Smoking damages (PDF) by ahmedhanan

VIEWS: 3 PAGES: 1

									                    24   HEALTH STATUS – HEALTH BEHAVIORS                                                                                                                        WOMEN’S HEALTH USA 2011

 CIGARETTE SMOKING                                                                  In 2007–2009, women aged 18 and older                             Quitting smoking has major and immediate
    According to the U.S. Surgeon General,                                       were less likely than men to report smoking                       health benefits, including reducing the risk of
 smoking damages every organ in the human                                        in the past month (22.7 versus 28.4 percent,                      diseases caused by smoking and improving over-
 body.6 Cigarette smoke contains toxic ingre-                                    respectively). For both men and women, smok-                      all health.6 In 2007–2009, about 8 percent of
 dients that prevent red blood cells from car-                                   ing was more common among those with lower                        women and men who had ever smoked daily and
 rying a full load of oxygen, impair genes that                                  incomes. For example, 32.7 percent of women                       smoked in the previous 3 years had not smoked in
 control the growth of cells, and bind to the                                    with household incomes below 100 percent of                       the past year. The proportion of adults who quit
 airways of smokers. This contributes to numer-                                  poverty smoked in the past month, compared                        smoking varied by poverty level for both women
 ous chronic illnesses, including several types of                               to 19.1 percent of women with incomes of 200                      and men. For example, women with household
 cancers, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease                                  percent or more of poverty. Smoking was signif-                   incomes of 200 percent or more of poverty were
 (COPD), cardiovascular disease, reduced bone                                    icantly lower among women than men in every                       more than twice as likely to have quit smoking
 density and fertility, and premature death.6 Due                                poverty category, but the difference was greater                  as women with household incomes of less than
 to its high prevalence and wide-ranging health                                  at lower income levels. Smoking also varied                       100 percent of poverty (9.9 versus 3.9 percent,
 consequences, smoking is the single largest                                     greatly by race and ethnicity. Among women,                       respectively). There were no significant differ-
 cause of preventable death and disease for both                                 smoking ranged from 8.3 percent among                             ences in quitting smoking by sex overall or by
 men and women in the United States. Ciga-                                       non-Hispanic Asians to 41.8 percent among                         poverty level. In 2009, five states reported cov-
 rettes are responsible for 443,000 deaths, or 1                                 non-Hispanic American Indian/Alaska Natives                       ering all recommended treatments for tobacco
 in 5 deaths, annually.6                                                         (data not shown).                                                 dependence in their Medicaid programs.7
    Past Month Cigarette Smoking Among Adults Aged 18 and Older,                                              Recent Smoking Cessation* Among Adults Aged 18 and Older, by
    by Poverty Status* and Sex, 2007–2009                                                                     Poverty Status** and Sex, 2007–2009
    Source II.3: Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, National Survey on                Source II.3: Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, National Survey on
    Drug Use and Health                                                                                       Drug Use and Health
                    50                                                                                                         50
                         Female          Male            44.0                                                                                   Female
                    40                                                      36.6                                               40                        Male
Percent of Adults




                                                                                                           Percent of Adults
                                                32.7
                    30                   28.4                     28.0                                                         30
                          22.7                                                                      24.4
                                                                                           19.1
                    20                                                                                                         20

                                                                                                                                    7.8                                                           9.9       9.0
                    10                                                                                                         10         8.0                                      7.1
                                                                                                                                                  3.9      5.4           5.6

                                 Total          Less than 100%      100-199%                200% or More                     Total               Less than 100%             100-199%              200% or More
                                                  of Poverty        of Poverty                of Poverty                                            of Poverty              of Poverty              of Poverty
                                                                                                            *Defined as the proportion of adults who did not smoke in the past year among those who ever smoked
                                                                                                            daily at some point in their lives and smoked in the past 3 years; excludes adults who started smoking in
    *Poverty level, defined by the U.S. Census Bureau, was $21,954 for a family of four in 2009.            the past year. **Poverty level, defined by the U.S. Census Bureau, was $21,954 for a family of four in 2009.

								
To top