Child Passenger Safety- updated by fanzhongqing


									Child Passenger
Simple pointers to keep
   your children safe
               Illinois Law
       Child Passenger Protection Act
      Revised effective January 1, 2004

• IL law requires that all children under
  the age of 8 be properly restrained in
  an appropriate child safety seat. All
  children need to be restrained
  correctly whenever they ride in a
  motor vehicle-
       Every trip, Every time!!!!!!!
             Infant-only seats
• The safest way for infants to ride is rear-facing in the back
  seat. Rear-facing child safety seats protect the infant’s
  head, neck and back in a crash. The infant should ride rear-
  facing until at least 20 pounds AND one year of age,
  longer if possible to protect their developing muscles and

• The baby's head must be at least one inch below the top of
  the child safety seat.

• The label on the child safety seat gives the upper weight
  limit of the child safety seat. Infant-only seats usually
  range from birth or five pounds to about 20 pounds.

• ALWAYS monitor the baby when he/she is in the infant-only
  seat. The infant-only child safety seat should not be used
  as a crib, and should NEVER be placed on a high table or
  unstable surface.
       Infant-only Seats
• Keep harness straps
fastened snug on baby
even when the child safety
seat is not being used
in your vehicle.

• Harness straps should
be at or below the baby’s shoulders
Convertible Seats (Toddler Seats)
•   Convertible child safety seats are designed for older babies and
    can be used rear–facing to higher weight limits, and then forward-

•   Newer convertible child safety seats can be used rear-facing up to 30 or
    35 pounds for children who are over 20 pounds, but less than one year of
    age. Some older models can only be used up to 20-22 pounds rear–facing.
    Always check the label and instructions for the rear–facing weight limit.

•   If a baby under one year of age grows too tall or too heavy for an infant-
    only seat, a convertible seat with a higher rear-facing weight limit (over
    22 pounds) is recommended.

•   Convertible child safety seats may be turned around to face the front
    when baby is over one year of age AND at least 20 pounds.

•   It is recommended that a child ride rear-facing as long as he/she fits in
    the convertible child safety seat. This protects baby's fragile head, neck,
    and spinal cord. Follow the child safety seat manufacturer's instructions
    for rear-facing weight limits.
            Convertible seats
• A convertible child safety seat with a 5 point harness is
  recommended over a convertible seat with a padded
  overhead shield for small infants. The shield comes up too
  high and may make proper adjustment of the harness
  difficult for a small infant.

• The harness straps are at or
 below the child’s shoulders for
 rear-facing, and at or above
 the shoulders for forward facing.
      Forward-Facing only
• Forward-facing only seats are
  designed for children who are over
  one year and over 20 lbs. The upper
  weight limit for this seat is usually 40
  lbs. When the child reaches 40 lbs.,
  you need to take out the harness
  straps and use the seat as a Belt
  Positioning Booster seat with the
  safety belt.
     Forward Facing-only

• Harness straps must
 be at or above the
 child’s shoulders.
• Safety belts are designed for small adults who are at least
  80 pounds and 4 feet 9 inches tall. Until age eight, most
  children have not developed strong hipbones, and their legs
  and body are too short for the adult safety belt to fit

• A belt that rides up on the tummy could cause serious
  internal injuries to vital organs. Many young children do not
  sit still or straight enough to keep lap belts low across their
  thighs or the strong hip bones. The shoulder belt should
  never be placed behind a child’s back or under the arm. If
  this is done, your child could be seriously injured.

• Booster seats are comfortable for children because they
  allow their legs to bend normally and help them sit up
  straighter so the adult safety belt fits. Booster seats also
  allow kids to see out the window better.

• A booster seat must always be used with a combination
  lap/shoulder safety belt, never with a lap only safety belt.
           Booster Seats

Always buckle the
booster seat when
the child is not in it.
A loose booster seat
can injure others
in a crash.
  Installing child restraints
• ALWAYS read and follow the child safety
  seat instructions and the vehicle owner's
• Make sure you know how the safety belt/
  LATCH system work in the vehicle in order
  to keep the child safety seat firmly
  attached to the vehicle. You can put your
  knee in the seat and pull the safety
  belt/LATCH tight.
• Log on to the IDOT Child Passenger Safety
  website at in
  order to find a Child Passenger Safety
  technician in your area.
                           Safety belts
When is a Child Ready for an Adult Safety Belt?
•   Until age eight, most children have not developed strong hipbones, and their legs and
    body are too short to allow the safety belt to fit properly. Safety belts are designed for
    small adults. The lap portion of the safety belt must fit low and tight across the upper
    thighs. The shoulder portion of the safety belt should rest over the center of the
    shoulder and across the chest.

To be able to fit in a safety belt, a child must pass this 5-step test:
•   Be tall enough to sit without slouching,

•   Keep his/her back against the vehicle seat back,

•   Keep his/her knees completely bent over the edge of the seat,

•   Keep his/her feet flat on the floor, and

•   Be able to stay comfortably seated this way for the entire trip.

•   Never put the shoulder portion of the safety belt under the child's arm or behind the
    child's back. This can cause severe internal injuries in a crash. If the safety belt does
    not fit properly the child should use a belt-positioning booster seat.

•   Always check how the safety belt fits on the child in every vehicle. A belt-
    positioning booster seat may be needed in some vehicles and not in others.
       Friendly Reminders
• WARNING: The back seat is the safest
  place in the event of a crash. Children 12
  and under should ride properly restrained
  in back.
• Never place a rear-facing infant seat in
  front of an active airbag.
• Children should remain rear-facing as long
  as possible and…
• EVERYONE needs to buckle up, every trip,
  every time!!!!!
           Buckle Up—it saves lives!
     IL Dept. of Transportation, Child Passenger Safety

     National Highway Transportation Safety Administration

     American Academy of Pediatrics

     Safe Kids Worldwide

     Booster Seat information
       For more Information on Child
             Passenger Safety
   Northwestern OP Coordinator             Collar and Cook Counties OP Coordinator
              Melanie Wingo                               Bob Brasky
  Northern Illinois University- Rockford           Rush-Copley Medical Center
        PHONE: 815-761-7365                          PHONE: 847-658-4172
          FAX: 815-753-8766                         EMAIL:

       Chicago OP Coordinator                    West Central OP Coordinator
            Wanda Vazquez                                 Jessi Hopkins
         Centro San Bonifacio               Child Care Resource and Referral Network
        PHONE: 773-481-1967                       PHONE: 309-828-1892 x214
          FAX : 773-252-9195                           FAX: 309-828-0526
EMAIL:              EMAIL:

      East Central OP Coordinator               Southwestern OP Coordinator
             Jennifer Toney                                Rachel Walker
Child Care Resource and Referral Network     Southern Illinois University Safety Center
       PHONE: 309-828-1892 x 213                     PHONE: 618-453-1359
           FAX: 309-828-0526                           FAX: 618-453-2879
        EMAIL:                   EMAIL:
     Southeastern OP Coordinator             Special Needs CPS Resource Center
              Kathy White                               Yvette Whitehurst
Child Care Resource and Referral Network           Children’s Hospital of Illinois
         PHONE: 618-308-1181                         PHONE: 309-671-4825
                                                       FAX: 309-671-4832

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