rips on selectingsafe toys fora safe holidayseason by fanzhongqing


									                                                                 Shazia Bashir
                                                             AAP News 2001;19;230

   The online version of this article, along with updated information and services, is located on the World Wide Web at:

AAP News is the official journal of the American Academy of Pediatrics. A monthly publication, it has been published continuously since 1948.
AAP News is owned, published, and trademarked by the American Academy of Pediatrics, 141 Northwest Point Boulevard, Elk Grove Village,
Illinois, 60007. Copyright © 2001 by the American Academy of Pediatrics. All rights reserved. Print ISSN: 1073-0397.

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                                                                                        H EALTH ALERTS
                                                                                 replacement by calling (800) 314-9327 or visiting the wall can break, resulting in the gate unlatching. This
     How to report unsafe products                                                                        could be hazardous to children because they can gain
   or review recalls                                                                                                               access to restricted areas, such as stairs. Also, the plastic
      Consumers can report an inj'ury caused by a prod-                          Fold-up booster seats                             hardware could be a choking hazard if it breaks.
                                                                                                                                                  Evenflo and CPSC received nine reports of children
   uct or obtain recall product information on the U.S.                                         _                        ~~~~~~Safety lst,
                                                                                                                                  of Canton,
   Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC) Web                                 0              _              ~~~~Mass., and the U.S. Con-     falling down stairs; four were injured. Gates with model
                                                                                                                sumer Product Safety numbers 1555/6 and manufacture dates before
   site, To report an unsafe product,
   click on Report Unsafe Products. To review recalls by                         0             _               ~~~~Commission (CPSC), are September 2001 are included in this recall.
                                                                                                                recalling 1.5 million Fold-       Catalogs, department and specialty stores sold these
   date, product or company, click on Recalls/News. To                                                          Up Booster Seats because gates nationwide between June 1999 and September
   report an injury, call the CPSCfs toll-free hotline at                                       ~~~~~~the             top half of the seat can 2001 for $100.
   (800) 638-2772. When prompted, press ext. 300 to                                       _ - _                ~~~~come apart, causing a child    Contact Evenflo by calling (800) 576-0507 or by visit-
   speak with a hotline representative.                                                    |_                  ~~~~~~~to
                                                                                                                    fall.                       ingwvww,
                                                                                     z   | _                      ~~~~CPSC and Safety lst have
                                                                                                                received 32 reports of the
                                                                                                                seat halves separating and                                 w    1               __
  E 5;                           ~~~~~Dorel Juvenile Group,                                                     seven reports of resulting                                                          ti

  [ *
   :-            a            ~~~ofColumbus, Ind., and
              _ ~~~~the U.S. Consumer Pro-
                                                                                            F       ~~~~~injuries           from falls, includ-
                                                                                                                ing a factued arm.
                                                                                                                                                                                      blue or white
                                                                                                                                                                             _ 1 buckles are recalled
      i_                  f; ~~~~duct Safety Commission,                            Safety 1 st Fold-Up Booster Seats with model numbers
       _       _       c      ~~~~~are ecalling 102,000
                                        r                                        173, 173A and 173B are included in this recall. The model
        1_                    ~~~~~~Cosco"Zip n Go," "Okie                       number can be found on the back of the seat, inside the
                               ~Dokie" and "Carters"                             left arm panel. The arms of the booster seats are made
                               playpens because the                              of green and red plastic, the seat of blue plastic and the
                                plastic tabs that lock the                       tray of yellow plastic. The booster seats have a two-piece                             _~~~~~~~~~~-P g                  I
         __                   ~~~~~~railscan break, causing                      waist strap and one crotch strap.
    B          s        j     ~~~~~theplaypen to collapse.                          Major department, toy and hardware stores sold these          Little Tikes Co., of Hudson, Ohio, and the U.S.
                                   Dorel has received 421                        booster seats nationwide between January 1994 and Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC), are
       s ~~~~~~~reports
                                            of playpens col-                     August 1999 for $18.                                           recalling 250,000 "2-in- 1 Snug 'n Secure" swings
                                                                                    Contact Safety lst by calling (888) 579-1730 or by vis- because the buckles on the swing can break and the
                              ~~~~~~lapsing or not locking.
                                One 11-month-old died                            iting                                       shoulder restraint straps can come out, resulting in a
when his playpen collapsed.                                                                                                                     hazardous fall.
  Model numbers 05-361 through 05-364 are included in                            Wooden baby gates                                                Little Tikes and CPSC have received 14 reports of
this recall. The model numbers can be found on a label                                                              Evenflo CJompany Inc., of   problems with the swings, with five reports of children
on the bottom of the playpen.                                                                                    Vandalia, Ohio, and the U.S. being injured.
  The Zip n Go and Carters playpens were sold at depart-                                                         Consumer Product Safety          The swing has a blue molded plastic seat, a red T-
ment, toy and specialty stores, and the Okie Dokie                                                               Commission (CPSC), are shaped restraint in the front and four yellow suspension
playpens were exclusively sold at JCPenney. The                                                                  recalling 20,500 Home ropes. Only swings with the model number 4117-00 and
playpens were sold nationwide between May 1995 and                                                               De'cor Swing wooden baby with blue or white buckles are included in the recall.
December 1999 for about $70.                                                                    _              ~~~~~gates because the plastic These swings,sold in for 9-month-old to 4-year-old
  Contact Dorel Juvenile Group to receive a refund or a                                         _              ~~~~~hardware that attaches to children, were             juvenile product and toy stores
                                                                                                                                                nationwide between December 2000 and September
                                                                                                                                                2001 for $20.
                                                                                                                                                  Contact Little Tikes at (800) 815-4820 to receive a
   rips on selecting safe toys for a safe holiday season                                                                                        repair kit.
      " It's all fun
                 and games until someone gets hurt, " is a favorite saying passed on through generations of parents.                                   Mini-bicycles
    Unfortunately, this saying holds true nationally every year.                                                                                                                    Wysco Inc., of Baldwin Park,
      In 1999 there were more than 150,000 toy-related injuries treated in U.S. emergency departments, and 16 toy-                                         ^_                  ~~~~Calif., and the U.S. Consumer
    related deaths reported to the U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission.
      To prevent injuries, keep safety in mind when selecting toys during the holiday season and all year round.
                                                                                                                                                                 ~~~ ~Product Safety Commission
    Remember the following safety tips from the American Academy of Pediatrics and other organizations:                                                      I
                                                                                                                                                             4     ;
                                                                                                                                                                    I          ~~~(CPSC), brand mini-bicycles
                                                                                                                                                                                           are recalling 95,000

      Avoid selecting:
                                                                                                                                                                 ~~~~because they lack brakes and                 a

      * Toys too advanced for the child. Toys should fit the age, ability, skill and interest level of children.                                            t                 ~~~~chain guard. The CPSC standard
      * Toys with small removable parts; they can be a choking hazard for children under age 3 or any age child who
                                                                                                                                                           Ai _ w             ~~requires bikes ofthis type to have
        is still mouthing objects.
                                                                                                                                                           wF b               ~~~brakes and afrom guard to pre-
                                                                                                                                                                                vent riders
                                                                                                                                                                                                   getting fingers
      * Projectile toys, such as toy darts or slingshots, that could cause eye injuries.                                                               or clothing caught in the gears.
      * Toys with sharp points or edges for all children under age 8.                                                                                    No injuries have been reported to Wysco.
      * Toys with strings or cords longer than 12 inches; they could strangle a child.                                                                   The mini-bicycles, 26 inches high and 24 inches long
      * Electric toys with heating devices for children under age 8.                                                                                   with two 6-inch wheels, were sold in red, blue, black or
      * Toys that make loud noises, which could permanently impair a child's hearing.                                                                  chrome. The word "Runt" and a dog face logo appear on
      * Balloons other than Mylar. Rubber balloons can be inhaled and lead to suffocation.                                                             the front of the steering column.
                                                                                                                                                         The bicycles were sold nationwide in bicycle, toy, dis-
      After purchasing:                                                                                                                                count department, convenience and specialty stores,
                                                                                                                                                       and through Web sites and catalogs between January
      * Inspect toys for sturdy construction, and ensure that small parts are tightly secured.                                                         and July 2001 for $ 100.
      * Read and follow all labels and instructions. Look for age suggestion labels.                                                                     Contact Wysco to receive a repair kit by calling (866)
      * Discard all plastic wrappings immediately; they could cause suffocation.                                                                       868-7868 or visiting
      * Explain and demonstrate how to use the toy properly. Supervise the child's use.
      * Repair and replace damaged toys or those children outgrow.                                                                                     Youth all-terrain vehicles
      * Consider including a helmet when giving a bike, skateboard or sled.                                                                              American Suzuki Motor Corp., of Brea, Calif., and the
                                                                                                                                       Shazia Bashir   U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC), are
                       0 2001 American Academy of Pediatncs. This information may be freely copied and distributed with proper afttnbution.            recalling 7,400 youth all-terrain vehicles (ATVs) because
                                                                                                                                                       the drive chain could come off the sprockets, causing the
                                                                                                                                                       rear axle to lock. If this occurs, the driver could lose con-
230 AAP News November 2001

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                                                                        H EALTH A L ERT S
trol of the                                       Commission (CPSC) urges consumers to              be produced by burning any fuel. Initial                    are not loose or disconnected. Such con-
vehicle and                                       havetheir fuel-burning appliances -fur-           signs of CO poisoning are similar to fluditions could allow pollutants to leak into
                                                  naces, stoves, fireplaces, clothes dryers,        symptoms: headache, fatigue, shortness  the house.
  CPSC and                                        water heaters and space heaters -pro-             of breath, nausea and dizziness. Under    Every home should have at least one
American                _                         fessionally inspected to prevent lethal car-      high levels of exposure, CO can result in
                                                                                                                                            CO alarm that meets the most recent
Suzuld Motor                                      bon monoxide (CO) leaks.                          death.                                  Underwriters Laboratories or Interna-
Corp. have re-                                      These appliances can produce CO                   The CPSC reported that CO poisoning   tional Approval Services standards,
ceived one report of a chain coming off the       under certain conditions; however, they           kills about 200 people every year. The  according to the CPSC.
sprockets of an ATV, but no injuries have         are safe to use with proper installation          commission recommends a yearly pro-       For more information call, CPSC's hot-
been reported.                                    and maintenance. An annual inspection             fessional inspection of chimneys, flues line at (800) 638-2772 or visit
  The recalled ATV model is the 2002              and service could prevent lethal results.         and vents for leakage or blockage and
Suzuki QuadMaster 50, which is designed             CO is a colorless, odorless gas that can         fuel-burning appliances to ensure they                           -Shazia Bashir
for children 6 to 12 years of age. Suzuki
dealers nationwide sold these ATVs from
March to August 2001 for $1,800.
  Stop using these ATVs and consult a
Suzuki dealer for a free repair. For more
information, callAmerican Suzuld at (714)

Jelly mini-cup candy
                             The U.S. Food
                 ~~and          Drug Ad-
       f                  ~~~ministration
       ~~~ ~~consumers that                                                50mething New~                                                                                          w

      0                   ~~~~~a mini-cup
c-andy imported from Asia could be a
choking hazard. Authorities reported
                                                                       an Blu om
                                                                          Fro                                                                                                                                             0

three children in the United States and
children in other countries have died
from choldng on this jelly candy.
   The candy is marketed in retail stores                                                                   b        9,
and online under different names. It is                                                                                   8
packaged in a clear plastic cup, about the
size of a single-serve coffee creamer, and
is sealed by a foil cover. The candy is sold                                                                                                                                                                               .
in fruit flavors of soft, sticky jelly, with or
without a hard fruit center.
   Some candies have labels that warn of
a choking hazard, but other candies are                                  MeW9 blule
sold without any labels.
   For more information contact the FDA
                                                                    The Fast Fever Fighter
District Office in your area or visit
Bicycle rims                                                                                     __~~~
  Salsa Cycles, of Bloomington, Minn.,
and the U.S. Consumer Product Safety                                                                                                                                                                                                       A
Commission, are recalling 500 disc-brake
bicycle rims because the rims can fail dur-                                                                                                                                                                                                .I
ing normal use, posing the risk offalls and
serious injury to riders.
  Salsa Cycles has received six reports of                                                                                                                                                                              _.

rims failing during use, but no injuries                                                                                                                                                                                                    -   .

have been reported.
  The recalled rims are the Salsa Alto
models, which have a black anodized fin-
ish and are labeled "Salsa" and "SalsaAlto"
in yellow, red and white. The rimns, which
are used on mountain bikes that have disc                                                                                                                                                                     TM 0
brakes, were sold individually or built up
into wheels with Shimano Deore or Deore
XT hubs.                                                                                                                                                        A 7 mnnthc

  Independent bicycle dealers sold these
rims from January through August 2001
                                                                                                                                         L- _                   -   L3IIILl

for $50 (individually) or for $100 to $150
(in built up wheels).                                                                                                                                                                                                             _E

   Stop using these rims and return them                                                                                                 -11 years                  2 - 11 years            6-11 years
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    6-1     er

to the store where purchased for a refund
or free replacement. For more informa-
                                                                                                                                                  Tylenol Is a registered trademark of McNeil Consumer Healthcae.
tion, call Salsa Cycles at (877) 887-2572 or                                                                                                     * Based on median time to reach 100°F oral or 101°F rectal, Children's Advil Suspension
                                                                                                                                                   7.5 mg/kg versus Children's Tylenol Suspension 10 - 1S mg/kg.
visit                                                                                                                       02001 Whitehall-Robins Heafthcare, A DMdslon of
                                                                                                                                                     American Home Products Corporation                                    A0049 10/01

Inspect furnaces
  The U.S. Consumer Product Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                       November 2001 AAP News 231

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                                                          Shazia Bashir
                                                      AAP News 2001;19;230

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                           Health Alerts
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