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					          2008
       Coast Guard
National Motorcycle Safety
         Summit
                        OSCM Phil Rolfe
                    By day;
                    Mild mannered
                    OS RFMC


                               By night – a biker

BRC: 05/13/1982 (equivalent)                                     TCT Facilitator
License: 05/15/1982                               Local Harley Owner’s Group
ERC: 06/14/1983 (equivalent)                    Chapter “Group Rider” Trainer

Mileage: 150,000+                                   HOG Chapter “Road Captain”
                                                                       Trainer
Last 4 years: ~50,000
                                             Informal advisor to the MCPO-CG
Bikes Owned: 5 (1 Enduro, 2                                      on MC Safety
Cruisers, 2 Touring)
   2007 Harley-Davidson Coast Guard Special Edition Ultra Classic Electra Glide
MC Safety & Leadership

"We must make it a priority to
determine what positive steps we
can take to reduce the occurrence
of Motor Cycle Mishaps involving
our CG Family, while giving due
respect to our people's rights to
engage in Motor Cycle riding“
             MCPO-CG Charles “Skip” Bowen
MC Safety & Leadership

 …to determine what
positive steps we can take
to reduce the occurrence
of Motor Cycle Mishaps
involving our CG Family…
                 Procedures Used

   Reviewed all MC Mishaps in system
    from 01 Jan 2006 until 7 Jul 2008
   Reviewed most current Federal Stats
   Reviewed 1977 based “Hurt” Study
    (A significant source of our regs)


   Discounted Mishaps where off-road
    riding was the original intention of the
    MV
    Reducing # of MISHAPs
   Can not reduce what we don’t know is happening:
     – Near ZERO QC of PMV MISHAP reporting.
     – No Subject matter expertise required for PMV
       MISHAP reporting!
     – Minimal detailed guidance / requirements for
       level of detail.
     – POOR ASSUMPTIONS, worse leadership and
       incorrect facts run rampant in MC MH Reports!

   PPE may reduce severity, not # of accidents or
    even # of MISHAPS. (exception some class Ds may
    become non reportable)
   PPE requirements symbolize failure of hope for
    other tactics to work.
Quotable Quotes
“MBR VERY EXPERIENCED MOTORCYCLE RIDER (ESTIMATED UP TO
1000 MILES PER YEAR, FOR PAST 18 YEARS). “


 Corrective Actions: When you are negotiating a turn decrease
your rate of speed so that you can maintain positive control of the
vehicle at all times.


Corrective Actions: Member was directed not to ride on base until a
motorcycle license is obtained, he also was counseled on safe riding
practices and realized his PPE protected him from more serious injury.

Corrective Actions: Recommend the member attend a motor cycle
safety class.

Not only is a motorcycle operator's safety course required prior to
riding on a military facility, it can lower insurance rates. Most
importantly, it is just the smart thing to do.
Quotable Quotes
All motorcycle riders aboard Sector XXXXXXXXX have taken the
required Motorcycle Safety Foundation course to obtain DHS decal for
vehicle.

Member had not completed the basic motorcycle safety course and this
command is currently re-evaluating how we promote the policies
outlined in COMDTINST M5100.47.

observation of the road ahead is an important factor in motorcycle
safety.

PPE: member was wearing a full face helmet, a kevlar lined riding
jacket and gloves, which are required PPE for riding a motorcycle.

This member was counseled on doning of the proper PPE, MSF Course,
BASE Policy, XXXX Instruction, and the COMDTS Policy for
motorcycle,ATV, dirt bike, and bicycle use on all Federal installations
(Especially Coast Guard Property).
Quotable Quotes
MOTORCYCLE SAFETY FOUNDATION (MSF) STATISTICS SHOW THAT
THE MOST COMMON MOTORCYCLE ACCIDENT IS A SITUATION IN
WHICH A VEHICLE MAKES A LEFT TURN IN FRONT OF A
MOTORCYCLE.

Narrative: MBR WAS RIDING MOTORCYCLE IN THE LEFT LANE OF A
THREE LANE HIGHWAY AT 35 MPH WHEN A MOTORIST CUT INTO
MBR'S LANE. MBR HONKED HIS HORN, LOST CONTROL OF THE
MOTORCYCLE, FELL OVER, AND SKIDDED 15 FEET ALONG THE ROAD.
Corrective Actions: MBR WILL ATTEMPT TO BRAKE SOONER IF A
VEHICLE UNEXPECTEDLY SWERVES INTO MBR'S LANE.

Corrective Actions: Provided all hands travel safety training, which
included a section on motorcycle safety and PPE. Researching
possibilities of requiring stricter PPE and mandatory motorcycle safety
course for all hands who ride a motorcycle.
Quotable Quotes
Narrative: …..When member neared the exit, member struck the
rear of another vehicle. Member was thrown from motorcycle into and
through the back window of vehicle involved in collision.
Corrective Actions: ….. Member will wear a reflective vest at night
on a motorcycle.

…Had the member not been wearing the appropriate PPE…the only
additional recommendation for PPE would be the use of a reflective
vest to increase visibility of the rider. (Rear ended by a drunk)

Corrective Actions: Remove engine cage.
Additional Causes: The engine cage installed on the motorcycle was
the causative factor in the mishap. Cage caught the pavement during
what should have been a routinely executed turn.

7. REQUIRED PPE WORN PROPERLY: YES
    A. MBR WAS WEARING HELMET, SAFETY GLOVES, LONG SLEEVED
SHIRT, AND SHOES.
 What info DO we have?
 URBAN Myths and the two wheeled demon


The following info is pulled
   from various federal
  databases and studies
                   True or False
   Q: CG members are getting into accidents
    on motorcycles at disproportionately higher
    rates than those in cars……

   A: UNKNOWN. Data for MCs is reported at a
    higher rate due to the increased likelihood
    of the accident being a REPORTABLE
    MISHAP. It is unknown how many
    ‘accidents’ our folks have in cars. (Just starting to
    get data on how many even ride!)
                    True or False
   Q: More than a third of all fatal single
    vehicle MC accidents involved criminal
    activity on the part of the MC operator….

   A: TRUE!
    41% of Single Vehicle fatalities were DWI.
    27% of All fatalities (single and multi
    vehicle) were DWI, 7% MORE were DUI
    Worst age groups: 35-49! Not the ‘kids’!
   (of added interest – a third of all single vehicle fatalities and a
    quarter of all fatalities were unlicensed!)
             True or False

   Q: MCs drive drunk more than car drivers..

   A: Unknown. We see higher % of MC
    fatalities with a recordable BAC than ‘cagers’
    fatalities with a recordable BAC. We don’t
    know how many drunk cagers make it home
    safe! The odds are much worse on a bike.
    Unfortunately, on average about half of all
    MC Fatality victims are DUI or DWI!
                   True or False
   Q: The most common fatal MC accident is another vehicle
    failing to yield the right of way…

   A: FALSE.
    ~49% of all fatalities were single vehicle accidents!
    Of the remaining ones:     (additional total %s listed)
     –   MC Operator Speeding: 14%
     –   No MC DL: 12%
     –   MC Operator Alcohol Involved: 12% (8% DWI)
     –   ONLY~15% of all MC fatal accidents involved citation to ‘other
         guy’
   If you assume everyone speeding was also drunk without a
    license, that means 63% of all fatal accidents the MC operator
    is culpable! (obviously that number is higher, likely 75-80%)
            True or False

   Q: Interstates are the most dangerous
    places, MCs should stick to the
    rural/side roads.

   A: False. Only about 4% of the
    fatalities occur on Interstates.
            True or False

   Q: A vast majority of multi-vehicle
    accidents occur at intersections.

   A: False. It is actually 50/50.
The heartless straight up
       numbers!
   The following info represent a consensus,
    cold-hearted, OPINION by three highly
    experienced riders and CG leaders.
      (One Sport Bike, One Touring, one mixed, All Chiefs)

   All on-road MISHAPS classified as:
    – 1) Reckless, unlawful or criminal activity
    – 2) Identifiable skill or judgment error led to or
      seriously aggravated MISHAP
    – 3) No identifiable error on MVs part
           MC MISHAPS by Class
                               Class A
                               9 (5%)
                                Death
                          Perm Full disability
   Class D
  26 (15%)
  >First Aid                     Class B
NFFD <30 days                    3 (2%)
                               Perm Partial
                                Disability




    Class C
  137 (78%)
Lost Work Days
NFFD >30 Days
On Road Mishaps by Cause
               Jan 06 - present



                                    Bad Luck.
  Reckless,
                                     34 MHs
 Unlawful or
                                      19%
 CRIMINAL
  behavior.
   46 MHs
    26%




                                  Poor Skills or
                                   Judgement
                                     95 MHs
                                      55%
Eliminate MC Rider errors:
                  Jan 06- present

                            Class A, 1
                              Class B, 0
     Class D, 6




                                    Class C, 27
 WELCOME TO THE
 U.S. COAST GUARD
 NATIONAL SPORTS
SAFETY CONFERENCE
Sports VS MC Mishaps
 600




                        577
                   26
                    6
 500

 400

                                 MC Bad Luck




                         183
 300




                         27
                         137
                                 MC All
 200                             Sports
                0
          1

              3
       9




 100
        1


               0




  0
       Class Class Class Class
         A     B     C     D
Reckless, Unlawful or
      Criminal
       Class D, 3
                    Class A, 8



                           Class B, 0




  Class C, 35
   Poor Judgment or Skills
    Class A, 0

                           Class B, 3


Class D, 17




                  Class C, 75
Common Operator Errors

   Improper Braking Techniques
   Improper Cornering Techniques
   Improper Speed for Environment
   Untimely Recognition of Hazards
 MC Safety & Leadership
"We must make it a priority to
determine what positive steps we
can take to reduce the occurrence
of Motor Cycle Mishaps involving
our CG Family, while giving due
respect to our peoples’ rights to
engage in Motor Cycle riding“
             MCPO-CG Charles “Skip” Bowen
MC Safety & Leadership

 … while giving due
respect to our people's
rights to engage in Motor
Cycle riding …
             True or False

   Q: Our training requirements are very well
    in line with the USN. We actually require
    less from our members than they do!

   A: FALSE. The CNO and SECNAV have
    ordered their commands to PROVIDE the
    initial and recurring training. They don’t
    issue the unfunded mandate that we do!
            True or False

   Q: Helmet wear for all riders is the
    most common PPE requirement in
    states’ laws…

   A: FALSE. Actually, eye protection is.
    34 states require eye protection for all
    riders. Only 20 states require helmets
    for all.
Comparable State Laws
   Eye Protection: 34/50 (17 of the 34 consider a windscreen eye
    protection)
   Helmet required for all: 20/50 (2 States have no helmet law,
    the other 28 are based on age and/or experience)
   Two Mirrors: 6/50
   Retro upper body: 0/50 (9 require it on helmet)
   Gloves: 0/50
   Boots: 0/50
   ‘Bright’ upper garment: 0/50
   Long Pants: 0/50
   Long Sleeve: 0/50
                                              Source: AMA Website
Suggestions to consider..

   Fix the (PMV) MISHAP reporting system!
    – Promulgate detailed standards
           Idiot proof with direct, customized questions?
    – Initiate QC reviews
           Facts, details and leadership
    – Re-emphasize purpose to ID mistakes and
      prevent further occurrences (not to eulogize or excuse)
    – Require SME as independent member for all
      Class A and B MABs (Current, regular, experienced rider of leadership
      grade)
Suggestions to consider..

   Focus Motorcycle Safety Specific
    actions on ‘preventing the
    preventable.’
    – ‘Write off’ the ‘criminal’ activities
    – Accept the bad luck
    – Improve the judgment & skills
        Mentoring & Leadership
        Education
        Training
Suggestions to consider..
   Shift tactics on ‘Regs’
    – Remove ‘Command Authority’ for timeline of BRC
    – Clarify ‘license’ issues.
           ‘Training Wheels’ time w/o BRC??? (What does instruction
            say now?)
    – Eliminate obvious and/or outdated nonsense
    – Eliminate empty threats, Enforce everyday standards.
    – PPE:
           Prioritize & Minimize ‘zero option’ requirements
           Provide supportable rationale for those requirements
           Provide better judgment tools for rest of suggested PPE
              – Explain the options, risk-vs-gain, etc.
Suggestions to consider..
   Safety & Leadership Campaign
    – Riding, in a lawful manner within one’s skill set,
      is a perfectly acceptable, environmentally &
      economically friendly mode of transportation.
    – Unlawful acts simply will not be tolerated.
           Operating a motor vehicle w/o a license for that vehicle
           Reckless Driving
           DWI & DUI
    – Toleration of unlawful acts is a Leadership
      Failure and will not be, well, tolerated.
    – Drop the phrase “on base” from everyone’s
      vocabulary. Not one single ‘on base’ MISHAP.
      (and it isn’t because of the rules!)

				
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