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					difficult
interesting
mysterious
        not easily understood
    The Mysteries of the English Language

What’s so mysterious about the English language?

1   words that sound the same but are spelled differently and have
    different meanings

2 words that are spelled the same, but are pronounced differently
  and have different meanings

3 words that are spelled the same and pronounced the same but
  have different meanings

4 there are at least seven ways to pronounce “ough”:

5 there are the words that make no sense at all

6 but most Americans speak yet another language
 Text B

CH
           The Mysteries of the English Language
                                                    Kelley Hunsicker


1 What’s so mysterious about the English language? Let’s take a look.
2 Why do we have so many words that sound the same but are spelled
differently and have different meanings? Words like:

         Way — weigh, hear — here, stair — stare,
         do — dew, red— read, ate — eight


     ?

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 Text B

CH


         3 Why do we have words that are spelled the same, but are pronounced
         differently and have different meanings? See how many of these you can
         pronounce right.
         N 1. Billy will present Tom with his present.

            2. I object to that object being here.
            3. I estimate that the estimate will be too high.
            4. The dove dove quickly from the sky.
            5. The judge will convict the convict today.
         N 6. Since you are so close, please close the door.




     ?

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     Text B
CH


         4 How many did you get right on your first try? Let’s
         look at words that are spelled the same and
         pronounced the same but have different meanings.
            1. I walked across that board to board the ship.
            2. I tried to shoo the bat away with my bat.
            3. I caught a cold from the cold weather.
            4.This bug is really starting to bug me.
            5. Some towns actually border the border.
         5 Get the idea? How about this one? There are at
         least seven ways to pronounce “ough”:
             Dough, cough, hiccough, plough, through, rough,
             thorough
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 Text B

CH


         6   And then there are the words that make no sense at all, such as:
             1. Where’s the “corn” in “corned beef”?
             2. Where’s the “egg” in “eggplant”?
             3. Why isn’t a “grapefruit” a “fruit from a grape”?
         N 4. Why is a “boxing ring” square?
         N 5. How can someone be “beside himself”?
         7 Once you have learned the basics of the English language, you may
         think that’s all there is to it, N but most Americans speak yet another
         language.
         8 The following is a short story about a foreign exchange student arriving
         at the home he will be staying at. Having learned basic English, imagine his
     ?
         confusion.
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 Text B

CH


         9 N “Welcome to the Big Apple. I hope you don’t feel like a fish out of water
         here. We’ve been on pins and needles waiting for you. We thought you
         might have gotten cold feet or something. Oh, don’t mind my little brother
         Jason; he’s just got ants in his pants today. Mom would have sent him out to
         play, but she figured he could help to break the ice. He can be so funny
         sometimes. Here’s your room; it’s clean as a whistle. I had so many plans
         for us today, but then it dawned on me, you’ll probably need some time to
         catch your second wind.”




     ?

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 Text B

CH



         10 Still think there’s no mystery in the English language? The mystery is
         that anyone can learn at all ! How many of these “word mysteries” can you
         think of ?


                                                                      (476 words)




     ?

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Language Points

   Billy will present Tom with his present.

                  verb               noun

   比利将把自己的礼物赠送给汤姆。

  这一组句子中拼写相同的词除了读音不同、意思不同外,有的还重读音节不同,如
  present, object 和 convict 等:
     present vt. / /
     present n. //
     object vi. //
     object n. //
     convict vt. //
     convict n. / /
                                              BACK
 Why is a “boxing ring” “square”?
   为什么“拳击台”是“方的”?



英语中 ring 通常为环形物,但是方形的拳击台却用了 ring 这个词。




                                    BACK
Language Points

   How can beside someone be “beside himself”?
   某人怎么会“在他自己旁边”(“神志失常”)?
   英语中 beside 原意为“在…旁边”。




                                                 BACK
Language Points

… but most Americans speak yet another language.
……但是大多数美国人讲的又是另一种语言。

世界各地的英语在发音、拼写、语法等方面存在着或多或少的差异。美国英语与英国
英语差异尤大,特别是在口语中。




                                                   BACK
Language Points

Welcome to the Big Apple.
欢迎来到大苹果城。
英语中人们常用the Big Apple来指纽约市。




                             BACK
1) How many groups of interesting English words has the writer talked about in
   the text?
   Five.

2) What kind of words are those that are talked about in the first group?

   They are those that sound the same but are spelled differently and have
   different meanings.




                                                                    BACK
Chinese Version

                        英语之奥秘
                                    凯利•亨西克
    英语有何奥秘之处?让我们来瞧瞧。
    为什么我们有这么多发音相同,但是拼写不同、意义也不同的词?
    如:   way(路)— weigh (称…的重量),
         hear(听见) — here (这里),
         stair(梯级) — stare(凝视),
         do(做)— dew(露水),
         red(红的)— read(读过),
         ate(吃过)— eight(八)。


                                    BACK
 Language Points

mystery / /: n. sth. which cannot be explained or understood
                        神秘的事物,不可思议的事物,难以理解的事物,谜


e.g.
       She believes that life is full of mysteries.
  T    她认为生命充满了神秘。

       His findings will help to reveal many mysteries of the sea.
  T    他的发现将有助于揭示许多海洋之谜。




                                                                     BACK
 Language Points

Kelly Hunsicker //: 凯利 • 亨西克
                    (American author, freelance journalist and
                     photographer 美国作家、自由撰稿的记者和摄影师)




                                                          BACK
 Language Points

mysterious //: a. full of mystery; not easily understood
                             神秘的,不可思议的;难以理解的

   e.g.
          You are a mysterious girl why won’t you tell me your name?
    T     你是一个神秘的女孩——你为什么不把你的名字告诉我呢?
          He died under mysterious circumstances, but nobody knows if it
          was murder.
    T     他死得蹊跷,但无人知道是否是谋杀。




                                                                       BACK
Language Points

take a look: 看一看

e.g.
       There is something wrong with my car. Can you take a look at it?
 T     我的车坏了。你能看一下吗?
       I have a special interest in old houses. Do you mind if I take a
       look around?
 T     我对老房子有着特殊的兴趣。你是否介意我随处看看?




                                                                          BACK
Language Points

meaning //: n. what sth. expresses or represents
                       意义,意思;含义


e.g.
       This expression has two very different meanings in English.
 T     这个短语在英语中有两个截然不同的意思。

       Now that he is a college student, life has new meaning for him.
 T     现在他是大学生了,生活对他而言有了新的意义。




                                                                     BACK
 Language Points

weigh //: v. find the weight of, esp. by using a machine; have the stated weight
                称…的重量,称;称得重量


     e.g.
            Every time I weigh myself I seem to have got heavier!
       T    我每次称体重都好像更重了。
            These potatoes weigh nearly 5 kilos.
       T    这些土豆差不多重5公斤。


  n. weight

                                                                    BACK
Language Points

stare //: v. look steadily for a long time 盯着看;凝视

辨析
gaze, glare, stare, peer, glance

gaze  指出于羡慕、感兴趣、关心或惊异而长时间目不
转睛地看。
glare 指用愤恨、凶狠或含敌意的眼光死死看着某人。
stare 侧重因惊奇、好奇、粗鲁无礼等而睁大眼睛看。
peer 指眯着眼睛仔细地或略为吃力地看。
glance 指匆匆地或粗略地一看,侧重心不在焉地、匆
忙地看一眼。
                                                        BACK
 Language Points

dew /;/: n. the small drops of water which form on cold surfaces
during
           the night 露,露水
   e.g.
          When he walked in the garden early in the morning, his shoes
          became wet with dew.
    T     当他清晨在花园里散步时, 他的鞋被露水打湿了。




                                                                     BACK
3) What is the main difference in the pronunciation of the words given in
   the second group?
   Most of the words being compared are pronounced almost the same
   except that they stress different syllables.




                                                                    BACK
Chinese Version

  为什么我们有拼写相同但发音不同、意义也不同的词?看看这些词中你能读对几个?
  1. 比利将把自己的礼物赠送给汤姆。
  2. 我反对把那样东西留在这里。
  3. 我估计这一估计数会太高。
  4. 那只鸽子很快地从空中俯冲而下。
  5. 法官今天将宣判那名囚犯有罪。
  6. 既然你靠得那么近,那就请你关上门吧。




                                 BACK
 Language Points

pronounce //: vt. make the sound of (a letter, a word,
etc.)
                              发(字母、词等的)音
  e.g.
         How do you pronounce your last name?
   T     你的姓怎么念?

         This word is difficult to pronounce.
   T     这个词很难读。




                                                                  BACK
                                object
1. v. be against sb. or sth.; feel
                                         2. n. thing that can be seen or
   or show opposition or
                                         felt; aim 物体,实物;目的,目标
   disapproval
   反对,不赞成

Tom objected to the plan                 In their beautiful bedroom,
  because he thought it                  the children are surrounded
  would be too                           by familiar objects.
  expensive.
                                         He made it his object in life
I object to her going                    to be a good doctor.
   alone.

                                                             BACK
estimate

1. // n. judge or calculate the nature, value, size, amount, etc. of
    (sth.),
    e.g.    esp. roughly; form an opinion about 估计;估价;判断

           The tree is estimated to be at least 700 years old.
   T       这颗树估计至少已有700年的树龄。
           We estimate that over 75% of our customers are women.
   T       我们估算我们的顾客中妇女超过75%。

2. // v. calculation or judgment of the nature, value, size,
amount, etc.
    e.g.         of sth. 估计
         My estimate of his abilities was wrong.
       T    我对他的能力估计错了。
                                                                   BACK
                          n. Pigeon 鸽子
dove                                                                BACK



                          v. dive 的过去式

dive //: (头朝下)跳水;潜水;俯冲

e.g.
           Mark dived off the bridge into the river.
       T     马克从桥上跃入河中。
           The plane dived towards the ground and exploded immediately.
       T     飞机冲向地面,紧接着就爆炸了。
                          1. : vt. declare that (sb.) is guilty of a crime
                          after a trial in a court 宣判(某人)有罪
   convict
                           2. n. person who has been declared guilty
                           of a crime and sent to prison 已决犯;囚犯
e.g.
       The two men were convicted of murder.
        T   那这两个人被判谋杀罪。
       The judge found that there was not enough evidence to convict him.
        T   法官发现没有足够的证据判他有罪。

e.g.
        The search for the escaped convict went on for days.
        T   对逃犯的搜捕持续了几天。



                                                                      BACK
Language Points

  Since you are so close, please close the door.
  既然你靠得那么近,那就请你关上门吧。

  句中前一个close读作//,第二个close读作
  //。




                                                   BACK
4) Can you give some words that are spelled the same and pronounced the
same but have different meanings? Give at least two pairs of such words.


  He plans to study chemical engineering and he wants to be a chemical
  engineer.

5) How many ways are there to pronounce “ough” in English? What are they?


  There are at least seven, e.g. dough, cough, hiccough, plough, through,
  rough and thorough.



                                                                 BACK
Chinese Version

  在第一次尝试中你读对了多少?让我们来看看拼写相同、读音相同但意义不同的词。
  1. 我走过那块跳板登上船。
  2. 我试图用我的球拍把那只蝙蝠赶走。
  3. 我因为天气寒冷而感冒了。
  4. 这一只虫子真的开始烦扰我了。
  5. 一些城镇实际上跟边界接界。
  明白了吗?下面这个又怎么样呢?“ough”至少有七种发音方法:
    dough(//生面团), cough (/f/ 咳嗽), hiccough // 打嗝儿),
   plough (//犁), through (// 通过), rough (// 不平滑的),
   thorough (// 彻底的)。




                                                      BACK
 Language Points

get sth. right: do sth. correctly; understand sth. clearly, without error
               做对某事;正确理解某事;把某事弄得正确无误

e.g.
   I got most of the questions right.
T   我大多数题目都答对了。
    Make sure you get people’s names right when you’re sending out the invitations.
T   发邀请函时,要确保把人家的姓名写对。




                                                                            BACK
                               n. a long thin flat piece of cut wood; plank 木板
board
                               v. get onto (a ship) or into (a public vehicle)
                                上(船、火车、公共汽车)
e.g.
           blackboard

           The walls of their room were made up of several boards only.
       T         他们房间的墙仅由几块木板组成。


e.g.
               At 7:30 I boarded the train for New York.
           T     7点半,我登上了去纽约的火车。
               Before boarding the plane, Jenny tried once more to call home.
           T     登机前,珍妮试着再一次给家里打电话。

                                                                         BACK
Language Points

  shoo //: vt. drive away (as if) by saying “shoo”用“嘘”声赶
  走
  e.g.
      I shooed him out of the room.
  T   我用“嘘”声把他赶出了房间。




                                                              BACK
                              n. any small insect 虫子
       bug
                              vt. [sl] annoy; irritate [俚] 烦扰;使恼怒




e.g.

I’ve had that disease many years, it really
bugs me.
   T   我生那种病好多年了,它真把我烦透了。
What’s bugging you, Kenny?
   T   肯尼,你有什么烦恼?


                                                               BACK
                            vt. form a border to; have a common border
  border                    with形成…的边界,毗邻;与…接壤

                            n. the dividing line between two countries edge;
                            part near the edge of sth. 国界;边境; 边缘,边
e.g.

       Shanghai borders the East China Sea. T 上海毗邻东海。
       Ten years ago in this place there was a garden that bordered the
       river.
                 T   10年前,这个地方的河边有一个花园。
e.g.
       Jomolungma lies on the border between China and Nepal.

  T     珠穆朗玛峰位于中国和尼泊尔的边界。




                                                                 BACK
How about…?

1. used to ask a question that directs attention to another person or
                  thing ……怎么样?(用于讲另一个人或事物时)
  e.g.
         I’m feeling hungry. How about you?
     T   我感到饿了,你怎么样?
2. used to make a suggestion ……如何?(用于提出建议)

  e.g.
         How about some noodles for lunch?
     T   中午吃些面条如何?
         How about going to the beach this afternoon?
     T   今天下午去海滩如何?

                                                                BACK
    Language Points

at least: not less than; if nothing else is true; at any rate 至少;反正;无论如何
e.g.

    At least seven students were injured in the accident.
T    事故中至少有7个学生受伤。

    I don’t know where he is, but at least I know he is still alive.
T    我不知道他在哪里,但是至少我知道他还活着。
    At least you should listen to his explanation.
T      你至少应该听听他的解释。




                                                                       BACK
dough

 n. flour mixed with water ready for baking 生面团




                                                  BACK
Language Points


  hiccough //: n.(也可拼作hiccup)打嗝儿,打嗝声

   e.g.

       Don’t drink so fast — you’ll get hiccups.
   T   别喝得那么快——你会打嗝的。




                                                   BACK
Language Points

  thorough//: a. complete in every way 彻底的

  e.g.
      The police have made a thorough search of the area.
  T   警察彻底搜查了这一区域。




  A Thorough Cleanup 大扫除.


                                                            BACK
Language Points

   plough //: n. a farming tool with a heavy cutting blade which is used to
                   break up and turn over the earth, esp. before seeds are
                   planted 犁




                                                                   BACK
6) Why does the writer say that words such as “eggplant”, “grapefruit”, etc.
   make no sense at all?
   Because some parts of these words have nothing to do with the things that
   the words refer to.
7) What does the writer think of the difference between British English and
   American English?
   The writer thinks that they are very different. American English is said to be
   a different language from British English.
8) Who is the next to last paragraph spoken to and where is it spoken?
   This paragraph is spoken to a student who has learnt British English and
   has just arrived in New York City in the United States.


                                                                     BACK
Chinese Version

   还有一些完全没有道理的词,如:

  1. “corned beef”(咸牛肉)中的“corn”( “玉米”) 在哪里?
  2. “eggplant”(“茄子”)中的“egg” (“蛋”) 在哪里?
  3. 为什么“grapefruit”(“柚子”)不是“fruit from the grape”(“葡萄的果实”)?
  4. 为什么“boxing ring”(“拳击台”)是“square”(“方的”)?
  5. 某人怎么会“beside himself”(“神志失常”)?
  一旦你学到了英语的基础的东西,你可能认为英语就是这样了,但是大多数美国人
讲的又是另一种语言。
  下面是一个外国交换留学生抵达他将住宿的家时的一个小故事。在学过基础英语之
后,想象一下他的困惑吧。

                                                     BACK
Language Points

sense / /: n. good practical understanding and judgment; feeling; meaning
               见识,判断力;感觉;意义

     e.g.
         My grandmother’s good sense comes from years of experience.
     T   我祖母的正确判断力来自于多年的经验。
         I like Pam — she has a sense of humour.
     T   我喜欢帕姆——她有幽默感。
         He did his work out of a sense of duty.
     T   他出于责任感而工作。
         This noun usually has two senses.
     T      这个名词通常有两个意思。


                                                                  BACK
Language Points


  make sense: have an understandable meaning 有意义;有道理;讲得通

  e.g.
         This word doesn’t make sense in this sentence.
  T      句子中的这个词讲不通。
         It made sense for Sam to live near the college.
  T      萨姆住在学校附近是有道理的。
         There are parts of the plan that simply don’t make sense.
  T      这个计划的有些部分简直毫无意义。




                                                                     BACK
       beside oneself

   having lost one’s self-control because of the intensity of the
   emotion one is feeling(因过于激动)失去自制力;神志失常;发狂

  e.g.

When he heard the good news, he was beside
himself with happiness.
   T     当他听到这个好消息时,他欣喜若狂。
When Tom lost his job, he was beside himself
with anger.
   T     汤姆丢了工作,愤怒得难以自持。




                                                                    BACK
Language Points

  basics: 英语中basics一般以复数形式作为名词用,意思为“基础、要素”。


e.g.
       I still haven’t mastered the basics of English grammar.
 T     我还没有掌握英语语法的基础。

       You have to understand the basics before you can do more advanced work.
 T     你必须懂得基础知识然后才能做进一步的工作。




                                                                  BACK
Language Points

    That’s all there is to it: 就是这样,就是这么一回事

e.g.
       When a person dies, he loses everything. That’s all there is to it.
T      当一个人死去时,他就丧失了一切。就那么回事。




                                                                         BACK
Language Points

  foreign exchange student: 外国交换留学生。通常指根据不同国家间的
                    交流项目而到国外学习的学生。




                                                  BACK
  imagine

vt. form a mental picture of (sth.) 想象,设想


  e.g.
         The lake is much more beautiful than I had imagined.
  T      这个湖比我想象的要漂亮得多。

         Try to imagine a room as big as a football field.
   T      试想一下一个跟足球场一般大小的房间。




          imagination
                                                                BACK
Language Points


    confusion //: n. bewilderment or embarrassment 困
    惑;窘迫
e.g.
       There is a lot of confusion among parents about their children’s education.
T      家长们对自己孩子的教育有着许多困惑。
       To avoid confusion, we explained the main points again.
T      为了避免混淆,我们把要点又解释了一遍。




                                                                       BACK
Language Points


 corn // n. (作蔬菜食用的)鲜嫩玉米;[美]玉米;[英]谷物




                                       BACK
Language Points


  beef //: n. the meat of farm cattle 牛肉




                                               BACK
Language Points


    eggplant // n. 茄子




                                 BACK
Language Points


    grapefruit // n.
    葡萄柚




                                  BACK
Language Points


      grape //: n. 葡萄




                             BACK
9) What is the confusion that the foreign exchange student may have when
    he hears the words upon his arrival at his new home in New York City?

  He is confused by the way his American friend talks to him. He is having a
  difficult time understanding the idioms and colloquial expressions used by
  a native speaker of American English.

10) Can you identify the idioms used in the last but one paragraph? Put them
   in the blanks below and figure out their meanings.




                                                                   BACK
  Idiom or Expression                          Meaning
                              (feeling) awkward or uncomfortable, because
 like a fish out of water      one is in strange, unsuitable surroundings

 on pins and needles           worried; nervous

 get/have cold feet           become or be afraid or reluctant to do sth.
 have (got) ants in one’s
 pants                         be very restless or excited
                              do or say sth. to remove or reduce awkwardness
 break the ice                or tension, esp. at a first meeting or at the start
                              of a party, etc.
 clean as a whistle           very tidy or clean
 dawn on sb.                  become clear to sb.

catch/get one’s second wind   feel strong again after getting very tired
                                                                     BACK
Chinese Version

  “欢迎来到大苹果城。希望你在这里不会如鱼离水感到不自在。我们一直在急切
地盼着你来。我们以为你也许会感到胆怯或什么的。哦,别介意我的小弟弟贾森;他
今天只是有点坐立不安。妈妈本来会打发他出去玩的,但又认为他能够帮助打破冷
场。他有时候会非常有趣。这是你的房间;它干干净净,一尘不染。我本来为咱们今
天作了许多安排,但后来我突然想到,你可能需要一些时间来恢复精力。”




                                 BACK
Welcome to the Big Apple.
欢迎来到大苹果城。
英语中人们常用the Big Apple来指纽约市。




                             BACK
 the Big Apple: 大苹果城(美国纽约市的绰号)

    The term dates to 1921 and was originally a reference to the race courses
in and around New York City. These were the big money courses, and the
“apple” was associated with a prize, something desirable. By the late 1920s,
the term had been adopted by jazz musicians and generalized to the city as a

  whole. A tourism advertising
  campaign in the 1970s that used
  the term as a theme reinvigorated
  its usage and brought the name to
  the attention of millions who had
  not otherwise heard it. Today it’s a
  common colloquial expression used
  by New York City dwellers to refer
  with some pride to their city. (From
  http://www.wordorigins.org/wordorb
  . html)

                                                                     BACK
 Language Points
like a fish out of water: (feeling) awkward or uncomfortable, because one is in
                           strange, unsuitable surroundings
                            如鱼离水;感到生疏(或不自在)

 e.g.
        My little brother felt like a fish out of water in his new school.
  T     我的小弟弟在新学校感到不自在。
        I always feel like a fish out of water among these high society people.
  T
        我在上流社会人群中总是感到不自在。




                                                                             BACK
 Language Points

on pins and needles: worried; nervous 如坐针毡的;坐立不安的;急得要死的



 e.g.
        I was on pins and needles until I found out I’d won.
 T      在我弄清楚自己赢了之前,我一直如坐针毡。
        We’re on pins and needles waiting to hear whether she got the job.
 T
        我们一直坐立不安地等着听她是否得到那份工作的消息。




                                                                      BACK
Language Points
or something: or a thing like that 诸如此类的什么


e.g.
       Did she have an accident or something on her way back home yesterday?
 T     昨天她回家时是否遇上车祸或此类似的事了?
       Maybe we can go to the movies or something.
 T     也许我们可以去看电影或做一些类似的事情。




                                                                  BACK
 Language Points

have (got) ants in one’s pants: be very restless or excited 坐立不安,非常激动



 e.g.
        She’s got ants in her pants because she’s going to a party tonight.
  T     她今晚将去参加一个晚会,所以一直非常激动。




                                                                        BACK
Language Points

 would have sent him out to play: 本来会打发他出去玩的。
 句中would have sent是虚拟语气,表示跟事实相反的含义。




                                                BACK
Language Points

  figure / /: vt. think (sth.); calculate 认为,想;估
  计
  e.g.
         From the way he talked, I figured that he was drunk.
   T     从他讲话的样子看,我想他是喝醉了。
         I need some time to figure my expenses in the coming week.
   T     我需要一些时间估计一下下周的花费。




                                                                  BACK
break the ice: do or say sth. to remove or reduce awkwardness or tension, esp.
               at a first meeting or at the start of a party, etc.
             (为难办的事)开个头;打破沉默,使气氛活跃
  e.g.


          Let’s break the ice by having everyone give their names.
     T
           让我们以自报姓名开始吧。
          Sam’s arrival broke the ice and people began to talk and laugh.
    T     萨姆的到来使得气氛活跃起来,人们开始交谈、欢笑了。




                                                                       BACK
Language Points


  clean as a whistle: very tidy or clean 干干净净;洁白无瑕

  e.g.

         I want you to get those plates as clean as a whistle.
   T     我要你把那些盘子彻底洗干净。




                                                                 BACK
dawn //: 1. vi. begin to grow light; gradually become clear (to sb. s mind);
 e.g.        become evident (to sb.) 破晓;被理解;被想到

      The morning dawned clear and sunny.
  T   破晓时天空如洗、阳光明媚。
      Gradually the truth about him dawned.
  T   他的真相渐渐地清楚了。

2. n. time of day when light first appears; daybreak 黎明;拂晓
 e.g.
      We got up at dawn and started our 15 day journey.
  T   我们黎明即起,开始了我们15天的旅程。
      They seem to work from dawn till dusk.
  T   他们好像从黎明一直工作到黄昏。
                                                                     BACK
Language Points

  dawn on sb.: become clear to sb. 某人突然明白,某人恍然大悟

  e.g.
      It dawned on the poor woman that she had made a terrible mistake.
  T   那可怜的女人突然明白她犯了一个可怕的错误。




                                                                 BACK
Catch/get one’s second wind
 feel strong again after getting very tired
                                 恢复精力,恢复元气



e.g.

    I was feeling tired, but I got my second wind after lunch.
T   我感到累了,但是午饭后我又恢复了精力。




                                                                 BACK
Chinese Version

   你是否仍然认为英语没什么奥秘?英语之奥秘就在于任何人都能学会这种语言!你
 能想出多少此类“单词之谜”呢?




                                 BACK
11) What is the biggest mystery the writer has found about the English
   language?
   The biggest mystery is that anyone can learn it.




                                                                   BACK
Language Points


  at all: 完全,根本(常用于否定句中)

  e.g.
         I don’t know him at all.
   T     我根本就不认识他。

         She cannot see or hear anything at all.
   T     她根本就看不见也听不见。




                                                   BACK
Language Points


  think of: produce or put forward (an idea, etc.) 想出,想到

  e.g.
         Can you think of a good place for the holidays?
  T      你能想出一个度假的好地方吗?

         I can’t think of any reason why he would do that.
   T     我想不出任何他会干那事的理由。




                                                             BACK
                               Exercises
  Answer the following questions.
1. How many groups of interesting English words has the writer talked about
   in the text? 1. How many groups of interesting English words has the
   writer talked about in the text?
2. What kind of words are those that are talked about in the first group?
3. What is the main difference in the pronunciation of the words given in the
   second group?
4. Can you give some words that are spelled the same and pronounced the
   same but have different meanings? Give at least two pairs of such words.
5. How many ways are there to pronounce “ough” in English? What are they?
6. Why does the writer say that words such as “eggplant,” “grapefruit,” etc.
   make no sense at all?


                                                                     BACK   NEXT
7. What does the writer think of the difference between British English and
    American English?
8. Who is the next to last paragraph spoken to and where is it spoken?
9. What is the confusion that the foreign exchange student may have when
    he hears the words upon his arrival at his new home in New York City?
10. Can you identify the idioms used in the last but one paragraph? Put
    them in the blanks below and figure out their meanings.
11. What is the biggest mystery the writer has found about the English
    language?




                                                                   PREV.   NEXT
Fill in the following blanks with the words or expressions given below.
Change the form where necessary.
board     estimate       figure    imagine        meaning      mysterious
mystery   present (v.)   pronounce stare          weigh        object
                                                mysteries
1. How life began on Earth is one of the great _________ of science.
2. Many Westerners think that Chinese is a _________language that
                                           mysterious
   they can never understand.
3. The word “spring” has several different _________ and so does the
                                           meanings
   word “ring.”
          stared
4. Billy _______ at me in silence for nearly twenty seconds and then left
   without saying a word.

                                                                     PREV.   NEXT
board      estimate       figure    imagine        meaning       mysterious
mystery    present (v.)   pronounce stare          weigh         object

5. Can you _______ how many more days you will need to finish the book
           estimate
  that you are writing?
6. I could not believe my eyes. She was far more beautiful than I had________ .
                                                                      imagined
7. Ricardo always _______ he could learn English well in six months, but he
                  figured
  never really began his learning.
                                                               board
8. Jane had to say goodbye to her friends when it was time to _______ the train.
9. Some students find it difficult to ___________ the word “thorough.”
                                       pronounce
10. Margaret was a very good basketball player. She stood 1.86 meters tall
        weighed
   and _________ 72 kilograms.
                                                                         PREV.   NEXT
 board      estimate       figure    imagine      meaning       mysterious
 mystery    present (v.)   pronounce stare        weigh         object

                              presented
11. One of the girl students ___________ a bunch of flowers to the professor
   who had just given a lecture on the mysteries of the English language.
12. Look, there is a strange _____ in the sky!
                             object




                                                                   PREV.    NEXT
Fill in the blanks with the expressions given below. Change the form
where necessary.
  at least        beside oneself       dawn on sb.     get sth. right
  make sense      object to           take a look      think of
1. __________ at the photo and see if you recognize anyone in it.
   Take a look
2. These questions are too difficult. We’ve got to find some easier ones
  that most kids can _________ .
                      get right
3. Prof. Smith used to think that this English expression is ungrammatical
  and _________ its use.
      objected to
                                             at least
4. To work as a translator, you need to know ______ two languages well.
5. It makes no sense to invest more money in a project that will never succeed.
      _____________
                                                                        PREV.   NEXT
     at least          beside oneself    dawn on sb.    get sth. right
     make sense        object to        take a look     think of

                                                                 beside himself
6. When he learned that his book would be published soon, he was _____________
  with joy for days.
7. Only after he woke up the next morning and found that his money was gone
                 dawn on
  did it begin to________Old John who the two mysterious women were.
8. They’re trying hard to ________an appealing (吸引人的) title for their new film.
                           think of




                                                                         PREV.   BACK

				
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