The Civil War - Contributing Factors

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					The Civil War - Contributing
  What were the main factors that
 contributed to the start of the Civil
 The Democratic Party’s (est. by
Andrew Jackson, 1824) basic ideas:
 -Government should serve the
 “Common People”
 -Voting rights extended to non-
 property owners
 -Still just white males
       What did the principle of “states’
        rights” mean for the South?
 Itillustrated conflict b/t North and South
 North wanted to add tariffs to Southern goods
 State power should be ultimate power (popular
  Southern view)
 What was the Missouri Compromise
          of 1820 about?
 Admission   of Missouri as 23rd state upset balance
  of 11 free states and 11 slave states
 Compromise admitted Missouri as slave state and
  Maine as free state
 Drew line at 36 - 30’- prohibited slavery above this
  line map
 What was the Indian Removal Act of
            1830 about?
 Cherokee   & Choctaw populations (18,000) were
  removed, forcibly, to western land-1838
 “Trail of Tears”- 1/4 of people died-link
 3,000 Seminoles killed
   in Florida - 1842
   Industrial Revolution’s Impact on
 Industrialtechnologies created economic
  advantages (harnessing of “Promethean” growth)
 Urban centers in north (Chicago, Detroit, NY)
  contained many factories and industries
 South was largely agricultural
             Who were Nativists?
 “Whites” who opposed immigrants who might
  compete with them for jobs
 Gangs of New York image
   What was the “Transportation
Revolution” and what was its impact?
 Steam  powered engines for trains and boats, map
 Cut transportation costs by 75%
 By 1860, 30,000 miles of railroad track
        Impact of the Cotton Gin?
 Invented in 1793-increased production
 By 1860, cotton was leading export product
 “Cotton Kingdom” formed
 South relied heavily on institution of slavery
 1/3 of Southern whites claimed ownership of those
 “Cotton Gin” increased demand for enslavement
 What was the impact of Nat Turner’s
 About  60 Whites killed
 Over 100 slaves killed
 All states North and South strengthened slave
  codes- link
          Abolitionist Leaders?
 Those who opposed the institution of slavery
 Arguments based moral and religious grounds
 Helped establish “underground railroad”-
 Elijah Lovejoy, Frederick Douglass,William
  Lloyd Garrison, and Angelina and Sarah Grimke
  Harriet Tubman
 Underground Railroad
Why was the Seneca Falls Convention
        of 1848 important?
 Declaration  of Sentiments - proclaimed “Women’s
  Rights” - link
 First nationally organized effort in world
 Rights of women - equal rights, equal pay,
  education, property rights, and right to vote.
What was the Temperance Movement
    of 1855 about? Who led it?
 Movement    to convince people of “evils” of alcohol
 Consumption should be limited or stopped
 Members were mostly women (white, middle
  class, and religious)
 Carrie Nation
 What was “Manifest Destiny” about?
 Ideathat settlers have rights to inhabit this nation,
  “from sea to shining sea”
 Authority granted by “God”- Gast Painting
  What was the Mexican War about?
   Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo?
 Dispute over territory in South (Texas, New
  Mexico, and Arizona)
 Turf war b/t US troops and Mexican
 map
 Impact of the California Gold Rush?
 Mad dash for gold out west
 Brought prospectors, merchants, and RR lines
 Many Chinese-American came to build RR lines
 Miners
  What did the Compromise of 1850
 Temporary    resolution to question of new territories
  as states (Slave or Free?)
 Map
What did the Kansas-Nebraska Act of
     1854 attempt to resolve?
 map
 Historical significance of Dred Scott
 Question of citizen’s rights for those African-
  Americans formerly enslaved
 Decision
 What were the Confederate States of
 secede.gif
                    Essay Quiz
(20pts for complete, concise, and well-reasoned answers of
                     one to two pages)
 Use  three to five historical examples to construct a
  convincing argument that answers our original
  question about the Civil War - What were the main
  factors that contributed to the start of the Civil
 Possible examples: “States Rights”, Missouri
  Compromise, Industrial Revolution, Transportation
  Revolution, Cotton Gin, Nat Turner’s Rebellion,
  Tariffs, Institution of Slavery, Dred Scott Decision

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