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					   EUROPEAN COMMISSION




    DIRECTORATE-GENERAL
        HOME AFFAIRS




EXTERNAL BORDERS FUND
   SPECIFIC ACTIONS 2011

  GUIDE for APPLICANTS
                                                                                                                               EBF Specific Actions 2011




                                                        TABLE OF CONTENTS



I. INTRODUCTION ........................................................................................................................................ 3
    I.1.        PURPOSE OF THE GUIDE ........................................................................................................... 3
II. GUIDELINES FOR APPLICANTS .......................................................................................................... 5
    II.1.     HOW TO APPLY? .......................................................................................................................... 5
        II.1.A.   General Guidelines ................................................................................................................ 5
        II.1.B.   Conditions ............................................................................................................................. 5
    II.2.     DEFINITION OF FREQUENTLY USED TERMS ...................................................................... 10
    II.3.     GUIDELINES CONCERNING THE PRESENTATION OF THE PROPOSAL .......................... 12
        II.3.A.   Introduction ......................................................................................................................... 12
        II.3.B.   General guidance to completing the second part of the application form .......................... 12
    II.4.     GENERAL REMARKS REGARDING THE EXPENDITURE ................................................... 17
        II.4.A.   Information on the budget ................................................................................................... 17
        II.4.B.   Rules concerning eligible expenditure ................................................................................ 18
        II.4.C.   Non-eligible costs ................................................................................................................ 23




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                                I. INTRODUCTION

I.1.         PURPOSE OF THE GUIDE
The purpose of this Guide is to offer a user-friendly tool that guides you through the
application procedure and the application form. It also serves as a reference and can be used to
answer any questions you may have when preparing your application.

The application form has to be filled in by the applicant, in close cooperation with the partners
which would receive EU contribution (identified as co-beneficiaries in the grant agreement).
Filling in this form may take some time. Please make sure that you have allocated sufficient
time of hours to carry out this work and you have all the necessary documents at your
disposal.

This guide is updated annually to make it as user-friendly as possible. You may share with the
Commission your comments and suggestions on how to further improve the guide by sending
an e-mail to HOME-EXT-BORDERS-FUND@ec.europa.eu

Before you start:

Please read carefully the 2011 Call for proposals and the 2011 Work Programme to find out
which actions may be co-financed, this year's priorities, the conditions to apply, the evaluation
criteria and how to submit your proposal.

Investigate and try to build on previous relevant projects co-financed by the European Union
and/or projects foreseen within the context of the national annual programme.

Please bear in mind that projects under this call for proposals must be presented by public
national authorities with responsibilities in the field of visa policy, external borders control
and immigration controls which are registered in Greece, Italy, Malta and Spain.

Co-beneficiaries
Access to the programmes as partners to projects on the basis of refundable costs covers:

        The 25 Member States which are participating in the Fund in 2011 (Belgium,
         Bulgaria, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Estonia, Denmark (as Denmark has notified by
         letter of 19 June 2007 that it has decided to implement Decision 574/2007/EC in its
         national law), Germany, Greece, Spain, France, Hungary, Italy, Luxembourg, The
         Netherlands, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Austria, Portugal, Poland, Romania, Slovakia,
         Slovenia, Finland, Sweden);
        Schengen associated third countries (for the time being Norway, Switzerland and
         Iceland);
        International Organisations, European Union agencies and Non-Governmental
         Organisations registered in the 28 countries mentioned above may also participate in
         the projects as partners, provided that they all work on a strictly non-profit basis and
         have proven experience in the fields covered.
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Associated partners
Access to the programmes as partners to projects on a no cost basis covers:

      Ireland and the United Kingdom as they are not participating in the Fund
      Liechtenstein as it will only contribute to the Fund as from 2012.

If you cannot find the answer to your question in the guide or among the FAQ, you may send
your questions in writing (by e-mail) to the HOME-EXT-BORDERS-FUND@ec.europa.eu
which has been set up for that purpose.




                         Deadline for application
      The completed application and annexes must be submitted to the
                              Commission by

                                 16 March 2012
  Applications submitted after the deadline will be automatically rejected




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              II. GUIDELINES FOR APPLICANTS

II.1.      HOW TO APPLY?

II.1.A. General Guidelines
      The first phase, prior to the formulation of the project, should consist in identifying
       the issue to be addressed.
      Once this is done, the objective of the project must be set. This should directly
       address the problems identified and should be precise and clearly set out.
      The next step is to identify the results of the projects that are to be achieved in order
       to meet the objective. Wherever possible, these should be set out in quantifiable
       terms.
      Next, consider which activities are needed to obtain these results. For each activity
       clearly identify how, where and when it will be undertaken, who will do it and how
       much it will cost. Any activity that does not contribute directly to the objective must
       be discarded.
      Carefully plan how the project will be organised and managed, who is responsible for
       carrying out which activity, who reports to whom and what kind of management
       structure is needed.
      Consider at each stage of writing the application, which assumptions you are making.
       External factors (authorisation of measures by other public authorities) are essential
       for the success of the project and should be fully identified and described, as should
       any potential difficulties that might arise.
      Establish how the planned actions and expected results can be verified. This will
       make it possible to monitor the project.
      Useful lessons that could be passed on from other past projects should be identified;
       the experience of similar projects should be used during the preparation of the
       project.
      Make sure the budget is consistent with the actions proposed and that human and
       financial resources will be available when needed.



II.1.B. Conditions
Applications have to be submitted using DG HOME's electronic on-line application tool:
PRIAMOS. PRIAMOS is a new system for the submission of proposals by applicants,
allowing the applicants to fill in an electronic application form and submit all relevant
documents via the Internet.

Electronic submission of applications via PRIAMOS is a multi-step procedure.
Each applicant has to be registered. After registration, a login name and password will be sent
to the email address indicated during the registration. The applicant will use his/her login
name and password to download an empty application form, which will be completed and

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uploaded back to PRIAMOS. All annexes have to be inserted into the application form (PDF
file) previously downloaded.


II.1.B.1.       How to register as an applicant


The electronic submission of applications via PRIAMOS requires that you first register in the
system.
In order to register as an applicant please follow the relevant link Electronic registration/
applications       on     the    programme       website     or      click   directly     on:
https://ec.europa.eu/priamos/register

1.1.   If no person representing your organisation has registered before:

     The information marked with an * is mandatory and should be filled out, otherwise
      you will receive an error message when you submit the form.
     Please note the difference between:


Address (of registered office – address for the Grant Agreement in case of an award):
It refers to the official information of the organisation and its officially registered seat. Only
one entry of this information can be registered in the system and it should reflect information
provided in the legal entity form.


Contact address for the Commission (address for correspondence):
It refers to the information of the contact person. Note that more than one contact persons can
be assigned to one organisation, e.g. in case that more applications/grants are ongoing and a
different person is responsible for each. For more information, see below.

     The e-mail address under Contact address for the Commission will be the one used
      for communication concerning the registration.

     Upon successful submission of the registration form by clicking on the "Submit"
      button, a message appears at the bottom of the form including a registration number.
      This number is of importance concerning the registration procedure, thus it should be
      kept for future use and reference.

     The filled in registration form will be automatically sent to the e-mail you have
      indicated for correspondence (under contact address for the Commission). This e-mail
      is for information purposes only and it will not contain the user-name and password.
      Please save a copy of the registration form for your own future use.

     PRIAMOS USM will send your user-name and password by e-mail to the e-mail
      address indicated for correspondence (under Contact address for the Commission). A
      PRIAMOS FAQ document will be also attached to this e-mail. Your request is treated
      manually, so please allow reasonable time until you receive the reply. In case of undue
      delay, you may contact the PRIAMOS USM Mailbox HOME-JUST-PRIAMOS-
      USM@ec.europa.eu indicating your registration number.


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    Please note that the user-name and password are specific for each contact person, not
     for each organisation.


II.1.B.1.2.  If you have already registered as an applicant for any previous calls in
        PRIAMOS:

    You should use your previous username and password and not register again.

    In case you have forgotten your password, please contact the PRIAMOS USM
     Mailbox HOME-JUST-PRIAMOS-USM@ec.europa.eu .

    For any changes (adding, deleting, modifying) of the legal representative, the contact
     person(s) of the organisation or address of the organisation's registered office, you
     should:
         - access PRIAMOS:
             https://webgate.ec.europa.eu/priamos/toto/bc/bsp/sap/crm_ui_frame/
         - login using your existing password
         - click on Organizational Data Update and introduce the changes through the
             system

                  On submitting the changes you will receive a registration number for
                   your update request. The PRIAMOS USM team will contact you per e-
                   mail confirming that your request has been processed.


II.1.B.2.     Log in the system and downloading the Grant Application Form


    You will first be invited to change your password initially received.

    The contact person who will be responsible for this call should log in the system with
     his/her username and password.
    https://webgate.ec.europa.eu/priamos/toto/bc/bsp/sap/crm_ui_frame/

    In order to find the Grant Application Form, click on Applications - Download
     Forms without specifying any search criteria.

    Please be careful to select the Grant Application Form applicable to the call under
     which you want to apply and save it on your computer ("download").

    You can find all mandatory templates for the call if you click on the "Attachments"
     button, which appears as a paper clip image on the left hand side of the Grant
     Application Form. Please save all of them separately on your local drive of your
     computer by clicking on the diskette icon on top of the form.


II.1.B.3.     Preparation of the necessary documents

    Fill out the Grant Application Form saved on your local drive and remember to click
     on "Save" button regularly (on top of the pdf application form).

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    Note that only Adobe Reader can be used to fill out the application (not e.g. Adobe
     Acrobat etc.)
    Some fields are automatically filled out.
    Note that the information concerning the Contact Person is filled out according to the
     user who downloaded the form.
    The fields marked with an * must be filled out mandatorily. If you do not wish to fill
     out information in any of these fields, please insert 0. If the field is blank, the
     application cannot be uploaded on the system.
    Fill out the Project Description, the Budget (make sure that no Error messages appear)
     and prepare all other requested documents.
    Once all documents are finalised, attach each of them to the application form using the
     attachments button which appears as a paper clip image on the left hand side of the
     application form. Remember to click on Save (the save button which appears on top
     of the pdf application form), only then is the document attached.
    It is not necessary to zip documents before uploading them.

II.1.B.4.     Uploading an application

    After all documents have been successfully attached, the contact person for this
     application should log in the system and upload the application under Applications –
     Upload Forms.
    Note that only the pdf document of the Grant Application Form can be uploaded and
     no other document (e.g. separate Word documents, Budget form, scanned documents).
    Upon successful submission of the Grant Application Form, a confirmation message
     will be displayed on top of the window.
    In case a field of the application form marked with an * is not filled out, the upload of
     the application in the system will be rejected. You should fill out the respective field in
     the application form and click Save. Only afterwards can you upload it in the system.
    For your own future use and reference the uploaded Grant Application Form will be
     visible to you if you click Applications-Overview Applications.
    You will be able to see all applications as well as attachments uploaded by you, by
     using the "Applications Overview" functionality under the "Applications" link in the
     left menu. Please be aware that it could take a few minutes after successful upload
     that your application appears in the list.


IMPORTANT NOTES

    If you want to modify your application or an attachment, it is possible to do so only
     until the deadline of the call. You need to make the necessary modifications to the
     Grant Application Form and/or the relevant document(s) which have already been
     saved (downloaded) on your local drive. After having brought the necessary
     modifications, attach again ALL requested documents to the application form and
     upload it again. ONLY the last uploaded application version and the attachments
     appearing on it will be considered valid for the evaluation. If requested documents
     are not attached to this last version, previously uploaded versions will not be
     considered for evaluation.
    If you want to submit two proposals for two different projects within the same call
     for proposals, you should download the Grant Application Form for this Call twice.
     Please make sure that you give to each of the two downloaded Grant Application
     Forms a different name and that you use it consistently only for the same project

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     during each stage of the application procedure (filling out the Grant Application Form,
     attaching the annexes relevant to this project, uploading the application form, re-
     uploading in case of changes as described above).
    If you want to submit a proposal within another call for proposals which is open at the
     same time, please be careful to select the Grant Application Form applicable to the call
     under which you want to apply, save it on your computer ("download") and proceed
     with steps (2) and (3) explained above.
    You should not wait until the last moment to register or upload your application. No
     extension of the deadline will be given.


II.1.B.5.     Useful links

    Registration as an applicant and introducing changes:
     https://ec.europa.eu/priamos/register

    PRIAMOS portal for application form download and upload:
     https://webgate.ec.europa.eu/priamos/toto/bc/bsp/sap/crm_ui_frame

    PRIAMOS USM mailbox (for technical difficulties only)
     HOME-JUST-PRIAMOS-USM@ec.europa.eu

II.1.B.6.     Technical requirements for PRIAMOS


The PRIAMOS system is based on Web Browser technology interacting with Adobe Reader.
PRIAMOS is optimised for use with the following software versions:

    Adobe Reader 7.0.9 or higher              for   filling   in   the   Application       Form
     (http://get.adobe.com/reader/)

    Web Browser:
     MS IE 6.0 or higher
     (http://www.microsoft.com/windows/internet-explorer/default.aspx)
     Mozilla Firefox 2.0 or higher (http://www.mozilla-europe.org/en/firefox/)

    In order to upload electronic versions of paper documents (e.g. signed or stamped
     originals), a scanner with corresponding scanning software is needed (optional,
     depending on the requirements of the specific Call for Proposals).

    As for the electronic Annexes that will be attached within the Application Form –
     unless otherwise stated – all file formats are supported. We recommend however to
     use the most common formats.

The speed of the PRIAMOS application depends on several factors. In particular, the size of
the Application Form (containing all the Annexes) can negatively influence the performance.
DG HOME recommends ensuring that the Application Form does not reach an excessive size,
preferably no more than 50MB.


II.1.B.7.     Technical Problems

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If you encounter problems in using PRIAMOS, we suggest you to first check whether your
computer, computer network or internet connection are running fine; then verify whether your
hardware and software meet the technical requirements mentioned under (6). You can also try,
if possible, to use a different computer configuration and/or a different network.

If your problem persists, please explore the FAQ file incorporated in the email that you
receive with your login parameters. Many hints for solving common technical problems are
mentioned in that document.

In case you are not able to solve the problem using the FAQ file, please contact PRIAMOS
USM via email address HOME-JUST-PRIAMOS-USM@ec.europa.eu. Please clearly indicate
your registration number and if applicable, your application number, as well as a clear
description of the problem encountered. You will receive a reply as soon as possible.
Nevertheless, please note that PRIAMOS USM Helpdesk is able to answer or solve enquiries
related to technical difficulties only. All other enquiries related to the call for proposals as
such (e.g. which documents are relevant and how they should be completed etc.) should be
sent directly to the functional mailbox of the particular call indicated in the corresponding call
for proposals.

When the information of this Guide does not comply with the 2011 Call for Proposals, the
applicant must follow the information provided in the Call for Proposals.



II.2.       DEFINITION OF FREQUENTLY USED TERMS
Please note that there will be two types of grant agreements signed depending of the structure
of the project.
       Mono-beneficiary grant agreement - when the project will be implemented by the
        applicant / beneficiary (and subcontractors under specific conditions).
       Multi-beneficiary grant agreement - when the project will be implemented by the
        applicant / beneficiary and several partners, a grant agreement with multi-
        beneficiaries has to be signed. In this agreement, the term "applicant public authority"
        will be replaced by "co-ordinator''. For the purpose of the grant agreement, the
        'partners' receiving EU contribution will be considered as co-beneficiaries, they have
        to sign a mandate to the applicant (co-ordinator) and they are bound by the terms of
        the grant agreement. Please note that all references to Articles of the grant agreement
        refer to the draft grant agreement for an action with multiple beneficiaries.

1. Applicant (in case of partnership): any public authority with responsibilities in the field of
visa policy, external borders control and immigration controls which are registered in Greece,
Italy, Malta or Spain.

There is only one applicant per project. The applicant is the only interlocutor of the
Commission. The responsibilities of the potential beneficiary and/or co-ordinator are defined
in the draft grant agreements.

2. Co-beneficiary / Associated partner: the co-beneficiary / associated partner shall actively
participate in the technical implementation of one or more tasks of the project, for which their
costs are co-financed and to which they could contribute financially.
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Co-beneficiary
Access to the programmes as co-beneficiary to projects on the basis of refundable costs
covers:

      The 25 Member States which are participating in the Fund in 2011 (Belgium,
       Bulgaria, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Estonia, Denmark (as Denmark has notified by
       letter of 19 June 2007 that it has decided to implement Decision 574/2007/EC in its
       national law), Germany, Greece, Spain, France, Hungary, Italy, Luxembourg, The
       Netherlands, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Austria, Portugal, Poland, Romania, Slovakia,
       Slovenia, Finland, Sweden);
      Schengen associated third countries (for the time being Norway, Switzerland and
       Iceland);
      International Organisations, European Union agencies and Non-Governmental
       Organisations registered in the 28 countries mentioned above may also participate in
       the projects as partners, provided that they all work on a strictly non-profit basis and
       have proven experience in the fields covered.
Associated partner
Access to the programmes as associated partner to projects on a no cost basis covers:

      Ireland and the United Kingdom as they are not participating in the Fund.
      Liechtenstein as it will only contribute to the Fund as from 2012.

This means that the cost for their participation may not be covered by the European Union
contribution and must be financed entirely by their own resources.

Attention has to be paid to ensure optimal synergy with programmes carried out at European
Union and national level by the Frontex Agency, the Member States and international
organisations. This will require effective information sharing about the activities so that the
necessary contacts and connections can be made.

The applicant public authority and its partners shall agree upon appropriate arrangements
between themselves for the proper performance of the action. The partners of the project must
sign a 'Declaration by Partner public authority/organisation' by which they agree to
actively contribute to the implementation of the project, as described in the grant application
(see Point 5 of Application Form). They shall grant power of attorney to the applicant public
authority to act in their name and in their behalf in signing the possible grant agreement and
its possible subsequent riders with the European Commission. The responsibilities of the
potential co-beneficiaries are defined in the draft grant agreements.

3. Subcontractor(s): subcontractors are service providers to the beneficiary or to co-
beneficiary who fully funds (100%) their activity. The applicant and the co-beneficiary are
expected to have the resources necessary to carry out the work required by the project.
Nevertheless, in certain circumstances subcontracting some aspects of the work may be more
cost effective or efficient.

Subcontractors do not contribute financially to the project and therefore do not benefit from
any intellectual property rights arising from the achievements of the project.

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There shall be no statutory link between subcontractors and applicant, co-beneficiary and their
representatives, situation which could lead to potential conflicts of interest and circumvention
of the principle of non-profit.
The award of subcontracts by a public applicant and/or partners must comply with the
applicable rules on public tendering and be in conformity with European Union Directives on
public tendering procedures.


II.3.       GUIDELINES CONCERNING THE PRESENTATION
            OF THE PROPOSAL

II.3.A. Introduction
The application form has to be structured in a sequential way and once completed should
contain all the information relevant to the evaluation of the proposal.

In principle, project proposals may be submitted in any official language of the European
Union but English is preferable because the time needed for translation is long. However, in
order to facilitate assessment by evaluators, English translation should preferably accompany
any proposal written in other languages.

When completing the application form it is important to:
      be precise, provide quantifiable data in order to describe current situation at the
       targeted border sections;
      provide a map indicating the location of the action;
      provide detailed and clear information on how the action will address specific
       weaknesses, while remaining concise;
      concentrate on the key features, objectives and results of the project.

The evaluators will assess the project on the basis of the exclusion, eligibility, selection and
award criteria defined in the Call for Proposals.



II.3.B. General guidance to completing the second part of the
        application form
Point 2.1.1: Project title
Define a title that characterises your action well without being too long, in one sentence.
Avoid proper names, times and specific locations.

Point 2.1.2: Acronym/Short title
The acronym is the most frequently used identifier of the action. Please stick to 30 characters
maximum.

Point 2.1.3: Duration


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Please mention the duration in months. The maximum project duration is 6 months. The
duration of the project includes solely implementation of the action; it does not include
procedures preceding its implementation (e.g. public procurement procedures, analysis and
configuration; in case of purchase of equipment, project starts when the equipment is
delivered and deployed within 6 months period).

Point 2.1.4: Start date of the project
Please indicate the estimated starting date of the project. Note, that the evaluation process will
take some time therefore this should be taken into consideration when planning the starting
date of the action. The grant agreement relating to the actions concerned shall be signed by 31
December 2012 at the latest. The projects shall start no later than 9 months after the signature
of the grant agreement.

Point 2.1.5: End date of the project
Please indicate estimated end date of the project.

Point 2.1.6: Location(s) where the project will be implemented
Please be detailed, provide a map.

Point 2.1.7: Summary of the project
The summary should provide the reader with a clear understanding of the proposal's
objectives and activities, how objectives will be achieved and what will be the major outputs
and results at the end of the project. The summary should be limited to 1/2 page maximum.

Point 2.1.8: Specification of the content of the project
Make sure you tick the appropriate box, by selecting the description most relevant to the
project. Refer to the text in the Call for Proposals. For “objectives” and “activities” only one
selection is allowed.

Point 2.1.9: List of partners involved in this project
It is important to list all the partners participating in the operation and to attach the declaration
of partnership for each partner. The role of the partners should be reflected in the log frame.

Point 2.2 : Log frame of the project
Please see details on next page.




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2.2. Guidelines concerning the completion of the Log frame
       (section 2.2 of the application form)
  Here below is a log frame completed with example entries for each part
   Title of the        The title should give a 1-sentence (very brief) summary of the project. The title should be as specific as possible. It may include some notion of the main
   Project             beneficiaries. Avoid specific data that might change, such as the number of beneficiaries, the exact location or sub-region of implementation, etc.
   Objective           This is the overall objective of the project.

   Priorities and      These Priorities and Eligible Action defined as a priority should be included in the Priority and Eligible
   Eligible Action     Actions in the call for proposals.
   defined as a
   priority
                                                          Objectively Verifiable Indicators (to measure and     Sources of Verification             Risks and Assumptions
   Results and/or Deliverables                             assess the performance in achieving the project
                                                                               results)
                                                            Indicators can be quantitative or qualitative.

   e.g.: increase in the duration and/or degree of       e.g.: number of equipment rented, number of           e.g.: data on the use of    Risks and assumptions that are under
   intensity of surveillance activities at external      means of transport rented, increase in the duration   equipment and means of      your control. Assume full attendance and
   border (heightened sense of security).                and use of the equipment and means of transport       transport                   the risk of reduced attendance. Describe
                                                                                                                                           mitigating actions to reduce a risk (if
                                                                                                                                           possible). E.g. insurance, extra publicity.
   Activities and Methods
   Ref. Activity       Title                Content/Methods                                                    Partners involved           Calendar

   1....               Short description    - very briefly describe each activity in chronological order.      Please describe who will    Calendar (MM/YYYY)
                       of the activity      - collection of data (Partner 1), prepare operation (Partner 2),   perform each task           Jan/YYYY
                                            location                                                                                       Feb/YYYY
                                            - carry out operations                                                                         Mar/YYYY
                                            - assemble the data on the performance of the operation                                        Etc.
                                            (Applicant)
                                            - draft report
                                            - etc.




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It is important to break down the tasks to a level that allows the Commission to assess the
maturity of the project in terms of planning and preparation. You should avoid a description
that is too general.

The task breakdown should list the actions and each participant's responsibilities as well as the
expected results, please address the following important questions:

       how will you work together – internally with the partners and externally?
       how will the quality of the work and of the outcomes be reviewed and assured? And
        how will you monitor the progress in relation to each of the performance indicators?
       how will you ensure that real trans-national cooperation takes place? (for example: it
        is not considered trans-national when organisations from different countries only
        work in parallel on the same issue)
       how will you communicate with other partners and how will you maintain good
        communication between the project meetings?

Please take particular care in choosing the technologies, consumables and equipment
necessary for the production of awareness raising material. Environmental friendly
products/technologies should be favoured.

Note that all the material must bear a clear reference to the European Union's financial
support.

This log frame table will be annexed to the signed Agreement. This log frame table should
be limited to 3 pages maximum.

To measure the results of the project, please use the indicators:

A good indicator should be SMART
      Specific (it measures what it is supposed to measure)
      Measurable
      Available at an acceptable cost
      Relevant with regard to the objective concerned
      Time bound

Where the project is the continuation of a previous activity or project, describe how the
project is intended to build on the results of this previous project; as well as any anticipated
synergies with, or possible constraints due to other current or planned projects or activities.

For each activity please include the organisational structure and team that will implement the
activity (by function: there is no need to include the names of individuals). Describe the
procedures for internal/external evaluation and for follow up.

Assumptions are the external factors that may affect the outcome of the action. Risks are
negative or critical assumptions. Include realistic risks that are important and that can be

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mitigated. The assumptions and risks have to be monitored during the implementation of the
operation. If the action may be negatively influenced by a risk that will almost certainly
materialize, the action should be redesigned or, if that is not possible, not implemented.

Deliverables include reports and publications, as well as guidelines on how the project will be
disseminated.

Please look at the visual illustration of the approach to consider:

                                              PROJECT

                          Action                                        Objective

                     Project outputs




                      Results                                       Impacts
                        Results

                                         Performance indicators
                     Result Indicators                              Impact Indicators


  Project Lifetime                                  Beyond Project Lifetime



Performance indicators provide an important framework for assessing the project's results and
potential impacts.
       Result indicators measure the achievements against your specific objective;
       Impact indicators project the projected impact against your general objective.

They will serve as a target to assess progress toward achieving them and as an early-warning-
system so that corrective action can be taken.




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                                                                            EBF Specific Actions 2011


II.4.       GENERAL REMARKS REGARDING THE
            EXPENDITURE

NB: For a full understanding of the budgetary concepts of a grant application and of the
eligible categories of expenditure, you are advised to consult the standard grant agreements
available from the EBF programme website:
http://ec.europa.eu/justice_home/funding/borders/funding_borders_en.htm


- the grants section, – Title VI, of the Financial Regulation and the Implementing rules of the
Financial Regulation


II.4.A. Information on the budget
As part of the application, the applicant must provide a detailed budget of the project in Euros,
with information on both planned expenditure and expected income (indicating the amount of
co-financing requested from the Commission, own funding and any other funding), the two
totals must be balanced. In case of partnership, the detailed budget shall identify the expenses,
the income and the EU grant received by each partner.

It is required to use the provided budget form. Financial contributions from the applicant,
partners and other sources must be taken into account in the appropriate headings and must be
consistent with the Partnership Declarations. The overall budget must be relevant, appropriate
and consistent with the objectives of the project and well distributed among partners, taking
into account the respective roles.

The Commission’s financial contribution cannot exceed 80% of total eligible costs. You will
therefore need to secure funding from other sources to cover the balance.

For co-financed projects, European Union support may be granted only if there are other
public or private sources of co-financing: partners, sponsors, fees, expenses borne for/by
participants. In the latter case, they are mentioned both as an expense and as an income. Co-
financing shall be proven by a written declaration of co-financing to be signed by each
partner, specifying clearly the amount of financing they will bring to the project.

For the applicant, the signature on the application form and the budget form constitute the
commitment required in respect of its own contribution.

The budget form provided by the Commission in Microsoft Excel format must be correctly
completed. It is important to include precise and detailed information: functions of the staff ,
units for the calculations (day, trip, book, pages, etc.), number of units, etc.

Give a detailed estimation of each cost: e.g. for printing or translation, please specify the
number of pages, the price by page, etc. For travel costs, please specify the number of train
tickets, plane tickets and the price for each, etc.




                                                                                                  17
                                                                              EBF Specific Actions 2011


II.4.B. Rules concerning eligible expenditure
There are two main categories of expenditure: eligible direct costs and eligible indirect costs
(overheads).

Only costs generated during the lifetime of the action can be eligible. The cost must be
incurred during the lifetime of the action, which does not necessarily mean that the cost has in
fact to be paid during that period therefore the costs relating to services or equipment supplied
in order to carry out the action may be invoiced and paid after the action has been completed,
provided that the service / goods were in fact supplied during the lifetime of the action and
that this is indicated on the invoice. It is recommended to obtain the invoices (with clear
indication when the delivery of equipment / service was done) from suppliers as soon as
possible in order to submit the final report and final cost claim within the agreed deadline.



1. Eligible Direct Costs
In the context of grants, the costs considered eligible for European Union funding are those
that satisfy the criteria stated in Article II.14.1 of the grant agreement.

In particular, the following direct costs are eligible under specific conditions:
       staff working directly on the project (heading A);
       travel and subsistence allowances (heading B);
       equipment (heading C);
       consumables (heading D);
       other direct costs related to the implementation of the project (heading E).
N.B. VAT cost should be excluded as not eligible for public bodies (please refer to II.4.C).

The percentage of European Union funding mentioned in the Grant Agreement is calculated
on the total eligible costs of the operation (Total of A-B-C-D-E = direct eligible costs +
Overheads (F)).


A. Staff costs

A.1. General rules
In accordance with the Article 172a (e) of the Implementing Rules, staff costs including the
salary costs of personnel of national administrations are eligible to the extent that they relate
to the cost of activities which the relevant public authority would not carry out if the projects
concerned were not undertaken.

Direct costs for staff are eligible for persons that have a key and direct role in the project, such
as project managers and other staff operationally involved in the project, for example planning
project activities, implementing (or monitoring) operational activities, delivering services to
the final recipients of the project, etc.

Costs for other members of staff in the beneficiary public authority/organisation who only
provide a supporting role for the public authorities/organisations implementing the project
                                                                                                    18
                                                                             EBF Specific Actions 2011

(such as the general manager, accountant, procurement support, human resources support,
information technology support, administrative assistant, receptionist, etc.) are also eligible.

Staff costs shall be detailed in the budget, indicating function of the staff, number of the staff
and number of man-days/months they are going to work on a specific activity related to the
project. Professional and technical capacities of the persons set to implement the relevant
functions/tasks within the project should be described. CVs of the key staff should be added to
the application as a separate annex.

The cost of staff assigned to the project, i.e. salaries and social security contributions and
other statutory costs, shall be eligible, provided that this does not exceed the average rates as
regards the beneficiary's usual policy on remuneration. Staff costs should be calculated on the
basis of actual cost i.e. annual employment cost comprising salary plus statutory employer's
contributions (social security, health insurance, direct taxes etc.) but exclusive of bonuses and
fringe benefits, divided by the number of working days per annum (365 – holidays – public
holidays - weekends), multiplied by the number of days exclusively devoted to the
implementation of the project.

Staff shall be allocated to the project on the basis of a clear and verifiable method and should
fill in timesheets showing the hours worked and their role in the accomplishment of the tasks
related to the project.


B. Travel expenses and subsistence allowances

B.1. General Rules
This section concerns costs charged for project staff (declared in Heading A "Staff") and
excludes costs related to conferences and seminars, which must be accounted for under other
direct cost.

Only travel and subsistence costs directly linked to the project and relating to specific and
clearly identifiable activities are eligible for European Union funding. Any travel to places
other than those where the members of the partnership are located or the project is
implemented must be demonstrated to be relevant to the project.

It is required to use the cost-effective means of travel, and to make every effort to use the most
economical fare.

Expenses for airplane tickets within the EU should be kept to a minimum and should not
exceed € 750 for the longest round trips unless duly justified explanation is provided and
approved by the Commission.

Expenses for car travel, where substantiated and where the price is not excessive, will be
refunded as follows:
   1. For private vehicles: on the basis of the declaration with a maximum corresponding to
      a 1st class rail fare (only the price of one ticket will be reimbursed, regardless of the
      number of people travelling in the same vehicle);
   2. For hired cars (maximum category B or equivalent) or taxis: the actual cost where this
      is not excessive compared with other means of transportation.


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                                                                            EBF Specific Actions 2011

B.2. Daily Subsistence Allowances
The Daily Subsistence Allowances (DSA) for staff taking part in the action shall be calculated
on the basis of standard costs for hotel and daily allowances or real costs. They should be in
line with the beneficiary's usual practices on travel costs. In any case, they cannot exceed the
amounts indicated in the table below.
Subsistence costs (comprising the cost of accommodation, breakfast, 2 daily meals and all
other expenses such as taxis, local travel, cost of communications, including fax and internet,
and all other sundries) may be co-financed by the project, provided:
   1. They are reasonable in relation to local prices;
   2. They are calculated in accordance with the partner organisations' internal rules, which
      may be based on the real cost or the daily allowance.

In any case, subsistence costs should not exceed the rates provided on the website:
http://ec.europa.eu/europeaid/work/procedures/implementation/per_diems/documents/perdiem
_201012_version_to_be_published.pdf

If meals or others expenses are provided for, the daily allowance has to be reduced
accordingly.


C. Equipment and real estate

C.1.      General rules related to equipment
In accordance with Article II.14.2 of the model grant agreement, purchase cost of equipment
(new or second-hand) may be considered eligible direct cost, provided that it is written off in
accordance with the tax and accounting rules applicable to the beneficiary and generally
accepted for items of the same kind. Only the portion of the equipment's depreciation
corresponding to the duration of the action and the rate of actual use for the purposes of the
action may be taken into account by the Commission, except where the nature and/or the
context of its use justifies different treatment by the Commission. Such costs are eligible for
co-financing on the basis of the full or partial cost of the purchase if:


  The equipment will continue to be used for the same objectives pursued by the project,
  after the project has ended for the minimum duration of:

   ➢ three years or more for Information and Communication Technology (ICT) equipment;

       ➢five years or more for other types of equipment such as operating equipment and means
        of transport, except for the ones indicated below


Costs for day-to-day administrative equipment (such as PC, printer, laptop, fax, copier, phone,
cabling, etc.) are not eligible as direct costs and should be considered as indirect costs.

Costs pertaining to the acquisition, leasing or rental of equipment are only eligible if they are
essential to the implementation of the project. The choice between leasing, rental or purchase

                                                                                                  20
                                                                              EBF Specific Actions 2011

must always be based on the least expensive option. Equipment shall have the technical
properties needed for the project and comply with applicable norms and standards. Costs
pertaining to the acquisition of equipment (systems, operating equipment, to be used for
specific purpose) should be incurred in accordance with national rules established in the
Member State. Purchase costs of equipment shall correspond to market rate and the value of
the items concerned. The equipment purchased must be itemised in the organisation in which
it is installed and bear an inventory number.

C.2.    Renting and leasing equipment
Expenditure in relation to renting and leasing operations is eligible for co-financing subject to
the rules established in the Member State, national legislation and practice and the duration of
the rental or lease for the purpose of the project.

C.3.    Use of existing equipment
The equipment that was purchased before the lifetime of the project, but which is used for the
purpose of the project, is eligible on the basis of depreciation. However these costs are
ineligible if the equipment was originally purchased through a European Union grant.

C.4.      General rules real estate
Rental of real estate is eligible for co-financing where there is a clear link between the rental
and the objectives of the project concerned, under the conditions set out below and without
prejudice to the application of stricter national rules:
       a) the real estate shall not have been purchased through a European Union grant;
       b) the real estate should only be used for implementation of the project. If not, only the
          portion of the costs corresponding to the use for the project is eligible.
       c) In duly justified cases, costs linked to rental agreements signed before the start of the
          project could be considered as eligible costs.

In the case of rental of real estate, it shall have the technical properties needed for the project
and comply with the applicable norms and standards.

Purchase, construction or renovation of real estate is not eligible.


D. Consumables

The costs of consumables and supplies are eligible, provided that they are identifiable and
exclusively used for the purpose of the action. They must be identifiable as such in the
accounts of the beneficiary. Consumables and supplies are real costs necessary to produce the
outputs and strictly related to the activities of the project.

General office supplies (pens, paper, folders, ink cartridges, electricity supply, telephone and
postal services, Internet connection time, computer software, etc.) are indirect costs.

When filling out costs for Consumables in the Budget, you should calculate it using the
appropriate unit (lump sums should be avoided) and the direct link to the action
implementation should also be presented.

                                                                                                    21
                                                                               EBF Specific Actions 2011




E. Other direct costs

Costs charged to this heading must meet the following criteria:
   1. They must not be covered by any other budget heading;
   2. They must be necessary for the proper performance of the work;
   3. They must be eligible under the agreement;
   4. They must be clearly identifiable.

Typical expenses under this heading include:
       Meetings/conferences
       Publications
       Charges for financial services in specific contexts (charges for bank transactions, the
        risk of exchange losses is excluded);
       Other costs stemming from obligations under the grant agreement (reports,
        translations, certificates, deposits, bank guarantee, etc.);
       External audit of the project at the final reporting stage requested by the European
        Commission. Please note, that the request for payment shall be accompanied inter
        alia by an audit certificate on the action's financial statements and underlying
        accounts.

The costs of external contracting (research, technical feasibility, costs supporting the activity)
are to be indicated here.

Costs such as office supplies as well as all kinds of small administrative consumables (pens,
paper, folders, ink cartridges, diskettes, computer software, etc.), supplies, hospitality costs
and general services (electricity supply, telephone and postal services, Internet connection
time, office cleaning, utilities, insurance, staff training, recruitment, etc.) are to be considered
as indirect costs (see Indirect costs, below).

Publications and dissemination
In order to be eligible for European Union funding, publications must be produced by and for
the use of the project. The type of publication, number of pages, number of copies,
translations must be clearly indicated in order to justify the costs of editing and printing.

Subcontracting:
As a general rule beneficiaries and partners must have the capacity to carry out the work
themselves. Subcontracting is derogation from this general rule and is limited to specific
cases:
       subcontracts may relate only to a limited part of the project;
       core elements of the project cannot be subcontracted;
       recourse to the award of contracts must be justified having regard to the nature of the
        action and what is necessary for its implementation;


                                                                                                     22
                                                                              EBF Specific Actions 2011

       even though certain services may be performed by a subcontractor, the beneficiary or
        its partners maintain full responsibility for carrying out the project, retains the
        intellectual property generated, if any, and ensure that certain of provisions of the
        model grant agreement are reflected in the contract with the subcontractor;

The subcontractor must be legal entity. There shall be no statutory link between the
subcontractor and the beneficiary or its partners or members of their staff, situation which
could lead to conflicts of interest and circumvention of the principle of non-profit.

F. Eligible Indirect Costs (Overheads)

Unlike direct costs, indirect costs (Overheads) relate to categories of expenditure that are not
identifiable as specific costs directly linked to and necessary for carrying out the action. If
provision is made in Article I.4.2 of the Grant Agreement for flat rate funding in respect to
indirect costs, they need not be supported by accounting documents.

Indirect costs include in particular the following positions: maintenance costs,
telecommunication, connection costs and postage, heating, water supply, electricity, office
furniture, office stationary, insurance and safety costs, use of office equipment such as PCs,
laptops, office software.

The global amount for indirect costs must not exceed 7% of the total eligible direct costs.

The percentage of European Union funding mentioned in the Grant Agreement is
calculated on the total eligible costs [A+B+C+D+E = direct costs + Overheads (F)].

G. Contribution in kind

Contributions in kind will not be accepted as co-financing in this call.


II.4.C. Non-eligible costs
The following costs shall not be considered eligible:
      a) VAT, paid by public bodies will be considered as non-eligible cost;
      b) Return on capital, debt and debt service charges, debit interest, foreign exchange
         commissions and exchange losses, provisions for losses or potential future liabilities,
         interest owed, doubtful debts, fines, financial penalties, litigation costs, and excessive
         or reckless expenditure;
      c) Entertainment costs exclusively for project staff. Reasonable hospitality costs at
         social events justified by the project, such as an event at the end of the project or
         meetings of the project steering group, are permitted;
      d) Costs declared by the final beneficiary and covered by another project or work
         programme receiving a European Union grant;
      e) Purchase of land.




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