Basic Terms Used in Charting by fanzhongqing

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									Basic Terms Used in Charting
Restoration – an agent that is effective in
 replacing the missing tooth structure.
 Patients may refer to them as fillings. A
 number of different materials are used in
 dental restorations, including gold,
 amalgam, and composite.
Overhang – excessive restorative material
 normally found interproximally near the
 gingiva.
Gold foil – a restoration created when
 several layers of pure gold are placed in
 the preparation. A gold foil is not a
 commonly placed restoration today.
 Caries (decay) – diseased portion of the tooth.
  Also referred to as cavities.
 Incipient – beginning decay that has not broken
  through the enamel. Appears as a chalky area
  on the tooth, it is not yet decay, but the surface
  has begun to decalcify.
 Recurrent – decay that is occurring in the same
  place again, either under or around a
  restoration.
Extraction – removal of a tooth or teeth.
Drifting – movement of a tooth into a
 space created by a missing tooth. Drifting
 can occur opposite or adjacent to the
 missing tooth.
Impaction – a tooth that is unable to erupt
 into its proper position.
Abscess – a localized area of infection.
Root canal (endodontic treatment) – when
 the pulp is removed and replaced with a
 filling material.
Apicoectomy – surgical removal of the root
 tip and cleaning out the infected area
 around it.
Mobility – When the tooth moves in the
 socket, normally due to periodontal
 disease or trauma.
Periodontal pocket - the space in the
 gingival sulcus created by periodontal
 disease. It is measured by a periodontal
 probe in millimeters.
Crown – a restoration that is cemented
 onto the tooth and completely covers the
 crown of the tooth. Often called a cap by
 the patient but not by the dental
 professional.
Bridge – a prosthetic device placed in the
 mouth where a tooth is missing, normally
 attached on each side and covering the
 space created by the missing tooth.
 Abutment – a tooth, root, or implant used for the
  retention of a fixed or removable prosthesis.
 Pontic – portion of a bridge that replaces the
  missing tooth.
 Cantilever bridge – attached on one side only.
 Maryland bridge – has wings that attach the
  pontic to the lingual surface of the abutment
  teeth.
Denture – removable prosthesis that
 replaces the complete arch of a patient’s
 dentition.
Partial denture – removable prosthesis
 that is constructed when some of the
 natural teeth are still present. Artificial
 teeth mounted on a metal framework.

								
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