of
positive attitudes in society and in overcoming apathy within organisations.


The University of Adelaide
DP0773794         Dr DJ Navarro

Approved          Hierarchical Bayesian Models for Human Conceptual Learning
Project Title

2007 :             $102,000
2008 :             $102,000
2009 :             $102,000
2010 :             $102,000
2011 :             $102,000
 ARF                        Dr DJ Navarro
Administering Organisation The University of Adelaide
Project Summary
This project seeks to understand the nature of human conceptual learning. With the shift to an information-based
economy, it becomes important to understand what assumptions a real-world learning system should make. Even
given the impressive growth of machine learning and artificial intelligence, the human mind remains the most
successful example of such a system. In this light, the scientific study of human conceptual structure presents the
opportunity to discover how an intelligent thinking system should operate. In addition, many important problems
facing an information economy involve being able to understand how people behave. An understanding of the
concepts people use is central to this endeavour.


DP0772346         Prof TJ Nettelbeck; Dr NR Burns; Prof GA Wittert

Approved          Declining mental efficiency, cognitive performance and individual differences in aged
Project Title     function

2007 :            $78,000
2008 :            $83,000
2009 :            $88,000

Administering Organisation The University of Adelaide
Project Summary
Ageing men's health is poorer than women's and men show lower uptake of public health messages. The project
has potential to extend the productive involvement of older men in the community, thereby reducing dependence
and health care expenditure. Future benefits could also include an effective, convenient, preliminary screening
procedure for tracking abnormal cognitive ageing from an early stage among elderly people. This could be also
used to target and evaluate interventions designed to moderate morbidity in ageing, or enhance functional capacity
with aging. The project will enhance cross-disciplinary expertise and provide doctoral and postdoctoral research
training.


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The University of Melbourne
DP0770337         Dr MA Bellgrove; Dr CD Chambers

Approved          The cognitive neuroscience of executive control: behavioural, physiological and genetic
Project Title     mechanisms

2007 :            $110,000
2008 :            $99,000
2009 :            $110,000

Administering Organisation The University of Melbourne
Project Summary
How genes influence our human abilities to think, reason and control behaviour has puzzled scientists for decades.
The human genome project has allowed us to ask how individual genes influence these capacities. Understanding
the genetics of these abilities provides a solid platform from which to launch gene discovery projects in clinical
disorders where these abilities are compromised. The current project is directly relevant to the genetics of mental
disorders, such as attention deficit hyperactivity (ADHD), that place a large burden, both financially and
emotionally, on our society. Understanding the genes and biological pathways that increase risk for mental
disorders will ultimately lead to improved treatments for these conditions.


DP0771200         Dr NO Haslam; Dr P Bain

Approved          Dehumanization: Understanding the attribution of lesser humanness to others
Project Title

2007 :            $89,000
2008 :            $86,000
2009 :            $90,000
2010 :            $88,000

 Administering Organisation The University of Melbourne
 Project Summary
 The proposed research will contribute to an improved understanding of the subtle ways in which humanness is
 denied to members of some social groups. These processes contribute to intergroup antagonism and intolerance,
 and to a failure to take adequate moral account of other people's suffering. Understanding dehumanization can
 enhance our ability to recognize and overcome its manifestations in public life and the community. Scientifically,
the proposed work will contribute to the nation's reputation as a world leader in the psychological study of
intergroup relations.


DP0770440         Prof M Olekalns; Prof PL Smith

Approved          A Relational Model of Strategic Choice in Negotiation
Project Title

2007 :            $45,800
2008 :            $47,800
2009 :            $50,500

Administering Organisation The University of Melbourne
Project Summary
Poorly managed negotiations have negative consequences for both individuals and organisations. They create
negative emotions, damage relationships, and may require costly and time-consuming third-party interventions. An
important, yet neglected, aspect of negotiations is the underlying relationship between the parties. In this project,
we examine how risks to the underlying relationship, specifically, perceived trustworthiness or its lack, affect
negotiators' strategy choices. Each of the risks that we identify can be offset by selecting appropriate strategies.
We develop and test a model that helps negotiators identify these risks and make strategic choices that protect
their interests without damaging the relationship.




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DP0773163          Prof JA Trinder; Dr C Worsnop; Dr M Morrell

Approved           Age and Gender Related Changes in Motor Control of the Upper Airway Muscle
Project Title      Genioglossus During Sleep

2007 :            $79,700
2008 :            $68,500
2009 :            $86,000

 Administering Organisation The University of Melbourne
 Project Summary
 Obstructive Sleep Apnoea (OSA) is the repetitive obstruction of the airway during sleep. Obstructions occur
 because muscles of the upper airway fail to keep the airway open during inspiration. The disorder is associated
with cardiovascular disease and cognitive and behavioural impairment. The prevalence of the disorder increases in
older adults, contributing to age-related health and behavioural problems. However, age-related changes differ in
men and women. We believe the high prevalence of OSA in older adults is due to age and gender related changes
in the activity of muscles in the upper airway. We will study the behaviour of the upper airway muscle genioglossus
during sleep in young, middle-aged and older men and women.


The University of New England
DP0770805          Prof BJ Byrne; Prof RK Olson; Mr WL Coventry

Approved           Behaviour-genetic studies of literacy, language and attention.
Project Title

2007 :            $50,000
2008 :            $50,000
2009 :            $50,000

Administering Organisation The University of New England
Project Summary
The primary national benefit will be the unrivalled picture that emerges about how genetic factors interact with
aspects of the family and educational environment to determine the course of a child's progress in literacy and
language. Policy makers will be able to use the information to guide curriculum refinement, and to develop policies
for the identification and instruction of children at developmental risk in these domains. The project will also
strengthen Australia's position in the cutting-edge field of behavioural genetics through the postdoctoral support of
a young scientist.


The University of New South Wales
DP0770271          Dr AJ Barnier; A/Prof J Sutton

Approved           From autobiographical memory to collective memory: An interdisciplinary study of
Project Title      individual and group cognition

2007 :             $110,000
2008 :             $90,000
2009 :             $90,000
2010 :             $60,000
2011 :             $60,000
 ARF                         Dr AJ Barnier
Administering Organisation The University of New South Wales
Project Summary
Remembering our past is crucial to our identity and well-being, both as individuals and in groups. Investigating the
role of social groups in memory, this project offers 4 benefits: (1) it builds Australia's capacity for high-level,
innovative memory research; (2) it pioneers an interdisciplinary approach, genuinely integrating philosophy and
psychology, to strengthen Australia's international reputation in these fields; (3) it identifies social supports for
healthy remembering, thus 'Promoting and Maintaining Good Health' ('Ageing well, ageing productively'); (4) it
offers fresh, sophisticated ways to address public debates about the role of memory in productive, fulfilling lives,
'Strengthening Australia's social and economic fabric'.


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DP0774417           Prof BJ Gillam

Approved            Stereoscopic edge and surface perception
Project Title

2007 :             $81,000
2008 :             $81,000
2009 :             $84,000

 Administering Organisation The University of New South Wales
 Project Summary
 Our seemingly effortless ability to perceive our environment and the objects within it are only possible because of
 the effectiveness and complexity of visual information processing in the brain; especially stereoscopic processing
 which gives a graphic sense of three-dimentionality of long-standing interest to scientists, artists and
 engineers/computer scientists trying to simulate stereo information. This proposal will pursue some novel ideas
 about how we perceive slant and curvature from stereopsis and how we allow for distance in interpreting
interocular image differences. It is relevant to artificial intelligence, visual guidance, virtual reality and medical and
military image interpretation.


DP0770292           A/Prof BK Hayes; Dr BR Newell; Prof GL Murphy

Approved            'As-if thinking': an experimental analysis of human reasoning and decision-making
Project Title

2007 :             $62,000
2008 :             $71,000
2009 :             $75,000
2010 :             $63,000

Administering Organisation The University of New South Wales
Project Summary
The failure to respond adequately to the havoc wreaked by Hurricane Katrina in 2005 highlighted the difficulty of
sequential decision-making. Responses to such emergencies require detailed contingency plans, necessitating a
consideration of all possible outcomes of a situation regardless of their objective probability. This project takes an
innovative approach to the experimental analysis of human reasoning and decision-making, with the aim of
identifying the mechanisms, factors, and boundary conditions affecting inferences and decisions about uncertain
alternatives. The research will inform planning for Australia's readiness to respond to unpredictable events with
uncertain outcomes and enhance the reputation of Australian science.


DP0774395           Dr CJ Mitchell; Prof PF Lovibond

Approved            Testing a cooperative model of human associative learning
Project Title

2007 :             $68,500
2008 :             $77,000
2009 :             $79,500

Administering Organisation The University of New South Wales
Project Summary
Understanding how we learn about causal relationships in our environment is a fundamental aspect of psychology
and is critical to adaptive behaviour. In this project, we propose a novel cognitive model of learning to replace the
traditional reflexive Pavlovian model that has dominated the area for 80 years. The project will lend new vitality to
the debate on learning and help to maintain Australia's reputation as a leader in this research area worldwide. In
addition, the understanding of learning mechanisms is central to our understanding of neuroscience, clinical
disorders and a wide range of applications such as education and advertising/marketing. clinical issues.




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DP0772961          Prof M Taft

Approved           The relationship between lexical processing strategies and adult reading proficiency.
Project Title

2007 :             $67,000
2008 :             $73,000
2009 :             $76,000

Administering Organisation The University of New South Wales
Project Summary
By examining the basis for variation in reading proficiency amongst university students, the proposed research has
the potential to inform reading improvement programs for secondary and tertiary students. It is clearly important for
Australia to optimise the reading skills of its adult population, and the aim of the project is to establish the cognitive
mechanisms required for such optimisation. In addition, the theoretical insights provided by the research will help
maintain Australia's strong presence and reputation in the area of reading research.


DP0774268          A/Prof WH von Hippel; Dr JD Henry

Approved           Ageing, Inhibition, and Social Control - steps towards improving the lives of older adults
Project Title

2007 :             $82,500
2008 :             $88,000
2009 :             $86,000

Administering Organisation The University of New South Wales
Project Summary
Australia is faced with an ageing population, and thus an increasingly important national goal is ageing well and
ageing productively. The proposed research will extend our preliminary findings on ageing and social
inappropriateness to provide a clearer picture of when and why this occurs, and among whom. The proposed
research will also examine the mental and physical health consequences of social inappropriateness longitudinally.
If cognitive losses do lead to social losses, with attendant negative health consequences, by gaining a clearer
understanding of this problem, the proposed research will take an important step in improving the lives of older
adults.


The University of Newcastle
DP0770704          Dr S Paolini; Prof J Harwood; Dr M Rubin

Approved           The Disproportionate Impact of Negative Contact on Category Salience and Prejudice:
Project Title      Explaining Why Intergroup Interactions Can Be Harmful

 2007 :             $63,001
 2008 :             $63,001
 2009 :             $63,001
 2010 :             $63,001
 APD                          Dr S Paolini
 Administering Organisation The University of Newcastle
 Project Summary
 The social psychological literature suggests that face-to-face interactions between people of rival groups will
reduce mutual prejudice and discrimination. The present research tests the novel prediction that negative
face-to-face interactions have a greater probability of worsening broad intergroup relations than positive
face-to-face interactions have of improving them. The research will benefit Australia by (a) explaining why
intergroup conflict continues to be a key social issue in multicultural Australia despite increased intergroup
interactions and by (b) informing policy makers about the social conditions that result in more conflicting intergroup
relations as well as the social conditions that result in more harmonious relations.




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The University of Queensland
DP0771661          Prof NM Ashkanasy; Prof CE Hartel; Prof J Greenberg

Approved           The role of organisational events and emotions in strategic decision-making
Project Title

2007 :             $76,000
2008 :             $81,000
2009 :             $79,000

Administering Organisation The University of Queensland
Project Summary
Australia's international competitiveness depends to a large extent on the effectiveness of its business
organisations. This effectiveness depends, in turn, on the quality of top managers' decision-making. Thus,
understanding the way that managers make decisions is of critical importance if we are to develop programs to
improve the competitiveness of Australian business organisations. The Australian researchers involved in this
grant application have been at the forefront of the international movement to include the study of emotions in
organisational research. In a series of four projects, they combine with a noted US scholar, who specialises in the
study of organisational justice, to study the decision-making patterns of top managers.


DP0770982          Dr A GOULLET DE RUGY; Dr TJ Carroll

Approved           Experimental and computational assessment of the mechanical, musculo-skeletal and
Project Title      neuromuscular contributions to rhythmic multi-joint arm movements

2007 :             $69,500
2008 :             $60,500
2009 :             $88,000
2010 :             $68,000

Administering Organisation The University of Queensland
Project Summary
The human body is a complex mechanical system that is controlled by a vast neural network comprising many
millions of connections. To date, realistic descriptions of the interactions between these neuro-mechanical features
have proved elusive. This project seeks to develop a mathematical model that accurately describes the essential
features of the control system for human movement, and yet is simple enough to inform the design of artificial
devices to generate or assist movement. The knowledge derived should improve mechanical and neural prosthetic
systems, and guide rehabilitation protocols. The work will ultimately provide a considerable benefit to the
community by reducing the social cost of a range of movement disorders.


DP0771473          Dr MJ Hornsey; Prof JP Jetten

Approved           What people say and do in response to negative feedback: Explaining and reducing
Project Title      defensiveness toward individual and group criticism

2007 :             $62,000
2008 :             $66,000
2009 :             $67,000

 Administering Organisation The University of Queensland
 Project Summary
 This research will allow us to devise, for the first time, a comprehensive account of how people respond to
criticism, not just of their groups but also of themselves as individuals. The first part of the project (focusing on
criticism of groups) will help provide specific recommendations regarding how to negotiate sensitive issues within
and between a range of cultural, national, and corporate groups. The second part of the project (focusing on
criticism of individuals) will provide specific recommendations regarding how to deliver negative feedback to
individuals, a skill that is particularly important in educational contexts and in the workplace.




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DP0770844          Prof OV Lipp; Prof DJ Terry; Dr JR Smith

Approved           The many faces of threat: An investigation of animal, interpersonal and intergroup threat
Project Title

 2007 :            $120,000
 2008 :            $140,000
 2009 :            $146,000
 2010 :            $143,000
 2011 :            $143,000
 APF                         Prof OV Lipp
 Administering Organisation The University of Queensland
 Project Summary
 Threat to personal safety can take a number of guises, a snake in the grass, an angry neighbour or, increasingly
 often in our modern world, a stranger who looks different. The present project will investigate the manner in which
 we respond to these threats, whether these responses can be modulated and what determines the threatening
 nature of an event. A better understanding of how we react to real or perceived threats, in particular those
involving other humans, will aid our understanding of human behaviour in an ever faster changing environment,
both in our region and more broadly.


DP0770113          Dr T Suddendorf; Dr M Nielsen

Approved           Thinking about the future: The nature and development of mental time travel
Project Title

2007 :            $49,000
2008 :            $58,000
2009 :            $50,132

Administering Organisation The University of Queensland
Project Summary
This project is one of the first systematic investigations into the development of the human capacity to consider
future events. A variety of novel tasks will probe what children know about the future and how it relates to their
ability to reason about past events. Comparisons between children and apes will further inform us about the nature
of this crucial mental skill. The findings will provide valuable information for developing appropriate educational
approaches and for our understanding of abnormalities. As international leaders in this field, we are in an ideal
position to conduct this research, offer unique opportunities for postgraduate training, and to continue in Australia's
outstanding tradition of excellence in basic research.


DP0771244          Dr JR Tresilian; Dr AM Plooy

Approved           Preparatory processes in rapid interceptive action
Project Title

2007 :            $125,000
2008 :            $50,000
2009 :            $90,000

Administering Organisation The University of Queensland
Project Summary
This project investigates the nature of the processes involved in preparing to act in response to a moving object:
actions that elite sportspeople perform with amazing precision: timing to within a few thousandths of a second is
routine when hitting a ball in tennis and cricket. The average person can be capable of something similar and it
means being ready to make the right movement at the right time. Understanding the preparatory processes
involved will be a significant scientific advance and knowledge of their workings and limits can contribute to the
development of strategies for improving safety in dynamic environments such as city roads. This project will put an
Australian laboratory at the cutting edge in this area of research.




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The University of Sydney
DP0770299          Dr DM Alais; A/Prof S Carlile

Approved           Audiovisual interactions in human perception: exploring the temporal dimension and the
Project Title      role of attention

2007 :            $153,780
2008 :            $101,671
2009 :            $148,609
2010 :            $20,778
2011 :            $134,230

Administering Organisation The University of Sydney
Project Summary
The proposed studies provide an extensive research program into audiovisual interactions that occur in human
perception of the external world. These two senses are commonly co-activated when an external event produces
patterns of both light and sound (e.g., human speech; traffic). The project's main aim is to explore how timing
differences and other temporal factors affect audiovisual integration. The will benefit basic science by furthering our
knowledge of multisensory integration in the human brain. This knowledge has potential for practical applications
ranging from AV synching in streaming and video to AV virtual realities.


DP0774697          Dr JR Cass

Approved           Filters reveal what flicker conceals: temporal processing in the human visual system
Project Title

 2007 :             $63,001
 2008 :             $63,001
 2009 :             $63,001
 2010 :             $63,001
  APD                          Dr JR Cass
 Administering Organisation The University of Sydney
 Project Summary
 I have recently discovered a new form of camouflage using 10Hz luminance flicker. This project will quantify this
 effect and examine the extent to which it generalises across colour and spatial dimensions and to video sequences
 depicting natural scenes. This information is expected to provide foundational information to technologies relating
to national security that rely on visual concealment. This research will examine the extent to which filtering out
these camouflaging frequencies enhances our sensitivity to low temporal frequency information. This
decamouflaging aspect of my research is expected to improve the clarity of digital video-based technologies
including ultrasound, educational, info-tainment and defence applications


DP0773589          A/Prof CW Clifford

Approved           Visual Coding of Motion and Form
Project Title

2007 :             $102,000
2008 :             $135,000
2009 :             $129,000
2010 :             $130,000
2011 :             $60,000
 ARF                         A/Prof CW Clifford
Administering Organisation The University of Sydney
Project Summary
Understanding how brains solve the problems of vision may prove crucial in understanding how to build intelligent
robots capable of seeing, as well as in developing more sophisticated virtual reality-type computer-based
technologies. Moreover, given that a large proportion of our cortex is given over to visual processing, anything we
can learn about the operation of the visual system might prove relevant to our understanding of cortical processing
in general as well as bringing us one step closer to an explanation of how activity in our brains gives rise to the
experience of conscious perception. This project will directly expand Australia's knowledge-base regarding neural
processing in general and visual perception in particular.

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DP0774331          Dr M de Rosnay

Approved           Acquiring Social Fears in Infancy: Underlying Mechanisms and Implications for
Project Title      Behavioural Intervention

2007 :               $99,001
2008 :               $88,001
2009 :               $94,001
2010 :               $80,001
 APD                           Dr M de Rosnay
Administering Organisation The University of Sydney
Project Summary
Social fears are wide-spread in the community and crippling for those affected. This study aims to (i) isolate
parental behaviours and practices that result in elevated and persistent infant fear within social interactions, and (ii)
establish the psychological mechanisms (e.g., observational learning) and temperamental features that underpin
the transmission of social fears from mother to infant. By elucidating the processes involved in the transmission of
social fears, this investigation will enrich theories of emotional development in infancy, contribute to our
understanding of serious conditions such as childhood shyness and Social Phobia, and provide an empirical basis
for the development of effective methods of early intervention.


DP0771154          Dr JA Harris; Prof F Westbrook

Approved           Stimulus Representation in Associative Learning: Testing a New Computational Model
Project Title

2007 :             $85,000
2008 :             $85,000
2009 :             $130,000

 Administering Organisation The University of Sydney
 Project Summary
 This research investigates how animals represent their experiences when learning about the associations that exist
 between events in their world. This is crucial for our understanding of associative learning in general, and will also
 provide valuable theoretical knowledge to guide research into the neural basis of learning. It will also have
important implications for the development of computational models in artificial intelligence and cognitive
neuroscience programmes, and for applications of learning principles to clinical settings (such as the treatment of
phobias and drug addiction).


DP0772037          Dr AO Holcombe; Prof P Cavanagh

Approved           Mobile computation in human perception and feature binding
Project Title

2007 :             $90,000
2008 :             $66,000
2009 :             $71,000

Administering Organisation The University of Sydney
Project Summary
Perception is so complex that still we cannot give computers more than a fraction of the human ability to perceive
things. Experiments with humans can unravel the computations that underlie human abilities. Here we focus on
distinguishing between perceptual mechanisms that analyze information from only patches of the visual world and
those that combine information from across the visual field as an object moves across it. Results should also help
to understand the general issue of how the brain combines information from different groups of neurons. Australian
understanding of brains should be advanced, benefiting neuroscience, medicine, and eventually computer science.




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DP0773250          Dr A Sharpe; Prof KM Refshauge; A/Prof MK Nicholas

Approved           The role of attention re-training in pain tolerance
Project Title

2007 :             $71,000
2008 :             $66,000
2009 :             $75,000

Administering Organisation The University of Sydney
Project Summary
Chronic pain is one of the most debilitating and expensive chronic health problems in westernized countries.
Chronic pain develops when an individual is injured and is fearful of the pain that they experience. This causes
them to become hypervigilant to pain, avoid activity and results in a vicious cycle of increasing disability. This
research has two, related aims. First, we aim to test this model to see whether hypervigilance influences response
to pain, as predicted. Second, we will develop and test an intervention to reduce hypervigilance to pain in healthy
people and those with acute injuries. If the intervention is successful, it will have the potential to prevent the
development of chronic pain or reduce its severity.


DP0773994          A/Prof LM Williams

Approved           Identifying risk markers for depression: A cognitive neuroscience approach
Project Title

2007 :             $130,587
2008 :             $185,333
2009 :             $90,347
2010 :             $145,640

 Administering Organisation The University of Sydney
 Project Summary
 This project will establish objective markers for detecting early signs of depression. These markers are crucial in
 enabling early intervention to limit the course of depression. They will also benefit the development of prevention
 strategies, since they provide a means to identify high risk individuals. Currently there exists no simple and
objective test or set of markers that can detect the early signs of depression. The available tests provide
information relevant to the later-stage of clinical depression only. In this regard, non-invasive and objective markers
are urgently required to limit the burden of depression. In Australia, $3.3 billion in productivity and 12 million
working days are lost each year as a result of depression.


The University of Western Australia
DP0770257          Prof JW Davidson; Prof GE McPherson

Approved           From child learner to adult musician: Factors leading to success and ongoing
Project Title      participation in music

2007 :             $80,000
2008 :             $80,000
2009 :             $80,000

Administering Organisation The University of Western Australia
Project Summary
Building on recommendations from the Commonwealth Government's National Review of School Music Education
(2005), this project seeks to clarify the factors that facilitate engagement in music. Building on data collected 10
years ago, the proposed follow up study will enable us to trace how Australian education in the form of school
instrumental programs influence musical development, interest and attainment from childhood through to early
adulthood. With this information, the study will enable us to identify how Australian education can be developed to
facilitate the life-long enjoyment that artistic appreciation and participation can offer as a result of school music.




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DP0770923          Dr LR Jeffery; Prof GI Rhodes; Dr E McKone; Dr D Maurer; Dr E Pellicano

Approved           The Role of Adaptive Coding Mechanisms in the Development of Face Perception.
Project Title

2007 :               $104,001
2008 :               $96,001
2009 :               $109,001
2010 :               $65,001
 APD                          Dr LR Jeffery
Administering Organisation The University of Western Australia
Project Summary
Faces are immensely rich in social information, and early difficulties in extracting such information can have
profound consequences for later social functioning. This project will provide insights into the ways in which our
face-reading abilities develop throughout childhood. In addition to helping us better understand normal social
development, this research will provide a foundation for understanding how face-reading difficulties can affect
people with developmental disorders (such as autism), how face-reading can be disrupted in individuals whose
early visual experience is affected by cataracts at birth, and how such difficulties might be alleviated through
clinical intervention.


DP0770666          Prof S Lewandowsky; Prof Dr K Oberauer

Approved           Keeping Memory Current: Updating and Discounting of Information
Project Title

2007 :             $126,600
2008 :             $138,500
2009 :             $142,000
2010 :             $142,000
2011 :             $145,000
 APF                         Prof S Lewandowsky
Administering Organisation The University of Western Australia
Project Summary
This project is about understanding the human cognitive capacity to manage change. The need to manage change
is a common thread that permeates nearly all National Research Priorities and is a central issue in an information
society. The applied component of the project will develop techniques to improve the capabilities of individuals and
communities to rely on up-to-date knowledge during decision making. The project will also contribute to
psychological science in numerous ways. Basic research in psychology is of particular national benefit because the
available national research funding is commensurate with the requirements of world-class research in psychology.


DP0772361          Prof C MacLeod; Prof A Mathews; Prof E Fox; Dr CR Hirsch; Dr E Wilson

Approved           Selective information processing and anxiety problems
Project Title

2007 :              $93,801
2008 :              $94,801
2009 :              $97,801
2010 :              $99,801
2011 :              $58,500
 APD                          Dr E Wilson
Administering Organisation The University of Western Australia
Project Summary
Anxiety problems cost Australia over $1 billion per annum, and affect up to 16% of some Australian populations.
Previous research by the applicants, and others, recently has established that certain patterns of selective
information processing causally underpin elevated vulnerability to anxiety. The present program will serve to
distinguish the functional contributions made by two specific classes of processing selectivity to two key
dimensions of anxiety vulnerability. It is designed to produce novel cognitive technologies capable not only of
predicting, but also of attenuating, both the tendency to experience anxiety reactions to stress, and the subsequent
persistent of anxiety over time.




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                             Funding to Commence in 2007


DP0773836          A/Prof MT Maybery; Dr DL Van Valkenburg; Dr F Parmentier; Prof DM Jones; Prof M Kubovy

Approved           Working Memory: The Binding of Spatial and Nonspatial Features in the Retention of
Project Title      Visual and Auditory Information

2007 :             $48,000
2008 :             $67,000
2009 :             $72,000

 Administering Organisation The University of Western Australia
 Project Summary
 By advancing the understanding of how integrated representations are retained in memory for the features of
visual objects and the features of sounds, the research will provide new theoretical insights as well as new
methods for investigating several forms of psychopathology. Deficits in feature binding have been argued to be
implicated in autism, in the auditory hallucinations experienced by individuals with schizophrenia, and in memory
decline with advancing age. By investigating these deficits using insights from the proposed study, researchers
may be able to develop ways to ameliorate the adverse effects of the deficits.


University of Tasmania
DP0770568          Prof JJ Summers

Approved           Facilitatory and inhibitory mechanisms during interlimb coordination in young and older
Project Title      adults

2007 :             $79,000
2008 :             $65,000
2009 :             $92,000
2010 :             $89,000
2011 :             $95,000

Administering Organisation University of Tasmania
Project Summary
The project seeks to understand how people coordinate their limbs and the factors which limit and enhance this
capacity. This is of critical importance because coordination is a dominant deficit in aging and in patients suffering
brain insult and neurodegenerative diseases. Disruption of this capacity compromises individual work productivity,
mobility and independence. Proficient motor functioning is an important lifestyle factor as humans age and deficits
in coordinated muscle activity will increase the risk of falls which are the leading cause of injury in elderly adults.
Identification of changes in brain processes involved in interlimb coordination will allow for the development of
strategies to improve motor functions in the aged.


University of Wollongong
DP0772251          Prof RJ Barry

Approved           The role of preferred brain states in perceptual and cognitive processing: New insights
Project Title      into brain dynamics

2007 :             $57,000
2008 :             $64,000
2009 :             $70,000
2010 :             $76,000

Administering Organisation University of Wollongong
Project Summary
New insights into brain dynamics will improve our understanding of both normal and atypical functioning. Extending
previous work on normals will confirm how innovative Australian approaches can lead the research agenda in
basic neuroscience, at the psychology-physiology interface. Testing in AD/HD and elderly populations will clarify
dysfunctional brain mechanisms underlying AD/HD, and the cognitive losses in elderly populations (exacerbated by
dementia). These results may lead to better diagnosis, treatment, and community understanding of these groups.
Also, publications on these target groups will demonstrate internationally the widespread utility of this approach,
encouraging further novel applications of basic neuroscience in health.

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DP0772398          Dr SA Palmisano; A/Prof R Allison

Approved           Identification and Examination of Visual Cues for Aircraft Glideslope Control
Project Title

2007 :             $79,000
2008 :             $28,000
2009 :             $28,000

Administering Organisation University of Wollongong
Project Summary
While aviation safety has improved dramatically over the last 50 years, accidents are still more common during
landing than any other stage of flight. This project aims to improve our understanding of the way pilots use visual
information to land an aircraft. Once our findings have been incorporated into existing training programs, this
much-needed information should result in: (i) reduced pilot training time and cost; (ii) increased trainee pilot safety
and confidence; and (iii) reduced aircraft maintenance costs. A PhD student, who will be trained in visual
perception and aviation, should contribute significantly to future aviation research in this country.


3802         LINGUISTICS

La Trobe University
DP0772046          A/Prof D Bradley

Approved           Why and how do languages expand, coalesce or die? Lisu in China, Burma, Thailand and
Project Title      India

2007 :             $66,000
2008 :             $63,000
2009 :             $63,000

 Administering Organisation La Trobe University
 Project Summary
 This project extends Australian leadership of international co-operation in language contact research. Practical
 outcomes include a pandialectal dictionary of Lisu and literary materials which provide in-depth background on the
 languages, cultures, religions and history of East, Southeast and South Asia. Like most nations, Australia has
many indigenous and migrant languages which are under threat, many with dialect issues that further complicate
the situation. The findings of this project may be directly applied for the maintenance and revitalisation of our
 indigenous languages, nearly all of which are now struggling for survival, and in similar efforts for migrant
 languages.


DP0770115          Prof RM Dixon; Prof AY Aikhenvald

Approved           Are some languages better than others?
Project Title

2007 :             $130,000
2008 :             $57,000
2009 :             $137,000
2010 :             $47,000

 Administering Organisation La Trobe University
 Project Summary
 It is important for the Australian community - speaking several hundred different indigenous and immigrant
 languages across the nation - to realise that each language has approximately (but not precisely) the same overall
 complexity as every other. One may have intricate word structure, while another has short words but elaborate
rules for putting words together to make sentences. And, striding above 'political correctness', many people in
Australia will be interested to know whether a certain language is a little more efficient than certain other languages
for a particular purpose (for example, commercial business).




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DP0770627          Dr TN Stebbins

Approved           The Baining languages: a window on the history of Island Melanesia
Project Title

2007 :            $100,000
2008 :            $95,000
2009 :            $95,000

Administering Organisation La Trobe University
Project Summary
Papua New Guinea is Australia's nearest neighbour. The province of East New Britain is one of Papua New
Guinea's most economically important regions due to its significant natural resources. However, it is also home to
long-standing ethnic tensions over the distribution of land and resources. This project will increase Australia's
understanding of the languages, cultures, history and politics of the province, and strengthen Australia's ability to
make informed economic and political decisions in the area. The project will reinforce Australia's leadership in the
field of Melanesian Studies, train postgraduate students, and strengthen strategic ties in the region.


Queensland University of Technology
DP0773185          A/Prof SJ Danby; A/Prof M Emmison; Prof J Potter; Dr A Hepburn; Dr J Cromdal; Dr KM
                   Osvaldsson
Approved           The impact of technological modality on troubles telling and advice giving on a national
Project Title      children's helpline

2007 :            $60,000
2008 :            $60,000
2009 :            $55,000

 Administering Organisation Queensland University of Technology
 Project Summary
 Over half a million children and young people contact the Kids Help Line every year. They make contact through
 telephone calls, emails and online interactive chats. This study of these differing types of contact will advance
 knowledge of children and young people's social and emotional health, the national priority area Promoting and
 maintaining good health. It informs the counselling, health and educational communities. It addresses key priorities
 identified in National policy documents on children and young people. Finally, the study will have direct relevance
for professional training in telephone and computer mediated forms of communication for counsellors, young
people, educators, health professionals and policy makers.


The Australian National University
DP0774115          Dr PJ Rose

Approved           Catching criminals by their voice - combining automatic and traditional forensic speaker
Project Title      identification methods for optimum performance

2007 :            $100,000
2008 :            $123,000
2009 :            $80,000

Administering Organisation The Australian National University
Project Summary
Key benefits of the project will be improvement in national security; substantial savings in Court time and
expenditure, and Legal Aid funding; and, most importantly, improvement in the equity and efficiency of Australia's
Criminal Justice System.




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Flinders University of South Australia
DP0770835          Prof AR Butcher; A/Prof JM Fletcher; Dr M Tabain

 Approved           The relationship between speech production and perception in Australian language
 Project Title      speakers: implications for speech development and learning in Aboriginal children
 2007 :             $105,000
 2008 :             $65,000
 2009 :             $85,000
 Administering Organisation The Flinders University of South Australia
 Project Summary
 Chronic ear infection blights the life of at least 50% of Aboriginal Australians. In a vicious cycle that extends from
 generation to generation, it leads to hearing loss, educational disadvantage, socio-economic disadvantage and
 environmental depredation, which once again leads to ear (and many other) infections. This is a unique attempt by
 researchers across academic disciplines to study the role of language in educational disadvantage and whether
this disadvantage might be made worse for Aboriginal children by the early use of English at school. We ask
whether, on purely acoustic or linguistic grounds, communicating in an Aboriginal language might offer improved
educational and health outcomes for Aboriginal children in the early years.


The University of Queensland
DP0770414          Dr G Zuckermann

Approved            Revival' in the Middle East: The Genesis of Israeli ('Modern Hebrew') - lessons for revival
Project Title       of no-longer spoken Australian languages
2007 :              $125,000
2008 :              $130,000
2009 :              $130,000
2010 :              $100,000
2011 :              $100,000
 ARF                           Dr G Zuckermann
Administering Organisation The University of Queensland
Project Summary
This project will enhance mutual understanding within multicultural Australia: (1) helping community leaders
seeking to apply the lessons of Israeli to the revival of no-longer spoken Australian languages; (2) assisting local
Jews to explore their roots and substantially improving Israeli and Hebrew teaching methodologies at universities
and Jewish schools in Australia. Globally, the project will enhance Australia's understanding of social, political and
cultural conditions in the Middle East, by facilitating a clearer and more complex understanding of the languages
and politics in the region. It will therefore make a valuable contribution to the war against terrorism, now the major
threat to national security.


University of Western Sydney
DP0772441          Prof CT Best; Dr CM Kitamura; Prof G Docherty; Prof W Labov

Approved            How Strict is the Mother Tongue? Using Dialects to Probe Early Speech Perception and
Project Title       Word Recognition.
2007 :              $122,000
2008 :              $130,000
2009 :              $239,000
2010 :              $20,000
Administering Organisation University of Western Sydney
Project Summary
This project will 1)advance knowledge of toddler word representations and their developmental precursors; 2)
contribute to theories of phonological vs phonetic properties of spoken language; 3) explain how experience with
the ambient language shapes children's phonological and lexical development. Moreover, the findings will 4) offer
crucial new insights into sources of developmental disorders (language delay, dyslexia) leading to improved early
diagnosis and treatment; 5) bear on issues of second language learning; and by understanding the process by
which young learners handle dialect variability, 6) provide insights into how automatic speech recognition systems
can be made more robust to dialectal and foreign accent differences.



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3803         COGNITIVE SCIENCE

The Australian National University
DP0774147          Prof DJ Chalmers; Prof N Block; Prof S Siegel

 Approved            The High-Level Structure of Consciousness
 Project Title
 2007 :              $70,000
 2008 :              $60,000
 2009 :              $70,000
 Administering Organisation The Australian National University
 Project Summary
 The study of consciousness is often regarded as the last great frontier for science. Work in this area has flowered
 recently, but it has focused on low-level aspects of consciousness, such as visual perception of color and shape.
 We aim to discover the high-level structure of consciousness, which involves attention, self-consciousness, and the
 unity of consciousness, among other things. The project involves international collaboration in a three-way
 interaction between philosophy, cognitive science, and phenomenology. This work has potential social benefits,
for example in understanding attention in distracted drivers, and potential medical benefits, in understanding
 breakdowns of the unity of consciousness in patients with mental illness


University of Technology, Sydney
DP0773592          Prof M Williams; Prof P Gärdenfors

Approved          Planning, Communication, and Collaboration in Cognitive Systems: A Constructive
Project Title     Approach
2007 :            $89,000
2008 :            $83,000
2009 :            $86,000
2010 :            $89,000
Administering Organisation University of Technology, Sydney
Project Summary
Change is a constant and unavoidable characteristic of the current and foreseeable business environment.
Currently systems cope poorly with change and as a result they are not sufficiently dependable and adaptable to
support business agility and innovation. The aim of this project is to advance the start-of-the art and to lay a new
foundation for dependable and adaptable cognitive systems that can plan, communicate and collaborate in
complex and dynamic environments.


3899         OTHER BEHAVIOURAL AND COGNITIVE SCIENCES

The University of New England
DP0770396          Dr C Brown

Approved             Evolution and development of a lateralised brain: A behavioural ecology perspective.
Project Title
2007 :               $130,000
2008 :               $110,000
2009 :               $120,000
2010 :               $120,000
2011 :               $120,000
 ARF                          Dr C Brown
Administering Organisation The University of New England
Project Summary
Little research on fish behavioural ecology is conducted in Australia despite our imperilled, unique aquatic
ecosystems. Studies examining cerebral lateralisation using our native species as model organisms will help
determine how animals classify and process information, providing a novel method of examining how native fishes
respond to invasive predators and competitors. Increased understanding of lateralised cognitive function will shed
light on its selective advantage as a fundamental aspect of brain function in all animals including humans. This
multidisciplinary proposal will facilitate international collaborations, see the return of a home-grown scientist and
ensure that Australia remains a world leader in scientific research.
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3901         LAW

Queensland University of Technology
DP0771825         Prof SA Christensen; Prof DE Fisher; A/Prof PA O'Connor; Prof WD Duncan

Approved          An Institutional Framework to Facilitate Sustainable and Integrated Natural, Cultural and
Project Title     Built Resources Governance

2007 :             $80,000
2008 :             $75,000
2009 :             $75,000
Administering Organisation Queensland University of Technology
Project Summary
Effective management of natural and cultural resources for sustainability is an urgent national priority. The laws
and policies governing land ownership and use are outdated, complex, disjointed and fail to provide coherent
information to decision makers responsible for managing natural and cultural resources. This presents a significant
barrier to ensuring sustainable development of resources jeopardising Australia's future environmental well being.
This research aims to be the first to provide a legal and policy framework which integrates land ownership and
principles of sustainable development to facilitate greater understanding and management of our environmental
and social obligations for future generations.


The Australian National University
DP0772231         Dr TA Faunce

Approved          Regulating Medical Nanotechnology in Australia: Developing Practical Improvements in
Project Title     Safety and Cost-Effectiveness Analysis

2007 :              $62,294
2008 :              $62,294
2009 :              $30,000
Administering Organisation The Australian National University
Project Summary
This Project will provide policy makers with previously unavailable detailed information and well developed,
innovative regulatory options, on how best to ensure safe and cost-effective use of one of the fastest growing
areas of Australian research and development: medical nanotechnology. The Project will benefit Australian
healthcare workers and patients who will increasingly be exposed to, and concerned about, the risks of medical
nanotechnology. It will help to facilitate export and institutional uptake of Australian medical nanotechnology
products, by ensuring they comply with world's best practise safety standards and offer value for public
expenditure.


DP0770950         Prof NA Gunningham; Prof CD Shearing; Prof BC Karkkainen; Dr BR Jenkins; Prof JI Glazewski

Approved          The New Collaborative Environmental Governance: Natural Resource Management in
Project Title     Australia

2007 :              $60,000
2008 :              $165,000
2009 :              $170,000
2010 :              $80,000
2011 :              $57,000
Administering Organisation The Australian National University
Project Summary
This project will evaluate the new regional natural resource management arrangements that have been established
across Australia. The project outcomes will enable policy-makers nationally to identify opportunities for innovative
policies and programs which can achieve better results for the environment (reducing environmental degradation),
and for the economy (reducing costs to rural industries and to regulators) while substantially increasing effective
community participation. The project will also provide principles with the potential to reshape environmental
strategy and establish Australia as a leader in collaborative environmental governance internationally.



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The University of Melbourne
DP0771091          Dr S Cooney; Dr SC Biddulph; A/Prof Y Zhu

Approved           Enforcement of Chinese Employment Law: Regulatory Innovation and Wage Arrears
Project Title

2007 :             $60,000
2008 :             $40,000
2009 :             $40,000

 Administering Organisation The University of Melbourne
 Project Summary
 Australia's security and economic well-being is closely bound up with China. It is in Australia's interests that China
 develops a sound legal system as the foundation of a prosperous, humane and stable society. The pervasive
failure to pay Chinese workers their correct wages tests the capacity and credibility of Chinese law. An assessment
of the legal system's response to the wage problem will provide specific insights on securing compliance with the
 employment law in China, benefiting Australian foreign policy makers, traders, investors and overseas
development organisations. It will facilitate collaborative work between China and Australia on strengthening the
regulatory capacity of Chinese institutions.


DP0770640          Prof AM Orford

Approved           Cosmopolitanism and the Future of International Law
Project Title

2007 :              $148,454
2008 :              $120,000
2009 :              $100,000
2010 :              $80,000
2011 :              $140,000
 APF                           Prof AM Orford
Administering Organisation The University of Melbourne
Project Summary
Questions about the theoretical foundation and practical effect of international law are extremely timely and of
direct interest to Australia. Dominant conceptions of law have proved inadequate for understanding the capacity of
international law to respond to the threats and challenges of our time. This project will assist Australians to
participate more actively in generating new institutions, concepts and frameworks which will shape the future of
international law. It will ensure that international law and institutions can better respond to the questions raised and
the demands made on Australia by humanitarian crises, economic globalization and the movement of peoples.


The University of Sydney
DP0773175          A/Prof L Burns; Prof RE Krever

Approved           Safeguarding the domestic tax base in a world without investment borders
Project Title

2007 :             $40,000
2008 :             $40,000
2009 :             $40,000

Administering Organisation The University of Sydney
Project Summary
Reform of Australia's tax rules applying to business investments abroad will ensure the continued protection of the
domestic tax base while removing disincentives that discourage Australian enterprises from investing overseas and
foreign enterprises from using Australia as a site for regional investment. Enabling more Australian firms to invest
abroad and attracting foreign capital inflows by investors seeking to use Australia as a politically stable platform for
foreign investment will contribute to the restoration of a balance of payments equilibrium and strengthen the
Australian economy vis-à-vis those of Australia's key regional trading partners.



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DP0771888          Prof R Graycar; Prof JJ Morgan

Approved           A study of law reform and its responses to rapid social and community change
Project Title

2007 :             $56,000
2008 :             $80,000
2009 :             $84,000

 Administering Organisation The University of Sydney
 Project Summary
 This research is designed to assist law reform agencies and other bodies charged with ensuring that the law
 responds to rapid social change to design and implement best practice modes of responding most effectively both
 to the changing nature of the legal problems that arise in the 21st century and to the changing constituencies that
 are affected by them. Through three cases studies: family law reform, laws governing defences to domestic
 homicide and tort law reform the project will assess the extent to which they are responsive to the concerns of
those traditionally excluded from the legal mainstream.


3903         JUSTICE AND LEGAL STUDIES

Charles Sturt University
DP0770778          Prof TD Campbell

Approved           An Australian alternative to Bills of Rights and the promotion of human rights
Project Title      responsibilities

2007 :             $25,118
2008 :             $25,118
2009 :             $25,118

Administering Organisation Charles Sturt University
Project Summary
It is important for Australia to have an effective strategy for domestic human rights protection. The project explores
one such strategy involving the constitutional adoption of an Australian Charter of Rights that retains and develops
exisiting democratic rights and responsibilities and provides incentives to the Parliament to enact comprehensive
human rights legislation relating to political, social and economic power.


Griffith University
DP0774401          Prof CJ Sampford; Prof R Thakur; Prof H Adelman; Prof DR Rothwell; Prof E Newman; Prof JI
                   Adelman
Approved           Re-envisioning sovereignty and nationhood in the contemporary international context
Project Title

2007 :             $100,000
2008 :             $70,000
2009 :             $70,000

Administering Organisation Griffith University
Project Summary
There are few issues more important to any nation than the nature of its nationhood. States have been the
principal actors in international relations. But traditional notions of state sovereignty are under challenge by human
rights and refugee issues and from the controls needed to manage communicable diseases, environmental
degradation, terrorism, and international crime. Australia actively participates in interventions, alliances and treaty
making that sometimes support and sometimes undermine sovereignty. This project will assist Australia in its
dealings with the world by building a new interdisciplinary model of sovereignty that resolves conceptual confusions
and assists us in dealing with the international problems that we face.




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The University of Melbourne
DP0772525          Dr C Evans; A/Prof EJ Gaze

Approved           Non-Discrimination Laws and Religious Freedom: Current Conflicts and Future Directions
Project Title

2007 :            $42,000
2008 :            $40,000
2009 :            $80,000

Administering Organisation The University of Melbourne
Project Summary
Achieving the right balance between adequately protecting religious freedom while staying true to principles of
non-discrimination is far from easy. This project will advance understanding and analysis of religious freedom and
equal treatment in Australia, in principle, in law and empirically. In the context of community tensions along
ethno-religious lines, it will benefit Australia to have the issues at stake described and clarified. The project will
identify the relevant interests at stake and develop policy recommendations for their protection. The aim is to
contribute to inter-religious (and inter-cultural) harmony, as an element of safeguarding Australia.


The University of Newcastle
DP0774419          Prof EW Wright; A/Prof MP Ellinghaus

Approved           Models of contract law: are broad principles better than detailed rules?
Project Title

2007 :            $62,000
2008 :            $62,000

 Administering Organisation The University of Newcastle
 Project Summary
 Empirical confirmation that broad principles work better than detailed rules could lead to many economic and social
 benefits- it would supply a key to simplifying the law; contracts would be shorter and simpler, reducing the costs of
 doing business; contract disputes and litigation would be reduced, saving public and private expense;
 decision-making would be more accountable and transparent, improving the quality of justice; codifying the law
 would be more feasible; and harmonising Australian contract law with that of our international trade partners would
 be facilitated. The project thus has the potential to contribute to strengthening Australia's social and economic
fabric (Priority Goal 4 of National Research Priority 2).


3904         LAW ENFORCEMENT

Queensland University of Technology
DP0770507          Prof RG Broadhurst

Approved           Building rule of law capacity in a transitional state: lessons from the Australian criminal
Project Title      justice assistance programme in Cambodia 1997-2007

2007 :            $82,000
2008 :            $80,000
2009 :            $60,000

Administering Organisation Queensland University of Technology
Project Summary
Australian overseas aid has recently stressed funding better governance and security as pre-requisites to poverty
reduction and economic development. This study evaluates the effectiveness of a long term legal assistance
programme designed to strengthen the rule of law in a fragile state such as Cambodia. Police reform in fragile
states has often failed and lessons learnt by the CCJAP over the past 10 years will contribute to our knowledge
about the best practices and strategies needed to improve security and governance in fragile states. Capacity
building efforts to improve international law enforcement cooperation, especially in regard to counter-terrorism and
transnational crime, will benefit from this review.
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Swinburne University of Technology
DP0772762          Prof CK Stough; Dr K Papafotiou; Dr E Ogden

Approved           Roadside saliva based testing for amphetamine-type stimulants in drivers: An evaluation
Project Title      of the relationship between positive drug tests and driving impairment after the
                   consumption of methamphetamine and MDMA
2007 :             $104,000
2008 :             $147,000
2009 :             $162,000

 Administering Organisation Swinburne University of Technology
 Project Summary
 Since the implementation of random saliva tests for illicit substances in Victoria, 1 in 48 drivers intercepted have
 tested positive to the presence of methamphetamine. Because amphetamines have been reported to increase
road crash risk, this finding highlights a significant road traffic problem. The proposed research will provide
information on the most accurate saliva drug test to detect the presence of methamphetamine and MDMA in
drivers, and will also provide data on the appropriate amphetamine cut-off level that relates to driving impairment.
Accurate drug detection measures will result in better detection of drivers impaired by amphetamines, and in turn
deter drivers from driving after consuming amphetamines.


The University of Melbourne
DP0772650          Prof JG Clement; Mr CL Thomas; Dr IR Gordon; Dr S MIYASAKA

Approved           3D analysis of facial features for proof of identity across Australia's ethnically diverse
Project Title      population

2007 :             $100,000
2008 :             $90,000
2009 :             $84,000

Administering Organisation The University of Melbourne
Project Summary
The forensic sciences concerned with establishing Human identity play a vital role in safeguarding Australia.
Certainty in Human identification is required by police and intelligence agencies because knowing the identity of
perpetrators (or potential perpetrators) of crime allows effective preventative intervention. This is particularly
important during surveillance operations and in the context of border protection. When crime has already been
committed, the identification of victims and perpetrators is important for the exoneration of the innocent and
successful prosecution of the guilty. The full utilisation of 3D morphometric analysis of faces will provide criteria
robust enough for legal proof of identity.


The University of New South Wales
DP0774554          Ms L Weber

Approved           Policing Migration in Australia: an analysis of onshore migration policing networks.
Project Title

2007 :             $59,976
2008 :             $89,635

 Administering Organisation The University of New South Wales
 Project Summary
 Recent events concerning the wrongful detention and deportation of Australian citizens have drawn attention to the
 significant impact of the enforcement of immigration controls within Australian communities. However, this
 dimension of law enforcement has received little or no attention from academic researchers. An improved
 understanding of the nature and dynamics of migration policing will provide social benefits through the promotion of
 good relations with ethnic minority communities and the accountable exercise of statutory powers. This
 understanding is crucial if institutions of social regulation are to adapt to the challenges of policing a society which
is not only multicultural but also increasingly globally interconnected.


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4001         JOURNALISM, COMMUNICATION AND MEDIA

Edith Cowan University
DP0770606          Prof M Balnaves; Prof TA O'Regan

Approved           The Emergence, Development and Transformation of Media Ratings Conventions and
Project Title      Methodologies in Australia, 1930-2008

2007 :               $87,000
2008 :               $95,000
2009 :               $83,000
Administering Organisation Edith Cowan University
Project Summary
The media industry depends upon ratings. However, the ability of audience measurement companies to predict
audience behaviour is in decline. Investigation into the conventions that govern the relationship between
measurement and markets is now urgent. This project provides the first historical study of media ratings in
Australia and internationally, the companies providing ratings and the media organisations using them. The study
provides a detailed analysis of the emergence and transformation of media ratings in order to assist in the
development of new practices and to promote better public and media industry understanding of the character,
productivity, limits and challenges facing ratings conventions.


La Trobe University
DP0770125          Dr JA Tebbutt

Approved           A study of the ABC in Asia and its role in cultural exchange
Project Title

 2007 :              $70,000
 2008 :              $105,141
 2009 :              $32,294
 Administering Organisation La Trobe University
 Project Summary
 Technological and cultural exchange with Asia through the Australian Broadcasting Commission/Corporation has
 been critical in building cross-cultural awareness in both Australia and Asia. Recording and assessing the breadth
 and character of this exchange will assist Australia's capacity to interpret itself to the world. Analysing the
interaction of a liberal-democratic broadcasting model with social organisation in Asia will enhance our capacity to
engage with a changing regional media environment. A critical assessment of the ABC's international role will
contribute to debates on the value of public broadcasting. The outcomes (book, database, oral histories) provide a
permanent resource for researching media and Australia-Asian relations.


The University of Queensland
DP0773547          Prof TA O'Regan; Dr BM Goldsmith

Approved           Redesigning Australian film and television production for Multichannel Environments,
Project Title      1995-2009

2007 :               $62,265
2008 :               $64,727
2009 :               $105,071
2010 :               $32,294
Administering Organisation The University of Queensland
Project Summary
The project has clear national benefits in that it represents a new approach to understanding the difficulties and
opportunities confronting Australian situated audio-visual production at a time of profound change. In centering the
transformation of the production industry under the impact of structural adjustment to multi-channeling and
increasing transnationalization, the study promises new perspectives on strategic policy and industry priorities
which will strengthen the capacity for innovation and international linkages among producers, policy makers and
educators. It fits the national priority of 'Frontier technologies for building and transforming Australian industries'
related to 'promoting an innovation culture and economy'.
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University of Technology, Sydney
DP0773579          Dr TI Dreher

Approved           News and Community Conflict: examining the role of journalism in local conflict and
Project Title      conflict resolution

2007 :              $85,270
2008 :              $93,524
2009 :              $77,030
 APD                            Dr TI Dreher
Administering Organisation University of Technology, Sydney
Project Summary
The project will place Australia at the leading edge of research on news and conflict. It will contribute an evaluation
of the local possibilities for news and conflict resolution to wider international debates on the media in wartime. The
research will benefit the Australian journalism profession, journalism educators, policymakers and organisations
involved in addressing local level and intercommunal conflicts. An accessible report will provide case studies,
strategies and recommendations for the media's role in situations of conflict. By developing a complex, cultural
understanding of news audiences and news impacts the research will contribute to processes of change and
improvement within the Australian news media.


DP0774025          A/Prof DC McKnight; Prof B McNair

Approved           A study of political commentary in the outlets of a major media corporation
Project Title

2007 :            $67,258
2008 :            $97,095
2009 :            $32,294

Administering Organisation University of Technology, Sydney
Project Summary
This project will analyse the political commentary published or broadcast in the media outlets of a major media
corporation and explore whether political commentators and columnists in these outlets share an agenda of
conservative populism. The project will impact on a public policy debate on cross-media ownership and its
consequences. It will enhance the international scholarly debate on media ownership and its connections with the
content of mass media.


4101         PERFORMING ARTS

Southern Cross University
DP0770026          Dr RD Coyle; Prof MF Hannan; Prof PR Hayward

Approved           Music production and technology in Australian Film: enabling Australian film to embrace
Project Title      innovation

2007 :            $28,000
2008 :            $40,000
2009 :            $36,000
2010 :            $32,125

Administering Organisation Southern Cross University
Project Summary
Given the increasing tendency of the US film industry to co-opt international talent and production bases into its
global operation (New Zealand being a prime example), Australian cinema faces mounting hurdles in its quest for
national and international success. While education centres such as AFTRS have contributed to excellence in key
aspects of local production, Australian film music has been afforded minimal attention. Consequently, music
industry training and production often proceeds on the bases of vague assumptions and inefficient precedents.
In-depth research is vital to inform national training, production and policy making so as to allow Australian cinema
to embrace innovation and engage creatively with the international market.


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The Australian National University
DP0773740          Prof Dr L Sitsky; Dr GR Lancaster

Approved           The role of piano music, and the piano manufacturing industry in Australia's cultural
Project Title      history

2007 :             $113,266
2008 :             $122,108
2009 :             $105,174

Administering Organisation The Australian National University
Project Summary
This project aims to re-examine Australia's cultural heritage through a study of the history of the piano. The study
will research the Australian piano manufacturing industry; the piano roll recording industry and a significant group
of pianist composers.


The University of Melbourne
DP0772623          Prof JA Griffiths; Dr S Aguirre Rincon

Approved           Urban Soundscapes in Renaissance Spain
Project Title

2007 :             $43,294
2008 :             $40,000
2009 :             $43,147

 Administering Organisation The University of Melbourne
 Project Summary
 This project will contribute to understanding the cultural history of Spain and augment awareness of urban
 soundscapes in order to better understand our past and develop urban space in the future. The project will
examine European musical behaviour in urban centres 400-500 years ago. The project will interpret history in a
way that is engaging and relevant to contemporary readers in Australia and throughout the world. It will also assist
in positioning Australian research at the international cutting edge through the development of an innovative form of
 urban music history and associated methodologies.


The University of New England
DP0771263          A/Prof H de Ferranti; A/Prof AI Tokita; Prof S Hosokawa

Approved           Music and modernity in Osaka during the interwar years
Project Title

2007 :             $117,750
2008 :             $86,020
2009 :             $98,740

 Administering Organisation The University of New England
 Project Summary
 Japan continues to be among our paramount trading partners, and is Australia's proven ally in many contexts. Both
 Australia and Japan have sought to carve out distinctive musical identities while striving for acceptance according
to international standards. Osaka in the interwar period was host to multiple musical subcultures, a situation that is
 relevant for Australia in its ongoing quest to become a culturally diverse society. Australia stands to benefit from a
 comparative perspective on the construction of national musical identity, the interplay between global and local
 musical cultures, the balance between modernity and tradition, and the emergence of hybrid cultural phenomena.




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The University of New South Wales
DP0771208         Dr JR Smith; Prof JA Wolfe

Approved          A study of vocal tract resonances in the singing voice to develop tools for teaching
Project Title     singing

2007 :               $90,000
2008 :               $90,000
2009 :               $85,000
Administering Organisation The University of New South Wales
Project Summary
The voice is our oldest and most widely used musical instrument, but it is incompletely understood because of the
difficulty of studying the vocal tract precisely during singing. We shall determine the main techniques used by
singers to control and to adapt the acoustic resonances of their vocal tracts. This advance in understanding will
enhance Australia's scientific reputation in an area of wide public interest. Further, when combined with
developments of our novel techniques to operate in real time, it will provide a new tool for students of singing to
adjust their resonances and prevent damage to the vocal tract. We shall publish our work not only in the top
scientific journals, but also on our popular, multi-award winning web site.


University of Western Sydney
DP0771890         A/Prof CJ Stevens; Dr IR Cross; Prof WF Thompson

Approved          Music, Arousal, and Mood: The Role of Loudness and Loudness Change in
Cross-Cultural
Project Title     Music Perception

2007 :             $69,000
2008 :             $52,000
2009 :             $60,000
Administering Organisation University of Western Sydney
Project Summary
Despite decades of research into perception of Western music there are no studies applying experimental methods
to perception of traditional Australian music. This project investigates a parameter present in all auditory events,
from animal songs and alarms to music and speech: loudness. Results concerning the universality of loudness
change and effects on mood and arousal will be reported to academic and local communities. Understanding how
people experience loudness has implications for non-musical uses of sound, eg. more effective uses of loudness in
non-verbal auditory warnings. Identifying effects of loudness on arousal and mood is also relevant to research on
therapeutic or harmful effects of music and other sounds.


University of Wollongong
DP0773667         A/Prof GM Schiemer; Dr E Schubert; Adj/Prof GB Hair; Prof R Parncutt; Mr WA Burt

Approved          Investigating listening and performance strategies for microtonal composition
Project Title

2007 :             $104,650
2008 :             $91,044
2009 :             $94,190
 APD                         Mr WA Burt
Administering Organisation University of Wollongong
Project Summary
This project is important because it offers a new theoretical framework for understanding music independent of
contemporary cultural boundaries. It opens up a new musical enquiry that will apply across quite different
performance traditions and builds on recent collaborative initiatives by Australian musicians and researchers, the
most recent collaboration involving counterparts from India. In addition to a major publication and conference
proceedings in both creative and scientific disciplines, research findings will result in new approaches to
composition, performance as well as an innovative musical instrument design that is informed by a new empirically
derived approach to tuning.


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4103         CINEMA, ELECTRONIC ARTS AND MULTIMEDIA

Griffith University
DP0773059          Prof MA Farquhar

Approved           The global impact of Chinese martial arts films and their potential to use Australian
Project Title      technology

2007 :             $44,782
2008 :             $41,150
2009 :             $40,957

Administering Organisation Griffith University
Project Summary
A study of martial arts film is of national benefit in several ways. First, it makes a scholarly contribution to film
studies in our Asia Pacific region. Second, it enhances our understanding of issues arising from Chinese popular
culture, such as soft power, cultural nationalism, regional rivalries, combat, and justice. Finally, Australian
companies have been involved in the high-technology end of landmark Chinese martial arts films, which provides
Australians with opportunities for developing business relationships, producing new creative content, and
expanding innovative technologies with an important market in the global environment.


Monash University
DP0772667          Dr JP McCormack; Dr A Dorin; Mr TC Innocent

Approved           Design after Nature: Generative Models for Digital Media
Project Title

2007 :             $93,000
2008 :             $72,000
2009 :             $84,000

Administering Organisation Monash University
Project Summary
The outcomes of this project address current problems in digital media design. This research will nurture emerging
Australian expertise and scholarship in computational creativity. Creative industries are making an increasingly
important contribution to the global economy. Related projects overseas demonstrate the potential for tangible
commercial benefits as a direct result of research investment in this field. The practical outcomes of this research
find application in fields such as computer games, digital animation effects and new media arts. This
inter-disciplinary project will enhance collaborative links between the research communities of Computer Science,
Art and Design.


The University of Melbourne
DP0773501          A/Prof BA Creed; A/Prof JJ Hoorn

Approved           Cinema and Civilisation: Science, Progress and Empire in Early Film
Project Title

2007 :             $129,000
2008 :             $86,000
2009 :             $83,000

 Administering Organisation The University of Melbourne
 Project Summary
 This study will explore the role of early film in disseminating the Western ideals of progress, science and
technology in the colonial nations of Australia's region. Early films made about Indonesia, Indochina, Australia,
Papua New Guinea, Malaysia and Singapore as well as India and North Africa will be studied. The study will reveal
Australia's dual roles as a recipient of the civilising mission and later as a propagator of this knowledge in its own
sphere of influence. Such an understanding will lead to a fuller comprehension of the relative meaning of terms
such as 'progress', 'science' and 'civilisation' in Australia and its region.
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4104         DESIGN STUDIES

The University of Sydney
DP0773107          Dr KA Beilharz

Approved           Gesture-controlled interaction to enrich information access
Project Title

 2007 :              $90,000
 2008 :              $65,000
 2009 :              $60,000
 2010 :              $40,000
 Administering Organisation The University of Sydney
 Project Summary
 This project is a study of gestural computing (enabled by sensors such as pressure mats, infra-red sensors and
 video tracking) which aims to move away from desk-bound, restrictive computing environments and towards
 computing that is more integral to the building structure and space itself. Linking gesture controllers and
information sonification delivers a unique bridge between data and human interaction. Enriching the capacity to
access information in dense workplace environments is central to improved efficiency across the Australian
workforce. Greater accuracy and enhanced techniques for controlling information in visually-overloaded work
environments contribute to Australia's competitive leadership in a global marketplace.


DP0772252          Dr A Dong; Prof T Kvan

Approved           A study of the potential for the public to be involved in the design of large scale public
Project Title      works

2007 :             $93,977
2008 :             $94,053
2009 :             $94,905
Administering Organisation The University of Sydney
Project Summary
Public acceptability of infrastructure such as desalination plants or new public spaces, is a concern for the
Australian Commonwealth and State Governments. However, tensions exist between the need for expedient
planning and development of critical public infrastructure and Australian principles of democratic social and
economic participation. The instrument developed by this research will inform public policy to negotiate and
understand arrangements that balance social participation with Government objectives.


4199         OTHER ARTS

The Australian National University
DP0772325          Dr ME Eagle

Approved           Augustus Earle (1793-1838) and the roles of humanism and science in interpreting the
Project Title      world and its peoples.

 2007 :             $110,000
 2008 :             $120,000
 2009 :             $80,000
  APD                           Dr ME Eagle
 Administering Organisation The Australian National University
 Project Summary
 The study relates to two national concerns. The first is Australia's capacity to understand and engage with its
global environment. A closer understanding of Earle's and other artists' engagement with peoples around the world
will feed the interest in past appraisals that already exists in global tourism. Secondly, a study of a past, influential
form of collaboration between science and art will shed light on the issues in cross-disciplinary and cross-sectoral
 research collaborations between the arts and sciences in our own day. The study addresses an issue currently
 being considered by governments around the world, and in Australia by the Prime Minister's Science, Engineering
 and Innovation Council.

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The University of Melbourne
DP0772827          Dr DM Leslie

Approved           Spiritual and cross-cultural elements in contemporary Australian art
Project Title

2007 :              $69,773
2008 :              $67,773
2009 :              $67,773
2010 :              $62,773
 APD                            Dr DM Leslie
Administering Organisation The University of Melbourne
Project Summary
This project will benefit the Australian community through new research on Australian art as an arena for the
expression of spirituality. Its exploration of the spiritual and cross-cultural aspects of seven outstanding
contemporary Australian artists, especially in relation to Aboriginal Art and Asian Art, will provide a strong basis for
further comparative research on the history of the relationship between art and spirituality in contemporary
Australian art. The resulting book and conference papers will make the fruits of this research widely known in the
community.


The University of Queensland
DP0773689          Dr RW Butler

Approved           A Non-National History of Australian Art
Project Title

2007 :             $47,676
2008 :             $48,650
2009 :             $35,260

 Administering Organisation The University of Queensland
 Project Summary
 With their emphasis on national identity, the existing accounts of Australian art remain stuck in the 19th century. In
 a time of increased globalisation and international co-operation, it is worth remembering that Australian art has
long been part of the wider community. This new history of Australian art seeks to recount a long and confident
history of artistic collaboration between Australia and the rest of the world. It thus seeks to provide a new
understanding of ourselves and a refutation of the long-running notion of cultural cringe, which can only be
maintained -- in the visual arts, at least -- in denial of the historical record.


The University of Western Australia
DP0771505          Dr IA McLean; Mr JG Barrett-Lennard

Approved           The impact of Aboriginal art on contemporary urban Australian art
Project Title

2007 :             $35,000
2008 :             $42,147
2009 :             $42,147

Administering Organisation The University of Western Australia
Project Summary
With art people picture and shape their sense of self and national identity. In a time of increasing fragmentation of
these identities it is imperative to better understand the shifting politics of representation in today's world.
Australia's relationship with its indigenous populations has been the source of major divisions in the Australian
community. By showing the positive impact of Aboriginal art on contemporary art, this project will contribute to a
more cohesive national identity. The publication of three books, a national touring exhibition and a web-based
database will contribute significantly to the intellectual life of the country and bring this important achievement of
Australian cultural life to the wider public.


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4201         LANGUAGE STUDIES

The University of Queensland
DP0770358         Prof NR Gottlieb

Approved            Immigration, technology and literacy: key challenges for language policy in a changing
Project Title       Japan
2007 :              $101,550
2008 :              $110,000
2009 :              $115,200
2010 :              $82,200
2011 :              $105,750
 APF                          Prof NR Gottlieb
Administering Organisation The University of Queensland
Project Summary
Australia needs a sophisticated understanding of social and cultural dynamics in a regional partner with whom we
have substantial economic, political and cultural relations. This project will problematise current language policy in
Japan to take account of important recent areas of social transformation and associated key cultural beliefs about
language. It will produce a body of significant individual research and policy recommendations; will bring together
high profile international researchers and Japanese policy makers and educators in two collaborative exercises
which will strengthen links between the two countries at both academic and government levels; and will launch the
research career of a postgraduate student.


4202         LITERATURE STUDIES

Australian Catholic University
DP0773174         Dr GD Dunn

Approved            The Clash of Sacred and Secular Authority in the Letters of Innocent I
Project Title
2007 :              $110,000
2008 :              $106,000
2009 :              $106,000
2010 :              $106,000
2011 :              $106,000
 ARF                          Dr GD Dunn
Administering Organisation Australian Catholic University
Project Summary
The ecumenical significance of achieving a better understanding of the historical development of papal primacy
revealed in the letters of Pope Innocent I consists in part in the promotion of core Australian values like tolerance
and respect, which contributes to improved social cohesion and harmony. Examining the impact of religious values
in shaping the European cultural fabric in a critical transition period enhances the current Australian debate about
the relationship between religion and politics in national life.


La Trobe University
DP0770032         Dr PJ Salzman

Approved            Mary Wroth: A Contextual Biography and Electronic Edition
Project Title
2007 :              $72,322
2008 :              $27,920
2009 :              $32,294
Administering Organisation La Trobe University
Project Summary
This project will result in the biography of a remarkable early modern woman: Lady Mary Wroth. Wroth was an
extremely talented writer who produced a huge prose romance, poetry and a pastoral play, and the project will also
involve the production of an electronic edition of her writing. No biography of Wroth exists, and the contextual
biography which I will write will offer many insights into early Jacobean society and culture. As a whole, the project
will enhance Australia's strong research contribution to the key area of early modern studies.
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Macquarie University
DP0772705          Prof SN Lieu; Dr LD Eccles; Dr J Markley

Approved           The impact of cultural contact between China and the Ancient Mediterranean World
Project Title

2007 :              $82,001
2008 :              $69,001
2009 :              $82,001
2010 :              $69,001
 APD                         Dr J Markley
Administering Organisation Macquarie University
Project Summary
The project which is part of a large international project aims to investigate the evidence for cultural contact
between Rome and China and draws on material which has not been properly studied. Some of this material is of
great artistic value (esp. Manichaean manuscripts) and has already attracted the attention of national media
(newspapers, radio and TV). The project will help strengthen research ties between the Social Science Academy of
China and the Australian Academy of the Humanities. It will also heighten academic interest among ethnic groups:
Chinese, Assyrian, Turkish and Iranian in cross-cultural contacts through exhibitions.


Monash University
DP0770932          Prof AJ Milner; Prof AE Benjamin; Prof VN Burgmann; A/Prof CE Rigby; Dr CH Weller; Prof IM
                   Buchanan
Approved           How Australians have imagined the future; possibilities for an ecologically sustainable
Project Title      society

2007 :            $185,711
2008 :            $196,065
2009 :            $178,317

 Administering Organisation Monash University
 Project Summary
 In a society like ours, which is subject to more or less continuous and often rapid social change, the question of
how to imagine the future is of paramount importance. The study of how better and worse futures have been
imagined for Australia, and how they still continue to be imagined, is therefore a central research question for the
humanities in this country. More specifically, one of the key themes in our research will be the relationship between
culture, ecology and utopia or dystopia. Much of our work will be quite deliberately oriented towards the future
possibilities for an ecologically sustainable society.


DP0771488          Dr SE Murray

Approved           Books as Media: The Cultural Economy of Literary Adaptation
Project Title

2007 :            $47,759
2008 :            $62,860
2009 :            $64,776

Administering Organisation Monash University
Project Summary
The project will benefit three key Australian communities: (1) researchers; (2) cultural creators; and (3) cultural
policy-makers. (1) The project builds upon Australia's existing research excellence in Media and Cultural Studies
and cross-blends this with emerging research strengths in publishing studies and book history. (2) Australian
authors, publishers and screen producers who seek access and exposure to international audiences will gain a
detailed understanding of how adaptation's global economy functions. (3) The project informs Australia's cultural
policy framework by focusing on enhanced marketing and promotion of Australian cultural content rather than input
assistance schemes.




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DP0772763          Dr P Spedding

Approved           The Dissemination and Control of Clandestine Writing in England 1695--1774
Project Title

 2007 :              $82,030
 2008 :              $77,030
 2009 :              $77,030
  APD                           Dr P Spedding
 Administering Organisation Monash University
 Project Summary
 The literary underworld of the eighteenth century is the subject of serious academic pursuit internationally by
literary historians, historians of sex and sexuality, philosophers and feminists. Australia's reputation will be
enhanced by participating in this rapidly evolving field. Australia already has an internationally significant profile in
bibliography and eighteenth-century literary studies due to a combination of outstanding scholars and resources.
This project will enhance Australian strength in, and contribution to, the world-wide study of these two subjects.
This study will also be informed by, and contribute to, the contemporary philosophical, religious and ethical debate
concerning the distribution of contentious material.


The University of Melbourne
DP0772013          Prof J Frow

Approved           The importance of the fictional character in literary theory and cultural practice
Project Title

2007 :             $54,264
2008 :             $50,258
2009 :             $20,000

 Administering Organisation The University of Melbourne
 Project Summary
 This project is a theoretical research project which aims to make significant and innovative contributions to
research excellence in literature and the history of ideas. This research focuses on the fictional character, one of
the central categories of literary theory. The benefits flowing from it will primarily be an enhanced understanding of
the workings and the history of a category that informs every domain of cultural practice.


DP0770639          Prof KD Gelder

Approved           Evaluating the Australian Popular Fiction Archive: A Definitive Critical History and
Project Title      Bibliography of Early to Late Colonial Genre Writing

2007 :             $105,727
2008 :             $136,935
2009 :             $140,735

Administering Organisation The University of Melbourne
Project Summary
This project analyses and evaluates Australian popular or genre fiction from the early to the late colonial period:
from around the 1840s to the beginning of World War Two. It will chart a comprehensive history of colonial
Australian genre fiction for the first time, producing two critical monographs and an online bibliography and digital
archive which will function as major reading, research and teaching resources. Understanding colonial popular
fiction as a field of writing that expressed colonial sensibilities and performed colonial predicaments, this project will
also demonstrate the formative role it played in the task of settlement and nation building.




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The University of New England
DP0770554          Dr A Pender

Approved           A study of Australia's most popular internationally-known comedian, Barry Humphries
Project Title

2007 :             $63,512
2008 :             $21,178
2009 :             $44,001

Administering Organisation The University of New England
Project Summary
This project will offer a fully researched biographical study of Barry Humphries in the context of Australian cultural
history from the 1950s to the present. The study will illuminate Australian literature, theatre and cultural politics,
and the way it intersects with both British and American cultural history and the development of global
entertainment culture since the 1960s. It will fill a gap in the understanding of Humphries' life and his immense
contribution to the Australian psyche and to the global export of Australian cultural products in the post-imperial
era.


DP0770924          Dr AM Silvas

Approved           Basil of Caesarea and the nexus of Greek, Latin and Semitic cultures in late Antiquity
Project Title

2007 :             $55,307
2008 :             $56,307
2009 :             $58,307
2010 :             $53,307
2011 :             $53,307
 ARF                         Dr AM Silvas
Administering Organisation The University of New England
Project Summary
In a period of heightening religious and cultural tension in Australia, this project seeks to explore a moment when
Western and Semitic cultures worked together very well, only to yield in the following two centuries to increasing
alienation that prepared the ground for Islam. In terms of international scholarship the project tackles an
outstanding lacuna in late 4th century history: the Syrian chapter in the dissemination of Basil of Caesarea's
teaching on Christian monasticism. The collaboration with overseas scholars, and the high standard and solidity of
projected outcome will confirm Australia's high reputation in ancient, Middle Eastern and Religious studies.


The University of Queensland
DP0771376          Prof DJ Carter

Approved           America Publishes Australia: Australian Books and American Publishers, 1890-2005
Project Title

2007 :             $101,195
2008 :             $98,404
2009 :             $56,539

Administering Organisation The University of Queensland
Project Summary
Research into the commercial and cultural links between American publishers and Australian writers will reveal a
new dimension of the nation's relationship to its most important cultural trading partner. By focusing on a neglected
area of Australian publishing history, the project will also contribute significantly to our understanding of the
changing circumstances within which Australian writers and publishers have worked. Publishing remains
under-researched compared to other cultural industries in Australia, despite its significance both culturally and
economically.




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DP0770744         Prof RW Dixon; Prof GL Whitlock; Dr L Dale; Dr K Bode

Approved          New Electronic Archives for Australian Literature
Project Title

2007 :              $198,060
2008 :              $142,181
2009 :              $235,367
2010 :              $90,067
 APD                           Dr K Bode
Administering Organisation The University of Queensland
Project Summary
Information capacity in Australian literary studies has been dramatically expanded by national investment in
electronic archives, while trends in the discipline increasingly demand empirical support for claims about literary
history and literary value. At the same time, research about Australian literature remains primarily theoretical,
insufficiently informed by newly available data. This project aims to further enrich the new data sets, and to use
them in an innovative return to the classical issues in Australian literary criticism and history. It will provide
demonstration applications of data in new electronic archives.


DP0771023         Dr PJ Holbrook

Approved          A study of the impact of human agency in Shakespeare on Western culture and society
Project Title

2007 :            $52,230
2008 :            $41,106
2009 :            $55,368

Administering Organisation The University of Queensland
Project Summary
The project is important to the international reputation of English Literature scholarship and to the continuing
development of Shakespearean studies in Australia. It will augment a growing area of research, the study of Early
Modern Europe, that has achieved critical mass in this country, as reflected by the establishment in 2005 of the
ARC Network for Early European Research. The project will contribute to our knowledge of the history of the ideal
of personal and collective autonomy or self-determination, an ideal absolutely central to Australian culture.
Grasping the rich genealogy and historical context of this formative and essential ideal is vital to understanding our
national identity.


The University of Sydney
DP0770971         Prof MB Clunies Ross

Approved          The Language of Old Norse Poetry, an important intellectual achievement of the Western
Project Title     Middle Ages

2007 :            $105,282
2008 :            $113,653
2009 :            $127,010

Administering Organisation The University of Sydney
Project Summary
Old Norse poetry, produced from the Viking Age until the end of the Middle Ages, is one of the most important
achievements in European literature. Thematically, it ranges from praise of Viking kings to Christian devotion; in
metre and style it is extremely elaborate. It has applied value to a range of disciplines, including history,
archaeology, linguistics and religious studies. This project will make Norse poetic language more accessible to
scholars and the general public by providing new resources in the English language for its understanding,
superseding previous studies because of the use of fully revised primary data.




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DP0774390          Dr JF Ruys

Approved           Learning from Life: The Creation of Experiential and Life-Long Learning in Europe in the
Project Title      Medieval and Early Modern Periods

 2007 :              $124,792
 2008 :              $134,402
 2009 :              $123,563
 2010 :              $124,462
 2011 :              $118,313
 QEII                          Dr JF Ruys
 Administering Organisation The University of Sydney
 Project Summary
 Experiential and life-long learning are fundamental principles of modern Australian educational practice, from
 primary and high school to university and centres of adult education; they are of interest to the Federal
Government (Higher Education Review, Senate Inquiry, DEST project). This innovative project will investigate the
cultural heritage of these practices, detailing how they arose in medieval Europe and were refined by thinkers and
 practitioners throughout the early modern period. It will reveal how a reliance on received authority and example
 was transformed into a modern pedagogic mode that encourages learning throughout the course of life and
teaches pupils how to think for themselves and to learn from life experience.


The University of Western Australia
DP0771037          Prof G Griffiths

Approved           Mission texts and the representation of Africa in America 1870-1914
Project Title

2007 :             $32,000
2008 :             $40,000
2009 :             $45,000

 Administering Organisation The University of Western Australia
 Project Summary
 Australia is now firmly linked to America in cultural and political terms. This project helps us to understand how
 American attitudes to overseas expansion came about in the period when America was expanding its control on its
 own continent and in the world at large. Explanations of this to date have neglected to examine the role of religious
 organisations and texts in promoting the ideas of other peoples and cultures which formed America's modern
 attitude to the world beyond its shores. As religion becomes increasingly recognised as a powerful factor in
identity politics this project helps us to understand the roots of this connection and apply the knowledge to our
current situation.


University of Western Sydney
DP0773265          Prof IR Indyk; Mr JF Arnold; Dr MR Davis; Prof DJ Carter; Ms L Poland

Approved           Australian literary publishing and its economies, 1965-1995
Project Title

2007 :              $245,000
2008 :              $185,200
2009 :              $204,950
 APD                          Ms L Poland
Administering Organisation University of Western Sydney
Project Summary
Australian literature is an essential aspect of Australian culture but its viability is currently under threat, both in the
marketplace, and in tertiary and secondary education, where its coherence and relevance as a discipline has
diminished over the past decade. Because it explores the different inputs that make for a vital literary culture, some
of them intangible or discrete in their operation, the project will contribute to a better understanding of how this
culture works, and to a renewed confidence in its ability to sustain itself by commercial and non-commercial
means.


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4203         CULTURAL STUDIES

Monash University
DP0772733          Dr CE Verevis; Dr DM Williams; Dr N King

Approved           Australian Film Theory and Criticism
Project Title

2007 :              $51,534
2008 :              $36,682
2009 :              $50,000
Administering Organisation Monash University
Project Summary
Australian film theory and criticism has burgeoned over the past thirty years, but there is no dedicated book-length
study of the field. This research project will fill the gap, not only tracing the specificity of Australian film theory and
criticism but also reasserting its place on the international scholarly agenda. In tracing the critical positions,
personalities and institutions that have shaped film theory and criticism in this country, this project will at once
disseminate and preserve (for scholars and the general public alike) the legacy of those critical intellectuals who
have striven to understand the nation's most popular art and entertainment form, the cinema.


The Australian National University
DP0773094          A/Prof PA Jackson

Approved           The sexual cultures of Thai men; implications for Australia's international HIV/AIDS
Project Title      strategy

2007 :             $40,410
2008 :             $26,000
2009 :             $39,000
Administering Organisation The Australian National University
Project Summary
This project contributes to safeguarding Australia's national interests by supporting the implementation of AusAID's
international HIV/AIDS strategy laid out in the policy document 'Meeting the Challenge: Australia's International
HIV/AIDS Strategy' (2004). This project directly addresses research priorities identified in the analytical report for
the White Paper on Australia's AID program, 'HIV/AIDS in the Asia Pacific Region' (AusAID 2005): (1) the cultural,
economic, and political dynamics driving the HIV epidemic in Asia; (2) the nexus between HIV/AIDS, economic
activity, and development; and (3) the Asian experience of feminisation and gender impacts as factors in the
epidemic HIV in the region.


The University of New South Wales
DP0774107          Dr A Munster; Dr AK Murphie; Prof B Massumi; Dr A MacKenzie

Approved           Dynamic media: innovative social and artistic developments in new media in Australia,
Project Title      Britain, Canada and Scandinavia since 1990.

2007 :              $75,000
2008 :              $66,000
2009 :              $37,000
2010 :              $47,000
Administering Organisation The University of New South Wales
Project Summary
This study will foreground strengths and remedy weaknesses in Australian new media arts and innovative social
uses of new media. By studying the international strategies for social use of dynamic media, this study will provide
information for Australians to more extensively implement dynamic media within a social context. It will highlight the
innovation of Australian artists and researchers in the development of dynamic media and position these
internationally. A major long-term benefit of this study will be an online database that will both profile and be
accessible to Australian artists, arts organizations, new media researchers and social innovators.



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The University of Queensland
DP0770241          Dr MC Gregg

Approved           Working from home: New media technology, workplace culture and the changing nature
Project Title      of domesticity

 2007 :              $79,493
 2008 :              $77,030
 2009 :              $77,030
 APD                           Dr MC Gregg
 Administering Organisation The University of Queensland
 Project Summary
 New media technologies are often marketed as liberating people from the workplace, providing flexibility in meeting
 work obligations. Communication technologies in particular make working from home increasingly possible:
laptops, mobile phones and PDAs make any space a potential site for paid labour. This research studies the effect
of new media technologies on how work is performed, where and by whom, to gauge their impact on the
community more broadly. It also asks whether these new relationships to work raise the prospect of changing
traditional attitudes to the work performed in and outside the home by men and women.


University of South Australia
DP0772700          Dr SM Nichols; A/Prof HP Nixon; Dr J Rowsell

Approved           Parents' networks: the circulation of knowledge about children's literacy learning
Project Title

2007 :              $50,000
2008 :              $50,000
2009 :              $45,000
Administering Organisation University of South Australia
Project Summary
Families' differential access to literacy knowledge and resources is a factor in children's unequal literacy outcomes.
Networks are a means by which knowledge and resources are accessed. In investigating how parents' networks
operate, how organisations' networks access parents, and ideas about children's literacy circulating through these
networks, this study will inform policy and practice in community service provision, family literacy and parent
education. It will provide new knowledge about the impact of culture, gender, technology and globalisation on
parents' access to ideas about children's literacy which will be valuable in developing programs and practices
appropriate to different families and communities.


University of Tasmania
DP0770685          Dr A Johnston

Approved           A study of travel writing in Australian colonial history
Project Title

2007 :              $103,730
2008 :              $114,944
2009 :              $120,655
2010 :              $83,056
2011 :              $70,994
 QEII                          Dr A Johnston
Administering Organisation University of Tasmania
Project Summary
Travel writing is a key mechanism by which readers learn about other peoples and cultures, a genre that is crucial
to the formation of identities, ideologies, and ideas. Australian travel writing provided foundational texts for those
emigrating to the colony. This project positions Australian texts within an international comparative sphere. It will
advance the understanding of colonial culture in Australia, and of the perceptions and values of those who settled
colonial Australia. It will make available to Australian and international students and researchers a rich archive of
texts that have not been previously mapped. Australians are keenly interested in travel and its literature, and this
project brings colonial travel texts to public attention.

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University of Western Sydney
DP0774024          Prof RI Hodge

Approved           Putting humanities to work in a chaotic world: dynamic interdisciplinarity and community
Project Title      engagement

 2007 :              $80,000
 2008 :              $107,000
 2009 :              $110,000
 Administering Organisation University of Western Sydney
 Project Summary
 This project will rethink theories and methods in humanities and social sciences so that they can make a more
 direct contribution to the community. It will build stronger interdisciplinarity across these various fields. It will
 incorporate ideas from science, from chaos theory, to make it more powerful and science-friendly. It will develop
the new theory out of a series of strategic collaborations with local government, industry and community players,
around critical incidents. This will be new theory, but with strong links with existing disciplines, offering good
humanities and social science academics methods and models for a more engaged research.


4301         HISTORICAL STUDIES

Curtin University of Technology
DP0770441          Dr MA Perkins; Prof BV Lal; Prof PJ Read; Prof WC Howes

Approved           A study of writers and regional identity in the Pacific, Southeast Asia, Australia and New
Project Title      Zealand

2007 :               $34,467
2008 :               $48,929
2009 :               $30,894
Administering Organisation Curtin University of Technology
Project Summary
There is currently heightened community concern about supra-national loyalties that transcend and seem to
threaten national boundaries. This project will help to inform discussion about the role of transnational belonging
and the complexities of regional identities, so that it can be seen that multiple loyalties are common and often
enriching. It will increase the audience for some neglected life writing in the Pacific area, particularly from
Indigenous writers.


Griffith University
DP0771492          Prof MJ Finnane

Approved           Understanding forms of violence and their regulation in Australian history
Project Title

2007 :             $106,130
2008 :             $122,657
2009 :             $126,114
2010 :             $112,826
2011 :             $90,037
 APF                         Prof MJ Finnane
Administering Organisation Griffith University
Project Summary
In contemporary Australia inter-personal violence (such as domestic violence, the abuse of children, Aboriginal
deaths in custody, the Cronulla riots) occupies intense media and public interest. Governmental responses to
violence (through policing or the courts) themselves rest on the exercise of authorised and regulated control which
itself may be considered a form of violence. In examining the historical changes in violence, its social impact and
media resonances, and the public policy responses to it, this research seeks to contribute to contemporary
understanding of these important questions on the basis of a greater appreciation of the specifically Australian
history of these phenomena.

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James Cook University
DP0770428          Dr KH Ferguson

Approved           A study of the public understanding of the Great Barrier Reef and its sustainable use
Project Title

2007 :              $77,030
2008 :              $77,030
2009 :              $77,030
 APD                           Dr KH Ferguson
Administering Organisation James Cook University
Project Summary
As a national icon, the survival of the Great Barrier Reef is of consequence to all Australians. As pressures on the
Reef increase, it is imperative that the cultural heritage and social value of the Reef be recognised, understood,
and mobilised to facilitate efforts to preserve the Reef for future generations. Reaching and informing broad and
varied audiences in a range of communities, this project encourages a much wider appreciation of the value and
importance of the Reef to Australian culture, and thus provides an important capacity-building step in realising the
long-term social goal of sustainable use of the Reef's unique biodiversity


Macquarie University
DP0772276          Dr M Hughes-Warrington; Dr I Tregenza; Prof D Boucher; Dr S Helgeby

Approved           The Empire of New Idealism?: Civilisation and Australian New Idealism, 1850-1950
Project Title

2007 :            $79,166
2008 :            $70,514
2009 :            $76,967
2010 :            $74,590

Administering Organisation Macquarie University
Project Summary
Philosophies, like people and commodities, travel the globe. This project traces the movement of British 'New
Idealist' philosophy to Australia in the mid-nineteenth century, its transformation into 'Australian New idealism', and
return to Britain. It shows how the hopes of these first Australian philosophers for a global community overlapped
with politicians and policy makers, and uncovers their shaping role in the formulation of many social policies that
remain with us today. It places Australian history and research at the heart of a new global vision of New Idealist
studies and offers scholars, policy makers and educators the necessary background to more fully articulate
Australian understandings of citizenship and civilisation.


DP0771114          A/Prof ML Spongberg; Dr C Tuite

Approved           Women Writers and the Production of British History 1763-1886
Project Title

2007 :            $68,763
2008 :            $51,832
2009 :            $64,735

Administering Organisation Macquarie University
Project Summary
This project addresses the critical neglect of women who engaged in writing history in Britain during the nineteenth
century. It will demonstrate the importance of women writers in the construction of a national identity in Britain and
will seek to understand how women engaged with nationalist history-making and used various forms of historical
writing to explore their heritage. The social and political issues that occupied women as writers of history remain
pertinent today in relation to how societies generate public memory and the nature of the relationship between
political exclusion and historical writing.




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Monash University
DP0772993          A/Prof CJ Mews; Dr KA Green; Dr JM Pinder

Approved           Medieval Virtue Ethics and the Formation of the Feminine Moral Subject: Jeanne of
Project Title      Navarre to Marguerite of Navarre (1285-1550)

2007 :             $104,991
2008 :             $100,000
2009 :             $84,991

Administering Organisation Monash University
Project Summary
This research will generate fresh community awareness of the importance of teaching ethics in everyday rather
than academic language, with a particular relevance to women, thus contributing to the national debate about what
constitutes values education. By showing how famous women writers were not isolated individuals, but adapted an
established tradition of communicating ethics to women, the research will contribute to contemporary debates
about the relevance of the teaching of ethics. The project will develop further existing close connections between
Australian scholars and researchers in both Europe and the USA.


DP0770854          Dr J Purdey

Approved           A study of the scholarship on Indonesia in Australia and its implications for foreign
policy
Project Title

2007 :               $84,766
2008 :               $77,030
2009 :               $77,030
APD                            Dr J Purdey
Administering Organisation Monash University
Project Summary
This project explores Australia's scholarly engagement with Indonesia and the impact of disciplinary, political and
moral influences on their interpretations and knowledge. The importance of Indonesia for Australia has never been
more acute. The impact of instability in Indonesia on Australia's own security and place in the region cannot be
understated. It is essential that we have the tools for interpreting and understanding cultural, religious and political
differences. Australian scholars have a deep and lasting engagement with Indonesia. Investigation of the debates
within the field of Indonesian studies will help us to interpret better the perceptions and politics informing our study.


RMIT University
DP0771460          A/Prof JW McCulloch

Approved           Silicosis on South African Gold Mines: The History and Politics of an Occupational
Project Title      Disease, 1950 to 2005

2007 :             $93,956
2008 :             $86,158
2009 :             $97,017

Administering Organisation RMIT University
Project Summary
This study of occupational disease has relevance to the mining industry which routinely publishes statements on
Sustainable Mining as part of their corporate governance.Triple Bottom Line reporting includes reference to the
industry's social, economic and environmental impacts. The hazardous work practices in developing countries
shift the costs of production back onto labour thereby under-cutting those producers who provide safer work
environments. Those realities, which impact directly upon Australian industry, publics and governments, are
explored in detail in this project.




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The Australian National University
DP0770332         Prof A Curthoys

Approved          Indigenous peoples, the British Empire, and self-government for the Australian colonies.
Project Title

2007 :             $171,209
2008 :             $171,812
2009 :             $195,230
2010 :             $155,129
2011 :             $95,340
 APF                           Prof A Curthoys
Administering Organisation The Australian National University
Project Summary
This study enhances our understanding of the foundations and representative functions of Australian democratic
institutions, especially as they concern Indigenous-settler-missionary-imperial relationships. In drawing out the
connections between two major questions for Australian history and modern society - democracy and Indigenous
dispossession - the project will contribute deeper historical knowledge to current public debate about Indigenous
policy past and present. It will also illuminate the importance of understanding Australian history in broad
transcolonial and transnational contexts and enhance the contribution of Australian historians to imperial,
missionary, and comparative settler-society histories.


DP0773925         Prof P Jalland

Approved          Understanding old age in Australian history as a foundation for improved social and
Project Title     economic policy

2007 :            $53,977
2008 :            $49,725
2009 :            $46,362

 Administering Organisation The Australian National University
 Project Summary
 My history of old age in Australia since 1860 will provide the first book which maps our experiences of growing old
in the past, as a foundation for improved social and economic policy. The national government's 'Inter-generational
 report' has started a process of review and planning at a time of dramatic demographic change. However,
 developing strategies for 'ageing well, ageing productively' depends on an informed understanding of previous and
 current expectations about and attitudes to ageing in Australia. The history of old age is a complex rather than
 simple story, and successful policy development will require a solid historical foundation.


DP0774299         Prof ID McCalman

Approved          Scientific voyages in the Antipodes. Thomas Huxley, John McGillivray and the Darwinian
Project Title     Revolution

2007 :            $149,097
2008 :            $188,600
2009 :            $123,107

Administering Organisation The Australian National University
Project Summary
This project examines the scientific British survey expeditions to Australasia during the nineteenth century. The
research focuses on the importance of Australasia in the formation of Darwinism, one of the key scientific and
social theories of modern western culture. Environmental change and scientific and cultural heritage in our region
will be traced back to these early scientific voyagers.




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DP0771923          Prof G McCormack

Approved           The Japanese State and Civil Society in Transformation, 1970-2006
Project Title

2007 :             $55,250
2008 :             $58,350
2009 :             $53,275

Administering Organisation The Australian National University
Project Summary
Since Japan is the world's second and the region's first economic power the importance of understanding major
transformations in its political, social, and economic structure is plain. This project is therefore highly relevant to
academia, policy and intelligence analysts, the media and citizenry in general. The last time the cry of 'reform' and
fundamental restructuring of institutions was heard on anything like the present level was in the 1930s. Then,
'renovation' (kakushin) - offered as a path through multiple national and international crises - actually paved the
way to militarism and war. Koizumi's reform (kaikaku) program, which is no less than a program for recasting the
state, therefore deserves to be studied very seriously.


DP0770873          Prof TI Morris-Suzuki

Approved           Rethinking Impartial Humanitarianism: Lessons from the Recent History of the
Project Title      Asia-Pacific Region

2007 :             $51,468
2008 :             $82,035
2009 :             $72,035

Administering Organisation The Australian National University
Project Summary
Australia today is increasingly involved in complex international humanitarian missions, involving cooperation with
other nations and with international non-government organizations. These actions have profound implications for
relationships between Australia and other countries. Through an investigation of key case studies from the
Asia-Pacific region, this project will create a deeper understanding of the long-term experiences, possibilities and
limitations of impartial humanitarian action. It will thus contribute to global debates about humanitarianism, and to
better-informed Australian engagement in responding to humanitarian crises in our region and the wider world.


DP0771480          Prof TI Morris-Suzuki; Dr J Yonetani; Dr TY Tsu

Approved           Historical Conflict and Reconciliation in East Asia: Media, History Wars and the Search
for
Project Title      Regional Understanding

2007 :             $30,000
2008 :             $100,000
2009 :             $32,294

Administering Organisation The Australian National University
Project Summary
The relationship between Japan, China and Korea is of central importance to the future stability of our region, and
of particular political and economic importance to Australia. This project will promote a deeper understanding of
current tensions in the relationship between these countries, and will contribute to the practical search for
resolutions to cultural and ideological dimensions of this conflict. By addressing the relationship between changing
methods of communication and contrasting images of history, the project will also contribute to the development of
new theoretical approaches to the communication of historical knowledge in the twenty-first century.




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The University of Melbourne
DP0772440           Mr I Coller

Approved            Europe and Identity: A transcultural history of European communities in the Islamic world
Project Title       1685-1800

2007 :              $91,776
2008 :              $83,523
2009 :              $97,438
2010 :              $57,973
 APD                          Mr I Coller
Administering Organisation The University of Melbourne
Project Summary
This project originates from the pressing need to reconceptualize histories in the context of multicultural societies.
To address the mutual hostility of the historical narratives reinforced by recent global political events, we must
open European history, and particularly the crucial period of the Enlightenment, to an inclusive cultural dialogue
about the past. This project is built on a strong track record of dialogue with a region from which Australia is too
often disconnected, despite the significant Arab and Turkish communities within the Australian polity. Recent
conflicts have reinforced the urgency of opening this cross-cultural dialogue within our own multicultural cities.


DP0771800           Dr J Dickenson

Approved            Managing trust: a comparative historical study of political accountability in Australia.
Project Title

 2007 :                $59,773
 2008 :                $57,773
 2009 :                $57,773
 2010 :                $57,773
  APD                              Dr J Dickenson
 Administering Organisation The University of Melbourne
 Project Summary
 Some Australian political leaders have acknowledged a crisis in their trust relationship with voters and seek ways
to
 fix it. By historicising the 'crisis of trust' thesis, and testing its assumptions, I expect to demonstrate that, far from
 being alienated from voters, representatives both reflect and shape society's notions of trustworthiness. This
 knowledge offers political leaders new ways of approaching their relationships with voters in order to redress the
 trust dilemma. It also provides fresh, more positive ways of conceptualising trust relations generally, offering a way
 forward from the present cynicism, for a variety of trust relationships to be made anew.


DP0771849           Prof PA Grimshaw; Dr AJ Brown-May

Approved            Faith, gender and cultural exchange: Australian missions in comparative perspective,
Project Title       1800-1930.

2007 :             $82,318
2008 :             $74,626
2009 :             $51,118

 Administering Organisation The University of Melbourne
 Project Summary
 The project will permit a fresh understanding of Australia's core tradition of British Christianity, an important
cultural heritage which influences current views of national identity and which is of increasing significance in the
face of the insecurities of globalisation. Through illuminating understandings of social, cultural and religious issues,
in particular in relation to gendered aspects of religious faithwithin cross-cultural encounters , it will contribute to
greater understanding of societies and cultures across the Asia-Pacific region. It will foster international scholarly
 interchange, dissemination of its findings giving increased profile for Australia within the fields of colonial studies,
 gender and mission history.




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DP0771163         Prof E Malcolm; Dr J Waller; Dr AD MacKinnon

Approved          A history of psychiatric institutionalisation and community care in Australia, 1830s-1990s
Project Title

2007 :            $100,186
2008 :            $60,770
2009 :            $77,712

Administering Organisation The University of Melbourne
Project Summary
A vigorous debate is underway in Australia currently over the policy of closing mental institutions and caring for the
mentally ill in the community. Whereas doctors, politicians and journalists have contributed to this debate, regularly
resorting to history to bolster their arguments, historians themselves have had relatively little to say. A genuinely
national history of mental health care simply does not exist. This study provides that comprehensive history, in the
belief that policy making in such a vital area of health cannot be undertaken effectively without an informed
understanding of the successes and failures of the last 150 years.


DP0772760         Dr KE McGregor

Approved          Islam and the Politics of Memory and Identity in Post-Authoritarian Indonesia
Project Title

2007 :            $83,208
2008 :            $73,901
2009 :            $37,280

Administering Organisation The University of Melbourne
Project Summary
This project will make a vital contribution to understanding the past and present of Indonesia, Australia's most
significant neighbour. The project investigates the legacy of competition between two of the most influential
ideological and political forces in Indonesian history, communism and Islam, and examines their continuing
significance to contemporary Indonesian identities. My analysis will profile the diverse range of Islamic opinions in
Indonesia on reconciliation and provide broader comparative insights into the processes of dealing with traumatic
pasts.


DP0772015         Prof CO Sowerwine; A/Prof SK Foley

Approved          Women and self-development in French history; implications for Australian women's
Project Title     experience

2007 :            $58,000
2008 :            $55,000
2009 :            $50,000

Administering Organisation The University of Melbourne
Project Summary
Our culture values individualism for all but assigns women more responsibility than men for caring for others.
Women are caught in a double bind between two conflicting roles, self-development and self-sacrifice. We seek to
historicise the development of the self for women in nineteenth-century France, a period which has had an
immense impact on contemporary gender roles and the way we understand the gendered self today. We will
produce an international comparative history of women's self-hood which demonstrates its importance for women
today.




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The University of New South Wales
DP0772239          Prof PF Alexander

Approved           A study of the writings of Alan Paton, a major literary and political figure
Project Title

2007 :             $65,097
2008 :             $60,152
2009 :             $32,794

Administering Organisation The University of New South Wales
Project Summary
The outcome of this project will constitute an important contribution to the current debate in Australia and other
Western countries about ethical responses to violence. Alan Paton is a major South African literary and political
figure who faced extremism both from his country's government and its opponents. The proposed study of his
letters will be an important addition to the literary corpus of one of Africa's foremost thinkers and writers, and will
constitute an advance upon and contribution to the body of knowledge about the cultural history of Africa in the
twentieth and twenty-first century. The project will raise the profile of Australian scholarship in the field of African
literature and history.


DP0770044          Prof DP Cahill

Approved           Religion and Political Transformation: A Transnational Study of South American
Project Title      Independence, 1750-1840

2007 :             $92,994
2008 :             $59,517
2009 :             $57,517

 Administering Organisation The University of New South Wales
 Project Summary
 This pathbreaking international research project strongly contributes to the internationalisation of Australian
 humanities and social science research. It ensures Australia's substantial participation in seminal intellectual
 debates during the approaching bicentenaries of the birth of modernity in Spain and Latin America. It guarantees
 that Australia will not become just a consumer of overseas research in this field. It renews Australia's intellectual
 and cultural capital in Iberian and Latin American Studies at a crucial moment of generational change. It
contributes to an understanding of the generic links between religious radicalism and political violence in an age of
fast-moving, global transformation.


DP0771569          A/Prof R Freestone; Dr C Garnaut; Dr AJ Brown-May; Dr S Petrow; A/Prof J Gregory; Dr CJ
                   McConville
Approved           Rediscovering historical contributions in environmental planning: Australia's Town
Project Title      Planning Associations

2007 :             $90,559
2008 :             $74,209

Administering Organisation The University of New South Wales
Project Summary
This study will provide an alternative history of Australian urban planning that will document at a national level how
non-government organisations contributed positively and creatively to the evolution of modern environmental
planning from the 20th century. It will support the strengthening of Australia's social and economic fabric by
discovering through original historical research how previous generations have productively and creatively
contributed to decisions affecting general environmental well-being. It will contribute an historical perspective to
current debates on the need for more collaborative planning.




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DP0772656          Dr A O'Brien

Approved           Religion, welfare and problem populations in Australia, 1788-2006.
Project Title

2007 :             $20,000
2008 :             $22,000
2009 :             $32,294

Administering Organisation The University of New South Wales
Project Summary
Given that faith-based welfare providers have become more important in the welfare sector in recent years, it is
important that their origins, similarities and differences are fully understood, especially as religious practice is easily
stereotyped in the media. This project's historical focus will give policy makers and field workers a sense of
perspective in dealing with contemporary problems. In revealing the varying effectiveness of religious groups to
assist participation in the past, it will assist people to make informed and positive choices and thus strengthen the
contemporary social and economic fabric.


DP0770752          Dr M Roces

Approved           A study of recent social movements in the Philippines
Project Title

2007 :             $56,204
2008 :             $32,294
2009 :             $30,000

Administering Organisation The University of New South Wales
Project Summary
This project seeks to understand the nature and development of social movements in the Philippines since the
1970s. The Philippines is an important Australian neighbour; a point endorsed by the 2005 agreement of
cooperation between the Australian Federal Police and the Philippine government. And yet, it is far too little studied
in this country where there are very few specialists. Australia needs to understand the Philippines better as it will
continue to be an important ally. How the tenets of an activist group in Southeast Asia are transmitted to other
potential members is necessary to Australian understandings of regional social movements, and this in turn is vital
to political interactions, to NGO work, and to multicultural interactions.


DP0774591          Dr P Schrijvers

Approved           Air war and collateral damage: The fate of Antwerp, Belgium, 1943-45
Project Title

2007 :             $52,294
2008 :             $20,000
2009 :             $52,294

Administering Organisation The University of New South Wales
Project Summary
Operations in the Gulf and Balkans have caused collateral damage to receive much scrutiny from the Australian
press and public opinion. The project aims at contributing to a better informed public discourse on the phenomenon
by putting the issue of decision making and human repercussions in historical perspective. What gives the project
still more relevance is that Australia's forces were involved over Antwerp sixty years ago as they are in the Gulf
today. The project may thus contribute also to heightened Australian awareness of the need to balance security
objectives abroad with minimizing civilian casualties so as to protect political capital.




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The University of Queensland
DP0774643          Dr MT Davis; A/Prof DF Lemmings

Approved           The Courtroom, Lawyers and the Press: Negotiating Justice in the Age of the Public
Project Title      Sphere

2007 :             $108,000
2008 :             $54,000

Administering Organisation The University of Queensland
Project Summary
The origins of modern Australian systems of justice are derived from institutions and cultures developed in Britain,
and this project will contribute a deeper understanding of their nature and provenance. It will illuminate the roots of
the modern trial as an instrument of governance that involves largely symbolic, rather than substantive, popular
participation, and trace its equally significant role as a form of popular entertainment. Besides their obvious
relevance to questions about active citizenship in modern Australia, scholarly studies of these issues will contribute
in a major way to Australia's international reputation for producing high-quality scholarly contributions to British
studies.


The University of Sydney
DP0774577          Dr A Fitzmaurice

Approved           Understanding the concept and meaning of freedom in Western history
Project Title

2007 :             $54,375
2008 :             $32,989
2009 :             $39,404
2010 :             $44,151

Administering Organisation The University of Sydney
Project Summary
This project directly engages with current political and social debate and particularly with the National Research
Priority 'Safeguarding Australia'. The priority goal 'Understanding our region and the world' is at the heart of the
project because it addresses the principal political problem following from September 11, 2001: namely, the price
of freedom. The project's principal national benefit will be to use history to challenge our very understanding of the
nature of freedom. The project questions the paradox that freedom can be assured by compromises made in the
name of security and that, in this sense, freedom has a 'price'.


DP0772403          Dr CR Hilliard

Approved           Complex Words: Literary Judgments in the British Commonwealth, 1920-1970
Project Title

2007 :             $68,705
2008 :             $56,134
2009 :             $56,907

Administering Organisation The University of Sydney
Project Summary
Examining the 'traffic' in ideas about literature between Britain and Australia in the context of a broad comparative
study will add a historical perspective to contemporary debates over globalization and 'cultural imperialism', and
Australian culture's place in those debates. Because the project engages with questions that are studied
extensively by historians elsewhere in the world, it will integrate Australian history further into European and North
American discussions of imperialism and the circulation and reception of ideas and books.




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DP0770437          Dr M Poulos

Approved           A New History of 1968: Feminism and Student Revolt in the Colonels' Greece (1967-1974)
Project Title

2007 :             $59,960
2008 :             $59,960
2009 :             $57,773
2010 :             $57,773
 APD                          Dr M Poulos
Administering Organisation The University of Sydney
Project Summary
The student revolts of 68 are usually associated with Paris, Berkeley, Turin, Chicago, Leeds. But student uprisings
also occurred in the universities of Australia, when students mobilised most notably against the Vietnam War. But
there is another dimension which makes this project an important one for Australia - namely, that many Greek
citizens migrated to Australia both after the Civil War (1946-1949) and after the installation of the military junta in
1967. This project will be historicising an aspect of the Australian migration experience which has received little
acknowledgement.


DP0770920          Prof CJ Pybus

Approved           Recovered Lives as Windows on the Anglo Colonial World, 1750-1850
Project Title

2007 :              $168,033
2008 :              $100,652
2009 :              $143,438
2010 :              $89,819
2011 :              $108,000
 APF                           Prof CJ Pybus
Administering Organisation The University of Sydney
Project Summary
In the face of rancorous public debate about our past, there is an urgent need for dispassionate scholarship to
provide a complex interpretation of Australia's early history. By considering the settlement of Australia as a process
within an interconnected global empire, rather than an isolated event, the project will increase the understanding of
our beginnings and inject Australian concerns into the burgeoning international scholarship on the Anglo colonial
world. By complicating our understanding of race in colonial Australia, the project will challenge the prevailing
historical view that Australia has always been a racially-based white society, driven by racially determined policies.


The University of Western Australia
DP0770167          Prof RJ Bosworth

Approved           Rome and its histories 1750-2000: an iconic city's past and its importance to the present
Project Title

2007 :            $46,837
2008 :            $40,837
2009 :            $32,294

 Administering Organisation The University of Western Australia
 Project Summary
 This study explores the many ways in which the past in Rome, the 'eternal city', has been debated and portrayed
by historians but also by groups as diverse as Catholics, city planners, archaeologists and tourists. The outcome
will be a novel account from which we can draw lessons regarding the multiple uses of history to better understand
the impact of heritage on contemporary lives.




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University of Western Sydney
DP0773385         A/Prof AJ Moore

Approved          A study of right-wing movements during Australia's Great Depression
Project Title

2007 :            $30,000
2008 :            $31,148
2009 :            $21,148

Administering Organisation University of Western Sydney
Project Summary
This project studies the social roots of political extremism in Australia and seeks to explain why decent, law-abiding
citizens joined organisations like the New Guard which flouted the conventions of liberal, parliamentary democracy.
The project will provide historical context for understanding contemporary right-wing political violence. In studying
the transformation of a organisation whose initial objectives were civic and high-minded into a terrorist organisation
that contemplated mounting a coup against a democratically elected government, the project will seek to shed light
on why 'ordinary people' embraced 'home grown terrorism'.


University of Wollongong
DP0771117         Dr JT Martinez; Prof AH Vickers

Approved          Indonesian labour migration to north Australia, 1880-1972.
Project Title

2007 :            $64,973
2008 :            $31,448
2009 :            $23,000

Administering Organisation University of Wollongong
Project Summary
This study of mobility between Indonesia and Australia provides a historical context for understanding Australia's
relations with Indonesia and the complex history of our shared maritime border. Exploration of Indonesian
immigration experiences will add to current political debate over temporary labour migration. This project
demonstrates the importance of cross-border research as a means of enriching Australian history and enhancing
our cultural capital in relation to our northern neighbours. This detailed study of our multi-ethnic northern
communities from which came the first Indonesian-Australian citizens makes a significant contribution to our
knowledge of Australia's Asian diaspora.


4302         ARCHAEOLOGY AND PREHISTORY

La Trobe University
DP0770451         Prof L Liu; Prof X Chen; Asst Prof D Yang; Mr T Gonzalez

Approved          The origins of Asian domestic buffalo and its role in the development of agricultural
Project Title     technology

2007 :             $190,324
2008 :             $175,324
2009 :             $179,324
 APD                         Mr T Gonzalez
Administering Organisation La Trobe University
Project Summary
Benefits for Australia are educational, cultural and scientific. This project will enhance research collaborations
between Australian universities and research institutions in China, Canada, the USA and India. It will particularly
create more opportunities for academic exchange between Australia and China. This project employs new
methods combining archaeology with DNA technology and archaeometry to tackle important issues in animal
domestication and agricultural technology in many Asian regions. Its outcome will make a significant contribution to
our knowledge of the human history of our region and the world.
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The Australian National University
DP0770659          Dr PM Allison

Approved           Food, drink and sociality in the early Roman Empire and their significance for
Project Title      understanding ancient family and community life

 2007 :             $121,342
 2008 :             $145,287
 2009 :             $120,969
 2010 :             $60,300
 2011 :             $97,446
 QEII                         Dr PM Allison
 Administering Organisation The Australian National University
 Project Summary
 To understand and be secure in the present we must understand the past. The Roman world was multi-cultural
and multi-ethnic - a foundation for modern European and Mediterranean cultures. It, therefore, has deep
significance for contemporary Australia and its migrant populations. Knowledge of Roman social practices can
provide unique insights into issues and dilemmas facing Australian society. Eating behaviours and food practices
are of great public interest and understanding the foodways of people in the past is vital to these debates. This
project also places Australia at the forefront of archaeological research and guarantees its international prominence
in Roman social history.


DP0774079          Prof PS Bellwood; Dr MF Oxenham; Dr JG Stevenson

Approved           The Creation of Southeast Asian Peoples and Cultures, 3500 BC to AD 500
Project Title

2007 :            $91,500
2008 :            $130,000
2009 :            $100,000
2010 :            $30,118

Administering Organisation The Australian National University
Project Summary
This project will make a significant intellectual contribution to enhancing Australia's awareness of the histories of
neighbouring populations in Southeast Asia that in total exceed 350 million people. It will thus contribute to a better
understanding of our region and the world. The project will also benefit the indigenous populations and future
researchers of neighbouring Southeast Asian countries, through training, research collaboration and the
dissemination of original research results, enhancing Australia's status as a supportive neighbour in the region.


DP0771841          Dr GR Clark

Approved           Colonization of the Mariana Islands and its implications for Indo-Pacific prehistory
Project Title

2007 :            $79,000
2008 :            $68,000
2009 :            $72,000

Administering Organisation The Australian National University
Project Summary
The Asia-Pacific region, including Australia, is linked by seas and oceans that have been crossed by colonists in
ancient as well as recent times. The most significant prehistoric migration was the movement of people out of
southern China, into Taiwan, Island Asia and from there into Micronesia and across the Pacific. New investigations
of the oldest sites in the Marianas will provide better understanding of early prehistoric maritime capacity, the
connections between migrant groups who settled the islands of Asia and Oceania, and the processes of
Indo-Pacific colonization. Improved knowledge of our neighbours capabilities and history is of clear national benefit
to Australia.




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DP0773697          Dr RQ Harrison

Approved           The colonial souvenir market and Indigenous agency in Oceania
Project Title

2007 :             $108,000
2008 :             $92,000
2009 :             $78,480
 APD                          Dr RQ Harrison
Administering Organisation The Australian National University
Project Summary
This project focuses on the objects from the late nineteenth and early twentieth century which were sold as
Indigenous 'curios' to the general public through a Sydney museum. While much of the literature on collecting has
focused on the role of institutional collecting the project examines popular objects which the general public
purchased. This project will contribute to the growing importance of research into colonialism in the region, drawing
together the results of research from the fields of archaeology, anthropology and material culture studies.


DP0770259          Dr P Hiscock; Dr VJ Attenbrow

Approved           Evolution of technology and tool use in 10,000 years of Aboriginal History
Project Title

2007 :             $52,000
2008 :             $39,000
2009 :             $43,000

 Administering Organisation The Australian National University
 Project Summary
 Results will substantially enhance the power of explanations for the Australian backed artefact proliferation, a key
 archaeological signature of cultural change in ancient Aboriginal society. A solution to the puzzle of why those
 artefacts were frequently made during one period in the past will be of interest to all researchers concerned with
the historical development of Aboriginal societies, and to Aboriginal people. Furthermore, a detailed study of the
 evolution of a technology and its use over a period of 10,000 years, defining the entanglement of production and
 use systems, is rare in archaeology and the project will enable development of new insights into theories
 concerning the reasons technologies are adopted and changed.


The University of Melbourne
DP0773040          A/Prof AG Sagona; Dr G Tsetskhladze; Mr CL Ogleby; Dr C Sagona

Approved           A study of the archaeology of Caucasian Iberia with implications for grazing management
Project Title      in Australia

2007 :             $48,818
2008 :             $50,000
2009 :             $50,000

 Administering Organisation The University of Melbourne
 Project Summary
 This multi-disciplinary project will promote a younger generation of talented postgraduate and undergraduate
 students in a wide variety of fields, including archaeology, geomatic engineering, conservation of material culture,
 environmental and other natural sciences. The highlands of the Caucasus, located in a bioclimatic zone with a long
 history of alpine grazing, can also provide answers to questions such as the effect of grazing on biodiversity and
the rehabilitation of fragile ecosystems, which may inform management and conservation activities in analogous
 highland country in Australia. The project will also ensure that exhibitions illustrating the rich heritage of Caucasus
 will reach Australian shores.




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The University of Queensland
DP0772417          Mr B Li

Approved           A mechanism to authenticate porcelain treasures from the Yuan-Ming dynasties
Project Title      (1260-1644 AD) in China

2007 :             $95,000
2008 :             $95,000
2009 :             $90,000
 APD                          Mr B Li
Administering Organisation The University of Queensland
Project Summary
Jingdezhen wares were the most widely exported of all Chinese porcelains with worldwide distribution and
representation in ancient sites and museum collections, including many in Australia. They are often auctioned at
high prices (e.g. £15.68 million for one Yuan dynasty blue-and-white jar in 2005), but their authenticity is often
controversial, leading to lawsuits and attracting public interest. The chemical database from this research will
enable unequivocal authentication of Jingdezhen porcelain prevailing world antique markets, allowing treasures to
be sorted out of trashes. The project strengthens links with China, UK, USA and Japan. It greatly enhances
knowledge base about China, which is having increasing interaction with Australia.


DP0772707          A/Prof IA Lilley

Approved           Loyalty Islands Archaeological Project: Phase I (Tiga Island)
Project Title

2007 :             $56,000
2008 :             $40,000
2009 :             $48,000

Administering Organisation The University of Queensland
Project Summary
The project is explicitly intended to help safeguard Australia by strengthening our understanding of our region and
the world. The study will substantially enhance international research cooperation between Australia, France and
the French Pacific territories and will contribute to South Pacific development through its direct and indirect
spin-offs for cultural heritage management and tourism. These outcomes will directly benefit the nation/community
at a time when social, cultural and historical issues of the sort addressed by the project are assuming an
ever-greater importance in an uncertain global security environment.


DP0773909          Dr MI Weisler; Dr K Yu

Approved           Precisely Dating the Evolution of Complex Societies in Polynesia: The Hawaiian Example
Project Title

2007 :             $63,000
2008 :             $94,000
2009 :             $72,000

Administering Organisation The University of Queensland
Project Summary
It is of enormous national benefit to develop intellectual innovations that set Australia apart from its neighbours and
establish its position as a regional leader in science. Because the Australasian region relies heavily on primary
resource exploitation, intellectual developments are crucial for sustainable economic growth. Understanding how
societies meet the challenges of resource depletion, landscape degradation, drought and population increase can
be monitored with archaeological data over hundreds of years. Our research seeks to use an innovative technique
for precisely dating major changes in Oceanic societies over the past 500 years, which will provide insights into
how modern communities can cope with these problems today.




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The University of Sydney
DP0770997          A/Prof AV Betts; Dr P Jia; Dr X Wu; Prof JP Mallory

Approved           East meets West: an archaeological study of early contact between China and Eurasia
Project Title

2007 :                $95,001
2008 :                $79,001
2009 :                $85,001
2010 :                $73,001
 APD                           Dr P Jia
Administering Organisation The University of Sydney
Project Summary
The project will link Chinese and Australian researchers in a collaborative programme exploring the origins of
cultural contact between China and the West. Through the work of a team of international specialists, this fresh
initiative will bring western analytical techniques together with Chinese archaeological experience to create a new
and robust picture of the evidence for early cultural contact. From this we will study the early movements of
Indo-European populations and examine the question of the origins of early metal production in China.


University of Wollongong
DP0770234          Prof MJ Morwood; Dr F Aziz; Mr D Kosasih

Approved           Astride the Wallace Line 2: human evolution, dispersal, culture and environmental
change
Project Title      in Southeast Asia

2007 :            $195,000
2008 :            $180,000
2009 :            $190,000

Administering Organisation University of Wollongong
Project Summary
Our previous project on the archaeology and fossil record of Southeast Asia yielded results of international
significance, including the discovery of a new human species and dates for major changes in the Indonesian faunal
sequence. It also involved collaboration between Australian, Indonesian and Canadian researchers from a range of
institutions and disciplines, and provided topics for six PhD and two MA students. This level of significant research,
international collaboration and training will continue with the current project.


4401         PHILOSOPHY

Bond University
DP0770110          Prof PD Harrison

Approved           Philosophy, the Religious Life, and the Making of Modern Science
Project Title

2007 :            $44,294
2008 :            $44,294
2009 :            $44,294

Administering Organisation Bond University
Project Summary
This project will enhance our understanding of unique features of Western society-in particular the success and
prestige of the sciences and the waning influence of religion and philosophy. This will in turn provide fresh insights
into science-religion controversies within the West and will shed light on the distinctive nature of the secular ethos
of the West in comparison with cultures (such as some Islamic societies) in which religious considerations play a
dominant role in public life and international affairs. Aside from its intrinsic merits, this project will also further
promote Australia's growing reputation as a centre for excellence in the field of early modern intellectual history.

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Monash University
DP0772191         Dr L Schroeter; Prof JC Bigelow; Mr L Humberstone

Approved          Two-Dimensional Semantics and the Foundations of Philosophy
Project Title

2007 :             $96,614
2008 :             $96,614
2009 :             $96,614
2010 :             $96,614
2011 :             $96,614
 ARF                          Dr L Schroeter
Administering Organisation Monash University
Project Summary
This project investigates fundamental philosophical questions concerning the relation between our minds and the
world and the possibility of rational inquiry. The project represents a significant advance in the theoretical
understanding of a broad range of central philosophical issues and it has important implications for the nature and
methods of scientific inquiry. The project will contribute to the international research profile of Australia,
consolidating its place as a leader in this domain.


The Australian National University
DP0774343         Prof AR Hajek

Approved          The Mathematical and Philosophical Foundations of Probability
Project Title

2007 :            $60,000
2008 :            $50,000
2009 :            $50,000

Administering Organisation The Australian National University
Project Summary
We find probability wherever we find uncertainty: virtually everywhere in our lives. Probability is essential to almost
every technology. High-stakes decisions are routinely made on the basis of probability judgments and risk
assessment-for example, in engineering, medicine, agriculture, environmental management, urban planning, public
policy, public health, the law, and in our national defence. And some of those decisions have been made badly
because of poor probability estimates-witness the 1986 space shuttle disaster. Our current methodologies for using
probability are inadequate. This project will make an important contribution to the collective enterprise of enhancing
our understanding of probability and its myriad applications.


DP0771459         Dr RJ Joyce; Prof K Sterelny; Prof F Cowie

Approved          The Evolution of the Social Brain: How Emotions and Moral Judgement Interact in the
Project Title     Generation of Cooperative Behaviour

2007 :            $65,118
2008 :            $60,118
2009 :            $60,118

Administering Organisation The Australian National University
Project Summary
Understanding the psychological forces that underpin human interactions is a necessary step to knowing how to
improve those interactions. Comprehending the complex interplay of emotions and moral judgements lying behind
decision-making in the social sphere will help explain such things as corruption, risk-taking, domestic violence, and
political affiliation. Such knowledge can guide the design of effective social policy, and is vital for a realistic
educational strategy. This project will strengthen Australia's excellent reputation in philosophy, bring here leading
scholars from diverse fields, build international research networks, and in particular forge an ongoing partnership
between the ANU and the California Institute of Technology.



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The University of Adelaide
DP0770690          Dr HN Baltussen

Approved           Psychotherapy in dealing with grief in Antiquity - strategies for contemporary society
Project Title

2007 :             $27,000
2008 :             $21,000
2009 :             $21,000

 Administering Organisation The University of Adelaide
 Project Summary
 Death and aging pose a major cultural as well as economic problem for contemporary society. They are
problematic in how we deal with them and a financial strain on society. By viewing grief as a universal human issue
this project explores what contribution the ancient tradition can make to modern strategies. Ancient philosophical
writings offer well-considered reflections on how to work through grief, while many literary expressions provide a
further opportunity for empathy and recognition. Thus the project will investigate whether the classical arguments
and various experience-based accounts offer both a rational and empathic source of consolation.


DP0771395          Prof CE Mortensen

Approved           The geometry of impossible, or contradictory objects and its applications to computing
Project Title      and cognition

2007 :             $60,000
2008 :             $61,000
2009 :             $65,000

 Administering Organisation The University of Adelaide
 Project Summary
 The principal aim is pure research, the increase of knowledge within the Theory of Inconsistency and particularly
its mathematical aspects, to be available to the national and world community. Additionally, a new stock of
 hitherto-unseen images (still, moving and three-dimensional) will be constructed in a virtual reality environment. In
 addition to enhancing Australia's strong reputation in logic, there are spin-offs for mathematics, cognitive science,
 computer studies, and the arts and entertainment industries.


The University of Melbourne
DP0771426          Dr N Levy; Dr JM Kennett

Approved           Neuroethics: The Practical and the Philosophical
Project Title

2007 :             $55,118
2008 :             $65,118
2009 :             $65,118

Administering Organisation The University of Melbourne
Project Summary
The benefits of the project are twofold: practically, it will enable us to better regulate, personally and socially, the
new technologies that the sciences of the mind are already producing; intellectually, it will enable us to better
understand human agency in the light of the new knowledge generated by the sciences of the mind, and it will help
to maintain Australia's reputation as an international leader in applied ethics and in philosophy of mind and agency.




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DP0771714          A/Prof J Thompson

Approved           Ethics of Historical Relationships: Evaluating Ethical Claims Based on History
Project Title

2007 :            $44,024
2008 :            $69,968
2009 :            $70,794
2010 :            $37,192

Administering Organisation The University of Melbourne
Project Summary
Demands based on history, ideas about historical obligations, concerns about historical identity, what it is means
and what duties it might require, are common causes of dispute within and among nations. This project, by
developing an ethical theory that can make well-founded judgments about the legitimacy of a wide range of
historical claims, and by showing how the theory can be applied to particular cases, will provide a better
understanding of the nature of these disputes and how they might be resolved.


DP0770545          Dr JC Wolfendale; Prof CA Coady; Dr RJ Sparrow

Approved           A study of Australia's ability to train soldiers to be effective and ethical
Project Title

2007 :             $200,000
2008 :             $110,000
2009 :             $130,000
 APD                          Dr JC Wolfendale
Administering Organisation The University of Melbourne
Project Summary
This project addresses the ARC's priority goals Protecting Australia from Terrorism and Crime and
Transformational Defence Technologies. In the fight against terrorism and as defence technologies evolve it is
crucial to uphold the Australian military's ethical commitments and international reputation. Australian soldiers must
be responsive to rapidly changing threats in ways that maintain the military's core ethical commitments. By
assessing current military practices in light of these commitments this project enhances the military's ability to train
soldiers to be effective and ethical fighters. The internationally important outcomes of this project will also enhance
Australia's high standing in the area of applied ethics.


The University of New South Wales
DP0769997          Dr J Franklin; Em/Prof DM Armstrong

Approved           Mathematics, the science of real structure: an Australian realist philosophy of
Project Title      mathematics

2007 :            $40,000
2008 :            $35,000
2009 :            $35,000

Administering Organisation The University of New South Wales
Project Summary
The project will strengthen the already strong Australian philosophical tradition of realism, extending it into
philosophy of mathematics. It will develop a robust alternative to the nominalism, Platonism and idealism that
dominate northern-hemisphere philosophizing about mathematics, an alternative that is in tune with how
mathematicians really apply mathematics. Australian philosophy will thus be strengthened in general, giving it a
greater attractiveness to the many overseas visitors and students who already appreciate its unique strengths. The
nature of the project will also lead to closer ties and interdisciplinary work between philosophers and
mathematicians.




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DP0772933          Prof PR Patton

Approved           Constructivism and Conceptual Mobility in Political Philosophy
Project Title

2007 :             $38,294
2008 :             $38,294
2009 :             $38,294

Administering Organisation The University of New South Wales
Project Summary
This analysis of the theory of political concepts is important in contemporary Australian debates over the meaning
of justice, democracy and sovereignty. This project will enhance the increasing self-awareness and theoretical
sophistication of Australian public culture. Case studies of justice, democracy and sovereignty will directly engage
with issues at the forefront of international debates in political philosophy. They will contribute to the international
renown of Australian philosophical research and improve the quality of the local research environment for graduate
students in philosophy and political theory.


DP0771619          Dr JA Phillips

Approved           Community and identity in post-war European philosophy
Project Title

 2007 :              $102,153
 2008 :              $101,540
 2009 :              $96,614
 2010 :              $96,614
 2011 :              $96,614
 ARF                           Dr JA Phillips
 Administering Organisation The University of New South Wales
 Project Summary
 This project will evaluate the political notions of community and identity in post-war European philosophy. Recent
 developments in international political relations have challenged accepted Western understandings of politics as
the business of nation states. This project contends that there is much to be learnt in this regard from post-war
 European political philosophy. A notion of community has been developed that is irreducible to a politics of identity
 and the anonymity of the global. In exploring this notion, the project aims to expand the intellectual instruments
 available to academic and public discussion in Australia.


The University of Queensland
DP0772840          Dr DJ Brown

Approved           Descartes' Ontology of Everyday Life
Project Title

2007 :             $39,294
2008 :             $37,294
2009 :             $34,294

 Administering Organisation The University of Queensland
 Project Summary
 Australia has a strong international reputation in philosophy and the history of philosophy. This project will
contribute to our standing in the international community of scholars and to the teaching of Australian students in
the historical origins of contemporary ideas and problems. It will furthermore contribute to the growing recognition
of early modern interdisciplinary studies within Australia by drawing on ideas from the history of science, early
modern philosophy, medieval philosophy and the history of early modern thought and ideas.




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DP0771436          Dr SB Duffy

Approved           Spinoza, Kant and Deleuze on freedom and ethical difference: an immanent approach
Project Title

 2007 :               $77,030
 2008 :               $77,030
 2009 :               $77,030
  APD                          Dr SB Duffy
 Administering Organisation The University of Queensland
 Project Summary
 Transcendent moral philosophies, such as those in the Kantian tradition, have significant disadvantages when it
 comes to developing ethical and political tools for multicultural communities such as Australia, as they lack the
 flexibility to negotiate between moral and religious groupings adhering to competing moral absolutes. In using
 Deleuze's thought to develop a non-transcendent or immanent approach to ethics, the project seeks to address
this problem. It will provide a means of negotiating this plurality of beliefs without recourse to transcendent or
universal values, or to any one dominant moral code. This approach aims to have a marked impact on national
debate over the philosophical and practical possibilities of such an ethics.


DP0772629          Prof IR Hunter

Approved           An intellectual history of theoretical innovation in the Anglo-American Humanities
Project Title

2007 :              $94,836
2008 :              $77,030
2009 :              $77,030
2010 :              $77,030
2011 :              $77,030
 APF                         Prof IR Hunter
Administering Organisation The University of Queensland
Project Summary
This project makes an important contribution to the debate over humanities education. Post-structuralist theory in
the humanities is attacked by some as modish and lacking in values, and defended by others as supporting critical
reflection and progressive political and ethical values. The project explores the degree to which the 'moment of
theory' represents the return of earlier European university metaphysics to the centre of the humanities curriculum.
The project will study these shifts in theory in the humanities and show these to be highly relevant to contemporary
debates about teaching and learning.


The University of Western Australia
DP0770055          A/Prof WM Taylor; Prof MP Levine

Approved           A new framework for the re-evaluation of the quality of the built environment in Australia
Project Title

2007 :            $102,294
2008 :            $94,147
2009 :            $50,000

Administering Organisation The University of Western Australia
Project Summary
This project provides a framework and ethical perspective for the re-evaluation of the quality of the built
environment in Australia given the nation's changing demographics, its history of migration and assessments of the
movements of its people today. It will assess the impact of globalisation, including new modes of transport and
communication, building technology, land and urban development in terms of individual and national identity. It
seeks to re-evaluate the notion of Australian community in light of hitherto, little-considered transient
characteristics. It seeks to question longstanding assumptions about the possibility of, and needs for a 'fixed
address' upon which both individual perceptions and government policies are made.




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University of Tasmania
DP0770352          Prof JE Malpas

Approved           Ethos and Topos: A Philosophical Investigation of the Ethics and Politics of Place
Project Title

2007 :              $97,030
2008 :              $95,595
2009 :              $102,030
2010 :              $93,030
2011 :              $93,030
 APF                           Prof JE Malpas
Administering Organisation University of Tasmania
Project Summary
This project will contribute to the public and academic understanding of the way our sense of place relates to our
sense of who we are, and the ethical implications of that relation. The outcomes of the project will have an
application to a wide range of applied and policy areas in which questions of identity and belonging are at issue. It
will connect directly with ongoing public discussion about a number of critical contemporary issues relating to ideas
of nationhood and community, our connection to land and environment, and our sense of identity and belonging.


DP0774621          Dr MR Stamm; Dr P Hacker

Approved           Methods of Topology: Boundary, Surface and the Inner/Outer in Kant and Wittgenstein
Project Title

2007 :             $36,701
2008 :             $48,845
2009 :             $50,235

 Administering Organisation University of Tasmania
 Project Summary
 Ways of 'inclusion' vs. 'exclusion' are of basic and pivotal significance in social and political scenarios, e.g. of
 establishing identities and conducting intra- and transnational discourses. At the root of these discourses lies a
 vague and implicit 'metaphysics' of the nature of the 'internal', of distinction and discrimination, fostered by
intuitions of alleged privileged access to the 'inner'. The project has direct impact on the de-mystification of these
socially central notions, its institutional misapprehensions and cultural implications. The project is a paradigm case
of how thorough philosophical analysis can yield concrete results, contributing to an understanding of personal,
social and political boundaries and demarcations.


DP0774623          Prof Dr JP Young; Dr MR Stamm; Prof G Zoeller

Approved           A Philosophical Investigation into Conditions of Conceptual Creativity
Project Title

2007 :             $51,147
2008 :             $44,147
2009 :             $46,147

Administering Organisation University of Tasmania
Project Summary
Australia as a young and striving society depends heavily on innovation and the integration of creative forces. Yet
creativity can only be understood through a close analysis of its conditions. This philosophical project can
contribute directly by investigating paradigm cases of successful groupings of individuals around specific clusters of
related problems. It aims at exploring the nature of such structures and conditions that determine the emergence
and flourishing of conceptual creativity. Understanding the nexus between creativity, innovation and these
groupings is of central importance to the promotion and maintenance of modern societies. It is central to the
dynamics of societal processes and enhances creative responses in the realm of e. g. conflict solving.




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4402         RELIGION AND RELIGIOUS TRADITIONS

Monash University
DP0773170          Dr JP Millie

Approved           Preaching Islam: politics, performers and publics in Indonesia.
Project Title

 2007 :            $89,030
 2008 :            $83,030
 2009 :            $81,030
 APD                           Dr JP Millie
 Administering Organisation Monash University
 Project Summary
 Mass preaching gatherings held by Indonesia's Muslims can draw crowds of up to two hundred thousand people,
 and are used by Indonesia's political constituencies, mainstream and fringe, to further their goals. An
understanding of how political groupings utilise orations to further their interests will add to Australia's awareness of
the political dimensions of Islam in contemporary Indonesia. Politicised preaching has repercussions for
Indonesia's internal security and political stability; this research will increase Australia's knowledge on this critical
topic by focussing on orations staged in sensitive political environments: rural communities, the urban poor and
army barracks.


The Australian National University
DP0772673          Dr J Powers

Approved           On Whose Authority? The Contest to Define Tibetan Buddhism
Project Title

2007 :             $95,482
2008 :             $75,000
2009 :             $85,000

Administering Organisation The Australian National University
Project Summary
As our third largest trading partner, China is of immense importance to Australia, and the problem of Tibet is a
contentious aspect of Australia-China relations. The presentation of a comprehensive and nuanced perspective on
the subtleties of Sino-Tibetan tensions relating to the core issue of religious belief and practice will provide
Australian policy-makers with key tools and insights for more effectively managing this important foreign policy
matter, which can aid in preventing military instability in the region. The Tibet problem has ramifications for both
China and India, and it is vital for Australian leaders to be equipped with the best information about it.


The University of New South Wales
DP0771172          A/Prof A Game; A/Prof AW Metcalfe

Approved           The social theory of the gift; implications for volunteering, charity and community giving
Project Title

2007 :             $70,000
2008 :             $40,000

Administering Organisation The University of New South Wales
Project Summary
This study will encourage debate about the value of generosity. We expect to find that when people give
wholeheartedly to the community they become able to receive what the community has to offer. It is this
give-and-take that makes life fulfilling. By studying fulfilment that comes from work in the areas of health, charity,
hospitality and care, we will encourage vocations in these areas. By investigating the gift of respect, we will
encourage debate about the virtues of civility.



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