Teddy Roosevelts Square Deal.ppt

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					Teddy Roosevelt’s
   Square Deal



     Chapter 17
      Section 3
Terms & Names
        Theodore Roosevelt
            Square Deal
             The Jungle
            Upton Sinclair
         Meat Inspection Act
       Pure Food and Drug Act
            conservation
               NAACP
A Rough Riding President
   Suffered from asthma as a child
   Drove himself to accomplish many physical
    feats
       Marksmanship
       Horseback riding
       Boxing
       Wrestling
Roosevelt’s Rise
   Served three terms in the New York state
    assembly
   New York City police commissioner
   Assistant Secretary of the US Navy
   Started a volunteer calvary and fought in
    the battle at San Juan Hill in Cuba
   Governor of New York
   Vice President of the United States
The Modern Presidency
   Became president in 1902
   Youngest president – 42 years old
   Bully Pulpit
       Influence news media
       Shape legislation
   Square Deal
       Described the progressive reforms
1902 Coal Strike
   140,000 coal miners in PA went on strike
       20% raise
       9 hour work day
       Right to organize a union
   Mine operators refused to negotiate
   Coal supplies ran low
   Roosevelt’s Options
       Settle the strike
       US Military will take over the mines


   Results
       10% pay hike
       9 hour day
       Cannot strike for 3 years
       Whenever a strike threatens public safety, the
        federal government can step in
Trustbusting
   Trusts
       Companies that control all of a particular
        good or service
       Many trusts used unfair business practices
            “good” trusts had a conscience
            “bad” trusts abused the public
   Roosevelt filed 44 lawsuits under the
    Sherman Antitrust Act
       Was able to break up some of the trusts
Railroad Regulation
   1887 – Interstate Commerce Act
       Prohibited railroad owners from dividing business
        in certain areas then sharing the profits
   1903 – Elkins Act
       Illegal for railroad officials / shippers to give or
        receive rebates for using their railroad
       Rates could not be changed WITHOUT letting
        the public know
   1906 – The Hepburn Act
       Limited the distribution of free railroad passes
        (bribery)
       Gave the ICC power to set maximum railroad
        rates
Protecting Health
   The Jungle by Upton Sinclair
       Identified unsanitary conditions in meat packing
        plants
       1906 – Meat Inspection Act
            Strict cleanliness for meatpackers
            Created the program of federal meat inspection
Pure Food and Drug Act
   1906
   Stopped the sale of contaminated foods or
    medicines
   Called for truth in labeling
       Popular children’s medicine often contained opium,
        cocaine, or alcohol
   This act did not ban harmful products outright, but
    allowed consumers to be educated
Conservation & Natural Resources
   Federal government paid little attention to
    the nation’s natural resources
   Farmers
       Cut down forests and plowed up prairies
   Ranchers
       Allowed cattle to overgraze
   Coal companies
       Cluttered the land with spoil dumps
   Lumber companies
       Didn’t replace the trees they cut down
John Muir
   Naturalist / Writer
   Persuaded the president to set aside 148
    million acres of forest reserves
   Roosevelt also set aside 1.5 million acres
    of water – power sites and 80 million acres
    of land to be explored for mineral and water
    resources
Gifford Pinchot
   A professional conservationist
   Head of the US Forest Service
   Conserve forest and grazing lands
   Keep large tracts of federal land exempt
    from private sale
Conservation
Some wilderness areas would be preserved
  while others would be developed for the
               common good

    National Reclamation Act of 1902
              (Newlands Act)
 funded irrigation to states in the Midwest
Roosevelt and Civil Rights
   Wasn’t a supporter of civil rights
   Did support individual African Americans
       Appointed an African American as head of a
        South Carolina custom house
       Did not bow to the demands to dismiss a black
        postmistress in Mississippi
       Invited Booker T. Washington to the White
        House
NAACP
   National Association for the Advancement
    of Colored People
   Formed in 1909
   Aimed for equality among the races

				
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