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LATINO NATIONAL SURVEY.ppt

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					                Redefining America:
 Key Findings from the 2006 Latino National Survey

                          Luis Fraga
Associate Professor of Political Science, Stanford University
                        John Garcia
    Professor of Political Science, University of Arizona
                        Rodney Hero
   Professor of Political Science, Notre Dame University
                  Michael Jones-Correa
  Associate Professor of Government, Cornell University
                 Valerie Martinez-Ebers
      Associate Professor, Texas Christian University
                      Gary M. Segura
         Associate Professor, University of Washington
          Sources of Funding
•   Annie E. Casey Foundation
•   Carnegie Corporation
•   Ford Foundation
•   Hewlett Foundation
•   Irvine Foundation
•   Joyce Foundation
•   Kellogg Foundation
•   National Science Foundation
•   Russell Sage Foundation
•   Texas A&M University: MALRC, PERG
Percent Hispanic of U.S. Population, 1960-2030




25
                                                      22.5

20                                             19.3
                                        16.4
15
                                 13.2

10                        9.7
                   6.9
            4.8
 5   3.6

 0
     1960   1970   1980   1990   2000   2010   2020   2030
Hispanic Births and Net Immigration by Decade:
                  1960-2030

14                                                          13.4
12                                                 11.2
10                                        9.2
                                      8.1                      8.1
 8                                           7.6      7.3
                                  7
 6                          5.5
                      4.4
 4            3.2 3
     2.6
 2      1.3
 0
     1960-70 1970-80 1980-90      1990-   2000-10 2010-20 2020-30
                                  2000
                      Births      Immigration
                            Latino Diversity
                        44 million Latinos in the US

Census Bureau (American
                                      Latino National Survey (unweighted N)
Community Survey, Released August
                                      Summer 2006
2006)
                                           *Mexican            66.1% (5704)
Mexican                 63.9%
                                           *Puerto Rican       9.5% (822)
Puerto Rican             9%
                                           *Cuban              4.9% (420)
Cuban                    3.5%
                                           *Salvadoran         4.7% (407)
Salvadoran               2.9%
                                           *Dominican          3.9% (335)
Dominican                2.7%
                                           *Guatemalan         1.7% (149)
Guatemalan               1.7%
                                           *Colombian          1.6% (139)
Colombian                1.8%
                                           *All Others         7.6%
ALL OTHERS              14.3%
                                           *Native-born          28.4% (2450)
Native-born (not Island-born):
                                           Foreign-born (adults)
                         35.4%
                                                                  66.2% (5717)
Foreign-born             61%
                                           *Island-born PR          5.4% (467)
Island-born PR            3.6%
                                           *No high school diploma 37%
No high school diploma 43%
                                           *College graduate         16.2%
College graduate         11.1%
      Separate but Related:
 The Realities of Pan Ethnicity
within the Latino National Survey
              A Multiplicity of Identities
•   Simultaneous strong
    sense of pan-ethnic                              National Pan-
    identity, national origin               American Origin Ethnic
    identity, and American-
    ness                          Mexican     61.7    84.0     87.4
      Puerto Ricans illustrate
       best that identities are    Cuban      77.8    82.1     81.6
       not mutually exclusive
      Cuban pan-ethnicity         Puerto
                                              83.7    90.7     89.3
       surprisingly high            Rican
      Mexican sense of
       American-ness high             All     65.0    84.0     87.2
       considering the share
       foreign born                  Cells are percent expressing
                                    “somewhat” or “very strongly”
              Extent of Pan Ethnic Identification
                               by National Origin
   Variation among               80
    national origin               70
    groups modest
   Lowest groups                 60
    are Cubans and                50
    Spaniards
   Highest groups                40
    are Central                   30
    Americans,
    Puerto Ricans,                20
    and Dominicans
                                  10
   Order of bars- So. Amer;       0
    Cen. Amer.; Mex.; Puerto           Somewhat       Very
    Rican; Cuban; Dominican;
    Salvadoran; Guatemalan;             Strongly    Strongly
    Spaniards
Correlates of Pan Ethnic Identity and Background
                 Characteristics
Background             Positive          Direction
Characteristics       Association
Gender                    +           Latinas more pan
                                           ethnic
Educational               +         Slight increase with
Attainment                            more education

Language Use              +            Slightly more
                                     Spanish speakers
Place of Birth            +         Highest among Island
                                     born Puerto Ricans
Latinos as distinct       +           Support idea of
race                                 Latinos as distinct
                                            race
Preferred Pan –           +           Slightly more to
ethnic Label                         Hispanic, but large
                                    segment prefer either
Religious                 +          Stronger pan-ethnic
Affiliation                         identifiers more likely
                                        to be Catholic
    Pan Ethnic Identity and Preferred Label

   Two in five Latinos
    consider either pan-     70
    ethnic label as          60
    acceptable               50                         Not at all
   Hispanic is preferred                               Not very
                             40
    term by 43% of the                                  Strong
                             30                         Somewhat
    respondents                                         strong
                             20                         Very
   Pan ethnic identifiers                              Strongly
                             10
    more prevalent than
    1989 LNPS                 0
                                  Hisp.        Either
                                          Latino
           Correlates of Pan Ethnic Identity
           and Political Interest and Media Use


Political Interest         Positive          Direction
and Media Use             Association

Extent of Watching             +        Stronger Pan-ethnic
Television News                         identifiers watch TV
                                         news almost daily
Regularity of Reading          +        Stronger Pan-ethnic
Newspaper                                  identifiers read
                                        newspapers almost
                                                daily
Level of Political             +          Higher levels of
Interest                                 political interests
                                        among stronger pan-
                                         ethnic identifiers
Political Ideology             +          Weaker pan-ethnic
                                         Identifiers are more
                                        conservative and not
                                        think in these terms
Partisan Identification        +         Stronger pan-ethnic
                                        identifiers more likely
                                            to identify as
                                             Democrats
             Levels of Pan Ethnicity and
                 Party Identification


   One fourth of LNS respondents identified as
    Democrats

   Second largest category was do not know-12.5%

   Self-identified independents exceed Latino
    Republicans
Correlates of Pan Ethnic Identity and Political Participation

     Political Interest and   Positive Association         Direction
     Media Use



     Participate in                    +              Stronger pan-ethnic
     community                                       identifiers more likely
     activities                                         to participate in
                                                      community activities
     Composition of                    +               Stronger pan-ethnic
     fellow group                                      identifiers are more
     members                                         likely to work w/ other
                                                             Latinos.
     If problem, vehicle               +               Stronger pan-ethic
     to act collectively                             identifiers more likely
                                                       to work w/ existing
                                                          orgs. And act.
     Whether public                    +              Stronger pan-ethnic
     official contacted                              identifiers more likely
     was Latino                                      to contact official who
                                                            is Latino
 Correlates of Pan Ethnic Identity and Political
                 Participation
Electoral Politics     Positive             Direction
and Vote Choices      Association

Vote for President,       +         Pan-ethnic voters more
2004                                likely to vote for John
                                    Kerry
Non-Voters’               +         Pan-ethnic identifiers
Preference for                      more likely to prefer
President, 2004                     John Kerry


A Basis for               +         Stronger pan-ethnic
Candidate Choice-                   identifiers prefer Latino
Being Latino                        candidates
A Basis for               +         Stronger pan-ethnic
Candidate Choice-                   identifiers prefer
Speaking Spanish                    candidates who have
                                    Spanish facility


A Basis for               +         Stronger pan-ethnic
Candidate Choice-                   identifiers place high
Issues                              emphasis on issues
   Correlates of Pan Ethnic Identity and Sense of a
               Pan Ethnic Community

Elements of a Pan-        Positive          Direction
ethnic Community         Association
Linked fate with other       +          Stronger pan-ethnic
Latinos                                identifiers have higher
                                         level of linked fate
Ethnic group’s               +          Stronger pan-ethnic
socioeconomic status                    identifiers perceived
as similar w/ other                    socioeconomic status
                                         as similar w/ other
Latinos                                        Latinos
Ethnic group’s               +          Stronger pan-ethnic
political status as                     identifiers perceived
similar w/ other                         their political status
                                          as similar w/ other
Latinos                                         Latinos


Ethnic group’s sense         +         R’s sense of own sub-
of linked fate common                    group’s status as
to that of other                           linked w/ other
                                               Latinos
Latinos
    Levels of Pan Ethnicity and Connectiveness
        Of One’s Subgroup to Other Latinos


   One-half of LNS Latinos perceive a lot of
    commonalities with one’s group and other Latinos

   Stronger pan-ethnic identifiers are more inclined to
    see this connection.

   Over three- fourths of the combined stronger pan-
    ethic identifiers see their own national origin group
    as having a similar fate with other Latinos
         Forced Choice: Boxing in Latinos

Distribution of Single-Identity Preference   •   However, forced choice reveals
by National Origin Group                         more traditional patterns:
                                                   American-ness suffers
                                                    among foreign-born but
                                                    improves greatly across
                        National    Pan-            generations
             American    Origin    Ethnic          Puerto Ricans least
                                                    “Latino” and most stand
 Mexican       16.1       38.9      39.0            alone as a group
                                                   Share of Mexicans
                                                    choosing pan-ethnicity
   Cuban       27.7       36.8      26.7            equals share choosing
                                                    national origin
  Puerto
               21.2       43.9      27.9     •   We caution that this is an
   Rican                                         artificial choice, one not
                                                 required of people in the real
       All     17.0       38.5      38.0         world

Cells are percent of group choosing that     •   Preference for pan-ethnicity
identity                                         still more than double what
                                                 was found in LNPS 1989
      Less Separate and More Related: A
        Broader and Integrated Latino
                Community
   Clearer evidence of active           Stronger pan-ethnic identifiers
    presence of pan-ethnicity             more inclined to be politically
    among Latinos                         aware and tied to their fellow
                                          Latinos.
   Transcends nativity and
    immigrant background.                Partisan and ideological
                                          implications with stronger pan-
   Reflects multiplicity of group        ethnic identifiers
    related identities for Latinos
    living in America                    Real indicators of ongoing and
                                          inter-related pan-ethnic
   There is a political connection       community and inter-group
    among those with stronger             commonalities
    levels of pan-ethnicity and
    political involvements
Latinos and Racial Identification
         Racial Identification
More complex than previously understood
  with confounding notions of phenotype and skin-tone.

Self-identification   distribution among LNS
respondents:
      67.2% some other race
      22.8% white
       .8% black

Fully 51% of respondents say Latino/Hispanic is a
different race!

But…    is Race the same as Skin-tone?
             Determinants of Racial Self-
             identification
   Racial identification doesn’t obviously vary by citizenship or
    generation in US.

   With one exception, no obvious differences by national
    origin or state of residence.
       Cubans (and Floridians) are outliers (25% difference with six other
                                                           B
        major Latino ethnic groups).                       u
       As previously documented, Cuban Americans are more likely than
                                                           t
        other Latinos to self-identify as white.

   But…. Even Cuban response is a big shift from LNPS in
    1989.
    Cuban Distribution            white           other
                 1989             92.5             3.8
                 2006             49.9            43.0
                     Skin-tone
                                                        Percent
    Question: “Latinos can be
    described based on skin       Very dark = 1           3.31
    tone or complexion                              2     7.67
    shades. Using a scale                           3 40.68
    from 1 to 5 where 1                             4 19.62
    represents very dark and
    5 represents being very        Very light = 5 22.61
    light, where would you        REFUSED 9 6.11
    place yourself on that      ----------------------------------
    scale?”                            Total          100.00
   A plurality selects the
    exact middle category of
    skin-tone.
    A Closer Look at Skin-tone
   Cuban responses for skin-tone is not significantly different from
    other groups:
      9 % answering ‘dark’ or ‘very dark,’ compared to 10-11% of other
       national origin groups.

   Darker skin-tone is associated with lower outcomes in income and
    home ownership but NOT with employment or education.

   Darker skin-tone also associated with more negative incidents with
    police, obtaining housing, and service in restaurants.
             Skin-tone and “American”
                    Identification
In general, how strongly or not do
   you think of yourself as
   American?                                            Not at Very
   - Very strongly, somewhat                            All    Strongly
    strongly, not very strongly,       Darkest            20%       14%
    or not al all.
                                       Neutral            16%       35%
   The plurality answer for all       Lightest           14%       44%
    respondents was “very strongly”
    but the ones most likely to feel   --------------------------------
    this way were the lightest skin-   All Respondents
    tone.
                                                         15%         39%
    Racial Identity By Skin-tone
             (in percentages)


                   Skin-tone
Race ID      Darker Neutral     Lighter
White        11      32          58
Other race   12      47          41
Black        19      50          32
Total        12      43          45
Latinos and Partisanship
           Patterns of Partisanship
              Overall   U.S. Born   Puerto Rico   Born Outside
                                                     U.S.

Democrat        42.1      55.9        56.3          33.9

Republican     21.5       26.0        22.9          18.8

Independent      8.1       5.6         3.1          10.0

Don’t Care     12.7        4.8         5.5          17.4

Don’t Know     15.6        8.6        12.7          20.0
    Partisanship Among Citizens
              U.S. Born   Naturalized   Registered   Not Registered


Democrat       55.9         43.9          55.9           33.6

Republican     26.0         24.9          26.1           22.3

Independent     5.6         8.6            6.1            8.2

Don’t Care      4.8         9.2            3.9           15.4

Don’t Know      8.6        13.4            8.1          20.6
   Partisanship and Gender
              Male   Female
Democrat      41.2     40.7


Republican    23.7     18.7


Independent    9.3     7.6


Don’t Care    11.7    14.6


Don’t Know    14.1    18.4
         Partisanship and the Bush Effect:
               Presidential Approval
                           Registered                      Not Registered

Democrat                         23.6                              30.0

Republican                       52.7                             37.9

Independent                      29.6                             31.8

Don’t Know                       28.5                             30.7

Don’t Care                       26.6                             31.3


“How strongly do you approve or disapprove of how President Bush is doing as President?”
         Partisanship and the Bush Effect:
              Presidential Favorability
                            Registered                      Not Registered

Democrat                          24.1                              29.3

Republican                        53.8                              38.7

Independent                       31.4                              31.3

Don’t Know                       28.3                              19.0

Don’t Care                        27.1                             22.2


“Now I would like to ask you about your feelings toward President Bush. Thinking about the   kind
   of person he Is, would you say you view him very favorably, somewhat favorably, …?”
  Foundations of Bush Favorability

His policy positions       25.2

Likeability                 9.5

Leadership                 25.4

Ability to speak Spanish    5.3

Relates well to Latinos    19.1

Commitment to his
  Christian Faith          15.6
           Citizenship and Issue Positions:
             Problem Facing the Country
                                 Citizen                Non-citizen

Iraq War                            30.0                     33.2

Economy                             14.7                     12.4

Illegal
   Immigration                        8.4                     14.8

Education/
 Schools                             4.2                       4.7

Other                              12.4                         6.6

“What do you think is THE one most important problem facing the country today?”
         Partisanship and Issue Positions:
           Problem Facing the Country
                           Democrat              Republican              Independent

Iraq War                         33.8                 25.1                        25.8

Economy                          15.0                 14.6                        14.5

Illegal
   Immigration                     6.9                 9.0                        10.6

Education/
 Schools                          5.4                  4.5                        5.0

Other                           11.7                 17.3                         16.1

“What do you think is THE one most important problem facing the country today?”
                    Partisanship and Issue Positions:
                         Party Approach Country

                          Democrats           Republicans            Neither          Don’t Know


Democrat                       39.4                 7.4                43.1             10.1

Republican                     14.6               26.2                 46.3             13.0

Independent                    12.1                 6.8                63.8             17.2

Don’t Care                      6.2                 3.9                54.2              35.7

Don’t Know                      6.1                 4.8                48.5             40.6

“Which political party do you think has a better approach to address this problem?”
           Citizenship and Issue Positions:
                Problem Facing Latinos
                                 Citizen                Non-citizen

Illegal
   Immigration                       25.0                     35.1

Education/
 Schools                            13.9                       3.6

Unemp/Jobs                          11.7                      12.6

Iraq War                             1.5                       1.6

Other                              13.6                         9.2

“What do you think is THE one most important problem facing the country today?”
         Partisanship and Issue Positions:
              Problem Facing Latinos
                           Democrat             Republican              Independent

Illegal
   Immigration                   24.7                 23.7                     27.5

Education/
 Schools                         18.2                 15.3                      11.3

Unemp/Jobs                       12.4                 11.0                      9.7

Iraq War                           1.8                 0.9                      1.9

Other                            13.8                 16.4                    14.4

“What do you think is THE one most important problem facing the Latino community today?”
                    Partisanship and Issue Positions:
                         Party Approach Latinos

                          Democrats           Republicans            Neither          Don’t Know


Democrat                       44.8                 6.7                37.1             11.4

Republican                     19.3               21.0                 42.1             17.6

Independent                    14.4                 7.8                55.7             22.0

Don’t Care                    12.1                  6.2                48.2             33.5

Don’t Know                      7.7                 6.2                40.5             45.6

“Which political party do you think has a better approach to address this problem?”
    Latinos in New and Traditional Areas




   The Latino population, especially immigrants, has moved well
    beyond traditional states such as California, Texas, and New York to
    include considerable and increasing presence in such states as
    Arkansas, Georgia, Iowa and North Carolina.

   These latter states -- Arkansas, Georgia, Iowa and North Carolina –
    are also states that had previously had little experience with
    immigrants and/or have substantially large African-American
    populations.
          Latinos Seeing Commonalities
                with Other Groups
   Response Choices: nothing, little, some, a lot, DK/no answer

   Question:
   Thinking about issues like job opportunities, educational attainment
    or income, how much do [selected ethnic term] have in common with
    other racial groups in the United States today? Would you say
    [selected ethnic term] have
    ….. in common with African Americans

    Results:
   In all 7 states more respondents say “some” or “a lot” -- ranging from
    46% to 57% -- than say “nothing” or “little.”

   However, in the 4 “emerging states” 50 percent or less of
    respondents say “some” or “a lot,” while more in the other states say
    “some” or “a lot”: CA (51%), TX (52 %), NY (57%)
           Socioeconomic Commonalities

Question:
Thinking about issues like job opportunities, educational attainment or
income, how much do [selected ethnic term]
have in common with other racial groups in the United States today?
Would you say [selected ethnic term] have
….. in common with whites:

Results:
Varied pattern, hard to summarize, except that in all states fewer
respondents answer “some” or “a lot” than they did for the similar
question regarding Blacks. Also, CA only state where more say
nothing /little than some/ a lot (47%/44%).
              Inter –Group Competition:
                  Latinos and Others
Question:
Some have suggested that [selected ethnic term] are in competition
with African Americans

. …Would you tell me if you believe there is strong competition,
weak competition or no competition at all with African Americans?
How about… competition in getting jobs

Results:
In all seven states (only) about a quarter (25-28 percent) perceived
“strong competition” and about 15-20 percent or so sees “weak
competition;” the plurality choice in every state is “no competition at
all.”

New York stands out in having clearly the highest proportion, 36
percent, saying “strong competition.”
        Competition in
        ….having access to education and quality schools

In 4 emerging states, 47-52 percent say “no competition at all;”
consistently 25-27 percent in these states say “strong competition.”

Percent saying “strong competition” is highest in NY (35%) and TX (32%)


         …getting jobs with the city or state government

42 to 48% in emerging states say “no competition,” and roughly 28 % say
“strong competition.” GA stands out in this group, with 33% percent saying
“strong competition”

The other three states tend to have higher percentage (than “emerging”)
saying “strong competition: CA 35%; TX 33% and, most strikingly, NY
43%.
         Competition in
         … Political Representation
Question:
Competition in …
“Having [selected ethnic term] representatives in elected office”

Results:
In all 4 emerging states “no competition” is the most common answer
(41, 39, 42, and 28 percent for AR, GA, IA, and NC, respectively). GA
is highest with “strong competition,” 36%.


                            IN CONTRAST

In the three others states, “strong competition” is the most common
answer: CA 38%, TX 38%, and NY 42%
     Concept of “Linked Fate” with Others

Question:
How much does [Latinos] doing well depend on African Americans
doing well?


Results:
Percent saying “some” or “a lot” in 4 emerging states ranges from
58% (NC) to 65% (AR).

Interestingly, percent saying “some” or “a lot” is highest in NY (67%).
In TX is 64% and in CA 53% say this.
IMMIGRATION POLICY
                                                          Preferred Immigration Policy by Generation


                            60




                            50
Percent within Generation




                            40                                                                            Preferred Immigration Policy First

                                                                                                          Preferred Immigration Policy
                                                                                                          Second
                                                                                                          Preferred Immigration Policy Third
                            30

                                                                                                          Preferred Immigration Policy Fourth

                                                                                                          Preferred Immigration Policy All
                            20




                            10




                             0
                                  Immediate     Guest Worker Guest Worker   Seal Border   None of These
                                 Legalization      Legaliz
                                                    Preferred Immigration Policy
                                                Opinion of Effect of "Minutemen" Organizations on US Border


                            35



                            30



                            25
Percent within Generation




                            20                                                                                                   First
                                                                                                                                 Second
                                                                                                                                 Third
                                                                                                                                 Fourth
                            15
                                                                                                                                 All



                            10



                             5



                             0
                                 Improved Border Little Difference   More Hostility   More Hostility   No Opinion   Don't Care
                                     Control                            toward         toward all
                                                                      Immigrants         Latinos
THE DECLINE OF TRANSNATIONALISM
Plans to Return Permanently to Country of Origin,
 among First Generation Latinos, by Years in US

                                                      .5




                                                      .4
   In t e n tio n to Re tu r n Pe r m a n e n t ly




                                                      .3




                                                      .2




                                                      .1




                                                     0 .0
                                                            1   4   7    10   13   16   19    22   25   28   31   34   37   40   43   46   49


                                                            Ye a r s in US
                                                            Cas es we ight e d b y WT_NATIO
Remittances to Country of Origin Once a Month or More, among
          First-Generation Latinos, by Years in US

   Sen d Rem it t ances Once a Mo n t h o r Mo re    .7


                                                     .6


                                                     .5


                                                     .4


                                                     .3


                                                     .2


                                                     .1


                                                    0 .0
                                                           1   4   7   10 13    16   19   22 25   28   31   34   37 40   43   46   49

                                                           Year s in US
                                                           Cas es we ight e d b y WT_NATIO
Frequent Contact (more than once a month) with Family
 in Country of Origin, among First-Generation Latinos,
                     by Years in US


                                        1 .2




                                        1 .0
     Cont a ct On ce a Mont h or More




                                         .8




                                         .6




                                         .4



                                         .2
                                               1   4   7   10 13 16 19 22 25 28 31 34 37 40 43 46 49


                                               Yea rs in US
                                               Cas es weighte d b y WT_NATIO
                                                               Spanish as Primary Language of Media Use,
                                                              among First-Generation Latinos, by Years in US
                                                     .9
Spa nis h a s Prim a ry La ngu a ge of Me dia Us e

                                                     .8


                                                     .7


                                                     .6


                                                     .5


                                                     .4


                                                     .3


                                                     .2


                                                     .1
                                                          1    4   7   10 13 16      19 22 25   28 31 34 37 40 43 46   49


                                                          Yea rs in US
                                                          Cas es weig hte d b y WT_NATIO
    Contact with Friends and Family in Country of Origin
Once a Month or More, among Latinos in the US, by Generation


                                                         .9
       Me a n of Co nt a ct On ce or More Pe r Mon t h
                                                         .8


                                                         .7


                                                         .6


                                                         .5


                                                         .4


                                                         .3


                                                         .2


                                                         .1
                                                                           1               2   3   4


                                                              Gen era tion in t he US
                                                              Cas es weig hte d b y WT_NATIO
Remittances to Country of Origin Once a Month or More,
       among Latinos in the US, by Generation

                                                    .5
    Me a n Re m it t a nce Once a Mont h or More


                                                    .4




                                                    .3




                                                    .2




                                                    .1



                                                   0 .0
                                                                      1               2   3   4


                                                          Gen era tion in US
                                                          Cas es weighte d b y WT_NATIO
    Spanish as Primary Language of Media Use, among
             Latinos in the US, by Generation
                                     .5




                                     .4
Me a n Prim a ry Spa nis h Me d ia




                                     .3




                                     .2




                                     .1
                                                       1               2   3   4


                                          Gen era tion in US
                                          Cas es weig hte d b y WT_NATIO
                                                        Follow Politics in Country of Origin a Lot, among
                                                                Latinos in the US, by Generation


Me a n Follo w Polit ics in Co unt ry of Origin A Lot   .16



                                                        .14



                                                        .12



                                                        .10



                                                        .08



                                                        .06



                                                        .04
                                                                          1               2   3   4


                                                              Gen era tion in US
                                                              Cas es weighte d b y WT_NATIO
                       "Very Strong" Identification

          90


          80


          70


          60


          50
                                                                     Latino/Hispanic
Percent




                                                                     Country of Origin
          40                                                         American



          30


          20


          10


           0
               First          Second                Third   Fourth
                                       Generation
                        Choice of Primary Identifier, by Generation

                   60




                   50




                   40
Generation in US




                                                                        Latino/Hispanic
                   30                                                   Country or Origin
                                                                        American



                   20




                   10




                    0
                        First       Second             Third   Fourth
                                             Percent
                                  Perceived Importance of Speaking English

                            100


                            90


                            80
Percent within Generation




                            70


                            60

                                                                                    Not Important
                            50                                                      Somewhat
                                                                                    Very Important
                            40


                            30


                            20


                            10


                              0
                                  First      Second                Third   Fourth
                                                      Generation
                                         Perceived Importance of Being White
                            80



                            70



                            60
Percent within Generation




                            50


                                                                                         Not Important
                            40                                                           Somewhat
                                                                                         Very Important


                            30



                            20



                            10



                            0
                                 First            Second                Third   Fourth
                                                           Generation
                                 Perceived Importance of Being Christian

                            50


                            45


                            40
Percent within Generation




                            35


                            30

                                                                                    Not Important
                            25                                                      Somewhat
                                                                                    Very Important
                            20


                            15


                            10


                             5


                             0
                                 First       Second                Third   Fourth
                                                      Generation
The Latino National Survey Presentation at the
Woodrow Wilson Center, including:

• Executive Summary
• Demographic Tables
• Background Tables
• Toplines

 Will be available at:
 http://www.usstudies@wilsoncenter.org
 and
 http://depts.washington.edu/uwiser/LNS.shtml

				
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