Greek_-_Latin by fanzhongqing

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Roots in

                                            Origin     Etymology (Root
        Root       Meaning In English                                       English Examples
                                           Language        Origin)

                 from, away from, away,
                                                      ab "away", from       abnormal, abrasion,
a-, ab-, abs-    different from, separated Latin
                                                      Greek apo "away"      absorb, abstract

                                                      Greek α-/αν- "a-
a-, an-          not, without             Greek                             atypical, ahistorical
                                                      /an" "not"

                                                      acutus past
                                                      participle of acuere
ac-, ak-, acu-   sharp or pointed         Latin                            acid, acupunture
                                                      "to sharpen", from
                                                      acus "needle"

                                                                        acrophobia acrobat,
                                                      Greek άκρος ákros
acr-, acro-      height, summit, tip      Greek                         acronym
                                                      "high", "extreme"

ad- (related
                   movement to or toward;                                   adapt, advance,
prefixes a-, ac-,                         Latin       ad "to", "toward"
                   in addition to                                           ascend
af-, ag-, al-, ap-
, as-, at-)

adip-            fat                      Latin       adeps, adipis "fat"   adipose

                                                      from Greek aer        aeronautics,
aer-, aero-      air, atomsphere          Greek
                                                      "air"                 aerosol,

                                                      from Greek
aesth-           feeling, sensation       Greek       aisthētikos "of       aesthetics
                                                      sense perception"
                                                      from aisthanesthai
                                                        "to perceive"

                                                       from Greek agros
                                             Greek and
agr-, agri-     field                                  and Latin ager, agr- agriculture, pilgrim

                                                        amor "love" from
am-, amor-      love, loving                 Latin                           amateur, amorous
                                                        amāre "to love"

                                                        ambi "on both        ambidextrous,
ambi-           both, on both sides          Latin
                                                        sides"               ambivalent

amic-, -imic-   friend                       Latin      amicus               amicable

                around, about, both, on                 amphi "on both
amphi-                                    Greek                              amphibian
                both sides of, both kinds               sides"

ampl-           ample                        Latin      amplus               amplification

                                                        from Greek prefix
ana-            again, against               Greek      ana- "again",

anima-          breath                       Latin      anima "breath"       animal, animation

ann- anni-,
                year, yearly                 Latin      annus "year"         anniversary,
anno-, -enn-

                against, opposed to,                    anti "before"        antibiotic,
ant-, anti-                                  Greek
                preventive                              "against"            antibody, antipodes

ante-, anti-                                 Latin
                before, in front of, prior              Latin from Greek     antediluvian,
                 to                                  anti "before",       antebellum,
                                                     "against"            anticipate

anth-, antho-    flower                    Greek     anthos "flower"      anther, anthology

anthropo-,                                                                anthropology,
                 human                     Greek     anthropos "man"
anthro-                                                                   anthropomorphic

aqu-             water                     Latin     aqua                 aquarium

ar-              plow, till                Latin     arare                arable

                                                     arere, "be dry or
ar-              burn, dry                 Latin                          arid

                                                     arkhaios "ancient"
                 ancient                   Greek     from arhkē           archeology, archaic

                 Relating to the North
                 Pole or the region near it;
                 relating to cold; used as
arct- , arcto-                               Greek   arktos "bear"        Arctic Ocean
                 the scientific name of
                 some bear species, e.g.
                 ursus arctos horribilis

argent-          silver                    Latin     argentum "silver"    argent, Argentina

arthr- , arthro- joint                     Greek     arthon "joint"       arthropod

astr-, astro-    star, star shaped         Greek     astron "star"        astronomy

athl-            prize                     Greek     athlos "contest"     athlete
aud-, audi-      hearing, listening, sound Latin         audire "to hear"
                                                                              auditory, audio

                                                         augēre "to           augmentation,
aug-             grow, increase            Latin
                                                         increase"            inauguration

                 relating to gold, or gold-
aur-                                        Latin        aurum "gold"         aureole, aure

auri-            Relating to the ear       Latin         auris "ear"          auricle

                                                         αυτός (autos) "self", automobile,
aut- auto-       self; directed from within Greek
                                                         "same"                autonomy

avi-             bird                      Latin         avis "bird"          aviary, aviation

                                                         Latin from Greek
axi-             axis                      Greek                              axis, axiology
                                                         axios "worth"

[edit] B

                 Meaning In             Origin        Etymology (Root
   Root                                                                      English Examples
                  English              Language           Origin)

bac-          rod-shaped           Latin            from baculum rod        bacilla, bacteria

                                                                            barometer, barograph,
baro-         weight, pressure     Greek            (barus)

                                                    from βαίνω, to walk,
basi-         at the bottom        Greek                                    basic, basis
                                                    march, βάσις "step"
                                               βαθυς (bathus),
bath-        deep, depth       Greek                                      batholith

be-, beat-   bless             Latin           beatus, beare              beatification

                                                                          bellicose, belligerent,
bell(i)-     war               Latin           bellum, belli
                                                                          Ante Bellum

ben-         good, well        Latin           bene (adverb)              benefit, benign

                                               bis, "twice" / bini, "in
bi-          two               Latin                                      binocular, bigamy

bib-         drink             Latin           bibere                     imbibe

bibl-        book              Greek           βιβλίον                    bibliography, bible

                                                                          biology, biologist,
bi(o)-       life              Greek           βίος (bios)

             germ, embryo, bud,                βλαστάνω, "to put
blast-                          Greek                                     sideroblast
             cell with nucleus                 forth shoots"

bon(i)-      good              Latin           bonus                      bonify, bonitary

                               Greek / Latin   βόρρας, "the north
bor-         north                                                        borealis
                               (boreas)        wind"

bot-         plant             Greek                                      botany

bov-         cow, ox           Latin           bos, bovis                 bovine
           arm                   Greek   βραχιων (brachion)

brach-     short                 Greek   (brachus)

brad-      slow                  Greek   βραδύς                 bradycardia

branch-    gill                  Greek

brev(i)-   brief, short (time)   Latin   brevis, breviare       abbreviation, brevity

briz-      nod                   Greek   (brizō)

           oats, broom,
brom-                                    (bromos)

bronch-    windpipe              Greek   βρόγχος                bronchitis

bront-     thunder               Greek   (brontē)               Brontosaurus

           cheek, mouth,
bucc-                            Latin   bucca                  buccal

bulb-      bulbous               Latin   bulbus

                                         ebullio, "to bubble,
bulla-     bubble, flask         Latin                          ebullient

bursa-     pouch, purse          Latin                          bursary, disburse
[edit] C

                 Meaning In     Origin          Etymology (Root
     Root                                                             English Examples
                  English      Language             Origin)

cac(o)-        bad            Greek         (kakos)                   cacophony

cad-, -cid-,                                                          accident, cadence,
               fall           Latin         cadere
cas-                                                                  case

                                            from Latin calx "lime",
                                            probably from Greek       calculus, calcite,
calc-          stone          probably from
                                            khalix "pebble"           calcium

                                            from Greek kallos
calli-         beautiful      Greek                                   calligraphy

calor-         heat           Latin         calor "heat"              calorie

calyp-         cover          Greek         (kaluptein)               apocalypse

camer-         vault          Latin         camera                    bicameral, camera

                                            campus "field", "level    champion,
camp-          field          Latin
                                            ground"                   campaign

can(i)-        dog            Latin         canis "dog"               canine, Canis Major

                                                                      canto, cantata,
can-, cant-    sing           Latin         canere "sing"
                glowing,                         candere "to be white or
cand-                               Latin                                  incandescent,
                iridescent                       glisten"
                                                                           candle, candela

                                                 capere "take or hold"     capture, captive,
cap-, -cip-,
                take, hold          Latin        (note the vowel change    conception,
capt-, -cept-
                                                 from a to i in compounds) recipient

capit-, -cipit- head                Latin        caput, capitis "head"     capital, chief, chef

capr-           goat                Latin        caper, capri              Capricorn, caprine

caps-           box, case           Latin        capsa                     capsule

carbo-          coal                Latin        carbo, carbonis           carbon

carcer-         jail                Latin        carcer, carcerare         incarceration

                                    Latin from   Latin from Greek
carci-          cancer (disease)                                           carcinoma
                                    Greek        karkinos "crab"

                relating to the                                            [cardiology]],
cardi(o)-                           Greek        kardia "heart"
                heart                                                      cardiograph

cardin-         hinge               Latin        cardo, cardinis           cardinal

carn-           flesh               Latin        caro, carnis              carnival, carnivore

carpo-          relating to fruit   Greek        from Greek karpos "fruit" carpology

carp-                               Greek
                relating to the                  from Greek karpos         carpal, carpal tunnel
              wrist                  "wrist"            syndrome

cata-         down           Greek   kata "down"

caten-        chain          Latin   catena             concatenation

cathar-       pure           Greek   (katharos)         catharsis

caud-         tail           Latin   cauda              caudal

                                                        cave, cavity,
cav-          hollow         Latin   cavus "hollow"

ced-, cess-   go             Latin   cedere             procession, recede

celer-        quick          Latin   celer, celerare

cen(o)-       new            Greek   (kainos)

cen(o)-       common         Greek   (koinos)

cens-                        Latin   censere            census

                                                        cent, centennial,
cent-         hundred        Latin   centum "hundred"

centen-       hundred each   Latin   centeni            centenary
centesim-   hundredth        Latin    centesimus

centr-      center           Greek    (kentron)                 eccentric

                                      from Greek kephale        cephalopod,
cephalo-    head             Greek
                                      "head"                    encephalogram

ceram-      clay             Greek    (keramos)                 ceramic

cerat-      horn             Greek    from Greek keras "horn"   ceratin, cornea

cern-                        Latin    cernere                   discern

            relating to the
cervic-     neck, relating to Latin   cervix, cervicis "neck"   cervix, cervical
            the cervix

ceter-      other            Latin    ceterus                   et cetera

            of the hand or                                      chiroptera,
chiro-                       Greek    from Greek kheir "hand"
            hands                                               chiropractic

            relating to a             from Greek khelone
chelo-                       Greek                              chelonia
            turtle                    "tortoise"

                                      from Greek khlōros        chlorine,
chloro-     green            Greek
                                      "green"                   chlorophyll

                                      from Greek khoreia
choreo-     relating to dance Greek   "dancing in unison" from choreography
                                      khoros "chorus"
chord-          cord             Latin   chorda "rope"     chordata

chrom-          color            Greek   khrōma "color"

chryso-         gold             Greek   khrusos "gold"    chrysolite

cili-           eyelash          Latin   cilium            cilia

cine-           motion           Greek   (kine-)           cinema

ciner-          ash              Latin   cinis, cineris    incineration

cing-, cinct-   gird             Latin   cingere           succinct

circ-           circle           Latin   circus            circus

circum-         around           Latin   circum "around"   circumference

cirr-           orange           Greek   kirros            cirrhosis

cirr-           curl, tentacle   Latin   cirrus            cirrus

civ-            citizen          Latin   civis             civility

clad-           branch           Greek   (klados)

clar-           clear            Latin   clarus            clarity, declaration
clast-         broken            Greek    klastos "broken"          iconoclast

claud-, -clud-
, claus-, -    close             Latin    claudere                  clause, exclusion

                                          from Greek kleis "key"
clav-          key               Greek                              conclave
                                          from kleiein "to close"

cl(e)ist-      closed

cleithr-       bar, key

clement-       mild              Latin    clemens, clementis

clin-          bed, lean, recline Latin   -clinare                  declination, inclined

cochl-         shell             Greek

coel-          hollow            Greek    (koilos)

cogn-          know              Latin                              cognitive

col-           strain            Latin    colare, colum             colander

coll-          neck              Latin    collum                    collar

color-         color             Latin    color                     coloration
con-, co-, col- with, together,                              connect, collide,
                                  Latin   cum
, com-          joined                                       compress

condi-          season            Latin   condire            condiment

cono-           cone              Greek   konos              conic, conical

contra-         against           Latin   contra

copro-          dung              Greek   (kopros)           coprolite

corac-          raven             Greek   (korax, korakos)   coracoid

cord-           heart             Latin   cor, cordis        accord, cordial

corn-           horn              Latin   cornu              cornucopia

coron-          crown             Latin   corona, coronare   corona, coronation

corpor-         body              Latin   corpus, corporis   corporation, corpse

cortic-         bark              Latin   cortex, corticis

cosmet-                           Greek   (kosmet-)

cost-           rib               Latin   costa              costal

cotyl-          cup               Greek   (kotulē)           cotyledon
crani-         skull                                         cranium

crass-         thick            Latin   crassus              crassitude

cre-           make             Latin   creare               creation, creature

crep-          boot, shoe       Greek   (krēpis, krēpidos)

cribi-         sieve

cric-          ring

cris-, crit-   judge            Greek                        crisis, critic

crisp-         curled           Latin   crispus

crist-         crest

crosso-        fringe, tassel   Greek   (krossoi)

cru(rals)-     shank

                                                             crucial, crucifix,
cruc(i)-       cross            Latin   crux, crucis

crypt-         hidden           Greek   (kruptos)

cten-          comb             Greek   (kteis, ktenos)
cub-           cube           Greek   (kubos)            cubic, cuboid

cub-           lie            Latin   cubare             incubation

culin-         kitchen        Latin   culina             culinary

culp-          blame, fault   Latin   culpa              culpable, exculpate

cune-          wedge          Latin   cuneus             cuneiform

curr-, curs-   run            Latin   currere

curv-          bent           Latin   curvus             curvature

cusp-          lance, point   Latin   cuspis, cuspidis   bicuspid

cut(i)-        skin           Latin   cutis              cuticle

cyan-          blue           Greek   κυανός (kuanos)    cyanide

                                                         bicycle, cycle,
cycl-          circular       Greek   κύκλος (kuklos)

cylind-        roll           Greek   (kulindros)        cylinder

cyn-           dog            Greek   (kuōn, kunos)      cynosure

cyst-          capsule        Greek   (kustis)           cystic
cyt(o)-        cell                Greek         (kutos)                  cytoplasm

[edit] D

                      Meaning In       Origin       Etymology (Root
        Root                                                             English Examples
                       English        Language          Origin)

dactyl-          finger             Greek         δάχτυλο, finger      dactylology

damn-, -demn-                       Latin         damnare              condemn, damnation

deb-             owe                Latin         debere               debit

                                                  decimus, tenth; from
deci-            tenth part         Latin                              decibel, decimate
                                                  decem, ten

deca-, dec-,
                 ten                Greek         deka, ten            decagram, decahedron
deka-, dek-

delt-                               Greek         (delta)              deltoid

dem-             people             Greek         demos, people

den-             ten each           Latin         deni                 denary

dendr-,          resembling a                     dendron: akin to
                                    Greek                              dendrite
dendro-          tree                             drys, tree

dens-            thick              Latin         densus               condense, density
dent-         tooth             Latin   dens, dentis          dental, dentures

derm-         skin              Greek   δέρμα (derma) skin    hypodermic

                                        δεύτερος (deuteros)
deuter-       second            Greek                         Deuteronomy

dexter-       right             Latin   dexter                dexterity

dextro-       right             Greek   δεξ-, right

di-           two               Greek

dia-          apart, through    Greek   δια                   diameter

dict-         say, speak        Latin                         dictation

digit-        finger            Latin   digitus               digital

dino-                           Greek   (deinos)              dinosaur
              fearfully great

dipl-                           Greek                         diploid, diplosis

doc-, doct-   teach             Latin   docere                docile, doctor

dodec-        twelve            Greek   δωδεκα (dodeka)       dodecasyllabic

dog-/dox-     opinion,          Greek                         dogmatic

dom-                               Latin       domus              dome

dorm-               sleep          Latin       dormire            dormant, dormitory

dors-               back           Latin       dorsum             dorsal

du-                 two            Latin       duo                dual

dub-                doubtful       Latin                          dubious

                                                                  abduction, conductor,
duc-, duct-         lead           Latin       dux

dulc-               sweet          Latin       dulcis

dur-                hard           Latin       durus              durable

dy-                 two            Greek       (duo)              dyad

dys-                badly, ill     Greek       δυσ                dysentery

[edit] E

                Meaning In          Origin     Etymology (Root
      Root                                                          English Examples
                 English           Language        Origin)

ec-           out                Greek        (ek)               eccentric
                                                     ecology, economics,
eco-        house        Greek   (oikos)

ecto-       outside      Greek   (ektos)             ectoderm

ed-         eat          Latin   edere               edible

ego-        self                                     egocentric

em-, empt- buy           Latin   emere               exemption, redeem

eme-        vomit        Greek   (emetos)            emetic

emul-                    Latin   aemulus, aemulare   emulation

en-, em-    in           Greek   (en)                emphasis

endo-       inside       Greek   (endo)              endocrine

engy-       narrow       Greek

ennea-      nine         Greek   (ennea)             ennead, enneagon

ensi-       sword

eo-         dawn, east   Greek

epi-, ep-   upon         Greek   (epi)               epicenter, epoch
              knowledge or
epistem-                     Greek

equ-, -iqu-   even, level    Latin   aequus               equal

equ-          horse          Latin   equus                equestrian

erg-          work           Greek   (ergon)              ergonomics

err-          stray          Latin   errare               aberration, errant

erythr(o)-    red            Greek   ερυθρος (eruthros)   erythrocyte

eso-          within         Greek   (esō)                esoteric

eth-                         Greek   εθος (ethos)

ethm-         sieve          Greek

ethn-                        Greek   (ethnos)             ethnic

etym(o)-      true           Greek   (etumos)             etymology

eu-           well           Greek   (eu)                 euphoria

eur-          wide           Greek   (eurus)

ex-, e-       from, out of   Latin   ex
exo-             outside         Greek                                     exothermic

                 outer           Latin                                     exterior

extrem-                          Latin            extremus                 extremity

[edit] F

                                            Origin        Etymology
        Root         Meaning In English                                        English Examples
                                           Language      (Root Origin)

fab-                bean                  Latin         faba

fac-, -fic-, fact,                                                            defect, factory,
                   make                   Latin         facere, factus
-fect-                                                                        manufacture

falc-               sickle                Latin         falx, falcis

fall-, -fell-,
                                          Latin         fallere, falsus       falsity

fallac-             false                 Latin         fallax, fallacis      fallacy

famili-                                   Latin                               familiarity

fant-                                     Greek                               fantasy

fasc-               bundle                Latin         fascis                fascicle
fatu-          foolish, useless     Latin   fatuus             fatuous, infatuate

feder-                              Latin   foedus, foederis   confederation, federal

fel-           cat                  Latin   feles              feline

felic-         happy, merry         Latin   felix, felicis     felicity

fell-          suck                 Latin   fellare            fellation

               women, quality or
femin-         condition of being   Latin   femina             femininity

femor-         thigh                Latin   femur, femoris     femoral

fend-, fens-                        Latin   fendere            defend, offense

fenestr-       window               Latin   fenestra           fenestration

fer-           carry                Latin   ferre              reference, transfer

feroc-         fierce               Latin   ferox, ferocis     ferocity

ferr-          iron                 Latin   ferrum             ferrous

fet-           stink                Latin   fetere             fetid

fic-           fig                  Latin   ficus
fid-            faith, trust   Latin   fides             confide

fil-            thread         Latin   filum             filament

fili-                          Latin   filius            affiliate

find-, fiss-    split          Latin   findere           fission

firm-                          Latin   firmus, firmare   confirmation

fistul-         hollow, tube

fl-             blow           Latin   flare             flatulence, inflation

flacc-          flabby         Latin   flaccus           flaccid

flav-           yellow         Latin   flavus            flavonoid

flect-, flex-   bend           Latin   flectere          inflection, flexor

flig-, flict-   strike         Latin   fligere           inflict

flor-           flower         Latin   flos, floris      floral, florid

flu-, flux-     flow           Latin   fluere, fluxus    effluent, fluency

foc-            hearth         Latin   focus             focal
fod-, foss-     dig             Latin   fodere, fossus   fossil

foen-           hay

foli-           leaf            Latin   folium           defoliate

font-           spring          Latin   fons, fontis

for-            bore            Latin   forare           perforation

form-           shape           Latin   forma            deformity, formation

fornic-         vault           Latin   fornix           fornication

fort-           strong          Latin   fortis           fortification

                shallow round

frang-, -fring-,                                         fracture, fragment,
                 break          Latin   frangere
fract-, frag-                                            infringe

frater-         brother         Latin   frater           fraternity

fric-, frict-   rub             Latin                    friction

frig-           cold            Latin   frigere          frigid

front-          forehead        Latin   frons, frontis   frontal
fruct-, frug-      fruit               Latin            frux, fructis      fructose

                                                                           centrifuge, fugitive,
fug-               flee                Latin            fugere

fum-               smoke               Latin            fumus              fume, fumigate

fund-              bottom              Latin            fundus, fundare

fund-, fus-        pour                Latin            fundere
                                                                           profundity, profusion

fung-, funct-      do                  Latin            fungi              function

fur-, furt-        steal               Latin            furare             furtive

furc-              fork                Latin            furca              bifurcation

fusc-              dark                Latin            fuscus             obfuscation

[edit] G

                  Meaning in      Origin         Etymology (Root
   Root                                                                     English Examples
                   English       Language            Origin)

galact-         milk           Greek           (gala)                     galactic

gastr-          stomach        Greek           (gaster)
ge(o)-        earth            Greek   γη (gē)            geology

gel-          icy cold         Latin   gelum              gelatin

ger-, gest-   bear, carry      Latin   gerere             digest, gestation

germin-       sprout           Latin   germen, germinis   germination

glabr-        hairless         Latin   glaber             glabrous

glaci-        ice              Latin   glacies            glacier

gladi-        sword            Latin   gladius            gladiator

glob-                          Latin   globus             global, globule

glori-        glory            Latin   gloria             glorify

glutin-       glue             Latin   gluten, glutinis   agglutination

              walk, step, go   Latin   gradus, gradere    grade, regress

gramm-        letter           Greek   γραμμα (gramma)    grammatic

gran-         grain            Latin   granum             granary, granule

grand-        grand            Latin   grandis            grandiloquous
graph-        draw, write         Greek          (graphē)               graphic, graphology

grat-         thank, please       Latin          gratus                 gratitude

grav-         heavy               Latin          gravis                 gravity

greg-         flock               Latin          grex, gregis           gregarious, segregation

gubern-                           Latin          gubernare              gubernatorial

gust-         taste               Latin          gustus                 gusto

guttur-       throat              Latin          guttur                 guttural

[edit] H

                     Meaning in        Origin             Etymology (Root            English
                      English         Language                Origin)               Examples

haem-         blood                Greek           (haima)                   haemophilia

hal-          salt                 Greek           (hals)                    halogen

hal-, -hel-   breathe              Latin           halare                    anhelation, inhale

hapl-         simple               Greek           (haplos)                  haploid

              draw                 Latin           haurire                   exhaust
heli-        sun                Greek                      helium

hemi-        half               Greek   ήμισυς (hemisus)   hemisphere

hen-         one                Greek   (hen)              henad, hyphen

hendec-      eleven             Greek   (hendeka)          hendecagon

hept-        seven              Greek   (hepta)            heptagon

her-, hes-   cling              Latin   haerere

herb-                           Latin   herba              herbicide

herp-        creep              Greek                      herpetology

heter(o)-    different, other   Greek   (heteros)

heur-        find               Greek                      heuristic

hex-         six                Greek   (hex)              hexagon

hibern-      wintry             Latin   hibernus           hibernation

hiem-        winter             Latin   hiems              hiemal

hipp-        horse              Greek   (hippos)           hippodrome
hirsu[t]-   hairy                Latin   hirtus, hirsutus

hispid-     bristly              Latin   hispidus

histri-     actor                                           histrionic

hod-        way                  Greek   (hodos)            cathode

hol-        whole                Greek   (holos)            holistic

hom(o)-     same                 Greek   (homos)            homosexual

homeo-      like                 Greek   (homoios)

homin-      human                Latin   homo               hominid

homal-      even, flat           Greek   (homalos)          anomalous

horm-       that which excites   Greek                      hormone

hort-       garden               Latin   hortus             horticulture

hum-        ground               Latin   humus              exhumation

hyal-       glass                Greek   (hualos)           hyaline, hyaloid

hydr(o)-    water                Greek                      hydrology
hygr-        wet               Greek              (hugros)               hygrology

hyo-         U-shaped          Greek

hyp(o)-      under             Greek              (hupo)                 hyphen

hyper-       above, over       Greek              (huper)

hypn-        sleep             Greek              (hupnos)               hypnosis

hyster-      later             Greek              (husteros)             hysteresis

[edit] I

               Meaning In     Origin         Etymology (Root
   Root                                                               English Examples
                English      Language            Origin)

ichth-       fish           Greek       (ichthus)              ichthyology

icos-        twenty         Greek       (eikosi)               icosagon, icosahedron

id(o)-       shape          Greek       (eidos)                idol

idi(o)       personal       Greek       (idios)                idiom, idiosyncrasy, idiot

ign-         fire           Latin       ignis                  igneous, ignition

in- (1), im- in, on         Latin       in                     invite, incur, intend
in- (2), il-,   in, un-                                                   illicit, impossible,
                                 Latin        in-
im-, ir-        (negation)                                                inimical, irrational

infra-          under            Latin        infra                       infrastructure

insul-          island           Latin        insula                      insular, insulation

                among,                        inter (preposition) -       intermission,
inter-                           Latin
                between                       among, between              intercollegiate, intercourse

intra-          within           Latin        intra                       intracollegiate

irasc-, irat- be angry           Latin        irasci                      irascible, irate

is(o)-          equal, the same Greek         (isos)                      isomorphic, isometric

                property of,
-(i)tat-                         Latin                                    quality, liberty
                quality of

iter-           again            Latin        iterum                      iteration

                                              iter, itinis - march,
itin-           route, way       Latin                                    itinerary

[edit] J

                         Meaning In     Origin
         Root                                       Etymology (Root Origin)       English Examples
                          English      Language

jac-                    lie           Latin       jacēre "to be thrown"          adjacent
                                               iacio, iacere, ieci, iectus -
jac- (originally                                                                eject, interject,
                   cast, throw     Latin       "to throw" (and cognates
IAC), -ject-                                                                    ejaculate, trajectory

jan-               door            Latin       janua                            janitor

joc-               joke            Latin       jocus                            jocularity

jug-               yoke            Latin       jugare, jugum                    conjugal, subjugate

junct-             join            Latin       jungere, junctus

junior-            younger         Latin       junior                           juniority

jus-, jur, judic                               ius, iuris; iudex, iudicis;
                   law, justice    Latin                                        justice, jury, judge
(originally IVS)                               iusticia, iusticiae, etc.

juv-, jut-         help            Latin       juvare                           adjutant

juven-             young, youth Latin          juvenis                          juvenile, rejuvenate

juxta-             beside, near    Latin       juxta                            juxtaposition

[edit] K

             Meaning In        Origin        Etymology (Root
Root                                                                         English Examples
              English         Language           Origin)

kil(o)- thousand           Greek           chilioi                  kilogram, kilometer, kilobyte
         movement,                                                telekinesis, kinetic energy,
kine-                         Greek
         motion                                                   kinesthetic

klept- steal                  Greek          (kleptēs)            kleptomania

kudo- glory                   Greek          (kudos)              kudos

[edit] L

                 Meaning In            Origin      Etymology (Root
    Root                                                                  English Examples
                  English             Language         Origin)

lab-, laps-    slide, slip        Latin          labi, lapsus         elapse, relapse

labi-          lip                Latin          labia, labiae        bilabial, labial

labor-         toil               Latin          labor                collaboration, elaboration

lacer-         tear               Latin          lacer                laceration

lacrim-        cry, tears         Latin          lacrima "tear"       lacrimal, lacrimous

               of or pertaining
lact-                             Latin          lac, lactare         lactate, lactation, lactose
               to milk

lamin-         layer, slice       Latin          lamina               laminate, lamination

lamp-          shine              Greek          lampas "torch"       lamp
lapid-       stone          Latin   lapis                lapidary

larg-        large          Latin   largus               enlargement

larv-        ghost, mask    Latin   larva                larva, larvae, larval

lat(i)-      broad, wide    Latin   latus                latitude

later-       side           Latin   latus                bilateral

laud-, laus- praise         Latin   laudere              laud

lav-         wash           Latin   lavare               lavatory

lax-                        Latin   laxus, laxare        laxative, relaxation

led-, les-   hurt           Latin   laedere, laesus      lesion

leio-        smooth         Greek   leios                leiomyoma

leni-        gentle         Latin   lenis, lenire        leniency

leon-        lion           Latin   leo, leonis "lion"   Leo, leonine, Leopold

lep-         flake, scale   Greek   lepis                Lepidoptera

             white          Greek   leukos               leucocyte
                                      levis "light" (in
lev-         lift, light      Latin                       elevator, levitation
                                      weight), levare

liber-       free             Latin   liber, liberare     liberation

libr-        book             Latin   liber               library

lig-         bind             Latin   ligare              ligament, ligature

lin-         line             Latin   linea               linearity, line

                                      lingua tongue,
lingu-       language, tongue Latin                       bilingual, linguistic

linqu-, lict- leave           Latin   linquere            relict, relinquish

lip(o)-      fat              Greek   lipos               lipolysis

                                                          alliteration, literal,
liter-       letter           Latin   littera

                                                          monolith, Neolithic Era,
lith(o)-     stone            Greek   lithos "stone"

loc-         place            Latin   locus               local, location

                                                          monologue, logic,
log-         thought, word    Greek   logos "word"

long-        long             Latin   longus              elongate, longitude
               speak             Latin     loqui                allocution, eloquent

luc-           bright, light     Latin     lux, lucis light     Lucifer (bearer of light)

lud-, lus-     play              Latin     ludere               allude, illusion

lumin-         light             Latin     lumen, luminis       illumination, luminous

lun-           moon              Latin     luna "moon"          lunar, lunatic

[edit] M

               Meaning In         Origin   Etymology (Root
 Root                                                            English Examples
               English          Language      Origin)

macr-        long              Greek       μακρός (makros)    macron

magn-        great, large      Latin       magnus             magnanimous, magnificent

maj-         greater           Latin       major, majus       majesty, majority, majuscule

mal-         bad, wretched     Latin       malus              malicious, malign

mamm-        breast            Latin       mamma              mammary, mammal

man-         flow              Latin       manare             emanate

man-         stay              Latin       manere, mansus     permanent, remanent
mand-      hand           Latin   mandare, mandatus mandate, remand

manu-      hand           Latin   manus            manual, manuscript

mar-       sea            Latin   mare, maris      marine, maritime

           mother         Latin   mater, matris    matrix

maxim-     greatest       Latin   maximus          maximal

medi-, -
           middle         Latin   medius           median, medieval

meg-       great, large   Greek   (megas)          megaphone

mei-                      Greek                    meiosis

melan-     black, dark    Greek   μέλας (melas)    Melanesia, melanoma

melior-    better         Latin   melior           amelioration

mell-      honey          Latin   mel, mellis      mellifluous

mening-    membrane       Greek   (meninx)

ment-      mind           Latin   mens, mentis     demented, mentality

mer-       part           Greek   (meros)          polymer

merc-                     Latin   merx, mercis     mercantile, merchant
           dip, plunge     Latin   mergere          emerge, immersion

mes-       middle          Greek   (mesos)          mesolithic, mesozoic

           measure         Greek   (metron)         metric, thermometer

           above, among,
meta-                      Greek   (meta)           metaphysics

micr(o)-   small           Greek   (mikros)         microphone, microscope

milit-     soldier         Latin   miles, militis   military, militia

mill-      thousand        Latin   mille            millennium, million

millen-    thousand each   Latin   milleni          millenary

mim-                       Greek   (mimos)          mime, mimic

min-       jut             Latin   minere           prominent

min-       less, smaller   Latin   minor, minus     minority, minuscule

           wonder,                 miror, mirari,
mir-                       Latin                    miracle, mirror, admire
           amazement               miratus sum

mis-       hate            Greek   (misos)          misandry, misogyny

           mix             Latin   miscere          miscellaneous, mixture
mit-       thread         Greek   (mitos)         mitochondrion

           send           Latin   mittere         intermittent, transmission

mne-       memory         Greek                   mnemonic

mol-       grind          Latin   mola            molar

moll-      soft           Latin   mollis          emollient, mollify

                                                  monolith, monotone,
mon(o)-    one            Greek   (monos)

mont-      mountain       Latin   mons, montis    Montana

morph-     form, shape    Greek   (morphe)        anthropomorphic,

mort-      death          Latin   mors, mortis    immortal, mortality

           move, motion   Latin   moveo, movere   move, motor, momentum

           milk           Latin   mulgere         emulsion

                                                  multitude, multiple,
mult(i)-   many, much     Latin   multus

mur-       wall           Latin   murus, muri     immured, mural
mus-           thief             Latin           mus, muris         mouse

musc-          fly               Latin           musca, muscae

mut-           change            Latin           mutare             mutation

my-            mouse             Greek           (mus)

               countless, ten
myri-                            Greek           (murios)           myriad

myth-          story             Greek           (muthos)           mythic, mythology

myx-           slime             Greek           (muxa)

myz-           suck              Greek

meno- moon

mica- grain (Latin) e.g. 'micelle'

monil- string of beads

[edit] N

                          Meaning in        Origin          Etymology (Root        English
                           English         Language             Origin)           Examples

nar-                   nostril           Latin            naris

narc-                  numb              Greek
narr-           tell        Latin   narrare          narrative

nas-            nose        Latin   nasus            nasal

nasc-, nat-     born        Latin   nascere, natus   nascent, native

naut-           ship        Greek   (naus)           astronaut

nav-            ship        Latin   navis            naval

ne(o)-          new         Greek   (neos)

necr(o)-        dead        Greek   (nekros)

nect-, nex-     join, tie   Latin   nectere, nexus   connection

necto-, nect-   swimming    Greek   nektos           nectopod

neg-            say no      Latin   negare           negative

nema-           hair        Greek

nemoral- in

nephr-          kidney      Greek                    nephritis

nes-            island      Greek   (nesos)          Polynesia
neur-        nerve           Greek    (neuron)

nict-        wink            Latin    nictari          nictation

nigr-        black           Latin    niger            denigrate

nihil-       nothing         Latin    nihilum          annihilation

noct-        night           Latin    nox, noctis      nocturnal

nod-         knot            Latin    nodus            node, nodule

nom-         arrangement, law Greek   (nomos)

nomad-                       Greek    (nomas)          nomadic

nomin-       name            Latin    nomen, nominis   nomination

non-         not             Latin    non

non-         ninth           Latin    nonus            nonary

nonagen-     ninety each     Latin    nonageni         nonagenary

nonagesim-   ninetieth       Latin    nonagesimus      nonagesimal

noth-        spurious
noto-        back, south    Greek   (noton)

nov-         nine           Latin   novem          novennial

nov-         new            Latin   novus          innovation, nova

noven-       nine each      Latin   noveni         novenary

novendec-    nineteen       Latin   novendecim

nu-          nod            Latin

nub-                        Latin   nubes, nubis

nuc-         nut            Latin   nux, nucis

nuch-        back of neck

nud-         naked          Latin   nudus          denude, nudity

null(i)-     none           Latin   nullus         nullify

numer-       number         Latin   numerus        numeral

-nounc-, -
             announce       Latin   nuntius

nupti-                      Latin
nutri-             nourish           Latin                                nutrient

[edit] O

               Meaning in       Origin         Etymology (Root
      Root                                                          English Examples
                English        Language            Origin)

ob-,os-      against         Latin                               obstinate, ostentatious

oct-         eight           Greek           (oktō)              octagon, octahedron

                                                                 octangular, octennial,
oct-         eight           Latin           octo

octav-       eighth          Latin           octavus             octaval

octogen-     eighty each     Latin           octogeni            octogenary

octogesim-   eightieth       Latin           octogesimus         octogesimal

octon-       eight each      Latin           octoni              octonary

ocul-        eye             Latin           oculus              ocular

od-          hate            Latin           odium               odious

-ode-        path, way       Greek                               anode, odometer

odont-       tooth           Greek           (odous)             odontology
odor-      fragrant

oecious-   house of         Greek   (oikos)

oed-       swollen

oen-       wine             Greek   (oinos)

oesoph-    gullet           Greek   (oisophagos)

ogdo-      eighth           Greek   (ogdoos)

-oid       like             Greek   (-oeides)

olecran-   skull of elbow

ole-       oily             Latin

olig-      few              Greek   (oligos)       oligarchy

oliv-      olive            Latin   oliva

-ology     study of         Greek                  paleontology

-oma       cancer           Greek

omas-      paunch           Latin   omasum
oment-    fat skin   Latin   omentum

omin-                Latin   omen, ominis    ominous

omm-      eye

omni-     all        Latin   omnis           omnipotence

omo-      shoulder   Latin

omphal-   navel      Greek                   omphalectomy

oner-     burden     Latin   onus, oneris    onerous

onom-     name       Greek   όνομα (onoma)   onomatopoeia

ont-      existing   Greek                   ontology

-onym     name       Greek   (-onum)         pseudonym

oo-       egg        Greek   (oion)

opac-     shady      Latin   opacus          opacity

oper-     work       Latin   opus, operis    opera

opt-      choose     Latin   optare          optional
optim-      best          Latin   optimus         optimum

op(t)-      eye           Greek   optos           optical

operculum- little cover

ophi-       snake         Greek   ophis

ophthalm-   eye           Greek   (ophthalmos)    ophthalmology

opisth-     behind        Greek


or-         mouth         Latin   os, oris        oral, orator

orb-        circle        Latin   orbis           orbit


ordin-                    Latin   ordo, ordinis   ordinal, ordinary

ori-        Eastern       Latin   oriri           orient

orn-                      Latin   ornare          ornament, ornate

ornith-     bird          Greek                   ornithology
orth-          straight         Greek          (orthos)                 orthosis

os(ti)-        mouth

os(s/t)-       bone                                                     osteoporosis

oscill-        swing            Latin                                   oscillation

ostrac-        shell            Greek                                   ostracize

ot-            ear              Greek                                   otology

ov-            egg              Latin          ovum                     oval, ovule

ovi-           sheep            Latin          ovis                     ovine

oxy-           sharp, pointed   Greek          (oxus)                   oxymoron

[edit] P

                       Meaning in        Origin       Etymology (Root
        Root                                                               English Examples
                        English         Language          Origin)

pac-                 peace          Latin          pax, pacis           pacify, pacifist

pach-                thick          Greek          (pachus)             pachydermata

paed-                child          Greek          (pais, paidos)       paediatric
pagin-          page           Latin   pagina             pagination

pal-            stake          Latin   palus              impale

palae-, pale-   ancient, old   Greek   (palaios)          paleontology

palin-          back           Greek   (palin)            palindrome

pall-           pale           Latin   pallere            pallid, pallor

palli-          mantle         Latin   pallium

palm-           palm           Latin   palma              palmate

palustri-       in marshes

pan-, pam-      all            Greek   pas                pandemic

pand-, pans-    spread         Latin   pandere, pansus    expand, expansion

par(a)-         beside, near   Greek   (para)             parallel, parameter

pariet-         wall           Latin   paries, parietis   parietal

part(i)-        part           Latin   pars, partis       partition

parv-           little         Latin   parvus
pass-          pace, step      Latin   passus

pat-           be open         Latin   patere             patent

path-          to feel, hurt   Greek   pathos             pathetic, pathology

pati-, pass-                   Latin   pati, passus       passive, patient

patr-          father          Latin   pater, patris

pauc-                          Latin   paucus             paucity

pav-                           Latin                      pavement

pecc-          sin             Latin   peccare            impeccable

pect-          fixed           Greek                      pectin

pector-        chest           Latin   pectus, pectoris   pectoral

pectin-        comb-like

pecun-                         Latin   pecunia            pecuniary

ped-           child           Greek   (pais, paidos)     pedagogy

ped-           foot            Latin   pes, pedis         pedal
pejor-         worse            Latin   pejor           pejorative

pel-, puls-    drive            Latin   pellere         propellent, propulsion

                                                        peninsula, penultimate,
pen-           almost           Latin   paene

pend-, pens-   hang             Latin   pendere         suspend

penia-         deficiency       Latin

penn-, pinn-   feather          Latin   penna           pennate

pent-          five             Greek   (pente)         pentagon

pentecost-     fiftieth         Greek   (pentekostos)   pentecostalism

pept-                           Greek                   peptic

per-                            Latin   per             perfect

peran-         across, beyond   Greek

peri-          around           Greek                   perimeter, periscope

persic-        peach

pessim-        worst            Latin   pessimus        pessimal
pet-                              Latin   petere     appetite, competition

petr-          rock               Greek   (petra)    petroglyph

phaeo-         dark

phag-          eat                Greek   phagein    sarcophagus

               close formation
               of troops

phalar-        shining

phanero-       visible            Greek

pher-          bear, carry        Greek              pheromone

philia-        love, friendship   Greek

phleg-                            Greek

phloe-         tree bark

phob-          fear               Greek   (phobos)

phon-          sound              Greek   (phone)

phor-          carry              Greek   (phoros)   metaphor
phos-, phot-   light             Greek                photograph

phragm-        fence             Greek   (phragma)    diaphragm

phren-         diaphragm, mind

phryno-        toad, toad-like

phyl-          tribe

phyll-         leaf              Greek   (phullon)    chlorophyll

physa-         bladder

phys-          nature            Greek                physics

phyt-          plant             Greek   (phuton)     neophyte

pic-           pitch             Latin   pix, picis

pil-           hair              Latin

pin-           pine              Latin

ping-, pict-   paint             Latin   pingere      picture

pino-          drink             Greek                pinocytosis
pir-             pear            Latin

pisc-            fish            Latin   piscis              Pisces

pisum-           pea

plac-            plate, tablet   Greek

plac-            calm            Latin   placare, placatus   placate

plac-, -plic-    please          Latin   placēre, placitus   placid

plagi-           oblique         Greek   (plagios)

plan-            flat            Latin   planus              explanation, planar

plang-                           Latin   plangere            plangent

plas-            mould           Greek                       plasma, plastic

platy-           flat, broad     Greek   (platus)            platypus

plaud-, plaus-   clap            Latin   plaudere, plausus   applaud

ple-, plet-      fill            Latin   plere               complete, suppletive

pleb-                            Latin   plebs, plebis       plebian
plect-, plex-   plait        Latin   plectere

plen-           full         Latin   plenus       plenary

plesi-          near         Greek   (plēsios)

pleth-          full         Greek   (plēthos)    plethora

pleur-          side         Greek   pleura

plex-           interwoven   Greek   (plexis)

plic-           fold         Latin   plicare      duplication, replicate

plinth-         brick        Greek   (plinthos)

plor-                        Latin   plorare      implore

plu-            rain         Latin

plum-           feather      Latin   pluma        plumage

plumb-          lead         Latin   plumbum

plur-                        Latin                plural

plurim-         most         Latin   plurimus
plus-      more        Latin   plus

pluvi-     rain        Latin   pluvia             pluvial

pneu-      air, lung   Greek                      pneumatic

pod-       foot        Greek   (pous, podos)      podiatry, tripod

pogo-      beard

poie-      make        Greek                      poiesis

pol-       city        Greek   (polis)            metropolis, politics

pol-       pole        Greek   (polos)            dipole

pol-       pole        Latin   polus              polar

polem-     war         Greek   (polemos)          polemic

poli(o)-   grey        Greek   (polios)

pollic-    thumb       Latin   pollex, pollicis

pollin-                Latin   pollen, pollinis   pollinate

poly-      many        Greek   (polus)            polygon
pon-, posit-   put             Latin   ponere             position, postpone

ponder-        weight          Latin   pondus, ponderis   ponderable

pont-          bridge          Latin   pons, pontis

popul-         people          Latin   populus            population

por-           passage         Greek   (poros)            pore

porc-          pig             Latin   porcus             porcine, pork

porphyr-       purple          Greek

port-          gate            Latin   porta              portal

port-          carry           Latin   portare            export, transportation

post-          after, behind   Latin   post

pot-           drink           Latin   potare             potable

potam-         river           Greek   (potamos)

praeco-        early

prasin-        leek-green      Greek   (prasinos)         prasinous
prat-            meadow            Latin     pratum

prav-            crooked           Latin     pravus          depravity

pre-             before            Latin     prae

prec-            pray              Latin     prex, precare   deprecation

pred-                              Latin     praedari        predator

                 grasp             Latin     prehendere      comprehend

prem-, -prim-,
                 press             Latin     premere         pressure

presb-           old               Greek     (presbus)       Presbyterianism

preter-          past              Latin     praeter

preti-           price             Latin     pretium

prim-            first             Latin     primus          primary, primitive

prior-           former            Latin     prior           priority

priv-                              Latin     privare

pro-             before, in front of Greek   (pro)
pro-         for, forward   Latin   pro          propulsion

prob-        try            Latin   probare      probation

proct-       anus           Greek   (proktos)    proctology

propri-                     Latin   proprius     appropriate

pros(o)-     forward        Greek   (pros)

prot(o)-     first          Greek   (protos)     protoplasm

proxim-      nearest        Latin   proximus     proximity

prun-        plum           Latin   prunus       prune

psamma-      sand           Greek   (psammos)

pseud(o)-    false          Greek   (pseudos)    pseudonym

psil(o)-     bare           Greek   (psilos)     epsilon

psych(o)-    mind           Greek   (psychē)

psychr(o)-   cold           Greek   (psuchros)

pter-        wing, fern     Greek   (pteron)     helicopter
pto-            fall              Greek                      ptosis

ptyal-          sahva

ptych-          fold, layer       Greek   (ptuchē)           triptych

pubi-           sexually mature

public-                           Latin   publicus           publication

pude-                             Latin   pudere             impudent

pugn-           fight             Latin   pugnare            pugnacious

pulchr-         beautiful         Latin   pulcher, pulchri   pulchritude

pulmon-         lung              Latin   pulmo, pulmonis    pulmonary

pulver-         dust              Latin   pulvis, pulveris   pulverize

pung-, punct-   prick             Latin   pungere            puncture, pungent

puni-           punish            Latin   punire             punitive

pup-            doll              Latin   pupa               pupa, puppet

pur-            pure              Latin   purus              impure, purity
purg-                                Latin          purgare             expurgate, purgatory

purpur-          purple              Latin          purpura

put-                                 Latin          putare              compute, putative

pygo-            rump

pyl-             gate                Greek          (pulon)             pylon

pyo-             pus                 Greek

pyr-             heat, fire          Greek

pyrus-           pear

[edit] Q

                          Meaning In          Origin     Etymology (Root             English
                           English           Language        Origin)                Examples

quadr-                  four            Latin           quattuor                quadrangle

quadragen-              forty each      Latin           quadrageni              quadragenary

quadragesim-            fortieth        Latin           quadragesimus           quadragesimal

quart-                  fourth          Latin           quartus                 quartary, quartile
quasi-                 as if           Latin      quasi

quatern-               four each       Latin      quaterni

quati-, quass-         shake           Latin      quatere

quer-, -quir-, quesit-,
                        search, seek   Latin      quaerere          Inquisition, query

qui-                                   Latin      quies             quiet

quin-                  five each       Latin      quini             quinary

quindecim-             fifteenth       Latin      quindecimus       quindecimal

quinden-               fifteen each    Latin      quindeni          quindenary

quinque-               five            Latin      quinque           quinquennium

quint-                 fifth           Latin      quintus           quintary, quintile

                       how many,
quot-                                  Latin                        quota, quotient
                       how great

[edit] R

                        Meaning in      Origin    Etymology (Root
         Root                                                       English Examples
                         English       Language       Origin)
rach-                spine           Greek   (rhachis)

rad-, ras-           scrape, shave   Latin   radere      abrasion

radi-                beam            Latin   radius      radiation

radic-               root            Latin   radix       radical

ram-                 branch          Latin   ramus

ran-                 frog            Latin   rana

ranc-                                Latin               rancid

rap-                 turnip          Latin   rapum

raph-                seam            Greek

rar-                                 Latin   rarus       rarity

re-, red-            again, back     Latin               recede, redact

rect-                straight        Latin               erect

reg-, -rig-, rect-   straight        Latin               dirigible

rem-                 oar             Latin   remus
ren-                 kidney         Latin   renes       renal

rep-, rept-          crawl, creep   Latin   repere      reptile

ret-                 net            Latin   rete

retic- network

retina- little net

retro-                              Latin

rhabd-               rod            Greek   (rhabdos)

rhach-               spine          Greek   (rhachis)

rhage-               tear, rent

rhe-                 flow           Greek               rheostat

rhin-                nose, snout    Greek               rhinoplasty

rhiz-                root           Greek   (rhiza)     rhizome

rhod-                red            Greek               rhododendron

rhomb-                              Greek               rhombus
rhynch-              snout

-rrh- flow

rid-, ris-           laugh        Latin   ridere    derision, ridicule

roborem- oak tree,

                                                    corrode, erosion,
rod-, ros-           gnaw         Latin   rodere

rog-                 ask          Latin   rogare    interrogation

rogos-               wrinkled

rostr-               beak, prow   Latin             rostrum

rot-                 wheel        Latin   rota      rotation

rub(e)r-             red          Latin   ruber

rug-                 wrinkle      Latin   ruga      corrugation

rumin-               throat       Latin   rumen     rumination

rump-, rupt-         break        Latin   rumpere   rupture

rur-                              Latin   rus       rural
[edit] S

                          Meaning in     Origin    Etymology (Root
          Root                                                           English Examples
                           English      Language       Origin)

sacchar-               sugar           Greek       (sakchar)            saccharin

sacr-, secr-           sacred          Latin       sacer, sacrare       consecrate, sacrament

sagac-                                 Latin       sagax, sagacis       sagacity

sagitt-                arrow           Latin       sagitta              Sagittarius

sal-                   salt            Latin       sal, salis, salere   salinity

                                                                        resilient, salient,
sali-, -sili-, salt-   jump            Latin       salire

salv-                  save            Latin       salvare              salvation

san-                                   Latin       sanus                insane, sanity

sanct-                 holy            Latin       sancire              sanctify

sanguin-               blood           Latin       sanguis, sanguinis sanguine

sapi-, -sipi-                          Latin       sapere               sapient

sapon-                 soap            Latin       sapo, saponis        saponify
sarc(o)-           flesh              Greek   (sarx)     sarcophagus

sativus-           cultivated

saur-              lizard, reptile    Greek              dinosaur

saxum-             rock

scab-              scratch            Latin   scabere

scal-              ladder, stairs     Latin   scala      scale

scalen-            uneven             Greek   skalenos   scalene

scand-, -scend-,
                   climb              Latin   scandere   ascend
scans-, -scens-

                   anything hollow,
scaph-                                Greek
                   bowl, ship

schem-                                Greek   (schema)   schematic

schis-             split              Greek              schism

sci-               know               Latin   scire      prescient, science

scind-, sciss-     split              Latin   scindere   scissors

scler-             hard               Greek   (skler-)   scleroderma
scoli-                 crooked          Greek    (skolios)   scoliosis

                       look at, examine,
scop-, scopy, scept-                     Greek
                       view, observe

scrib-, script-        write            Latin    scribere    inscribe, scripture

sculp-                 carve            Latin    sculpere    sculpture

scut-                  shield

scyph-                 cup

seba-                  tallow, wax

                                                             secant, section,
sec-, sect-, seg-      cut              Latin    secare

sed-                                    Latin    sedare      sedative

                                                             sediment, session,
sed-, -sid-, sess-     sit              Latin    sedere

sedec-                 sixteen          Latin    sedecim     sedecimal

segetum-               in cornfields

sei-                   shake            Greek    (seismos)   seismograph
selen-          moon           Greek

sella-          saddle, seat

sema-                          Greek   (sema)            semantics, semaphore

semi-           half           Latin   semis

semin-          seed           Latin   semen, seminis    insemination

sen-            old man        Latin   senex, senis      senator, senility

sen-            six each       Latin   seni              senary

senti-, sens-   feel           Latin   sentire, sensus   consensus

sept-                          Latin   saeptum

sept-           seven          Latin   septem            septennium

septen-         seven each     Latin   septeni           septenary

septim-         seventh        Latin   septimus

septuagen-      seventy each   Latin   septuageni        septuagenary

septuagesim-    seventieth     Latin   septuagesimus     septuagesimal
septuagint-     seventy          Latin   septuaginta      Septuagint

sequ-, secut-   follow           Latin   sequere

ser(olu)-       any body fluid

ser-            late             Latin   serus

serp-           crawl            Latin   serpere          serpent

serr-           saw, saw-toothed Latin   serra, serrare   serration

serv-                            Latin   servare          conservation

sesqui-                          Latin   sesqui

set-            hair

sever-                           Latin   severus          severity

                                                          semester, sexangle,
sex-, se-       six              Latin   sex

sexagen-        sixty each       Latin   sexageni         sexagenary

sexagesim-      sixtieth         Latin   sexagesimus      sexagesimal

sext-           sixth            Latin   sextus           sextant
sibil-     hiss          Latin   sibilus, sibilare    sibilance

sicc-      dry           Latin   siccus               desiccate

sider-     star          Latin   sidus, sideris       sidereal

sign-                    Latin   signum               signal

sil-                     Latin   silere               silent

silv-      forest        Latin   silva                silviculture

simi-      ape, monkey   Latin   simia                simian

simil-                   Latin   similis              assimilate, similarity

simul-                   Latin   simulare             simulation

singul-    one each      Latin   singuli              singular

sinistr-   left          Latin   sinister, sinistri   sinistral

sinu-                    Latin   sinuare              insinuate

sinus-     hollow, bay

siph(o)-   tube          Greek                        siphon
sist-           cause to stand   Latin   sistere

soci-                            Latin   socius, sociare

sol-            sun              Latin   sol               solar

sol-                             Latin   solare            consolation

solen-          pipe, channel    Greek                     solenoid

solv-, solut-                    Latin   solvere           solution

soma-           body             Greek   (soma)            somatic

somn-           sleep            Latin   somnus            insomnia

somni-          dream            Latin   somnium

son-            sound            Latin   sonus             resonance

soph-                            Greek   (sophos)          sophist

sorb-, sorpt-   suck             Latin   sorbere           absorb, absorption

sord-           dirt             Latin   sordes, sordere   sordid

soror-          sister           Latin   soror             sorority
spati-               space            Latin   spatium             spatial

spec-, -spic-, spect- look            Latin   specere
                                                                  inspection, specimen

spect-               watch, look at   Latin   spectare            spectator

specul-                               Latin   speculari           speculation

sper-                hope             Latin   spes, sperare       desperation

sperm-               seed             Greek   (sperma)

sphen-               wedge

spher-                                Greek   (sphaira)           spheroid

sphinct-             closing

spic-                spike            Latin   spica

spin-                thorn            Latin   spina

spir-                breathe          Latin   spirare             respiration

spond-, spons-                        Latin   spondere, sponsus

spondyl-             vertebra
spu-, sput-           spew, spit   Latin   spuere          sputum

squal-                             Latin   squalere        squalid, squalor

squam-                scale

squarros- spreading
at tips

st-                   stand        Latin   stare           stable, station, status

stalact-                           Greek   (stalaktites)   stalactite

stalagm-                           Greek   (stalagmos)     stalagmite

stae(rlt)-            fat

stagn-                             Latin   stagnare        stagnant

stann-                tin          Latin   stannum         stannous

statu-, -stitu-                    Latin   statuere        institution, statute

steg-                 covering     Greek                   steganography

stell-                star         Latin   stella          constellation, stellar

sten-                 narrow       Greek   (stenos)        stenography
stere-             solid            Greek   (stereos)

stern-, strat-     spread, strew    Latin   sternere, stratus   stratify

stern-             breastbone

stich-             line, row        Greek   (stichos)

stig-                               Greek                       stigma

still-             drip             Latin   stillare            distillation

stingu-, stinct-                    Latin   stinguere

stoch-             aim              Greek

stom-              mouth            Greek

strept-            twisted

string-, strict-   upright, stiff   Latin   stringere           stringent

                   having stiff

stroph-            turning          Greek

stru-, struct-                      Latin   struere             construction
stud-                           Latin   studere

stup-             wonder        Latin   stupere

styl-             column        Greek

su-, sut-         sew           Latin   suere             suture

suad-, suas-                    Latin   suadere, suasus   persuasion

suav-             sweet         Latin   suavis            suave

sub-, su-, sus-   below         Latin   sub

subter-                         Latin   subter            subterfuge

sucr-             sugar

sud-              sweat         Latin   sudare

sulc-             furrow        Latin   sulcus

sum-, sumpt-      take          Latin   sumere            assumption, consume

super-            above, over   Latin   super

supin-            lying back    Latin   supinus
supra-               above, over       Latin

surd-                deaf              Latin      surdus              absurdity

surg-                rise              Latin      surgere             resurgent

syn-, sy-, syl-, sym- with             Greek      (sum)               symbol, system

syrin(glx)-          pipe              Greek

[edit] T

                     Meaning in      Origin    Etymology (Root
        Root                                                         English Examples
                      English       Language       Origin)

tac-, -tic-       be silent        Latin       tacere            reticent, tacit

tach-             swift            Greek       ταχυς (tachus)    tachometer

taenia-           ribbon

tal-              ankle            Latin       talus

tang-, -ting-,
                  touch            Latin       tangere           tangent
tact-, tag-

tapetum-          carpet

tard-             slow             Latin       tardus            retard, tardy
tars-                ankle                                    tarsal

taur-                bull            Greek   (tauros)         Minotaur

taur-                bull            Latin   taurus           Taurus

tax-                                 Greek   (taxis)          taxonomy

techn-                               Greek   (techne)         technology

teg-, tect-          cover           Latin   tegere           protection

tel-                 far, end        Greek                    telephone

teleo-               complete

temno- cut Greek

tempor-              time            Latin   tempus, temporis temporary

ten-, -tin-, tent-   hold            Latin   tenere           continent, tenacious

tend-, tens-         stretch         Latin   tendere          extend, extension

tenu-                slender, thin   Latin   tenuis           attenuate, tenuous

tep-                 be warm         Latin   tepere           tepid
ter-, trit-   rub            Latin   terere      attrition

teres-        round

terg-         wipe           Latin   tergere     detergent

termin-                      Latin   terminus    termination

tern-         three each     Latin   terni       ternary

terr-         dry land       Latin   terra

terti-        third          Latin   tertius     tertiary

test-         witness        Latin   testis      testimony

tetr-         four           Greek   (tetra-)    tetrahedron

tex-, text-   weave          Latin   texere      texture

thalam-       chamber, bed

thalass-      sea            Greek

than-         death          Greek               euthanasia

the-          put            Greek   (tithemi)   theme, thesis
theca-           case        Greek

thel- nipple,

the(o)-, thus-   god         Greek               theology, enthusiasm

theor-                       Greek               theorem, theory

therm-           heat        Greek   (thermos)   thermometer

thero- breast,

thyreo- large

tim-             be afraid   Latin   timere      timid

ting-, tinct-    moisten     Latin   tingere     tincture

tom-             cut         Greek   ectomy

ton-             stretch     Greek

top-             place       Greek   (topos)     topic, topography

torn- cut
torpe- numb

torqu-, tort-   twist            Latin    torquere    extortion, torque, torture

tot-            all, whole       Latin    totus       total

toxo-           arrow, dart

trab-           beam

trachy- rough

trago-          goat

trah-, tract-   pull             Latin    trahere     subtrahend, tractor

trans-, tra-,                                         tradition, transcend,
                across           Latin    trans
tran-                                                 transportation

trapez-         four-sided, table Greek   (trapeza)   trapezoid

traum-                           Greek                traumatic

trecent-        three hundred    Latin    trecenti    trecentennial

tredec-         thirteen         Latin    tredecim

treiskaidek-    thirteen         Greek                triskaidekaphobia
trem-          tremble       Latin   tremere           tremor

trema- hole

tri-           three         Greek   (treis, tria)     triad, trigon

tri-           three         Latin   tres              triangle, trivia

tricen-        thirty each   Latin   triceni           tricenary

tricesim-      thirtieth     Latin   tricesimus

trich-         hair          Greek   (thrix)

trin-          three each    Latin   trini             trinity

troch-         wheel

trop-          turning       Greek                     tropic

troph-         feed          Greek

trud-, trus-   thrust        Latin   trudere           extrusion, intrude

tuss-          cough         Latin   tussis, tussire   pertussis

tympan-        drum          Greek   (tumpan-)         tympani

[edit] U
                Meaning in       Origin       Etymology (Root
  Root                                                          English Examples
                 English        Language          Origin)

uber-    udder               Latin         uber, uberare        exuberant

ulig-    in marshes          Latin

ulo-     wooly               Greek

ultim-   farthest            Latin         ultimus              ultimate

ultra-   beyond              Latin         ultra

umbilic- navel               Latin         umbilicus            umbilical

umbr-    shade, shadow       Latin         umbra

un-, uni- one                Latin         unus, unius          unary, union

unc-     hooked              Latin         uncus

unci-    ounce, twelfth      Latin         uncia                uncial

und-     wave                Latin         unda                 abundant, undulate

undecim- eleventh            Latin         undecimus            undecimal

unden-   eleven each         Latin         undeni               undenary
ungui-        claw, nail                Latin              unguis

ungul-        claw, hoof                Latin              ungula                 ungulate

ur-, uro- tail                          Greek              (oura)                 uroid

urb-          city                      Latin              urbs, urbis            urban

urg-                                    Latin              urgere                 urgent

urs-          bear                      Latin              ursus                  Ursa Major, ursine

ut-, us-      use                       Latin              uti, usus              utility

uv-           grape                     Latin              uva                    uvea

uxor-         wife                      Latin              uxor                   uxoricide

[edit] V

                           Meaning in            Origin       Etymology (Root
       Root                                                                      English Examples
                            English             Language          Origin)

                                                                                vacancy, vacation,
vac-                  empty                Latin            vacare

vad-, vas-            go                   Latin            vadere              evade, pervasive

vag-                  wander               Latin            vagus, vagare       vague
van-                   Latin   vanus             vanity

vap-                   Latin                     evaporation, vapid

veh-, vect-    carry   Latin   vehere, vectus    vehicle, vector

vel-           veil    Latin   velum             revelation, velate

vell-, vuls-   pull    Latin   vellere, vulsus   convulsion

veloc-         quick   Latin   velox, velocis    velocity

ven-           vein    Latin   vena              venosity

ven-           hunt    Latin   venari            venison

ven-, vent-    come    Latin   venire            advent, convention

vend-          sell    Latin   vendere           vendor

vener-                 Latin   venus             veneration, venereal

vent-          wind    Latin   ventus            ventilation

ventr-         belly   Latin   venter            ventral

ver-           true    Latin   verus             verify, verity
verb-          word              Latin   verbum            verbal, verbosity

verber-        whip              Latin   verber            reverberation

verm-          worm              Latin   vermis            vermiform

vern-          spring            Latin   ver, vernus       vernal

vert-, vers-   turn              Latin   vertere, versus   convert, inversion

vesic-         bladder           Latin   vesica            vesical

vesper-        evening, western Latin    vespera

vest-          clothe, garment   Latin   vestis            divest, vest

vestig-                          Latin   vestigium         investigate

vet-           forbid            Latin   vetare            veto

veter-         old               Latin   vetus             veteran

vi-            way               Latin   via               deviate, obvious

vic-           change            Latin   vicis             vice versa, vicissitude

vicen-, vigen- twenty each       Latin   viceni            vicenary
               twentieth        Latin   vecesimus          vicesimary, vigesimal

vid-, vis-     see              Latin   videre             video, vision

vil-           cheap            Latin   vilis              vile, vilify

               shaggy hair,
vill-                           Latin   villus             villiform

vin-           wine             Latin   vinum              vinous

vinc-, vict-   conquer          Latin   vincere, victus    invincible, victory

vir-           man              Latin   vir                virility

vir-           green            Latin   virere             virid

visc-                           Latin   viscum             viscosity

               organs of body
viscer-                         Latin   viscus, visceris   visceral

vit-           life             Latin   vita               vital

vitell-        yolk             Latin   vitellus

viti-                           Latin   vitium             vice, vitiate
vitr-           glass           Latin      vitrum             vitreous

viv-            live            Latin      vivere             revive, survive, vivid

voc-            voice           Latin      vox                vocal

vol-            fly             Latin      volare             volatility

vol-            wish            Latin      velle              volition

volv-, volut-   roll            Latin      volvere, volutus   convolution, revolve

vom-                            Latin      vomere             vomit

vor-, vorac-    swallow         Latin      vorare, vorax      devour, voracious

vov-, vot-      vow             Latin      vovere, votus      votive

                                                              divulge, vulgarity,
vulg-           common, crowd   Latin      vulgus

vulner-         wound           Latin      vulnus, vulneris   vulnerable

vulp-           fox             Latin      vulpes             vulpine

[edit] X

 Root Meaning in English Origin Language Etymology (Root Origin) English Examples
xanth- yellow              Greek         (xanthos)              xanthogenic

xen-    foreign            Greek         (xenos)                xenophobia

xer-    dry                Greek         (xēros)                xerography

xiph- sword                Greek         (xiphos)               xiphoid

xyl-    wood               Greek         (xulon)                xylophone

[edit] Z

          Meaning In         Origin        Etymology (Root
Root                                                          English Examples
           English          Language           Origin)

                                                             protozoa, zoo,
-zo- animal, living being Greek        (zōion)

zon- belt, girdle        Greek         ζωνη (zōnē)           zone

zyg- yoke, joined, paired Greek        (zugon)               heterozygous, zygote

zym- ferment             Greek         (zumē)                enzyme, lysozyme

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