BTC_Final_Presentation by fanzhongqing

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									The Bidwell Training
Center
 Skill Development Analysis and Career
  Opportunities in the Pittsburgh Area
    Rafael Cancel-Vazquez   Jason Lally
    Chris Murphy            Ben Crabtree
    Zack Reska              Dave Pierce
    Introduction
•   Analyze career opportunities
•   Understand skill requirements
•   Identify additional skills
•   Locate possible partnerships
    Sectors
•   Floral
•   Landscaping
•   Greenhouse/nursery
•   Agriculture
•   Biotechnology
•   (Bio)pharmaceutical
    General Overview
•   Pittsburgh Scenario
•   Job Description
•   Employment
•   Bidwell’s Courses
•   Suggested Courses
•   Partnerships
•   Recommendations
Floral Industry
       Job Description
• Floral Designers
• Create decorations with
  flowers for parties, weddings,
  etc based on customer orders
• Work for themselves
• Creativity is crucial
      Skills Required

•   Hard working
•   Motivated
•   Willingness to learn
•   Good with your hands
•   Able to work under pressure
     Education

• High School
• Vocational and technical
  school
• Penn College of
  Technology
    Employment        Pittsburgh Area


• 700 employed florists
• $8.50 per hour
• $17,610 per year
              Graphs
• Annual Wages
              25000
                                                               22620
              22500
                      20600
              20000                19240
                                                 17610
              17500
              15000
Dollars ($)




              12500
              10000
              7500
              5000
              2500
                 0
                      National   Pennsylvania   Pittsburgh   Philadelphia
     Graphs
• Employment Breakdown

                       Other 1.22%
                        Gift Shops 1.80%
                          Lawn and Garden 2.68%
                                Grocery Stores 13.51%




 Floral Shops 80.80%
                        Graphs
                 • National Annual Wages
              32500   31430       31010
              30000                          29060
              27500
              25000
              22500
                                                      20600
Dollars ($)




              20000
                                                                  17940       17610
              17500
                                                                                          15320
              15000
              12500
              10000
               7500
               5000
               2500
                 0
                      Columbia   San         Boston   National   Youngstow   Pittsburgh   Lexington
                      SC         Francisco                       n OH                     KY
                   Landscaping
 Does a green
thumb mean a
  wallet full of
    green?
      Pittsburgh Scenario

•   Small and Medium Sized Firms
•   High Turnover Rate
•   Seasonal
•   Low Growth: 0.2%
•   A Fit for Bidwell Graduates?
                      Distribution of Job Openings Per Year
                              for the Pittsburgh MSA

                 65
                 60
                 55
                 50
Number of Jobs




                 45
                 40                   57                      Replacement
                 35
                                                              Growth
                 30
                 25
                 20
                 15
                 10
                  5                    8
                  0
                       Gardeners and Groundskeepers
  Job Paths
• The Low Road
  – From Low to Medium
    to High Skill
• The High Road
  The Low Road
• Low Skill
• Start at the bottom
  – Lawn/Landscape
    Technician
• Skill through
  experience
• Advancement
  The Low Road
• Medium Skill
• First-line
  supervisors
• Skill through
  experience
• Advancement
     The Low Road

• High Skill
• Small Business
  Owner
• Capital Investment
• Licensing
    The High Road
•   Landscape Architect
•   Bidwell
•   Penn State Branch
•   Penn State U.Park
•   Graduate School?
    Employment

Distribution of Workers in Pittsburgh Landscape
                     Sector


                                Landscaping and Groundskeeping
      5,700                     Workers

                                First-Line Supervisors/Managers
                                of Landscaping, Lawn Service,
                                and Groundskeeping Workers
                                Landscape Architects


              70   440


                               Pittsburgh MSA, 2002
                               Mean Annual Salary of Landscape Sector
                                Employment
                                       Workers in Pittsburgh

                     $50,000
                                                                                         $44,130
                     $45,000
Mean Annual Salary




                     $40,000
                     $35,000                                    $30,830
                     $30,000
                     $25,000           $20,860
                     $20,000
                     $15,000
                     $10,000
                      $5,000
                          $0
                                     Landscaping and             First-Line         Landscape Architects
                                 Groundskeeping Workers   Supervisors/Managers of
                                                             Landscaping, Lawn
                                                                Service, and
                                                          Groundskeeping Workers

Pittsburgh MSA, 2002                                       Occupation Title
  Bidwell’s Coursework
• Business, Business,
  Business
• Pesticide Education
• Basic Botany
  Suggested Additions
• More Business!
• Management/
  Leadership
• Interpersonal Skills
  The Bidwell Advantage
• Interest in Career
• Formal Education
  – Business Skills
    Recommendations
•   Strong Potential for Medium Skill Jobs
•   High Skill for Most Gifted/Dedicated
•   Increase Business Training
•   Establish Apprenticeships
Greenhouse
    Job Description: Physical
    Demand
• Movement
• Carry loads
• Repetitive
• Handle heavy
  objects
• Long hours
  Job Description: Attention to
  Detail
• Dexterous with hands
• Detect changes in light, temperature,
  and color differences
• Plant preparation
  Job Description:
  Interpersonal Interactions
• Customer service
• Transportation of plants
Starting at Bidwell

               Beginner classes in:
               • Mathematics
               • Typing
               • English
               • Reading
               • GED preparation
    Bidwell: Courses

•   Botany
•   Plant Propagation
•   Greenhouse management
•   Pesticide
•   Business management
•   Others, totaling 780 hours
  PSU McKeesport




• Division of Undergraduate Studies
  (DUS) Program
   PSU University Park


• Horticulture, BS
• Business/production option
• Science option
    University Park: Sample
    Courses
•   Pomology
•   Plant/water relations
•   Horticulture business management
•   Plant nutrition/propagation
•   Horticultural systematics
 Pittsburgh
• Entry level pay as low as $15k
• Managers earn up to $40k
• Experienced managers $50k and up
  Pittsburgh
• Pay rates close to national leaders in
  Salinas, CA
• Less than 200 greenhouse employees
• What those numbers indicate
                          How Pittsburgh Compares
                               Mean Hourly Greenhouse Wages

                         8.8      8.69         8.69
Hourly rate in dollars



                         8.6
                         8.4
                         8.2                                       Pittsburgh
                           8
                                                         7.69      Salinas, Ca
                         7.8
                         7.6                                       National
                         7.4
                         7.2
                           7
                                Pittsburgh   Salinas,   National
                                               Ca
                                             Location
   Pittsburgh Salaries


• Mean Pittsburgh Salaries close to
  national leaders, Salinas, CA
• Much greater than national averages
        Pittsburgh
                                           Mean Salaries
Yearly salaries in dollars
                             $18,500
                             $18,000
                             $17,500
                             $17,000
                             $16,500                                  Mean Salary
                             $16,000
                             $15,500
                             $15,000




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                                                    Locations
    Self-employment
•   Helps growth
•   Increases market
•   Minimal investment costs
•   Determine market
•   Retail or wholesale?
•   Growth is exponential
  Conclusion
• Careers can be valuable
• Work for what you get
• Constantly growing
Agriculture
  Pittsburgh Scenario

• Declining agriculture
  throughout Pennsylvania
• Sprawl and development
• Expansion in public sector
• Expansion in nonprofit sector
      Job Description

• General Farm Work
  – Propagate plants
  – Monitor growth
  – Check for pests (IPM)
  – Harvesting
  – Supply chain
    management
      Job Description

• Room for upward
  movement
  – Management
  – Supervision
• Atypical jobs in agriculture
  – USDA Inspector
  – Nonprofit work
  Employment        Pittsburgh MSA

• 52 General Farms in the region
• $345 per week
• $17,940 per year
 Employment            Pittsburgh MSA

• Other occupations
  – Graders and sorters
  – Inspectors, agricultural products
  – Production inspectors
  – Supervisory roles
    Bidwell’s Coursework
•   Agriculture/Horticulture Industry Today
•   Taxonomy
•   Basic Botany
•   Plant Propagation
•   Pesticide Management
•   Business Communications
•   Safety
  Suggested Courses
• Agriculture policy
• Sustainable methods in production
• Soil sciences
Partnerships




    • Outreach
    • Education
Biotechnology
   Biotechnology
Use of living organisms to produce
engineered products that are able to
modify health or the environment.
      Pittsburgh Scenario


• “One of the less expensive cities in
  which to operate a biomedical research
  and product development facility” (recent
 study by The Boyd Company Inc.)
  Pittsburgh Scenario
• Youthful industry growing quickly
• Well organized sector
• PABIOTECH Association
  – Facilitates access to PA’s scientific,
    educational, political, & financial services
  – Creates commercial opportunities
  – Public policy strategies
     Pittsburgh Scenario

• Innovation Works
• Publicly funded venture capital organization
• Invests in technology startups in
  Southwestern Pennsylvania.
• Increase new enterprise success rate by
  providing to the highest potential technology
  companies
• Access to risk capital, business expertise,
  and third party resources.
  Pittsburgh Scenario
• Innovation Works
• Hands-on support, guidance, and
  investment
• Help companies maximize their
  chances to attract additional capital and
  achieve commercial success
   Pittsburgh Scenario

• Public/private partnership
• Founded by UPitt, Carnegie Mellon
  University, UPMC Health System, the
  Commonwealth of Pennsylvania
• PLSG invests in and supports the
  growth of regional life sciences
  companies.
     Pittsburgh
     Scenario

• Concentrates on four
  core research areas”
  – Drug discovery tools and
    targets
  – Medical devices
  – Tissue and organ
    engineering
  – Therapeutic strategies for
    neurological disorders.
       Pittsburgh Scenario

• Pittsburgh region committed to a
  10-year, $600 million initiative
• Catalyze the growth of its
  biotechnology sector to attract
  capital, talent, firms and
  technologies.
• Unique opportunity to lead
  biotechnology sector.
     Pittsburgh Scenario

• University of Pittsburgh and Carnegie
  Mellon University through BioVenture
• Initiative aimed at ensuring
  Southwestern Pennsylvania as a leader
  in the biotech revolution
• Spurred by the human genome project
  and to increase research funding
       Pittsburgh Scenario – $600
       million
• Total increase in direct
  biosciences private
  employment of 5,087 jobs
• Additional induced
  employment accounting for
  more than 10,600 jobs
• Total increase in startup firms
  of 90
• Relocations of 25 firms (with
  average size of 32
  employees 10th year)
• $334 million in leveraged
  federal and other funds to the
  region
     Job Description

• Biological Technicians
• Assist biological and medical
  scientists in laboratories.
• Performs routine tasks and
  analytical procedures under
  the supervision of a research
  scientist
• Set up, operate, and maintain
  laboratory instruments and
  equipment
      Job Description

• Monitor experiments
• Make observations
• Calculate and record
  results
• Analyze organic
  substances (e.g.,
  blood, food, and
  drugs)
  Employment         Pittsburgh Area

• 66 biomedical/biotechnology firms in the
  region employ more than 5,300 people
• $16 per hour
• $34,000 per year
    Bidwell’s Coursework
•   Safety and First Aid
•   Technical Mathematics 1 & 2
•   Introduction to Computers and Applications
•   Instrumental Analysis 1 & 2
•   Quantitative Analytical Techniques
•   Chemistry Laboratory Techniques
•   General and Inorganic Chemistry 1 & 2
    Suggested Courses
•   Microbiology
•   Botany
•   Zoology
•   Genetics
•   Cell Biology
   Partnerships




• Lectures
• Hands-on laboratories
     Partnerships




• University of Pittsburgh
• With Carnegie Mellon - Strongest Life
  Sciences Departments in the U.S.
Biopharmaceuticals
              and
   Pharmaceuticals
  Pittsburgh Scenario
“The new Pittsburgh has reinvented itself
  as a high-tech and medical center, with
  a thriving downtown area…”
      -Pittsburgh.com
       Pittsburgh Scenario


Growth in the Pittsburgh biotechnology and
(bio)pharmaceutical fields is fostered by the
Pittsburgh Lifesciences Greenhouse
Organization.
     Possible Jobs

• Pharmacy aide or technician.
• Pharmaceutical sales.
• Lab technician.
      Job Description: Pharmacy
      aide or technician
• Fill prescriptions: count pills, mix drugs,
  etc.
• Complete paperwork.
• Help senior pharmacist
• Technicians do the more complicated
  pharmacy work and tend to get paid
  more.
  Employment          Pittsburgh Area

• Pay scale: mean income 2002.
  – Pharmacy technician: $21,570.
  – Pharmacy aide: $15,130.
• Work at hospitals, nursing homes, and
  pharmacies (e.g. Rite Aid, CVS).
  Education
• Bidwell training center: Pharmacy
  technician Program.
  – 30 week program + 6 week internship.
  – Courses in math, pharmacology, human
    anatomy, etc.
  Job description:
  Pharmaceutical sales
• Travel to hospitals, nursing homes,
  pharmacies to:
  – Educate doctors about your company’s
    drugs.
  – Recruit new drug accounts.
  Employment          Pittsburgh Area

• Often work for commission, which
  means your salary is dependent on your
  selling ability, can make as much as 40-
  65k.
  Education:
• Two year associate’s degree.
• Can be certified by American
  Pharmaceutical Sales Association.
  Job description: lab
  technician
• Conduct experiments.
• Enter and analyze data.
• Assist senior scientists.
  Employment           Pittsburgh Area

• Pay scale: start at 11.00-13.00/hour
  (Pittsburgh.com want ads) .
• Work in university research labs,
  privately owned research &
  development labs, hospitals, etc.
  Education
• Bidwell training center: Chemical
  laboratory technician program.
  – 1 year program + 240 internship hours.
  – Courses in math, chemistry, physics,
    analysis techniques, computers, and lab
    safety.
 Job Possibilities
• Low: few low level jobs.
• Mid: pharmacy technician, lab
  technician
• High: pharmacist, pharmD, PhD in
  Pharmacology
  – Require extensive higher education.
    Partnerships

• University of Pittsburgh: PharmD.
  – 6-year program that trains people to be
    pharmacists.
  – First 2 years are preprofessional courses
    in chemistry, biology, english, and math.
  – Next 4 years spent learning about
    pharmacology and how to be a
    pharmacist.
  – Can expect to make 68,000/year.
    Partnerships

• Penn State University: PhD in
  Pharmacology.
  – Hershey Medical School.
  – Must have a BS, possible MS for
    admittance.
  – Coursework like for PharmD, but also
    learn how to do research.
  – Takes 4 years +
  – Prepares you to teach or perform
    research.
     Mean yearly income for Pharmacists
                  2000-2002

$80,000

$60,000
                                      PGH
$40,000                               PA
                                      National
$20,000

    $0
          2000     2001     2002
             Mean income for Pharmacy
              Technicians 2000-2002

$24,000.00

$22,000.00
                                        PGH
$20,000.00                              PA
                                        National
$18,000.00

$16,000.00
               2000    2001    2002
    Mean income for Pharmacy Aides 2000-
                    2002

$25,000.00
$20,000.00
                                     PGH
$15,000.00
                                     PA
$10,000.00
                                     National
 $5,000.00
     $0.00
             2000   2001    2002
       Number of Pharmacy-related jobs in
            Pittsburgh 2000-2002

2500
2000
                                  Pharmacist
1500
                                  Pharmacy Tech
1000
                                  Pharmacy Aide
500
  0
         2000    2001    2002
    Recommendations
• Floral $17,600
• Landscaping
    – Low skill $20,860
    – Medium skill $30,830
•   Greenhouse/nursery $18,070
•   Agriculture $17,000
•   Biotechnology $34,000
•   (Bio)Pharmaceutical $30,000
  Average Annual Income

                   Biotechnology
      35,000
                   Landscaping (mid
      30,000       skill)
                   Biopharmaceutical
      25,000

      20,000
                   Landscaping (low
                   skill)
US$




      15,000       Greenhouse

      10,000       Floral

       5,000       Agriculture

          0
    Recommendations
Number of jobs per sector
• Floral 700
• Landscaping
    – Low skill 5,700
    – Medium skill 440
•   Greenhouse/nursery 200
•   Agriculture 2,000
•   Biotechnology 5,300
•   (Bio)pharmaceutical
    – Pharmacist 1,980
    – Pharmacy Aids 530
        Jobs

                                      Greenhouse
                             Floral       1%
               Agriculture    5%
                  0%
Biopharmaceutical
      15%                                          Landscaping
                                                      37%




          Biotechnology
               36%
  Recommendations
• Priority Sectors for Bidwell:
  – HIGH
     • Biotechnology and Biopharmaceutical
  – MID
     • Landscaping and Greenhouse
  – LOW
     • Florist and Agriculture
  Special Considerations
• Form partnerships with private sector
  and academic institutions
• Internships
• Request funds

								
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