Fire and Emergency Procedures

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					                                                HRSS: Human Resource Support Service
                                                                                       PROCEDURE
                 Anglican Diocese of Brisbane




                Fire and Emergency
                   PROCEDURES




Issued Date: 26/07/2011
Review Date: 26/07/2013
                                                                  Table of Contents
1.          Introduction ............................................................................................................ 3
2.          Purpose ................................................................................................................... 3
3.          Emergency Organisation ...................................................................................... 3
     3.2        Building Evacuation Co-ordinator .......................................................................................... 3
     3.3       Evacuation Co-ordinator .......................................................................................................... 4
     3.4       Floor and Area Wardens .......................................................................................................... 6
     3.5       Fire Safety Advisors (FSAs) ..................................................................................................... 7
4.          Assistance for Disabled Persons (or “person with special needs”) ..................... 9
5.          Evacuation of Visitors .......................................................................................... 10
6.          Action by Individual Occupants ......................................................................... 10
7.          Emergency Evacuation Information .................................................................. 11
8.          Office Based Workplaces .................................................................................... 11
9.          Community Workers .......................................................................................... 12
10.         Special Considerations ........................................................................................ 12
11.         Other Emergencies.............................................................................................. 13
     11.1      Bomb / Arson Threat .............................................................................................................. 13
     11.3       Medical Emergency ................................................................................................................ 14
     11.4      General Internal Emergencies ............................................................................................... 15
       11.4.1         Flood or Water Release .................................................................................................................................... 15
       11.4.2         Chemical Spills ..................................................................................................................................................... 15
       11.4.3         Power Failure ....................................................................................................................................................... 15
     11.5      Personal Physical Threat/Hold-Up ........................................................................................ 15
     11.6      Natural Disasters .................................................................................................................... 16
       11.6.1         Cyclones and Severe Storms ........................................................................................................................... 16
12.         Training Resources .............................................................................................. 16




Issued Date: 26/07/2011
Review Date: 26/07/2013
                                                                     Fire and Emergency PROCEDURES


         1.      Introduction



         1.1     These Guidelines are intended to establish the procedures to be adopted in the event
         of any emergency which may require partial or total evacuation of buildings within the
         Organisation. Evacuation from buildings may be necessary as the result of fire, explosion,
         chemical leak, structural fault, equipment failure, bomb threat or natural disaster such as
         floods or bushfires. These Guidelines have been prepared principally for fire emergencies,
         but they are suitable to apply in other emergencies.

         1.2    These Guidelines have been developed for use in all Organisation buildings, however,
         adjustments may be required for individual sites based on unique features of a particular
         building, its occupants or fire alarm system and these are reflected in individual Fire
         Management Plans held on-site.

         1.3    In order to avoid delay, confusion and possible injury in the event of an emergency, it is
         essential that evacuation procedures and Organisational arrangements are well understood
         and regularly practiced by all building occupants. This is a legislated requirement of the
         Building Fire Safety Regulation 2008.



         2.      Purpose
         2.1     The purpose of the Emergency Evacuation Guidelines is to provide for:

                     Fire and hazard prevention;
                     Safe and orderly evacuation of people from the building in an emergency;
                     Early control of the fire or emergency; and
                     Timely resumption of duties once the emergency is brought under control.


         3.      Emergency Organisation
         3.1     The system of coordination for Emergency Evacuation Procedures is outlined below:

                     Building Evacuation Co-ordinator (only required where multiple businesses operate
                      from same building)
                     Evacuation Co-ordinator.
                     Floor or Area Wardens and Deputies for each building where need is identified.
                     General Wardens where numbers of staff or occupants are greater than 40
                      persons.




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         3.2       Building Evacuation Co-ordinator


         3.2.1 Appointment: Appointment of Building Evacuation Co-ordinator is ordinarily only
         required for multiple occupancy buildings and will be the responsibility, through consultation,
         of the building owner/body corporate.

         3.2.2 Responsibility: The Building Evacuation Co-ordinator, during emergency situations,
         will be in control of the occupants of the whole building (including individual Evacuation Co-
         ordinators) until the arrival of the Fire Service Senior Officer. It is the Building Evacuation Co-
         ordinator's responsibility to:

         Before Fire or Emergency:

                  Assist in training of emergency personnel under their control.
                  Designate an assembly area (or areas) for the building. Occupants of the building
                   should be directed to assemble in this area when required to evacuate the building in
                   an emergency. This will facilitate checking that all occupants are safe and enable
                   speedy return to the building when the "all clear" is given.
                  Ensure that on each floor, or in each area, a current list of Floor and Area Wardens
                   (and telephone numbers) is displayed, together with an emergency floor plan. The
                   emergency floor plan should show all rooms, exits, assembly area to be used in case of
                   fire or emergency, fire alarms, extinguishers, fire hose reels and special emergency
                   equipment.
                  Ensure that all staff in the building are given instruction in relation to:
                        o evacuation procedures;
                        o means of escape from the building and location of assembly areas;
                        o the location and operation of fire alarms; and
                        o the location and safe operation of fire extinguishers or other emergency
                            equipment required in the building.

         In Event of Fire or Emergency:

         In the case of Fire or Emergency (the assistance of a deputy may be required to undertake
         some of these tasks):

                  Respond immediately to an alarm, determine the nature of the emergency.
                  Initiate Emergency Evacuation Procedures for the building.
                  Direct the actions of Floor and Area Wardens within the building.
                  Check that all occupants have proceeded to the designated assembly area.
                  In consultation with the Fire Service and advise occupants when it is safe to return to
                   the building.




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         3.3       Evacuation Co-ordinator


         3.3.1 Appointment:

         The Evacuation Co-ordinator for all Organisation buildings will be the service/site Manager or
         be nominated by the service/site Manager.

         Where more than one business occupies a building, the appointment should be made in
         consultation with the other businesses and/or Building Management.

         The Evacuation Co-ordinator and deputies should be physically fit, mature and responsible
         members of staff with personalities that will give confidence in an emergency. Their normal
         work location should preferably be on or close to the ground floor and their duties should not
         require frequent absences from the building. The Evacuation Co-ordinator should ensure that
         either he/she or deputy is available at all times during normal working hours.

         Before Fire or Emergency:

         The Evacuation Co-ordinator is responsible for the following tasks in their area of
         responsibility:

                  Assist in training of emergency personnel under their control.
                  Designate an assembly area (or areas) for the building. Occupants of the building
                   should be directed to assemble in this area when required to evacuate the building in
                   an emergency. This will facilitate checking that all occupants are safe and enable
                   speedy return to the building when the "all clear" is given.
                  Ensure that on each floor, or in each area, a current list of Floor and Area Wardens
                   (and telephone numbers) is displayed, together with an emergency floor plan. The
                   emergency floor plan should show all rooms, exits, assembly area to be used in case of
                   fire or emergency, fire alarms, extinguishers, fire hose reels and special emergency
                   equipment.
                  Ensure that all staff in the building are given instruction in relation to:
                        o evacuation procedures;
                        o means of escape from the building and location of assembly areas;
                        o the location and operation of fire alarms; and
                        o the location and safe operation of fire extinguishers or other emergency
                            equipment required in the building.

         3.3.2 Responsibilities:

                  The Evacuation Co-ordinator shall be responsible for overall co-ordination of actions in
                   connection with Emergency Evacuation Procedures.
                  In the case of a Fire or Other Emergency is to ensure the following actions are carried
                   out:
                       o Respond immediately to an alarm, determine the nature of the emergency.


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                      o Checking that an alarm/alert has been relayed to the appropriate emergency
                        service.
                      o Ensuring that designated duties are correctly and promptly carried out.
                      o Initiate Emergency Evacuation Procedures for the building.
                      o Direct the actions of Floor and Area Wardens within the building.
                      o Check that all occupants have proceeded to the designated assembly area.
                      o Acting as a Liaison Officer with Police, Fire & Rescue Service, Ambulance and
                        any other Official Emergency Services.
                      o Ensuring that all emergency service personnel are directed to the building or
                        site involved in the emergency.
                      o Ensuring staff and visitors are advised when it is safe to re-enter the building.
                      o To ensure all available staff and resources are applied and co-ordinated to deal
                        with the emergency.


         3.4       Floor and Area Wardens


         3.4.1 Appointment: Floor Wardens and their deputies should be appointed for each floor
         of the building. In buildings where features of the building indicate the necessity, floors
         should be divided into areas for each of which an Area Warden should be appointed.

         The general selection criteria for Floor and Area Wardens and their deputies are the same as
         for the Evacuation Co-ordinator and their deputies and the appointments should be made by
         the site/service Manager as appropriate.

         3.4.2 Responsibility: Before Fire or Emergency, Floor and Area Wardens should:

                  Familiarize themselves with the floor or area for which they have responsibility;
                  Familiarize themselves with potential problem areas such as strong-rooms,
                   rooms leading off blind passages, doors leading to dead ends, toilets or changing
                   rooms;

                  Identify people who will require special assistance during evacuation;
                  Identify means of egress and alternative means of escape; and
                  Identify location of push button alarm points and fire fighting or emergency
                   equipment.
                  Ensure that staff are conversant with these Emergency Evacuation
                   Procedures and the correct use of fire fighting and emergency equipment

                  Carry out monthly inspections of their area and remove hazards or advise
                   the Evacuation Co-ordinator or designated Workplace Health and Safety Officer.

                  Ensure that fire fighting and emergency equipment is in its correct position
                   (as shown on the displayed floor plans) and ready for use.

                  Ensure that passageways and exits are kept clear at all times.

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                  Ensure that notices required by these Procedures are kept current and prominently
                   displayed.


         3.4.3 Additional wardens should be appointed where required to assist the Floor or Area
         Warden. This should be on the basis of at least one to every 40 people employed on the
         floor, or in the area, and take account of the need to have at least one Warden from each
         department or section on the floor.

         3.4.4 In the case of Fire or Emergency: Until the arrival of the Fire Service Senior Officer,
         the Floor or Area Warden (under the direction of the Evacuation Co-ordinator) will control all
         evacuation and fire fighting (use of fire extinguishers) on their floor or in their area. The Floor
         or Area Warden should:

                 Check the source, type and severity of the emergency.
                 Order the evacuation of the floor if necessary.
                 Advise the Evacuation Co-ordinator of the emergency on the floor and the proposed
                  action to be taken.
                Ensure that all occupants of the floor are aware that evacuation of the floor is
                  necessary, and direct the occupants to the nearest accessible safe exit or escape stairs,
                  through which they should proceed to the designated assembly area.
                Ensure that evacuation from the floor is orderly and by means of the stairs
               DO NOT USE LIFTS.

                  Ensure that necessary assistance is given to disabled and other persons in need of
                   special care.
                  Check fire/smoke doors (where installed) to ensure that they are closed and post a
                   watch so that they are kept closed except during the escape of occupants.
                  Provided it is safe to do so, make a thorough search of the whole floor or area to
                   ensure that no persons remain.
                  Advise the Evacuation Co-ordinator when evacuation is completed.
                  Assist the Evacuation Co-ordinator in checking that all building occupants have arrived
                   at the assembly area.


         3.4.5 It should be emphasised that the primary role of wardens is not to combat fire and
         emergencies, but to ensure, as far as practicable, the safety of occupants and their orderly
         evacuation in emergency situations.



         3.5       Fire Safety Advisors (FSAs)


         3.5.1 It is the building occupier’s responsibility to appoint and train a FSA for buildings that
         are classified as high occupancy. Under the Building Fire Safety Regulation 2008, a High
         Occupancy Building means any of the following:
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                Residential Units or Hostel more than 25m high;
                Residential Units, Hostel, Office, Medical and Public (e.g. Hall) and is a workplace
                 where more than 30 workers are normally employed.


         3.5.2 A FSA is a person who holds a building fire safety qualification for an approved building
         fire safety course, issued within the last 3 years. The approved building fire safety course
         comprises 8 units of competency in Workplace Emergency Response within the Australian
         Quality Training Framework.

         3.5.3 A Fire Safety Advisor is required to:

                Provide or arrange - First response evacuation instruction
                Provide or arrange - Evacuation coordination instructions


         3.5.4 There is no requirement for the FSA to be a person on staff. However, it is
         recommended that where practical the FSA is an existing staff member. Some reasons for this
         recommendation are:

                The occupier and staff have an easily accessible point of contact about fire safety
                 matters
                The FSA is likely to have familiarity with the occupier’s buildings and knowledge of
                 protocols and fire safety arrangements internal to the organisation
                The FSA is more easily accessible for coordination of fire safety arrangements
                The FSA may easily be made aware of changes within the building or staff
                 appointments or changes within the organisation
                Attending fire officers and licensed contractors engaged to maintain the fire safety
                 installations for the organisation have a point of contact
                The FSA may, on behalf of the occupier, liaise with other FSAs in a multi-tenanted
                 building to ensure that evacuation plans and procedures and coordinated


         3.5.5 High occupancy buildings must appoint and train a FSA within 1 month after the
         occupation of a building.

         3.5.6 If a FSA ceases to act as the FSA, or the FSA’s building fire safety qualification is no
         longer current, the occupier must appoint a person to the FSA role within one month of the
         change.




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         4.        Assistance for Disabled Persons (or 1“person with special needs”)



         4.1    Evacuation procedures for buildings should include procedures for caring for the
         disabled.

         4.2    For the purposes of evacuation procedures, people should be considered as disabled if
         they are unable to evacuate the building without assistance, or if their time to exit the building
         would be much greater than the average building occupant.

         4.3    Wardens should be aware of disabled persons within their area. In the case of
         permanent occupants of the building who are disabled, wardens should make a record of their
         name and their location to ensure that assistance can be rendered should evacuation be
         necessary. It will be necessary to periodically update this information.

         4.4     Arrangements should be made for a person to be assigned to assist each disabled
         person in an emergency. This person should be someone working in close proximity to the
         disabled person and should assist the disabled person to a predetermined "safe" area. The
         Fire Service will determine the method of evacuating disabled persons from safe areas.

         4.5   Where disabled visitors may be present, procedures should be implemented so that
         nominated staff can assist such persons.

         4.6      During evacuation, disabled persons should be assisted to "safe" areas which may be
         adjacent to fire isolation stairs. Where possible, procedures should provide for alternative
         "safe" areas. If no "safe" area is available, it may be necessary to move disabled people into
         fire-isolated stairways. This should not be done until other people have been evacuated so as
         not to impede a smooth evacuation.

         4.7     The Floor Wardens should inform the Evacuation Co-ordinator of the number of
         disabled persons, the location and the nature and extent of their disability at the completion
         of the general evacuation of the floor. The Evacuation Co-ordinator should advise the Fire
         Service, on its arrival, of the situation on each floor. The Fire Service will determine what

         1
             Building Fire Safety Regulation 2008 s19: Meaning of person with special needs

         For arranging the evacuation of persons from a building, a person with special needs is a person for whom it is
         reasonable to make different arrangements from other persons because of—

         (a) a characteristic of the person;

                   Examples of a characteristic of a person—

                            1 The person has a disability.

                            2 The person is a child.

                            3 The person is affected by liquor.
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         further action should be taken for the safety of disabled persons and whether lifts (if available)
         can safely be used for their evacuation.

         4.8     It is important that disabled persons participate in the regular fire drills conducted for
         the building.


         5.        Evacuation of Visitors
         5.1    When an evacuation alarm is sounded, any person responsible for a visitor on site
         should instruct visitors to proceed quietly and quickly to the nearest safe exit - which should
         be nominated.

         5.2   Staff should ensure that at the commencement of any meetings, the presenter or
         convener should advise those present of the exits to use in the event of a fire or other
         emergency as part of housekeeping.



         6.        Action by Individual Occupants
         6.1     Before FIRE or EMERGENCY: Within 2 days of occupancy, all occupants should
         make themselves familiar with the Emergency Evacuation Procedures for their building, the
         location of fire exits and the safe operation of fire fighting and emergency equipment. This
         training is to be completed in accordance with Mandatory Competency Guidelines (Spiritus
         only).

         6.2       In the case of FIRE or EMERGENCY:

         6.2.1 If you discover a fire or emergency:

                  Activate the fire alarm system (if there is a break glass alarm)
                  Notify the appropriate emergency service on 000 for assistance, and advise:
                       o Details of location, type and scale of the fire or emergency, and
                       o The location of the emergency.
                       o Alert other people in the vicinity and notify the Floor Warden.
                       o If it is safe to do so, use the appropriate fire extinguisher to put out any fire (do
                           not attempt to fight a fire if the fire is large or if you are not familiar with the
                           use of the fire extinguisher).


         6.2.2 If you hear the evacuate signal for your site (where installed) or when instructed to
         evacuate by the Floor or Area Warden:

                  Walk quietly but quickly to the nearest safe exit and proceed to the assembly point
                   outside the building to await further instructions.
                  Listen and follow instructions from the Evacuation Co-ordinator or Floor Wardens.
                  In order to prevent injury and possible panic during evacuation:
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                      o Do not run, push, or overtake
                      o Use stairs - do not use lifts
                      o Do not return into your building until the "all clear" is given by the
                        Evacuation Co-ordinator or Fire Service.

         7.       Emergency Evacuation Information
         7.1     The Evacuation Co-ordinator in co-operation with floor and/or area wardens should
         arrange for a sign to be placed at a prominent position on each floor or in each area showing
         the following:

                 The name of the Building and Floor number or area description.
                 A brief statement of evacuation procedures, such as:
                     o Raising the alarm
                     o Alert emergency services – 000
                     o Confine fires by closing doors and windows on evacuation
                     o Evacuate by nearest safe exit
                     o The location of the assembly area.
                     o A floor or area plan showing the location of:
                               fire exits and escape routes
                               manual alarm points
                               fire extinguishers, and other emergency equipment
                               The names (and telephone numbers) of the:
                                     - Evacuation Co-ordinator (and deputy)
                                     - Floor or Area Warden
                                     - Any additional Wardens appointed.


         8.       Office Based Workplaces
         8.1    In low occupancy buildings where office-based work only is conducted e.g. Community
         Branch office without on-site respite activities, counseling services, JobCare offices, TRACC
         residential homes, Diocesan offices, etc, the following should be the minimum fire safety
         standard:

                 Appropriately placed and working smoke alarm/s;
                 Fire extinguisher/s and fire blankets (where kitchen/kitchenette in place);
                 Clear and safe paths of escape from building;
                 Evacuation diagrams that show safe paths of escape and evacuation muster point/s;
                 Instruction of occupants in emergency and evacuation procedures on commencement of
                  work at the workplace and at intervals not greater than 1 year;
                 Maintain records of instruction given to occupants;
                 Safe storage of training records and fire/emergency appliances/equipment maintenance
                  records;
                 Nomination of an appropriate person to act as Evacuation Co-ordinator.




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         9.        Community Workers
         9.1     Client’s homes are considered to be workplaces under the definitions in the Workplace
         Health and Safety Act, therefore all reasonable steps are to be taken to ensure staff safety
         while in client’s homes. This can be achieved by doing the following:

                  Assessing client’s home and ensuring that they have at least one appropriately placed,
                   working smoke alarm (this is home owner’s/occupant’s responsibility);
                  Determining safe path/s of escape from the home in event of an emergency;
                  Educating clients in keeping paths of escape clear from obstruction;
                  Reporting of unsafe conditions to supervisors/Managers.


         10.       Special Considerations
         10.1      Residential Aged Care Facilities

         10.1.1 Special considerations are to be given to the processes and practice of evacuation
         within Residential Facilities. Factors that need to be considered when individual Facility Plans
         are developed are, but not limited to the following:

                  The number of floor levels in all areas of the Facility;
                  External environmental factors that may complicate a safe and effective ‘External
                   Evacuation’ e.g. weather conditions, shelter, etc;
                  The practicality of conducting Internal Evacuation to safe zones/areas beyond
                   fire/smoke door installations;
                  The practicality of conducting Internal Evacuation to safe zones/areas without
                   fire/smoke door installations;
                  The number of staff available at any given time to assist residents and/or visitors in the
                   event of evacuation;
                  The likely response time of QLD Fire & Rescue to an alarm;
                  Confidence that ALL staff are familiar with evacuation procedures for the Facility and
                   that at all times there is a nominated Evacuation Co-ordinator who can capably
                   respond to the Fire Indicator Panel and direct staff in safe appropriate evacuation
                   where required;
                  Automated fire suppression systems in place such as sprinkler systems;
                  Resident’s mobility, cognitive limitations, etc.


         10.1.2 The concept of Internal Evacuation is highly desirable in the event that an evacuation is
                required because it:
             Removes exposure of Residents/Staff/Visitors to external conditions such as rain, wind,
                heat, direct sunlight and dark or poorly lit environments therefore preventing
                hypo/hyperthermia and fear and confusion.
             Means fewer staff are required as generally on evening and night shifts there are fewer
                staff to resident ratios.



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               Horizontal evacuation (evacuation on the same level/floor) is preferred in the initial
                stages of evacuation due to elimination of need to use stairs, in particular when
                evacuating mobility impaired persons.
         10.1.3 The following is an example of how an internal evacuation can be carried out
                effectively:

                                                           Internal Evacuation
                                                        Compartmentalising Example
                     This represents an example of a section of a Residential Facility where, in the event that an evacuation is required, that Residents
                    should initially be evacuated internally to the next safe zone. In following the process below, evacuating Residents to the 2nd Stage
                      Safe Zone creates two barriers between Residents and fire/smoke. With the potential for low staffing to assist in “whole Facility”
                                           evacuation, this process would allow time for QLD Fire and Rescue to arrive and assist.



                                                                                     1              2
                                                                                    Fire /
                                                                       Fire Door   Smoke




                                                                                                         Fire Door
                                                                       Smoke /




                                                                                                         Smoke /
                                  2nd Stage Safe Zone                              1st Stage Safe Zone                   2nd Stage Safe Zone




                                                                                     3              4



                                                  In this example, if there is smoke or fire identified in a resident’s room (1):

                                                  1.   Remove resident from room and raise alarm.
                                                  2.   Close the room door to contain smoke/fire.
                                                  3.   Move residents in remaining 3 rooms (2, 3 and 4) into 1st Stage Safe Zone.
                                                  4.   Move residents from 1st Stage Safe Zone into 2nd Stage Safe Zone.




         11.       Other Emergencies
         11.1      Bomb / Arson Threat


         11.1.1 In the event of a Bomb or Arson Threat, the following procedure should be followed:

                  Do Not Panic.
                  Use the Bomb Threat Check List which should be placed in close vicinity of all
                   Organisation landline phones and available on INsite and Diocesan website.
                  Do Not hang up or disconnect call (it may be possible to trace the call).
                  Using another phone and dial 000 and advice emergency services of the threat. Avoid
                   using a mobile phone to call emergency services as it may accidentally serve as a
                   triggering device.
                  Notify most senior person on site or Emergency Evacuation Co-ordinator and follow
                   their instructions
                  Prepare for Evacuation of your area/building.
                  If requested to do so, assist in visual search for suspicious objects or objects that
                   appear out-of-place (e.g. unattended, unknown baggage).
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name.26/09/2013                                                                                                                                        Document Type: Procedures
                                                                                         Page 13 of 17                              © Anglican Diocesan Services Commission
                                                                     Fire and Emergency PROCEDURES


                If suspicious object is found, do not touch the object, clear the immediate area, inform
                 person in charge of location and description.
                If instructed to Evacuate, move in a calm orderly manner to an alternate external
                 Evacuation Assembly Point (to be nominated by person in charge or Evacuation Co-
                 ordinator at the time) leaving windows and doors open on exiting.
                If required, assist people with disabilities to Evacuate.


         11.2    Suspicious Mail

         11.2.1 In the event of receiving suspicious mail or packages the following actions should be
         taken:

                Do not disturb, open or shake the object.
                If small enough, cover with a rubbish bin. This will assist emergency services to locate
                 the mail/package and if contents could become airborne, will assist in containing any
                 contaminants.
                Notify the person in charge or Evacuation Co-ordinator immediately and evacuate the
                 area.
                Follow directions from Evacuation Co-ordinator and/or emergency services personnel.


         11.3     Medical Emergency


         11.3.1 In the event of a life threatening medical emergency the following actions should be
         taken:

                If person appears unconscious or unresponsive:
                     o Danger – Check for danger to self or others before approaching victim
                     o Response – Check for response by firm shaking of shoulders and shouting
                     o Send – Send a second person to call 000 stating emergency
                     o Airway – Visually check airway to ensure no obstruction
                     o Breathing – If breathing, place on side and seek urgent assistance
                     o Non-Breathing – Open airway and give 2 full breaths
                     o Circulation – If there are no signs of life, commence CPR at a rate of 2 breaths
                         to 30 compressions to achieve a rate of 100 compressions in a minute. If
                         unwilling to provide breaths deliver continuous uninterrupted chest
                         compressions at a rate of 100 per minute.
                If person is conscious, determine their condition and determine need to call 000. The
                 following are general instructions for most common medical emergencies:
                     o Bleeding – immediate direct pressure over bleeding site and if possible elevate
                         above level of heart. Apply a pressure pad and bandage if available. Calm the
                         victim and encourage the person to lay down with legs elevated to minimise
                         shock.
                     o Burns – cool burnt area with cool running water for at least 20 minutes and
                         cover with a clean, dry, non-stick dressing. As a general rule, any burn greater

Issued Date: Error! Unknown document property
name.26/09/2011                                        Error! Unknown document property name.PC-HR-100: Fire
Review Date: Error! Unknown document property                                                and Emergency PROCEDURES
name.26/09/2013                                                                                      Document Type: Procedures
                                                     Page 14 of 17                © Anglican Diocesan Services Commission
                                                                      Fire and Emergency PROCEDURES


                        than a 50 cent piece should be referred to a medical practitioner. Any burns to
                        the face, nose, mouth or neck should be treated as urgent due to potential
                        airway obstruction and an ambulance called on 000.
                      o Fractures – fractures or suspected fractures are treated by immobilising the
                        affected part in the position it is in and either call 000 or refer for medical
                        treatment. In all circumstances where a spinal injury is suspected/possible,
                        emergency services should be called on 000.


         11.4    General Internal Emergencies

                 11.4.1 Flood or Water Release
                Turn off all electrical appliances in affected and/or adjacent areas.
                Evacuate persons if required.
                Contact Strategy and Property Team or contracted plumber.


                 11.4.2 Chemical Spills
                Evacuate persons if required.
                Refer to Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS) for chemical/s involved and follow
                 instructions.
                Control/isolate spill if able and safe to do so. Use Spill Kit/s if available.
                Where possible, prevent chemical escape into storm water drains.
                For large uncontrolled spills contact QLD Fire and Rescue on 000.


                 11.4.3 Power Failure
                Provide emergency lighting with the use of natural light or torches.
                Contact your regional power authority (e.g. Energex) for notification.
                In residential facilities, be aware that magnalocks for Secure Unit doors/gates may
                 automatically release exposing a risk of residents escaping.


         11.5    Personal Physical Threat/Hold-Up


         11.5.1 In the event of a violent or potentially violent situation where there is a threat to the
         safety of staff, residents, clients and/or visitors:

                Obey the offender’s instructions and do only what is directed and nothing more. Do
                 not volunteer any information. Hand over valuables, cash or drugs on request.
                Try to remain calm and ensure the safety of residents/clients/visitors.
                Stay out of danger if not directly involved.
                Escape the area as soon as it is safe to do so and call Police on 000 (keep phone line
                 open).
                Do not attempt any action that places yourself or others in danger.
                Carefully observe details of any vehicle used by offender/s and Do Not attempt to
                 pursue.
Issued Date: Error! Unknown document property
name.26/09/2011                                         Error! Unknown document property name.PC-HR-100: Fire
Review Date: Error! Unknown document property                                                 and Emergency PROCEDURES
name.26/09/2013                                                                                       Document Type: Procedures
                                                      Page 15 of 17                © Anglican Diocesan Services Commission
                                                                     Fire and Emergency PROCEDURES


                As soon as possible after the event, note down any observations about the offender/s
                 such as clothing, scars/tattoos, height, build, etc.
                Await further instructions from Police.


         11.6    Natural Disasters


                 11.6.1 Cyclones and Severe Storms
                There should be warnings over media outlets which will allow preparation to occur. If
                 advised by Emergency Services personnel to evacuate, follow their instructions. If
                 evacuation is not advised the safest area in cyclones and severe storms is inside.
                Prepare the inside of buildings by:
                     o Board-up or heavily tape windows
                     o Check that all windows are closed and if curtains/blinds are fitted, that they are
                        drawn.
                     o Stay away from windows.
                     o Baths or sinks should be filled with water.
                     o Check that emergency lighting is available e.g. torches and working.
                     o A battery operated radio is advisable for updates.
                Prepare the outside of buildings by:
                     o Tie down or secure any objects/furnishing that may become a missile hazard.
                     o Where possible park vehicles under cover.
                After an event has occurred, do not leave the building until the cyclone/storm has
                 passed and it is safe to do so.
                Beware of fallen power lines.
                Follow instructions given by emergency services personnel.


         11.6.2 Earthquake/Tsunami/Tidal Surge

                There will be NO warning of earthquake, however, generally there will be warnings
                 issued for Tsunamis and Tidal Surges.
                Do not attempt to leave a building while shocks are occurring. The following actions
                 may be taken:
                     o For earthquake move to a structurally safer point such as doorway or small
                         room e.g. toilet/bathroom or under tables/desks.
                     o If building is still structurally sound remain in the building and follow
                         instructions from person in charge or Evacuation Co-ordinator.
                     o If building is NOT structurally sound evacuate the building to a safe open area
                         or Evacuation Assembly Point
                     o Do Not re-enter the building.
                     o For Tsunamis and Tidal Surges where your building is in a risk area, evacuate
                         the building and seek higher ground.




Issued Date: Error! Unknown document property
name.26/09/2011                                        Error! Unknown document property name.PC-HR-100: Fire
Review Date: Error! Unknown document property                                               and Emergency PROCEDURES
name.26/09/2013                                                                                     Document Type: Procedures
                                                     Page 16 of 17               © Anglican Diocesan Services Commission
                                                                     Fire and Emergency PROCEDURES


         12.       Training Resources
         12.1 The following are recommended training resources for use in both Office based
         workplaces and Residential Aged Care Facilities:

                  Office Fire Prevention and Response DVD (19 minutes). Available from Vocam Pty Ltd
                   vocam@vocam.com
                  Evacuation and Emergency Procedures in Aged Care Facilities DVD (15 minutes) with
                   Self Learning Package. Available from N&C Baron & Associates neil@ncbaron.com or
                   www.ncbaron.com
                  Fire Safety in Aged Care DVD (15 minutes) with Self Learning Package. Available from
                   N&C Baron & Associates neil@ncbaron.com or www.ncbaron.com
                  Warden Training High Occupancy Buildings PowerPoint presentation.
                  Warden Training Low Occupancy Buildings (with Fire Indicator Panel) PowerPoint
                   presentation.
                  Warden Training Low Occupancy Buildings (without Fire Indicator Panel) PowerPoint
                   presentation.




Issued Date: Error! Unknown document property
name.26/09/2011                                        Error! Unknown document property name.PC-HR-100: Fire
Review Date: Error! Unknown document property                                               and Emergency PROCEDURES
name.26/09/2013                                                                                     Document Type: Procedures
                                                     Page 17 of 17               © Anglican Diocesan Services Commission

				
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