Knowing the Difference between periods of industrialism in the

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					    Knowing the Difference between periods
      of industrialism in the 19th century.

•    1st Industrial Revolution (1814-1860): TRIC—
     Textiles, Railroads, Iron, Coal
•    2nd Industrial Revolution (post-Civil War):
     ROSE– Railroads (transcontinental), Oil,
     Steel, Electricity
•    If you get a 19th century “industrial
     Revolution” question, remember to “TRIC
       Leading up to the Revolution
   Pretty    Proclamation of 1763
   Silly     Stamp Act, 1765
   Tammy     Townsend Acts, 1767
   Baked     Boston Massacre, 1770
   Tea       Tea Act, 1773
   Cookies   Committees of Correspondence
   Inside    “Intolerable Acts,” 1774
   Freshly   First Continental Congress
   Layered   Lexington and Concord
   Spicy     Second Continental Congress
   Dough     Declaration of Independence
A nnapolis Convention, 1786
R atification debate between Federalists and Antifederalists

T reaty of Paris, 1783
I nternational challenges from England, Spain,    France &
   Barbary Pirates
C onstitutional Convention, 1787
L and legislation (Land Ord.of 1785; NW Ord. of 1787
E conomic depression (no reg. of interstate commerce)
S hays’ Rebellion
       Bill of Rights – 1st ten
    Memory aid for the first amendment
R   Religion
A   Assembly
P   Press
P   Petition
S   Speech
            Federalist Era
Big         Bill of Rights, 1791
Jolly       Judiciary Act of 1789
Hamilton Hamilton’s Financial Pln(BE FAT)
Finds     French Revolution
Nervous     Neutrality Proclamation, 1793
Jefferson Jay Treaty, 1795
Entering    Election of 1796
X-rated     XYZ Affair, 1797
Quarters    Quasi-War, 1798-1800
Angering Alien and Sedition Acts, 1798
White       Washington’s precedents
Republicans “Revolution of 1800”
   Hamilton’s Financial Plan
Bank of the U.S.
Excise Taxes

Funding at Par
Assumption of State Debts
  Manifest Destiny

“TOM”--Texas, Oregon, Mexican
     Polk’s Presidency

   COIL– California, Oregon,
Independent Treasury System, and
          Lower tariff
Compromise of 1850:Pop Fact
 Popular Sovereignty in Mexican Cession
 Fugitive Slave Law
 Abolition of slave trade Washington, D.C.
 California Admitted as a state
 Texas given $10 million for disputed
  Mexican territory
          Causes of the Civil War
   Mrs.        Missouri Compromise of 1820
   Nully       Nullification Controversy of 1832
   Almost      Abolitionism
   Gagged      Gag rule, 1836
   When        Wilmot Proviso, 1848
   Clay’s      Compromise of 1850 (PopFACT)
   Kangaroo    Kansas-Nebraska Act , 1854
   Bit         Bleeding Kansas
   John’s      John Brown’s raid on harpers Ferry, 1859
   Ear         Election of 1860
       Success Of Republican
       Agenda During Civil War
 A          Abolition of Slavery (13th Amendment)
P           Pacific Railway Act
 History    Homestead Act
 Makes      Morrill Tariff
 Me         Morrill Land Grant Act
 Nauseous   National Banking Act
   Overview of Principal
Reconstruction proposals and
   1864-65: Lincoln’s 10% plan
   1865: 13th Amendment
   1865-66: Presidential Reconstruction: Johnson's
    version of Lincoln's proposal
   1866-67: Congressional plan with 14h amendment
   186-67: Military Reconstruction (Congress):
    14th Amendment plus back suffrage that was later
    established nationwide by the 15th Amendment.
   Compromise of 1877: ends reconstruction
        Themes of the Gilded Age:
   Politics: hard vs. Soft Money (`70s & `90s); tariff (`80s);
    corruption due to greed, patronage & trust (throughout late 19th
   Industrialism: U.S became the worlds most powerful economy
    by 1890s: railroads, steel, oil, electricity, banking
   America was transformed from an agrarian nation to an urban
    nation between 1865 and 1920
   Urbanization: millions of :New Immigrants” came from
    Southern and Eastern Europe, mostly to work in factories.
   Unions and Reform movements sought to curb the injustices of
   Farmers increasingly lost ground in the new industrial economy
    and eventually organized (populism)
   The “Last West”: farming, mining, & cattle rising
   By 1900 society had become more stratified into classes than
    any time before or since
    1st Industrial Revolution:
    “TRIC” (before civil war)
 T extiles
 R ailroads
 I ron
 C oal
     2nd Industrial Revolution
 R ailroads ( especially transcontinental)
 O il
 S teel
 E electricity
             Populist Ideas
   Fried         Free unlimited coinage of silver
   Green         Graduated Income tax
   Gummy bears   Government ownership of railroads
   Invade        Initiative
   Really        Referendum
   Really        Recall
   Silly         Subtreasury plan
   People         Postal savings banks
    American Imperialism: 1889-
New imperial influence of U.S. (1898-1917)
   Spanish American War (1898): Hawaii, Puerto Rico,
    Guam, Philippines
   Panama Canal Zone (1903)
   Roosevelt Corollary to Monroe Doctrine: US became
    “policeman” of the western Hemisphere and justified
    numerous invasions of Latin American countries.
   “Dollar Diplomacy” under Taft: Government protected
    with force American investments abroad.
   Wilson: Initially and anti-imperialist in rhetoric but
    invaded more countries that ant other president (including
    Mexico– “Moral Diplomacy”)
     La Follette’s Wisconsin
     Experiment: “DIG CID
 Direct election of senators
 Initiative, referendum, & recall
 Gov’t regulation of business

 Civil service reform
 Income tax (state)
 Direct primary
    TR’s Program Embraced
          “There C’s”:
 1. Regulation Of Corporations
 2. Consumer Protection
 3. Conservation of Natural resources
    Wilson: opposed to “Triple
    Wall of Privilege” the “3 Ts”:
 Tariffs
 Tbanks (money monopoly)
 Trusts
    Wilson's Program: “CUFF”
 Clayton Anti-Trust Act
 Underwood Tariff Bill
 Federal Reserve Act
 Federal Trade Commission
               Progressive Reforms
   Silly           Socialism (anti)
   Purple          Political Machines (anti)
   Turkeys         Trusts (anti)
   Chase          Consumer Protection
   Very           Voting reform
   White          Working/living conditions (incl. Child labor)
   Chickens        Conservation
   While           Women’s Right
   Fighting         Federal Reserve System
   Pink             Prohibition
   Iguanas          Income Tax
    Conservative Politics on the
         1920s: “HALT”
 H igher tariffs
 A nti-Union
 L aissez Faire
 T rickle-down tax policies
   Axis                  Allies
   Germany (1939)        Great Britain (1939)
   Italy (1939)          France (1939)
   Japan (1940)          U.S.S.R. (1941)
   Hungary (1940)        U.S (1941)
   Romania (1940)        China
   Bulgaria              43 other countries
                 Cold War
   The U.S struggle to contain Soviet
    Communism worldwide resulted in what
    came t be know as the “Cold War”.
    Although full-scale war between the U.S
    and Soviet Union did not occur, two major
    wars-Korea and Vietnam-and many smaller
    conflicts occurred between 1946 and 1991
    over the battle between democracy and
     Cold War under President
   Truman’s     Truman Doctrine, 1947
   Muscles      Marshall Plan 1947
   Brought      Berlin Crisis, 1948-49
   Nasty        NATO, 1948
   China       China becomes communist, 1949
   Across Atomic bomb exploded by soviets, 1949
   Korea        Korean War, 1950-53
              Civil Rights Movement
 B rave         Brown v. Board of education, 1954
 M artin        Montgomery Bus Boycott, 1955
 L eads         Little rock Crisis, 1957
 G reen         Greensboro sit-in, 1960
 F reedom       Freedom Riders, 1961
 J unkies       James Meredith, 1962
 U ntil         University of Alabama
 B irmingham     Birmingham March, 1963
 M archers      March on Washington, 1963
 C laim          Civil Rights Act of 1964
 V ictory        Voting Rights Act of 1965
 A gainst         Affirmative Action
 B iogoted        Black Power( Malcolm X, Carmichael, Black
   F reaks        Forced busing, 1971

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