Greek_-_Latin

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					Greek
&
Latin
Roots in
English
A


                                            Origin     Etymology (Root
        Root       Meaning In English                                       English Examples
                                           Language        Origin)


                 from, away from, away,
                                                      ab "away", from       abnormal, abrasion,
a-, ab-, abs-    different from, separated Latin
                                                      Greek apo "away"      absorb, abstract
                 from


                                                      Greek α-/αν- "a-
a-, an-          not, without             Greek                             atypical, ahistorical
                                                      /an" "not"


                                                      acutus past
                                                      participle of acuere
ac-, ak-, acu-   sharp or pointed         Latin                            acid, acupunture
                                                      "to sharpen", from
                                                      acus "needle"


                                                                        acrophobia acrobat,
                                                      Greek άκρος ákros
acr-, acro-      height, summit, tip      Greek                         acronym
                                                      "high", "extreme"
                                                                        acromegalia


ad- (related
cognate
                   movement to or toward;                                   adapt, advance,
prefixes a-, ac-,                         Latin       ad "to", "toward"
                   in addition to                                           ascend
af-, ag-, al-, ap-
, as-, at-)


adip-            fat                      Latin       adeps, adipis "fat"   adipose


                                                      from Greek aer        aeronautics,
aer-, aero-      air, atomsphere          Greek
                                                      "air"                 aerosol,


                                                      from Greek
aesth-           feeling, sensation       Greek       aisthētikos "of       aesthetics
                                                      sense perception"
                                                      from aisthanesthai
                                                        "to perceive"


                                                       from Greek agros
                                             Greek and
agr-, agri-     field                                  and Latin ager, agr- agriculture, pilgrim
                                             Latin
                                                       "field"


                                                        amor "love" from
am-, amor-      love, loving                 Latin                           amateur, amorous
                                                        amāre "to love"


                                                        ambi "on both        ambidextrous,
ambi-           both, on both sides          Latin
                                                        sides"               ambivalent


amic-, -imic-   friend                       Latin      amicus               amicable


                around, about, both, on                 amphi "on both
amphi-                                    Greek                              amphibian
                both sides of, both kinds               sides"


ampl-           ample                        Latin      amplus               amplification


                                                        from Greek prefix
                                                                             anaphylaxis
ana-            again, against               Greek      ana- "again",
                                                                             anabaptist
                                                        "against"


anima-          breath                       Latin      anima "breath"       animal, animation


                                                                             annual,
ann- anni-,
                year, yearly                 Latin      annus "year"         anniversary,
anno-, -enn-
                                                                             millennium


                against, opposed to,                    anti "before"        antibiotic,
ant-, anti-                                  Greek
                preventive                              "against"            antibody, antipodes


ante-, anti-                                 Latin
                before, in front of, prior              Latin from Greek     antediluvian,
                 to                                  anti "before",       antebellum,
                                                     "against"            anticipate


anth-, antho-    flower                    Greek     anthos "flower"      anther, anthology


anthropo-,                                                                anthropology,
                 human                     Greek     anthropos "man"
anthro-                                                                   anthropomorphic


aqu-             water                     Latin     aqua                 aquarium


ar-              plow, till                Latin     arare                arable


                                                     arere, "be dry or
ar-              burn, dry                 Latin                          arid
                                                     parched"


                                                     arkhaios "ancient"
archaeo-,
                 ancient                   Greek     from arhkē           archeology, archaic
archeo-
                                                     "beginning"


                 Relating to the North
                 Pole or the region near it;
                 relating to cold; used as
arct- , arcto-                               Greek   arktos "bear"        Arctic Ocean
                 the scientific name of
                 some bear species, e.g.
                 ursus arctos horribilis


argent-          silver                    Latin     argentum "silver"    argent, Argentina


arthr- , arthro- joint                     Greek     arthon "joint"       arthropod


astr-, astro-    star, star shaped         Greek     astron "star"        astronomy


athl-            prize                     Greek     athlos "contest"     athlete
                                                                              auditorium,
aud-, audi-      hearing, listening, sound Latin         audire "to hear"
                                                                              auditory, audio


                                                         augēre "to           augmentation,
aug-             grow, increase            Latin
                                                         increase"            inauguration


                 relating to gold, or gold-
aur-                                        Latin        aurum "gold"         aureole, aure
                 colored


auri-            Relating to the ear       Latin         auris "ear"          auricle


                                                         αυτός (autos) "self", automobile,
aut- auto-       self; directed from within Greek
                                                         "same"                autonomy


avi-             bird                      Latin         avis "bird"          aviary, aviation


                                                         Latin from Greek
axi-             axis                      Greek                              axis, axiology
                                                         axios "worth"


[edit] B


                 Meaning In             Origin        Etymology (Root
   Root                                                                      English Examples
                  English              Language           Origin)


bac-          rod-shaped           Latin            from baculum rod        bacilla, bacteria


                                                                            barometer, barograph,
baro-         weight, pressure     Greek            (barus)
                                                                            baroreceptor


                                                    from βαίνω, to walk,
basi-         at the bottom        Greek                                    basic, basis
                                                    march, βάσις "step"
                                               βαθυς (bathus),
bath-        deep, depth       Greek                                      batholith
                                               (bathos)


be-, beat-   bless             Latin           beatus, beare              beatification


                                                                          bellicose, belligerent,
bell(i)-     war               Latin           bellum, belli
                                                                          Ante Bellum


ben-         good, well        Latin           bene (adverb)              benefit, benign


                                               bis, "twice" / bini, "in
bi-          two               Latin                                      binocular, bigamy
                                               twos"


bib-         drink             Latin           bibere                     imbibe


bibl-        book              Greek           βιβλίον                    bibliography, bible


                                                                          biology, biologist,
bi(o)-       life              Greek           βίος (bios)
                                                                          biosphere


             germ, embryo, bud,                βλαστάνω, "to put
blast-                          Greek                                     sideroblast
             cell with nucleus                 forth shoots"


bon(i)-      good              Latin           bonus                      bonify, bonitary


                               Greek / Latin   βόρρας, "the north
bor-         north                                                        borealis
                               (boreas)        wind"


bot-         plant             Greek                                      botany


bov-         cow, ox           Latin           bos, bovis                 bovine
brachi-,
           arm                   Greek   βραχιων (brachion)
brachio-


brach-     short                 Greek   (brachus)


brad-      slow                  Greek   βραδύς                 bradycardia


branch-    gill                  Greek


brev(i)-   brief, short (time)   Latin   brevis, breviare       abbreviation, brevity


briz-      nod                   Greek   (brizō)


           oats, broom,
brom-                                    (bromos)
           shadow


bronch-    windpipe              Greek   βρόγχος                bronchitis


bront-     thunder               Greek   (brontē)               Brontosaurus


           cheek, mouth,
bucc-                            Latin   bucca                  buccal
           cavity


bulb-      bulbous               Latin   bulbus


                                         ebullio, "to bubble,
bulla-     bubble, flask         Latin                          ebullient
                                         boil"


bursa-     pouch, purse          Latin                          bursary, disburse
[edit] C


                 Meaning In     Origin          Etymology (Root
     Root                                                             English Examples
                  English      Language             Origin)


cac(o)-        bad            Greek         (kakos)                   cacophony


cad-, -cid-,                                                          accident, cadence,
               fall           Latin         cadere
cas-                                                                  case


                                            from Latin calx "lime",
                              Latin
                                            probably from Greek       calculus, calcite,
calc-          stone          probably from
                                            khalix "pebble"           calcium
                              Greek
                                            "limestone"


                                            from Greek kallos
calli-         beautiful      Greek                                   calligraphy
                                            "beauty"


calor-         heat           Latin         calor "heat"              calorie


calyp-         cover          Greek         (kaluptein)               apocalypse


camer-         vault          Latin         camera                    bicameral, camera


                                            campus "field", "level    champion,
camp-          field          Latin
                                            ground"                   campaign


can(i)-        dog            Latin         canis "dog"               canine, Canis Major


                                                                      canto, cantata,
can-, cant-    sing           Latin         canere "sing"
                                                                      cantor
                                                                           candid,
                glowing,                         candere "to be white or
cand-                               Latin                                  incandescent,
                iridescent                       glisten"
                                                                           candle, candela


                                                 capere "take or hold"     capture, captive,
cap-, -cip-,
                take, hold          Latin        (note the vowel change    conception,
capt-, -cept-
                                                 from a to i in compounds) recipient


capit-, -cipit- head                Latin        caput, capitis "head"     capital, chief, chef


capr-           goat                Latin        caper, capri              Capricorn, caprine


caps-           box, case           Latin        capsa                     capsule


carbo-          coal                Latin        carbo, carbonis           carbon


carcer-         jail                Latin        carcer, carcerare         incarceration


                                    Latin from   Latin from Greek
carci-          cancer (disease)                                           carcinoma
                                    Greek        karkinos "crab"


                relating to the                                            [cardiology]],
cardi(o)-                           Greek        kardia "heart"
                heart                                                      cardiograph


cardin-         hinge               Latin        cardo, cardinis           cardinal


carn-           flesh               Latin        caro, carnis              carnival, carnivore


carpo-          relating to fruit   Greek        from Greek karpos "fruit" carpology


carp-                               Greek
                relating to the                  from Greek karpos         carpal, carpal tunnel
              wrist                  "wrist"            syndrome


                                                        catastrophe,
cata-         down           Greek   kata "down"
                                                        catatonia


caten-        chain          Latin   catena             concatenation


cathar-       pure           Greek   (katharos)         catharsis


caud-         tail           Latin   cauda              caudal


                                                        cave, cavity,
cav-          hollow         Latin   cavus "hollow"
                                                        excavation


ced-, cess-   go             Latin   cedere             procession, recede


                                                        acceleration,
celer-        quick          Latin   celer, celerare
                                                        celerity


cen(o)-       new            Greek   (kainos)


cen(o)-       common         Greek   (koinos)


cens-                        Latin   censere            census


                                                        cent, centennial,
cent-         hundred        Latin   centum "hundred"
                                                        centurion


centen-       hundred each   Latin   centeni            centenary
                                                                centesimal,
centesim-   hundredth        Latin    centesimus
                                                                centesimation


centr-      center           Greek    (kentron)                 eccentric


                                      from Greek kephale        cephalopod,
cephalo-    head             Greek
                                      "head"                    encephalogram


ceram-      clay             Greek    (keramos)                 ceramic


cerat-      horn             Greek    from Greek keras "horn"   ceratin, cornea


cern-                        Latin    cernere                   discern


            relating to the
cervic-     neck, relating to Latin   cervix, cervicis "neck"   cervix, cervical
            the cervix


ceter-      other            Latin    ceterus                   et cetera


            of the hand or                                      chiroptera,
chiro-                       Greek    from Greek kheir "hand"
            hands                                               chiropractic


            relating to a             from Greek khelone
chelo-                       Greek                              chelonia
            turtle                    "tortoise"


                                      from Greek khlōros        chlorine,
chloro-     green            Greek
                                      "green"                   chlorophyll


                                      from Greek khoreia
choreo-     relating to dance Greek   "dancing in unison" from choreography
                                      khoros "chorus"
chord-          cord             Latin   chorda "rope"     chordata


                                                           chromosome,
chrom-          color            Greek   khrōma "color"
                                                           chromium


chryso-         gold             Greek   khrusos "gold"    chrysolite


cili-           eyelash          Latin   cilium            cilia


cine-           motion           Greek   (kine-)           cinema


ciner-          ash              Latin   cinis, cineris    incineration


cing-, cinct-   gird             Latin   cingere           succinct


circ-           circle           Latin   circus            circus


circum-         around           Latin   circum "around"   circumference


cirr-           orange           Greek   kirros            cirrhosis


cirr-           curl, tentacle   Latin   cirrus            cirrus


civ-            citizen          Latin   civis             civility


clad-           branch           Greek   (klados)


clar-           clear            Latin   clarus            clarity, declaration
clast-         broken            Greek    klastos "broken"          iconoclast


claud-, -clud-
, claus-, -    close             Latin    claudere                  clause, exclusion
clus-


                                          from Greek kleis "key"
clav-          key               Greek                              conclave
                                          from kleiein "to close"


cl(e)ist-      closed


cleithr-       bar, key


                                                                    clemency,
clement-       mild              Latin    clemens, clementis
                                                                    inclement


clin-          bed, lean, recline Latin   -clinare                  declination, inclined


cochl-         shell             Greek


coel-          hollow            Greek    (koilos)


cogn-          know              Latin                              cognitive


col-           strain            Latin    colare, colum             colander


coll-          neck              Latin    collum                    collar


color-         color             Latin    color                     coloration
con-, co-, col- with, together,                              connect, collide,
                                  Latin   cum
, com-          joined                                       compress


condi-          season            Latin   condire            condiment


cono-           cone              Greek   konos              conic, conical


contra-         against           Latin   contra


copro-          dung              Greek   (kopros)           coprolite


corac-          raven             Greek   (korax, korakos)   coracoid


cord-           heart             Latin   cor, cordis        accord, cordial


corn-           horn              Latin   cornu              cornucopia


coron-          crown             Latin   corona, coronare   corona, coronation


corpor-         body              Latin   corpus, corporis   corporation, corpse


cortic-         bark              Latin   cortex, corticis


                                                             cosmetics,
cosmet-                           Greek   (kosmet-)
                                                             cosmetology


cost-           rib               Latin   costa              costal


cotyl-          cup               Greek   (kotulē)           cotyledon
crani-         skull                                         cranium


crass-         thick            Latin   crassus              crassitude


cre-           make             Latin   creare               creation, creature


crep-          boot, shoe       Greek   (krēpis, krēpidos)


cribi-         sieve


cric-          ring


cris-, crit-   judge            Greek                        crisis, critic


crisp-         curled           Latin   crispus


crist-         crest


crosso-        fringe, tassel   Greek   (krossoi)


cru(rals)-     shank


                                                             crucial, crucifix,
cruc(i)-       cross            Latin   crux, crucis
                                                             crucify


                                                             cryptic,
crypt-         hidden           Greek   (kruptos)
                                                             cryptography


cten-          comb             Greek   (kteis, ktenos)
cub-           cube           Greek   (kubos)            cubic, cuboid


cub-           lie            Latin   cubare             incubation


culin-         kitchen        Latin   culina             culinary


culp-          blame, fault   Latin   culpa              culpable, exculpate


cune-          wedge          Latin   cuneus             cuneiform


                                                         concurrent,
curr-, curs-   run            Latin   currere
                                                         recursion


curv-          bent           Latin   curvus             curvature


cusp-          lance, point   Latin   cuspis, cuspidis   bicuspid


cut(i)-        skin           Latin   cutis              cuticle


cyan-          blue           Greek   κυανός (kuanos)    cyanide


                                                         bicycle, cycle,
cycl-          circular       Greek   κύκλος (kuklos)
                                                         cyclone


cylind-        roll           Greek   (kulindros)        cylinder


cyn-           dog            Greek   (kuōn, kunos)      cynosure


cyst-          capsule        Greek   (kustis)           cystic
cyt(o)-        cell                Greek         (kutos)                  cytoplasm


[edit] D


                      Meaning In       Origin       Etymology (Root
        Root                                                             English Examples
                       English        Language          Origin)


dactyl-          finger             Greek         δάχτυλο, finger      dactylology


damn-, -demn-                       Latin         damnare              condemn, damnation


deb-             owe                Latin         debere               debit


                                                  decimus, tenth; from
deci-            tenth part         Latin                              decibel, decimate
                                                  decem, ten


deca-, dec-,
                 ten                Greek         deka, ten            decagram, decahedron
deka-, dek-


delt-                               Greek         (delta)              deltoid


                                                                       demagogue,
dem-             people             Greek         demos, people
                                                                       democracy


den-             ten each           Latin         deni                 denary


dendr-,          resembling a                     dendron: akin to
                                    Greek                              dendrite
dendro-          tree                             drys, tree


dens-            thick              Latin         densus               condense, density
dent-         tooth             Latin   dens, dentis          dental, dentures


derm-         skin              Greek   δέρμα (derma) skin    hypodermic


                                        δεύτερος (deuteros)
deuter-       second            Greek                         Deuteronomy
                                        "second"


dexter-       right             Latin   dexter                dexterity


dextro-       right             Greek   δεξ-, right


di-           two               Greek


dia-          apart, through    Greek   δια                   diameter


dict-         say, speak        Latin                         dictation


digit-        finger            Latin   digitus               digital


              terrible,
dino-                           Greek   (deinos)              dinosaur
              fearfully great


dipl-                           Greek                         diploid, diplosis


doc-, doct-   teach             Latin   docere                docile, doctor


dodec-        twelve            Greek   δωδεκα (dodeka)       dodecasyllabic


dog-/dox-     opinion,          Greek                         dogmatic
                    teaching


dom-                               Latin       domus              dome


dorm-               sleep          Latin       dormire            dormant, dormitory


dors-               back           Latin       dorsum             dorsal


du-                 two            Latin       duo                dual


dub-                doubtful       Latin                          dubious


                                                                  abduction, conductor,
duc-, duct-         lead           Latin       dux
                                                                  introduce


dulc-               sweet          Latin       dulcis


dur-                hard           Latin       durus              durable


dy-                 two            Greek       (duo)              dyad


dys-                badly, ill     Greek       δυσ                dysentery


[edit] E


                Meaning In          Origin     Etymology (Root
      Root                                                          English Examples
                 English           Language        Origin)


ec-           out                Greek        (ek)               eccentric
                                                     ecology, economics,
eco-        house        Greek   (oikos)
                                                     ecumenism


ecto-       outside      Greek   (ektos)             ectoderm


ed-         eat          Latin   edere               edible


ego-        self                                     egocentric


em-, empt- buy           Latin   emere               exemption, redeem


eme-        vomit        Greek   (emetos)            emetic


emul-                    Latin   aemulus, aemulare   emulation


en-, em-    in           Greek   (en)                emphasis


endo-       inside       Greek   (endo)              endocrine


engy-       narrow       Greek


ennea-      nine         Greek   (ennea)             ennead, enneagon


ensi-       sword


eo-         dawn, east   Greek


epi-, ep-   upon         Greek   (epi)               epicenter, epoch
              knowledge or
epistem-                     Greek
              science


equ-, -iqu-   even, level    Latin   aequus               equal


equ-          horse          Latin   equus                equestrian


erg-          work           Greek   (ergon)              ergonomics


err-          stray          Latin   errare               aberration, errant


erythr(o)-    red            Greek   ερυθρος (eruthros)   erythrocyte


eso-          within         Greek   (esō)                esoteric


eth-                         Greek   εθος (ethos)


ethm-         sieve          Greek


ethn-                        Greek   (ethnos)             ethnic


etym(o)-      true           Greek   (etumos)             etymology


eu-           well           Greek   (eu)                 euphoria


eur-          wide           Greek   (eurus)


ex-, e-       from, out of   Latin   ex
exo-             outside         Greek                                     exothermic


exter-,
                 outer           Latin                                     exterior
extra-


extrem-                          Latin            extremus                 extremity


[edit] F


                                            Origin        Etymology
        Root         Meaning In English                                        English Examples
                                           Language      (Root Origin)


fab-                bean                  Latin         faba


fac-, -fic-, fact,                                                            defect, factory,
                   make                   Latin         facere, factus
-fect-                                                                        manufacture


falc-               sickle                Latin         falx, falcis


fall-, -fell-,
                                          Latin         fallere, falsus       falsity
fals-


fallac-             false                 Latin         fallax, fallacis      fallacy


famili-                                   Latin                               familiarity


fant-                                     Greek                               fantasy


fasc-               bundle                Latin         fascis                fascicle
fatu-          foolish, useless     Latin   fatuus             fatuous, infatuate


feder-                              Latin   foedus, foederis   confederation, federal


fel-           cat                  Latin   feles              feline


felic-         happy, merry         Latin   felix, felicis     felicity


fell-          suck                 Latin   fellare            fellation


               women, quality or
femin-         condition of being   Latin   femina             femininity
               female


femor-         thigh                Latin   femur, femoris     femoral


fend-, fens-                        Latin   fendere            defend, offense


fenestr-       window               Latin   fenestra           fenestration


fer-           carry                Latin   ferre              reference, transfer


feroc-         fierce               Latin   ferox, ferocis     ferocity


ferr-          iron                 Latin   ferrum             ferrous


fet-           stink                Latin   fetere             fetid


fic-           fig                  Latin   ficus
fid-            faith, trust   Latin   fides             confide


fil-            thread         Latin   filum             filament


fili-                          Latin   filius            affiliate


find-, fiss-    split          Latin   findere           fission


firm-                          Latin   firmus, firmare   confirmation


fistul-         hollow, tube


fl-             blow           Latin   flare             flatulence, inflation


flacc-          flabby         Latin   flaccus           flaccid


flav-           yellow         Latin   flavus            flavonoid


flect-, flex-   bend           Latin   flectere          inflection, flexor


flig-, flict-   strike         Latin   fligere           inflict


flor-           flower         Latin   flos, floris      floral, florid


flu-, flux-     flow           Latin   fluere, fluxus    effluent, fluency


foc-            hearth         Latin   focus             focal
fod-, foss-     dig             Latin   fodere, fossus   fossil


foen-           hay


foli-           leaf            Latin   folium           defoliate


font-           spring          Latin   fons, fontis


for-            bore            Latin   forare           perforation


form-           shape           Latin   forma            deformity, formation


fornic-         vault           Latin   fornix           fornication


fort-           strong          Latin   fortis           fortification


                shallow round
fovea-
                depression


frang-, -fring-,                                         fracture, fragment,
                 break          Latin   frangere
fract-, frag-                                            infringe


frater-         brother         Latin   frater           fraternity


fric-, frict-   rub             Latin                    friction


frig-           cold            Latin   frigere          frigid


front-          forehead        Latin   frons, frontis   frontal
fruct-, frug-      fruit               Latin            frux, fructis      fructose


                                                                           centrifuge, fugitive,
fug-               flee                Latin            fugere
                                                                           refuge


fum-               smoke               Latin            fumus              fume, fumigate


fund-              bottom              Latin            fundus, fundare


                                                                           fundamental,
fund-, fus-        pour                Latin            fundere
                                                                           profundity, profusion


fung-, funct-      do                  Latin            fungi              function


fur-, furt-        steal               Latin            furare             furtive


furc-              fork                Latin            furca              bifurcation


fusc-              dark                Latin            fuscus             obfuscation


[edit] G


                  Meaning in      Origin         Etymology (Root
   Root                                                                     English Examples
                   English       Language            Origin)


galact-         milk           Greek           (gala)                     galactic


                                                                          gastric,
gastr-          stomach        Greek           (gaster)
                                                                          gastroenterologist
ge(o)-        earth            Greek   γη (gē)            geology


gel-          icy cold         Latin   gelum              gelatin


ger-, gest-   bear, carry      Latin   gerere             digest, gestation


germin-       sprout           Latin   germen, germinis   germination


glabr-        hairless         Latin   glaber             glabrous


glaci-        ice              Latin   glacies            glacier


gladi-        sword            Latin   gladius            gladiator


glob-                          Latin   globus             global, globule


glori-        glory            Latin   gloria             glorify


glutin-       glue             Latin   gluten, glutinis   agglutination


grad-,
              walk, step, go   Latin   gradus, gradere    grade, regress
gress-


gramm-        letter           Greek   γραμμα (gramma)    grammatic


gran-         grain            Latin   granum             granary, granule


grand-        grand            Latin   grandis            grandiloquous
graph-        draw, write         Greek          (graphē)               graphic, graphology


grat-         thank, please       Latin          gratus                 gratitude


grav-         heavy               Latin          gravis                 gravity


greg-         flock               Latin          grex, gregis           gregarious, segregation


gubern-                           Latin          gubernare              gubernatorial


gust-         taste               Latin          gustus                 gusto


guttur-       throat              Latin          guttur                 guttural


[edit] H


                     Meaning in        Origin             Etymology (Root            English
   Root
                      English         Language                Origin)               Examples


haem-         blood                Greek           (haima)                   haemophilia


hal-          salt                 Greek           (hals)                    halogen


hal-, -hel-   breathe              Latin           halare                    anhelation, inhale


hapl-         simple               Greek           (haplos)                  haploid


haur,
              draw                 Latin           haurire                   exhaust
haust
heli-        sun                Greek                      helium


hemi-        half               Greek   ήμισυς (hemisus)   hemisphere


hen-         one                Greek   (hen)              henad, hyphen


hendec-      eleven             Greek   (hendeka)          hendecagon


hept-        seven              Greek   (hepta)            heptagon


                                                           adhesive,
her-, hes-   cling              Latin   haerere
                                                           coherent


herb-                           Latin   herba              herbicide


herp-        creep              Greek                      herpetology


heter(o)-    different, other   Greek   (heteros)


heur-        find               Greek                      heuristic


hex-         six                Greek   (hex)              hexagon


hibern-      wintry             Latin   hibernus           hibernation


hiem-        winter             Latin   hiems              hiemal


hipp-        horse              Greek   (hippos)           hippodrome
hirsu[t]-   hairy                Latin   hirtus, hirsutus


hispid-     bristly              Latin   hispidus


histri-     actor                                           histrionic


hod-        way                  Greek   (hodos)            cathode


hol-        whole                Greek   (holos)            holistic


hom(o)-     same                 Greek   (homos)            homosexual


homeo-      like                 Greek   (homoios)


homin-      human                Latin   homo               hominid


homal-      even, flat           Greek   (homalos)          anomalous


horm-       that which excites   Greek                      hormone


hort-       garden               Latin   hortus             horticulture


hum-        ground               Latin   humus              exhumation


hyal-       glass                Greek   (hualos)           hyaline, hyaloid


hydr(o)-    water                Greek                      hydrology
hygr-        wet               Greek              (hugros)               hygrology


hyo-         U-shaped          Greek


hyp(o)-      under             Greek              (hupo)                 hyphen


hyper-       above, over       Greek              (huper)


hypn-        sleep             Greek              (hupnos)               hypnosis


hyster-      later             Greek              (husteros)             hysteresis


[edit] I


               Meaning In     Origin         Etymology (Root
   Root                                                               English Examples
                English      Language            Origin)


ichth-       fish           Greek       (ichthus)              ichthyology


icos-        twenty         Greek       (eikosi)               icosagon, icosahedron


id(o)-       shape          Greek       (eidos)                idol


idi(o)       personal       Greek       (idios)                idiom, idiosyncrasy, idiot


ign-         fire           Latin       ignis                  igneous, ignition


in- (1), im- in, on         Latin       in                     invite, incur, intend
in- (2), il-,   in, un-                                                   illicit, impossible,
                                 Latin        in-
im-, ir-        (negation)                                                inimical, irrational


infra-          under            Latin        infra                       infrastructure


insul-          island           Latin        insula                      insular, insulation


                among,                        inter (preposition) -       intermission,
inter-                           Latin
                between                       among, between              intercollegiate, intercourse


intra-          within           Latin        intra                       intracollegiate


irasc-, irat- be angry           Latin        irasci                      irascible, irate


is(o)-          equal, the same Greek         (isos)                      isomorphic, isometric


                property of,
-(i)tat-                         Latin                                    quality, liberty
                quality of


iter-           again            Latin        iterum                      iteration


                                              iter, itinis - march,
itin-           route, way       Latin                                    itinerary
                                              journey



[edit] J

                         Meaning In     Origin
         Root                                       Etymology (Root Origin)       English Examples
                          English      Language


jac-                    lie           Latin       jacēre "to be thrown"          adjacent
                                               iacio, iacere, ieci, iectus -
jac- (originally                                                                eject, interject,
                   cast, throw     Latin       "to throw" (and cognates
IAC), -ject-                                                                    ejaculate, trajectory
                                               thereof)


jan-               door            Latin       janua                            janitor


joc-               joke            Latin       jocus                            jocularity


jug-               yoke            Latin       jugare, jugum                    conjugal, subjugate


                                                                                conjunction,
junct-             join            Latin       jungere, junctus
                                                                                juncture


junior-            younger         Latin       junior                           juniority


jus-, jur, judic                               ius, iuris; iudex, iudicis;
                   law, justice    Latin                                        justice, jury, judge
(originally IVS)                               iusticia, iusticiae, etc.


juv-, jut-         help            Latin       juvare                           adjutant


juven-             young, youth Latin          juvenis                          juvenile, rejuvenate


juxta-             beside, near    Latin       juxta                            juxtaposition



[edit] K

             Meaning In        Origin        Etymology (Root
Root                                                                         English Examples
              English         Language           Origin)


kil(o)- thousand           Greek           chilioi                  kilogram, kilometer, kilobyte
         movement,                                                telekinesis, kinetic energy,
kine-                         Greek
         motion                                                   kinesthetic


klept- steal                  Greek          (kleptēs)            kleptomania


kudo- glory                   Greek          (kudos)              kudos



[edit] L

                 Meaning In            Origin      Etymology (Root
    Root                                                                  English Examples
                  English             Language         Origin)


lab-, laps-    slide, slip        Latin          labi, lapsus         elapse, relapse


labi-          lip                Latin          labia, labiae        bilabial, labial


labor-         toil               Latin          labor                collaboration, elaboration


lacer-         tear               Latin          lacer                laceration


lacrim-        cry, tears         Latin          lacrima "tear"       lacrimal, lacrimous


               of or pertaining
lact-                             Latin          lac, lactare         lactate, lactation, lactose
               to milk


lamin-         layer, slice       Latin          lamina               laminate, lamination


lamp-          shine              Greek          lampas "torch"       lamp
lapid-       stone          Latin   lapis                lapidary


larg-        large          Latin   largus               enlargement


larv-        ghost, mask    Latin   larva                larva, larvae, larval


lat(i)-      broad, wide    Latin   latus                latitude


later-       side           Latin   latus                bilateral


laud-, laus- praise         Latin   laudere              laud


lav-         wash           Latin   lavare               lavatory


lax-                        Latin   laxus, laxare        laxative, relaxation


led-, les-   hurt           Latin   laedere, laesus      lesion


leio-        smooth         Greek   leios                leiomyoma


leni-        gentle         Latin   lenis, lenire        leniency


leon-        lion           Latin   leo, leonis "lion"   Leo, leonine, Leopold


lep-         flake, scale   Greek   lepis                Lepidoptera


leuc(o)-,
             white          Greek   leukos               leucocyte
leuk(o)
                                      levis "light" (in
lev-         lift, light      Latin                       elevator, levitation
                                      weight), levare


liber-       free             Latin   liber, liberare     liberation


libr-        book             Latin   liber               library


lig-         bind             Latin   ligare              ligament, ligature


lin-         line             Latin   linea               linearity, line


                                      lingua tongue,
lingu-       language, tongue Latin                       bilingual, linguistic
                                      language


linqu-, lict- leave           Latin   linquere            relict, relinquish


lip(o)-      fat              Greek   lipos               lipolysis


                                                          alliteration, literal,
liter-       letter           Latin   littera
                                                          obliterate


                                                          monolith, Neolithic Era,
lith(o)-     stone            Greek   lithos "stone"
                                                          lithosphere


loc-         place            Latin   locus               local, location


                                                          monologue, logic,
log-         thought, word    Greek   logos "word"
                                                          morphological


long-        long             Latin   longus              elongate, longitude
loqu-,
               speak             Latin     loqui                allocution, eloquent
locut-


luc-           bright, light     Latin     lux, lucis light     Lucifer (bearer of light)


lud-, lus-     play              Latin     ludere               allude, illusion


lumin-         light             Latin     lumen, luminis       illumination, luminous


lun-           moon              Latin     luna "moon"          lunar, lunatic



[edit] M

               Meaning In         Origin   Etymology (Root
 Root                                                            English Examples
               English          Language      Origin)


macr-        long              Greek       μακρός (makros)    macron


magn-        great, large      Latin       magnus             magnanimous, magnificent


maj-         greater           Latin       major, majus       majesty, majority, majuscule


mal-         bad, wretched     Latin       malus              malicious, malign


mamm-        breast            Latin       mamma              mammary, mammal


man-         flow              Latin       manare             emanate


man-         stay              Latin       manere, mansus     permanent, remanent
mand-      hand           Latin   mandare, mandatus mandate, remand


manu-      hand           Latin   manus            manual, manuscript


mar-       sea            Latin   mare, maris      marine, maritime


mater-,
           mother         Latin   mater, matris    matrix
matr-


maxim-     greatest       Latin   maximus          maximal


medi-, -
           middle         Latin   medius           median, medieval
midi-


meg-       great, large   Greek   (megas)          megaphone


mei-                      Greek                    meiosis


melan-     black, dark    Greek   μέλας (melas)    Melanesia, melanoma


melior-    better         Latin   melior           amelioration


mell-      honey          Latin   mel, mellis      mellifluous


mening-    membrane       Greek   (meninx)


ment-      mind           Latin   mens, mentis     demented, mentality


mer-       part           Greek   (meros)          polymer


merc-                     Latin   merx, mercis     mercantile, merchant
merg-,
           dip, plunge     Latin   mergere          emerge, immersion
mers-


mes-       middle          Greek   (mesos)          mesolithic, mesozoic


meter-,
           measure         Greek   (metron)         metric, thermometer
metr-


           above, among,
meta-                      Greek   (meta)           metaphysics
           beyond


micr(o)-   small           Greek   (mikros)         microphone, microscope


milit-     soldier         Latin   miles, militis   military, militia


mill-      thousand        Latin   mille            millennium, million


millen-    thousand each   Latin   milleni          millenary


mim-                       Greek   (mimos)          mime, mimic


min-       jut             Latin   minere           prominent


min-       less, smaller   Latin   minor, minus     minority, minuscule


           wonder,                 miror, mirari,
mir-                       Latin                    miracle, mirror, admire
           amazement               miratus sum


mis-       hate            Greek   (misos)          misandry, misogyny


misce-,
           mix             Latin   miscere          miscellaneous, mixture
mixt-
mit-       thread         Greek   (mitos)         mitochondrion


mitt-,
           send           Latin   mittere         intermittent, transmission
miss-


mne-       memory         Greek                   mnemonic


mol-       grind          Latin   mola            molar


moll-      soft           Latin   mollis          emollient, mollify


                                                  monolith, monotone,
mon(o)-    one            Greek   (monos)
                                                  monism


mont-      mountain       Latin   mons, montis    Montana


                                                  morpheme,
morph-     form, shape    Greek   (morphe)        anthropomorphic,
                                                  morphology


mort-      death          Latin   mors, mortis    immortal, mortality


mov-,
           move, motion   Latin   moveo, movere   move, motor, momentum
mot-


mulg-,
           milk           Latin   mulgere         emulsion
muls-


                                                  multitude, multiple,
mult(i)-   many, much     Latin   multus
                                                  multiplex


mur-       wall           Latin   murus, muri     immured, mural
mus-           thief             Latin           mus, muris         mouse


musc-          fly               Latin           musca, muscae


mut-           change            Latin           mutare             mutation


my-            mouse             Greek           (mus)


               countless, ten
myri-                            Greek           (murios)           myriad
               thousand


myth-          story             Greek           (muthos)           mythic, mythology


myx-           slime             Greek           (muxa)


myz-           suck              Greek


meno- moon

mica- grain (Latin) e.g. 'micelle'

monil- string of beads

[edit] N

                          Meaning in        Origin          Etymology (Root        English
        Root
                           English         Language             Origin)           Examples


nar-                   nostril           Latin            naris


                                                                               narcosis,
narc-                  numb              Greek
                                                                               narcotic
narr-           tell        Latin   narrare          narrative


nas-            nose        Latin   nasus            nasal


nasc-, nat-     born        Latin   nascere, natus   nascent, native


naut-           ship        Greek   (naus)           astronaut


nav-            ship        Latin   navis            naval


ne(o)-          new         Greek   (neos)


necr(o)-        dead        Greek   (nekros)


nect-, nex-     join, tie   Latin   nectere, nexus   connection


necto-, nect-   swimming    Greek   nektos           nectopod


neg-            say no      Latin   negare           negative


nema-           hair        Greek


nemoral- in
woods


nephr-          kidney      Greek                    nephritis


nes-            island      Greek   (nesos)          Polynesia
neur-        nerve           Greek    (neuron)


nict-        wink            Latin    nictari          nictation


nigr-        black           Latin    niger            denigrate


nihil-       nothing         Latin    nihilum          annihilation


noct-        night           Latin    nox, noctis      nocturnal


nod-         knot            Latin    nodus            node, nodule


nom-         arrangement, law Greek   (nomos)


nomad-                       Greek    (nomas)          nomadic


nomin-       name            Latin    nomen, nominis   nomination


non-         not             Latin    non


non-         ninth           Latin    nonus            nonary


nonagen-     ninety each     Latin    nonageni         nonagenary


nonagesim-   ninetieth       Latin    nonagesimus      nonagesimal


noth-        spurious
noto-        back, south    Greek   (noton)


nov-         nine           Latin   novem          novennial


nov-         new            Latin   novus          innovation, nova


noven-       nine each      Latin   noveni         novenary


novendec-    nineteen       Latin   novendecim


nu-          nod            Latin


nub-                        Latin   nubes, nubis


nuc-         nut            Latin   nux, nucis


nuch-        back of neck


nud-         naked          Latin   nudus          denude, nudity


null(i)-     none           Latin   nullus         nullify


numer-       number         Latin   numerus        numeral


-nounc-, -
             announce       Latin   nuntius
nunci-


nupti-                      Latin
nutri-             nourish           Latin                                nutrient



[edit] O

               Meaning in       Origin         Etymology (Root
      Root                                                          English Examples
                English        Language            Origin)


ob-,os-      against         Latin                               obstinate, ostentatious


oct-         eight           Greek           (oktō)              octagon, octahedron


                                                                 octangular, octennial,
oct-         eight           Latin           octo
                                                                 octovir


octav-       eighth          Latin           octavus             octaval


octogen-     eighty each     Latin           octogeni            octogenary


octogesim-   eightieth       Latin           octogesimus         octogesimal


octon-       eight each      Latin           octoni              octonary


ocul-        eye             Latin           oculus              ocular


od-          hate            Latin           odium               odious


-ode-        path, way       Greek                               anode, odometer


odont-       tooth           Greek           (odous)             odontology
odor-      fragrant


oecious-   house of         Greek   (oikos)


oed-       swollen


oen-       wine             Greek   (oinos)


oesoph-    gullet           Greek   (oisophagos)


ogdo-      eighth           Greek   (ogdoos)


-oid       like             Greek   (-oeides)


olecran-   skull of elbow


ole-       oily             Latin


olig-      few              Greek   (oligos)       oligarchy


oliv-      olive            Latin   oliva


-ology     study of         Greek                  paleontology


-oma       cancer           Greek


omas-      paunch           Latin   omasum
oment-    fat skin   Latin   omentum


omin-                Latin   omen, ominis    ominous


omm-      eye


omni-     all        Latin   omnis           omnipotence


omo-      shoulder   Latin


omphal-   navel      Greek                   omphalectomy


oner-     burden     Latin   onus, oneris    onerous


onom-     name       Greek   όνομα (onoma)   onomatopoeia


ont-      existing   Greek                   ontology


-onym     name       Greek   (-onum)         pseudonym


oo-       egg        Greek   (oion)


opac-     shady      Latin   opacus          opacity


oper-     work       Latin   opus, operis    opera


opt-      choose     Latin   optare          optional
optim-      best          Latin   optimus         optimum


op(t)-      eye           Greek   optos           optical


operculum- little cover


ophi-       snake         Greek   ophis


ophthalm-   eye           Greek   (ophthalmos)    ophthalmology


opisth-     behind        Greek


opoter-
either


or-         mouth         Latin   os, oris        oral, orator


orb-        circle        Latin   orbis           orbit


orch-
testicle


ordin-                    Latin   ordo, ordinis   ordinal, ordinary


ori-        Eastern       Latin   oriri           orient


orn-                      Latin   ornare          ornament, ornate


ornith-     bird          Greek                   ornithology
orth-          straight         Greek          (orthos)                 orthosis


os(ti)-        mouth


os(s/t)-       bone                                                     osteoporosis


oscill-        swing            Latin                                   oscillation


ostrac-        shell            Greek                                   ostracize


ot-            ear              Greek                                   otology


ov-            egg              Latin          ovum                     oval, ovule


ovi-           sheep            Latin          ovis                     ovine


oxy-           sharp, pointed   Greek          (oxus)                   oxymoron



[edit] P

                       Meaning in        Origin       Etymology (Root
        Root                                                               English Examples
                        English         Language          Origin)


pac-                 peace          Latin          pax, pacis           pacify, pacifist


pach-                thick          Greek          (pachus)             pachydermata


paed-                child          Greek          (pais, paidos)       paediatric
pagin-          page           Latin   pagina             pagination


pal-            stake          Latin   palus              impale


palae-, pale-   ancient, old   Greek   (palaios)          paleontology


palin-          back           Greek   (palin)            palindrome


pall-           pale           Latin   pallere            pallid, pallor


palli-          mantle         Latin   pallium


palm-           palm           Latin   palma              palmate


palustri-       in marshes


pan-, pam-      all            Greek   pas                pandemic


pand-, pans-    spread         Latin   pandere, pansus    expand, expansion


par(a)-         beside, near   Greek   (para)             parallel, parameter


pariet-         wall           Latin   paries, parietis   parietal


part(i)-        part           Latin   pars, partis       partition


parv-           little         Latin   parvus
pass-          pace, step      Latin   passus


pat-           be open         Latin   patere             patent


path-          to feel, hurt   Greek   pathos             pathetic, pathology


pati-, pass-                   Latin   pati, passus       passive, patient


patr-          father          Latin   pater, patris


pauc-                          Latin   paucus             paucity


pav-                           Latin                      pavement


pecc-          sin             Latin   peccare            impeccable


pect-          fixed           Greek                      pectin


pector-        chest           Latin   pectus, pectoris   pectoral


pectin-        comb-like


pecun-                         Latin   pecunia            pecuniary


ped-           child           Greek   (pais, paidos)     pedagogy


ped-           foot            Latin   pes, pedis         pedal
pejor-         worse            Latin   pejor           pejorative


pel-, puls-    drive            Latin   pellere         propellent, propulsion


                                                        peninsula, penultimate,
pen-           almost           Latin   paene
                                                        penumbra


pend-, pens-   hang             Latin   pendere         suspend


penia-         deficiency       Latin


penn-, pinn-   feather          Latin   penna           pennate


pent-          five             Greek   (pente)         pentagon


pentecost-     fiftieth         Greek   (pentekostos)   pentecostalism


pept-                           Greek                   peptic


               thoroughly,
per-                            Latin   per             perfect
               through


peran-         across, beyond   Greek


peri-          around           Greek                   perimeter, periscope


persic-        peach


pessim-        worst            Latin   pessimus        pessimal
pet-                              Latin   petere     appetite, competition


petr-          rock               Greek   (petra)    petroglyph


phaeo-         dark


phag-          eat                Greek   phagein    sarcophagus


               close formation
phalan(g/x)-
               of troops


phalar-        shining


phanero-       visible            Greek


pher-          bear, carry        Greek              pheromone


philia-        love, friendship   Greek


phleg-                            Greek


phloe-         tree bark


phob-          fear               Greek   (phobos)


                                                     microphone,
phon-          sound              Greek   (phone)
                                                     phonograph


phor-          carry              Greek   (phoros)   metaphor
phos-, phot-   light             Greek                photograph


phragm-        fence             Greek   (phragma)    diaphragm


phren-         diaphragm, mind


phryno-        toad, toad-like


phyl-          tribe


phyll-         leaf              Greek   (phullon)    chlorophyll


physa-         bladder


phys-          nature            Greek                physics


phyt-          plant             Greek   (phuton)     neophyte


pic-           pitch             Latin   pix, picis


pil-           hair              Latin


pin-           pine              Latin


ping-, pict-   paint             Latin   pingere      picture


pino-          drink             Greek                pinocytosis
pir-             pear            Latin


pisc-            fish            Latin   piscis              Pisces


pisum-           pea


plac-            plate, tablet   Greek


plac-            calm            Latin   placare, placatus   placate


plac-, -plic-    please          Latin   placēre, placitus   placid


plagi-           oblique         Greek   (plagios)


plan-            flat            Latin   planus              explanation, planar


plang-                           Latin   plangere            plangent


plas-            mould           Greek                       plasma, plastic


platy-           flat, broad     Greek   (platus)            platypus


plaud-, plaus-   clap            Latin   plaudere, plausus   applaud


ple-, plet-      fill            Latin   plere               complete, suppletive


pleb-                            Latin   plebs, plebis       plebian
plect-, plex-   plait        Latin   plectere


plen-           full         Latin   plenus       plenary


plesi-          near         Greek   (plēsios)


pleth-          full         Greek   (plēthos)    plethora


pleur-          side         Greek   pleura


plex-           interwoven   Greek   (plexis)


plic-           fold         Latin   plicare      duplication, replicate


plinth-         brick        Greek   (plinthos)


plor-                        Latin   plorare      implore


plu-            rain         Latin


plum-           feather      Latin   pluma        plumage


plumb-          lead         Latin   plumbum


plur-                        Latin                plural


plurim-         most         Latin   plurimus
plus-      more        Latin   plus


pluvi-     rain        Latin   pluvia             pluvial


pneu-      air, lung   Greek                      pneumatic


pod-       foot        Greek   (pous, podos)      podiatry, tripod


pogo-      beard


poie-      make        Greek                      poiesis


pol-       city        Greek   (polis)            metropolis, politics


pol-       pole        Greek   (polos)            dipole


pol-       pole        Latin   polus              polar


polem-     war         Greek   (polemos)          polemic


poli(o)-   grey        Greek   (polios)


pollic-    thumb       Latin   pollex, pollicis


pollin-                Latin   pollen, pollinis   pollinate


poly-      many        Greek   (polus)            polygon
pon-, posit-   put             Latin   ponere             position, postpone


ponder-        weight          Latin   pondus, ponderis   ponderable


pont-          bridge          Latin   pons, pontis


popul-         people          Latin   populus            population


por-           passage         Greek   (poros)            pore


porc-          pig             Latin   porcus             porcine, pork


porphyr-       purple          Greek


port-          gate            Latin   porta              portal


port-          carry           Latin   portare            export, transportation


post-          after, behind   Latin   post


pot-           drink           Latin   potare             potable


potam-         river           Greek   (potamos)


praeco-        early


prasin-        leek-green      Greek   (prasinos)         prasinous
prat-            meadow            Latin     pratum


prav-            crooked           Latin     pravus          depravity


pre-             before            Latin     prae


prec-            pray              Latin     prex, precare   deprecation


pred-                              Latin     praedari        predator


prehend-,
                 grasp             Latin     prehendere      comprehend
prend-


prem-, -prim-,
                 press             Latin     premere         pressure
press-


presb-           old               Greek     (presbus)       Presbyterianism


preter-          past              Latin     praeter


preti-           price             Latin     pretium


prim-            first             Latin     primus          primary, primitive


prior-           former            Latin     prior           priority


priv-                              Latin     privare


pro-             before, in front of Greek   (pro)
pro-         for, forward   Latin   pro          propulsion


prob-        try            Latin   probare      probation


proct-       anus           Greek   (proktos)    proctology


propri-                     Latin   proprius     appropriate


pros(o)-     forward        Greek   (pros)


prot(o)-     first          Greek   (protos)     protoplasm


proxim-      nearest        Latin   proximus     proximity


prun-        plum           Latin   prunus       prune


psamma-      sand           Greek   (psammos)


pseud(o)-    false          Greek   (pseudos)    pseudonym


psil(o)-     bare           Greek   (psilos)     epsilon


psych(o)-    mind           Greek   (psychē)


psychr(o)-   cold           Greek   (psuchros)


pter-        wing, fern     Greek   (pteron)     helicopter
pto-            fall              Greek                      ptosis


ptyal-          sahva


ptych-          fold, layer       Greek   (ptuchē)           triptych


pubi-           sexually mature


public-                           Latin   publicus           publication


pude-                             Latin   pudere             impudent


pugn-           fight             Latin   pugnare            pugnacious


pulchr-         beautiful         Latin   pulcher, pulchri   pulchritude


pulmon-         lung              Latin   pulmo, pulmonis    pulmonary


pulver-         dust              Latin   pulvis, pulveris   pulverize


pung-, punct-   prick             Latin   pungere            puncture, pungent


puni-           punish            Latin   punire             punitive


pup-            doll              Latin   pupa               pupa, puppet


pur-            pure              Latin   purus              impure, purity
purg-                                Latin          purgare             expurgate, purgatory


purpur-          purple              Latin          purpura


put-                                 Latin          putare              compute, putative


pygo-            rump


pyl-             gate                Greek          (pulon)             pylon


pyo-             pus                 Greek


pyr-             heat, fire          Greek


pyrus-           pear



[edit] Q

                          Meaning In          Origin     Etymology (Root             English
          Root
                           English           Language        Origin)                Examples


quadr-                  four            Latin           quattuor                quadrangle


quadragen-              forty each      Latin           quadrageni              quadragenary


quadragesim-            fortieth        Latin           quadragesimus           quadragesimal


quart-                  fourth          Latin           quartus                 quartary, quartile
quasi-                 as if           Latin      quasi


                                                                    quaternary,
quatern-               four each       Latin      quaterni
                                                                    quaternion


quati-, quass-         shake           Latin      quatere


quer-, -quir-, quesit-,
                        search, seek   Latin      quaerere          Inquisition, query
-quisit-


qui-                                   Latin      quies             quiet


quin-                  five each       Latin      quini             quinary


quindecim-             fifteenth       Latin      quindecimus       quindecimal


quinden-               fifteen each    Latin      quindeni          quindenary


quinque-               five            Latin      quinque           quinquennium


quint-                 fifth           Latin      quintus           quintary, quintile


                       how many,
quot-                                  Latin                        quota, quotient
                       how great



[edit] R

                        Meaning in      Origin    Etymology (Root
         Root                                                       English Examples
                         English       Language       Origin)
rach-                spine           Greek   (rhachis)


rad-, ras-           scrape, shave   Latin   radere      abrasion


radi-                beam            Latin   radius      radiation


radic-               root            Latin   radix       radical


                                                         ramification,
ram-                 branch          Latin   ramus
                                                         ramose


ran-                 frog            Latin   rana


ranc-                                Latin               rancid


rap-                 turnip          Latin   rapum


raph-                seam            Greek


rar-                                 Latin   rarus       rarity


re-, red-            again, back     Latin               recede, redact


rect-                straight        Latin               erect


reg-, -rig-, rect-   straight        Latin               dirigible


rem-                 oar             Latin   remus
ren-                 kidney         Latin   renes       renal


rep-, rept-          crawl, creep   Latin   repere      reptile


ret-                 net            Latin   rete


retic- network


retina- little net


                     behind,
retro-                              Latin
                     backward


rhabd-               rod            Greek   (rhabdos)


rhach-               spine          Greek   (rhachis)


rhage-               tear, rent


rhe-                 flow           Greek               rheostat


rhin-                nose, snout    Greek               rhinoplasty


rhiz-                root           Greek   (rhiza)     rhizome


rhod-                red            Greek               rhododendron


rhomb-                              Greek               rhombus
rhynch-              snout


-rrh- flow


rid-, ris-           laugh        Latin   ridere    derision, ridicule


roborem- oak tree,
strength


                                                    corrode, erosion,
rod-, ros-           gnaw         Latin   rodere
                                                    rodent


rog-                 ask          Latin   rogare    interrogation


rogos-               wrinkled


rostr-               beak, prow   Latin             rostrum


rot-                 wheel        Latin   rota      rotation


rub(e)r-             red          Latin   ruber


rug-                 wrinkle      Latin   ruga      corrugation


rumin-               throat       Latin   rumen     rumination


rump-, rupt-         break        Latin   rumpere   rupture


rur-                              Latin   rus       rural
[edit] S

                          Meaning in     Origin    Etymology (Root
          Root                                                           English Examples
                           English      Language       Origin)


sacchar-               sugar           Greek       (sakchar)            saccharin


sacr-, secr-           sacred          Latin       sacer, sacrare       consecrate, sacrament


sagac-                                 Latin       sagax, sagacis       sagacity


sagitt-                arrow           Latin       sagitta              Sagittarius


sal-                   salt            Latin       sal, salis, salere   salinity


                                                                        resilient, salient,
sali-, -sili-, salt-   jump            Latin       salire
                                                                        saltus


salv-                  save            Latin       salvare              salvation


san-                                   Latin       sanus                insane, sanity


sanct-                 holy            Latin       sancire              sanctify


sanguin-               blood           Latin       sanguis, sanguinis sanguine


sapi-, -sipi-                          Latin       sapere               sapient


sapon-                 soap            Latin       sapo, saponis        saponify
sarc(o)-           flesh              Greek   (sarx)     sarcophagus


sativus-           cultivated


saur-              lizard, reptile    Greek              dinosaur


saxum-             rock


scab-              scratch            Latin   scabere


scal-              ladder, stairs     Latin   scala      scale


scalen-            uneven             Greek   skalenos   scalene


scand-, -scend-,
                   climb              Latin   scandere   ascend
scans-, -scens-


                   anything hollow,
scaph-                                Greek
                   bowl, ship


schem-                                Greek   (schema)   schematic


schis-             split              Greek              schism


sci-               know               Latin   scire      prescient, science


scind-, sciss-     split              Latin   scindere   scissors


scler-             hard               Greek   (skler-)   scleroderma
scoli-                 crooked          Greek    (skolios)   scoliosis


                       look at, examine,
scop-, scopy, scept-                     Greek
                       view, observe


scrib-, script-        write            Latin    scribere    inscribe, scripture


sculp-                 carve            Latin    sculpere    sculpture


scut-                  shield


scyph-                 cup


seba-                  tallow, wax


                                                             secant, section,
sec-, sect-, seg-      cut              Latin    secare
                                                             segment


sed-                                    Latin    sedare      sedative


                                                             sediment, session,
sed-, -sid-, sess-     sit              Latin    sedere
                                                             supersede


sedec-                 sixteen          Latin    sedecim     sedecimal


segetum-               in cornfields


sei-                   shake            Greek    (seismos)   seismograph
selen-          moon           Greek


sella-          saddle, seat


sema-                          Greek   (sema)            semantics, semaphore


semi-           half           Latin   semis


semin-          seed           Latin   semen, seminis    insemination


sen-            old man        Latin   senex, senis      senator, senility


sen-            six each       Latin   seni              senary


senti-, sens-   feel           Latin   sentire, sensus   consensus


sept-                          Latin   saeptum


sept-           seven          Latin   septem            septennium


septen-         seven each     Latin   septeni           septenary


septim-         seventh        Latin   septimus


septuagen-      seventy each   Latin   septuageni        septuagenary


septuagesim-    seventieth     Latin   septuagesimus     septuagesimal
septuagint-     seventy          Latin   septuaginta      Septuagint


                                                          consecutive,
sequ-, secut-   follow           Latin   sequere
                                                          sequence


ser(olu)-       any body fluid


ser-            late             Latin   serus


serp-           crawl            Latin   serpere          serpent


serr-           saw, saw-toothed Latin   serra, serrare   serration


serv-                            Latin   servare          conservation


sesqui-                          Latin   sesqui


set-            hair


sever-                           Latin   severus          severity


                                                          semester, sexangle,
sex-, se-       six              Latin   sex
                                                          sexennium


sexagen-        sixty each       Latin   sexageni         sexagenary


sexagesim-      sixtieth         Latin   sexagesimus      sexagesimal


sext-           sixth            Latin   sextus           sextant
sibil-     hiss          Latin   sibilus, sibilare    sibilance


sicc-      dry           Latin   siccus               desiccate


sider-     star          Latin   sidus, sideris       sidereal


sign-                    Latin   signum               signal


sil-                     Latin   silere               silent


silv-      forest        Latin   silva                silviculture


simi-      ape, monkey   Latin   simia                simian


simil-                   Latin   similis              assimilate, similarity


simul-                   Latin   simulare             simulation


singul-    one each      Latin   singuli              singular


sinistr-   left          Latin   sinister, sinistri   sinistral


sinu-                    Latin   sinuare              insinuate


sinus-     hollow, bay


siph(o)-   tube          Greek                        siphon
sist-           cause to stand   Latin   sistere


soci-                            Latin   socius, sociare


sol-            sun              Latin   sol               solar


sol-                             Latin   solare            consolation


solen-          pipe, channel    Greek                     solenoid


solv-, solut-                    Latin   solvere           solution


soma-           body             Greek   (soma)            somatic


somn-           sleep            Latin   somnus            insomnia


somni-          dream            Latin   somnium


son-            sound            Latin   sonus             resonance


soph-                            Greek   (sophos)          sophist


sorb-, sorpt-   suck             Latin   sorbere           absorb, absorption


sord-           dirt             Latin   sordes, sordere   sordid


soror-          sister           Latin   soror             sorority
spati-               space            Latin   spatium             spatial


                                                                  conspicuous,
spec-, -spic-, spect- look            Latin   specere
                                                                  inspection, specimen


spect-               watch, look at   Latin   spectare            spectator


specul-                               Latin   speculari           speculation


sper-                hope             Latin   spes, sperare       desperation


sperm-               seed             Greek   (sperma)


sphen-               wedge


spher-                                Greek   (sphaira)           spheroid


sphinct-             closing


spic-                spike            Latin   spica


spin-                thorn            Latin   spina


spir-                breathe          Latin   spirare             respiration


spond-, spons-                        Latin   spondere, sponsus


spondyl-             vertebra
spu-, sput-           spew, spit   Latin   spuere          sputum


squal-                             Latin   squalere        squalid, squalor


squam-                scale


squarros- spreading
at tips


st-                   stand        Latin   stare           stable, station, status


stalact-                           Greek   (stalaktites)   stalactite


stalagm-                           Greek   (stalagmos)     stalagmite


stae(rlt)-            fat


stagn-                             Latin   stagnare        stagnant


stann-                tin          Latin   stannum         stannous


statu-, -stitu-                    Latin   statuere        institution, statute


steg-                 covering     Greek                   steganography


stell-                star         Latin   stella          constellation, stellar


sten-                 narrow       Greek   (stenos)        stenography
stere-             solid            Greek   (stereos)


stern-, strat-     spread, strew    Latin   sternere, stratus   stratify


stern-             breastbone


stich-             line, row        Greek   (stichos)


stig-                               Greek                       stigma


still-             drip             Latin   stillare            distillation


                                                                distinction,
stingu-, stinct-                    Latin   stinguere
                                                                distinguish


stoch-             aim              Greek


stom-              mouth            Greek


strept-            twisted


string-, strict-   upright, stiff   Latin   stringere           stringent


                   having stiff
strigos-
                   bristles


stroph-            turning          Greek


stru-, struct-                      Latin   struere             construction
stud-                           Latin   studere


stup-             wonder        Latin   stupere


styl-             column        Greek


su-, sut-         sew           Latin   suere             suture


suad-, suas-                    Latin   suadere, suasus   persuasion


suav-             sweet         Latin   suavis            suave


sub-, su-, sus-   below         Latin   sub


subter-                         Latin   subter            subterfuge


sucr-             sugar


sud-              sweat         Latin   sudare


sulc-             furrow        Latin   sulcus


sum-, sumpt-      take          Latin   sumere            assumption, consume


super-            above, over   Latin   super


supin-            lying back    Latin   supinus
supra-               above, over       Latin


surd-                deaf              Latin      surdus              absurdity


surg-                rise              Latin      surgere             resurgent


syn-, sy-, syl-, sym- with             Greek      (sum)               symbol, system


syrin(glx)-          pipe              Greek



[edit] T

                     Meaning in      Origin    Etymology (Root
        Root                                                         English Examples
                      English       Language       Origin)


tac-, -tic-       be silent        Latin       tacere            reticent, tacit


tach-             swift            Greek       ταχυς (tachus)    tachometer


taenia-           ribbon


tal-              ankle            Latin       talus


tang-, -ting-,
                  touch            Latin       tangere           tangent
tact-, tag-


tapetum-          carpet


tard-             slow             Latin       tardus            retard, tardy
tars-                ankle                                    tarsal


taur-                bull            Greek   (tauros)         Minotaur


taur-                bull            Latin   taurus           Taurus


                     arrangement,
tax-                                 Greek   (taxis)          taxonomy
                     order


techn-                               Greek   (techne)         technology


teg-, tect-          cover           Latin   tegere           protection


tel-                 far, end        Greek                    telephone


teleo-               complete


temno- cut Greek


tempor-              time            Latin   tempus, temporis temporary


ten-, -tin-, tent-   hold            Latin   tenere           continent, tenacious


tend-, tens-         stretch         Latin   tendere          extend, extension


tenu-                slender, thin   Latin   tenuis           attenuate, tenuous


tep-                 be warm         Latin   tepere           tepid
ter-, trit-   rub            Latin   terere      attrition


teres-        round


terg-         wipe           Latin   tergere     detergent


termin-                      Latin   terminus    termination


tern-         three each     Latin   terni       ternary


terr-         dry land       Latin   terra


terti-        third          Latin   tertius     tertiary


test-         witness        Latin   testis      testimony


tetr-         four           Greek   (tetra-)    tetrahedron


tex-, text-   weave          Latin   texere      texture


thalam-       chamber, bed


thalass-      sea            Greek


than-         death          Greek               euthanasia


the-          put            Greek   (tithemi)   theme, thesis
theca-           case        Greek


thel- nipple,
female


the(o)-, thus-   god         Greek               theology, enthusiasm


theor-                       Greek               theorem, theory


therm-           heat        Greek   (thermos)   thermometer


thero- breast,
mammal


thyreo- large
shield


tim-             be afraid   Latin   timere      timid


ting-, tinct-    moisten     Latin   tingere     tincture


tom-             cut         Greek   ectomy


ton-             stretch     Greek


top-             place       Greek   (topos)     topic, topography


torn- cut
torpe- numb


torqu-, tort-   twist            Latin    torquere    extortion, torque, torture


tot-            all, whole       Latin    totus       total


toxo-           arrow, dart


trab-           beam


trachy- rough


trago-          goat


trah-, tract-   pull             Latin    trahere     subtrahend, tractor


trans-, tra-,                                         tradition, transcend,
                across           Latin    trans
tran-                                                 transportation


trapez-         four-sided, table Greek   (trapeza)   trapezoid


traum-                           Greek                traumatic


trecent-        three hundred    Latin    trecenti    trecentennial


tredec-         thirteen         Latin    tredecim


treiskaidek-    thirteen         Greek                triskaidekaphobia
trem-          tremble       Latin   tremere           tremor


trema- hole


tri-           three         Greek   (treis, tria)     triad, trigon


tri-           three         Latin   tres              triangle, trivia


tricen-        thirty each   Latin   triceni           tricenary


tricesim-      thirtieth     Latin   tricesimus


trich-         hair          Greek   (thrix)


trin-          three each    Latin   trini             trinity


troch-         wheel


trop-          turning       Greek                     tropic


troph-         feed          Greek


trud-, trus-   thrust        Latin   trudere           extrusion, intrude


tuss-          cough         Latin   tussis, tussire   pertussis


tympan-        drum          Greek   (tumpan-)         tympani



[edit] U
                Meaning in       Origin       Etymology (Root
  Root                                                          English Examples
                 English        Language          Origin)


uber-    udder               Latin         uber, uberare        exuberant


ulig-    in marshes          Latin


ulo-     wooly               Greek


ultim-   farthest            Latin         ultimus              ultimate


ultra-   beyond              Latin         ultra


umbilic- navel               Latin         umbilicus            umbilical


                                                                penumbra,
umbr-    shade, shadow       Latin         umbra
                                                                umbrella


un-, uni- one                Latin         unus, unius          unary, union


unc-     hooked              Latin         uncus


unci-    ounce, twelfth      Latin         uncia                uncial


und-     wave                Latin         unda                 abundant, undulate


undecim- eleventh            Latin         undecimus            undecimal


unden-   eleven each         Latin         undeni               undenary
ungui-        claw, nail                Latin              unguis


ungul-        claw, hoof                Latin              ungula                 ungulate


ur-, uro- tail                          Greek              (oura)                 uroid


urb-          city                      Latin              urbs, urbis            urban


urg-                                    Latin              urgere                 urgent


urs-          bear                      Latin              ursus                  Ursa Major, ursine


ut-, us-      use                       Latin              uti, usus              utility


uv-           grape                     Latin              uva                    uvea


uxor-         wife                      Latin              uxor                   uxoricide



[edit] V

                           Meaning in            Origin       Etymology (Root
       Root                                                                      English Examples
                            English             Language          Origin)


                                                                                vacancy, vacation,
vac-                  empty                Latin            vacare
                                                                                vacuum


vad-, vas-            go                   Latin            vadere              evade, pervasive


vag-                  wander               Latin            vagus, vagare       vague
van-                   Latin   vanus             vanity


vap-                   Latin                     evaporation, vapid


veh-, vect-    carry   Latin   vehere, vectus    vehicle, vector


vel-           veil    Latin   velum             revelation, velate


vell-, vuls-   pull    Latin   vellere, vulsus   convulsion


veloc-         quick   Latin   velox, velocis    velocity


ven-           vein    Latin   vena              venosity


ven-           hunt    Latin   venari            venison


ven-, vent-    come    Latin   venire            advent, convention


vend-          sell    Latin   vendere           vendor


vener-                 Latin   venus             veneration, venereal


vent-          wind    Latin   ventus            ventilation


ventr-         belly   Latin   venter            ventral


ver-           true    Latin   verus             verify, verity
verb-          word              Latin   verbum            verbal, verbosity


verber-        whip              Latin   verber            reverberation


verm-          worm              Latin   vermis            vermiform


vern-          spring            Latin   ver, vernus       vernal


vert-, vers-   turn              Latin   vertere, versus   convert, inversion


vesic-         bladder           Latin   vesica            vesical


vesper-        evening, western Latin    vespera


vest-          clothe, garment   Latin   vestis            divest, vest


vestig-                          Latin   vestigium         investigate


vet-           forbid            Latin   vetare            veto


veter-         old               Latin   vetus             veteran


vi-            way               Latin   via               deviate, obvious


vic-           change            Latin   vicis             vice versa, vicissitude


vicen-, vigen- twenty each       Latin   viceni            vicenary
vicesim-,
               twentieth        Latin   vecesimus          vicesimary, vigesimal
vigesim-


vid-, vis-     see              Latin   videre             video, vision


vil-           cheap            Latin   vilis              vile, vilify


               shaggy hair,
vill-                           Latin   villus             villiform
               velvet


vin-           wine             Latin   vinum              vinous


vinc-, vict-   conquer          Latin   vincere, victus    invincible, victory


vir-           man              Latin   vir                virility


vir-           green            Latin   virere             virid


visc-                           Latin   viscum             viscosity


               organs of body
viscer-                         Latin   viscus, visceris   visceral
               cavity


vit-           life             Latin   vita               vital


vitell-        yolk             Latin   vitellus


viti-                           Latin   vitium             vice, vitiate
vitr-           glass           Latin      vitrum             vitreous


viv-            live            Latin      vivere             revive, survive, vivid


voc-            voice           Latin      vox                vocal


vol-            fly             Latin      volare             volatility


vol-            wish            Latin      velle              volition


volv-, volut-   roll            Latin      volvere, volutus   convolution, revolve


vom-                            Latin      vomere             vomit


vor-, vorac-    swallow         Latin      vorare, vorax      devour, voracious


vov-, vot-      vow             Latin      vovere, votus      votive


                                                              divulge, vulgarity,
vulg-           common, crowd   Latin      vulgus
                                                              vulgate


vulner-         wound           Latin      vulnus, vulneris   vulnerable


vulp-           fox             Latin      vulpes             vulpine



[edit] X

 Root Meaning in English Origin Language Etymology (Root Origin) English Examples
xanth- yellow              Greek         (xanthos)              xanthogenic


xen-    foreign            Greek         (xenos)                xenophobia


xer-    dry                Greek         (xēros)                xerography


xiph- sword                Greek         (xiphos)               xiphoid


xyl-    wood               Greek         (xulon)                xylophone



[edit] Z

          Meaning In         Origin        Etymology (Root
Root                                                          English Examples
           English          Language           Origin)


                                                             protozoa, zoo,
-zo- animal, living being Greek        (zōion)
                                                             zoology


zon- belt, girdle        Greek         ζωνη (zōnē)           zone


zyg- yoke, joined, paired Greek        (zugon)               heterozygous, zygote


zym- ferment             Greek         (zumē)                enzyme, lysozyme

				
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