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					Extensive Reading C - Word List

          WORD          PARTS                         DEFINITION                                         SAMPLE SENTENCE                                SYNONYM


Unit 1

                                                                                       The recent trend in developed countries is to have less
trend             n             a general pattern                                                                                                fashion
                                                                                       children.
                                                                                       The city dwellers grew tired of the long commutes and
dweller           n             a person who lives in a certain place                                                                            habitant
                                                                                       pollution.
flock             v             to gather together                                     The little children flocked to see Santa Clause.          to congregate
                                                                                       The couple's three offsprings are all accomplished
offspring         n             child or children                                                                                                progeny
                                                                                       musicians.
pronounced        adj           noticeable                                             The new president had a pronounced English accent.        unmistakable
                                                                                       The doctors were aware of the reality of the current
reality           n             something that is real                                                                                           fact
                                                                                       situation.
                                                                                       I seldom go out with friends; I prefer to stay home and
seldom            adv           not often                                                                                                        infrequently
                                                                                       watch a good movie.
                                the process of people traveling to a new place         There was a mass migration of hurricane victims into
migration         n
                                together                                               the neighboring states.
                                                                                       The influx of immigrants has flooded the school
influx            n             the sudden arrival of many people or things                                                                      inflow
                                                                                       system in Florida.
                                                                                       Poverty causes other challenges such as disease and
poverty           n             the state of being poor
                                                                                       illnesses.
                                showing all the characteristics that you would
typically         adv                                                                  Toddlers typically tend to be very self-centered.         generally
                                expect from the stated person, thing or group
                                                                                       The older couple lived in a dilapidated house with
dilapidated       adj           falling apart, in disrepair
                                                                                       broken windows and no heating.
                                                                                       The city dwellers were not hospitable to the influx of
hospitable        adj           friendly, welcoming
                                                                                       people from the country side.
                                the condition of being without money or hope of
destitution       n                                                                    Destitution has become a major problem in the city.       penniless
                                having any
contribute        v             to give                                                He contributes regularly to the church's building fund.   donate
                                                                                       The two people, having worked in close proximity for
proximity         n             the state or quality of being near                                                                               nearness
                                                                                       years, finally fell in love with each other.
                                                                                       His tennis coach helped foster his career as a
foster            v             to help develop                                                                                                  nurture
                                                                                       professional tennis player.
                                                                                       The fire caused a major crisis in the hospitals; there
crisis            n             an emergency                                                                                                     disaster
                                                                                       was not enough room for all the victims.
                                                                                       In order to thrive, newborn babies need to receive an
adequate          adj           enough                                                                                                           sufficient
                                                                                       adequate supply of nutrients.
                                                                                       The mother worked hard and saved enough money to
slums             n             part of a city where poor people live in bad housing
                                                                                       move her children out of the slums.
Unit 2

                      to influence someone or something to your               The son loved his mother dearly, but he grew tired of
manipulate      v                                                                                                                        to control
                      advantage                                               her trying to manipulate his life.
                                                                              There are many environmental problems caused by
deforestation   n     the process of divesting or clearing forests or trees
                                                                              deforestation.
                                                                              The woman wanted to purchase a house that would
landscape       n     a broad view of the land
                                                                              have a beautiful view of the landscape.
                      something that is as good or better than something      The new smaller cars had a competitive advantage over
competitive     adj
                      else                                                    larger cars.
suit            v     to satisfy                                              The new house suits the needs of the family.               to please
                                                                              The immense mansion was purchased for 20 million
immense         adj   very large                                                                                                         huge
                                                                              dollars.
                      an experience of a group of people who move from        The rich young professionals sold all their belongings
nomadic         adj   one place to another rather than living in one place    and lived a nomadic life, traveling from country to        wanderer
                      all of the time                                         country.
                                                                              The climates of the west and east coasts of the United
climate         n     the type of weather that a place or region has
                                                                              States varies significantly.
                      a person who buys goods or services for personal        She was a consumer of fine wines and always went to
consumer        n
                      needs                                                   great lengths to purchase quality wines.
multitude       n     a large number of something, especially people          The politician spoke to a multitude of 30,000 people.      crowd
                                                                              The mayor was stripped of his administrative powers
strip           v     to take away
                                                                              when he was found guilty.
                                                                              They determined the age of the fossil to be
approximately   adv   much or less correct or exact
                                                                              approximately three million years old.
                                                                              Los Angeles was one of the first cities to experience an
urban sprawl    n     the spread of the city to the suburbs
                                                                              urban sprawl.
                      to build houses, offices, etc. in an area of
urbanized       adj                                                           The United States is a highly urbanized country.
                      countryside so that it becomes a town
                                                                              The destructive winds caused great damage to the
destructive     adj   causing great damage                                                                                               devastating
                                                                              small town.
extinct         adj   no longer in existence                                  Dinosaurs are no longer in existence; they are extinct.
erosion         n     a wearing away                                          River erosion created the Grand Canyon.                    wearing away
                                                                              Her first attempt at cooking was disastrous; she almost
disastrous      adj   causing great harm, damage                                                                                         calamitous
                                                                              caused a fire.
                                                                              The consequences of her drinking was losing her
consequence     n     the result of doing something                                                                                      result
                                                                              children.
                                                                              The combined efforts of the student was evident in a
effort          n     an attempt, a try                                                                                                  endeavor
                                                                              successful show.
Unit 3

motivated      v     to give a reason to do something                       None of the students were motivated to study harder.
                                                                            She had many concerns about her daughter living
concerns       n     worry
                                                                            alone in New York City.
                                                                            Our family immigrated to the United States and settled
settle         v     to make a home
                                                                            in San Francisco.
                                                                            If given a choice, most children would prefer to watch
prefer         v     to give preference or priority to                                                                                 choose
                                                                            television over doing homework.
                                                                            The inhabitants of the east coast enjoy four distinct
inhabitant     n     person who lives in a certain area                                                                                dweller
                                                                            seasons.
labor          n     difficult or tiring physical work                      Construction workers are well paid for their labor.        work
                                                                            Having traveled to over 30 countries, the student was a
resource       n     a useful or valuable possession or quality                                                                        assets
                                                                            valuable resource to her peers.
paycheck       n     a salary or wage check                                 Most employees work hard to receive their paycheck.
                                                                            The tourists were slowly funneling their way through
funnel         v     To move through or as if through a funnel
                                                                            airport customs.
                     the system of trade and industry by which the          The housing boom improved the country's sagging
economy        n
                     wealth of a country is made and used                   economy.
                                                                            Many young people from the small towns choose to
urban          adj   related to a city                                                                                                 city like
                                                                            move to urban areas.
                     working or operating quickly and effectively in an     After fixing refrigerators for 20 years, he was very
efficient      adj                                                                                                                     competent
                     organized way                                          efficient at what he did.
resident       n     a person who lives in a certain area                   The residents of Hawaii enjoy a very scenic view.          habitant
                                                                            Most American homes have a garbage disposal in the
disposal       n     the throwing away or dumping of
                                                                            kitchen.
                                                                            The toy makers did not expect the high demand for
demand         n     an urgent requirement                                                                                             claim
                                                                            their new product.
                     a Chinese art that reveals ways to balance the         After having bad luck in her business for several years,
feng shui      n     energies of the environment to assure health, wealth   she finally consulted a feng shui specialist who told
                     and good fortune                                       her to paint her house red for better luck.
                                                                            She loved to eat at buffets because if offered her a
variety        n     different types                                                                                                   assortment
                                                                            variety of foods.
                     a system of public transportation in a given
                                                                            Residents of Seoul do not need a car because of the
mass transit   n     metropolitan area, typically comprising of buses,                                                                 public transport
                                                                            efficient mass transit system.
                     subways, and elevated trains
                                                                            The benefit of a high school diploma is that you will be
benefit        n     helpful or good effect
                                                                            more employable.
                                                                            The city officials did not optimize the existing land in
optimize       v     to make as effective
                                                                            the city.
Unit 4

                                                                              The United States enjoyed a time of peace and
era                n     a time period with a general character
                                                                              prosperity during the Clinton era.
                                                                              The majority of the population voted for the new
majority           n     more than half, but not all of something
                                                                              president.
                                                                              All the Christmas decorations were handicrafts made
handicraft         n     objects made with skill by hand                                                                                   craft
                                                                              by the native Americans.
                                                                              The teacher liked all aspects of the students' project
aspect             n     a feature, part of something
                                                                              except the presentation.
commonplace        adj   frequent or usual                                    Car accidents are commonplace in the city of Seoul.
                         the rate at which a company or country makes         The textile factory was able to increase productivity by
productivity       n
                         goods                                                creating a more friendly work environment.
                                                                              The adoption of the new policy increased productivity
adoption           n     the acceptance of something
                                                                              by 50%.
manufacture        v     to make something for sale using machinery           The company manufactures clothing for dogs.                  to produce
                                                                              The textile company faced much criticism for using
textile            n     fabric made by weaving                                                                                            cloth
                                                                              child labor abroad.
                                                                              The introduction of personal computers
revolutionize      v     to change completely                                                                                              transform
                                                                              revolutionized the way people communicate with one
                                                                              another. modern day cottage industry where people
                                                                              EBay is a
cottage industry   n     a small business run from home
                                                                              buy and sell merchandise from their homes.
                                                                              The main incentive for the reading program is that
incentive          n     something that makes someone work harder             students receive a coupon for a free pizza when they         motivation
                                                                              meet their monthly goals.
                                                                              One of the principles of effective money management
principle          n     standard, such as a guide to behavior                                                                             policy
                                                                              is not to have any debt.
                                                                              After several repeated calls to contact the winner, the
repeated           adj   done many times, often                                                                                            frequent
                                                                              committee gave up.
                                                                              Her main job is to assemble Christmas ornaments in a
assemble           v     to put together, make                                                                                             to construct
                                                                              factory.
                         felt or experienced very strongly or in an extreme   The movie about the holocaust profoundly impacted
profoundly         adv                                                                                                                     deeply
                         way                                                  her view on what the Jews had experienced.
                                                                              The new program to help the poor people impacted the
impact             v     to have an effect
                                                                              community greatly.
                                                                              The couple worked very hard to achieve their financial
sacrifice          v     suffer loss, pain, or injury to achieve a goal       goals, but they had sacrificed having children and
                                                                              building a family.
                         a wealthy person who loans money to businesses       In true capitalist fashion, the father charged interest on
capitalist         adj                                                                                                                     investor
                         for interest payments                                the money the son had borrowed.
                                                                              Low income senior citizens live in deplorable
deplorable         adj   very bad                                                                                                          distressing
                                                                              conditions.
Unit 5

                                                                         The mother realized she didn't have suitable clothes
suitable       adj   appropriate                                                                                                    acceptable
                                                                         for the party.
                                                                         Because both parents work, it is convenient for the
convenient     adj   easy and comfortable to do or get to                                                                           handy
                                                                         family to eat fast food.
                                                                         When people grow old, they prefer to live in places
climate        n     the type of weather that a place or region has
                                                                         where the climate is moderate.
preserve       v     to prevent food from spoiling                       Refrigerators preserve food from spoiling.
                                                                         Life in American was transformed with the advent of
advent         n     beginning                                                                                                      outset
                                                                         automobiles.
                                                                         One of the drawbacks of a city life is the pollution and
drawback       n     something that can create a problem                                                                            disadvantage
                                                                         congestion.
                                                                         The company's reputation has diminished over the
diminish       v     to lessen
                                                                         years.
                                                                         Parents today are feeding their children more organic
preservative   n     a chemical that keeps food from going bad
                                                                         foods because they do not contain preservatives.
                                                                         The weather was optimal for a tennis tournament--no
optimal        adj   referring to the best
                                                                         winds, no rain and a temperature of 75 degrees.
                                                                         Her ability to get along with everyone is one of her
trait          n     a characteristic                                                                                               attribute
                                                                         personality traits.
                                                                         It was difficult to obtain a passport for her husband
obtain         v     to acquire                                                                                                     get
                                                                         because he was foreign born.
                                                                         The father had no authority over his children because
undermine      v     to ruin the efforts of someone                                                                                 to sabotage
                                                                         his wife constantly undermined his disciplining efforts.
                                                                         The ocean and everything in it fascinated her; she
marine         adj   related to the ocean
                                                                         ultimately decided to become a marine biologist.
                                                                         You need to wash apples carefully to remove all the
pesticide      n     a chemical used to kill insects and weeds
                                                                         pesticides.
                                                                         When she discovered her son had diabetes, she had to
modify         v     to change something                                                                                            alter
                                                                         modify his diet drastically.
promote        v     to support                                          Eating a healthy breakfast promotes good health.
minimize       v     to reduce something to the limit                    Seatbelts minimize injuries from auto accidents.           lessen
                                                                         After the shooting, the school took drastic measures
ensure         v     to make sure                                                                                                   to make certain
                                                                         to ensure the safety of its students.
                     a substance which is added to food in order to      The children preferred store bought cookies because
additive       n
                     improve its taste or appearance or to preserve it   of all the additives.
                                                                         The principal faced a lot of resistance when he
resistance     n     not to do something
                                                                         proposed a no-homework policy.
Unit 6

                    in the ancient world, a city and the area around it      Rome and Athens were great city-states of the ancient
city-state    n
                    with an independent government                           world.
                                                                             He could not sleep because of the constant noise from
constant      adj   happening all the time                                                                                            continuous
                                                                             the apartment below.
                                                                             It was the responsibility of the knights to defend the
defend        v     to protect against attack                                                                                         guard
                                                                             castle.
                    a system in which people or things are arranged          He rose quickly through the company hierarchy to
hierarchy     n
                    according to their importance                            become the CEO.
                                                                             In antiquity, the Roman civilization was powerful and
antiquity     n     the time of ancient societies                                                                                     ancient
                                                                             lasted for hundreds of years.
                                                                             The criminal did not mean to make a confession, but it
confession    n     an admission of guilt
                                                                             just happened naturally.
                    the leaders and professionals in the highest levels of
elite         n                                                              The ruling elite is made up of the queen and her sons.
                    a society
                                                                             The children were able to deter the stranger from
deter         v     prevent from acting                                                                                               to stop
                                                                             kidnapping them by kicking and screaming.
                                                                             The current president is more focused on internal
internal      adj   inside, within
                                                                             affairs than foreign policy.
remunerate    v     to pay someone for work or services                      The gardener was poorly remunerated for his work.        reimbursed
                                                                             The union membership swelled this month when 100
swell         v     to enlarge or expand in size
                                                                             new employees joined.
                                                                             Lack of motivation in students was acute in poor
acute         adj   great                                                                                                             severe
                                                                             neighborhoods.
                                                                             San Francisco is notoriously known for its cold
notoriously   adv   famous for something bad
                                                                             summers.
                                                                             There was a government decree banning all religious
decree        n     an order given by an authority                                                                                    command
                                                                             meetings.
                                                                             The employer treated her with suspicion after he found
suspicion     n     the act or condition of suspecting
                                                                             out her past.
refrain       v     to avoid doing something                                 The father refrained from smoking inside the house.
                                                                             The king was a despot, and his followers constantly
despot        n     a dictator                                                                                                        tyrant
                                                                             lived in fear.
combat        v     to fight against                                         His main job as a police officer is to combat crime.
                                                                             After the prisoner escaped from prison, he became a
fugitive      n     a person who is running away                                                                                      an escapee
                                                                             fugitive.
                                                                             The brutality of the guards towards the prisoner was
brutality     n     cruelty
                                                                             caught on tape.
Unit 7

                      of, pertaining to, or characteristic of the last phase   The Neolithic period is commonly thought to have
Neolithic       adj                                                                                                                       to develop
                      of the Stone Age                                         begun c9000–8000 b.c. in the Middle East.
cultivate       v     to plow, plant seed, water, and fertilize the land       The farmers mostly cultivate wheat and barley.
                      to be responsible for controlling or organizing
manage          v                                                              He had to manage 50 people who worked under him.
                      someone or something especially a business
                      to spend most of your time studying one particular
specialize      v                                                              The company specializes in manufacturing small toys.
                      subject or doing one type of business
                      to exchange goods for other things rather than for       Before currency was developed, people used bartering
barter          v
                      money                                                    to obtain what they needed.
extravagant     adj   unreasonable, excessive                                  He gives extravagant gifts to all his friends.
                                                                               Mark realized playing and not doing his homework was
beneficial      adj   advantageous                                                                                                        good
                                                                               not beneficial to his academic success.
                                                                               The home was abandoned after the hurricane had
abandon         v     left behind                                                                                                         forsaken
                                                                               damaged it beyond repair.
                      to go beyond something by being a greater amount         Our international sales has overtake our domestic
overtake        v
                      or degree                                                sales.
abundant        adj   plentiful                                                Food is abundant in most developed countries.              profuse
                                                                               The movie based on a true story was an impetus for
impetus         n     something which encourages a particular activity
                                                                               the students to study harder.
metropolitan    n     related to a city and its suburbs                        Dallas and the Fort Worth area is a major metropolitan.
thrive          v     to grow strong and healthy                               The children thrived because of the country lifestyle.     bloom
                                                                               When the children do not obey their parents, they lose
privilege       n     special right or benefit granted to a person                                                                        benefit
                                                                               their privilege of watching TV.
                                                                               There was a distinction in the children that were breast
distinction     n     a clear difference                                                                                                  contrast
                                                                               fed versus children that were formula fed.
establishment   n     the creation or founding of something                    The establishment of the new theater took five years.
nearby          adj   close                                                    We walked to a nearby restaurant.
                      to supply land with water so that crops and plants       The ancient Egyptians had developed an irrigation
irrigation      n
                      will grow                                                system using water from the Nile river.
                                                                               She couldn't decide between attending Harvard or
ultimately      adv   in the end                                               Stanford university, but ultimately decided on Stanford    finally
                                                                               because of its location in California.
                                                                               She had lost her wedding ring which was very precious
precious        adj   extremely valuable                                                                                                  expensive
                                                                               to her.
Unit 8

                     to talk or write about someone or something,        In her lectures, she often refers to her difficult
refer          v
                     especially briefly                                  childhood.
                                                                         The company had to take drastic measures and fire
drastic        adj   severe and sudden                                                                                             extreme
                                                                         300 of its employees.
                                                                         The healthcare proposal was so expansive that it
expansive      adj   comprehensive                                                                                                 extensive
                                                                         covered every health issue faced by the community.
                                                                         There is a phone revolution occurring with so many
revolution     n     a complete or radical change of any kind
                                                                         people making phone calls over the internet.
                                                                         His invention propelled him into international
propel         v     to push forward                                                                                               thrust
                                                                         stardom.
                                                                         An artisan is a skilled manual worker who uses tools
artisan        n     a craftsman
                                                                         and machinery in a particular craft.
                     the way someone earns the money people need to
livelihood     n                                                         He makes his livelihood as a computer programmer.
                     pay for food, a place to live, clothing
                                                                         Her time living overseas can be characterized by three
characterize   v     to describe the character of                        main points: a time of learning, a time of
                                                                         independence, and a time of maturing.
wage           n     money paid for work done                            The employees were not satisfied with their wages.        pay
                                                                         The parents demanded perfection in all areas from
perfection     n     the state of being perfect
                                                                         their children.
                                                                         James Watt is credited with inventing the "modern"
steam engine   n     a locomotive powered by steam
                                                                         steam engine.
                                                                         Princess Diana's father was a member of the British
aristocracy    n     a privileged ruling class                                                                                     nobility
                                                                         aristocracy.
                                                                         The store sells exclusively to people who are over 65
exclusively    adv   excluding or tending to exclude all others
                                                                         years old.
harsh          adj   severe                                              The children grew up in a very harsh environment.
                     to examine something thoroughly, in order to
overhaul       v                                                         The ship's engine had to be completely overhauled.
                     evaluate its condition and to repair if necessary
                                                                         She still controls the company indirectly through her
indirectly     adv   happening in in a way that is not obvious
                                                                         son.
                                                                         The daughter could not wait till she was 18 so that she
independence   n     freedom
                                                                         could gain independence from her parents.
                                                                         Her humor and jokes enlivened the children at the
enliven        v     to make lively                                                                                                brighten up
                                                                         hospital.
                                                                         The cheers from the stand incited the team to play
incite         v     to cause something to happen                                                                                  to provoke
                                                                         harder.
                                                                         People who work at fast food restaurants are usually
unskilled      adj   without special skills or education                                                                           energize
                                                                         unskilled.
Unit 9

                                                                                The innovation of internet telephony is redefining the
innovation       n     something newly introduced                                                                                         new method
                                                                                way people communicate.
                       a boat or ship for taking passengers and often           She took a ferry boat across the San Francisco Bay
ferry boat       n
                       vehicles across an area of water                         every morning.
                       business in general in the buying and selling of
commerce         n     goods and services within a country and with other       The commerce between Asia and Europe is very good.
                       countries
                                                                                When the father worked less hours, it had a positive
effect           n     the result of a particular influence                                                                               conclusion
                                                                                effect on his family.
                                                                                Although she ate very healthy and exercised, it did not
desired          adj   yearned or wished for                                                                                              coveted
                                                                                have the desired effect.
                                                                                The former president acted as an intermediary between
intermediary     n     an intermediate agent or agency                                                                                    mediator
                                                                                his country and foreign nations.
                       device or group of devices designed to perform a         With his sophisticated apparatus, the doctor was able
apparatus        n                                                                                                                        tools
                       certain task                                             to perform several complicated surgeries.
                                                                                The school implemented a new uniform policy for its
implement        v     put into action                                                                                                    to start
                                                                                students.
                                                                                The cancer victim addressed the senators on need for
address          v     to speak to
                                                                                change in the health insurance industry.
                                                                                After the auto accident, the mother initially did not
initially        adv   occurring at the beginning                                                                                         first
                                                                                want her daughter to drive.
                       roads, water, electricity, and other basic things that   American tax dollars go to pay for the country's
infrastructure   n
                       help a country's people and economy                      infrastructure such as public education.
                                                                                When she is depressed, she enjoys conjuring up
conjure          v     to imagine
                                                                                images of her happy childhood.
embed            v     to put into another substance                            The piece of glass was imbedded in her foot.              implant
                                                                                The chimney protruded out from the middle of the
protrude         v     to stick out
                                                                                roof, causing it to be an eyesore.
                                                                                After her child was diagnosed with diabetes, the
eliminate        v     to remove from consideration                                                                                       to exclude
                                                                                mother eliminated all junk food from his diet.
                                                                                The climbers celebrated after they reached the apex of
apex             n     the top                                                                                                            pinnacle
                                                                                the mountain.
congestion       n     a condition of overcrowding                              New York City suffers from major traffic congestion.
                                                                                She wore heavy makeup to cover up the obtrusive scar
obtrusive        adj   very noticeable
                                                                                on her face.
                       something added to an existing thing to complete or
supplement       v                                                              The wife supplemented their income by babysitting.        addition
                       improve it
                                                                                After the reassessment of their educational goals, the
reassessment     n     a new evaluation                                         parents decided they needed to pull their children out
                                                                                of public school.
Unit 10

                                                                           The problems arisen from the food shortage caused
arise           v      to come into being                                                                                              originate
                                                                           many deaths in the community.
                                                                           Religion and politics are controversial subjects that
controversial   adj    causing disagreement
                                                                           people tend to shy away from.
                                                                           The citizens were not happy with the outcome of the
outcome         n      the effect, result                                                                                              consequence
                                                                           election.
                                                                           My sister is a proponent of women staying home and
proponent       n      someone who favors something                                                                                    a supporter
                                                                           raising their children.
                                                                           Many religions believe the body can reincarnate into
reincarnate     v      be born anew in another body after death
                                                                           animals after their death.
                                                                           Her willingness to work long hours exemplifies her
exemplify       v      to serve as an example
                                                                           desire to succeed.
                                                                           Her mindless answers caused great frustration for her
mindless        adj    thoughtless
                                                                           teacher.
devoid          adj    empty                                               The town was devoid of all human life.                      lacking
                                                                           Minimization of human suffering is the goal of the new
minimization    n      to reduce to a minimum
                                                                           agency.
                                                                           Mrs. Clinton had a strong influence on her husband's
influence       n      the power to change or persuade others                                                                          effect
                                                                           presidency.
                                                                           The judge sent her to jail because she had over 30
violation       n      an act of breaking a law                                                                                        breach
                                                                           traffic violations.
                                                                           Pets are considered domestic animals because they live
domestic        adj.   related to one's home life
                                                                           in your house.
                                                                           My primary concern right now is studying so that I can
primary         adj    main                                                                                                            primary
                                                                           pass my test.
quite           v      very                                                Her version of the story is quite different than mine.      extremely
                                                                           The result of the meeting was not what she expected;
result          n      a consequence of an action                                                                                      effect
                                                                           she was fired.
                                                                           The students hailed their teacher as a being a good
hail            v      to praise someone or something for good qualities
                                                                           person.
                                                                           Mary contends that she was not the one who stole the
contend         v      to state formally that something is true                                                                        to assert
                                                                           books.
                                                                           The Declaration of Independence was written to ask
declaration     n      an important written statement
                                                                           England for independence.
                                                                           Being too outspoken in certain cultures is considered
outspoken       adj    saying clearly what one thinks                                                                                  frank
                                                                           to be very rude.
                                                                           It is evident that the suspect is guilty; he had his head
evident         adj    plain, clear                                                                                                    obvious
                                                                           down during the entire trial.
Unit 11

                                                                              The life expectancy for American females is 79 years
expectancy         n     an expecting or being expected                                                                                  expectation
                                                                              old.
                         any of various forms of insurance in which a
                         government is an insurer, esp. such insurance that   Medicare is social insurance for the elderly in America;
social insurance   n
                         provides assistance to disabled or unemployed        it provides for health care services.
                         workers and to aged persons
                                                                              The parents assuaged the fears of their children about
assuage            v     to calm
                                                                              them getting divorced.
                         an act of leaving or time when one leaves the
retirement         n                                                          After his retirement, he was able to play a lot of golf.
                         workforce and stops work
                                                                              Because they didn't have enough money, they could
proper             adj   right as to how to do something                                                                                 correct
                                                                              not pay for a proper wedding for their daughter.
                                                                              The citizens were outraged because of the rich pay less
income tax         n     a tax levied on incomes
                                                                              income tax than the middle class.
                                                                              The mother had to quit her job and take care of her
disabled           adj   having a mental or physical disability
                                                                              son when he became disabled from the accident.
                         the field concerned with the maintenance or          The presidential debate focused on the issue of health
health care        n
                         restoration of the health of the body or mind        care for children.
                                                                              Playing computer games could also result in an
epidemic           n     extremely prevalent                                                                                             widespread
                                                                              epidemic of short sightedness
                                                                              We have witnessed unprecedented numbers of
unprecedented      adj   not having happened before                                                                                      unusual
                                                                              inventions this year.
                         the domestic program of the Franklin D. Roosevelt    The New Deal programs lasted from 1933 to 1941 in
New Deal           n
                         administration                                       the United States.
                                                                              The parents wanted to make amendments to the
amendment          n     a change                                                                                                        modifications
                                                                              school by laws.
                                                                              Because the mother's milk was not sufficient, the
supplementary      adj   additional                                           doctor recommended a supplementary diet for the            extra
                                                                              infant.
                         a supply of money which many people pay into,
                                                                              The mother contributed the maximum amount into her
                         especially employees of a company, and which is
pension funds      n                                                          pension fund; she was concerned about how she will
                         invested in order to provide them with a pension
                                                                              live in retirement.
                         when they are older
                                                                              The son's medical condition surfaced during a routine
surface            v     to appear
                                                                              visit to the doctor.
                                                                              The two boys did not enjoy playing chess together
uneven             adj   not equal in ability, intelligence, strength
                                                                              because their skills were uneven.
                         the legal state of being without money or credit,    The parents had to file for bankruptcy because they
bankruptcy         n
                         unable to pay bills                                  had lost their store to the fire.
                         person born after World War II between 1946 and      There will be a big void in many occupations when the
baby boomer        n
                         1965 along with a great many other children          baby boomers start retiring.
                                                                              The army had surpluses of supplies, so they gave them
surplus            n     an amount more than what is needed or used                                                                      extra
                                                                              to the local people.
                         A government bond is a bond issued by a national
                                                                              The investor does not invest in stocks but in
government bond    n     government denominated in the country's own
                                                                              government bonds; he thinks they are safer.
                         currency
Unit 12

                       to try to be more successful than someone or
compete          v                                                             Both of his children try to compete for his attention.
                       something else
                                                                               Since the inception of the program, it has been very
inception        n     beginning                                                                                                        start
                                                                               successful.
                                                                               Newspaper stories help shape people's opinions about
shape            v     to have an effect
                                                                               political candidates.
vital            adj   most important                                          Water is vital for human survival.                       necessary
                       newspapers, magazines, and their reporters, and         The president and his family is often followed by the
press            n
                       often radio and television editors                      press.
                       to produce something new that is based on               Rather than trying to reinvent the wheel, why don't we
reinvent         v
                       something that already exists                           follow the these recommendations.
integral         adj   necessary                                               The nanny was an integral member of the family.          essential
                       a machine for printing from inked type, plates, or      Johannes Gutenberg is credited with the invention of
printing press   n
                       rolls                                                   the printing press.
                                                                               The two leaders decided to expand trade between their
trade            n     commerce in general
                                                                               two countries.
                                                                               There was a sensational story in the newspaper about a
sensational      adj   very interesting or exciting                                                                                     spectacular
                                                                               monkey that could read a book.
                                                                               He held the opinion that the economy would improve
opinion          n     a thought or belief about something or someone
                                                                               significantly next year.
blissfully       adv   great joy or happiness                                  Her dream was to live blissfully in the country side.
                       shows, films, television, or other performances or
                                                                               The family enjoyed visiting Las Vegas because of the
entertainment    n     activities that entertain people, or a performance of
                                                                               various entertainment it offered.
                       this type
                                                                               The fastest way to disseminate news these days is
disseminate      v     to make known                                                                                                    to promulgate
                                                                               through the internet.
enthral          v     to hold someone's attention completely                  Babies are enthralled by bright colors.                  to captivate
                       person in charge of publishing a periodical, a          Her work as the editor of a very large newspaper
editor           n
                       newscast, or a book series                              occupied most of her time.
                       to copy the way in which a particular person usually
mimic            v                                                             The baby mimicked every sound the dog made.              copy
                       speaks and moves, usually in order to amuse people
                                                                               The young editor was offered a new position, but he
decline          v     to refuse politely
                                                                               declined offer.
fee              n     a charge, cost                                          The entrance fee to the museum was $25 per person.       payment
medium           n     a means of doing something                              She chose art as the medium to represent her ideas.
Unit 13

                    a person who reports, analyzes, and evaluates news        Sports commentators are usually retired professionals
commentator   n
                    events and trends on radio or television                  from that field.
predict       v     to say what will happen in the future                     It was difficult to predict who will win the election.      to foretell
leisure       adj   relaxation free from work                                 The couple enjoyed their leisure time at the beach.
                                                                              In Silicon Valley, there is a pervasive trend towards
pervasive     adj   widespread                                                                                                            common
                                                                              casual dress.
                                                                              The prevalence of computer usage among teens is not
prevalence    n     widely existing
                                                                              a bad thing if it can be carefully monitored.
                    to talk or write about other people's actions or lives,
gossip        n                                                               Did you hear the latest gossip about the president?
                    sometimes in an untruthful way
                                                                              The manager could no longer tolerate the malicious
malicious     adj   intentionally mischievous or harmful                                                                                  spiteful
                                                                              gossip that was circulating about him.
trend         n     current style                                             Long hair is a trend for men this winter.                   fashion
                                                                              Because she had been raised by a nanny and not her
deprive       v     to take something away from                               parents, the woman felt deprived of a normal                to dispossess
                                                                              childhood.
                                                                              The psychologist hypnotized his patient in hopes of
hypnotize     v     to put someone in a mental state like sleep
                                                                              having her remember the details of the accident.
                    to not be able to stop doing or using something,
addicted      adj                                                             It's easy to become addicted to cigarette smoking.
                    especially something harmful
risk          n     danger of losing something important                      There is great risk of becoming addicted to gambling.       danger
                                                                              The mother was worried because her son had become
obese         adj   very fat                                                                                                              corpulent
                                                                              obese; He weighed over 300 pounds.
                                                                              She had difficulty working from home because her
interfere     v     to enter or interrupt a situation or discussion                                                                       disrupt
                                                                              child constantly interferes.
                                                                              She glanced at the newspaper before eating her
glance        v     to take a quick short look at something                                                                               to look quickly
                                                                              breakfast.
                                                                              The reduction of the husband's salary affected the
reduction     n     less of something                                                                                                     a decrease
                                                                              family greatly.
intrinsic     adj   belonging naturally to someone or something               Taking care of their young is intrinsic for most animals.   inherent
                                                                              The test question proved to be very problematic
problematic   adj   having the nature of a problem
                                                                              because there were four possible answers.
                    to continue steadily in the same manner in spite of       The man persisted and finally won over the woman's
persist       v                                                                                                                           endure
                    obstacles or opposition                                   heart.
                                                                              The thief thought the woman would be an easy prey
prey          n     a victim
                                                                              because she could not work very well.
Unit 14

                                                                              The family could not take vacations because of their
mentally ill    adj    Suffering from a mental illness
                                                                              mentally ill child.
                                                                              Since all the lights were out, we assumed no one was
assume          v      to believe something is true without knowing                                                                       to suppose
                                                                              home.
                                                                              The presidents daughter wore a hat and sunglasses to
inconspicuous   adj    not obvious or noticeable                                                                                          unobtrusive
                                                                              the because she wanted to be inconspicuous.
                                                                              The company had to drastically reduce their work
drastically     adv    having very noticeable effects                                                                                     severe
                                                                              force; they fired 2,000 employees.
                                                                              The wife wanted a new oven and gave her husband
subtle          adj    not noticeable
                                                                              subtle hints.
                                                                              The school district made radial changes by forbidding
radical         adj    complete or extreme
                                                                              bicycles on school campuses.
                                                                              Her English skills progressed to a level where she was
progress        v      to improve or develop in skills or knowledge                                                                       advance
                                                                              able to hold conversations with native speakers.
                                                                              The mother bought each of her children a portable CD
portable        adj    capable of being carried or moved around                                                                           compact
                                                                              player.
reliant         adj    a state of needing something very much                 Mark is reliant on his older brother for everything.        dependant on
                                                                              The husband did not understand his wife's passive
passive         adj    accepting without resistance                                                                                       submissive
                                                                              response to their child's temper tantrums.
                                                                              The new store attracts many customers because it
render          v      to give something or do something                                                                                  to provide
                                                                              renders good services.
                                                                              The thieves worked in pairs; one stole the wallets while
diversion       n      an action designed to distract
                                                                              the other provided a diversion.
                                                                              Her success was due to sheer determination and will
sheer           adj    absolute                                                                                                           complete
                                                                              power.
                                                                              All the buildings in the city are accessible to people in
accessible      adj    able to be entered or reached
                                                                              wheelchairs.
                                                                              The mother can always rely on her daughter to get her
rely            v      to depend on
                                                                              homework done.
via             prep   by way of                                              Singapore Airlines flies to Seoul via San Francisco.
                       something such as energy, money or information
                                                                              The CEO did not put much input into the new design
input           n      that is put into a system, organization or machine
                                                                              of the building.
                       so that it can operate
                                                                              The couple had no emotional bonding even thought
physical        adj    of or pertaining to that which is material             they lived in the same house and shared physical
                                                                              space.
severely        adv    causing very great pain, difficulty, anxiety, damage   The car was severely damaged from the accident.             very serious
                       an uncomfortable feeling of nervousness or worry
                                                                              She had a lot of anxiety regarding her upcoming
anxiety         n      about something that is happening or might happen
                                                                              surgery.
                       in the future
Unit 15

inexpensive   adj   not costing a lot of money                               The gift was very practical and inexpensive.               cheap
                    a right to sell a company's products in a particular
franchise     n                                                              She owned three Mc Donald's franchises.
                    area using the company's name

recognition   n     praise for doing something well                          The dinner was given in recognition of her charity work.   credit

                                                                             The message was difficult to understand because of
rapid         adj   very fast                                                                                                           speedy
                                                                             her rapid speech.
comprise      v     to include                                               The building was comprised on 20 different stores.         contain
option        n     a choice                                                 She had no other option but to get a divorce.              an alternative
                                                                             Mother Theresa dedicated her entire life to helping
dedicate      v     to give completely
                                                                             poor children.
                                                                             She had an inclination to climb the mountain, but no
inclination   n     desire to do something                                                                                              preference
                                                                             one would go with her.
patron        n     a regular customer                                       Patrons to the store come from the community.
                    a very famous person or thing considered as
icon          n                                                              Bill Gates is an icon for many young entrepreneurs.
                    representing a set of beliefs or a way of life
utmost        adj   the greatest                                             The situation required utmost sensitivity.
                    A solitary person or thing is the only person or thing
solitary      adj                                                            In the distance, they saw a solitary statue.
                    in a place
                                                                             She takes an inordinate amount of time preparing
inordinate    adj   more than necessary                                      dinner for her husband; she treats him as if he were       great
                                                                             king.
ubiquitous    adj   found all over                                           Large pieces of empty land is ubiquitous in Texas.         everywhere
originality   n     the quality or state of being original                   The originality of the child's poem surprised everyone.    creativity
                    to allow yourself or another person to have
                                                                             My only indulgence is having two scoops of ice cream
indulgence    n     something enjoyable, especially more than is good
                                                                             every day.
                    for you
                                                                             The couple bemoans the fact that they never had
bemoan        v     to feel sad about something                                                                                         regret
                                                                             children.
                                                                             The essence of his argument was that children should
essence       n     central point or issue of a subject
                                                                             have the right to an education.
obesity       n     being extremely fat                                      A high fat diet can lead to obesity.
feature       v     to advertise as important                                Most McDonald's feature a play area for children.          to promote
Unit 16

                                                                                    He is on the fringe of society; he can't seem to hold
to be on the fringe         to behave very odd behavior
                                                                                    down a job.
                                                                                    The distinction between art and graffiti has blurred in
blur                  v     difficult to see, understand or separate clearly
                                                                                    recent years.
                                                                                    The word "home" connotes different feelings for
connote               v     to signify or suggest certain meanings
                                                                                    different people.
                            someone who is not trained in or does not have a        The new financial book is for laymen who are
layman                n
                            detailed knowledge of a particular subject              interested in investing.
                                                                                    The student took the initiative to learn Chinese before
initiative            n     the first step, usu. showing strength                                                                             ambition
                                                                                    going on his exchange program to China.

wholeheartedly        adv   completely enthusiastic                                 The audience wholeheartedly agreed with the speaker.      absolutely

                            when someone says what someone else must have           Many of the attendees wanted to know the
prescription          n                                                                                                                       formula
                            or do                                                   prescription for success.
                            the ability to share someone else's feelings or
                                                                                    Having lost her husband to cancer, she was very
empathetic            adj   experiences by imagining what it would be like to be
                                                                                    empathetic to the couple's situation.
                            in their situation
                                                                                    There was a certain level of camaraderie between the
camaraderie           n     a good feeling of togetherness                                                                                    friendship
                                                                                    new freshmen students.
                            the feeling that you have no connection with the        Although she lived in a very busy city, she felt an
alienation            n
                            people around you                                       alienation from the people around her.
                            to contribute money, knowledge, or other resources      The workers pooled their money together to buy the
pool                  v
                            as a group for a common purpose                         manager a wedding gift.
                                                                                    He adapted very quickly to his new life in South
adapt                 v     to change, to function in a new way                                                                               to adjust
                                                                                    America.
compulsive            adj   needing to do something and not being able to stop      She has a compulsive need to eat chocolate every day.
                            treatment of mental and physical illnesses and          Speech therapy was recommended to fix the child's
therapy               n
                            disorders, usu. without surgery                         stuttering.
depression            n     a feeling of temporary sadness                          She suffered depression after the death of her cat.
                                                                                    Their plight was that they were stranded in the middle
plight                n     difficult situation                                                                                               predicament
                                                                                    of the desert.
                            a successful way of curing an illness or dealing with   The remedy for her sickness was quite simple; she just
remedy                n                                                                                                                       solution
                            a problem or difficulty                                 needed to rest.
                            ability to see or know the truth, intelligence about
insight               n                                                             His grandfather had a lot of insights about the war.      perception
                            something
                                                                                    Mother's have first-hand experience of the pain of
first-hand            adj   to experience it yourself
                                                                                    childbirth.
                            to struggle or deal on fairly even terms or with some   Since her family moved frequently, she developed
cope                  v
                            degree of success                                       coping strategies for not getting depressed.
Unit 17

straightforward   adj   without complications; clear                             The directions to the part were straightforward.             direct
                        the meanings that a word can have beyond its basic       The word 'gentleman' has different connotations for
connotation       n
                        one                                                      different people.
                                                                                 There was big debate over who would have custody of
debate            n     an argument                                                                                                           discussion
                                                                                 the child.
                        a result that your plans or actions are intended to      Our short term aims are to get out of debt and
aim               n                                                                                                                           goal
                        achieve                                                  purchase a house.
                                                                                 There is no equality in the way women and men are
equality          n     a condition of being equal                                                                                            fairness
                                                                                 paid in the workforce.
                                                                                 When he was younger, he was an immensely talented
immensely         adv   extremely
                                                                                 singer.
                        something that gets in the way and stops action or       Romeo and Juliet faced many obstacles to being
obstacle          n                                                                                                                           hindrance
                        progress                                                 together.
                                                                                 He behaved in a manner that was inappropriate for a
manner            n     a way of acting                                                                                                       behavior
                                                                                 10 year old.
                                                                                 Her denial of her son's medical condition prevents her
denial            n     refusal to accept something as true
                                                                                 son from getting the best medical care.
                                                                                 As the daughter of the CEO, she was entitled to many
entitle           v     to allow                                                                                                              authorize
                                                                                 privileges not available to other girls her age.
literally         adv   used to emphasize what you are saying                    The family was literally shocked by the news.
                                                                                 The students and parents mandated a new homework
mandate           v     to order
                                                                                 policy.
                                                                                 The committee drafted a new plan for retaining
draft             v     to draw the plans for something
                                                                                 students.
                                                                                 We were fortunate in that our house did not burn
fortunate         adj   lucky in general
                                                                                 down during the fire.
                                                                                 The actor's new haircut sparked a new fashion among
spark             v     to cause an action                                                                                                    trigger
                                                                                 young men.
                        feeling or quality exists but you cannot describe it     It is crucial that parents teach their children intangible
intangible        adj
                        exactly or prove it                                      characteristics such as work ethic and attitude.
                        unfair treatment because of race, sex, age, religion,    After moving to a new country, she faced much
discrimination    n
                        etc.                                                     discrimination because of her race.
                                                                                 The daughter's struggle for independence from their
struggle          n     a difficult time or task using much effort and energy
                                                                                 parents finally led to her moving to another country.
gender            n     the classification of male and female living things      Many countries still discriminate based on gender.
                        a fixed idea that people have about what someone         Many Americans have the stereotype that all Asians are
stereotype        n
                        or something is like, especially an idea that is wrong   good in math.
Unit 18

                                                                      The roles of the husband and wife were not clearly
define           v      to explain the meaning of                     defined and the couple struggled with their identity in    to specify
                                                                      the marriage.
                                                                      The occupational pursuits of the siblings were all
pursuit          n      a career, occupation
                                                                      different.
                                                                      There is something wrong with a student that
habitually       adj    usual or repeated
                                                                      habitually curses his teacher.
                                                                      This company has the potential of making a lot of
potential        n      the possibility of being or doing something                                                              the promise
                                                                      money.
                                                                      The rain is a good indication that we will not have a
indication       n      a sign, signal
                                                                      drought this year.
                                                                      After getting married, the husband had many run-ins
run-in           n      an argument                                                                                              a quarrel
                                                                      with his new brother-in-law.
                                                                      Despite the heavy rains, the children had fun at the
despite          prep   in spite of                                                                                              even though
                                                                      zoo.
interpersonal    adj    between people                                Occupations in sales require great interpersonal skills.
                                                                      You should take the exact dose prescribed by your
dose             n      an amount of medicine
                                                                      doctor.
                                                                      The doctors were surprised at her high tolerance for
tolerance        n      ability to suffer or endure something                                                                    open-mindedness
                                                                      pain.
                                                                      The aunt allowed them to eat everything in the
replenish        v      to replace something that was used            refrigerator as long as they replenished it before they    resupply
                                                                      left.
crave            v      to desire greatly                             She craves chocolate every night before bed.               hunger for
                                                                      The new drug caused her to have hallucinations that
hallucination    n      events imagined by someone
                                                                      someone was chasing her.
akin             adj    similar to                                    His new songs are akin to those of the 70s.                like
                                                                      The cessation of the couple's fighting brought peace to
cessation        n      a stop to an activity                                                                                    halting
                                                                      the family.
                        to return someone or something to a good or   The judge ordered her to enter a drug rehabilitation
rehabilitation   n
                        healthy condition                             program for six months.
habit            n      a repeated behavior                           He has a bad habit of picking his nose in public.
                                                                      The mother tried very hard to discipline her son
resort           v      To have recourse
                                                                      without resorting to spanking.
                                                                      After completing the drug rehabilitation program he
relapse          v      to become worse again after being better
                                                                      was doing very well, until he had a relapse.
avoid            v      to stay away from                             She avoids dark alleys at night.                           shun
Unit 19

                                                                            The man had numerous wives in many different
numerous        adj   many                                                                                                             abundant
                                                                            countries.
                                                                            The two countries fought for the sovereignty of the
sovereignty     n     Supremacy of authority
                                                                            island.
                                                                            The prisoners faced much persecution for their
persecution     n     the act of harassing with oppressive treatment
                                                                            religious beliefs.
                      the exercise of authority or power in a burdensome,   The oppression she endured for being a woman
oppression      n
                      cruel, or unjust manner                               caused her to hate herself.
                                                                            Many immigrants in the United States came to realize
immigrant       n     a person who moves to another country to live                                                                    newcomer
                                                                            the American dream.
                                                                            There was an array of beautiful flower arrangements on
array           n     a large group of things or people                                                                                collection
                                                                            the stage.
                                                                            The parents decided to adopt a new strategy for
adopt           v     to accept or start to use something new
                                                                            disciplining their child.
amalgamate      v     to mix or merge so as to make a combination           The three companies decided to amalgamate.                 blend
                      to become part of a nation's culture or to absorb
assimilate      v                                                           She had no problems assimilating into her new culture.
                      into a culture
prosper         v     to grow in wealth                                     He prospered in his new line of business.                  to flourish
                                                                            She had intense pain when the doctor pulled her
intense         adj   strong feeling or emotion                                                                                        concentrated
                                                                            tooth.
                      to compete with other people to achieve or obtain     Because she has eight children, all the children are
vie             v
                      something                                             constantly vying for their mother's attention.
                                                                            The committee works hard in the preservation of
preservation    n     the act of keeping alive or in existence
                                                                            historical buildings in the city.
                      to plan to use an amount of money for a specific      The family had only allocated $50 for meals per day; it
allocate        v                                                                                                                      allot
                      purpose                                               was not enough, so they ended their vacation short.
                                                                            America is no longer considered a melting pot; the
                      a pattern or picture made using many small pieces
mosaic          n                                                           words 'salad' and 'mosaic' are deemed more
                      of colored stone or glass
                                                                            appropriate.
                                                                            The integration of the two cultures was difficult to do
integration     n     to mix with and join society or a group of people                                                                amalgamation
                                                                            because of their religious differences.
                                                                            The bride had inadvertently left her future in-laws off
inadvertently   adv   done unintentionally
                                                                            the guest list.
                                                                            The hope is that the family identity will become
congruent       adj   agreeing with                                         congruent as the foster children start adapting to their
                                                                            new environment.
                      the ideas, activities and ways of behaving that are   Because America is a land of immigrants, its culture is
culture         n                                                                                                                      way of life
                      special to a country                                  difficult to define.
                      the group of ideas accepted by the majority of        His ideas were so obscure that it was not accepted by
mainstream      n                                                                                                                      conventional
                      people                                                the mainstream of American people.
Unit 20

instinct         n     unlearned behavior or ability                          A mother's instinct tells her when her child is in pain.
                                                                              The guides language skills help facilitate our tour
facilitate       v     to help                                                                                                           to expedite
                                                                              through the congested part of town.
reproduce        v     to make copies of something                            The teacher reproduced 50 copies of the exam.
                                                                              The aggressive behavior of the child caused much
aggressive       adj   unfriendly                                                                                                        hostile
                                                                              concern for the parents.
candidate        n     a person or thing ready for something                  She is the next candidate for the promotion.
                       following customs that have continued in a group       She decided not to marry Tom because he was too
traditional      adj   of people or society for a long time without           traditional; he expected her to stay home, cook and
                       changing                                               have babies.
                       how parents, teachers, and others give a good or
                                                                              By the way she behaves, it is obvious that she had a
upbringing       n     bad education and manners to a young person                                                                       rearing
                                                                              very good upbringing.
                       growing up
pursue           v     to work hard at something                              She studied hard and pursued a career in medicine.         strive for
                                                                              The circumstances were not favorable for them to start
circumstance     n     a fact or event that makes a situation the way it is
                                                                              a family.
demand           v     to ask for very strongly                               The landlord demanded the rent from the tenants.           command
                                                                              There was a slight alteration in the plan; they decided
alteration       n     small change                                                                                                      modification
                                                                              to fly instead of driving.
                                                                              She married a nontraditional man; he cooks, cleans,
nontraditional   adj   not conforming to or in accord with tradition
                                                                              and stays at home to watch the children.
absent           adj   not present                                            The father was absent from his daughter's wedding.
                                                                              Ever since her parents split up, Mary has not been the
split up         v     get a divorce
                                                                              same.
                       a description of events that make up a general         The scenario of the play was that of a many trying to
scenario         n
                       situation                                              save his wife.
                                                                              The only viable solution to the family's situation was
viable           adj   capable of succeeding                                                                                             workable
                                                                              that the children had to quit school.
                                                                              Some women resent the fact that some men think they
procreate        v     to reproduce                                                                                                      have babies
                                                                              were put on this earth to procreate only.
                                                                              Wearing baggy pants and earrings is the norm for
norm             n     standard of behavior
                                                                              students in this school.
                                                                              The company's strategy is simple: make good products
strategy         n     planning in order to achieve a goal
                                                                              and sell at a low price.
                                                                              The church propagates a message of peace to the
propagate        v     to transmit                                                                                                       to make public
                                                                              community.
Unit 21         Parts   Definition                                             Sentence                                                     Synm

                                                                               The marriage was considered null and void because the
null and void   idiom   without legal force or effect                                                                                       not valid
                                                                               bride was a minor.
                        to officially announce that something such as a law,   The couple received an annulment of their marriage
annulment       n
                        agreement, or marriage no longer exists                because the woman already had a husband.
                                                                               Our rental agreement was terminated because we had
terminate       v       to end                                                                                                              stop
                                                                               too many parties.
vow             n       a solemn promise                                       She made a vow to exercise every day.
                        to say something is better, worse, more important      The company profits were exaggerated, and no one
exaggerate      v                                                                                                                           overstate
                        than it really is                                      knew the financial state of the company.
                                                                               The wife liked contemporary furniture, and the
contemporary    adj     modern                                                                                                              of today
                                                                               husband liked antiques.
                                                                               The grades were accurate and reflected the hard work
accurate        adj     correct                                                                                                             exact
                                                                               of the students.
devastating     adj     causing a lot of damage or destruction                 The devastating fire consumed over 30 homes.
                                                                               Getting a job in the White House entails a lot of
entail          v       to make necessary                                                                                                   require
                                                                               security checks.

messy           adj     cluttered, disorderly                                  Her desk was always messy; she had paper everywhere.         sloppy

                                                                               He enter the house on the pretence that he was going
                        a reason or act that hides the real reason for doing
pretense        n                                                              to fix the refrigerator, but he really wanted to steal her
                        something
                                                                               money.
                                                                               After the divorce, the mother received custody of the
custody         n       safekeeping                                                                                                         protection
                                                                               children.
                                                                               He was obliged to pay for the accident because he was
oblige          v       to require
                                                                               at fault.

                                                                               Since the father made more money than the mother, he
child-support   n       money paid for the care of one's minor child
                                                                               was required to pay $3,000 a month for child-support.

                                                                               The loss of the farm adversely affected the family's
adversely       adv     having a negative or harmful effect on something
                                                                               income.
impact          n       effect                                                 Divorce can have a negative impact on young children.        influence
                                                                               The woman received a considerable amount of money
considerable    adj     much, a lot
                                                                               from the insurance company.
                                                                               There has been an unusual variance in temperature this
variance        n       an exception to a rule or standard
                                                                               month.
                                                                               Contrary to what people think, the doctors in this
contrary        adj     different from                                                                                                      opposite
                                                                               country do not make that much money.
                                                                               A conflict arose between the two people when they
conflict        n       a difference, disagreement                                                                                          dispute
                                                                               couldn't agree on a price for the table.
Unit 22

                       That which is just, morally good, legal, proper, or   The citizens of this country do not have many rights;
right            n
                       fitting                                               they can not vote or express their opinions.
                                                                             The responsibilities of becoming a parent are
responsibility   n     something that someone must do                                                                                    duty
                                                                             tremendous.
                                                                             Many young couples these days forego a formal
forego           v     to do without                                                                                                     to abstain from
                                                                             engagement party.
                                                                             They considered getting an abortion because their
unwanted         adj   not wanted                                            child was unwanted, but they decided to keep the baby
                                                                             and start a family.
                                                                             Due to her constant drinking, she was declared an
unfit            adj   lacking in good personal qualities
                                                                             unfit mother by the judge.
                                                                             The prospective buyers came to look at the house one
prospective      adj   anticipated in the future
                                                                             more time.
                                                                             Her father was an alcohol and that has been a stigma
stigma           n     a mark of shame or disgrace
                                                                             all her life.
                                                                             Since the abused children had no place to go, the judge
abuse            v     hurt badly, either physically or emotionally
                                                                             placed them with foster care families.
neglect          v     to not give enough care or attention                  She was too busy drinking that she neglected her baby.      to ignore
                                                                             The police had to intervene and take the child out of
intervene        v     to stop an action happening between other people
                                                                             the house.
                                                                             The mother allowed her children to watch TV programs
appropriate      adj   correct, suitable                                                                                                 right
                                                                             that were not appropriate for them.
conceive         v     to become pregnant                                    She had a hard time conceiving a child.
                                                                             Being wary of all strange men, the little girl started to
wary             adj   concerned about danger                                                                                            cautious
                                                                             run when the man approached her.
                                                                             They went to the new restaurant because of the hype,
hype             n     exaggerated advertising claims                                                                                    hoopla
                                                                             but they were disappointed.
                                                                             She had disgraced her family by becoming pregnant
disgrace         v     a cause of shame or dishonor
                                                                             when she was only 15 years old.
                                                                             The illegitimate daughter of the president became a
illegitimate     adj   born to unmarried parents
                                                                             famous actress.
                                                                             The neighbors placed the little girl in an orphanage
orphanage        n     a place where orphans live and are cared for
                                                                             when they could not locate the parents.
                       to describe someone or something in a certain way,    Hollywood tends to portray Asians as being very weak
portray          v                                                                                                                       represent
                       to characterize them                                  and submissive.
                                                                             The actress showed a resemblance to her famous
resemblance      n     a likeness to someone or something                                                                                similarity
                                                                             grandfather.
                                                                             David was not permitted to leave the house after 10
permit           v     to allow
                                                                             pm.
Unit 23

                           one's position in society in terms of power and          Lawyers and doctors have more status than bus
status               n
                           importance                                               drivers.
                                                                                    Properties in the neighborhood are clearly demarcated
demarcate            v     to show the limits of something                                                                                       define
                                                                                    with fences.
                           the amount by which two things or activities cover       There is an overlap in the products of the two
overlap              n
                           the same area                                            companies.
                           writings and drawings on walls, often rude, funny,
graffiti             n                                                              Graffitis are against the law allowed in Singapore.
                           or political
                           a condition of being broken down and needing to          The town has fallen into a state of disrepair; all the
disrepair            n                                                                                                                           decayed
                           be fixed                                                 buildings and street lights are damaged.
                                                                                    The table was not very practical, but it was aesthetically
aesthetically        adv   relating to the enjoyment or study of beauty
                                                                                    pleasing.
                                                                                    The neighborhood was densely populated, and there
densely              adv   thick; close together                                                                                                 crammed
                                                                                    was no space for the children to run around.
                                                                                    Children should respect their parents; conversely,
conversely           adv   in an opposite way
                                                                                    parents should not aggravate their children.
                           to keep one group of people apart from another and       Racial segregation in the United States prevented
segregation          n
                           treat them differently                                   blacks and whites from eating in the same restaurants.
                                                                                    He had to overcome his fear of flying first before he
overcome             v     to fight against successfully                                                                                         to defeat
                                                                                    could become a pilot.
                                                                                    The family has surmounted some difficulties and now
surmount             v     to overcome                                                                                                           conquer
                                                                                    they are doing well.
                           the method or possibility of approaching a place or      Many poor people do not have access to a good
access               n
                           person, or the right to use or look at something         education.
                           the ability of individuals or groups to move within a
                                                                                    The family moved into a better neighborhood because
social mobility      n     social hierarchy with changes in income, education,
                                                                                    they thought it would help with their social mobility.
                           occupation, etc
                                                                                    Having the right education and skills is important, but
                           to meet people who might be useful to know,
networking           n                                                              networking is becoming more important in finding a
                           especially in your job
                                                                                    job.
                           having an advantage that only one person or group        Many children of wealthy families are privileged to
privileged           adj                                                                                                                         entitled
                           of people has                                            receive an excellent education.
feasible             adj   workable                                                 Your plan is feasible as long as we can raise the funds.     possible
perpetuate           v     to keep alive or preserve in memory for a long time      He worked hard to perpetuate his father's legacy.
                           a group of events which happen in a particular
                                                                                    The life cycle of a butterfly is fascinating and
cycle                n     order, one following the other, and which are often
                                                                                    remarkable for children to observe.
                           repeated
                           too large or too small in comparison to something        All the men complained the ratio of men to women was
disproportionately   adv
                           else                                                     disproportionately unbalanced.
                           a national or racial group living in a country or area
                                                                                    California has a disproportionate number of ethnic
ethnic minority      n     which contains a larger group of people of a
                                                                                    minorities in the school system.
                           different race or nationality
Unit 24

                                                                                 The infant mortality rate in poor countries tend to be
mortality          n     the rate of death from illness or disaster
                                                                                 very high
                                                                                 The company could not keep up with the pace of the
pace               n     tempo of an activity                                                                                               speed
                                                                                 demand for their product.
millennia          n     a period of 1000 years                                  By the year 2000, there were two millennia.
                         the length of time that a living thing, especially a    The life expectancy in America has greatly increased in
life expectancy    n
                         human being, is likely to live                          the past 50 years.
                                                                                 I was surprised to find that people inhabit such places
inhabit            v     to live in an area                                                                                                 reside
                                                                                 as Siberia.
                                                                                 She made a dramatic entrance to the party; she wore a
dramatic           adj   making a big impression                                                                                            striking
                                                                                 beautiful gown with lots of jewelry.
                                                                                 The whale did not have any chances of surviving
surviving          adj   continuing to live or exist
                                                                                 because his wounds were too deep.
ensue              v     happen in sequence                                      After the terrible earthquake, a tsunami ensued.           follow
                                                                                 They decided to adopt a child because they had
fertility          n     the ability to produce offspring or new plants
                                                                                 problems with fertility.
                         the practice of looking after children until they are   After she devoted 15 years to childrearing, she decided
childrearing       n
                         old enough to look after themselves                     to pursue a career.
                                                                                 The English established several colonies around the
establish          v     to found, create                                                                                                   start
                                                                                 world.
                         to delay an event and plan or decide that it should     After postponing having children, the couple realized
postpone           v
                         happen at a later date or time                          they were now too old to have children.
                                                                                 A massive amount of information is available on the
massive            adj   huge, great                                                                                                        large
                                                                                 internet.
                                                                                 It was inevitable that you will not get into a good
inevitable         adj   definitely going to happen                                                                                         unavoidable
                                                                                 college if you don't study hard.
                                                                                 After decades of working on his invention, the scientist
decade             n     a period of 10 years
                                                                                 was finally rewarded for his hard work.
                                                                                 The prospect of her getting married was not very good;
prospect           n     a possibility of success in the future                                                                             expectation
                                                                                 she was not over 50 years old.
                         a financial plan that allows you to receive money
                                                                                 She had diligently put money into her pension plan,
pension plan       n     after you or your employer have paid money into it
                                                                                 and now she is able to enjoy the benefits.
                         for a number of years
                         the economic crisis and period of low business
                         activity in the U.S. and other countries, roughly       Her grandfather had lived through the Great
Great Depression   n
                         beginning with the stock-market crash in October,       Depression, and he hates to waste any food.
                         1929, and continuing through most of the 1930s
                                                                                 We allowed our son to start driving when he turned 16
allow              v     permit; to let                                                                                                     to give permission
                                                                                 years old.
                                                                                 Now that she was married, she eagerly looked forward
motherhood         n     the state of being a mother
                                                                                 to motherhood.
Unit 25

                                                                               We watch a lot of horror and mystery movies, but we
latter           n     the second of two people or things named
                                                                               preferred the latter.
transport        n     transportation                                          Public transport in Seoul is safe and efficient.
                                                                               The restaurant was not set up to accommodate the
accommodate      v     to give what is needed to someone                                                                                  serve
                                                                               physically disabled.
                                                                               The speaker gave a lengthy description on the mating
lengthy          adj   long in distance, time, or coverage                                                                                very long
                                                                               habits of whales.
                       the social level of people between the working class
middle class     n                                                             Korea's middle class is starting to grow.
                       and upper class
                                                                               The company's expansion program included building a
expansion        n     an enlargement                                                                                                     increase
                                                                               gym for its employees.
amenity          n     something that adds to people's comfort                 The only amenities at the hotel was its gym.
                                                                               After the senator made the comment about ethnic
backlash         n     a strong action against something                                                                                  a reaction
                                                                               minorities, there was a backlash against his campaign.
                                                                               A child's dependence on his mother gradually
dependence       n     a need for support                                                                                                 reliance
                                                                               decreases as he ages.
                                                                               The people in the village got sick from breathing in the
exhaust          n     discharge in the form of smoke or steam
                                                                               exhaust from cars passing by.
                       a slow increase of the temperature of the air around    Some scientist argue that global warming is not caused
global warming   n
                       the earth caused by pollution                           by human actions.
infringe         v     to go where someone or something doesn't belong         Our neighbor's fruit trees infringes in our yard.          to encroach
abhor            v     to hate                                                 The little girl abhors vegetables.                         to detest
                                                                               After a vacation to Thailand, the man's health was
restore          v     to renew                                                                                                           refresh
                                                                               restored.
                                                                               I do not reject his story, I just question some of the
reject           v     to refuse, not accept                                                                                              to decline
                                                                               details.
                       differences among people in race, ethnic group,
diversity        n                                                             American is known for the diversity of its people.
                       religion
                       to give up something that is valuable to you in order   You can not achieve your goals without sacrificing
sacrifice        v
                       to help another person                                  something in your life.

locale           n     a place, location for something that happens            The movie director chose a new locale for his next film.

                       any person walking on a sidewalk, across a street, or   In America, most pedestrians have the right of way; this
pedestrian       n
                       down a road                                             is not true in some other countries.
                                                                               The teacher encouraged his students to never give up
encourage        v     to give strength or hope to someone; urge                                                                          to inspire
                                                                               their dreams.
Unit 26

                       the union of egg and sperm that starts the             In vitro fertilization is a technique in which egg cells are
fertilization    n
                       development of new life                                fertilized by sperm outside the woman's womb.
series           n     a group of similar things or events                    She likes to read books that are in a series.                  a sequence
                       any of the three three-month periods that a human      The woman felt very good during her second trimester
trimester        n
                       pregnancy is divided into                              of her pregnancy.
                                                                              The fetus did not thrive because the woman did not
prenatal         adj   while a baby is in the mother's womb                                                                                  before birth
                                                                              receive adequate prenatal care.
                                                                              They were able to see the baby's distinct features
distinct         adj   easy to see                                                                                                           clear
                                                                              through the ultrasound.
                                                                              Giving advice to young teens constituted most of his
constitute       v     to make up                                                                                                            compose
                                                                              time at work.
                                                                              The team's survival in the tournament depended on
survival         n     the ability to continue to exist or live
                                                                              their defensive tactics.
cell             n     the basic unit of living things                        Our bodies are made up of many cells.
traverse         v     travel over                                            The climbers traversed over the rocky mountains.
                       one of two tubes connecting the uterus with the        The woman's difficulty getting pregnant was caused by
fallopian tube   n
                       ovaries                                                a blockage in her fallopian tube.
                                                                              The doctors had to remove the woman's uterus, and
uterus           n     female organ where a baby develops                                                                                    the womb
                                                                              she could no longer get pregnant.
                       the developed embryo in humans and other               When the couple did an ultrasound, they were able to
fetus            n
                       mammals                                                see the fetus.
                       to put an organ, group of cells, or device into the    The doctor implanted a device into the man's skin
implant          v
                       body in a medical operation                            which would help him stop smoking.
                       a pain, often muscular, esp. starting the birth of a   The doctor told her to come to the hospital when her
contraction      n                                                                                                                           spasm
                       baby                                                   contractions were 10 minutes apart.
                                                                              When the police found the children, they were badly
malnourished     adj   poorly fed                                                                                                            starved
                                                                              malnourished.
absorb           v     to soak up, take in                                    The sponge absorbed all the liquid.
                                                                              If you ingest any poison, you must call 911
ingest           v     to eat                                                                                                                swallow
                                                                              immediately.
                                                                              When they cracked open the egg, they saw the embryo
embryo           n     the early stage of growth before birth                                                                                a fertilized egg
                                                                              of the chicken inside.
                                                                              Although her daughter did not grow in her womb, she
womb             n     the part of a woman's body where a baby can grow                                                                      uterus
                                                                              loved her all the more.
dilate           v     to make larger                                         The pupils dilate in the dark.                                 widen
Unit 27

                                                                                Her doctor recommended four weeks of bed rest, but
mobile             adj   capable of going from one place to another                                                                          movable
                                                                                after one week she was quite mobile.
                         part of a baby's life just after birth and before      During infancy, it is crucial that the parents bond with
infancy            n
                         walking                                                their children.
                         the ability to perform complex muscle-and-nerve        The five year old had very good fine motor skills; she
motor skill        n
                         acts that produce movement                             used her scissors effectively.
                                                                                Even after the stroke, her 70 year old mother was very
self-reliant       n     able to take care of oneself without outside help      self-reliant; she cooked her own meals and did her own
                                                                                shopping.
                                                                                She considered becoming a doctor, but she decided
consider           v     to think about something                                                                                            to reflect
                                                                                against it because she couldn't stand blood.
                                                                                It was obvious the child was not properly disciplined;
temper tantrum     n     a violent demonstration of rage or frustration
                                                                                he threw a temper tantrum even in public.
                                                                                When children become toddlers, they start to assert
autonomy           n     independence or freedom
                                                                                their autonomy.
                                                                                The students had a disdainful attitude towards their
disdainful         v     showing no respect                                                                                                  contemptuous
                                                                                substitute teacher.
                         noting a relationship between actions or events
                                                                                Babies normally do not understand the cause-and-
cause-and-effect   adj   such that one or more are the result of the other or
                                                                                effect of their behaviors.
                         others
                                                                                She had a very inquisitive daughter; she asked at least
inquisitive        adj   asking lots of questions                                                                                            curious
                                                                                five questions to everyone she met.
                                                                                The audience bombarded the candidate with many
bombard            v     to criticize heavily
                                                                                comments about healthcare.
                                                                                The parents tried to discourage their son from joining
discourage         v     to take away one's confidence or hope                                                                               dishearten
                                                                                the army.
                                                                                It was difficult to concentrate in the library because the
concentrate        v     to think hard about something                                                                                       to focus
                                                                                people were talking too loudly.
                                                                                Out of curiosity, he called the police station to find out
curiosity          n     an eager desire to know or learn about something
                                                                                what had happened to the robber.
                                                                                The youth had very poor logic and was not able to win
logic              n     a system of reasoning                                                                                               logic
                                                                                many arguments.
                                                                                The school, the hospital and the church worked
cooperatively      adv   to act or work together for a particular purpose
                                                                                cooperatively to help the child get better.
                         having many parts or details that make something       The mother could no longer her son with his complex
complex            adj                                                                                                                       involved
                         hard to understand or deal with                        math problems.
                                                                                The police did not have any concrete evidence to arrest
concrete           adj   dealing with facts and certainties                                                                                  solid
                                                                                the criminal.
abstract           adj   related to ideas, feelings and not concrete things     Love is an abstract concept for many people.
                                                                                The school teaches the students to role-play different
                         to assume the attitudes, actions, and discourse of
role-play          n                                                            situations in order to prevent the students from
                         (another)
                                                                                getting kidnapped.
Unit 28

                                                                                When her son did not want his mother to make all his
entity            n     having its own independent existence                    decisions for him, the mother realized that he had
                                                                                become an individual entity.
                                                                                She felt very sick, but after extensive tests the doctors
psychological     adj   relating to the human mind and feelings
                                                                                realized that it was all psychological.
                        very loud, or full of confusion, change or              After growing up in a very tumultuous family
tumultuous        v                                                                                                                         agitated
                        uncertainty                                             environment, Mary decided never to get married.
                                                                                After catching 30 fish, the fisherman released them
release           v     to let something go                                                                                                 set free
                                                                                back into the ocean.
                        a chemical from body organs that stimulates activity    Teenage years can be difficult because the body is
hormone           n
                        in living systems                                       adjusting to all the hormones that are being produced.
                        a small organ at the base of the brain that regulates   Because Tom was not growing, the doctors checked his
pituitary gland   n
                        the body's growth                                       pituitary glands to see if there any problems.
                                                                                He was always short until he had a grow spurt in
spurt             n     to move out or forward with great force                                                                             gush forth
                                                                                college.
                        the organ of a woman or a female animal that            The woman could not get pregnant because she had
ovary             n
                        produces eggs                                           her ovaries removed when she was young.
                                                                                Adolescents are often confused because of their
adolescent        n     a teenager, especially ages 13-17                                                                                   teen
                                                                                emotions; they do not realize this is normal.
                                                                                During adolescents, teenagers often feel very awkward
awkward           adj   difficult to use, do, or deal with                                                                                  clumsy
                                                                                with what is going on in their bodies.

                        a person who is one's equal in age, rank, ability, or   During teenage years, the advice of their peers become
peer              n
                        other quality                                           much more important than that of the parents.

                        connected with thinking or conscious mental             Although she was 15, her cognitive skills were not fully
cognitive         adj
                        processes                                               developed, and she behaved like a five year old.
                                                                                The stroke had impaired her reasoning skills, and she
reasoning         n     ability to think logically
                                                                                was no longer able to have normal conversations.
                                                                                The couple found it difficult to have an intimate
intimate          adj   emotionally close                                       relationship because the husband was constantly
                                                                                traveling.
                                                                                Teenage girls who struggle with self-esteem often
disorder          n     a sickness or disturbance
                                                                                suffer from eating disorders.
                                                                                Her parents were not a very good role model for her,
contemplate       v     to think about something seriously                      and she seriously contemplated whether she wanted           consider
                                                                                to get married or not.
                        imagined or suggested but not necessarily real or       The two men liked to have hypothetical discussions
hypothetical      adj                                                                                                                       assumed
                        true                                                    about what the future will be like.
                                                                                After she first learned how to walk, Sarah was very
clumsy            adj   awkward in movement or manner
                                                                                clumsy and fell often.
                        to proceed with strength or speed despite problems      Despite her lack of funds and other complications, she
forge             v                                                                                                                         achieve
                        or difficulties                                         decided to forge ahead with her plans.
                                                                                By 10 months, most babies are autonomous enough
autonomous        adj   independent
                                                                                to roam around the house by themselves.
Unit 29

                                                                        Babysitting five rebellious children was a trying
trying        v     difficult                                                                                                       harrowing
                                                                        experience for the baby sitter.
                                                                        Because there were seven children in her family, she
                                                                                                                                    brother and
sibling       n     a person with the same parents as someone else      often fought with her siblings for her parent's
                                                                                                                                    sisters
                                                                        attention.
                                                                        They thought they had ample time to get to the party,
ample         adj   more than enough                                                                                                plenty
                                                                        but they didn't anticipate the accident on the highway.
                                                                        My children have a very structured day; they have a
structured    adj   organized                                                                                                       organized
                                                                        different activity each hour of the day.
blatant       adj   going against one's sense of honesty                The mother recognized her son's blatant lies.               shameless
                                                                        His rejection of his wife's culture caused them to
rejection     n     something that is not accepted                                                                                  refusal
                                                                        divorce.
                                                                        The students were caught after they altered their
alter         v     to change                                                                                                       to falsify
                                                                        grades in the school's computer system.
dozen         n     a group of 12                                       I bought a dozen donuts and ate them by myself.
                                                                        The family decided to remain in the house even after
remain        v     to stay after others are gone                                                                                   stay behind
                                                                        the death of their grandfather.
                                                                        The family was able to take a vacation because the
significant   adj   important                                                                                                       major
                                                                        father had received a significant increase in his salary.
                                                                        The child was very playful and continued to entertain
playful       adj   funny and not serious
                                                                        the adults around her.
                                                                        The daughter often accompanied her mother to the
accompany     v     to go with someone else                                                                                         to escort
                                                                        meetings.
                                                                        Parents believe that private schools offer a more
curriculum    n     the courses offered at an educational institution
                                                                        rigorous curriculum than public schools do.
                                                                        Most blackboards in the school have been replaced
blackboard    n     a flat surface to write on in classrooms                                                                        a chalkboard
                                                                        with dry erase boards.
                                                                        He had spent all of his adult life in academia because
academia      n     the world of students and teachers
                                                                        he was a history professor.
                                                                        The spontaneous nature of her son drove the mother
spontaneous   adj   not planned
                                                                        crazy; she liked everything planned.
                    to recall, remember someone or something when       The young woman recognized the tall man from the
recognize     v                                                                                                                     to notice
                    one sees or hears that person or thing              party.
frequency     n     the rate at which something happens                 The frequency of her contractions had increased.
                                                                        Protecting their young from predators is intrinsic
intrinsic     adj   belonging naturally to someone or something                                                                     inherent
                                                                        behavior for most mammals.
                                                                        Unless you delve into a subject, you really wont'
delve         v     to look deeply into                                                                                             examine
                                                                        understand it.
Unit 30

                                                                                 More than 75% of the population has some training in       post secondary
higher education   n      education after high school
                                                                                 higher education.                                          education
                                                                                 Korea has a very high literacy rate; more than 95% of
literacy           n      the ability to read and write
                                                                                 the people can read and write.
                                                                                 A comprehensive elementary education is essential for
essential          adj    central, major                                                                                                    crucial
                                                                                 students to do well in high school.
                                                                                 In order to enhance his tennis game, he started doing
enhance            v      to improve                                                                                                        add to
                                                                                 some strengthening exercises.
                                                                                 Without good work ethics, it is impossible to advance
work ethic         n      the belief that work is morally good
                                                                                 in your career.
                          the tasks, or beliefs that are most important and      Getting good grades was not his priority; getting a well
priority           n
                          require attention                                      rounded education was.
natural            adj    normal or expected                                     It is natural to get nervous before a big test.
                          a person or thing that is like another or does the     His counterpart at the hospital was a woman in her
counterpart        n
                          same type of job                                       50's.
                                                                                 If his situation does not get better, we will have to
improve            v      to cause something to get better
                                                                                 operate.
                          Learning style is an individual's unique approach to
                                                                                 The student learned best by listening to audio tapes of
learning style     n      learning based on strengths, weaknesses, and
                                                                                 books because he had an auditory learning style.
                          preferences
                          a change that results in something to suit different   The elementary students enjoyed the adaptation of
adaptation         n
                          conditions or uses                                     Romeo and Juliet; it was an animation.
                                                                                 She liked to be unique and always wore custom shoes
custom             adj    made specially for individual customers
                                                                                 made especially for her.
adept              v      skillful                                               She was adept at making everyone believe her lies.         clever
                                                                                 She had an advantage over other students because she
advantage          n      a good feature                                                                                                    benefit
                                                                                 had studied Latin in high school.
                          a particular characteristic that can produce a
trait              n                                                             Being rude is not a positive trait.
                          particular type of behavior
cater              v      to satisfy someone's special needs and desires         The parents catered to their child's every needs.
                                                                                 The parents were excessively involved in their teenage
excessively        adv    an amount which is more than acceptable                                                                           overly
                                                                                 son's school life.
                                                                                 The goal of kindergarten is to teach children
cooperation        n      act of working with someone toward a common goal                                                                  team work
                                                                                 cooperation.
                                                                                 The disadvantage of the new pay system is that it is
disadvantage       n      something that hurts or gets in the way of success     completely based on the number of hours you work           downside
                                                                                 regardless of the quality.
                                                                                 The detailed report outlined the patients history and
detailed           adj.   giving a lot of information with many details
                                                                                 treatments that were offered.
Unit 31          Parts   Definition                                               Sentence                                                 Synm

                                                                                  Imparting his love of God to his grandchildren was a
impart           v       to give information                                                                                               to bestow
                                                                                  priority for the old man.
                                                                                  She weaned herself from eating chocolates by
wean             v       to stop former habits
                                                                                  exercising whenever she had cravings.
                                                                                  Children often have a lot of respect for grown ups,
grown up         n       adults
                                                                                  whether they deserve it or not.
                                                                                  The mother gradually weaned her son off formula and
gradually        adv     slowly over a period of time or a distance                                                                        slowly
                                                                                  gave him regular cow milk.
                                                                                  The transition from adolescent to adulthood is
transition       n       a change from one condition to another
                                                                                  difficult for many people.
                                                                                  Although they lived in the same house, the father and
interact         v       to communicate with someone                                                                                       connect
                                                                                  son barely interacted with each other.
                                                                                  We extended our vacation because we really enjoyed
extend           v       to make longer in space or time
                                                                                  the beach.
                         the things that a person must have in order to have      The family did not make enough money for their basic
needs            n
                         a satisfactory life                                      needs, such as food and clothing.
                                                                                  She had a different approach for disciplining each of
approach         n       course of action, a way of handling a situation                                                                   a method
                                                                                  her children.
                                                                                  The format of the meeting was a short lecture followed
format           n       any general arrangement of something
                                                                                  by a question and answer session.
                                                                                  He wrote a primer on how to discipline rebellious
primer           n       a manual that covers the basics of a subject
                                                                                  children.
                                                                                  He tailored his speech to match the needs of the
tailored         v       to make something to specific requirements                                                                        customize
                                                                                  audience.
                                                                                  Anna received guidance from her math teacher; she is
guidance         n       advice                                                                                                            recommendation
                                                                                  now pursuing a doctorate degree in math.
                         to combine two or more things in order to become         Her education was well integrated; she was exposed to
integrate        v
                         more effective                                           international politics as well as domestic issues.
                         To subject or allow to be subjected to an action,        Children that have been exposed to different
expose           v
                         influence, or condition                                  situations tend to be more mature.
                         initiative to undertake or continue a task or activity   Being self-motivated is crucial for people who want to
self-motivated   adj
                         without another's prodding or supervision                pursue a career in medicine.
                                                                                  Her arguments for living alone were so tenuous her
tenuous          adj     weak                                                                                                              unimportant
                                                                                  parents decided against the idea.
                                                                                  In addition to his core classes, he took 2 electives:
elective         adj     not required in school or college
                                                                                  logic and debate.
                                                                                  Her aptitude for math made her a good candidate for
aptitude         n       capacity for, to be good at doing something                                                                       capability
                                                                                  the math contest.
                                                                                  His overall grade in school was not bad, although he
overall          adj     in general, considering everything                                                                                complete
                                                                                  was not doing well in science.
Unit 32

                       to get something one deserves as the result of          After studying very hard, she earned a scholarship to
earn             n                                                                                                                       to deserve
                       action or effort                                        Harvard University.
                                                                               She was a little worried about her piano because the
guarantee        v     to give a promise of satisfaction                       movers could not guarantee when it would be
                                                                               delivered.
                                                                               Tom had to quit his job because he couldn't make a
decent           adj   proper                                                                                                            correct
                                                                               decent living with his salary.
post-secondary                                                                 Many foreigners choose to complete their post-
                 adj   an education beyond high school
education                                                                      secondary education in the United States.
                       minimum hourly rate that employers must pay to          Most fast-food restaurants pay minimum wage; it is
minimum wage     n
                       workers                                                 not sufficient to support a family on.
                                                                               Many small businesses that first start out are
subsidize        v     to give money to a person, group, or business                                                                     sponsor
                                                                               subsidized by the government.
                                                                               After her father's stroke, she had the burden of
burden           n     a responsibility                                                                                                  worry
                                                                               supporting her family.
                                                                               Compared to her sister, Mary had more earning power
earning power    n     the potential to make money
                                                                               because she had a university degree.
                                                                               With its beautiful beaches and friendly people,
attract          v     to draw interest
                                                                               Thailand attracts many tourists each year.
extraordinary    adj   outstanding                                             The little boy had extraordinary musical abilities.       amazing
lot              n     one's condition in life                                 It was his lot in life to make a lot of money.            fate
fund             v     to support                                              The old man funds his grandchildren's education.          sponsor
                                                                               She took out a loan from the bank to pay for her
loan             n     a sum of money borrowed at a rate of interest
                                                                               college education.
                                                                               She found her small bread making business to be quite
lucrative        adj   producing a lot of money                                                                                          profitable
                                                                               lucrative.
                       describes sports teams at schools or colleges which     He was a member of the varsity football team at her
varsity          n
                       are at the most skilled level of play                   high school.
                                                                               The faculty at that university is known for their
faculty          n     the teaching staff at a school or college
                                                                               spectacular research.
firm             adj   definite                                                The school set firm requirements for graduation.          unyielding
attain           v     to reach or succeed in getting something                Attaining the office of president was his goal in life.   to achieve
                       study of the humanities, social and natural sciences,   She studied liberal arts in university which prepared
liberal arts     n
                       and mathematics                                         her well for her teaching career.
passion          n     strong devotion to some activity                        She has a passion for tennis; she is a natural.
Unit 33

unthinkable     adj   so bad that one cannot think about it                      It is unthinkable for me to imagine getting divorced.      beyond belief
gravity         n     a natural force pulling objects to the ground              Without gravity, we would all be floating in the air.
                                                                                 The speaker articulated the need for conserving energy
articulate      v     express something in clear and effective language                                                                     express
                                                                                 in his speech.
                                                                                 After being inspired by the movie, Mary made leaps in
leap            n     increase or improvement                                                                                               big change
                                                                                 her studies; she received all A's on her report card.
                      someone or something that makes a person work              The inspiration for the movie came from living with the
inspiration     n                                                                                                                           motivation
                      hard or be creative                                        old woman and her dog.
novel           adj   new and different                                          She had novel ways of solving problems.                    unusual
                                                                                 She skiing ability had improved significantly that she
slope           n     a surface at an angle
                                                                                 no longer skied down the same slopes.
                      to state something as being true, especially when          She claimed she graduated from Harvard University,
claim           v                                                                                                                           allege
                      there is some doubt                                        but no one believed her.
                                                                                 The scientist presented a flawed argument during his
flawed          adj   faulty                                                                                                                defective
                                                                                 lecture.
                      a fact, event, or image that strikes one's attention       A man eating fire was a phenomenon that he had not
phenomenon      n                                                                                                                           wonder
                      and attracts interest                                      seen before.
                                                                                 The formulation of a new education policy took
formulation     n     careful preparation
                                                                                 months to prepare.
shroud          v     to make difficult to see                                   The car was shrouded by tree branches.                     hide
                                                                                 The new car model was touted for its sleek design, but
acceleration    n     when something goes faster
                                                                                 it had poor acceleration.
                                                                                 The couple could never agree; the wife always
contradict      v     to tell someone what he or she says isn't true                                                                        to dispute
                                                                                 contradicted her husband.
                      to give a possible but not yet proved explanation for      Everyone hypothesized about how the accident
hypothesize     v
                      something                                                  happened.
                                                                                 How will the human body, without the protection of a
vacuum          n     a totally empty and airless space
                                                                                 spacesuit, respond to the vacuum of outer space?
                                                                                 There was a twist to the ending of the story; everyone
twist           n     a change in the way in which something happens             thought she was going to marry the prince, but she
                                                                                 didn't.
                                                                                 The change to the script was so minute, everyone
minute          adj   very small                                                                                                            tiny
                                                                                 disregarded it.
                      any object existing in space, especially a planet, star,
heavenly body   n                                                                The sun is a heavenly body that we can all see and feel.
                      or the moon
                                                                                 On their trip to Asia, they had discovered many exotic
exotic          adj   unusual and attractive
                                                                                 fruits and vegetables.
Unit 34

                                                                                The little children were fascinated by the clown and his
fascinate       v     extremely interested                                                                                                  captivated
                                                                                magic tricks.
                      a likelihood to behave in a particular way or to like a
tendency        n                                                               She has a tendency of leaving her clothes everywhere.
                      particular thing
heaven          n     the sky                                                   Thousands of balloons fell from the heavens.
                                                                                The steady snowfall pleased the children because they
steady          adj   without interruption                                                                                                  continuous
                                                                                could soon make a snowman.
                      the understanding of something from thinking              It is common sense that the man should pay for the
common sense    n                                                                                                                           good judgment
                      intelligently and from everyday experience                meal on a first date.
                                                                                The winning team will dictate what the losing team
dictate         v     say what someone must do                                                                                              command
                                                                                must do.
                      a model or concept used as a standard by which            The older generation had to have a paradigm shift in
paradigm        n
                      people evaluate, understand, and often act                order to understand the younger generation.
motionless      adj   without moving                                            The soldiers stood motionless for several hours.
entire          adj   complete                                                  The entire building caught on fire.                         whole
orbit           v     to move in an orbit                                       All the planets orbit the sun.
                                                                                Heliocentrism is the theory that the sun is at the center
heliocentrism   n     having or representing the sun as a center
                                                                                of the Universe.
revival         n     a reawakening                                             The religious revival swept the entire nation.              rebirth
                      describes something that has been in use, or
                                                                                In recent years, there has been a decline in the
venerable       adj   someone who has been involved in something, for a                                                                     respected
                                                                                venerable tradition of Easter egg hunting.
                      long time
                                                                                The new student was treated with such ridicule by her
                      unkind words or actions that make someone or
ridicule        n                                                               peers that her parents decided to send her to another
                      something look stupid or worthless
                                                                                school.
                                                                                She was bent on finishing her degree, no matter how
bent on         adj   set on doing something                                                                                                determined
                                                                                long it took.
                      having strict or high standards for behavior or           Students must finish a rigorous program in order to
rigorous        adj                                                                                                                         harsh
                      action                                                    become a doctor.
                                                                                You need to follow the precise measurements of the
precise         adj   accurate                                                                                                              exact
                                                                                recipe if you want your cake to turn out o.k.
                                                                                She labored over creating the perfect wedding dress for
labor           v     to work
                                                                                her daughter.
                      to bring together people or ideas that were               Before the group could move forward, they had to first
reconcile       v                                                                                                                           to harmonize
                      separated                                                 reconcile their differences.
                                                                                The weather man's predictions about the weather is
prediction      n     a statement about what will happen in the future                                                                      forecast
                                                                                almost always incorrect.
Unit 35


humble         adj   modest                                                  The president's humble beginnings surprised everyone.          unassuming

                                                                                                                                            the
beginning      n     a start                                                 At the beginning of the play, the actor broke his leg.
                                                                                                                                            commencement
                     happening or done too soon, especially before the       The baby was born prematurely and had to be placed
prematurely    adv
                     natural or desired time                                 in an incubator for six weeks.
                                                                             His contributions to the arts was significant; he had
contribution   n     positive or helpful participation
                                                                             created five art museums.
                     a child that is advanced in intelligence or             He had a precocious child that played the piano
precocious     adj
                     development                                             beautifully at the age of three.
stun           v     to surprise                                             The news of your retirement stunned me.                        to shock
                                                                             Her artistic abilities are quite impressive; it is difficult
impressive     adj   causing admiration                                                                                                     striking
                                                                             to imagine she painted everything with her feet.
                                                                             Tom made implications that the CEO had lied on his
implication    n     an indirect suggestion
                                                                             resume.
                                                                             Optics is a branch of physics that describes the
optics         n     of or belonging to the eye
                                                                             behavior and properties of light.
force          n     a source or instrument of power or energy               The forces of the wind knocked over ten trees.
                                                                             Due to the lack of staff, the science education program
indefinitely   adv   without clear limits                                                                                                   not exact
                                                                             has been stopped indefinitely.
                     resistance that results when two surfaces are           When you rub two stones together, the friction causes
friction       n                                                                                                                            abrasion
                     rubbed together                                         a spark which can start a fire.
                                                                             Although the plastic box was bigger than the book, the
mass           n     the amount of matter of an object
                                                                             book had a greater mass.
                     a game played by two people on a table covered in
                     green cloth in which a long pole is used to hit balls   The mother was worried when her son just wanted to
billiards      n
                     against each other and into pockets around the          play billiards rather than study.
                     table
                                                                             The rich young man learned to get his way by exerting
exert          v     to act with power, force, influence
                                                                             his power and influence.
                                                                             The orphans only had a miniscule piece of toast to eat
miniscule      adj   extremely small                                                                                                        tiny
                                                                             each morning.
                                                                             The cost of getting the car fixed is negligible compared
negligible     adj   small, not important
                                                                             to what could have happened.
                                                                             The eye witness elaborated on the details of the
elaborate      v     to give more detail                                                                                                    to expand
                                                                             accident.
                                                                             Mary had exquisite tastes and had her house
elegant        adj   stylish in appearance, graceful, refined                                                                               tasteful
                                                                             decorated with elegant furniture.
tool           n     something that helps you to do a particular activity    The calculator is a useful tool for all math students.
Unit 36

wield           v     to use, exercise                                           He wields great power as the principal of the school.       exert
                                                                                 He was very diligent and was able to carve out a career
carve           v     to make or create for oneself
                                                                                 in real estate.
murky           adj   unclear and dark                                           Due to the oil spill, the river had turned very murky.
                                                                                 The senior citizen lost her equilibrium and fell down
equilibrium     n     one's sense of balance
                                                                                 the stairs.
                                                                                 Communications has evolved over the years, and now
evolve          v     to develop                                                 you can communicate with virtually anyone in the            change
                                                                                 world instantly.
                                                                                 If we posit that increasing homework will increase
                      to suggest something as a basic fact or principle
posit           v                                                                students' grades, it follows that students should
                      from which a further idea is formed or developed
                                                                                 spend more time studying than playing.
                                                                                 We had saved over two years for our vacation, and we
aptly           adv   suitable or right for a particular situation                                                                           appropriately
                                                                                 stayed at a resort aptly named "Pamper Yourself."
bit             n     a small amount of something                                There was a bit of crumb on the pastor's tie.
                                                                                 There was a shift in public opinion towards the female
shift           n     to form into a legal corporation                                                                                       movement
                                                                                 candidate.
                                                                                  A revolt will arise if the government does not find ways
arise           v     to occur                                                                                                               to happen
                                                                                 to feed its people.
                                                                                 The father often disappears for several hours a day; he
disappear       v     to go out of sight                                                                                                     vanish
                                                                                 needs to be alone.
                                                                                 She didn't realize that she would be able to achieve
achieve         v     to reach, gain                                                                                                         accomplish
                                                                                 everything that she had.
                                                                                 When her husband ran off with their savings, she had
practically     adv   nearly, almost                                                                                                         virtually
                                                                                 virtually lost all the money that she had saved.
evolution       n     the development of living things                           The evolution of the computer happened very rapidly.        progress
halt            n     an end                                                     The parade came to a halt when it started raining hard.     a stop
                      the chief foundation on which something is                 The cornerstone of the Christian religion is that Jesus
cornerstone     n                                                                                                                            foundation
                      constructed or developed                                   Christ died on the cross to pay for people's sins.
                                                                                 During the time of Hitler, the Jews lived in perpetual
perpetual       adj   continuing forever                                                                                                     constant
                                                                                 fear of being captured.
                      all the living things in an area and the way they affect   The major oil spill will have a great impact on the
ecosystem       n
                      each other and the environment                             surrounding ecosystems.
                      someone who studies the processes that cause               The meteorologist forecasted five days of severe
meteorologist   n
                      particular weather conditions                              thunderstorms.
pattern         n     an example or model to be followed                         All scientific research must follow certain patterns.
Unit 37

                                                                                   The mother was careful to only purchase the items
limited              adj   restricted in extent or amount                                                                                      inadequate
                                                                                   they needed because they lived on a limited income.
                           to move slowly, especially as a result of outside       When we are studying a difficult subject, our minds
drift                v                                                                                                                         wander
                           forces, with no control over direction                  often drift from one thought to another.
                                                                                   Most people are familiar with the bible and its
familiar             adj   knowing about, acquainted
                                                                                   teaching.
amber                n     a hard, clear substance of yellow                       The jewels on her dress were made from amber.
                           bit of light caused by hard surfaces scraping
spark                n                                                             Rubbing two sticks together will create sparks.             hot flash
                           together or from fire
                           an electrical charge which collects on the surface of
static electricity   adj   objects made from some types of material when           Static electricity is what makes your hair stand on end.
                           they are rubbed
                           the act, result, or place of pushing past something     After months of testing, the doctors had a
breakthrough         n                                                                                                                         progress
                           that blocks one's way                                   breakthrough in what was causing the seizures.
                                                                                   The campers built a primitive shelter to protect
primitive            adj   simple                                                                                                              basic
                                                                                   themselves from the snowstorm.
                           the points at which a current enters or leaves an       The doctors placed electrodes on the patients arms to
electrode            n
                           electrical device                                       measure his heartbeat.
                                                                                   From the outside, the house looks worn down, but the
interior             n     the inside of something
                                                                                   interior is very nice.
                                                                                   On the basis of his research, he argued that children
basis                n     the main reason for something                                                                                       foundation
                                                                                   should sleep 12 hours a day.
                                                                                   She gave her daughter's report a cursory look and then
cursory              adj   quick, without paying attention                                                                                     superficial
                                                                                   started cooking.
infancy              n     early time                                              From it's infancy, the restaurant never served alcohol.     beginning
                                                                                   There is a great deal of interest in harnessing wind as a
harness              v     capture the power of something
                                                                                   new source of energy.
                                                                                   He devotes all his spare time in teaching English to
devote               v     to give                                                                                                             dedicate
                                                                                   children in orphanages.
                                                                                   The idea for the new recreation center was hatched
hatch                v     to conceive an idea                                                                                                 to create
                                                                                   while the men played basketball.
                           a name used by an author in place of his or her real
pen name             n                                                             Mark Twain was the pen name of Samuel Clemens.
                           name
                                                                                   After months of interviewing, James secured a job with
secure               v     to obtain
                                                                                   a fortune 500 company.
                                                                                   He was the mouthpiece for the president of the United
mouthpiece           n     a spokesperson                                                                                                      representative
                                                                                   States.
                                                                                   He wanted to live simply; his crude furniture reflected
crude                adj   rough, unfinished                                                                                                   simple
                                                                                   this.
Unit 38

                           electric current is the flow (movement) of electric     The electric shock a person experiences depends on
electrical current   n
                           charge                                                  the electric current which passes through the body.
                                                                                   If you put something into the outlet, you will get a jolt
jolt                 n     a sudden shock of electricity
                                                                                   of electricity.
                                                                                   Sam was the ideal candidate for the job because of his
ideal                n     the highest standard                                                                                                model
                                                                                   bilingual skills.
disc                 n     a thin flat circular plate                              Compact discs have replaced cassette tapes.
                                                                                   The answer to the missing link in the research came
link                 n     a relationship                                                                                                      connection
                                                                                   from a five year old boy.
                                                                                   As he entered the building, he noted the elegant
note                 v     pay attention to                                                                                                    to observe
                                                                                   furniture.
                                                                                   If you have a compass, you will always know which
compass              n     a device to determine direction
                                                                                   direction is north.
                                                                                   Doctors had to make the crucial decision of which life
crucial              adj   extremely important                                                                                                 critical
                                                                                   to save: the mother or the child.
coil                 n     something wrapped in a circle or spiral                 A coil of wire lay on the women's front yard.
                                                                                   The boy was such an excellent piano player, he was a
marvel               n     a wonder                                                                                                            amazement
                                                                                   marvel to his teacher.
                                                                                   The parents were worried because they didn't have all
forthcoming          adj   arriving in the future                                  the information, but the school promised the details
                                                                                   of the trip would be forthcoming.
                                                                                   The Roman Empire is a civilization spanning several
span                 v     to exist or continue for a particular length of time                                                                extend
                                                                                   hundred years.
                                                                                   After being at a standstill for several months, the
momentum             n     the speed at which something moves                      project gained momentum when a new director was
                                                                                   assigned.
                                                                                   The tournament climaxed with the championship game
climax               v     to reach the most exciting moment
                                                                                   being broadcast all over the nation.
various              adj   assorted, diverse                                       Various newspapers reported the crime differently.          different
                                                                                   When he saw the couple walking out of the hospital
surmise              v     to make a reasonable guess                                                                                          assume
                                                                                   arm in arm, he surmised they had received good news.
                           energy from the sun that is converted into thermal      The solar powered calculator was very inconvenient to
solar power          n
                           or electrical energy                                    use during the blackout.
                                                                                   The mother went into a state of frenzy when she found
frenzy               n     a state of panic, causing a wild display of emotion                                                                 hysteria
                                                                                   our her son had been in an accident.
                           a machine that converts one form of energy into         After the blackout, the restaurant its service by using a
generator            n
                           another                                                 backup generator.
                           a round, metal bar that turns, giving power in a long   The shaft of the golf club connects the grip to the
shaft                n
                           section of machinery                                    head.
Unit 39

adorn          v     to make beautiful                                          Her house was adorned with Christmas decorations.          to decorate
gigantic       adj   very large                                                 Dinosaurs are gigantic creatures that lived long ago.      huge
                                                                                The mayor made a recent visit to the sick children in
recent         adj   in the past, but not very long ago
                                                                                the hospital.
                     practice of figuring out a correct course for a ship or
navigation     n                                                                Navigation of a ship requires expertise and skills.
                     airplane
enormous       adj   extremely big                                              The stadium was enormous; it can seat 90,000 people.       gigantic
                                                                                We are definitively optimistic about the upcoming
definitively   adv   not able to be questioned or improved                                                                                 final
                                                                                surgery.
                                                                                It is important to have a basic understanding of math
application    n     a use in something
                                                                                because it has applications in science.
                                                                                This spray repels the mosquitoes and prevents them
repel          v     to make someone or something go away                                                                                  to repulse
                                                                                from biting you.
activate       v     to put in motion                                           The button activated the big machine.                      to start
fashion        v     to design and make                                         He fashioned a shelter out of a few pieces of wood.
                                                                                They deactivated the cell phone because their son was
deactivate     v     to take out of active service
                                                                                making too many international calls.
devise         v     to invent                                                  She was always devising ways of getting rich quick.
                                                                                The honeymoon was not what she had been
envision       v     to have in mind                                                                                                       foresee
                                                                                envisioning.
                                                                                Toothbrushes should be replaced every three months;
filament       n     a thin thread or fiber of natural or artificial material
                                                                                this is how long it takes the filaments to get worn.
curl           v     wrap around something                                      The baby curled his hands around his mother's finger.
                                                                                The engineering project took longer than expected
                     someone who is not trained in or does not have a
layperson      n                                                                because there were more layperson than professionals
                     detailed knowledge of a particular subject
                                                                                working on the project.
                                                                                It is impossible to count all the stars in the sky; they
innumerable    adj   very many                                                                                                             countless
                                                                                are innumerable.
                                                                                The children ran and ran in circular motion for 30
circular       adj   having a round shape or design
                                                                                minutes.
                                                                                It was difficult to align the pictures with each other
align          v     place one or more objects in line with another
                                                                                because the wall was circular.
                                                                                After months of debating, he finally decided to
propose        v     to suggest                                                                                                            recommend
                                                                                propose to his girlfriend of 15 years.
Unit 40

                         an object that is made by a person, such as a tool or
                                                                                   The museum contained many artifacts from the Han
artifact           n     a decoration, especially one that is of historical
                                                                                   Dynasty.
                         interest
                                                                                   The topic Mary brought up had no relevance to our
relevance          n     a close relationship to something else                                                                                appropriateness
                                                                                   discussion.
                                                                                   The famous scientist was an unassuming person with a
unassuming         adj   quiet, modest                                                                                                         unpretentious
                                                                                   quiet personality.
                                                                                   The other team had a decisive victory by beating us 35
decisive           adj   showing a clear result                                                                                                definitive
                                                                                   to 2.
isolated           adj   to separate from others                                   The family lived in an isolated farm outside of town.
                                                                                   Ever since he was a youth, he showed a proclivity
proclivity         n     natural or habitual inclination or tendency                                                                           disposition
                                                                                   towards fighting.
                         not knowing what to do or believe, or not able to         There was a lot of uncertainty surrounding the
uncertainty        n
                         decide about something                                    disappearance of the princess.
                         describes countries or groups of people that are at
                                                                                   After 10 years of fighting, the warring countries came
warring            adj   war with each other or who are arguing fiercely with
                                                                                   to a resolution.
                         each other
                                                                                   The origins of this artifact is unknown, but most
origin             n     the location of where something begins or began
                                                                                   believe it is from Asia.
                         impossible to doubt because of being obviously            No one could deny that Ann was his daughter because
incontrovertible   adj
                         true                                                      of the incontrovertible DNA evidence.
                         the width of a circle, measured by a straight line
diameter           n                                                               She drew a circle with a diameter of 15 inches.
                         through its center from side to side
                                                                                   The audience was amazed at the boy's mind which
scintillate        v     to sparkle; flash                                                                                                     shine
                                                                                   scintillated with imagination.
                                                                                   Joe almost fell off the cliff; he had ventured too far to
venture            v     to act with some risk of harm or money
                                                                                   the edge off the cliff.
                                                                                   Tom dreamed of leaving his house because he could
argue              v     to fight with words                                                                                                   quarrel
                                                                                   not stand the fact that his parents argued all the time.
                         talk that comes from what other people say and not
rumor              n                                                               Rumors of the affair destroyed the children's lives.        gossip
                         from true information or personal knowledge
stroke             v     to pass the hand lightly over something                   The little boy liked his mother to stroke his back.         caress
                         a piece of cork, plastic or rubber, which is put into
                                                                                   They couldn't drink the wine because no one could get
cork               n     the top of a bottle, especially a wine bottle, to close
                                                                                   the cork out of the bottle.
                         it
                                                                                   Before they could put up the tents, they had to drive
drive              v     to cause forcefully                                                                                                   to push
                                                                                   the stakes into the ground.
rotate             v     to move around some especially in a circle                It takes the Earth one year to rotate around the Sun.
                                                                                   Everyone had to get out of the boat because of the
afloat             adj   on or above the water
                                                                                   leak, and it could no longer stay afloat.
Unit 41         Parts   Definition                                              Sentence                                                    Synm

                        a general idea that usually includes other related      Multiplication was a difficult concept for the second
concept         n
                        ideas                                                   graders.
                        the use of symbols to represent meaning in              Religious symbolism was depicted throughout the
symbolism       n
                        literature and the arts                                 building.
                                                                                Air conditioners are indispensable in Texas, where
indispensable   adj     necessary                                                                                                           essential
                                                                                summer temperatures can reach over a 100 degrees.
                                                                                Although she wanted a change in her life, she was
ambivalent      adj     uncertain                                                                                                           ambiguous
                                                                                ambivalent about moving to China.
                        to be unable to decide which of two opinions about
                                                                                The presidential candidate has been accused of
straddle        v       a subject is better and so partly support both
                                                                                straddling the issue many times.
                        opinions
                                                                                The high school students lay the groundwork for the
                        work that is done as a preparation for work that will
groundwork      n                                                               exchange program that was to take place the following       foundation
                        be done later
                                                                                year.
                                                                                The FBI made an inquiry regarding his past
inquiry         n       a question, query                                                                                                   an investigation
                                                                                employment.
                        to confuse and greatly surprise someone, so that        The patient confounded his doctors by being able to
confound        v
                        they are unable to explain or deal with a situation     walk despite his broken leg.
branch          n       a part of something larger                              Botany is a branch of biology that deals with plant life.
                                                                                The internet is a power means to diffuse public
diffuse         v       to cause something to spread in many directions                                                                     scattered
                                                                                opinion.
scatter         v       to make something go in all directions                  His homework was scattered all over his room.               diffuse
                                                                                The bird saw his reflection in the water for the first
reflection      n       an image created by reflected light
                                                                                time and was frightened by it.
                        A systematic, usually extensive written discourse on    Legal treatises are books that provide an in-depth
treatise        n
                        a subject                                               overview of a particular legal subject.
droplet         n       a small drop                                            I felt droplets of rain on my head.
                        a large number of unpleasant events of the same         There has been a rash of robberies in our
rash            n
                        type                                                    neighborhood in the past few weeks.
posterior       n/adj   positioned at or towards the back, or later in time     The back side of a person is his posterior.
                        to pretend to be or to do something, especially in a    He purports the tape recording is a conversation
purport         v
                        way that is not easy to believe                         between the king and his mother.
                        to show or see how one thing relates meaningfully
correlate       v                                                               Studying hard usually correlates with better grades.        equate
                        to another
                                                                                She has had two failed marriages, and she is hoping
failed          adj     having not succeeded
                                                                                that this marriage will last.
                                                                                The diamond ring refracted the light into a rainbow of
refract         v       To deflect from a straight path by refraction
                                                                                beautiful colors.
Unit 42

                                                                        The collective opinion of the group was that they were
collective    adj   of a group
                                                                        in favor of lowering taxes.
                                                                        They were amazed at how simply she was able to
simply        adv   without any difficulty                                                                                       easily
                                                                        maneuver the obstacles.
                                                                        The company created a new toy they hoped would
create        v     to make something in a special way                                                                           invent
                                                                        increase their profits.
                                                                        The children never felt comfortable because they
alternate     v     to move or switch back and forth
                                                                        alternated between their mother and father's homes.
                                                                        The company is discrete from all the others which are
discrete      adj   having a distinct identity or existence                                                                      separate
                                                                        all foreign owned.
                                                                        Germs are microscopic and is not visible to the naked
microscopic   adj   only with a microscope                                                                                       very small
                                                                        eye.
                                                                        The father always made deceptive promises to his
deceptive     adj   causing someone to believe what is not true                                                                  misleading
                                                                        children.
                                                                        There was a new twist to the murder case; the husband
twist         n     an unusual development
                                                                        was found guilty.
particle      n     a very small piece of something                     There was particles of saw dust all over the house.      a speck
wave          n     an electronic, light, or sound movement of energy   Microwaves can be very dangerous to humans.
parallel      adj   running side by side at an equal distance apart     Railroad tracks are parallel to each other.
slit          v     to make a narrow cut                                She slit her wrist with the knife accidentally.
                    pointing straight up or at an angle of 90° to a     The husband preferred vertical blinds, but the wife
vertical      adj                                                                                                                upright
                    horizontal surface or line                          thought they made the house look smaller.
                                                                        She looked very happy, and it was apparent that she
apparent      adj   obvious                                                                                                      clear
                                                                        was in love with her husband.
                    words or objects that support the truth of          The judge dismissed the case because there was no
evidence      n                                                                                                                  proof
                    something                                           evidence to tie her to the crime.
                                                                        There was a catch to the marriage; she was required to
catch         n     a hidden difficulty or unpleasant requirement
                                                                        live with his parents for five years.
                                                                        The kettle emitted steam and a whistling sound when
emit          v     to send out                                                                                                  transmit
                                                                        the water was boiled.
                                                                        A quantum of energy is so small that it can no longer
quantum       n     the smallest unit or amount of energy
                                                                        be broken down.
electron      n     a part of the atom with a negative charge           Electrons are outside of the nucleus of an atom.
                                                                        Photons are always in motion and, in a vacuum, have a
photon        n     a single unit of light
                                                                        constant speed of light.
Unit 43

largely          adv   to a great degree                                      She is largely responsible for her son's success.            mostly
                                                                              The scientists decided to abandon their project after
horrific         adj   terrifying                                             they witnessed the horrific results of the lab
                                                                              experiment.
                                                                              After living his life chasing after wealth, he came to the
realization      n     belief that something is true                                                                                       understanding
                                                                              realization that money does not buy happiness.
                                                                              The tsunami was a cataclysmic event that destroyed
cataclysmic      adj   relating to a violent event                                                                                         catastrophic
                                                                              most of the island.
                       describes a rate of increase which becomes quicker
                                                                              The treatment became ineffective because the cancer
exponentially    adv   and quicker as the thing that increases becomes
                                                                              cells were growing exponentially.
                       larger
                                                                              In the past, people from Asia were commonly referred
commonly         adv   usually                                                                                                             generally
                                                                              to as 'Orientals.'
                       the quality that some atoms have of producing          Radioactivity occurs because some atoms are not
radioactivity    n
                       energy                                                 stable.
                                                                              The mother did not allow her children to drink
artificially     adv   made by people                                                                                                      man made
                                                                              anything artificially sweetened.
                                                                              Students from wealthier families do relatively better
relatively       adv   in a relative manner
                                                                              than students from low income families.
                                                                              Besides sports, the husband considered all other
trivial          adj   unimportant                                                                                                         inconsequential
                                                                              topics trivial.
dismay           v     to shock and discourage                                The loss of their grandmother dismayed the children.         to dishearten
                                                                              When the students protested the new homework
                       a series of events in which one event causes the
chain reaction   n                                                            policy, it created a chain reaction of events in which
                       next
                                                                              the police got involved.
                                                                              His new invention could potentially save millions of
potentially      adv   possibly
                                                                              lives.
                                                                              His anger towards women stemmed from his
stem             v     to come from                                                                                                        originate from
                                                                              relationship with his mother.
                                                                              Critical mass occurs when there is sufficient
                       an amount necessary or sufficient to have a
critical mass    n                                                            momentum and that momentum becomes self-
                       significant effect or to achieve a result
                                                                              sustaining and fuels further growth.
                                                                              The fight which started out in the morning had petered
peter out        v     to gradually stop or disappear
                                                                              out by the evening.
                       information, ideas, opinions or images, often only
                                                                              TV sets in North Korea are tuned to government
                       giving one part of an argument, which are broadcast,
propaganda       n                                                            stations that pump out a steady stream of
                       published or in some other way spread with the
                                                                              propaganda.
                       intention of influencing people's opinions
                                                                              The bully instigated a fight against the first grade
instigate        v     to make something happen                                                                                            to incite
                                                                              students.
                                                                              His experience in traveling to different countries has
massively        adv   large in scale, amount, or degree                                                                                   hugely
                                                                              been massively beneficial to his job as an ambassador.
                                                                              Her treatment of her pets was abominable; her
abominable       adj   very bad or unpleasant                                                                                              hateful
                                                                              neighbors finally called the humane society.
Unit 44

                                                                              Nuclear fission resulted in the development of atomic
                        the splitting of the nucleus of an atom, which
nuclear fission   n                                                           bombs which were dropped in Hiroshima and
                        results in the release of a large amount of energy
                                                                              Nagasaki.
                                                                              The neutron and proton make up the nucleus of an
neutron           n     a part of an atom that has no electrical charge
                                                                              atom.
                        someone who is not a member of the military or        After serving in the military for 25 years, he was a
civilian          n                                                                                                                      an ordinary citizen
                        police forces                                         civilian again.
                        any physical substance, such as rock, wood, glass,    Many kitchen utensils are now made from plastic
material          n
                        plastic, etc                                          material.
                        a machine that produces power by turning blades
                                                                              A turbine is a rotary engine that extracts energy from a
turbine           n     with steam, water, or gas, especially to create
                                                                              fluid flow.
                        electricity
                                                                              The donations from the church far exceeds what they
exceed            v     to be more than
                                                                              were hoping for.
                        the level or point at which you start to experience
threshold         n                                                           I have a high threshold for pain.
                        something, or at which something starts to happen
                        to spoil the purity of something or make it           After the oil spill, the lake had to be checked for
contamination     n                                                                                                                      corruption
                        poisonous                                             contamination.
                                                                              The bride had the misconception that the wedding was
misconception     n     misunderstanding
                                                                              going to be paid by the groom's family.
                                                                              The son's spending was uncontrolled, and he had to
uncontrolled      v     not controlled                                                                                                   unchecked
                                                                              file for bankruptcy.
                                                                              Earthquakes, tsunamis and typhoons are considered
disaster          n     a sudden great act of destruction and loss                                                                       a catastrophe
                                                                              natural disasters.
                                                                              My perception of the meeting was very different than
perception        n     the way a person sees something
                                                                              yours.
                                                                              The mother's supply of milk was inadequate, so the
inadequate        adj   not enough                                                                                                       insufficient
                                                                              doctors recommended supplementing with formula.
                                                                              The death of their son was a tragedy that affected the
tragedy           n     a sad event                                                                                                      a disaster
                                                                              entire neighborhood.
                                                                              The apartment complex had a nice recreational facility
facility          n     the physical area
                                                                              including a weight room and indoor swimming pools.
                                                                              Harold was never able to get married because of his
inability         n     lack of power or capacity to do something                                                                        incapability
                                                                              inability to commit to a relationship.
                        the melting down of uranium rods and safety walls,    The reactor lost its coolant causing a nuclear
meltdown          n
                        releasing nuclear radiation                           meltdown.
                                                                              Scientific advances is what enabled the doctors to find
advance           n     an improvement                                                                                                   a breakthrough
                                                                              a cure for their mother's illness.
                                                                              One of his difficulties in school was that he lacked
concentration     n     total attention to something
                                                                              concentration.
                                                                              Household waste placed in large containers is picked
waste             n     things that are not wanted and get thrown away                                                                   garbage
                                                                              up by garbage collectors each week.
Unit 45

                            the Sun, Earth, eight other planets, moons, comets,       The solar system fascinates even the youngest of
solar system          n
                            that move around the sun                                  children.
                                                                                      Fortune tellers say they can predict the future, but they
predict               v     to say what will happen in the future                                                                                 to foretell
                                                                                      usually not right.
                                                                                      In science when something accretes, it gradually
accrete               v     to grow together                                                                                                      adhere
                                                                                      increases by steady addition of smaller parts.
                                                                                      He had to condense his speech because the audience
condense              v     to reduce something                                                                                                   to shorten
                                                                                      was losing interest.
                            the simplest unit of a chemical substance, usually a      Two hydrogen atoms and one oxygen atom make up
molecule              n
                            group of two or more atoms                                one water molecule.
                                                                                      The water in the swimming solidified into ice because
solidify              v     to make hard
                                                                                      the weather was so cold.
                                                                                      For years, I kept a notebook with ideas for birthing new
birth                 v     to cause or produce something
                                                                                      inventions.
                                                                                      The woman was obsessed about her house being clean
speck                 n     a tiny piece
                                                                                      and would not even tolerate a speck of dust.
spew                  v     to come out or push out with force                        Lava spewed out of the volcano.
                                                                                      Her lack of confidence inhibited her from getting a
inhibit               v     to make an action or behavior difficult
                                                                                      better job.
                            a real or imagined line that marks the edge or limit of
boundary              n                                                               The city boundaries are marked by the railroad tracks.      limit
                            something
                            any of thousands of usu. irregularly shaped               Ceres was the first asteroid that was discovered; it is
asteroid              n
                            heavenly bodies                                           also the largest.
                                                                                      Traveling on the vast ocean reminded him of the trip he
vast                  adj   wide in area                                                                                                          immense
                                                                                      had taken as a child.
debris                n     remains of something                                      There was a lot of debris near the construction site.       refuse
                                                                                      The mother gave her son strict orders to be home by
strict                adj   expecting rules to be followed                                                                                        stern
                                                                                      midnight.
                                                                                      After the detection of a mole in his arm, the man
detection             n     a discovery
                                                                                      became worried that it might be cancer.
                            a rotating disk of dense gas surrounding a young
protoplanetary disk   n                                                               Protoplanetary discs are rather cool.
                            newly formed star
                            any early stage in the formation of a star when an
                                                                                      A protostar is surrounded by a dense cocoon of gas
protostar             n     interstellar cloud of gas and dust starts to collapse
                                                                                      and dust that blocks visible light.
                            but before nuclear synthesis has begun at its core
                                                                                      You have to rotate the handle 90 degrees in order to
rotate                v     turn in a circle, especially around a fixed point
                                                                                      open the door.
                            an area around a magnet or something magnetic, in         Earth's magnetic field is approximately a magnetic
magnetic field        n     which its power to attract objects to itself can be       dipole, with one pole near the north pole and the other
                            felt                                                      near the south pole.
Unit 46

                                                                                She derives pleasure from watching her grandchildren
derive            v     to obtain                                                                                                        to get
                                                                                play.
                        fast-moving heavenly body with a solid head
                                                                                Halley's Comet may have first been seen as far back as
comet             n     surrounded by a glowing cloud of gases that circles
                                                                                240 B.C.
                        the sun
theorize          v     to form or propose a theory                             Albert Einstein first theorized about relativity.
                        a person who is very interested in and involved with    He collected stamps from all over the world. He was a
enthusiast        n
                        a particular subject or activity                        stamp colleting enthusiast.
                                                                                The plastic toys had melted in the sun and had
clump             v     group together in a clump
                                                                                clumped together.
                        the lights that appear at night in the sky of the far
Northern Lights   n                                                             We saw the Northern Lights during our trip to Canada.
                        north
                                                                                She made several attempts to get in touch with her but
attempt           n     endeavor                                                                                                         effort
                                                                                was unsuccessful.
                                                                                Her students were not able to perceive the message
perceive          v     to understand                                                                                                    comprehend
                                                                                she was trying to convey.
unravel           v     to understand in a slow, painstaking way                The case started to unravel when they found the car.     to solve
interval          n     a time period between events                            She and her husband go on dates in regular intervals.
rampant           adj   uncontrollable and widespread                           Looting was rampant after the fire.
                                                                                The teacher had a speculation that her students were
                        guess possible answers to a question when you do
speculation       n                                                             somehow cheating on their tests, but she had now way     guess
                        not have enough information to be certain
                                                                                of proving it.
                        the forming of an opinion or conclusion without         She conjectured as to why the student always wore the
conjecture        v                                                                                                                      speculation
                        having enough evidence                                  same clothes.
                                                                                The victim contended that the two young boys were
contend           v     to state formally that something is true                                                                         to assert
                                                                                guilty.
                                                                                He obstinately presented his point even though no
obstinately       adv   unreasonably determined                                                                                          unbending
                                                                                one agreed with him.
                                                                                With the discovery of penicillin, many lives have been
discovery         n     the finding of something new
                                                                                saved.
                                                                                A flurry of shopping took place the day after
flurry            n     a rush of activity
                                                                                Thanksgiving.
                                                                                The atomic bomb almost annihilated the entire            to destroy
annihilate        v     to eradicate by force
                                                                                population.                                              completely
                                                                                The speaker posed a question that no one knew the
pose              v     to present something that confuses
                                                                                answer to.
entirely          v     completely                                              I have to admit the accident was entirely my fault.
Unit 47

                                                                                He made the assertion that it would not rain
assertion        n     statement something is true                                                                                        a claim
                                                                                tomorrow.
                       belonging to the period when humans used tools           The Paleolithic Period is sometimes referred to as the
Paleolithic      adj
                       and weapons made of stone                                Stone Age.

roam             v     to go freely over a large area                           The toddlers were free to roam all over the auditorium.   to wander

                       to spread through something and be present in
permeate         v                                                              The smell of vinegar permeated the entire room.
                       every part of it
primeval         adj   prehistoric                                              Primeval fish live in the depths of the ocean.            ancient
                       the traditional customs, beliefs, stories of a people,
folklore         n                                                              Tangun is a Korean folklore.
                       country, or region
                                                                                The Earth is divided into the northern and southern
hemisphere       n     half of the earth
                                                                                hemisphere.
                                                                                During her routine check up, the doctors detected an
detect           v     to uncover                                                                                                         to find
                                                                                abnormal heartbeat.
                                                                                The story of Robin Hood is a legend that most people
legend           n     a story from the distant past                                                                                      myth
                                                                                was based on a real person.
                                                                                I am not particularly enamored with the buildings in
enamored         adj   to like a lot
                                                                                Europe.
                                                                                When she learned her father had lost all of his money
grief-stricken   adj   overwhelmed by grief                                                                                               deeply afflicted
                                                                                in the stock market, she was grief-stricken.
summon           v     to call or send for                                      The principal summoned me to his office.
espy             v     to suddenly or unexpectedly see something                The boy espied a whale in the ocean.
                                                                                He was so conceited that no one wanted to play with
conceited        adj   too high an opinion of oneself                                                                                     vain
                                                                                him.
banish           v     to send someone away                                     Romeo kills Tybalt, and he was banished from Verona.
boast            v     to praise oneself                                        The little boy boasted about how many toys he had.        to brag
                                                                                After watching the man play basketball, she initiated a
initiate         v     to cause something to start                                                                                        to begin
                                                                                conversation with him.

                       a person or living thing that has existed in a country   Aboriginal people of Australia make up about 2.5% of
aboriginal       adj
                       or continent since the earliest time known to people     the population.

                                                                                On reflection, I made a mistake in marrying the first
reflection       n     serious and careful thought
                                                                                woman I met.
                                                                                You must delineate what you want in a prenuptial
delineate        v     to describe usually in specific detail
                                                                                contract.
Unit 48

                    an explanation written above, below, or beside a
caption       n                                                           Newspapers usually have captions below each picture.
                    picture
                    something that curves in a circular way around a
spiral        n     center point, and sometimes up and down, like a       Bed springs are shaped like spiral shaped.                   coiled
                    screw or a winding staircase,
daunt         v     to make afraid                                        The thought of raising her children alone was daunting.      intimidate
                                                                          Watching the children laugh and enjoy themselves was
priceless     adj   such great value that no price would be high enough                                                                invaluable
                                                                          priceless.
                    an optical instrument used to make distant objects
telescope     n                                                           The telescope made the stars appear very close.
                    seem larger
cost          n     the cost of something                                 We need to cut our costs for eating out.
                    a scientist who studies heavenly bodies and outer     My uncle is an astronomer who works at night and
astronomer    n
                    space                                                 sleeps during the day.
                                                                          The distortions of the details of her story made me
                                                                                                                                       a
distortion    n     a change that makes something false                   realize that she really was not present at the site of the
                                                                                                                                       misrepresentation
                                                                          accident.
                                                                          Her husband assured her that his phase of their lives
temporary     adj   passing, impermanent                                                                                               short time
                                                                          was temporary; life would get better.
                                                                          They had to push back the date of the wedding
push back     v     cause to move back by force or influence
                                                                          because her fiance had been deployed to Iraq.
mar           v     to damage                                             Her face had been marred by the accident.                    to deface
mishap        n     an accident                                           She had a mishap with her car on her way to work.            misfortune
                                                                          Three gun men had entered the bank while we were
harrowing     v     extremely upsetting
                                                                          there; it was a harrowing experience.
                                                                          The third grade class gave a dazzling ballet
dazzling      adj   extremely attractive or exciting
                                                                          performance.
preclude      v     to make impossible                                    Breaking her arm precluded her from the tournament.          to prevent
                                                                          The teacher reversed her decision and gave the
reverse       v     to change the direction
                                                                          students no homework for the holidays.
                                                                          Regular maintenance of your car is extremely
maintenance   n     keeping something in good condition                                                                                upkeep
                                                                          important.
                                                                          The tire was installed improperly which caused the
improperly    adv   not correct for a particular use or occasion                                                                       unsuitable
                                                                          accident.
                                                                          The blurring of her eyes was caused the smoke in the
blur          v     unable to see clearly
                                                                          room.
                    something that you have arranged in case your main
backup        adj                                                         We have a back up plan incase it rains.
                    plans, equipment, go wrong
Unit 49

                                                                                  The science experiments were easy to do because they
household            adj   common or usual                                                                                                   ordinary
                                                                                  only required household items.
virtue               n     moral goodness, such as honesty or clean living        The doctor was a man of virtue.
                           a brief appearance by a famous person in a movie or    Alfred Hitchcock made several cameo appearances in
cameo                n
                           play                                                   his movies.
                           property that cannot be moved, such as land,           The real estate market in California skyrocketed within
real estate          n                                                                                                                       land
                           houses, and office buildings                           the last 7 years.
recession            n     a time when economic activity is not strong            During the recession, the gas prices doubled.
                           person who starts a business with an idea, makes it    Many entrepreneurs find it difficult to work in a 9 to 5
entrepreneur         n
                           grow, and takes the risk of failure                    job.
                           an occasion for personal advancement or financial      The young girl had the opportunity to travel to Europe
opportunity          n                                                                                                                       a prospect
                           gain                                                   with her debate class.
                           appearing to be something, especially when this is     She appears very composed and seemingly unaffected
seemingly            adv
                           not true                                               by the fire.
                                                                                  We were able to sell our house on the concession that
concession           n     a surrender to a special demand by someone
                                                                                  we paint the outside.
                                                                                  Renovations to the house were moving at a very slow
renovation           n     the process of renewing something
                                                                                  pace; the family was quite upset at the contractors.
                           the stakes are the reward for the person who wins      The stakes for this race is high; the winner gets a trip
stake                n
                           or succeeds in it                                      around the world.
                                                                                  The house was right across the water tank which was
eyesore              n     an unpleasant sight
                                                                                  an eyesore.
                           qualities, such as excellent reputation, wealth, and
prestige             n                                                            Her job as a researcher gave her a lot of prestige.        distinction
                           power, that bring admiration or honor
                                                                                  During the holidays, the store was very busy, but now
lull                 n     a lessening or temporary stopping of activity
                                                                                  there is a lull.
                                                                                  Because there is so much land in Texas, you do not see
skyscraper           n     a very tall building
                                                                                  many skyscrapers.
reality television                                                                Reality television shows can be about anyone; they did
                     n     a TV show about real people
show                                                                              one on a tennis professional.
                                                                                  After many attempts at fixing the leak, the owner
renovate             v     to renew something                                                                                                to repair
                                                                                  decided to renovate the building.
                                                                                  Before her surgery, the doctors wanted to run some
preliminary          adj   a preparation for some event
                                                                                  preliminary tests.
                                                                                  Her family did not have much money, so she incurred a
incur                v     to take on responsibilities, obligations, etc
                                                                                  lot of debt while attending university.
                                                                                  She acquired a new car with the bonus she received
acquire              v     to buy                                                                                                            to purchase
                                                                                  from her job.
Unit 50

                      a beauty preparation, like makeup, lipstick, and skin   She had many allergies and could only use European
cosmetic        n
                      cream, used on the body, esp. on the face               cosmetics on her face.
                                                                              The child was quite innovate and did not require any
innovative      adj   using new methods or ideas                              toys to keep him busy; he could make things out of an
                                                                              empty box.
                                                                              When her daughter could not get married, the mother
devise          v     to create                                                                                                           to develop
                                                                              devised a plan to help her daughter find a husband.
                                                                              The children found an ingenious way to build a bridge
ingenious       adj   very good at making things or solving problems                                                                      clever
                                                                              without using any tools.
                                                                              The chemist was always making new things; his
                      a scientist who works with chemicals or studies
chemist         n                                                             laboratory was filled with bottles filled with different
                      their reactions
                                                                              colored liquids.
concoct         v     to mix together                                         Mark liked to concoct drinks using six different liquids.
                                                                              The little girl walked confidently across the stage and
confidently     adv   having strong belief or full assurance
                                                                              gave her piano performance.
                      a thorough course of beauty and cosmetic                Most women like to receive free makeovers that are
makeover        n
                      treatments                                              offered from cosmetic counters in department stores.
relocate        v     move to a new place                                     Our family relocated from California to Texas.              to resettle
                                                                              She capitalized on her good looks to get promoted in
capitalize on   v     to use a situation to your own advantage
                                                                              the company.
                                                                              With no prior experience in raising children, the couple
prior           adj   earlier                                                                                                             previous
                                                                              adopted three siblings.
                                                                              She was Catholic, but she converted to Islam to marry
convert         v     to change the condition or status of something
                                                                              her husband.
distributor     n     a person or business that distributes goods             She is a distributor for the Coca Cola company.
                                                                              The republican candidate submitted all his tax returns;
follow suit     v     to watch the development of                             the citizens wondered if the other candidates would
                                                                              follow suit.
                                                                              The king disguised himself as a beggar to find out what
disguise        v     to change one's appearance to fool others
                                                                              his followers really thought of him.
                                                                              Because she lacked several ingredients, the cake did
ingredient      n     an item in a recipe                                                                                                 component
                                                                              not turn out very good.
                                                                              She is my former employee, and now she works for
employee        n     someone who is paid to work for someone else
                                                                              Microsoft.
                                                                              Having lived in Asia for several years, he had a lot of
knowledge       n     an understanding of something
                                                                              knowledge about Chinese history.
                                                                              The professor inquired about my health because I was
inquire         v     to ask about something
                                                                              coughing in class.
                                                                              She made several variations to her famous chocolate
variation       n     a change
                                                                              chip cookies.
Unit 51          Parts   Definition                                              Sentence                                                   Sync

                                                                                 Her rags-to-riches story is an encouragement to all the
rags-to-riches   adj     when a person goes from poverty to wealth
                                                                                 single mothers.
                         successful because of one's own effort, not             Todd grew up in the slums; he is a self-made
self-made        adj
                         because of money or help from others                    millionaire.
                                                                                 She had a difficult time adjusting to the school
submission       n       weak agreement                                                                                                     compliance
                                                                                 because of their demand for strict submission to
                         a disorder marked by a difficulty recognizing written   authority. caused him to do poorly in school; he had
                                                                                 His dyslexia
dyslexia         n
                         words                                                   a difficult time reading.
restrictive      adj     tending or serving to restrict                          People with diabetes have restrictive diets.
                         beginning to develop or show signs of future            She was a budding actress; all of her family members
budding          adj
                         success in a particular area                            were impressed with her acting skills.
                                                                                 He was a risk taker and had lost a lot of his money on
venture          n       a business deal, with risk
                                                                                 fruitless ventures he had invested in.
                                                                                 The pastor was a tremendous support to the family
tremendous       adj     huge, vast                                                                                                         enormous
                                                                                 during their trial.
                         to continue working toward a goal despite               Despite his hardships, he persevered and made it to
persevere        v                                                                                                                          to persist
                         difficulties                                            Yale University.
                                                                                 Many innocent citizens were imprisoned during the
imprison         v       to send to jail                                                                                                    to incarcerate
                                                                                 war.
                                                                                 She gave up her lucrative career and now does a lot of
charity          n       an organization that helps poor people
                                                                                 charity work.
                                                                                 After making a lot of money, he expanded his business
expand           v       to grow larger                                                                                                     to enlarge
                                                                                 overseas.
                         of or pertaining to the beginning of a new project or
startup          n                                                               Netflix is a startup company that succeeded.
                         venture
                                                                                 Many children did not know the lyrics to the national
lyric(s)         n       the words of a song
                                                                                 anthem.
                                                                                 As director of sales, she oversaw 30 different
oversee          v       to make sure that people do their work properly                                                                    to supervise
                                                                                 territories.
utilize          v       to use                                                  She utilized her negotiation skills to get the contract.
unexpectedly     adv     not expected                                            Her husband unexpectedly left the party.
                         relating to the most important characteristics or
essentially      adv                                                             It's essentially a phone, but it has other capabilities.
                         ideas of something
                                                                                 Although they are owned by the same person, they are
entity           n       a group viewed as a whole
                                                                                 essentially different entities.
                         a person who does not behave according to               Even as a child, she never liked to do what other
nonconformist    n                                                                                                                          a maverick
                         ordinary standards of conduct                           children liked to do; she was always a nonconformist.
Unit 52

                                                                               He cheated on his taxes for several years, and now the
tax evasion        n     ways of illegally paying less tax than you should
                                                                               government is going after him for tax evasion.
                                                                               Despite her adversity of not being able to speak the
adversity          n     bad luck                                              language, she was able to start her business and             misfortune
                                                                               became very successful.
                                                                               Her mother was very influential in her decision to
influential        adj   the power to have an effect on people or things
                                                                               become a doctor.
                                                                               They liked living in rural areas because they did not like
rural              adj   related to the countryside, not the city                                                                           rustic
                                                                               congestion and noise.
                                                                               After the father lost his job, the family was poverty-
poverty-stricken   adj   very poor
                                                                               stricken.
                         a slender, flexible shoot, rod used in whipping or
switch             n                                                           He used a switch to punish his children.
                         disciplining
                                                                               Before becoming a famous actor, he worked as a waiter
spell              n     period of time
                                                                               for a spell.
                         defying or resisting some established authority,      As a child he was very rebellious and was punished
rebellious         adj                                                                                                                      insubordinate
                         government, or tradition                              quite often.
                                                                               The father was very stern and expected his children to
stern              adj   not flexible                                                                                                       severe
                                                                               obey him without arguing.
                                                                               The father was strict, but the mother was the
                         a person who believes in and demands obedience to
disciplinarian     n                                                           disciplinarian in the home; the children were more
                         rules
                                                                               afraid of their mother than the father.
                                                                               Her ambition was to become an astronaut and travel to
ambition           n     desire to succeed                                                                                                  drive
                                                                               outer space.
                         based on real facts and not influenced by personal    The judge lost his objectivity in the case because of his
objectivity        n
                         beliefs or feelings                                   relationship to the victim.
                                                                               The news broadcaster made a concerted effort in
concerted          adj   trying hard                                                                                                        intense
                                                                               delivering the story of the tragedy.
                                                                               Although the teacher had her favorites, she tried to
unbiased           adj   not biased or prejudiced                                                                                           neutral
                                                                               remain unbiased.
                                                                               She was happy with her new job as a nurse; she had
niche              n     position or place that is just right for a person
                                                                               found her niche.
                                                                               With the internet, communications has been
reinvent           v     take something old and do or show it in a new way
                                                                               reinvented.
                                                                               The philanthropist made sure students who wanted to
philanthropist     n     a person who helps or gives to good causes
                                                                               study had a chance to go to college.
                                                                               The lawyer did not handle the case very well; she
handle             v     to take care of something                                                                                          to deal with
                                                                               should not have spoken to the judge that way.
                                                                               The little girl walked around the house reciting her
recite             v     to speak something one knows from memory
                                                                               nursery rhymes.
                         an area in a city where many people of a particular   He grew up in the ghetto; it was a miracle that he ever
ghetto             n                                                                                                                        a poor area
                         nationality, race, or religion live                   survived.
Unit 53

                                                                          As a mother, she had many tasks that needed attention
task           n     job to be performed                                                                                              an assignment
                                                                          each day.
                     a cooperative effort with each person working to     Football and basketball requires teamwork, whereas
teamwork       n
                     reach a common goal                                  tennis does not.
                                                                          She was badly burned in the fire, and her facial features
identifiable   adj   able to be recognized
                                                                          were not identifiable.
                                                                          She was very family oriented and got married as soon
oriented       adj   To make familiar with or adjusted to facts
                                                                          as she graduated from college.
                                                                          During a fire drill, it is very important to follow the
procedure      n     a detailed method of doing something                                                                             steps
                                                                          correct procedures.
                                                                          Women have better intuition and know when there is
intuition      n     a guess about something without certain facts                                                                    a guess
                                                                          something wrong with their children.
                                                                          The townspeople blamed the mayor for all their              to hold
blame          v     to say someone is responsible for something bad
                                                                          problems.                                                   responsible
                     a difference between two completely opposite ideas   There is often a dichotomy between what politicians
dichotomy      n
                     or things                                            say and do.
                                                                          Most teenagers do not like to change; they like to keep
status quo     n     the way things are now
                                                                          the status quo.
                                                                          I was very skeptical of his professed faith, until I
skeptical      adj   doubting that something is true or useful
                                                                          actually saw him serving the needs of the homeless.
                                                                          The mother found an effective way of cleaning her
effective      adj   having the result that one wants                                                                                 successful
                                                                          kitchen.
                                                                          Motivating teenagers to do their homework and study
motivate       v     to give a reason to do something                                                                                 stimulate
                                                                          hard is a challenge to most teachers.
                                                                          They liked the restaurant because of the prompt
prompt         adj   done without delay                                                                                               quick
                                                                          service they receive.
                                                                          The book was written to inspire all artist to pursue
inspire        v     to cause to work hard or be creative                                                                             to motivate
                                                                          their dreams.
                                                                          The family decided to home school their children
instill        v     give a quality by example or teaching
                                                                          because they wanted to instill good moral values.
                                                                          The step mother was able to garner trust from the
                     to collect something, usually after much work or
garner         v                                                          children very quickly; she was a very compassionate
                     with difficulty
                                                                          and understanding woman.
backfire       v     to produce an undesired result                       His plan to steal his friend's girlfriend backfired.
                                                                          After his plan backfired, his friend had a lot of
resentment     n     a feeling of anger about something                                                                               bitterness
                                                                          resentment towards him.
                                                                          The meeting was very tense because the owner was
tense          adj   nervous                                                                                                          jumpy
                                                                          going to announce who would be laid off.
                                                                          The general commanded complete submission from
subordinate    n     person of lower rank
                                                                          his subordinates.
Unit 54

                        principles of personal conduct that stop you from       He has no scruples at all; he has no quilt about taking
scruple(s)        n                                                                                                                       morals
                        doing something wrong                                   things home from his office.
                        a person who observes something without                 He was not an active participant in the games; he was
observer          n                                                                                                                       spectator
                        participating                                           just an observer.
                                                                                She was tired and didn't want to engage in the
engage            v     to be involved                                                                                                    participate
                                                                                conversation.
                                                                                He had no morals, and it did not bother him that he
moral             n     relating to the standards of good or bad behavior                                                                 scruples
                                                                                was stealing money from his mother.
                                                                                The teacher disallowed her paper because it was 10
disallow          v     to refuse to accept                                                                                               reject
                                                                                days late.
                                                                                The signs had misguided her, and she ended up in the
misguide          v     to guide wrongly                                                                                                  misdirect
                                                                                woods.
                        not conforming to approved standards of social or       Her boss was an unethical man who did not mind
unethical         adj                                                                                                                     dishonest
                        professional behavior                                   using company funds for personal use.
                        a person who owns some of the equal parts into          The shareholders of the company decided to fire the
shareholder       n
                        which the ownership of a company is divided             CEO.
                                                                                The committee deemed me worthy of receiving the
deem              v     to consider                                                                                                       believe
                                                                                scholarship.
                                                                                We may have to close that branch because it does not
generate          v     to produce                                                                                                        create
                                                                                generate enough sales.
                        money remaining after business expenses are             During the month of December, he gives all of his
profit            n                                                                                                                       a return
                        deducted                                                profits to the needy people.
patronize         v     to be a customer of                                     She only patronizes the stores in Beverly Hills.
                        a refusal for political reasons to buy certain          Many parents started a boycott against Disney when
boycott           n     products or do business with a certain store or         they found out it made movies that were not               avoid
                        company                                                 appropriate for young children.
                        a type of light comfortable shoe that is suitable for   Their son was so active that he wore out his sneakers
sneaker           n
                        playing sports                                          every month.
                                                                                The manager did not want to do it, but he was
lay off           v     to dismiss an employee
                                                                                responsible for laying off 30 employees.
                                                                                Cara faced a dilemma; she had to decide if she should
                        a difficult choice between two undesirable
dilemma           n                                                             pull the life support from her husband or continue to     a quandary
                        alternatives
                                                                                let him live on life support in a vegetative state.
                                                                                It was difficult to make a decision because the
black-and-white   n     absolute
                                                                                situation was not clear; it was not black-and-white.
                        full-time employment of children who are under a        His company was found to have used child labor for
child labor       n
                        minimum legal age                                       their children's clothing line.
                                                                                The husband hated to be redundant, but he had to
redundant         adj   not necessary or needed                                                                                           repetitious
                                                                                repeat everything to his wife three times.
                                                                                He felt like a failure because he was 40 years old and
failure           n     a person who fails                                                                                                a loser
                                                                                didn't have a wife or a stable job.
Unit 55

                     an economic system based on private ownership,        After the breakup of the Soviet Union, it moved from
capitalism     n                                                                                                                        free enterprise
                     competition, and a free market                        communism to capitalism.
                                                                           He felt the price for the jacket was very reasonable so
reasonable     adj   referring to a logical and right thing to do                                                                       acceptable
                                                                           he purchased it.
                                                                           All the members present perceived the situation
perceive       v     to understand                                                                                                      comprehend
                                                                           differently and couldn't come to a decision.
seek           v     to request                                            Mayor Thomson wanted to seek another term in office.
                                                                           The newlywed were discouraged about buying a house
inflate        v     raise above the normal or proper level
                                                                           because of inflating prices.
strictly       adv   in a very limited or limiting way                     The party was strictly for newcomers.
                                                                           Competition between students is good because it
stimulate      v     to increase energy or activity                                                                                     excite
                                                                           stimulates creativity.
                     an impressive act, showing strength, courage, or
feat           n                                                           Climbing Mt. Everest in his condition was no small feat.     an exploit
                     unusual ability
                                                                           The merger between the two companies gave them
merger         n     combining two companies into one larger company
                                                                           more competitive power.
                                                                           Suzy could no longer work for her boss because he
hostile        adj   hateful                                                                                                            angry
                                                                           had become very hostile towards her.
                                                                           The mother tried very hard to keep harmful substances
harmful        adj   causing hurt or damage                                                                                             hurtful
                                                                           locked up.
                                                                           There is no way to prevent your car from getting dirty;
prevent        v     to stop from happening                                                                                             to avoid
                                                                           you just need to clean it often.
                     the control of an entire market by only one person,   Most governments have laws to prevent companies
monopoly       n
                     business, or organization                             from becoming a monopoly.
                                                                           His new business enterprise was a company that
enterprise     n     a business                                                                                                         company
                                                                           cleans sneakers for a very low fee.
                     The proportion of industry sales of a good or         The owner of the new hamburger business sought
market share   n
                     service that is controlled by a company               ways to increase his market share.
                                                                           During the CEO's absence, Mark was designated to
designate      v     to appoint
                                                                           head the company.
                                                                           In his will, the father left equal shares of his estate to
equal          adj   an equivalent                                                                                                      the same
                                                                           both his daughters.
acquisition    n     the process of getting ownership of something         His latest acquisition was a brand new car.                  the purchase
                                                                           The coupled did extensive renovations in their house
extensive      adj   great in amount or area                                                                                            considerable
                                                                           this year.
                                                                           Many businesses decide to incorporate so that their
incorporate    v     to form into a legal corporation
                                                                           personal assets are safe from lawsuits.
Unit 56

                                                                            The two sisters formed a partnership when they
partnership   n     a form of business with two or more owners
                                                                            started their craft business.
                                                                            The business dinner was very informal; everyone came
informal      adj   casual                                                                                                            ordinary
                                                                            in jeans.
                    a way people greet or leave each other, or agree on a   In many countries a business deal is done through a
handshake     n
                    decision, by grasping each other's hand                 handshake.
                    to say or communicate exactly what one wants or         His mother never specifies what she needs; I always
specify       v
                    needs                                                   have to guess what she wants.
                                                                            As a doctor, he has many obligations, but he always
obligation    n     a legal or moral requirement to do something                                                                      a duty
                                                                            makes an effort to spend time with his family.
                                                                            As her symptoms got worse, we watched the
dissolution   n     a breaking down into parts or pieces                                                                              disintegration
                                                                            dissolution of the patient's courage.
                                                                            The woman felt the punishment was too extreme and
extreme       adj   large in amount or degree
                                                                            was very upset.
                                                                            After the hurricane, the insurance companies had huge
liability     n     a legal obligation, such as to pay debts and damages
                                                                            liabilities to pay for the damages.
                                                                            Although she was not his daughter, he felt obligated to
obligate      v     to make someone feel he or she must do something
                                                                            help pay for her college expenses.
                    a way of hiding the true meaning of
                                                                            The children liked to speak to each other in a secret
code          n     communications from all except those people who                                                                   secret system
                                                                            code.
                    have the keys to understand it
                                                                            The man decided to divide his assets equally between
asset         n     items of value to a person, business, or institution
                                                                            his children when he died.
retain        v     to keep something                                       Tom tried to retian his heavyweight championship.
                                                                            After declaring his love for her, he got down on his
declare       v     to state something
                                                                            knees and proposed.
                                                                            The difference between the two education systems is
difference    n     a way of being different                                                                                          a dissimilarity
                                                                            that one focuses on the individuality of each child.
                    a business with a legal status where the assets and
corporation   n                                                             The corporation has many branches all over the world.
                    debts belong to shareholders
                                                                            Many non profit organizations exist to serve the
exist         v     to be present physically or emotionally                                                                           to occur
                                                                            community.
debt          n     a sum of money owed to another                          During college she had incurred a lot of debt.            money due
                                                                            Most business form a corporation because they do
liable        v     legally obligated                                                                                                 responsible
                                                                            not want to be personally liable.
portion       n     a small piece or section of a larger thing              She was happy to pay her portion of the bill.
                    the amount of money that someone is paid for the        When she calculated her earnings for the year, she was
earning       n
                    work they do                                            surprised at how much she had made.
Unit 57

                                                                             There was a plethora of self-help books published each
plethora       n     an overabundance                                                                                                 excessive amount
                                                                             year.
                                                                             The woman always felt incomplete because she never
incomplete     adj   lacking something                                                                                                unfinished
                                                                             had children.
                                                                             The inefficiency of the workers caused the company to
inefficiency   n     not organized, skilled or able to work satisfactorily                                                            inability
                                                                             lose a lot of money.
                                                                             He tried to summarize the speech, but he had
summarize      v     to give a summary                                                                                                to condense
                                                                             forgotten the main points.
                                                                             It never occurred to her to call her parents when her
occur          v     to come to mind
                                                                             plane got delayed.
oral           adj   related to the mouth                                    She enjoys giving oral presentations.                    not written
                                                                             The company outlined what was expected of each
outline        v     a summary of the main ideas of something
                                                                             employee.
                     written note used inside a company to inform            Office memos are no longer used; most people just
memo           n                                                                                                                      a message
                     others, ask for information, record meetings, etc       send an email.
                     to stop or catch something while it is in the air or    Mary intercepted the mail her husband sent to his
intercept      v                                                                                                                      interrupt
                     going toward something                                  boss; she didn't want him to quit his job.
                                                                             When the fire alarm rang, there was much confusion in
confusion      n     disorder                                                                                                         commotion
                                                                             the room.
                                                                             Students these days are not taught good handwriting
illegible      adj   difficult to read
                                                                             skills; most of what they write are illegible.
                                                                             Students learn faster when the material they are
relevant       adj   closely connected                                                                                                appropriate
                                                                             learning is relevant to their lives.
                                                                             She enjoyed her professors lectures because they were
concise        adj   in few words with much meaning                                                                                   succinct
                                                                             concise and to the point.
                     a person who receives something sent or given by        The recipient of the award was overwhelmed and could
recipient      n
                     another                                                 not speak.
                                                                             You need to confirm whether you want to attend the
confirm        v     to make sure something is right by checking it again                                                             verify
                                                                             party or not.
                                                                             He was not cognizant of the fact that his wife had
cognizant      adj   having knowledge                                                                                                 aware
                                                                             invited 50 people to their house.
sift           v     to look through something carefully                     The fire fighters sifted through the debris.
                                                                             After going to the dentist, she could not speak and
gesture        n     a body movement to show something
                                                                             only used gestures.
                                                                             My intentions were not to harm the dog, but when I
intention      n     purpose                                                                                                          plan
                                                                             tried to bandage his leg, he ran away.
effort         n     physical or mental work                                 She put a lot of effort into planning the party.         labor
Unit 58

                                                                             Taking final exams is cited by most college students as
cite             v     to mention or quote as an example or authority                                                                   to quote
                                                                             being the most stressful experience.
                                                                             The speakers presentation was not engaging at all;
engaging         adj   captivating                                           everyone in the audience was moving around in their        charming
                                                                             chairs.
                                                                             I attended a seminar which taught me how to be a
seminar          n     a meeting or short course on a specific topic
                                                                             better teacher.
                       describes something that is difficult to do and       Giving a speech in front of thousands of people is a
nerve-wracking   adj
                       causes a lot of worry for the person involved in it   nerve-wracking experience.
                                                                             The stores online sales was wrought with many
wrought          adj   formed                                                                                                           created
                                                                             problems.
                       to make someone fearful or timid by showing power     Intimidating his classmates was one way in which the
intimidate       v
                       or making threats                                     boy felt some sense of self confidence.
                                                                             The store did not have the exact quantity of items that    a number of
quantity         n     a general amount, a supply
                                                                             I needed.                                                  something
                                                                             Whenever her child talked to her, the mother always
undivided        adj   complete                                                                                                         focused
                                                                             gave her undivided attention.
                                                                             Please refrain from smoking during the duration of the
duration         n     the time that something continues or exists
                                                                             tour.
                       a large card, out of range of the camera, on which
                       words or phrases have been printed in large letters   His job was to hold the cue cards for the announcers
cue card         n
                       for the speaker or performer to read or use as a      during the news broadcast.
                       memory aid during a program
                       something that you are shown, such as a picture,
visual aids      n     film or map, in order to help you understand or       Little children learn better if there are visual aids.
                       remember information
                                                                             You could tell the speech was unrehearsed because he
unrehearsed      adj   not practiced in advance                                                                                         spontaneous
                                                                             kept making mistakes.
                                                                             He was never good with words; he could never convey
convey           v     carry from one place to another                                                                                  carry
                                                                             what he was in his heart.
                                                                             The lecture was so dull, the students just walked out of
dull             adj   not interesting or exciting in any way                                                                           boring
                                                                             class.
tedious          adj   long and dull                                         Defining 1600 vocabulary words can be a tedious job.       boring
                       information intended to advise people on how          The teacher did not have specific guidelines for the
guideline        n     something should be done or what something            students to follow which caused some students to be
                       should be                                             very confused.
                                                                             When you market a product, you advertise to let
market           v     promote goods and services                                                                                       to advertise
                                                                             consumers know about it.
                                                                             His presentation was very informative because it was
pertinent        adj   directly related                                                                                                 relevant
                                                                             filled with only pertinent information.
                       to be provided or exist at the same time as           There is a lot of stress that accompanies planning a
accompany        v                                                                                                                      go along
                       something                                             wedding.
                                                                             The speaker tried to elicit responses from the audience,
elicit           v     to bring out                                                                                                     get
                                                                             but they all stared back with blank faces.
Unit 59

                                                                             She liked communicating through email, but she always
face-to-face   adv    meeting someone in the same place                                                                                directly
                                                                             preferred talking to her children face-to-face.
                                                                             When speaking to teenagers, it is important to give
underling      n      an unimportant person                                                                                            subordinate
                                                                             them respect and not make them feel like underlings.
                                                                             After all her planning, the bride prayed that her
smoothly       adv    without interruption or difficulty                                                                               easily
                                                                             wedding would go smoothly.
                                                                             Not having a college degree hindered her from getting a
hinder         v      to slow the progress of something                                                                                to impede
                                                                             job as a teacher.
                                                                             Due to the distractions from the street below, the boy
distraction    n      something that interrupts                                                                                        a disturbance
                                                                             could not fall asleep.
                      to go from place to place without a fixed plan or      After losing his job, he wandered through the streets
wander         v                                                                                                                       to roam
                      goal                                                   trying to figure out why he was laid off.
                                                                             The doctors warned her to stay in bed and not exert
exert          v      to act with power, force, influence
                                                                             too much energy.
                                                                             The museum will exhibit the artifacts all through the
exhibit        v      to show                                                                                                          to display
                                                                             month of June.
                                                                             He wanted to be respected by his employees, but what
respect        v, n   To feel or show deferential regard for                 he didn't realize was that respect is something you
                                                                             have to earn.
                      to cause someone to believe something is worth         I tried to convince my mother to allow me to marry the
convince       v                                                                                                                       to persuade
                      doing or true                                          prisoner.
                                                                             He was more upset because the insult was directed at
insult         n      a very unkind remark about someone                                                                               a slur
                                                                             his mother.
                                                                             It was imperative that she find a husband soon, if she
imperative     adj    necessary                                                                                                        urgent
                                                                             wanted to have children.
                      describes a relationship which is not fair because     She never knew what he was thinking because their
one-way        adj    only one person or group of the two makes any          conversations were always one-way; he never said
                      effort                                                 more than three words.
                      a talk between people to reach an agreement on         His job required him to make many negotiations with
negotiation    n
                      something                                              international companies.
                                                                             I have had many dialogues with the sales representative
dialogue       n      a talk between two people                                                                                        a conversation
                                                                             regarding my computer problems.
misgiving      n      doubt                                                  After getting married, she had many misgivings.           suspicion
                                                                             The key factor to her success was that she worked very
key            adj    the most important part of something                                                                             main part
                                                                             hard and never gave up.
figure         n      person                                                 John F. Kennedy is a very important political figure.
                      entailing responsibilities, obligations on both such
two-way        adj                                                           Marriage she realized was a two-way street.
                      parties
                                                                             Martin Luther King Jr. was a respectable figure that
respectable    adj    a good place in society                                                                                          well-thought of
                                                                             relentless fought for civil rights.
Unit 60

                                                                              The human resources department of a company deals
personnel         n     all the people working in an organization                                                                         staff
                                                                              with hiring the personnel.
                                                                              People in communist countries do not have free will;
free will         n     the power to make one's own choices
                                                                              they must obey what they are told to do.
                        the process of interviewing and choosing people to    She was responsible for the recruitment of cast
recruitment       n
                        do a job                                              members for the new musical production.
                                                                              Large companies have many programs to encourage
human resources   n     personnel                                                                                                         employee
                                                                              and retain their human resources.
                                                                              I was interested in the teacher's analyses of the
analysis          n     scientific examination of something
                                                                              situation.
                        a list of employees to be paid and the amounts due    After working as a temporary employee, they finally put
payroll           n
                        to each                                               me on the payroll.
                                                                              Getting a promotion in his company enabled the
promotion         n     movement to a new and better job
                                                                              young couple to purchase a house.
capable           adj   having the ability or power to do something well      She was very capable of finding her way around town.        competent
                        to test or examine someone or something to            Most companies screen their employees for drug
screen            v
                        discover if there is anything wrong with them         abuse.
                                                                              His compensation package included housing, tuition
compensation            all the items, in addition to pay, the company will
                  n                                                           for his children's education and two round trip tickets
package                 give you
                                                                              back home for the entire family.
mobility          n     the ability to be mobile                              After the stroke, she lost mobility in both her legs.       able to move
undergo           v     to experience:                                        She had to undergo surgery to remove the tumors.
                        something given in exchange for good behavior or
reward            n                                                           The rewards of teaching far outweigh the negatives.
                        good work
strength          n     a good characteristic                                 His strength is that he gets along with everyone.
weakness          n     a negative characteristic                             His weakness is that he can not focus very well.
                                                                              The teacher had her favorites and could never be
objective         adj   not influenced by emotions or personal beliefs                                                                    impartial
                                                                              objective when it came to resolving disputes.
                                                                              The parents encouraged their children to always strive
strive            v     to work hard for something
                                                                              for perfection.
                                                                              When he attained his doctorate, he felt he had
attain            v     to achieve                                                                                                        reach
                                                                              accomplished all his dreams.
                                                                              Her yearly evaluation was very positive, so she got a big
evaluation        n     an analysis                                                                                                       study
                                                                              raise.
compensation      n     payment in money                                      My compensation for doing this work was only $40.           salary
Unit 61         Parts   Definition                                               Sentence                                                   Synm

constantly      adv     all the time                                             She is constantly on the computer.                         frequently
                                                                                 The advertisement for a hamburger made her hungry
advertisement   n       a notice of a product or service
                                                                                 so she went to McDonalds.
                                                                                 The target population for the product is women in
target          n       a person or group chosen for analysis or action
                                                                                 their 50s.
                        a large, flat board for advertisements, usually by the
billboard       n                                                                Billboards in recent years have become very high tech.
                        side of the road
                                                                                 It is estimated that over 98% of people in Korea are
estimate        v       to figure the amount or extent of                                                                                   calculate
                                                                                 literate.
                        the companies and activities involved in the process     In order to increase the city's revenue, they need to
industry        n
                        of producing goods for sale                              attract more industry.
                                                                                 He gave the motorcycle a trial run around the race
trial           n       an experiment                                                                                                       test
                                                                                 track.
memorable       adj     worthy of being remembered                               The family took some memorable vacations in Asia.          unforgettable
                                                                                 Switching your major too many times during college
                        to change suddenly or completely, especially from
switch          v                                                                can really hinder you from graduating in a timely
                        one thing to another
                                                                                 manner.
                        the people, as a group, that one is trying to do         The competition in the auto industry includes several
competition     n
                        better than                                              different countries.
                        the tendency of consumers to continue buying a
                                                                                 Joe has brand loyalty to Proctor and Gamble and will
brand loyalty   n       specific brand's product or service, despite the
                                                                                 only purchase their products.
                        competition
                                                                                 It is important to use math flash cards to reinforce the
reinforce       v       to add strength to something                                                                                        strengthen
                                                                                 concepts the students are learning in class.
                                                                                 Her positive outlook on life really encourages the
positive        adj     giving cause for hope and confidence                                                                                optimistic
                                                                                 people around her.
                                                                                 The police did not respond in the way she expected
respond         v       to answer                                                                                                           reply
                                                                                 them to; they were very helpful.
                                                                                 The company enticed her to take the job by offering
entice          v       to attract or persuade
                                                                                 her a promotion within two years.
                                                                                 Your way of doing the job is inefficient because it
inefficient     adj     not using time well
                                                                                 requires too many steps.
                                                                                 The students wasted the scratch paper by only using
waste           v       to make poor use of something valuable
                                                                                 one side of it.
                                                                                 The accident was unavoidable; it was a two lane street,
unavoidable     adj     that which cannot be avoided                                                                                        inevitable
                                                                                 and there was no where to turn.
                        a detailed plan for achieving success in situations      In supermarkets, candy is strategically placed where
strategically   adv
                        such as business, industry or sport                      children can see them.
                                                                                 There was no likelihood that she will ever walk again;
likelihood      n       the chance that something will happen                                                                               probability
                                                                                 she broke both legs in the accident.
Unit 62

                                                                                  We could stay home tonight, or alternatively we can go
alternatively       adv   used to suggest another possibility                                                                                  rather
                                                                                  to the new Italian restaurant.
stock               n     a piece of a business, bought in the form of shares     She bought stock in Disney.
                          money paid to stockholders in a company as a share
dividend            n                                                             She chose to reinvest her dividends back into stocks.
                          of company profits
                          a large flat enclosed area used for sports or           The sports arena was very large and could hold 5,000
arena               n                                                                                                                          stadium
                          entertainment                                           people.
                          people who put money into a business idea or
                                                                                  Seven investors pulled their money together and built a
investor            n     activity in the hopes of making more money if the
                                                                                  new mall in the middle of town.
                          idea is successful
contact             v     to communicate with                                     I contacted all the investors by email.
                                                                                  The specific type of chocolate he likes is only found in
specific            adj   unlike any other                                                                                                     unique
                                                                                  Europe.
                          to state officially that a place or thing has a         Each member of his family has a designated place at
designated          adj                                                                                                                        appointed
                          particular character or purpose                         the dinner table.
bid                 v     to make a monetary offer                                We bid on the horse at the auction, but we did not
                          to offer to pay more money than someone else for        win.were outbid by two teenagers who had inherited a
                                                                                  We
outbid              v
                          something                                               lot of money from their parents.
                          relation between the amount of products and             The demand for diamonds is much higher than their
supply and demand   n     services available at certain prices and the demand     supply, so by the law of supply and demand, the price
                          for them                                                of diamonds is very high.
                                                                                  After the divorce, the father was solely responsible for
solely              adv   alone                                                                                                                entirely
                                                                                  raising his children.
                                                                                  Since the mother did not have a relationship with the
naturally           adv   in a natural way                                        children, they naturally wanted to live with the father      normally
                                                                                  after the divorce.
                          the tendency to be hopeful and to emphasize or
                                                                                  Even after the divorce, the father remains optimistic
optimistic          adj   think of the good part in a situation rather than the                                                                hopeful
                                                                                  that he can do a good job of raising his children alone.
                          bad part
                                                                                  Bull markets can happen when an economy is
bull market         n     a time when the prices of most shares are rising
                                                                                  recovering, and people become more hopeful.
paw                 n     the foot of an animal                                   The dog licked his paws after stepping in much.
                                                                                  If you invest because you intend to hold onto the
                          a time when investments in the financial markets are
bear market         n                                                             stocks for a long time, a bear market is the perfect time
                          generally falling in value
                                                                                  to buy stocks because of falling prices.
                                                                                  After several years of increase prices in real estate, the
downward            adv   toward a lower place                                                                                                 declining
                                                                                  prices are finally going downward.
                          a business that charges a fee to buy and sell stocks    She always invested through a brokerage firm, but she
brokerage firm      n
                          for individuals                                         has decided to do her own investing.
                                                                                  The hospital tried to match the patient with the correct
match               v     to equal
                                                                                  donor.
Unit 63

                                                                                 The man was very logical and did not like to have
logical              adj   using a system of reasoning                                                                                     analytical
                                                                                 discussions with people who were emotional.
                                                                                 My father works in the financial district and never
financial district   n     an area of city where businesses are located
                                                                                 takes his car because it's so congested there.
                           to have confidence in something, or to believe in
trusted              adj                                                         His trusted friend of 30 years betrayed him.
                           someone
                                                                                 Tests did not show the source of the problem; the
source               n     beginning, origin                                                                                               root
                                                                                 doctors were very baffled.
                                                                                 After his friend died from drinking too much, he always
practice             v     to do something regularly or as a habit
                                                                                 practices moderation when he drinks.
                                                                                 It was impossible to get the contract without giving
bribe                n     money or actions given illegally for something
                                                                                 them a bribe.
                                                                                 The police received many tips on the whereabouts of
tip                  n     helpful information                                                                                             advice
                                                                                 the criminal.
                                                                                 He was an exceptional student with good moral values,
favorably            adv   in an advantageous way                                                                                          beneficially
                                                                                 and his professors always looked favorably on him.
                           the value of all of one's property minus what one     The author's net worth is valued at over 50 million
net worth            n
                           owes in debts                                         dollars.
                                                                                 Before we can purchase the building, we need to pay
upfront              adj   obtained in advance                                                                                             paid
                                                                                 them two million dollars upfront.
                                                                                 It was difficult to make definite plans because of his
definite             adj   without doubt                                                                                                   without doubt
                                                                                 travel schedule.
                           the basic principles of a particular field of         His philosophy in life is to do what you can and leave
philosophy           n
                           knowledge                                             the rest to God.
                                                                                 Advocating for the homeless was a passion for the new
advocate             v     to support an idea                                                                                              to propose
                                                                                 governor.
                           An economic doctrine that opposes governmental
                           regulation in commerce beyond the minimum             Many people were drawn to that country because of
laissez-faire        n
                           necessary for a free-enterprise system to operate     the laissez-faire form of government.
                           according to its own economic laws
                                                                                 The fundamental difference between the two
fundamental          adj   basic, primary                                        education philosophies is that one believes in allowing   elementary
                                                                                 the child to dictate what he wants to learn.
                                                                                 After the birth of her child, she relied heavily on her
rely                 v     to depend on                                                                                                    count on
                                                                                 mother for support.
                           an indicator, such as labels on a graph or other      The economic indices published in the magazine
indices              n
                           symbols about money and economics                     indicated that the economy was improving.
                           a table or temporary structure used as a small shop
                                                                                 She bought the morning paper from the newsstand
newsstand            n     for selling newspapers and magazines outside in
                                                                                 right outside the subway station.
                           public places
                           the number of copies of a newspaper or magazine       The town newspaper's circulation never increased
circulation          n
                           sold at one time                                      because no one moved in or moved out of town.
                           the people who read a certain newspaper, people       After new management took over the magazine, the
readership           n
                           who regularly buy a magazine                          readership increased 50%.
Unit 64

                                                                               It is increasingly becoming common for men to not
increasingly       adv   more and more
                                                                               wear ties in the work place.
                                                                               The police had no tangible evidence against the
tangible           adj   touchable                                                                                                         real
                                                                               suspect; it was only a suspicion.
                         general word for items or substances for sale, like   Money, gold, silver, wheat, corn are all important
commodity          n
                         grains and metals                                     commodities.
                                                                               With his wealth, he could virtually purchase anything
virtually          adv   almost
                                                                               he wanted to.
                         a large safe used to keep money, documents, and
vault              n                                                           The bank keeps their money in a vault.
                         other valuables
                                                                               It was no coincidence that you did well on your exam;
                         the happening of two or more events at the same
coincidence        n                                                           it was through your hard work and determination that
                         time by chance
                                                                               you were able to receive such a good grade.
                                                                               Most people do not truly value the work of a woman in
value              v     the worth of something for someone                                                                                importance
                                                                               the home.
                                                                               Some tribes in Africa do not use money but use a
barter             n     exchange of materials for other goods                                                                             not money
                                                                               system of barter.
                         a state or an example of problems or trouble, which   When her car broke down, it was an inconvenience for
inconvenience      n                                                                                                                       annoyance
                         often causes a delay or loss of comfort               her to get to work by public transportation.
                                                                               After her computer crashed, there was no way to
retrieve           v     to bring something back                                                                                           to fetch
                                                                               retrieve the information from the hard drive.
                                                                               After she took the turkey out of the oven, she set it
aside              adv   to one side                                                                                                       away
                                                                               aside for it to cool.
                                                                               Her lack of a college degree started to affect her self-
affect             v     to change                                                                                                         to influence
                                                                               esteem.
                         a fungus that grows on materials, such as cloth,      After sitting on the counter for a month, the bread
moldy              adj
                         rubber, plants                                        became moldy.

inflation          n     a rise in prices and lowering of currency's value     Gas prices had become very expensive due to inflation.

                         the changes especially continuously and between       The fluctuations in their son's grades was what
fluctuation        n                                                                                                                       variations
                         one level or thing and another                        convinced the parents to home school him.
worth              adj   value, cost                                           How much do you think that artifact is worth?
                                                                               The sales person encouraged her to purchase an
energy-efficient   adj   conserving energy                                     energy-efficient refrigerator even though it was a little
                                                                               more expensive.
                                                                               The mother assigned different household chores to
assign             v     to give a job or tasks to someone to do something                                                                 designate
                                                                               her children.
                                                                               Assessing the situation correctly was crucial in order
assess             v     to evaluate                                                                                                       to analyze
                                                                               for the company to become successful.
                         analysis of similarities and differences between      The comparison of the long term costs is what helped
comparison         n
                         things, ideas, people                                 them make their decision.
                                                                               The school had to shut down because they merely
                                                                               required the students to just show up for class to
merely             adv   only, nothing more than                                                                                           simply
                                                                               receive a diploma; none of the students learned
                                                                               anything.
confidence         n     belief in one's abilities                             She lacked confidence to run for president.                 self-esteem
                                                                               In exchange for my cleaning services, the owner of the
exchange           n     a trade, transaction
                                                                               house gives me free legal advice.
                                                                               I didn't trust him, and I knew lending him money was a
lending            v     to permit the use of for a period of time                                                                         loaning
                                                                               not a very wise decision.
                         receive a loan of something with the promise to
borrow             v                                                           My sister wanted to borrow my favorite dress.
                         return it
Unit 65

                                                                                The intricate designs on the artifact made the
intricate         adj   complex, sometimes with many small details              archeologist believe that the who made it were highly    complicated
                                                                                intelligent.
                                                                                She was deeply moved by the heroic acts of the fire
deeply            adv   extremely
                                                                                fighters.
                                                                                The wife always tries to undermined her husband's
undermine         v     to ruin the efforts of someone                                                                                   sabotage
                                                                                decisions.
                                                                                As an adult, he cherished all the memories of the
cherish           v     to love most dearly
                                                                                family's vacations at the beach.
alter             v     to change                                               Her pants were too big so she had to get them altered.   falsify
                        a rise or increase that happens after a time of no or
resurgence        n                                                             The resurgence of the economy is always a good sign.     an upward trend
                        slow movement
                                                                                Even though her father never showed it, his paying for
affirmation       n     to state something as true                              her education was affirmation that he really cared
                                                                                about her education.
                                                                                After 25 years of marriage, the couple renewed their
renew             v     to agree to something again                                                                                      reaffirm
                                                                                vows at a small ceremony in Hawaii.
                                                                                Although the child was given up for adoption as an
reestablish       v     to establish anew                                       infant, reestablishing a relationship with him was not   confirm again
                                                                                difficult.
                                                                                Children tend to misbehave when there is no strict
misbehave         v     to act badly, be impolite                                                                                        disobey
                                                                                boundaries.
                                                                                When babies cry in a high shrill, it usually indicates
indicate          v     to show where or what something is                                                                               point out
                                                                                that there is something wrong.
                                                                                The pinnacle of his career was becoming president of a
pinnacle          n     the highest point of something                                                                                   top
                                                                                Fortune 500 company.
                        A ceremony signifying an event in a person's life
                                                                                Going to the prom is a rite of passage for many
rite of passage   n     indicative of a transition from one stage to another,
                                                                                teenagers.
                        as from adolescence to adulthood
                                                                                The father granted permission for his daughter to
grant             v     to give or allow what is asked for                                                                               to agree to
                                                                                marry the soldier.
groove            n     a long narrow hollow space cut into a surface           Windows slide on metal grooves to open and close.
                                                                                He punctured his tires while driving through the
puncture          v     to make a hole with a pointed object
                                                                                construction site.
                                                                                When they were stranded on the island, there was
albatross         n     a large seabird
                                                                                nothing to eat except the albatrosses.
                                                                                All his years of studies and hard work culminated in
culminate         v     to reach the highest point of an activity
                                                                                him becoming a successful surgeon.
indigenous        adj   native to                                               The indigenous people of Australia are called Maori.     born in
                                                                                A uniform policy was implemented at the school
coincide          v     to happen at or near the same time
                                                                                coinciding with the new principal starting his job.
Unit 66

                                                                             My neighbor can attest to the fact I was home during
attest        v     to swear something is true                                                                                           certify
                                                                             the evening.
pigment       n     the natural coloring of a plant or animal                The dog's fur has a naturally pink pigment.
                                                                             She used several dyes of red, yellow and purple to
dye           n     a solution used to color cloth or hair                                                                               pigment
                                                                             decorate her blanket.
                    any of a class of soft, boneless animals living inside
mollusk       n                                                              When they visit the sea, they like to eat fresh mollusks.
                    hard shells, such as clams, oysters, and scallops
                                                                             Food was scarce during war, so they mainly ate potato
scarce        adj   not available or plentiful                                                                                           scant
                                                                             soup.
                    mixed with other substances and therefore lower in       The impurities of the mineral made it inappropriate for
impurity      n
                    quality                                                  it to be made into a ring.
                                                                             Many companies do not use artificial dyes anymore,
                    a bright red substance used as a food coloring,
cochineal     n                                                              they use cochineal dye which is produced from a type
                    made from a type of small South American insect
                                                                             of insect.
                    to make someone give you something when they do          Extracting the details of the case from the judge was
extract       v                                                                                                                          draw out
                    not want to                                              very difficult.
                                                                             The test was very complicated, and I don't think I did
complicated   adj   difficult                                                                                                            complex
                                                                             very well.
                                                                             The father commissioned an artist to paint the family
portrait      n     a painting, photograph, or other picture of a person
                                                                             portrait.
                    to connect someone or something in your mind             Most people associate his bad behavior to his bad
associate     v                                                                                                                          correlate
                    with someone or something else                           childhood.
                                                                             She had married into royalty; her husband is next in
royalty       n     a king or queen and family                                                                                           monarchy
                                                                             line to the throne.
                                                                             He doesn’t' buy his clothes from that store, because
cheaply       adv   for a low price
                                                                             they are cheaply made.
outfit        v     to provide with clothing and other things                There was enough fabric to outfit the entire team.          clothe
                                                                             She crushed the peppers before putting it into her
crush         v     to push, press hard                                                                                                  compress
                                                                             soup.
alternative   n     another choice                                           They had an alternative plan incase in rained.
                                                                             Some children will readily follow strangers who entice
readily       adv   without difficulty                                                                                                   easily
                                                                             them with candy.
                    a degree of lightness, darkness, and strength of a
hue           n                                                              She painted her room in hues of red.
                    color
determine     v     of strong will                                           She was very determined to succeed.                         resolute
                                                                             The school system did not foster competition, but
system        n     a method or procedure with a set series of steps
                                                                             instead it fostered individual talents.
Unit 67

                                                                                   Her symptoms were so general, it was difficult to
pinpoint             v     to determine the exact nature or cause of
                                                                                   pinpoint the exact cause of her pain.
                           broken parts of historical buildings that still exist   When we visited Greece, we were able to see many of
ruin                 n
                           after thousands of years                                the ruins of ancient temples.
                           a small piece or amount of something that is left       You can see the remnants of the city's former glory in
remnant              n
                           from a larger original piece or amount                  the architecture of the buildings.
                                                                                   I infer from the way you are walking, that you have
infer                v     to guess by having some information                                                                                 to surmise
                                                                                   good news.
                                                                                   During the winter months, you need to wear thick
insulation           n     material that keeps out cold, heat, and/or sound
                                                                                   jackets for insulation.
                                                                                   They turned on the heater because of the dampness in
dampness             n     when something is slightly wet
                                                                                   the room.
speculate            v     to guess about                                          I don't want to speculate, but I think the wife ran away.
                                                                                   The scarcity of food during the war caused many
scarcity             n     very small or limited amount of something
                                                                                   people to go hungry and die.
                           something which happens unexpectedly and
accidentally         adv                                                           She accidentally spilled all her soda in the car.           unintentionally
                           unintentionally
                                                                                   She was choosy about the type of fabric she used for
fabric               n     cloth                                                                                                               textile
                                                                                   her wedding gowns.

insert               v     to put something in something else                      They had to insert an flyer in every newspaper by hand.

                                                                                   After the operation, she had to ease back into her
ease                 v     to move gently and slowly
                                                                                   routine.
                           to make thread by twisting fibers, or to produce
spin (과 거 spun)      v                                                             Charlotte spun her web and caught many flies in it.
                           something using thread
                                                                                   Her superior intelligence was evidenced by her getting a
evidence             v     to show                                                                                                             demonstrate
                                                                                   full scholarship to Stanford University.
empress              n     the wife of an emperor                                  The empress of China discovered the silkworm.
                                                                                   Writing out each invitation by hand was very time-
time-consuming       adj   needing a lot of time                                                                                               lengthy
                                                                                   consuming.
                                                                                   He was the backbone of the entire project; it would not
backbone             n     the main support                                                                                                    foundation
                                                                                   have been possible without him.
forbid                                                                             The children were forbidden from going into the forest
                     v     to not permit                                                                                                       ban
(과 거 분 사 forbidden                                                                 without adult supervision.
)                          an occurrence or situation that could happen, be
possibility          n                                                             The possibilities of the new machine were endless.          potential
                           true, or exist
                                                                                   Pulleys are used on construction sites to lift concrete
pulleys              n     an apparatus used to lift or lower heavy objects
                                                                                   slabs.
Unit 68

                                                                              I was extremely tired because I worked until 3 in the
extremely       adv   very                                                                                                               exceptionally
                                                                              morning.
                                                                              Rose considered her self to be a very spiritual person
spiritual       adj   of or about the spirit                                                                                             religious
                                                                              because she mediated every morning.
                      the putting and keeping of things in a special place    She put all the baby clothes in storage because she was
storage         n
                      for use in the future                                   planning on having more children.
                                                                              The sales representative demonstrated how to use the
demonstrate     v     to show how something works                                                                                        to describe
                                                                              remote controls.
                                                                              He had a brilliant mind, but he did not have very good
brilliant       adj   extremely intelligent
                                                                              social skills.
                      a tall plant of the grass family used in construction   The bed was made from bamboo and had a very Asian
bamboo          n
                      and furniture                                           feel to it.
                                                                              The little girl raised her hand to get the teacher's
attention       n     looking and listening:
                                                                              attention.
                                                                              The children were very quiet in front of guests because
discipline      n     obedience to rules of good behavior and order                                                                      orderliness
                                                                              the parents expected discipline from them.
                                                                              He was taught that first impressions are very
impression      n     a feeling about someone or something                    important, so he always makes sure he is friendly to       impact
                                                                              everyone he meets.
                                                                              No one knew how to work the device because there
device          n     a tool or implement                                                                                                gadget
                                                                              was no switch to turn it off or on.
                                                                              The picture of the ship was the exact replication of the
replication     n     an exact copy of an object
                                                                              Titanic.
speedily        adv   to move quickly                                         The problem was resolved speedily.
                                                                              The number one rule in disciplining your children is
consistent      adj   in accord with
                                                                              that you must be consistent.
                                                                              The queen was impressed by the craftsmanship of the
craftsmanship   n     skill at making things
                                                                              bamboo furniture.
simplistic      adj   oversimplify                                            The politicians took a very simplistic view of the war.
                                                                              The artist did a freehand drawing of the Statue of
freehand        adj   without the aid of mechanical devices                                                                              by hand
                                                                              Liberty.
                                                                              When you enter a new country, they usually stamp
stamp           v     to print or make a raised mark with something
                                                                              your passport.
absorb          v     to soak up                                              The flowers absorbed all the water in the vase.            take in
                                                                              All his hard work in preparing the meals was for naught
naught          n     nothing
                                                                              because the party was cancelled.
                                                                              The Friday night meetings always commences at 8:00
commence        v     to begin                                                                                                           start
                                                                              pm.
Unit 69

                                                                             The ambassador had the ability to make everyone feel
ability        n     skill                                                                                                              competence
                                                                             comfortable.
accurately     adv   exactly and without any mistakes                        He was not able to accurately describe the suspect.        correctly
                     cloth stretched over a wooden frame for painting        The artists liked to paint on large canvases because he
canvas         n
                     pictures                                                liked to paint objects that were life-size.
                                                                             She had many flaws, but her husband loved her
flaw           n     something that is not perfect                                                                                      a fault
                                                                             nonetheless.
                     have the most important place or greatest influence     Mercy High School's football team dominated the
dominate       v
                     in                                                      football league; they won every game.
depth          n     the distance from the front to the back of              What is the depth of the cupboard?
                     something
acclaim        n     public congratulations                                  Sam received great acclaim for winning the spelling bee.   praise

                     related to personal feeling and opinion, rather than    The teacher does not grade fairly because everything
subjective     adj
                     facts                                                   seems to be subjective.
                                                                             The vivid colors of the painting made the room come
vivid          adj   easy to see or imagine                                                                                             clear
                                                                             alive.
                                                                             She made a remarkable recovery from her surgery and
remarkable     adj   worthy of attention, noticeable                                                                                    extraordinary
                                                                             was able to go back to work in just two weeks.
depict         v     to paint                                                The artist depicted the Grand Canyon in bright colors.     draw
                     specific type of literature, art, or music grouped      Poetry, fiction and nonfiction are some of the genres
genre          n
                     according to a style or subject                         we will read this year in English class.
                                                                             After looking through the pictures, she was able to
identify       v     to recognize the identity of something or someone
                                                                             identify the man who stole her purse.
                     to change something from its usual, original, natural   She had a distorted understanding of a marriage
distorted      adj
                     or intended meaning, condition or shape                 because she grew up without a father.
                                                                             The nursery was unstructured, and children were
unstructured   adj   lacking a clearly defined structure or organization
                                                                             running around everywhere.
                                                                             Her parents were very permissible and allowed their
permissible    adj   allowable                                               daughter to make all decisions independently even          permitted
                                                                             though she was only 12 years old.
                                                                             The divergence between the incomes of the rich and
divergence     n     to be or become different
                                                                             the poor countries seems to be increasing.
                                                                             He gave a noteworthy speech about the need to help
noteworthy     adj   important                                                                                                          significant
                                                                             the poor.
                                                                             The stores displayed Christmas decorations in their
display        v     to place in a position to be seen                                                                                  to show
                                                                             windows.
                                                                             The mother was very annoyed because of her son's
erratic        adj   not working or performing consistently                                                                             irregular
                                                                             erratic schedule.
Unit 70

enduring       adj   permanent                                              Treasure Island is a novel of enduring interest.             lasting
fade           v     to lose the original color                             The picture will fade if you leave it in the sun too long.   to lighten
                     three dimensional art made of stone, metal, or other   The sculpture was made of stone, and it looked exactly
sculpture      n
                     objects                                                like the king.
                                                                            She had very stubby fingers, and everyone worried if
stubby         adj   short and thick or broad
                                                                            she would ever get married.
                     someone who studies the buildings, graves, tools       The archeologist spent all his time digging up artifacts
archeologist   n
                     and other objects of people who lived in the past      from the site.
                                                                            After traveling around the world for 20 years, he had
accumulate     v     to add up
                                                                            accumulated more than 1,000 souvenirs.
                                                                            After 90% of the votes were in, he conceded defeat and
concede        v     to admit that something is true
                                                                            congratulated the winner.

allure         n     to attract with something desirable                    She was allured by the hope of getting rich very quickly.    to tempt

figurine       v     a small statue of a person or animal                   His mother liked to collect glass figurines of angels.
                     metal tool with a V-shaped point for cutting wood
chisel         n                                                            I use a chisel to carve the stone.
                     or stone
                                                                            He used a mallet to shape the metal into a shape of an
mallet         n     a type of hammer with a short handle
                                                                            apple.
                                                                            The sculpture looked very good, but his professor
refine         v     to improve something                                                                                                make it better
                                                                            asked him to refine the facial features.
                                                                            The high quality of the water denotes the effectiveness
denote         v     to show clearly                                                                                                     signify
                                                                            of the water purification system.
                                                                            The roads were blocked because trucks were moving
slab           n     a thick, flat slice of something
                                                                            concrete slabs for the new highway.
precisely      adv   exactly                                                The wedding started precisely at 11:00 o'clock.
                                                                            She had perfected the recipe and entered her cake in a
perfect        v     to make perfect, flawless, excellent                                                                                to polish
                                                                            contest.
                                                                            The man approached me and asked if I had any spare
approach       v     move toward                                                                                                         to near
                                                                            change.
                                                                            Several business coming into the city revived the city's
revive         v     to give new energy to something                                                                                     revitalized
                                                                            economy.
lithe          adj   able to move and bend easily                           Ballerina dancers are very lithe.                            flexible
                                                                            Victorious and still basking in the glow of winning, the
                     to take pleasure from something that makes you feel
bask           v                                                            Canadian team continued to win three more trophies.
                     good
Unit 71          Parts   Definition                                             Sentence                                                   Synm

                                                                                The image on the picture was hard to see because
image            n       picture
                                                                                water had spilled on it.
                                                                                The depiction of the mother in the movie was very
depiction        n       to represent or show something in a picture or story
                                                                                favorable.
hint             n       a very small amount of something                       There was a hint of alcohol on his breath.
                                                                                The views of the beach from the hotel room was
breathtaking     adj     so beautiful one cannot breathe for a moment
                                                                                breathtaking.
                                                                                The argument between the two school teams escalated
escalate         v       to raise in level                                                                                                 increase
                                                                                into a fight on the field.
                                                                                The baby had a slight cold so the mother stayed home
slight           adj     small                                                                                                             minor
                                                                                with him all day.
                                                                                When they built that new mall, it really revitalized the
revitalize       v       give new life or energy to something                                                                              to energize
                                                                                city.
mirror image     n       a person or object that is very similar to another     He is a mirror image of his father. They look identical.
                         a piece of a broken glass, cup, container or similar
shard            n                                                              Please be careful, there are shards of glass everywhere.
                         object
                                                                                We have to maximize our time here, so lets visit all the
maximize         v       o get or demand the most from something                                                                           inflate
                                                                                famous sites.
                                                                                The gaps in his education was due to the fact that he
gap              n       a difference between two things
                                                                                attended school in five different countries.
                                                                                She owns several homes, but mainly lives in her house
mainly           adv     usually, for the most part                                                                                        primarily
                                                                                in New York.
                                                                                The Roman basilicas were usually located in the center
basilica         n       a public building of ancient Rome
                                                                                of the Roman town.
regal            adj     related to kings and queens                            They put the regal crown on the little boy's head.
                                                                                Her life now is in stark contrast to her life before she
stark            adj     complete                                                                                                          utter
                                                                                had the baby.
                         a period in European history, between about 1000
medieval times   n                                                              During the medieval times, jousting was very common.
                         AD and 1500 AD
                                                                                The lavish decorations in her house reminded him of a
lavish           adj     done in very large and generous amounts
                                                                                castle he had once visited.
                                                                                The bottle should be discarded once you finish all the
discard          v       to throw away
                                                                                medicine.
villa            n       a country house                                        He owned several villas in Italy and in Switzerland.
well-to-do       adj     wealthy                                                Her family is very well-to-do so she never has to work.    rich
Unit 72

                                                                               The nurse felt affection for the children in the
affection        n     a feeling close to love, warmth for someone                                                                        tender feelings
                                                                               orphanage.
                                                                               I have great admiration for the pianist not because of
admiration       n     an attitude of approval or respect                                                                                 awe
                                                                               her talents, but because of her generosity.
                                                                               After winning the medal, the ice skater skated around
capture          v     to hold the attention of                                                                                           to catch
                                                                               the rink capturing the hearts of the American people.
                                                                               Her devotion to her children was evidenced by her
devotion         n     dedication                                                                                                         loyalty
                                                                               sacrificing her career to home school them.
                                                                               She felt regret for her actions and gave each child a
sincere          adj   honest in one's thought and action                                                                                 sincere
                                                                               sincere apology.
                                                                               I am very thankful for all that you have done for me,
express          v     to show a feeling, opinion or fact
                                                                               and I cannot fully express my gratitude in words.
                                                                               On behalf of the family, I would like to thank everyone
behalf           n     as the representative of
                                                                               for coming to the party tonight.
                                                                               At the Chinese Theater in Hollywood, stars are
                       to make someone or something so famous that they
immortalize      v                                                             immortalized by placing their hand and foot prints into
                       are remembered for a very long time
                                                                               the cement in front of the theater.
                       strong or noticeable than anything else of the same     Computer companies have made a lot of money by the
dominance        n                                                                                                                        more important
                       type                                                    dominance of home computers.
                                                                               Marilyn Monroe was so beautiful that she was the
adoration        n     love                                                                                                               infatuation
                                                                               adoration of many.
                                                                               The faces were not discernible because the chemicals
discernible      adj   recognize or understand something that is not clear                                                                to see
                                                                               had smudge the pictures.
                                                                               Revitalization of the community commenced with the
revitalization   n     to give new vitality or vigor to
                                                                               building of the new mall.
                                                                               The bird disappeared into the clouds and then quickly
reappear         v     to appear again                                                                                                    come back
                                                                               reappeared.
                                                                               This neighborhood is predominately comprised ethnic
predominately    adv   overshadow others                                                                                                  to dominate
                                                                               minorities.
                                                                               It was a big accomplishment for Jody to walk up the
accomplishment   n     a difficult task done well                                                                                         achievement
                                                                               stairs by himself.
                                                                               The invitation did not specify the attire for the party,
attire           n     clothing
                                                                               so she didn't know what to wear.
                                                                               Rococo style rooms were designed with elegant and
                       an 18th century French art and architectural style
rococo           n                                                             ornate furniture, small sculptures, ornamental mirrors,
                       noted for its curving lines and fancy detail work
                                                                               and tapestry complementing the architecture.
                       relating to the heavily decorated style in buildings,   Claudio Monteverdi, Antonio Vivaldi, George Frideric
baroque          n     art and music that was popular in Europe in the         Handel, and Johann Sebastian Bach are musicians
                       17th century and the early part of the 18th century     associated with baroque music.
                                                                               You can see the decline in the education standards
decline          n     to move downward                                        because students no longer can recite their
                                                                               multiplication facts.
                                                                               There was a parade to commemorate the independence
commemorate      v     to celebrate the memory of someone or some event
                                                                               of the country.
Unit 73

blossom          v     develop into something very good                      Sarah blossomed into a very beautiful young lady.
                                                                             Samsung is a multi-faceted business offering several
multi-faceted    adj   having many different parts
                                                                             different services.
shift            v     to change from one position to another                The truck driver shifted his gears.                        to move
                       to repeat or sing a word or phrase continuously, or
chant            v                                                           The crowd was chanting the names of their team.
                       to sing a religious prayer or song to a simple tune
                                                                             There was a realignment of power in the organization,
realignment      v     to put something into a new or correct position       and now a committee oversees all the day to day
                                                                             operations.
explore          v     to investigate                                        When the children found the cave, they explored it.        study
                                                                             The speaker expounded on all the problems of the
expound          v     to comment or talk
                                                                             company.
                                                                             You will have to pay $50 this first year and then $30 in
subsequent       adj   happening later                                                                                                  succeeding
                                                                             the subsequent years.
                                                                             Roughly 60% of the students from this school will
roughly          adv   about, but not exactly                                                                                           approximately
                                                                             graduate and go to college.
                                                                             The discordant meeting ended without any
discordant       adj   full of conflict and disagreement
                                                                             resolutions.
subtype          n     a subordinate type                                    Sparrow and Eagle are subtypes of the bird category.
                                                                             After the surgery, he was not very coherent because
coherent         adj   clear                                                                                                            logical
                                                                             the anesthesia had not worn off yet.
                                                                             His story was unfinished because he could not find an
unfinished       adj   incomplete
                                                                             ending to it.
                                                                             Muhammad Ali is the undisputed best boxer in the
undisputed       adj   generally agreed upon
                                                                             world.
prolifically     adv   In a productive way                                   Dr. Seuss prolifically wrote children's stories.
                                                                             His academic struggles in his early grades
foreshadow       v     to be a sign of future events
                                                                             foreshadowed his lack of success.
                       the last part of a musical piece, performance, or     After the finale, the audience gave a 10 minute
finale           n
                       public event                                          standing ovation.
dissonance       n     discord                                               I do not like the dissonance in rock music.                harsh sound
                                                                             His avoidance of his girlfriend only aggravated the
avoidance        n     the act of bypassing something
                                                                             already tense situation.
                       the state of knowing what something is like, when     Although his job is not very challenging, he likes the
predictability   n
                       something will happen                                 predictability that it provides.
Unit 74

                                                                              It is highly likely that I will be able to make it to the
likely             adv   to be expected                                                                                                   probable
                                                                              party.
serve              v     to act as a servant, clerk, server                   He served the king as his legal advisor.
                         Something or someone that is indispensable is so
                                                                              He gave his assistant a 40% raise because of her
indispensability   n     good or important that you consider them to be
                                                                              indispensability.
                         essential
                                                                              When you are wealthy, it is an undeniable truth that
undeniable         adj   not capable of being disputed                                                                                    absolute
                                                                              you can buy happiness to a certain degree.
incredible         adj   wonderful                                            The incredible cake was made by a 10 year old.              fabulous
                                                                              The purpose of this meeting is to determine the
purpose            n     a goal                                                                                                           reason
                                                                              products we will sell during the holiday season.
pluck              v     to pull quickly                                      She plucked the feathers off the dead chicken.              to yank
quill              n     a large bird feather                                 The quills of a porcupine protect it from predators.
                                                                              The framework for our project is described in this
framework          n     an organization of ideas
                                                                              report.
particularly       adv   especially                                           I don't like eggs, particularly the brown eggs.             greatly
                                                                              The popularity of the new Lego toys with children was
popularity         n     widespread acceptance
                                                                              phenomenal.
                                                                              The store had undergone several renovations after the
undergo            v     to experience
                                                                              fire.
ancestor           n     the persons from whom one is descended               His ancestors came to America on the Mayflower.
                         when something gets better or when you make it       In America, many homeowners make improvements to
improvement        n
                         better                                               their home by themselves.
                                                                              There are over 1000 known compositions by Johann
composition        n     the artistic creation of music, poetry, literature
                                                                              Sebastian Bach.
                         being well-known for good things someone has
renowned           adj                                                        Her grandfather was a renowned pianist.                     fame
                         done
gut                n     the intestines or stomach                            In some countries, people eat pig guts.
                                                                              It is a challenge to protect our children from the many
influence          n     the power to change or persuade others                                                                           effect
                                                                              negative influences they are exposed to each day.
                                                                              The decreases in family size is due to the high cost of
decrease           v     to grow smaller in number                                                                                        decline
                                                                              living in the city.
                                                                              If you purchase more than one item online, I will
combine            v     to join together                                                                                                 mix
                                                                              combine the shipping price.
Unit 75

                       showing all the characteristics that you would          Mary, in her typically frank fashion, told Jim that he
typically        adv
                       expect from the stated person, thing or group           was being rude.
                                                                               The conductor told the musicians how he wanted
conductor        n     a person who directs an orchestra
                                                                               them to play.
fashionable      adj   in the latest style                                     Her clothes are always fashionable.                        trendy
                       the act of making something attractive to the general   The popularization of digital cameras have made the 35
popularization   n
                       public                                                  mm film almost obsolete.
                                                                               The children's chorus traveled throughout Europe
chorus           n     a large group of singers                                                                                           a choir
                                                                               singing at different cathedrals.

component        n     part of a whole of something                            An integral component of the automobile is the engine.

trace            v     to follow something to its origin                       The illegal funds were traced back the Asia.               track down
                                                                               The queen's patronage of the museum was important
patronage        n     the favor and support given by a patron
                                                                               for its survival.
                                                                               He fulfilled his contract by completing 50 service
fulfill          v     to satisfy                                                                                                         accomplished
                                                                               hours.
eminent          adj   widely recognized as important                          She is eminent in the field of biology.                    distinguished
                                                                               It's a typical country estate with a large house for the
estate           n     a large house with much land
                                                                               owner, farm buildings and estate workers' houses.
                                                                               The mother was worried because her daughter's
permanent        adj   meant to last, forever or for a long time                                                                          lasting
                                                                               permanent teeth have not come in yet.
                       to improve the quality, amount or strength of           Some athletes believe enhancing their muscles will help
enhance          v
                       something                                               them improve their game.
                                                                               The new museum was modeled after the baroque
model            v     to take someone or something as an example
                                                                               buildings in Europe.
                                                                               She had a pure heart and never said a negative remark
pure             adj   not dirty or polluted                                                                                              clean
                                                                               about anyone.
                       any of the instruments in an orchestra that are
                                                                               Woodwind instruments use vibrating air to produce
woodwind         n     played by blowing into them, such as the clarinet,
                                                                               many different musical sounds.
                       bassoon, and oboe
brass            n     musical horns                                           The trumpet and tuba are both brass instruments.
                       the group of musical instruments played by tapping,     Percussion instruments include drums, cymbals,
percussion       n
                       hitting, or beating                                     castanets, and bells.
                                                                               We solidified our plans to visit all the famous
solidify         v     to make something definite
                                                                               museums in the world.
                                                                               The core of the problem is that he is very lazy and does
core             n     the most important part of something                                                                               the focal point
                                                                               not like to work hard.
Unit 76

brief           adj   short                                                Our meeting was very brief, it only lasted 30 minutes.     concise
diverse         adj   different from each other                            San Francisco has a very diverse ethnic population.        varied
                                                                           She took a volunteer position at the radio station
morph           v     to change one thing to another
                                                                           which morphed into a full time job.
                                                                           The master plan incorporated ideas from the students
incorporate     v     to include                                                                                                      contain
                                                                           and the teachers.
                                                                           She is an etymologist and is fascinated by the new
etymologist     n     an expert in the origin and history of words
                                                                           words being developed in the computer world.
                                                                           I was very reluctant to agree to the contract because it
reluctant       adj   concerned or afraid                                                                                             hesitant
                                                                           required me to travel extensively.
                                                                           He was a very distinguished gentleman who's uncle
distinguished   adj   for excellent achievement
                                                                           was the king of Norway.
                                                                           The school shooting spawned a flurry of safety
spawn           v     give life to                                                                                                    to cause
                                                                           reforms for the city.
emotive         adj   causing strong feelings                              Child abuse is a highly emotive issue.
blues           n     slow jazz music about sad feelings                   Blues music is very popular in New Orleans.
                                                                           Ragtime was developed by black musicians in North
ragtime         n     a type of American jazz
                                                                           America in the early 1900s.
                                                                           The exodus of the Israelites from Egypt to the
exodus          n     departure or withdrawal of large numbers of people
                                                                           Promised Land took 40 years.
induce          v     to cause something to happen                         Sleeping pills often induce long term side effects.
                                                                           The two countries agreed to discontinue fighting and
usher           v     bring into being                                                                                                to make
                                                                           ushered a new era of peace.
                      something improvised, especially a musical passage   Jazz musicians rarely use music; most of their
improvisation   n
                      or a dramatic skit.                                  performances are improvisations.
                                                                           The husband is subservient to his wife because he's
subservient     v     acting like a servant                                                                                           obedient
                                                                           afraid of her.
                                                                           She pioneered new medical practices that focused on
pioneer         v     to develop
                                                                           the needs of the patient
offshoot        n     a new development                                    Gmail is an offshoot of Google.
                                                                           This is a home medical reference book encompassing
encompass       v     to include
                                                                           remedies for most common health problems.
                                                                           The conductor tried to fuse together rock and classical
fuse            v     to melt together                                                                                                to become one
                                                                           music without much success.
Unit 77

                                                                        Many middle aged Japanese women have feelings of
affinity      n     attraction to                                                                                                  a liking
                                                                        affinity with Korean actors.
                                                                        He didn't realize the magnitude of his success until he
magnitude     n     the size or importance of something                 could no longer to go restaurants without people
                                                                        asking him for his autograph.
                                                                        Informing the landlord about the noise outside the
inform        v     to tell someone                                                                                                to notify
                                                                        apartment did not solve the problem.
                                                                        She gained popularity after performing her song at
gain          v     to obtain                                                                                                      acquire
                                                                        Disney Land.
                                                                        She loved her husband dearly, but she divorced him
intrusive     adj   coming without invitation or welcome
                                                                        because of his intrusive mother.
                    to replace an old or existing version or model of   This high speed new computer superseded that old
supersede     v
                    something with a new or better one                  slow one.
stroll        v     a relaxed, unhurried walk                           The couple took a stroll on the beach.
                                                                        She didn't like it at first, but she later enjoyed the
ritualize     v     to make into a ritual
                                                                        ritualized tea ceremony.
consume       v     to use up                                           Her work consumed most of her time and energy.             to spend
                                                                        Yo-Yo Ma is a virtuoso that has entertained audiences
virtuoso      n     a musician or singer who is a star
                                                                        around the world.
                                                                        The grant from the foundation enabled her to start her
enable        v     make possible for                                                                                              to empower
                                                                        home for pregnant teens.
                                                                        She could not sustain her relationship with her
sustain       v     to keep up                                                                                                     maintain activity
                                                                        boyfriend and decided to break up.
                                                                        She belonged to a comedy troupe that traveled to 20
                    a company, band, or group of singers, actors, or
troupe        n                                                         different countries where she realized language is a not
                    other performers, especially one that travels
                                                                        a barrier to laughter.
                                                                        The had started their discussion on the premise that
premise       n     a basis for a line of reasoning                                                                                an assumption
                                                                        women and men should receive equal pay.
                                                                        His birthday party was a festive occasion with lots of
festive       adj   joyful, with feasting and good spirits                                                                         happy
                                                                        singing and dancing.
                    someone who is trying to become a successful        The aspiring actor worked at a restaurant to pay his
aspiring      adj
                    actor, politician, writer, etc                      bills.
                                                                        There was not enough interaction between the parents
interaction   n     when two or more people or things interact          and the children, and they eventually had nothing to
                                                                        say to each other.
                    making people angry by one's bad behavior or        He yelled at the waitress, and the owner asked him to
rude          adj                                                                                                                  impolite
                    unkind words                                        leave the restaurant because of his rude behavior.
playwright    n     a person who writes plays                           Shakespeare was an English poet and a playwright.
playhouse     n     a theater                                           We usually dress up to go to the playhouse.
Unit 78

unusual       adj   peculiar, not normal                                       His unusual behavior perplexed the teachers.              strange
                    the most exciting or intense point in a series of          The climax of the game was when he made a
climax        n
                    events                                                     touchdown with only two seconds to go.
                                                                               The gradual decline of that community was caused by
gradual       adj   happening slowly or by small steps                                                                                   incremental
                                                                               the greed of its leaders.
                                                                               The rigidity of the rules discouraged her from
rigidity      n     stiff or fixed
                                                                               participating in the games.
                                                                               The wife confronted her husband about his gambling
confront      v     to face in hostility or defiance                                                                                     oppose
                                                                               problems.
                    a person who strongly opposes generally accepted           Frank Lloyd Wright was an iconoclast who didn't agree
iconoclast    n                                                                                                                          non-conformist
                    beliefs and traditions                                     with traditional building techniques.
                                                                               He is a polygamist with three wives and fifteen
polygamist    n     a person with more than one spouse
                                                                               children.
                                                                               Her husband's religious convictions led her to
                    the act of giving up your religious or political beliefs
apostasy      n                                                                apostasy and consequently denying the existence of
                    and leaving a religion or a political party
                                                                               any superior power.
                                                                               The teacher emphasized the importance of doing
emphasize     v     to place importance on                                                                                               to stress
                                                                               homework every day.
                    a person who does not believe in the existence of          She is an atheist who finds no need to religion in her
atheist       n
                    God                                                        life.
                    to put tasks, events, etc. in their order of
prioritize    v                                                                She prioritized her day by listing what she had to do.
                    importance
                                                                               Singing lessons were a detriment to her formal
detriment     n     something that causes damage or loss                                                                                 harm
                                                                               education.
                                                                               His viewpoint on life was that you work hard, play hard
viewpoint     n     an opinion                                                                                                           a position
                                                                               and save hard.
                                                                               You have to remind him several times, but he
eventually    adv   in the end                                                                                                           after all
                                                                               eventually does his work.
develop       v     to cause something to grow                                 She developed a new way of making jelly.
                                                                               Tunics are still fashionable even after thousands of
tunic         n     a loose, sack-like garment tied at the waist
                                                                               years.
                                                                               The play ended tragically when the two lovers
tragically    adv   a very sad event or situation
                                                                               committed suicide.
                                                                               He died under bizarre circumstances, and no one
bizarre       adj   very strange                                                                                                         weird
                                                                               knows how he ended up in the river.
                                                                               There was a lot of controversy over the candidate
controversy   n     a lot of disagreement or argument about something
                                                                               getting a $400 haircut.
                                                                               The professors eccentric behavior amused his
eccentric     adj   odd                                                                                                                  unusual
                                                                               students.
Unit 79

                                                                          The beam of light from the car shined on the sick deer
beam            n     a ray of light
                                                                          on the road.
                                                                          The exterior of the house was not very nice, but the
exterior        n     the outside of something                                                                                       surface
                                                                          inside was very beautiful.
                                                                          The dancer's rendering of the war deeply moved the
rendering       n     a drawing or interpretation of something
                                                                          audience.
                                                                          James Truslow Adams, a writer, coined the phrase 'the
coin            v     to invent a new word or expression
                                                                          American Dream.'
                                                                          The dish was a combination of rice, mushrooms, and
combination     n     two or more things, ideas, or events put together                                                              mixture
                                                                          chicken.
pewter          n     a grayish metal made of tin and lead                The bowls were made from pewter.
petroleum       n     a dark, thick, oily liquid                          Gasoline is made from petroleum.
                                                                          She was startled when something jumped out from the
shadowy         adj   dark and full of shadows
                                                                          shadowy road.
                                                                          The outline of the building cast a big shadow on the
outline         n     the outer shape of something
                                                                          street.
process         n     general methods of doing something                  The process of lawsuits can take several years.            system
                                                                          The doctor required her to ride a stationary bike for 30
stationary      adj   not moving or able to be moved                                                                                 fixed
                                                                          minutes each day.
                                                                          The houses in Texas are very affordable compared to
affordable      adj   capable of being paid for without difficulty                                                                   not too expensive
                                                                          other states.
driving         adj   energetic                                           His mother was the driving force behind his success.       forceful
realistic       adj   seeming to exist or be happening in fact            The artificial trees looked very realistic.                lifelike
                                                                          The company made major strides into the international
stride          n     an important positive development
                                                                          market.
colleague       n     person with whom one works                          He has a very good relationship with his colleagues.       co-worker
                                                                          The 20th century witnessed unprecedented new
unprecedented   v     never having happened or existed in the past
                                                                          discoveries in technology.
                                                                          We bought the painting for a whopping price of two
whopping        adj   very large of its kind                                                                                         thumping
                                                                          million dollars.
                                                                          After receiving some counseling, she began concurring
conquer         v     To be victorious                                                                                               win
                                                                          her fears.
                                                                          The actors appearance on stage caused everyone to
appearance      n     the coming into public view                                                                                    the arrival
                                                                          stand up and applause.
Unit 80

                                                                                      There has been an explosion of reality shows in recent
explosion          n     a sudden large increase
                                                                                      days.
                                                                                      The police man said the woman's help in solving the
immeasurable       adj   limitless                                                                                                                 great
                                                                                      case was immeasurable.
                         to plan a difficult activity, often a crime, in detail and
mastermind         n                                                                  He was the mastermind behind all the attacks.
                         make certain that it happens successfully
                                                                                      His points seem significant and important, but they are
arguable           adj   capable or worthy of being argued                                                                                         doubted
                                                                                      all arguable.
                         someone or something that is not included in a rule,
                                                                                      Women are usually good at cooking, but Hillary is an
exception          n     group or list or that does not behave in the
                                                                                      exception.
                         expected way
invention          n     something useful created by someone                          His new invention made him a millionaire.
                                                                                      There arose a need for the students to be evacuated
arise(과 거 arose)   v     occur                                                                                                                     happen
                                                                                      from the school.
                                                                                      Being around all the babies amplified her desire to get
amplify            v     to increase the size or effect of something                                                                               to make bigger
                                                                                      pregnant.
                         a situation or condition with many difficult parts to        The complexity of the computer program caused great
complexity         n
                         it                                                           headache for the programmer.
                                                                                      There has been so much manipulation of the case, no
manipulation       n     to control something or someone to your advantage
                                                                                      one really knows what happened.
                                                                                      Planning a wedding involves making a myriad of
myriad             n     to a great number of things                                                                                               many
                                                                                      decisions.
                                                                                      There are many variables you need to consider before
variable           n     a number, amount or situation which can change
                                                                                      you get married.
                                                                                      When he invested in the restaurant, he didn't realize
                         to fill a thing or place completely so that no more
saturation         n                                                                  there was a saturation of fast food restaurants in the
                         can be added
                                                                                      area.
                                                                                      He has traveled extensively and adjusts well in all
adjust             v     to feel comfortable                                                                                                       to adapt
                                                                                      environments.
populate           v     to fill an area with people                                  The new immigrants populated the city.

tint               v     to color                                                     She tints her hair every six weeks to cover the gray hair.

final              adj   last                                                         I saw the final production of the plan.
                         a movie in which very frightening things happen,
                                                                                      She didn't like to watch horror movies because they
horror movie       n     such as dead people coming to life and people being
                                                                                      caused her not to be able to sleep for many days.
                         murdered
                                                                                      They made an animation movie based on the cartoon
animation          n     the process of giving life, spirit, motion, or activity
                                                                                      character.
                         to turn a movie camera slowly to film a wide area or         She panned her camera so that she could capture her
pan                v
                         a moving object                                              children's every move.
 135   abandonedv                                   forsaken
                         left behind The home was abandoned after the hurricane had damaged it b
 518   abhor       v     to hate                    to detest
                                      The little girl abhors vegetables.
1435   ability     n     skill                      competence
                                      The ambassador had the ability to make everyone feel comforta
 903   abominable  adj                 unpleasanthateful
                         very bad orHer treatment of her pets was abominable; her neighbors finall
 985   aboriginal adj                   living thing that has existed in a country or continent the the
                         a person orAboriginal people of Australia make up about 2.5% ofsincepopu
 413   absent      adj   not presentThe father was absent from his daughter's wedding.
1431   absorbed v                                    absorbed all the water in the vase.
                         to soak up The flowerstake in
 542   absorbs v                        take in
                         to soak up,The sponge absorbed all the liquid.
 566   abstract adj                   Love feelings and concept for things
                         related to ideas, is an abstractnot concrete many people.
 137   abundant adj      plentiful                  profuse
                                      Food is abundant in most developed countries.
 450   abused      v                   either physically or emotionally
                         hurt badly, Since the abused children had no place to go, the judge placed
 604   academia n                     He had spent teachers
                         the world of students andall of his adult life in academia because he was a
 686   accelerationn                  The new car model
                         when something goes faster was touted for its sleek design, but it had p
 475   access      n                    or possibility of approaching a place to a good education.
                         the methodMany poor people do not have accessor person, or the right to
 288   accessible adj                 All the or reached
                         able to be enteredbuildings in the city are accessible to people in wheelcha
1401   accidentallyadv                She accidentally spilled all her soda in the car.
                                                    unintentionally
                         something which happens unexpectedly and unintentionally
1441   acclaim     n                  Sam received great
                         public congratulations praise acclaim for winning the spelling bee.
 508   accommodate v                  The restaurant someoneset up to accommodate the physically d
                         to give what is neededserve to was not
1217   accompanies v                  There exist go along
                                                     at the same time as something
                         to be provided or is a lot of stress that accompanies planning a wedding.
 601   accompany   v                  The daughter often
                                                    to
                         to go with someone else escortaccompanied her mother to the meetings.
1512               n
       accomplishment                 It was a well achievement
                         a difficult task donebig accomplishment for Jody to walk up the stairs by h
 928   accrete     v                  In science when something accretes, it gradually increases by s
                         to grow together           adhere
1461   accumulated v     to add up After traveling around the world for 20 years, he had accumulat
 428   accurate adj      correct                     were
                                      The gradesexact accurate and reflected the hard work of the stu
1436   accurately adv                   without anyable to
                                                      mistakes
                         exactly andHe was notcorrectlyaccurately describe the suspect.
 748   achieve     v                  She           accomplish
                         to reach, gain didn't realize that she would be able to achieve everything t
1029   acquire     v     to buy                     to purchase
                                      She acquired a new car with the bonus she received from her jo
1153   acquisition n                    of getting the purchase a brand new car.
                                                    ownership of
                         the processHis latest acquisition wassomething
 808   activated v                    The           activated
                         to put in motionbutton to start the big machine.
 118   acute       adj   great                      severe
                                      Lack of motivation in students was acute in poor neighborhoods
 621   adaptation n                   The elementary students enjoyed the adaptation of Romeo
                         a change that results in something to suit different conditions or uses and
 328   adapted v                       to adaptedin a new
                                                      very quickly
                         to change, He function to adjust wayto his new life in South America.
 264   addicted adj                   It's easy to become addicted to cigarette smoking.
                         to not be able to stop doing or using something, especially something harm
 104   additives n                    The children preferred store bought improve its taste or appear
                         a substance which is added to food in order to cookies because of all the a
 178   addressed v       to speak toThe cancer victim addressed the senators on need for change i
 623   adept       v     skillful                   clever
                                      She was adept at making everyone believe her lies.
  20   adequate adj      enough                     sufficient
                                      In order to thrive, newborn babies need to receive an adequate
1679   adjust      v                  He has        to adapt
                         to feel comfortabletraveled extensively and adjusts well in all environments.
1499   admiration n                      have great oradmiration
                         an attitude Iof approvalawerespect for the pianist not because of her talent
 577   adolescents n                    especially teen 13-17
                                                    ages
                         a teenager,Adolescents are often confused because of their emotions; they
 386   adopt       v                  The parents decided to new
                         to accept or start to use somethingadopt a new strategy for disciplining the
  71   adoption n                     The of something
                         the acceptance adoption of the new policy increased productivity by 50%.
1507   adoration n       love                       infatuation
                                      Marilyn Monroe was so beautiful that she was the adoration of m
 800   adorned v                      Her house was adorned with Christmas decorations.
                         to make beautiful          to decorate
 922   advances n                     Scientific advances is what enabled the doctors to find a cure f
                         an improvement             a breakthrough
 624   advantage n                    She
                         a good feature had anbenefitadvantage over other students because she had stu
  90   advent      n                                outset
                         beginning Life in American was transformed with the advent of automobile
 436   adversely adv                    The loss harmful effect on something
                          having a negative orof the farm adversely affected the family's income.
1074   adversity n                                      adversity
                          bad luck Despite hermisfortuneof not being able to speak the language, s
1263   advertisementn                    a product or service
                          a notice of The advertisement for a hamburger made her hungry so she we
1316   advocating v                     Advocatingto propose
                          to support an idea           for the homeless was a passion for the new governo
 469                a
       aesthetically dv                 The table was not very practical,
                          relating to the enjoyment or study of beauty but it was aesthetically pleasin
1336   affect       v                                  a influence
                          to change Her lack of to college degree started to affect her self-esteem.
1498   affection n                      The nurse felt affection someone
                                                        warmth for for
                          a feeling close to love,tender feelings the children in the orphanage.
1603   affinity     n     attraction to               a aged
                                        Many middle liking Japanese women have feelings of affinity wi
1357   affirmation n                    Even though her
                          to state something as true father never showed it, him paying for her educ
1656   affordable adj                   being paid for without difficulty
                                                        in too expensive
                          capable of The housesnot Texas are very affordable compared to other stat
 840   afloat                           Everyone had to get out of the boat because of the leak, and it
                          on or above the water
 404   aggressive adj                                 hostile
                          unfriendly The aggressive behavior of the child caused much concern for t
 341   aims         n                   Our short term actions are intended todebt and purchase a hous
                          a result that your plansgoal  or aims are to get out of achieve
 372   akin         adj                               like
                          similar to His new songs are akin to those of the 70s.
1367   albatross n                      When
                          a large seabird they were stranded on the island, there was nothing to ea
 326   alienation n                     Although she no connection with the she felt an alienation from
                          the feeling that you have lived in a very busy city,people around you
 818   align        v                   It more objects in line the another
                          place one or was difficult to align with pictures with each other because the
 393   allocated v                      The family had only allocated specific purpose
                                                      allot
                          to plan to use an amount of money for a $50 for meals per day; it was not
 503   allow        v                   We              our son to start driving when he turned 16 years old
                          permit; to let allowedto give permission
1463   allure       n                   She was allured by
                                                      to desirable
                          to attract with something temptthe hope of getting rich very quickly.
 596   alter        v                                 to falsify
                          to change The students were caught after they altered their grades in the s
 411   alteration n       small change                modification
                                        There was a slight alteration in the plan; they decided to fly inst
1355   altered      v                                 falsify
                          to change Her pants were too big so she had to get them altered.
 866   alternating v                     switch back never felt
                          to move or The children and forth comfortable because they alternated bet
1387   alternative n                    They
                          another choice had an alternative plan incase in rained.
1283   alternativelyadv                 We could stay home tonight, or alternatively we can go to the n
                                                      rather
                          used to suggest another possibility
 387   amalgamated  v                   The so as blendto make a combination
                          to mix or mergethree companies decided to amalgamate.
 761   amber        n                   The jewels on her dress
                          a hard, clear substance of yellow were made from amber.
1083   ambition n                       Her ambition was to become an astronaut and travel to outer sp
                          desire to succeed           drive
 845   ambivalent adj                                 ambiguous
                          uncertain Although she wanted a change in her life, she was ambivalent a
 223   amendments   n                                 modifications
                          a change The parents wanted to make amendments to the school by law
 512   amenities n                      The adds to people's the hotel
                          something that only amenities at comfort was its gym.
 592   ample        adj                 They thought they had ample time to get to the party, but they d
                          more than enough            plenty
1673   amplified v                       the size or to all the something
                                                       effect of babies
                          to increase Being around make bigger amplified her desire to get pregnan
1245   analyses n                       I was interested in
                          when you analyze something the teacher's analyses of the situation.
1552   ancestors n                      His ancestors came to America
                          the persons from whom one is descended on the Mayflower.
1684   animation n                        of giving life, animation movie based
                          the processThey made an spirit, motion, or activity on the cartoon character
 964   annihilated v                    The force bomb almost annihilated the entire population.
                          to eradicate by atomicto destroy completely
 423   annulment n                       announce received an annulment a their marriage because th
                          to officially The couplethat something such as oflaw, agreement, or marriag
 111   antiquity n                       ancient societies
                                                        the Roman civilization was powerful and lasted for
                          the time of In antiquity,ancient
 294   anxiety      n                   She had a lot of nervousness or worry about something that is
                          an uncomfortable feeling of anxiety regarding her upcoming surgery.
 185   apex         n     the top                     pinnacle
                                        The climbers celebrated after they reached the apex of the mou
1631   apostasy n                       Her husband's religious convictions led her to apostasy and con
                          the act of giving up your religious or political beliefs and leaving a religion o
 176   apparatus n                      With of sophisticated apparatus, the doctor was able to perform
                                                      tools
                          device or group hisdevices designed to perform a certain task
 876   apparent adj       obvious                      very
                                        She lookedclear happy, and it was apparent that she was in lov
1664   appearance   n                    into public appearance
                                                       view
                          the comingThe actors the arrival on stage caused everyone to stand up a
 806   applications n                   It is important to have a basic understanding of math because i
                          a use in something
 640   approach n                      She had a different approach for disciplining each of her childre
                                                    a method
                          course of action, a way of handling a situation
1472   approach v                      The          to near
                          move toward man approached me and asked if I had any spare change.
 453   appropriateadj                  The motherright
                          correct, suitable            allowed her children to watch TV programs that wer
  34   approximatelyadv                They determined the
                          much or less correct or exact age of the fossil to be approximately three
 650   aptitude adj                    Her be good at doing something
                                                    capability
                          capacity for, toaptitude for math made her a good candidate for the math
 743   aptly        adv                We for a particular situation
                                                    appropriately
                          suitable or righthad saved over two years for our vacation, and we stayed a
1460   archeologist n                  The archeologist spent all his time digging other objects of the
                          someone who studies the buildings, graves, tools and up artifacts from peo
1286   arena        n                   enclosed area used very large entertainment
                                                    arena was
                          a large flat The sports stadium for sports orand could hold 5,000 people.
1669   arguable adj                     worthy of seem significant and important, but they are all argua
                                                    doubted
                          capable or His points being argued
 834   argued       v                  Tom dreamed of leaving his house because he could not stand
                          to fight with words       quarrel
 746   arise        v     to occur                  to happen
                                         A revolt will arise if the government does not find ways to feed
 191   arisen       v                  The problems arisen from the food shortage caused many deat
                          to come into being        originate
 160   aristocracy n                     ruling class
                                                    nobility
                          a privilegedPrincess Diana's father was a member of the British aristocracy
1672   arose        v     occur                     happen
                                       There arose a need for the students to be evacuated from the s
 385   array        n                  There was an array of
                                                       or people
                          a large group of thingscollection beautiful flower arrangements on the stag
 676   articulated v                   The speaker articulated the need for conserving energy in his sp
                                                    express
                          express something in clear and effective language
 821   artifact     n                  The museum contained many as a tool or a decoration, especi
                          an object that is made by a person, such artifacts from the Han Dynasty.
 891   artificially adv                The motherman not allow her children to drink anything artificiall
                          made by people               did made
 154   artisans     n                  An
                          a craftsman artisan is a skilled manual worker who uses tools and machi
1335   aside        adv                             away
                          to one sideAfter she took the turkey out of the oven, she set it aside for it t
  68   aspects      n                  The teacher liked
                          a feature, part of something all aspects of the students' project except the
1618   aspiring     adj                The aspiring actor worked at a restaurant to pay his bills.
                          someone who is trying to become a successful actor, politician, writer, etc
  79   assemble v                      Her make to construct
                          to put together,main job is to assemble Christmas ornaments in a factory.
 968   assertion n                     He made is claim
                          statement somethingthetruea assertion that it would not rain tomorrow.
1343   assessing v                                  to situation
                          to evaluate Assessing the analyze correctly was crucial in order for the com
1167   assets       n                  The man decided to divide his assets equally between his childr
                          items of value to a person, business, or institution
1342   assign       v                  The tasks to someone to do something
                                                       assigned
                          to give a job or motherdesignate different household chores to her children
 388   assimilate v                     part of a nation's culture or to absorb her a culture
                          to become She had no problems assimilating into into new culture.
1382   associated v                     someone or associate in bad behavior someone or somethin
                                                    correlate
                          to connect Most people somethinghis your mind withto his bad childhood.
 214   assuaged v         to calm      The parents assuaged the fears of their children about them ge
 276   assumed v                       Since all is lights were knowing
                                                    to suppose
                          to believe somethingthe true without out, we assumed no one was home.
 937   asteroid     n                  Ceres of usu. first asteroid that heavenly bodies
                          any of thousands was the irregularly shaped was discovered; it is also the la
 995   astronomern                     My studies heavenly bodies and outer space
                          a scientist whouncle is an astronomer who works at night and sleeps during
1633   atheist      n                  She is an atheist who the existence to religion in her life.
                          a person who does not believe in finds no need of God
1258   attain       v                               reach
                          to achieve When he attained his doctorate degree, he felt he had accompl
 670   attaining v                      succeed into achieve president
                                                      getting of
                          to reach or Attaining the office something was his goal in life.
 953   attempts n                                   effort
                          endeavor She made several attempts to get in touch with her but was uns
1420   attention n                     The little girl
                          looking and listening: raised her hand to get the teacher's attention.
1372   attest       v                  My neighbor can
                                                     true
                          to swear something is certifyattest to the fact I was home during the evenin
1513   attire       n     clothing     The invitation did not specify the attire for the party, so she didn
 661   attract      v                  With
                          to draw interest its beautiful beaches and friendly people, Thailand attracts
1237                n
       authority figure                John F. Kennedy is a authority over political figure.
                          a person whose real or apparent very importantothers inspires or demands
 588   autonomousdj a                  By
                          independent 10 months, most babies are autonomous enough to roam a
 554   autonomy n                      When children
                          independence or freedom become toddlers, they start to assert their autono
 378   avoid        v                  She avoids shun alleys at night.
                          to stay away from          dark
1537   avoidance n                     His avoidance of his
                          the act of bypassing something girlfriend only aggravated the already tense
 578   awkward v                       During adolescents,
                                                     deal with
                          difficult to use, do, or clumsy teenagers often feel very awkward with wha
 229              n
       baby boomers                   There World a big between 1946 and 1965 when the a great
                         person born after will be War II void in many occupationsalong with baby boo
1409   backbone n                     He was        backbone
                         the main support thefoundation of the entire project; it would not have be
1110   backfire   v                    an plan to steal his
                         to produce His undesired result friend's girlfriend backfired.
 513   backlash n                     After the senator made
                                                   a reaction
                         a strong action against something the comment about ethnic minorities, th
1008   backup     adj                 We you a back up plan incase it rains.
                         something that have have arranged in case your main plans, equipment, go
1419   bamboo n                       of the grass made from bamboo and had a very Asian feel to
                         a tall plant The bed wasfamily used in construction and furniture
 982   banished v                     Romeo kills
                         to send someone away Tybalt, and he was banished from Verona.
 228   bankruptcy n                   The parents without money or credit, because pay had
                         the legal state of being had to file for bankruptcyunable to they bills lost the
1515   baroque n                      Claudio Monteverdi, style in buildings, art and music that was p
                         relating to the heavily decoratedAntonio Vivaldi, George Frideric Handel, an
1332   barter     adj                 Some tribesfor Africa do not
                                                     in money
                         exchange of materials not other goods use money but use a system of ba
 132   bartering v                    Before currency was developed, people used bartering to obtain
                         to exchange goods for other things rather than for money
1489   basilicas n                    The Roman basilicas were usually located in the center of the R
                         a public building of ancient Rome
 768   basis      n                   On the basis of his
                                                   foundation
                         the main reason for somethingresearch, he argued that children should sle
1475   basking    v                   Victorious something that in the you of good
                         to take pleasure from and still baskingmakes glowfeelwinning, the Canadian
1645   beam       n                   The
                         a ray of light beam of light from the car shined on the sick deer on the ro
1299   bear marketn                   If you invest because you intend to hold onto the stocks for val
                         a time when investments in the financial markets are generally falling ina lo
 717   beginning n       a start                   the commencement
                                      At the beginning of the play, the actor broke his leg.
1504   behalf     n                   On behalf of
                         as the representative of the family, I would like to thank everyone for comin
 312   bemoan v                        about something
                                                    bemoans the fact that they never had children.
                         to feel sad The couple regret
 134   beneficial adj                 Mark         good
                         advantageous realized playing and not doing his homework was not bene
  62   benefit    n                   The effect
                         helpful or good benefit of a high school diploma is that you will be more em
 709   bent on    v                   She was bent determined
                         set on doing something on finishing her degree, no matter how long it too
1291   bid        v                   We bid on the
                         to make a monetary offer horse at the auction, but we did not win.
1265   billboard n                      board for advertisements, usually by the side of tech.
                         a large, flatBillboards in recent years have become very high the road
 729   billiards  n                   The by two was worried when her son just wanted to play billiar
                         a game played mother people on a table covered in green cloth in which a
 932   birthing   v                    produce I kept a notebook with ideas for birthing new inventio
                         to cause orFor years,something
 744   bit        n                   There was a bit of
                         a small amount of something crumb on the pastor's tie.
1641   bizarre    adj                 He           weird
                         very strange died under bizarre circumstances, and no one knows how he
1131              n
       black-and-white   absolute It was difficult to make a decision because the situation was no
 603   blackboardn                    Most blackboards in the
                                                   a in classrooms
                         a flat surface to write onchalkboard school have been replaced with dry era
1100   blame      v                   The townspeople blamed the mayor for all their problems.
                                                   to hold for something bad
                         to say someone is responsibleresponsible
 594   blatant    adj                 The mothershameless her
                                                    recognized
                         going against one's sense of honesty son's blatant lies.
 244   blissfully adv                  happiness
                         great joy orHer dream was to live blissfully in the country side.
1519   blossom v                      Sarah blossomed into
                         develop into something very gooda very beautiful young lady.
1591   blues      n                   Blues music is feelings
                         slow jazz music about sadvery popular in New Orleans.
 318   blurred    adj                 The understand or separate clearly
                         difficult to see, distinction between art and graffiti has blurred in recent yea
1007   blurring   v                   The blurring
                         unable to see clearly of her eyes was caused the smoke in the room.
 983   boasted v                      The little boy boasted about how many toys he had.
                         to praise oneself         to brag
 558   bombarding v                   The audience bombarded the candidate with many comments a
                         to criticize heavily
1349   borrow     v                   My sister wanted to borrow my favorite dress.
                         receive a loan of something with the promise to return it
 936   boundary n                     The city boundaries are marked or limit of something
                                                    that
                         a real or imagined line limit marks the edge by the railroad tracks.
1127   boycott    v                   Many parents started a boycott products or do business found
                                                   avoid
                         a refusal for political reasons to buy certainagainst Disney when they with a
 850   branch     n                   Botany is a branch of biology that deals with plant life.
                         a part of something larger
1272              n
       brand loyalty                  Joe consumers to continue buying a specific brand's product o
                         the tendency ofhas brand loyalty to Proctor and Gamble and will only purch
1577   brass      n                   The
                         musical horns trumpet and tuba are both brass instruments.
 764              n
       breakthroughs                  After months of testing, the something a breakthrough in wha
                                                   progress
                         the act, result, or place of pushing pastdoctors hadthat blocks one's way
1480              a
       breathtaking dj                  one cannot the beach a moment
                         so beautifulThe views of breathe forfrom the hotel room was breathtaking.
1309   bribe       v                  It was given illegally for the contract
                          money or actions impossible to get something without giving them a bribe
1582   brief       adj    short                    concise
                                      Our meeting was very brief, it only lasted 30 minutes.
1418   brilliant   adj                He had
                          extremely intelligenta brilliant mind, but he did not have very good social sk
1301               n
       brokerage firms                 that charges a fee to buy and brokerage firm, but she
                          a business She always invested through a sell stocks for individualshas dec
 126   brutality   n      cruelty     The brutality of the guards towards the prisoner was caught on
1057   budding adj                    She was a budding actress; all of her family a particular area
                          beginning to develop or show signs of future success in members were imp
1297   bull marketn                   Bull markets can happen when rising
                          a time when the prices of most shares are an economy is recovering, and p
 659   burden      n                  After        worry
                          a responsibility her father's stroke, she had the burden of supporting her f
 325   camaraderie n                  There togetherness
                                                   friendship
                          a good feeling of was a certain level of camaraderie between the new fresh
1012   cameos n                       Alfred Hitchcock made several a movie or play
                          a brief appearance by a famous person in cameo appearances in his movie
 405   candidate n                      thing the next something
                          a person orShe is ready forcandidate for the promotion.
1437   canvas      n                  The artists wooden frame for painting pictures
                          cloth stretched over a liked to paint on large canvases because he liked to
1248   capable     v                  She was very capable of finding well
                                                   competent
                          having the ability or power to do something her way around town.
1136   capitalism n                   After the based of the Soviet Union, competition, communis
                                                   free enterprise
                          an economic systembreakupon private ownership,it moved fromand a free
  83   capitalist adj                 In true capitalist money the father charged interest on the mon
                                                   investor
                          a wealthy person who loansfashion,to businesses for interest payments
1040               on
       capitalized v                  She capitalized on advantage
                          to use a situation to your own her good looks to get promoted in the comp
 989   caption     n                  Newspapers usually have or beside a picture
                          an explanation written above, below, captions below each picture.
1500   capturing v                     attention of catch
                                                   to
                          to hold the After winning the medal, the ice skater skated around the rink c
 738   carve       v                   create very diligent
                          to make or He wasfor oneself and was able to carve out a career in real e
 887   cataclysmic adj                The tsunami was a cataclysmic event that destroyed most of th
                                                   catastrophic
                          relating to a violent event
 878   catch       n                  There or a catch to the marriage;
                          a hidden difficultywasunpleasant requirement she was required to live with
 626   catered     v                  The parents catered to their desires
                          to satisfy someone's special needs andchild's every needs.
 556               adj
       cause-and-effect               Babies normally do not understand such that one or more are
                          noting a relationship between actions or eventsthe cause-and-effect of the
 534   cells       n                  Our bodies are made up of many cells.
                          the basic unit of living things
 373   cessation n                    The cessation of the couple's fighting brought peace to the fam
                          a stop to an activity halting
 895               n
       chain reaction                 When in students event causes the next
                          a series of eventsthe which oneprotested the new homework policy, it create
1522   chanting v                     The crowd was phrase continuously, or to team.
                          to repeat or sing a word or chanting the names of theirsing a religious praye
 156               v
       characterized                    the character overseas can be characterized by three main poi
                          to describe Her time living of
1062   charity     adj                She that up her lucrative career and now does a lot of charity w
                          an organization gave helps poor people
1384   cheaply     adv                He
                          for a low price doesn’t' buy his clothes from that store, because they are ch
1035   chemist     n                  The works with chemicals or studies things; his laboratory was
                          a scientist who chemist was always making newtheir reactions
1354   cherished v                    As an adult, he cherished all the memories of the family's vaca
                          to love most dearly
1132   child labor n                  His company children who are under child labor legal age
                           full-time employment ofwas found to have used a minimum for their childr
 494   childrearingn                  After she devoted 15 years to they are old she decided to pursu
                          the practice of looking after children until childrearing, enough to look after
 435               n
       child-support                  Since the father made more child
                          money paid for the care of one's minor money than the mother, he was req
1465   chisel      n                  I use V-shaped point the stone.
                          metal tool with aa chisel to carve for cutting wood or stone
1565   chorus      n                  The singers choir
                                                   a
                          a large group of children's chorus traveled throughout Europe singing at dif
 817   circular    adj                The children design
                          having a round shape orran and ran in circular motion for 30 minutes.
1322   circulation n                    of town of a newspaper or magazine sold at one time
                          the numberThecopiesnewspaper's circulation never increased because no o
 409               n
       circumstances                  The circumstances were not favorable
                          a fact or event that makes a situation the way it isfor them to start a family
1199   cited       v                   or quote as exams
                                                     an example or by most
                          to mention Taking finalto quoteis cited authority college students as being t
 107   city-state n                   Rome and city and the area city-states of the ancient world.
                          in the ancient world, aAthens were great around it with an independent gov
 907   civilian    adj                After not a an ordinary citizen
                                                    member of the military or police forces
                          someone who is serving in the military for 25 years, he was a civilian again
 681   claimed     v                  She claimed she true, especially Harvard University, doubt
                                                   being
                          to state something as allege graduated from when there is some but no one
  88   climate     n                   weather that grow old, region has
                          the type of When people a place or they prefer to live in places where the cl
  30   climates n                      weather that of the west and east
                          the type of The climates a place or region has coasts of the United States v
1625   climax      n                  The climax of the game a series of events
                          the most exciting or intense point inwas when he made a touchdown with o
 792   climaxed v                      The tournament climaxed
                          to reach the most exciting moment with the championship game being br
 951   clumped v                       The plastic toys
                          group together in a clump had melted in the sun and had clumped togeth
 586   clumsy     adj                   movement or manner
                          awkward inAfter she first learned how to walk, Sarah was very clumsy and
1378   cochineal n                       substance used do not use artificial dyes from a type of smal
                          a bright redMany companies as a food coloring, madeanymore, they use c
1166   code       n                    The the true meaning of to each other from all except those
                                                    secret to speak
                          a way of hiding children liked system communicationsin a secret code.
 580   cognitive adj                   Although she was 15, her mental processes
                          connected with thinking or conscious cognitive skills were not fully develope
1193   cognizant v                     He was
                          having knowledge notaware  cognizant of the fact that his wife had invited 50 pe
1530   coherent adj       clear                     logical
                                       After the surgery, he was not very coherent because the anesthe
 787   coil       n                    A coil of in a lay on the women's front yard.
                          something wrapped wire circle or spiral
1330   coincidencen                    It was no or more events you did well on your exam;
                          the happening of twocoincidence that at the same time by chance it was thr
1370   coinciding v                    A or near policy was implemented at the school coinciding with
                          to happen at uniform the same time
1648   coined     v                    James Truslow Adams,
                          to invent a new word or expression a writer, coined the phrase 'the America
1660   colleague n                       whom a very good relationship with his colleagues.
                                                     works
                          person withHe has oneco-worker
 863   collective adj     of a group The collective opinion of the group was that they were in favor o
 124   combat     v                    His
                          to fight againstmain job as a police officer is to combat crime.
1649   combinationn                    The dish was a or events put together
                                                    mixture
                          two or more things, ideas, combination of rice, mushrooms, and chicken.
1559   combine v                       If you       mix
                          to join together purchase more than one item online, I will combine the sh
 948   comet      n                    Halley's Comet with a solid head surrounded by a glowing clou
                          fast-moving heavenly bodymay have first been seen as far back as 240 B
1517   commemoratev                    There was a of someone or some event
                          to celebrate the memoryparade to commemorate the independence of the
1433   commences  v                                 start
                          to begin The Friday night meetings always commences at 8:00 pm.
 254   commentatorn                    Sports commentators are usually retired professionals from on
                          a person who reports, analyzes, and evaluates news events and trends that
 172   commerce n                       general in the between Asia and Europe is very good.
                          business in The commercebuying and selling of goods and services within a
1327   commodityn                      Money, gold, substances for sale, all important metals
                          general word for items orsilver, wheat, corn arelike grains andcommodities.
 699              n
       common sense                    It is common sense from thinking intelligently and from everyda
                                                    good judgment
                          the understanding of somethingthat the man should pay for the meal on a
 889   commonly adv       usually                    people from Asia were commonly referred to as 'Or
                                       In the past,generally
  69   commonplaceadj                   usual
                          frequent or car accidents are commonplace in the city of Seoul.
1344   comparison n                    similarities and of the long term costs is what helped them
                          analysis of The comparisondifferences between things, ideas, people ma
 785   compass n                        determine a compass, you will always know which direction is
                          a device to If you have direction
1260              n
       compensation                     money       salary
                          payment in My compensation for doing this work was only $40.
1250              n       all          His addition to pay, the company will give you
       compensation package the items, incompensation package included housing, tuition for his chil
 233   compete v                        more successful than to compete for his attention.
                          to try to be Both of his children trysomeone or something else
1271   competitionn                     as competition one auto industry includes several different c
                          the people,The a group, thatin theis trying to do better than
  26   competitiveadj                  The is as good or better than something else
                          something that new smaller cars had a competitive advantage over larger c
 564   complex adj                     The motherinvolved make something hard complex math pro
                                                     could no
                          having many parts or details thatlonger her son with his to understand or d
1674   complexity n                    The complexity of the difficult program
                          a situation or condition with manycomputerparts to it caused great headach
1380   complicatedv       difficult                 complex
                                       The test was very complicated, and I don't think I did very well.
1566   componentn                      An integral component of the automobile is the engine.
                          part of a whole of something
1554   compositionn                    There are over 1000 known compositions by Johann Sebastian
                          the artistic creation of music, poetry, literature
 300   comprised v                                  contain
                          to include The building was comprised on 20 different stores.
 329   compulsiveadj                   do has a compulsive being able chocolate every day.
                          needing to Shesomething and not need to eatto stop
1462   concede v                       After 90% of is true
                          to admit that something the votes were in, he conceded defeat and congra
 981   conceited adj                    opinion of vain
                                                     oneself
                          too high anHe was so conceited that no one wanted to play with him.
 454   conceive v                       pregnant
                          to become She had a hard time conceiving a child.
 560   concentratev                    It about something
                                                    to to concentrate in the library because the people w
                          to think hard was difficultfocus
 923              n
       concentration                   One of his difficulties in school was that he lacked concentratio
                          total attention to something
 842   concept n                       Multiplication was a difficult concept ideas
                          a general idea that usually includes other relatedfor the second graders.
  45   concerns n         worry        She had many concerns about her daughter living alone in New
1085   concerted adj     strong                    intense
                                      The news broadcaster made a concerted effort in delivering the
1018   concessions n                   to were able to sell our someone
                         a surrenderWe a special demand by house on the concession that we paint
1190   concise     adj                She enjoyed meaning
                                                   succinct
                         in few words with much her professors lectures because they were concise
1036   concocted v                    Mark
                         to mix together liked to concoct drinks using six different liquids.
 565   concrete adj                   The police solid
                                                    certainties
                         dealing with facts and did not have any concrete evidence to arrest the crim
 929   condense v                     He had to to shorten
                         to reduce something condense his speech because the audience was losin
1562   conductor n                    The conductor told the
                         a person who directs an orchestra musicians how he wanted them to play.
 112   confessions n                  The criminal
                         an admission of guilt did not mean to make a confession, but it just hap
1346   confidencen                    She lacked confidence
                         belief in one's abilities self-esteem to run for president.
1037   confidently adv                The little girl walked confidently across the stage and gave her p
                         having strong belief or full assurance
1192   confirm     v                  You need to is right by checking want to
                                                   verify
                         to make sure somethingconfirm whether you it again attend the party or no
 441   conflict    n                  A disagreement
                                                   dispute
                         a difference, conflict arose between the two people when they couldn't agr
 849   confounded  v                  and greatly surprise someone, so that being able to walk despi
                         to confuse The patient confounded his doctors by they are unable to explai
1628   confronted v                   The wife defiance
                                                   oppose
                         to face in hostility orconfronted her husband about his gambling problems.
1187   confusion n                                 commotion
                         disorder When the fire alarm rang, there was much confusion in the room
 186   congestion n                    of overcrowding
                         a conditionNew York City suffers from major traffic congestion.
 397   congruent adj                  The
                         agreeing with hope is that the family identity will become congruent as th
 959   conjecturedv                     of conjectured conclusion without having enough evidence
                                                   speculation
                         the formingShean opinion oras to why the student always wore the same cl
 181   conjuring v       to imagine When she is depressed, she enjoys conjuring up images of her
 339   connotation n                  The word 'gentleman' has different basic one
                         the meanings that a word can have beyond its connotations for different pe
 319   connote v                      The word "home" connotes
                         to signify or suggest certain meanings different feelings for different peopl
1663   conqueringv                    After        win
                         To be victorious receiving some counseling, she began concurring her fear
  41   consequencesn                  The consequences
                                                   result
                         the result of doing something of her drinking was losing her children.
 438   considerableadj   much, a lotThe woman received a considerable amount of money from the
 552   considered v                   She considered becoming a doctor, but she decided against it
                                                   to
                         to think about something reflect
1426   consistent adj                 The
                         in accord with number one rule in disciplining your children is that you mus
 108   constant adj                   He could not sleep because of the constant noise from the apa
                         happening all the time continuous
1262   constantly adv                              frequently
                         all the timeShe is constantly on the computer.
 532   constitutes v                               compose
                         to make upGiving advice to young teens constituted most of his time at wo
1611   consumed v                                  to spend
                         to use up Her work consumed most of her time and energy.
  31   consumers n                    She was a consumer of fine wines and always
                         a person who buys goods or services for personal needs went to great len
1288   contact     v                  I contacted
                         to communicate with all the investors by email.
 912               n
       contamination                   purity of something or make it poisonous
                                                     spill, the
                         to spoil the After the oilcorruption lake had to be checked for contamination
 584   contemplate n                  Her parentsconsider a
                                                     were not
                         to think about something seriously very good role model for her, and she se
 427   contemporaryadj   modern                    of contemporary furniture, and the husband liked an
                                      The wife liked today
 960   contended v                    The victim contended that the
                                                   to assert
                         to state formally that something is true two young boys were guilty.
 207   contends v                     Mary that something is was
                                                   to assert
                         to state formally contends that she true not the one who stole the books.
 540   contractionsn                  The doctor spasm to come to the hospital when her contractio
                                                    told her
                         a pain, often muscular, esp. starting the birth of a baby
 687   contradictedv                  The what he dispute agree; the
                                                     could never
                         to tell someone couple to or she says isn't true wife always contradicted he
 440   contrary adj                   Contrary to opposite
                         different from              what people think, the doctors in this country do no
  16   contribute v      to give                   donate
                                      He contributes regularly to the church's building fund.
 719               n
       contributions                  His contributions to
                         positive or helpful participation the arts was significant; he had created five
 192               adj
       controversial                  Religion and
                         causing disagreement politics are controversial subjects that people tend
1642   controversyn                   There was or argument about over the candidate getting a $40
                         a lot of disagreement a lot of controversy something
  87   convenient adj                 Because both do
                                                    to parents work,
                         easy and comfortable handy or get to it is convenient for the family to ea
 471   conversely adv                 Children
                         in an opposite way should respect their parents; conversely, parents shoul
1042   converted v                    She was Catholic, but she converted
                         to change the condition or status of something to Islam to marry her husb
1211   convey      v                  He place to another
                                                   carry
                          carry from onewas never good with words; he could never convey what he
1229   convince v                     I tried to convince my mother to allow me to marry
                                                   to persuade
                          to cause someone to believe something is worth doing or true the prisoner.
 628   cooperation n                  The goal ofteam work
                                                     kindergarten a common goal
                          act of working with someone toward is to teach children cooperation.
 563               adv
       cooperatively                  The school, the hospital and the church worked cooperatively to
                          to act or work together for a particular purpose
 336   coping      adj                or deal on fairly moved frequently, she developed coping strate
                          to struggle Since her family even terms or with some degree of success
1580   core        n                  The core ofthe something
                                                      of problem is
                          the most important partthefocal point that he is very lazy and does not like
 837   cork        n                  They couldn't drink the wine is put into one could bottle, esp
                          a piece of cork, plastic or rubber, whichbecause nothe top of aget the cork
 752   cornerstonesn                  The cornerstone of the Christian religion is that developed
                                                   foundation
                          the chief foundation on which something is constructed or Jesus Christ died
1171   corporationn                   with a legal status where the assets all over the world.
                          a business The corporation has many branches and debts belong to shareh
 859   correlates v                   see how hard usually correlates with better grades.
                                                   equate
                          to show or Studying one thing relates meaningfully to another
1031   cosmetic n                     She had many allergies lipstick, and skin cream, used on the b
                          a beauty preparation, like makeup, and could only use European cosmetics
 994   costs       n                   something
                          the cost of We need to cut our costs for eating out.
  75               n
       cottage industry               EBay run modern day
                          a small business is a from home cottage industry where people buy and s
 618   counterpartn                     thing that is like another or does the woman in of 50's.
                          a person orHis counterpart at the hospital was a same type herjob
1427               n
       craftsmanship                  The queen
                          skill at making things was impressed by the craftsmanship of the bamboo
 370   craves      v                  She           chocolate
                          to desire greatlycraves hunger for every night before bed.
 865   create      v                  The companyspecial waynew toy they hoped would increase the
                                                   a created a
                          to make something in invent
  19   crisis      n                  The          disaster
                          an emergency fire caused a major crisis in the hospitals; there was not en
 898               n
       critical mass                   necessary or occurs when there significant momentum and th
                          an amount Critical mass sufficient to have ais sufficient effect or to achieve
 786   crucial     adj                Doctors      critical
                          extremely importanthad to make the crucial decision of which life to save:
 777   crude       adj                He wanted simple simply; his crude furniture reflected this.
                          rough, unfinished         to live
1386   crushed     v                  She crushed the peppers before putting it into her soup.
                          to push, press hard compress
1208   cue card n                     His job was to of the camera, on for the announcers during the
                          a large card, out of range hold the cue cards which words or phrases have
1368   culminated v                   All his years of studies and
                          to reach the highest point of an activityhard work culminated in him becom
 129   cultivate v                    The farmers mostly fertilize wheat and barley.
                          to plow, plant seed, water, andcultivate the land
 398   culture     n                  Because America life land of that are special to a is difficult
                                                   way of of
                          the ideas, activities and waysis abehavingimmigrants, its culturecountry
 561   curiosity n                    Out to know or he called the police station to find out what had
                          an eager desireof curiosity, learn about something
 814   curl        v                  The baby curled his hands around his mother's finger.
                          wrap around something
 602   curriculum n                     offered at an that private schools offer a more rigorous curric
                          the coursesParents believeeducational institution
 769   cursory     adj                She gave attention
                                                   superficial
                          quick, without payingher daughter's report a cursory look and then started
 433   custody     n      safekeeping              protection
                                      After the divorce, the mother received custody of the children.
 622   custom      n                  She liked to be unique and always wore custom shoes made es
                          made specially for individual customers
 481   cycle       n                  The life cycle of a butterfly is fascinating and remarkable for ch
                          a group of events which happen in a particular order, one following the oth
1398   dampness n                     They is slightly wet
                          when something turned on the heater because of the dampness in the room
 991   daunting v                     The          intimidate
                          to make afraid thought of raising her children alone was daunting.
1002   dazzling adj                   The third grade class
                          extremely attractive or exciting gave a dazzling ballet performance.
 810   deactivatedv                    of active service
                          to take out They deactivated the cell phone because their son was making
 340   debate      n      an argument              discussion
                                      There was big debate over who would have custody of the child
 939   debris      n                  something refuse
                          remains of There was a lot of debris near the construction site.
1173   debt        n                  During college another
                                                     to she had
                          a sum of money owedmoney due incurred a lot of debt.
 499   decades n                       10 years
                          a period of After decades of working on his invention, the scientist was fina
 655   decent      adj    proper                   correct
                                      Tom had to quit his job because he couldn't make a decent livi
 869   deceptive adj                  The father always made not true
                                                   misleading
                          causing someone to believe what is deceptive promises to his children.
 824   decisive adj                   The result definitive
                          showing a clearother team had a decisive victory by beating us 35 to 2.
 208   declarationn                   The Declaration of
                          an important written statementIndependence was written to ask England fo
1169   declaring v                    After declaring his love for her, he got down on his knees and p
                          to state something
1516   decline     n                  You can
                          to move downward see the decline in the education standards because stu
 250   declined v                       The young editor was offered a new position, but he declined o
                           to refuse politely
1558   decreases v                      The in numberdecline
                           to grow smaller decreases in family size is due to the high cost of living in t
 120   decree       n                   There an a government decree banning all religious meetings.
                                                     command
                           an order given by wasauthority
 302   dedicate v                       Mother
                           to give completely Theresa dedicated her entire life to helping poor children
1123   deem         v                                believe
                           to considerThe committee deemed me worthy of receiving the scholarship.
1352   deeply       adv    extremely She was deeply moved by the heroic acts of the fire fighters.
 109   defend       v                   It was attackguard
                           to protect against the responsibility of the knights to defend the castle.
 359   define       v                   The roles of of husband and wife were not clearly defined and
                                                       the
                           to explain the meaningto specify
1314   definite     adj                 It           without doubt
                           without doubtwas difficult to make definite plans because of his travel sche
 805   definitively adv                  be are definitively optimistic
                                                     final
                           not able to We questioned or improved about the upcoming surgery.
  24   deforestationn                     of divesting or environmental problems
                           the processThere are many clearing forests or trees caused by deforestatio
 987   delineated v                      usually in specific what
                           to describe You must delineatedetail you want in a prenuptial contract.
 609   delve        v                   Unless        delve into
                           to look deeply into you examine a subject, you really wont' understand it.
  58   demand n                         The toy makers did not expect the high demand for their new pr
                           an urgent requirement claim
 410   demand v                         The landlord demanded
                           to ask for very stronglycommand the rent from the tenants.
 465   demarcated   v                   Properties in the neighborhood are clearly demarcated with fenc
                                                     define
                           to show the limits of something
1417   demonstrated v                   The sales representative demonstrated how to use the remote c
                                                     to describe
                           to show how something works
 346   denial       n                   Her denial of her as true
                           refusal to accept something son's medical condition prevents her son from
1468   denote       v                   The          signify
                           to show clearly high quality of the water denotes the effectiveness of the w
 470   densely      adv                  together crammed
                           thick; closeThe neighborhood was densely populated, and there was no sp
 514   dependence   n                   A child's reliance
                           a need for support dependence on his mother gradually decreases as he
1445   depict       v      to paint                  draw
                                        The artist depicted the Grand Canyon in bright colors.
1478   depiction n                      The depiction of the in a picture or story
                           to represent or show something mother in the movie was very favorable.
  84   deplorable adj                                distressing
                           very bad Low income senior citizens live in deplorable conditions.
 331   depression n                      temporary sadness
                           a feeling ofShe suffered depression after the death of her cat.
 262   deprives v                       Because she had
                                                     to dispossess
                           to take something away frombeen raised by a nanny and not her parents, t
1440   depth        n                   What is the depth the back of something
                           the distance from the front to of the cupboard?
 947   derived      v      to obtain She derivesto getpleasure from watching her grandchildren play.
1151   designatedv         to appoint During the CEO's absence, Mark was designated to head the co
1290   designatedadj                    Each that a place or thing has a designated place at the dinne
                                                     appointed
                           to state officially member of his familyhas a particular character or purpose
 174   desired      adj                 wished for coveted
                           yearned or Although she ate very healthy and exercised, it did not have the
 365   despite      prep                              heavy rains,
                           in spite of Despite theeven though the children had fun at the zoo.
 123   despot       n                                tyrant
                           a dictator The king was a despot, and his followers constantly lived in fea
  15   destitution n                    Destitution has become a major problem in the city.
                                                     without money or hope of having any
                           the condition of being penniless
  37   destructive adj                  The destructive winds caused great damage to the small town.
                           causing great damagedevastating
 630   detailed     adj.                 of information with many details
                           giving a lot The detailed report outlined the patients history and treatments
 975   detected v                                    to find
                           to uncover During her routine check up, the doctors detected an abnormal
 941   detection n         a discoveryAfter the detection of a mole in his arm, the man became worri
 114   deter        v                   The children stop
                           prevent from acting towere able to deter the stranger from kidnapping the
1390   determinedv                      She          resolute
                           of strong will was very determined to succeed.
1635   detriment n                       that causes damage or loss
                                                     harm
                           something Singing lessons were a detriment to her formal education.
 429   devastatingadj                   The damage or destruction
                           causing a lot ofdevastating fire consumed over 30 homes.
1638   developed v                      She developed a
                           to cause something to grow new way of making jelly.
1423   device       n                   No one knew how
                           a tool or implement gadget to work the device because there was no swi
1033   devised      v                                to develop
                           to create When her daughter could not get married, the mother devised a
 811   devising v          to invent She was always devising ways of getting rich quick.
 198   devoid       v      empty                     lacking
                                        The town was devoid of all human life.
 772   devote       n       to give                    all his spare time in teaching English to children in o
                                         He devotesdedicate
1501   devotion n                                     loyalty
                            dedication Her devotion to her children was evidenced by her sacrificing he
1234   dialogues n                       I have had many
                                                      a conversation
                            a talk between two people dialogues with the sales representative regardi
 831   diameter n                        She drew measured by straight of through its
                            the width of a circle, a circle with aadiameter line15 inches. center from sid
1101   dichotomy n                       There is often completely opposite what politicians
                            a difference between two a dichotomy betweenideas or things say and do
 700   dictates     v                    The winning team
                                                      command
                            say what someone must do will dictate what the losing team must do.
1170   difference n                      The difference between the
                                                      a
                            a way of being different dissimilarity two education systems is that one f
 851   diffuse      v                    The internet spread in means to diffuse public opinion.
                                                        is a power
                            to cause something toscattered many directions
  13   dilapidatedadj                    The disrepair
                            falling apart, in older couple lived in a dilapidated house with broken windo
 546   dilate       v                    The          widen
                            to make larger pupils dilate in the dark.
1130   dilemmas n                        Cara between two undesirable alternatives
                                                       a dilemma;
                            a difficult choicefaced a quandary she had to decide if she should pull the
  92   diminish v           to lessen The company's reputation has diminished over the years.
 218   disabled adj                      The or physical disability
                            having a mentalmother had to quit her job and take care of her son when h
 629   disadvantage n                    The hurts or gets of the new pay system
                                                      downside
                            something that disadvantagein the way of success is that it is completely
1119   disallows v                         accept     reject
                            to refuse toThe teacher disallowed her paper because it was 10 days late.
 747   disappear v                       The father often disappers for several hours a day; he needs to
                            to go out of sight        vanish
 915   disaster     n                    Earthquakes, tsunamis and typhoons are considered natural dis
                                                      destruction and
                            a sudden great act of a catastrophe loss
  40   disastrous adj                    Her first damage
                                                      calamitous
                            causing great harm,attempt at cooking was a disastrous; she almost cause
1494   discarded v                       The
                            to throw away bottle should be discarded once you finish all the medicine
1508   discernible adj                   The faces were not discernible not clear
                                                      to see
                            recognize or understand something that is because the chemicals had smu
1082                n
       disciplinarian                    The father in and demands mother was rules
                            a person who believeswas strict, but theobedience to the disciplinarian in th
1421   discipline n                      The children were very quiet in front
                                                      orderliness
                            obedience to rules of good behavior and order of guests because the pare
1528   discordant adj                    The discordant meeting
                            full of conflict and disagreement ended without any resolutions.
 559   discourage v                      The parents tried to discourage their son from joining the army.
                                                      dishearten
                            to take away one's confidence or hope
 962   discovery n                       of something new
                            the finding With the discovery of penicillin, many lives have been saved.
 867   discrete     adj                  The company is discrete
                                                      separate
                            having a distinct identity or existencefrom all the others which are all foreign
 354                n
       discrimination                    After moving of new sex, age, religion, much
                            unfair treatment becauseto arace, country, she faced etc. discrimination b
 782   discs        n                    Compact discs have replaced cassette tapes.
                            a thin flat circular plate
 555   disdainful v                       respect contemptuous
                            showing noThe students had a disdainful attitude towards their substitute te
 457   disgraced v                       shame or dishonor
                            a cause of She had disgraced her family by becoming pregnant when she
1045   disguised v                       The king disguised himself as a
                            to change one's appearance to fool others beggar to find out what his follo
 894   dismay       n                    The loss of totheir grandmother dismayed the children.
                            to shock and discourage dishearten
 583   disorders n                       Teenage girls
                            a sickness or disturbancewho struggle with self-esteem often suffer from e
1453   displayed v                       a position displayed
                                                      to show
                            to place in The stores to be seen Christmas decorations in their windows.
  57   disposal n                        Most American homes
                            the throwing away or dumping of have a garbage disposal in the kitchen.
 482                adv
       disproportionately                  too small complained the something else
                            too large orAll the menin comparison to ratio of men to women was disprop
 468   disrepair n                        of town has fallen into a needing to be fixed
                                                      decayed
                            a conditionThebeing broken down andstate of disrepair; all the buildings an
 246   disseminate  v                    The           way to disseminate news these days is through the
                            to make known fastest to promulgate
1162   dissolution n                     As her symptoms pieces
                                                      disintegration
                            a breaking down into parts orgot worse, we watched the dissolution of the
1536   dissonancen          discord                   harsh sound
                                         I do not like the dissonance in rock music.
 531   distinct     adj                               clear
                            easy to seeThey were able to see the baby's distinct features through the u
 142   distinction n                     There        contrast
                            a clear differencewas a distinction in the children that were breast fed versu
1588   distinguishedadj                  He was a very
                            for excellent achievement distinguished gentleman who's uncle was the kin
1448   distorted adj                     She had a distorted understanding of a marriage because she g
                            to change something from its usual, original, natural or intended meaning,
 996   distortions n                     The distortions of the details
                                                      a misrepresentation
                            a change that makes something false of her story made me realize that s
1224   distractionsn                     Due to the distractions from the street below, the boy could not
                            something that interrupts a disturbance
1043   distributor n                       business that distributes Coca
                            a person orShe is a distributor for thegoods Cola company.
1451   divergence n                       The divergence
                            to be or become different between the incomes of the rich and the poor c
1583   diverse     adj                    San Franciscovaried
                            different from each other has a very diverse ethnic population.
 286   diversion n                        The thieves worked
                            an action designed to distract in pairs; one stole the wallets while the othe
 521   diversity   n                       among people in race, ethnic group, its people.
                            differences American is known for the diversity of religion
1285   dividends n                        She chose to reinvest her dividends share of stocks.
                            money paid to stockholders in a company as a back into company profits
 202   domestic adj.                      Pets home life
                            related to one's are considered domestic animals because they live in your
1506   dominancen                         Computer companies have of the same money by the domina
                                                       more important
                            strong or noticeable than anything elsemade a lot oftype
1439   dominated v                        Mercy High School's football team dominated the football leagu
                            have the most important place or greatest influence in
 367   doses       n                       of medicine
                            an amount You should take the exact dose prescribed by your doctor.
1300   downward adj                       After several years of
                            toward a lower place declining increase prices in real estate, the prices a
 597   dozen       n        a group of 12 I bought a dozen donuts and ate them by myself.
 350   drafted     v                        plans for something
                            to draw theThe committee drafted a new plan for retaining students.
 490   dramatic adj                       She made a dramatic entrance to the party; she wore a beautifu
                            making a big impression    striking
 150   drastic     adj                     sudden      extreme
                            severe and The company had to take drastic measures and fire 300 of its e
 278   drastically adv                      noticeable severe
                                                        effects
                            having very The company had to drastically reduce their work force; they fir
  91   drawbacks n                        One of the disadvantage
                                                       drawbacks of
                            something that can create a problema city life is the pollution and congesti
 759   drift       v                      When we are studying a difficult subject, our minds control ove
                                                       wander
                            to move slowly, especially as a result of outside forces, with nooften drift fr
 838   drive       v                      Before        could
                            to cause forcefully theyto pushput up the tents, they had to drive the stakes
1657   driving     adj                                  was the
                            energetic His mother forceful driving force behind his success.
 855   droplet     n                      I
                            a small dropfelt droplets of rain on my head.
1212   dull        adj                    The lecture boringany way
                                                        was
                            not interesting or exciting inso dull, the students just walked out of class.
1207   duration n                         Please refrain from smoking during the duration of the tour.
                            the time that something continues or exists
   3   dwellers n                         The city dwellers grew tired
                                                       habitant
                            a person who lives in a certain place of the long commutes and pollution
1374   dyes        n                      She to color cloth or hair
                                                       pigment
                            a solution used used several dyes of red, yellow and purple to decorate her
1055   dyslexia    n                      His dyslexia difficulty recognizing written words
                            a disorder marked by a caused him to do poorly in school; he had a difficu
 653   earn        n                      After one deserves as she earned a scholarship
                                                       to very hard,
                            to get somethingstudying deserve the result of action or effortto Harvard U
 660               n
       earning power                      Compared to her
                            the potential to make money sister, Mary had more earning power because
1176   earnings n                           of money that someone is paid for the work they do
                            the amountWhen she calculated her earnings for the year, she was surprise
1404   ease        v                      After the operation, she had to ease back into her routine.
                            to move gently and slowly
1643   eccentric adj        odd                        unusual
                                          The professors eccentric behavior amused his students.
  53   economy n                           of trade and industry by which the wealth sagging economy.
                            the system The housing boom improved the country'sof a country is made
 754   ecosystems  n                      The major oil spill and the a great affect each other and the e
                            all the living things in an area will have way theyimpact on the surrounding e
 248   editors     n                      Her work as the editor of a very a newscast, or occupied mos
                            person in charge of publishing a periodical,large newspapera book series
 173   effect      n                      When the father worked
                                                       conclusion
                            the result of a particular influence less hours, it had a positive effect on h
1104   effective v                        The mothersuccessful
                                                        found an
                            having the result that one wants effective way of cleaning her kitchen.
  55   efficient   adj                    After fixing competent for 20 years, organized way
                                                       refrigerators
                            working or operating quickly and effectively in anhe was very efficient at wh
1197   effort      n                      mental a lot labor
                            physical or She put work of effort into planning the party.
  42   efforts     n                      The combined efforts of the student was evident in a successfu
                            an attempt, a try          endeavor
 733   elaborated v                       The eye      to expand
                            to give more detail witness elaborated on the details of the accident.
 649   elective    adj                    In addition to his core
                            not required in school or college classes, he took 2 electives: logic and d
 779               n
       electrical current                 The electric shock a person experiences depends on the electric
                            electric current is the flow (movement) of electric charge
 766   electrode n                        The doctors placed electrodes on an patients device
                            the points at which a current enters or leaves the electrical arms to measure
 881   electrons n                        Electrons are negative the nucleus of an atom.
                            a part of the atom with aoutside ofcharge
 734   elegant     adj                    Mary had exquisite refined
                                                       graceful,
                            stylish in appearance, tasteful tastes and had her house decorated with ele
1218   elicit      v                                   get
                            to bring outThe speaker tried to elicit responses from the audience, but the
 184   eliminate v                        After her childexclude
                                                       to was
                            to remove from consideration diagnosed with diabetes, the mother elimina
 113   elite       n                       and professionals in the highest queen and her sons.
                            the leaders The ruling elite is made up of the levels of a society
 182   embedded v                      The piece of glass
                                                    implant
                          to put into another substance was imbedded in her foot.
 544   embryo      n                   When growth before birth
                                                    a fertilized egg
                          the early stage ofthey cracked open the egg, they saw the embryo of the c
1570   eminent     adj                 She is as important
                                                    distinguished
                          widely recognized eminent in the field of biology.
 879   emit        v                                transmit
                          to send outThe kettle emitted steam and a whistling sound when the water
1590   emotive     adj                 Child abuse
                          causing strong feelings is a highly emotive issue.
 324   empatheticadj                   Having someone else's to cancer, she was very empathetic wh
                          the ability to share lost her husband feelings or experiences by imagining to
1632   emphasized  v                   The teacher stress
                                                    to
                          to place importance on emphasized the importance of doing homework ev
1047   employee n                      She is my to work for someone now
                          someone who is paid former employee, andelse she works for Microsoft.
1407   empress n                       an empress
                          the wife of Theemperor of China discovered the silkworm.
1613   enable      v                   The grant from the foundation enabled her to start her home fo
                          make possible for         to empower
 977   enamored v         to like a lotI am not particularly enamored with the buildings in Europe.
1600   encompassingv      to include This is a home medical reference book encompassing remedies
 525   encourage v                     The or hope to someone; urge
                                                    to inspire
                          to give strength teacher encouraged his students to never give up their drea
1456   enduring v                                   lasting
                          permanent Treasure Island is a novel of enduring interest.
1341               adj
       energy-efficient                energy
                          conserving The sales person encouraged her to purchase an energy-efficie
1117   engage      v                   She          participate
                          to be involved was tired and didn't want to engage in the conversation.
1200   engaging v                                   charming
                          captivating The speakers presentation was not engaging at all; everyone in
 614   enhance v                                    add to
                          to improve In order to enhance his tennis game, he started doing some str
1573   enhancing v                     the quality, amount or strength of something
                          to improve Some athletes believe enhancing their muscles will help them im
 166   enlivened v                     Her          brighten up
                          to make lively humor and jokes enlivened the children at the hospital.
 804   enormous adj                    The          gigantic
                          extremely big stadium was enormous; it can seat 90,000 people.
 492   ensued      v                   After the follow
                          happen in sequence terrible earthquake, a tsunami ensued.
 103   ensures     v      to make sure              to make certain
                                       After the shooting, the school took drastic measures to ensure
 430   entails     v                   Getting      require
                          to make necessary a job in the White House entails a lot of security checks
1149   enterprise n                                 company
                          a business His new business enterprise was a company that cleans sneake
 245               n
       entertainment                   The family enjoyed visiting Las Vegas activities that various p
                          shows, films, television, or other performances orbecause of theentertainen
 247   enthralled v                    Babies attention completely
                                                    enthralled by
                          to hold someone'sare to captivate bright colors.
 950   enthusiast n                    He collected stams in and over the world. He was subject co
                          a person who is very interested from allinvolved with a particulara stamp or a
1276   entice      v                   The company enticed her to take the job by offering her a prom
                          to attract or persuade
 703   entire      adj                              whole
                          complete The entire building caught on fire.
 966   entirely    v      completely I have to admit the accident was entirely my fault.
1070   entities    n                   Although whole
                          a group viewed as a they are owned by the same person, they are essentia
 347   entitled    v      to allow                  authorize
                                       As the daughter of the CEO, she was entitled to many privileges
 569   entity      n                   When her son did not want
                          having its own independent existence his mother to make all his decisions
1015               n
       entrepreneurs                     starts a business with an difficult to work in a to takes
                          person whoMany entrepreneurs find it idea, makes it grow,9and5 job. the ri
 812   envisioningv                    The          foresee
                          to have in mind honeymoon was not what she had been envisioning.
 220   epidemic adj                    Playing      widespread
                          extremely prevalentcomputer games could also result in an epidemic of sho
1152   equal       adj                 In           the same
                          an equivalent his will, the father left equal shares of his estate to both his d
 342   equality    n                    of being equal
                                                     equlity
                          a conditionThere is no fairnessin the way women and men are paid in the w
 740   equilibrium n                   The senior citizen lost her equilibrium and fell down the stairs.
                          one's sense of balance
  65   era         n                   The United States enjoyed
                          a time period with a general character a time of peace and prosperity durin
  39   erosion     n                   River        wearing away
                          a wearing away erosion created the Grand Canyon.
1454   erratic     adj                   or motherirregular annoyed because of her son's erratic sche
                                                     was very
                          not workingTheperforming consistently
1481   escalated v                     The          increase
                          to raise in level argument between the two school teams escalated into a f
 980   espied      v                     or boy espied a whale in the ocean.
                          to suddenlyTheunexpectedly see something
 313   essence n                       The issue of of his argument was that children should have the
                          central point or essence a subject
 613   essential n                     A comprehensive elementary education is essential for students
                          central, major            crucial
1069   essentially adv                  It's essentially a phone, but it has other capabilities.
                           relating to the most important characteristics or ideas of something
 495   establish v                      The Englishstart
                           to found, create           established several colonies around the world.
 143               n
       establishment                    The establishment of the new theater took five years.
                           the creation or founding of something
1571   estates     n                    It's a typical country
                           a large house with much land estate with a large house for the owner, fa
1266   estimated v                      It is estimated that over
                                                     calculate
                           to figure the amount or extent of 98% of people in Korea are literate.
 483               n
       ethnic minorities                California has living in a country number of ethnic minorities in
                           a national or racial group a disproportionate or area which contains a larger
1586   etymologistsn                    She origin and history of is fascinated by the new words being
                           an expert in the is an etymologist andwords
1259   evaluation n                                  study
                           an analysisHer yearly evaluation was very positive, so she got a big raise.
1637   eventually adv                                after all
                           in the end You have to remind him several times, but he eventually does h
 877   evidence n                       The judge support the truth of because there was no evidence t
                                                     proof
                           words or objects that dismissed the case something
1406   evidenced v         to show                   demonstrate
                                        Her superior intelligence was evidenced by her getting a full sch
 210   evident     adj                                that the
                           plain, clearIt is evidentobvious suspect is guilty; he had his head down du
 750   evolution n                      The evolution things
                                                     progress
                           the development of living of the computer happened very rapidly.
 741   evolve      v                                 change
                           to develop Communications has evolved over the years, and now you can
 426   exaggerated v                    The company profits were exaggerated, and no one knew the fi
                                                     overstate
                           to say something is better, worse, more important than it really is
 910   exceeds v                         than
                           to be more The donations from the church far exceeds what they were hop
1670   exception n                      Women are that is good at cooking, but group or list or that do
                           someone or something usually not included in a rule, Hillary is an exception.
 627   excessivelyadv                    which is more than acceptable
                                                     overly
                           an amount The parents were excessively involved in their teenage son's sch
1347   exchange n                       In exchange for my cleaning services, the owner of the house g
                           a trade, transaction
 161   exclusively adv                  The store sells exclusively to people who are over 65 years old.
                           excluding or tending to exclude all others
 196   exemplifiedv                      an willingness to work long hours exemplifies her desire to succ
                           to serve as Her example
1226   exert       v                    The doctors warned her
                           to act with power, force, influence to stay in bed and not exert too much e
 730   exerting    v                    The rich young man learned to get his way by exerting his powe
                           to act with power, force, influence
 515   exhaust     n                    The form in the village got sick from breathing in the exhaust
                           discharge in thepeopleof smoke or steam
1227   exhibit     v       to show                   to display
                                        The museum will exhibit the artifacts all through the month of Ju
1172   exist       v                    Many non profit organizations
                                                     to occur
                           to be present physically or emotionally exist to serve the community.
1593   exodus      n                    The exodus of large numbers of Egypt
                           departure or withdrawalof the Israelites from peopleto the Promised Land to
 693   exotic      adj                  On their trip
                           unusual and attractive to Asia, they had discovered many exotic fruits and
1063   expanded v                       After        to enlarge
                           to grow larger making a lot of money, he expanded his business oversea
 511   expansion n                      The          increase
                           an enlargementcompany's expansion program included building a gym for
 151   expansive adj                    The          extensive
                           comprehensive healthcare proposal was so expansive that it covered every
 212   expectancyn                      The being expected
                                                     expectation
                           an expecting or life expectancy for American females is 79 years old.
1524   explored v                       When the children found the cave, they explored it.
                           to investigate            study
1666   explosion n                      There has been an explosion of reality shows in recent days.
                           a sudden large increase
 888               adv
       exponentially                      rate of increase which becomes because the cancer cells thin
                           describes aThe treatment became ineffectivequicker and quicker as thewer
 646   exposed v                        Children that subjected to an action, influence, or condition
                           To subject or allow to behave been exposed to different situations tend to b
1525   expounded v                      The speaker expounded on all the problems of the company.
                           to comment or talk
1503   express     v                    I am very thankful for
                           to show a feeling, opinion or factall that you have done for me, and I cann
 638   extends     v                    We in space or vacation because we really enjoyed the beach
                           to make longerextended ourtime
1154   extensive adj                    The or area  considerable
                           great in amountcoupled did extensive renovations in their house this year.
1646   exterior    n                     of exteriorsurface
                                                       of
                           the outside Thesomething the house was not very nice, but the inside was v
  38   extinct     adj                  Dinosaurs
                           no longer in existenceare no longer in existence; they are extinct.
1379   extracting v                     Extracting the details of the case they the judge was
                                                     draw out
                           to make someone give you something when from do not want to very diffic
 662               adj
       extraordinary       outstanding               amazing
                                        The little boy had extraordinary musical abilities.
 133   extravagantadj                   He excessive
                           unreasonable, gives extravagant gifts to all his friends.
1163   extreme     adj                  The or degree
                           large in amountwoman felt the punishment was too extreme and was very
1414   extremely adv       very                      exceptionally
                                        I was extremely tired because I worked until 3 in the morning.
1021   eyesore       n                   The house
                            an unpleasant sight was right across the water tank which was an eyesor
1402   fabric        n      cloth                      textile
                                         She was choosy about the type of fabric she used for her wedd
1220   face-to-face  n                   She liked the same place
                                                       directly
                            meeting someone in communicating through email, but she always preferre
 402   facilitate v         to help                     language skills help facilitate our tour through the c
                                         The guides to expedite
 919   facility      n                   The apartment complex had a nice recreational facility including
                            the physical area
 668   faculty       n                   The faculty school or college
                            the teaching staff at a at that university is known for their spectacular resea
1457   fade          v                   original color fade
                                                        will
                            to lose the The picture to lighten if you leave it in the sun too long.
 860   failed        adj                 She has had
                            having not succeeded two failed marriages, and she is hoping that this m
1134   failure       n                   He felt           failure
                            a person who fails like a loser because he was 40 years old and didn't ha
 536   fallopian tuben                   tubes connecting the uterus with the ovaries
                            one of two The woman's difficulty getting pregnant was caused by a block
 760   familiar      adj                 Most people are
                            knowing about, acquainted familiar with the bible and its teaching.
 695   fascinated v                      The little captivated
                            extremely interested children were fascinated by the clown and his magic tr
1563   fashionableadj                      style         are always fashionable.
                            in the latestHer clothestrendy
 809   fashioned v                       He fashioned a shelter out of a few pieces of wood.
                            to design and make
1311   favorably adv                     He was way    exceptional
                            in an advantageousan beneficially student with good moral values, and his
 479   feasible      adj                               possible
                            workable Your plan is feasible as long as we can raise the funds.
1143   feat          n                   Climbing Mt. Everest in his condition was no small feat.
                                                       an exploit
                            an impressive act, showing strength, courage, or unusual ability
 315   feature       v                     as important promote
                                                       to
                            to advertiseMost McDonald's feature a play area for children.
 251   fees          n                   The           payment
                            a charge, cost entrance fee to the museum was $25 per person.
  59   feng shui n                       After having bad luck in her business for several years, she fina
                            a Chinese art that reveals ways to balance the energies of the environment
 171   ferry boats n                     She took a ferry boat across often vehicles across every morn
                            a boat or ship for taking passengers andthe San Francisco Bay an area of w
 493   fertility     n                   They decided to adopt a child because they had problems with
                            the ability to produce offspring or new plants
 527   fertilization n                   In vitro fertilization is starts the development of new life
                            the union of egg and sperm thata technique in which egg cells are fertilized
1617   festive       adj                 feasting and good spirits
                                                       happy
                            joyful, with His birthday party was a festive occasion with lots of singing an
 538   fetus         n                   When the couple did an ultrasound, they were able to see the fe
                            the developed embryo in humans and other mammals
1464   figurine      n                   His mother liked to collect
                            a small statue of a person or animal glass figurines of angels.
 813   filaments n                       Toothbrushes should be replaced every
                            a thin thread or fiber of natural or artificial material three months; this is ho
1682   final         adj    last         I saw the final production of the plan.
1535   finale        n                   After musical piece, performance, or public event
                            the last part of athe finale, the audience gave a 10 minute standing ovation
1305                 n
       financial district                My where businesses financial district and never takes his car b
                            an area of city father works in the are located
 669   firm          adj    definite                    set firm requirements for graduation.
                                         The school unyielding
 335   first-hand adj                    Mother's have
                            to experience it yourself first-hand experience of the pain of childbirth.
 682   flawed        v      faulty                     defective
                                         The scientist presented a flawed argument during his lecture.
1438   flaws         n                   She had many flaws, but her husband loved her nonetheless.
                                                       a fault
                            something that is not perfect
   4   flock         v                   The little to congregate
                            to gather together children flocked to see Santa Clause.
1339   fluctuationsn                     The fluctuations in their son's between onewhat convinced the p
                                                         continuously and grades was level or thing and an
                            the changes especiallyvariations
 963   flurry        n                   A flurry
                            a rush of activity of shopping took place the day after Thanksgiving.
 973   folklore      n                   Tangun is a beliefs, stories
                            the traditional customs,Korean folklore. of a people, country, or region
1044   follow suit v                     The republican of
                            to watch the development candidate submitted all his tax returns; the citiz
1410   forbidden v                       The           ban
                            to not permit children were forbidden from going into the forest without a
 725   forces        n                    instrument of power or energy
                            a source orThe forces of the wind knocked over ten trees.
 445   forego        v      to do without              to abstain from
                                         Many young couples these days forego a formal engagement p
1534   foreshadowed  v                   His future events
                            to be a sign of academic struggles in his early grades foreshadowed his lac
 587   forge         v                    with strength or speed despite problems or difficulties
                                                         lack of
                            to proceed Despite herachieve funds and other complications, she decided
 641   format        n                     arrangement the meeting was a short lecture followed by a que
                            any generalThe format of of something
 684   formulationn                      The formulation of a new education policy took months to prepa
                            careful preparation
 789   forthcoming   v                   The parents were worried because they didn't have all the inform
                            arriving in the future
 351   fortunate adj                  We
                          lucky in generalwere fortunate in that our house did not burn down during th
  18   foster      v                  His          nurture
                          to help developtennis coach helped foster his career as a professional tenn
1548   framework n                    The of ideas
                          an organization framework for our project is described in this report.
 297   franchise n                    She owned three Mc Donald's franchises.
                          a right to sell a company's products in a particular area using the company
1242   free will   n                  People one's own choices
                          the power to makein communist countries do no have free will; they must o
1429   freehand adj                    aid artist did a freehand drawing of the Statue of Liberty.
                                                   by hand
                          without the The of mechanical devices
 796   frenzy      n                  The motherhysteria a state of frenzy when she found our her s
                                                    went into
                          a state of panic, causing a wild display of emotion
 607   frequency adj                  The frequency of her contractions had increased.
                          the rate at which something happens
 727   friction    n                  When you abrasion surfaces are rubbed together
                                                   when two
                          resistance that resultsrub two stones together, the friction causes a spark w
 125   fugitives n                    After the prisoner escaped from prison, he became a fugitive.
                                                   an escapee
                          a person who is running away
1569   fulfilled   v                               his contract by
                          to satisfy He fulfilled accomplished completing 50 service hours.
 664   fund        v                               sponsor
                          to support The old man funds his grandchildren's education.
1318   fundamental adj                The          elementary
                          basic, primary fundamental difference between the two education philosop
  52   funneling v                    The tourists were slowly funnel
                          To move through or as if through a funneling their way through airport custo
1601   fuse        v                  The          to become fuse
                          to melt togetherconductor tried to one together rock and classical music w
1606   gained      v                                popularity after performing her song at Disney Land
                          to obtain She gainedacquire
1487   gaps        n                  The gaps two things
                          a difference between in his educataion was due to the fact that he attended
1109   garner      v                  The step mother after much work or with difficulty
                          to collect something, usuallywas able to garner trust from the children very
 356   gender      n                  Many of male still discriminate things
                          the classification countriesand female living based on gender.
1124   generate v                                  create
                          to produce We may have to close that branch because it does not generate
 797   generators n                   that the blackout, the of energy its service by
                          a machine Afterconverts one form restaurant into another using a backup
1446   genre       n                  Poetry, fiction art, nonfiction are some of the genres we or rea
                          specific type of literature, and or music grouped according to a stylewill sub
1195   gestures n                     After going to the dentist,
                          a body movement to show somethingshe could not speak and only used g
1092   ghetto      n                  He grew up many people it a particular nationality, race, or reli
                                                     poor area
                          an area in a city whereain the ghetto; of was a miracle that he ever survived.
 801   gigantic    adj                             huge
                          very large Dinosaurs are gigantic creatures that lived long ago.
 268   glance      v                  She glanced atat somethng
                                                   to the newspaper before eating her breakfast.
                          to take a quick short looklook quickly
 516               n
       global warming                 Some scientist argue that the air around is earth caused hum
                          a slow increase of the temperature ofglobal warmingthenot caused by by p
 259   gossip      v                  Did you hear the latest gossip about the sometimes
                          to talk or write about other people's actions or lives,president? in an untru
 231               n
       government bonds               The investor bond issued by a national government denominate
                          A government bond is adoes not invest in stocks but in government bonds;
1626   gradual     adj                The gradual small steps
                                                     decline of
                          happening slowly or byincremental that community was caused by the greed
 635   gradually adv                   a period of time
                                                    gradually weaned
                          slowly over The motherslowlyor a distanceher son off formula and gave him
 467   graffiti    n                  Graffitis are against often rude, funny, or political
                          writings and drawings on walls, the law allowed in Singapore.
1364   granted     v                  The what granted permission for his daughter to marry the sold
                                                   to agree to
                          to give or allow fatheris asked for
 675   gravity     n                  Without gravity, we would all be
                          a natural force pulling objects to the groundfloating in the air.
 502               n
       Great Depression               Her grandfather had lived business activity Depression, and he
                          the economic crisis and period of lowthrough the Great in the U.S. and oth
 978               adj
       grief-stricken                 When she deeply her father
                          overwhelmed by grief learned afflicted had lost all of his money in the sto
1365   grooves     n                  Windows space cut into a surface
                          a long narrow hollow slide on metal grooves to open and close.
 847   groundworkn                      done as a foundation for work groundwork for later
                                                    preparation
                          work that isThe high school students lay the that will be donethe exchange p
 634   grown ups n        adults      Children often have a lot of respect for grown ups, whether they
 654   guarantee v                    She was satisfaction
                          to give a promise of a little worried about her piano because the movers co
 644   guidance n         advice                   recommendation
                                      Anna received guidance from her math teacher; she is now purs
1214   guidelines n                    intended to advise have specific guidelines for the students to
                          informationThe teacher did not people on how something should be done o
1556   guts        n                  In or stomach
                          the intestines some countries, people eat pig guts.
 375   habit       n                   behavior
                          a repeated He has a bad habit of picking his nose in public.
 361   habitually adj                 There
                          usual or repeatedis something wrong with a student that habitually curses h
 206   hailed      v                  The students hailed their good qualities
                          to praise someone or something for teacher as a being a good person.
 371               n
       hallucinations                 The new drug caused her to have hallucinations that someone w
                          events imagined by someone
 751   halt         n     an end                         stop
                                        The paradeacame to a halt when it started raining hard.
  67   handicraftsn                     All with skillcraft
                                                        by hand
                          objects made the Christmas decorations were handicrafts made by the nat
1090   handle       v                   The lawyer to deal handle the case very well; she should not ha
                                                      did
                          to take care of something not with
1159   handshake n                      In greet countries a business deal is done decision, by graspin
                          a way people many or leave each other, or agree on athrough a handshake
1146   harmful      adj                 The damage     tried
                          causing hurt or motherhurtfulvery hard to keep harmful substances locked u
 771   harness      v                    power a great deal
                          capture theThere isof something of interest in harnessing wind as a new so
1001   harrowing v                      Three gun
                          extremely upsetting men had entered the bank while we were there; it wa
 162   harsh        adj   severe        The children grew up in a very harsh environment.
 773   hatched v                          an          to create
                          to conceiveThe idea for the new recreation center was hatched while the m
 219   health caren                     The presidential maintenance or restoration of health care the
                          the field concerned with thedebate focused on the issueof the health of for
 692   heavenly bodyadv                 The sun is a heavenly body a planet, star, or the moon
                          any object existing in space, especially that we can all see and feel.
 705   heliocentrismn                   Heliocentrism is the theory that
                          having or representing the sun as a center the sun is at the center of the U
 974   hemispheren                      The
                          half of the earthEarth is divided into the northern and southern hemisphere.
 110   hierarchies n                      which quickly through the arranged hierarchy to their importa
                          a system inHe rosepeople or things are company according to become the C
 611                n
       higher education                 More than 75% secondary education
                                                      post
                          education after high schoolof the population has some training in higher ed
1223   hindered v                        progress ofasomething
                                                          impede
                          to slow the Not having to college degree hindered her from getting a job as
1479   hint         n                   There was a hint of alcohol on his breath.
                          a very small amount of something
 573   hormones n                        from body organs be stimulates activity in living systems
                          a chemical Teenage years can thatdifficult because the body is adjusting to
 885   horrific     adj   terrifying The scientists decided to abandon their project after they witnes
1683   horror movie n                   She didn't frightening things happen, such as they people her
                          a movie in which very like to watch horror movies because dead caused com
  14   hospitable adj                   The city
                          friendly, welcoming dwellers were not hospitable to the influx of people from
1145   hostile      adj   hateful                      no longer work for her boss because he had becom
                                        Suzy could angry
1010   household adj                      usual       ordinary
                          common orThe science experiments were easy to do because they only req
1389   hue          n                     lightness, darkness, in hues of red.
                          a degree ofShe painted her room and strength of a color
1244                n
       human resources                                employee
                          personnel Large companies have many programs to encourage and retain
 716   humble       adj   modest                      unassuming
                                        The president's humble beginnings surprised everyone.
 456   hype         n                   They went to the new
                                                      hoopla
                          exaggerated advertising claims restaurant because of the hype, but they
 263   hypnotized v                     The in a mental hypnotized his
                          to put someonepsychologist state like sleep patient in hopes of having her r
 688   hypothesized v                   Everyone hypothesized about how the accident happened.
                          to give a possible but not yet proved explanation for something
 585   hypothetical adj                 The two men liked to have hypothetical discussions about what
                                                      assumed
                          imagined or suggested but not necessarily real or true
1629   iconoclast n                     Frank Lloydopposes generally accepted beliefs and traditions
                                                        Wright was an
                          a person who strongly non-conformist iconoclast who didn't agree with trad
 305   icons        n                   Bill person or thing considered as representing a set
                          a very famous Gates is an icon for many young entrepreneurs. of beliefs o
 781   ideal        n                    standard model
                          the highest Sam was the ideal candidate for the job because of his bilingua
1096   identifiable adj                 She was badly burned in the fire, and her facial features were n
                          able to be recognized
1447   identified v                     After identity of something or someone
                          to recognize the looking through the pictures, she was able to identify the m
1188   illegible    adj                 Students these days are not taught good handwriting skills; mos
                          difficult to read
 458   illegitimate adj                 The illegitimate
                          born to unmarried parents daughter of the president became a famous act
1477   image        n     picture       The image on the picture was hard to see because water had s
1667   immeasurable adj                               great
                          limitless The police man said the woman's help in solving the case was
  28   immense adj                                    huge
                          very large The immense mansion was purchased for 20 million dollars.
 343   immensely adv      extremely When he was younger, he was an extremely talented singer.
 384   immigrantsn                      Many immigrants in country to live
                                                      newcomer
                          a person who moves to anotherthe United States came to realize the Amer
1505   immortalized v                   At the or something so famous that stars are immortalized by
                          to make someoneChinese Theater in Hollywood, they are remembered for a
 437   impact       n     effect                      influence
                                        Divorce can have a negative impact on young children.
  81   impacted v                       effect
                          to have an The new program to help the poor people impacted the commu
 632   imparting v                      Imparting to bestow
                          to give information his love of God to his grandchildren was a priority for
1231   imperative v                                   urgent
                          necessary It was imperative that she find a husband soon, if she wanted t
 138   impetus      n                 The movie based a a true story was
                          something which encourageson particular activity an impetus for the studen
 539   implants v                     The doctor of cells, a device into the man's a medical opera
                          to put an organ, groupimplantedor device into the body inskin which would
 177   implemented  v                 The            implemented a new uniform policy for its students.
                          put into action school to start
 723   implications n                 Tom mad
                          an indirect suggestionimplications that the CEO had lied on his resume.
1422   impression n                   He someone that first impressions are very important, so he a
                                                    impact
                          a feeling aboutwas taught or something
 722   impressive adj                 Her artistic striking are quite impressive; it is difficult to imagine
                          causing admiration        abilities
1061   imprisoned v                   Many innocent citizens were imprisoned during the war.
                          to send to jail           to incarcerate
1006   improperly adv                  for tire was installed occasion
                                                    unsuitable
                          not correct Thea particular use orimproperly which caused the accident.
 619   improve      v                 If his situation does not
                          to cause something to get better get better, we will have to operate.
1553   improvements n                 In America, many homeowners make better
                          when something gets better or when you make it improvements to their hom
1596   improvisationn                 Jazz musicians rarely a musical most of or a dramatic skit.
                          something improvised, especiallyuse music; passage their performances ar
1377   impurities n                   other substances and therefore lower in quality
                          mixed with The impurities of the mineral made it inappropriate for it to be m
 920   inability    n                 Harold wasincapability to get married because of his inability to
                                                      never able
                          lack of power or capacity to do something
 917   inadequateadj                                insufficient
                          not enoughThe mother's supply of milk was inadequate, so the doctors rec
 396                a
       inadvertentlydv                The bride
                          done unintentionally had inadvertently left her future in-laws off the guest
  76   incentive n                    The makes motivation the harder
                                                     someone
                          something that main incentive forwork reading program is that students rece
 234   inception n                                  start
                          beginning Since the inception of the program, it has been very successful.
 167   incite       v                 The cheers from the stand incited the team to play harder.
                                                      happen
                          to cause something toto provoke
 303   inclination n                  She had anpreference
                          desire to do something inclination to climb the mountain, but no one would
 217   income taxn                      on citizens
                          a tax leviedThe incomeswere outraged because of the rich pay less income
1179   incomplete                     The woman always felt incomplete because she never had child
                          lacking something         unfinished
 277   inconspicuousadj                 or presidents
                                                    unobtrusive
                          not obviousThe noticeable daughter wore a hat and sunglasses to the beca
 830                adj
       incontrovertible               to one could deny that Ann was his true
                          impossible No doubt because of being obviously daughter because of the in
1333   inconveniencen                 When her car broke down, it was an inconvenience for a delay o
                                                    of problems
                          a state or an example annoyance or trouble, which often causes her to ge
1155   incorporatev                   Many businesses decide to incorporate so that their personal as
                          to form into a legal corporation
1585   incorporated v     to include The mastercontainplan incorporated ideas from the students and the t
1325   increasinglyadv                It is
                          more and moreincreasingly becoming common for men to not wear ties in
1544   incredible adj                               fabulous
                          wonderful The incredible cake was made by a 10 year old.
1028   incurred     v                 Her family did obligations, etc
                          to take on responsibilities,not have much money, so she incurred a lot of d
 726   indefinitely adv               Due to        not of staff, the science education program has be
                          without clear limitsthe lackexact
 165   independence n     freedom The daughter could not wait till she was 18 so that she could ga
1361   indicates v                    When whatpoint in
                                                      something is
                          to show where or babies cry outa high shrill, it usually indicates that there is
 363   indication n                   The
                          a sign, signal rain is a good indication that we will not have a drought this
1320   indices      n                 The economic indices published in the magazine indicated and
                          an indicator, such as labels on a graph or other symbols about money that
1369   indigenous adj                               born in
                          native to The indigenous people of Australia are called Maori.
 164   indirectly adv                 She a way that is not obvious
                          happening in in still controls the company indirectly through her son.
1542                n
       indispensability               or gave his that is indispensable because of her indispensabil
                          Something He someone assistant a 40% raiseis so good or important that y
 844   indispensableadj                             essential
                          necessary Air conditioners are indispensable in Texas, where summer tem
1594   induced      v                 Sleeping to happen
                          to cause something pills often induce long term side effects.
 311   indulgence n                   My only another person to have something enjoyable, especially
                          to allow yourself or indulgence is having two scoops of ice cream every da
1267   industry     n                 In order activities involved in revenue, they producing goods fo
                          the companies and to increase the city's the process of need to attract more
1180   inefficiencyn                  The inefficiency of the workers caused
                                                    inability
                          not organized, skilled or able to work satisfactorily the company to lose a lo
1277   inefficient v                  Your way
                          not using time well of doing the job is inefficient because it requires too m
 498   inevitable adj                 It was happen unavoidable
                          definitely going toinevitable that you will not get into a good college if you d
 296   inexpensiveadj                  a lot of money
                                                    cheap
                          not costing The gift was very practical and inexpensive.
 549   infancy      n                 During infancy, it birth and before parents
                          part of a baby's life just afteris crucial that the walking bond with their child
 770   infancy      n                               beginning
                          early time From it's infancy, the restaurant never served alcohol.
1396   infer       v                     infer from to information
                                                     the way you
                         to guess byI having somesurmise are walking, that you have good news.
1140   inflating   adj                  the normal or proper level
                         raise aboveThe newlywed were discouraged about buying a house because
1338   inflation   n                  Gas prices had become very expensive due to inflation.
                         a rise in prices and lowering of currency's value
 200   influence n                    Mrs. Clinton persuade others
                                                    effect
                         the power to change or had a strong influence on her husband's presidenc
1557   influences n                   It change or persuade others
                                                    effect
                         the power to is a challenge to protect our children from the many negative
1075   influential adj                Her mother was on influential in her
                         the power to have an effect verypeople or things decision to become a doc
  10   influx      n                   arrival of of immigrants has flooded the school system in Florid
                                                    inflow
                         the sudden The influx many people or things
1158   informal adj      casual                     ordinary
                                      The business dinner was very informal; everyone came in jeans.
1605   informing v                    Informing the notify
                         to tell someone            to landlord about the noise outside the apartment di
 180               n
       infrastructure                 American tax dollars go to pay for the country's infrastructure su
                         roads, water, electricity, and other basic things that help a country's peopl
 517   infringes v                    Our neighbor's fruit trees infringes in our
                                                    or something
                         to go where someone to encroach doesn't belong yard.
1034   ingenious adj                  The children found solving problems
                                                    clever
                         very good at making things or an ingenious way to build a bridge without u
 543   ingests     v     to eat                     swallow
                                      If you ingest any poison, you must call 911 immediately.
1046   ingredient n                   Because component
                         an item in a recipe she lacked several ingredients, the cake did not turn o
 489   inhabit     v                     was        reside
                         to live in anI area surprised to find that people inhabit such places as Siberi
  48   inhabitants n                    lives in a certain the
                                                    dweller
                         person whoThe inhabitants ofarea east coast enjoy four distinct seasons.
 935   inhibited v                      action of confidence inhibited her from getting a better job.
                         to make anHer lackor behavior difficult
 179   initially   adv                After the auto accident, the mother initially did not want her dau
                         occurring at the beginning first
 984   initiated   v                  After watching the man play basketball, she initiated a conversa
                                                     start
                         to cause something toto begin
 321   initiative n                   The student took the initiative to learn Chinese before going on
                                                    ambition
                         the first step, usu. showing strength
 170   innovation n                   The innovation of
                                                    new method
                         something newly introduced internet telephony is redefining the way people
1032   innovative adj                 The child was quite
                         using new methods or ideas innovate and did not require any toys to kee
 816   innumerable adj                              countless
                         very many It is impossible to count all the stars in the sky; they are innume
 308   inordinate adj                 She takes great
                         more than necessary an inordinate amount of time preparing dinner for her
 291   inputs      n                  The as energy, put much input into the new design a the buil
                         something suchCEO did notmoney or information that is put into of system,
1049   inquired    v                  The professor
                         to ask about something inquired about my health because I was coughing
 848   inquiry     n                   query        an an inquiry regarding his past employment.
                         a question,The FBI made investigation
 557   inquisitive v                  of questions  curious
                         asking lots She had a very inquisitive daughter; she asked at least five ques
1403   insert      v                  They in to insert an flyer
                         to put somethinghadsomething else in every newspaper by hand.
 334   insights    n                  His know the truth, a lot of insights about the war.
                                                    perception
                         ability to see orgrandfather had intelligence about something
 678   inspiration n                  The inspiration for the movie came from living be the old
                                                    motivation
                         someone or something that makes a person work hard or withcreative wom
1107   inspire     v                    work hard to be creative
                                                    or written to
                         to cause toThe book wasmotivate inspire all artist to pursue their dreams.
 901   instigate v                    The bully instigated a fight against the first grade students.
                         to make something happen   to incite
1108   instill     v                  The family decided to home
                         give a quality by example or teaching school their children because they
 401   instincts n                    A mother's instinct
                         unlearned behavior or ability tells her when her child is in pain.
1397   insulation n                   During the winter heat, and/or sound
                         material that keeps out cold,months, you need to wear thick jackets for ins
1230   insult      n                  He was moreslur
                                                    a upset because the insult was directed at his moth
                         a very unkind remark about someone
 353   intangible adj                 It is crucial but you cannot describe it exactly or prove it
                         feeling or quality existsthat parents teach their children intangible character
 239   integral    adj                              essential
                         necessary The nanny was an integral member of the family.
 645   integrated v                     two or more was in integrated; she more effective
                         to combineHer educationthingswellorder to becomewas exposed to internat
 395   integration n                   and join society or a two cultures was
                                                    amalgamation
                         to mix with The integration of thegroup of people difficult to do because o
 390   intense     adj                She had intense
                                                    concentrated
                         strong feeling or emotion pain when the doctor pulled her tooth.
1196   intentions n                                 plan
                         purpose My intentions were not to harm the dog, but when I tried to ban
 637   interact    v                  Although someone
                                                    connect
                         to communicate withthey lived in the same house, the father and son barel
1619   interaction n                  There was not or things interact
                         when two or more people enough interaction between the parents and the
1186   interceptedv                   Mary something the mail in husband sent toward something
                                                    interrupt
                         to stop or catch intercepted while it is herthe air or goingto his boss; she did
 267   interferes v                   She had difficulty working from home because her child consta
                                                    disrupt
                         to enter or interrupt a situation or discussion
 767   interior     n                   From the outside, the house looks worn down, but the interior is
                          the inside of something
 175   intermediary n                   The agent or agency
                                                      president
                          an intermediateformer mediator acted as an intermediary between his coun
 115   internal     adj                 The
                          inside, within current president is more focused on internal affairs than fo
 366   interpersonaladj   between peopleOccupations in sales require great interpersonal skills.
 956   intervals n                      She and her husband go on dates in regular intervals.
                          a time period between events
 452   intervenes v                     The police had to intervene and people
                          to stop an action happening between other take the child out of the house.
 582   intimate     adj                   close
                          emotionallyThe couple found it difficult to have an intimate relationship bec
1204   intimidatingv                    Intimidating his classmates was one way or making threats
                          to make someone fearful or timid by showing power in which the boy felt s
1351   intricate    adj                 The intricate designs on the artifact
                                                     complicated
                          complex, sometimes with many small details made the archeologist belie
 270   intrinsic    adj                 Taking to someone or something
                                                     inherent
                          belonging naturallycare of their young is intrinsic for most animals.
 608   intrinsic    adj                 Protecting someone or something
                                                     inherent
                          belonging naturally to their young from predators is intrinsic behavior for mo
1607   intrusive adj                    She invitation husband dearly, but she divorced him because of
                          coming without loved her or welcome
1099   intuition    n                   Women have guess intuition and know when there is something
                                                     a better
                          a guess about something without certain facts
1671   invention n                      His new invention made him
                          something useful created by someone a millionaire.
1287   investors n                        put money into a business idea or activity and hopes of ma
                          people whoSeven investors pulled their money togetherin thebuilt a newmak
 145   irrigation n                     The ancient Egyptians had and plants will grow
                          to supply land with water so that cropsdeveloped an irrigation system using
 825   isolated     adj                   from others
                          to separateThe family lived in an isolated farm outside of town.
 780   jolts        n                   If you put something into the outlet, you will get a jolt of electric
                          a sudden shock of electricity
1236   key          adj                 The key part of something
                                                     main her
                          the most important factor topart success was that she worked very hard an
1048   knowledge n                      Having lived in Asia
                          an understanding of something for several years, he had a lot of knowledge
  49   labor        n                   Construction work
                                                     work
                          difficult or tiring physical workers are well paid for their labor.
 712   labored      v     to work       She labored over creating the perfect wedding dress for her dau
1317   laissez-fairen                   Many people were drawn to that country because in the laissez-
                          An economic doctrine that opposes governmental regulation of commerce
  25   landscape n                      The the land
                          a broad view ofwoman wanted to purchase a house that would have a bea
 884   largely      adv                 She is       mostly
                          to a great degree largely responsible for her son's success.
 506   latter       n                    of watch a lot of horror and mystery movies, but we preferred
                          the second We two people or things named
1493   lavish       adj                 The lavish generous amounts
                          done in very large anddecorations in her house reminded him of a castle he
1129   laying off v                     The manager
                          to dismiss an employee did not want to do it, but he was responsible for l
 320   laymen       n                   The new trained book is for laymen who are interested in of a
                          someone who is notfinancialin or does not have a detailed knowledge inves
 815   layperson n                      The engineering in or does not have a detailed knowledge ther
                          someone who is not trainedproject took longer than expected becauseof a
 677   leaps        n                    improvement  inspired by
                          increase or After being big change the movie, Mary made leaps in her studi
 620                n
       learning style                   The student learned best by listening to learning based on stren
                          Learning style is an individual's unique approach to audio tapes of books b
 976   legend       n                   The distant past
                                                     myth
                          a story from thestory of Robin Hood is a legend that most people was base
 256   leisure      adj                 The couple enjoyed their leisure time at the beach.
                          relaxation free from work
1348   lending      v                   I use trust him, and I time
                                                     loaning
                          to permit thedidn'tof for a period ofknew lending him money was a not a ve
 509   lengthy      adj                 The speakeror long lengthy description on the mating habits of
                                                        gave a
                          long in distance, time,verycoverage
1164   liability    n                   After the hurricane, the insurance companies
                          a legal obligation, such as to pay debts and damages had huge liabilities
1174   liable       v                   Most         responsible
                          legally obligated business form a corporation because they do not want to
 671   liberal arts n                   She studied liberal and natural sciences, and mathematics
                          study of the humanities, socialarts in university which prepared her well for
 488                n
       life expectancy                  The life expectancy in America has a human being, in the to
                          the length of time that a living thing, especially greatly increased is likelypast
1281   likelihood n                      that was no likelihood that
                                                     probability
                          the chance Theresomething will happen she will ever walk again; she broke
1540   likely       adv                 It is        probable
                          to be expected highly likely that I will be able to make it to the party.
 758   limited      adj                   extent or amount
                                                       was careful
                          restricted inThe motherinadequate to only purchase the items they needed
 783   link         n                   The            to the missing link in the research came from a five
                          a relationship answerconnection
 612   literacy     n                   Korea and write
                          the ability to read has a very high literacy rate; more than 95% of the peopl
 348   literally    adv                 The family was literally shocked by the news.
                          used to emphasize what you are saying
1474   lithe        adj                 Ballerina dancers are very lithe.
                                                     flexible
                          able to move and bend easily
 155   livelihood n                    He makes his livelihood people need to pay for food,
                          the way someone earns the money as a computer programmer. a place to
 665   loan         n                  She took out a at a rate the bank
                          a sum of money borrowed loan fromof interest to pay for her college educa
 523   locales      n                  The movie director chose a new locale for his next film.
                          a place, location for something that happens
 562   logic        n                  The youth had very poor logic and was not able to win many arg
                          a system of reasoning logic
1304   logical      adj                The of reasoning
                                                   analytical
                          using a system man was very logical and did not like to have discussions w
 663   lots         n                  It was life fate
                          one's condition in his lot in life to make a lot of money.
 666   lucrative adj                   She of moneyprofitable
                          producing a lot found her small bread making business to be quite lucrative
1023   lull         n                   or temporary stopping store was
                          a lesseningDuring the holidays, theof activity very busy, but now there is a
1065   lyrics       n                  Many children did not know the lyrics to the national anthem.
                          the words of a song
 945                n
       magnetic field                  Earth's magnetic something magnetic, in which its dipole, with
                          an area around a magnet or field is approximately a magnetic power to att
1604   magnitude adj                   He didn't realize the magnitude of his success until he could no
                          the size or importance of something
1488   mainly       adv                 the owns several homes, but mainly lives in her house in New Y
                                                   primarily
                          usually, for She most part
 399   mainstream   n                  His ideas were so obscure that it was not accepted by the main
                                                   conventional
                          the group of ideas accepted by the majority of people
1005   maintenance  n                  Regular in good condition
                                                   upkeep
                          keeping something maintenance of your car is extremely important.
  66   majority     n                  The but not of the population
                          more than half, majority all of something voted for the new president.
1038   makeovers n                      course of beauty and cosmetic makeovers
                          a thorough Most women like to receive free treatments that are offered from
 260   malicious adj                   The manager or harmful
                                                   spiteful
                          intentionally mischievous could no longer tolerate the malicious gossip that
1466   mallet       n                  He used a a short shape
                          a type of hammer withmallet tohandle the metal into a shape of an apple.
 541   malnourished v                              starved
                          poorly fed When the police found the children, they were badly malnourish
 130   manage v                        He had to manage 50 organizing worked under him.
                          to be responsible for controlling orpeople who someone or something espe
 349   mandated v         to order     The students and parents mandated a new homework policy.
  23   manipulatev                       someone or control
                                                   to his mother dearly, but he grew
                          to influenceThe son lovedsomething to your advantage tired of her trying
1675   manipulation n                  There has been so much manipulation of
                          to control something or someone to your advantage the case, no one reall
 345   manner       n                  He behaved in a manner that was inappropriate for a 10 year ol
                          a way of acting          behavior
  72   manufacture  v                  The company manufactures clothing for dogs.
                                                     sale using
                          to make something forto produce machinery
  98   marine       adj                The ocean
                          related to the ocean and everything in it fascinated her; she ultimately de
1215   market       v                  When you market
                                                   to advertise
                          promote goods and services a product, you advertise to let consumers kno
1150   market share n                  The owner of the new hamburger service that is controlled by a
                          The proportion of industry sales of a good or business sought ways to incre
 999   marred       v                              to deface
                          to damage Her face had been marred by the accident.
 788   marvels      n                              amazement
                          a wonder The boy was such an excellent piano player, he was a marvel to
 728   mass         n                    of matter of an object
                          the amountAlthough the plastic box was bigger than the book, the book ha
  61   mass transit n                  Residents of Seoul do not given metropolitan area, typically com
                                                   public transport
                          a system of public transportation in a need a car because of the efficient m
 497   massive adj                                 large
                          huge, greatA massive amount of information is available on the internet.
 902   massively adv                   His experience degree
                                                   hugely
                          large in scale, amount, or in traveling to different countries has been mass
1668   mastermind   n                  He was the mastermind behind detail attacks.
                          to plan a difficult activity, often a crime, in all the and make certain that it h
1302   match        v     to equal The hospital tried to match the patient with the correct donor.
 908   material n                      Many kitchen utensils rock, wood, glass, plastic material.
                          any physical substance, such as are now made fromplastic, etc
1486   maximize v                      We have most from something
                                                    maximize our time here, so lets visit all the famous
                          o get or demand thetoinflate
1492                n
       medieval times                  European medieval times, jousting was very common.
                          a period in During the history, between about 1000 AD and 1500 AD
 252   medium n                          doing something
                          a means ofShe chose art as the medium to represent her ideas.
 921   meltdown n                       down of uranium rods and safety walls, releasing nuclear
                          the melting The reactor lost its coolant causing a nuclear meltdown. radia
1185   memo         n                    used memos company to used; most people just send an em
                                                   a message
                          written noteOffice inside a are no longerinform others, ask for information, r
1269   memorableadj                    The remembered
                                                   unforgettable
                          worthy of being family took some memorable vacations in Asia.
 275   mentally ill adj                The family could not
                          Suffering from a mental illness take vacations because of their mentally ill
1345   merely       adv                The school simply shut down because they merely required the
                          only, nothing more than   had to
1144   merger       n                  The merger between the two companies
                          combining two companies into one larger company gave them more comp
 431   messy        adj                Her desk sloppy
                          cluttered, disorderly was always messy; she had paper everywhere.
 755               n
       meteorologists                 The meteorologist forecasted cause particular weather conditio
                         someone who studies the processes that five days of severe thunderstorms
 139   metropolitann                    city and its suburbs
                         related to aDallas and the Fort Worth area is a major metropolitan.
 868   microscopic adj                microscope   very small
                         only with a Germs are microscopic and is not visible to the naked eye.
 510   middle classn                  Korea's middle class is starting to class
                         the social level of people between the workinggrow. and upper class
   9   migration n                      of people traveling to a new place together
                         the processThere was a mass migration of hurricane victims into the neighb
 487   millennia n                     1000 year
                         a period of By theyears 2000, there were two millennia.
 249   mimic       v                   way in which a particular sound usually made.
                                                   copy
                         to copy theThe baby mimicked every person the dog speaks and moves, us
 197   mindless adj      thoughtlessHer mindless answers caused great frustration for her teacher.
 199   minimizationn                  Minimization
                         to reduce to a minimum of human suffering is the goal of the new agency.
 102   minimize v                     Seatbelts to the limit
                                                   lessen
                         to reduce something minimize injuries from auto accidents.
 657   minimum wagen                  Most fast-food restaurants pay minimum wage;
                         minimum hourly rate that employers must pay to workers it is not sufficie
 731   miniscule adj                  The          tiny
                         extremely small orphans only had a miniscule piece of toast to eat each mo
 691   minute      adj                             tiny
                         very small The change to the script was so minute, everyone disregarded i
1484   mirror imagen                    object that is very similar father. They look identical.
                         a person orHe is a mirror image of histo another
1360   misbehave v                    Children tenddisobey
                         to act badly, be impolite to misbehave when there is no strict boundaries.
 913               n
       misconception                  The bride had the misconception that the wedding was going to
                         misunderstanding
1235   misgivings n      doubt                     suspicion
                                      After getting married, she had many misgivings.
1120   misguided v                    The signs had misguided her, and she ended up in the woods.
                         to guide wrongly          misdirect
1000   mishap      n                  S            misfortune
                         an accident he had a mishap with her car on her way to work.
 548   mobile      adj                going from recommended four weeks of bed rest, but after one
                                                    one place
                         capable of Her doctor movable to another
1251   mobility    n                  After the stroke, she lost
                         the ability to be mobileable to move mobility in both her legs.
1574   modeled v                      The new museum was an example
                         to take someone or something as modeled after the baroque buildings in E
 100   modified v                     When she alter
                         to change something discovered her son had diabetes, she had to modify
1337   moldy       adj                After sitting materials, such as month, the bread became mol
                         a fungus that grows on on the counter for acloth, rubber, plants
 930   molecules n                    Two of a chemical substance, usually a group of two or water
                         the simplest unithydrogen atoms and one oxygen atom make up one more
1375   mollusks n                     When soft, boneless animals living eat fresh mollusks.
                         any of a class of they visit the sea, they like to inside hard shells, such as c
 791   momentumn                      After being at a standstill
                         the speed at which something movesfor several months, the project gained
1148   monopoly n                     of an entire market by only one prevent business, or organizatio
                         the control Most governments have laws to person, companies from becom
1118   morals      n                  He had no morals, and it did behavior
                                                   scruples
                         relating to the standards of good or bad not bother him that he was stealin
1584   morphing v                     She took a another
                         to change one thing tovolunteer position at the radio station which morphe
 485   mortality n                    The infant illness or disaster
                         the rate of death frommortality rate in poor countries tend to be very high
 394   mosaic      n                  America is no using considered pieces of colored words 'salad
                         a pattern or picture made longer many small a melting pot; the stone or glas
 504   motherhood  n                    being a she was
                         the state ofNow that mother married, she eagerly looked forward to mothe
 702   motionless adj                 The
                         without moving soldiers stood motionless for several hours.
  44   motivated v                    None of the students
                         to give a reason to do somethingwere motivated to study harder.
1105   motivating v                   Motivating stimulate
                                                    something
                         to give a reason to doteenagers to do their homework and study hard is a
 550   motor skillsn                  The five year old had very good fine motor that she used her
                         the ability to perform complex muscle-and-nerve acts skills;produce movem
 776   mouthpiece  n                  He was therepresentative the president of the United States.
                         a spokesperson             mouthpiece for
1520               adj
       multi-faceted                  Samsung parts
                         having many differentis a multi-faceted business offering several different s
  32   multitude n                    The of something, especially people
                                                   crowd
                         a large number politician spoke to a multitude of 30,000 people.
 739   murky       adj                Due to
                         unclear and dark the oil spill, the river had turned very murky.
1676   myriad      n                  Planning manywedding involves making a myriad of decisions.
                         to a great number ofathings
 617   natural     adj                It is natural to get nervous before a big test.
                         normal or expected
1295   naturally adv                   way         normally
                         in a naturalSince the mother did not have a relationship with the children, t
1432   naught      n     nothing      All his hard work in preparing the meals was for naught because
 803   navigation n                   figuring out a correct course expertise or airplane
                         practice of Navigation of a ship requires for a ship and skills.
 144   nearby      adj   close        We walked to a nearby restaurant.
 639   needs       n                    The family did not have enough money a satisfactory needs, s
                           the things that a person must makein order to have for their basic life
 451   neglected v                      enough too or attention
                                                    to ignore
                           to not give The wascare busy drinking that she neglected her baby.
 732   negligible adj                   The cost
                           small, not important of getting the car fixed is negligible compared to what
1233   negotiationn                     His people to reach to agreement negotiations
                           a talk between job required him an make manyon something with internation
 128   neolithic adj                    The Neolithic period is of the last thought the Stone Age
                                                    to develop
                           of, pertaining to, or characteristic commonly phase ofto have begun c9000
1202               adj
       nerve-wracking                   Giving a speech difficult to do and causes a lot of worry for the
                           describes something that is in front of thousands of people is a nerve-wrac
1312   net worth n                      The author's net worth is valued at over 50 in debts
                           the value of all of one's property minus what one owesmillion dollars.
 477   networking n                     Having the right education and skills is important, but networkin
                           to meet people who might be useful to know, especially in your job
 906   neutrons n                       The neutron and proton make up the
                           a part of an atom that has no electrical charge nucleus of an atom.
 222   New Deal n                       The New Deal programs lasted from 1933 to 1941 in the
                           the domestic program of the Franklin D. Roosevelt administration United
1321   newsstand n                      She bought the morning paper from the for selling right outside
                           a table or temporary structure used as a small shopnewsstand newspapers
1087   niche       n                    place that is just right for a person
                           position or She was happy with her new job as a nurse; she had found her
  29   nomadic adj                      The rich young professionals move from belongings another
                                                    wanderer
                           an experience of a group of people who sold all theirone place to and livedr
1071               n
       nonconformist                    Even as not behave never liked to do what other children liked
                                                    a maverick
                           a person who does a child, she according to ordinary standards of conduct
 412               adj
       nontraditional                   She to or in a nontraditional man;
                           not conforming married accord with tradition he cooks, cleans, and stays
 418   norm        n                     behavior
                           standard ofWearing baggy pants and earrings is the norm for students in th
 952               n
       Northern Lights                  We saw the Northern the sky of the far north
                           the lights that appear at night in Lights during our trip to Canada.
 784   noted       v                    As he       to the building, he noted the elegant furniture.
                           pay attention to entered observe
1452   noteworthy adj                               significant
                           important He gave a noteworthy speech about the need to help the poor.
 119   notoriously adv                  something bad
                           famous for San Francisco is notoriously known for its cold summers.
 679   novel       adj                  She had unusual
                           new and different novel ways of solving problems.
 905               n
       nuclear fission                   of the fission of an atom, which results in the release of a wh
                           the splittingNuclear nucleus resulted in the development of atomic bombslar
 422               idiom
       null and void                    The marriage was
                                                    not valid
                           without legal force or effect considered null and void because the bride w
 380   numerous adj        many                     abundant
                                        The man had numerous wives in many different countries.
 266   obese       adj     very fat                  was worried because her son had become obese; H
                                        The mothercorpulent
 314   obesity     n                    A high fat
                           being extremely fat diet can lead to obesity.
1256   objective adj                    The teacher had her favorites and could never be objective whe
                                                    impartial
                           not influenced by emotions or personal beliefs
1084   objectivity n                    The judge lost his objectivity in the case because feelings
                           based on real facts and not influenced by personal beliefs orof his relation
1165   obligated v                      Although she was not his daughter, he felt
                           to make someone feel he or she must do something obligated to help pay
1161   obligations n                    As a requirement to many obligations, but he always makes an
                                                    a duty
                           a legal or moral doctor, he has do something
 434   obliged     v       to require He was obliged to pay for the accident because he was at fault
1116   observer n                       He was notspectator without participating
                                                      something
                           a person who observes an active participant in the games; he was just an o
 344   obstacles n                      Romeo and the way and many obstacles progress together.
                                                     Juliet faced stops action or to being
                           something that gets inhindrance
 961   obstinately adv                  He obstinately
                                                    unbending
                           unreasonably determined presented his point even though no one agreed w
  96   obtain      v                                get
                           to acquire It was difficult to obtain a passport for her husband because he
 187   obtrusive adj                    She
                           very noticeable wore heavy makeup to cover up the obtrusive scar on her f
1182   occur       v                    mind
                           to come to It never occurred to her to call her parents when her plane got d
1599   offshoots n                      Gmail is
                           a new development an offshoot of Google.
   5   offspring n                      The         progeny
                           child or childrencouple's three offsprings are all accomplished musicians.
1232   one-way adj                       relationship which is not fair because only one person or group
                           describes aShe never knew what he was thinking because their conversatio
 243   opinions n                       He held the opinion that or economy
                           a thought or belief about somethingthe someone would improve significant
1016   opportunityn                     The personal had the opportunity to travel to
                                                    a prospect
                           an occasion foryoung girl advancement or financial gain Europe with her d
 383   oppression n                     The oppression power in a burdensome, cruel, or unjust manne
                           the exercise of authority or she endured for being a woman caused her to h
 724   optics      n                    Optics the branch of physics that describes the behavior and p
                           of or belonging to is a eye
  94   optimal     adj                  the weather was optimal for a tennis tournament--no winds, no
                           referring to The best
1296   optimistic adj                   Even after the divorce, emphasize or think of the good part can
                                                    hopeful
                           the tendency to be hopeful and to the father remains optimistic that he in a
  63   optimize v                        effective
                           to make asThe city officials did not optimize the existing land in the city.
 301   option       n                              other option
                          a choice She had noan alternative but to get a divorce.
1183   oral         adj               She enjoys giving oral
                          related to the mouth not written presentations.
 704   orbit        v                 an orbit
                          to move in All the planets orbit the sun.
1097   oriented n                     She was very family oriented and
                          To make familiar with or adjusted to facts got married as soon as she g
 310   originality n                  The originality of the child's poem surprised everyone.
                                                  creativity
                          the quality or state of being original
 829   origins      n                 The origins of this artifact is or began
                          the location of where something begins unknown, but most believe it is from
 459   orphanages   n                 The neighbors placed the little for
                          a place where orphans live and are cared girl in an orphanage when they c
1292   outbid       v                 We were money than someone else for something
                          to offer to pay more outbid by two teenagers who had inherited a lot of mo
 193   outcome n                      The citizens were not happy with the outcome of the election.
                          the effect, result      consequence
1385   outfit       v                 There was enough fabric to outfit the entire team.
                                                  clothe
                          to provide with clothing and other things
1184   outline      v                  of company outlined what was
                          a summaryThethe main ideas of something expected of each employee.
1653   outline      n                 The of something
                          the outer shapeoutline of the building cast a big shadow on the street.
 209   outspoken adj                  Being too outspoken
                                                  frank
                          saying clearly what one thinks in certain cultures is considered to be very
 576   ovaries      n                 The woman could not get pregnant produces eggs
                          the organ of a woman or a female animal that because she had her ovarie
 651   overall      adj               consideringcomplete
                                                   everything
                          in general, His overall grade in school was not bad, although he was not d
 473   overcome adj                   He had to overcome his fear of flying first before he could beco
                                                  to defeat
                          to fight against successfully
 163   overhauled v                    something thoroughly, in order to evaluate its condition and to
                          to examine The ship's engine had to be completely overhauled.
 466   overlap      n                  by which two things the products of the two companies.
                          the amountThere is an overlap inor activities cover the same area
1066   oversaw v                      As director to sales, she oversaw 30
                                                  of do their
                          to make sure that peoplesupervisework properly different territories.
 136   overtake v                     Our international sales a greater amount or degree
                          to go beyond something by being has overtake our domestic sales.
 486   pace         n                 The company could not keep up with the pace of the demand f
                          tempo of an activity speed
 969   Paleolithic adj                The Paleolithic Period is sometimes referred to as the Stone st
                          belonging to the period when humans used tools and weapons made ofAg
1685   pan          v                 She camera slowly to film a wide area or moving object
                          to turn a movie panned her camera so that she couldacapture her children'
 701   paradigm n                      concept generation had to by which people evaluate, underst
                          a model or The olderused as a standardhave a paradigm shift in order to un
 873   parallel     adj               Railroad at an are parallel to apart
                          running side by side tracks equal distance each other.
 871   particle     n                 There was particles of
                                                  a speck
                          a very small piece of something saw dust all over the house.
1549   particularly adv                           greatly
                          especially I don't like eggs, particularly the brown eggs.
1157   partnershipn                   The two sisters formed a owners
                          a form of business with two or more partnership when they started their cra
 672   passion      n                 She to some activity
                          strong devotion has a passion for tennis; she is a natural.
 284   passive      adj               The husband did
                                                  submissive
                          accepting without resistance not understand his wife's passive response to
1568   patronage n                    The queens patronage of the
                          the favor and support given by a patron museum was important for its sur
1126   patronize v                    She only
                          to be a customer of patronizes the stores in Beverly Hills.
 304   patrons      n                 Patrons
                          a regular customer to the store come from the community.
 756   patterns n                       or model to be followed
                          an exampleAll scientific research must follow certain patterns.
1298   paws         n                 an dog licked his paws after stepping in much.
                          the foot of Theanimal
  51   paycheck n                     Most check
                          a salary or wage employees work hard to receive their paycheck.
1246   payroll      n                 After working paid and the amounts due to each
                          a list of employees to be as a temporary employee, they finally put me on t
 524   pedestrian n                    walking on most pedestrians a street, or down a road
                          any person In America, a sidewalk, acrosshave the right of way; this is not t
 579   peers        n                 During teenage years, the advice of their peers become
                          a person who is one's equal in age, rank, ability, or other quality much m
 774   pen name n                     Mark an author the pen name of Samuel Clemens.
                          a name used by Twain wasin place of his or her real name
 225   pension fundsn                  money which many people pay into, amount into her pension
                          a supply of The mother contributed the maximumespecially employees of a
 501   pension plan n                 She that allows you to receive money after you or your employe
                          a financial plan had diligently put money into her pension plan, and now sh
 954   perceive v                     Her         comprehend
                          to understand students were not able to perceive the message she was try
1138   perceive v                     All         comprehend
                          to understand the members present perceived the situation differently and
 916   perception n                   My perception of the meeting was very different than yours.
                          the way a person sees something
1578   percussion n                   Percussion instruments include drums, cymbals, or beating
                          the group of musical instruments played by tapping, hitting, castanets, and
1471   perfected v                    She had perfected the recipe and entered her cake in a contest
                                                  to polish
                          to make perfect, flawless, excellent
 158   perfection n                      being perfect
                          the state ofThe parents demanded perfection in all areas from their children
1572   permanent adj                    The motherlasting long because her daughter's permanent tee
                                                      was a
                          meant to last, forever or for worried time
 971   permeated v                      The smell of vinegar permeated the every part of
                          to spread through something and be present in entire room. it
1450   permissiblev                                   were very
                          allowable Her parentspermitted permissible and allowed their daughter to
 462   permit       v     to allow      David was not permitted to leave the house after 10 pm.
 753   perpetual adj                    During       constant
                          continuing forever the time of Hitler, the Jews lived in perpetual fear of bein
 480   perpetuated  v                   He worked hard to perpetuate long time
                          to keep alive or preserve in memory for a his father's legacy.
 382   persecutionn                     The prisoners oppressive treatment
                          the act of harassing with faced much persecution for their religious beliefs.
1060   persevered v                      working toward a goal despite difficulties
                                                      hardships,
                          to continueDespite his to persist he persevered and made it to Yale Unive
 272   persist      v                    steadily persisted manner won over obstacles or heart.
                                                     the same
                          to continueThe man in endure and finally in spite of the woman's opposition
1241   personnel n                      The human in an
                                                      resources department of a company deals with hirin
                          all the people working staff organization
1216   pertinent adj                    His          relevant
                          directly related presentation was very information because it was filled with
 257   pervasive adj                                 common
                          widespreadIn Silicon Valley, there is a pervasive trend towards casual dress
  99   pesticide n                      used to kill wash and weeds
                          a chemical You need toinsectsapples carefully to remove all the pesticides.
 899   peter out v                      The fight which started out in the morning had petered out by th
                          to gradually stop or disappear
1651   petroleum n                      Gasoline is made from petroleum.
                          a dark, thick, oily liquid
1650   pewter       n                   The made of tin and from
                          a grayish metal bowls were madelead pewter.
 683   phenomenon   n                   A or image that was a phenomenon that he had not seen
                                                     wonder
                          a fact, event,man eating firestrikes one's attention and attracts interest befo
1089                n
       philanthropist                   The philanthropist made sure students who wanted to study had
                          a person who helps or gives to good causes
1315   philosophy n                     His philosophy in life is to do what you can
                          the basic principles of a particular field of knowledge and leave the rest to
 882   photon       n                   Photons
                          a single unit of light are always in motion and, in a vacuum, have a consta
 292   physical adj                     The to that which emotional
                          of or pertaining couple had nois material bonding even thought they lived in
1373   pigments n                       coloring of a has or animal
                          the natural The dog's fur planta naturally pink pigment.
1362   pinnacle n                       point of something
                                                     top
                          the highest The pinnacle of his career was becoming president of a Fortune
1393   pinpoint     v                   Her symptoms were cause of
                          to determine the exact nature orso general, it was difficult to pinpoint the e
1598   pioneered v        to develop She pioneered new medical practices that focused on the need
 574                n
       pituitary glands                 Because base of the brain that the doctors body's his pituitar
                          a small organ at the Tom was not growing, regulates thechecked growth
 600   playful      adj                 The child was very playful and continued to entertain the adults
                          funny and not serious
1622   playhouse n        a theater We usually dress up to go to the playhouse.
1621   playwrightsn                     Shakespeare was an English poet and a playwright.
                          a person who writes plays
1178   plethora adj                     There was a plethora amount
                          an overabundance           excessive of self-help books published each year.
 332   plights      n                   Their         was that they
                          difficult situation plight predicament were stranded in the middle of the de
1546   plucked      v                   She          to yank
                          to pull quickly plucked the feathers off the dead chicken.
1630   polygamist n                     He is a than one with three wives and fifteen children.
                          a person with morepolygamistspouse
 327   pool         v                   The workers pooled their money together to a group for a comm
                          to contribute money, knowledge, or other resources as buy the manager a
1550   popularity n                      acceptance
                          widespreadThe popularity of the new Lego toys with children was phenome
1564                n
       popularization                   The popularization of digital cameras have made
                          the act of making something attractive to the general public the 35 mm film
1680   populate v                       The new immigrants populated the city.
                          to fill an area with people
 282   portable adj                     being carried or moved around
                                                      bought
                          capable of The mothercompacteach of her children a portable CD player.
1175   portion      n                   She section of a pay her portion of the bill.
                          a small piece orwas happy to larger thing
1381   portraits n                      photograph, or other picture artist to paint
                          a painting, The father commissioned an of a person the family portrait.
 460   portray      v                    someone tends to portray Asians as being characterize them
                                                     represent
                          to describe Hollywood or something in a certain way, to very weak and subm
 965   pose         v                   The speaker posed a question that no one knew the answer to.
                          to present something that confuses
 742   posited      v                   something as a basic fact or principle from which a further gra
                          to suggest If we posit that increasing homework will increase students' idea
1274   positive     adj                 Her positive outlook on life
                                                     optimistic
                          giving cause for hope and confidence really encourages the people around
1411   possibilitiesn                   The possibilities of could happen, be true, or exist
                                                     potential
                          an occurrence or situation thatthe new machine were endless.
 857   posterior adj                    The towards of back, or is his posterior.
                          positioned at orback sidethe a person later in time
 496   postponingv                      event and plan having children, the couple realized they were
                           to delay anAfter postponingor decide that it should happen at a later date o
 656                adj    an education beyond high school to complete their post-secondary educ
       post-secondary education        Many foreigners choose
 362   potential n                     This beingthe has the potential
                                                     or promise
                           the possibility ofcompany doing something of making a lot of money.
 896   potentially adv     possibly His new invention could potentially save millions of lives.
  11   poverty      n                    being causes other challenges such as disease and illnesses.
                           the state ofPovertypoor
1077                adj
       poverty-stricken    very poor After the father lost his job, the family was poverty-stricken.
 749   practically adv                 When her husband ran off with their savings, she had virtually lo
                           nearly, almost           virtually
1308   practice     n                  After regularly died a habit
                           to do something his friend or as from drinking too much, he always practice
 147   precious adj                    She had expensive
                           extremely valuable lost her wedding ring which was very precious to her.
 711   precise      adj                             exact
                           accurate You need to follow the precise measurements of the recipe if yo
1470   precisely adv       exactly     The wedding started precisely at 11:00 o'clock.
1003   precluded v                     Breaking to prevent
                           to make impossible her arm precluded her from the tournament.
 720   precocious adj                   is had a precocious child or played the piano beautifully at th
                           a child thatHe advanced in intelligencethatdevelopment
 927   predict      v                    will happen in say they
                                                    to the future
                           to say whatFortune tellersforetell can predict the future, but they usually n
1538                n
       predictability                    knowing what something is like, when he likes the predictabili
                           the state ofAlthough his job is not very challenging,something will happen
 255   predicted v                        was difficultforetell
                                                    to the future
                           to say whatItwill happen into predict who will win the election.
 714   predictions n                   The weather will happen in the future
                                                    forecast
                           a statement about what man's predictions about the weather is almost alwa
1511   predominatelyadv                This neighborhood is predominately comprised ethnic minorities
                           overshadow others        to dominate
  47   prefer       v                  If given a priority most children would prefer to watch television
                                                    choose
                           to give preference or choice, to
1027   preliminary adj                 Before her surgery,
                           a preparation for some event the doctors wanted to run some preliminary
 718   prematurelyadv                  The baby was born prematurely and had to be or desired time
                           happening or done too soon, especially before the natural placed in an incu
1616   premise      n                  a line of reasoning
                                                    an assumption
                           a basis for The had started their discussion on the premise that women an
 530   prenatal adj                    The fetus mother's womb
                                                    before birth
                           while a baby is in the did not thrive because the woman did not receive ade
 323   prescriptionn                   Many of the attendees wanted to know the do
                                                    formula
                           when someone says what someone else must have or prescription for succ
 392   preservation n                  The committee works hard
                           the act of keeping alive or in existence in the preservation of historical build
  93   preservativesn                   that keeps food from going bad
                           a chemical Parents today are feeding their children more organic foods bec
  89   preserve v                      Refrigerators preserve food from spoiling.
                           to prevent food from spoiling
 237   press        n                  The president and their reporters, and often radio and television
                           newspapers, magazines, and his family is often followed by the press.
1022   prestige     n                  Her job as a researcher gave her a and prestige.
                                                    distinction
                           qualities, such as excellent reputation, wealth, lot ofpower, that bring admir
 432   pretense n                        act that hides the on reason for doing something
                           a reason orHe enter the house real the pretence that he was going to fix the
 258   prevalence n                    The
                           widely existing prevalence of computer usage among teens is not a bad th
1147   prevent      v                  There is no to to
                                                     way
                           to stop from happening avoidprevent your car from getting dirty; you just n
 273   prey         n      a victim    The thief thought the woman would be an easy prey because sh
 992   priceless n                     value that no children laugh high enough
                                                    invaluable
                           such great Watching the price would be and enjoy themselves was priceless
 203   primary      adj    main                      concern
                                       My primary primary right now is studying so that I can pass my
 642   primer       n                  He wrote primer on how to discipline rebellious children.
                           a manual that coversathe basics of a subject
 972   primeval adj                                 ancient
                           prehistoric Primeval fish live in the depths of the ocean.
 765   primitive adj       simple                   basic
                                       The campers built a primitive shelter to protect themselves from
  77   principle n                     One of a guide to
                                                    principles of effective money management is not to
                           standard, such as the policy behavior
 240                n
       printing press                  for printing from inked credited with the invention of the printing
                           a machine Johannes Gutenberg istype, plates, or rolls
1041   prior        adj    earlier                  previous
                                       With no prior experience in raising children, the couple adopted
1634   prioritized v                   She prioritized her day by listing what she
                           to put tasks, events, etc. in their order of importance had to do.
 616   priority     n                  Getting good are most important and require attention
                           the tasks, or beliefs that grades was not his priority; getting a well rounded
 478   privileged adj                  Many children only one person or group of people has
                                                    entitled
                           having an advantage that of wealthy families are privileged to receive an ex
 141   privileges n                    When the children to a obey
                                                     granted
                           special right or benefit benefit do notpersontheir parents, they lose their priv
 271   problematic  adj                The test a problem
                           having the nature ofquestion proved to be very problematic because there
1098   proceduresn                     During of doing it is very important to follow the correct proce
                                                    steps
                           a detailed method a fire drill,something
1654   process      n                     The process of lawsuits can take several years.
                                                       system
                             general methods of doing something
 826   proclivities n                     Ever since he was a tendency
                                                       disposition
                             natural or habitual inclination or youth, he showed a proclivity towards fight
 417   procreate v           to reproduce              have babies
                                          Some women resent the fact that some men think they were pu
  70   productivity n                     The textile factory was able makes goods
                             the rate at which a company or countryto increase productivity by creating
1125   profit       n                     During the a return expenses are gives all
                                                        business
                             money remaining aftermonth of December, he deductedof his profits to the
  80   profoundly adv                     The movie about the holocaust profoundly
                                                       deeply
                             felt or experienced very strongly or in an extreme way impacted her view on
 281   progress v                         or develop in skills or
                                                        skills progressed to a
                             to improve Her Englishadvance knowledge level where she was able to h
1533   prolifically adv                   Dr. way
                             In a productive Seuss prolifically wrote children's stories.
 101   promote v             to support Eating a healthy breakfast promotes good health.
1247   promotion n                        to a new promotion in
                             movement Getting a and better jobhis company enabled the young couple t
1106   prompt       adj                   They liked quick
                             done without delay the restaurant because of the prompt service they rec
   6   pronounced   adj                                unmistakable
                             noticeable The new president had a pronounced English accent.
 900   propaganda   n                     TV sets opinions or images, often government stations an pu
                             information, ideas, in North Korea are tuned toonly giving one part ofthat arg
 420   propagate v                                      propagates a
                             to transmit The church to make publicmessage of peace to the community.
 153   propelled v                        His invention propelled him into international stardom.
                             to push forward           thrust
 216   proper       adj                   Because something
                                                       correct
                             right as to how to dothey didn't have enough money, they could not pay fo
 194   proponent n                        My favors something
                                                        a proponent
                             someone who sister is a supporter of women staying home and raising the
 819   proposed v                                      recommend
                             to suggest After months of debating, he finally decided to propose to his g
 500   prospect n                         The prospect of her getting married was not very good; she was
                                                       expectation
                             a possibility of success in the future
 448   prospectiveadj                      in the future
                             anticipated The prospective buyers came to look at the house one more tim
 389   prospered v                        He prospered flourish
                             to grow in wealth         to in his new line of business.
 942                n
       protoplanetary disk                Protoplanetary discs disk of dense
                             A protoplanetary disks a rotatingare rather cool.gas surrounding a young ne
 943   protostar n                        A protostar is surrounded by a dense cocoon of gas and dust
                             any early stage in the formation of a star when an interstellar cloud of gasth
 183   protruded v           to stick outThe chimney protruded out from the middle of the roof, causing
  17   proximity n                          quality people, near
                                                       nearness
                             the state orThe two of being having worked in close proximity for years, fina
 570   psychologicaladj                   She felt very sick, but after extensive tests the doctors realized t
                             relating to the human mind and feelings
1412   pulleys      n                     Pulleys to used on construction sites
                             an apparatus used are lift or lower heavy objects to lift concrete slabs.
1366   puncture v                         He with a pointed object
                             to make a holepunctured his tires while driving through the construction site
1575   pure         adj                   polluted clean
                             not dirty or She had a pure heart and never said a negative remark about a
 858   purporting v                       He purports the tape recording is a in a way that is not easy ki
                             to pretend to be or to do something, especiallyconversation between the to
1545   purpose n             a goal                    reason
                                          The purpose of this meeting is to determine the products we wil
 408   pursue       v                     She something and
                                                       strive
                             to work hard at studied hard for pursued a career in medicine.
 360   pursuits     n                     The occupational pursuits of the siblings were all different.
                             a career, occupation
 998   pushed back  v                     They had to force or the date
                             cause to move back by pus backinfluence of the wedding because her fian
1205   quantity     n                     The store didnumber of something
                                                       a not
                             a general amount, a supply have the exact quantity of items that I needed
 880   quantum n                          A quantum of energy is so
                             the smallest unit or amount of energy small that it can no longer be broken
1547   quills       n                       feather
                             a large birdThe quills of a porcupine protect it from predators.
 204   quite        v        very                       of the story
                                          Her version extremely is quite different than mine.
 280   radical      adj                   The school
                             complete or extreme district made radial changes by forbidding bicycles
 890   radioactivityn                     Radioactivity occurs because some energy
                             the quality that some atoms have of producing atoms are not stable.
1052                adj
       rags-to-riches                     Her goes from poverty to wealth
                             when a person rags-to-riches story is an encouragement to all the single m
1592   ragtime      n                     Ragtime was
                             a type of American jazz developed by black musicians in North America in
 957   rampant adj                        Looting was rampant
                             uncontrollable and widespread after the fire.
 299   rapid        adj                                speedy
                             very fast The message was difficult to understand because of her rapid s
 856   rash         n                     There unpleasant events of the same type
                             a large number ofhas been a rash of robberies in our neighborhood in the p
1323   readership n                       who new management took over the magazine, the buy a mag
                             the people After read a certain newspaper, people who regularly readership
1388   readily      adv                   Some         easily
                             without difficulty children will readily follow strangers who entice them with
1013   real estate n                        The real be moved, such as land, skyrocketed office buildings
                                                         land
                               property that cannotestate market in California houses, and within the last 7
1523   realignment  v                       There into realignment of power in
                               to put something was a new or correct position the organization, and now
1658   realistic    adj                      exist or be lifelike
                                                          happening in very
                               seeming to The artificial trees looked fact realistic.
   7   reality      n                       The is real fact
                               something that doctors were aware of the reality of the current situation.
1025                n                       Reality television
       reality television show a TV show about real peopleshows can be about anyone; they did one on a
 886   realizationsn                        After living his life
                                                         understanding
                               belief that something is true chasing after wealth, he came to the realizati
1510   reappearedv                          The          come back
                               to appear againbird disappeared into the clouds and then quickly reappear
1137   reasonable adj                        a felt the price for the to do
                                                         acceptable
                               referring to Helogical and right thingjacket was very reasonable so he purch
 581   reasoning n                          The stroke
                               ability to think logicallyhad impaired her reasoning skills, and she was no lo
 189   reassessment n                       After
                               a new evaluationthe reassessment of their educational goals, the parents d
1080   rebellious adj                       As a child he established authority, was punished tradition
                                                         insubordinate
                               defying or resisting somewas very rebellious andgovernment, or quite often.
 802   recent       adj                       but not very long ago
                               in the past,The mayor made a recent visit to the sick children in the hospita
1014   recession n                          During the recession, not strong
                               a time when economic activity is the gas prices doubled.
1191   recipient n                          The recipient of the award or overwhelmed and
                               a person who receives something sentwasgiven by another could not spe
1091   reciting     v                       The little one knows from memory
                               to speak something girl walked around the house reciting her nursery rhyme
 298   recognitionn                         The something well
                                                         credit
                               praise for doingdinner was given in recognition of her charity work.
 606   recognize v                          The young woman recognized the tall one from the party.
                                                         to notice
                               to recall, remember someone or something whenman sees or hears that pe
 713   reconcile v                          Before the group could move forward, they
                                                         to harmonize
                               to bring together people or ideas that were separated had to first reconcile
1243   recruitmentn                           of was responsible for the recruitment do a job
                               the processShe interviewing and choosing people to of cast members for th
 269   reduction n                          The reductiondecrease
                               less of something         a of the husband's salary affected the family greatl
1133   redundant n                          The husband  repetitious
                               not necessary or needed hated to be redundant, but he had to repeat every
1359                v
       reestablishing                         anew       confirm again
                               to establishAlthough the child was given up for adoption as an infant, reest
 149   refers to adj                        In her lectures, she or something, especially briefly
                               to talk or write about someone often refers to her difficult childhood.
1467   refine       v                        something make it better
                               to improve The sculpture looked very good, but his professor asked him to
 986   reflection n                           careful thought
                               serious andOn reflection, I made a mistake in marrying the first woman I m
 853   reflections n                        The bird saw his reflection in the water for the first time and wa
                               an image created by reflected light
 861   refracted v                          The a straight path by refraction
                               To deflect from diamond ring refracted the light into a rainbow of beautiful
 122   refrained v                          The father refrained from smoking inside the house.
                               to avoid doing something
1490   regal        adj                     They put queens
                               related to kings and the regal crown on the little boy's head.
 374                n
       rehabilitation                       The judge ordered her to good drug rehabilitation
                               to return someone or something to aenter aor healthy conditionprogram for
 195   reincarnatev                         Many religions believe the body
                               be born anew in another body after death can reincarnate into animals aft
1273   reinforce v                          It is to something
                                                         strengthen
                               to add strength important to use math flash cards to reinforce the concepts
 238   reinvented v                          something trying to reinvent on wheel, why don't we follow the
                               to produce Rather thannew that is based the something that already exists
1088   reinvented v                         With the internet, communications way
                               take something old and do or show it in a newhas been reinvented.
 520   reject       v                       I do not reject his story, I just question some of the details.
                               to refuse, not accept to decline
 595   rejection n                          His is not accepted
                                                         refusal
                               something that rejection of his wife's culture caused them to divorce.
 377   relapse      v                        worse again after being better
                               to become After completing the drug rehabilitation program he was doing v
 892   relatively adv                         manner
                               in a relativeStudents from wealthier families do relatively better than studen
 572   release      v                       After go set free
                               to let something catching 30 fish, the fisherman released them back into th
 822   relevance n                          The topic Mary broughtelse
                                                          something up
                               a close relationship to appropriatenesshad no relevance to our discussion.
1189   relevant     adj                     Students appropriate
                               closely connected learn faster when the material they are learning is relev
 283   reliant      adj                     Mark is reliant on his older
                                                         dependant much
                               a state of needing something veryon brother for everything.
1319   relied       v          to depend on              count on
                                            After the birth of her child, she relied heavily on her mother for s
1039   relocated v                          Our place to resettle
                               move to a new family relocated from California to Texas.
1587   reluctant v                          I was very hesitant
                               concerned or afraid reluctant to agree to the contract because it required
 289   rely         v                       The
                               to depend on mother can always rely on her daughter to get her homewo
 598   remain       v                       The family decided to
                                                           gone
                               to stay after others arestay behindremain in the house even after the death
1444   remarkableadj                   She made a remarkable recovery from her surgery and was able
                                                      extraordinary
                          worthy of attention, noticeable
 333   remedy       n                  The remedy for an sickness was quite simple; she or needed
                                                      solution
                          a successful way of curing her illness or dealing with a problemjust difficulty
1395   remnants n                      You amount of remnants that is left former glory original piec
                          a small piece orcan see the somethingof the city'sfrom a larger in the archit
 116   remunerated  v                  The gardener or services
                                                      reimbursed
                          to pay someone for work was poorly remunerated for his work.
1647   rendering n                     The dancer's rendering of the
                          a drawing or interpretation of something war deeply moved the audience.
 285   renders      v                  The new do something
                                                      to attracts
                          to give something orstoreprovide many customers because it renders good
1358   renewed v                        something reaffirm
                                                       again
                          to agree to After 25 years of marriage, the couple renewed their vows at a
1026   renovated v                     After many attempts
                          to renew something to repair at fixing the leak, the owner decided to ren
1019   renovationsn                       of renewing something
                          the processRenovations to the house were moving at a very slow pace; the
1555   renown                          Her grandfather things someone pianist.
                                                      fame
                          being well-known for good was a renowned has done
  78   repeated v                        times, often frequent
                          done manyAfter several repeated calls to contact the winner, the committe
 807   repel        v                  This spray repels the go away
                                                      to repulse
                          to make someone or something mosquitoes and prevents them from biting
 369   replenishedv                    The aunt allowed them to
                                                      resupply
                          to replace something that was used eat everything in the refrigerator as lo
1424   replication n                   The picture of the
                          an exact copy of an object ship was the exact replication of the Titanic.
 403   reproducedv                     The of something
                          to make copies teacher reproduced 50 copies of the exam.
 461   resemblance  n                  The actress or something
                                                        showed
                          a likeness to someonesimilarity a resemblance to her famous grandfather.
1111   resentmentn                       anger about backfired,
                                                      bitterness
                          a feeling ofAfter his plan something his friend had a lot of resentment towa
  56   residents n                     The residents of Hawaii
                                                      habitant
                          a person who lives in a certain areaenjoy a very scenic view.
 105   resistance n                    The principal faced a lot of resistance when he proposed a no-
                          not to do something
 376   resorting v                     The mother tried very hard to discipline her son without resorting
                          To have recourse
  50   resource n                       valuable possession or 30 countries, the student was a valuable
                                                      assets
                          a useful or Having traveled to over quality
1239   respectableadj                  Martin Luther  well-thought of
                          a good place in society King Jr. was a respectable figure that relentless fo
1228   respected v                     He wanted to be respected
                          To feel or show deferential regard for by his employees, but what he didn
1275   respond v                                      reply
                          to answer The police did not respond in the way she expected them to; th
 444                n
       responsibilities                The someone must do
                                                      duty
                          something that responsibilities of becoming a parent are tremendous.
 519   restore      v                                 refresh
                          to renew After a vacation to Thailand, the man's health was restored.
1056   restrictive adj                 People with diabetes have restrictive diets.
                          tending or serving to restrict
 205   result       n                  The of an action
                                                      effect
                          a consequence result of the meeting was not what she expected; she was
1356   resurgence n                    The resurgence of the economy of no or a good sign.
                                                      happens after a
                          a rise or increase that an upward trend time is alwaysslow movement
1168   retain       v                  She didn't have very good study skills and never information an
                          to keep something
 215   retirement n                    After or retirement, he leaves the play a lot of golf.
                          an act of leavinghis time when onewas able toworkforce and stops work
1334   retrieved v                     After her computer
                                                      to
                          to bring something back fetch crashed, there was no way to retrieve the inf
1004   reversed v                      The teacher
                          to change the direction reversed her decision and gave the students no hom
1509                n
       revitalization                    vitality or vigor the
                          to give newRevitalization of to community commenced with the building o
1483   revitalize v                    When they to energize
                                                       to something
                          give new life or energybuilt that new mall, it really revitalized the city.
 706   revival      n                  The            rebirth
                          a reawakening religious revival swept the entire nation.
1473   revived      v                    energy to something
                                                      revitalized
                          to give newSeveral business coming into the city revived the city's economy
 152   revolution n                      or radical change of any kind
                          a completeThere is a phone revolution occurring with so many people mak
  74                v
       revolutionized                  The introduction of personal computers revolutionized the way p
                          to change completely transform
1253   rewards      n                  The rewards of teaching far outweigh the negatives.
                          something given in exchange for good behavior or good work
 708   ridicule     n                  The actions that make someone such ridicule look stupid tha
                          unkind words ornew student was treated with or something by her peersor w
 443   rights       n                   is just, morally good, legal, proper, or many
                          That which The citizens of this country do not havefitting rights; they can n
1627   rigidity     n                  The rigidity of the rules discouraged her from participating in the
                          stiff or fixed
 710   rigorous adj                    Students must finish a behavior or action
                                                      harsh
                          having strict or high standards for rigorous program in order to become a d
 265   risk         n                  There is great risk of becoming addicted to gambling.
                                                      danger
                          danger of losing something important
1363                n
       rite of passage                 Going to the prom is a rite of passage for many teenagers.
                          A ceremony signifying an event in a person's life indicative of a transition f
1610   ritualized v                    She didn't
                          to make into a ritual like it at first, but she later enjoyed the ritualized tea
 970   roamed       v                    over a large area
                                                     to wander
                          to go freelyThe toddlers were free to roam all over the auditorium.
1514   rococo       n                   Rococo style rooms were designed with elegant and ornate furn
                          an 18th century French art and architectural style noted for its curving lines
 567   role-play n                      The school teaches the students to role-play different situations
                          to assume the attitudes, actions, and discourse of (another)
 839   rotate       v                   It takes the Earth one year to rotate around the Sun.
                          to move around some especially in a circle
 944   rotated      v                   You have to rotate the handle 90 degrees in order to open the d
                          turn in a circle, especially around a fixed point
1527   roughly      adv                 Roughly 60% of the students from this school will graduate and
                          about, but not exactly approximately
1383   royalty      n                   She and family
                                                     monarchy
                          a king or queen had married into royalty; her husband is next in line to the t
1620   rude         adj                 He angry by one's bad behavior owner asked him
                                                     impolite
                          making peopleyelled at the waitress, and theor unkind words to leave the
1394   ruins        n                   When we visited Greece, we were able to thousands the ruins
                          broken parts of historical buildings that still exist aftersee many ofof years
 835   rumors       n                   Rumors of the other people say and not from true
                                                     gossip
                          talk that comes from whataffair destroyed the children's lives. information
 364   run-ins      n     an argument                a quarrel
                                        After getting married, the husband had many run-ins with his ne
1076   rural        adj                 They liked living in the areas because they did not like congest
                                                     rustic
                          related to the countryside, notrural city
  82   sacrifice v                       pain, or injury to achieve a goal
                          suffer loss,The couple worked very hard to achieve their financial goals, bu
 522   sacrificing v                    You can not achieve your to you in order to help another person
                          to give up something that is valuable goals without sacrificing something in
1678   saturation n                     When he invested in the that no more didn't realize there was a
                          to fill a thing or place completely sorestaurant, he can be added
1376   scarce       adj                 Food was scarce during war, so they mainly ate potato soup.
                          not available or plentiful scant
1400   scarcity     n                   The scarcity of food during the
                          very small or limited amount of something war caused many people to go
 852   scattered v                      His homework all directions
                                                      in was
                          to make something godiffuse scattered all over his room.
 415   scenario n                       The events that make up a general a many
                          a description ofscenario of the play was that of situation trying to save his w
 832   scintillated v                   flash        shine
                          to sparkle; The audience was amazed at the boy's mind which scintillated
1249   screen       v                   Most companies or something to discover if there is anything w
                          to test or examine someone screen their employees for drug abuse.
1115   scruples n                       He has no scruples at all; he has no quilt about taking things ho
                                                     morals
                          principles of personal conduct that stop you from doing something wrong
1458   sculpture n                      The sculpture was stone, metal, and it objects
                          three dimensional art made ofmade of stone,or otherlooked exactly like the
 775   secured      v     to obtain After months of interviewing, James secured a job with a fortun
1139   seek         v     to request Mayor Thomson wanted to seek another term in office.
1017   seemingly adv                    She something, composed and seemingly unaffected by the f
                          appearing to beappears very especially when this is not true
 472   segregation  n                   Racial of people apart from another and treat them differently
                          to keep one groupsegregation in the United States prevented blacks and w
   8   seldom       adv                              infrequently
                          not often I seldom go out with friends; I prefer to stay home and watch a
1053   self-made adj                    Todd grew one's own effort, not because of money or help
                          successful because of up in the slums; he is a self-made millionaire. from
 647                adj
       self-motivated                   undertake or continue a task or activity without another's prodd
                          initiative to Being self-motivated is crucial for people who want to pursue a
 551   self-reliant n                   Even of oneself without 70 year old
                          able to take careafter the stroke, heroutside help mother was very self-relia
1201   seminar      n                   I short course on a which topic
                          a meeting orattended a seminarspecifictaught me how to be a better teach
 242   sensationaladj                   There exciting
                                                     spectacular
                          very interesting orwas a sensational story in the newspaper about a monke
 528   series       n                   She likes toareadevents
                                                        or books
                          a group of similar thingssequence that are in a series.
1541   served       v                    servant, clerk, server
                          to act as a He served the king as his legal advisor.
  46   settle       v     to make a homeOur family immigrated to the United States and settled in San F
 293   severely     adv                 The car was difficulty, anxiety, damage
                                                     very serious
                          causing very great pain, severely damaged from the accident.
1652   shadowy adj                      She shadows
                          dark and full of was startled when something jumped out from the shadowy
 798   shafts       n                   The shaft of the golf club connects long section head.
                          a round, metal bar that turns, giving power in athe grip to theof machinery
 235   shape        v                   effect
                          to have an Newspaper stories help shape people's opinions about political
1485   shards       n                   Please be careful, there are shards of glass everywhere.
                          a piece of a broken glass, cup, container or similar object
1122   shareholders n                   The shareholders the equal parts decided to fire the CEO.
                          a person who owns some of of the companyinto which the ownership of a
 287   sheer        adj                              complete
                          absolute Her success was due to sheer determination and will power.
 745   shift        n                   There was a shift in
                                                     movement
                          to form into a legal corporation public opinion towards the female candidat
1521   shift        v                   The one driver shifted his gears.
                                                     to move
                          to change from truck position to another
 685   shrouded v                       The car see  hide
                          to make difficult to was shrouded by tree branches.
 591   siblings     n                   Because there were assisters
                                                     brother and someone else
                          a person with the same parentsseven children in her family, she often foug
1194   sift        v                   The something sifted through the debris.
                          to look through fire fighters carefully
 599   significant adj                              major
                          important The family was able to take a vacation because the father had
1428   simplistic adj     oversimplify The politicians took a very simplistic view of the war.
 864   simply      adv                  difficulty easily
                          without anyThey were amazed at how simply she was able to maneuver the
1502   sincere     adj                 She thought and her actions and gave each child a sincere apo
                                                    sincere
                          honest in one's felt regret foraction
1103   skeptical adj                   I was very skeptical or useful
                          doubting that something is true of his professed faith, until I actually saw hi
1024   skyscraper n                    Because
                          a very tall building there is so much land in Texas, you do not see many
1469   slab        n                    slice of something
                          a thick, flatThe roads were blocked because trucks were moving concrete s
1482   slight      adj    small                     minor
                                       The baby had a slight cold so the mother stayed home with him
 874   slits       n                   She slit her
                          to make a narrow cut wrist with the knife accidentally.
 680   slopes      n                   She angle
                          a surface at an skiing ability had improved significantly that she no longer s
  21   slums       n                   The mother worked hard in bad housing
                          part of a city where poor people live and saved enough money to move her
1222   smoothly adv                    After all hereasily
                                                     planning,
                          without interruption or difficulty the bride prayed that her wedding would g
1128   sneakers n                      Their son was so active that he wore out his sneakers
                          a type of light comfortable shoe that is suitable for playing sportsevery mo
 213               n
       social insurance                Medicare of insurance in which the elderly in is an insurer, esp
                          any of various forms is social insurance for a government America; it provide
 476               n
       social mobility                 The family moved into to move within a social hierarchy with ch
                          the ability of individuals or groups a better neighborhood because they thou
 795   solar powern                    The sun powered calculator was very or electrical to use
                          energy from thesolar that is converted into thermal inconvenient energy durin
 926   solar systemn                   The eight other planets, moons, the youngest of children.
                          the Sun, Earth, solar system fascinates evencomets, that move around the
1294   solely      adv    alone                     entirely
                                       After the divorce, the father was solely responsible for raising hi
1579   solidified v                    We solidified our
                          to make something definite plans to visit all the famous museums in the w
 931   solidify    v                   The
                          to make hard water in the swimming solidified into ice because the weath
 307   solitary    adj                 In the distance, the saw a solitary statue.
                          A solitary person or thing is they only person or thing in a place
1307   source      n                   Tests        root
                          beginning, origin did not show the source of the problem; the doctors were
 381   sovereigntyn                     of two countries fought for the sovereignty of the island.
                          SupremacyTheauthority
 790   spanning v                      The Roman a particular civilization spanning several hundred ye
                                                      Empire
                          to exist or continue forextend is a length of time
 352   sparked     v                   The actor'strigger
                          to cause an action         new haircut sparked a new fashion among young m
 762   sparks      n                   Rubbing two sticks
                                                    hot surfaces scraping together or from fire
                          bit of light caused by hard flashtogether will create sparks.
1589   spawned v                                     shooting
                          give life to The school to cause spawned a flurry of safety reforms for the c
 131   specialize v                    The company specializes in manufacturing small toys.
                          to spend most of your time studying one particular subject or doing one typ
1289   specific    adj                 The          unique
                          unlike any otherspecific type of chocolate he likes is only found in Europe.
1160   specifies v                     His mother exactly what one wants needs; I
                          to say or communicatenever specifies what she or needs always have to gu
 933   specks      n      a tiny pieceThe woman was obsessed about her house being clean and wo
1399   speculate v                     I don't want to speculate, but I think the wife ran away.
                          to guess about
 958   speculationn                    The teacher to a question when you do not have enough inform
                                                    guess
                          guess possible answers had a speculation that her students were somehow
1425   speedily adv                    The
                          to move quicklyproblem was resolved speedily.
1079   spell       n                   Before becoming a famous actor, he worked as a waiter for a s
                          period of time
 934   spewing v                       Lava spewed out force
                          to come out or push out withof the volcano.
 990   spirals     adj                 Bed springsin a circular way around a center point, and sometim
                          something that curves coiledare shaped like spiral shaped.
1415   spiritual   adj                  the spirit religious
                          of or about Rose considered her self to be a very spiritual person because s
 414   split up    v                   Ever
                          get a divorce since her parents split up, Mary has not been the same.
 605   spontaneous adj    not planned  The spontaneous nature of her son drove the mother crazy; she
1405   spun        v                   Charlotte spun fibers, and produce something it.
                          to make thread by twistingher webor to caught many flies inusing thread
 575   spurt       n                   He forward with forth force
                                                    gush great
                          to move out orwas always short until he had a grow spurt in college.
1020   stakes      n                   The stakes for this race is high; the winner gets a trip it
                          the stakes are the reward for the person who wins or succeeds inaround th
1430   stamps      v                   When you enter a new country, they
                          to print or make a raised mark with something usually stamp your passpor
1491   stark       adj                              utter
                          complete Her life now is in stark contrast to her life before she had the ba
1064   startup     n                   Netflix the beginning of a new project or venture
                          of or pertaining to is a startup company that succeeded.
 763                adj
       static electricity                  Static electricity is what makes your hair objects end.
                             an electrical charge which collects on the surface ofstand on made from so
1655   stationary adj                       or doctor fixed
                                                        required her
                             not movingTheable to be moved to ride a stationary bike for 30 minutes
 464   status       n                      Lawyers and in terms of power status than bus
                             one's position in society doctors have moreand importance drivers.
1102   status quo n                        Most teenagers do not like to change; they like to keep the statu
                             the way things are now
 698   steady       adj                    The steady continuous
                             without interruption       snowfall pleased the children because they could so
 159   steam engine n                      James Watt is credited
                             a locomotive powered by steam with inventing the "modern" steam engin
 897   stemmed v                           His         originate from
                             to come from anger towards women stemmed from his relationship with h
 357   stereotypesn                        Many Americans have the stereotype that all Asians are like, in
                             a fixed idea that people have about what someone or something is good es
1081   stern        adj                                severe
                             not flexible The father was very stern and expected his children to obey him
 449   stigma       n                      Her father was an
                             a mark of shame or disgrace alcohol and that has been a stigma all her lif
1142   stimulates v                         energy or activity
                                                       excite
                             to increase Competition between students is good because it stimulates cre
1284   stock        n                      She bought stock in Disney.
                             a piece of a business, bought in the form of shares
1416   storage      n                      and keeping of things in a special place for use in the future
                             the putting She put all the baby clothes in storage because she was plannin
 846   straddling v                        The decide which of two opinions about a subject is better and
                             to be unable to presidential candidate has been accused of straddling the i
 338                adj
       straightforward                     The directions to
                                                         clear
                             without complications;direct the part were straightforward.
1280   strategicallyadv                    In supermarkets, success in situations such as business, indus
                             a detailed plan for achieving candy is strategically placed where children ca
 419   strategy     n                       order to achieve a goal
                             planning in The company's strategy is simple: make good products and se
1254   strengths n                         His strength
                             a good characteristic is that he gets along with everyone.
 940   strict       adj                    The to be followed
                                                         gave
                             expecting rules motherstern her son strict orders to be home by midnight.
1141   strictly     adv                    The or limiting way
                             in a very limitedparty was strictly for newcomers.
1659   strides      n                      The company made major strides into the international market.
                             an important positive development
  33   stripped v                          The
                             to take away mayor was stripped of his administrative powers when he w
1257   strive       v                      The something
                             to work hard forparents encouraged their children to always strive for perfec
 836   stroke       v                       hand lightly liked his mother
                                                       caress
                             to pass theThe little boy over something to stroke his back.
1609   stroll       v                      The couple went for a walk on the beach.
                             a relaxed, unhurried walk
 593   structured adj                                    have a very
                             organized My childrenorganized structured day; they have a different ac
 355   struggle     n                      The daughter's struggle for independence
                             a difficult time or task using much effort and energy from their parents fin
1459   stubby       adj                    She had very
                             short and thick or broad stubby fingers, and everyone worried if she would
 721   stun         v                                  to shock
                             to surprise The news of your retirement stunned me.
1442   subjective n                        The teacher does not grade rather than facts
                             related to personal feeling and opinion, fairly because everything seems to
1054   submissionn           weak agreement            compliance
                                           She had a difficult time adjusting to the school because of their
1113   subordinates n                      The rank
                             person of lower general commanded complete submission from his subord
1526   subsequentadj                       You         succeeding
                             happening later will have to pay $50 this first year and then $30 in the subse
1597   subservientv                        The husband is subservient to his wife because he's afraid of he
                             acting like a servant obedient
 658   subsidize v                         Many a person, group, that first start out are subsidized by the
                                                         businesses or business
                             to give money to smallsponsor
 279   subtle       adj                    The
                             not noticeable wife wanted a new oven and gave her husband subtle hints
1529   subtype      n                      Sparrow
                             a subordinate type and Eagle are subtypes of the bird category.
  27   suit         v                                  to please
                             to satisfy The new house suits the needs of the family.
  86   suitable     adj                                  realized she
                             appropriateThe motheracceptable didn't have suitable clothes for the part
1181   summarize v                         He tried    to condense
                             to give a summary to summarize the speech, but he had forgotten the ma
 979   summons v                           The principal summoned me to his office.
                             to call or send for
1608   supersededv                         This high speed version or model of something with a new or
                             to replace an old or existingnew computer superseded that old slow one. b
 224   supplementaryadj                                extra
                             additional Because the mother's milk was not sufficient, the doctor recom
 188   supplemented v                      The wife an existing thing to complete babysitting.
                                                       addition
                             something added to supplemented their income by or improve it
1293   supply and n demand                 The demand for diamonds is and services available supply, so
                             relation between the amount of products much higher than their at certain p
 226   surfaced v            to appear The son's medical condition surfaced during a routine visit to th
 794   surmised v                          When he saw the couple walking out of the hospital arm in arm,
                                                       guess
                             to make a reasonable assume
 474   surmount v                         T            conquer
                             to overcomehe family has surmounted some difficulties and now they are d
 230   surpluses n                         more than extra is needed supplies,
                                                       what
                             an amount The army had surpluses of or used so they gave them to the lo
 533   survival    n                      The team's survival in the
                             the ability to continue to exist or live tournament depended on their defens
 491   surviving adj                      The whale did
                             continuing to live or exist not have any chances of survivng because his wo
 121   suspicion n                        The employer treated her with suspicion after he found out her p
                             the act or condition of suspecting
1614   sustained v                                     maintain activity
                             to keep up She could not sustain her relationship with her boyfriend and de
 117   swell       v                      The union membership swelled this month when 100 new emplo
                             to enlarge or expand in size
1078   switch      n                      He used a switch used in his children.
                             a slender, flexible shoot, rod to punishwhipping or disciplining
1270   switching v                        Switching your major too many times during college another
                             to change suddenly or completely, especially from one thing to can really h
 843   symbolism n                        Religious symbolism meaning in literature and       arts
                             the use of symbols to represent was depicted throughout the building.
1391   system      n                      The school with a did not foster competition, but instead it fos
                             a method or proceduresystem set series of steps
 643   tailored    v                      He tailored specific requirements
                                                        his speech
                             to make something to customize to match the needs of the audience.
1326   tangible    adj                                 real
                             touchable The police had no tangible evidence against the suspect; it was
1264   targets     n                        group chosen for analysis or action
                             a person orThe target population for the product is women in their 50s.
1094   tasks       n                      As a mother, assignment
                             job to be performed an she had many tasks that needed attention each d
1073   tax evasionn                       He cheated less tax than you should
                             ways of illegally paying on his taxes for several years, and now the governm
1095   teamwork n                         Football with each person working to reach a common goal
                             a cooperative effort and basketball requires teamwork, whereas tennis doe
1213   tedious     adj       long and dull             boring
                                          Defining 1600 vocabulary words can be a tedious job.
 993   telescope v                        The telescope made the stars appear very close.
                             an optical instrument used to make distant objects seem larger
 553               n
       temper tantrums                    It was obvious rage or was not properly disciplined; he threw a
                             a violent demonstration ofthe childfrustration
 997   temporary adj                      Her husband assured
                             passing, impermanentshort time her that his phase of their lives was tempo
 696   tendency n                          to has a in a particular way her like a everywhere.
                             a likelihoodShebehave tendency of leaving or toclothesparticular thing
1112   tense       adj       nervous                   jumpy
                                          The meeting was very tense because the owner was going to an
 648   tenuous     adj       weak                      unimportant
                                          Her arguments for living alone were so tenuous her parents dec
 424   terminated v          to end                    stop
                                          Our rental agreement was terminated because we had too man
  73   textile     n                      The weaving  cloth
                             fabric made by textile company faced much criticism for using child labor a
 697   the heavens n         the sky      Thousands of balloons fell from the heavens.
 949   theorized v                        Albert Einstein first
                             to form or propose a theory theorized about relativity.
 330   therapy     n                      Speech and physical illnesses and disorders, usu. stuttering.
                             treatment of mentaltherapy was recommended to fix the child'swithout surg
 911   threshold n                          have a which you start to experience something, or at which s
                             the level or Ipoint at high threshold for pain.
 140   thrived     v                      The children thrived because of the country lifestyle.
                             to grow strong and healthybloom
1408               adj
       time-consuming                     Writing out each invitation by hand was very time-consuming.
                             needing a lot of time lengthy
1681   tint        v         to color     She tints her hair every six weeks to cover the gray hair.
1310   tips        n                      The police received many tips on the whereabouts of the crimin
                             helpful information       advice
 317               n
       to be on the fringe                He odd the fringe
                             to behave very is on behavior of society; he can't seem to hold down a job
 368   tolerance n                        The doctors were surprised
                                                       open-mindedness
                             ability to suffer or endure something at her high tolerance for pain.
 735   tool        n                      The helps you is do a particular all math
                             something that calculator to a useful tool foractivity students.
1567   traced      v                      The illegal track were
                                                        its origin
                             to follow something tofunds down traced back the Asia.
 241   trade       n                      in general
                             commerce The two leaders decided to expand trade between their two cou
 406   traditional adj                    She decided not continued in group of people or traditional;
                             following customs that have to marry Tomabecause he was too society for a
 918   tragedies n                        T            a their son
                             a sad event he death of disaster was a tragedy that affected the entire ne
1640   tragically adv                     The play ended tragically when the two lovers committed suicid
                             a very sad event or situation
 625   trait       n                       characteristic that positive trait.
                             a particularBeing rude is not a can produce a particular type of behavior
  95   traits      n                      Her          attribute
                             a characteristicability to get along with everyone is one of her personality tr
 636   transition v                       The transition from adolescent
                             a change from one condition to another to adulthood is difficult for many
 507   transport n                        Public transport in Seoul is safe and efficient.
                             transportation
 535   traverses v           travel over The climbers traversed over the rocky mountains.
 854   treatises n                       Legal treatises are books that provide an in-depth
                             A systematic, usually extensive written discourse on a subject overview of a
1059   tremendous  adj                                was a tremendous support to the family during their
                             huge, vast The pastor enormous
   2   trend       n                     The recent fashion developed countries is to have less children.
                             a general pattern        trend in
 261   trends      n                     Long hair isfashion for men this winter.
                             current style              a trend
1268   trial       adj                   He           test
                             an experiment gave the motorcycle a trial run around the race track.
 529   trimesters n                      The three-month periods during her second trimester of her in
                             any of the threewoman felt very good that a human pregnancy is divided pr
 893   trivial     adv                   B            inconsequential
                             unimportant esides sports, the husband considered all other topics trivial.
1615   troupes     n                     She belonged to of singers, actors, or traveled to 20 different c
                             a company, band, or group a comedy troupe that other performers, especi
1306   trusted     adj                   His trusted friend of 30 years betrayed him.
                             to have confidence in something, or to believe in someone
 590   trying      v         difficult                 five rebellious children was a trying experience for th
                                         Babysitting harrowing
 571   tumultuous v                      After of confusion, a very tumultuous family environment, Mary
                                                      agitated
                             very loud, or full growing up in change or uncertainty
1639   tunic       n                     Tunics garment tied at the waist
                             a loose, sack-like are still fashionable even after thousands of years.
 909   turbines    n                     that produces power by turning extracts energy from a fluid ga
                             a machine A turbine is a rotary engine that blades with steam, water, orflow
 690   twist       n                     There was a twist something happens
                             a change in the way in which to the ending of the story; everyone thought s
 870   twist       n                      development
                             an unusual There was a new twist to the murder case; the husband was fou
1238   two-way n                         Marriage she obligations a both such parties
                             entailing responsibilities, realized wason two-way street.
  12   typically   adv                    the characteristics that you very self-centered.
                                                      generally
                             showing all Toddlers typically tend to bewould expect from the stated perso
1561   typically   adv                    the characteristics that you would told Jim that he was being r
                             showing all Mary, in her typically frank fashion,expect from the stated perso
 309   ubiquitous adj                    Large pieces of empty land is ubiquitous in Texas.
                             found all over           everywhere
 146   ultimately adv                                 finally
                             in the end She couldn't decide between attending Harvard or Stanford univ
 823   unassuming  adj                   The          unpretentious
                             quiet, modest famous scientist was an unassuming person with a quiet pe
1279   unavoidable v                     The accident was
                                                      inevitable
                             that which cannot be avoidedunavoidable; it was a two lane street, and the
1086   unbiased adj                      or prejudicedneutral
                             not biased Although the teacher had her favorites, she tried to remain unbi
 827   uncertainty n                     There to do or of uncertainty able to decide disappearance of
                             not knowing whatwas a lot believe, or not surrounding theabout something
 914   uncontrolledv                     The          unchecked
                             not controlled son's spending was uncontrolled, and he had to file for ban
1543   undeniable adj                    When you are wealthy, it is an undeniable truth that you can buy
                                                      absolute
                             not capable of being disputed
1252   undergo v                         She
                             to experience: had to undergo surgery to remove the tumors.
1551   undergone v                       The
                             to experience store had undergone several renovations after the fire.
1221   underling n                       When speaking to teenagers, it is important to give them respec
                             an unimportant personsubordinate
1353   undermined  v                     The wife someone
                                                      sabotage
                             to ruin the efforts of always tries to undermined her husband's decisions.
  97   underminesv                       The father had no
                                                      to sabotage
                             to ruin the efforts of someoneauthority over his children because his wife c
1532   undisputed adj                    Muhammad
                             generally agreed upon Ali is the undisputed best boxer in the world.
1206               adj
       undivided attention               Whenever focused
                             complete attention her child talked to her, the mother always gave her un
1121   unethical adj                     Her to approved standards of social or not mind using compa
                                                      dishonest
                             not conforming boss was an unethical man who didprofessional behavior
 227   uneven      adj                   The two boys did not enjoy playing chess together because thei
                             not equal in ability, intelligence, strength
1068   unexpectedlyv                     Her
                             not expected husband unexpectedly left the party.
1531   unfinished adj        incomplete His story was unfinished because he could not find an ending to
 447   unfit       adj                   Due personal qualities
                             lacking in good to her constant drinking, she was declared an unfit mother
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 221              adj
       unprecedented                  We have witnessed
                                                   unusual
                          not having happened before unprecedented numbers of inventions this y
1661              v
       unprecedented                  The 20th century witnessed unprecedented new discoveries in te
                          never having happened or existed in the past
 955   unravel    v                   The case started to unravel when they found the car.
                                                   to solve
                          to understand in a slow, painstaking way
1210   unrehearsedadj                 You advance  spontaneous
                          not practiced in could tell the speech was unrehearsed because he kept ma
 168   unskilled adj                  People whoenergize
                                                    education
                          without special skills or work at fast food restaurants are usually unskilled.
1449              adj
       unstructured                   The nursery was unstructured, and children were running around
                          lacking a clearly defined structure or organization
 674   unthinkableadj                   is unthinkable for belief
                                                   beyond me to
                          so bad thatItone cannot think about it imagine getting divorced.
1624   unusual    adj                 His unusual behavior
                          peculiar, not normal strange perplexed the teachers.
 446   unwanted adj       not wantedThey considered getting an abortion because their child was un
 407   upbringing n                   By the way rearing
                                                     and others give a good or bad education and mann
                          how parents, teachers,she behaves, it is obvious that she had a very good
1313   upfront    adj                  advance paid
                          obtained in Before we can purchase the building, we need to pay them two
  54   urban      adj                  city        city like
                          related to aMany young people from the small towns choose to move to ur
  35              n
       urban sprawl                   of the city to the one of
                          the spread Los Angeles was suburbsthe first cities to experience an urban s
  36   urbanized v                    The United States is an area urbanized country.
                          to build houses, offices, etc. in a highly of countryside so that it becomes
1595   ushered    v                   The          to make
                          bring into beingtwo countries agreed to discontinue fighting and ushered a
 537   uterus     n                   The doctors had develops the woman's uterus, and she could
                                                   baby to remove
                          female organ where a the womb
1067   utilized   v       to use      She utilized her negotiation skills to get the contract.
 306   utmost     n                   T
                          the greatest he situation required utmost sensitivity.
 689   vacuum     n                   How will the human body, without the protection of a spacesuit,
                          a totally empty and airless space
1331   value      n                   Most people do not truly
                                                   importance
                          the worth of something for someonevalue the work of a woman in the hom
1677   variables n                    There are situation which can change
                          a number, amount ormany variables you need to consider before you get m
 439   variance n                     There rule or standard
                          an exception to ahas been an unusual variance in temperature this month.
1050   variations n       a change She made several variations to her famous chocolate chip cook
  60   variety     n                   She          assortment
                          different types loved to eat at buffets because if offered her a variety of fo
 793   various     adj                 Various      different
                          assorted, diverse newspapers reported the crime differently.
 667   varsity     n                   He was a member of the colleges which are at her high schoo
                          describes sports teams at schools orvarsity football teamat the most skilled
 938   vast        adj    wide in area              immense
                                       Traveling on the vast ocean reminded him of the trip he had tak
1329   vault       n                   The bank keeps their money in a vault.
                          a large safe used to keep money, documents, and other valuables
 707   venerable adj                   In recent that has been in use, or someone who has been invo
                                                    respected
                          describes somethingyears, there has been a decline in the venerable traditi
 833   ventured v                      Joe almost fell off or cliff; he
                          to act with some risk of harm themoney had ventured too far to the edge
1058   ventures n                      deal, with risk
                          a business He was a risk taker and had lost a lot of his money on fruitless
 875   vertical    adj                 The husband preferred verticalto a horizontal surface or linethey
                                                     at an angle of 90° blinds, but the wife thought
                          pointing straight up or upright
 290   via         prep   by way of Singapore Airlines flies to Seoul via San Francisco.
 416   viable      adj                 succeedingworkable
                          capable of The only viable solution to the family's situation was that the ch
1636   viewpoint n                                  a on life
                          an opinion His viewpoint positionwas that you work hard, play hard and sav
1495   villas      n                   He owned several villas in Italy and in Switzerland.
                          a country house
 201   violations n                    The judge sent
                                                    breach
                          an act of breaking a law her to jail because she had over 30 traffic violati
1328   virtually   adv    almost       With his wealth, he could virtually purchase anything he wanted
1011   virtue      n                   The doctor as honesty or clean
                          moral goodness, such was a man of virtue.living
1612   virtuoso    n                    or singer is a virtuoso
                          a musician Yo-Yo Mawho is a star that has entertained audiences around t
1209   visual aids n                   Little children learn such if a picture, film aids.
                          something that you are shown,better asthere are visual or map, in order to
 236   vital       adj                 Water        necessary
                          most important is vital for human survival.
1443   vivid       adj                   or vivid colors
                          easy to seeTheimagineclear of the painting made the room come alive.
 425   vows        n                   She made a vow to exercise every day.
                          a solemn promise
 391   vying       v                     with other people to achieve or all the children are
                          to competeBecause she has eight children, obtain something constantly v
 157   wages       n                   The work donepay
                          money paid for employees were not satisfied with their wages.
1225   wander      v                   place to place without wandered through the streets trying to fig
                                                     his job,
                          to go from After losingto roam he a fixed plan or goal
 828   warring     v                   After 10 or groups of people warring countries came other or
                          describes countries years of fighting, thethat are at war with each to a resolw
 455   wary        adj                 Being danger all strange men, the little girl started to run when
                                                     of
                          concerned about wary cautious
 924   waste       n                   are not wanted and
                                                    waste placed in large containers is picked up by gar
                          things that Household garbage get thrown away
1278   wasted      v                   The students wasted the scratch paper by only using one side o
                          to make poor use of something valuable
 872   wave        n                   Microwaves can be very dangerous to humans.
                          an electronic, light, or sound movement of energy
1255   weaknesses  n                   His weakness
                          a negative characteristic is that he can not focus very well.
 633   weaned      v                   She weaned
                          to stop former habits herself from eating chocolates by exercising whene
1496   well-to-do adj     wealthy                   rich
                                       Her family is very well-to-do so she never has to work.
 322               adv
       wholeheartedly                   enthusiasticabsolutely
                          completely The audience wholeheartedly agreed with the speaker.
1662   whopping adj                    We kind the painting for a whopping price of two million dolla
                          very large of itsbought thumping
 737   wield       v                   He wields great power as the principal of the school.
                          to use, exercise          exert
 545   womb        n                   Although her daughter a not can in her
                                                     body
                          the part of a woman's uteruswheredidbabygrow grow womb, she loved her
1576   woodwindsn                      Woodwind in an orchestra vibrating air to by blowing into them
                          any of the instrumentsinstruments use that are played produce many differe
 615   work ethic n                    Without is morally ethics,
                          the belief that work good work good it is impossible to advance in your ca
1340   worth       n      value, cost How much do you think that artifact is worth?
1203   wrought     adj    formed                    created
                                       The stores online sales was wrought with many problems.
 ke up about 2.5% of the population.
 aughter's wedding.


many people.

  place to go, the judge placed them with foster care families.
 n academia because he was a history professor.
 r its sleek design, but it had poor acceleration.
 cess to a good education.
 cessible to people in wheelchairs.




or 20 years, he had accumulated more than 1,000 souvenirs.




 the adaptation of Romeo and Juliet; it was an animation.

cigarette smoking.
 ht cookies because of all the additives.
 senators on need for change in the health insurance industry.




 ew strategy for disciplining their child.
 creased productivity by 50%.
 ected the family's income.

er made her hungry so she went to McDonalds.

but it was aesthetically pleasing.



wed it, him paying for her education was affirmation that he really cared about her education.

 at because of the leak, and it could no longer stay afloat.



sland, there was nothing to eat except the albatrosses.
city, she felt an alienation from the people around her.
s with each other because the wall was circular.




e because they alternated between their mother and father's homes.
se in rained.


de from amber.




nalyses of the situation.
n the Mayflower.
ased on the cartoon character.

t of their marriage because the woman already had a husband.

g her upcoming surgery.

ns led her to apostasy and consequently denying the existence of any superior power.



derstanding of math because it has applications in science.
ossil to be approximately three million years old.


e digging up artifacts from the site.




 facts from the Han Dynasty.

 ker who uses tools and machinery in a particular craft.

he students' project except the presentation.
staurant to pay his bills.



sets equally between his children when he died.

g into her new culture.

 f their children about them getting divorced.

was discovered; it is also the largest.
 orks at night and sleeps during the day.
 ed to religion in her life.



et the teacher's attention.

attire for the party, so she didn't know what to wear.
endly people, Thailand attracts many tourists each year.
ant political figure.
 utonomous enough to roam around the house by themselves.
 hey start to assert their autonomy.

y aggravated the already tense situation.
 ccupations when the baby boomers start retiring.

end backfired.


 and had a very Asian feel to it.
anished from Verona.
ptcy because they had lost their store to the fire.
di, George Frideric Handel, and Johann Sebastian Bach are musicians associated with baroque music.

people used bartering to obtain what they needed.
 located in the center of the Roman town.

glow of winning, the Canadian team continued to win three more trophies.
ined on the sick deer on the road.
o hold onto the stocks for a long time, a bear market is the perfect time to buy stocks because of falling prices.

ke to thank everyone for coming to the party tonight.


 ma is that you will be more employable.

n, but we did not win.
 come very high tech.
  son just wanted to play billiards rather than study.
 ideas for birthing new inventions.
pastor's tie.

n because the situation was not clear; it was not black-and-white.



 the country side.
utiful young lady.

raffiti has blurred in recent years.
ed the smoke in the room.

ndidate with many comments about healthcare.
vorite dress.


t deals with plant life.
 nd Gamble and will only purchase their products.
ass instruments.

hotel room was breathtaking.
act without giving them a bribe.

d not have very good social skills.
okerage firm, but she has decided to do her own investing.
 s the prisoner was caught on tape.
 her family members were impressed with her acting skills.
n economy is recovering, and people become more hopeful.


meo appearances in his movies.

canvases because he liked to paint objects that were life-size.



s to get promoted in the company.
s below each picture.

e to carve out a career in real estate.

e; she was required to live with his parents for five years.
s every needs.
d the cause-and-effect of their behaviors.


new homework policy, it created a chain reaction of events in which the police got involved.
es of their team.
haracterized by three main points: a time of learning, a time of independence, and a time of maturing.
and now does a lot of charity work.
that store, because they are cheaply made.
new things; his laboratory was filled with bottles filled with different colored liquids.
memories of the family's vacations at the beach.
used child labor for their children's clothing line.
 drearing, she decided to pursue a career.
ey than the mother, he was required to pay $3,000 a month for child-support.


ar motion for 30 minutes.
 never increased because no one moved in or moved out of town.
 able for them to start a family.

-states of the ancient world.


 r to live in places where the climate is moderate.
t coasts of the United States varies significantly.
n he made a touchdown with only two seconds to go.
e championship game being broadcast all over the nation.
e sun and had clumped together.
k, Sarah was very clumsy and fell often.
 cial dyes anymore, they use cochineal dye which is produced from a type of insect.

ve skills were not fully developed, and she behaved like a five year old.


 front yard.
d well on your exam; it was through your hard work and determination that you were able to receive such a good grade.
d at the school coinciding with the new principal starting his job.
coined the phrase 'the American Dream.'

p was that they were in favor of lowering taxes.
 to combat crime.


en seen as far back as 240 B.C.
orate the independence of the country.

 retired professionals from that field.
  Europe is very good.
are all important commodities.


n the city of Seoul.
costs is what helped them make their decision.
lways know which direction is north.

ded housing, tuition for his children's education and two round trip tickets back home for the entire family.
 e for his attention.
 try includes several different countries.
petitive advantage over larger cars.

 rogram caused great headache for the programmer.

omobile is the engine.
ositions by Johann Sebastian Bach.

t chocolate every day.
e conceded defeat and congratulated the winner.



as that he lacked concentration.
ept for the second graders.
 r daughter living alone in New York City.
n the concession that we paint the outside.

g six different liquids.


 how he wanted them to play.
ke a confession, but it just happened naturally.

cross the stage and gave her piano performance.


ors by being able to walk despite his broken leg.


traffic congestion.
y will become congruent as the foster children start adapting to their new environment.

ys conjuring up images of her happy childhood.
nt connotations for different people.
ent feelings for different people.


ble amount of money from the insurance company.

g your children is that you must be consistent.




s and always went to great lengths to purchase quality wines.




significant; he had created five art museums.
rsial subjects that people tend to shy away from.
er the candidate getting a $400 haircut.

nts; conversely, parents should not aggravate their children.
ted to Islam to marry her husband.
church worked cooperatively to help the child get better.
y, she developed coping strategies for not getting depressed.

use no one could get the cork out of the bottle.

 es all over the world.

d only use European cosmetics on her face.

dustry where people buy and sell merchandise from their homes.
as a woman in her 50's.
 craftsmanship of the bamboo furniture.



s sufficient momentum and that momentum becomes self-sustaining and fuels further growth.



 for the announcers during the news broadcast.
work culminated in him becoming a successful surgeon.
at and barley.

 ce station to find out what had happened to the robber.
d his mother's finger.
 ls offer a more rigorous curriculum than public schools do.


s wore custom shoes made especially for her.
cinating and remarkable for children to observe.
 e of the dampness in the room.

zling ballet performance.
 ecause their son was making too many international calls.



nvention, the scientist was finally rewarded for his hard work.



 was written to ask England for independence.
e got down on his knees and proposed.
 ucation standards because students no longer can recite their multiplication facts.
ew position, but he declined offer.


ire life to helping poor children.

oic acts of the fire fighters.




oblems caused by deforestation.
 t in a prenuptial contract.




ondition prevents her son from getting the best medical care.




e movie was very favorable.

 death of her cat.



was designated to head the company.




atients history and treatments that were offered.

s arm, the man became worried that it might be cancer.



ver 30 homes.



getting rich quick.
of 15 inches.
en what politicians say and do.



ated house with broken windows and no heating.


minished over the years.
d take care of her son when he became disabled from the accident.




nce you finish all the medicine.

her was the disciplinarian in the home; the children were more afraid of their mother than the father.

thout any resolutions.

any lives have been saved.

he faced much discrimination because of her race.
ssette tapes.

becoming pregnant when she was only 15 years old.
eggar to find out what his followers really thought of him.

elf-esteem often suffer from eating disorders.

bage disposal in the kitchen.
of men to women was disproportionately unbalanced.




eman who's uncle was the king of Norway.
g of a marriage because she grew up without a father.


Cola company.
mes of the rich and the poor countries seems to be increasing.

stole the wallets while the other provided a diversion.
 y of its people.
ds back into stocks.
mals because they live in your house.

m dominated the football league; they won every game.
 rescribed by your doctor.

them by myself.
n for retaining students.




 g the duration of the tour.


orly in school; he had a difficult time reading.

 more earning power because she had a university degree.
 for the year, she was surprised at how much she had made.
ase back into her routine.

country's sagging economy.
at impact on the surrounding ecosystems.
arge newspaper occupied most of her time.




e took 2 electives: logic and debate.
 iences depends on the electric current which passes through the body.
  the patients arms to measure his heartbeat.
 us of an atom.



 queen and her sons.
r, she was very empathetic to the couple's situation.

now she works for Microsoft.
 the silkworm.

th the buildings in Europe.
 book encompassing remedies for most common health problems.


 to purchase an energy-efficient refrigerator even though it was a little more expensive.



their muscles will help them improve their game.




gas because of the various entertainment it offered.

the world. He was a stamp colleting enthusiast.
 the job by offering her a promotion within two years.

entirely my fault.
ame person, they are essentially different entities.

other to make all his decisions for him, the mother realized that he had become an individual entity.
t to work in a 9 to 5 job.




um and fell down the stairs.
of peace and prosperity during the Clinton era.




 that children should have the right to an education.
 other capabilities.

ater took five years.
 large house for the owner, farm buildings and estate workers' houses.

 number of ethnic minorities in the school system.
 nated by the new words being developed in the computer world.




 r exceeds what they were hoping for.
 ng, but Hillary is an exception.

 ces, the owner of the house gives me free legal advice.
ple who are over 65 years old.
s exemplifies her desire to succeed.
  bed and not exert too much energy.
 t his way by exerting his power and influence.
 from breathing in the exhaust from cars passing by.


Egypt to the Promised Land took 40 years.
covered many exotic fruits and vegetables.




eality shows in recent days.
  because the cancer cells were growing exponentially.
 to different situations tend to be more mature.
e problems of the company.
 have done for me, and I cannot fully express my gratitude in words.
se we really enjoyed the beach.


nce; they are extinct.



was too extreme and was very upset.
ater tank which was an eyesore.



ce recreational facility including a weight room and indoor swimming pools.
 own for their spectacular research.

, and she is hoping that this marriage will last.

egnant was caused by a blockage in her fallopian tube.
bible and its teaching.


 w pieces of wood.




ess for several years, she finally consulted a feng shui specialist who told her to paint her house red for better luck.
San Francisco Bay every morning.
cause they had problems with fertility.
in which egg cells are fertilized by sperm outside the woman's womb.

d, they were able to see the fetus.
igurines of angels.
 every three months; this is how long it takes the filaments to get worn.

e a 10 minute standing ovation.
strict and never takes his car because it's so congested there.

ce of the pain of childbirth.




e day after Thanksgiving.

ed all his tax returns; the citizens wondered if the other candidates would follow suit.

ver ten trees.

 y grades foreshadowed his lack of success.

 short lecture followed by a question and answer session.
on policy took months to prepare.
e they didn't have all the information, but the school promised the details of the trip would be forthcoming.
se did not burn down during the fire.

described in this report.

o no have free will; they must obey what they are told to do.


 had increased.




 their way through airport customs.


 ue to the fact that he attended school in five different countries.
 er trust from the children very quickly; she was a very compassionate and understanding woman.
 ased on gender.

its service by using a backup generator.
some of the genres we will read this year in English class.
uld not speak and only used gestures.



warming is not caused by human actions.
out the president?
ocks but in government bonds; he thinks they are safer.


ed in Singapore.

oating in the air.
 the Great Depression, and he hates to waste any food.

 o open and close.

ct for grown ups, whether they deserve it or not.
piano because the movers could not guarantee when it would be delivered.

 guidelines for the students to follow which caused some students to be very confused.

 nose in public.
student that habitually curses his teacher.
as a being a good person.
 hallucinations that someone was chasing her.
 l is done through a handshake.

  harnessing wind as a new source of energy.
 ank while we were there; it was a harrowing experience.
 sh environment.

on the issue of health care for children.
we can all see and feel.
 e sun is at the center of the Universe.
 ern and southern hemisphere.
 any hierarchy to become the CEO.



 cause the body is adjusting to all the hormones that are being produced.
 n their project after they witnessed the horrific results of the lab experiment.
ovies because they caused her not to be able to sleep for many days.
 ble to the influx of people from the country side.




 atient in hopes of having her remember the details of the accident.
w the accident happened.


 ng entrepreneurs.

 and her facial features were not identifiable.
, she was able to identify the man who stole her purse.
ht good handwriting skills; most of what they write are illegible.
resident became a famous actress.
 d to see because water had spilled on it.


  extremely talented singer.

 od, stars are immortalized by placing their hand and foot prints into the cement in front of the theater.

 r people impacted the community greatly.
was an impetus for the students to study harder.
o the man's skin which would help him stop smoking.

EO had lied on his resume.




, we will have to operate.
ake improvements to their home by themselves.
most of their performances are improvisations.
e it inappropriate for it to be made into a ring.


er future in-laws off the guest list.




se of the rich pay less income tax than the middle class.


his daughter because of the incontrovertible DNA evidence.

porate so that their personal assets are safe from lawsuits.

 on for men to not wear ties in the work place.

ney, so she incurred a lot of debt while attending university.

he was 18 so that she could gain independence from her parents.

we will not have a drought this year.
n the magazine indicated that the economy was improving.

directly through her son.
e because of her indispensability.

erm side effects.
  scoops of ice cream every day.
 nue, they need to attract more industry.

 cient because it requires too many steps.


 e parents bond with their children.
about buying a house because of inflating prices.
ensive due to inflation.


her decision to become a doctor.



r the country's infrastructure such as public education.




er from getting a better job.




did not require any toys to keep him busy; he could make things out of an empty box.


nto the new design of the building.
health because I was coughing in class.


y newspaper by hand.




ol their children because they wanted to instill good moral values.
 her child is in pain.
ed to wear thick jackets for insulation.

ir children intangible characteristics such as work ethic and attitude.

; she was exposed to international politics as well as domestic issues.




 between the parents and the children, and they eventually had nothing to say to each other.
s worn down, but the interior is very nice.

used on internal affairs than foreign policy.
 t interpersonal skills.
s in regular intervals.
ake the child out of the house.
 ve an intimate relationship because the husband was constantly traveling.
one way in which the boy felt some sense of self confidence.



 t she divorced him because of his intrusive mother.


y together and built a new mall in the middle of town.
 ped an irrigation system using water from the Nile river.
m outside of town.
et, you will get a jolt of electricity.

 ars, he had a lot of knowledge about Chinese history.

fect wedding dress for her daughter.
country because of the laissez-faire form of government.
a house that would have a beautiful view of the landscape.

 tery movies, but we preferred the latter.
se reminded him of a castle he had once visited.
 t, but he was responsible for laying off 30 employees.
men who are interested in investing.
 er than expected because there were more layperson than professionals working on the project.

 ing to audio tapes of books because he had an auditory learning style.

me at the beach.


 companies had huge liabilities to pay for the damages.

ty which prepared her well for her teaching career.
 s greatly increased in the past 50 years.




e; more than 95% of the people can read and write.
 y the news.
 puter programmer.
k to pay for her college education.
ocale for his next film.




s very busy, but now there is a lull.
 rics to the national anthem.
mately a magnetic dipole, with one pole near the north pole and the other near the south pole.
 f his success until he could no longer to go restaurants without people asking him for his autograph.



 ed for the new president.
makeovers that are offered from cosmetic counters in department stores.

etal into a shape of an apple.

o worked under him.
ted a new homework policy.

 ation of the case, no one really knows what happened.


scinated her; she ultimately decided to become a marine biologist.

 business sought ways to increase his market share.


ger than the book, the book had a greater mass.



 l the attacks.
atient with the correct donor.
 de from plastic material.

ng was very common.
 epresent her ideas.
ng a nuclear meltdown.


 ns because of their mentally ill child.

 panies gave them more competitive power.
 days of severe thunderstorms.
 a major metropolitan.


 urricane victims into the neighboring states.


 at frustration for her teacher.
 s the goal of the new agency.

minimum wage; it is not sufficient to support a family on.


 . They look identical.

 that the wedding was going to be paid by the groom's family.




 fter the baroque buildings in Europe.

month, the bread became moldy.
ygen atom make up one water molecule.
to eat fresh mollusks.
 ral months, the project gained momentum when a new director was assigned.
 revent companies from becoming a monopoly.

 he radio station which morphed into a full time job.
 ountries tend to be very high
 a melting pot; the words 'salad' and 'mosaic' are deemed more appropriate.
 agerly looked forward to motherhood.
   several hours.
  ted to study harder.

 ne motor skills; she used her scissors effectively.

ness offering several different services.

 urned very murky.



 meals was for naught because the party was cancelled.
ertise and skills.
money for their basic needs, such as food and clothing.

s negligible compared to what could have happened.
ny negotiations with international companies.

ands of people is a nerve-wracking experience.
at over 50 million dollars.
 ills is important, but networking is becoming more important in finding a job.
 the nucleus of an atom.
om 1933 to 1941 in the United States.
om the newsstand right outside the subway station.
as a nurse; she had found her niche.


; he cooks, cleans, and stays at home to watch the children.
s is the norm for students in this school.
g our trip to Canada.


wn for its cold summers.

 elopment of atomic bombs which were dropped in Hiroshima and Nagasaki.




e case because of his relationship to the victim.
er, he felt obligated to help pay for her college expenses.

cident because he was at fault.




 up the obtrusive scar on her face.
r parents when her plane got delayed.


king because their conversations were always one-way; he never said more than three words.
omy would improve significantly next year.

 eing a woman caused her to hate herself.
  describes the behavior and properties of light.
nnis tournament--no winds, no rain and a temperature of 75 degrees.

 the existing land in the city.
 got married as soon as she graduated from college.

own, but most believe it is from Asia.
 in an orphanage when they could not locate the parents.
who had inherited a lot of money from their parents.


expected of each employee.
 big shadow on the street.

nt because she had her ovaries removed when she was young.


pletely overhauled.
s of the two companies.

ke our domestic sales.

es referred to as the Stone Age.
he could capture her children's every move.
a paradigm shift in order to understand the younger generation.



 hip when they started their craft business.
e is a natural.

seum was important for its survival.
Beverly Hills.
he community.
 certain patterns.
pping in much.
eive their paycheck.
ployee, they finally put me on the payroll.
 e the right of way; this is not true in some other countries.
 of their peers become much more important than that of the parents.
 Samuel Clemens.
mum amount into her pension fund; she was concerned about how she will live in retirement.
 her pension plan, and now she is able to enjoy the benefits.


s very different than yours.
 ums, cymbals, castanets, and bells.
n in all areas from their children.

he entire room.

 the house after 10 pm.

father's legacy.
ution for their religious beliefs.




y to remove all the pesticides.
morning had petered out by the evening.



dents who wanted to study had a chance to go to college.
 t you can and leave the rest to God.
d, in a vacuum, have a constant speed of light.
nding even thought they lived in the same house and shared physical space.


 was difficult to pinpoint the exact cause of her pain.
ices that focused on the needs of the patient
he doctors checked his pituitary glands to see if there any problems.
ntinued to entertain the adults around her.

 and a playwright.



es and fifteen children.
ogether to buy the manager a wedding gift.
 ys with children was phenomenal.
eras have made the 35 mm film almost obsolete.


 of the bill.
t to paint the family portrait.

at no one knew the answer to.
 ork will increase students' grades, it follows that students should spend more time studying than playing.
 the couple realized they were now too old to have children.
 ete their post-secondary education in the United States.

 y save millions of lives.
such as disease and illnesses.
amily was poverty-stricken.

 too much, he always practices moderation when he drinks.


11:00 o'clock.

ayed the piano beautifully at the age of three.

 nging, he likes the predictability that it provides.




 anted to run some preliminary tests.
 nd had to be placed in an incubator for six weeks.



 preservation of historical buildings in the city.
hildren more organic foods because they do not contain preservatives.

 ten followed by the press.

ce that he was going to fix the refrigerator, but he really wanted to steal her money.
 e among teens is not a bad thing if it can be carefully monitored.

 ld be an easy prey because she could not work very well.


 ipline rebellious children.



with the invention of the printing press.

what she had to do.
 priority; getting a well rounded education was.


 ry problematic because there were four possible answers.
 rease productivity by creating a more friendly work environment.



  n's stories.
 tes good health.
  ny enabled the young couple to purchase a house.


to government stations that pump out a steady stream of propaganda.




ook at the house one more time.


 nse cocoon of gas and dust that blocks visible light.
 he middle of the roof, causing it to be an eyesore.

sive tests the doctors realized that it was all psychological.
sites to lift concrete slabs.
g through the construction site.

 a conversation between the king and his mother.


siblings were all different.
 the wedding because her fiance had been deployed to Iraq.

that it can no longer be broken down.
 t from predators.

hanges by forbidding bicycles on school campuses.
me atoms are not stable.
couragement to all the single mothers.
 musicians in North America in the early 1900s.


es in our neighborhood in the past few weeks.
 the magazine, the readership increased 50%.
r in the organization, and now a committee oversees all the day to day operations.


bout anyone; they did one on a tennis professional.



oning skills, and she was no longer able to have normal conversations.
ducational goals, the parents decided they needed to pull their children out of public school.

 the sick children in the hospital.
es doubled.
 erwhelmed and could not speak.
ouse reciting her nursery rhymes.



itment of cast members for the new musical production.



o her difficult childhood.

n marrying the first woman I met.
water for the first time and was frightened by it.
ght into a rainbow of beautiful colors.
g inside the house.
ttle boy's head.
drug rehabilitation program for six months.
an reincarnate into animals after their death.

wheel, why don't we follow the these recommendations.
s has been reinvented.


tation program he was doing very well, until he had a relapse.
do relatively better than students from low income families.




 r daughter to get her homework done.
city's former glory in the architecture of the buildings.

 deeply moved the audience.



oving at a very slow pace; the family was quite upset at the contractors.




xact replication of the Titanic.
s of the exam.



ance when he proposed a no-homework policy.
 ipline her son without resorting to spanking.


 employees, but what he didn't realize was that respect is something you have to earn.




skills and never information any facts after the test.
to play a lot of golf.

 and gave the students no homework for the holidays.
ommenced with the building of the new mall.



ring with so many people making phone calls over the internet.

eigh the negatives.
 such ridicule by her peers that her parents decided to send her to another school.
t have many rights; they can not vote or express their opinions.
ed her from participating in the games.


sage for many teenagers.
ater enjoyed the ritualized tea ceremony.
 d with elegant and ornate furniture, small sculptures, ornamental mirrors, and tapestry complementing the architecture.
to role-play different situations in order to prevent the students from getting kidnapped.
 te around the Sun.
degrees in order to open the door.



 able to see many of the ruins of ancient temples.



chieve their financial goals, but they had sacrificed having children and building a family.
ithout sacrificing something in your life.
t, he didn't realize there was a saturation of fast food restaurants in the area.

ar caused many people to go hungry and die.

 of a many trying to save his wife.

ployees for drug abuse.

 , and it looked exactly like the king.
 es secured a job with a fortune 500 company.
another term in office.
 seemingly unaffected by the fire.
States prevented blacks and whites from eating in the same restaurants.

a self-made millionaire.
r people who want to pursue a career in medicine.
 old mother was very self-reliant; she cooked her own meals and did her own shopping.
t me how to be a better teacher.



ed States and settled in San Francisco.

  jumped out from the shadowy road.
 ts the grip to the head.
ople's opinions about political candidates.
ds of glass everywhere.
  decided to fire the CEO.
tic view of the war.


 ed faith, until I actually saw him serving the needs of the homeless.
 Texas, you do not see many skyscrapers.
 trucks were moving concrete slabs for the new highway.


gnificantly that she no longer skied down the same slopes.
ed enough money to move her children out of the slums.

ore out his sneakers every month.
he elderly in America; it provides for health care services.
 ighborhood because they thought it would help with their social mobility.
  very inconvenient to use during the blackout.
 the youngest of children.

the famous museums in the world.
ied into ice because the weather was so cold.


 overeignty of the island.




ufacturing small toys.

he needs; I always have to guess what she wants.
 her house being clean and would not even tolerate a speck of dust.
ink the wife ran away.


, he worked as a waiter for a spell.



ary has not been the same.
n drove the mother crazy; she liked everything planned.
ht many flies in it.

he winner gets a trip around the world.
 ey usually stamp your passport.

succeeded.
 ur hair stand on end.

tatus than bus drivers.
nge; they like to keep the status quo.

ting the "modern" steam engine.

ype that all Asians are good in math.

at has been a stigma all her life.


orage because she was planning on having more children.
een accused of straddling the issue many times.

ically placed where children can see them.
: make good products and sell at a low price.
 with everyone.


 into the international market.
ministrative powers when he was found guilty.
dren to always strive for perfection.



endence from their parents finally led to her moving to another country.
everyone worried if she would ever get married.

 because everything seems to be subjective.

te submission from his subordinates.



gave her husband subtle hints.
of the bird category.




 perseded that old slow one.


ch higher than their supply, so by the law of supply and demand, the price of diamonds is very high.
aced during a routine visit to the doctor.
ment depended on their defensive tactics.
ces of survivng because his wounds were too deep.
 picion after he found out her past.

 is month when 100 new employees joined.

mes during college can really hinder you from graduating in a timely manner.
d throughout the building.
competition, but instead it fostered individual talents.


duct is women in their 50s.

al years, and now the government is going after him for tax evasion.
eamwork, whereas tennis does not.

pear very close.
properly disciplined; he threw a temper tantrum even in public.

r clothes everywhere.




he heavens.
ut relativity.
ed to fix the child's stuttering.



 to cover the gray hair.

can't seem to hold down a job.

 all math students.

nd trade between their two countries.
ecause he was too traditional; he expected her to stay home, cook and have babies.

e two lovers committed suicide.


 adulthood is difficult for many people.
 nd efficient.
ocky mountains.
 vide an in-depth overview of a particular legal subject.




 her second trimester of her pregnancy.

e that traveled to 20 different countries where she realized language is a not a barrier to laughter.



after thousands of years.
 xtracts energy from a fluid flow.
 f the story; everyone thought she was going to marry the prince, but she didn't.
der case; the husband was found guilty.


n, told Jim that he was being rude.




rounding the disappearance of the princess.


move the tumors.
renovations after the fire.



best boxer in the world.


g chess together because their skills were uneven.

 he could not find an ending to it.
 was declared an unfit mother by the judge.
cedented new discoveries in technology.



d children were running around everywhere.


on because their child was unwanted, but they decided to keep the baby and start a family.



cities to experience an urban sprawl.
 nized country.


to get the contract.

 the protection of a spacesuit, respond to the vacuum of outer space?

 d to consider before you get married.
 ce in temperature this month.
er famous chocolate chip cookies.
ootball team at her high school.



d ventured too far to the edge off the cliff.
a lot of his money on fruitless ventures he had invested in.

 a San Francisco.


d in Switzerland.

 purchase anything he wanted to.

ntertained audiences around the world.
are visual aids.



all the children are constantly vying for their mother's attention.


ring countries came to a resolution.


paper by only using one side of it.
us to humans.
 ocus very well.
 hocolates by exercising whenever she had cravings.




 ng air to produce many different musical sounds.
 possible to advance in your career.
act is worth?
aroque music.




cause of falling prices.
e of maturing.
o receive such a good grade.




he entire family.
the father.
house red for better luck.




be forthcoming.
f the theater.
ng than playing.
mplementing the architecture.

				
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