Docstoc

THE INTERWAR YEARS.ppt

Document Sample
THE INTERWAR YEARS.ppt Powered By Docstoc
					THE INTERWAR YEARS


    SOCIAL STUDIES 11
HOW WE LIVED – 1920’s
WOMEN’S CHRISTIAN
TEMPERANCE UNION
    The Women's Christian Temperance Union
    (WCTU) was one of the earliest, strongest,
    and most activist women's organizations in
    Canada during the early twentieth century.
   Established in the United States in 1873 by
    Frances E. Willard, it was an organization
    devoted to protecting the home and
    strengthening family life—but its greatest
    goal was achieving total prohibition.
WOMEN’S CHRISTIAN
TEMPERANCE UNION

   The first WCTU in Canada was
    established in Ontario in 1894, after
    which further WCTU's sprang up
    across the young Dominion, carried
    westward by settlers like Louise
    McKinney.
WOMEN’S CHRISTIAN
TEMPERANCE UNION

   As a result of its pro-family agenda,
    the WCTU was interested in
    legislation aimed at abolishing the
    liquor traffic (later, anti-narcotic and
    anti-smoking legislation as well), in
    eugenics and sex hygiene, in female
    suffrage, and social reform legislation.
VIDEO CLIP - THE JAZZ AGE
WOMEN’S CHRISTIAN
TEMPERANCE UNION

   In addition, the Unions sought to promote
    Christian values, which involved including
    Bible reading and the Lord's Prayer in
    schools, as well as addressing the issue of
    obscene literature in bookstores.
   They were also interested in marriage
    license requirements, in new Canadians and
    citizenship, in supervised playgrounds, and
    in the peace movement.
WOMEN’S CHRISTIAN
TEMPERANCE UNION

 “The purpose of a woman's life is just
  the same as the purpose of man's
  life—that she may make the best
  possible contribution to the generation
  in which she is living.”
                      - Louise McKinney
VIDEO CLIP – SCIENCE
PROHIBITION

   Prohibition was the period between 1919-
    1932 in Finland (called 'kieltolaki'),
   between 1900 and 1948 in locations in
    Canada
   and between 1919 and 1933 in the United
    States when the manufacture,
    transportation, import, export, and sale of
    alcoholic beverages was prohibited.
PROHIBITION

   Canadian prohibition was enforced by
    a set of provincial laws that were
    passed by the various provinces
    during the first twenty years of the
    1900s.
   Prince Edward Island was the first in
    1900.
   Quebec was the last in 1919.
Prohibition agents destroying
barrels of alcohol
The rum runners used hidden compartments under the
floor of the back seat to transport the booze.
AGNES MACPHAIL
   Agnes Macphail was the
    first Canadian woman to be
    a member of parliament,
    and one of the first two
    women elected to the
    Legislative Assembly of
    Ontario.
   Considered a feminist in
    her time, Agnes Macphail
    supported issues like
    prison reform,
    disarmament, international
    cooperation and old age
    pensions.
AGNES MACPHAIL

  Agnes Macphail
 also founded the
 Elizabeth Fry
 Society of Canada,
 a group working
 with and for women
 in the justice
 system.
FAMOUS FIVE
Senate Events
The Famous Five
   In 1929, Emily Murphy, Nellie McClung,
    Irene Parlby, Henrietta Muir Edwards and
    Louise McKinney (the "Famous Five") won a
    ruling from the Judicial Committee of the
    Privy Council that women were indeed
    persons and therefore eligible for
    appointment to the Senate.
   The following year, Cairine Wilson of
    Ontario made history as the first woman
    appointed to the Senate.
EMILY MURPHY
EMILY MURPHY
   Emily Murphy was a prominent suffragist
    and reformer.
   In 1917, she spearheaded the fight to
    have women declared "persons" in
    Canada and, therefore, eligible to serve
    in the Senate.
   She became the first female police
    magistrate in the British Empire and
    wasn't afraid to face a battle.
   If she had a good cause in hand, she was
    prepared to fight it to a successful end.
VIDEO CLIP – BOOM TIMES
LAISSEZ FAIRE

   The laissez-faire school of thought, or
    libertarianism, holds a pure capitalist or free
    market view, that capitalism is best left to its
    own devices — that it will dispense with
    inefficiencies in a more deliberate and quick
    manner than any legislating body could.
   The basic idea is that less government
    interference makes for a better system.
MARKET ECONOMY
   A market economy is a term proponents of
    capitalism use to describe a capitalist
    economy.
   It is meant to contrast to a planned
    economy, in which most production
    decisions occur as a result of planning by a
    central agency.
   In capitalism, most production decisions
    occur as a result of the planning decisions of
    corporate planners hired by capitalists.
RECESSION
   A recession is usually defined in
    macroeconomics as a fall of a country's
    Gross National Product in two successive
    quarters.
   (This is a simplified version of that of the
    business-cycle dating committee of the
    National Bureau for Economic Research, a
    U.S.-based think tank.)
   Combined with inflation this process is
    known as stagflation.
BOOM AND BUST
   In economics, the term boom and bust refers to
    the movement of an economy through economic
    cycles due to changes in aggregate demand.
   During booms, there is a high level of aggregate
    demand, inflation increases, unemployment falls,
    and growth in national income accelerates.
   During busts, or recessions, when aggregate
    demand is low, inflation falls, unemployment rises
    and national income falls. In extreme recessions
    deflation (a sustained fall in the general price level)
    may occur.
GREAT DEPRESSION
   The Great Depression was a global economic
    slump that began in the United States following
    Black Thursday, the Wall Street panic of October
    1929.
   On October 24, 1929, share prices on Wall Street
    collapsed catastrophically, setting off a chain of
    bankruptcies and defaults that quickly spread
    overseas.
   The events in the United States triggered a
    worldwide depression, which put hundreds of
    millions out of work across the capitalist world
    throughout the 1930s.
VIDEO CLIP – THE GREAT DEPRESSION
THE GREAT DEPRESSION
BLACK TUESDAY
   The market crash in the U.S. was the final
    straw for the already shaky world economy.
   Germany was suffering from hyperinflation,
    and many of the Allied victors of World War I
    were having serious problems paying off
    huge war debts.
   In the late 1920s, the U.S. economy at first
    seemed immune to the mounting troubles,
    but with the start of the 1930s it crashed
    with startling rapidity.
VIDEO CLIP – BLACK TUESDAY
THE GREAT DEPRESSION
 Dorothea Lange's
 Migrant Mother,
 depicts destitute pea
 pickers in California,
 centering on a mother
 of seven children, age
 thirty-two, in Nipomo,
 California, March
 1936.
THE GREAT DEPRESSION
BUYING ON MARGIN

   A risky technique involving the
    purchase of securities with borrowed
    money, using the shares themselves
    as collateral. Usually done using a
    margin account at a brokerage, and
    subject to fairly strict SEC regulations.
VIDEO CLIP - ENTERTAINMENT
TARIFFS
   A tariff is a tax placed on imported and/or
    exported goods, sometimes called a
    customs duty.
   A revenue tariff is set with the intent of
    raising money for the government.
   A protective tariff, usually applied to
    imported goods, is intended to artificially
    inflate prices of imports and "protect"
    domestic industries from foreign
    competition.
PROTECTIONIST
   Protectionism is the economic policy of
    promoting favored domestic industries
    through the use of high tariffs and other
    regulations to discourage imports.
   Historical variants of this policy have
    included mercantilism, a trade policy aimed
    at maximizing currency reserves by running
    large trade surpluses; and import
    substitution, a trade policy in which targeted
    imports are replaced by local manufactures
    in order to stimulate local production.
THE NEW DEAL

   The New Deal was President Franklin D.
    Roosevelt's legislative agenda for rescuing
    the United States from the Great
    Depression.
   It was widely believed that the depression
    was caused by the inherent instability of the
    market and that government intervention
    was necessary to rationalize and stabilize
    the economy.
VIDEO CLIP – LIFE IN THE 30’S
JOHN MAYNARD KEYNES
   John Maynard Keynes - was an English
    economist, whose radical ideas had a major
    impact on modern economic and political
    thought.
   He is particularly remembered for
    advocating interventionist government
    policy, by which the government would use
    fiscal and monetary measures to aim to
    mitigate the adverse effects of economic
    recessions, depressions, and booms.
DEFICIT FINANCING

 spending to boost economy: the
 practice of deliberately allowing
 government spending to exceed its
 revenues in order to try to boost
 economic activity and lower
 unemployment
RIDING THE RAILS

               DURING THE
               DEPRESSION
               THE PRACTICE
               OF RIDING IN
               BOXCARS FROM
               TOWN TO TOWN
               TO FIND A JOB.
VIDEO CLIP – WELCOME TO HOOVERVILLE
THE END

				
DOCUMENT INFO
Shared By:
Categories:
Tags:
Stats:
views:16
posted:5/16/2012
language:English
pages:42
liningnvp liningnvp http://
About