The Civil War - Contributing
What were the main factors that
contributed to the start of the Civil
The Democratic Party’s (est. by
Andrew Jackson, 1824) basic ideas:
-Government should serve the
-Voting rights extended to non-
-Still just white males
What did the principle of “states’
rights” mean for the South?
Itillustrated conflict b/t North and South
North wanted to add tariffs to Southern goods
State power should be ultimate power (popular
What was the Missouri Compromise
of 1820 about?
Admission of Missouri as 23rd state upset balance
of 11 free states and 11 slave states
Compromise admitted Missouri as slave state and
Maine as free state
Drew line at 36 - 30’- prohibited slavery above this
What was the Indian Removal Act of
Cherokee & Choctaw populations (18,000) were
removed, forcibly, to western land-1838
“Trail of Tears”- 1/4 of people died-link
3,000 Seminoles killed
in Florida - 1842
Industrial Revolution’s Impact on
Industrialtechnologies created economic
advantages (harnessing of “Promethean” growth)
Urban centers in north (Chicago, Detroit, NY)
contained many factories and industries
South was largely agricultural
Who were Nativists?
“Whites” who opposed immigrants who might
compete with them for jobs
Gangs of New York image
What was the “Transportation
Revolution” and what was its impact?
Steam powered engines for trains and boats, map
Cut transportation costs by 75%
By 1860, 30,000 miles of railroad track
Impact of the Cotton Gin?
Invented in 1793-increased production
By 1860, cotton was leading export product
“Cotton Kingdom” formed
South relied heavily on institution of slavery
1/3 of Southern whites claimed ownership of those
“Cotton Gin” increased demand for enslavement
What was the impact of Nat Turner’s
About 60 Whites killed
Over 100 slaves killed
All states North and South strengthened slave
Those who opposed the institution of slavery
Arguments based moral and religious grounds
Helped establish “underground railroad”-
Elijah Lovejoy, Frederick Douglass,William
Lloyd Garrison, and Angelina and Sarah Grimke
Why was the Seneca Falls Convention
of 1848 important?
Declaration of Sentiments - proclaimed “Women’s
Rights” - link
First nationally organized effort in world
Rights of women - equal rights, equal pay,
education, property rights, and right to vote.
What was the Temperance Movement
of 1855 about? Who led it?
Movement to convince people of “evils” of alcohol
Consumption should be limited or stopped
Members were mostly women (white, middle
class, and religious)
What was “Manifest Destiny” about?
Ideathat settlers have rights to inhabit this nation,
“from sea to shining sea”
Authority granted by “God”- Gast Painting
What was the Mexican War about?
Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo?
Dispute over territory in South (Texas, New
Mexico, and Arizona)
Turf war b/t US troops and Mexican
Impact of the California Gold Rush?
Mad dash for gold out west
Brought prospectors, merchants, and RR lines
Many Chinese-American came to build RR lines
What did the Compromise of 1850
Temporary resolution to question of new territories
as states (Slave or Free?)
What did the Kansas-Nebraska Act of
1854 attempt to resolve?
Historical significance of Dred Scott
Question of citizen’s rights for those African-
Americans formerly enslaved
What were the Confederate States of
(20pts for complete, concise, and well-reasoned answers of
one to two pages)
Use three to five historical examples to construct a
convincing argument that answers our original
question about the Civil War - What were the main
factors that contributed to the start of the Civil
Possible examples: “States Rights”, Missouri
Compromise, Industrial Revolution, Transportation
Revolution, Cotton Gin, Nat Turner’s Rebellion,
Tariffs, Institution of Slavery, Dred Scott Decision