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					                                                                               ANTS                                                                                   1


Species   What size &         How do you tell      Where are they         What do they            How should        What can the         What should the
          color are           them from other      found in the           eat?                    you inspect?      homeowner do?        professional do?
          they?               ants?                house?
CARPENTER Worker ants         Large size. 1-       The main               Insect honeydew,        Look for small    Homeowner            Find trails from
ANT       are 1/8 - 1/2       node ant.            Carpenter Ant          plants, fruit juices,   piles of debris   should correct the   house to main
          inch; black.        Microscopic          colony is not in the   insects and other       on floors.        moisture problem     colony in yard.
          Winged              circle of hairs at   house -- it is in a    arthropods. They        Check gutters     in house. Seal       Use pesticide and
          reproductives       tip of abdomen.      tree in the yard.      will also eat:          for potential     cracks and           baits to create
          are larger --       Profile of thorax    Satellite colonies     sweets, eggs,           moisture          crevices to stop     barrier between
          almost 1 inch.      evenly rounded.      nest in moist wood     meat, cakes, and        problems.         entry into house.    main colony &
                              Can be confused      in the house, but      grease.                 Check trees in    Trim back tree       house. May need
                              with Allegheny       do not eat wood.                               yard for main     branches that        to inject pesticide
                              Mound Ant.           May be seen in                                 colony. Listen    touch house.         into wall voids.
                                                   kitchen foraging                               for chewing       Homeowner            Leave the main
                                                   for food. Travel                               sounds in         pesticides may       colony alone --
                                                   through wall voids.                            walls.            eliminate the        that is part of
                                                                                                                    occasional forager   nature.
                                                                                                                    in the living
                                                                                                                    quarters of the
                                                                                                                    house, but may
                                                                                                                    not eliminate the
                                                                                                                    colony which will
                                                                                                                    continue to tunnel
                                                                                                                    in moisture-
                                                                                                                    damaged wood.




University of Delaware Cooperative Extension
Susan King, Pesticide Coordinator
Material provided in part by EPA Region 3 grant:
Development of Indoor Insect Pest ID and Control Educational Materials                                                                                         5/15/2012
                                                                         ANTS                                                                                  2


Species        What size &     How do you tell   Where are they      What do they          How should       What can the         What should the
               color are       them from other   found in the        eat?                  you inspect?     homeowner do?        professional do?
               they?           ants?             house?
PHARAOH        1/16 inch.      2-node ant.       Pharaoh Ants nest   Pharaoh Ants          Look for small   NEVER use an         The professional
ANT            Light yellow/   Antenna 12        in inaccessible     have a range of       light-colored    insecticide spray.   must use a bait for
               tan in color.   segmented with    warm, humid         food: syrup, fruit,   ants in the      Pharaoh Ant          control of Pharaoh
               Abdomen         3-segmented       places near food/   meat, dead            kitchen and      colonies have        Ants. Pre-baiting
               may be          club. Easily      water sources.      insects. They         around pet       several hundreds     with non-toxic bait
               darker.         confused with     They use utility    need carbs for        dishes.          of reproductive      to locate the ants
                               Thief Ant which   lines to move       maintaining the                        females.             is recommended.
                               has a 10-         about the house.    colony. They also                      Insecticide spray    The professional
                               segmented                             need protein for                       causes the main      needs to know
                               antenna and 2-                        reproduction and                       colony to bud into   whether the colony
                               segmented club.                       development of                         2, then 4, then 8,   is looking for carbs
                                                                     the young. The                         then 16………..         or protein and
                                                                     colony may shift                                            switch baits as the
                                                                     food preferences                                            colony food needs
                                                                     as their needs                                              change.
                                                                     change.




University of Delaware Cooperative Extension
Susan King, Pesticide Coordinator
Material provided in part by EPA Region 3 grant:
Development of Indoor Insect Pest ID and Control Educational Materials                                                                                  5/15/2012
                                                                            ANTS                                                                               3


Species        What size &     How do you tell   Where are they         What do they        How should       What can the         What should the
               color are       them from other   found in the           eat?                you inspect?     homeowner do?        professional do?
               they?           ants?             house?
THIEF ANT      1/16 inch.      2-node ant.       This ant gets its      Thief Ants prefer   Look for small   Don't use an         After ensuring that
               Light yellow/   Antenna 10        name from the          high protein        light-colored    insecticide spray.   you do not have
               tan in color.   segmented with    habit of nesting       foods: meat,        ants in the      You may have         Pharaoh Ant, the
                               2-segmented       near other ant         bread, fruit,       kitchen and      Pharaoh Ants!        professional needs
                               club. Easily      colonies and           animal fats, oil,   around pet       Keep pantry foods    to find the nest by
                               confused with     stealing their food!   nuts and dairy.     dishes.          in tightly sealed    following workers
                               Pharaoh Ant                              They will also                       containers. Don't    back home. Wall
                               which has a 12-                          feed on sweets.                      leave food sitting   voids may need to
                               segmented                                                                     out in kitchen.      be dusted with
                               antenna and 3-                                                                Control grease       insecticides.
                               segmented club.                                                               while preparing &    Barrier treatments
                                                                                                             cooking food.        may be
                                                                                                                                  recommended.
                                                                                                                                  Baits may be
                                                                                                                                  effective.




University of Delaware Cooperative Extension
Susan King, Pesticide Coordinator
Material provided in part by EPA Region 3 grant:
Development of Indoor Insect Pest ID and Control Educational Materials                                                                                  5/15/2012
                                                                             ANTS                                                                                   4


Species        What size &    How do you tell      Where are they        What do they        How should         What can the          What should the
               color are      them from other      found in the          eat?                you inspect?       homeowner do?         professional do?
               they?          ants?                house?
ODOROUS        1/16 - 1/8     1- node ant. The     These ants usually    Odorous House       Look for tiny      There is little a     The professional
HOUSE ANT      inch. Brown    node is hidden       construct their       Ants prefer         dark ants in the   homeowner can         will apply a barrier
               to black in    beneath the          nests in wall voids   sweets, but will    kitchen. They      do. Sanitation will   insecticide
               color. This    abdomen.             around hot water      also eat high-      often come out     not stop the ants.    treatment and
               ant is the     When crushed,        pipes and heaters,    protein foods and   of electrical      Homeowner             baits. Often two
               most           this ant gives off   in crevices around    grease. In other    sockets and        pesticides may        applications about
               common ant     a "rotten-           sinks and             words, they eat     forage on the      eliminate the         2 weeks apart are
               in Delaware    coconut" like        cupboards.            anything!           kitchen            occasional forager    required for
               homes and      odor.                                                          counter.           in the living         control. The
               the most                                                                                         quarters of the       homeowner must
               difficult to                                                                                     house, but will not   be patient and wait
               control.                                                                                         eliminate the         2 weeks after the
                                                                                                                colony.               last application
                                                                                                                                      before asking for
                                                                                                                                      additional
                                                                                                                                      applications.




University of Delaware Cooperative Extension
Susan King, Pesticide Coordinator
Material provided in part by EPA Region 3 grant:
Development of Indoor Insect Pest ID and Control Educational Materials                                                                                       5/15/2012
                                                                           ANTS                                                                                    5


Species        What size &    How do you tell     Where are they       What do they          How should         What can the          What should the
               color are      them from other     found in the         eat?                  you inspect?       homeowner do?         professional do?
               they?          ants?               house?
CRAZY ANT      1/16 - 1/8     1-node ant.         These ants usually   While Crazy Ants      Look for small     There is little a     The professional
               inch. Dark     Antenna and         construct their      prefer to eat other   dark ants in the   homeowner can         can apply a barrier
               brown to       legs very long.     nests underneath     insects and           kitchen that       do. Sanitation will   insecticide
               black.                             floors and in wall   sweets, they will     seem to run        not stop the ants.    treatment and
                                                  voids especially     feed on almost        haphazardly        Homeowner             baits.
                                                  near hot-water       any household         about in search    pesticides may
                                                  pipes and heaters.   food.                 of food.           eliminate the
                                                                                                                occasional forager
                                                                                                                in the living
                                                                                                                quarters of the
                                                                                                                house, but will not
                                                                                                                eliminate the
                                                                                                                colony.




LITTLE         1/16 inch.     2-node ant. No      These ants will      Little Black Ants     Look for small     There is little a     The professional
BLACK ANT      Dark brown     spines on thorax.   nest in decaying     feed on grease,       black ants in      homeowner can         can apply a barrier
               to black.      Antenna 12-         wood and             oil, meats, fruits,   the kitchen.       do. Sanitation will   insecticide
                              segmented with      masonry.             vegetable                                not stop the ants.    treatment and
                              3-segmented                              materials, and                           Homeowner             baits.
                              club.                                    sweets.                                  pesticides may
                                                                                                                eliminate the
                                                                                                                occasional forager
                                                                                                                in the living
                                                                                                                quarters of the
                                                                                                                house, but will not
                                                                                                                eliminate the
                                                                                                                colony.




University of Delaware Cooperative Extension
Susan King, Pesticide Coordinator
Material provided in part by EPA Region 3 grant:
Development of Indoor Insect Pest ID and Control Educational Materials                                                                                      5/15/2012
                                                                            ANTS                                                                                   6


Species        What size &    How do you tell     Where are they        What do they        How should          What can the           What should the
               color are      them from other     found in the          eat?                you inspect?        homeowner do?          professional do?
               they?          ants?               house?
ACROBAT        1/16 - 1/8     2-node ant.         Nest in moist         Acrobat Ants        When found          Homeowner              The professional
ANT            inch; light    Hold abdomen        wood. Follow          enjoy honeydew      indoors, look       should correct the     may inject
               brown to       over thorax &       utility lines &       from aphids on      first at the        moisture problem       pesticide into the
               black          head. Pedicel       wires.                ornamental          structure's         in house. Seal         wall void, spot
                              attached to                               plants. They also   exterior. Look      cracks and             treat at point of
                              upper surface of                          eat dead insects,   for trailing ants   crevices to stop       entry and use
                              abdomen.                                  sweets, & high-     on the              entry into house.      baits.
                              Abdomen heart                             protein foods       foundation &        Trim back tree
                              shaped when                               such as meat.       utility lines.      branches that
                              viewed from top.                                              Inside look for     touch house.
                                                                                            piles of debris,    Treat ornamental
                                                                                            especially          plants to eliminate
                                                                                            Styrofoam           aphids.
                                                                                            insulation.




PAVEMENT       1/8 inch.      2-node ant. 12-     These ants nest       Pavement ants       Look for these      Homeowners can         The professional
ANT            Dark Brown.    segmented           beside and under      will eat a wide     ants around         eliminate              may inject
                              antenna with 3-     sidewalks,            variety of foods,   trash               Pavement Ant           pesticide into the
                              segmented club.     driveways and         such as dead        containers and      colonies in the        wall void and
                              One pair of         building              insects, grease,    on kitchen          driveway and near      under floors, spot
                              spines on thorax.   foundations.          seeds and           counters.           the house              treat at point of
                              Head and thorax     During the winter,    sweets.                                 foundation.            entry and use
                              have visible        the ants often nest   Honeydew                                Kitchen sanitation     baits.
                              grooves.            inside the home in    produced by                             will help reduce
                                                  the vicinity of a     homopterous                             the infestation, but
                                                  heat source.          insects is a                            not eliminate it.
                                                                        favored food.




University of Delaware Cooperative Extension
Susan King, Pesticide Coordinator
Material provided in part by EPA Region 3 grant:
Development of Indoor Insect Pest ID and Control Educational Materials                                                                                      5/15/2012
                                                                             ANTS                                                                             7


Species        What size &      How do you tell     Where are they       What do they      How should        What can the         What should the
               color are        them from other     found in the         eat?              you inspect?      homeowner do?        professional do?
               they?            ants?               house?
FIRE ANT       1/16 - 1/4       2-node ant. No      These ants almost    Fire Ants feed on If you see an     At this time, Fire   At this time, Fire
               inch. Body       spines on thorax.   always nest          any plant and     ant mound in      Ant control in       Ant control in
               yellowish red    Antenna 10-         outdoors, but have   animal material. your yard and it   Delaware must be     Delaware must be
               and abdomen      segmented with      been known to                          "boils over"      left to the          left to the
               black. While     2-segmented         nest behind                            when              Delaware             Delaware
               Delaware is      club. When the      baseboards in the                      disturbed, call   Department of        Department of
               not within the   Fire Ant mound      home.                                  your County       Agriculture.         Agriculture.
               Fire Ant         is disturbed, the                                          Extension
               range, we        mound will "boil                                           Agent.
               have had         over."
               isolated
               cases of Fire
               Ant
               infestations.




University of Delaware Cooperative Extension
Susan King, Pesticide Coordinator
Material provided in part by EPA Region 3 grant:
Development of Indoor Insect Pest ID and Control Educational Materials                                                                                 5/15/2012

				
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