Nutrients in Fruit
Four nutrients commonly found in
• Vitamin C
• Vitamin A
Fruits can be obtained in
what four forms?
Try to eat fresh fruits rather than
juices or canned. Frozen fruit
without added sugar is fine too.
What are 2 advantages of processed
fruits? (What’s a disadvantage?)
– Keep well – less likely to spoil
– Require little to no preparation for
Name 6 fruits high in calcium,
phospohrus and iron.
Present in all fruits are:
• Cellulose - fiber
Cellulose and pectin are in the cell
walls and the fruit.
What is the importance of
cellulose in our diet?
Cellulose is not digested, but it
supplies bulk to the food, helping to
stimulate the digestive process.
*Pectin- a carb from certain fruits that
produces a gel that is the basis for
*Cellulose- the chief substance in the
cell walls of plants.
What happens when fresh
fruits are cooked in water?
The cellulose in the cell walls
is softened so the fruits loose
their shape and if cooked
long enough, fall apart.
If you want fruit to retain its
shape, add _______ to the
There is no uniform measure of
quantity by which different kinds of
fresh fruit are sold.
They may be sold by:
• Unit (melons)
• Pound (apples, peaches, grapes)
• Pint or Quart (berries)
The preservation of vitamin C is of
most concern when preparing fruits.
Why should apples or other fruits be
pared as thinly as possible?
Most of the Vitamin C is near the skin
rather than uniformly distributed in
Before being eaten or cooked all fresh fruit
should be washed.
When you peel some fruit, it browns
(oxidizes). To prevent this, sprinkle on
fruit fresh or ascorbic acid, or dip in
lemon or orange juice.
Ever notice the small stickers on
fruits (and vegetables) at the
grocery store? These help the
checkout clerk find the price of the
item but are also helpful to figure
out where the produce you are
buying has been grown. A sticker
with 4 digits means that the food
was conventionally grown.
• Smallest family of fruit
• Fleshy fruit surrounding a core of
• Tree fruit
• Ex: apple, pear
• A hard stone (pit) in the center of the
• Relatively thin skinned.
• Can be Fleshy or fiberous
• Examples: peach, cherry, apricot, plum
• Highly perishable fruit
• Fleshy with few to many seeds
• Seeds may be inside the flesh
• Seeds may be on the outside of the flesh
• Some grow on cane
• Some grow on
(Plants with little or no
Berries can grow on:
• Good source of vitamin C.
• Grow on trees.
• Warm climate.
• Soft, juicy pulp in sections surrounded by
• The pith is surrounded by a rough skin or
• Rind contains glands that produce oils.
• High Moisture content.
• Fleshy and thick skinned Accessory
• Musky smell.
• Grown on ground vines
Honeydew Square mellon
Tropical Fruit Family
• Exotic, now available throughout the world.
• Need warm climates to thrive.
• Some are Tree Plants
• Some are drupes
• Some are berries
• Some are Pomes pine-
• Some are melons apple
• Fruit that has not
reached its full size
and has poor color,
flavour, and texture.
• They will not ripen
and improve in
Under Ripe Fruit
• Mature Fruits
-Fruit has reached its
full size but has not
yet reached peak
-They are hard and
not reached full flavor
• They will ripen and
improve in quality.
• Buy “In Season”
– the peak of the growing season for the
-price is cheaper when in season.
• Buy what you will eat.
• If buying in large quantity, preserve the
fruit for future consumption (can, freeze,
How do you know which to
• Buy ripe fruits if consuming immediately.
• Ripe fruit is tender with a pleasant aroma
and fully developed flavor.
• Fruit should give a little under a light
• Buy fruit that has the “typical”
shape and size. Fruit should be
heavy for size and have good color.
Vitamins in Fruit
Vitamins in Fruit
Vitamins in Fruit
To help fruit ripen faster-
store the fruit in a brown
paper bag at room
temperature; store other
fruit in crisper section in
the fridge or in plastic
bags with holes punched
into them to allow
moisture to escape.
Storing Fresh Fruit
• Don’t wash until you are ready to use it.
-Moisture speeds up the decaying
-Store in the refrigerator. This will slow
Won’t ripen after Harvest Will ripen after Harvest
Grapefruit SUN! Kiwi
• Food for Today text book
• Web sites