PERIODS OF AMERICAN LITERATURE (PowerPoint download)

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					PERIODS OF AMERICAN
    LITERATURE
  1650 – present day
Pre-Colonial/ Native American
         [  1600]
       CHARACTERISTICS
         •1ST Americans
     •Creation & Origin Myths
             •Legends
           •Storytelling
          •Oral Tradition
Pre-Colonial/ Native American

         Writers & Works
     •Earth on a Turtle’s Back
          Colonial
(Puritans & Age of Reason)
        [1600-1800]

       CHARACTERISTICS
            PURITANS
           [1600-1700]
           • Sermons
      • Personal Narratives
          • Plain Style
   • Authority of Bible & church
          Colonial
(Puritans & Age of Reason)
        [1600-1800]
      CHARACTERISTICS
       AGE OF REASON
          [1700-1800]
     • Political pamphlets
        • Ornate Style
     • Persuasive Writing
         • Patriotism
            COLONIAL
                  HISTORY
                  PURITAN
      Person’s fate determined by God
• All are corrupt & must be saved by Christ
• Settlement of British Colonies in America

            AGE OF REASON
           • Revolutionary War
          • Instructive in values
        COLONIAL
            PURITAN
        • William Bradford
       • Mary Rowlandson
      • Jonathan Edwards
        • Anne Bradstreet
• The Crucible (Arthur Miller-1950)

        AGE OF REASON
       • Thomas Jefferson
       • Benjamin Franklin
         • Thomas Paine
         • Patrick Henry
       ROMANTICISM
        [1800-1860]

        CHARACTERISTICS
• VALUE FEELING & INTUITION OVER
               REASON
          • IMAGINATION
            • MYSTERY
      • SLAVE NARRATIVES
             • POETRY
        • SHORT STORIES
          ROMANTICISM
                HISTORY

  Expansion of magazines, np, and book
                  publishing
             • Slavery debates
• Industrial Revolution: “old ways” of doing
          things are now irrelevant
ROMANTICISM
        WRITERS
   • Washington Irving
 • William Cullen Bryant
• Paul Laurence Dunbar
 • Nathaniel Hawthorne
    • Edgar Allan Poe
    • Emily Dickinson
    • Herman Melville
TRANSCENDENTALISM/ Anti-
    Transcendentalism
       CHARACTERISTICS
      TRANSCENDENTALISM
           [1840-1860]
    • “American Renaissance”
         • Self-Reliance
         • Individualism
          • Inner-Light
             • Idealist
             • Utopia
            • Intuition
TRANSCENDENTALISM/ Anti-
    Transcendentalism
     CHARACTERISTICS
 ANTI-TRANSCENDENTALISM
    • “Dark Romanticism”
          • Symbolism
       • Sin, Pain, & Evil
TRANSCENDENTALISM/ ANTI-
  TRANSCENDENTALISM
           WRITERS
    TRANSCENDENTALISM
    • Ralph Waldo Emerson
     • Henry David Thoreau
     • Nathaniel Hawthorne*

  ANTI-TRANSCENDENTALISM
       • Edgar Allan Poe*
    REALISM/ REGIONALISM/
         NATURALISM
              CHARACTERISTICS
                  • “Local Color”
                • Ordinary People
         • Real-life, Every-day events
               • Objective Narrator
              • Open Interpretation
                • Slave Narratives
• Fate and circumstance is beyond man’s control
    REALISM/ REGIONALISM/
         NATURALISM
                  HISTORY
                 [1860-1900]
         • Civil War & post Civil War
  • Influence of Sigmund Freud & Charles
                    Darwin
• Demand for “truer” type of lit. that does not
           idealize people or places
REALISM/ REGIONALISM/
     NATURALISM
           WRITERS
        • Walt Whitman
         • Mark Twain
      • Ambrose Bierce
       • Stephen Crane
     • Frederick Douglas
         • Kate Chopin
        • Edith Wharton
  • Edwin Arlington Robinson
        MODERNISM
         CHARACTERISTICS

              • Pessimism
          • “American Dream”
               • Imagism
           • Lost Generation
           • Beat Generation
• Use of interior monologue & stream of
              consciousness
       • Plays, Poetry, Novels
    MODERNISM
         HISTORY
        [1900-1950]

        • WWI & WWII
• “Jazz Age”/ “Roaring 20’s”
   • Harlem Renaissance
  • The Great Depression
          • Karl Marx
    • rise of youth culture
 HARLEM RENAISSANCE 1920s
• Literary movement parallel to
  Modernism.
• It focused on African
  American thought and
  community.
• Civil rights and equality
  were major themes of Harlem
  Renaissance writing.
• During this period African
  Americans were for the first
  time recognized as artists,
  writers and musicians.
  MODERNISM
         WRITERS
  • F. Scott Fitzgerald
      • Robert Frost
        • T.S. Elliot
    • John Steinbeck
   • William Faulkner
  • Langston Hughes
     • W.E.B. DuBois
       • Ezra Pound
• William Carlos Williams
      • Arthur Miller*
POST-MODERNISM/
 CONTEMPORARY
     CHARACTERISTICS
             [1950 ]
  • Mix of fantasy w/ non-fiction
 • Media culture interprets values
           • Narratives
          • Anti-Heroes
     • Emotion-Provoking
       • Humorous Irony
          • Storytelling
       • Autobiographies
      • Individual Isolation
• Social Issues (ethnic & feminist)
POST-MODERNISM/
 CONTEMPORARY
           HISTORY
   • Post WWII prosperity
• New century & millennium
     • Space exploration
        • Korean War
       • Vietnam War
          • Gulf War
         • WTC/ 9-11
          • Iraqi War
 • Advances in technology
POST-MODERNISM/
 CONTEMPORARY
       WRITERS
    • Arthur Miller
   • Toni Morrison
     • Sylvia Plath
    • J.D. Salinger
    • “Beat Poets”
   • Maya Angelou
    • Alice Walker
…and the rest is unwritten…

				
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