history_questionnaire_romania_edited by fanzhongqing


									PFA history table Romania
                                                                                                 Establishment of the protected area                                                                                                                                                   Nature protection
                      First Protected Forest Area(s) of the modern times (since 1500 A.D.)                                               First national park         First nature protection law(s)              First institution(s) responsible for Protected Forest Areas
                                                                                                             categories                                                                                                                                                                   movements
                        Date               Name                Category    Type of protection      Date                Name                     Date           Date of passing            Name            Date of foundation            Name                Responsible ministry         Period of time

     Romania        1873         some protective forests     protective   protection regime     1927        Niculitel Forest Natural     1935, Retezat        1930               Law of natural monuments 1930                 Commission of Nature      Ministry of Agriculture   second half of XIXth
                                 ("forests that protect      forests      (restrictions in                  Reserve - the first          National Park, F (In                    protection                                    Monuments                 and Domains               century (after 1850) the
                                 themselves or other                      forest activities)                protected area officially    1935, over 50 % of                                                                                                                        romantic movement of
                                 forests") were established                                                 declared by the state        its area were                                                                                                                             Romanian artists
                                 according to the                                                           authority                    covered by forest                                                                                                                         (literature, fine arts). In
                                 prescriptions of the Forest                                                                             ecosystems.                                                                                                                               1881 the first pioneers of
                                 Code                                                                                                    Nowadays, its                                                                                                                             nature protection in
                                                                                                                                         surface was                                                                                                                               Romania appeared. In
                                                                                                                                         enlarged and over                                                                                                                         1886 the "Progresul
                                                                                                                                         80 % are covered by                                                                                                                       Silvic" Society
                                                                                                                                         forests.)                                                                                                                                 (professional association of
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   foresters) was established
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   and support strongly the
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   establishment of PFAs.
     Romania        1904         Codrul Secular Slatioara    nature       strict protection   1932          first 10 protected areas
                                 (Old-growth Slatioara       reserve      under the authority               were established according
                                 Forest)                                  of Romanian                       to the "Law of natural
                                                                          Orthodox Fund of                  monuments protection"
                                                                          Bucovina                          (1930), most of them



                    author: Dr. Iovu-Adrian Biris, Forest Research and Management Institute, Bucharest
                    edited by Jan Carl Welzholz, Georg August University, Göttingen, April 2006
                                                    Beginning of the regular             Forests as hunting          Spiritual importance of
              First forest law(s)
                                                      forest management                      reserves                         forests

Date of passing              Name                         Period of time                    Period of time                 Period of time
1781               In Transylvania the first     In 1852, the Austrian Forest        In the 14th century the         Forest had a special place
                   regulation concerning the     Administration stipulated the       first official measures for     in the culture and religious
                   use of forests was            management of forests               reserving forests for           life of the population of
                   promulgated.                  according to plans and the forest   restricted access and use       the Kingdom of Dacia
                                                 administrative structures were      (the so called "letter of the   (before 100 AD). Sacred
                                                 established.                        forbidden forests") were        forests and trees in / in
                                                                                     established. In these           proximity of temples.
                                                                                     forests called "branisti"       After Roman occupation of
                                                                                     nobody had the right to         Dacia, forest remains a
                                                                                     hunt, fish, cut trees, graze    central theme of folk
                                                                                     cattle, mow the hay, pick       traditions; in Romanian
                                                                                     fruits and mushrooms, etc.      folk tradition forest is
                                                                                     without the owner’s             considered as a "second
                                                                                     permission.                     home".
1786               "Provisions for Forests"                                          In 1872 the first law of
                   were promulgated in                                               hunting was adopted and it
                   Bucovina.                                                         regulated the rights
                                                                                     concerning the hunt or the
                                                                                     prohibition of hunting over
                                                                                     some species and the
                                                                                     interdicition in some

1792 (1793)        Similar forests regulations
                   were adopted in Moldavia
                   and Walachia.
1881               First Romanian Forest

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