Slide 1 - Indiana Prevention Resource Center - Indiana University.ppt

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					 An Educational Perspective




  Based on Information Contained In
The Indiana Prevention Resource Center
         Factline on Ecstasy
   By the end of this presentation:
   you will have…
(1) Been exposed to general information about
    Ecstasy.

(2) Learned some basic facts about Ecstasy users in
    Indiana.
(3) Viewed the potential consequences of Ecstasy
    use, both short-term and long-term.

(4) Learned about prevention efforts in Indiana.

              Indiana Prevention Resource Center
Ecstasy, N-Methyl-3,4
Methylenedioxmethamphetamine (MDMA), is a
member of the amphetamine family and has
properties of both stimulants and hallucinogens.
The drug was patented in 1914 by the
pharmaceutical company E. Merck, but received
little attention until it became popular with the “rave”
club scene in the 1980s.
In the United States, MDMA is currently a
Schedule I Controlled Substance with no
acceptable therapeutic use.
MDMA is typically sold in the form of Ecstasy tablets. These
tablets are often impure and contain other substances such as:
    •3,4-methylenedioxyamphetamine (MDA)
    •3,4-methylenedioxy-N-ethylamphetamine (MDEA)
    •Gamma hydroxybuterate (GHB)
    •Caffeine
    •Dextromethophan,
    •Paramethoxyamphetamine (PMA)
    •Ketamine
    •Phencyclidine (PCP)




                Indiana Prevention Resource Center
MDMA tablets are usually pastel colored and imprinted
with designs or commercial logos.

Substances sold as “Herbal Ecstasy” seldom
contain any MDMA but is usually composed of
Ephedra (Ma Huang) with additional herbs or caffeine.




              Indiana Prevention Resource Center
Typical street names include:

  Ecstasy The Love Drug                  Beans
  Adam             E                     Rolls
  XTC              X                      Hug Drug



           Indiana Prevention Resource Center
- The Majority of the United States’ Ecstasy is
produced in Europe and then smuggled into the
country, although some tablets are
manufactured domestically.

- Ecstasy tablets cost as little as 25 cents each
to manufacture and are sold for between twenty
to forty dollars


             Indiana Prevention Resource Center
MDMA, MDA, MDEA, Rohypnol ®, and GHB
are common “club drugs” used to promote
“the development of intimate connections”
within a club or rave environment.

Rates of Ecstasy use by Indiana children and
adolescents are decreasing. In 2002, 9.5% of
12th graders reported using the drug once in
their lifetimes compared to 5.9% in 2005.

            Indiana Prevention Resource Center
                                           Monthly use of MDMA by
                                        6th, 8th, 10th, and 12th graders
                            3.0


                            2.5
               Percentage


                            2.0


                            1.5


                            1.0


                            0.5


                            0.0
                                  6th             8th             10th          12th
                                              2002      2003   2004      2005




Similarly, the national 12th grade annual use rate declined
from 10.5% in 2002 to 5.4% in 2005.


                              Indiana Prevention Resource Center
• Increased Heart Rates and Blood Pressure
• Risk of Permanent Heart Damage
• Impaired Muscular Coordination
• Chills
• Confusion
• Dehydration
• Hot Flashes
• Hypertension
• Hyperventilation
• Jaw clenching
• Teeth Grinding
• Muscle Cramps
• High Body Temp.
• Insomnia

                Indiana Prevention Resource Center
Long term effects can include:
                 - Severe Depression
                 - Paranoia
                 - Poor Concentration
                 - Seizures
Overdose can lead to:
                 - Kidney Failure
                 - Cardiac Arrest
                 - Coma
                 - Death


             Indiana Prevention Resource Center
Ecstasy is a Schedule 1 substance; it has no
approved medical use in the United States.

          Possession of the drug can result in heavy
          penalties, beginning with a minimum fine of
          $1,000 and a prison term of no more than 20
          years.

Crimes related to drug-trafficking of any Schedule I
drug include a $1 million fine and 20 or fewer years in
prison.
              Indiana Prevention Resource Center
The Indiana Prevention Resource Center’s Survey on Alcohol,
Tobacco, and Other Drug Use by Indiana Children and
Adolescents; Data from 1996-2005.
http://www.drugs.indiana.edu/survey/atod/index.html



The Indiana Criminal Justice Institute
http://www.in.gov/cji/index.html



The National Institute on Drug Abuse
www.nida.nih.gov/

                      Indiana Prevention Resource Center
                                       Contact us


                    Indiana Prevention Resource Center
                        2735 East 10th Street, CA110
                        Bloomington, IN 47408-2602
                   Phone: 1-800-346-3077 or 812-855-1237
                             Fax: 812-855-4940
                       E-mail: drugprc@indiana.edu
                       http://www.drugs.indiana.edu


Content in this presentation based, in part, on a Factline produced by Bilesha Perera, Ph.D, MS in 2005 and © The Indiana
Prevention Resource Center.


The Indiana Prevention Resource Center is funded, in part, by a contract with the Indiana Family and Social Services Administration,
Division of Mental Health and Addiction, financially supported through HHS/Substance Abuse Mental Health Services Administration,
Center for Substance Abuse Prevention, Substance Abuse Prevention and Treatment Block Grant. The IPRC is operated by the Indiana
University Department of Applied Health Science and School of Health, Physical Education and Recreation. It is affiliated with the
Department's Institute of Drug Abuse Prevention. The opinions expressed herein are those of the authors and not necessarily those of the
Trustees of Indiana University or the Indiana Family and Social Services Administration. Indiana University accepts full responsibility for
the content of this publication. © Copyright, 2005 by the Trustees of Indiana University.




                       Indiana Prevention Resource Center

				
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