Ethiopia

					    Ethiopia




Development Plans for Internet Cafes
Geography of Ethiopia

   Ethiopia is the oldest
    independent country in Africa

   Ethiopia is 1,127,127 square
    kilometers (435,071 sq. mi) in
    size.
   Ranked 26th in the world.

                –   Land: 1,119,683 km²
                –   Water: 7,444 km²


   Area - comparative
     –   Slightly less than twice the size
         of Texas
Geography Continue

                  Climate
                   –   Tropical monsoon with
                       wide topographic-
                       induced variation
                  Terrain
                   –   High plateau with central
                       mountain range divided
                       by Great Rift Valley
       Geography Continue

   Land use
          Arable land: 12%
          Permanent crops: 1%
          Permanent pastures: 40%
          Forests and woodland: 25%
          Other: 22% (1993 est.)
Geography Continue (Highlands)
Population of Ethiopia
   Population = 77 million (ranked 15th , US
    = 300 million)

   80 different ethnic groups in Ethiopia

   Oromo are the largest ethnic group in
    Ethiopia at 32.1%.

   The Amhara represent 30.2%,

   Tigray people are 6.2% of the population.

   Other ethnic groups are as follows:
    Somali 6.0%, Gurage 4.3%, Sidama
    3.4%, Wolayta 2%, Afar 2%, Hadiya 2%,
    Gamo 1%
Languages of Ethiopia
   The official language of Ethiopia is Amharic, a Semitic
    language which is spoken by about 27 million people.

   The second largest language in Ethiopia is the Oromo
    language, a Cushitic language spoken by about 30% of the
    population.

   English is the most widely spoken foreign language and is
    taught in all secondary schools.

   Amharic was the language of primary school instruction, but
    has been replaced in many areas by local languages such as
    Oromifa and Tigrinya.
84 Indigenous Languages including:

   Afar
   Amharic          Ongota
   Anfillo          Oromo
   Berto            Saho
   Bussa            Soddo
   Hadiya           Silt'e
   Harari           Somali
   Konso            Tigrinya
Culture in Ethiopia

   Proud of their heritage, respectful to elders.

   Christians make up 61.6% of the country's population, Muslims
    32.8%, and adherents of traditional faiths 5.6%.

   Traditional Ethiopian cuisine employs no pork of any kind, as
    both Muslims and Ethiopian Orthodox Christians are prohibited
    from eating pork.

   Ethiopia has some of the finest athletes of the world, middle-
    distance and long-distance runners.
Politics of Ethiopia
   In 1995, first popular chosen government elections was held.

   Ethiopian People's Revolutionary Democratic Front (EPRDF) won in landslide
    victory because the opposition parties boycotted elections.

   In 2000, EPRDF won again in multiparty election.

   In 2005, election was held again with record number of voter turnout.

   EPRDF won again with allegations of rigging and intimidation.

   Riots broke out in Ethiopia as a result. Many died.

   In September of 2005, the National Election Boards of Ethiopia declared the
    legitimacy of the EPRDF’s election victory.
Government
   Before 1996, Ethiopia was divided into 13 provinces.

   Ethiopia now has a tiered government system consisting of a federal
    government, ethnically-based regional states, zones, districts (woredas), and
    neighborhoods (kebele).

   Ethiopia is divided into 9 ethnically-based administrative regions and 2
    chartered cities: Addis Ababa and Dire Dawa

   Subdivided into 68 zones

   It is further subdivided into 550 districts

   Article 39 of the Ethiopian Constitution further gives every regional state the
    right to secede from Ethiopia.
Government Continue

   The subdivisions of Ethiopia
    are:
            Addis Ababa (chartered city)
            Afar
            Amhara
            Benishangul-Gumaz
            Dire Dawa (chartered city)
            Gambela
            Harari
            Oromia
            Somali
            Southern Nations,
             Nationalities, and Peoples
             Region
            Tigray
Media of Ethiopia

   Radio and television are under the control of the Ethiopian
    government.

   There are nine radio broadcast stations, eight AM and one
    shortwave, licensed to operate.

   The single television broadcast network is Ethiopian Television.

   Print media, because of high poverty levels, low literacy rates,
    and poor distribution outside of the capital, serve only a small
    portion of the population.
Education in Ethiopia
   The education system of Ethiopia is composed by 6 year for primary
    education, 2 year for secondary, and 4 year for higher education.

   Ethiopia had 43 % of primary gross enrollment, 12 % of secondary
    education enrollment and less than 1 % enrolled in higher education in
    1996.

   Ethiopia’s university enrollment was 30,000 or 0. 8% of the university-
    aged population.

   Since the EPRDF assumed power, its ethnic and anti-intellectual
    policies have driven thousands of Ethiopians to seek employment in
    other countries. The wholesale dismissal of over 40 professors of the
    national university.
Economics
Economics Continue
   Ethiopia is extremely poor.

   GDP = $55 billion, 73rd.

   Ranked 173 out of 177 countries in
    income per capita.

   $100 USD per year

   Highly reliant on agriculture (coffee being
    main: 65%-75%)

   Ethiopia's agriculture is plagued by
    periodic drought, soil degradation caused
    by overgrazing, deforestation, high
    population density
Economy Continue
   Of the 23,812 kilometers of Ethiopia's all-weather roads, 15% are asphalt.

   Mountainous terrain and the lack of good roads and sufficient vehicles make
    land transportation difficult.

   As a result, agricultural transport suffers.

   Each time the government has developmental plans for the country, there
    seems to be a war; War with Eritrea.

   The government has to supply money for military defense.

   The war has forced the government to improve roads and other parts of the
    previously neglected infrastructure, but only certain regions of the nation have
    benefited.
Communication in Ethiopia
   Telephones - main lines in use: 435,000 (2003)

   Telephones - mobile cellular phones: 97,800 (2003)

   Radio broadcast stations: AM 8, FM 0, shortwave 1 (2003)

   Radios: 11.75 million (1997)

   Television broadcast stations: 1 plus 24 repeaters (2002)

   Televisions: 320,000 (1997)

   Internet hosts: 19 (2003)

   Internet users: 75,000 (2003)

   Country code (TLD): ET
Adversities in Ethiopia

   Highly reliant on agriculture.

   Natural phenomenon hurt agriculture.

   Ambitious government development plans hindered by war.

   Although improving, level of education is poor.

   The lack of a long-term political commitment to expand and link
    education with economic and social development will continue
    to mire the country in poverty and deprivation.
Internet Café

   An Internet cafe or
    cyber café is a place
    where one can use a
    computer with Internet
    access for a fee,
    usually per hour or
    minute; sometimes one
    can have un-metered
    access with a pass for
    a day or month.
Internet Café in Beijing
Internet Cafe

   Quickly replacing arcades as multi-player gaming
    increases.

   Ivan Pope developed the concept in 1994.

   Many people use them when traveling to access
    webmail and instant messaging services to keep in
    touch with family and friends
Development Plan
Target Customers
   24/7 Internet Café’s target customer base will focus on students of learning institutions,
   business professionals, and those seeking a convenient avenue to the Internet, business
   services, and a progressive assisting, environment.
   Resource Requirements
   Equipment and resources needed for the successful internal operation of 24/7 Internet
   Café is 6-8 Desktop computer stations, server, wiring and connectivity needs, tables,
   desks, and chairs, 2 Laser Printers, 1 Full Size Copier, 1 Fax Machine, 1 Scanner,
   Commercial Coffee Machine, including all accessories, and refreshments. Internet
   connection, utilities and building security.
   Cash Flow Projections
   Projected income based on $9.00 per hour, on 8 computers, 24 hours a day is $48,384 per
   month. This income is an estimate not including income from other services and
   refreshments. (Negotiable)
Economic
Problems of
Internet Cafes

   map shows sample
    hourly rates at Internet
    cafes and the
    percentage of people
    living on $1 per day in
    26 nations.
Conclusion

   At income per capita of $100 USD, Ethiopia cannot
    afford the luxury of internet cafés.
   Government needs to recognize the need to bridge
    the link between economic development and
    education.
   Internet cafés may be de-evolving due to:
    –   Wireless communication (HOTSPOTS)
    –   Restrictions due to virus, porn, censorship
    –   Cost of computers decreasing and readily available.

				
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posted:5/17/2012
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