The Sonnet by yurtgc548

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									The Sonnet
             A sonnet is

a  lyric poem
 consisting of fourteen lines

 written in iambic pentameter

 with a definite rhyme scheme

 and a definite thought structure
               A lyric poem

 Deals with
 emotions,
 feelings

 And has musical
 qualities
 Iambic pentameter consists of

 fivemeasures, units, or meters, of
 iambs
An iamb is a metrical foot
       consisting of
an unaccented syllable U
 followed by an accented
        syllable /.
         U     /
         a    gain

   U     /     U      /
   im   mor    tal   ize
            Iambic pentameter
       1         2           3           4             5


     U    / U /         U    / U / U        /
   One day I wrote her name up on the strand,
     U     /   U       /   U     /   U/U /
   But came the waves and wash ed it a way:
    U / U / U / U / U                  /
   A gain I wrote it with a sec ond hand,
      U    /   U /        U    /    U    / U /
   But came the tide, and made my pains his prey

                Edmund Spenser, Amoretti, Sonnet 75
         Rhyme Scheme

 Petrarchan(Italian) rhyme scheme:
    abba, abba, cdcdcd
    abba, abba, cde, cde

 Shakespearean  (English, or
 Elizabethan) rhyme scheme:
    abab, cdcd, efef, gg
                    Sonnet 18
Shall I compare thee to a summer's day?              A
Thou art more lovely and more temperate:             B
Rough winds do shake the darling buds of May,        A
And summer's lease hath all too short a date:        B
Sometime too hot the eye of heaven shines,           C
And often is his gold complexion dimmed,             d
And every fair from fair sometime declines,          C
By chance, or nature's changing course untrimmed:    D
                                                     E
But thy eternal summer shall not fade,
                                                     F
Nor lose possession of that fair thou ow'st,         E
Nor shall death brag thou wander'st in his shade,    F
When in eternal lines to time thou grow'st,          G
  So long as men can breathe, or eyes can see,       G
  So long lives this, and this gives life to thee.
              Thought structure
   Italian Sonnet Form--Octave/ sestet
         The octave, eight lines, presents a situation
    or idea.
         The sestet (sextet), six lines, responds, to the
    situation or idea in the octave.
       The ninth line, where the idea shifts from the octave to
      the sestet, is called the volta.
   Shakespearean Sonnet Form--Quatrain, quatrain,
    quatrain, couplet
        Each quatrain, four lines, describes an idea or
    situation which leads to a conclusion or response
    in the couplet, two lines.
                     Sonnet 18
                                                 The octave
Shall I compare thee to a summer's day?
                                                 describes the
Thou art more lovely and more temperate:
                                                 ways in which
Rough winds do shake the darling buds of May,    the summer’s
And summer's lease hath all too short a date:    day is inferior
Sometime too hot the eye of heaven shines,       to the
And often is his gold complexion dimmed,         beloved.
And every fair from fair sometime declines,
By chance, or nature's changing course untrimmed:

But thy eternal summer shall not fade,               The sestet
                                                     describes the
Nor lose possession of that fair thou ow'st,
                                                     ways in which
Nor shall death brag thou wander'st in his shade,
                                                     the beloved is
When in eternal lines to time thou grow'st,          superior to
  So long as men can breathe, or eyes can see,
                                                     the summer’s
  So long lives this, and this gives life to thee.
                                                     day.
                        Sonnet 29
When in disgrace with fortune and men's eyes          The diction
I all alone beweep my outcast state,                  of the first
And trouble deaf heaven with my bootless cries,       two
And look upon myself, and curse my fate,              quatrains
                                                      implies the
Wishing me like to one more rich in hope,             speaker’s
Featured like him, like him with friends possessed,   self-pity
Desiring this man's art, and that man's scope,        and
With what I most enjoy contented least;               depression.
                                                       The third
Yet in these thoughts my self almost despising,        quatrain’s
Haply I think on thee, and then my state,              diction, in
Like to the lark at break of day arising               conrast, is
From sullen earth, sings hymns at heaven's gate;       joyful, and
   For thy sweet love remembered such wealth brings    this joy is
   That then I scorn to change my state with kings.    affirmed in
                                                       the
                                                       couplet.
                      Sonnet 73
 1st Quatrain    That time of year thou mayst in me behold
     Year - Fall When yellow leaves, or none, or few, do hang
                 Upon those boughs which shake against the cold,
                 Bare ruined choirs, where late the sweet birds sang.
  2nd Quatrain In me thou see'st the twilight of such day
Day - Twilight As after sunset fadeth in the west;
                 Which by and by black night doth take away,
                 Death's second self, that seals up all in rest.
   3rd Quatrain
                 In me thou see'st the glowing of such fire,
   Fire - Coals
                 That on the ashes of his youth doth lie,
                 As the death-bed, whereon it must expire,
                 Consum'd with that which it was nourish'd by.
“This” is ll.1-12This thou perceiv'st, which makes thy love more strong,
                 To love that well, which thou must leave ere long.
                               Sonnet 73
     The speaker is               Part of life lived      The whole of life

Q1   in the fall of his life      the spring and summer   the year

Q2   in the twilight of the day   the morning and noon    the day

Q3   In the glowing coals         The ashes of youth      hour




                                       Year
                                                             That time is
     Time is
     rapidly
                                          Day                running out is
                                                             what the
     shortening.
                                                             beloved
                                          Hour
                                                             perceives.
                      The Unsonnet
Loving in truth, and fain in verse my love to show,
That she, dear she, might take some pleasure of my pain,
Pleasure might cause her to read, reading might make her know,
Knowledge might pity win, and pity grace obtain,—
I sought fit words to paint the blackest face of woe ;
Studying inventions fine, her wits to entertain,
Oft turning others' leaves to see if thence would flow
Some fresh and fruitful showers upon my sun-burned brain.
But words came halting forth, wanting invention's stay ;
Invention, nature's child, fled step-dame Study's blows,
And others' feet still seemed but strangers in my way.
Thus, great with child to speak, and helpless in my throes,
   Biting my truant pen, beating myself for spite,
   Fool, said my muse to me, look in thy heart and write.

               Philip Sidney, Astrophel and Stella, Sonnet 1
Loving in truth, and fain in verse my love to
  show,

That she, dear she, might take some
  pleasure of my pain,

Pleasure might cause her to read, reading
  might make her know,

Knowledge might pity win, and pity grace
 obtain,—
I sought fit words to paint the blackest
  face of woe ;
Studying inventions fine, her wits to
  entertain,
Oft turning others' leaves to see if
  thence would flow
Some fresh and fruitful showers upon
  my sun-burned brain.
But words came halting forth, wanting
  invention's stay ;
Invention, nature's child, fled step-dame
  Study's blows,
And others' feet still seemed but strangers
  in my way.
Thus, great with child to speak, and helpless
  in my throes,
  Biting my truant pen, beating myself for
  spite,
  Fool, said my muse to me, look in thy
  heart and write.
   / U      /     /    U U /
Plea sure might cause her to read,

   / U     /     /   U   /
read ing might make her know

Trochee: / U        Spondee: / /
                    The Unsonnet
Loving in truth, and fain in verse my love to show,
That she, dear she, might take some pleasure of my pain,
Pleasure might cause her read, reading might make her know,
Knowledge might pity win, and pity grace obtain,—
I sought fit words to paint the blackest face of woe ;
Studying inventions fine, her wits to entertain,
Oft turning others' leaves to see if thence would flow
Some fresh and fruitful showers upon my sun-burned brain.
But words came halting forth, wanting invention's stay ;
Invention, nature's child, fled step-dame Study's blows,
And others' feet still seemed but strangers in my way.
Thus, great with child to speak, and helpless in my throes,
   Biting my truant pen, beating myself for spite,
   Fool, said my muse to me, look in thy heart and write.

             Philip Sidney, Astrophel and Stella, Sonnet 1

								
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