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					                        Beginning College Survey of Student Engagement Results
                             (Including Comparison of UNCG to all Public
                               Institutions that Participated in the Study)

                                                                  Fall 2010

Introduction to the BCSSE

                 Students enter college with a variety of different backgrounds and experiences. The BCSSE (Beginning College Survey of Student
Engagement) (pronounced "bessie") helps universities to better understand their students and those students' diverse experiences. The BCSSE
collects data on incoming college students concerning: 1. their high school experiences, 2. their expectations for the first year of college, and 3.
demographic information. The survey looks at both academic and co-curricular experiences and expectations of students.
                 The results of the survey can be used to help align university initiatives and practices through counseling as well as program
improvements in areas ranging from recruitment and retention to curricular change and faculty development.

The BCSSE at UNCG

                 The 2010 BCSSE was administered to incoming UNCG undergraduates during orientation (SOAR) prior to the start of the 2010-
2011 school year. The Office of Orientation reports that there were approximately 2410 students in attendance for eight sessions of SOAR in June.
Of this number, 98.7% participated in the survey.
                 Fall 2010 resident headcount enrollment was 17,397 (16,035.75 FTE), including 14,310 (13,639.75 FTE) undergraduates and 3,087
(2,396 FTE) graduate students. 12,913 (90%) of undergraduate and 1,252 (41%) of graduate students were enrolled on a full-time basis. 66% of
undergraduate students were female. 7% of undergraduate and 17% of graduate students were from out-of- state. 19% of undergraduate and 12% of
graduate students were African-American. 30% of undergraduate students lived in residence halls. The Fall 2010 extension headcount was 1081 (an
additional 575 resident students took extension courses), making the total university student headcount 18,478.
additional 575 resident students took extension courses), making the total university student headcount 18,478.

UNCG's BCSSE Report

                  This report contains aggregated data for responses to the 32 questions asked on the survey. Descriptive statistics are provided for
each item. Instructions for how to view the charts are provided at the top of all pages that contain charts. The tables provide the number of
responses (frequency) for each category and also converts the number of responses into percentages for the UNCG-specific information. The data
for public institutions only includes the percentage. The percent difference between UNCG and participating public institutions is also available in
the report. The report contains overall response frequencies as well as frequencies broken down by gender and generation status. (Please Note: In
past UNCG incoming student surveys, “first generation”students were defined as “students who responded that both parents had not attended or
completed postsecondary education,”(CIRP 2008) but in this survey, “first generation” means that the student indicated that neither parent
completed a four-year degree. With the new definition, a student is still counted as "first generation" even if one or both of his or her parents
attended some college or obtained an associate's degree but did not receive a four-year degree.) The purpose of this report is to better understand the
diversity of the student population in order to be able to target resources to those populations most in need. The chart allows for a visual display of
the data. A link to a copy of the complete instrument is at the end of the report.

For more information about the BCSSE, please visit: bcsse.iub.edu

Reading BCSSE Frequencies

The illustration below explains how to interpret frequencies and other information available in the reports:
     Instructions:
     Charts have been made to visually represent the data for all respondent characteristics and question responses.

     To view the chart for any question response, hover your mouse over the red triangle that is located above the
     text of the question.

     If you would like the chart to remain visible without having to hover your mouse over the triangle, right click
     in the cell where the triangle is located and choose the option "Show/ Hide Comments". The chart will remain
     visible until you right click again in the cell and select "Hide Comment".

     If you have selected the "Show/ Hide Comments" option and the chart is visible, you may adjust the size and
     location of the chart by first clicking inside the chart and then using the arrows that appear when you hover the
     mouse over the edges of the chart. You may also adjust the size of the chart and of the data by changing the
     zoom, which is located at the bottom right of the Excel window if you are using the 2007 version.



                                                                                                     BCSSE 2010 Respondent Characteristics




                                                                                                                      Respondents

                                                                                                              UNCG                           Public
                                                                                                              Count    Public Count UNCG %     %
Number of Surveys Completed                                                                                   2379       46805      100      100

Mode of Completion
                 Paper                                                                                        2379       27159      100       58
                 Web                                                                                            0        19646       0        42

When Student Completed BCSSE
                Before attending orientation                                                                   12         5629        1       12
                While attending orientation                                                                   2321       28468       99       62
                After attending orientation                                                                    22        11102        1       24
                Not applicable, not attending orientation                                                       0         1051        0        2
Student Characteristics
           Enrollment Status
                   Full-time                                                                                  2356       44451      100       98
                   Less than full-time                                                                          5         814        0         2

                   Gender
                             Female                                                                           1638       27043       69       58
                             Male                                                                              733       19401       31       42

                   Race/Ethnicity
                          American Indian or other Native American                                              13         386        1        1
                          Asian, Asian American, or Pacific Islander                                           103        3292        4        7
                          Black or African American                                                            586        4681       25       10
                          White (non-Hispanic)                                                                1396       29851       59       66
                          Mexican or Mexican American                                                           35        2049        1        5
                          Puerto Rican                                                                          12         334        1        1
                          Other Hispanic or Latino                                                              44        1772        2        4
                          Multiracial                                                                          109        1474        5        3

1
    Student reported characteristics for all BCSSE 2010 respondents.
2
    First generation is defined as no parent or guardian having graduated with a 4-year college degree.
                             Other                                                                         22     501    1       1
                             I prefer not to respond                                                       52    1115    2       2

                   High School Graduation Year
                          2007 or earlier                                                                   4     1278    0       3
                          2008                                                                              3      439    0       1
                          2009                                                                             19     1115    1       2
                          2010                                                                            2348   43762   99      94

                   First Generation Status ¹
                           Yes                                                                             938   16855   42      39
                           No                                                                             1317   26756   58      61

                   International or Foreign National Student
                           Yes                                                                             62     1541    3       3
                           No                                                                             2297   43702   97      97

¹ In past UNCG incoming student surveys, “first generation”students were defined as “students who responded that both
parents had not attended or completed postsecondary education,”(CIRP 2008) but in this survey, “first generation”
means that the student indicated that neither parent completed a four-year degree. With the new definition, a student is
still counted as "first generation" even if one or both of his or her parents attended some college or obtained an associate's
degree but did not receive a four-year degree.)




1
    Student reported characteristics for all BCSSE 2010 respondents.
2
    First generation is defined as no parent or guardian having graduated with a 4-year college degree.
     % Difference
    (UNCG- Public)
                     0


                    42
                   -42


                   -12
                    37
                   -23
                    -2



                     2
                    -2


                    11
                   -11


                     0
                    -3
                    14
                    -7
                    -3
                     0
                    -2
                     1

1
    Student reported characteristics for all BCSSE 2010 respondents.
2
    First generation is defined as no parent or guardian having graduated with a 4-year college degree.
                     0
                     0


                    -3
                    -1
                    -2
                     5


                     3
                    -3


                    -1
                     1




1
    Student reported characteristics for all BCSSE 2010 respondents.
2
    First generation is defined as no parent or guardian having graduated with a 4-year college degree.
 Instructions:
 Charts have been made to visually represent the data for all respondent characteristics and question responses.

 To view the chart for any question response, hover your mouse over the red triangle that is located above the text of the question.

 If you would like the chart to remain visible without having to hover your mouse over the triangle, right click in the cell w here the triangle is located and choose the optio
 right click again in the cell and select "Hide Comment".

 If you have selected the "Show/ Hide Comments" option and the chart is visible, you may adjust the size and location of the chart by first clicking inside the cha rt
 edges of the chart. You may also adjust the size of the chart and of the data by changing the zoom, which is located at the bottom right of the Excel window if you are usi



                                                                                                                                                                               BCSSE 2010 Frequency Distributions


                                                                                                                                                                                                Gender
                                                                                                               All Students                                           Female                                          Male

                                                Variable       Scale                                                                           % Difference (UNCG-       UNCG                          % Difference      UNCG
                                                                                  Response Options              UNCG Count UNCG %   Public %                Public)      Count   UNCG %   Public %   (UNCG- Public)      Count
      You are taking this survey:               tksrvy                 Before attending orientation                   12        1      12                    -12            6         0      13               -12           6
                                                                       While attending orientation                 2,321       99      62                     37        1,608        99      60                39         706
                                                                       After attending orientation                    22        1      24                    -23            9         1      25               -24          13
                                                                       N/A, not attending orientation                  0        0       2                     -2            0         0       2                -2           0
                                                                                                       Total       2,355      100     100                      0        1,623       100     100                 0         725
1. Please write in the year you                                        2007 or earlier                                 4        0       3                     -3            1         0       2                -2           3
   graduated from high school.                                         2008                                            3        0       1                     -1            1         0       1                -1           2
   (for example, "2010"):                                              2009                                           19        1       2                     -2           12         1       2                -1           7
                                                                       2010                                        2,348       99      94                      5        1,621        99      95                 4         720
                                                                                                       Total       2,374      100     100                      0        1,635       100     100                 0         732
2. From which type of high school                htype                 Public                                      2,205       93      87                      6        1,523        93      88                 5         675
   did you graduate? (Select only                                      Private, religiously-affiliated               108        5       8                     -4           73         4       8                -3          35
   one.)                                                               Private, independent                           31        1       3                     -2           19         1       3                -2          12
                                                                       Home school                                    21        1       1                      0           15         1       1                 0           6
                                                                       Other (e.g., GED)                               9        0       1                      0            5         0       1                 0           4
                                                                                                       Total       2,374      100     100                      0        1,635       100     100                 0         732
3. What were most of your high                 hgrades                 C- or lower                                     0        0       0                      0            0         0       0                 0           0
   school grades?                                                      C                                              26        1       1                      0           14         1       1                 0          12
   (Select only one.)                                                  C+                                             52        2       2                      0           21         1       2                 0          31
                                                                       B-                                            130        6       5                      1           67         4       4                 0          63
                                                                       B                                             553       23      18                      6          352        22      16                 6         200
                                                                       B+                                            613       26      21                      5          425        26      20                 6         184
                                                                       A-                                            507       21      24                     -3          375        23      25                -2         130


  1
      First generation is defined as no parent or guardian having graduated with a 4-year college degree.                                                                                                               -8-
                                                                    A                                          479    20    29   -8     372    23    32   -9     107
                                                                    Grades not used                              3     0     0    0       2     0     0    0       1
                                                                                                     Total   2,363   100   100    0   1,628   100   100    0     728




1
    First generation is defined as no parent or guardian having graduated with a 4-year college degree.                                                        -9-
4. To date, in which of the following math classes did you earn a passing grade?
  a. Algebra II                            halg              Did not pass                                          1     0     0     0       0     0     0     0         1
                                                             Passed                                            2,355    99    97     3   1,624    99    97     3       724
                                                             Did not take                                         14     1     3    -2      10     1     3    -2         4
                                                                                                       Total   2,370   100   100     0   1,634   100   100     0       729
 b. Pre-calculus/Trigonometry                  hprecalc               Did not pass                                26     1     1     0      16     1     1     0        10
                                                                      Passed                                   1,503    66    75    -8   1,016    65    74    -9       484
                                                                      Did not take                               737    33    24     8     530    34    25     9       203
                                                                                                       Total   2,266   100   100     0   1,562   100   100     0       697
 c. Calculus                                     hcalc                Did not pass                                24     1     1     0      14     1     1     0        10
                                                                      Passed                                     454    21    35   -13     293    20    31   -11       161
                                                                      Did not take                             1,654    78    64    13   1,168    79    68    11       479
                                                                                                       Total   2,132   100   100     0   1,475   100   100     0       650
 d. Probability or Statistics                    hstats               Did not pass                                20     1     1     0      16     1     1     0         4
                                                                      Passed                                     509    24    26    -2     348    24    25    -2       158
                                                                      Did not take                             1,610    75    73     2   1,116    75    74     1       490
                                                                                                       Total   2,139   100   100     0   1,480   100   100     0       652
5. During high school, how many years of the following subjects did you complete?
  a. English/Literature                  heng              0 years                                                 0     0     0     0       0     0     0     0         0
                                                           1 year                                                  2     0     0     0       0     0     0     0         1
                                                           2 years                                                 4     0     1     0       3     0     0     0         1
                                                           3 years                                                14     1     2    -2      10     1     2    -2         4
                                                           4 years                                             2,271    96    93     3   1,562    96    93     3       704
                                                           5 or more years                                        72     3     4    -1      52     3     4    -1        19
                                                                                                       Total   2,363   100   100     0   1,627   100   100     0       729
 b. Math                                        hmath                 0 years                                      0     0     0     0       0     0     0     0         0
                                                                      1 year                                       3     0     0     0       2     0     0     0         1
                                                                      2 years                                      2     0     2    -2       1     0     1    -1         1
                                                                      3 years                                     99     4    16   -12      79     5    17   -12        19
                                                                      4 years                                  1,999    85    71    14   1,373    84    72    13       621
                                                                      5 or more years                            256    11    10     0     170    10    10     1        85
                                                                                                       Total   2,359   100   100     0   1,625   100   100     0       727




  1
      First generation is defined as no parent or guardian having graduated with a 4-year college degree.                                                          - 10 -
 c. Science                                       hsci                0 years                                      0     0     0     0       0     0     0     0         0
                                                                      1 year                                       1     0     0     0       0     0     0     0         0
                                                                      2 years                                     28     1     3    -2      22     1     3    -1         6
                                                                      3 years                                    878    37    30     8     612    38    30     7       264
                                                                      4 years                                  1,240    53    58    -6     843    52    58    -6       396
                                                                      5 or more years                            209     9     9     0     144     9     8     1        62
                                                                                                       Total   2,356   100   100     0   1,621   100   100     0       728
 d. History/Social Sciences                      hhist                0 years                                      0     0     0     0       0     0     0     0         0
                                                                      1 year                                       5     0     0     0       5     0     0     0         0
                                                                      2 years                                     56     2     3    -1      38     2     3    -1        17
                                                                      3 years                                  1,148    49    27    22     827    51    28    24       319
                                                                      4 years                                    984    42    64   -22     644    40    63   -23       336
                                                                      5 or more years                            162     7     6     1     106     7     6     1        56
                                                                                                       Total   2,355   100   100     0   1,620   100   100     0       728
 e. Foreign Language                            hforlan               0 years                                      1     0     3    -3       1     0     2    -2         0
                                                                      1 year                                     108     5     6    -1      72     4     5    -1        35
                                                                      2 years                                  1,240    53    38    14     825    51    37    14       412
                                                                      3 years                                    680    29    31    -2     495    30    32    -1       183
                                                                      4 years                                    293    12    18    -6     209    13    20    -7        83
                                                                      5 or more years                             33     1     4    -2      23     1     4    -3        10
                                                                                                       Total   2,355   100   100     0   1,625   100   100     0       723
6. During high school, how many of the following types of classes did you complete?
  a. Advanced Placement (AP)             hapcl              0 classes                                            726    32    34    -2     505    32    33    -1       218
     classes                                                1 class                                              482    21    16     5     333    21    17     5       148
                                                            2 classes                                            382    17    13     4     273    18    13     4       109
                                                            3 classes                                            258    11    10     2     179    11    10     1        78
                                                            4 classes                                            161     7     8    -1     105     7     8    -2        55
                                                            5 or more classes                                    263    12    18    -7     165    11    18    -7        98
                                                                                                       Total   2,272   100   100     0   1,560   100   100     0       706
 b. Honors classes (not AP) taught              hhonor                0 classes                                  118     5    33   -28      77     5    31   -26        40
    at your high school                                               1 class                                     70     3     9    -6      47     3     9    -6        23
                                                                      2 classes                                  104     4     9    -4      78     5     9    -4        26
                                                                      3 classes                                  103     4     7    -3      65     4     7    -3        38
                                                                      4 classes                                  160     7     6     0     108     7     7     0        51
                                                                      5 or more classes                        1,794    76    36    41   1,246    77    38    39       543
                                                                                                       Total   2,349   100   100     0   1,621   100   100     0       721




  1
      First generation is defined as no parent or guardian having graduated with a 4-year college degree.                                                          - 11 -
 c. College courses for credit                   hcoll                0 classes                                1,423    66    63    3     929    62    61    1       491
                                                                      1 class                                    231    11    12   -1     175    12    12    0        55
                                                                      2 classes                                  167     8     9   -1     127     9     9    0        38
                                                                      3 classes                                   77     4     5   -1      61     4     5   -1        16
                                                                      4 classes                                   75     3     4   -1      65     4     4    0        10
                                                                      5 or more classes                          177     8     8    0     133     9     9    0        43
                                                                                                       Total   2,150   100   100    0   1,490   100   100    0       653
7. During your last year of high school, about how much reading and writing did you do?
  a. Assigned reading (textbooks or       hreadasg   HSE None                                                     14     1     1    0       7     0     1    0         7
     other course materials)                                Very little                                          191     8     7    1     117     7     6    1        74
                                                            Some                                                 700    30    28    1     463    28    25    4       237
                                                            Quite a bit                                          861    36    38   -1     592    36    38   -2       264
                                                            Very much                                            605    26    26    0     457    28    31   -3       146
                                                                                                       Total   2,371   100   100    0   1,636   100   100    0       728
 b. Books read on your own (not               hreadown                None                                       233    10    10    0     131     8     7    1       100
    assigned) for personal                                            Very little                                658    28    27    1     420    26    23    3       237
    enjoyment or academic                                             Some                                       717    30    31   -1     502    31    32   -1       214
    enrichment                                                        Quite a bit                                393    17    17    0     294    18    19   -1        97
                                                                      Very much                                  371    16    16    0     290    18    20   -2        81
                                                                                                       Total   2,372   100   100    0   1,637   100   100    0       729
 c. Writing short papers or reports             hwrite5        HSE None                                           19     1     1    0      14     1     1    0         5
    (5 or fewer pages)                                             Very little                                   191     8     6    2     138     8     5    3        53
                                                                   Some                                          636    27    22    5     420    26    21    5       213
                                                                   Quite a bit                                   846    36    37   -1     590    36    36    0       255
                                                                   Very much                                     680    29    34   -6     474    29    37   -8       203
                                                                                                       Total   2,372   100   100    0   1,636   100   100    0       729
 d. Writing longer papers or                  hwrite5m         HSE None                                          203     9    10   -1     144     9    10   -1        58
    reports (more than 5 pages)                                    Very little                                   813    34    30    4     532    33    29    4       278
                                                                   Some                                          764    32    32    0     538    33    32    1       225
                                                                   Quite a bit                                   367    15    17   -2     258    16    18   -2       108
                                                                   Very much                                     224     9    11   -1     163    10    12   -2        60
                                                                                                       Total   2,371   100   100    0   1,635   100   100    0       729




  1
      First generation is defined as no parent or guardian having graduated with a 4-year college degree.                                                        - 12 -
8. During your last year of high school, about how many hours did you spend in a typical 7-day week doing each of the following?
  a. Preparing for class (studying,       hacadpr    HSE 0 hours per week                             33       1         2         -1      13     1     1    0        20
     doing homework, rehearsing,                           1-5 hours per week                        971      41        38          3     637    39    36    3       332
     etc.)                                                 6-10 hours per week                       683      29        28          1     467    29    28    1       213
                                                           11-15 hours per week                      350      15        16         -1     268    16    17    0        81
                                                           16-20 hours per week                      179       8         9         -1     128     8    10   -2        51
                                                           21-25 hours per week                      103       4         4          0      76     5     5    0        27
                                                           26-30 hours per week                       36       2         2          0      28     2     2   -1         7
                                                           More than 30 hours per week                17       1         2         -1      15     1     2   -1         2
                                                                                         Total     2,372     100       100          0   1,632   100   100    0       733
 b. Working for pay (before or             hwork           0 hours per week                          982      41        40          2     651    40    37    3       329
     after school, weekends)                               1-5 hours per week                        240      10        12         -2     163    10    13   -3        77
                                                           6-10 hours per week                       220       9        11         -2     146     9    12   -3        74
                                                           11-15 hours per week                      292      12        12          1     214    13    13    1        76
                                                           16-20 hours per week                      288      12        12          0     205    13    13    0        83
                                                           21-25 hours per week                      193       8         7          1     143     9     7    2        50
                                                           26-30 hours per week                      100       4         4          1      76     5     4    1        22
                                                           More than 30 hours per week                52       2         3         -1      34     2     2    0        17
                                                                                         Total     2,367     100       100          0   1,632   100   100    0       728
  c. Participating in co-curricular       hcocurr          0 hours per week                          218       9         9          0     133     8     8    0        84
     activities (arts, clubs, athletics,                   1-5 hours per week                        673      28        21          7     515    32    23    8       157
     etc.)                                                 6-10 hours per week                       499      21        18          3     365    22    20    3       133
                                                           11-15 hours per week                      361      15        18         -3     236    14    18   -4       124
                                                           16-20 hours per week                      271      11        15         -3     162    10    14   -4       108
                                                           21-25 hours per week                      144       6         7         -1      95     6     7   -1        47
                                                           26-30 hours per week                       58       2         3         -1      38     2     3   -1        20
                                                           More than 30 hours per week               150       6         7         -1      90     6     6   -1        60
                                                                                         Total     2,374     100       100          0   1,634   100   100    0       733
 d. Relaxing and socializing              hsocial          0 hours per week                            5       0         0          0       4     0     0    0         1
     (watching TV, partying, etc.)                         1-5 hours per week                        438      18        17          2     343    21    20    1        95
                                                           6-10 hours per week                       615      26        26          0     455    28    29   -1       157
                                                           11-15 hours per week                      480      20        22         -1     332    20    21   -1       147
                                                           16-20 hours per week                      352      15        15          0     229    14    14    0       122
                                                           21-25 hours per week                      185       8         8          0     113     7     7    0        71
                                                           26-30 hours per week                       85       4         4          0      57     3     3    0        27
                                                           More than 30 hours per week               212       9         8          1     100     6     5    1       112
                                                                                         Total     2,372     100       100          0   1,633   100   100    0       732




  1
      First generation is defined as no parent or guardian having graduated with a 4-year college degree.                                                        - 13 -
9. During your last year of high school, about how often did you do each of the following?
  a. Asked questions in class or          hclquest     HSE Never                                               23     1     1    0      14     1     1    0         9
     contributed to class discussions                        Sometimes                                        544    23    24   -1     380    23    23    0       164
                                                             Often                                            836    35    37   -2     565    35    36   -2       266
                                                             Very often                                       971    41    37    4     677    41    39    2       293
                                                                                          Total             2,374   100   100    0   1,636   100   100    0       732
 b. Made a class presentation             hclprese     HSE Never                                               24     1     2   -1      15     1     2   -1         8
                                                             Sometimes                                        970    41    44   -3     669    41    42   -1       297
                                                             Often                                            959    40    39    1     646    39    39    0       311
                                                             Very often                                       423    18    15    2     308    19    17    2       115
                                                                                          Total             2,376   100   100    0   1,638   100   100    0       731
  c. Came to class without                hclunpre           Never                                            648    27    33   -6     508    31    38   -7       139
     completing readings or                                  Sometimes                                      1,540    65    58    6   1,025    63    57    6       510
     assignments                                             Often                                            143     6     6    0      80     5     4    0        62
                                                             Very often                                        45     2     2    0      24     1     1    0        21
                                                                                          Total             2,376   100   100    0   1,637   100   100    0       732
 d. Discussed grades or                   hfacgrad     HSE Never                                               71     3     5   -2      48     3     4   -1        23
     assignments with a teacher                              Sometimes                                        834    35    41   -5     598    37    41   -4       233
                                                             Often                                            929    39    37    2     622    38    37    1       307
                                                             Very often                                       532    22    17    5     361    22    18    4       167
                                                                                          Total             2,366   100   100    0   1,629   100   100    0       730
  e. Worked with other students           hclassgr     HSE Never                                               43     2     2    0      20     1     2    0        21
     on projects during class                                Sometimes                                        677    29    31   -3     461    28    31   -3       214
                                                             Often                                          1,045    44    46   -2     714    44    46   -2       329
                                                             Very often                                       607    26    20    5     440    27    21    6       166
                                                                                          Total             2,372   100   100    0   1,635   100   100    0       730
  f. Worked with classmates               hoccgrp      HSE Never                                              467    20    13    7     315    19    12    7       151
     outside of class to prepare                             Sometimes                                      1,286    54    52    2     882    54    52    2       398
     class assignments                                       Often                                            458    19    26   -7     323    20    27   -7       135
                                                             Very often                                       160     7     9   -2     116     7    10   -3        44
                                                                                          Total             2,371   100   100    0   1,636   100   100    0       728




  1
      First generation is defined as no parent or guardian having graduated with a 4-year college degree.                                                     - 14 -
g. Prepared two or more drafts of              hrewropa        HSE Never                                         364    15    15    1     220    13    12    1       143
   a paper or assignment before                                    Sometimes                                   1,028    43    41    3     689    42    39    3       335
   turning it in                                                   Often                                         636    27    29   -2     470    29    30   -1       166
                                                                   Very often                                    348    15    16   -1     259    16    19   -3        87
                                                                                                       Total   2,376   100   100    0   1,638   100   100    0       731
h. Had serious conversations with              hdivrstu               Never                                      275    12    15   -4     189    12    16   -4        84
   students of a different race or                                    Sometimes                                  731    31    31    0     517    32    32    0       212
   ehtnicity than your own                                            Often                                      589    25    25    0     399    24    24    0       188
                                                                      Very often                                 774    33    29    4     529    32    28    4       244
                                                                                                       Total   2,369   100   100    0   1,634   100   100    0       728
 i. Discussed ideas from your                  hfacidea        HSE Never                                         698    29    27    2     505    31    28    3       190
    readings or classes with                                       Sometimes                                   1,023    43    45   -2     709    43    45   -2       312
    teachers outside of class                                      Often                                         424    18    19   -1     274    17    18   -1       148
                                                                   Very often                                    225     9     9    1     144     9     9    0        81
                                                                                                       Total   2,370   100   100    0   1,632   100   100    0       731
 j. Discussed ideas from your                  hoocidea        HSE Never                                         233    10    10    0     145     9     8    1        86
    readings or classes with others                                Sometimes                                   1,042    44    44    0     721    44    42    2       319
    outside of class (students,                                    Often                                         703    30    31   -2     491    30    32   -2       210
    family members, etc.)                                          Very often                                    392    17    16    1     278    17    17    0       114
                                                                                                       Total   2,370   100   100    0   1,635   100   100    0       729
k. Talked with a counselor,                    hfacplan               Never                                      102     4     6   -2      53     3     5   -2        48
   teacher, or other staff member                                     Sometimes                                  866    37    38   -2     585    36    35    0       278
   about college or career plans                                      Often                                      762    32    34   -2     531    32    34   -2       231
                                                                      Very often                                 640    27    22    5     465    28    25    3       173
                                                                                                       Total   2,370   100   100    0   1,634   100   100    0       730
 l. Had serious conversations with             hdiffstu               Never                                      252    11    13   -2     177    11    13   -2        73
    students who are very different                                   Sometimes                                  869    37    36    1     614    38    37    1       250
    from you in terms of their                                        Often                                      626    26    27    0     426    26    26    0       200
    religious beliefs, political                                      Very often                                 619    26    25    1     414    25    24    1       205
    opinions, or personal values                                                                       Total   2,366   100   100    0   1,631   100   100    0       728
m. Missed a day of school                      hmisssch               Never                                      293    12    16   -4     190    12    13   -2       102
                                                                      Sometimes                                1,799    76    71    6   1,271    78    73    5       523
                                                                      Often                                      179     8     9   -1     120     7     9   -2        59
                                                                      Very often                                  91     4     4   -1      50     3     5   -1        40
                                                                                                       Total   2,362   100   100    0   1,631   100   100    0       724




  1
      First generation is defined as no parent or guardian having graduated with a 4-year college degree.                                                        - 15 -
10. Did you take the SAT and/or                 hsatact               No                                           2     0     2   -2       2     0     2   -2         0
    ACT?                                                              Yes                                      2,360   100    98    2   1,623   100    98    2       730
                                                                                                       Total   2,362   100   100    0   1,625   100   100    0       730
 a. SAT Composite Score                      SAT_ACTr                 900 or lower                               298    16    11    5     216    17    12    6        79
    (SAT/ACT scores convertd to                                       901 - 1000                                 471    25    17    8     348    28    19    9       122
    SAT scale and recoded into                                        1001 - 1100                                447    24    18    6     302    24    19    5       145
    categories)                                                       1101 - 1200                                330    18    22   -4     209    17    22   -5       120
                                                                      1201 - 1300                                209    11    17   -6     133    11    16   -6        76
                                                                      1301 - 1400                                 74     4     9   -5      34     3     7   -5        40
                                                                      1401 - 1600                                 24     1     6   -5       8     1     5   -4        16
                                                                                                       Total   1,853   100   100    0   1,250   100   100    0       598
11. During your high school years, how involved were you in the following activities at your school or elsewhere?
 a. Performing or visual arts           hinvarts           1 Not involved                              879      37            43   -6     537    33    37   -5       338
    programs (band, chorus,                                2                                           254      11            12   -1     190    12    12   -1        64
    theater, art, etc.)                                    3                                           195       8             9   -1     147     9    10   -1        48
                                                           4                                           184       8             8    0     138     8     9    0        46
                                                           5                                           150       6             6    0     116     7     7    0        34
                                                           6 Highly involved                           707      30            21    9     504    31    24    7       200
                                                                                          Total     2,369     100            100    0   1,632   100   100    0       730
 b. Athletic teams (varsity, junior     hinvathl           1 Not involved                              910      38            29   10     666    41    32    9       244
    varsity, club sport, etc.)                             2                                           230      10             8    1     153     9     9    1        75
                                                           3                                           213       9            10   -1     140     9    10   -1        73
                                                           4                                           199       8            10   -1     138     8     9   -1        60
                                                           5                                           174       7             9   -2     111     7     9   -2        63
                                                           6 Highly involved                           641      27            34   -7     423    26    32   -6       214
                                                                                          Total     2,367     100            100    0   1,631   100   100    0       729
 c. Student government                  hstugov            1 Not involved                           1,760       74            70    5   1,168    72    67    5       588
                                                           2                                           201       9            10   -2     144     9    10   -1        56
                                                           3                                           124       5             7   -2      94     6     7   -1        29
                                                           4                                            96       4             4    0      74     5     5    0        21
                                                           5                                            67       3             3    0      59     4     3    0         8
                                                           6 Highly involved                           116       5             6   -1      92     6     8   -2        24
                                                                                          Total     2,364     100            100    0   1,631   100   100    0       726




  1
      First generation is defined as no parent or guardian having graduated with a 4-year college degree.                                                        - 16 -
d. Publications (student                      hinvpubs               1 Not involved                           1,725    73    72    1   1,129    69    68    2       591
   newspaper, yearbook, etc.)                                        2                                          198     8     9   -1     145     9    10   -1        52
                                                                     3                                          141     6     6    0     112     7     7    0        28
                                                                     4                                           83     4     4    0      62     4     4   -1        21
                                                                     5                                           56     2     2    0      48     3     3    0         8
                                                                     6 Highly involved                          164     7     6    1     135     8     9    0        29
                                                                                                      Total   2,367   100   100    0   1,631   100   100    0       729
e. Academic honor societies                   hinvhono               1 Not involved                           1,079    46    48   -2     666    41    43   -1       411
                                                                     2                                          224     9     9    1     150     9     8    1        74
                                                                     3                                          261    11    10    1     176    11    10    1        84
                                                                     4                                          255    11    11    0     187    12    11    0        67
                                                                     5                                          222     9    10    0     182    11    11    0        38
                                                                     6 Highly involved                          317    13    13    0     259    16    17   -1        57
                                                                                                      Total   2,358   100   100    0   1,620   100   100    0       731
f. Academic clubs (debate,                    hinvaccl               1 Not involved                           1,576    67    64    3   1,076    66    63    3       493
   mathematics, science, etc.)                                       2                                          236    10    11   -1     163    10    11   -1        73
                                                                     3                                          223     9     9    0     154     9     9    1        69
                                                                     4                                          135     6     6   -1      94     6     7   -1        41
                                                                     5                                           81     3     4    0      60     4     4    0        21
                                                                     6 Highly involved                          109     5     6   -1      78     5     6   -2        31
                                                                                                      Total   2,360   100   100    0   1,625   100   100    0       728
g. Vocational clubs (business,                hinvvccl               1 Not involved                           1,533    65    71   -6   1,020    63    70   -7       508
   health, technology, etc.)                                         2                                          182     8     9   -1     118     7     8   -1        64
                                                                     3                                          199     8     7    1     135     8     7    1        64
                                                                     4                                          156     7     5    2     111     7     5    2        43
                                                                     5                                          103     4     3    1      84     5     3    2        19
                                                                     6 Highly involved                          186     8     6    2     156    10     6    3        30
                                                                                                      Total   2,359   100   100    0   1,624   100   100    0       728
h. Religious youth groups                      hrelgrp               1 Not involved                           1,279    54    58   -4     847    52    56   -3       427
                                                                     2                                          196     8     8    0     135     8     9    0        61
                                                                     3                                          189     8     9   -1     130     8     9   -1        59
                                                                     4                                          210     9     7    2     153     9     7    2        57
                                                                     5                                          132     6     5    0     102     6     6    1        29
                                                                     6 Highly involved                          355    15    12    3     258    16    14    2        96
                                                                                                      Total   2,361   100   100    0   1,625   100   100    0       729




 1
     First generation is defined as no parent or guardian having graduated with a 4-year college degree.                                                        - 17 -
 i. Community service or                        hvolntr               1 Not involved                             293    12    15     -3      139     9    11   -3       153
    volunteer work                                                    2                                          283    12    12      0      180    11    11    0       103
                                                                      3                                          417    18    19     -1      261    16    18   -2       154
                                                                      4                                          409    17    18     -1      299    18    19   -1       109
                                                                      5                                          357    15    13      2      272    17    15    2        85
                                                                      6 Highly involved                          608    26    22      4      482    30    26    4       123
                                                                                                       Total   2,367   100   100      0    1,633   100   100    0       727
12. Overall, how academically                  hacachal               1 Not at all challenging                    67     3     3      0       28     2     2    0        39
    challenging was your high                                         2                                          253    11    10      0      150     9     8    1       102
    school?                                                           3                                          601    25    23      3      407    25    22    3       192
                                                                      4                                          930    39    37      3      668    41    38    3       261
                                                                      5                                          420    18    22     -4      307    19    24   -5       110
                                                                      6 Extremely challenging                     99     4     6     -2       72     4     6   -2        27
                                                                                                       Total   2,370   100   100      0    1,632   100   100    0       731
13. During the coming school year, about how many hours do you think you will spend in a typical 7-day week doing each of the following?
 a. Preparing for class (studying,      cacadpr    EAE 0 hours per week                               1       0       0                0       0     0     0    0         1
    reading, writing, doing                              1-5 hours per week                          42       2       3               -2      30     2     3   -1        12
    homework or lab work,                                6-10 hours per week                        294      12      15               -2     186    11    14   -2       107
    analyzing data, rehearsing, and                      11-15 hours per week                       547      23      25               -2     356    22    24   -2       190
    other academic activities)                           16-20 hours per week                       634      27      26                1     425    26    26    0       206
                                                         21-25 hours per week                       453      19      17                2     332    20    19    2       121
                                                         26-30 hours per week                       240      10       8                2     190    12     9    2        48
                                                         More than 30 hours per week                155       7       5                1     109     7     6    1        46
                                                                                      Total       2,366    100      100                0   1,628   100   100    0       731
 b. Working for pay on- or off-          cwork           0 hours per week                           639      27      27                0     419    26    27   -2       218
    campus                                               1-5 hours per week                         283      12      11                1     202    12    12    1        80
                                                         6-10 hours per week                        466      20      18                2     339    21    18    3       126
                                                         11-15 hours per week                       497      21      18                3     345    21    18    3       150
                                                         16-20 hours per week                       330      14      15               -1     220    13    14   -1       109
                                                         21-25 hours per week                        91       4       6               -2      65     4     6   -2        26
                                                         26-30 hours per week                        37       2       3               -1      26     2     3   -1        11
                                                         More than 30 hours per week                 21       1       2               -2      14     1     2   -1         7
                                                                                      Total       2,364    100      100                0   1,630   100   100    0       727




  1
      First generation is defined as no parent or guardian having graduated with a 4-year college degree.                                                           - 18 -
 c. Participating in co-curricular              ccocurr               0 hours per week                         75     3     7    -4      43     3     7   -4        32
    activities (organizations,                                        1-5 hours per week                      521    22    22     0     375    23    23    0       146
    campus publications, student                                      6-10 hours per week                     762    32    30     3     537    33    30    3       222
    government, fraternity or                                         11-15 hours per week                    546    23    21     2     367    22    21    2       177
    sorority, intercollegiate or                                      16-20 hours per week                    268    11    12     0     180    11    11    0        86
    intramural sports, etc.)                                          21-25 hours per week                    115     5     5     0      79     5     5    0        36
                                                                      26-30 hours per week                     36     2     2     0      26     2     2    0        10
                                                                      More than 30 hours per week              47     2     2     0      25     2     2    0        22
                                                                                                 Total      2,370   100   100     0   1,632   100   100    0       731
 d. Relaxing and socializing                    csocial               0 hours per week                         15     1     1     0       9     1     1    0         6
    (watching TV, partying, etc.)                                     1-5 hours per week                      514    22    21     1     401    25    24    1       113
                                                                      6-10 hours per week                     805    34    31     3     568    35    33    2       235
                                                                      11-15 hours per week                    576    24    24     0     384    24    24    0       189
                                                                      16-20 hours per week                    279    12    13    -1     171    10    12   -1       106
                                                                      21-25 hours per week                    112     5     5     0      66     4     4    0        46
                                                                      26-30 hours per week                     35     1     2     0      23     1     1    0        12
                                                                      More than 30 hours per week              36     2     3    -1      11     1     1   -1        25
                                                                                                 Total      2,372   100   100     0   1,633   100   100    0       732
14. During the coming school year, about how often do you expect to do each of the following?
 a. Ask questions in class or          cclquest     EAE Never                                                   5     0     1    -1       4     0     1   -1         1
    contribute to class discussions                        Sometimes                                          311    13    23   -10     221    14    22   -9        90
                                                           Often                                            1,046    44    44     0     713    44    43    0       329
                                                           Very often                                       1,013    43    32    10     699    43    33    9       311
                                                                                        Total               2,375   100   100     0   1,637   100   100    0       731
 b. Make a class presentation          cclprese     EAE Never                                                  12     1     2    -1       6     0     2   -1         5
                                                           Sometimes                                          659    28    38   -10     449    28    37   -9       208
                                                           Often                                            1,165    49    45     4     796    49    45    4       368
                                                           Very often                                         530    22    15     7     378    23    16    7       149
                                                                                        Total               2,366   100   100     0   1,629   100   100    0       730
 c. Work on a paper or project that    cintegra            Never                                                1     0     0     0       1     0     0    0         0
    requires integrating ideas or                          Sometimes                                          108     5     9    -5      64     4     7   -3        44
    information from various                               Often                                              832    35    44    -9     519    32    41   -9       311
    sources                                                Very often                                       1,429    60    46    14   1,049    64    51   13       375
                                                                                        Total               2,370   100   100     0   1,633   100   100    0       730




  1
      First generation is defined as no parent or guardian having graduated with a 4-year college degree.                                                      - 19 -
d. Work with other students on                cclassgr        EAE Never                                         208     9     6    3     141     9     7    2        66
   projects during class                                          Sometimes                                     962    41    37    4     676    41    39    3       282
                                                                  Often                                         773    33    38   -6     519    32    36   -4       254
                                                                  Very often                                    423    18    19   -1     294    18    18    0       129
                                                                                                      Total   2,366   100   100    0   1,630   100   100    0       731
e. Work with classmates outside               coccgrp         EAE Never                                          27     1     2   -1      18     1     2   -1         9
   of class to prepare class                                      Sometimes                                     491    21    26   -5     342    21    25   -4       147
   assignments                                                    Often                                       1,002    42    45   -2     667    41    44   -3       333
                                                                  Very often                                    851    36    28    8     606    37    30    8       242
                                                                                                      Total   2,371   100   100    0   1,633   100   100    0       731
f. Put together ideas or concepts             cintidea               Never                                       18     1     1    0      14     1     1    0         4
   from different courses when                                       Sometimes                                  397    17    21   -4     262    16    19   -3       132
   completing assignments or                                         Often                                    1,004    42    47   -5     656    40    45   -5       347
   during class discussions                                          Very often                                 951    40    31    9     700    43    34    9       248
                                                                                                      Total   2,370   100   100    0   1,632   100   100    0       731
g. Discuss grades or assignments              cfacgrad        EAE Never                                          21     1     1    0      13     1     1    0         8
   with an instructor                                             Sometimes                                     624    26    30   -4     437    27    29   -2       185
                                                                  Often                                         982    41    42   -1     653    40    41   -1       328
                                                                  Very often                                    744    31    26    5     529    32    28    4       211
                                                                                                      Total   2,371   100   100    0   1,632   100   100    0       732
h. Discuss ideas from your                    cfacidea        EAE Never                                         122     5     7   -2      91     6     7   -1        29
   readings or classes with faculty                               Sometimes                                   1,025    43    45   -2     741    45    45    0       281
   members outside of class                                       Often                                         763    32    32    0     486    30    31   -1       277
                                                                  Very often                                    456    19    16    3     313    19    17    3       141
                                                                                                      Total   2,366   100   100    0   1,631   100   100    0       728
i. Receive prompt feedback from               cfacfeed               Never                                       62     3     2    0      48     3     2    1        14
   faculty on your academic                                          Sometimes                                  690    29    32   -3     477    29    32   -2       209
   performance (written or oral)                                     Often                                      936    40    45   -5     627    38    44   -5       308
                                                                     Very often                                 679    29    21    8     479    29    22    7       198
                                                                                                      Total   2,367   100   100    0   1,631   100   100    0       729
j. Work with faculty members on               cfacothe               Never                                      124     5     7   -2      81     5     7   -2        40
   activities other than coursework                                  Sometimes                                1,047    44    48   -4     710    44    47   -4       336
   (committees, orientation,                                         Often                                      803    34    32    2     563    35    33    2       240
   student life activities, etc.)                                    Very often                                 388    16    12    4     273    17    13    4       112
                                                                                                      Total   2,362   100   100    0   1,627   100   100    0       728




 1
     First generation is defined as no parent or guardian having graduated with a 4-year college degree.                                                        - 20 -
 k. Discuss ideas from your                    coocidea        EAE Never                                          53     2     3   -1      31     2     2   -1        20
    readings or classes with others                                Sometimes                                     764    32    35   -3     524    32    34   -2       238
    outside of class (students,                                    Often                                         969    41    41   -1     677    41    41    0       291
    family members, co-workers,                                    Very often                                    581    25    21    4     400    25    23    2       179
    etc.)                                                                                              Total   2,367   100   100    0   1,632   100   100    0       728
 l. Have serious conversations                 cdivrstu               Never                                       38     2     4   -2      14     1     3   -2        23
    with students of a different race                                 Sometimes                                  561    24    29   -5     389    24    29   -5       169
    or ethnicity than your own                                        Often                                      858    36    38   -2     599    37    37   -1       258
                                                                      Very often                                 907    38    29    9     630    39    30    8       275
                                                                                                       Total   2,364   100   100    0   1,632   100   100    0       725
m. Try to better understand                    cothrvie               Never                                       10     0     1    0       1     0     1   -1         9
   someone else's views by                                            Sometimes                                  241    10    19   -8     145     9    16   -7        96
   imagining how an issue looks                                       Often                                      961    41    44   -4     647    40    44   -4       309
   from his or her perspective                                        Very often                               1,159    49    36   13     840    51    40   12       317
                                                                                                       Total   2,371   100   100    0   1,633   100   100    0       731
 n. Learn something that changes               cchngvie               Never                                        7     0     0    0       5     0     0    0         2
    the way you understand an                                         Sometimes                                  282    12    17   -5     170    10    14   -3       112
    issue or idea                                                     Often                                      913    39    44   -6     602    37    43   -6       307
                                                                      Very often                               1,167    49    39   11     856    52    43    9       308
                                                                                                       Total   2,369   100   100    0   1,633   100   100    0       729
 o. Have serious conversations                  cdiffstu              Never                                       22     1     3   -2       5     0     3   -2        17
    with students who are very                                        Sometimes                                  492    21    26   -6     334    21    25   -4       157
    different from you in terms of                                    Often                                      832    35    37   -2     565    35    37   -3       263
    their religious beliefs, political                                Very often                               1,017    43    33   10     725    45    35    9       290
    opinions, or personal values                                                                       Total   2,363   100   100    0   1,629   100   100    0       727
15. During the coming school year, how certain are you that you will do the following?
 a. Study when there are other         cotherint     EAP 1 Not at all certain                                     15     1     1   -1       8     0     1    0         7
    interesting things to do                                2                                                     91     4     5   -1      49     3     4   -1        42
                                                            3                                                    521    22    21    1     335    20    19    1       185
                                                            4                                                    848    36    34    2     598    37    34    3       247
                                                            5                                                    565    24    23    1     418    26    25    1       145
                                                            6 Very certain                                       332    14    16   -2     227    14    17   -3       104
                                                                                                       Total   2,372   100   100    0   1,635   100   100    0       730




  1
      First generation is defined as no parent or guardian having graduated with a 4-year college degree.                                                        - 21 -
b. Find additional information for            cfindinfo       EAP 1 Not at all certain                            3     0     1    0       1     0     0    0         2
   course assignments when you                                    2                                              37     2     2   -1      20     1     2   -1        17
   don't understand the material                                  3                                             250    11    12   -1     155    10    10    0        95
                                                                  4                                             538    23    26   -4     331    20    24   -4       206
                                                                  5                                             805    34    31    3     571    35    32    3       232
                                                                  6 Very certain                                736    31    28    3     553    34    31    2       179
                                                                                                      Total   2,369   100   100    0   1,631   100   100    0       731
c. Participate regularly in course            ccourdis        EAP 1 Not at all certain                           17     1     1   -1      12     1     1    0         5
   discussions, even when you                                     2                                             135     6     8   -2      93     6     8   -2        42
   don't feel like it                                             3                                             496    21    24   -3     351    22    23   -1       141
                                                                  4                                             704    30    30    0     481    30    30    0       222
                                                                  5                                             583    25    23    2     411    25    24    2       172
                                                                  6 Very certain                                432    18    14    4     280    17    15    2       150
                                                                                                      Total   2,367   100   100    0   1,628   100   100    0       732
d. Ask instructors for help when              caskinst        EAP 1 Not at all certain                            7     0     1    0       5     0     1    0         2
   you struggle with course                                       2                                              41     2     3   -1      23     1     3   -1        18
   assignments                                                    3                                             171     7    11   -4     113     7    10   -3        58
                                                                  4                                             393    17    21   -5     257    16    20   -4       136
                                                                  5                                             635    27    28   -1     426    26    28   -2       208
                                                                  6 Very certain                              1,122    47    36   12     809    50    39   11       307
                                                                                                      Total   2,369   100   100    0   1,633   100   100    0       729
e. Finish something you have                   cfinish        EAP 1 Not at all certain                            7     0     0    0       5     0     0    0         2
   started when you encounter                                     2                                              18     1     1    0      13     1     1    0         5
   challenges                                                     3                                             160     7     8   -1     100     6     7   -1        59
                                                                  4                                             449    19    21   -2     295    18    21   -2       153
                                                                  5                                             771    33    33    0     543    33    33    0       227
                                                                  6 Very certain                                965    41    37    4     675    41    38    3       286
                                                                                                      Total   2,370   100   100    0   1,631   100   100    0       732
f. Stay positive, even when you               cstaypos        EAP 1 Not at all certain                           30     1     1    0      20     1     1    0        10
   do poorly on a test or                                         2                                             105     4     4    1      73     4     4    1        32
   assignment                                                     3                                             342    14    13    1     232    14    14    0       107
                                                                  4                                             594    25    25    0     435    27    26    1       158
                                                                  5                                             637    27    27    0     439    27    27    0       197
                                                                  6 Very certain                                666    28    30   -2     437    27    29   -2       227
                                                                                                      Total   2,374   100   100    0   1,636   100   100    0       731




 1
     First generation is defined as no parent or guardian having graduated with a 4-year college degree.                                                        - 22 -
16. During the coming school year, how difficult do you expect the following to be?
 a. Learning course material          clearnma       EAD 1 Not at all difficult                                   22     1     2   -1       7     0     1   -1        15
                                                           2                                                     132     6     8   -2      76     5     6   -2        56
                                                           3                                                     473    20    24   -4     298    18    23   -5       173
                                                           4                                                     919    39    39    0     628    39    40   -1       290
                                                           5                                                     595    25    21    5     438    27    23    4       155
                                                           6 Very difficult                                      222     9     6    4     184    11     7    5        37
                                                                                                       Total   2,363   100   100    0   1,631   100   100    0       726
 b. Managing your time                        cmantime        EAD 1 Not at all difficult                          42     2     3   -1      31     2     3   -1        11
                                                                  2                                              118     5     9   -4      81     5     9   -4        35
                                                                  3                                              289    12    17   -5     210    13    18   -5        79
                                                                  4                                              490    21    26   -5     337    21    26   -6       152
                                                                  5                                              651    28    26    2     431    26    25    1       218
                                                                  6 Very difficult                               777    33    19   14     543    33    19   14       232
                                                                                                       Total   2,367   100   100    0   1,633   100   100    0       727
 c. Paying college expenses                    cpaycoll               1 Not at all difficult                     237    10    12   -2     135     8    10   -2       102
                                                                      2                                          309    13    14   -1     193    12    14   -2       115
                                                                      3                                          399    17    18   -1     259    16    17   -1       138
                                                                      4                                          381    16    18   -2     269    16    18   -1       112
                                                                      5                                          419    18    18    0     300    18    19    0       116
                                                                      6 Very difficult                           624    26    20    6     479    29    23    6       144
                                                                                                       Total   2,369   100   100    0   1,635   100   100    0       727
 d. Getting help with school work              cgethelp       EAD 1 Not at all difficult                         331    14    11    3     234    14    11    3        96
                                                                  2                                              654    28    26    2     445    27    25    2       206
                                                                  3                                              727    31    32   -1     487    30    32   -2       238
                                                                  4                                              424    18    21   -3     298    18    21   -3       125
                                                                  5                                              183     8     8    0     132     8     8    0        51
                                                                  6 Very difficult                                52     2     2    0      38     2     2    0        14
                                                                                                       Total   2,371   100   100    0   1,634   100   100    0       730
 e. Making new friends                         cmakefr                1 Not at all difficult                     820    35    29    6     532    33    27    5       285
                                                                      2                                          595    25    28   -3     410    25    28   -3       183
                                                                      3                                          494    21    22   -1     363    22    22    0       131
                                                                      4                                          253    11    13   -2     179    11    13   -2        73
                                                                      5                                          123     5     6   -1      86     5     6   -1        37
                                                                      6 Very difficult                            86     4     3    0      65     4     4    0        20
                                                                                                       Total   2,371   100   100    0   1,635   100   100    0       729




  1
      First generation is defined as no parent or guardian having graduated with a 4-year college degree.                                                        - 23 -
 f. Interacting with faculty                    cintfac       EAD 1 Not at all difficult                         494    21    17    4     291    18    16    2       202
                                                                  2                                              573    24    24    0     385    24    23    0       186
                                                                  3                                              643    27    29   -2     450    28    30   -2       191
                                                                  4                                              412    17    19   -1     310    19    20   -1       100
                                                                  5                                              172     7     8    0     137     8     9    0        35
                                                                  6 Very difficult                                74     3     3    0      61     4     3    1        13
                                                                                                       Total   2,368   100   100    0   1,634   100   100    0       727
17. How prepared are you to do the following in your academic work at this college?
 a. Write clearly and effectively       cgnwrite      PAP 1 Not at all prepared                                   20     1     1    0      11     1     1    0         8
                                                           2                                                      95     4     4    0      60     4     3    1        35
                                                           3                                                     410    17    15    3     244    15    13    2       163
                                                           4                                                     751    32    29    3     507    31    27    4       243
                                                           5                                                     581    24    27   -3     419    26    29   -3       161
                                                           6 Very prepared                                       516    22    24   -2     394    24    28   -4       121
                                                                                                       Total   2,373   100   100    0   1,635   100   100    0       731
 b. Speak clearly and effectively              cgnspeak        PAP 1 Not at all prepared                          22     1     1    0      13     1     1    0         9
                                                                   2                                             111     5     4    0      71     4     4    0        40
                                                                   3                                             369    16    16    0     254    16    15    1       114
                                                                   4                                             643    27    28   -1     443    27    28    0       197
                                                                   5                                             654    28    28    0     460    28    28    0       193
                                                                   6 Very prepared                               567    24    23    1     388    24    25   -1       177
                                                                                                       Total   2,366   100   100    0   1,629   100   100    0       730
 c. Think critically and                       cgnanaly        PAP 1 Not at all prepared                           7     0     0    0       4     0     0    0         3
    analytically                                                   2                                              68     3     2    1      47     3     3    0        21
                                                                   3                                             300    13    13    0     224    14    14    0        73
                                                                   4                                             700    30    29    1     506    31    30    1       192
                                                                   5                                             748    32    32    0     506    31    31    0       241
                                                                   6 Very prepared                               546    23    24   -1     345    21    22   -1       200
                                                                                                       Total   2,369   100   100    0   1,632   100   100    0       730
 d. Analyze math or quantitative               cgnquant        PAP 1 Not at all prepared                          85     4     3    1      67     4     3    1        16
    problems                                                       2                                             301    13     9    4     218    13    11    3        82
                                                                   3                                             554    23    20    3     402    25    22    2       150
                                                                   4                                             591    25    26   -1     407    25    27   -2       184
                                                                   5                                             498    21    24   -3     336    21    22   -2       160
                                                                   6 Very prepared                               340    14    18   -4     201    12    15   -3       139
                                                                                                       Total   2,369   100   100    0   1,631   100   100    0       731




  1
      First generation is defined as no parent or guardian having graduated with a 4-year college degree.                                                        - 24 -
 e. Use computing and information             cgncompt         PAP 1 Not at all prepared                          16     1     1    0      12     1     1    0         4
    technology                                                     2                                              94     4     5   -1      64     4     5   -1        29
                                                                   3                                             311    13    16   -3     235    14    17   -3        75
                                                                   4                                             587    25    28   -4     417    25    29   -4       168
                                                                   5                                             745    31    29    2     527    32    29    4       216
                                                                   6 Very prepared                               621    26    21    5     381    23    19    5       239
                                                                                                       Total   2,374   100   100    0   1,636   100   100    0       731
 f. Work effectively with others               cgnother        PAP 1 Not at all prepared                           5     0     0    0       3     0     0    0         2
                                                                   2                                              34     1     1    0      17     1     1    0        17
                                                                   3                                             102     4     7   -3      61     4     5   -2        41
                                                                   4                                             392    17    21   -4     232    14    18   -4       159
                                                                   5                                             760    32    35   -3     524    32    35   -3       234
                                                                   6 Very prepared                             1,079    45    36   10     796    49    40    9       279
                                                                                                       Total   2,372   100   100    0   1,633   100   100    0       732
 g. Learn effectively on your own               cgninq         PAP 1 Not at all prepared                          12     1     0    0       5     0     0    0         6
                                                                   2                                              54     2     2    0      33     2     2    0        21
                                                                   3                                             233    10    10    0     153     9     9    0        78
                                                                   4                                             591    25    24    1     399    24    23    1       190
                                                                   5                                             756    32    33   -1     532    33    33    0       222
                                                                   6 Very prepared                               727    31    31    0     512    31    32   -1       215
                                                                                                       Total   2,373   100   100    0   1,634   100   100    0       732
18. How important is it to you that your college or university provides each of the following?
 a. A challenging academic               cenvscho       ICE 1 Not important                                       16     1     1    0       5     0     1    0        11
    experience                                                2                                                   50     2     2    0      28     2     2    0        22
                                                              3                                                  290    12    13   -1     191    12    13   -1        97
                                                              4                                                  710    30    32   -2     478    29    31   -2       231
                                                              5                                                  725    31    29    2     523    32    29    3       201
                                                              6 Very important                                   580    24    23    1     409    25    24    1       170
                                                                                            Total              2,371   100   100    0   1,634   100   100    0       732
 b. Support to help you succeed          cenvsupr       ICE 1 Not important                                        3     0     0    0       2     0     0    0         1
    academically                                              2                                                    4     0     1    0       1     0     0    0         3
                                                              3                                                   36     2     4   -3      14     1     3   -2        22
                                                              4                                                  198     8    14   -6     102     6    11   -5        96
                                                              5                                                  494    21    26   -5     317    19    24   -5       176
                                                              6 Very important                                 1,634    69    55   14   1,197    73    61   12       433
                                                                                            Total              2,369   100   100    0   1,633   100   100    0       731




  1
      First generation is defined as no parent or guardian having graduated with a 4-year college degree.                                                        - 25 -
 c. Opportunities to interact with             cenvdivr        ICE 1 Not important                                18     1     2      -1            7     0     1   -1        11
    students from different                                        2                                              47     2     5      -3           26     2     3   -2        20
    economic, social, and racial or                                3                                             167     7    14      -7           92     6    12   -6        75
    ethnic backgrounds                                             4                                             401    17    23      -6          256    16    22   -6       145
                                                                   5                                             630    27    25       1          435    27    27    0       193
                                                                   6 Very important                            1,109    47    31      16          818    50    35   15       289
                                                                                                       Total   2,372   100   100       0        1,634   100   100    0       733
 d. Assistance coping with your                cenvnaca        ICE 1 Not important                                40     2     3      -2           18     1     3   -1        22
    non-academic responsibilities                                  2                                             132     6     9      -3           75     5     7   -3        56
    (work, family, etc.)                                           3                                             312    13    19      -6          181    11    17   -6       130
                                                                   4                                             594    25    26      -1          397    24    26   -1       197
                                                                   5                                             625    26    22       5          457    28    23    5       167
                                                                   6 Very important                              667    28    21       7          505    31    24    7       160
                                                                                                       Total   2,370   100   100       0        1,633   100   100    0       732
 e. Support to help you thrive                 cenvsoca        ICE 1 Not important                                45     2     3      -1           24     1     2   -1        21
    socially                                                       2                                             132     6     7      -1           63     4     6   -2        69
                                                                   3                                             294    12    16      -4          188    12    15   -3       104
                                                                   4                                             518    22    25      -3          350    21    24   -2       167
                                                                   5                                             608    26    25       1          438    27    26    1       170
                                                                   6 Very important                              768    32    24       8          567    35    28    7       199
                                                                                                       Total   2,365   100   100       0        1,630   100   100    0       730
 f. Opportunities to attend campus             cenveven        ICE 1 Not important                                14     1     2      -1            6     0     1   -1         8
    events and activities                                          2                                              55     2     3      -1           25     2     2   -1        30
                                                                   3                                             184     8    10      -3          104     6     9   -2        79
                                                                   4                                             393    17    22      -5          252    15    19   -4       140
                                                                   5                                             664    28    28       0          447    27    29   -1       217
                                                                   6 Very important                            1,059    45    35      10          799    49    40    9       257
                                                                                                       Total   2,369   100   100       0        1,633   100   100    0       731
19. About how much of your college expenses (tuition, fees, books, room & board) this year will be provided by each of the following sources?
 a. Scholarships and grants            cschgr               None                                     764      33       24               8         485    30    23    7       277
                                                            Less than half                           624      27       31              -5         453    28    32   -5       170
                                                            Half or more                             399      17       20              -3         289    18    20   -2       108
                                                            All or nearly all                        361      15       18              -3         251    15    18   -3       110
                                                            Do not know                              201       9         6              2         146     9     6    3        55
                                                                                       Total       2,349     100      100               0       1,624   100   100    0       720




  1
      First generation is defined as no parent or guardian having graduated with a 4-year college degree.                                                                - 26 -
 b. Student loans                               cstudlo               None                                       799    34    43   -9     520    32    42   -10       277
                                                                      Less than half                             476    20    20    0     339    21    20     1       136
                                                                      Half or more                               445    19    17    2     322    20    18     2       121
                                                                      All or nearly all                          291    12    10    2     205    13    11     2        86
                                                                      Do not know                                331    14    10    4     233    14     9     5        98
                                                                                                       Total   2,342   100   100    0   1,619   100   100     0       718
 c. Parents/family                             cparfam                None                                       390    17    18   -2     279    17    19    -2       110
                                                                      Less than half                             576    25    25    0     423    26    25     1       153
                                                                      Half or more                               386    16    20   -3     255    16    20    -4       128
                                                                      All or nearly all                          749    32    29    3     501    31    30     1       247
                                                                      Do not know                                242    10     8    3     160    10     7     3        82
                                                                                                       Total   2,343   100   100    0   1,618   100   100     0       720
 d. Self (work on-campus or off-                 cself                None                                       839    36    32    4     555    35    33     2       283
    campus, savings)                                                  Less than half                             934    40    42   -2     651    41    41    -1       281
                                                                      Half or more                               146     6     9   -3     108     7    10    -3        37
                                                                      All or nearly all                           73     3     5   -2      59     4     5    -1        14
                                                                      Do not know                                335    14    12    3     234    15    11     3       100
                                                                                                       Total   2,327   100   100    0   1,607   100   100     0       715
20. Did you receive a Federal Pell               cpell                No                                         802    34    43   -9     531    32    43   -11       270
    Grant?                                                            Yes                                        658    28    25    3     484    30    26     4       172
                                                                      Do not know                                904    38    32    6     619    38    31     7       283
                                                                                                       Total   2,364   100   100    0   1,634   100   100     0       725
21. What do you expect most of                  cgrades               C- or lower                                  1     0     0    0       1     0     0     0         0
    your grades will be at this                                       C                                           29     1     0    1      14     1     0     0        14
    college during the coming year?                                   C+                                          69     3     1    1      45     3     1     1        24
    (Select only one.)                                                B-                                         224    10     5    4     153     9     5     4        70
                                                                      B                                          600    25    20    5     406    25    20     5       192
                                                                      B+                                         641    27    26    1     469    29    27     1       171
                                                                      A-                                         535    23    29   -7     379    23    30    -7       155
                                                                      A                                          258    11    17   -6     159    10    15    -5        99
                                                                      Grades not used                              0     0     0    0       0     0     0     0         0
                                                                                                       Total   2,357   100   100    0   1,626   100   100     0       725
22. Do you intend to graduate from             cintgrad               No                                          88     4     4    0      43     3     4    -1        45
    this college?                                                     Yes                                      1,831    77    79   -1   1,321    81    80     1       508
                                                                      Uncertain                                  449    19    17    2     270    17    16     0       176
                                                                                                       Total   2,368   100   100    0   1,634   100   100     0       729




  1
      First generation is defined as no parent or guardian having graduated with a 4-year college degree.                                                         - 27 -
23. What is the highest academic               chighdeg               Associate's degree                          17     1     2    -1      10     1     2    -1         7
    degree you intend to obtain at                                    Bachelor's degree                          733    31    31     0     504    31    30     0       229
    this or any college?                                              Master's degree                            821    35    33     1     603    37    34     3       216
                                                                      Doctoral degree                            485    20    20     1     327    20    20     0       157
                                                                      Uncertain                                  313    13    14    -1     188    12    14    -2       123
                                                                                                       Total   2,369   100   100     0   1,632   100   100     0       732
24. What month are you                          cmonth                Jan                                          0     0     0     0       0     0     0     0         0
    completing this survey?                                           Feb                                          0     0     0     0       0     0     0     0         0
                                                                      Mar                                          0     0     0     0       0     0     0     0         0
                                                                      Apr                                          0     0     0     0       0     0     0     0         0
                                                                      May                                          0     0     2    -2       0     0     1    -1         0
                                                                      Jun                                      2,083    88    34    53   1,437    88    36    52       641
                                                                      Jul                                        290    12    19    -7     198    12    18    -6        92
                                                                      Aug                                          2     0    39   -39       2     0    40   -40         0
                                                                      Sep                                          0     0     5    -5       0     0     5    -5         0
                                                                      Oct                                          0     0     0     0       0     0     0     0         0
                                                                      Nov                                          0     0     0     0       0     0     0     0         0
                                                                      Dec                                          0     0     0     0       0     0     0     0         0
                                                                                                      Total    2,375   100   100     0   1,637   100   100     0       733
25. Do you know what your major                 cmajor                No                                         348    15    25   -10     203    13    23   -10       144
    will be?                                                          Yes                                      1,999    85    75    10   1,419    87    77    10       576
                                                                                                       Total   2,347   100   100     0   1,622   100   100     0       720
      Recoded variable xmajcod1                xmajrcol               Arts and Humanities                        235    13    10     4     146    12    10     1        89
      into one of ten major categories                                Biological Sciences                        190    11    12    -1     131    10    12    -2        59
      listed at right                                                 Business                                   184    10    13    -2      94     8    10    -3        90
                                                                      Education                                  221    13     9     4     180    14    12     2        39
                                                                      Engineering                                  5     0     9    -8       0     0     3    -3         5
                                                                      Physical Science                            42     2     4    -1      24     2     3    -1        18
                                                                      Professional                               472    27    19     8     414    33    25     8        57
                                                                      Social Science                             253    14     9     5     186    15    11     4        67
                                                                      Other                                      162     9    16    -7      77     6    13    -7        85
                                                                      Undecided                                    0     0     0     0       0     0     0     0         0
                                                                                                       Total   1,764   100   100     0   1,252   100   100     0       509




  1
      First generation is defined as no parent or guardian having graduated with a 4-year college degree.                                                          - 28 -
26. Are you, or will you be, a full-             cenrlmen               No                                           5     0     2     -2       4     0     2     -1         1
    time student this fall term?                                        Yes                                      2,356   100    98      2   1,626   100    98      1       725
                                                                                                         Total   2,361   100   100      0   1,630   100   100      0       726
27. How many of your close friends               cfriends               None                                       808    34    33      1     565    35    35      0       243
    will attend this college during                                     1                                          483    20    18      3     351    21    19      3       130
    the coming year?                                                    2                                          374    16    15      1     255    16    15      1       118
                                                                        3                                          245    10    10      1     172    11    10      1        73
                                                                        4 or more                                  461    19    25     -5     292    18    22     -4       167
                                                                                                         Total   2,371   100   100      0   1,635   100   100      0       731
28. Your sex:                                      csex                 Male                                       733    31    42    -11       0     0     0      0       733
                                                                        Female                                   1,638    69    58     11   1,638   100   100      0         0
                                                                                                         Total   2,371   100   100      0   1,638   100   100      0       733
-       Are you a current or former           cveterean***
        member of the U.S. Armed                                                                                    0      0    99    -99      0     0    100   -100            0
                                                                        No
        Forces, Reserves, or National
        Guard? (Note: Item appeared                                                                                 0      0     1     -1      0     0     0      0             0
                                                                        Yes
        only in the online instrument .)
                                                                                                                    0      0   100   -100      0     0    100   -100            0
                                                                                                         Total
-       As part of your military               cvetpay***
        experience, did you receive                                                                                 0      0    61    -61      0     0     88    -88            0
                                                                        No
        combat pay, hostile fire pay, or
        imminent danger pay?                                                                                        0      0    39    -39      0     0     13    -13            0
                                                                        Yes
        (Note: Item appeared only in
        the online instrument .)                                                                                    0      0   100   -100      0     0    100   -100            0
                                                                                                         Total
29. Are you an international                     cinterna               No                                       2,297    97    97      1   1,590    98    97      1       702
    student or foreign national?                                        Yes                                         62     3     3     -1      35     2     3     -1        27
                                                                                                         Total   2,359   100   100      0   1,625   100   100      0       729




    1
        First generation is defined as no parent or guardian having graduated with a 4-year college degree.                                                            - 29 -
30. What is your racial or ethnic                crace                American Indian or other Native
                                                                                                                 13      1     1   0         9       1      1   0              4
    identification?                                                   American
    (Select only one.)                                                Asian, Asian American, or
                                                                                                                103      4     7   -3       63       4      6   -3            40
                                                                      Pacific Islander
                                                                      Black or African American                 586     25    10   14      442      27     11   16       142
                                                                      White (non-Hispanic)                     1,396    59    66   -7      953      58     66   -8       440
                                                                      Mexican or Mexican American                35      1     5   -3       22       1      4   -3            13
                                                                      Puerto Rican                               12      1     1   0         7       0      1   0              5
                                                                      Other Hispanic or Latino                   44      2     4   -2       22       1      4   -3            22
                                                                      Multiracial                               109      5     3   1        74       5      3   1             35
                                                                      Other                                      22      1     1   0        14       1      1   0              8
                                                                      I prefer not to respond                     52     2     2   0        28       2      2   0         24
                                                                                                       Total   2,372   100   100   0     1,634     100    100   0        733
31. Please indicate whether your parents completed a 4-year college degree.
 a. Mother (or guardian)                cmothred            Did not complete 4-year degree                     1,235    52    48    4      893      55     51    4       339
                                                            Completed 4-year degree                            1,033    44    46   -3      677      41     45   -3       355
                                                            Do not know                                          101     4     5   -1       64       4      5   -1        36
                                                                                        Total                  2,369   100   100    0     1634     100    100    0       730
 b. Father (or guardian)                 cfathred           Did not complete 4-year degree                     1,289    55    47    8      944      58     49    9       341
                                                            Completed 4-year degree                              914    39    46   -7      573      35     44   -9       341
                                                            Do not know                                          156     7     7   -1      110       7      7    0        45
                                                                                        Total                  2,359   100   100    0     1627     100    100    0       727
32. How far is your home from this       cdistanc           20 miles or less                                     472    20    23   -3      308      19     22   -3       163
    college?                                                21-50 miles                                          473    20    21   -1      329      20     22   -1       141
                                                            51-100 miles                                         684    29    18   11      463      28     19   10       221
                                                            101-200 miles                                        437    18    17    2      306      19     17    2       130
                                                            201-400 miles                                        187     8    12   -4      142       9     12   -3        45
                                                            More than 400 miles                                  111     5     8   -4       81       5      8   -3        30
                                                                                        Total                  2,364   100   100    0     1629     100    100    0       730

      ¹ In past UNCG incoming student surveys, “first generation”students were defined as “students who responded that both parents had not
      attended or completed postsecondary education,”(CIRP 2008) but in this survey, “first generation” means that the student indicated that
      neither parent completed a four-year degree. With the new definition, a student is still counted as "first generation" even if one or both of his
      or her parents attended some college or obtained an associate's degree but did not receive a four-year degree.




  1
      First generation is defined as no parent or guardian having graduated with a 4-year college degree.                                                            - 30 -
      e the triangle is located and choose the option "Show/ Hide Comments". The chart will remain visible until you


f the chart by first clicking inside the chart and then using the arrows that appear when you hover the mouse over the
       tom right of the Excel window if you are using the 2007 version.



   BCSSE 2010 Frequency Distributions


                       Gender                                                                                          First Generation1
                                           Male                                                 Yes                                                No

                                                                                % Difference          UNCG                          % Difference        UNCG                          % Difference
                                                      UNCG %      Public %    (UNCG- Public)          Count   UNCG %   Public %   (UNCG- Public)        Count   UNCG %   Public %   (UNCG- Public)
                                                            1         12               -11               5         1       9                -8              5        0      14               -14
                                                           97         63                34             917        99      61                38          1,286       99      63                35
                                                            2         23               -21               6         1      27               -27             14        1      20               -19
                                                            0          2                -2               0         0       3                -3              0        0       2                -2
                                                          100        100                 0             928       100     100                 0          1,305      100     100                 0
                                                            0          4                -3               4         0       4                -4              0        0       2                -2
                                                            0          1                -1               2         0       1                -1              1        0       1                -1
                                                            1          3                -2               7         1       3                -2             11        1       2                -1
                                                           98         93                 6             922        99      92                 7          1,304       99      96                 4
                                                          100        100                 0             935       100     100                 0          1,316      100     100                 0
                                                           92         86                 6             910        97      93                 5          1,174       89      83                 6
                                                            5          9                -4              19         2       5                -3             88        7      11                -4
                                                            2          3                -2               3         0       1                -1             27        2       4                -2
                                                            1          1                 0               2         0       0                 0             19        1       1                 1
                                                            1          1                 0               2         0       1                -1              7        1       1                 0
                                                          100        100                 0             936       100     100                 0          1,315      100     100                 0
                                                            0          0                 0               0         0       0                 0              0        0       0                 0
                                                            2          2                 0               7         1       2                -1             17        1       1                 0
                                                            4          3                 1              23         2       3                -1             28        2       2                 0
                                                            9          6                 3              44         5       6                -1             82        6       4                 3
                                                           27         20                 8             204        22      20                 2            320       24      16                 9
                                                           25         22                 4             239        26      23                 3            339       26      20                 6
                                                           18         22                -5             208        22      22                 0            273       21      26                -5


             1
                 First generation is defined as no parent or guardian having graduated with a 4-year college degree.                                                                                 - 31 -
                                              15         24              -10            207         22     24   -2     248    19    32   -13
                                               0          0                0              0          0      0    0       2     0     0     0
                                             100        100                0            932        100    100    0   1,309   100   100     0




1
    First generation is defined as no parent or guardian having graduated with a 4-year college degree.                                        - 32 -
                                               0          0                0              1          0      1     0       0     0     0     0
                                              99         96                3            928         99     95     4   1,305    99    98     2
                                               1          3               -3              7          1      4    -3       7     1     2    -1
                                             100        100                0            936        100    100     0   1,312   100   100     0
                                               1          1                0              9          1      1     0      16     1     1     0
                                              69         76               -7            602         67     68    -1     817    65    80   -15
                                              29         22                7            289         32     31     1     418    33    19    14
                                             100        100                0            900        100    100     0   1,251   100   100     0
                                               2          1                0             14          2      1     0       9     1     1     0
                                              25         40              -15            191         23     26    -4     242    20    41   -20
                                              74         59               15            641         76     72     3     931    79    58    21
                                             100        100                0            846        100    100     0   1,182   100   100     0
                                               1          1                0             10          1      1     0       9     1     1     0
                                              24         27               -3            184         22     22     0     293    25    29    -4
                                              75         72                3            653         77     77     0     884    75    70     4
                                             100        100                0            847        100    100     0   1,186   100   100     0


                                               0          0                0              0          0      0     0       0     0     0    0
                                               0          0                0              0          0      0     0       2     0     0    0
                                               0          1               -1              0          0      1    -1       4     0     0    0
                                               1          3               -2              4          0      2    -2       9     1     2   -1
                                              97         93                4            897         96     93     3   1,253    96    93    2
                                               3          3               -1             30          3      3     0      41     3     4   -1
                                             100        100                0            931        100    100     0   1,309   100   100    0
                                               0          0                0              0          0      0     0       0     0     0    0
                                               0          0                0              2          0      0     0       1     0     0    0
                                               0          2               -2              0          0      2    -2       2     0     1   -1
                                               3         16              -13             38          4     20   -16      56     4    14   -9
                                              85         70               15            778         84     68    15   1,115    85    74   12
                                              12         12                0            113         12      9     3     132    10    11   -1
                                             100        100                0            931        100    100     0   1,306   100   100    0




1
    First generation is defined as no parent or guardian having graduated with a 4-year college degree.                                         - 33 -
                                               0          0                0              0          0      0     0       0     0     0     0
                                               0          0                0              0          0      0     0       1     0     0     0
                                               1          3               -2             10          1      4    -3      14     1     2    -1
                                              36         28                8            351         38     34     4     489    37    26    11
                                              54         59               -5            476         51     55    -3     694    53    62    -9
                                               9          9                0             92         10      7     3     107     8    10    -1
                                             100        100                0            929        100    100     0   1,305   100   100     0
                                               0          0                0              0          0      0     0       0     0     0     0
                                               0          0                0              1          0      1     0       3     0     0     0
                                               2          4               -1             17          2      4    -2      35     3     3     0
                                              44         25               19            501         54     29    25     587    45    25    20
                                              46         65              -19            342         37     62   -25     589    45    66   -21
                                               8          6                2             67          7      5     3      90     7     6     1
                                             100        100                0            928        100    100     0   1,304   100   100     0
                                               0          4               -4              0          0      4    -4       1     0     2    -2
                                               5          6               -1             53          6      8    -2      46     4     4    -1
                                              57         41               16            508         55     43    11     672    51    35    16
                                              25         30               -4            251         27     29    -2     393    30    32    -2
                                              11         16               -4            102         11     14    -3     176    13    22    -8
                                               1          3               -2             14          2      2    -1      17     1     4    -3
                                             100        100                0            928        100    100     0   1,305   100   100     0


                                              31         36               -5            305         34     41    -7     378    30    29     1
                                              21         16                5            206         23     17     6     247    20    15     4
                                              15         13                3            126         14     13     1     237    19    13     6
                                              11          9                2            102         11      9     3     147    12    11     1
                                               8          8                0             60          7      7     0      95     8     9    -2
                                              14         19               -5             95         11     13    -2     160    13    23   -10
                                             100        100                0            894        100    100     0   1,264   100   100     0
                                               6         36              -30             34          4     40   -36      72     6    28   -22
                                               3          9               -6             29          3      9    -6      36     3     9    -6
                                               4          9               -5             37          4      8    -4      59     5     9    -5
                                               5          7               -2             36          4      7    -3      58     4     7    -3
                                               7          6                1             71          8      6     1      83     6     7     0
                                              75         33               42            720         78     30    48     992    76    41    36
                                             100        100                0            927        100    100     0   1,300   100   100     0




1
    First generation is defined as no parent or guardian having graduated with a 4-year college degree.                                         - 34 -
                                              75         65               11            556         65     62    3     790    67    63    4
                                               8         11               -3             97         11     12   -1     123    10    12   -1
                                               6          8               -2             69          8      9   -1      94     8     8   -1
                                               2          4               -2             33          4      5   -1      41     3     5   -1
                                               2          4               -2             28          3      4   -1      42     4     4    0
                                               7          8               -1             73          9      8    0      96     8     8    0
                                             100        100                0            856        100    100    0   1,186   100   100    0


                                               1          1                 0             4          0      1   -1       8     1     1    0
                                              10          9                 1            73          8      8    0     111     8     7    2
                                              33         33                 0           284         30     30    0     377    29    26    2
                                              36         37                -1           333         36     37   -2     478    36    38   -2
                                              20         20                 0           241         26     23    3     340    26    28   -2
                                             100        100                 0           935        100    100    0   1,314   100   100    0
                                              14         14                -1           111         12     11    1     114     9     9    0
                                              33         32                 0           272         29     27    2     351    27    27    0
                                              29         30                 0           284         30     30    0     391    30    32   -2
                                              13         14                 0           128         14     16   -3     246    19    17    2
                                              11         10                 1           140         15     16   -1     212    16    16    0
                                             100        100                 0           935        100    100    0   1,314   100   100    0
                                               1          1                 0             4          0      1    0      11     1     0    0
                                               7          6                 1            90         10      7    3      90     7     5    2
                                              29         24                 5           259         28     24    3     348    26    21    6
                                              35         39                -4           325         35     37   -2     476    36    37   -1
                                              28         30                -2           257         27     31   -3     389    30    37   -7
                                             100        100                 0           935        100    100    0   1,314   100   100    0
                                               8         10                -2            66          7     11   -4     123     9     9    1
                                              38         31                 7           329         35     31    4     446    34    29    5
                                              31         33                -2           309         33     31    2     417    32    33   -1
                                              15         17                -2           145         16     17   -1     206    16    18   -2
                                               8          9                -1            86          9     11   -1     121     9    11   -2
                                             100        100                 0           935        100    100    0   1,313   100   100    0




1
    First generation is defined as no parent or guardian having graduated with a 4-year college degree.                                       - 35 -
                                               3          3                -1            11          1      2   -1      19     1     2    0
                                              45         42                 4           404         43     43    0     512    39    35    4
                                              29         28                 1           284         30     28    2     367    28    28    0
                                              11         14                -3           126         13     14   -1     208    16    17   -1
                                               7          7                 0            65          7      7    0     105     8    10   -2
                                               4          3                 0            32          3      3    0      68     5     5    0
                                               1          1                 0            13          1      1    0      21     2     2   -1
                                               0          1                -1             3          0      1   -1      11     1     2   -1
                                             100        100                 0           938        100    100    0   1,311   100   100    0
                                              45         43                 2           342         37     37    0     582    44    41    3
                                              11         11                -1            68          7      9   -2     162    12    14   -2
                                              10         11                 0            82          9     10   -1     130    10    12   -2
                                              10         10                 0           116         12     12    1     158    12    11    1
                                              11         11                 0           146         16     14    1     125    10    11   -1
                                               7          7                 0           110         12      9    3      76     6     6    0
                                               3          3                 0            51          5      5    1      47     4     3    1
                                               2          4                -1            20          2      4   -2      31     2     2    0
                                             100        100                 0           935        100    100    0   1,311   100   100    0
                                              11         11                 0            93         10     12   -3     109     8     7    1
                                              21         18                 4           300         32     23    9     341    26    19    7
                                              18         17                 1           193         21     18    2     278    21    19    2
                                              17         18                -1           134         14     16   -2     204    16    20   -4
                                              15         16                -1            93         10     13   -3     166    13    16   -4
                                               6          8                -2            49          5      7   -1      90     7     8   -1
                                               3          4                -1            23          2      3   -1      33     3     4   -1
                                               8          8                 0            53          6      7   -1      93     7     7    0
                                             100        100                 0           938        100    100    0   1,314   100   100    0
                                               0          0                 0             1          0      1    0       3     0     0    0
                                              13         12                 1           199         21     19    2     218    17    15    1
                                              21         22                -1           248         26     26    0     334    25    26   -1
                                              20         22                -2           174         19     21   -2     279    21    23   -1
                                              17         17                 0           127         14     14   -1     210    16    16    0
                                              10          9                 0            75          8      8    0     102     8     8    0
                                               4          4                 0            35          4      3    1      45     3     4    0
                                              15         13                 3            77          8      8    0     122     9     8    1
                                             100        100                 0           936        100    100    0   1,313   100   100    0




1
    First generation is defined as no parent or guardian having graduated with a 4-year college degree.                                       - 36 -
                                               1          2                -1            12          1      1    0       8     1     1   -1
                                              22         25                -3           212         23     26   -3     303    23    23    0
                                              36         38                -2           318         34     37   -3     475    36    37   -1
                                              40         35                 5           394         42     36    6     529    40    38    2
                                             100        100                 0           936        100    100    0   1,315   100   100    0
                                               1          2                -1             9          1      2   -1      15     1     2    0
                                              41         46                -6           389         42     44   -3     531    40    43   -3
                                              43         38                 4           374         40     38    2     534    41    40    1
                                              16         13                 3           165         18     16    2     236    18    15    3
                                             100        100                 0           937        100    100    0   1,316   100   100    0
                                              19         27                -8           255         27     33   -6     359    27    34   -7
                                              70         61                 9           609         65     59    6     851    65    58    7
                                               8          8                 0            60          6      6    1      77     6     6    0
                                               3          3                 0            13          1      2   -1      29     2     2    0
                                             100        100                 0           937        100    100    0   1,316   100   100    0
                                               3          5                -2            27          3      5   -2      39     3     4   -1
                                              32         40                -8           328         35     39   -4     467    36    42   -7
                                              42         38                 4           374         40     38    3     511    39    37    2
                                              23         16                 6           204         22     19    3     293    22    16    6
                                             100        100                 0           933        100    100    0   1,310   100   100    0
                                               3          2                 1            10          1      2   -1      30     2     2    0
                                              29         32                -3           248         27     31   -4     396    30    32   -2
                                              45         47                -2           418         45     46   -2     578    44    47   -3
                                              23         19                 4           259         28     21    6     311    24    20    4
                                             100        100                 0           935        100    100    0   1,315   100   100    0
                                              21         14                 6           194         21     15    6     246    19    11    7
                                              55         53                 2           511         55     52    2     713    54    52    2
                                              19         24                -6           172         18     24   -6     259    20    27   -7
                                               6          8                -2            59          6      9   -2      94     7     9   -2
                                             100        100                 0           936        100    100    0   1,312   100   100    0




1
    First generation is defined as no parent or guardian having graduated with a 4-year college degree.                                       - 37 -
                                              20         18                 1           133         14     15   -1     210    16    15    1
                                              46         43                 3           414         44     41    3     561    43    40    2
                                              23         26                -4           251         27     29   -2     353    27    29   -2
                                              12         12                 0           140         15     16   -1     191    15    16   -2
                                             100        100                 0           938        100    100    0   1,315   100   100    0
                                              12         15                -3           110         12     17   -5     150    11    14   -3
                                              29         29                 0           296         32     30    1     393    30    31   -1
                                              26         27                -1           229         25     25   -1     332    25    25    0
                                              34         29                 4           299         32     28    4     437    33    30    4
                                             100        100                 0           934        100    100    0   1,312   100   100    0
                                              26         27                -1           275         29     29    0     392    30    26    3
                                              43         45                -2           410         44     44    0     556    42    46   -3
                                              20         20                 1           169         18     19   -1     230    18    19   -1
                                              11          9                 2            81          9      8    0     134    10     9    1
                                             100        100                 0           935        100    100    0   1,312   100   100    0
                                              12         12                 0            92         10     11   -1     130    10     8    2
                                              44         45                -2           433         46     45    1     554    42    42    0
                                              29         29                -1           266         28     30   -1     397    30    32   -2
                                              16         13                 2           143         15     14    2     232    18    17    1
                                             100        100                 0           934        100    100    0   1,313   100   100    0
                                               7          8                -1            30          3      6   -2      72     5     6   -1
                                              38         42                -4           311         33     35   -2     515    39    40   -1
                                              32         33                -1           298         32     34   -2     425    32    33   -1
                                              24         18                 6           298         32     25    6     298    23    20    3
                                             100        100                 0           937        100    100    0   1,310   100   100    0
                                              10         13                -3            92         10     14   -4     141    11    11   -1
                                              34         34                 0           352         38     37    1     471    36    35    1
                                              27         27                 0           252         27     26    1     344    26    27   -1
                                              28         26                 2           239         26     23    3     353    27    27    0
                                             100        100                 0           935        100    100    0   1,309   100   100    0
                                              14         20                -6           112         12     16   -4     165    13    16   -4
                                              72         67                 5           727         78     71    7     983    75    71    5
                                               8          9                 0            64          7      9   -2     106     8     9   -1
                                               6          4                 1            31          3      5   -1      51     4     4    0
                                             100        100                 0           934        100    100    0   1,305   100   100    0




1
    First generation is defined as no parent or guardian having graduated with a 4-year college degree.                                       - 38 -
                                               0          3                -3             0          0      3   -3       2     0     1   -1
                                             100         97                 3           932        100     97    3   1,307   100    99    1
                                             100        100                 0           932        100    100    0   1,309   100   100    0
                                              13         10                 3           141         19     17    3     134    13     7    6
                                              20         15                 6           209         28     24    5     233    23    13   10
                                              24         17                 7           199         27     21    6     231    22    16    6
                                              20         22                -2           109         15     21   -6     212    21    23   -2
                                              13         18                -5            58          8     12   -4     141    14    20   -7
                                               7         10                -4            14          2      4   -2      59     6    12   -6
                                               3          8                -6             4          1      2   -1      19     2     9   -7
                                             100        100                 0           734        100    100    0   1,029   100   100    0


                                              46         52               -6            382         41     47   -6     449    34    41   -7
                                               9         12               -3            105         11     12   -1     137    10    12   -1
                                               7          8               -1             79          8      9   -1     108     8     9   -1
                                               6          7               -1             82          9      7    1      92     7     8   -1
                                               5          5                0             47          5      6   -1      96     7     7    0
                                              27         17               11            242         26     19    7     427    33    23   10
                                             100        100                0            937        100    100    0   1,309   100   100    0
                                              33         24                9            385         41     33    8     467    36    25   10
                                              10          8                2             90         10      9    0     133    10     8    2
                                              10         10                0             90         10     10    0     115     9    10   -1
                                               8         10               -2             68          7      9   -2     121     9    10   -1
                                               9         10               -1             60          6      8   -1     106     8    10   -2
                                              29         38               -8            242         26     31   -5     368    28    37   -9
                                             100        100                0            935        100    100    0   1,310   100   100    0
                                              81         74                7            679         73     70    3     992    76    69    7
                                               8         10               -3             83          9     10   -1     110     8    10   -2
                                               4          6               -2             48          5      7   -2      68     5     7   -2
                                               3          4               -1             34          4      4   -1      58     4     4    0
                                               1          2               -1             30          3      3    1      35     3     3   -1
                                               3          4               -1             59          6      6    0      48     4     6   -3
                                             100        100                0            933        100    100    0   1,311   100   100    0




1
    First generation is defined as no parent or guardian having graduated with a 4-year college degree.                                       - 39 -
                                              81         79                 2           678         73     73     0     960    73    72    1
                                               7          8                -1            75          8      9    -1     112     9     9   -1
                                               4          5                -1            60          6      6     1      74     6     6    0
                                               3          3                 0            33          4      4     0      46     4     4    0
                                               1          1                 0            19          2      2     0      32     2     3    0
                                               4          3                 1            69          7      6     1      87     7     7    0
                                             100        100                 0           934        100    100     0   1,311   100   100    0
                                              56         54                 2           397         42     53   -11     632    49    43    5
                                              10          9                 1            81          9      8     0     127    10     9    1
                                              11         11                 0           107         11     10     2     135    10    11   -1
                                               9         10                -1           102         11      9     2     142    11    12   -1
                                               5          7                -2            98         10      8     3     115     9    11   -2
                                               8          8                 0           151         16     12     4     149    11    14   -3
                                             100        100                 0           936        100    100     0   1,300   100   100    0
                                              68         65                 3           622         67     68    -1     871    67    62    5
                                              10         11                -1            86          9     10     0     136    10    12   -1
                                               9         10                 0            94         10      8     2     115     9    10   -1
                                               6          6                 0            54          6      6     0      78     6     7   -1
                                               3          4                -1            32          3      3     0      46     4     4   -1
                                               4          5                -1            42          5      6    -1      61     5     6   -1
                                             100        100                 0           930        100    100     0   1,307   100   100    0
                                              70         71                -2           563         61     69    -9     897    69    72   -3
                                               9          9                 0            76          8      8     0      99     8     9   -1
                                               9          7                 1            97         10      7     3      96     7     7    0
                                               6          5                 1            54          6      5     1      94     7     5    3
                                               3          3                 0            46          5      3     1      47     4     3    1
                                               4          5                -1            94         10      7     3      75     6     5    1
                                             100        100                 0           930        100    100     0   1,308   100   100    0
                                              59         62                -3           524         56     64    -8     687    53    54   -1
                                               8          8                 0            86          9      8     1      99     8     9   -1
                                               8          9                -1            66          7      8    -1     116     9    10   -1
                                               8          7                 1            81          9      6     2     117     9     8    1
                                               4          4                 0            48          5      4     1      80     6     6    0
                                              13         10                 3           126         14      9     4     209    16    14    2
                                             100        100                 0           931        100    100     0   1,308   100   100    0




1
    First generation is defined as no parent or guardian having graduated with a 4-year college degree.                                        - 40 -
                                              21         21                 0           131         14     19   -5     143    11    13   -2
                                              14         14                 0           103         11     13   -2     164    13    12    1
                                              21         21                 0           177         19     19    0     222    17    19   -2
                                              15         18                -3           144         15     17   -1     248    19    20   -1
                                              12         11                 1           122         13     12    1     214    16    14    2
                                              17         15                 2           257         28     21    7     319    24    22    2
                                             100        100                 0           934        100    100    0   1,310   100   100    0
                                               5          5                 1            22          2      4   -1      39     3     3    0
                                              14         13                 1            99         11     12   -1     140    11     9    2
                                              26         23                 3           276         30     26    3     296    23    20    3
                                              36         35                 1           352         38     38    0     527    40    36    4
                                              15         19                -4           153         16     17    0     246    19    25   -7
                                               4          5                -1            33          4      4    0      64     5     7   -2
                                             100        100                 0           935        100    100    0   1,312   100   100    0


                                               0          0                 0             1          0      0    0       0     0     0    0
                                               2          4                -2            20          2      4   -2      19     1     3   -1
                                              15         16                -2           124         13     16   -3     153    12    13   -2
                                              26         26                 0           211         23     25   -3     307    23    25   -1
                                              28         26                 2           235         25     25    0     364    28    27    1
                                              17         16                 1           189         20     16    4     241    18    18    0
                                               7          7                 0            97         10      8    3     134    10     9    2
                                               6          5                 1            57          6      5    1      92     7     5    2
                                             100        100                 0           934        100    100    0   1,310   100   100    0
                                              30         27                 3           228         24     20    4     388    30    32   -3
                                              11         11                 0            99         11      9    2     164    13    13    0
                                              17         18                 0           177         19     17    2     264    20    18    2
                                              21         17                 3           212         23     20    3     255    19    16    3
                                              15         15                 0           148         16     19   -3     164    13    12    0
                                               4          6                -2            43          5      8   -3      42     3     5   -1
                                               2          3                -1            15          2      4   -2      22     2     2    0
                                               1          3                -2            10          1      4   -2      10     1     2   -1
                                             100        100                 0           932        100    100    0   1,309   100   100    0




1
    First generation is defined as no parent or guardian having graduated with a 4-year college degree.                                       - 41 -
                                               4          8                -3            34          4      9    -6      37     3     5    -2
                                              20         21                -1           213         23     25    -2     282    21    20     1
                                              30         29                 1           299         32     30     2     416    32    30     2
                                              24         22                 3           219         23     19     4     300    23    23     0
                                              12         12                 0           102         11     10     1     155    12    13    -1
                                               5          5                 0            39          4      4     0      68     5     5     0
                                               1          2                 0            14          1      1     0      22     2     2     0
                                               3          3                 0            15          2      2     0      32     2     2     0
                                             100        100                 0           935        100    100     0   1,312   100   100     0
                                               1          1                 0            10          1      1     0       4     0     1     0
                                              15         17                -1           217         23     26    -3     262    20    17     3
                                              32         30                 3           328         35     32     3     436    33    31     2
                                              26         25                 1           217         23     22     2     334    25    26    -1
                                              14         15                 0           103         11     11     0     162    12    15    -2
                                               6          6                 0            34          4      4     0      75     6     6     0
                                               2          2                -1            13          1      1     0      19     1     2    -1
                                               3          4                -1            14          1      2    -1      21     2     3    -1
                                             100        100                 0           936        100    100     0   1,313   100   100     0


                                               0          1               -1              2          0      1    -1       2     0     1    -1
                                              12         23              -11            120         13     21    -9     169    13    23   -11
                                              45         46               -1            422         45     44     1     573    44    45    -1
                                              43         31               12            393         42     34     8     571    43    31    13
                                             100        100                0            937        100    100     0   1,315   100   100     0
                                               1          2               -1              5          1      2    -1       6     0     2    -1
                                              28         39              -10            231         25     35   -10     382    29    39   -10
                                              50         45                5            474         51     46     5     645    49    45     4
                                              20         14                6            221         24     18     6     279    21    14     8
                                             100        100                0            931        100    100     0   1,312   100   100     0
                                               0          0                0              0          0      0     0       1     0     0     0
                                               6         12               -6             48          5      9    -4      56     4     9    -5
                                              43         49               -6            314         34     44   -10     474    36    44    -8
                                              51         39               13            572         61     47    15     782    60    46    13
                                             100        100                0            934        100    100     0   1,313   100   100     0




1
    First generation is defined as no parent or guardian having graduated with a 4-year college degree.                                         - 42 -
                                               9          5                 4            78          8      5    3     119     9     7    2
                                              39         34                 4           369         40     35    5     538    41    39    2
                                              35         42                -7           303         33     39   -7     434    33    37   -4
                                              18         19                -1           181         19     21   -1     222    17    17    0
                                             100        100                 0           931        100    100    0   1,313   100   100    0
                                               1          2                -1             8          1      2   -1      17     1     1    0
                                              20         27                -7           193         21     26   -5     274    21    26   -5
                                              46         46                 0           394         42     43   -1     564    43    46   -3
                                              33         25                 8           340         36     29    8     458    35    27    8
                                             100        100                 0           935        100    100    0   1,313   100   100    0
                                               1          1                 0             7          1      1    0      11     1     1    0
                                              18         23                -5           129         14     21   -7     244    19    21   -2
                                              47         49                -2           418         45     47   -2     537    41    47   -6
                                              34         27                 7           381         41     31    9     521    40    31    8
                                             100        100                 0           935        100    100    0   1,313   100   100    0
                                               1          2                -1             7          1      1   -1      12     1     1    0
                                              25         32                -7           241         26     28   -2     353    27    32   -5
                                              45         43                 2           366         39     41   -2     569    43    43    1
                                              29         23                 6           321         34     29    5     379    29    24    5
                                             100        100                 0           935        100    100    0   1,313   100   100    0
                                               4          6                -2            45          5      7   -2      71     5     7   -1
                                              39         45                -6           398         43     44   -1     571    43    46   -3
                                              38         34                 4           306         33     32    0     424    32    32    0
                                              19         15                 4           182         20     17    2     247    19    15    4
                                             100        100                 0           931        100    100    0   1,313   100   100    0
                                               2          2                 0            25          3      2    0      35     3     2    0
                                              29         32                -3           270         29     30   -1     385    29    33   -3
                                              42         46                -4           348         37     44   -7     536    41    45   -4
                                              27         19                 8           288         31     23    8     358    27    20    7
                                             100        100                 0           931        100    100    0   1,314   100   100    0
                                               5          8                -3            44          5      8   -3      68     5     7   -2
                                              46         49                -3           404         43     46   -2     597    46    50   -4
                                              33         32                 1           318         34     33    2     444    34    32    2
                                              15         11                 5           166         18     14    4     199    15    11    4
                                             100        100                 0           932        100    100    0   1,308   100   100    0




1
    First generation is defined as no parent or guardian having graduated with a 4-year college degree.                                       - 43 -
                                               3          4               -1             22          2      3   -1      28     2     3   -1
                                              33         37               -4            309         33     35   -2     412    31    35   -3
                                              40         42               -2            389         42     41    1     536    41    42   -1
                                              25         18                7            214         23     21    2     334    25    21    5
                                             100        100                0            934        100    100    0   1,310   100   100    0
                                               3          5               -1             13          1      4   -3      21     2     3   -2
                                              23         30               -6            222         24     29   -5     305    23    29   -6
                                              36         38               -3            335         36     37   -1     481    37    38   -1
                                              38         28               10            360         39     29    9     505    38    30    9
                                             100        100                0            930        100    100    0   1,312   100   100    0
                                               1          1                0              4          0      1    0       5     0     1   -1
                                              13         22               -9            100         11     18   -8     134    10    18   -8
                                              42         45               -3            370         40     44   -5     534    41    44   -3
                                              43         31               12            462         49     36   13     639    49    37   12
                                             100        100                0            936        100    100    0   1,312   100   100    0
                                               0          1                0              4          0      0    0       3     0     0    0
                                              15         21               -5            108         12     16   -4     160    12    17   -5
                                              42         46               -4            343         37     44   -8     518    40    44   -5
                                              42         33               10            482         51     40   12     629    48    38   10
                                             100        100                0            937        100    100    0   1,310   100   100    0
                                               2          4               -1              7          1      3   -3      11     1     3   -2
                                              22         29               -7            211         23     27   -4     255    19    26   -6
                                              36         37               -1            311         33     37   -4     478    37    37   -1
                                              40         31                9            405         43     33   11     564    43    34    9
                                             100        100                0            934        100    100    0   1,308   100   100    0


                                               1          2                -1             5          1      1   -1       9     1     1   -1
                                               6          6                 0            39          4      5   -1      46     4     4   -1
                                              25         23                 2           199         21     21    0     298    23    21    2
                                              34         34                 0           332         35     34    2     469    36    35    1
                                              20         21                -1           219         23     22    1     319    24    24    0
                                              14         14                 0           142         15     17   -2     173    13    15   -2
                                             100        100                 0           936        100    100    0   1,314   100   100    0




1
    First generation is defined as no parent or guardian having graduated with a 4-year college degree.                                       - 44 -
                                               0          1                0              1          0      1    0       2     0     0    0
                                               2          3               -1             12          1      2   -1      24     2     2   -1
                                              13         14               -1             89         10     11   -1     149    11    12    0
                                              28         29               -1            189         20     25   -5     328    25    27   -2
                                              32         30                2            319         34     31    3     446    34    32    2
                                              24         23                2            324         35     31    4     364    28    26    2
                                             100        100                0            934        100    100    0   1,313   100   100    0
                                               1          2               -1              7          1      1   -1       9     1     1   -1
                                               6          9               -3             49          5      8   -3      76     6     8   -2
                                              19         25               -6            211         23     23    0     263    20    24   -4
                                              30         30                0            269         29     30   -1     403    31    31    0
                                              23         21                2            224         24     23    1     325    25    23    2
                                              20         13                7            172         18     15    3     236    18    13    5
                                             100        100                0            932        100    100    0   1,312   100   100    0
                                               0          1               -1              4          0      1    0       3     0     1    0
                                               2          4               -1             16          2      3   -1      23     2     3   -2
                                               8         13               -5             69          7     10   -3      91     7    12   -5
                                              19         23               -5            156         17     20   -3     224    17    22   -5
                                              29         28                0            231         25     27   -2     376    29    29    0
                                              42         31               11            457         49     39   10     596    45    33   12
                                             100        100                0            933        100    100    0   1,313   100   100    0
                                               0          1                0              6          1      0    0       1     0     0    0
                                               1          1               -1              6          1      1   -1      12     1     1    0
                                               8          8                0             63          7      8   -1      79     6     7   -1
                                              21         22               -1            177         19     20   -1     258    20    22   -2
                                              31         32               -1            288         31     32   -1     450    34    34    1
                                              39         35                4            394         42     38    4     514    39    36    3
                                             100        100                0            934        100    100    0   1,314   100   100    0
                                               1          1                0             12          1      1    0      17     1     1    0
                                               4          4                1             42          4      4    1      60     5     4    1
                                              15         13                2            121         13     13    0     199    15    14    1
                                              22         24               -2            222         24     23    0     335    25    26   -1
                                              27         27                0            269         29     26    2     338    26    28   -2
                                              31         31                0            270         29     33   -4     366    28    27    1
                                             100        100                0            936        100    100    0   1,315   100   100    0




1
    First generation is defined as no parent or guardian having graduated with a 4-year college degree.                                       - 45 -
                                               2          3               -1              5          1      2   -2      14     1     2   -1
                                               8         10               -2             49          5      7   -2      74     6     8   -2
                                              24         26               -2            183         20     25   -5     268    20    24   -3
                                              40         39                1            360         39     39    0     523    40    40    0
                                              21         18                3            240         26     20    5     322    25    21    4
                                               5          4                1             95         10      6    4     108     8     5    3
                                             100        100                0            932        100    100    0   1,309   100   100    0
                                               2          3               -2             13          1      3   -2      26     2     3   -1
                                               5          8               -3             42          4      9   -4      64     5     8   -3
                                              11         17               -6            129         14     17   -3     146    11    17   -6
                                              21         26               -5            187         20     26   -6     281    21    26   -5
                                              30         27                3            258         28     25    3     366    28    27    1
                                              32         19               13            306         33     20   12     426    33    19   14
                                             100        100                0            935        100    100    0   1,309   100   100    0
                                              14         14                0             66          7      8   -1     162    12    14   -2
                                              16         15                1             88          9     11   -1     204    16    17   -1
                                              19         19                0            130         14     15   -1     248    19    19    0
                                              15         18               -3            154         16     18   -2     203    15    18   -2
                                              16         17               -1            188         20     21    0     213    16    16    0
                                              20         17                3            308         33     27    6     283    22    16    5
                                             100        100                0            934        100    100    0   1,313   100   100    0
                                              13         11                2            112         12     12    0     196    15    11    4
                                              28         26                2            260         28     25    3     365    28    26    1
                                              33         33                0            284         30     31   -1     414    32    33   -1
                                              17         20               -3            183         20     21   -1     215    16    21   -5
                                               7          7                0             73          8      8   -1      98     7     7    0
                                               2          2                0             23          2      3    0      25     2     2    0
                                             100        100                0            935        100    100    0   1,313   100   100    0
                                              39         31                9            346         37     30    7     429    33    28    5
                                              25         28               -2            240         26     27   -1     338    26    29   -3
                                              18         21               -3            185         20     21   -2     280    21    22    0
                                              10         12               -2             93         10     13   -3     137    10    13   -2
                                               5          6               -1             41          4      6   -2      77     6     6    0
                                               3          3               -1             30          3      4    0      52     4     3    1
                                             100        100                0            935        100    100    0   1,313   100   100    0




1
    First generation is defined as no parent or guardian having graduated with a 4-year college degree.                                       - 46 -
                                              28         19                 8           196         21     19    2     273    21    16    5
                                              26         26                 0           233         25     25    0     320    24    25    0
                                              26         29                -3           253         27     28   -1     346    26    30   -4
                                              14         17                -3           153         16     18   -1     233    18    19   -1
                                               5          6                -2            68          7      7    0      97     7     8    0
                                               2          3                -1            32          3      3    0      41     3     3    0
                                             100        100                 0           935        100    100    0   1,310   100   100    0

                                               1          1                 0             9          1      1    0       9     1     1    0
                                               5          5                -1            45          5      4    1      46     4     4    0
                                              22         17                 5           169         18     16    2     218    17    13    3
                                              33         31                 2           303         32     30    2     405    31    28    3
                                              22         26                -4           216         23     26   -2     337    26    29   -4
                                              17         19                -2           195         21     23   -2     298    23    25   -2
                                             100        100                 0           937        100    100    0   1,313   100   100    0
                                               1          1                 0            10          1      1    0       9     1     1    0
                                               5          4                 1            44          5      5    0      62     5     4    1
                                              16         16                -1           158         17     17    0     192    15    14    0
                                              27         29                -2           259         28     29   -1     349    27    28   -1
                                              26         28                -1           243         26     26    0     377    29    29    0
                                              24         22                 3           219         23     22    1     321    25    24    0
                                             100        100                 0           933        100    100    0   1,310   100   100    0
                                               0          0                 0             5          1      1    0       2     0     0    0
                                               3          2                 1            29          3      3    0      38     3     2    1
                                              10         11                -1           132         14     14    0     144    11    11    0
                                              26         27                 0           274         29     30   -1     393    30    27    3
                                              33         33                 0           293         31     31    1     419    32    33   -1
                                              27         27                 1           203         22     21    1     314    24    26   -2
                                             100        100                 0           936        100    100    0   1,310   100   100    0
                                               2          2                 0            35          4      3    1      44     3     2    1
                                              11          7                 4           108         12     10    1     176    13     9    5
                                              21         18                 3           219         23     22    2     313    24    19    4
                                              25         25                 0           223         24     27   -3     341    26    26    0
                                              22         25                -4           211         23     23    0     261    20    24   -4
                                              19         22                -3           139         15     16   -1     177    13    20   -6
                                             100        100                 0           935        100    100    0   1,312   100   100    0




1
    First generation is defined as no parent or guardian having graduated with a 4-year college degree.                                       - 47 -
                                               1          1                 0             7          1      1    0       9     1     1    0
                                               4          4                 0            36          4      4   -1      52     4     5   -1
                                              10         14                -4           111         12     16   -4     185    14    16   -2
                                              23         27                -4           241         26     29   -3     316    24    28   -4
                                              30         30                 0           295         32     29    3     412    31    29    2
                                              33         25                 8           246         26     21    5     341    26    22    4
                                             100        100                 0           936        100    100    0   1,315   100   100    0
                                               0          0                 0             0          0      0    0       3     0     0    0
                                               2          2                 1            11          1      1    0      20     2     1    0
                                               6          9                -3            40          4      7   -3      59     4     6   -2
                                              22         23                -2           156         17     21   -5     220    17    20   -3
                                              32         35                -3           292         31     34   -2     430    33    36   -4
                                              38         30                 8           438         47     36   11     580    44    36    8
                                             100        100                 0           937        100    100    0   1,312   100   100    0
                                               1          1                 0             6          1      1    0       5     0     0    0
                                               3          2                 1            19          2      2    0      34     3     2    1
                                              11         11                 0            91         10     11   -1     132    10     9    1
                                              26         25                 1           230         25     25    0     331    25    23    2
                                              30         32                -2           292         31     32   -1     426    32    34   -1
                                              29         30                 0           298         32     30    2     386    29    32   -3
                                             100        100                 0           936        100    100    0   1,314   100   100    0

                                               2          1                0              6          1      1    0       9     1     1    0
                                               3          3                0             21          2      2    0      26     2     2    0
                                              13         14               -1            113         12     14   -2     162    12    12    0
                                              32         33               -1            258         28     32   -5     416    32    31    0
                                              27         27                0            298         32     28    4     387    29    30    0
                                              23         21                2            239         26     23    3     314    24    23    1
                                             100        100                0            935        100    100    0   1,314   100   100    0
                                               0          0                0              1          0      0    0       1     0     0    0
                                               0          1               -1              0          0      0    0       4     0     1    0
                                               3          6               -3             15          2      4   -2      19     1     4   -3
                                              13         18               -4             62          7     13   -6     128    10    14   -4
                                              24         29               -5            179         19     25   -6     291    22    28   -5
                                              59         46               13            678         73     58   14     870    66    53   13
                                             100        100                0            935        100    100    0   1,313   100   100    0




1
    First generation is defined as no parent or guardian having graduated with a 4-year college degree.                                       - 48 -
                                               2          3               -1              5          1      2   -1      11     1     2   -1
                                               3          6               -4             19          2      4   -2      27     2     5   -3
                                              10         16               -6             65          7     13   -6      95     7    14   -6
                                              20         25               -5            146         16     23   -7     240    18    24   -5
                                              26         24                3            234         25     25    0     370    28    26    2
                                              39         26               14            467         50     33   17     572    43    30   14
                                             100        100                0            936        100    100    0   1,315   100   100    0
                                               3          5               -2             11          1      3   -2      24     2     4   -2
                                               8         11               -3             33          4      7   -4      96     7    10   -2
                                              18         22               -4            109         12     18   -6     194    15    20   -5
                                              27         27                0            225         24     26   -2     342    26    27   -1
                                              23         20                3            239         26     23    3     341    26    21    5
                                              22         16                5            318         34     24   10     317    24    19    6
                                             100        100                0            935        100    100    0   1,314   100   100    0
                                               3          4               -1             11          1      3   -2      30     2     3   -1
                                               9          9                1             45          5      7   -2      82     6     7   -1
                                              14         18               -4            110         12     16   -4     175    13    16   -3
                                              23         26               -3            203         22     24   -2     294    22    25   -3
                                              23         23                0            230         25     24    0     345    26    25    1
                                              27         20                7            335         36     26   10     384    29    23    6
                                             100        100                0            934        100    100    0   1,310   100   100    0
                                               1          2               -1              4          0      2   -1       9     1     1   -1
                                               4          4                0             14          1      4   -2      35     3     3    0
                                              11         13               -2             77          8     11   -3     103     8     9   -2
                                              19         25               -5            158         17     22   -5     213    16    21   -5
                                              30         28                2            231         25     27   -2     408    31    30    2
                                              35         29                7            452         48     35   13     544    41    35    6
                                             100        100                0            936        100    100    0   1,312   100   100    0


                                              38         26               13            194         21     17    4     548    42    29   13
                                              24         30               -6            258         28     30   -2     341    26    33   -6
                                              15         19               -4            213         23     22    1     158    12    18   -6
                                              15         18               -3            187         20     24   -4     145    11    14   -3
                                               8          7                1             77          8      7    1     108     8     5    3
                                             100        100                0            929        100    100    0   1,300   100   100    0




1
    First generation is defined as no parent or guardian having graduated with a 4-year college degree.                                       - 49 -
                                              39         44                -5           238         26     33   -8     529    41    50    -9
                                              19         20                -1           211         23     22    1     242    19    19     0
                                              17         17                 0           217         23     21    2     198    15    15     1
                                              12          9                 3           130         14     14    0     150    12     8     4
                                              14         10                 4           135         15     10    4     175    14     9     5
                                             100        100                 0           931        100    100    0   1,294   100   100     0
                                              15         18                -3           230         25     30   -5     129    10    11    -1
                                              21         25                -4           276         30     29    1     263    20    23    -2
                                              18         20                -3           139         15     16   -1     234    18    23    -5
                                              34         28                 6           172         19     16    2     562    43    38     5
                                              11          8                 3           110         12      9    3     111     9     6     3
                                             100        100                 0           927        100    100    0   1,299   100   100     0
                                              40         31                 9           286         31     26    5     510    40    36     4
                                              39         43                -4           392         43     43   -1     500    39    42    -3
                                               5          9                -4            63          7     11   -5      74     6     8    -2
                                               2          4                -3            31          3      6   -3      39     3     4    -1
                                              14         13                 1           146         16     13    3     168    13    10     3
                                             100        100                 0           918        100    100    0   1,291   100   100     0
                                              37         43                -6           233         25     30   -6     546    42    53   -11
                                              24         23                 1           383         41     40    1     227    17    14     3
                                              39         33                 6           321         34     30    5     536    41    33     8
                                             100        100                 0           937        100    100    0   1,309   100   100     0
                                               0          0                 0             0          0      0    0       1     0     0     0
                                               2          1                 1            13          1      1    1      15     1     0     1
                                               3          1                 2            32          3      2    2      34     3     1     2
                                              10          5                 4            90         10      6    3     120     9     5     4
                                              26         21                 6           231         25     23    2     332    25    19     6
                                              24         25                -1           263         28     28    0     344    26    25     1
                                              21         28                -7           207         22     26   -4     308    24    32    -8
                                              14         19                -5            94         10     15   -5     153    12    18    -6
                                               0          0                 0             0          0      0    0       0     0     0     0
                                             100        100                 0           930        100    100    0   1,307   100   100     0
                                               6          5                 1            24          3      4   -2      59     4     4     0
                                              70         77                -7           753         80     78    3     984    75    80    -5
                                              24         18                 6           159         17     18   -1     269    21    16     5
                                             100        100                 0           936        100    100    0   1,312   100   100     0




1
    First generation is defined as no parent or guardian having graduated with a 4-year college degree.                                        - 50 -
                                               1          2               -1              7          1      3    -2       9     1     1    -1
                                              31         31                1            296         32     34    -2     397    30    28     2
                                              30         32               -3            317         34     32     2     464    35    35     1
                                              21         19                2            208         22     18     4     258    20    21    -2
                                              17         16                1            108         12     14    -2     186    14    15     0
                                             100        100                0            936        100    100     0   1,314   100   100     0
                                               0          0                0              0          0      0     0       0     0     0     0
                                               0          0                0              0          0      0     0       0     0     0     0
                                               0          0                0              0          0      0     0       0     0     0     0
                                               0          0                0              0          0      0     0       0     0     0     0
                                               0          2               -2              0          0      1    -1       0     0     2    -2
                                              87         32               55            816         87     33    54   1,164    88    36    52
                                              13         21               -9            119         13     20    -7     153    12    19    -7
                                               0         38              -38              2          0     38   -38       0     0    39   -39
                                               0          6               -6              0          0      6    -6       0     0     4    -4
                                               0          0                0              0          0      0     0       0     0     0     0
                                               0          0                0              0          0      0     0       0     0     0     0
                                               0          0                0              0          0      0     0       0     0     0     0
                                             100        100                0            937        100    100     0   1,317   100   100     0
                                              20         28               -8            118         13     23   -10     211    16    26   -10
                                              80         72                8            810         87     77    10   1,091    84    74    10
                                             100        100                0            928        100    100     0   1,302   100   100     0
                                              17          8                9             81         11      8     3     137    15    10     4
                                              12         11                1             77         10     11    -1     103    11    12    -1
                                              18         16                2             82         11     12    -1      97    10    13    -2
                                               8          4                3             89         12     10     2     127    14     8     5
                                               1         17              -16              1          0      6    -6       4     0    10   -10
                                               4          5               -1             22          3      3     0      18     2     4    -2
                                              11         10                1            223         30     22     8     224    24    17     7
                                              13          7                6            109         15     10     5     130    14     9     5
                                              17         22               -5             59          8     17    -9      98    10    16    -6
                                               0          0                0              0          0      0     0       0     0     0     0
                                             100        100                0            743        100    100     0     938   100   100     0




1
    First generation is defined as no parent or guardian having graduated with a 4-year college degree.                                         - 51 -
                                               0          2                -2             3          0      2     -2       2     0     1     -1
                                             100         98                 2           928        100     98      2   1,308   100    99      1
                                             100        100                 0           931        100    100      0   1,310   100   100      0
                                              33         31                 2           293         31     32     -1     476    36    34      2
                                              18         16                 1           199         21     19      2     264    20    17      3
                                              16         15                 1           146         16     15      0     208    16    14      1
                                              10         10                 0           105         11     10      1     127    10     9      0
                                              23         28                -5           194         21     23     -3     239    18    25     -7
                                             100        100                 0           937        100    100      0   1,314   100   100      0
                                             100        100                 0           245         26     38    -12     454    34    44     -9
                                               0          0                 0           690         74     62     12     862    66    56      9
                                             100        100                 0           935        100    100      0   1,316   100   100      0

                                                0        99              -99               0          0    99    -99      0     0    100   -100

                                                0          1               -1              0          0    1      -1      0     0     0      0

                                                0       100             -100               0          0   100   -100      0     0    100   -100

                                                0        53              -53               0          0    63    -63      0     0    57     -57

                                                0        47              -47               0          0    37    -37      0     0    43     -43

                                                0       100             -100               0          0   100   -100      0     0    100   -100

                                              96         96                 0           906         97     97     0    1,275    98    96      1
                                               4          4                 0            25          3      3     0       32     2     4     -1
                                             100        100                 0           931        100    100     0    1,307   100   100      0




1
    First generation is defined as no parent or guardian having graduated with a 4-year college degree.                                           - 52 -
                                                1          1                0              8          1     1    0      5      0     1    0

                                                5          8               -3             55          6     7   -1     40      3     7    -4

                                               19          9              11            247         26     13   13    288     22     8   14
                                               60        65                -5           510         54     57   -3    836     64    73   -10
                                                2          5               -3             23          2     8   -6     11      1     2    -1
                                                1          1                0              5          1     1    0      7      1     1    0
                                                3          4               -1             22          2     6   -3     19      1     3    -1
                                                5          3                2             43          5     4    1     63      5     3    2
                                                1          1                0              8          1     1    0     11      1     1    0
                                               3          3                 0            15          2      2    0      35     3     3    0
                                             100        100                 0           936        100    100    0   1,315   100   100    0
                                                                                                                                          0
                                              46         45                2            938        100     98    2     255    19    20    0
                                              49         49                0              0          0      0    0   1,033    78    79    0
                                               5          7               -2              0          0      2   -2      28     2     2    0
                                             100        100                0            938        100    100    0   1,316   100   100    0
                                              47         43                4            938        100     96    4     339    26    19    7
                                              47         49               -2              0          0      0    0     914    70    78   -8
                                               6          8               -1              0          0      4   -4      54     4     3    1
                                             100        100                0            938        100    100    0   1,307   100   100    0
                                              22         25               -2            194         21     28   -7     260    20    19    0
                                              19         21               -2            207         22     25   -3     240    18    19   -1
                                              30         17               13            260         28     17   11     391    30    19   11
                                              18         16                2            167         18     15    3     242    18    18    0
                                               6         13               -6             73          8     10   -2     109     8    14   -6
                                               4          8               -4             32          3      5   -2      70     5    11   -5
                                             100        100                0            933        100    100    0   1,312   100   100    0




1
    First generation is defined as no parent or guardian having graduated with a 4-year college degree.                                        - 53 -
 Instructions:
 Charts have been made to visually represent the data for all respondent characteristics and question responses.

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                                                                                                                                                 UNCG Gender C
                                                                                                                      Difference All Students
                                                                     UNCG All Students       Public All Students          (UNCG- Public)             Means
                 a
BCSSE Scales                                            Variable   Mean     SD       N     Mean      SD        N         Mean          SD       Female

High School Academic Engagement (HSE)
 Engagement in educationally relevant behaviors         HS_acad    5.36    1.40    2,379   5.39     1.46     46,805     -0.04         -.06      5.41
 during the last year of high school.

Expected Academic Engagement (EAE)
 Expected engagement in educationally relevant          Exp_acad   6.36    1.49    2,379   6.02     1.63     46,805     0.34          -.15      6.37
 behaviors during the first year of college.


Expected Academic Perseverance (EAP)
 Student certainty that they will persist in the face   Acad_per   7.33    1.50    2,379   7.11     1.67     46,805     0.22          -.17      7.39
 of academic adversity.



                                                                                                                                                 - 54 -
Expected Academic Difficulty (EAD)
 Expected academic difficulty during the first year                          Acad_dif         5.18          1.63         2,379          4.93          1.71      46,805            0.25               -.08                  5.29
 of college.

Perceived Academic Preparation (PAP)
 Student perception of their academic preparation.                          Acad_prep         7.11          1.44         2,379          7.12          1.60      46,805           -0.01               -.16                  7.12



Importance of Campus Environment (ICE)
 Student-rated importance that the institution                               Imp_env          7.81          1.57         2,379          7.23          1.77      46,805            0.57               -.20                  8.00
 provides a challenging and supportive
 environment.
a
    Scale scores are expressed in 0 (minimum) to 10 (maximum) point scales. See the following page for complete scale descriptions and component items.
b
    T-test results (2-tailed): * p<.05, ** p<.01, *** p<.001. The smaller the significance level, the less likely that the difference is due to chance.
c
    Effect size is the mean difference divided by pooled standard deviation. It indicates the practical significance of the mean difference (effect size .2 is often considered small, .5 is moderate, and .8 is large).
d
    First generation is defined as no parent or guardian having graduated with a 4-year college degree.




                                                                                                                                                                                                                            - 55 -
iangle is located and choose the option "Show/ Hide Comments". The chart will remain visible until you right click again in the


 first clicking inside the chart and then using the arrows that appear when you hover the mouse over the edges of the chart. You
if you are using the 2007 version.




                                                                                            BCSSE 2010 Mean Scale Scores and Selected Student Comparisons



                                                                                            Difference Gender Comparisons
     UNCG Gender Comparisons                      Public Gender Comparisons                                                               First-Generationd Comparisons                     Public First-Generationd Co
                                                                                                    (UNCG- Public)
                        Tests of mean                                Tests of mean                                Tests of mean
        Means            differences                Means             differences                Means             differences                Means            Tests of mean differences           Means

                Male   Sig b   Effect size c   Female       Male   Sig b    Effect size c   Female       Male   Sig b    Effect size c   FG           Non-FG     Sig b      Effect size c    FG        Non-FG



            5.24       **          .12         5.53     5.20       ***          .22         -.12         .03                             5.34         5.37                     -.03         6.87       5.29




            6.33                   .03         5.20     6.08       ***         -.57         1.17         .24                             6.40         6.34                      .04         5.29       5.47




            7.21       **          .12         6.08     5.93       ***          .09         1.30     1.27                                7.39         7.29                      .07         5.47       6.10




                                                                                                                                                                                                           - 56 -
         4.92   ***   .23   5.93   7.23   ***   -.79   -.64   -2.31   5.23   5.14         .06    6.10   5.97




         7.11         .01   7.23   6.95   ***   .17    -.11    .16    7.10   7.12         -.02   5.97   7.20




         7.37   ***   .40   6.95   5.02   ***   1.13   1.06   2.35    7.97   7.68   ***   .19    7.20   7.07




arge).




                                                                                                         - 57 -
                                               Difference First-Generationd Comparisons
Public First-Generationd Comparisons
                                                            (UNCG- Public)

                 Tests of mean differences              Means            Tests of mean differences

                   Sig b       Effect size c     FG             Non-FG     Sig b       Effect size c



                   ***             .95          -1.54            .08




                   ***            -.12          1.11             .87




                   ***            -.41          1.92            1.19




                                                                                                       - 58 -
***   .08    -.87   -.83




***   -.75   1.13   -.08




***   .08    .76    .60




                           - 59 -
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