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    Maintaining a Sharp Eye


                   Passage I
Who Is Using My Credit Card Today?




                                              Passage II
                       E-Business Means Opportunities
                              New Practical English 3
Passage I
• Related Information
• Intensive Study
• Practice




             New Practical English 3
Text Related
Information


                                ISP

   Internet Service Provider is a company that sells access to
 the Internet via telephone or cable line to your home or office.




                         New Practical English 3
Text Related
Information


                              eBay
    eBay was founded by Pierre Omidyar in 1995 as a marketplace
 for the sale of goods and services for individuals. Not only was it a
 novel idea, but it was utilizing an innovative technology--- the
 Internet. E-commerce had not yet been established as an
 acceptable and understandable method of doing business at that
 time.




                           New Practical English 3
Text Related
Information



    Today, one can find more than 18,000 categories of
 merchandise on eBay, including big-ticket items such as cars and
 real estate. eBay is not so much an e-commerce site as it is a
 trading community, where buyers and sellers find one another and
 conduct transactions. Browsing and bidding is free, but eBay
 charges a fee for listing an item for sale as well as a fee for items
 that are sold. eBay currently has approximately 14,000 registered
 users around the world.




                           New Practical English 3
Intensive Study


                  Passage 1
   Text
   Important Words
   Difficult Sentences




                   New Practical English 3
           Who Is Using My Credit Card Today?
                                                     Click here to listen
   Like many Americans, after September 11 I felt a bit safer buying
Christmas presents over the Internet rather than making a long
journey to crowded shops. As it turned out, I was only partly right. I
might have been physically safer staying home, but I certainly risked
my financial well-being buying online.
   After buying several things at e-commerce sites and registering at
the auction site eBay, I picked up the local paper and saw a page
one headline that read: "Identity thefts hit residents in region." My
neighbors were complaining that their eBay accounts had been
"hijacked" to buy and sell goods online. Others had had money
removed from their checking accounts, and unauthorized charges
had appeared on their credit cards. According to eBay, all were

                           New Practical English 3
                                                      Click here to listen
customers of my local Internet service provider. My ISP, of course,
denied that a problem existed on its end.
   While the ISP and eBay pointed fingers at each other, more news
appeared in the paper. One ISP customer, while doing an upload to
his personal Web page a few weeks before, had discovered a
directory containing more than 400 user account names and
passwords. It so happened that on December 18 my ISP had moved
7,500 e-mail accounts to a new server. Apparently, it forgot to lock all
the doors.
   But it gets worse: The user reported the problem in late
December, but the company admitted it failed to close the hole until
Friday, January 4, virtually opening the floodgates to an identity theft
disaster. Amazingly, the ISP still responded that it was highly
unlikely that security had been breached on its end, since no credit
card data was in danger.
                            New Practical English 3
                                                   Click here to listen
   Just after my ISP said that, attackers from the Philippines
apparently made off with the e-mail account names and passwords
and then used them to request new account passwords at eBay and
other online sites. When the new passwords -- which eBay happily
sent to the users' e-mail accounts -- arrived, the attackers were
waiting to pick them up. From there I can only assume that they
gained access to credit card data and any other information
registered with the site. Users never even knew what hit them.
   But why is it this easy for attackers to steal our online
information? In more than 20 years of using charge cards at
restaurants and department stores, not once has my credit card
number been stolen -- never mind used as a lever to unlock other
financial accounts. Why don’t eBay and other e-commerce sites
have better safeguards than simply issuing a new password and
sending it to the user's e-mail account?
                         New Practical English 3
                                                    Click here to listen
    Could it be that the e-commerce sellers, in their rush for higher
income, oversimplify security so as not to discourage buyers? Or is
it just that it's not their money that's at risk?
     So far, I haven't discovered any changes to my online account
passwords. But after this, I'll think twice before registering at
another Web site or making another online purchase. At least until I
see my December Visa bill.




                          New Practical English 3
Important Words


   admit v.
   --state or agree to the truth of (usually something bad)
     承认
  Examples

 We frankly admit the delivery was delayed.
 I must admit I’m a layman as far as insurance is concerned.
 The lawyer admitted taking bribes.




                        New Practical English 3
Important Words


   respond v.
   --make a reply; answer 回答,作出反应

  Examples

    They responded immediately to our requirements.
    He responded to my suggestion by laughing.
    He responded that he could not give me a definite
    answer.



                        New Practical English 3
Important Words


   request v.
   --demand politely 请求,要求

  Examples

    You are sincerely requested to be present at the party.
    We request you to do everything possible to ensure
    punctual shipment.
    Visitors are requested not to pick the flowers.



                          New Practical English 3
Important Words


   assume v.
   -- take as a fact or as true without proof; suppose
     假定
  Examples

    We assume his market survey to be correct.
    Scientists assume that there is no animal life on Mars.
    Let us assume that you are right.




                         New Practical English 3
Important Words


   register v.
   -- put into an official list or record 登记,注册

  Examples


    The trademark is registered on the book of the Patent
    Office.
    We have sent the letter by registered airmail.
    Have you registered the birth of your baby?


                         New Practical English 3
Important Words


   discourage v.
   -- take away courage and spirit from 使气馁,阻碍


  Examples


   Don’t let one failure discourage you, try again.
   The rain discouraged us from going out.
   Parents should discourage their children from smoking.



                        New Practical English 3
Difficult Sentences


I might have been physically safer staying home, but I certainly
risked my financial well-being buying online.

        Might have been is formed by putting the present perfect form
        of the verb after might to show the possibility in the past.



Translation
    我呆在家里身体上可能更安全,但网上购物在经济上肯定
    要冒风险。



                          New Practical English 3
Difficult Sentences


I might have been physically safer staying home, but I certainly
risked my financial well-being buying online.



Example

    I thought that I might have been early enough to avoid
    the rush hour traffic, but I was wrong.




                         New Practical English 3
Difficult Sentences


I picked up the local paper and saw a page one headline that
read: "Identity thefts hit residents in region."
                                           a page one headline means “a
 That read here
                                           headline appeared on page one”.
 means “that was”.

                     Identity thefts hit residents in region is the same as
                     “Identity thefts hit the residents in the region”, with
                     the definite article “the” omitted before residents
Translation          and region since this is a newspaper headline.

  我拿起当地报纸看到头版大标题:“本地区居民身份证屡
  遭盗窃”。

                           New Practical English 3
Difficult Sentences


I picked up the local paper and saw a page one headline that
read: "Identity thefts hit residents in region."


Example

    I saw the big words in the title that read "Twin Towers"
    and "New York City".




                         New Practical English 3
Difficult Sentences


Amazingly, the ISP still responded that it was highly unlikely
that security had been breached on its end, since no credit card
data was in danger.
  In the object clause that it was highly unlikely that security had been
  breached on its end, since no credit card data was in danger, it is a
  formal subject, while the following that-clause is the real subject,
  which, in turn, is supported by the since-clause of reason.

Translation

    令人吃惊的是,这家因特网服务商仍然回答说,他们的
    终端安全受到破坏是根本不可能的,因为信用卡数据全
    都没有危险。

                            New Practical English 3
Difficult Sentences


Amazingly, the ISP still responded that it was highly unlikely
that security had been breached on its end, since no credit card
data was in danger.

Example

   It was highly unlikely that I would make it on time, but I
   was going to try.




                        New Practical English 3
Difficult Sentences


From there I can only assume that they gained access to credit
card data and any other information registered with the site.
         There refers to the information given
         in the former part of the paragraph.

        Registered with the site is a past participle
        phrase modifying any other information.

Translation
    由此我只能认为他们得到了信用卡数据和在网站注册的其
    他信息。


                             New Practical English 3
Difficult Sentences


From there I can only assume that they gained access to credit
card data and any other information registered with the site.


Example

    Around December I was burdened with a lot of work. I
    felt extremely tired. From there I knew that I couldn’t
    take on this project alone.




                         New Practical English 3
Difficult Sentences


But why is it this easy for attackers to steal our online
information?

                      Before the adjective easy, this is
                      an adverb meaning “so”.



Translation

   可是为什么攻击者窃取我们的网上信息如此容易呢?




                         New Practical English 3
Difficult Sentences


But why is it this easy for attackers to steal our online
information?


Example

    Why is it this hard to get a job as an engineer?




                         New Practical English 3
Difficult Sentences


In more than 20 years of using charge cards at restaurants and
department stores, not once has my credit card number been
stolen -- never mind used as a lever to unlock other financial
accounts.
 After the expression not once, the part has my credit card number
 been stolen is in a reverted word-order, with has put before the
 subject my credit card number. Not once means “not even for
 once”. Never mind here means “not to speak of; let alone”.
Translation
    我在饭店和百货商店使用信用卡20多年了,信用卡号码
    一次也没有被盗窃过,更不用说用这个号码作工具去启
    用其他账户了。

                            New Practical English 3
Difficult Sentences


In more than 20 years of using charge cards at restaurants and
department stores, not once has my credit card number been
stolen -- never mind used as a lever to unlock other financial
accounts.

Example

    Any ordinary technician should know that, never mind
    the engineers.




                        New Practical English 3
Difficult Sentences


Could it be that the e-commerce sellers, in their rush for higher
income, oversimplify security so as not to discourage buyers?

          Be in the sentence is an intransitive verb, meaning “exist”.
          It is the formal subject, and that-clause is the real subject
          clause, where to income modifies rush and so as not to
          discourage buyers serves as an adverbial of purpose.

Translation
    是不是因为电子商务的卖家为了追求高收入,害怕吓跑客
    户而过分简化了安全措施呢?


                            New Practical English 3
Difficult Sentences


Could it be that the e-commerce sellers, in their rush for higher
income, oversimplify security so as not to discourage buyers?



Example

    Could it be that they are not aware of what they are doing?




                         New Practical English 3
Practice
• Read and Think
• Read and Complete
• Read and Translate
• Read and simulate



           New Practical English 3
Ex. 1 Choose the best answer according to the passage.

1. The headline in the newspaper implies that __________.
   a. residents in the region were unaware of the theft
   b. a number of thieves were caught in this region
   c. theft of credit cards were rare and unusual
   d. the attack on private accounts was a serious matter




                        New Practical English 3
Ex. 1 Choose the best answer according to the passage.
  2. Which of the following is not true according to the passage?
    a. A sum of money disappeared from the author’s eBay
    account.
    b. Someone used the author’s neighbors’ accounts at eBay
    to sell goods.
    c. Some residents got their money stolen from their accounts
    on the web site.
    d. Some user account names and passwords appeared on the
    web.

                         New Practical English 3
Ex. 1 Choose the best answer according to the passage.
3. The attackers from the Philippines had the credit card data
   already because __________.
   a. they were already in the Philippines
   b. they had the e-mail account names and passwords
   c. they were trying to get access to more new accounts
   d. users knew what had happened to their accounts




                       New Practical English 3
Ex. 1 Choose the best answer according to the passage.

  4. From the last paragraph of the passage we know that the
     author __________.
   a. won’t make any payment online before his next visa bill
   comes
   b. wants to prove that his money on the visa card is still
                             there
   c. has become more careful about making use of e-
   commerce
   d. is not sure whether his visa bill will come in December

                        New Practical English 3
Ex. 1 Choose the best answer according to the passage.

  5. From this passage we can infer that __________.
   a. e-commerce is not as safe as it is believed
   b. it is not convenient to buy things on the web
   c. nobody will do business online in the future
   d. neither the ISP nor the e-commerce sites are reliable




                        New Practical English 3
Ex. 2 Complete the following statements with the information
      you get from the passage.

1. There could be a risk of losing money when the writer
     purchased goods online
   _________________________.
2. Both __________ and the writer’s ___________ denied their
           eBay                            ISP
   responsibility for the unauthorized charges on the credit
   cards.
3. There was news in the newspaper that a directory containing
   user account names         passwords
   ___________________ and __________ was found on the web.
4. The author’s ISP admitted that it ____________ to close the
                                         failed
   hole until January 4th.
5. Users were kept unaware of the ____________ to their online
                                      danger
   accounts.
                                careful
6. The writer would be more ____________ about registering at
   Web sites or making online purchases.
                        New Practical English 3
Ex. 3 Fill in the blanks with the proper words and
      expressions given below, changing the form if
      necessary.
risk       fail      partly               register     resident
assume     remove    disaster             discourage   deny

1. A month ago he received a notice stating his application
   was ___________.
    denied

2. Some of these problems have already been ___________
   solved, but some of them are still under hot discussion.
    partly

                       New Practical English 3
Ex. 3 Fill in the blanks with the proper words and
      expressions given below, changing the form if
      necessary.
risk       fail       partly               register     resident
assume     remove     disaster             discourage   deny

3. Police officers and firefighters who __________ their lives
   to save others were honored today for their bravery and
   courage.
    had risked
4. The girl whose left leg had been ___________ is doing well
   with the artificial leg.
    removed
                        New Practical English 3
Ex. 3 Fill in the blanks with the proper words and
      expressions given below, changing the form if
      necessary.
risk       fail      partly               register     resident
assume     remove    disaster             discourage   deny

5. Green peace activists ___________ to stop an outdated oil
   tanker from leaving the port yesterday.
    failed
6. The purpose of the disaster relief program is to provide
   emergency relief when a major ____________ occurs.
    disaster

                       New Practical English 3
Ex. 3 Fill in the blanks with the proper words and
      expressions given below, changing the form if
      necessary.
risk       fail      partly               register     resident
assume     remove    disaster             discourage   deny

7. It is ___________ that fuel is burned at 70% efficiency;
   that is, 30% of the heat generated is lost.
    assumed
8. The best way to ___________ young people from taking
   drugs is to encourage their participation in various
   wholesome social activities.
    discourage

                       New Practical English 3
Ex. 3 Fill in the blanks with the proper words and
      expressions given below, changing the form if
      necessary.
risk       fail       partly              register     resident
assume     remove     disaster            discourage   deny

9. After receiving your payment, we will send your order to
   you immediately by ___________mail.
    registered
10. Quite a number of people in the area still farm; however,
    the majority of the ___________ now work in the service
    industry.
     residents
                       New Practical English 3
Ex. 4 Complete the following passage by filling in the
      missing words.
  When I first went to Japan, I soon discovered that our
American model of a salesman going to a customer’s office,
giving his sales speech and then expecting to close the sale just
does not work in Japan. First of all in Japan, you generally
1__________ an introduction to meet a prospective buyer.
    need
                                             through
Often, an appointment is arranged 2___________a third
                                                 see
person. Once you have an appointment to 3_________ the man
                                     with
that you want to do business 4___________, the introduction
and getting to know one another can be a timely 5 process .
Your prospective customer has to get to know the person with
      whom
6___________ he is going to do business.


                         New Practical English 3
Ex. 4 Complete the following passage by filling in the
      missing words.

A certain period of time is required for each 7  party     to
                          another
learn more about one 8__________. In the beginning, business
        not
is 9__________ the main item of conversation. It is more
     about
10___________ getting to know one another. This opens the
door to a good basis of communication between the two parties.




                        New Practical English 3
Ex. 5   Translate the following sentences into English, using the
        phrases given in the brackets.

1. 盗贼从这家银行偷走了一大笔现金。(made off with)


              a large sum of



  The thieves made off with a large sum of money from the
  bank.




                          New Practical English 3
Ex. 5   Translate the following sentences into English, using the
        phrases given in the brackets.

2. 高血压使千百万人有患心脏病的危险。(place … at risk of)


         high blood pressure              heart attack


  High blood pressure places millions of people at the risk of
  heart attack.




                          New Practical English 3
Ex. 5   Translate the following sentences into English, using the
        phrases given in the brackets.

3. 在做任何重要决定之前都要慎重思考。(think twice)

                              before


                     make decision


  Think twice before you make any important decisions.




                          New Practical English 3
Ex. 5   Translate the following sentences into English, using the
        phrases given in the brackets.

4. 非洲大陆的一大片区域有变成沙漠的危险。(in danger of)


           African continent



  A large part of the African continent is in danger of
  becoming a desert.



                          New Practical English 3
Ex. 5   Translate the following sentences into English, using the
        phrases given in the brackets.
5. 他从来没有给我提出过解决问题的好方法。(not once)


                         suggest




Not once has he suggested a good way to deal with any
problem.




                          New Practical English 3
Ex. 6   Pay attention to the italicized parts in the English sentences
        and translate the Chinese sentences by simulating the
        structure of the English sentences.
 1. While the ISP and eBay pointed fingers at each other, more news
    appeared in the paper.
    Since then, the parties have pointed fingers at one another and accused
    each other of not being cooperative.

Now you try
    如果出现问题,我们从不互相指责。
    他们因未能防止那场灾难而互相指责。

    Reference
        If there is a problem, we never point fingers at each other.
        They pointed fingers at one another for failing to prevent the
        disaster.

                             New Practical English 3
Ex. 6   Pay attention to the italicized parts in the English sentences
        and translate the Chinese sentences by simulating the
        structure of the English sentences.
 2. Amazingly, the ISP still responded that it was highly unlikely that security
    had been breached on its end, since no credit card data was in danger.
    It was highly unlikely for two planes to crash into the same place
    moments apart.
Now you try
    这个问题不太可能在近期得到解决。
    她不太可能做出那样的事。

    Reference
        It is highly unlikely that this problem will be solved in the near
        future.
        It was highly unlikely that she would do that kind of thing.

                               New Practical English 3
Ex. 6    Pay attention to the italicized parts in the English sentences
         and translate the Chinese sentences by simulating the
         structure of the English sentences.
 3. Or is it just that it's not their money that's at risk?
    Heart disease can be avoided if the people at risk follow medical advice
    closely.

Now you try
     这种计算机病毒正在传播,所有上网用户都有被感染的危险。
     目前该国的经济十分萧条,这使得更多的就业机会面临丧失的
     危险。

    Reference
        This computer virus is spreading, and all online users are at risk.
        The economy is very depressed at the moment, which puts
        more jobs at risk.

                                 New Practical English 3
Ex. 6   Pay attention to the italicized parts in the English sentences
        and translate the Chinese sentences by simulating the
        structure of the English sentences.
 4. But after this, I'll think twice before registering at another Web site or
    making another online purchase.
    I'll think twice before taking a free sample of something like this again.


Now you try
    我劝他在决定退学前再仔细考虑一番。
    支付大笔款项时总要三思而行。

    Reference
        I advised him to think twice before deciding to quit school.
        Always think twice before paying out large sums of money.

                               New Practical English 3
Ex. 6   Pay attention to the italicized parts in the English sentences
        and translate the Chinese sentences by simulating the
        structure of the English sentences.
 5. Could it be that the e-commerce sellers, in their rush for higher income,
    oversimplify security so as not to discourage buyers?
    Could it be that they have different opinions because they live in two
    different communities?

Now you try
    是否有可能更多的人会骑自行车上班呢?
    是否有可能由于我靠得太近而看不清形势呢?

     Reference
        Could it be that more people will ride bikes to work?
        Could it be that I was too close to the situation to see it?

                               New Practical English 3
Passage II
• Related Information
• Intensive Study
• Practice




             New Practical English 3
Text Related
Information


                     eBusiness:

   eBusiness (e-Business), derived from such terms as "e-
 mail" and "e-commerce," is the conduct of business on
 the Internet, not only buying and selling, but also
 servicing customers and collaborating with business
 partners. The sign of a good eBusiness is not just being
 able to sell books, but knowing how many books you've
 sold, and to whom, and also to answer questions like
 "what books are they buying next?"



                      New Practical English 3
Text Related
Information


                    e-Commerce

    eCommerce (electronic commerce) is the buying and
 selling of goods and services on the Internet, especially the
 World Wide Web. In practice, this term and a newer term,
 e-business, are often used interchangeably.




                       New Practical English 3
Intensive Study


                  Passage 2
   Text
   Important Words
   Difficult Sentences




                   New Practical English 3
            E-Business Means Opportunities
                                                   Click here to listen

     Opportunity knocks with e-commerce!
How is your company applying the Internet
for your business?
     Why should I get involved in the Internet?
Isn't it all child's play? These and many
other questions are going through people's minds these days.
Did you know that today at least 40% of all Canadians have access
to the Internet?
Who are they?
What are they doing there?
Is there anything that could benefit you and your business?

                         New Practical English 3
                                                    Click here to listen
    The Internet has, over the past 8 years, evolved from a university
and military network into a universal information system that spans
the world and has re-invented business.
     Since access to the Web is easy, anyone, however unskilled, can
navigate it.
    You can find almost any information you are looking for. It is
better than an encyclopedia, as most of the information is very up-to-
date. You can download software, music, jokes, and, above all,
information. You can have a look at other businesses like yours and
see what they do. You can form partnerships with them across the
country. There are many options and more benefits for business.
    You can set up a website and put all your business literature on
your website, so when a client calls and needs detailed information,
you can let them browse your website and find it instantly. But that's
not all. On your website you can list all your products and services,
including all of those the client did not ask for.
                          New Practical English 3
                                                      Click here to listen
You can also post your address and other contact information for
ready access to people anywhere in the world. You can post your
success stories, your references, samples of your work, and price
lists.
     That brings us to the next step. You can design a form that lets
prospective clients fill in their own quotation and send it instantly by
e-mail to you. Or, they can place an order for one or more of your
products by putting them in a shopping basket. Small stores have
expanded their business this way, by thousands of dollars a month,
from new customers who never set foot in their stores before.
     Finally, you can add credit card acceptance right on the web.
Since this is a security issue, not all clients go for it, so you leave it
as an option. There are still many people who use it and are
comfortable with it. Since it adds considerable cost to your site, it
may be better not to install credit cards until you have a good size
business going.
                            New Practical English 3
                                                     Click here to listen

It must be understood that websites need to be promoted. Marketing
of websites must be done both on-line and off-line. You should put
your URL (website address) on all of your business cards, letterhead
and literature. You should register with various main search engines.
You should also quote it in any of your regular advertising. There are
many more methods available to improve the popularity of your
website.
    As you can see, the web gives many good opportunities for
improving your business and profitability. If you take it step by step,
you can't go wrong. One advice though: Don't sit on the fence while
opportunity passes you by.




                           New Practical English 3
Important Words


   opportunity n.
   --a favourable moment or occasion 机会,时机

  Examples

    This will be a good opportunity to explain the case to her.
    You’ll miss this opportunity if you can’t give us an early
       reply.
    For multinational firms this will mean new opportunities.



                         New Practical English 3
Important Words


   apply v.
   --to put into use      应用

  Examples

    Scientific discoveries are often applied to industrial
    production.
    Do you apply that rule to every candidate?
    I have seen that method applied by many people.




                            New Practical English 3
Important Words


   evolve v.
   --to develop gradually          发展,进化

  Examples

    Some people believe that man has evolved from the ape.
    The simple plan evolved into a complicated scheme.




                          New Practical English 3
Important Words


   universal a.
   -- for all people or every purpose; widespread
     普遍的,通用的
  Examples

    War causes universal misery.
    This machine has a universal use in small factories.
    Overpopulation is a universal problem today.




                           New Practical English 3
Important Words


   option n.
   -- something chosen or offered for choice 选择;
     供选择的事物
  Examples

    There are three options open to us in that matter.
    An exporter has a number of trading options.
    We have tried out various options in an attempt to meet your
    requirements.




                           New Practical English 3
Important Words


   considerable a.
   -- fairly large or great in amount, size, or degree
     相当大(或多)的
  Examples

    His last book was a considerable success.
    There was a considerable growth of the electronic industry
    during the last decade.




                          New Practical English 3
Important Words


   promote v.
   -- to bring (goods) to public notice in order to
     increase (sales) 推销
  Examples

    How can we promote the sale of this product?
    The company is promoting its new products on television.




                          New Practical English 3
Difficult Sentences


The Internet has, over the past 8 years, evolved from a
university and military network into a universal information
system that spans the world and has re-invented business.
 Here over the past 8 years
 requires the use of perfect                  That spans the world and has
 tense form of a verb, hence                  re-invented business is a
 has evolved.                                 relative clause modifying a
                                              universal information system.
Translation
    在过去的八年里,因特网已经从大学和军队的网络发展
    成通用的信息系统。这个系统覆盖了全世界并再造出新
    的行业。

                          New Practical English 3
Difficult Sentences


The Internet has, over the past 8 years, evolved from a
university and military network into a universal information
system that spans the world and has re-invented business.

Example

    I have in the past few months learned what is really
    important for me to get along with my colleagues.




                         New Practical English 3
Difficult Sentences


Since access to the Web is easy, anyone, however unskilled, can
navigate it.

        However unskilled, an adverbial of concession,
        means “no matter how unskilled somebody is”.


Translation

    上网很容易,就是一点不懂行的人都能上网。




                          New Practical English 3
Difficult Sentences


Since access to the Web is easy, anyone, however unskilled, can
navigate it.


Example

    This viewpoint, however understandable, is wrong.




                        New Practical English 3
Difficult Sentences


You can download software, music, jokes, and, above all,
information.

              Above all means “most important of all”.




Translation

   你可以下载软件、音乐、笑话,尤其是信息。



                           New Practical English 3
Difficult Sentences


You can download software, music, jokes, and, above all,
information.


Example

    He does well in all his subjects and, above all, in English.




                         New Practical English 3
Difficult Sentences


You can also post your address and other contact information
for ready access to people anywhere in the world.


     Ready here means “quick”.
                                     Anywhere in the world is an
                                     attribute modifying the word people.

Translation

    你可以公布你的地址和其他联系方式,随时与世界各地
    的人们联系。


                         New Practical English 3
Difficult Sentences


You can also post your address and other contact information
for ready access to people anywhere in the world.


Example

    The new database gives the public easy access to
    information about research studies.




                        New Practical English 3
Difficult Sentences


Finally, you can add credit card acceptance right on the web.


  Right here is used as an intensifier for on the web.




Translation

    最后,你可以直接在网站上增加接受使用信用卡付款
    这项服务。



                              New Practical English 3
Difficult Sentences


Finally, you can add credit card acceptance right on the web.



Example

    There’s the house, right in front of you.




                           New Practical English 3
Difficult Sentences


It must be understood that websites need to be promoted.


   It is the formal subject, while the clause that
   websites need to be promoted is the real subject.



Translation

    必须明白,网站也需要推销宣传。




                           New Practical English 3
Difficult Sentences


It must be understood that websites need to be promoted.



Example

    It must be kept in mind that there is no secret of success
    but hard work.




                         New Practical English 3
Practice
• Read and Judge
• Read and Rewrite
• Read and Translate




           New Practical English 3
Ex. 7 Decide whether the following statements are T(true) or F(false)
      according to the passage.

( T ) 1. Not many people are aware of the benefits of the Internet.
( F ) 2. It was long ago that the Internet came into being.
( T ) 3. People without much knowledge of the Internet can easily
      get on “the Web”.
( T ) 4. From your website, people can find out and get to know
      about your business easily.
( T) 5. The Internet can make businesses accessible to people
      anywhere in the world .


                          New Practical English 3
Ex. 7 Decide whether the following statements are T(true) or F(false)
      according to the passage.
( F ) 6. All people use credit cards for payment on the web.
( F ) 7. People can find all companies on the web by using search
      engines.
( F ) 8. A businessman should not hurry to use the web until its
      security system improves.




                          New Practical English 3
Ex. 8 Write the outline of the passage according to the following
      format.
  You should get involved in the Internet.
  Reasons:
  1. ______________________________________________;
  2. ________________________________________ system;
  3. ______________________________________________.
  You can use the Internet to
  1. ______________________________________________;
  2. ______________________________________________;
  3. ______________________________________________;
  4. ______________________________________________.
  Be sure to take advantage of this opportunity.
                                                       Reference
                         New Practical English 3
Ex. 8 Write the outline of the passage according to the following
      format.
  You should get involved in the Internet.
  Reasons:
  1. 40% of all Canadians have access to the Internet;
  2. The Internet is a universal information system;
  3. Access to the Web is easy .
  You can use the Internet to
  1. obtain information ;
  2. set up a website of your own ;
  3. expand your business ;
  4. settle payment by credit card .
  Be sure to take advantage of this opportunity.
                         New Practical English 3
Ex. 9   Translate the following sentences into English, using the words
        or phrases given in the brackets.
1.在山区,越来越多的文盲有机会接受教育了。(have access to)


           illiterate people




 In the mountain areas, growing numbers of illiterate people
 now have access to education.




                           New Practical English 3
Ex. 9   Translate the following sentences into English, using the words
        or phrases given in the brackets.
2. 你不能总是不表态,你必须对此事做出决定。(sit on the
   fence)

                                make a decision




 You can’t sit on the fence forever; you have to make a
 decision about it.




                           New Practical English 3
Ex. 9   Translate the following sentences into English, using the words
        or phrases given in the brackets.
3. 你可以看到,有很多贸易信息可以利用。(available)



        trade information



 As you can see, there is a lot of trade information available.




                           New Practical English 3
Ex. 9   Translate the following sentences into English, using the words
        or phrases given in the brackets.
4. 她给经理打电话,问是否可以打折扣。(call up)



                             discount



 She called up the manager and asked if she could get a
 discount.




                           New Practical English 3
Ex. 9   Translate the following sentences into English, using the words
        or phrases given in the brackets.
5. 要在这一领域获得成功需要有智慧和才能,尤其需要勤
   奋。(above all)

                          intelligence



 Success in this field requires intelligence, and talent, and,
 above all, hard work.




                            New Practical English 3
      Go to Menu



   Go to Passage I


   Go to Passage II




New Practical English 3

				
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