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									    National Thermal Power Corporation

                     A
              Presentation
                    On
              Setting-up of
             A World Class
Energy Technology & Research Institute
                         By:
                 Dr R.R.Sonde Ph.D, FNAE
                     On 3/8/2004
                     Synopsis

A. NTPC Profile


B Technology Centre in Energy-- The Imperatives


C. The Roadmap for Technology Centre


D. Net working with institutes
   Part-A

NTPC Profile
         Genesis & Vision of NTPC



NTPC was set up in 1975 in the central sector to

bridge the widening gap of demand and supply

               of power in India.



                   NTPC Vision

    “To be one of the world’s largest and best

     power utilities, powering India’s growth”
        NTPC-The Premier Power Company

    Present Generation Capacity is 22,249 MW
                          (Nos.)        CAPACITY (MW)

NTPC OWNED
COAL                     13                     17,980
GAS / LIQ. FUEL           7                      3,955
TOTAL                    20                    21,935

OWNED BY JVCs
COAL                      3                       314
GRAND TOTAL              23                    22,249

In addition, NTPC also manages Badarpur Thermal Power
Station (705 MW ) of GOI in Delhi.
      NTPC Today- Lighting 1/4th of India

      One of the largest thermal generator in the World- Data Monitor UK
                      The Business- BOO thermal plants
                      Projects: Full in-house implementation
                      O&M: Purchase fuel to bulk power sale
                      Consulting:  full electricity value chain



                                                        NTPC- CAPACITY PROFILE
                                                                 (MW)
                                                                  Present     22,249
                                                      Capacity    Constrctn   5,000 +
                                                                  Active      9,000 +
                                                      Fuel Mix    Coal        17,000 +
                                                                  Gas         4000 +
                                                      Technology Conv- Sub 500/200
                         13 Coal Stations                         CCPP-GT     80-150
                         7 Gas Stations


NTPC is surging ahead to add another 20,000 MW and become 40,000 MW company by 2012
                                    Global Stature

Sixth Among the Top Ten Global Thermal Generators

TWH 2001
          600

                            501
          500


          400


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                                            152     146       141
          200                                                         133   128 126
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                                                                                      Source: A.T. Kearney
                        Financial Performance
 Rs. Crores
30000
                                       TURNOVER                          Rs. 25964.2
25000
                                       PROFIT

20000

15000

10000

5000
                                                                          Rs. 5260.78
    0




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                                                                  20

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                                                                  20
                                                                              Years
                       NTPC - 2017

        In summary, NTPC would be a leading power utility
         in the world by 2017, in line with its current vision

NTPC in 2017…
  Fortune 500 company
  An Indian MNC with presence in many countries
  Diversified utility with multiple businesses
  Amongst top five market capitalisation in the Indian market
  Group turnover1 of over Rs. 1,400 Bn with 30000+ employees
  Setting benchmarks in project construction and availability
   and efficiency
  Have a strong research and technology base
  Loyal customer base in both bulk and retail supply
  Preferred employer
  A leading corporate citizen with a keen focus on executing its
   social responsibility
          Part-B

A Technology Centre in NTPC

      The Imperatives
        Technology and Indian Power Sector- an Overview


                                               Industry



Technology Development Pursuit

- an enabler to sectoral reforms


                                   R&D Labs               Academia
The Origin & Growth of World Class Organizations


                        Exponential
                          Growth
                         Organization

                                            Further R&D
         Strong                                (MDR)
      Operations,
      Finance, HR,                       - Product improvement
       Marketing                         - Process Improvement
       Functions                         - New Process Development
                                         - New Product Idea
                      Technology Build
                            up
                                                   Prime Examples
UOP                     Product Idea/
                                                   - General Electric
Xytel                    Conception
                                                   - DOW
                     Fundamental Research          - DuPont,
                             (DDR)
                      In Labs, Academics           - Bayer
                   Hitherto NTPC Story

                       Exponential
                         Growth                      
                        Organization
                                                     
     Strong Engg,                             Further R&D

    Projects, O&M,
      Finance, HR                          - Product improvement
      Functions
                                           - Process Improvement
                                                                        ?
                                          - New Process Development
                                           - New Product Idea
     Technology      Technology Build
    Implantation           up
                                 ?              The need is :
                       Product Idea/            - Return to original Model
                        Conception     ?
                                                - While maintaining strengths

                    Fundamental Research
                     In Labs, Academics          This will require two
                                                 pronged Approach…
Electricity Sector, is today facing similar technology questions as it faced 50 years back…


                       120000
Total Capacity (MW)




                         90000                              Sellers Market                                        Paradigm Shift                   Buyers Market

                         60000


                         30000


                                  0
                                  1940       1950                1960        1970                1980             1990                 2004                2010          2020             2030

                      Technology Status      Full Plant Import           Indigenous      Design Copy           User Driven        Design
                                                                         Manufacture                           Customizations     Replication



                      Industry Setup         Monolithic SEBs                             Central Utilities                  IPPs Regulators Distribution
                                                                                                                                            Focus



                      Challenge           Jump Start Capacity Addition       Rapid Capacity Addition         PLF Maximize        Efficiency Focus Cost Focus Environment Focus Power Delivery




The technology approach adopted to jump start capacity appears inadequate in the
changing business scenario
           New Business Environment Drivers

  Two Part Tariff            Regulatory             Deregulation
  Cost (+) Basis              Regime               Price – Cost > 0
• Generous                • Norms Tightened      • No Norms
Normative                                        • Market Forces
Performance Levels
                                                     COG POG
COG:


Profits:                                                      
                                                  Buyers’ Market
Sellers’ Market
• Power is Purchased                          • Power Has to be sold
• Hand Holding By Govt.     Paradigm          • Survival of the Fittest

Making Power in               Shift           Making Plenty of Money
Plenty & Also Make Money                      Through Power
Worldwide the Technology Development and Engineering are two separate
activities...




           Technology Development                           Plant Engineering-
           - USP of developed world                     Professional Engineers Cult


                                                            Checks on Drawings
                       Technology Developer                   and Documents

                             Industry                             System
        Manufacturer




                                              License
                                                                  Plant
                              Tech                              Engineering
                       Lab Development
                               Academia                         Integration
                                                           Manufacturer inspection
                               Utility                        shop, site tests
                  NTPC- Driven by Technology
  Strong Engg,              Exponential                 Strong Finance,
 Projects, O&M,               Growth                     HR Functions
                            Organization

    Cost Reduction                         Technological Growth Engines

 Intensified Products &                          Technology Build
       Processes                                       up

Integration of Technology
                                                   Product Idea/
Development of Required                             Conception
Knowledge & Technology

                                               Fundamental Research
    Identification of                        In-house, Labs, Academics
   Performance Gaps

  Product improvement                          New Process Development
  Process Improvement                              New Product Idea

               Product improvement, Process Improvement
               New Process Development, New Product Idea
Emergence of Technology Implant Culture in India- so internalized that these are no longer viewed
as problems...

         Equipment Supply Industry                                    Power Generation Utility
  Collaborator


                                                    Engineering                           Operations             Central Groups
                 Design Copy
                                                  • Plant System Design
                                                  • Technology Customization
                 Equipment                        • Equipment Design Review
                 Manufacturer
                                                                               Station   Station       Station         Station

                         Equipment
                                     Project



     • No new technology              • Inadequate system design               • Missing self improvement & correction
     development                      improvements                             instruments
     • Poor technology                • Inadequate equipment                   • Bloated and outdated maintenance
     customization                    design intervention                      approach
     • Weak technology                • Inadequate use of Project              • Heavy Inventories
     improvement                      Management techniques                    • Sluggish Procurement methods
     • Hamstrung cost                 • Engg Services dormant                  • Inoptimal workforce utilization
     improvements                     • No cost rationalization                • Inadequate focus on fuel component
                                      instruments                              • O&M services market lying dormant


The weak links are a result of the technology import culture from the Colonial legacy- especially as
Electricity was considered an input and not an end unlike “Space” and “Nuclear” sectors
The reason is late Indian entry to technology development arena. Affluent nations have had the
advantage of SEQUENTIAL DEVELOPMENT facilitating knowledge systems development…


                             UK
                             Germany
                                                                                       Technology Multiplication
                             USA
                             Russia
OEM                          Japan
Countries                                               Electricity Technology Development

Scenario
                     Engineering Sciences Development



                  1800                  1850                     1900                  1950                   2000


                                                                                             Indian Entry


                             Missed Opportunity                                                   Systemic Distortions
 Indian              • Few Technical Institutes established                              •Focus on Equipment Multiplication
 Industry            • No involvement in Engg. Sciences                                  • Electricity perceived as an input
 Scenario            • Import escapism culture established                               • Availability of easy imports
                     • No studies on domestic conditions                                 • Low focus on T.D. development
                     • Poor industry quality consciousness                               • Imported designs were implanted


Technology implants in the Electricity sector have had serious fall out on development of
knowledge systems which are required for Technology Development
The effect entered even organisations set ups which do not differentiate between
knowledge work, service functions and skill work…




         Typical Indian Organization

 • Mixed up knowledge and service functions

 • No education differentiation at entry

 • Absence of filters on Management Levels

 • Undifferentiated manpower movement

 • No separate specialist cadres




  Presence of distinct knowledge groups in the company structure provides a robust
  framework which facilitates informed management decisions and provides internal
  resources for new programme conceptualisation, roll out and midcourse corrections.
The sequential development in original technology countries resulted in
evolution of country wide systems with “Knowledge and Technology” focus...

                                                                       The Originals
                                                                        UK
                Equipment                                               Germany
               Manufacturer
                                                                        USA
                                          Equipment
                                                                        Russia
                                                                        Japan



                                       Power
                                     Knowledge
                                      Center




                                             Power
                  Power                       Plant
                Technology                   School
                  Center




     Universities             Labs




 The differentiator and key enabler in such systems is the collaboration of
 industry-labs- academia- The GOLDEN TRIANGLE
For the Indian Power Sector to grow on the competitive turf spread by the new
Electricity Law it is necessary to establish the Golden Triangle...


                Equipment
               Manufacturer                                 Industry
                                          Equipment



 Design Copy
                                                                Utility

                                       Power
                                     Knowledge
                                      Center




                                             Power
                  Power                       Plant
                Technology
                  Center
                                          R&D Labs
                                             School                       Academia
                                                 The Fundamental Pre-requisite
    Universities              Labs




 Competition alone- which is one key objective of the new target framework -
 without the systemic enablers will have limited improvement potential
               Challenges For Enterprise Delivery

                          Price                        Critical Success
To Make NTPC Lowest Cost Power Generator                    Factors

                                                                            Challenge

                                                       Cost/ MW
NEW BUILDS:
• Arrest and Reverse Increasing Trend in Capital
  Cost Without Compromising Quality                       Strategic
                                                      intervention for
                                                   selective technology
                                                             Years
                                                    induction required
                        Dramatic Cost
OPERATING STATIONS:Reductions Required                    Availability           Challenge
                      -Destination No.1
• Arrest and Reverse Increasing Trend of Maintenance              Maint. Cost
  Cost
• Maximize Availability and Efficiency

                                                                     Age
The new environment is creating Paradigm Mismatches for the utilities…


   Commercial
   - Making Power                                     - Making Money
    - Maximize Generation                             - Maximize Profit

   New Build
   High End (VX)!!!                                   Low End (LX)

   O&M Strategies
   - Predominantly                Required            - Risk Based
    Replacement Based                                   Maintenance
                                    Shift
   - Proactive Condition Based                        - Spares: Just In Time
                                                        Philosophy
   - High Spare Inventory

   R&M Strategies
   Predominantly
   Replacement Based                                  Risk Based
            Changing Times- the real challenge

Indian society today stands on a cusp beyond which progress will telescopically expand


                  Cost Reductions- a quickly reachable destination
                  • Systematic strategies are the only requirement
                  • Solvable in 5-10 years time
                           Need to look at the bigger picture




        The real challenge lies in the future
        - Dramatic changes are in the offing
       - Power sector has to shoulder these

 The power sector has to reorient itself to the new challenges for positive deliverance
World Energy Systems- getting electrified and decarbonized

             The world is predicted to become more and more dependent on electricity

  World Benchmarks- Global Energy System                2000      2020          2050
  Population (billion)                                  6.2        8             10
  Primary Energy, Gtoe/yr                                10        13            17
  Electricity Fraction of primary energy (%)            0.38       0.5           0.7
  Electricity Consumption (trillion kWh/yr)              13        28            60

  Electricity Generating Capacity (thousands of GW)      3         5             10

  Maximum Carbon Emissions (GT per year)                 7         8             10


                                    Destination No. 2
                                    - Resolve Energy/
                                    Carbon Challenge




   Global warming turnaround is not possible without developing countries participations
Indian Energy Systems- rapidly changing scenario
    India is changing in all spheres- population quality, infrastructure, social fabric, govt. role

                                                             The emerging
 The huge capacity will                                                     Destination No.
                                                             intelligent
                      Destination No.3
 require a equally large,                                                          4
                                                             society will give
                      - Strengthen the
 reliable and intelligent
                                                             rise to Customer - Enable
 power delivery system power delivery                        Managed           customer
                               system                        Service           managed
                                                             Networks           service
                                                                                     networks
                                                                                              Utility Company




                                                                                              wires



                                                                                               Destination
                                                                                               Pipes
                                                                                                 No. 5

     The question of sustainability of such mega development will naturally require a solution

     Power will have to metamorph into a new role in the future electricity dependent society
         Power Distribution Technologies


• Customer level intelligent automation system to

  ensure harmonic detection, proper metering,

  identification & control on overloading feeders,

  CAD distribution transformers & data

  communication systems

• Custom power devices

• Distributed power generation software
                Power Transmission


• Voltage stability assessment & control

• Power system controllers

• Operational strategies for maximising regional

  power transfer

• Wide area measurement & protection
Destination Identification- infinity vision

                                                                                       KEY
                                                                                     RESULTS
                                                                                    Affordable
                                                                                   Power
                                                                                    Power to all
                                                                                    24x7 power
                                                                Destination-
                                                                                    Green Power
                                                                     5
                                                                                    Digital Power
                                                 Destination-
                                                                                   Technological
                                                      4            Managing
                                                                                   Growth Engines
                                 Destination-                        Global
                                      3                           Sustainability    Sustainable
                 Destination-                       Enabling                       Development
                      2                              Digital                        National
Destination-                                         Society
                                Strengthening                                      Prosperity
     1
                                  the Power
               Achieving the       Delivery
                 Energy-        Infrastructure
Reduction      Environment
in cost of       Harmony
  power



  2010             2015             2020    2025                     2030
                                     T I M E
An Infinity Vision for the future emerges ...
Certain broad interventions for reaching the identified Destinations emerge from
the Technology Driver-Destinations Matrix have been identified…

    Knowledge and        Cost Reductions     Managing      Strengthen-      Enabling      Managing
    Technology Drivers                     Energy/Carbon   Power Delivery   Customer      Sustainability
                                              Conflict     System           Managed Ser   Challenge
                                                                            Networks
    System
    Improvements

    Micro Technology
    Interventions

    Distributed
    Generation

    Advanced Coal
    Conversion



    Hybrid Power
    Systems



Studies are underway to identify Technology drivers for destinations like enabling
customer managed service networks.
Actualization of the technology initiatives calls both for “Systemic Improvements”
as well as “Technology Development”…



            New Initiatives        Knowledge Activity Consolidation          Technology Initiatives
• Revisit Procurement needs &      • Automate non-value added jobs    • IGCC development for Indian coal
  specifications                   • Create Knowledge Platforms       • Hybrid power system development
• Technology Options Studies       • Create Power Plant Schools       • Distributed Generation Options
• Village specific technology      • Create Technology Platforms      • Carbon Sequestration Technologies
  solutions                        • Knowledge Groups in companies    • Fuel Cell technologies
• Availability Studies             • Knowledge Worker Sustenance      • Low grade heat utilization
• Reliability Studies              • Network with external agencies   • SPM reduction technologies
• Heat Rate Initiatives                                               • On-line Energy Intensification and
• Stations Modernization focus                                          Diagnostic Model (EIDM)
• Fuel Options Studies                                                • Resource optimization & site
• Fuel Price Reduction Advocacy                                         integration technologies (water,
• New Ash utilization Initiative                                        ash, chemicals)
• New O&M Services Initiative                                         • Ageing Management Technologies-
• Centralized Procurement                                               Corrosion/Erosion/ Fatigue, creep/
• Shared Maintenance Services                                           Coatings
• Inventory Management Focus                                          • Robotized Maintenance Systems
• Productivity Enhancements
                       Immediate Actions

TM-1.1: Low Grade Heat Utilization : Phase - III
- Condensate Heating Using Flue Gas
- Air Conditioning & CW Cooling Through Extra IP Exhaust Steam
- Integration of Solar Power & Kalina Cycle                Part Condensate



                    Return                 Solar Heating

       ID - A


                                                                       Chimney

        ID - B
                                      Solar Heating

                               Additional Steam                        Control Room
                                   Turbine                               Cooling
                                                       Ammonia
                               Ammonia Turbine
                                                      Absorption
      Saved IP                 Kalina Cycle             Chilling        CW Cooling
    Exhaust Steam
                                Stirling Engine    Completion Schedule : Dec’06
                        ESP Technologies [RT-EP]
          SPM Control Technologies: Flue Gas Conditioning Solutions
                                             Flue Gas
                                        Conditioning System




             Ammonia           SO3                Dual FGC    Humidification         Hybrid     FGC
            based FGC       based FGC                           System


               Aqueous            Molten Sulfur                        Water Fogging
             Ammonia FGC              FGC                                System


               Anhydrous         Granular Sulfur                        Water Mist
              Ammonia FGC            FGC                                 System


               Urea based          Native SO2                        Steam Injection
              Ammonia FGC          Conversion                           System
                                    System


                                   In-Line SO2
                                   Conversion
                                     System


FGC Technology                                         Expected Date                           Target SPM
Ammonia based FGC                                       March’2K5                             100 mg/Nm3
External SO3 injection based FGC                         Sept’2K5                              75 mg/Nm3
Internal SO2 conversion based FGC                       March’2K6                              75 mg/Nm3
Dual FGC System                                          Dec’2K5                               50 mg/Nm3
Humidification FGC System                               March’2K5                                   -
Hybrid FGC System                                        Dec’2K5                              < 50 mg/Nm3
                         ESP Technologies [RT-EP]
             SPM Control Technologies: Flue Gas Distribution System

                                               Flue Gas Distribution




            Uniform Gas flow                         Skewed Gas flow                      Anti
              Distribution                             Distribution                 Sneakage System




Flue Gas Distribution System                                Expected Date                  Target Bypass FG %
CFD Modeling of Gas Distribution
                                                              March’2K5                               -
inside ESP
Flow Model Test facilities of ESP                              Dec’2K5                             -
Proto-Type Gas Distribution Solutions                         March’2K6                           0%

    SPM Control Technologies: Energization & Back Corona Control Systems
                                               Energization System




                     Back Corona                   Intermittent                Pulse
                       Limiting                    Energization             Energization
                       System                        System                   System



           Minimum               Minimum
         Voltage based         Voltage based
            System                System
Efficiency Intensification & Diagnostic Model: EIDM [RT-EI]

        Plant                      Phase-I, [Sept’04]
      Process
                                                                Phase-II, [Nov’04]
     Parameters            • Real Time Heatrate
                           • Real Time Heatrate Deviation
                             breakup due to a) Key Process   Expert System, for
                             Parameters, b) Key Equipment      Operator Guidance
        EIDM               • Real Time Plant Equipment         Interface with plant
                             Performance                       controls
                           • Real Time System Information     Artificial Intelligence
                              Coal Properties & CV           Artificial Neural
                              Condenser CW Flow               Network
                              Unburnt Carbon in Ash
                              Gaseous Pollutant Flow
                              LPT Exhaust Steam Quality

     Advanced Instruments
 •   LPT Exhaust Steam




                                                                                         Phase-III, [Jan’05]
     Dryness Fraction Meter
 •   On-Line LOI Measurement        Plant Simulation           Real Time Plant
 •   Real Time FG Flow meter               Tool                Diagnostics Tool
 •   Real Time Condenser CW                                  • CFD Modeling
                                   • What-If Analysis
     Flow measurement
 •   On-Line FG Analyzer
                                     Phase-IV, [Mar’05]
 •   On-Line Moisture Meter
The Near & Medium Term
     Technologies
                 New Energy Technologies

TARGET: BREAKING CARNOT EFFICIENCY BARRIER     Power


                          IGCC               Hydrogen
    Coal
                                             Liquid fuels
      &
                        Fuel Cell              Power
    Alter
    nate

    fuels

                         LMMHD                 Power
                      Road Map on IGCC

  SYSTEMATIC EFFICIENCY ENHANCEMENT
  PROGRAMME IN IGCC CYCLE
 90                                             Case 1: Base
 80                                             Cycle
 70                                             Case 2: Base
 60                                             Cycle+Hot gas
 50
                                         Case   Case 3: Case 2
 40                                             +Class H
 30
 20
                                                Case 4: Case 3
                                                +OTM
 10
  0                                             5: Case 4
      C1   C2    C3    C4   C5   C6             +MCFC
                                                Case 6: Case 5
Phase wise progression (2007-2015)              +SOFC
               Near & Medium Term Technologies
TM- 2.1: IGCC Technologies


 • IGCC Technologies      √
      • Fludised Bed Gasifier
      Design & Development

      • Gas Clean-up

      • IGCC System Integration

      • Advanced Gasifier

      Cycles




 • IG-FB: Design/ Scale-up/ Optimization   • IG-AC: Advanced cycle consisting of
 of Gasifier
 • IG-GC: Design & Development of Gas           -O2 Transport membrane
 Clean up system
                                                - CO2/ H2 Separation
 • IG-SI: System integration for a base
 cycle                                          - Gasifier/ Combustor design
Cooperation with external agencies and collaborative development with be the focus
of the new platform. Following areas for immediate cooperation have been
identified…

               Hydrogen Energy Research:                Robotics
   Hydrogen Generation Through IGCC Route, HTTR
                                                        CFD/ ANN
    Hydrogen Storage: Metal & Chemical Hydrides
                                                        Material sciences
          Design & Development of IGCC                  including corrosion &
                    Gasifier Design                     erosion
      Hot Gas Clean up System- Ceramic Filters
    High Efficiency, Rugged, Matching Gas Turbine       Special Coatings


                       Fuel Cells                       - Ammonia Absorption
    Development of Molten Carbonate Fuel Cell Systems   Refrigeration system
    Development of Solid Oxide Fuel Cell System         - Ammonia Turbine Cycle
                                                        are required
                  Distributed Generation
             Solar PV and Thermal Systems
                    Ammonia Cycle                        Carbon Sequestration
                    Sterling Engines
     SPECIFIC AREAS OF RESEARCH

1.   Nanotechnologies in the development of fuel cell
     catalysts, CO2 capture molecules etc
2.   Membrane science for air separation (oxyfuels),
     hydrogen purification
3.   Materials science for high temperature and hydrogen
     environment 9Oxide dispersed alloys, dual ferritic etc)
4.   Super conductors, cryogenics, optical fiber technologies
     for power grid control, transmission & distribution
5.   Biotechnological applications in the field of hydrogen
     generation, CO2 conversion etc
        The Major Joint Collaborative Projects

Short listed R & D areas for collaboration
1. Design and development of SO3 / NH3 reactor for
   FGC
2. ANN modelling of the major sub systems of the
   power station
3. CFD modelling of the boiler and surface
   condensers
4. Development of on-line sensors for unburnt
   carbon, coal properties, flue gas charcterisation
5. Development of on-line flow visualisation systems
6. FEM of the boiler and creep & fatigue analysis of
   critical systems
        The Major Joint Collaborative Projects

Short listed R & D areas for collaboration
6. Low grade heat utilisation projects
7. Water chemistry and water networking
8. Ash utilisation technologies
 Joint collaborative efforts in new technologies



1. IGCC – Gasifier design and development, gas
   clean up system, combined cycle development
2. Hydrogen energy research
3. Solar energy integration (low grade, stirling
   engines, PVs )
4. Carbon capture technologies (Membranes, PSA,
   nano materials etc)
5. Energy and bio technologies
The Organization Structure
                         Functional Groups

• To carry out the technology development in a smooth, faster and most
economical manner, the Energy Technology shall have:
    • A no. of Centers of Excellence (App. 37)- concentrating on fundamental
    research
    • App 25 Technology Missions
    • A Strategic Planning Group for Networking etc.
    • A Prototype Division
• Other Essential Enabling Functions shall be:
    • Knowledge Centre
    • IPR Division
    • Human Resource
    • Finance
    • Contracts & Materials
    • Information Technology
    • Other Facilities
                         The Organization Structure
                                             Apex Research
                                                Council                                                          • NTPC Management
                                                                                                                 • Eminent Scientist
                                                                                                                 • Eminent Academic

                                                ED (ET)
                                                                                                                • Providing overall direction
                                                                                                                • Supporting in selecting
                                                                                                                  functional heads
     Retrofit                    New                       Fundamental                   Strategic              • Projects approvals
   Technologies               Technologies                  Research                     Business
                                                             Division                    Division



 Low Grade Heat Utilization


     ESP Performance                                          Knowledge          Contracts           Human            Information     Architect
                                             Finance
      Enhancement                                              Centre            & Materials         Resource         Technology

  Energy Optimisation &
  Diagnostic Model EIDM                                 Gasification & Hydrogen

                                                        Fuel Cell Technologies
       Ash Utilization

                                                   Carbon Capture Technologies
    Ageing Management

                                                       Solar Energy Technologies
  Advanced Controls/ ANN
                                                       Bio Energy Technologies
   Alternate Fuels & Fuel
        Beneficiation
                                                        Power Delivery System
                                                           Technologies
Vision Conference Proposals                              Advanced Conventional
                                                       Power System Technologies
Research & Technology Development Division

      CoE-HT [Heat Transfer]               CoE-CE [Civil Design]

      CoE-PS [Process Synthesis]           CoE-CO[Corrosion Science]

      CoE-MS[Material Science]             CoE-FM[Fracture Mechanics]

      CoE-SE[Solar Energy]                 CoE-FEM

      CoE-CFD[Comp. Fluid Dynamics]        CoE-FS[Fluidization]

      CoE-ANN[Art. Neural Networks]        CoE-SM[Simulation & modeling]

      CoE-SD[Sensors / Detectors]          CoE-RF[Refractory Design]

      CoE-RC[Catalyst / Reactors]          CoE-ED[Equipment Design]

      CoE-AC[Analytical Chemistry]         CoE-CS[Catalyst]

      CoE-MB [Membranes]                   CoE-CE[Ceramics]



      CoE-BT[Bio-Technology]               CoE-MH [High Temp Material]

      CoE-AD[Adsorbents]                   CoE-RX[Chemical Reaction Engg]

      CoE-PC[Process Control]

      CoE-IS[Instrumentation]
                                          Structure of Research &
                                      Technology Development Division
      CoE-SX[Solvent Extraction]
     Structure of Enabling Technologies Division

Enabling Technologies Division



                            CoE in Advanced Materials




                             CoE in Nano Technology




                              CoE in Bio Technology




                                 SMART Technologies




                           Technology Advocacy Group


                                                            Legend:
                          Special Analysis, Computing and
                                 Simulation Centre          CoE: Centre of Excellence
                                                            CoC: Centre of Competence
                  Structure of Testing & Certification Division

                 Prototype Division




Centre for Performance Testing of
   Systems, Components and               Centre for Materials Testing
           Equipments


                         Mechanical                                     Mechanical




                          Electrical                   DT               Electrical
                                                        /
                                                      NDT


                       Instrumentation                                    Civil


                                            Business Process Division
                            Civil

                                                                                     Networking




                                                                            Business Development
“When you really want something to happen, the whole
universe conspires to help you to achieve your dreams”
                                …….. The Alchemist
                                 by Paulo Coelho
    Part-E

Human Resource
       Cost To The Company Of Executives
     At Executive Trainee Level: ( Rs.12000-4.0%-17250/-)
                          Illustrative
             (Rs. / Month at Minimum of Scale)
Basic pay                                       12000
DA                                               6500

FCA                                              561

Conveyance Reimbursement (Car)                   1820

Shift Allowance                                  900

Prof. Literature Reimbursement                   175

Washing Allowance                                126

Bonus / Ex-gratia (variable)                     490

Generation Incentive – max. (variable)           2806

Cash canteen compensation                        587
           Cost To The Company Of Executives
      At Executive Trainee Level: ( Rs.12000-4.0%-17250/-)
                           Illustrative
              (Rs. / Month at Minimum of Scale)
Internet connection                                       167
Children's Education Reimbursement                        300
LTC                                                       1198
Leave and Holidays                                        2058
PF                                                        1897
Gratuity                                                  760
Post-retirement Medical Scheme                            4216
Electricity subsidy                                       750

Approx.5 lacs per annum
The above components are indicative. Variations may occur depending on
actual place of posting, actual allowances admissible etc.
      Allowances / Reimbursement / Benefits

•    Leave Travel Concession to Home Town / Anywhere in
    India.

• Paid Leave : CL-12, HPL – 20
              EL- 30, along with leave Encashment facility.

    Closed Holidays – 8, Restricted Holidays – 06

• Study leave up to a period of 3 years after 3 years of
  service
  Membership of a Professional body.

•   Very liberal medical facilities without any contributions.
    Reimbursement of OPD & hospitalization charges.
    Number of good hospitals, including super specialty
    hospitals on the Company’s panel.

    Well equipped hospitals at projects with state of the art
    facilities and equipments.
      Allowances / Reimbursement / Benefits

Advances
[At low rates of Simple Interest-reducing balance method)

HBA
Maximum of 7.5 lacs, after 5 years of service

Conveyance Advance
Car advance – Max Rs.1,80,872/- (as per today’s price)
Motor Cycle – Max. Rs. 33,291/- structure)

PC Advance – Rs.40,000/-

Multipurpose Loan - Rs.11,225/- p.a., interest free.

Furniture Loan – Rs.15,000/-, interest free.
      Allowances / Reimbursement / Benefits

Social Security/Insurance Benefits
Coverage under:
   •Group Personal Accident insurance
   •Group Insurance
   •Housing Building Advance Insurance (with very nominal
   contributions by self)
   •Pension Fund.
Accommodation
Full fledged, excellently maintained township amidst lush
green environment with all facilities like clubs, recreation
centers, movie theatres, marketing complexes, parks etc. to
ensure a superior quality of life.

Education Of Children
 Schools of repute like DPS, Kendriya Vidyalaya, DAV and
other convent schools upto Class XII to ensure education
standards for children
                  Growth Opportunities

                                ELIGIBILITY
                                     FOR
      POSITION          LEVEL                      PAY SCALE
                                PROMOTION
                                 (IN YEARS)
ASSTT. ENGINEER          E1          3        10750– 4% - 16750

SR. ASSTT. ENGINEER      E2          1        11225 – 4% - 17250

ENGINEER                 E2A         3        12000 – 4% - 17500

SR. ENGINEER             E3          3        13750 – 4% - 18700

DY. MANAGER              E4          3        16000 – 4% - 20800

MANAGER                  E5          4        17500 – 4% - 22300

SR. MANAGER              E6          4        18500 – 4% - 23900

DY. GENERAL MANAGER      E7          4        19000 – 4% - 24750

Asst. GENERAL MANAGER    E7A         2        19500 – 4% - 25600

GENERAL MANAGER          E8          3        20500 – 4% - 26500

EXECUTIVE DIRECTOR       E9          -        23750 – 4% - 28550
      Requirement of M. Tech Students and the Specialization

Sl                 Discipline                       Specialization                       Nature of work
No

        B Tech           M Tech



01.     Chemical/        Chemical/        Thermal design, equipment            Development of Heat exchanger
        Mechanical       Mechanical       design, Heat Exchanger network,      networks, design of new type of
                                          computer aided design tools          heat exchangers (viz. plate & fine
                                                                               type)

02.     Electronics/     Control&         Process control, Process analysis,   Development of Control &
        Instrumenta      Instrumentatio   Advanced control system, Model       instrumentation based on model
        tion/Chemic      n                predictive controls, etc             prediction controls in the existing
        al                                                                     plants to improve their
                                                                               performance, development of C&I
                                                                               for new technologies.



03.     Mechanical       Mechanical       Fracture mechanics, stress           Aging management systems in
                                          analysis, creep & fatigue            power plant system



04.     Chemical         Chemical         Reaction Engg., Kinetics, design     Design of reactor system for
                                          of reactor, mass transfer with       removal of contaminants, mini SO3
                                          RXN, catalyst, nano systems ,etc     reactors, carbon capture
                                                                               technologies, Conversion of coal
                                                                               into chemicals.
  Requirement of M. Tech Students and the Specialization

Sl               Discipline                     Specialisation                      Nature of work
No



05.   Chemical         Chemical       Separation sciences , Adsorbent      Design of gas cleanup system
                                      design pressure swing                adsorbent, gas separation
                                      adsorption etc, membrane             through membrane, etc
                                      design

06.   Electrical/E     Power          Power grid control, Power            Development of advanced power
      lectronics       Systems        evacuation system design,            grid control systems
                                      optical fiber, etc

07.   Chemical         Chemical/Bio   Bio-chemical Engg. In the field of   Bio-energy technologies
                       -chemical      bio-mass conversion into
                       Engg.          hydrogen and fuels


08.   Metallurgy       Metallurgy     Material science, Physical           High temperature ceramic filters,
                                      metallurgy ceramics, high            membrane design, high
                                      temperature materials,               temperature material design.
                                      development of nano particle
                                      systems.

09.   Mechanica        Mechanical/E   Solar energy systems, design of      Solar energy heaters for
      l/Electrical     lectrical      collectors, photovoltaic cells,etc   collection of low grade energy, PV
                                                                           cells.
Integrated Gasification & Combined Cycle
           Strengthening the Power Delivery Infra-Structure

                                                      Smart Power
                                                        Delivery
  Smart Energy Meter Technologies                     Technologies
  Remote Monitoring Technologies
  Embedded Fiber Optic Technologies
  Distribution Network Layout Technologies
                                                         Higher        Strengthened
  Intelligent Connecting Device Technologies
                                                       Capability &    “Copper Plate”
                                                      Reliability of
High Performance Polymeric Cable Technology                            Power Delivery
                                                      Transmission
High Temperature Superconductor Technology                Grid         Infrastructure
Low Cost Underground Transmission
Intelligent On-Line Analysis & Control Technologies
Secure Power Transmission Technologies


                                                       Electricity
                                                        Storage
  Compressed Air Storage Technologies                 Technologies
  Pumped Hydro Technologies
  Hydrogen Based Fuel Cell Technologies
  Super conducting Magnetic Energy Storage
  Efficient Battery Technologies
     Part-D

The Road Map for

Technology Centre

								
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