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Early Childhood Devices for Children with VI


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									Assistive Technology Devices for Young Children with VI

1. Play/Learning Materials
Many play items are commercially available for active use by young children
with visual impairments. Well-designed toys with highly reactive features
are especially useful for the infant and young toddler. Look for toys with the
following characteristics:

Toy Characteristics for Children with Low Vision
     •     high contrast colors; separated primary colors
     •     toys that emit light
     •     shiny, mirrored, reflective surfaces
     •     sound related to separate toy functions
     •     immediate sound response; imitative
     •     differently shaped dials
     •     textured features

Toy Characteristics for Children who are Blind
     •     use sounds that help child to recognize toy use
     •     toys that incorporate familiar sounds
     •     immediate sound response; imitative
          stabilized toy; can be used with one or two hands
     •     toys with structured play environment: puzzles/frames or
           block containers
     •     3 dimensional toys with defined boundaries
     •     vibrating toys
     •     touch or sound activated
     •     differently shaped dials
     •     textured features

Toy Resources
The following resources highlight commercial toys that are recommended
for children with visual impairments

   Guide to Toys for Children Who Are Blind or Visually Impaired
    Developed by the American Foundation for the Blind in association with
    the American Toy Institute, Inc.
    AFB at (800) 232-5463

   Toys 'R' Us Toy Guide for Differently-Abled Kids
    Developed with the National Parent Network on Disabilities
    Local stores or :
    Toys Are Us; Guide for Differently Abled Kids;
    P.O. Box 4422;
    River Edge, NJ 07661-9894.

   APH Products Catalog: Unique Products Designed for People Who Are
    Visually Impaired or Blind
    Carries toys and other play materials.
    For a Catalog: (800) 223-1839.

   Lekotek Toy Resource
    National Lekotek Center, 2100 Ridge Ave., Evanston, IL 60201
    Helpline: (800) 366-7529

   Let's Play! Project
    University at Buffalo, New York
    Offers play suggestions for young children with disabilities.
    (716) 829-3141

Specialized Play/Learning Materials
Many ordinary toys and games are suitable for visually handicapped children
at this age, but this section just includes those specially designed for this
purpose. Inevitably toys made in small quantities for a specialist market tend
to be expensive. However there is nothing to stop a skilled amateur from
making this type of toy provided that proper care is taken in the choice of
materials and methods of construction

Switch Toys
There are a wide range of battery-operated toys that can be used with a
single switch, giving children independent control. Some are permanently
adapted and available through specialized vendors; others can be adapted
with the use of a battery interrupter. Any of them with work with one of
hundreds of single switches. Appendix A includes a list of vendors of
switches and switch toys.

American Printing House for the Blind
1839 Frankfort Avenue, PO Box 6085, Louisville, Kentucky 40206-0085,
(502) 895 2405
Fax: (502) 899 2274
Web: http://www.aph.org/

   Twist Turn and Learn
Includes modules that help develop skills such as reaching, grasping,
searching, and visual motor coordination.
Recommended ages: birth to 3
Price: $325.00

   Small, Medium, and Large Circles, Set I
Introduces the concept of fine size discrimination. A 4 x 8 7/8 inch frame
contains three recessed nests for holding three wooden circles of various
sizes. Print instructions.
Recommended ages: 1 to 6 years.
Price: $14.50

   Formboard with Removable Hands
Designed for beginning orientation to left and right hand position and
texture recognition. Base measures 16 x 7 inches and has left and right hand
shapes incised for placement of puzzle pieces. The tops of removable hand
pieces are smooth, while the bottoms are textured. Hands and base are of
contrasting colors. Print instructions. Recommended ages: 3 to 6 years.
Price: $25.00

   Giant Textured Beads
 Introduces young children to a variety of concepts, including shape, color,
and texture. It also assists in the development of muscular and eye-hand
coordination. Set includes 12 painted wooden beads: Four red cubes; Four
yellow rectangular solids; Four blue cylinders. Shapes display three textures
(smooth, striped, and a grid pattern), each shape having a different
combination of textures. A white nylon stringer, 34 inches long, with a 6-
inch, pliable nylon tip for threading the beads and instructions in print are
included. Recommended ages: 3 to 6 years.
Price: $71.00

   Peg Kit
Provides tasks to help children develop skills in manipulation; number and
language concepts; and color, size, and tactual discrimination. Contains nine
pegs of varying size, color, and texture; a manipulation/storage container
measuring 7 1/2 x 10 1/4 x 2 1/2 inches; and six black inset frames with
holes of varying number and size. The frames fit into the top of the box and
provide for matching, sorting, and manipulating the pegs. Recommended ages:
3 to 8 years.
Price: $23.00

   Peg-A-Circle Set
Assists in the understanding of the concepts of next, sequential order, and
clockwise and counterclockwise. Consists of a 12 inch square board containing
16 holes in a circular pattern, and 16 pegs. Large type instructions.
Recommended ages: 3 years and older.
Price: $40.00

   Sound Matching Board I
Develops fine motor skills and auditory matching and discrimination, with the
capability of introducing sequential order. Included are: 12 cylinders, 1 inch
in diameter and 2 inches long (four loud- and eight soft-sounding), and a
circular, 12-hole board, 10 3/4 inches in diameter. Cylinders and board are of
contrasting colors. Print instructions. Recommended ages: 3 years and older.
Price: $51.00

   Textured Matching Blocks
Permits tactual matching, recognition of types of textures, and
identification of textures by name, while reinforcing directional and
positional concepts. Includes six blocks of different textures measuring 2
1/4 x 2 1/4 inches, and a 6 3/4 x 10 inch board with identically textured
nests for block matching. Print instructions. Recommended ages: 3 to 6
Price: $57.00
   Textured Pegs
Helps develop fine motor skills, manual dexterity, and grasp/release skills,
reinforcing concepts of direction and position. Includes a 12-hole board
measuring 12 7/8 x 9 7/8 inches, and 12 large textured pegs. Print
instructions. Recommended ages: 1 to 6 years.
Price: $22.00

Enabling Devices
385 Warburton Avenue, Hastings-on-Hudson, New York 10706, USA.
(914) 478 0960
Fax: (914) 478 7030
Web: http://www.enablingdevices.com

   The Tumbler
Pressing the big red button on the front of the device will send the balls
tumbling around while simultaneously playing music, lighting up and vibrating.

   Pyramid Busy Box
This jumbo 4-sided fun center features 4 panels of exciting sensory
stimulation. Its built-in swivel base allows a child to have full access to
all 4 sides. Provides a variety of textures, sounds and vibrations to explore

   Musical Light Box
This Light Box enhances visually impaired children's view of the world. It is
a multi-purpose musical lightbox that can be used as a backlight for tracing
or as a light source for the visually impaired.
Price: $39.95 (for either 1/4" or 1/5" Jack)

   Visually and Hearing Impaired Activity Center
This activity center for the visually and hearing impaired give hours of
somatosensory stimulation. It includes a spinning soft cloth, a vibrating plate
and a fan.
Price: $149.95

Independent Living Aids
   Beeping Foam Balls ($26.95 - $49.95)
These safe-to-use foam balls are easy to find by following their high-
pitched beeping.

  EverBounce™ Ball with Internal Bell
This ball seems to bounce forever. When it is in motion it has an internal
bell that signals where it is rolling

   Feel and Find
Using 3-D shapes, children play by dealing the tiles and then reaching into
the bag to feel for the matching shape.

   Groovie Blocks
Embossed math symbol blocks and wonderful shapes with high contrast
colors for children to feel, identify, match and enjoy, make up the rest of
the set.
Brailled Alphabet Blocks: $27.95

Eye Care Inc
523 8th Street SE, Washington DC 20003, USA.
(202) 544 4700

   Tuzzles
Foam soft-sculpture puzzles for the very young child. They have a bright
calico print on one side, and feature animal faces on the other. Each
washable Tuzzle comes in circle and square, circle and triangle, or triangle
and square.
Price: $6.50 each

Exceptional Teaching Aids Inc
20102 Woodbine Avenue, Castro Valley, California 94546, USA.
(510) 582 4859
Fax: (510) 582 5911
Web: http://www.exceptionalteaching.com
   Touch and Color
The raised line geometric shapes, along with brailled color names, helps
students develop finger dexterity, practice reading color names and learn to
follow directions. This 41 page coloring book comes as a kit that includes
Squizzers (squeeze them to cut paper and they spring back on their own;
they have no sharp edges) and Crayola Anti-Roll Crayons (the flat side of
these crayons can be labeled in braille).
Price: $21.50

  Shape and Color Sorter
Shapes - bumpy on one side, and smooth on the other - slide over pegs. The
set includes 25 crepe rubber pieces - 5 shapes in 5 bright colours - 5
removable wooden pegs and 1 base panel . The pieces are washable.
Price: $13.95

J K Kronheim
Box 345
Greenfield, New Hampshire 03047, USA.
(603) 827 3859

   Learning Pillows
Learning Pillows are tactile/visual pillows featuring various high contrast
images/characters on both sides of the pillow surface. These
visuals/tactuals are illustrations that correspond with a story or poem, filled
with sensory language and vocabulary.
Price: $18.00 - $40.00 depending on complexity of design

Pediatric Products Inc
PO Box 1889
Santa Monica, California 90406, USA.
(213) 828 8963

   Exceptional Animals
Soft bears who have short-term or long-term disabilities including eye patch
or dark glasses with white cane.
Price: $20.00
Repro-Tronics Inc
75 Carver Avenue
Westwood, New Jersey 07675, USA.
(201) 722 1880
Fax: (201) 722 1881
Web: http://www.repro-tronics.com and

   Hungry Fingers Clever Triangles
A variety of various triangles with different tactile feeling that have a
magnetic backing. When combined with an adjustable easel containing a
magnetic surface, the triangles can be manipulated to create a variety of
different shapes. Templates are included to assist the learning process in
the beginning.
Price: $149.00

Royal National Institute for the Blind
Customer Services, PO Box 173
Peterborough PE2 6WS, UK.
44 1733 375400 (International Sales)
Email: exports@rnib.org.uk (International only)
Web: http://www.rnib.org.uk

   BeActive Box
An activity box for babies and infants with profound learning disabilities and
visual impairment. Designed to encourage exploratory movement and handling
of hanging play objects (not included). Hinged box made of MDF with a clear
shatterproof lid. Folds flat when not in use.
Price: £165.00

   Touch and Tell
Children get hands-on experience by matching seven big, differently colored
and textured pieces with the holes in the wooden board.
Price: £10.70

   Novelty Book
This reversible soft cloth first book is easy to handle. Inside the book there
are appealing graphics including baby face and safety mirror - the first step
to self discovery. Black and white with bright blue, red and yellow to
encourage early visual activity encouraging language development.
Price: £8.81

   Pattern Pals
These small, lightweight soft toys will provide stimuli for sight, hearing and
touch. There's a red boat that rattles, a goldfish that squeaks and a blue
caterpillar that crinkles, each is a different texture.
Price: £14.69

2. Low Vision Aids
American Printing House for the Blind
1839 Frankfort Avenue, PO Box 6085, Louisville, Kentucky 40206-0085,
(502) 895 2405
Fax: (502) 899 2274
Web: http://www.aph.org/

   Light Box
Provides an even, high contrast background for opaque and transparent
materials. Can be used as a table or tilted at one of three angles.
Price: $ 328.50

3. Mobility/Positioning Devices
** Adapted from K. Clarke (1988). Barriers or enablers? Mobility devices
for visually impaired and multihandicapped infants and preschoolers.
Education of the Visually Handicapped, XX(3), 115-132.

Electronic Travel Aids
 Laser Cane
 Mowat Sensor
 Sonic Guide (Wormaid International)
 Pathsounder
Floor- Child Positioning Devices
 Wedges (Tumble Form)
 Prone pillows (Tumble Form)
 Tadpole Positioner(Tumble Form)
 Box and Blocks system (Tumble Form)
 Rolls (Tumble Form)

Floor – Toy Positioning Devices
 Overhead gym (with links)
 Sparkling Symphony Gym (Fisher Price)
 Activity Play Blankets
 Gymini (Tiny Love)
 Whoozit Play mat
 Adjustable activity frame (FlagHouse)

 1-2-3 Discovery Lane (Tiny Love)
 Adjustable crawl trainer (FlagHouse)

Suspended Movement devices
 Baby Swings (Achievement Products)
 "Jolly Jumpers"
 Therapy Swings:
         o Full body JennSwing (Sammons Preston)
         o Platform (Achievement Products)
         o Net (Achievement Products)
         o Hammock (Rifton)
         o Vestibular (Rifton)
         o Bolster (Rifton)
 Suspension Walking Suppport (Preston)

Infant Walkers (with seats)
 Commercial Walkers
        o Xframe: Constructive Playthings)
        o Walker with Toys (Safety 1st)
        o "Fun Walker" (Ring type: Constructive Playthings)

   Therapeutic Walkers
        o   Infant Walker (Achievement Products)
        o   Busy Bee, Small with seat ((\Sammons Preston)
        o   Balance Ring Training Walker (Achievement Products)
        o   Small Cricket (Hopla)

Orthopedic Walkers (without seats)
         Toddler Walkette (Preston)
         Small Child Walker (Kaye Products)
         Children's Full Body Suspension Walker (Achievement Products)
         Toddler Strider Walker (Sammons Preston)
         WalkAbout (Mullholland)

Scooter Boards
 Commercial
        o PE Type Boards (Achievement Products)
        o Skateboards
        o Carseats on casters
        o Cookie Monster Crawl-Along (Educational Teaching Aids)
 Therapeutic
        o Midline Positioning Scooter (Achievement Products)
        o Tumbleforms Jetmobile (Preston)
        o Electronic Single-switch Scooters (Enabling Devices)
        o Floor scooter (Rifton)

Wheelchair Devices
 Manual Devices
        o Toddler Cart (Achievement Products)
        o Starcar (Preston)
        o Cyclone (Equipment Shop)
        o Quickie Kids (Motion designs)
 Commercial Powered Devices
        o Lil Coyote (Power Wheels)
        o Honda Fourtrax (TOMY)
 Therapeutic Powered Devices
        o Amigo Mini (Amigo)
        o Pony II (Oththokinetics)
        o Rabbit (Invacare
        o GoBot
Cruising Surfaces
 Crib
 Playpen
 Furniture
          o couch
          o low coffee table
 Wall
 Fence
 PVC pipe structure

Rolling Devices
 Cylinder
 Peanut

Push Toys (Supported/Stooped) Commercial
 Roller Fun (Constructive Playthings
 Large Wooden trucks (Environments, Inc.)
 Wooden Wagon (Nasco)
 Footstools on wheels
 Large beachballs
 Weighted boxes
 Low wooden children's chairs (Constructive Playthings)

Crutches and Support Canes
 Wooden Support Cane (Preston)
 Aluminum Support Cane (Preston)
 Quad Cane (Invacare)
 Auto Support (Hycor)

Walking Hoops,Guiding Sticks and Rings
 Walking hoops
        o Hula hoops
        o Gross Motor Hoops (Kaplan)
 Guiding Sticks
        o Wooden dowels
        o PVC Pipes
        o Rulers
   Walking Rings
          o Hard rubber pet rings
          o Rubber swimming pool rings
          o Large metal key rings

Harnesses, vests (give upper body support when walking)
 Zip-a-Babe (Life Manufacturing)
 Love Leash (Kaye Products)
 Velcro walking belt (Preston)
 Weighted Vest

Riding Roll Toys (wheeled toys propelled by pushing feet)
 Quackles (Environments, Inc.)
 Scoot Around (Holcombs)
 Tyke Bikes (Environments, Inc.)
 Happy Horse (Achievement Products)
 Rodi

Push Toys (upright support- two hands)
 Walker Wagon (Kaye)
 Walker Wagon (Radio Flyer)
 Play Van (Fisher Price)
 "Tuff Stuff" shopping cart (Kaplan, Little Tykes, Target)
 Child size carriage (Constructive Playthings)
 Kids Action Push Mower (John Deere)
 Kitchen chair

Walking Ropes (tactual guides for walking)
 Rope
 Clothesline
 Thick wire

Push Toys (rolling devices that can be cane pre-cursors – one hand)
 Corn Popper (Fisher Price)
 Melody Push Chime (Fisher Price)
 2-in-1 Vacuum Set (Little Tikes)
Pre-Cane Instruments
 Pillow Polo sticks (North American)
 Foam Hockey Sticks (Achievement Products)
 PLastic baseball bats

Long Canes (standard canes modified for young children)
 Equipoise Cane (Macam Devices)
 Collapsible or Rigid Canes (WCIB)
 Autofold or cable canes (Hycor)

4. Communication Aids
Several devices are available that enhance play with language as they also
act as switches for battery-operated toys. Messages can be recorded of
varying lengths- usually from 3 to 30 seconds. Sound effects, music or a
spoken message can be used. As the child activates the switch/AAC device,
the message is played and the connected toy/device turns on. This is helpful
in setting up dramatic/pretend play situations and in playing with other
children. Although the single message switches are the best to start with,
others with dual or multiple message capabilities as a child develops.

Single Message Devices:
   Loop Tape with tape recorder
   Big Mack (Ablenet: $86)
   One-Step Communicator (Ablenet: $99)
   Talking Switch Plate (Enabling Devices: $64.95)
    Say & Play (Flaghouse: $112)

Dual Message Devices:
 Say It, Play It (Enabling Devices: $69.95)
 Talking Rocker Switch Plate (Enabling Devices: $89.95)
 Rocking Communicator (Flaghouse: $114)

Sequential Message Devices:
Provides up to 75 seconds of sequentially played recorded speech
        Step Talk Communicator (Enabling Devices: $89.95)
        Voice-in-a-Box (add a switch) (Enabling Devices: $63.95)
       Step-by-Step (Ablenet: $129)
       Step-by-Step Communicator with Levels (Ablenet: $149)

Multiple Message Devices:
   Cheap Talk 4 (Enabling Devices)
   Direct: ($89.95)
   Scan: ($174.95)
   Direct and scan: ($219.95)
   Cheap Talk: Inline ($89.95)
   Cheap Talk 8 (Enabling Devices: $180-300)

      Talk Pad (4) (Frame Technologies: $99) Inline ($119)
      Chat Line (Flaghouse: $154)
      Voice Mate (4) (TASH: $325)
      Talk Back (6) (Crestwood: $395)
      Speak Easy (12) (Ablenet: $399)
      Voice Pal Plus (10) with taction pads (Adaptivation: $489)

Ablenet - http://www.ablenetinc.com/
Adaptivation - http://www.adaptivation.com/
Crestwood - http://www.communicationaids.com/
Enabling Devices - http://www.enablingdevices.com/
Flaghouse – http://sales@flaghous.com/
Frame Technologies - (414) 869-2979

American Printing House for the Blind
Developmental Guidelines for Infants with Visual Impairment: A Manual for
Early Intervention
Regular Print Edition: 8-50700-00 -- $24.00
Cassette Tape Edition, 4 track, 15/16 ips: C-50700-00 -- $8.00

Beginnings: A Practical Guide for Parents and Teachers of Visually Impaired
Babies (print handbook) - 7-11710-00
Price: $9.00
A VHS videocassette -- Playing the Crucial Role in your Child's Development
Price: $20.75
Parents and Visually Impaired Infants (PAVII)
Strategies to try:
Few "blind" children are totally without some degree of vision, so try visual
stimulation as well as using the other senses. Here are some ideas....try
them out!

   Sew bells on pieces of ribbon or elastic and attach to baby's wrists and
    ankles so your baby can relate the movements to itself (make sure the
    bells are securely attached for safety).

   Hang mobiles above baby - make mobiles from bells, brightly coloured
    toys, Christmas decorations or anything that will move easily.

   Make a mobile from bottle tops. They will glint in the light and sway in
    the breeze.

   Wear brightly colored clothes. Baby might be able to spot you.

   Show baby bright toys. The light should be from behind or from the side.

   Put mirrors everywhere....unbreakable ones of course!

   Use a colored flashlight to shine on baby's face, hands and feet.

   Always tell baby what you are doing; what's happening.

   Give each object you are showing a name. Use squeeky toys.

   Make rattles from bottles of rice, sugar or stones - and talk about the
    different sounds they make.

   Play music of all sorts...but not to loudly and keep the sessions frequent
    and short.
As parents prefer to purchase toys from local stores, simple adaptations to

the toys can make them easier for a child with a visual impairment to use.

These solutions include ways to extend, stabilize and confine; the design of

the toy's access method and the abilities of the child will guide the

modifications. The following are examples of toy positioning and access aids.

Attachers are materials that are used to bring items closer to the child, so

that s/he knows the toy is there. They making reaching, grasping and playing

less “work". Several materials can be used.

   Links come in a variety of shapes and sizes and can be used to lower play

    materials from an overhead onto the child’s body for initial “connection”.

    Sometimes children are so intrigued by the links themselves that they

    never get to the toy at the end! Assuming that the toy is more

    interesting than the links, try using

   ¼ or ½ inch elastic for a pulling effect,

   shoelaces (straight or curly), or

   snap straps (in sewing stores for toddler pants).

Try using these attachers to “anchor” a toy to a tray so that it can’t get “lost”. A

child simply pulls up on the links to retrieve the toy.

Extenders are materials that can be used to build up certain access

features making them easier to get to. They help children to locate and

press too-small buttons or keys or make markers easier to hold. Materials

 Magic Model Clay (Crayola) can be shaped and super glued onto an area on

a toy to make a knob larger or a key longer.

   Cylindrical foam padding comes in a variety of colors and widths and is a

    “quick-fix” to make crayons, markers and spoons easier to use. Sponge

    rollers can be used in the same way.

   Popsicle sticks can also be glued onto piano keys or like shapes to provide

    easier access.

   Larger kitchen knobs can be found in hardware stores to replace smaller

    ones or to make puzzles easier to complete.

Stabilizers are materials that support play by preventing a toy from moving

out of the child's reach or vision. Often toys need less adaptation if they

can stay “in one place”. Materials can be used to hold a jack-in-the-box in

place or connect a communication device to a crib.

   Non-slip materials: Stabilizing materials include "mug mats", rug mats and

    a Rubbermaid non-slip material that is commercially available and can be

    used in table length strips.

   Show loop is a fabric that acts as “female velcro”. When glued to a play

    surface (tray, table top, etc.), it will firmly adhere to an object with

    “male velcro” on its base. For example, by putting strips of male velcro on

    the base of a puzzle, a child can more easily insert the pieces, as the

    base is stationary.

   Dual Lock is a material that is stronger than velcro, but not as easily


   Carpet squares (indoor/outdoor) provide some stability and also work

    with male velcro, but do not fasten as firmly as show loop.
   Bed trays with tilt tops can be used as floor tables and covered with show loop

    or carpet squares for a more stabile play environment

   Magnets adhere well on cookie sheets

Confinement materials keep toys from moving too far away from a child.

Items such as hula-hoops, box tops or planter bases help a child to control

his immediate play environment by keeping toys and other materials within

Creative Educational Surplus               Velcro
1000 Apollo Rd.                            Get a Grip - foam grips
Eagan, Minnesota 55121                     Racy Laces
Phone (800) 886-6428

Sammons                                   Dycem
P.O. Box 386                              Foam grip
Western Springs, IL 60558-0386
Phone (800) 323-5547
Fax (800) 547-4333

Right Start                                Fun links
Right Start Plaza
5334 Sterling Center Dr.
West Lake Village, CA 91361-4627
Phone (800)548-8531

Lockfast, Inc.                             Show loop
10904 Deerfield Dr., P.O.Box 42488
Cincinnati, OH 45242
Phone (800) 543-7157

Perfectly Safe                             Stringers - Magic shoelaces
7245 Whipple Ave, NW
North Canton , OH 44720
Phone (800) 837-5437
Fax (216) 494-0265
             Switches, Adapted Toys, Switch Interfaces
              Resources for Children with Special Needs

1081 10th Avenue East             **Flaghouse - Special Populations
Minneapolis, MN 55414-1312        150 No. MacQuestern Pkwy.
(800) 322-0956                    Mt. Vernon, NY 14222
                                  (800) 793-7900
**Access first
PO Box 3990                       **Frame Technologies
Glen Allen, VA 23058              W681 Pearl St.
(888) 606-6769                    Oneida, WI 54155
                                  (920) 869-2979
**Adaptivation, Inc.
2225 W.50th Street, Ste.100       **HCT - Handicapped Children’s
Sioux Falls, SD 57105             Technological Services, Inc.
(800) 723-2783                    P.O. Box 7
                                  Foster, RI 02825
**AssisTech                       (401) 861-3444
P.O. Box 137
Stow, NY 14785                    **Jesana, Ltd.
(718) 789-4197                    P.O. Box 17
                                  Irvington, NY 10533
**Crestwood Company               (800) 443-4728
6625 N. Sidney Place
Milwaukee, WI 53209-3259          **Kapable Kids, Inc.
                                  P.O. Box 250
**Don Johnston, Inc.              Bohemia, NY 11716
26799 W. Commerce Dr.             (800) 356-1564
Volo, IL 60073
 (800) 999-4660                   Mayer-Johnson Co.
                                  PO Box 1579
**Enabling Devices                Solana Beach, CA 92075
385 Warburton Avenue              (800) 588-4548
Hastings-on-Hudson, NY 10706
(800) 234-6006                    **ORRCA
                                  218 McDowell Road
Lexington, KY 40502           Richmond VA 23233
(606) 268-1635                (804) 747-5020
**Switch Kids, Inc.
8507 Rupp Farm Drive          **TFH (USA) Ltd.
West Chester, OH 45069-4526   4537 Gibsonia Rd.
                              Gibsonia, PA 15044
**Switchworks                 (412) 444-6400
P.O. Box 64764
Baton Rouge, LA 70896         **Zygo Industries, Inc.
(504) 925-8926                P.O. Box 1008
                              Portland, OR 97207
**TASH, Inc.                  (800) 234-6006
3512 Mayland Ct.

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