The Age Of
Objectives of Teaching
1. To comprehend the whole text
2. To lean and master the vocabulary and
3. To learn to paraphrase the difficult sentences
4. To understand the structure of the text
5. To appreciate the style and rhetoric of the
• 1. transform: to change completely in
form, appearance, or nature
• trans: across, beyond, on / to the other
• transformer warrior
• 2. quite:
• a. rather, fairly, pretty, very
• quite good / small, etc
• b. completely, absolutely, perfectly (when the
adjective it modifies has no relative or
• I am quite ready to go.
• The dog is not quite dead.
• You are quite right.
• If you want to do it alone, that's quite all
right with me.
don't quite Study
• IDetailed know how to answer the
• He has not quite finished his job.
• He is not quite the man he thought he
• c. (as an answer) agreed, certainly,
• “It's a delicate problem.”
• “It's a difficult situation.”
• “Quite so.”
• d. Placed in front of the article when it is
followed by a noun
• That's quite a good film.
• You are going quite the wrong way.
• Fairly, quite, rather, pretty are comparable.
• Not nice
• fairly nice
• quite nice
• rather/pretty nice
• very nice
• Special Attention:
• a. only RATHER can go together with
comparative degrees and the word TOO.
• rather warmer
• She is rather too sure of herself
• *fairly warmer
• b. QUITE and RATHER can be used in front
of an article and with verbs while PRETTY
and FAIRLY can not.
• quite a nice day / rather a pity
• a pretty nice day / a fairly strong man
• I don’t quite understand you.
• He is not quite a gentleman.
• 3. stylize: to be in agreement to a typical
• the highly stylized form of acting in
• The chip looks like a rug of typical
• 4. aerial: in, of, from or concerning the
• 5. switching yard (also switch yard): area
where railway cars are rearranged between
lines to make up trains.
• 6. inert: chemically inactive，without power
to move or act
• inert gases
Detailed Study spot
• 7. fleck: a small mark or
• brown cloth with flecks of red
• a fleck of milk on the baby's chin
• 8. powers: general natural abilities
• 9. calculating capability: the ability of
processing complex mathematics problems
in large amounts
• 10. hulking: massive and clumsy, heavy
• Caliban of vacuum tubes
• his tyrant of a father
• her doll of a daughter
• a giant of a soldier
• a palace of a house
• 11. tangle: to become a confused mass of
disordered and twisted threads
–Her hair got all tangled up in
the barbed wire fence. Detailed
–His financial affairs are in such
• 12. evolve: (cause to) develop naturally and
• He has evolved a new theory after many
years of research.
• Man has evolved from lower forms of life.
• The Theory of Evolution
Detailedhaving many different kinds of
• 13. versatile:
skill or ability, all-sided
• a versatile cook, writer
• a versatile drill, truck
• He is a versatile teacher, he teaches well
English, Chinese, Mathematics, P.E. Music, etc.
• He is a versatile husband--- a nice cook, a dish
washer, a washing machine and also a vacuum
Detailed suited to
• 14. convenient:Study one's needs
• Come whenever it is convenient to you.
• 16. acquire: to get for oneself, to gain or
come into possession of
• He acquired a knowledge of the language by
• With the money he had won he was able to
acquire some property.
• Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome
• 17.The miracle chip represents a
development in the technology of mankind
• The miracle chip symbolizes a breakthrough
in the development of human technology.
In the past few years this breakthrough has
gained great force and significance.
• When we think of the force and significance
of the miracle chip, we realize that in the
development of technology there are only
two other developments that can be
compared with it, namely the development
of hand tools and that of the steam engine.
• 17. take over: to gain control over and
responsibility for sth. or sb.
• Who will take over now that the captain has
• The new governor took over yesterday.
• He is taking over my job while I am on
• 18. immense: tremendous, gigantic,
• 19. range: extent, limits, scope
• to have a wide / narrow range of interests
• The annual range of temperature here is
from –5℃ to 40℃
Detailed to take up,
• 20. assume: a. Study begin to govern
• The new admiral will assume command of the
• The prince began to assume power when he
was only 15.
• b. to take as true or a fact
• Scientists assume that there is no animal life
on the Mars.
• We assume that you understand the situation.
• The Industrial Revolution freed man from
hard physical labour in many fields of work
and thus greatly increased productivity. Now
the microcomputer is taking up the tedious
mental work formerly done by the human
brain. In this sense, microcomputer is
enhancing man's mental capability.
• 21. burden: heavy load
• His sick father has become a burden to him.
• 22. drudgery: hard, boring work
• the endless drudgery of housework
• 23. feat: clever esp. bodily / physical action,
showing strength, skill or courage
• acrobatic / cycling feats
• Man's first landing on the moon was a feat of
• 24. execution: the carrying out or completion
of an order or task
• execute: to carry out, perform, or do
• The nurse executed the doctor's orders.
• This good idea was never put into execution.
• execution: lawful killing as a punishment
• The execution of the bandits took place today.
• executive: person in a business organization
with administrative or managerial powers
• CEO: Chief Executive Officer
• 25. Venetian blinds: a window screen made
of a number of horizontal slats that can be
raised or lowered with one cord
• 26. snap: to move so as to cause a sharp
sound like something suddenly breaking,
• The stick will snap if you bend it too hard.
• snap open: to open quickly with a sound
like breaking sth.
• snap one's fingers: to make a noise by
moving the second finger quickly along the
• to take a snap shot
Detailed Study that can regulate
• 27. thermostat: apparatus
• thermos bottle
• clinic thermometer
• 28. boost: increase, raise
• boost imports, production, etc.
• a boost in sales, exports, etc.
• give sb's confidence a boost
• 9. cozy: cosy, warm and comfortable
• F: Fahrenheit
• C: Celsius, Centigrade
• 30. blink: (eye) shut & open quickly
Detailed Study detailed report of a
• 31. selective rundown: a
set of events selected carefully
• selective: careful about what you choose
• He's very selective about the people he
spends time with.
• This brand of pesticide is a selective killer.
• 32. rundown of sth.: detailed report of a set
• I want a complete run-down on the present
situation in Iraq.
• 33. affect: to influence, to cause some change
• The amount of rain affects the growth of crops.
• Smoking affects health.
• There was some gossip to the effect that she
might not be recruited, but that could not
• effect: to cause, produce or have as a result
• I will effect my purpose: no one shall stop
• We hope to effect an improvement.
• A single glass of brandy may effect his
• Both words have the same noun: Effect.
• 34. snug: if you feel snug, you are very
warm and comfortable esp. when you are
protected from the cold weather
• sitting snug
• 5. abed:
• a: away, from, of, on, in, up
• aboard: on board
• adrift: afloat without control
• 36. issue: send sth. out; make sth. known
• to issue orders, instructions, etc.
• The minister issued a statement to the press.
• issue visas to foreign visitors
• issue warm clothing to the earthquake
• issue books, stamps, bank-notes, shares
• 37. memo: memorandum, note or record
• 38. saunter: walk in a unhurriedly way, at a
• This word differs from wander in that it
stress carefree and leisure pace while the
latter lays emphasis in aimless and absence
of a fixed purpose or course
• 39. read-out: the information removed
from a computer and displayed (here, on
• 40. commandeer: to place an order, to
seize sth. (esp. private property) for esp.
• The policeman commandeered a taxi to
chase the robbers.
• During the battle, all the houses along the
river bank were commandeered.
• 41. terminal: an apparatus by which a
user can give instructions to and get
information from a computer. Here a
• 42. recipe: a set of instructions for making
sth. from various ingredients
• a recipe for moon cakes
• 43. ingredient: sth. which is a component part
of any combination or mixture, element
• Flour and fat are the most important
ingredients in baking.
• What ingredients went into the soup?
• Imagination and hard work are the ingredients
• 44. serving: helping, the amount of food
for one person
• This recipe will be enough for four
• 45. Byzantine art and architecture include
not only works done in the city of
Byzantium after it became the capital of
the Roman Empire (A.D.330), but also
work done under Byzantine influence, as
in Italy, Syria, Greece, Russia, and other
• 46. conjugation: the way verbs change their
forms in accordance with number, person, mood,
voice and tense
• verb conjugation: the different inflectional
(inflexional) forms of verbs, such as do, does,
did, done & etc.
• 47. groovy: (sl.) very good, pleasing, deeply
• 48. Herbert George Wells (1866-1946),
the son of a gardener and a lady’s maid,
He went to the Normal School of Science
in London and studied biology under
Professor Thomas Henry Huxley, the
principal exponent in England of Darwin's
Theory of Evolution.
• By 1895, he had published The Time Machine,
the Wonderful Visit and a volume of short stories.
These made Wells the pioneer of science fiction
in the world.
• Among his works, besides the above mentioned,
The Invisible Man, The War of the Worlds, The
First Men in the Moon and The War in the Air
• 49. matutinal: of, occurring in, the
• 50. scenario: a written description of the
action to take place in a film, play, etc.
• a description of a situation
• 51. bar: to block
• to bar the way to the city
• barring: (colloq.) without, excepting, if
there is / are not
• The whole group was at the party, barring
• We shall return at midnight, barring
• 52. proceed: go to a further or the next
stage; go on
• Work is proceeding slowly.
• Having said how much she liked it, she
then proceeded to criticize the way I had
• Please proceed with your report.
• 53. thanks to: because of, owing to
• It was thanks to your stupidity that we
lost the game.
• Thanks to his efforts, ...
• Thanks to the doctor, I am well again.
• 54. shoulder
• to shoulder responsibility
• to shoulder the burden of the family
• to shoulder a gun, a load, the basket...
• He shouldered his way through the crowd.
• 55. array: large number
• An array of things or people is a large
number of different things or people, esp.
when they are impressive or attractive
• face a whole array of problems / new
• a distinguished array of world leaders and
• 56. consume: use (sth) up
• consume resources, time, etc.
• The car consumes a. lot of fuel.
• He soon consumed his fortune (ie spent
the money wastefully).
• The fire quickly consumed the wooden hut.
• consumer （ant. producer）
• consumer rights, protection, etc
• consumer goods
• consumer durables
• Consumerism is the campaign for the
protection of consumers’ interests.
• 57. promise: say that sth. is certain, give
the cause for expecting
• Winter is already here, and promises to be
a most severe one.
• The new measures of reform promises to
accelerate the development of
• 58. ease: to take away pain or worry, to
make more comfortable
• The aspirin eased his headache.
• They are trying to find a way to ease the
• The meeting might ease the tense
situation in north Korea.
• 59. enhance: to increase (good things
such as value, power, or beauty); to
• to enhance one’s political consciousness
• The moonlight enhanced the beauty of the
• With this microelectronic revolution, it
becomes certain that life will be more
comfortable, that the quality of life will be
improved, and that life will be much
• 60. routine: conventional, regular
• routine medical examination
• 61. chore: burden, daily necessary job,
esp. in a house or on a farm
• Each morning she would get up, do the
chores, then go next door for a talk with
• It's a chore to do the shopping everyday!
• 62. efficient: a. (of man) able to work well;
capable b. (of tools or systems, etc)
producing a satisfactory result without
wasting time or energy
• an efficient secretary, administrator, etc
• He's efficient at his job.
• Email is a quick and efficient way of
• 63. enrich: to make rich, to improve by
• The discovery of the gold mine will enrich
• 64. dreary: dull, uninteresting, tedious,
• 65. capricious: tending to change abruptly
and without apparent reason
• A spoiled child is often capricious.
• We can't go camping while the weather is
• The capricious woman bought and
exchanged three dresses in a week.
• 66. inspiriting: to fill with spirit, to put
spirit, life, courage into
• The great man, by his writings, inspirited
the people to resistance.
• The morning tea is to inspirit them for the
• 67. tutorial: class conducted by a tutor for
one or a small number of students
• tutor: a teacher who gives private
instruction to a single pupil or a very small
class and who sometimes lives with the
family of his pupil
• v: to act as a tutor
• tuition: the charge made for this, esp. at a
college or private school
• 68. astray: off the right path or way
• The misleading sign led me astray.
• Too much time on the internet may lead
young people astray.
• go astray: to go into the wrong place
• Have you seen my book? It seems to have
• 69. virtually: almost, very nearly
• This word is very close in meaning to
practically, and actually.
• With the boss out sick, the secretary is
virtually in charge.
• The king was so much under the influence
of his wife that she was the virtual ruler of
Detailed Study that are carried out
• 70. transaction: activities
which ordinarily involve the exchange of
money, such as purchasing
• credit transaction: buying goods or services
and paying for them later
• cash transaction: to buy things with cash
• He transacts most of his business by phone.
• The transaction of the deal took several
Detailed Study village:
• 71. the microelectronic
• This expression is adapted from "global village"
which refers to the world we now live on.
Thanks to the fast development of
transportation and communication, the world is
becoming smaller. People are no longer
isolated from each other like before. Thus with
these miracle chips, the world will become so
small that it is virtually a small community, or a
• 73. eventually: happening at last as a
• Eventually we all must die.
• He worked so hard that eventually he
made himself ill.
• 74. The computer will be as much a
part of the home as….
• The household computer will be a
part of the home as much as the
• He is as much an important a
member of our team as the captain.
• 75. stack: to arrange things in a tidy pile
• ~ sth (up): make sth into a stack or stacks;
pile sth up
• Please stack your chairs before you leave.
• stack (up) the dishes on the draining-
Detailed Studyor instrument for a
• 76. appliance: a tool
particular purpose, esp. an electrical
machine that is used in the house
• domestic appliance: washing machine, dish
washer, vacuum cleaner, etc.
• 77. device: thing made or adapted for a
• a device for measuring pressure
• a labour-saving device
• 78. elicit: (fml) to get or cause to come out
(facts, a response, etc) from sb, sometimes
• to elicit a reply
• At last we've elicited the truth from him.
• He elicited the truth at last, by questioning
all the boys in school.
• 79. ubiquitous: appearing, happening
• Is there no escape from the ubiquitous
cigarette smoke in restaurants?
• 80. similarly: also; likewise
• She was late and I similarly was delayed.
Detailed Study about untidily
• 81. clutter: things lying
• How can you work with so much clutter on
• His room is always in a clutter.
• Don't clutter up my desk. I've just tidied it.
• His head is cluttered (up) with useless facts.
• 82. pad:
• a number of sheets of writing-paper or
drawing-paper fastened together at one edge
• a writing pad
• 83. file: any of various types of drawer,
shelf, holder, cover, box, etc, usu with a
wire or metal rod for keeping loose papers
together and in order, for reference
• I need another file for my letters.
• 84. instrumentation: Here: a selection of
instruments for this particular purpose of
household computers is already available,
Detailedresult of adding several
• 85. average:
amounts together and dividing the total by
the number of amounts
• The average of 4, 5 and 9 is 6.
• standard or level regarded as usual
• These marks are well above/below average.
• The average temperature in Oxford last
month was 18C.
• 86. dehumanize:
• de: a prefix meaning to do the opposite of,
• decelerate deform
deforest to dethrone a king
• humanize: Study
a. make (sth) human
• animal characters humanized in cartoons
• b. make (sb) humane
• have a humanizing influence on a barbaric
• 87. homogeneity: uniformity
• homo:homosexual, homophone
• The assembly line make products in
extremely large quantities, all in the same
shape, structure, composition, and quality.
In a society where the ideology of
individualism prevails, people, esp. the
upper-middle class, dislike the uniform
results of assembly line mass production.
Detailedregular purchases from a
• 88. custom:
tradesman, shop, etc
• We would like to have your custom (ie. We
would like you to buy our goods).
• We've lost a lot of custom since our prices
went up. (ie. Fewer goods have been
bought from us.)
• I shall withdraw my custom (ie stop buying
goods) from that shop.
• c. custom-made: made according to
the buyer’s specific requirements
• custom-designed / built / made:
designed, built or made as the buyer
• a custom-built car
• custom-made clothes, shoes, etc
• 89. restrict: put a limit on sb/sth
• Fog restricted visibility.
• Speed is restricted to 30 mph in down
• families restricted to (having) one child
• restrict oneself to one meal a day
Detailed Studyvalue (and beauty)
• 90. precious: of great
• the precious metals, ie. gold, silver and
• precious gems/stones, ie. diamonds, rubies,
• ~ (to sb): highly valued; dearly loved
• Each life is precious.
• She is very precious to him.
• 91. tend: to often do a particular thing or be
likely to do a particular thing
• I tend to go to bed earlier during the winter.
• Women tend to live longer than men.
• cf: intend: to want and plan to do sth.
• Unfortunately the meeting took longer than
• How long do you intend to stay in Paris?
• 92. candid: directly truthful, even when
telling the truth is uncomfortable or
unwelcome, frank, open
• 93. symptom: an outward sign of inner
• Fever is a symptom of illness.
• All these symptoms point to cancer, I am
• Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome
Detailed a fixed plan of diet, sleep,
• 94. regimen:
exercise etc. in order to improve one's health
• to follow a strict regimen
Detailed Study before, preparatory
• 95. preliminary: coming
• After a few preliminary remarks, he went on
• preliminary negotiations
• (sport) a preliminary contest, round, etc,
DetailedtoStudy worried by causing
• 96. harass: make sb.
trouble, esp. on repeated occasions
• Our soldiers harassed the retreating enemy.
• Female workers tend to be harassed by
male workers, esp. by their superiors, thus
comes the term "sexual harassment".
• 97. intimidate: to make sb. fearful enough
to do what he wants
• The robber intimidated the shopkeeper
with threats that they would kill him.
• The gang tried to intimidate the bank
• 98. prescribe: order the use of (esp. a
• She prescribed some pills to help me to sleep.
• Do not exceed the prescribed dose. (not to
• The law prescribes heavy penalties for
• prescription: doctor's written instruction for
the composition and use of a medicine
• The doctor gave me a prescription for pain-
• His prescription for economic recovery was
not well received.
Recipe is the more general term of the two.
It can apply not only to a formula or set of
instructions for making or doing sth. but to
a method or procedure for attaining some
Give me your recipe for cookies. According
to the recipe, you put 4 eggs and half
pound of butter in the cake.
Detailedused in making steel, and each
• Recipes are
ingredient is measured carefully.
• In application to medicinal formulas recipe
may suggest an old fashioned remedy. In
cookery recipe is the usual and standard
term for a set of directions for preparing a
• Prescription is more of a medical term.
• The doctor gave him three prescriptions.
Detailedamount of medicine to be taken
• 99. dosage:
at a time or over a period
• Do not exceed the recommended dosage.
dose: amount of medicine to be taken at one
• Notice the difference between the two
definitions. When meaning the one-time-
amount, they are the same. But dosage can
also denote the amount used over a period.
• 100. antique: a piece of furniture, jewellery,
etc. that is old and therefore becoming rare
Detailed Studywe know it, a...
• 101. make the car, as
• The traditional Chinese family with several
generations, as we know it, will be a thing of
• The Secretary of State, James Baker,
announced that "the Soviet Union, as we
know it, no longer exists".
Detailed a feeling that you are nervous,
• 102. tension:
worried, and not relaxed
• Her own tension was not lessened.
• There are growing tensions between the two
• Massage helps relieve the tension in one’s
• racial / political / social tension
• high-tension cables 高压电缆
• 103. option: sth. offered for choice
• You have the option of leaving or staying.
• None of the options is satisfactory.
• The court sentenced the convicted to one
month's imprisonment with the option of a
fine of $30，000.
• 104. ultimate: last or final, that cannot be
• The ultimate luxury of the trip was flying in a
• Ultimately, all the colonies will become
• All matter ultimately consists of atoms.
Detailed Studyprovide room for, to
• 105. accommodate: to
supply with sth.
• The car accommodates six people quite
• This hotel can accommodate 600 guests.
• 106. panic: sudden uncontrollable quickly-
spreading fear or terror
• The fire caused a panic in the cinema.
• In case of fire, don't panic.
• The thunder panicked the horses.
Detailed Study from happening
• 107. avert: avoid, prevent
• Accidents can be averted by careful driving.
• You can avert or avoid sth. from happening
• I avoided punishment by running away.
• I averted punishment from being effective.
• Accidents can be averted / avoided...
• You can avoid a person. but not * to avert
• I avoided him as much as possible.
• Avoid can be followed by v-ing
• They all avoided mentioning that name.
• ﹡They all averted mentioning that name.
• If you avert your eyes, gaze, etc. from someone
or something, you turn your eyes away from
• She averted her eyes from the figure in front of
• She glanced down into her lap to avoid his stare.
• 108. collision: Study
• a (head-on) collision between two cars
• The liner was in collision (ie collided) with an
• 109. accrue: (fml) to become bigger or more
• The interest on my bank account accrued
over the years.
• Interest will accrue if you keep your money
in a savings account.
• 109. available: able to be got
• There were no tickets available for Friday's
• The dress is available in all sizes.
• Is the doctor available?
Detailed cause (light, shadow, etc) to
• 111. project:
fall on a surface
• project a slide/ the film on a screen
• project spotlights on a performer
• an apparatus to project missiles into space
• a cinema / slide projector
• 112. far: to a certain extent
• Read as far as you can in ten minutes.
• I don’t know how far I should believe him.
• 113. recess: a pause for rest, a period of free
time between classes at school
• At recess the boys would fight.
• Parliament is in recess now.
Detailedto annoy persistently, harass
• 114. hassle:
• He's always hassling me about money.
• 115. competent: having the ability or skill
• 116. revivify: to give new life to, to refill
Detailed Study or tending to sleep,
• 117. soporific: causing
• soporific drug / speech
• 118. dangle: to hold sth. so that it swings
loosely, to offer an attraction
• dangle a chain of keys
• He dangles a trip to Paris in front of her to
get her to work for him.
• 119. ken: the limits of knowledge
• beyond / outside / not within one's ken
• What happens after death is beyond our
• The workings of the Stock Exchange are
beyond most people's ken.
• The students are soporific, tending to
sleep because the ordinary courses are
boring. But the computer will refill them
with enthusiasm by providing intellectual
stimulations in ways that are beyond the
limits of the teachers' ability.
• 120. (still / just) around / round the
corner: very near but not at hand, not
The fortune teller told Jane that there was
an adventure for her just around the
Detailed Study putting a theory,
• 121. application: act of
discovery, etc to practical use
• a new invention that will have a variety of
applications in industry
• 122. benign: gentle, favourable, not
• malignant tumour and benign tumour
• Detailed Study group of related
123. order: (目) (biology)
animals or plants below a class(纲) and above
• the order of primates灵长目
• The rose and the bean families belong to the
• Here: arrangement of groups, classes, etc in
society (in relation to one another)
• The social order of ants is very interesting.
• the lower orders 下层社会