news_s03 by jianglifang


     Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering

Spring 2003                                                                                          Volume 6 No. 1

Hot Steel and Cold Logic:
Studying the Effects of Heat-Straightening
H     ot steel is a term with special meaning to Professor Amit
      Varma and graduate research assistant, Keith Kowalkowski.
Using the capabilities of the new Civil Infrastructure Laboratory,
                                                                          Also in this issue...
                                                                            Department News           3
these two CEE researchers are studying the process of heat-                 Student News               3
                                                                            Chair’s Message            5
straightening of damaged steel.
                                                                            Alumni News               6
                                                                            Graduate Student          7
Heat-straightening represents an increasingly popular technique for           Research
in situ repair of damaged steel, such as in bridge girders or beams
that may have been damaged by an overheight truck. While this
technique has proved efficient and economical, little is known about how repeated applications of the technique
may affect the structural properties and microstrucure of the steel. There are three goals for this research project

    •   Review the current MDOT heat straightening procedures and conduct a survey of heat-straightening
        procedures and guidelines used by other state departments of transportation.
    •   Investigate experimentally the effects of multiple heat-straightening on the structural properties, namely,
        the yield stress, ultimate stress, strain ductility, modulus of elasticity, notch toughness, and surface
        hardness, and the microstructure of steel.                                              Continued on page 2.

Dr. Amit Varma explains the laboratory setup for small-scale       This bridge on Michigan 127 shows a damaged
tests on the effects of heat-straightening.                        girder that was later repaired by heat-straightening.
2 Connections                                                                                                            Spring 2003

                                                                         Improving Concrete Pipes and
                                                                         Wastewater Infrastructure
                                                                         This country’s overall investment in wastewater
                                                                         infrastructure amounts to several trillions of dollars. As
                                                                         a critical part of that infrastructure, concrete pipes
                                                                         represent nearly $3 billion in annual sales. Researchers
                                                                         within MSU’s Department of Civil & Environmental
                                                                         Engineering have begun a long-term study aimed at
                                                                         developing and commercializing a new generation of
                                                                         concrete-based wastewater infrastructure systems.
                                                                         These new systems will exhibit substantially enhanced
Keith Kowalkowski, graduate research assistant, applies heat to a        longevity, improved structural and hydrological
damaged specimen of steel, one of 90 such specimens that he will test.   performance, and greater initial and life cycle economy.
                                                                         Under a grant from the Environmental Protection
Continued from page 1.
                                                                         Agency, Phase I of this research has already achieved
     ·    Develop simple recommendations and                             promising results.
          guidelines for evaluating and replacing steel
          members subjected to multiple damage/heat-                     The research team employed a multi-faceted approach
          straightening repair events.                                   to enhance the resistance of concrete pipes to
                                                                         microbial-induced corrosion. Key elements of this
This project can be very beneficial to state DOTs                        approach included the following: (1) tailoring the
across the nation. The research itself is carried out in                 chemistry of cement hydration products for enhanced
two phases: 1) small-scale tests on 90 samples of                        acid resistance; (2) mitigating transport of aggressive
structural steel; 2) full-scale tests on actual damaged                  solutions into concrete by making capillary pore
bridge beams. In the small-scale tests, samples of                       surfaces hydrophobic and/or sealing capillary pores
different types of structural steel are damaged in                       using polymer emulsions; and (3) making the concrete
tension to a specified value. The specimen is then                       environment unsuitable for microbial growth.
repaired by subjecting it to a compressive restraining
stress and applying heat from an oxy-acetylene torch.       CEE researchers have explored development of
Multiple damage/repair cycles are conducted on each         structurally efficient and streamlined concrete pipe
specimen. The small-scale tests will be completed by        designs through reinforcing concrete with high-
late summer of 2003.                                        modulus fibers at viable volume fractions. Judicious
                                                            use of discrete fibers yields major improvements in
The conclusions from these small-scale tests will then be flexural and shear strength, toughness and impact
validated through three full-scale tests to investigate the resistance of concrete. These improvements can be
effects of multiple damage/heat-straightening events        used to lower the steel reinforcement ratio of concrete
on actual damaged bridge beams.                             pipes, increase the thickness of concrete cover over
                                                            steel reinforcement, eliminate the need to enlarge the
This project is funded by the Michigan Department of bell segment of pipes, and reduce the concrete pipe
Transportation (MDOT, program manager Roger Till            thickness and weight.
B.S. ‘76, M.S. ‘84). The project also receives technical
expertise and guidance from the National Bridge             The CEE research team consists of members from
Company, particularly Dan Garijo (B.S. ‘96) who has         the department’s civil infrastructure and environmental
shared practical knowledge regarding the field use of       engineering groups: professors Parviz Soroushian, P.E.,
heat-straightening. Other contributions came from           Siavosh Ravanbakhsh, Xianda Zhao, and Syed
Professor K.N. Subramanian (Chemical Engineering & Hashsham. For more information on the progress of
Material Science) and the facilities of the CHEMS labs. this project, contact Dr. Soroushian at
For further information on this project, contact Amit
Varma at
Spring 2003                                                                                                       Connections 3

Department News                                              Russia Program Still Strong
                                                            The CEE study abroad program to Russia departed
Professor Shu-Guang Li received a prestigious award         on May 20, 2003, with a return at the end of June.
for his courseware Interactive Groundwater. It was named    In spite of SARS and the war in Iraq, enrollment
Premier Courseware of 2002. This award is given by          increased from 42 last year to 49 this year. However,
the National Engineering Education Delivery Systems         the process for obtaining passports, letters of
(NEEDS) Project, which is co-sponsored by John              invitation and visas has become much more difficult
Wiley & Sons, Autodesk, MathWorks and Microsoft             in the current state of world events. Look for a
Research. Dr. Amit H. Varma received the American           feature on this program in the next issue of Currents.
Institute of Steel Construction (AISC) Faculty Fellow-
ship Award for 2003. This award provides a four-year
grant for conducting research leading to the develop-
ment of new and innovative long-span floor systems
for multistory buildings.
                                                           Student News
                                                           Julie Galambos received the Outstanding CEE Senior
Professor Emeritus Dr. William E. Saul was named
                                                           SWE Award. The following students received an
as the recipient of the 2003 Steinman Award, given by
                                                           Academic Achievement Award: Andrew Brinks,
the Michigan Society of Professional Engineers
                                                           Timothy Greenleaf, Anthony Ingle, Daniel Kehoe,
(MPSE). Dr. Saul was also named as a Fellow of the
                                                           Katie Kidder, Justin Kuk, Benjamin Mattson,
National Society of Professional Engineers (NSPE).
                                                           Jason Shingledecker, and Samuel Stafford. Andrew
Professors Neeraj Buch and Karim Chatti received
                                                           Brinks also won an MSU Trustees Award. Brian
the first place award in the curriculum category in the
                                                           Nunes won the Francis X. McKelvey Award for
International Contest on LTPP Data Analysis. This
                                                           Transportation. Seth Maher won the award as
contest is co-sponsored by the American Society of
                                                           Outstanding ENE Graduate Student. The award for
Civil Engineers (ASCE) and the Federal Highway
                                                           Outstanding CE Graduate Student went to Tunwin
Administration. The winning paper was titled “The
                                                           Savisdant. The 2002-2003 Steel Bridge Regional
Use of the LTTP Database in the Pavement Engineer-
                                                           Competition was held April 5, 2003, at Lawrence
ing Curriculum at Michigan State University.”
                                                           Technological University in Southfield, Michigan.
                                                           Michigan State University finished third overall with a
Professor Rigoberto Burgueño and research assistant
                                                           first place award in the stiffness category.
Jun Wu received one of two prizes awarded for the
“outstanding paper by a young author” given by the
International Association for Bridge and Structural
Engineering (IABSE) at its symposium in Melbourne,
Australia in September of 2002. The winning paper
was titled “Development of an FRP Membrane
Bridge System.” Dr. Burgueño has also received a
Daniel P. Jenny Research Fellowship from the Precast/
Prestressed Concrete Institute (PCI). The PCI Research
Fellowship program supports civil engineering gradu-
ate students in research related to precast and pre-
stressed concrete.

With researchers at MSU’s Center for Microbial
Ecology, Dr. Syed Hashsham was a co-author of a
                                                           The 2002-2003 Michigan State University Steel Bridge Team. From Left
paper, “Microbial Dehalorespiration with 1,1,1-            to Right: Greg Heim, Kyle Phinney, Fan-Chuen Cheng, Carl Fedders
Trichloroethane” that appeared in the November, 2002       (Captain), Jason Faigle (Captain), Michael Keenan, Brian Smith, Chris
issue of Science. The paper reports isolation of an        Derosia, Laura Wojcicki. Not Pictured: Mark Koskinen, Daryl Ross,
anaerobic bacterium (TCA1) that derives its energy by      John Hart, Alan Ostrowski, Tom West, Joseph Rodea, Dr. Frank Hatfield
                                                           (Advisor), Dr. Amit Varma (Advisor).
degrading TCA (1,1,1-trichloroethane).
4 Connections                                                                                   Spring 2003

A Heartfelt “Thank You” to Contributors
for Supporting the CEE Department
Chang Ho Ahn                   David & Lynn Kimpel                Keith & Colleen Swaffar
Joseph & Diane Alberts         Daniel & Lorri King                William & Norma Taylor
Reginald & Lois Batzer         Fritz & Josephine Klinger          Anthony & Tesha Thomas
Michelle Belt                  Hak Jae Kim                        Robert Thompson
Timothy & Suzanne Benton       Richard Kriner                     Philip Trosko
James Berlow                   Thomas & Annette Krycinski         Leslie Tyson
James & Dorothy Blanchard      David & Nancy Lakin                Eunice VanEllse
Lyle & Ruth Bornor             Nensi Lakrori                      James VanTiflin
Kirk & April Branson, Sr.      Cha Don Lee                        Bradley & Debra Vidro
Neeraj & Matangi Buch          Ki Se Lee                          Donald & Ruth Welling
John Busch                     Do Seung Lee                       Robert & Judy Wen
Hilary Chamberlain             Kung Hyuk Lee                      David & Kristie Wiggert
Myung Keun Chang               Frederick & Barbara Levantrosser   Thomas & Kathleen Wolff
Karim & Pegi Chatti            Shuguang Li & Xu Wu                Jong-Pil Won
Hyo Nam Cho                    James & Marianne Lubkin            Jung Kil Yoo
Keun Ho Choe                   Richard & Judi Lyles               Mark Young & the Ferrantino
Ki Bong Choi                   Thomas & Ellen Maleck                Foundation
Min Ah Chung                   Ernest & Lorraine Malkewitz        Kyong Ku Yun
Roy & Julia Colby              Peter Margules
                               Susan Masten & Simon Davies
Thomas & Megan Cole
                               Moideen Mathari
Roger & Shelia Conrad
                               Francis & Elizabeth McKelvey       ASCE Michigan Section
Gordon & Patricia Danke
                               Rodney & Mary Jo Meade             Barr Engineering Co
Leroy & Cheryl Dell
                               John & Teressa Michalski           BP
John Dexter
                               Alfred & Mary Miller               Carrier & Gable, Inc.
Kwun Hwan Doh
                               Jon & Victoria Mills               Consumers Energy
Michael Doyle
                               Tim & Mary Mroz                    CTE Engineers
Jason & Jennifer Early
                               James Nordberg                     Fleis & Vandenbrink Engineering,
Bruce & Mary Elenbaas
                               Jack & Zelda Nothstine              Inc.
Stanley & Helga Ernst, Jr.
                               Leo & Rebecca Nothstine            Ford Motor Company
John & Jennifer Estill
                               Heung Un Oh                        General Motors Corporation
Larry & Jacqueline Fleis
                               Dong Yeob Park                     Granger Construction Company
Daniel Fredendall
                               Dae Won Park                       Great Lakes Cement Promotion
Kevin & Mary Freeman
                               Laurence & Joan Pate                Association
David & Eileen Fritz
                               James Potter                       Great Lakes Fabricators &
Robert & Patricia Geyer
                               Christopher & Deborah Potvin        Erectors Association
James Grant
                               Keith & Karen Risdon               Institute of Transportation
Ronald & Binder Harichandran
                               Donald & Helen Ryan                 Engineers/Michigan Section
Frank & Mary Lou Hatfield
                               Philip Sanzica                     NTH Consultants, LTD
Dennis & Lori Heathfield
                               William & Muriel Saul              Orchard, Hiltz & McCliment
David & Katie Herweyer
                               William & Mary Savage              Reno A & E
David & Roberta Hoebeke
                               Stuart & Mary Siegan               Spalding, DeDecker & Associates,
Janet Houthoofd
                               Jongsung Sim                        Inc.
Joseph & Joset Jackson
                               Robert & June Smith                Traffic Engineer Associates
David & Virginia Jensen
                               Donald & Joanna Smith              Traffic Control Corporation
Mandy Johnston
                               William Sproule                    Wade-Trim
Joo Won Kang
                               Nak Moon Sung                      Zurn Industries
Hyung Bae Kim
Tae Gon Kim                    Bill & Linda Steinman
Spring 2003                                                                                              Connections 5

         Special                             Mackenzie L. Davis Student Activity
       Recognition                       Discretionary Endowment Fund Established
                                             to Support Undergraduate Activities
  The College of Engineering             Throughout his career at MSU, Professor Mack Davis devoted enor-
  and the Department of Civil &          mous time and energy to support undergraduate student activities,
  Environmental Engineering join         including the ASCE Concrete Canoe Team and the Environmental
  in thanking the following              Engineering Student Society (EESS). Upon his retirement, Mack
  alumni and friends who have            established the Mackenzie L. Davis Student Activity Discretionary Endowment
  taken a leadership role through        Fund. The purpose of this fund is to ensure that future generations of
  major gifts and pledges:               CEE undergraduates can experience these activities. You can help
 Mackenzie & Elaine Davis                support this endeavor and honor Professor Mack Davis at the same
 Jerry N. McCowan                        time.
 Ted & Cynthia Wynant
                                         For more information, please contact Jonathan Hill, associate director
                                         of development, College of Engineering, at (517) 355-8339.

Message from the Chairperson                                                  who received this year’s award at the
                                                                              Annual Alumni Dinner on May 10th.
                    This year I am especially proud of the national           Leo received an M.S. degree from
                    recognition that several of our faculty gained for        Kansas State in 1940 and later joined
                    their research and teaching. These and other signifi-     our faculty. He is remembered fondly
                    cant achievements are posted regularly in the “Cur-       by many of our alumni. When he
                    rent Events and News” section of our Web page.            retired, Leo established an endow-
                                                                              ment to support fellowships for
                    As this year closes, another faculty member dear to       graduate students in structural
                    the hearts of our students and alumni is                  engineering. He also is a strong
                    retiring. Professor Mack Davis has been with the          contributor to the Civil Infrastructure
                    department for 30 years, teaching more than 8000          Laboratory completed last year.
students in over 200 sections of classes, and establishing a reputation as
an outstanding teacher. He has received teaching awards at the national,      Let me close by thanking all of the
regional and university levels. Mack has been faculty advisor to virtually    alumni and friends who support the
every CEE student organization. Students and alumni love him not only         department and assist us in achieving
for his outstanding teaching, but also for the camaraderie they enjoyed       our dreams.
with him.

Throughout his career, Mack has been known for his generosity. But
                                                                               Announcing the Jerry N.
upon his retirement, he has crowned this generosity with a gesture that        McCowan Endowed Schol-
will live forever. He provided a large initial gift toward the creation of     arship/Fellowship in Civil &
an endowment in support of student activities. I hope you will honor           Environmental Engineering
Mack and contribute to this fund and check the box on the last page to
designate your gift.                                                           Since 1993, Jerry N. McCowan has
                                                                               supported undergraduate students
Last year, the department and its Professional Advisory Board, created a       pursuing a degree in Civil & Envi-
Distinguished Alumni Award, given each year to an alumnus or alumna            ronmental Engineering. In 2002, Mr.
who has demonstrated outstanding leadership, support for the depart-           McCowan expanded the scope of
ment, college or university, and community service. I invite you to            the program by including support
nominate individuals for next year’s award before September 1st of this        for graduate fellowships. Such
year. The winner is selected by the department’s Professional Advisory         support has become both a need
Board. Congratulations to Professor Emeritus Leo Nothstine (B.S. ’38),         and a priority within the department.
6 Connections                                                                                                       Spring 2003

Alumni News                                                                         Events Calendar
                                                                      The MSU CEE department will hold a tailgate
Kunwan Rajendra, P.E. (M.S. 72, Ph.D. ’80) was recently               for alumni preceding the football game with
elected as a Fellow of ASCE, quite an honor since fellows
                                                                      Iowa on Saturday, September 27, 2003. The
represent just over 6 percent of ASCE members.
                                                                      tailgate will be in the parking lot west of the
Akira Yamaguchi (M.S. ’75) is a bridge designer in Japan. He          Engineering Building. Look for the CEE
reports a poor demand for infrastructure work there right now         banner!
and is hoping for better news. He proudly reports that he still
exchanges letters with his landlady in East Lansing.               Amy Berris (Garner) P.E. (M.S. ’98) was hired as a project
E-mail:                                        engineer at General Motors after being on contract at Ford
                                                                  since September 1998. Amy currently works in on-board
Joseph Gluck (B.S. ’88) is director of operations for CBN         diagnostics calibration. She previously worked in catalyst
Steel. CBN performs steel design/build projects and renova-       research and alternative fuels (ethanol and natural gas) engine
tion projects for both the commercial and industrial markets.     calibration at Ford. Amy gave birth to a daughter, Adriane
Joseph has managed projects in Canada, Mexico and across the      Sophia, on July 18, 2002. E-mail:
United States. He is married to Rachel (B.S.N. ’88), and they
have three sons. He says “My years at MSU were some of the        Marcus Navetta (B.S. ’99) works for Reynolds, Smith, and
best and I credit MSU for giving me the opportunity to have       Hills, Inc. (RS&H), an A&E firm based in Jacksonville,
the success I’ve had.” E-mail:                   Florida, where he is a project engineer in the aviation
                                                                  department. He has worked on a number of airports around
Taegon Kim (Ph.D. ’89) is a professor in the Division of          the nation, designing everything from ground access systems
Civil and Environmental System Engineering in the College         to runways. E-mail:
of Engineering at Korea Maritime University and also
participates in various engineering committees of the city of     Hyesoon Kim-Yang (Ph.D. ’02) is a senior engineer with
Pusan. E-mail:                               Samsung Electronics in Korea. E-mail:

Lizette Chevalier (M.S. ’90, Ph.D. ’94) is now chairperson of
the Department of Civil Engineering at Southern Illinois            First CEE Distinguished Alumni
University, Carbondale. E-mail:                 Award Goes to Leo V. Nothstine
Thomas Hruby, Jr., P.E. (B.S. ’91) is vice president of North
Texas operations for PSI and is responsible about $6 million
in fees. PSI services include environmental, geotechnical and
construction materials engineering and testing.

Bob Overby (B.S. ’95, M.S. ’96) has worked with Reynolds,
Smith and Hills, Inc. (RS&H) for five and a half years as an
airfield engineer. Recent projects have included airfield
improvements at major airports throughout Florida.

Khaled Al-Sahili (Ph.D. ’95) is the director of the Construc-
tion and Transportation Research Center and an assistant
professor at An-Najah National University. He is married with     On May 10, 2003, the Department of Civil and
three boys and misses the good old days at MSU and the            Environmental Engineering at Michigan State Univer-
Spartan football and basketball teams.                            sity presented its Distinguished Alumni Award to Profes-
E-mail:                                        sor Emeritus Leo V. Nothstine (B.S. ‘38). The award
                                                                  describes him as “Philanthropist, leader of the profes-
Sid Lockhart, P.E. (B.S. ’97) is a project engineer for the       sion, teacher, mentor, colleague and friend to genera-
Oakland County Drain Commissioner’s Office. Sid manages           tions of engineers who honor him with respect and
water, sewer & storm drain construction projects for the          affection.” Nominations for future awards should be
county, and he also holds a master plumber’s license. E-mail:
                                                                  submitted by 9/01/03 via the CEE Web site:
Spring 2003                                                                                                  Connections 7

Graduate Student Research in the Civil Infrastructure Lab
Keith Kowalkowski                                                 residential buildings. The work involves assessing the
Keith graduated from MSU with a                                   current status of biocomposite materials, identifying
B.S. in Civil Engineering in 2002. His                            structural systems and forms that make best use of the
current graduate research is with Dr.                             properties of biocomposites, and comparing the
Amit Varma and is sponsored by the                                performance of biocomposite structures with conven-
Michigan Department of Transporta-                                tional building material systems (such as concrete slabs
tion (MDOT). The project is titled                                and wood floors).
“Effects of Multiple Heat Straighten-
ing on the Structural Properties of Steel” (see cover             This project could lead to development of an environ-
story). Heat-straightening is a cost-effective technique          mentally friendly, bio-based, low-cost material that can
for in situ repair of steel bridges. Currently, little precise    compete with conventional fiber-reinforced plastics
information exists to document the effect on steel of             and/or wood products, which are taxing on the
repeated applications of this technique. The goals of             environment.
the research project include:
                                                                  This research was carried out in collaboration with
    •    Review the current MDOT heat straightening               researchers from the Composite Materials and Struc-
         procedures and survey heat straightening                 tures Center (CMSC), including Dr. Amar Mohanty,
         procedures and guidelines used by other state            Dr. Manjusri Misra, Dr. Lawrence T. Drzal, and
         departments of transportation.                           doctoral student Geeta Mehta..
    •    Investigate experimentally the effects of
         multiple heat- straightening eventson the                Sangdo (Victor) Hong
         structural properties and the microstructure of steel.   Victor came to MSU after
    •    Develop simple recommendations and                       receiving his B.S. in civil engineer-
         guidelines for evaluating and replacing steel            ing from Lakehead University in
         members subjected to multiple damage/heat-               Ontario, Canada. He is working
         straightening repairs.                                   with Dr. Ron Harichandran to
                                                                  study non-destructive evaluation
Keith is conducting small-scale experimental tests that           techniques for structures retrofit-
involve 90 specimens. These initial tests will lead to full-      ted with carbon-fiber-reinforced-
scale tests on actual beams. Keith notes that “The Civil          polymer (CFRP). The title of this project is “Sensors to
Infrastructure Lab provides a large working environ-              monitor bond in concrete bridges rehabilitated with
ment for my test setup, including use of the 10-ton               FRP.” CFRP is used as a composite material to retrofit
crane.”                                                           or strengthen concrete structures. The bonding be-
                                                                  tween the CFRP and concrete plays a crucial role in
Mario Quagliata                                                   achieving composite action. Therefore, monitoring the
Mario also graduated from MSU                                     integrity of the bond between the two materials is
with a B.S. in Civil Engineering in                               critical. The goal in this project is to develop a new,
December 2001. He has focused his                                 nondestructive evaluation technique using electro-
graduate study in structural engineer-                            chemical impedance spectroscopy. Such a technique
ing. For his research project, Mario                              would be an improvement over other methods, which
works with Dr. Rigoberto Burgueño.                                are often difficult to interpret and require skilled
The title of this project is                                      technicians and sophisticated data processing.
“Biocomposite Beam/Panels for
Load-Bearing Structural Components.”                              Victor notes the importance of the Civil Infrastructure
                                                                  Lab for his research. “My research includes tests with
The main goal in this research is to determine the                environmental effects. The new lab has a controlled
feasibility of using biocomposite materials for load-             environmental room, which allowed me to control and
bearing structural components in commercial and                   monitor such effects as humidity and temperature.”
     How to Find Us                                         How to Help Us
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                                        Pledge of Support for the Department of Civil
        Department of Civil and               and Environmental Engineering
        Environmental Engineering
                                      I wish to support the students, faculty, and facilities of the Department
        Michigan State University      of Civil and Environmental Engineering at Michigan State University.
        East Lansing, MI 48824-1226
        By e-mail:                   Please designate my gift to support the Mackenzie L. Davis
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