Development Plans for Internet Cafes
Geography of Ethiopia
Ethiopia is the oldest
independent country in Africa
Ethiopia is 1,127,127 square
kilometers (435,071 sq. mi) in
Ranked 26th in the world.
– Land: 1,119,683 km²
– Water: 7,444 km²
Area - comparative
– Slightly less than twice the size
– Tropical monsoon with
– High plateau with central
mountain range divided
by Great Rift Valley
Arable land: 12%
Permanent crops: 1%
Permanent pastures: 40%
Forests and woodland: 25%
Other: 22% (1993 est.)
Geography Continue (Highlands)
Population of Ethiopia
Population = 77 million (ranked 15th , US
= 300 million)
80 different ethnic groups in Ethiopia
Oromo are the largest ethnic group in
Ethiopia at 32.1%.
The Amhara represent 30.2%,
Tigray people are 6.2% of the population.
Other ethnic groups are as follows:
Somali 6.0%, Gurage 4.3%, Sidama
3.4%, Wolayta 2%, Afar 2%, Hadiya 2%,
Languages of Ethiopia
The official language of Ethiopia is Amharic, a Semitic
language which is spoken by about 27 million people.
The second largest language in Ethiopia is the Oromo
language, a Cushitic language spoken by about 30% of the
English is the most widely spoken foreign language and is
taught in all secondary schools.
Amharic was the language of primary school instruction, but
has been replaced in many areas by local languages such as
Oromifa and Tigrinya.
84 Indigenous Languages including:
Culture in Ethiopia
Proud of their heritage, respectful to elders.
Christians make up 61.6% of the country's population, Muslims
32.8%, and adherents of traditional faiths 5.6%.
Traditional Ethiopian cuisine employs no pork of any kind, as
both Muslims and Ethiopian Orthodox Christians are prohibited
from eating pork.
Ethiopia has some of the finest athletes of the world, middle-
distance and long-distance runners.
Politics of Ethiopia
In 1995, first popular chosen government elections was held.
Ethiopian People's Revolutionary Democratic Front (EPRDF) won in landslide
victory because the opposition parties boycotted elections.
In 2000, EPRDF won again in multiparty election.
In 2005, election was held again with record number of voter turnout.
EPRDF won again with allegations of rigging and intimidation.
Riots broke out in Ethiopia as a result. Many died.
In September of 2005, the National Election Boards of Ethiopia declared the
legitimacy of the EPRDF’s election victory.
Before 1996, Ethiopia was divided into 13 provinces.
Ethiopia now has a tiered government system consisting of a federal
government, ethnically-based regional states, zones, districts (woredas), and
Ethiopia is divided into 9 ethnically-based administrative regions and 2
chartered cities: Addis Ababa and Dire Dawa
Subdivided into 68 zones
It is further subdivided into 550 districts
Article 39 of the Ethiopian Constitution further gives every regional state the
right to secede from Ethiopia.
The subdivisions of Ethiopia
Addis Ababa (chartered city)
Dire Dawa (chartered city)
Nationalities, and Peoples
Media of Ethiopia
Radio and television are under the control of the Ethiopian
There are nine radio broadcast stations, eight AM and one
shortwave, licensed to operate.
The single television broadcast network is Ethiopian Television.
Print media, because of high poverty levels, low literacy rates,
and poor distribution outside of the capital, serve only a small
portion of the population.
Education in Ethiopia
The education system of Ethiopia is composed by 6 year for primary
education, 2 year for secondary, and 4 year for higher education.
Ethiopia had 43 % of primary gross enrollment, 12 % of secondary
education enrollment and less than 1 % enrolled in higher education in
Ethiopia’s university enrollment was 30,000 or 0. 8% of the university-
Since the EPRDF assumed power, its ethnic and anti-intellectual
policies have driven thousands of Ethiopians to seek employment in
other countries. The wholesale dismissal of over 40 professors of the
Ethiopia is extremely poor.
GDP = $55 billion, 73rd.
Ranked 173 out of 177 countries in
income per capita.
$100 USD per year
Highly reliant on agriculture (coffee being
Ethiopia's agriculture is plagued by
periodic drought, soil degradation caused
by overgrazing, deforestation, high
Of the 23,812 kilometers of Ethiopia's all-weather roads, 15% are asphalt.
Mountainous terrain and the lack of good roads and sufficient vehicles make
land transportation difficult.
As a result, agricultural transport suffers.
Each time the government has developmental plans for the country, there
seems to be a war; War with Eritrea.
The government has to supply money for military defense.
The war has forced the government to improve roads and other parts of the
previously neglected infrastructure, but only certain regions of the nation have
Communication in Ethiopia
Telephones - main lines in use: 435,000 (2003)
Telephones - mobile cellular phones: 97,800 (2003)
Radio broadcast stations: AM 8, FM 0, shortwave 1 (2003)
Radios: 11.75 million (1997)
Television broadcast stations: 1 plus 24 repeaters (2002)
Televisions: 320,000 (1997)
Internet hosts: 19 (2003)
Internet users: 75,000 (2003)
Country code (TLD): ET
Adversities in Ethiopia
Highly reliant on agriculture.
Natural phenomenon hurt agriculture.
Ambitious government development plans hindered by war.
Although improving, level of education is poor.
The lack of a long-term political commitment to expand and link
education with economic and social development will continue
to mire the country in poverty and deprivation.
An Internet cafe or
cyber café is a place
where one can use a
computer with Internet
access for a fee,
usually per hour or
minute; sometimes one
can have un-metered
access with a pass for
a day or month.
Internet Café in Beijing
Quickly replacing arcades as multi-player gaming
Ivan Pope developed the concept in 1994.
Many people use them when traveling to access
webmail and instant messaging services to keep in
touch with family and friends
24/7 Internet Café’s target customer base will focus on students of learning institutions,
business professionals, and those seeking a convenient avenue to the Internet, business
services, and a progressive assisting, environment.
Equipment and resources needed for the successful internal operation of 24/7 Internet
Café is 6-8 Desktop computer stations, server, wiring and connectivity needs, tables,
desks, and chairs, 2 Laser Printers, 1 Full Size Copier, 1 Fax Machine, 1 Scanner,
Commercial Coffee Machine, including all accessories, and refreshments. Internet
connection, utilities and building security.
Cash Flow Projections
Projected income based on $9.00 per hour, on 8 computers, 24 hours a day is $48,384 per
month. This income is an estimate not including income from other services and
map shows sample
hourly rates at Internet
cafes and the
percentage of people
living on $1 per day in
At income per capita of $100 USD, Ethiopia cannot
afford the luxury of internet cafés.
Government needs to recognize the need to bridge
the link between economic development and
Internet cafés may be de-evolving due to:
– Wireless communication (HOTSPOTS)
– Restrictions due to virus, porn, censorship
– Cost of computers decreasing and readily available.