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MICHIGAN DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION

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					 Michigan Department of
     Transportation

   Local Safety Initiatives

Dale Reed Lighthizer, P.E. - MDOT
Tracie Kalliainen, E.I.T.  - MDOT

 Wayne Schoonover, P.E. - Ionia
   County Road Commission
              This Session

•   MDOT Local Safety Initiatives

•   Example – series of countermeasures

•   A local perspective



                 MDOT Local Safety Initiative   2
Michigan Department of
    Transportation

  Local Safety Initiative

   Getting the Ball Rolling
          For Local Agencies

•   On- going safety Efforts
•   Why local safety?
•   Process
•   Tools
•   Countermeasures



                  MDOT Local Safety Initiative   4
          Safety Initiatives …

•   AASHTO Strategic Safety Plan
•   Michigan Strategic Safety Plan
•   Michigan Intersection Action Plan
•   Crash Data Improvement
•   Michigan legislative initiatives
•   Local Safety Initiative


                 MDOT Local Safety Initiative   5
AASHTO Strategic Safety Plan
       22 Safety Emphasis Areas


   The 4 E’s of Highway Safety

Engineering                             Emergency
                                        Response (EMS)


 Education                             Enforcement
              MDOT Local Safety Initiative           6
    Michigan Strategic Safety Plan

•   Developed by Governors Traffic Safety
    Advisory Commission (GTSAC)
•   Identifies focus areas
•   Local emphasis




                 MDOT Local Safety Initiative   7
    Crash Data Improvement
•   Crash Data Redesign
    Project
•   Goal to give easy
    access to “High
    Crash” locations




                 MDOT Local Safety Initiative   9
    Michigan Legislative Highway
          Safety Initiatives
•   0.08 BAC Law (July 2003)
    500 lives saved yearly – nationwide
    ($3.22 Million incentive to Michigan in
    Sept. 2003)

•   Work Zone Laws
         Speed Limits ~ Double Fines (1997)
         Andy’s Law (2001) ~ Increase Points (2002)
         Work Zone Defined (2003)

•   Graduated Drivers Licensing
    (In effect April, 1997. Crashes involving 16 year
    old drivers dropped 25% in 1999).

•   Primary Seat Belt Law (March 2000)
                             MDOT Local Safety Initiative   10
The Case for Traffic Safety . . .
Michigan has . . .

•   122,000 miles of
    highway
•   101.8 Billion vehicle
    miles traveled in 2004
•   370,000+ crashes
    yearly
    •   100,000+ crash
        injuries yearly
    •   1,000 – 1,200 fatalities
        yearly
                        MDOT Local Safety Initiative   11
Unacceptable Cost in terms of
            ...
•   Loss of Life – 1,159 Michigan, 2004
    (42,000 Nationwide)
•   Economic Impact - $9.8 Billion loss to Michigan
    ($230 Billion Nationwide)
•   Every tragic event
    involves someone’s
    family member!




                      MDOT Local Safety Initiative    12
   AASHTO Safety Goal

1.5 Fatalities per 100 Million VMT, 2004
  (Michigan Fatalities – 1.1 per Million VMT)


          The Goal? Reduce to

 1.0 Fatalities per 100 Million VMT by
                   2008
    (Save 350 lives per year in Michigan)

              MDOT Local Safety Initiative      13
   Michigan Road
      Mileage:
                                       MDOT Non-freeway
                                        6.4%
City
&
County                                    MDOT Freeway
                                           1.6%
      92%




122,000 miles
                MDOT Local Safety Initiative             14
       Michigan Traffic
          Volume:
                                         City & County

         46%

                                               MDOT Non-freeway
                       23%



               31%                            MDOT Freeway

                                               2004 Michigan data
101.8 Billion vehicle miles
                      MDOT Local Safety Initiative                  15
    Michigan Traffic
       Crashes:
                                         City & County


                                      MDOT Non-freeway
                       21%
   68%
                 11%
                                         MDOT Freeway

                                          2004 Michigan data
373,363 crashes / year
                 MDOT Local Safety Initiative                  16
MI Crash Rate - per
Million miles driven:
                             City & County
                                 6. 61 crashes / mvm


          21%
 68%                         MDOT Non-freeway
                               4. 09 crashes / mvm
       11%
                              MDOT Freeway
                                1. 58 crashes / mvm
       MDOT Local Safety Initiative                    17
  Michigan Traffic
      Deaths:
                                       City & County


61%
            39%                                MDOT


                                         2004 Michigan data
 1,159 deaths
                MDOT Local Safety Initiative                  18
    Integrated Approach to Highway
                 Safety

•   GTSAC established May 2002
     •   State & Local Governmental Agencies
     •   Safety and Insurance Industry
     •   Safety Advocacy Groups
•   Team Approach to
    Saving Lives

                     MDOT Local Safety Initiative   19
    GTSAC Brings Together The
      4 E’s of Highway Safety

•   Engineering
•   Enforcement
•   Emergency Medical Services
•   Education




              MDOT Local Safety Initiative   20
    Transportation Focus Areas

•   Highways
•   Truck Transit
•   Mass Transit
•   Railways
•   Aeronautics
•   Pedestrians/Non-Motorized Travel


                MDOT Local Safety Initiative   21
       Highway Focus Areas
•   Intersection Safety (29.5% fatal crashes)
•   Roadway Departure (48.3% fatal crashes)
•   Traffic Signal Timing and Modernization (15 year
    cycle)
•   Geometrics/Hazard Elimination
•   Young/Elder Driver Groups
•   Highway Work Zones
•   Car – Deer/Animal Crashes
•   Seatbelt Use
•   Crash Data Improvement

                  MDOT Local Safety Initiative    22
MDOT Local Safety Initiative   23
          In Addition...
     The Fifth E – Effective,
    Enthusiastic Partnerships

•   Share knowledge base
•   Share solutions
•   Share ideas



             MDOT Local Safety Initiative   24
          Local Safety Initiative
•   Local roadway network
•   Voluntary
•   Analyze crash data
    •   “Topics”
    •   “Yellow Book”
•   Suggest fixes
•   Education
•   Improve ROADSOFT tools for local use

                        MDOT Local Safety Initiative   25
             What We Offer
•   Crash review
•   Review of safety performance
•   Safety assessment
•   Engineering countermeasures
•   Other countermeasures
•   Follow up evaluations


                MDOT Local Safety Initiative   26
    Finding the Problem Areas


•   Data Collection

•   Network Screening

•   Site Selection



                      MDOT Local Safety Initiative   27
    Finding the Problem Areas

•   High level analysis of county wide data
    •   Examine safety performance
    •   Target locations
    •   Target other safety concerns
•   Detailed analysis of crash data




                    MDOT Local Safety Initiative   28
                               LTAP

                  Local Technical Assistance
                            Program
MDOT Local Safety Initiative                   29
           Why ROADSOFT?
•   Already in place – used by counties/ cities
•   All roads in state
•   Common referencing
•   GIS
•   Easy to use – simple access to data
•   Basic reporting


                  MDOT Local Safety Initiative    30
MDOT Local Safety Initiative   31
MDOT Local Safety Initiative   32
MDOT Local Safety Initiative   33
MDOT Local Safety Initiative   34
MDOT Local Safety Initiative   35
                 Site Study Phase

•   Detailed Crash Analysis
•   Site Visit
•   Safety Assessment
•   Geometric Analysis
•   Operational Analysis



                    MDOT Local Safety Initiative   36
        Engineering Studies
•   Number of vehicles entering the
    intersection
•   Traffic movement volumes
•   Pedestrian volume counts
•   Facilities for young, elderly, or disabled
•   Speeds (posted and 85%)
•   Condition diagram

                 MDOT Local Safety Initiative    37
                Feedback Phase

REQUIREMENTS
•   Identification of
    deficiencies
•   Selection of
    countermeasures




                        MDOT Local Safety Initiative   38
                Countermeasures
•   Situational – NCHRP 500 reports

•   Low cost
    •   Signing
    •   Pavement markings
    •   Signal modifications
    •   Improve sight distance/ visibility
•   Moderate costs
    •   Signal improvements
    •   Barrier
•   Major cost
    •   Construction


                           MDOT Local Safety Initiative   39
Uncomplicated Traffic Control




          MDOT Local Safety Initiative   40
    AAA Michigan Case Study
•   AAA Michigan, Local governments, Office of
    Highway Safety Planning, Regional Planning,
    Michigan DOT
•   Provides funding for safety improvements                                                                                                                       102
                                                              8 MILE                                                                                                                                                                                        8   MILE
                                                                                                     GREENFIELD


                                                                                           39                                                                                                                     OUTER DR                             97
                                                                      7 MILE                                      10




                                                                                                                                                                 LIVERNOIS
                                                                                                                                           WYOMING
      FIVE POINTS RD.




                                                                                  OUTER     DR
                                    MC NICHOLS
                        TELEGRAPH




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            3
                                                             LAHSER




                                                                                                                                                                                             Highland Park                   53




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  VAN DYKE
                                                                                                                                                                                                  8
                                                                                                                                  MEYERS




                                                             OUTER DR                            5                                                                                                                                                                     94
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             Detroit
                                                                                                                                                                                              1              Hamtramck                         City
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             Airport
                                                  OUTER DR




                                                                                                                                                     LIVERNOIS




                                                                                                                  96                                                                                         75
                                                                                            PLYMOUTH                                                                                           10
                                       HAZELTON




                                                                               EVERGREEN




                                                                                                                       SCHAEFER




                                                                                           39



                                                                                                                                                                             MICHIGAN

                                                                                                                                           94



                                                                                                                                                                                        75




                                                                                                                       MDOT Local Safety Initiative                                                                                                                         41
         Roadway Departure
             Initiatives
   Forgiving Roadside Hardware
Crash-Safe Guard Rail Endings




                        MDOT Local Safety Initiative   42
              What’s Next?

•   Local agency implements various
    countermeasures
•   Performs/ contracts design services
•   Apply for funding
•   Apply treatment



                 MDOT Local Safety Initiative   43
      Post Report Phase

•   Evaluation
•   Before/ after analysis




              MDOT Local Safety Initiative   44
              Conclusions

•   Clear some action is necessary
•   LSI is just the beginning
•   Team effort




                 MDOT Local Safety Initiative   45
              Safety is . . .
•   Everybody’s business
•   A coordinated effort
•   Organization-wide
•   A strategic focus




                MDOT Local Safety Initiative   46
   To Achieve 1.0 by 2008

Continue:
• Engineering, Education & Enforcement

• Road, Driver & Vehicle

• Partnering

Take advantage of the MDOT LSI!!



            MDOT Local Safety Initiative   47
               Partnering
               Traffic                     Citizen
              Engineers                    Groups


                                                      Health Care
                                                     Professionals
    Law
Enforcement




                                                 Local and State
   Federal         Insurance                      Government
 Government        Companies

                MDOT Local Safety Initiative                   48
Local Safety Initiative
A Year in Review
            Program Successes
•   To date the Local Safety Initiative has
    worked with 5 counties
    •   4 additional Counties going through initial
        analysis
    •   Including crash analysis within 11
        cities/villages
    •   Begin with County Engineer/Rep.
•   Countermeasure suggestions provided

                     MDOT Local Safety Initiative     50
             Commonalities…
•   Larger/brighter signing
•   Additional signing on curves
•   Upgraded pavement markings
    •   Wider lines
    •   Wet/night markings
•   Cut back tree line/Improve clear zone
•   Remove sight distance obstructions at
    intersections
                    MDOT Local Safety Initiative   51
                 Curves

•   Improve signing
•   Improve delineation
•   Check superelevation




               MDOT Local Safety Initiative   52
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MDOT Local Safety Initiative   54
MDOT Local Safety Initiative   55
               Upcoming Typicals

•   Ultra Low Volumes
    •   Defined by MMUTCD
         •   Outside built up areas
         •   400 ADT or less
         •   Paved or unpaved
    •   Less extensive




                         MDOT Local Safety Initiative   56
                    Intersections
•   Unsignalized
    •   Improve sight distances
    •   Control access points
    •   Improve visibility of intersection
    •   Verify choice of traffic control




                        MDOT Local Safety Initiative   57
Sufficient Sight Distance




       MDOT Local Safety Initiative   58
                    Intersections
•   Signalized
    •   12” signal lens and improved placement
    •   Appropriate Clearance Intervals
    •   Re-timing
    •   Add turn lane
    •   Add turn phase




                        MDOT Local Safety Initiative   59
  Before a Signal Consider…

Improving visibility:
  •   Advance warning signs
      (with or without beacons)
  •   Relocating stop bars
  •   Flashing red beacon
  •   Roadway lighting

                  MDOT Local Safety Initiative   60
  Before a Signal Consider…

Improving traffic operation:
  •   Additional lanes
  •   Revised geometrics
  •   Restricted turning
      movement



                   MDOT Local Safety Initiative   61
MDOT Local Safety Initiative   62
 Now for Something
Completely Different…

  Welcome to Ionia County
                                Ionia
                               County




MDOT Local Safety Initiative            64
    Ionia County
Rural, and growing…




     MDOT Local Safety Initiative   65
             Ionia Safety Efforts
•   Developed a “road safety audit”
    •   Team review of locations
    •   Low cost fixes
    •   Funding issues
•   Working to define county warrants for various
    treatments
    •   Need rational basis treatments
•   Local Agency Programs (LAP) applications
    •   Crash review
    •   Input: engineering, maintenance, management


                       MDOT Local Safety Initiative   66
Federal Local Safety Program
       (MDOT - LAP)
•   Upgrading guardrail at structures
•   Intersection upgrade project
    •   township jog
    •   Y to T reconstruction
    •   Drain relocation
    •   Guardrail upgrade



                     MDOT Local Safety Initiative   67
        LSI - A Local Perspective

•   Early involvement can be a benefit
•   Complacency is a killer ….
    •   Another pair of eyes
•   Saves time – I would not be able to do this
    level of analysis
•   Might be an opportunity
•   Provides some additional data in support
    of safety project applications
                     MDOT Local Safety Initiative   68
              In Depth look

•   Patterns
•   Fatals
•   Intersections
•   Segments




                    MDOT Local Safety Initiative   69
                Site Visits

•   Some locations were a surprise
•   Provide an in depth look at systems
•   Another set of experts
•   Supporting data for garnering resources
•   Uniformity



                 MDOT Local Safety Initiative   70
      “Cautious Enthusiasm”

•   Maintenance issues
•   Warranted treatments
•   Level of long term commitments




                MDOT Local Safety Initiative   71
                   Benefits

•   Additional expertise
•   Identification of atypical problem locations
•   High risk




                  MDOT Local Safety Initiative     72
         This is a Journey …

•   This program could change how we do
    business
•   Not an end in itself
•   Could be a way to fund some projects
•   Low cost solutions
•   Another way to identify problems


                MDOT Local Safety Initiative   73

				
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