^ 2\ &

                                                  ^ANGLER*                                                                                 MAY, 1934
                                                                                                                                         Vol. 3   No. 5

                           PUBLISHED MONTHLY
                                                                                                   Want Good Fishing?
                                               by the                                                    OBEY THE L A W
     P e n n s y l v a n i a B o a r d of F i s h C o m m i s s i o n e r s

                                               ^ a sa                                              COMMONWEALTH O F PENNSYLVANIA
                                                                                                    BOARD OF FISH COMMISSIONERS
              Five cents a copy                     <*-• 50 cents a year
                                                                                                            OLIVER M. DEIBLER
                                                                                                          Commissioner of Fisheries
                                              K   i: K                                                                   S3 S3 S3

                                                                                                              Members of Board
                                                                                                         OLIVER M. DEIBLER,         Chairman
                     ALEX P. SWEIGART, Editor                                                                    Greensburg
                    S o u t h Office Bldg.,            H a r r i s b u r g , Pa.
                                                                                                                  JOHN HAMBERGER

                                                                                                                  DAN R. SCHNABEL
                                              LLL                                                                     Johnstown

                                                                                                                  LESLIE W. SEYLAR
                                                                                                                    M cC on nell sburg

                                             NOTE                                                            EDGAR W. NICHOLSON
               S u b s c r i p t i o n s t o t h e PENNSYLVANIA ANGLEK
         should be addressed to t h e Editor.                       S u b m i t fee                               KENNETH A. REID
         e i t h e r by c h e c k o r m o n e y o r d e r p a y a b l e t o t h e                                    Connellsville
         C o m m o n w e a l t h of P e n n s y l v a n i a . S t a m p s n o t a c -
         ceptable.                                                                                                   ROY SMULL

                                                                                                             GEORGE E. GILCHRIST
              PENNSYLVANIA A N G L E R w e l c o m e s c o n t r i b u -                                          Lake Como
         t i o n s a n d p h o t o s of c a t c h e s from i t s r e a d e r s . P r o p e r
         c r e d i t will b e given t o c o n t r i b u t o r s .                                                 H. R. STACKHOUSE
                                                                                                                   Secretary to Board
             All c o n t r i b u t i o n s r e t u r n e d if a c c o m p a n i e d     by
         first c l a s s p o s t a g e .                                                                            C. R. BULLER
                                                                                                         Deputy    Commissioner of Fisheries
                                                                                                                    Pleasant Mount

I M P O R T A N T — T h e E d i t o r s h o u l d b e n o t i f i e d i m m e d i a t e l y of c h a n g e i n s u b s c r i b e r ' s a d d r e s s

                                                             Permission  to reprint will be  granted
                                                             provided proper credit notice is given
    I®**                                                        -**&\
1                                                                       ?

                   ^Ln Invitation
                   cordially invites you to attend
           the opening of the new stream improve-
           ment and trout farm project, located on
           Spring Creek, Centre County, near Belle-
           fonte, on May 25. This development
           ranks as an outstanding step in Pennsyl-
           vania's fish and stream conservation
           It is the hope of the Board that the Spring Creek
           stream improvement project will serve as a model
           for our fishermen in other sections of the Com-
           monwealth who plan to increase the carrying
           capacity of trout waters in these localities.

           Come to Spring Creek on May 25, enjoy the
           program that has been arranged for this gala
           occasion, and mix with the sportsmen from every
           section of Pennsylvania and outstanding conser-
           vationists and sportsmen of Eastern United States.
           See some of the nation's best fly and plug casters
           in action. You will be warmly welcomed.

            7s[o Extra Charges or Special License Required

l                                                                   t
                                                      PENNSYLVANIA ANGLER

"•ANGLER/      MAY, 1934
VOL.3                                No. 5

Junk Has No Place
in Trout Streams
     OLLUTION of many of our most
P    beautiful streams and waters is a
deplorable fact. From every angle, it is
inexcusable, as the refuse that litters rif-
fles and still waters* can be more_ easily
disposed of on junk heaps and disposal
plants designated for that purpose. For
a moment, let us consider pollution of
every type as a state-wide problem. At
the present time, eighty-five per cent of
the streams of Pennsylvania are subject
to defilement in varying degrees. This
means that the other fifteen per cent of
our waters free from contamination must           When it emerges from the woodland,        Public opinion should dictate the policy
necessarily bear the brunt of fishing by       however, a gradual change, a contrast,       "Break Up Stream Defilement." This
nearly half a million fishermen. Facts         is to be observed. Here and there on         must be the first stride in the anti-pollu-
must be faced if our anglers hope to keep      the stream bed may be seen an old tin        tion drive.
these remaining streams at a produc-           can. Farther downstream, more evidence          Here is a worthwhile cause for the
tion peak, or at a stage where they will       of its use as a graveyard for undesir-       people to champion, a cause in which
furnish a maximum of good fishing and          able commodities piles up. A wagon           they may take an active part. It may
other recreation. Only through the edu-        wheel may be resting on a riffle. Old        well be advocated by teachers in our
cation and cooperation of the general          automobile tires, broken dishes, and not     public schools, by scoutmasters to their
public, can this be accomplished.              infrequently the rusted, battered body       troops, by organized groups for social
   We must literally "begin at home"           of an ancient automobile may impede          and business betterment, for instance,
in our drive against stream desecration.       its course. Evidence is to be found at       our chambers of commerce.
In our schools, civic clubs and social         many spots along this beautiful stream          Our streams are recreational havens
organizations, we must begin by teach-         of the careless dumping of useless ar-       for thousands of the people of Pennsyl-
ing the value of pure water and the tre-       ticles and garbage. They mar its beauty,     vania. Obviously, it is to their interest
mendous cost of treating polluted water.       they stamp it as a resting place for the     that these waters be as nature intended
The day has passed when trout streams,         cast-off things of human life. This type     them—free from the refuse that right-
warm water lakes, creeks, and rivers can       of defilement is clearly without excuse,     fully belongs on junkheaps or in dis-
be regarded as junkyards for worn-out          and aroused public opinion in Pennsyl-       posal plants.
commodities. This type of disfigure-           vania should dictate its end.
ment of our waters may be averted only                                                         Let us then, each and every one of
                                                  Hundreds of our trout fishermen           us, take unto ourselves the individual
when the people of Pennsylvania unite          each year seek waters many miles from
in a determined effort to bring it to an                                                    responsibility to battle and fight to the
                                               the beaten path. A hard tramp through        bitter end this defilement and desecra-
end.                                           the brush, over steep ridges and moun-       tion of the biggest thing in all creation.
   Let us take as an example one of our        tains, holds nothing to daunt them.          Poets and prophets of the Old Bible in
trout streams, heading in a mountain           Why, you may ask, do they do this when       song and story referred to water no less
gap and flowing through woodland and           well stocked streams may be more readily     than a hundred times and told of its
meadowland to its point of juncture with       accessible? Primarily, of course, it is      value to the lands and the peoples of
some larger stream. Its source of water        to find a stream where few others fish.      that time. Water was used by Jesus of
supply lies in deep-seated springs, many       And here again, is proof that there is       Nazareth as the physical emblem of bap-
of them shaded by laurel and bubbling          still the instinct of our ancestors cour-    tism almost 2000 years ago but I am
 from the bases of roeky cliffs in the         sing through our veins—an instinct that      wondering whether He would venture to
mountain country. Low temperature              caused the frontiersmen to push beyond        go down into the poisonous polluted
water, pure as nature intends it to be,        the barrier of the Alleghenies. It is evi-    streams of Pennsylvania to undergo a
it swirls into deep, rock-lined pools, cuts    dent too that these fishermen want some-      similar ceremony today.
 beneath overhanging banks of thick            thing that is easily within the reach of
brush, tumbles over falls. There is in         everyone—streams unmarked by human
its swift noisy descent to the meadows         carelessness.
 something of the primitive beauty that            Our most accessible streams, trout and
was Pennsylvania's when the Red Man            warm water, may be given the un-
hunted along its course.                        trammeled touch of a mountain brook.                      Commissioner of Fisheries.
                                                         PENNSYLVANIA ANGLER

                          Spring Creek Project
                           Opens this Month
Atheprovementtrout farmthebefirst streamtokind
      United States, will
                                   of its

                                                                                                            ii^R^J-'^ -
 public by the Fish Commission on May 25.
 Already this novel development has attracted
 attention in conservation circles not only in'
 Pennsylvania but in other states. Located on                        -
 Spring Creek, Centre County, near Bellel'onte,
 the Spring Creek project is near the geo-
graphic center of the Commonwealth. It
marks a notable advance in fish conservation
 and is the major initial step in a state-wide                                                                                      1*
 campaign of stream improvement.
   Outstanding figures in conservation in the
 United States are expected to be present for
the opening day program. Included in the                                                                                            *      IF

list of notables expected will be Hon. Gift'ord
I'inchot, Governor of Pennsylvania, and Ed-                     Eh
ward E. Hewitt, New 1'ork, famous author-                                                                                           IfA *
ity on stream improvement. Governor Pinehot
and Mr. Hewitt are both expert fly fisher-
men. Other experts in fly fishing, plug cast-                                                                                           jit'
ing and fly tying including Art Neu, New-
ark, N. J., Charles Ward, President of the
National Association of Scientific Angling
Clubs, Pittsburgh, Andrew A. Trimble, vice-             II «**fetf£
president of the Association, Cleveland, Ohio,
W. B. Kerry, Pittsburgh, and Joseph M.                                   B O U L D E R DEFLECTORS. SPRING         CREEK
Messinger, Morgantown, W. Va., have been
invited to attend.
                                                  ermen who will probably visit the site on        pleted, is an attractive center for the various
   In the first unit of ponds that have been
                                                  May 25, however, is the comprehensive stream     activities that will take place at the site on
completed over 200,000 rapidly growing brook
                                                  improvement project. ' Approximately one         May 25. It is planned to have expert fly
and brown trout are now being held. The
                                                  mile of Spring Creek, an outstanding trout       fishermen instruct anglers just how to cast
Spring Creek trout farm is really an auxil-
                                                  stream flowing through the Fish Commis-          the tiny feathered lures, and one section of
iary to the present Bellefonte hatchery, and
                                                  sion's property, has been improved by instal-    the property has been reserved for women
will greatly increase the carrying capacity
                                                  lation of current deflectors, dams of the type   anglers.
of that plant. Forty-two permanent ponds
are now virtually completed, and work is          advocated by Edward R. Hewitt, noted                Following are the rules, adopted at a re-
progressing rapidly in installing concrete        stream improvement authority, and winter         cent meeting of the Board, that will govern
bulkheads for these ponds. They are fed           holes for trout. It is anticipated that the      fishing at the Spring Creek project.
by a giant spring of water that emerges at        development will serve as a model for sports-       1. Size—-It is suggested that the fisherman
the base of a ridge. This spring has a flow       men who contemplate independent stream im-       carefully return or release to the water all
of 3000 gallons of water a minute and Is of       provement projects on their favorite trout       fish under ten inches.
deep-seated limestone origin.                     streams.                                            (In the section reserved for women an-
   Of particular interest to hundreds of fish-       The new administration building, now com-     glers, it is suggested that they carefully re-
                                                                                                   turn or release all fish under seven inches.)
                                                                                                      2. Number—All anglers limited to two (2)
                                                                                                   fish per day, and five (5) trips during the
                                                                                                      3. Fishing Devices—Artificial lures.
                                                                                                      4. Hours for Fishing—Fishing will be per-
                                                                                                   mitted during daylight hours—Every person
                                                                                                   must be checked out by 9 :00 P. M. Standard
                                                                                                      Upon entering the grounds, each fisherman
                                                                                                   will register and receive a button which
                                                                                                   must be worn while he is on the property.
                                                                                                   After he is through fishing for the day, in
                                                                                                   accordance with the rules and regulations,
                                                                                                   the angler will return to the place where
                                                                                                   his card was issued and check in with the
                                                                                                   man in charge. The card furnishes infor-
                                                                                                   mation such as name and address, license
                                                                                                   number, species of fish caught, their size,
                                                                                                   number and weight, and number of trips to
                                                                                                   the project. The Board wishes to emphasize
                                                                                                   the fact that no extra charges will be made
                                                                                                   and no license other than the regular fishing
                                                                                                   license will be required of fishermen who
                                                                                                   wish to fish at Spring Creek.
              NEW ADMINISTRATION           B U I L D I N G AT SPRING     CREEK
                                                       PENNSYLVANIA ANGLER                                                                     5

                                                                                                                        Seth Says
                                                                                                                           I been a-fishin' fer
                                                                                                                         speckled trout a right
                                                                                                                         long time, and durned
                                                                                                                         ef I ever seen sech a
                                                                                                                         bunch o' fishermen on
                                                                                                                         our run as there was
                                                                                                   this year on openin' day. Not thet I
                                                                                                  was taken aback so much, at that, fer weeks
                                                                                                  afore trout fishin' time, the boys was a-talk-
                                                                                                  in' it up. An' what I'm so glad to see is the
                                                                                                  way they're figgerin' on doin' their part to
                                                                                                  better our streams hereabouts. Reckon us
                                                                                                  fishermen is gettin' the right slant on makin'
                                                                                                  the fishin' a heap sight better.
                                                                                                     Well, sir, comin' back to the first morn-
             A PARTY CATCH OF BROOK T R O U T FROM PINE CREEK,                                    in', I starts stirrin' around afore daylight.
               ™ r "         CENTRE COUNTY                                                        The wife didn't take none too kindly to what
                                                                                                  she calls traipsin' about long afore milkin'
 BOARD RESCINDS BURR HOOK                       PROGRESS REPORTED IN GOOD-                        time. -Sorter let on she figgered anybody was
          RULING                                      WILL CAMPAIGN                               out o' the head to stand along a crick in a
   At the meeting of the Board of Fish Com-        Outstanding progress in the Good-Will          downpour o' rain, an' sed she hoped some
missioners last month, it was decided to        Campaign of the Palmerton Rod and Gun             folks was as willin' to do work around the
rescind the ruling governing the use of burr    Club has been reported by Ira J. Bleiler, sec-    place as they was to fish. Me, I jest pre-
hooks on plug bait. It was unanimously          retary of the club. At the annual spring          tended not to hear, an' out I starts.
agreed that until the Board has had time to     meeting, it was announced that a drive to            When I gets to the run, it was jest a little
give sufficient publicity to the use of only    promote better understanding and friendship       milky, an* not too high. Other fellows was
one burr hook of three points on a plug bait,   between landowners and sportsmen in that          out, too, and by gorry, who do I run into
the ruling formerly adopted on February 1,      vicinity had been attended with marked suc-       but Jerry Tims right off. I hed one place
1926, which permits the use of more than        cess.                                             In mind, a deep hole where the run cuts
one burr hook on a plug bait, be in force.         In fostering a spirit of good-will, the club   under the roots of a big hickory, and thet's
The 1926 ruling follows:                        appointed committees to visit landowners          where I heads fer, figgerin' if I ketch the
   "In view of the great number of fishermen    and explain that one of the purposes of the       big speckled trout I lost last year it'd be
using plug bait, the Board will consider a      club is to maintain good-will and under-          worth-while gettin' a good duckin'. Well,
burr of three points as one hook, thereby       standing between farmers and sportsmen.           sir, I works in careful to the hole, an'
permitting the use of the plug bait of three    All landowners along Big Creek from the           hadn't more'n throwed in, when bang a trout
burrs of three points each."                    Monroe county line to Harrity, along Wild         hits it. Right then I riggers thet it's the big
  At the meeting held February 9, 1933, a       Creek, from the Junction to above Mein-           feller. He tore around lively fer a while
ruling was adopted prohibiting the use of       hart's Bridge, and along the Aquashicola          an' when I lifts him up on the bank I see
more than one burr hook on plug bait. In-       from the Monroe county line to Kunkle's           right off the big feller ain't been fooled. A
asmuch as the Federation of Sportsmen's         Grove have been contacted and are reported        right nice speckled trout it was, at thet,
Clubs, other Associations and individuals       to have expressed their willingness to keep       though, all o' twelve inches, so I reckon,
have protested against the ruling, stating      their properties open to fishermen, in addi-      rain or no rain, I hed real sport fer the day
insufficient time had been given fishermen to   tion to having accepted honorary member-          ef no more fish was caught.
rearrange their fishing equipment, it was       ships in the Palmerton Rod and Gun Club.             Mebbe the boys may figger I'm talkin' non-
decided that the ruling should be rescinded                                                       sense, but somehow even ef I ain't caught
at least for the present, and the whole                                                           thet old timer, I feel right good about it.
matter be discussed at the next meeting of                                                        Fer, you see, he'll be there fer me to work
the Federation of Sportsmen's Clubs, which        Copper fish hooks used by fishermen on the      on gettin' more'n one day this season.
would probably be held during the late fall,    River Euphrates thousands of years ago are
or early in 1935, which would be before the     in the possession of the Field Museum, and           Fish quickly desert areas where forest
convening of the next regular session of the    are said to be not very different from            fires have raged because of lack of vegeta-
Legislature.                                    modern hooks.                                     tion and insects.
   The present law must be changed, clarify-
ing the section on the number of hooks to be                                                        Catfish are so called, it is claimed, not
used.                                                  THREE "DOUBLES" ON                         because they look like cats, but because they
                                                            SUCKERS                               make a purring sound when taken out of the
  CRAWFORD COUNTY SPORTS-                             Catching suckers from the Sinnema-          water.
        MEN ACTIVE                                 honing Creek this year has been so
   Organized three months ago, the Crawford        general, according to Warden Robert              A 44-inch eel that weighed nine pounds
County Branch of Division F, Pennsylvania          Chrisman of Emporium, that it's not            was caught this summer in Denny's Pond at
Federation of Sportsmen's Clubs, now has a         unusual from a news standpoint. But            Ararat, according to Warden Joseph Podboy
membership of 1050, according to E. A. Wil-        sucker fishing, like other forms of the        of Forest City. Bert Porter of Ararat made
liams, Secretary. Monthly meetings are held        angler's art in Pennsylvania, produces         the catch.
at various branches throughout the county          its highlights, and it remained for John
and enthusiastic attendance has marked the         Beck of Emporium to prove it.
meetings.                                             In three successive easts on April 5,
   Attendance at the State Game Exhibit in         Beck caught six big suckers. Of course,
Meadville, March 15-17, sponsored by the           he was using two hooks on his line
Crawford County Branch, totaled 35,323             when he scored the "doubles," and how
people. The annual Fish Dinner, held at the        those suckers responded to the lowly
Oakland Beach Hotel on May 11, also                angleworms he dangled before 'em.
aroused keen interest, and Crawford County         Three days' fishing in the Sinnema-
sportsmen are backing the conservation             honing at Emporium yielded 60 suck-
movement in that section of the state in a         ers for Beck.
most commendable manner.
                                                                                                               RAINBOW T R O U T
e                                                        PENNSYLVANIA ANGLER

                 Life of the Inland Waters
                                          The Quest for Food
                                 the surface
A PPARENTLY,in toaglance overPennsylvania
     of a pool          central
stream, no life is stirring. A slight breeze
of early morning, for dawn has just broken,
crinkles the water, stirring the rushes in the
tiny bay below the riffles. Certainly this
stillness would indicate that a truce has been
drawn in the constant struggle for existance,
 a struggle that dictates survival of the
strongest and destruction of the weak in the
environment of the fishes.
   But that even surface indications may be
deceiving is soon apparent. This is the
hour, that short interval after daybreak on
a midsummer day, when the bass and pick-
erel are starting their quest for food. Later
in the day, when the sun's rays penetrate
and warm the water, the bass will school
together and seek a deep portion of the flat
where a spring emerges from the stream bed.
Now singly or in pairs they are moving
shadows of destruction in the shallows near       and half of its body protrudes above the sur-    prey in its waters. These native game fish,
shore. Luring the next twenty-four hours          face. Bass are also pursuing the harassed        built for speed and colored for concealment,
many events will happen on this deep fresh-       minnow droves in their sections of the rocky     with jaws slightly reminiscent of duck-bills,
water flat with amazing rapidity. Game            shallows, their killing instinct sharpened by    match the bass in voracity and probably sur-
fish, panftsh and forage fish will seek an        an abundance of prey. This morning, in ac-       pass them. It may even be said that fre-
abundant supply of natural forage present in      cordance with the feeding whims that make        quently they kill for the lust of killing alone.
the stream. Their code of living is one of        the smallmouth, in appetite, one of the most        Their method of hunting" differs radically
the most fascinating chapters in the story        fickle fishes of the inland waters, minnows      from that of the active bass. Motionless,
of the water world.                               are sought as food. Two weeks later, when        they hover in the quiet lily-pad pockets and
                                                  the moon rises over the stream, their food       weed beds until an unsuspecting minnow or
            Foraging Game Pish                    may be the stone catfish that deserts its lair   other forage fish comes within striking range.
  In the rush-fringed bay at the riffles' base,   under a rock as darkness falls. Again, these     The big pickerel in the lily-pads, near the
a school of silver shiners has congregated.       bronze killers may hover near the stream         lower end of the flat, is following time-hon-
Suddenly a shadowy shape moves swiftly            bed, seeking the helgramite, larva of the        ored custom this morning as it stalks its
into the cove. A fourteen-inch bass lunges        dragon fly.                                      prey. Its length of two feet has been ac-
at the shiners, scattering them. Caught by           They are not the only game fish in quest      quired by consuming thousands of forage
the bass, one is turned swiftly and swallowed     of food during this early morning hour.          fishes, and it has not excluded from its menu
headfirst. Another bass follows its compan-       Lurking in the shadows of lily-pads and          small members of its own species or evpn
ion into this choice feeding ground. In           weedbeds bordering the shoreline are long,       young bass. In this respect, the bass and
swift pursuit of a shiner that skips franti-      slender shapes—eastern chain pickerel. Cen-      pickerel are similar, for a hungry small-
cally over the surface as it attempts to es-      turies before smallmouth bass were intro-        mouth that chances to find young pickerel or
cape, the bass wallows into the shallows          duced to the creek to compete with them for      baby bass will devour, either readily.
along the shoreline until a spinous dorsal fin    the live food supply, pickerel sought their         Several large shiners approach the big pick-
                                                                                                   erel's lair. A green flash in the water, and
                                                                                                   only two of the group dart away. To satisfy
                                                                                                   its appetite, five or six minnows or other
                                                                                                   small fish must die beneath the sharp, slash-
                                                                                                   ing teeth of the big pickerel before the morn-
                                                                                                   ing feeding period ends. By preference, it is
                                                                                                   solitary in habit, a lone killer of the inland
                                                                                                      Later in the day, probably as dusk deepens
                                                                                                   over the water, the game fishes will again
                                                                                                   start foraging, but the quest for food in the
                                                                                                   great flat goes on for other species through-
                                                                                                   out most of the daylight hours.

                                                                                                                 The Panfish Feed
                                                                                                      Near the riffles' base, just where it breaks
                                                                                                   into swirls and eddies, graceful, silver bodied
                                                                                                   fish, somewhat similar in appearance to the
                                                                                                   shiners, but much larger and heavier, are
                                                                                                   feeding later in the morning. A grasshopper,
                                                                                                   struggling spasmodically to gain the shore,
                                                                                                   is snatched from the surface by a swift ris-
                                                                                                   ing fall-fish. The largest member of the
                     A S M A L L M O U T H BASS P U R S U E S ITS PREY                             minnow family, this fish takes food either
                                                          PENNSYLVANIA ANGLER

                                                      struggles toward shore, and there is a con-
                                                      certed rush for this tidbit. Of the fishes on
                                                      the flat, the bluegills arouse a certain feel-
                                                      ing of affection on the part of an observer.
                                                      There is something about the manner in
                                                      which they school together that denotes
                                                      friendly rivalry in the quest for food. By
                                                      preference their range is near the weed bed
                                                      in this section of the flat. Ten o'clock in
                                                      the morning still finds them actively forag-
                                                     ing and they seem to welcome the sun's rays
                                                      even on a hot summer day.
                                                                    The Forage Fishes
                                                         Predominant in the minnow life of this
                                                     particular central Pennsylvania stream are
                                                      the silver shiners. Not often attaining a
                                                     length of more than four inches, these grace-
                                                      ful forage fishes are numerous in several of         THE SUNFISH. A SHOREFEEDER
                                                      the shallow sections of the flat. Following
                                                     the feeding period of the bass and pickerel,        its rounded lips, that may be extended or
  from the surface or the current, and in hab-       when they were scattered in many parts of           drawn back at will, tiny organisms teeming
  its has something in common with the brook         the shallows, the schools have again congre-        in its range. The procedure, to an observer,
  trout of the swift mountain and meadow             gated. Moving gracefully about near shore           might seem an aimless affair, but suckers
  streams. An instant later a different form         they seek vegetable matter, small water in-         are an unhurried lot, and their food quest
  of prey is devoured greedily by the fall-fish.     sects, or bits of animal life that may fall         requires time. Occasionally, some small
 Near the riffles' head, a helgramite has been       into the stream, and prey readily on hatches        worm that has drifted into the flat attracts
 dislodged by the current and carried down-          of insects that may appear on the surface.          the attention of the fish, and is taken by
 stream to the waiting fish. In appearance,          Their quest for forage is almost constant          one of the sucker school.
 the helgramite is peculiar. Its body is many        during the daylight hours. Other species of            Other bottom-feeders are foraging. Four
 legged, with two prominent appendages on            minnows, the common darters, are also pres-        mullets, the largest approaching 18 inches in
 the tail. On the head section of the shell          ent beneath rocks on the stream bed, but           length, probe about in the shallows. Of the
 are two strong pincers, while another small         they are not so active as the shiners.             inland water fishes, the mullet perhaps can
 shell over the back merges into the gray               When darkness falls, another important          lay smallest claim to grace or beauty. Its
 skin folds of its soft body. For many fishes       forage fish, found frequently in warm waters        head, somewhat broad and square in effect,
 of the inland waters it is coveted food. The       of the limestone belt, emerges from its home        is the bulkiest portion of its body. Pri-
 helgramite rarely exceeds three inches in          beneath shelving rocks and banks. It is the         marily, the food it seeks is similar to that
 length, and passes the aquatic stage of its        stone catfish, often known as the stone roller      taken by the sucker, and its sucker mouth
 life beneath stones in shallows and riffles of     and stone cat by fishermen. In large part,          is directly under the snout. Tapering from
 the stream.                                        its forage is similar to that of its cousin the     the head rather sharply is the rounded body,
    In a deeper section of the flat, a water-       bullhead, consisting of small organisms or          brassy in coloration and strikingly mottled
 soaked log rests on the stream bed. There          animal matter that may be washed into or            with black.
 is movement near it, for it is the home of a       exist in the stream. After a rain storm,                          The Night-Feeders
 number of rock bass, green and brassy col-         when the water is heavy with silt and mud,             When darkness settles over the flat, a long,
 ored fish with prominent black markings.           the stone catfish is constantly on the alert       slender shape undulates from its hiding place
 Voracious feeders, they compete to a certain       for food. It rarely attains a length of more       under a great rock. It is the scavenger of
 extent with the bass and pickerel for the          than six inches, has a broad, flat head, a
                                                                                                       the inland waters, a great eel measuring over
 food supply. A rock bass of seven-inch             body that tapers sharply to the tail, and is
                                                    yellowish brown in color. The tail is tipped       three feet in length. In its writhing move-
 length is capable of swallowing a three-inch                                                          ment close to the bed of the stream, there is
 minnow, for its jaws are a prominent part          with black. Both bass and pickerel seek it
                                                    as food.                                           something suggestive of weird creatures of
 of this broad girthed denizen of the stream.                                                          a bygone age. There is a certain grace about
 Rock bass do not venture far from a chosen                       The Bottom Feeders                   this eel as it starts on a quest for food.
 spot in seeking prey, consisting of insects           During the day, suckers have been wander-
that may be washed into the stream, min-                                                                   For several days, a dead muskrat has been
                                                   ing through the clear water of the flat. Mov-
nows, helgramites, crayfish and stone catfish.     ing slowly back and forth near the stream           lying near shore, a portion of its body ex-
Unlike the black bass, their forage quest is       bed, a school of these roundbodied fish, fif-       posed to the hot rays of the sun. Decom-
not usually limited to a short period but will     teen in number, have been actively in quest         position has been rapid, and to the eel this
cover even the midday hours when the sun           of food. Now and then one of them noses             carrion offers an opportunity to banquet.
is at its height.                                  its way into some small crevice, seeking with       Perhaps some strange instinct is guiding it,
                                                                                                                 (Please turn to next page)
    Hovering near the surface of the water in
 the wide shallows at the lower end of the
 flat are a school of beautiful fish. They are
 near the shoreline for a considerable portion
 of their food consists of insects that fall
into the stream from the banks. On occas-
 ion, they will not hesitate to feed on small
minnows; grubs, earthworms, crickets and
grasshoppers are delicacies to them. These
bluegill sunfish are aristocrats of the panfish
group. Their coloration is a blending of
deep olive green on the back, merging into
paler green on the sides. Their cheeks are
bluish, and at the upper bases of the gills
are two prominent black "ears" or flaps.
Several of the largest fish in the school have
coppery red bellies. Alert and aggressive,
they, like the rock bass, will strike at almost
any time during the day. Heavy in girth, a
six-inch bluegill is nearly as broad as the
hand. Within range of their vision, a beetle
                                                                        A NIGHT-FEEDER, T H E B U L L H E A D         CATFISH
8                                                         PENNSYLVANIA ANGLER

for from other sections of the stream eels
are also moving to the feast. Their pilgrim-
ages to this particular spot may continue for       THIS FISH STORY WON THE                          FISHING YESTERDAYS
several nights until the muskrat has been                     PRIZE
consumed.                                              Believe it or not, says George Zim-
    During the night, the bullhead catfish are      merman of Allentown, secretary of the         RECALLS EARLY FISHING TRIP
active. With the coming of darkness to the          Lehigh County Fish and Game Asso-                  ON JUNIATA RIVER
flat, these ungainly fish leave crevices be-        ciation, there's one fisherman who              The Juniata River, one of Pennsylvania's
neath rocks or the mud of the weed-beds to          doesn't want the big fellows to strike        outstanding bass streams, is the setting for
seek their food. A dead minnow will attract         his lures. And to back his contention,        this fishing experience of years ago as re-
them readily, as will worms, grubs, crayfish,       George sends us the following "prize"         lated by Ed. R. Stewart of Edgewood Park.
or other life that is to be found on or near        fish story.                                      "The Juniata River afforded great sport
the bed of the stream. Blundering chaps,               "Ed Ollinger won the prize last           for fishermen," he writes, "bass in particular
their progress in the search for food is te-        night for the best 'tall story.' He swore    being very plentiful. In one instance, I re-
dious but effective. The barbels or "whisk-         this one is true because he saw it with      call, a half grown boy, Craig by name, over-
 ers" at the end of the snout delicately            his 'own eyes.' He was fishing, he           hearing a fishing trip planned, asked per-
probe about as they range, for apparently           says, in Peck's Pond and near him was        mission to go along and it was granted. He
their eyes are not so keen as those of other        a fellow from the coal regions fishing       was on hand bright and early the next morn-
fishes that inhabit the inland waters.              for sunnies. All of a sudden he got a        ing and after reaching the river the two
    And so the food quest goes on in this           terrific strike and after much effort he      'expert' fly fishermen stopped to rig up their
central Pennsylvania fishing stream. In the         pulled in a 28-inch pickerel. Most any       tackle. The boy had provided himself with
darkness, all species to some extent will           angler would have been proud of such         a long heavy cane rod. He was deeply in-
continue to feed.        It is an inexorable        a fine catch, but not this fisherman.        terested in the artificial flies and asked if
law of the water world that almost                  Surveying the monster pickerel for a         he could have 'one of them there flies.' One
without cessation some form of life must be         moment he yelled to a friend in a            was produced from the tackle book, not
taken to perpetuate life. The ceaseless             nearby boat, 'The devil with the big         representing anything in particular, just a
struggle for existence during spring, summer        ones; I'm fishing for little ones,' and      bunch of feathers tied on a hook. He ad-
and autumn months is a vital part of na-            threw the big pickerel back into the         justed it to the end of his line (about the
t u r e s great scheme, and where natural bal-      water."                                      thickness of a chalk line) and started to
ance has not been too seriously disturbed, it                                                    'fly fish.' When making a cast the swish
is a strange and fascinating drama.                                                              of his rod resembled an airplane motor, but
                                                      SUGGESTS CURE FOR IVY                      swish or no swish before the day was over
                                                            POISONING                            he had taken five more bass than the 'ex-
                                                                                                 perts,' some of them going three pounds
       NO SPORTSMANSHIP HERE                        Troubled with ivy poisoning? Here's a        strong."
                                                 remedy suggested by H. H. Smith, ardent
   F. J. Wheelock, Eatonville merchant, has      sportsman of Chirks Summit. Mr. Smith's
a small pond near his store in which he had      letter follows :
retained a number of brook trout for several        "A relative of mine had a terrible dose of
                                                                                                  THE BROOK TROUT "BELONGS
years. By careful feeding, his trout grew        poison ivy last year, so bad that it kept him             TO US"
until a number had attained a length of          from work a couple of weeks. He tried vari-        Trout fishing back in the gay nineties was
from 12 to 14 inches, and were very tame.        ous remedies, without any appreciable re-       attracting enthusiastic support from the fol-
   A short time ago, all but two of the spec-    sult.                                           lowers of Izaak Walton. In an era when fry
kled beauties died. Looking for a cause, he         "A month or so later he got into it again,   and not fish of legal size were being dis-
found that some boys had been feeding them       on his other arm, and at the same time he       tributed to streams that drained well tim-
cigarette stubs, and it is his belief that the   was carrying a bottle of argyrol in his         bered water-sheds, brook trout were hailed
nicotine from these cigarettes, held by the      pocket for his eyes.                            in Pennsylvania as peer of all game fishes
fish in their mouths only temporarily, had                                                       of our inland waters. In its report for 1895,
                                                    "He is a railroad engineer, and he told me
caused the death of the trout.                                                                   the Board of State Commissioners of Fish-
                                                 that the itching of the poison nearly drove
                                                                                                 eries offers the following comments.
                                                 him insane while on his engine, until in
                                                 desperation he thought he would put some           "As recently determined the beautiful
                                                 of the argyrol on it and see what would         brook trout of our waters is not a true
       BOY, 8, LANDS 4-POUND                     happen. To his surprise the itching stopped     salmon but a cliarr, a circumstance which
                BASS                             immediately. Several times during the day       need not cause the angler or the lover of this
        Kenneth Campbell, eight years old,       when it itched, he applied more argyrol, and    attractive fish any sorrow, since all the mem-
     is a lad who knows quite a bit about        when he left his engine that night it was       bers of this group of salmonoids are noted
     the upper Delaware on which he lives.       entirely dried up.                              not only for their beauty and grace hut
       One day last summer, according to                                                         their game qualities.
     Warden Frank Brink of Milford, Ken             "I don't know if it would work like this
                                                 on every case, because I have often seen           "But there is still another reason why we
     insisted that his mother accompany                                                          of the East should take a particular pride in
    him on a fishing excursion in the Dela-      some remedy work in one case and be useless
                                                 in another one, but it worked faster than       the speckled charr or trout. It belongs to
     ware, which is virtually in their "back                                                     us. It is indigenous to our waters as its
     yard." Finally persuaded, Mrs. Camp         anything I ever saw used."
                                                                                                 natural habitat is east of the Allegheny
     bell rowed to the middle of the stream                                                      mountains and the great lakes, with a longi-
     and anchored the boat.                                                                      tudinal range from the upper rivers of
       Ken proceeded to get his tackle in                                                        Georgia to Labrador. Thus, we can feel that
     order. For a rod he had a piece of a                                                        while we have received from other sections
    cigar box; his line consisted of a                                                           many noble fish, we have fully repaid by
    penny affair to which was fastened                                                           giving in return a gloriously lovely and great
    another section of old line. His lure                                                        game fish of equal and often greater value.
    was a helgramite, or "clipper'' as it's                                                         "In a recent monograph. Professor David
    called in northeastern Pennsylvania.                                                         S. Jordan, an eminent ichthyologist, gives an
       Then the big bass struck and firmly                                                       interesting account of the origin of the true
    hooked itself. After that it was a real                                                      trout and its journey to the Pacific Coast
    tug-of-war, with Ken finally the victor.                                                     from Europe, and its subsequent develop-
       With the bass in the boat, the youth-                                                     ment into the many forms which now exist
    ful fisherman insisted that the hook                                                         west of the great plains. This monograph
    remain in its mouth until the craft                                                          and many indications suggest an equally in-
    touched land. % He wasn't taking any                                                         teresting as well as somewhat similar story
    chances.                                                                                     of the life history of the charrs which is
                                                    ED.       SHEESLEY.      HARRISBURG.         here advanced, though not stated as a fact.
                                                          W I T H TWO F I N E S U C K E R S
                                                          PENNSYLVANIA ANGLER                                                                              9

    "Like the true trout, the charr doubtless
 had as its parent the salmon, but born as
 was its relative with pronounced character-
 istics of its own. Whether correctly or
                                                           FLY-CASTING HINTS
 erroneously, the writer suggests that its           EDITOR'S NOTE:    In   answer   to   numerous
 birthplace was in the British Isles, where       requests from recent subscribers to the
 several forms are found today, particularly
                                                  ANGLER, the following information on cast-
 in Wales, the north of England and Scotland.
 In course of time some venturesome speci-        ing a fly, which appeared in the March issue,                1.   NORMAL FISHING POSITION

 mens in taking an ocean journey found            is reprinted.
 themselves in Greenland's fresh water
 streams, when the climatic conditions were          1. Normal Fishing Position. "Bod about
 far different from those which exist today.       15° to 20° above horizontal. Line and fly
 Changes in environment brought a change           extended on the water.
 of form and the species known to ichthyolo-        2. The Lift. Rod raised to 00° to over-
 gists as Salvelinus stagnalis.                   come inertia of line and lift it from the
    "From Greenland, some of the new species,     water. The lift should be made by an up-
 perhaps, made the short journey to Arctic        ward rather than a backward motion to in-
 America, and spread north and south, and         sure a high back cast.
 as through glacial, or seismic action these                                                              3.    END OF BACKCAST
groups became isolated, they took new and            3. The Backcast. The lift and the back-
 distinct characteristics, the most northern      cast are merged into one smoothly ac-
 becoming Salvelinus Narsei, and arctica, and     celerating motion.    The power stroke
 the moderately southern sub-polar species        should be stopped at or slightly before the
 Salveliwus Rossi, and still lower S. Nitidis.
 Traveling still further south into Labrador
these adventuresome charrs changed their
                                                  perpendicular, from which point the rod
                                                  naturally follows back to t h e position in
form again and became our special favorite,       Figure 4. Note the position of the line un-                                4.   END OF PAUSE

 Salvelinus Fontinalis, or speckled trout,        rolling above and back of the rod top in
 Even when reaching the temperate clime,          Figure 3.
they made other specific habits in some suit-
able locations. In the Rangely lakes, Maine,         4. Position at the End of the Pause.
they transformed themselves into Salvelinus,      Rod should be stopped a t about 20° be-
                                                                                                                                  5    FORWARD CAST
 or blue-black charr, and in the great lakes      hind the perpendicular. Note that t h e line
and some other deep water ponds of north-         has almost but not quite unrolled and
ern America into Salvelinus namaycush, or         straightened out its loop above and behind.
lake trout. Other forms, generally rare, also     While the common fault is to start t h e for-
exist. It is noteworthy, whether this be a        ward cast too soon, if you wait until t h e
true account of the wanderings of the charr
or not, that there are but two of the species
claimed to be indigenous in Pacific coast
                                                  line is entirely unrolled, it will immediately
                                                  begin to fall and will have lost its "live"             cl
                                                  feel so necessary to a good forward cast.          6.   END OF FORWARD CAST
waters, namely the lake trout and the Dolly                                                               LINE EXTENDING OR "UNROLLING"
Varden trout, the latter of which received           5. The Forward Cast. Note the forward
its peculiar but not inappropriate title from     traveling loop of the line.
the landlady of a Sacramento hotel on ac-
count of the fancied resemblance to the gaily       6. End of the Forward Cast. The loop is
                                                                                                                                  7.   ROD LOWERED AS
spotted type of dress named in honor of one       nearly unrolled.                                                                     FLY ALIGHTS
of Charles Dickens' characters.
                                                     7. Rod Lowered as Cast Is Completed,
    "But wherever the charrs have their home,     and line, leader, and fly drop lightly on
 the water must be pure, and the speckled         the waters.
 trout is no exception to the rule. It prefers                                                                         A SAD STORY
 a temperature of from 50 degrees to 55 de-                                                              One of the Fish Commission's trucks
 grees, but will live and do well if other con-                                                       from the Corry Hatchery had stopped
 ditions are favorable at 68 degrees or even      unless some better place chances to offer,          at a gas station in Potter County some
70 degrees, especially if the water is largely    they return to the same spot. This well             time ago, and the driver, according to
 foam tossed and otherwise very rapid run-        known characteristic affords the basis of          A. G. Buller, superintendent at Corry,
 ning and broken.                                 many an angler's story of the cunning of            found a complaint about the trout fish-
   "Given suitable water and plenty of food,      some aged speckled monster that for years           ing forthcoming from an elderly lady
the brook trout does not appear to care much      defied persistent efforts for its capture, even    who was an ardent disciple of Izaak
whether a stream be mostly sun kissed, or         when the most captivating lures were offered        Walton.
embraced wholly by dark shadows, provided         until the fortunate narrator came along.               The Fish Commission, she told the
there are plenty of lurking places from           While the brook trout sometimes reaches the        driver, should do more stocking as the
which to watch for the coming of its food.        weight of three or four pounds in Pennsyl-          trout fishing was getting poorer each
This fish loves the fringes and tails of ed-      vania waters the average size taken are            year. After going to considerable de-
dies : the shelter of rocks or stones in broil-   from seven to nine inches, although from ten        tail to explain that the number of
ing rapids and at the base of falls; the          to fifteen inches are not rare. But the last       legal-size trout distributed was being
shadow of half-submerged logs or overhang-        named size is seldom exceeded; anything            constantly increased, the driver was
ing banks and bushes. Only in deep, placid        over usually excites general attention and         appraised of the following interesting
and dark pools do they wander at all. In          the story of the catch will wander some            facts:
the other localities the largest and strongest    distance beyond the vicinity in which it was           In 1982, the lady who made the
fish takes the best lair, the next occupies       made."                                             complaint said, she caught the "limit"
second place, and so on, and in these chosen                                                         of trout on five different occasions,
locations they remain nose up-stream wait-                                                           and during the season landed over 500
ing for their prey, seldom going more than a         Consider the other fellow when trout fish-      trout. In 1933, however, she only
few feet, except in spawning time, when           ing. If he already is trying a pool, give          succeeded in taking the "limit" three
frightened, or in pursuit of something edible     him a chance to fish it and detour around          times and her season catch "dropped
that comes under their marvelous vision. In       him. Later, you can come back and perhaps          to a little over 400 trout."
all these cases, however, as long as they live.   fish it to your liking.
 10                                                     PENNSYLVANIA ANGLER

                                                     By      C.     R.      Buller
                                           Deputy       Commissioner            of   Fisheries

I NASMUCHofas the from theof for theCommis-
sioners is derived
                  the revenue
                     Board     Fish

                              sale of fishing
licenses purchased by all classes of fisher-
men, including those who enjoy fishing for
the sucker, yellow perch, sunfish and catfish,
it is the intent of the Board in its propaga-
tion and stocking program to give due con-
sideration to this large class of anglers,
which includes a great portion of the youth-
ful fishermen.
   In Pennsylvania there are many small
natural lakes and ponds ranging in area
from twenty to two hundred acres which
provide fishing for a large number of this
class of sportsmen. If the Board wishes to
perpetuate this recreation for this class, it
must adhere to a rigid policy of stocking
with suitable fish. It must be borne in mind
that while millions of fish are distributed
in the lakes and ponds yearly, the product
of natural reproduction far outweighs that
of the hatcheries, and we look chiefly upon
the planting of fish in these waters as an
important supplement to the natural in-
crease. It is, therefore, important that the
Board does all that is possible to safeguard
natural reproduction in these waters. The                            A POND IN N O R T H E A S T E R N   PENNSYLVANIA
Board has recently made several advanced
steps toward this end. First, by making a        certain sections of the state, strong senti-    ice is leaving the body of water. The pick-
careful study of the life native to these        ment has been expressed among the sports-       erel is the least fecund of the group, be-
waters and of the relationship of the differ-    men in favor of stocking ponds and lakes        cause nature did not intend that this species
ent forms of life to one another. Second,        with either one or both species of black        should be preyed upon to any great extent,
by making a careful study of the life of the     bass, and the Board has been asked to           as it is the first to be produced and ma-
ponds and lakes that have been stocked with      rescind its ruling to restrict the planting     tured.
species foreign to the waters; as, the pike      of bass to the streams and rivers. This rule
perch, bass and others and of their effect       was made solely to protect the natural bal-        The yellow perch spawn later and the
upon the natural cycle of existence. Third,      ance of existence in the interest of a great    offspring are consumed in large quantities
by adopting a rigid policy of distribution,      majority of sportsmen.                          by the small pickerel. Nature has provided
guarding against the danger of stocking with        Anyone at all familiar with aquatic life     for this by making the perch very fecund,
foreign species.                                 realizes that many forms of life that com-      so that the loss of some of them as food for
                                                 pose the colony in any pond or lake are all     the pickerel will not upset the balance. At
   Few people realize the importance of main-    more or less interdependent upon one an-        the period in which the perch require fish
taining the natural balance insofar as the       other. This interdependence is commonly         for food, the minnow has reproduced and
fish life is concerned in a body of water,       called the natural balance or balances of       becomes a food supply for the perch. The
and after studying this factor over a period     nature. Before the interference of man, this    minnow is regarded entirely as forage for
of years, the Board is of the opinion that       balance was very nicely adjusted, tending       other fish in nature's plan, and in order to
the indiscriminate planting of unsuitable        towards a plentitude of fish life native to     meet the drain upon this species during its
species of fish in our lakes and ponds has       the body of water.                              entire life cycle, it must necessarily be very
done more damage to fish life than all other                                                     productive.
                                                    The following short discussion will show
detrimental factors combined ; and a serious     how the balance of nature, insofar as fish         As the season advances, the baby yellow
angle to the problem is the fact that there      life is concerned, is maintained in a pond      perch become colored for protection and are
are no corrective measures to be taken after     that has not been stocked with fish foreign     not so easily captured as heretofore, with
these plantings, which place indefinite checks   to that habitat.                                the result that the pickerel also begin to
upon the holding capacity of the pond for                                                        consume large numbers of minows; thus a
all species of fish, have been made.                The rate of reproduction of all species of
                                                 fish is high, provided that the physical en-    sufficient number of perch can survive to
   Because of the serious disturbance to the     vironment is suitable, but the fecundity of     perpetuate the race.
all-important natural balance, it was ruled      any given species in its native habitat is In      The sunfish and catfish utilize a source
that the planting of bass should be limited      direct proportion to the toll nature intended   of food supply that would go to waste if
to the rivers and large streams which al-        to be taken upon it for the good of the         they were not present and they provide an
ready contain them. The Board feels that         whole. Before the interference of man, the      abundance of food in themselves for the
this works no hardships on the bass fisher-      majority of lakes in Pennsylvania contained     larger pickerel and perch. Thus one life
men, as good bass streams are favorably          pickerel, yellow perch, sunfish, catfish, and   after another is being taken, but the range
located throughout the state. One or more        minnows (shiners). In the yearly spawn-         of fecundity in this combination of fish life
streams can be seached within a few hours        ing of this group, the pickerel spawn first.    provides for the losses, and if other con-
from any section of the Commonwealth. In         They deposit their eggs about the time the      ditions are favorable a sufficient number of
                                                          PENNSYLVANIA ANGLER                                                                    11

all the species can survive to furnish a           fish food organisms. When the vast number        many instances, the sportsmen who were
plentitude of fish.                                of baby minnows come forth and the sun-          interested in stocking the lake with these
   Without attempting to enter into a too          fish and catfish have developed to a stage       varieties are now complaining about the few
scientific explanation, let us now consider        requiring this food, the water has reached       fish caught. The sole effort of the Board of
the more complex balance of nature govern-         its maximum summer temperature, and the          Fish Commissioners is to promote good fish-
ing the production of minute life consumed         plankton has increased sufficiently to with-     ing for all classes, and they respectfully ask
by the baby fish before they have attained         stand the tremendous drain put upon it.          the cooperation of the sportsmen in carrying
a size capable of feeding upon higher forms.           When other species of fish are planted,      out their present stocking policy with respect
This minute life is composed of many forms         this nicely adjusted balance is distributed,     to bass and other voracious species in order
of varying sizes, from those microscopic to        always with the result that the capacity of      that worth-while fishing can be provided for
those about one-sixteenth of an inch in di-        the body of water to hold animal life is         future generations.
ameter. This group is commonly referred to         lessened, because two or more kinds of fish
as plankton. A larger form of plankton is          have been placed in direct competition for
commonly called water fleas. They are              the same source of food supply. The fish               EARLY SEASON WATER-
present in a more or less degree in all na-        life in the average lake or pond in Pennsyl-                  SNAKE
tural pond and lake waters and comprise            vania cannot stand such competition and
the first food taken through the mouth by          afford good fishing.                                   It takes a brave watersnake to face
all baby pond and lake fish.                                                                           the chill winds of March, but at least
                                                       The Board is familiar with the fishing          one of the reptiles that emerged so
   The number of these organisms present           conditions in practically all the lakes and         early from hibernation did so to its
in a given body of water during a season           ponds throughout the state, and few com-            sorrow. On March 20, Warden Frank
is dependent upon the rate of growth and           plaints as to the number of fish caught are         Sanda of Steelton was patrolling Big
decay of the vegetable or organic matter in        registered from areas containing the native         Chiekies Creek in Lancaster County.
and about the water. The rate of growth            combination of fish, although many com-             To his amazement, Sanda found a
and decay is greatly influenced by tempera-        plaints are forthcoming about areas contain-        30-inch watersnake sunning itself on
ture. The higher the temperature, the more         ing bass and other voracious foreign species.       the shore of the stream. Considering
rapid the growth and decay, resulting in a         The complaints are generally accompanied            the chill weather, the snake was fairly
denser crop of plankton. Not all of the            with requests to stock with additional bass         active, but Frank succeeded in killing
 forms comprising this complex group of            when, in most instances, the number of bass         it. Then, just to make sure that the
plankton are eaten by the fish, but the lower      in the lake is in excess of the food supply.        incident would not go down in the
forms are of vast importance as they assist            Records over a period of years show that        records as one open to question, he
in organizing organic and inorganic sub-            few lakes under two hundred acres are              brought his kill to the office of the
stances into fish food forms. It must be           capable of producing over two hundred legal         Fish Commission to back the report.
remembered that baby fish cannot survive            sized bass a year and that the capacity for
without these organisms, as they are the           holding other species is proportionately de-
first food taken through the mouth and their       creased, with the result that a great mass
production increases with the increase of           of anglers is seeking waters where worth-           TROUTING GOOD IN TIOGA
W'ater temperature. When the pickerel hatch         while number of native species can be taken.               STREAMS
in early spring, the water temperature is           It is not uncommon to find beautiful natural
low, and the organisms of this group are                                                               Splendid first day catches of trout from
                                                    lakes that once provided good fishing now       the famous North Tier waters in Tioga
comparatively scarce, but few are required          containing such combinations as pickerel,
 as the pickerel are not very fecund and not                                                        County have been reported to the ANGLER
                                                    black bass (both species), calico bass, rock    by Warden Horace Boyden, of Wellsboro.
 a heavy toll is taken upon the organisms at        bass, pike perch, yellow perch, sunfish, cat-
that time by the baby pickerel. When the                                                            High water in the larger streams, partic-
                                                    fish and minnows. In a combination of this      ularly Pine Creek, caused many anglers to
 greatly increased number of baby yellow            kind, there is at least six species in direct
 perch make their appearance the water tem-                                                         try their luck on the smaller waters and in
                                                    competition for the same source of adult        general, good creels were taken. Cedar Run,
 peratures have reached approximately 60            food supply, to say nothing of the food com-
 degrees, resulting in a great increase in these                                                    an ace stream, of the North Tier was ex-
                                                    petition among the smaller fish. Yet in         tremely high, and Boyden said he found only
                                                                                                    five fishermen while patrolling it.
                                                                                                       "Fishermen in the branches had very good
                                                                                                    luck," he writes, "and reports are coming in
                                                                                                    of some fine catches. Present prospects in-
                                                                                                    dicate a banner trout season. Barring heavy
                                                                                                    rainfall, of course, our best fishing in Tioga
                                                                                                    waters should start about May 1. The
                                                                                                    golden spinner fly took a nice catch of trout
                                                                                                    from the headwaters of Kettle Creek on the
                                                                                                    first day, and my son who made the catch
                                                                                                    was enthusiastic about the way the trout
                                                                                                    were rising. Ed Thornton of Wellsboro
                                                                                                    caught fifteen nice trout before eight o'clock
                                                                                                     on the morning of opening day."


     CA V                                                                                            FORMERLY POLLUTED STREAM
                                                                                                       From Warden Lewis Proudfoot of Elver-
                                                                                                    son, Chester County, comes information of
                                                                                                    interest to Pennsylvania fishermen. A stream
                                                                                                    near Parkersburg, Chester County, he writes,
                                                                                                    that for a period of thirty years did not
                                                                                                    have a fish taken from its waters, owing to
                                                                                                    pollution, furnished some nice catches of bass
                                                                                                    last summer.
                                                                                                       The younger generation scored on this
                  «fcft'f? V ' "                                                                    stream. Joe Mann, Jr., caught a bass meas-
                                                                                                    uring 14 inches in length, while Betty Proud-
                                                                                                    foot of Elverson landed two bass, one 12
                                                                                                    inches, the other 12% inches in length.
                                   S P A W N I N G Y E L L O W PERCH
 12                                                      PENNSYLVANIA ANGLER

                                DAYS ASTREAM
                       A Section Contributed by Readers of PENNSYLVANIA ANGLER

              SNAKE BITE                         slightest provocation. A picture, of course,        Wooded, rocky hills, adjacent to damp
                                                 that is far from being accurate. Indeed,         meadows are favored by the copperhead,
                     6*                                                                           where it conducts its search for birds, frogs
                                                 the timber rattler will go to some extremes
      NICHOLAS IS. CASILLO, New Castle           to avoid intrusion, generally selecting out-     and other small prey. Because of its habitat
   On the road immediately in front of camp      of-the-way places for Its den and basking        it is also commonly known as the highland
we encountered three timber rattlers. The        places. In the ledges are deep recesses that     moccasin.
first one sunning himself in the dust of the     extend far below frost line and are used by         The massasauga, a diminutive rattlesnake
roadway was dispatched with a stout stick        the snakes during the period of hibernation.      (two to three feet long), is found on dry,
and then beheaded. While the headless body       Copperheads, rattlers and some non-venom-        hummoeky ground in swamps. It is not
was still writhing I seized the tail to sever    ous snakes, such as the big pilot snake live     abundant in its distribution, being found in
the wildly vibrating rattle and received a       harmoniously together in these winter quar-      scattered places throughout its range, which
rude shook. No sooner had I touched the          ters. Late in the summer the females repair      is the same as that of the two species men-
body when the trunk minus the head swung         to the dens to give birth to their young.        tioned, although overlapping considerably
back like a flash of light and struck. 1 drew    With the coming of cold weather all rattle-      into the southern portions of the eastern
back in amazement. Physically the snake          snakes within a mile or two of the den pene-     provinces of Canada. The only specimen
was dead, but so deeply ingrained is the in-     trate the deep Assures to begin their long       that I have ever observed was captured
stinct of striking that it caused every nerve    period of inactivity, lasting until late April   along a creek bottom seventy miles north
in the decapitated body to respond to the        or early May.                                    of Pittsburgh. Confined in a packing case,
stimulus of touch and cause it to strike.          The average length of this snake is under      it was observed to strike its prison a dozen

                        A RATTLER DEN                                                    TIMBER      RATTLESNAKE
This surprising action led to further experi-    four feet. Dozens of specimens that I have        times in the course of two days, each time
mentation ; so that upon touching the de-        examined and measured averaged three feet,        emitting sufficient venom to visibly spatter
tached head caused that member to swing          ten inches. Ditmars reports one from the         against the sides of the box. Because of its
about with open mouth and erect fangs!           Berkshires in Massachusetts, measuring six       fondness for human habitation, where it de-
Such is the tenacity of purpose of the rattle-   feet, two inches. The common color is yellow     stroys rats and other vermin, it is rapidly
snake. A hundred feet further we came upon       or tan with dark, irregular edged bands.         disappearing. Dozens of these small rep-
two more of the serpents and lost no time        Its large fangs and the great amount of          tiles were found and killed in the clearing
                                                 venom secreted makes the timber rattler's        off of Pymatuning Swamp in western Penn-
in killing them.                                 bite seriously dangerous, but compared with      sylvania.
  Although more or less common in Forest         its larger allies, like the diamond back
County, Pennsylvania, these were the first       rattlesnakes of the southeast, it is inoffen-       The large human population living within
rattlesnakes I had ever encountered in the       sive in the extreme. It strikes only when        the range of these three serpents make it
vicinity. A talk with the district game          closely approached, usually making an at-        more or less necessary to take precautions
warden, however, disclosed the fact that the     tempt to avoid the encounter.                    against snake bite when frequenting sections
reptiles were becoming alarmingly numerous,                                                       where they abound.
                                                    The copperhead, a member of the mocca-
he having killed more than a score in the        sin family, frequents practically the same          As is usual with many other dangers pre-
course of the summer. He attributed the          territory as the preceding species, with the     ventative measures are the greatest safe-
increase to the very mild winter failing to      possible exception of Vermont, New Hamp-         guards. The best precaution consists of
kill the usual number of snakes not hiber-       shire and the peninsula of Florida. Curi-        wearing hightopped leather boots, rubber
nating below frost line.                         ously, no venomous snakes are found in the       boots, or some form of legging, the leather
  The rattler's favorite habitat consists of     state of Maine.                                  puttee being best. The strike of these snakes
low hills and mountains of a rocky nature           The average length of the copperhead is       is seldom higher than the lower part of the
with numerous ledges. Here the snakes find       less than that of the timber rattler, a three    calf, unless they happen to be on an eleva-
protection from the elements and retiring        foot snake being considered a large specimen.    tion. And this last should make one fre-
places from intruders. In a recent article       The color is vivid and well-defined, the body    quenting the woods doubly cautious when
appearing in a well-known periodical, this       being a reddish brown (more or less in-          climbing over rail or stone fences, stumps or
reptile was pictured as a ferocious and          tense), with a row of dark blotches ranging      fallen tree trunks or even brush heaps.
agressive creature, seeking a fight at the       along the sides.                                    If you do any hunting or fishing in a
                                                         PENNSYLVANIA ANGLER                                                                       13

 ie ,;on where these serpents are numerous it      and I let the lisli play against the resilience
 is good life insurance to be equipped with        of the rod. And only after a stubborn fight
 an antivenin kit. The venom of both the          was he beached on a shallow gravel bar.
 rattlesnakes and copperhead is haemotoxic,       This time it was a brown trout just over the
affecting the red blood corpuscles, so that the   foot mark. He was laid beside the other
same antivenin is effective for the bites of      fish, with the thought, that for me, those two
 either. In this connection it might be of         would fill the biggest creel ever made. I
 interest to add that snake venom is of two       washed the fly, carefully freeing it of any
types, each with its characteristic proper-       foreign matter, blew the hackle back into
ties. The haemotoxic type destroys the red        place, and false cast it dry before applying
blood corpuscles, causing a kind of rapid         more oil. The next cast, and things very
suffocation of the victim. The neurotoxic         suddenly change, the fly was hooked high in
venom, as its name indicates, attacks the         a black alder bush that I had failed to take
nerve centers of the victim, causing blind-       into consideration as something that would
ness and paralysis in rapid order. The coral      have a liking for artificial lures. And get-
snake of the south and the well-known             ting the fly down again was harder than
cobras of Asia and Africa possess the latter      taking it out of the mouth of a trout.
type.                                             Leaves, worms and bugs fell upon me in
   In case of snakebite, it is of the highest     clouds, some down my back, and others down
importance to cut across each fang mark           my boots. The fly was retrieved, only to be
with a sharp knife or razor blade. The cut        found with the hook broken at the end of
should be as deep as the fangs penetrated,        the shank. Better to have broken there than
usually a quarter of an inch. Induce free         in the mouth of a trout, for then I could
bleeding and apply suction with a mechanical      have bored anyone who would have the pa-
suction cup or with the mouth; making cer-        tience to listen, about the monster that got          C.    A.    KN1SS.     MIFFLINBURG.
                                                  away, and left me with a broken hook.                 C A U G H T T H E S E B R O W N I E S IN
tain that the mouth and lips are free of                                                                   RAPID R U N , U N I O N COUNTY
abrasions and sores. Many authorities ad-            Working up the stream, my efforts were
vise the making of numerous small incisions       rewarded with a brook trout that could not         by some rough object. I took the rod apart,
on and about the bite, (sometimes as many         have been more than three inches long. The         and with faltering steps picked my way
as one-hundred and fifty), and applying suc-      fly sticking out of his mouth made him look        slowly back to the road. I couldn't spoil
tion for a period of several hours.               like a donkey trying to eat a bale of hay in       such a climax by fishing any more that day.
   Be prepared when in snake country. Al-         one mouthful. He swam leisurely away after         But what a memory to relive, when far from
ways carry a kit containing a small quantity      I released him.                                    the singing waters of a trout stream.
of potassium permanganate crystals, which
makes a satisfactory antiseptic by the addi-      The sun was burning overhead, and
tion of a few crystals to a few ounces of      waters bore no sign of feeding fish. I sat
water. A couple of razor blades, a ligature,   down to rest and pass the time by going                           MY NEIGHBOR
preferably rubber, for the tourniquet, and a   over my flies. Each one would bring a                                      by
tube or two of snake bite serum completes      pleasant and different story to my mind. I                   V
                                                                                                           Y . W, BRITTON, Chanibersburg
the outfit. And best of all, try t o remember  must have dozed, for the sun was getting                 "Come over tonight, Bill, if you haven't
that prevention is far better than the cure.   down in the west, and more flies were ap-             anything important on hand. I want to talk
                                               pearing on the water. From where I lay I              with you."
                                                could see the stream winding its way
                                                through an open meadow, a meadow that                   "All right, Doc," I knew what he wanted
         "FLYING" MEMORIES                                                                           —he wanted to talk about fishing, the sub-
                                               had once been a forest of big pines, as the
                        &?/                    mute stumps that dotted the stream bank               ject nearest his heart.
                RALPH WILSOX,                  and grassy slopes bore evidence. A hard,                 I'm hardly inside the door when he puts
                   Harrisburg                  but easy place to fish a fly. A paradox you           his fine fly rod together and draws my at-
   The water seemed to be on fire as the say, but—no obstacle to casting, but hard to                tention to the new coat of varnish on it.
 faint wisps of vapor rose from the surface keep out of sight. The first dozen casts                    "How do you like that job?"
 of the pool. The calm water was unbroken brought nothing, but far up ahead I could                     "That's a good job, Doc."
 as I sat down on an old log to enjoy the see a trout feeding on the surface. The next                  "Just wait until this summer."
 Peacefulness that I had so suddenly found. cast and bang! I thought someone was trying
 My fly rod was idle in my hand, but the to take the rod out of my hands. The                           Then it started. We fished from 7 P. M.
 spell was soon broken as a faint dimple fish had hooked himself, as I was sure I had                until midnight right there in the living
appeared on the surface near the lower end nothing to do with it. Straight up stream                 room, except once when we did get out in
 of the pool. A trout having a few flies for he dashed, and down again, across to the                the backyard, and turned on the lights to
breakfast. A few false casts, and the fly other bank, and then straight toward me.                   do a little plug casting. We caught some
landed gently on the water a few feet above This one was some fighter. All I could do                nice ones there until I threw the plug over
the feeding fish. It floated slowly, so slowly was hold on, and I did hold on longer and             the radio aerial. Doc wasn't put out about
that each moment was a drag on my nerves. better. Soon he came to the top, and laid                  that. He said I had possibilities and would
The fly disappeared like the bursting of a on his side, against the strain of the line               have to keep on practicing. I don't know
small bubble, and a twist of the wrist set and current. As he was scooped out of the                 about that though. It's a pretty tough job
the hook. A brookie nearly a foot long. A stream with the net, he measured just thir-                to teach a rabbit hound to point quail. But
beautiful fish, his dark back and white sides teen inches. To say a fighting brown is the            any way it was one of the greatest fishing
splashed with red dots, and a belly of dark best tribute I could pay. A huge rotten pine             trips I have ever been on. And the nicest
orange. A fish well worth many boots full stump edged the stream a hundred feet                      thing about the whole affair was that when
of water and wet clothes. He was laid care- above, and toward this I fished my way. I                I got home I didn't have to argue with my
fully in the creel lined with hemlock. Isn't east above the stump, and as the fly floated            wife as to who was going to clean the fish.
the first trout of the day always handled past the stump, well, there is no word or                     Doc is working on me, but it looks as
more reverently than the rest?                 sound to describe it. It looked like an express       though I'll have to stick to the hickory pole
   The next stretch of water proved to be train t > me, only maybe larger, came out                  and cork combination. Kinda old fashioned,
deep riffles, and here and there the current from under that stump, and took the fly in              I guess.
had cut under the bank making dark pockets one loud gulp. For, what seemed to me like
from which the water swirled and churned. days. I was the center of a vast whirlwind,                  For the careful fisherman, trouting on a
No need for worry about line drag here, so though it was only a few seconds. The line                densely thicketed stretch of water is rare
I shot the fly well into the head of the rough was loose on the rod. I was shaking like              sport. There's a certain thrill in working
water. Down, down the current it bobbed: the aspen leaves that never cease to tremble,               into some of those hidden pools. And re-
a swirling sudden flash of yellow and the fly and I had to sit down. Slowly reeling in the           member, that's where the big fellows like
was gone. The line flashed up the stream, line, I found half the leader gone, snagged                to lurk.
11                                                      PENNSYLVANIA ANGLER

                                                 By     Kenneth               A.      Reid
                                       Member,         Boa rd     of   Fish     Commissioners

I Tvania's been estimated miles are Pennsyl-
           many thousand
                           that of

waterways, eighty-five per cent
                                 of splendid
by man's activities to a greater or lesser
degree. To state it very conservatively, at
least fifty per cent of this pollution is ab-
solutely unnecessary and has no justification
whatever. Yet this very pollution, that is
 treated so lightly by the public, is the
greatest single enemy to fishing in Pennsyl-
vania—in fact, greater than all others com-
bined. This reduction of potential fishing
water through the agency of pollution is
primarily responsible for congested fishing
conditions existing in most parts of Penn-
sylvania, which in turn make the problem
of good fishing more difficult for the Pish
   Not only are the great majority of our
waters out of the picture as potential fishing
waters by reason of existing pollution, but
those that are now fishing streams and being
stocked by the Board are in constant jeop-
ardy of being polluted at some future time
under the existing pitiable status of the
enforcement of our anti-pollution laws.
Contrary to general belief, we have now and
have had for some time, fairly adequate
laws against pollution. The trouble lies in
the fact that enforcement acts for the ad-
ministration of these anti-pollution laws are
entirely inadequate so that these laws have
been inoperative and ineffective. To make
a comparison for the sake of illustration, the
situation is similar to the case of a hunter     Fish Commissions and made a survey of            lution "is absolutely unnecessary and has
going afield in an excellent game territory      Pennsylvania's unique system with a view         no justification whatever."      Without at-
with a splendid gun, but without any ammu-       to modelling their own after it.                 tempting to defend any pollution, I believe
nition to put in this gun. What we need              Now let us loo'; at the other side of the    the problem should be approached in an
primarily is "ammunition" to enable existing     picture and see where the paradox comes          orderly manner and that the first step should
legislation to hit the mark for which it was     in. Visualize, if you please, nearly two         be the correction of that pollution that is
created.                                         million acres of State Lands on which the        entirely unwarranted from any viewpoint.
                                                 forests and the game are being intelligently        A study of the problem places the types
   Pennsylvania presents a picture of a          managed. One of the primary purposes in          of pollution under three different heads:
strange paradox in conservation. Through-        the establishment of the forests was to          First, individual or "petty" pollution, such
out the length and breadth of the United         afford protection to the watersheds which        as the common practice of throwing old
 States she is held up as a model in con-        would assure an adequate supply of water         tires, boots, bed springs, and whatnot into
servation accomplishment. Under the con-         in the future for citizens of the Common-        our watercourses. Also the practice (some-
trol of the Department of Forests and            wealth. Yet through the midst of some of         times even indulged in by fishing cottages or
Waters, the State now owns more than a           these forests run streams so vilely polluted     clubs and frequently by country schools) of
million and a half acres of State Forest         that their water cannot be used by either        building outhouses on the bank of a stream.
land. The hunters of Pennsylvania own            fish or human leings. What is the sense of       In the same category is the practice of some
nearly 350,000 acres purchased for them by       protecting and conserving watersheds if          small hamlets of dumping their garbage by
their Game Commission with funds derived         water is to be rendered valueless by reason      the truckload off a nearby bridge that spans
solely from their hunting licenses. The          of uncontrolled pollution? Such is the pic-      an otherwise unpolluted trout stream. Such
fishermen of Pennsylvania own ten splendid       ture of the paradox in Pennsylvania con-         instances are plainly inexcusable and their
fish farms whose combined output of fish         servation—and it is one that every citizen       solution is largely a matter of public educa-
easily exceeds that of any other state in        should be ashameii of and interested in cor-     tion In decency and cleanliness. Our public
the Union, and like the State Game Lands,        recting. If the millions of dollars that are     schools could well give serious considera-
these are acquired and supported entirely        spent annually by municipalities and in-         tion to their responsibility in eliminating
from revenue derived from fishing licenses.      dustry in elaborate treatment of water from      this unjustifiable form of pollution.
We can talk about our iron and steel, our        our polluted streams to make it safe for            Second, municipal sewapc pollution. There
coal and other industrial products, but when     human and industrial use were spent in           is little to be said on this subject as the
one travels widely about the United States,      treating this pollution at its source, the       case is a plain one. The dumping of raw
and even in foreign lands, he soon finds out     problem would be well on the road toward         sewage into our streams through open sewers
that what Pennsylvania is really famous for      solution, and the expenditures could be class-   is clearly illegal, but the progress of in-
outside of her own borders is her accom-         ified as capital investments, bearing interest   stalling modern sewage disposal plants by
plishments in conservation, and particularly     in the cause of pure water, instead of an-       Pennsylvania towns and cities has been woe-
the internationally known "Pennsylvania          nual expenses in the treatment of a per-         fully slow. An enlightened public with a
Game System." As evidence of these facts         ennial patient.                                  firm belief in the wisdom and fairness of
within the last biennium, representatives of       In the beginning of this discussion I stated   the Golden Rule would quickly speed up this
eighteen states have contacted the Game and      that at least fifty per cent of existing pol-    program to completion.
                                                        PENNSYLVANIA ANGLER                                                                   15

   Third, industrial pollution. This classi-     monwealth. With the method known, it only             WORTHWHILE SLOGAN
fication covers a multitude of sins—coal         remains for an aroused public to demand
mines, tanneries, paper mills, chemical          that this wasteful and unnecessary pollution      Bight in line with the Fish Commission's
plants, textile mills, canning factories,        be stopped.                                     drive for better fishing is the following
dairies, and many others. For most of them                                                       slogan suggested by Harry B. Davis, chair-
there are tried and proven methods of dis-                                                       man of the Game Committee of the Reading
posing of their wastes at a reasonable cost.
                                                       HIGH-FLYIN' ANGLERS                       Chapter, Izaak Walton League of America.
For a few, the problem has not yet been             Phil Hartman, superintendent of the Erie        "If you put them back to swim away, they
solved. If half the money spent in render-       Hatchery, tells us that anglers on Lake Erie    can bite again some other day."
ing polluted water fit for use were spent        are going ultra-modern, and reports the fol-
in research and development of treatment         lowing incident related by Henry C. Schacht
plants for correcting pollution at its source,   of Erie to back his argument.                     SUCKER FISHERMAN LANDS
the problem of pure water would be much             According to Schacht, a party of his                 PIKE-PERCH
nearer solution.                                 friends were on the ice at the upper end of       Wall-eyed pike, otherwise known as pike-
   While holding no brief for industrial pol-    the Bay early in February watching a large      perch or Susquehanna salmon, are rarely
lution, which ~is usually the most serious       number of fishermen trying their luck. The      taken by sucker fisherman in early spring.
and concentrated of all forms, I think it is     anglers had congregated in a comparatively      But George Rice of Lebanon upset the prec-
high time for the people of Pennsylvania         small area and were having good luck in         edent, or near-precedent, while fishing for
to revise their ideas that watercourses are      fishing through the ice. Presently the roar     suckers at the juncture of Big Chickies Creek
graves for all undesirable things and begin      of an aeroplane motor was heard, and the        and the Susquehanna River in Lancaster
 right at home in their clean-up campaign.       crowd noticed a plane swooping low over the     County. At the time he was using the stand-
When we have clean hands as individuals          frozen surface of the lake.                     ard sucker bait, angleworms, and had just
and as corporate groups by correcting the           Taxiing to a halt, the plane stopped near    made his first cast when the wall-eye took
first two types of pollution, we can with        the fishermen. Two anglers in the crowd         the bait. It was only 12 inches in length, and
much better grace demand that industry           immediately pulled down their wind-breaks,      was released immediately when Warden
cease polluting our waters.                      and gathered up their fishing-gear. Boarding    Frank Sanda of Steelton identified it and ex-
                                                 the plane, they were soon lost to sight. This   plained that it was not in season.
   In the meantime there is a large field that
                                                 new method of transportation to fishing
needs only intelligent and concerted action
                                                 grounds aroused keen interest on the part of
for accomplishment. There are many hun-
                                                 onlookers who immediately recognized the
dreds, if not thousands, of abandoned in-        advantage an aeroplane offers in quick                      WHOSE TROUT?
dustries in Pennsylvania that are not fur-       transportation when that fishing urge gets            One of those incidents that make the
nishing employment or any income to a            too strong to be denied.                           first day of the trout season unforget-
single individual, but which are nevertheless                                                       table occurred shortly after midnight
polluting many hundreds of miles of streams                                                         in the Yellow Breeches Creek, near
to the detriment of many thousands of our                   SEALING MINES                           Huntsdale, Cumberland county. Trout
People. The greatest single example is that         Work is already being pushed forward            fishermen were literally swarming on
of abandoned coal mines. Sufficient re-          along the Big Moshannon and Clearfield             the stream even before midnight, pre-
search and actual tests have been made           Creeks in Centre and Clearfield Counties to        pared for that first cast of the season
along this line definitely to determine that     seal abandoned coal mines, according to a          when the clock struck the hour that
the great majority of these mines can be         recent report. Both the Big Moshannon and          permitted legal trouting.
effectively sealed so that the water issuing     Clearfield Creek have, in the past, been sub-         Grouped about one of the smaller
from them will no longer contain a serious       jected to much acid drainage from aban-            pools were fifteen fishermen, and lines
acid content. Mine sealing by the Federal        doned mines, and this C.W.A. project is a          swished into the water almost simul-
goverment is now being actively carried for-     step in the right direction for clearing up        taneously. Presently an ardent first
ward in a number of sections of the Com-         pollution in the area they drain.                  day angler had a strike. The trout, a
                                                                                                    ten-inch brownie, darted wildly about
                                                                                                    the pool as it attempted to escape.
                                                                                                    And believe it or not, the observer,
                                                                                                    who witnessed the catch, said that
                                                                                                    when it was brought from the water
                                                                                                    at least eight lines were tangled
                                                                                                    around the fish. After that, it was
                                                                                                    necessary to separate the lines to
                                                                                                    know just whose trout it was. A great
                                                                                                    game, this trout fishing.

                                                                                                        A Fly-and-Spinner Catch
                                                                                                    Dr. F. R. Knaub, of Chambersburg, fur-
                                                                                                 nished proof last summer on Tuscarora
                                                                                                 Creek, Juniata County, that fly-and-spinner
                                                                                                 fishing yields unusual catches of smallmouth
                                                                                                 bass and pickerel, according to Warden
                                                                                                 Charley Long of East Waterford. In one
                                                                                                 day's fishing, Dr. Knaub caught 19 bass and
                                                                                                 pickerel. Of nine bass, all were over 12
                                                                                                 inches in length, while the 10 pickerel taken
                                                                                                 ranged in size from 15 to 19 inches.

                                                                                                   Stream improvement and fly fishing are
                                                                                                 the two most effective methods by which
                                                                                                 the fisherman may improve his sport. A few
                                                                                                 hours work on favorite streams by fisher-
                                                                                                 men, installing dams and deflectors will pay
                                                                                                 big dividends in better trouting in the years
                                                                                                 to come. Fly fishing not only will save
                                                                                                 many small trout, but it's sport supreme for
         SAWMILL ON PADDY RUN, CAMBRIA COUNTY TROUT STREAM.                                      the angler.
 16                                                       PENNSYLVANIA ANGLER

      Trout Streams in Northeast Counties

                                                         T H E LOYALSOCK CREEK                                    FORESTS   AND   WATERS   PHOTO

INvania, northeasternBradford, and Pennsyl-
                       counties of
                                                  trout can't be taken with it the fisherman
                                                  might as well go home. This fly can be pur-
                                                                                                  Forkston on highway route 87 either from
                                                                                                  Tunkhannock on route 6 or from Dushore on
counties are a number of fine trout streams       chased only, I believe, through Dr. H. W.       route 220.
 that annually attract hundreds of fishermen.     Lyte, 427 North Street. Allentown, who             Bowman's Creek, another favorite trout
 Most of these waters are good producers of       makes it. Hooks, numbers 10, 12, or 14, are     stream, may be reached on route 92, off route
 fighting brook or brown trout.                   principally used."                              (! at Tunkhannock, or from Wilkes-Barre on
    In commenting on the trouting in these                                                        route 309, turning to route 92. The creek
counties. Warden Myron E. Shoemaker of                           Wyoming County-                  liows through Noxen.
 Laceyville, Susquehanna County, terms the           Four trout streams in Wyoming County
lly lisliing excellent from May until the close   are outstanding, Mehoopany Creek, North            Good meadow fishing is available on Me-
of the season for trout on July 31. Individ-      Branch Mehoopany Creek, Bowman's Creek.        shoppen Creek and its two tributaries, Riley
ual taste, of course, dictates the patterns       and Meshoppen Creek. Mehoopany and the         and White Branches. These streams flow
of flies that are effective. His own exper-       North Branch are both mountain streams,        chiefly through meadow land, although their
ience in fishing flies for trout, and he is an    swift and rocky. The trout fishing in          banks are brushy. Brook trout predomin-
excellent tly fisherman, causes him to favor      Mehoopany Creek is all above Forkston,         ate. They may he reached at Meshoppen on
the blue quill, hare's ear quill, ginger quill,   where brook trout predominate. To reach         Route 6.
Wickhnm's Fancy, cahill, female beaverkill,       the best fishing in this stream means plenty                 Bradford County
and orange Ann for early season. However,         of walking to the upper waters, which may          Shrader Creek, a mountain stream, is the
in suggesting the patterns, he declares a pre-    be reached over highway route 487, turning     only outstanding tro.ut water in Bradford
ference to the orange finn and cahill for         off route 220 at Dushore. From Ricketts on     County. While brook and brown trout are
general fishing.                                  route 487 it is necessary to walk.             present in this stream, the brookies predom-
   "This orange finn," he writes, "is a fly          While the North Branch of Mehoopany         inate. Absence of roads near it makes stock-
which many fishermen are not acquainted           Creek is somewhat similar to Mehoopany         ing from the railroad necessary. It can be
with. It is made up as follows: Pure white        Creek in character, it is not so swift and     reached from Towanda, which is located on
wing, orange silk body, and orange and black      drains some cultivated land. Brook trout       route 6 and 220, via Monroeton to Powell,
hackles with the tips being orange. It is         and occasional brown trout are takeu from      then taking a dirt road paralleling the stream
very effective for both brook and brown           its waters. The lower waters of Mehoopany      to Laquin, a distance of 10 miles. All of the
trout and, personally, I think that if brook      Creek and the Branch are accessible at         trout fishing is above Laquin.
                                                      PENNSYLVANIA ANGLER                                                                  17

                Sullivan County
   In Sullivan County are the famous Loyal-
sock, the Little Loyalsock, Double Run, Lopez
Creek, Hogland Branch, Glass Creek and
Black Creek. These streams are all swift-
flowing mountain waters in which brook
trout predominate with the exception of the
Loyalsock and Little Loyalsock where brown
trout are numerous. They may be reached
on route 220 from Dushore.

   Upon an abundant supply of natural food
in Pennsylvania trout streams hinges to a
major degree trout fishing of the future. This
food supply is a determining factor on the
size and number of trout in any stream. Fre-
quently fishermen think of trout forage in
the form of minnows, small suckers, craw-
fish, and larger types of aquatic life. Essen-          LANCASTER COUNTY FISH A N D GAME ASSOCIATION MEMBERS
tial though this source of food supply may                           IMPROVING T R O U T STREAM
be, an equally important factor is the pres-
ence in our trout streams of minute aquatic      An excellent method by which cover may        to trout waters, providing not only shade,
organisms and availability of insect life.    be increased, the placing of trees, with all     but a harbor for insect life, a valuable source
While larger trout prey upon minnows and      their branches in streams, has been suggested    of food supply for trout.
other types of forage fish, growing fry and   by E. R. Hewitt, noted authority on stream
fingerlings rely upon smaller organisms for   improvement. When such cover is intro-
their existence.                              duced, it is advisable to stake the tree firm-
                                              ly. If the branches are resting in a position      LEGAL SIZE TROUT STOCKED
   Stream improvement is generally recog-     counter to the current, drift lodging against
nized as an outstanding method for increas-                                                               HEAVILY
                                              them will increase the effectiveness of the
ing the supply of natural food in trout       shelter for trout.                                  In preparation for invasion of trout
streams. Fertile beds of silt are formed                                                       streams by the anglers on April 16, hatch-
and serve as breeding grounds for smaller        With replenishment of the underground         eries of the Fish Commission released
organisms, as do sunken logs, brush and       water supply, the importance of small spring     311,330 trout of six-inch legal size or over
other material. Through the building of       runs, or feeders to the main trout streams,      during the months of January, February
dams, retards-, and current deflectors on our has been increased. Not only do these            and March.
streams, production of trout forage is greatlyfeeders furnish a supply of cold water, thus       Another significant feature in the stocking
enhanced. In more quiet pools and eddies,     aiding in keeping the temperature of the         program for these three months was distri-
on sand bars formed by the current, and on    main stream at low level during hot weather,     bution of 1,008,000 minnows to serve as ad-
water-soaked brush and logs, this vital       but they serve as ideal spawning grounds         ditional forage for game fish in Pennsyl-
source of trout forage is harbored, where it  for trout.                                       vania streams.
is available as food for the trout. These        Improvement of the feeder streams is a           Following is a list of waters in the various
quiet waters may also serve as resting places vital feature in stream betterment. During       counties stocked during the first quarter of
for trout after they have been feeding in     the prolonged drought, many of these feeder      the year:
the current.                                  streams became clogged with brush and              Adams—trout, Little Marsh Creek, Cone-
   While current deflectors in some of our    muck. This condition not only served to          wago Creek, Toms Run, Carbaugh Run, Con-
Pennsylvania streams are quite practical,     eliminate them as spawning grounds for           oeocheague Creek or Irvin Run; minnows,
the building of dams and retards, whether     trout, but resulted in warming of the tem-       Little Marsh Creek, Marsh Creek, Conoco-
boulder or log, is in many instances highly   perature through slowing of the current and      chcague Creek, Conewago Creek, Carbaugh
desirable. In a former issue of PENNSYL-      in places forcing the water into wider shal-     Run.
                                              low areas exposed to the sun. Planting of
VANIA ANGLER the manner in which boulder                                                         Allegheny—minnows, Allegheny River.
and log dams may be erected, and current shade brush on the banks of spring runs,                Armstrong—trout,      Hauling Run, North
deflectors constructed, was described. An- and cleaning them out, where necessary, will        Fork Pine Creek, Mill Run or Rinker Run,
other type of current deflector is known as benefit many of our trout streams.                 Scrubgrass Creek, Glade Run, Patterson Run
the I-deflector, which may be used to advan-     Major trout streams, having few or no         or Little Buffalo Creek.
tage in splitting the current. Michigan has feeders, may be greatly improved by intro-           Heaver—trout, Big Traverse Creek, Brady
made notable progress in recent years in duction of brush shelters. These shelters             Run or North Brady Run.
stream improvement, and deflectors of va- serve as ideal protection for young trout.              Bedford—trout,     Yellow Creek, Potter
rious types have been tried.                  In streams of this type, protection is of pri-   Creek, Three Springs Creek, Shermans Val-
   When installed in mid-stream, the I-de- mary importance, for the fingerlings require        ley Run, Flintstone Creek or Bean Cove
flector serves to deepen two pools. This type protection not only from natural enemies,        Creek, Laurel Run, Cumberland Valley Run
of deflector, erected with boulders, or logs, but from adult trout.                            or Shobers Creek, Bobs Creek, Deeters Run,
placed crosswise at midstream, throws the        Brush shelters may be composed of entii-e     Shavers Creek, Beaver Creek, Raystown
force of the current toward both banks. Im- bushes, or loosely woven bundles of brush,         Branch of the Juniata River, Buffalo Creek;
mediately below the logs, sand bars may wired firmly to stakes to hold them in place.          minnows, Raystown Branch Juniata River,
form in the comparatively quiet water. The Green brush, owing to the fact that it lasts        Yellow Creek, Wills Creek.
top of the I-deflector should be flush with longer, is most suitable for this type of             Berks—trout, Trout or Powder Valley
the summer water level of the stream. If shelter. Where a side channel in a stream             Run, Northwest Branch Perkiomen Creek,
logs are used they should be firmly anchored. may be found, brushing is particularly effec-    West Branch Pine Creek, Pine Creek or
   Midsummer is regarded as the most satis- tive. Brushing at the juncture of tributaries      Oysterdale Creek, Mill Creek, Rauch Creek,
factory and effective time for the work of is desirable, for the brush serves as shelter       Northkill Creek; minnows, Northkill Creek,
stream improvement. Generally in July or for fingerlings dropping into the larger              West Branch Pine Creek, Pine or Oysterdale
August, streams are low, revealing areas stream from spawning areas.                           Creek, Northwest Branch Perkiomen Creek,
suitable for improvement. From the angle         The effectiveness of dams and current de-     Manatawney Creek, Maiden Creek.
of comfort, a day's work in the cold water flectors on trout streams may also be in-              Blair—trout, Bald Eagle Creek, Tipton
of a trout stream is not so chilling at that creased by introduction of brush shelters.        Run, Shaw Run, Bells Gap Run, Blair Gap
time.                                         Overhanging brush and foliage is important       Run, Big Fill or Woomer Run, Van Scoyoc
 18                                                     PENNSYLVANIA ANGLER

 River; minnows, Clover Creek, Piney Creek,
 Sandy Run.
   Bradford—trout,    Schroder Creek, Mill-
 stone Creek, Daggett Creek, Seeley Creek;
 minnows, Seeley Creek, Sugar Creek.
   Bucks—trout,    Cook Creek or Durham
 Creek, Beaver Run, Tinicum Creek; min-
 nows, Queen Anns Creek or Bendix Creek.
   Butler—trout, Black or Jacksville Creek,
 Hogue or West Liberty Creek, Little Conno-
 quenessing Creek, North Branch Bear Creek,
 Bear Creek, Silver Creek, Chauncey or
 Chances Run, Little Buffalo Creek, Blacks or
 Furnace Run; minnows, Wolf Creek.
    Cambria—trout, Beaver Dam Run, Findley
 Run, Big Laurel or Laurel Run, South
 Branch Blacklick Creek or Williams Run,
 Rogues Harbor Run, Beaverdam Run or
 Killbuck Run, Hinckstown Run, South Branch
 of Little Conemaugh River, Spring Run,
 North Branch Rlacklick Creek, Bens Creek,
 Stewart Run, Duclos Run, North Branch
 Little Conemaugh River or Branoff Creek,           CANNIBALISM ILLUSTRATED
 Bender Run, Mud Lick Run; minnows,                 A BIG P I C K E R E L AND ITS PREY
 Hinckstown Run, Findley Run, Mudlick Creek,            OF T H E SAME SPECIES
 Beaver Dam Run or Killbuck Run, Chest           or West Branch Young Womans Creek,
 Creek.                                          Kettle Creek, Long Run, Big Fishing Creek,
   Cameron—trout, Mix Run, Portage Creek         Chatham Run, Monument Run, Twin Run,
 or Cowley Run, Lower Jerry Run, Brooks          Right Branch Young Womans Creek, Hnm-
 Run, Sterling Run, Clear Creek, Sinnema-        mersley Forks, Antis or Rauchs Creek, Big      tain Creek or Pine Creek, Mill Run, Little
honing Portage Creek, Driftwood Branch or        Fishing Creek, Paddy Run, Hyner Run,           Sandy Creek. Mill Run or Big Mill Run,
 Driftwood Greek; minnows, Wycoff Run,           Cedar Run, Tangaseootack Creek; minnows,       Dunbar Creek. Mill Run or Ramcat Run,
 Sinnemahoning Portage Creek.                    Bald Eagle Creek, Big Fishing Creek, Long      Laurel Run or Morgan Run, Big Meadow
                                                 Run, Kettle Creek.                             Run.
   Carbon—trout, Wild Creek, Big Bear
Creek, Aquashicola Creek, Quakake Creek,           Columbia—trout,    Little Fishing Creek,        Forest—trout, Hemlock Creek, The Branch
Pine Run, Mud Run, Pohopoco or Big Creek,       Coles Creek, Roaring Creek, Fishing Creek;      or North Salmon Creek, Spring Creek, Maple
 Hickory Run, Hayes Creek, James Run;           minnows, Coles Creek, Huntingdon Creek,         Creek, West Branch of Blue Jay Creek,
minnows, Pohopoco or Big Creek, Aquashi-        Fishing Creek, West Creek, West Branch          Little Hickory Creek, Little Coon Creek,
cola Creek.                                      Bashing Creek.                                 Johns Run, Otter Creek, Blue Jay Creek,
                                                   Crawford—trout, McLaughlin Run, North        Bobs Creek, Ross Run, Fork Run, Beaver
   Centre—trout,   Spruce Creek or Rock                                                         Creek, East Hickory Creek or Big Hickory
Spring Creek, Cherry Run, Little Fishing        Branch Sugar Creek, North Branch of Middle
                                                Branch of Sugar Creek, West Branch Cusse-       Creek, Lamentation Run, Bear Creek, Hunter
Creek, Pine Run or Sterling Run, South                                                          Run, Salmon Creek or Big Salmon Creek,
Fork of Beech Creek, Rapid Run, Lick Run,       wago Creek, Mosey Run, Federal Run,
                                                Gravel Run, Wolf Run, Muddy Creek, East         West Branch Millstone Creek, Watson
Mountain Branch, Black Bear Run, Elk                                                            Branch, Tubbs Run, Blue Jay Creek; min-
Creek, Cold Stream, Little or Black Mosh-       Branch Muddy Creek, Kelly Run, Stearns
                                                Run, Patrick Run, Thompson Run, Little          nows, Spring Creek, Blue Jay Creek.
annon Creek, Marsh Creek, Laurel Run or
Potters Stream, Pine Creek, Logan Branch,       Sugar Creek, Brannon Run, Negus Run, East          Franklin—trout,  Falling Springs Creek;
White Deer Creek, Sinking Creek, Penns          Branch Muddy Creek, Middle Branch Sugar         minnows, Carbaugh Run, East Branch Little
Creek, Six Mile Run or Forge Run, Hosier        Creek.                                          Antietam, Conococheague Creek.
Dam, Spring Creek, Poe Creek, Bald Eagle           Cumberland—trout, Big Springs Run, Old-        Fulton—trout, Nine Mile Creek, Spring
Creek; minnows, Laurel Run, Synagogue           town Run, Bird Run, Trindle Springs, Alex-     Valley Run, South Fork Brush Creek, Oregon
Stream, Penns Creek, Sinking Creek, Six         andria Springs Run, Mount Rock Run, Crock-     Creek, Little Aughwick Creek, Wooden
Mile Run.                                       leys Run, Green Springs, Hogestown Run,        Bridge Creek.
                                                Mountain Creek, Letort Springs Run, Big           Huntingdon—trout, Licking Creek, Spruce
   Chester—trout, Rock Run, Valley Creek,
                                                Springs; minnows, Conodoguinet Creek,          or Rock Springs Run, Nine Mile Run or
French Creek, Chester Creek, Pusey Run,
                                                Yellow Breeches Creek.                         North Branch Little Aughwick Creek, Little
Black Horse Run, Doe Run, Lyndell Creek,
Two Log Run, Birch Run ; minnows, Chester         Dauphin—trout,     Stony Creek, Rattling     Aughwick Creek, Saddler Creek, Shavers
Creek, Brandywine Creek, East Branch Oc-        Creek, East Branch Rattling Creek, West        Creek, Spruce Run or Springs Run, Laurel
toraro Creek, Buck Run.                         Branch Rattling Creek; minnows, Clarks         Run; minnows, Spring Valley or Big Spring
                                                Creek, East Branch Rattling Creek, West        Run, Aughwick Creek.
   Clarion—trout, Buck Run, Mahles Run,
                                                Branch Rattling Creek.                            Greene—minnows, Enslow Fork of Dunk-
Deer Creek, Toms Run, Mill Creek or Big
Mill Creek, Step Creek, Little Piney Creek;       Delaware—trout, Ridley Creek; minnows,       ard Fork Creek, South Fork of Dunkard
minnows, Red Bank Creek, Deer Creek.            Darby Creek.                                   Fork Creek.
  Clearfield — trout, Upper Three Runs,           Elk—trout, Medix Run, Big Run, East             Indiana—trout,   Little Mahoning Creek,
Hackenbevry Run, Wliiskey Run, Deer Creek,      Branch Spring Creek, Hicks Run, East           Brush Creek, North Branch Little Mahoning
Sawmill Run, Sandy Creek, North AVilmer         Branch Clarion River, Mohan Run, Island        Creek, South Branch Twolick Creek, Little
or North Witmer Run, Montgomery Creek or        Run, Maxwell Run, Wilson Run, Trout Run,       Yellow Creek; minnows, Little Mahoning
Run, Moshannon Creek, Bennetts Branch           Straight Creek, Kersey Run, Belmuth Run,       Creek, Mudlick Run, Little Yellow Creek.
Sinnemahoning Creek, Mosquito Creek, Trout      Laurel Run, East Branch Millstone Creek,          Jefferson—trout, Little Mill Creek, Horam
Run, South Witmer or Wilmer Run, Bigler         Bear Creek, Hunters Run, Mosquito Creek;       Run, Rattlesnake Run, North Fork Red
Run or Hughey Run, Laurel Run, Lick Run,        minnows, Kersey Run, Trout Run.                Bank Creek, Clear Creek, Callen Run;
Little Clearfield Creek; minnows, Mosquito        Erie—trout, Little Conneautee Creek, South   minnows, Red Bank Creek, East Branch Ma-
Creek, Montgomery Creek, Laurel Run, Trout      Branch French Creek, Beaver or Beaver          honing Creek.
Run.                                            Dam Run, Crooked Creek, Bear Creek, Trout        Juniata—trout,    Lost Creek, Big Run,
  Clinton—trout, Trout Fork or Trout Run,       Run ; minnows, South Branch French Creek.      Licking Creek or East Licking Creek, Liberty
Cherry Creek, Backer or Baker Run, North          Fayette—trout, Laurel Run, Back Creek,       Valley Run; minnows, Licking Creek, Tusca-
Branch Tangaseootack Creek, Shingle Branch      Buck Run, Rubles Run, South Fork Moun-         rora Creek.
                                                                               PENNSYLVANIA ANGLER                                                                                       1!)

       Lackauamw—trout,                 G a r d n e r Creek, Roar-    Creek, Mud Run, Coffeetown Run, Little                              Sullivan—trout,      Mill Creek, Elklick Run,
   ing Brook, Lehigh R i v e r : minnows, Lehigh                      Bushkill Creek, Martins Creek, Hokendau-                       Big Muncy Creek, Double Run, Hoagland
   River. Roaring Brook.                                              qua Creek, Bushkill Creek, Monocacy Creek,                      Branch. Lopez, Creek, Loyalsock Creek, Glass
       Lancaster—brook              trout, Donegal Creek,             Saucon Creek. Indian Creek or Birch Creek;                     Creek, Pole Bridge Run, Black Creek, Lick
   Gladfelters Creek, Climbers Run or Stein-                          minnows, Bushkill Creek, D e l a w a r e River,                Creek : minnows, Loyalsock Creek.
   man Run. Big Chickies Creek, Charles Run,                          Saucon Creek, I n d i a n Creek, H o k e n d a u q u a              Susquehanna—trout,        H a r m o n y Creek.
   Rock Run or Sawmill Run, Muddy Run, Seg-                           Creek.                                                              Tioga—trout.       Cedar Run, Bailey Creek,
   log Creek, Fishing Creek, S t e w a r t s R u n or                    Northumberland—minnows,              Chillisquaque          Mill Creek, Big Run, Long Run, Pine Creek.
   Bone Mill Creek, I n d i a n R u n or T r o u t Run,               Creek.                                                              Union—trout,       Buffalo Creek, Rapid Run,
   H a m m e r Creek, S w a r r Run or Governor or                       P e r r y — t r o u t , Horse Valley Run, Laurel            North Branch Buffalo Creek, Beaver Run,
   Snipe R u n ; minnows. Big Chickies Creek,                         Run, Houston R u n ; minnows, S h e r m a n s                  Spring Creek, Half Way R u n or P i n e S w a m p
  Conowingo Dam. Safe H a r b o r Dam, Holt-                          Creek.                                                         Run, W h i t e Deer Creek, Laurel Run, Penns
  wood or McCalls F e r r y Dam, Conestoga                               Philadelphia—trout,          Wissahickon Creek.             Creek, Weikert Run, B e a r Run, Corls Run,
  Creek, Cocalico Creek, Middle Creek.                                   Pike—trout,            Big Bushkill Creek, Indian           Slide Hollow R u n ; minnows, W h i t e Deer
      Laicreitce — trout, Right Branch Little                         L a d d e r Creek, Little Bushkill Creek, Ray-                 Creek, Buffalo Creek.
  Neshannock, Taylor Run, Deer Creek, J a m i -                       mondskill Creek, Shohola Creek, Sawkill                            Venango—trout,        Richy, Cherry, P a n t h e r
  son or Elliott Creek, Big Run, Little Nesh-                         Creek, Twin Lakes Creek, Middle Bushkill                       or P r a t h e r Run, South Fork Sandy Creek,
  annock Creek, Hottenbaugh Creek; minnows,                           or Saw Creek, Shohola Creek, Kellam Creek,                     Hemlock Creek, West Pithole, Mud Branch
  Big Run, Taylor Run, Little Neshannock                              Mill Rift Creek, Dwarf Kill Creek; minnows,                   of Sugar Creek, E a s t Sandy, Little Sandy,
  Creek.                                                              Dingman's Creek, Middle Bushkill Creek.                        Lower Two Mile Run, Tarkill Creek, Mill
      Lebanon—trout.            Mill Back or Mill or New-                 Potter—trout,        E a s t F o r k F i r s t Fork Sin-   Creek, Horse Creek, E a s t Branch Sugar
  mantown Creek, Snitz Creek, H a m m e r Creek,                      nemahoning Creek, Little Kettle Creek, F i r s t               Creek, E a s t Branch Wolf Creek, Tipper Two
  I n d i a n t o w n C r e e k ; minnows, Snitz Creek,               Fork Sinnemahoning Creek, Genesee F o r k                     Mile Creek.
  S w a t a r a Creek.                                                of P i n e Creek, Cross F o r k s Creek, West                       Warren—trout,       Coffee* Creek, Phelps or
      Lehigh—trout,           Little Lehigh River, South              B r a n c h Pine Creek, Cowanesque River, Left                 Spencer Run, J a c k s o n or Ackley Run, P e r r y
  Branch Saucon Creek, Cedar Creek, Big                               H a n d Branch or West B r a n c h Dingman's McGee Run, McGuire Run, Dunns Run,
  T r o u t R u n ; minnows, J o r d a n Creek.                       Run, Dingman's Run, West Branch Genesee                       Mead Run, Matthews Run, Willow Creek,
     Luzerne—trout,              H a r v e y ' s Creek, Nesco-        River, Nine Mile Run, West B r a n c h P o r t a g e          F o u r Mile Creek, Upper Sheriff                 Creek,
  peck Creek, Bowman's Creek, Wapwallopen                             ('reek, E a s t Branch P o r t a g e Creek, Cushing Lower Sheriff Creek, Tionesta Creek, West
  Creek, Huntingdon Creek, Hunlocks Creek,                            Creek. Middle B r a n c h or Gold Branch Gene-                Hickory Creek, E a s t B r a n c h Tionesta Creek,
  Bear Creek, Pine Creek; Shades Creek,                               see River, West B r a n c h Fishing Creek, D r y              Brown Run, Pine Creek, Ben George Creek,
  Stoney Run ; minnows, P i n e Creek, Hunting-                       Run, Allegheny River, E a s t B r a n c h Fishing Rock Hollow Run or Arcade Run, Tidioute
 don Creek, Philips Creek.                                            Creek, Eleven             Mile Creek,             Luddington  Creek, E a s t Hickory Creek, F o u r Mile Creek,
     Lycoming—trout,              McMurrin Run, Nippen-               Branch, Fishing Creek, Pine Creek. Kettle                     Upper Sheriff Creek; minnows, Allegheny
 oise or R a u n c h Creek, Black Hole Creek,                         Creek, Mill C r e e k ; minnows, K e t t l e Creek, River, Tidioute Creek, Phelps Creek or
 Grays Run, Little B e a r Creek, F o u r t h Gap                     Mill Creek, Oswayo Creek, Cross Fork, Al-                     Spencer Creek, McGuire Run, Little Broken-
 Creek, T r o u t Run, P l e a s a n t Stream, L a r r y s           legheny River, P i n e Creek.                                  s t r a w Creek, Conewango Creek.
 Creek, Muncy Creek, Upper Pine Bottom                                   Schuylkill—trout,            Deep Creek.          Flicker       Wayne — trout,        Lehigh      River,    Middle
 Run, West Mill Creek, Hogland Run, English                          Creek, B e a r Creek, Black Creek, Spieee R u n                Creek, Little Equinunk Creek, West Branch
 Run, Blockhouse Run, Muncy Creek, Little                            or Spangler Run, L i t t l e Catawissa Creek,                  Lackawaxen River, Johnson Creek, Moss
 Pine Creek, Lycoming Creek, Loyalsock                               Neifert Creek, Cold Run. E a s t Branch Little                 Hollow Run, Dyberry Creek, L a c k a w a x e n
 Creek, Wallis R u n ; minnows, Loyalsock                            Schuylkill River, Locust Creek, Tumblin                        River, Wallenpaupack Creek, Big Branch
 Creek.                                                              Run, Rouchs Creek, Mahoning Creek. Big Dyberry Creek, North B r a n c h Calkins Creek,
     McKean—trout,               Two Mile Run, Fuller                Creek or Moss Glen Creek, F i s h i n g Creek,                 Big Branch Dyberry Creek,                    Shehawken
 Brook, Sugar Creek, North B r a n c h Sugar                         West B r a n c h Fishing Creek, R a t t l i n g Run ;          Creek, W a y m a r t Branch Lackawaxen R i v e r ;
 Run, West B r a n c h Tuneneguent Creek, L a r g e                  minnows, Bear Creek, Big Creek or Moss                         minnows, West Branch L a c k a w a x e n Creek,
 Kun, Marvin Creek, South F o r k Kinzua                             Glen Creek, Little Catawissa Creek.                            Dyberry Creek.
 Creek, Seven Mile Run, Kinzua Creek,                                    .Snyder—trout,        North B r a n c h Mahantongo             Westmoreland—trout,          Powder Mill Run,
 Chappel F o r k Creek, Bell Run, Comes Creek,                       Creek, Swift Run, B r i e k h a r t R u n or Mit- Camp Run, Loyalhanna Creek, Linn Run,
 West Clarion Creek; minnows, Sugar Run,                             chell Run, T r o u t Run or Shawerville Run,                  Pike Run, South F o r k Mill Creek, F u r n a c e
 West Branch Tuneneguent Creek, Two Mile                             Kuhn-Hooven Run, Aigler or Schrader Run, Run. Roaring Run, I n d i a n Creek, Middle
 Run. Chappel Fork, Kinzua Creek.                                    Krepp G a p R u n ; minnows, Middle Creek,                     Fork Mill Creek, Shannon Run, Jacobs Creek,
    Mercer—trout,            West B r a n c h Little Nesh-           Peons Creek.                                                  Little Pucketa C r e e k ; minnows, I n d i a n
 annock, Blocks Run, West Branch Wolf                                   Somerset—treat,          T u b Mill Run, Shafer or         Creek, L o y a l h a n n a Creek.
 Creek, Lackawannock Creek, Mill or P a r d o e                      Lohr Run, South Fork Bens Creek, Elklick                          Wyoming—trout,          Meshoppen Creek, Me-
 Creek, Mill Run, H a n n a Run, Johnson Run,                        Run, Big Piney or Piney Run, Sandy Run,                       hoopany Creek, West B r a n c h Meshoppen
 Deer Creek, Mill Creek, Big Run, Probst                             B r e a s t w o r k s Run, Clear Shade Creek, Brush           Creek, North Branch Mehoopany, Bowman's
 Run. L'ttle Neshannock Creek, Wolf Creek,                           Creek, Koozer R u n or Hoozer Run, Negro                      Creek, Riley Creek; minnows, Meshoppen
 Sandy Creek, Little Sandy Creek; minnows,                           Glade Run or MeLintock Run, Blue Hole                         Creek, North B r a n c h Susquehanna River.
Little Shenango River, Little Neshannock                             Run, Deeters R u n or Laurel Run, Wills                           York—trout,       Orson Run, R e h m a y e r Hol-
Cree , Xeshannook Creek, Shenango River,                             Creek. Jones Mill Run, Laurel Hill C r e e k ;                low R u n : minnows, North Branch Bermu-
 Sandy Creek, Little Sandy Creek.                                    minnows, Laurel Hill Creek.                                   dian Creek, B e r m u d i a n Creek, South Branch
    Mifflin—trout,         Musser Run, Licking Creek.                                                                              Codorus Creek.
Strodes Mill Run. Long Meadow or Weber
Run, Kishacopuillas Creek.
    Monroe—trout,             McMichaels Creek, E a s t
                                                                                         BOARD OF FISH COMMISSIONERS
Branch Tobyhanna Creek, Cherry Creek.                                                              HARRISBURG, PA.
Aquashicola Creek, Hotter Creek, Tobyhanna
Creek, Pocono Creek, Buckwa Creek. Big                                                     SUBSCRIPTION             BLANK
Bushkill Creek, Buckhill Creek, Pohopoco
Creek, B r o d h e a d s Creek, Middle Branch
                                                                          Enclosed find fiftv cents ($.50) for one vear's subscription to PENN-
                                                                        SYLVANIA ANGLER.
Brodheads Creek, Sambo Creek, P a r a d i s e or
Analomink Creek, Lehigh R i v e r ; minnows,                                                    Name
Cherry Creek, B r o d h e a d s Creek, Aquashi-
cola Creek, Big Bushkill Creek, Pocono                                                                             (Print Name)
Creek, Pohopoco Creek, McMichaels Creek.
   Montgomery—trout,               Mill C r e e k ; minnows,
                                                                                                  Street and Number
Perkiomen Creek.
   Northampton—trout,               Jacobus Creek, Waltz
20                                                      PENNSYLVANIA ANGLER

                                         HERE \ THERE
                                         '. ANGLERDOM
                                                 ner, cahill, and willow. Good early season      day's fishing, Harry Mattern, Philipsburg,
                                                 catches on the Genesee Fork of Pine Creek       20 suckers in McCoy's dam, Chester Emil,
                                                 were made with minnows.                         Bellefonte, seven, and Forrest Young, Belle-
                                                                                                 fonte, 11 suckers.
                                                   Bob Strause, Summit Station, caught 10
                                                 trout from Bear Creek on opening day, ac-          From Warden W. E. Wounderly of Read-
                                                 cording to Warden Anthony Lech, Shenan-         ing comes word that Berks county sucker
                                                 doah. The trout ranged in size from 7 to 10     fisherman also found their streams offering
                                                 inches. Other catches were Jake Chebinsky,      an abundance of suckers. Ed Houck caught
                                                 18 trout, 8 to 15 inches, Still Creek dam;      25 in the Conestoga Creek, near Morgantown,
                                                 Joe Hama, Smiler Young, Joe Hardy, Harry        and James Spatz, 21, at the mouth of Willow
                                                 Gibson and Mel Elliott, Shenandoah anglers,     Creek. Special Warden John Rothermel re-
                                                 caught 20 trout apiece from Dill's Town         ports that John Garret and his two sons of
                                                 beaver dam at Albrightsville.                   Wernersville caught 300 suckers during the
                                                                                                 winter months while fishing in the Tulpe-
                                                    Great trout fishing has been reported by     hocken near Blue Marsh.
                                                 Warden J. Albert Johnson, Bradford, in the
                                                 North Branch of Sugar Run. The following           Eighty-four suckers in four days' fishing
                                                 anglers made splendid catches during the        is the record set by Harry Dewey of Gaines,
                                                 first week, their trout ranging in size from    Tioga County, writes Warden Horace Boyden
                                                 six to 17 inches; Clyde Johnson, Harry          of Wellsboro. In three of the trips he caught
                                                 Johnson, and Morris Greenbury, Bradford,        his limit of suckers.
                                                 and Victor Ericson, Corydon.
                                                                                                   Word has been received of heavy catches
     ED. BOSLER. PIKE COUNTY. W I T H                                                            of suckers in the North Branch of the Sus-
           A 2 2 - I N C H BROWNIE                  The famous Big Spring, Cumberland Coun-
                                                 ty, had its quota of anglers on opening day,    quehanna River. Warden M. E. Shoemaker
   While April trout fishing was in the an-      according to Warden George James, Carlisle.     reports a typical catch from the river near
gling limelight last month, splendid catches     Some of the anglers making outstanding          Wyalusing. Gulio Toni and Pasquale Fonti,
of other fish, particularly suckers and yellow   catches were C. McCallister and Jacob           of Exeter, Adolph Pisaneschi, Joe Carpenter
perch were also reported. High water which       Fahenstock, Springfield, Bill Hemminger,        and Joe Biogotti of Wyoming had a total
greeted the anglers in their initial invasion    Newville, Charles Hefflinger and Ben Davis,     catch of 40 suckers and one catfish. Some
of the tromt streams receded somewhat, and       Shippcasburg. A magnificent 14-inch brook       of the suckers weighed four pounds apiece,
early season catches indicate that a banner      trout was landed by Fred McCallister of         while their average weight was two pounds.
season for the speckled kings is in the mak-     Shippensburg.
ing. The largest trout reported to the Fish                                                         During March the bullhead catfish in Big
Commission was a four pound brownie, 22             Fifteen nice brown trout were taken on       Chickies Creek, Lancaster County, were bit-
inches in length, taken on the Yellow            opening day near Bookers Mills on Tionesta      ing freely and some good catches were made.
Breeches creek in Cumberland county. It          Creek by Harry Hetrick of Clarendon, ac-        Charles Barclay, Columbia, caught five big
succumbed to the lure of a minnow presented      cording to Warden R. C. Bailey of Youngs-       fellows, and Huston Greider, Columbia, two
by McClay Gibson, veteran Carlisle angler.       ville. Frank Aberg. Youngsville, made a nice    large catfish and one sucker, according to
                                                 catch in Irvine Run.                            Warden Frank Sanda. Steelton.
  Fifteen Inches of ice on Lake Wallenpau-
paclc on March 31st did not prevent George         Hainuiersley Fork, one of the outstanding        Wardens Dewey Grant and George Sper-
Long of Scranton from taking a banner            trout streams in Potter County, lived up to     ring both vouch for this one, so it must be
catch of yellow perch from that famous fish-     pre-season predictions of great trout fishing   right. They were fishing in Pine Creek sev-
ing ground. Long's catch numbered 24 perch,      on the first day, according to Special War-     eral years ago. Suddenly a 10-inch bass
ranging in size from 10 to 14 inches, accord-    den George Cross of Renovo. The best            zipped frantically over the water into the
ing to Warden John Schadt, Lake Ariel.           catches were made by minnow fishermen, he       shallows a short distance from Sperring.
                                                 writes. The 53 fishermen he interviewed had     And following in its wake was the largest
   The best trout fishing on the upper waters    taken a total of 545 trout. Exceptional         bass that Sperring says he ever saw. The
of Kettle Creek in the memory of old time        catches were made by Leo Rhoney and Stan-       monster bronzeback, every inch of two feet
fishermen who annually try this famous           ley Cumming, Renovo, and Ed. Munn, War-         in length, he says, plunged into the shallows
stream is reported this year by Horace Boy-      ren. Fishing in Trout Run Richard Wylocker,     in pursuit of the smaller bass, and finally,
den, warden at Wellsboro, Tioga County. L.       Hammersley Fork and Leonard Mulligan,           near shore, almost trapped itself. Plowever,
H. Wood, district game protector, who pa-        Williamsport, also scored heavi.'y on opening   it succeeded in turning- back again to deeper
trolled the stream on the first day of trout     day.                                            water.
season reported the following amazing catch.
Of 3C fishermen interviewed, 23 had taken          Late March and early April sucker fishing        Remember in fishing fast mountain
the individual limit of 20 trout. The 36         in the lower waters of Spring Creek yielded     streams, that a stone overturned or moss
anglers who braved conditions on opening         some fine catches of these fish, according to   torn from a rock in passing sends just enough
day had a combined catch of 652 trout.           Warden Dave Dahlgren of Philipsburg,            cloudy water downstream to alarm timid
                                                 Centre County. Some of the outstanding          mountain trout. For tins reason, when try-
  Favorite flies on north tier waters, partic-   catches were made during March. Dave            ing small trout streams, don't wade in the
ularly in Tioga County, are the golden spin-     Miles, Bellefonte, caught 25 suckers in a       water more than necessary.
                       HIGHWAY DEPT. PHOTO
R . D. N O . 2 .
                                            Sec. 562, P. L . & R .
                                             U. S. POSTAGE
                                              Harrisburg, Pa.
                                              Permit No. 270

                                              v    VJU \i••.    ///A,


                                                  ' PEP&PZr fTbd-S \

                            Angling World's in Tune'
                         FlyFishing Time is Here

To top