Docstoc

1333344512

Document Sample
1333344512 Powered By Docstoc
					‫‪Different methods of hair removal‬‬




 ‫روش های برطرف کردن مو های زائد‬



                                  ‫اردیبهشت 87‬
EXCESS HAIR

   There are two types of excess hair: one,
    hirsutism, is the growth of excess hair in
    the areas of the skin, such as the face and
    chest
   Hypertrichosis, on the other hand, is a
    disorder where unwanted hair is more or
    less generalized in distribution.
    (Hypertrichosis, by the way, also occurs in
    men.)
                          Sample presentation do not use
The causes of excess hair

   The most common cause of excess hair growth in
    females is the aging process. Along about the time
    of menopause, women become deficient in the
    production of the female hormone estrogen. The
    decrease of this hormone gives rise to a relative
    increase in the male-type hormone (androgen),
    which is responsible for the slow, relentless
    proliferation of thick, dark hairs appearing on the
    upper lip, chin, and cheeks. And, at the same time,
    the beginning of the steady thinning of the scalp
    hair.
                              Sample presentation do not use
The causes of excess hair

   Stress and tension can also play a role in excess hair growth. The
    hair follicles are under the influence of various hormones and
    chemicals produced by the body. Emotional stress and tension
    often lead to a disturbance in the delicate balance of these
    hormones which, in turn, can result in a stimulation of the hair
    follicle leading to excess hair – not, however, on the head. These
    hormonal imbalances also can arise in connection with tumors and
    cysts of the ovaries, diseases of the adrenal glands, and abnormal
    functioning and tumors of other hormone- secreting glands, such
    as the thyroid or pituitary.
   In addition, various drugs and medications can occasionally produce
    hypertrichosis when taken over a period of time. These include
    drugs for epilepsy (Dilantin), cortisone-like drugs, and a host of
    others.
                                       Sample presentation do not use
Treatment For Excess Hair

   A normal woman (that is, one who has no hormonal disease
    or disturbance) can conceal or remove excess hair in a
    number of ways: bleaching, shaving, plucking with tweezers,
    depilatory creams and lotions, waxes, abrasive applicators,
    and electrolysis. All have their drawbacks and all, except
    electrolysis, are temporary measures.
   Whether you will use any (or all) of the methods described
    below will depend upon the area (or areas) you intend to
    treat, your skin type, your tolerance to pain, your dexterity,
    your free time, and your pocketbook.



                                    Sample presentation do not use
Bleaching:

   Bleaching with commercially available products can conceal
    excessive, fine, fuzzy hair growth on the upper lip and
    forearms. It is most effective for small amounts of
    unwanted hair.
   When done properly, bleaching is simple, safe, and painless.
    Repeated use of bleaching agents, however, can damage the
    hair shaft and cause temporary breakage. It can also
    irritate the skin. If you do use a bleach and develop a rash,
    try a different product.




                                    Sample presentation do not use
Basis of use

   Depilatory preparations contain an alkaline
    reducing agent as the active component. [12] This
    causes the hair fibres to swell and produces a
    cleavage of the cystine bridges between adjacent
    polypeptide chains as a preliminary to the
    complete degradation of hair.

    Formulations: [12] Sulphides and stannites, widely
    used in the past, have now been largely
    superseded by substituted mercaptans.
    Preparations are available in foam, cream, liquid
    and aerosol forms.
Sulphides

   Sulphides produce rapid depilation but are
    unsatisfactory because of their potential for
    irritation and their odour. The odour is due to
    liberation of hydrogen sulphide particularly on
    washing. It is, therefore, necessary to remove the
    product with a spatula before washing the area.
    Depilatories containing strontium sulphide, a much
    milder depilatory, are still available especially for
    use for under-arms, pubic area and the legs.
    Strontium sulphide should not be used on the
    face. [10],[12] This works effectively within 3-5
    minutes.
Stannites

   Stannites, popularised in thirties had good
    depilatory properties, but were unstable,
    forming stannates in water based solutions
    despite the use of stablisers.




                          Sample presentation do not use
Substituted mercaptans

   Substituted mercaptans in the presence of
    alkalis form the basis of virtually all
    modern chemical depilatory preparations.
    They are slower in action than sulphides,
    but cause much less irritation and can be
    even used on the face.



                         Sample presentation do not use
Substituted mercaptans

   Thioglycollates, are used in a concentration of 2-4% at a pH of 12.5. [12]sub
    At this concentration and pH they produce depilation in 5-15 minutes. At
    lower concentrations the speed of action is reduced while nothing is gained
    if the concentration of thioglycollate is raised above 4%. Of the
    thioglycollates, the calcium salt is most favoured as it is the least irritant.
    The pH in the solution of calcium thioglycollate is maintained by an excess
    of calcium hydroxide which also prevents the excess alkalinity which can
    irritate the rate skin. [10] Attempts have been made to accelerate the rate
    of depilation by thioglycollates by either incorporating substances like urea
    which cause swelling of the hair or by increasing the temperature. These
    methods have not been particularly successful. [12]

    Since thioglycollates attack keratin, both of the hair and the skin, they
    may have an adverse effect on the epidermis if the manufacturers'
    recommendations are not followed; it is generally suggested that a small
    area should be tested in order to prevent extensive irritant reactions in
    susceptible individuals.
Keratinase

   Keratinase based depilatory preparations
    have also been developed. Keratinase, an
    enzyme, has been isolated from
    Streptomyces fradiae. [13] These
    preparations do not have an unpleasant
    odour and are non-irritant but are not
    particularly effective.


                         Sample presentation do not use
Epilation

   Plucking : [10] Plucking (using either a
    tweezer or thread) is a common method of
    removal of unwanted hair in the region of
    the eyebrows, the upper lip and stray hair
    from face and areolae of the breasts.
    Interestingly, plucking stimulates the root
    into the anagen phase and so the shaft
    soon grows through the epidermis after a
    brief delay.
Shaving:
   The portion of hair emerging from the surface of the skin is nonliving – a
    dead protein thread. Cutting or shaving cannot influence the growing
    portion of your hair – the root – that occupies the hair follicle beneath the
    surface of the skin. Shaving is, however, a temporary measure and one
    must repeat it fairly often to avoid the stubbly feel and the “5 o’clock
    shadow” look.
   If you shave with a safety razor, I recommend a clean, sharp, single-track
    blade. (Avoid using an old, ragged blade.) For a good shave, wet the hair
    thoroughly for at least two minutes with a lather shave cream that helps
    prevent evaporation. Do not shave too closely, as this practice can lead to
    ingrown hairs. And contrary to what you may have been taught, it is
    advisable to shave with the grain, not against it. This will also prevent
    ingrown hairs and subsequent infection.
   If you use an electric shaver, try a preshave lotion that helps remove oil
    from the hair. You’ll find that shaving is easier, and you’ll be less likely to
    nick the skin.
                                             Sample presentation do not use
Plucking (Tweezing):
   Plucking out hairs with tweezers is a popular and effective, although
    somewhat painful, way to remove temporarily scattered hairs on the face,
    chest, and eyebrows. Because of the discomfort and irritation, you should
    reserve this method for small areas of excess hair.
   Plucking has no adverse side effects and, like other methods of temporary
    hair removal, will not cause the hairs to grow faster, coarser, or darker.
    Since the hair is removed at the root, it may grow back slower than hair
    that has been shaved off. Constant and repeated tweezing in the same
    area, however, can cause tiny, pitted scars.
   When using the plucking method, make sure the skin and the tweezers are
    scrupulously clean to avoid infection. Also, do not pluck hairs from moles,
    warts, or other tumors. This can cause disagreeable and dangerous side
    effects: bleeding, infection, and change in the type of cell growth.
   Hint: to minimize any pain, apply an ice cube to the area just before
    plucking.
Epilation


   Epilation involves the removal of the entire hair shaft and is
    the most effective method for temporarily removing hair.
    Epilation includes waxing, plucking, threading, sugaring, and
    using abrasives or mechanical devices (eg, Epilady). For
    epilation to be effective, treated hairs should be long
    enough for the device to grasp. The long-term effects of
    epilation on the hair follicle are not known, and whether this
    practice may result in long-term reduction of hair regrowth
    is unclear. Because epilation wounds the hair follicle,
    repetitive epilation may result in permanent matrix damage,
    resulting in finer or thinner hairs.


                                    Sample presentation do not use
Bubbel bath composion

  Ingredients              %w/w
  Lauramide (DEA)          20
  Sodium laureth sulfate   10
  Menthol                  0.5
  PG                       10
  Glycerol                 15

  Parabens/perfum/color    Qs
  Water                    To 100



                                 Sample presentation do not use
     Depilatory composion

Ingredients                                           %w/w
Water                                                 73.45
Sodium silicate                                       3
Calcium hydroxide                                     5
Calcium Thioglycolate                                 5
Ceteth 20                                             0.6
polyoxyethylene ether of cetyl/stearyl alcohol



Mineral oil                                           6
Cetyl alcohol                                         4
Stearyl alcohol                                       1.25
Squalene                                         Sample presentation do not use
                                                      0.1
Waxing

   Waxing is similar to plucking and involves applying warm or
    cold wax onto hair-bearing skin and quickly stripping off the
    hardened wax and embedded hairs against the direction of
    hair growth. Waxing is the most expensive yet most
    effective method of epilation because hair is removed
    completely from the hair shaft in large quantities. Often,
    hair can take 2-3 weeks to regrow. The effects on the hair
    follicle of long-term waxing are unknown. However,
    theoretically, this modality may reduce regrowth because
    repeated waxing may destroy follicles. Although many kits
    are offered for use at home, faster and more successful
    results are obtained by an experienced salon-based
    operator.
                                    Sample presentation do not use
Waxing

   Although no formal studies have been conducted, the
    recommendation is that patients using systemic retinoids
    (ie, isotretinoin [Accutane], acitretin [Soriatane]) refrain
    from waxing until treatment has been discontinued for a
    minimum of 6 months to 1 year to avoid tearing of the skin
    and scarring. Patients using topical retinoids (ie, tretinoin
    [Retin-A, Avita], adapalene [Differin]) should be careful to
    avoid injuring the skin. Waxing should not be performed on
    moles or skin that is irritated, sunburned, or broken. Pay
    special attention to the temperature of the wax to avoid
    burning the skin. Adverse effects from waxing include pain,
    hyperpigmentation, scarring, folliculitis, and ingrown hair
    pseudofolliculitis.
                                    Sample presentation do not use
Threading

   Threading is an ancient manual technique, popular
    in many Arabic countries, that involves the use of
    a long twisted loop of thread rotated rapidly
    across the skin. By maneuvering the twisted
    string, hairs are trapped within the tight
    entwined coils and are pulled or broken off.
    Adverse effects from threading include pain,
    hyperpigmentation, scarring, folliculitis, and
    ingrown hair pseudofolliculitis.


                              Sample presentation do not use
Abrasives

   Abrasives such as pumice stones and
    devices or gloves made of fine sandpaper
    work by physically rubbing the hair away
    from the skin surface. This method can be
    irritating to the skin and is not commonly
    used today for hair removal.



                          Sample presentation do not use
Sugaring

   Sugaring is similar to waxing. The sugar mixture is
    prepared by heating sugar, lemon juice, and water
    to form a syrup. The syrup is formed into a ball,
    flattened onto the skin, then quickly stripped
    away. Similar to waxing, the hair is removed
    entirely from the hair shaft, and sugaring is an
    alternative to waxing for people sensitive to wax.
    Adverse effects from sugaring include pain,
    hyperpigmentation, scarring, folliculitis, and
    ingrown hair pseudofolliculitis.

                              Sample presentation do not use
Depilation


   Chemical depilatories remove part of the hair shaft and are easy and
    painless to use. The standard chemical depilatory agents, available in gels,
    creams, lotions, aerosols, or roll-on forms, are the salts of thioglycolic acid
    (sodium or calcium thioglycolate) that were patented in the 1930s for
    removing the hair from cattle hides. Thioglycolate depilatories work by
    hydrolyzing and disrupting disulfide bonds of hair keratin, causing the hair
    to break in half and allowing the hair to separate from the skin.
    Depilatories are good for use on the legs, bikini line, face, and underarms,
    and they perform best when hair is at a reasonable length. Before using a
    depilatory, carefully read the manufacturer's instructions. Test a small
    site before use to assess for irritation or allergic reactions. Do not use
    these agents on eyebrows, near mucous membranes, or on broken skin.
   Adverse effects include skin irritation, burns, folliculitis, ingrown hairs,
    and allergic contact dermatitis to either thioglycolate or fragrances


                                             Sample presentation do not use
Bleaching


   Bleaching is not a method of hair removal, but many women use bleaching as
    an inexpensive method of disguising the presence of unwanted hair by
    removing the hair's natural pigment. Common sites for bleaching include
    the upper lip, beard area, and arms. The active ingredients in over-the-
    counter bleaching agents are hydrogen peroxide and sulfates as activating
    agents, a combination that bleaches, softens, and oxidizes hair. A variety
    of commercial bleaches are available, and the manufacturer's instructions
    are easy to follow. As with chemical depilatories, perform a small patch
    test to assess for allergic reaction.
   The disadvantages of bleaching include skin irritation, temporary skin
    discoloration, pruritus, and the prominence of bleached hair against tanned
    or naturally dark skin. Reports exist of generalized urticaria, asthma,
    syncope, and shock in reaction to the persulfate activator added to boost
    the effect of hydrogen peroxide bleach.


                                           Sample presentation do not use
Methods of hair removal available

    In order for you to be able to advise the client about the
    best hair removal method, you need to have full knowledge
    of all the different methods of hair removal available:

   Waxing                         Cutting
   Sugaring                       Epilators
   Tweezing                       Abrasive mitts
   Threading                      Bleach
   Shaving                        Electrical epilation
   Depilatory creams              Laser
                                    Sample presentation do not use
Waxing and sugaring

            These products are designed to remove
            hairs at root level working against the
            direction of hair growth. They come in
            different formulations, each of which
            have their own specific benefits.
            Waxing/sugaring treatments are very
            effective at removing large areas of
            hair growth and are suitable for using
            on most areas of the body. Clients will
            be hair free for approximately 2-4
            weeks and will be ready for removal
            again in 6 weeks time once the hairs
            have re-grown to the required length.

                     Sample presentation do not use
Shaving

          This is still one of the most
          popular methods of hair removal
          as it’s quick, easy and cheap for
          the client to do themselves at
          home. Shaving cuts the hair off
          at skin level therefore the hairs
          will not be visible for the next
          few days. This treatment is not
          recommended on facial areas for
          female clients.
                  Sample presentation do not use
Threading

            Threading is an ancient form of hair
            removal often used by Mediterranean and
            Asian communities. A piece of cotton is
            wrapped around the fingers it is then
            twisted and rolled over the skin. Hairs that
            are caught in the thread are removed at
            root level, therefore the hairs will not be
            visible again for 2-4 weeks. Threading is
            not recommended on facial areas except
            for the eyebrows, or on large areas due to
            the fact that it would be very time
            consuming. You should never thread hairs
            that are not terminal - this is because
            threading can stimulate hair growth.

                         Sample presentation do not use
Laser

           Laser hair removal is a non-invasive method,
            which does not require needles or messy
            chemical creams. Since thousands of hairs
            can be dealt with in a single treatment
            session, large areas like the back,
            shoulders, arms and legs can be effectively
            and efficiently treated.
           This method works because the laser light
            is converted into heat as it passes through
            the skin and is absorbed in the target
            pigment melanin found in the hair follicle.
            When the temperature reaches a high
            enough level in a hair follicle during its
            active phase, the hair structures are
            disabled, thus inhibiting hair re-growth.
                         Sample presentation do not use
Lets test your knowledge!




              Sample presentation do not use
Question 1

 What is the most   Tweezing
 frequently used
 method of hair
 removal for the
 eyebrows?




                     Sample presentation do not use
Question 2

 What product        Depilatory cream
 chemically
 disintegrates the
 hair?




                      Sample presentation do not use
Question 3

 What method is useful   Cutting
 to treat hairy moles?




                          Sample presentation do not use
Well done




      Sample presentation do not use
Nair Sensitive Formula Body Hair
Remover Gel Cream

   Ingredients
    Water, Mineral Oil, Cysteamine HCI, Cetearyl Alcohol, Calcium
    Hydroxide, Ceteareth 20, Lanolin, Gossypium Herbaceum (Cotton),
    Propylene Glycol, Fragrance.

    Directions
    To apply gel cream: Dispense Gel Cream into palm of hand. (note:
    package contains a safety seal. Break the safety seal by pressing
    down on top of the dispensing nozzle near the opening.) Smooth on
    a thick, even layer to cover hair. Do not rub in. Wash your hands
    immediately after application. Leave the Nair Gel Cream on for 3
    minutes, then check a small area for hair removal. Total hair
    removal depends on hair thickness.


                                      Sample presentation do not use
Microwave Roll-On Waxer

Ingredients:
Microwave Wax:
Triethylene Glycol Ester of Rosin (or Thriethylene Glycol Hydrogenated
Rosinate), Glycerol Rosinate (or Glycerol Hydrogenated Rosinate), Ricinus
Communis (Castor) Seed Oil, Glycine Soja (Soybean) Oil, Fragrance
(Parfum), Butylparaben. Green 6 (or Red 17).



Caution: Do not use immediately after bath. Do not use deodorant for 24
hours after underarm hair removal. Wax should not be used by people
suffering from diabetes, varicose veins, moles, warts and circulatory
problems. Do not wax inside nose or ears, on perianal, genital areas or
eyelashes. Do not use on irritated, inflamed or broken skin. Take extreme
caution when warming the wax. Do not overheat. Never leave hot wax
unattended. Remember, roll-on wax container will also become hot.
Therefore, we recommend placing the container on a microwave safe
plate.
Honee Wax Microwave Kit




                Sample presentation do not use
   The Formula
   Corn Starch - used as an environmentally friendly thickening agent
   Calcium Carbonate - to adjust the pH of the formula to the right level
   Calcium Thioglycolate - the active ingredient that breaks down your unwanted hair
   Calcium Hydroxide - to adjust the pH of the formula to the right level
   Guanidine Carbonate - a protein denaturant which breaks down the proteins in hair
   Fragrance - adds aesthetic appeal to the formula
   Polyquaternium-10 - a conditioning, moisturizing, and antistatic agent acts as a protective moisturizing film
   Olive Fruit Oil - used as an emollient to soften and sooth the skin
   Castor Seed Oil - used as an emollient to soften and sooth the skin
   Canola Oil - used as an emollient to soften and sooth the skin
   Coconut Oil - used as an emollient to soften and sooth the skin
   Eugenol - used as a fragrance and for its antiseptic and anaesthetic effects
   Butylphenyl Methylpropional - used as a fragrance
   Linalool - a colorless, fragrant liquid, distilled from the oils of rosewood, bergamot, and other plants
   Benzyl Benzoate - a fixative for fragrances
   Citronellol - used as a fragrance
   Jojoba Seed Oil - an excellent moisturiser and skin softener
   Mineral Oil - used as a dilutent
   Butylparaben - used as a fragrance ingredient, as well as a preservative.
   Tocopherol - vitamin E
   Aloe Barbadensis Leaf Juice - skin healing and moisturizing properties
   Apricot Kernel Oil - Rich in vitamins & nutrients to condition hair & skin.
   Thioglycolate is the active ingredient in the Magic® shave powder. Thioglycolate is a
    depilatory - it relies on a chemical reaction between materials in the formula with
    components of the hair. When the depilatory is applied to the skin, a component in the
    product, in this case thioglycolic acid, reacts with the protein in the hair and weakens
    it. The hair can then be removed from the skin by gentle wiping, scraping, or rinsing.
    This is effective on any part of the hair structure that is above the level of the skin.
   The thioglycolate is made into a salt called calcium thioglycolate. In an aqueous
    solution at the proper pH, this is converted to an acid, which then affects the hair.
    Since pH is critical to the proper performance of depilatories, calcium hydroxide, is
    added to the powder which adjusts the pH to the right level.
   In addition to the hair removing ingredients, other compounds are added to complete
    the formulation. This includes diluents, emollients, thickeners, fragrances, and
    colorants. To improve the aesthetics of the formula, fragrances are included. Various
    other ingredients such as preservatives, antioxidants, and extracts may also be
    included. I have listed below all the ingredients that go to make up the Magic® shave
    powder.
Nad's Hair Removal Crème

   Ingredients:
   Aqua (water), Potassium Thioglycolate, Cetearyl
    Alcohol, Urea, Glycerin, Calcium Hydroxide,
    Ceteth-20, Glyceryl Stearate, Macadamia
    Ternifolia Seed oil, Aloe Barbadensis Leaf
    Juice, Calendula Officinalis Flower oil,
    Squalane, Parfum (fragrance), Melaleuce
    Alternifolia (tea tree) leaf oil, Chamomilla
    Recutita (matricaria) Flower oil, Kaolin, Citrus
    Paradisi.
Basis of hair bleaching

   Bleaching of hair is done by oxidising the melanin pigment in the
    hair. The natural hair colour depends not only on the quantity of
    pigment present in the hair but also on the size and distribution of
    the pigment. Microscopic examination "of the hair shows that hair
    pigmentation is due to pigment granules (light brown to deep black)
    present in the cortex, as well as due to a diffuse back-ground
    pigmentation (pale yellow to brownish). If the bleaching of hair is
    followed phase-by-phase by examining hair sections, it is seen that
    as bleaching progresses, the number of pigment granules decrease,
    while the diffuse pigmentation becomes more apparent - this is
    because the granules, being more susceptible to oxidation, are
    solubilized. [4] Bleaching causes depolymerisation of melanin, giving
    rise to carboxylated derivatives which are soluble in an alkaline pH
    and can be eliminated by rinsing
Formulations :
   Formulations : Hair bleaching systems generally contain hydrogen peroxide along with
    ammonia (available as liquid ammonia or ammonium persulphate). The 2 components,
    which are dispensed separately, are mixed just prior to use and applied to the area to
    be bleached. The `bleach' is rinsed off after about 30 minutes. It is useless to
    extend the reaction time, as the partially decomposed hydrogen peroxide has no
    further bleaching effect and increasing the proportion of ammonia increases the
    likelihood of skin irritation.

    There are a variety of product forms available : (a) solutions, (b) bleaching powders,
    (c) bleaching paste, and (d) creams. A simple `home use' system would be to use
    hydrogen peroxide (20 volumes) with 20 drops of ammonia (household ammonia or
    ammonia water) for every 25 ml of the peroxide. This solution, however, tends to run.
    Addition of talcum powder or Fullers' earth gives a paste with increased adherence.
    Creams can be made by adding emollients. The evaporation of ammonia is retarded,
    thereby improving the quality of bleach.

    Side effects : Irritant reactions are not uncommon, especially if excess of ammonia is
    used : it is preferable to carry out a preliminary test - if irritation occurs within 60
    minutes, the strength of the components and duration of application should be
    reduced. Ammonium persulphate is also a potential sensitiser. 6 It releases histamine
    causing facial itching and swelling - this is more common in individuals with
Kalo
   Kalo® is a true permanent hair removal solution. Kalo® does
    not need to be used for the rest of your life. In fact you
    don't even need to use Kalo® every day. Just apply the
    soothing lotion or spray after your regular hair removal
    method whether that is electrolysis, waxing tweezing, laser
    hair removal etc. Kalo® is applied three times the day of
    the hair removal and three times the next day. There is no
    need to use Kalo® again until the next hair removal session.
    Each time you use Kalo® the hair will come back weaker,
    finer and slower until the hair is completely gone. Once the
    hair is gone it is gone!


                                   Sample presentation do not use

				
DOCUMENT INFO
Shared By:
Categories:
Tags:
Stats:
views:5
posted:5/15/2012
language:
pages:44
fanzhongqing fanzhongqing http://
About