Practice reading and talking about present events;
Learn about the history and today of Hollywood;
Learn to pronounce with the correct pronunciation
Learn to combine sentences with phrases as the
in other words
on condition that…
as a result
The History of the Motion Picture
The first machine patented in the United States that
showed animated pictures or movies was a device
called the "wheel of life" or "zoopraxiscope". Patented
in 1867 by William Lincoln, moving drawings or
photographs were watched through a slit in the
zoopraxiscope. However, this was a far cry from motion
pictures as we know them today. Modern motion
picture making began with the invention of the motion
The Frenchman Louis Lumiere is often
credited as inventing the first motion picture
camera in 1895. But in truth, several others had
made similar inventions around the same time as
Lumiere. What Lumiere invented was a portable
motion-picture camera, film processing unit and
projector called the Cinematographe, three
functions covered in one invention.
The Cinematographe made motion pictures very
popular, and it could be better be said that Lumiere's
invention began the motion picture era. In 1895,
Lumiere and his brother were the first to present
projected, moving, photographic, pictures to a paying
audience of more that one person.
The Lumiere brothers were not the first to project
film. In 1891, the Edison company successfully
demonstrated the Kinetoscope, which enabled one
person at a time to view moving pictures.
What associations do you have when it
comes to Hollywood?
Which is your favorite Hollywood movie?
Briefly introduce its plot, actors, director,
Name some of the motion picture
corporations that you are familiar with.
Is this a piece of narration, description or
Summarize the author’s purpose of
writing with one sentence.
How many parts can this passage be
What does Hollywood suggest according to
Hollywood suggests glamour, a place where
the young star-struck teenagers could, with
a bit of luck, fulfill their dreams. Hollywood
suggests luxurious houses with vast palm-
fringed swimming pools. Cocktail bars and
furnishings fit for a millionaire.
Hollywood is associated with a magical power
of attraction, a place where the young
teenagers deeply impressed by stars could,
with a bit of luck, realize their dreams.
And the big movie stars were millionaires.
Many spent their fortunes on yachts, Rolls
Royces and diamonds. A few of them lost
their glamour quite suddenly and were left
with nothing but emptiness and colossal
Is Hollywood still the heart of the world’s
motion picture industry? Has Hollywood lost
all its glamour?
Movies were first made in Hollywood before
World War I. The constant sunshine and mild
climate of southern California made it an ideal
site for shooting motion pictures. Hollywood’s
fame and fortune reached its peak in the
South California, which usually enjoys sunshine
and boasts a mild climate, became a most
desirable place for making the
1930s and 1940s, movies.golden days of the
black and white movies.
Hollywood’s fame and fortune reached its highest point in the
1930s and 1940s, when the best black and white movies were
produced in abundance and became very popular.
Most of the famous motion picture
corporations of those days, Metro-Goldwyn-
Mayer, Columbia and Varner Brothers are still
very much in business and great stars like
Greta Garbo, Marlene Dietrich, Charlie
Chaplin, Gary Cooper, and many others
besides, have become immortal.
In those days Hollywood was like a magnet,
drawing ambitious young men and women
from all over the world. Most of them had only
their good looks to recommend them and had
no acting experience – or ability – whatsoever.
Occasionally they got jobs, if they were lucky
enough to be noticed. Gray Cooper was one
In those days Hollywood was as attractive as a magnet, attracting
young people from various parts noticed.
of the few who was of the world, who cherished a strong
desire for success and wealth. Most of them, looking handsome or
beautiful, were suitable enough to be actors or actresses in terms of
appearance, but they had no experience in acting or no performing
skills at all.
He started as a stunt rider, and from there
rose to be one of the great stars of the early
Westerns. Many of the girls got jobs in cafes
or gas stations, and as they served their
customers they tossed their heads and swung
In the hips, he performed amazing and the attention of
their beginning,hoping to attractoften dangerous
acts of skill as a horse rider, and before long he grew very
popular important the great stars of the early Western.
some and became one ofperson connected with the
movies. Most of them hoped in vain.
… and as they provided their customers with services, they titled their
heads and shook their hips, in the hope of drawing the attention of
some important person who had connections with the movies.
However, most of them failed to realize their hopes.
As for the stars themselves, they were held
on a tight rein by the studio chiefs who could
make or break all but the stars with really big
appeal. The stars were “persuaded” to sign
seven-year contracts, during which time the
studios build up their images. Under their
With regard to the stars themselves, they were controlled firmly
by the studio heads who could cause the stars to succeed or
completely fail the those big stars not have their
contracts except stars did who really appealed to right to
choose their parts. Their studios decided
According to their contracts the stars had no right to choose
in the who played small developed soto
world by means in films and hoped
No countryThe Hollywood studios,haspartsof advertising, turned young
become of advertising as
expertly the skillfamous and popular film stars. the
Americans. They advertise everything, from
ice cream to candidates for the Presidency.
The Americans have developed the skill of advertising more
Many studio chiefs, who as
The or more skillfully than anydeterminedwere just as cruel and unjustat
other country means
expertly Hollywood studios, by in the world. of
tyrants, were to obtain what they wanted
advertising, turned starlets into superstars.
Many studio chiefs were tyrants, determined
to get their own way at all costs, no matter
how unscrupulous the means.
Stars were often typecast and if he or she
appealed to the public as a lover, then he or
she always played the part of a lover. A star
who was a hit as a cowboy or a bad guy, got
the same kind of role again and again. There
was little arguing, “you’re the perfect dumb
attracted, baby, and that’s how you’re or
blond,interested, or pleased the public as a lover, then hegoing to
Stars were often given the same parts or roles and if he or she
say. got who was kind
stay,” they wouldbad guy, star the same very of role
she always played the part of lover. A
successful as a cowboy or a
again and again.
They even tried to interfere in their stars’
private lives: “No, sugar! You just can’t marry
Mel Billigan. He’s too intellectual. He’d
destroy your image.” Only when they ceased
be stars did can’t marry Mel Billigan. discover
toNo, darling! You simplysome of them He is a man of that
superior intellect. He’d
they were also damage your image severely.
good actors. Movie stars like
Bette Davis, Katherine Hepburn, Spencer
Tracy and James Mason gave distinguished
performances in character parts as well as
Hollywood is no longer the heart of the world’s
motion picture industry. Most movies today
are filmed on location, that is to say, in the
cities, in the countryside and in any part of the
world that the script demands. The Hollywood
studios are still standing, but most of them
have been leased to television networks.
About 80% of all American TV entertainment
comes from Hollywood. however, most of them
The Hollywood studios are still being used;
have been rented to television networks.
Yet Hollywood has not lost all its glamour.
Movie stars still live there, or in neighboring
Beverly Hills, and so do many of the famous
and wealthy people who have made their
homes in southern California. There is also
the attractive Hollywood Bowl, the huge
outdoor amphitheater where every summer
since 1922 “Symphonies under the stars” are
played by American’s best orchestras before
Do you agree with the author that old
Hollywood movies will still attract attention
all over the world? Why?
Hollywood, above all, has the glamour of
the past. It is a name which will always be
associated with of all, boasts – picture making,
Hollywood, most important motion the charming and exciting
and for many years to come the old
magical attraction of the past.
is a name which will always be will be shown
ItHollywood moviesclosely connected with theagain and
making of films…
again in movie houses and television
screens all over the world.
To After Reading
the exciting and charming quality of sth. unusual
or special, with a magical power of attraction:
Foreign travel has never lost its glamour for me.
She is always attracted by the glamour of a job in the
pop music business.
strong personal attraction, esp. sexually exciting
beauty, which excites admiration:
They know they’ll get bigger audiences if they give the
parts to glamour girls.
carry out a promise; satisfy a desire, prayer, etc.:
That man often fails to fulfill his promise, so he is not
perform or carry out a duty, task, etc.; answer or
satisfy a need or purpose:
A nurse has many duties to fulfill in caring for the sick.
finish or complete a period or piece of work:
They fulfilled their project 30 days ahead of time.
the brand of top luxury cars, which is made
by a British company:
The prices of Rolls Royce cars are very
extremely large; of immense size; remarkable,
It requires government spending on a colossal scale.
It is a colossal building which was completed last year.
fixed or unchanging; invariable:
He drove at a constant speed.
continually happening or repeated; regular
The machinery requires constant maintenance.
She is a constant friend of mine.
He has been constant in his devotion to
the condition of being well known and
talked about; renown:
She won overnight fame with her first novel.
The village’s only claim to fame is that the
Queen once visited it.
He has achieved/acquired world-wide fame.
His fame was overshadowed by that of his
a sharply pointed mountain top; a whole
mountain with a pointed top:
These mountain peaks are covered with snow
all the year round.
the highest point, level, value, rate, etc. of;
a time of greatest success:
Sales have reached a new peak.
Demand for coal is at its peak in January.
a group of people who are permitted by
law to act as a single unit, esp. for
purposed of business, with rights and
duties separate from those of its members:
Mary works for a large American corporation.
The corporation has branch offices in several
that will never die; that will live forever;
that will continue or be remembered:
No one is immortal. (Gods are immortal.)
Shakespeare wrote many immortal plays.
He performed many immortal deeds for the
A man’s body dies, but his soul may be
having a strong desire for success, power,
He is an ambitious young man, studying hard to be a
Showing or resulting from a desire to do sth.
difficult or sth. that demands great effort,
unusual skill, etc.
His next production was a very ambitious musical.
We cooked nothing more ambitious than boiled eggs.
praise as being good for a purpose;
provide information about sb. or sth.:
They recommended her as a good lawyer.
advise or suggest as a correct or suitable
course of action:
I recommend caution in dealing with this
(often used after nouns in questions or
negatives to express an emphatic tone)
I have no money whatsoever.
The firm has made no profit whatsoever so far.
throw esp. in a careless or aimless way:
They tossed their hats in the air.
(cause to) move about continuously in an
aimless or violent way:
The boat was tossed this way and that way in the
mix and shake slightly
She tossed the cooked vegetables in butter.
move or lift part of the body rapidly
The horse tossed its head back and smelt the wind.
(cause to) move backwards and forwards or
round and round from a fixed point above:
The soldiers marched along, swinging their arms.
(cause to) move in a smooth curve
She swung the car through the gate.
(cause to) turn quickly round
This will swung public opinion against the government.
walk actively and rapidly with light steps
They are going swinging along the road, singing a
(used when starting to talk about a new
subject, connected with what came before)
when we speak of ; concerning:
You can have a bed; as for me, I’ll have to
sleep on the floor.
As for my past, I will not tell you anything.
hold on a tight rein
Mrs. Ford holds her children on a tight rein,
but they still seem to get into trouble from time
take/hold the reins; keep the tight rein on
I’ve been asked to take the reins while the
manager is on holiday.
rein in on the brink of a precipice
make sb. willing to do sth. by reasoning, arguing,
Despite all my efforts to persuade him, he wouldn’t
cause to believe or feel certain; convince
He was not able to persuade the police that he had
been elsewhere at the time of the crime.
She was not persuaded of the truth of his statement.
a formal written agreement with legal force,
between two or more people or groups:
The company has won a valuable contract for
the construction of a dam.
a signed paper on which the conditions of
such an agreement are written:
Our shop has signed a contract with a
clothing firm to buy 100 coats a week.
at all costs
at any cost; what ever the cost; no matter what
the cost; at any cost:
We must win the game at all costs.
at half/no cost
to one’s cost
Traveling is expensive, as I know to my cost.
at the cost of …
Fame, at the cost of character, is dearly bought.
completely without principles; not caring
about honesty or fairness in order to et
what one wants:
He became a millionaire by resorting to
have (no) scruples about doing sth.
a man of no scruples
enter in or take part in a matter which does
not concern one, and in which one is not
I never interfere between husband and wife.
He is just an interfering old busybody.
Constant distractions interfere with work.
a form of address used when speaking to
sb. you like, usu. by a man to a woman,
similarly in meaning to sweetheart, darling,
baby, honey, etc.:
“I want no sugar in my coffee, sugar,” the man
said to the waitress.
to put an end to the existence of; to
damage something so severely that it can
not be repaired; ruin:
The fire destroyed most of the building.
All hopes of a peaceful settlement were
destroyed by his speech.
Works of art and priceless historical records
were ruthlessly destroyed.
stop (esp. an activity or state):
As from the end of the month, this regulation
will cease to have effect.
The company has ceased trading in this part
of the world.
His influence ceased with his death.
cease from quarreling
having excellent quality or great fame and
The actor gave a distinguished performance
on the stage last night.
The award went to a distinguished playwright.
be distinguished for one’s vices
the action or an act of performing (a character in)
a play, a piece of music, tricks, etc. esp. in the
presence of the public:
The orchestra will give two more performances before
the action or manner of carrying out an activity,
piece of work, etc.:
Her performance in the exams was rather
not any longer; not any more; formerly but
He no longer lives here.
I used to smoke 20 cigarettes a day, but no
make a film from the cinema, television,
We shall be filming all day tomorrow.
She films well.
The story won’t film well.
Her eyes filmed with tears.
continuing in use or in force; permanent:
I’ve got a standing order for two pints of milk a
We have a standing invitation; we can visit
them whenever we like.
Before the days of standing armies there were
only small local forces in peacetime.
His meanness has become something of a
give or take the use of (land or buildings)
on a lease; rent or hire (expensive
machinery or equipment):
The house is offered on lease.
A tenant leases his land from the owner.
sign the lease
be given a new lease on life
Plastic surgery has given many persons a
new lease on life.
put things, esp. one’s belongings into
cases, boxes, etc. for taking somewhere
We’ll leave tomorrow, but I haven’t begun to
He takes a packed lunch to school every day.
Have you packed me a razor?
Fronting and Inversion
A. The text could be divided into three parts. Please write a
summary for each part.
Parts Paragraphs Main Ideas
1 Hollywood suggests glamour, luxury and
Paragraphs 1 fortune.
A brief introduction to Hollywood’s yesterday
Paragraphs 2 to 8 and today.
3 Paragraphs 9
Hollywood has the glamour that no longer
B. Please use one sentence to summarize the main
idea of the text.
Check the grammar exercises in the
Fronting and Inversion
Rewrite the following passage, using front position
adverbs and inversion wherever possible.
I had scarcely come into the money when the shares fell
drastically on the Stock Exchange. I had no sooner begun to
enjoy my wealth than I was again reduced to my former state of
poverty. I had not felt so dismayed at any other time in my life. I
waited in vain for the shares to regain their former value, but I
was never again to experience that feeling of sudden fortune. I
realized only after many years of hard work that money alone
does not lead to happiness and success, and, thinking back over
this episode in my life, I rarely wish that I were a man of fortune.
Fronting means the placement of a normally
non-initial element at the head of a sentence so
as to give prominence and lend emphasis.
Fronting without inversion usually occurs
when the object or the subject/object
complement is initially placed for textual
cohesion, e.g. “We really should not resent
being called paupers. Paupers we are, and
paupers we shall remain.”
Fronting with inversion occurs when the
subject is too long or is heavily modified, e.g.
“Happy indeed are those who receive
marvellous news after a long silence.
Inversion is most frequently found in
sentences where an adverbial is fronted. There
are two types of inversions: Full inversion and
“Full inversion” means reversal of the subject
and the whole predicate, e.g. “There was a
sudden gust of wind, and away went his hat.”
“Partial inversion” means reversal of the
subject and the operator only, e.g. “ Never have
I found him in such a good mood.”
Check the vocabulary exercises in the
Please fill in the blank with an appropriate word from the
Choice of Words
1. The boys made a with one another to exchange baseball
gloves. (contract, bargain, treaty)
2. The voters supported a of the present city administration.
3. His glances of his romantic interest in her.
(suggest, hint, imply, mean)
4. The factory will operation next week. (cease, stop,
5. I had the glimmering of an idea, and endeavored to
it in works. (fulfill, realize, materialize)
English has a wealth of synonymous words, a
result chiefly of its intensive borrowing from Latin,
French and Greek. Adding to the complexity has
been the continuous influx of American English
words into the language.
All synonymous words have a common base
meaning, but through long usage, many have
acquired different shades of meaning or subtle
associations, which make them no longer true
synonymous which can be interchanged at
random. This feature of English synonymous
makes choice between them rather complicated.
There not just one criterion for choice, but
several, as words of similar meaning may be
popular or learned, formal or informal, referential
or emotive, complimentary or pejorative. The
appropriate choice is usually determined by the
context of situation, and the type of writing
A. Have a discussion on the following questions.
Are you a fan of any movie star? What do you
like about him/her?
Focusing too much on their idols, some fans
seem to go crazy. What do you think of this
B. Role play
Find an interesting English movie and its
script, then act out one episode of the movie.
Charles Dickens began his famous novel
A Tale of Two Cities with these words: “It
was the best of times, it was the worst of
times.” Write a narrative about your own
personal best time or worst time.
• Present events chronologically.
• Maintain first-person point of view.
• Build a conclusion that explains what the
experience meant to you.