Using Clickers (Student
Response Systems) in the
1) Introduction to Classroom Response
2) Discussion of their use in TE401
3) Modeling Clicker quizzes/surveys
4) Troubleshooting Clickers
A Clicker is a small electronic device that
enables the user to provide a response to a
receiver normally attached to a
facilitator or teachers’ computer.
Why use a Clicker?
Clickers provide classroom teachers with a
device that will enable them to assess
students in an immediate, private, and
personalized manner. Questions can be pre-
determined or created during a lesson. It
can also be integrated with PowerPoint files
that can be shared with other
Research on Clickers
In How People Learn, Bransford et. al. state that
classroom response systems and related pedagogy is one
of the most promising innovations for transforming
classrooms to be more learner/knowledge/assessment/
They are especially effective in lecture hall-sized groups.
Researchers report that instructors use the response
1. enhance questioning and feedback;
2. to motivate and monitor the participation of ALL
3. to foster discussion of important topics; and
4. to energize and activate students’ thinking.
Source: Roschelle, Jeremy, William R. Penuel, and Louis Abrahamson, “Classroom response and
communication systems: research review and theory,” presented at the 2004 Meeting fo the
American Educational Research Association, San Diego, CA, 2004.
Clickers are an Effective Way of
PROVIDENCE, Rhode Island -- Professor Ross
Cheit put it to the students in his Ethics and
Public Policy class at Brown University: Are you
morally obliged to report cheating if you know
about it? The room began to hum, but no one so
much as raised a hand.
Still, within 90 seconds, Cheit had roughly 150
student responses displayed on an overhead
screen, plotted as a multicolored bar graph -- 64
percent said yes, 35 percent, no.
Source: “No Wrong Answers” Wired 14 May 2005
Research on Clickers in Education
(Halvorsen, in preparation)
92.2% of students agreed/strongly agreed that the
clickers were an effective instructional tool in TE 401.
70.6% of students agreed/strongly agreed that the
clickers helped them do more thinking in class.
90.2% of students agreed/strongly agreed that the
clickers helped them enjoy the class more.
74.5% of students agreed/strongly agreed that the
clickers helped them get a better understanding of
subject matter, teaching, and learning of social studies.
94.1% of students agreed/strongly agreed that if clickers
are available in their school, they would use them in their
social studies teaching.
Uses in TE401 and Examples from
• Facilitate Class Discussion
• Guide Lectures
• Encourage Peer Instruction
• Collect Data and Perform Baseline or
Clicker Concept Map – created by IHMC Cmap
My primary emotional state right
C. Somewhere between energized and
I decided to attend this clicker
A. Wanted to find out what clickers are & how to use them
B. I know what clickers are but wanted to find out more
ways to use them
C. Not really interested in clickers but I had nothing better
D. Oops! I am in the wrong place!
What famous document begins:
"When in the course of human
A. The Preamble to the Constitution
B. The Gettysburg Address
C. The Declaration of Independence
What child name's plunge in U.S.
popularity was attributed to a
famous 1974 scandal?
Who's been Saturday Night Live's
most frequent host?
A. Alec Baldwin
B. Bill Murray
C. Steve Martin
Which of the points on the graph below best represents
conditions along the Tropic of Cancer (23 degrees N
A rapidly growing city within a humid climate zone
experiences a land use change from
predominantly crop land to mostly urban/suburban.
A likely natural response would be:
A. Increased infiltration—reduced flooding
B. Reduced infiltration—increased flooding
C. Increased infiltration – increased flooding
D. Reduced infiltration – reduced flooding
Infiltration rate in soil science is a measure of the rate at
which soil is able to absorb rainfall or irrigation
This clicker workshop was
beneficial to my understanding of
how to use clickers
A. Strongly Agree
D. Strongly Disagree
Like the previous questions
demonstrate, clickers allow the
instructor to ask:
• True/False questions
• Multiple choice questions
• Yes/No questions
• Likert Scale survey
To download clicker software go to the
Select PC full release if you are a PC user
Select Mac full release if you are a Mac user
Download will take at least 20 minutes
From there a nice help tutorial will guide
through how to set up your database