BOARD OF FISH COMMISSIONERS
^ 2\ &
^ANGLER* MAY, 1934
Vol. 3 No. 5
Want Good Fishing?
by the OBEY THE L A W
P e n n s y l v a n i a B o a r d of F i s h C o m m i s s i o n e r s
^ a sa COMMONWEALTH O F PENNSYLVANIA
BOARD OF FISH COMMISSIONERS
Five cents a copy <*-• 50 cents a year
OLIVER M. DEIBLER
Commissioner of Fisheries
K i: K S3 S3 S3
Members of Board
OLIVER M. DEIBLER, Chairman
ALEX P. SWEIGART, Editor Greensburg
S o u t h Office Bldg., H a r r i s b u r g , Pa.
DAN R. SCHNABEL
LESLIE W. SEYLAR
M cC on nell sburg
NOTE EDGAR W. NICHOLSON
S u b s c r i p t i o n s t o t h e PENNSYLVANIA ANGLEK
should be addressed to t h e Editor. S u b m i t fee KENNETH A. REID
e i t h e r by c h e c k o r m o n e y o r d e r p a y a b l e t o t h e Connellsville
C o m m o n w e a l t h of P e n n s y l v a n i a . S t a m p s n o t a c -
ceptable. ROY SMULL
GEORGE E. GILCHRIST
PENNSYLVANIA A N G L E R w e l c o m e s c o n t r i b u - Lake Como
t i o n s a n d p h o t o s of c a t c h e s from i t s r e a d e r s . P r o p e r
c r e d i t will b e given t o c o n t r i b u t o r s . H. R. STACKHOUSE
Secretary to Board
All c o n t r i b u t i o n s r e t u r n e d if a c c o m p a n i e d by
first c l a s s p o s t a g e . C. R. BULLER
Deputy Commissioner of Fisheries
I M P O R T A N T — T h e E d i t o r s h o u l d b e n o t i f i e d i m m e d i a t e l y of c h a n g e i n s u b s c r i b e r ' s a d d r e s s
Permission to reprint will be granted
provided proper credit notice is given
*HE BOARD OF FISH COMMISSIONERS
cordially invites you to attend
the opening of the new stream improve-
ment and trout farm project, located on
Spring Creek, Centre County, near Belle-
fonte, on May 25. This development
ranks as an outstanding step in Pennsyl-
vania's fish and stream conservation
It is the hope of the Board that the Spring Creek
stream improvement project will serve as a model
for our fishermen in other sections of the Com-
monwealth who plan to increase the carrying
capacity of trout waters in these localities.
Come to Spring Creek on May 25, enjoy the
program that has been arranged for this gala
occasion, and mix with the sportsmen from every
section of Pennsylvania and outstanding conser-
vationists and sportsmen of Eastern United States.
See some of the nation's best fly and plug casters
in action. You will be warmly welcomed.
7s[o Extra Charges or Special License Required
A WINTER SCENE ON SPRING CREEK
"•ANGLER/ MAY, 1934
VOL.3 No. 5
Junk Has No Place
in Trout Streams
OLLUTION of many of our most
P beautiful streams and waters is a
deplorable fact. From every angle, it is
inexcusable, as the refuse that litters rif-
fles and still waters* can be more_ easily
disposed of on junk heaps and disposal
plants designated for that purpose. For
a moment, let us consider pollution of
every type as a state-wide problem. At
the present time, eighty-five per cent of
the streams of Pennsylvania are subject
to defilement in varying degrees. This
means that the other fifteen per cent of
our waters free from contamination must When it emerges from the woodland, Public opinion should dictate the policy
necessarily bear the brunt of fishing by however, a gradual change, a contrast, "Break Up Stream Defilement." This
nearly half a million fishermen. Facts is to be observed. Here and there on must be the first stride in the anti-pollu-
must be faced if our anglers hope to keep the stream bed may be seen an old tin tion drive.
these remaining streams at a produc- can. Farther downstream, more evidence Here is a worthwhile cause for the
tion peak, or at a stage where they will of its use as a graveyard for undesir- people to champion, a cause in which
furnish a maximum of good fishing and able commodities piles up. A wagon they may take an active part. It may
other recreation. Only through the edu- wheel may be resting on a riffle. Old well be advocated by teachers in our
cation and cooperation of the general automobile tires, broken dishes, and not public schools, by scoutmasters to their
public, can this be accomplished. infrequently the rusted, battered body troops, by organized groups for social
We must literally "begin at home" of an ancient automobile may impede and business betterment, for instance,
in our drive against stream desecration. its course. Evidence is to be found at our chambers of commerce.
In our schools, civic clubs and social many spots along this beautiful stream Our streams are recreational havens
organizations, we must begin by teach- of the careless dumping of useless ar- for thousands of the people of Pennsyl-
ing the value of pure water and the tre- ticles and garbage. They mar its beauty, vania. Obviously, it is to their interest
mendous cost of treating polluted water. they stamp it as a resting place for the that these waters be as nature intended
The day has passed when trout streams, cast-off things of human life. This type them—free from the refuse that right-
warm water lakes, creeks, and rivers can of defilement is clearly without excuse, fully belongs on junkheaps or in dis-
be regarded as junkyards for worn-out and aroused public opinion in Pennsyl- posal plants.
commodities. This type of disfigure- vania should dictate its end.
ment of our waters may be averted only Let us then, each and every one of
Hundreds of our trout fishermen us, take unto ourselves the individual
when the people of Pennsylvania unite each year seek waters many miles from
in a determined effort to bring it to an responsibility to battle and fight to the
the beaten path. A hard tramp through bitter end this defilement and desecra-
end. the brush, over steep ridges and moun- tion of the biggest thing in all creation.
Let us take as an example one of our tains, holds nothing to daunt them. Poets and prophets of the Old Bible in
trout streams, heading in a mountain Why, you may ask, do they do this when song and story referred to water no less
gap and flowing through woodland and well stocked streams may be more readily than a hundred times and told of its
meadowland to its point of juncture with accessible? Primarily, of course, it is value to the lands and the peoples of
some larger stream. Its source of water to find a stream where few others fish. that time. Water was used by Jesus of
supply lies in deep-seated springs, many And here again, is proof that there is Nazareth as the physical emblem of bap-
of them shaded by laurel and bubbling still the instinct of our ancestors cour- tism almost 2000 years ago but I am
from the bases of roeky cliffs in the sing through our veins—an instinct that wondering whether He would venture to
mountain country. Low temperature caused the frontiersmen to push beyond go down into the poisonous polluted
water, pure as nature intends it to be, the barrier of the Alleghenies. It is evi- streams of Pennsylvania to undergo a
it swirls into deep, rock-lined pools, cuts dent too that these fishermen want some- similar ceremony today.
beneath overhanging banks of thick thing that is easily within the reach of
brush, tumbles over falls. There is in everyone—streams unmarked by human
its swift noisy descent to the meadows carelessness.
something of the primitive beauty that Our most accessible streams, trout and
was Pennsylvania's when the Red Man warm water, may be given the un-
hunted along its course. trammeled touch of a mountain brook. Commissioner of Fisheries.
Spring Creek Project
Opens this Month
Atheprovementtrout farmthebefirst streamtokind
United States, will
public by the Fish Commission on May 25.
Already this novel development has attracted
attention in conservation circles not only in'
Pennsylvania but in other states. Located on -
Spring Creek, Centre County, near Bellel'onte,
the Spring Creek project is near the geo-
graphic center of the Commonwealth. It
marks a notable advance in fish conservation
and is the major initial step in a state-wide 1*
campaign of stream improvement.
Outstanding figures in conservation in the
United States are expected to be present for
the opening day program. Included in the * IF
list of notables expected will be Hon. Gift'ord
I'inchot, Governor of Pennsylvania, and Ed- Eh
ward E. Hewitt, New 1'ork, famous author- IfA *
ity on stream improvement. Governor Pinehot
and Mr. Hewitt are both expert fly fisher-
men. Other experts in fly fishing, plug cast- jit'
ing and fly tying including Art Neu, New-
ark, N. J., Charles Ward, President of the
National Association of Scientific Angling
Clubs, Pittsburgh, Andrew A. Trimble, vice- II «**fetf£
president of the Association, Cleveland, Ohio,
W. B. Kerry, Pittsburgh, and Joseph M. B O U L D E R DEFLECTORS. SPRING CREEK
Messinger, Morgantown, W. Va., have been
invited to attend.
ermen who will probably visit the site on pleted, is an attractive center for the various
In the first unit of ponds that have been
May 25, however, is the comprehensive stream activities that will take place at the site on
completed over 200,000 rapidly growing brook
improvement project. ' Approximately one May 25. It is planned to have expert fly
and brown trout are now being held. The
mile of Spring Creek, an outstanding trout fishermen instruct anglers just how to cast
Spring Creek trout farm is really an auxil-
stream flowing through the Fish Commis- the tiny feathered lures, and one section of
iary to the present Bellefonte hatchery, and
sion's property, has been improved by instal- the property has been reserved for women
will greatly increase the carrying capacity
lation of current deflectors, dams of the type anglers.
of that plant. Forty-two permanent ponds
are now virtually completed, and work is advocated by Edward R. Hewitt, noted Following are the rules, adopted at a re-
progressing rapidly in installing concrete stream improvement authority, and winter cent meeting of the Board, that will govern
bulkheads for these ponds. They are fed holes for trout. It is anticipated that the fishing at the Spring Creek project.
by a giant spring of water that emerges at development will serve as a model for sports- 1. Size—-It is suggested that the fisherman
the base of a ridge. This spring has a flow men who contemplate independent stream im- carefully return or release to the water all
of 3000 gallons of water a minute and Is of provement projects on their favorite trout fish under ten inches.
deep-seated limestone origin. streams. (In the section reserved for women an-
Of particular interest to hundreds of fish- The new administration building, now com- glers, it is suggested that they carefully re-
turn or release all fish under seven inches.)
2. Number—All anglers limited to two (2)
fish per day, and five (5) trips during the
3. Fishing Devices—Artificial lures.
4. Hours for Fishing—Fishing will be per-
mitted during daylight hours—Every person
must be checked out by 9 :00 P. M. Standard
Upon entering the grounds, each fisherman
will register and receive a button which
must be worn while he is on the property.
After he is through fishing for the day, in
accordance with the rules and regulations,
the angler will return to the place where
his card was issued and check in with the
man in charge. The card furnishes infor-
mation such as name and address, license
number, species of fish caught, their size,
number and weight, and number of trips to
the project. The Board wishes to emphasize
the fact that no extra charges will be made
and no license other than the regular fishing
license will be required of fishermen who
wish to fish at Spring Creek.
NEW ADMINISTRATION B U I L D I N G AT SPRING CREEK
PENNSYLVANIA ANGLER 5
I been a-fishin' fer
speckled trout a right
long time, and durned
ef I ever seen sech a
bunch o' fishermen on
our run as there was
this year on openin' day. Not thet I
was taken aback so much, at that, fer weeks
afore trout fishin' time, the boys was a-talk-
in' it up. An' what I'm so glad to see is the
way they're figgerin' on doin' their part to
better our streams hereabouts. Reckon us
fishermen is gettin' the right slant on makin'
the fishin' a heap sight better.
Well, sir, comin' back to the first morn-
A PARTY CATCH OF BROOK T R O U T FROM PINE CREEK, in', I starts stirrin' around afore daylight.
™ r " CENTRE COUNTY The wife didn't take none too kindly to what
she calls traipsin' about long afore milkin'
BOARD RESCINDS BURR HOOK PROGRESS REPORTED IN GOOD- time. -Sorter let on she figgered anybody was
RULING WILL CAMPAIGN out o' the head to stand along a crick in a
At the meeting of the Board of Fish Com- Outstanding progress in the Good-Will downpour o' rain, an' sed she hoped some
missioners last month, it was decided to Campaign of the Palmerton Rod and Gun folks was as willin' to do work around the
rescind the ruling governing the use of burr Club has been reported by Ira J. Bleiler, sec- place as they was to fish. Me, I jest pre-
hooks on plug bait. It was unanimously retary of the club. At the annual spring tended not to hear, an' out I starts.
agreed that until the Board has had time to meeting, it was announced that a drive to When I gets to the run, it was jest a little
give sufficient publicity to the use of only promote better understanding and friendship milky, an* not too high. Other fellows was
one burr hook of three points on a plug bait, between landowners and sportsmen in that out, too, and by gorry, who do I run into
the ruling formerly adopted on February 1, vicinity had been attended with marked suc- but Jerry Tims right off. I hed one place
1926, which permits the use of more than cess. In mind, a deep hole where the run cuts
one burr hook on a plug bait, be in force. In fostering a spirit of good-will, the club under the roots of a big hickory, and thet's
The 1926 ruling follows: appointed committees to visit landowners where I heads fer, figgerin' if I ketch the
"In view of the great number of fishermen and explain that one of the purposes of the big speckled trout I lost last year it'd be
using plug bait, the Board will consider a club is to maintain good-will and under- worth-while gettin' a good duckin'. Well,
burr of three points as one hook, thereby standing between farmers and sportsmen. sir, I works in careful to the hole, an'
permitting the use of the plug bait of three All landowners along Big Creek from the hadn't more'n throwed in, when bang a trout
burrs of three points each." Monroe county line to Harrity, along Wild hits it. Right then I riggers thet it's the big
At the meeting held February 9, 1933, a Creek, from the Junction to above Mein- feller. He tore around lively fer a while
ruling was adopted prohibiting the use of hart's Bridge, and along the Aquashicola an' when I lifts him up on the bank I see
more than one burr hook on plug bait. In- from the Monroe county line to Kunkle's right off the big feller ain't been fooled. A
asmuch as the Federation of Sportsmen's Grove have been contacted and are reported right nice speckled trout it was, at thet,
Clubs, other Associations and individuals to have expressed their willingness to keep though, all o' twelve inches, so I reckon,
have protested against the ruling, stating their properties open to fishermen, in addi- rain or no rain, I hed real sport fer the day
insufficient time had been given fishermen to tion to having accepted honorary member- ef no more fish was caught.
rearrange their fishing equipment, it was ships in the Palmerton Rod and Gun Club. Mebbe the boys may figger I'm talkin' non-
decided that the ruling should be rescinded sense, but somehow even ef I ain't caught
at least for the present, and the whole thet old timer, I feel right good about it.
matter be discussed at the next meeting of Fer, you see, he'll be there fer me to work
the Federation of Sportsmen's Clubs, which Copper fish hooks used by fishermen on the on gettin' more'n one day this season.
would probably be held during the late fall, River Euphrates thousands of years ago are
or early in 1935, which would be before the in the possession of the Field Museum, and Fish quickly desert areas where forest
convening of the next regular session of the are said to be not very different from fires have raged because of lack of vegeta-
Legislature. modern hooks. tion and insects.
The present law must be changed, clarify-
ing the section on the number of hooks to be Catfish are so called, it is claimed, not
used. THREE "DOUBLES" ON because they look like cats, but because they
SUCKERS make a purring sound when taken out of the
CRAWFORD COUNTY SPORTS- Catching suckers from the Sinnema- water.
MEN ACTIVE honing Creek this year has been so
Organized three months ago, the Crawford general, according to Warden Robert A 44-inch eel that weighed nine pounds
County Branch of Division F, Pennsylvania Chrisman of Emporium, that it's not was caught this summer in Denny's Pond at
Federation of Sportsmen's Clubs, now has a unusual from a news standpoint. But Ararat, according to Warden Joseph Podboy
membership of 1050, according to E. A. Wil- sucker fishing, like other forms of the of Forest City. Bert Porter of Ararat made
liams, Secretary. Monthly meetings are held angler's art in Pennsylvania, produces the catch.
at various branches throughout the county its highlights, and it remained for John
and enthusiastic attendance has marked the Beck of Emporium to prove it.
meetings. In three successive easts on April 5,
Attendance at the State Game Exhibit in Beck caught six big suckers. Of course,
Meadville, March 15-17, sponsored by the he was using two hooks on his line
Crawford County Branch, totaled 35,323 when he scored the "doubles," and how
people. The annual Fish Dinner, held at the those suckers responded to the lowly
Oakland Beach Hotel on May 11, also angleworms he dangled before 'em.
aroused keen interest, and Crawford County Three days' fishing in the Sinnema-
sportsmen are backing the conservation honing at Emporium yielded 60 suck-
movement in that section of the state in a ers for Beck.
most commendable manner.
RAINBOW T R O U T
e PENNSYLVANIA ANGLER
Life of the Inland Waters
The Quest for Food
A PPARENTLY,in toaglance overPennsylvania
of a pool central
stream, no life is stirring. A slight breeze
of early morning, for dawn has just broken,
crinkles the water, stirring the rushes in the
tiny bay below the riffles. Certainly this
stillness would indicate that a truce has been
drawn in the constant struggle for existance,
a struggle that dictates survival of the
strongest and destruction of the weak in the
environment of the fishes.
But that even surface indications may be
deceiving is soon apparent. This is the
hour, that short interval after daybreak on
a midsummer day, when the bass and pick-
erel are starting their quest for food. Later
in the day, when the sun's rays penetrate
and warm the water, the bass will school
together and seek a deep portion of the flat
where a spring emerges from the stream bed.
Now singly or in pairs they are moving
shadows of destruction in the shallows near and half of its body protrudes above the sur- prey in its waters. These native game fish,
shore. Luring the next twenty-four hours face. Bass are also pursuing the harassed built for speed and colored for concealment,
many events will happen on this deep fresh- minnow droves in their sections of the rocky with jaws slightly reminiscent of duck-bills,
water flat with amazing rapidity. Game shallows, their killing instinct sharpened by match the bass in voracity and probably sur-
fish, panftsh and forage fish will seek an an abundance of prey. This morning, in ac- pass them. It may even be said that fre-
abundant supply of natural forage present in cordance with the feeding whims that make quently they kill for the lust of killing alone.
the stream. Their code of living is one of the smallmouth, in appetite, one of the most Their method of hunting" differs radically
the most fascinating chapters in the story fickle fishes of the inland waters, minnows from that of the active bass. Motionless,
of the water world. are sought as food. Two weeks later, when they hover in the quiet lily-pad pockets and
the moon rises over the stream, their food weed beds until an unsuspecting minnow or
Foraging Game Pish may be the stone catfish that deserts its lair other forage fish comes within striking range.
In the rush-fringed bay at the riffles' base, under a rock as darkness falls. Again, these The big pickerel in the lily-pads, near the
a school of silver shiners has congregated. bronze killers may hover near the stream lower end of the flat, is following time-hon-
Suddenly a shadowy shape moves swiftly bed, seeking the helgramite, larva of the ored custom this morning as it stalks its
into the cove. A fourteen-inch bass lunges dragon fly. prey. Its length of two feet has been ac-
at the shiners, scattering them. Caught by They are not the only game fish in quest quired by consuming thousands of forage
the bass, one is turned swiftly and swallowed of food during this early morning hour. fishes, and it has not excluded from its menu
headfirst. Another bass follows its compan- Lurking in the shadows of lily-pads and small members of its own species or evpn
ion into this choice feeding ground. In weedbeds bordering the shoreline are long, young bass. In this respect, the bass and
swift pursuit of a shiner that skips franti- slender shapes—eastern chain pickerel. Cen- pickerel are similar, for a hungry small-
cally over the surface as it attempts to es- turies before smallmouth bass were intro- mouth that chances to find young pickerel or
cape, the bass wallows into the shallows duced to the creek to compete with them for baby bass will devour, either readily.
along the shoreline until a spinous dorsal fin the live food supply, pickerel sought their Several large shiners approach the big pick-
erel's lair. A green flash in the water, and
only two of the group dart away. To satisfy
its appetite, five or six minnows or other
small fish must die beneath the sharp, slash-
ing teeth of the big pickerel before the morn-
ing feeding period ends. By preference, it is
solitary in habit, a lone killer of the inland
Later in the day, probably as dusk deepens
over the water, the game fishes will again
start foraging, but the quest for food in the
great flat goes on for other species through-
out most of the daylight hours.
The Panfish Feed
Near the riffles' base, just where it breaks
into swirls and eddies, graceful, silver bodied
fish, somewhat similar in appearance to the
shiners, but much larger and heavier, are
feeding later in the morning. A grasshopper,
struggling spasmodically to gain the shore,
is snatched from the surface by a swift ris-
ing fall-fish. The largest member of the
A S M A L L M O U T H BASS P U R S U E S ITS PREY minnow family, this fish takes food either
struggles toward shore, and there is a con-
certed rush for this tidbit. Of the fishes on
the flat, the bluegills arouse a certain feel-
ing of affection on the part of an observer.
There is something about the manner in
which they school together that denotes
friendly rivalry in the quest for food. By
preference their range is near the weed bed
in this section of the flat. Ten o'clock in
the morning still finds them actively forag-
ing and they seem to welcome the sun's rays
even on a hot summer day.
The Forage Fishes
Predominant in the minnow life of this
particular central Pennsylvania stream are
the silver shiners. Not often attaining a
length of more than four inches, these grace-
GAME FISH FORAGE SHINERS
ful forage fishes are numerous in several of THE SUNFISH. A SHOREFEEDER
the shallow sections of the flat. Following
the feeding period of the bass and pickerel, its rounded lips, that may be extended or
from the surface or the current, and in hab- when they were scattered in many parts of drawn back at will, tiny organisms teeming
its has something in common with the brook the shallows, the schools have again congre- in its range. The procedure, to an observer,
trout of the swift mountain and meadow gated. Moving gracefully about near shore might seem an aimless affair, but suckers
streams. An instant later a different form they seek vegetable matter, small water in- are an unhurried lot, and their food quest
of prey is devoured greedily by the fall-fish. sects, or bits of animal life that may fall requires time. Occasionally, some small
Near the riffles' head, a helgramite has been into the stream, and prey readily on hatches worm that has drifted into the flat attracts
dislodged by the current and carried down- of insects that may appear on the surface. the attention of the fish, and is taken by
stream to the waiting fish. In appearance, Their quest for forage is almost constant one of the sucker school.
the helgramite is peculiar. Its body is many during the daylight hours. Other species of Other bottom-feeders are foraging. Four
legged, with two prominent appendages on minnows, the common darters, are also pres- mullets, the largest approaching 18 inches in
the tail. On the head section of the shell ent beneath rocks on the stream bed, but length, probe about in the shallows. Of the
are two strong pincers, while another small they are not so active as the shiners. inland water fishes, the mullet perhaps can
shell over the back merges into the gray When darkness falls, another important lay smallest claim to grace or beauty. Its
skin folds of its soft body. For many fishes forage fish, found frequently in warm waters head, somewhat broad and square in effect,
of the inland waters it is coveted food. The of the limestone belt, emerges from its home is the bulkiest portion of its body. Pri-
helgramite rarely exceeds three inches in beneath shelving rocks and banks. It is the marily, the food it seeks is similar to that
length, and passes the aquatic stage of its stone catfish, often known as the stone roller taken by the sucker, and its sucker mouth
life beneath stones in shallows and riffles of and stone cat by fishermen. In large part, is directly under the snout. Tapering from
the stream. its forage is similar to that of its cousin the the head rather sharply is the rounded body,
In a deeper section of the flat, a water- bullhead, consisting of small organisms or brassy in coloration and strikingly mottled
soaked log rests on the stream bed. There animal matter that may be washed into or with black.
is movement near it, for it is the home of a exist in the stream. After a rain storm, The Night-Feeders
number of rock bass, green and brassy col- when the water is heavy with silt and mud, When darkness settles over the flat, a long,
ored fish with prominent black markings. the stone catfish is constantly on the alert slender shape undulates from its hiding place
Voracious feeders, they compete to a certain for food. It rarely attains a length of more under a great rock. It is the scavenger of
extent with the bass and pickerel for the than six inches, has a broad, flat head, a
the inland waters, a great eel measuring over
food supply. A rock bass of seven-inch body that tapers sharply to the tail, and is
yellowish brown in color. The tail is tipped three feet in length. In its writhing move-
length is capable of swallowing a three-inch ment close to the bed of the stream, there is
minnow, for its jaws are a prominent part with black. Both bass and pickerel seek it
as food. something suggestive of weird creatures of
of this broad girthed denizen of the stream. a bygone age. There is a certain grace about
Rock bass do not venture far from a chosen The Bottom Feeders this eel as it starts on a quest for food.
spot in seeking prey, consisting of insects During the day, suckers have been wander-
that may be washed into the stream, min- For several days, a dead muskrat has been
ing through the clear water of the flat. Mov-
nows, helgramites, crayfish and stone catfish. ing slowly back and forth near the stream lying near shore, a portion of its body ex-
Unlike the black bass, their forage quest is bed, a school of these roundbodied fish, fif- posed to the hot rays of the sun. Decom-
not usually limited to a short period but will teen in number, have been actively in quest position has been rapid, and to the eel this
cover even the midday hours when the sun of food. Now and then one of them noses carrion offers an opportunity to banquet.
is at its height. its way into some small crevice, seeking with Perhaps some strange instinct is guiding it,
(Please turn to next page)
Hovering near the surface of the water in
the wide shallows at the lower end of the
flat are a school of beautiful fish. They are
near the shoreline for a considerable portion
of their food consists of insects that fall
into the stream from the banks. On occas-
ion, they will not hesitate to feed on small
minnows; grubs, earthworms, crickets and
grasshoppers are delicacies to them. These
bluegill sunfish are aristocrats of the panfish
group. Their coloration is a blending of
deep olive green on the back, merging into
paler green on the sides. Their cheeks are
bluish, and at the upper bases of the gills
are two prominent black "ears" or flaps.
Several of the largest fish in the school have
coppery red bellies. Alert and aggressive,
they, like the rock bass, will strike at almost
any time during the day. Heavy in girth, a
six-inch bluegill is nearly as broad as the
hand. Within range of their vision, a beetle
A NIGHT-FEEDER, T H E B U L L H E A D CATFISH
8 PENNSYLVANIA ANGLER
for from other sections of the stream eels
are also moving to the feast. Their pilgrim-
ages to this particular spot may continue for THIS FISH STORY WON THE FISHING YESTERDAYS
several nights until the muskrat has been PRIZE
consumed. Believe it or not, says George Zim-
During the night, the bullhead catfish are merman of Allentown, secretary of the RECALLS EARLY FISHING TRIP
active. With the coming of darkness to the Lehigh County Fish and Game Asso- ON JUNIATA RIVER
flat, these ungainly fish leave crevices be- ciation, there's one fisherman who The Juniata River, one of Pennsylvania's
neath rocks or the mud of the weed-beds to doesn't want the big fellows to strike outstanding bass streams, is the setting for
seek their food. A dead minnow will attract his lures. And to back his contention, this fishing experience of years ago as re-
them readily, as will worms, grubs, crayfish, George sends us the following "prize" lated by Ed. R. Stewart of Edgewood Park.
or other life that is to be found on or near fish story. "The Juniata River afforded great sport
the bed of the stream. Blundering chaps, "Ed Ollinger won the prize last for fishermen," he writes, "bass in particular
their progress in the search for food is te- night for the best 'tall story.' He swore being very plentiful. In one instance, I re-
dious but effective. The barbels or "whisk- this one is true because he saw it with call, a half grown boy, Craig by name, over-
ers" at the end of the snout delicately his 'own eyes.' He was fishing, he hearing a fishing trip planned, asked per-
probe about as they range, for apparently says, in Peck's Pond and near him was mission to go along and it was granted. He
their eyes are not so keen as those of other a fellow from the coal regions fishing was on hand bright and early the next morn-
fishes that inhabit the inland waters. for sunnies. All of a sudden he got a ing and after reaching the river the two
And so the food quest goes on in this terrific strike and after much effort he 'expert' fly fishermen stopped to rig up their
central Pennsylvania fishing stream. In the pulled in a 28-inch pickerel. Most any tackle. The boy had provided himself with
darkness, all species to some extent will angler would have been proud of such a long heavy cane rod. He was deeply in-
continue to feed. It is an inexorable a fine catch, but not this fisherman. terested in the artificial flies and asked if
law of the water world that almost Surveying the monster pickerel for a he could have 'one of them there flies.' One
without cessation some form of life must be moment he yelled to a friend in a was produced from the tackle book, not
taken to perpetuate life. The ceaseless nearby boat, 'The devil with the big representing anything in particular, just a
struggle for existence during spring, summer ones; I'm fishing for little ones,' and bunch of feathers tied on a hook. He ad-
and autumn months is a vital part of na- threw the big pickerel back into the justed it to the end of his line (about the
t u r e s great scheme, and where natural bal- water." thickness of a chalk line) and started to
ance has not been too seriously disturbed, it 'fly fish.' When making a cast the swish
is a strange and fascinating drama. of his rod resembled an airplane motor, but
SUGGESTS CURE FOR IVY swish or no swish before the day was over
POISONING he had taken five more bass than the 'ex-
perts,' some of them going three pounds
NO SPORTSMANSHIP HERE Troubled with ivy poisoning? Here's a strong."
remedy suggested by H. H. Smith, ardent
F. J. Wheelock, Eatonville merchant, has sportsman of Chirks Summit. Mr. Smith's
a small pond near his store in which he had letter follows :
retained a number of brook trout for several "A relative of mine had a terrible dose of
THE BROOK TROUT "BELONGS
years. By careful feeding, his trout grew poison ivy last year, so bad that it kept him TO US"
until a number had attained a length of from work a couple of weeks. He tried vari- Trout fishing back in the gay nineties was
from 12 to 14 inches, and were very tame. ous remedies, without any appreciable re- attracting enthusiastic support from the fol-
A short time ago, all but two of the spec- sult. lowers of Izaak Walton. In an era when fry
kled beauties died. Looking for a cause, he "A month or so later he got into it again, and not fish of legal size were being dis-
found that some boys had been feeding them on his other arm, and at the same time he tributed to streams that drained well tim-
cigarette stubs, and it is his belief that the was carrying a bottle of argyrol in his bered water-sheds, brook trout were hailed
nicotine from these cigarettes, held by the pocket for his eyes. in Pennsylvania as peer of all game fishes
fish in their mouths only temporarily, had of our inland waters. In its report for 1895,
"He is a railroad engineer, and he told me
caused the death of the trout. the Board of State Commissioners of Fish-
that the itching of the poison nearly drove
eries offers the following comments.
him insane while on his engine, until in
desperation he thought he would put some "As recently determined the beautiful
of the argyrol on it and see what would brook trout of our waters is not a true
BOY, 8, LANDS 4-POUND happen. To his surprise the itching stopped salmon but a cliarr, a circumstance which
BASS immediately. Several times during the day need not cause the angler or the lover of this
Kenneth Campbell, eight years old, when it itched, he applied more argyrol, and attractive fish any sorrow, since all the mem-
is a lad who knows quite a bit about when he left his engine that night it was bers of this group of salmonoids are noted
the upper Delaware on which he lives. entirely dried up. not only for their beauty and grace hut
One day last summer, according to their game qualities.
Warden Frank Brink of Milford, Ken "I don't know if it would work like this
on every case, because I have often seen "But there is still another reason why we
insisted that his mother accompany of the East should take a particular pride in
him on a fishing excursion in the Dela- some remedy work in one case and be useless
in another one, but it worked faster than the speckled charr or trout. It belongs to
ware, which is virtually in their "back us. It is indigenous to our waters as its
yard." Finally persuaded, Mrs. Camp anything I ever saw used."
natural habitat is east of the Allegheny
bell rowed to the middle of the stream mountains and the great lakes, with a longi-
and anchored the boat. tudinal range from the upper rivers of
Ken proceeded to get his tackle in Georgia to Labrador. Thus, we can feel that
order. For a rod he had a piece of a while we have received from other sections
cigar box; his line consisted of a many noble fish, we have fully repaid by
penny affair to which was fastened giving in return a gloriously lovely and great
another section of old line. His lure game fish of equal and often greater value.
was a helgramite, or "clipper'' as it's "In a recent monograph. Professor David
called in northeastern Pennsylvania. S. Jordan, an eminent ichthyologist, gives an
Then the big bass struck and firmly interesting account of the origin of the true
hooked itself. After that it was a real trout and its journey to the Pacific Coast
tug-of-war, with Ken finally the victor. from Europe, and its subsequent develop-
With the bass in the boat, the youth- ment into the many forms which now exist
ful fisherman insisted that the hook west of the great plains. This monograph
remain in its mouth until the craft and many indications suggest an equally in-
touched land. % He wasn't taking any teresting as well as somewhat similar story
chances. of the life history of the charrs which is
ED. SHEESLEY. HARRISBURG. here advanced, though not stated as a fact.
W I T H TWO F I N E S U C K E R S
PENNSYLVANIA ANGLER 9
"Like the true trout, the charr doubtless
had as its parent the salmon, but born as
was its relative with pronounced character-
istics of its own. Whether correctly or
erroneously, the writer suggests that its EDITOR'S NOTE: In answer to numerous
birthplace was in the British Isles, where requests from recent subscribers to the
several forms are found today, particularly
ANGLER, the following information on cast-
in Wales, the north of England and Scotland.
In course of time some venturesome speci- ing a fly, which appeared in the March issue, 1. NORMAL FISHING POSITION
mens in taking an ocean journey found is reprinted.
themselves in Greenland's fresh water
streams, when the climatic conditions were 1. Normal Fishing Position. "Bod about
far different from those which exist today. 15° to 20° above horizontal. Line and fly
Changes in environment brought a change extended on the water.
of form and the species known to ichthyolo- 2. The Lift. Rod raised to 00° to over-
gists as Salvelinus stagnalis. come inertia of line and lift it from the
"From Greenland, some of the new species, water. The lift should be made by an up-
perhaps, made the short journey to Arctic ward rather than a backward motion to in-
America, and spread north and south, and sure a high back cast.
as through glacial, or seismic action these 3. END OF BACKCAST
groups became isolated, they took new and 3. The Backcast. The lift and the back-
distinct characteristics, the most northern cast are merged into one smoothly ac-
becoming Salvelinus Narsei, and arctica, and celerating motion. The power stroke
the moderately southern sub-polar species should be stopped at or slightly before the
Salveliwus Rossi, and still lower S. Nitidis.
Traveling still further south into Labrador
these adventuresome charrs changed their
perpendicular, from which point the rod
naturally follows back to t h e position in
form again and became our special favorite, Figure 4. Note the position of the line un- 4. END OF PAUSE
Salvelinus Fontinalis, or speckled trout, rolling above and back of the rod top in
Even when reaching the temperate clime, Figure 3.
they made other specific habits in some suit-
able locations. In the Rangely lakes, Maine, 4. Position at the End of the Pause.
they transformed themselves into Salvelinus, Rod should be stopped a t about 20° be-
5 FORWARD CAST
or blue-black charr, and in the great lakes hind the perpendicular. Note that t h e line
and some other deep water ponds of north- has almost but not quite unrolled and
ern America into Salvelinus namaycush, or straightened out its loop above and behind.
lake trout. Other forms, generally rare, also While the common fault is to start t h e for-
exist. It is noteworthy, whether this be a ward cast too soon, if you wait until t h e
true account of the wanderings of the charr
or not, that there are but two of the species
claimed to be indigenous in Pacific coast
line is entirely unrolled, it will immediately
begin to fall and will have lost its "live" cl
feel so necessary to a good forward cast. 6. END OF FORWARD CAST
waters, namely the lake trout and the Dolly LINE EXTENDING OR "UNROLLING"
Varden trout, the latter of which received 5. The Forward Cast. Note the forward
its peculiar but not inappropriate title from traveling loop of the line.
the landlady of a Sacramento hotel on ac-
count of the fancied resemblance to the gaily 6. End of the Forward Cast. The loop is
7. ROD LOWERED AS
spotted type of dress named in honor of one nearly unrolled. FLY ALIGHTS
of Charles Dickens' characters.
7. Rod Lowered as Cast Is Completed,
"But wherever the charrs have their home, and line, leader, and fly drop lightly on
the water must be pure, and the speckled the waters.
trout is no exception to the rule. It prefers A SAD STORY
a temperature of from 50 degrees to 55 de- One of the Fish Commission's trucks
grees, but will live and do well if other con- from the Corry Hatchery had stopped
ditions are favorable at 68 degrees or even unless some better place chances to offer, at a gas station in Potter County some
70 degrees, especially if the water is largely they return to the same spot. This well time ago, and the driver, according to
foam tossed and otherwise very rapid run- known characteristic affords the basis of A. G. Buller, superintendent at Corry,
ning and broken. many an angler's story of the cunning of found a complaint about the trout fish-
"Given suitable water and plenty of food, some aged speckled monster that for years ing forthcoming from an elderly lady
the brook trout does not appear to care much defied persistent efforts for its capture, even who was an ardent disciple of Izaak
whether a stream be mostly sun kissed, or when the most captivating lures were offered Walton.
embraced wholly by dark shadows, provided until the fortunate narrator came along. The Fish Commission, she told the
there are plenty of lurking places from While the brook trout sometimes reaches the driver, should do more stocking as the
which to watch for the coming of its food. weight of three or four pounds in Pennsyl- trout fishing was getting poorer each
This fish loves the fringes and tails of ed- vania waters the average size taken are year. After going to considerable de-
dies : the shelter of rocks or stones in broil- from seven to nine inches, although from ten tail to explain that the number of
ing rapids and at the base of falls; the to fifteen inches are not rare. But the last legal-size trout distributed was being
shadow of half-submerged logs or overhang- named size is seldom exceeded; anything constantly increased, the driver was
ing banks and bushes. Only in deep, placid over usually excites general attention and appraised of the following interesting
and dark pools do they wander at all. In the story of the catch will wander some facts:
the other localities the largest and strongest distance beyond the vicinity in which it was In 1982, the lady who made the
fish takes the best lair, the next occupies made." complaint said, she caught the "limit"
second place, and so on, and in these chosen of trout on five different occasions,
locations they remain nose up-stream wait- and during the season landed over 500
ing for their prey, seldom going more than a Consider the other fellow when trout fish- trout. In 1933, however, she only
few feet, except in spawning time, when ing. If he already is trying a pool, give succeeded in taking the "limit" three
frightened, or in pursuit of something edible him a chance to fish it and detour around times and her season catch "dropped
that comes under their marvelous vision. In him. Later, you can come back and perhaps to a little over 400 trout."
all these cases, however, as long as they live. fish it to your liking.
10 PENNSYLVANIA ANGLER
BALANCED STOCKING VITAL TO
By C. R. Buller
Deputy Commissioner of Fisheries
I NASMUCHofas the from theof for theCommis-
sioners is derived
sale of fishing
licenses purchased by all classes of fisher-
men, including those who enjoy fishing for
the sucker, yellow perch, sunfish and catfish,
it is the intent of the Board in its propaga-
tion and stocking program to give due con-
sideration to this large class of anglers,
which includes a great portion of the youth-
In Pennsylvania there are many small
natural lakes and ponds ranging in area
from twenty to two hundred acres which
provide fishing for a large number of this
class of sportsmen. If the Board wishes to
perpetuate this recreation for this class, it
must adhere to a rigid policy of stocking
with suitable fish. It must be borne in mind
that while millions of fish are distributed
in the lakes and ponds yearly, the product
of natural reproduction far outweighs that
of the hatcheries, and we look chiefly upon
the planting of fish in these waters as an
important supplement to the natural in-
crease. It is, therefore, important that the
Board does all that is possible to safeguard
natural reproduction in these waters. The A POND IN N O R T H E A S T E R N PENNSYLVANIA
Board has recently made several advanced
steps toward this end. First, by making a certain sections of the state, strong senti- ice is leaving the body of water. The pick-
careful study of the life native to these ment has been expressed among the sports- erel is the least fecund of the group, be-
waters and of the relationship of the differ- men in favor of stocking ponds and lakes cause nature did not intend that this species
ent forms of life to one another. Second, with either one or both species of black should be preyed upon to any great extent,
by making a careful study of the life of the bass, and the Board has been asked to as it is the first to be produced and ma-
ponds and lakes that have been stocked with rescind its ruling to restrict the planting tured.
species foreign to the waters; as, the pike of bass to the streams and rivers. This rule
perch, bass and others and of their effect was made solely to protect the natural bal- The yellow perch spawn later and the
upon the natural cycle of existence. Third, ance of existence in the interest of a great offspring are consumed in large quantities
by adopting a rigid policy of distribution, majority of sportsmen. by the small pickerel. Nature has provided
guarding against the danger of stocking with Anyone at all familiar with aquatic life for this by making the perch very fecund,
foreign species. realizes that many forms of life that com- so that the loss of some of them as food for
pose the colony in any pond or lake are all the pickerel will not upset the balance. At
Few people realize the importance of main- more or less interdependent upon one an- the period in which the perch require fish
taining the natural balance insofar as the other. This interdependence is commonly for food, the minnow has reproduced and
fish life is concerned in a body of water, called the natural balance or balances of becomes a food supply for the perch. The
and after studying this factor over a period nature. Before the interference of man, this minnow is regarded entirely as forage for
of years, the Board is of the opinion that balance was very nicely adjusted, tending other fish in nature's plan, and in order to
the indiscriminate planting of unsuitable towards a plentitude of fish life native to meet the drain upon this species during its
species of fish in our lakes and ponds has the body of water. entire life cycle, it must necessarily be very
done more damage to fish life than all other productive.
The following short discussion will show
detrimental factors combined ; and a serious how the balance of nature, insofar as fish As the season advances, the baby yellow
angle to the problem is the fact that there life is concerned, is maintained in a pond perch become colored for protection and are
are no corrective measures to be taken after that has not been stocked with fish foreign not so easily captured as heretofore, with
these plantings, which place indefinite checks to that habitat. the result that the pickerel also begin to
upon the holding capacity of the pond for consume large numbers of minows; thus a
all species of fish, have been made. The rate of reproduction of all species of
fish is high, provided that the physical en- sufficient number of perch can survive to
Because of the serious disturbance to the vironment is suitable, but the fecundity of perpetuate the race.
all-important natural balance, it was ruled any given species in its native habitat is In The sunfish and catfish utilize a source
that the planting of bass should be limited direct proportion to the toll nature intended of food supply that would go to waste if
to the rivers and large streams which al- to be taken upon it for the good of the they were not present and they provide an
ready contain them. The Board feels that whole. Before the interference of man, the abundance of food in themselves for the
this works no hardships on the bass fisher- majority of lakes in Pennsylvania contained larger pickerel and perch. Thus one life
men, as good bass streams are favorably pickerel, yellow perch, sunfish, catfish, and after another is being taken, but the range
located throughout the state. One or more minnows (shiners). In the yearly spawn- of fecundity in this combination of fish life
streams can be seached within a few hours ing of this group, the pickerel spawn first. provides for the losses, and if other con-
from any section of the Commonwealth. In They deposit their eggs about the time the ditions are favorable a sufficient number of
PENNSYLVANIA ANGLER 11
all the species can survive to furnish a fish food organisms. When the vast number many instances, the sportsmen who were
plentitude of fish. of baby minnows come forth and the sun- interested in stocking the lake with these
Without attempting to enter into a too fish and catfish have developed to a stage varieties are now complaining about the few
scientific explanation, let us now consider requiring this food, the water has reached fish caught. The sole effort of the Board of
the more complex balance of nature govern- its maximum summer temperature, and the Fish Commissioners is to promote good fish-
ing the production of minute life consumed plankton has increased sufficiently to with- ing for all classes, and they respectfully ask
by the baby fish before they have attained stand the tremendous drain put upon it. the cooperation of the sportsmen in carrying
a size capable of feeding upon higher forms. When other species of fish are planted, out their present stocking policy with respect
This minute life is composed of many forms this nicely adjusted balance is distributed, to bass and other voracious species in order
of varying sizes, from those microscopic to always with the result that the capacity of that worth-while fishing can be provided for
those about one-sixteenth of an inch in di- the body of water to hold animal life is future generations.
ameter. This group is commonly referred to lessened, because two or more kinds of fish
as plankton. A larger form of plankton is have been placed in direct competition for
commonly called water fleas. They are the same source of food supply. The fish EARLY SEASON WATER-
present in a more or less degree in all na- life in the average lake or pond in Pennsyl- SNAKE
tural pond and lake waters and comprise vania cannot stand such competition and
the first food taken through the mouth by afford good fishing. It takes a brave watersnake to face
all baby pond and lake fish. the chill winds of March, but at least
The Board is familiar with the fishing one of the reptiles that emerged so
The number of these organisms present conditions in practically all the lakes and early from hibernation did so to its
in a given body of water during a season ponds throughout the state, and few com- sorrow. On March 20, Warden Frank
is dependent upon the rate of growth and plaints as to the number of fish caught are Sanda of Steelton was patrolling Big
decay of the vegetable or organic matter in registered from areas containing the native Chiekies Creek in Lancaster County.
and about the water. The rate of growth combination of fish, although many com- To his amazement, Sanda found a
and decay is greatly influenced by tempera- plaints are forthcoming about areas contain- 30-inch watersnake sunning itself on
ture. The higher the temperature, the more ing bass and other voracious foreign species. the shore of the stream. Considering
rapid the growth and decay, resulting in a The complaints are generally accompanied the chill weather, the snake was fairly
denser crop of plankton. Not all of the with requests to stock with additional bass active, but Frank succeeded in killing
forms comprising this complex group of when, in most instances, the number of bass it. Then, just to make sure that the
plankton are eaten by the fish, but the lower in the lake is in excess of the food supply. incident would not go down in the
forms are of vast importance as they assist Records over a period of years show that records as one open to question, he
in organizing organic and inorganic sub- few lakes under two hundred acres are brought his kill to the office of the
stances into fish food forms. It must be capable of producing over two hundred legal Fish Commission to back the report.
remembered that baby fish cannot survive sized bass a year and that the capacity for
without these organisms, as they are the holding other species is proportionately de-
first food taken through the mouth and their creased, with the result that a great mass
production increases with the increase of of anglers is seeking waters where worth- TROUTING GOOD IN TIOGA
W'ater temperature. When the pickerel hatch while number of native species can be taken. STREAMS
in early spring, the water temperature is It is not uncommon to find beautiful natural
low, and the organisms of this group are Splendid first day catches of trout from
lakes that once provided good fishing now the famous North Tier waters in Tioga
comparatively scarce, but few are required containing such combinations as pickerel,
as the pickerel are not very fecund and not County have been reported to the ANGLER
black bass (both species), calico bass, rock by Warden Horace Boyden, of Wellsboro.
a heavy toll is taken upon the organisms at bass, pike perch, yellow perch, sunfish, cat-
that time by the baby pickerel. When the High water in the larger streams, partic-
fish and minnows. In a combination of this ularly Pine Creek, caused many anglers to
greatly increased number of baby yellow kind, there is at least six species in direct
perch make their appearance the water tem- try their luck on the smaller waters and in
competition for the same source of adult general, good creels were taken. Cedar Run,
peratures have reached approximately 60 food supply, to say nothing of the food com-
degrees, resulting in a great increase in these an ace stream, of the North Tier was ex-
petition among the smaller fish. Yet in tremely high, and Boyden said he found only
five fishermen while patrolling it.
"Fishermen in the branches had very good
luck," he writes, "and reports are coming in
of some fine catches. Present prospects in-
dicate a banner trout season. Barring heavy
rainfall, of course, our best fishing in Tioga
waters should start about May 1. The
golden spinner fly took a nice catch of trout
from the headwaters of Kettle Creek on the
first day, and my son who made the catch
was enthusiastic about the way the trout
were rising. Ed Thornton of Wellsboro
caught fifteen nice trout before eight o'clock
on the morning of opening day."
CA V FORMERLY POLLUTED STREAM
From Warden Lewis Proudfoot of Elver-
son, Chester County, comes information of
interest to Pennsylvania fishermen. A stream
near Parkersburg, Chester County, he writes,
that for a period of thirty years did not
have a fish taken from its waters, owing to
pollution, furnished some nice catches of bass
The younger generation scored on this
«fcft'f? V ' " stream. Joe Mann, Jr., caught a bass meas-
uring 14 inches in length, while Betty Proud-
foot of Elverson landed two bass, one 12
inches, the other 12% inches in length.
S P A W N I N G Y E L L O W PERCH
12 PENNSYLVANIA ANGLER
A Section Contributed by Readers of PENNSYLVANIA ANGLER
SNAKE BITE slightest provocation. A picture, of course, Wooded, rocky hills, adjacent to damp
that is far from being accurate. Indeed, meadows are favored by the copperhead,
6* where it conducts its search for birds, frogs
the timber rattler will go to some extremes
NICHOLAS IS. CASILLO, New Castle to avoid intrusion, generally selecting out- and other small prey. Because of its habitat
On the road immediately in front of camp of-the-way places for Its den and basking it is also commonly known as the highland
we encountered three timber rattlers. The places. In the ledges are deep recesses that moccasin.
first one sunning himself in the dust of the extend far below frost line and are used by The massasauga, a diminutive rattlesnake
roadway was dispatched with a stout stick the snakes during the period of hibernation. (two to three feet long), is found on dry,
and then beheaded. While the headless body Copperheads, rattlers and some non-venom- hummoeky ground in swamps. It is not
was still writhing I seized the tail to sever ous snakes, such as the big pilot snake live abundant in its distribution, being found in
the wildly vibrating rattle and received a harmoniously together in these winter quar- scattered places throughout its range, which
rude shook. No sooner had I touched the ters. Late in the summer the females repair is the same as that of the two species men-
body when the trunk minus the head swung to the dens to give birth to their young. tioned, although overlapping considerably
back like a flash of light and struck. 1 drew With the coming of cold weather all rattle- into the southern portions of the eastern
back in amazement. Physically the snake snakes within a mile or two of the den pene- provinces of Canada. The only specimen
was dead, but so deeply ingrained is the in- trate the deep Assures to begin their long that I have ever observed was captured
stinct of striking that it caused every nerve period of inactivity, lasting until late April along a creek bottom seventy miles north
in the decapitated body to respond to the or early May. of Pittsburgh. Confined in a packing case,
stimulus of touch and cause it to strike. The average length of this snake is under it was observed to strike its prison a dozen
A RATTLER DEN TIMBER RATTLESNAKE
This surprising action led to further experi- four feet. Dozens of specimens that I have times in the course of two days, each time
mentation ; so that upon touching the de- examined and measured averaged three feet, emitting sufficient venom to visibly spatter
tached head caused that member to swing ten inches. Ditmars reports one from the against the sides of the box. Because of its
about with open mouth and erect fangs! Berkshires in Massachusetts, measuring six fondness for human habitation, where it de-
Such is the tenacity of purpose of the rattle- feet, two inches. The common color is yellow stroys rats and other vermin, it is rapidly
snake. A hundred feet further we came upon or tan with dark, irregular edged bands. disappearing. Dozens of these small rep-
two more of the serpents and lost no time Its large fangs and the great amount of tiles were found and killed in the clearing
venom secreted makes the timber rattler's off of Pymatuning Swamp in western Penn-
in killing them. bite seriously dangerous, but compared with sylvania.
Although more or less common in Forest its larger allies, like the diamond back
County, Pennsylvania, these were the first rattlesnakes of the southeast, it is inoffen- The large human population living within
rattlesnakes I had ever encountered in the sive in the extreme. It strikes only when the range of these three serpents make it
vicinity. A talk with the district game closely approached, usually making an at- more or less necessary to take precautions
warden, however, disclosed the fact that the tempt to avoid the encounter. against snake bite when frequenting sections
reptiles were becoming alarmingly numerous, where they abound.
The copperhead, a member of the mocca-
he having killed more than a score in the sin family, frequents practically the same As is usual with many other dangers pre-
course of the summer. He attributed the territory as the preceding species, with the ventative measures are the greatest safe-
increase to the very mild winter failing to possible exception of Vermont, New Hamp- guards. The best precaution consists of
kill the usual number of snakes not hiber- shire and the peninsula of Florida. Curi- wearing hightopped leather boots, rubber
nating below frost line. ously, no venomous snakes are found in the boots, or some form of legging, the leather
The rattler's favorite habitat consists of state of Maine. puttee being best. The strike of these snakes
low hills and mountains of a rocky nature The average length of the copperhead is is seldom higher than the lower part of the
with numerous ledges. Here the snakes find less than that of the timber rattler, a three calf, unless they happen to be on an eleva-
protection from the elements and retiring foot snake being considered a large specimen. tion. And this last should make one fre-
places from intruders. In a recent article The color is vivid and well-defined, the body quenting the woods doubly cautious when
appearing in a well-known periodical, this being a reddish brown (more or less in- climbing over rail or stone fences, stumps or
reptile was pictured as a ferocious and tense), with a row of dark blotches ranging fallen tree trunks or even brush heaps.
agressive creature, seeking a fight at the along the sides. If you do any hunting or fishing in a
PENNSYLVANIA ANGLER 13
ie ,;on where these serpents are numerous it and I let the lisli play against the resilience
is good life insurance to be equipped with of the rod. And only after a stubborn fight
an antivenin kit. The venom of both the was he beached on a shallow gravel bar.
rattlesnakes and copperhead is haemotoxic, This time it was a brown trout just over the
affecting the red blood corpuscles, so that the foot mark. He was laid beside the other
same antivenin is effective for the bites of fish, with the thought, that for me, those two
either. In this connection it might be of would fill the biggest creel ever made. I
interest to add that snake venom is of two washed the fly, carefully freeing it of any
types, each with its characteristic proper- foreign matter, blew the hackle back into
ties. The haemotoxic type destroys the red place, and false cast it dry before applying
blood corpuscles, causing a kind of rapid more oil. The next cast, and things very
suffocation of the victim. The neurotoxic suddenly change, the fly was hooked high in
venom, as its name indicates, attacks the a black alder bush that I had failed to take
nerve centers of the victim, causing blind- into consideration as something that would
ness and paralysis in rapid order. The coral have a liking for artificial lures. And get-
snake of the south and the well-known ting the fly down again was harder than
cobras of Asia and Africa possess the latter taking it out of the mouth of a trout.
type. Leaves, worms and bugs fell upon me in
In case of snakebite, it is of the highest clouds, some down my back, and others down
importance to cut across each fang mark my boots. The fly was retrieved, only to be
with a sharp knife or razor blade. The cut found with the hook broken at the end of
should be as deep as the fangs penetrated, the shank. Better to have broken there than
usually a quarter of an inch. Induce free in the mouth of a trout, for then I could
bleeding and apply suction with a mechanical have bored anyone who would have the pa-
suction cup or with the mouth; making cer- tience to listen, about the monster that got C. A. KN1SS. MIFFLINBURG.
away, and left me with a broken hook. C A U G H T T H E S E B R O W N I E S IN
tain that the mouth and lips are free of RAPID R U N , U N I O N COUNTY
abrasions and sores. Many authorities ad- Working up the stream, my efforts were
vise the making of numerous small incisions rewarded with a brook trout that could not by some rough object. I took the rod apart,
on and about the bite, (sometimes as many have been more than three inches long. The and with faltering steps picked my way
as one-hundred and fifty), and applying suc- fly sticking out of his mouth made him look slowly back to the road. I couldn't spoil
tion for a period of several hours. like a donkey trying to eat a bale of hay in such a climax by fishing any more that day.
Be prepared when in snake country. Al- one mouthful. He swam leisurely away after But what a memory to relive, when far from
ways carry a kit containing a small quantity I released him. the singing waters of a trout stream.
of potassium permanganate crystals, which
makes a satisfactory antiseptic by the addi- The sun was burning overhead, and
tion of a few crystals to a few ounces of waters bore no sign of feeding fish. I sat
water. A couple of razor blades, a ligature, down to rest and pass the time by going MY NEIGHBOR
preferably rubber, for the tourniquet, and a over my flies. Each one would bring a by
tube or two of snake bite serum completes pleasant and different story to my mind. I V
Y . W, BRITTON, Chanibersburg
the outfit. And best of all, try t o remember must have dozed, for the sun was getting "Come over tonight, Bill, if you haven't
that prevention is far better than the cure. down in the west, and more flies were ap- anything important on hand. I want to talk
pearing on the water. From where I lay I with you."
could see the stream winding its way
through an open meadow, a meadow that "All right, Doc," I knew what he wanted
"FLYING" MEMORIES —he wanted to talk about fishing, the sub-
had once been a forest of big pines, as the
&?/ mute stumps that dotted the stream bank ject nearest his heart.
RALPH WILSOX, and grassy slopes bore evidence. A hard, I'm hardly inside the door when he puts
Harrisburg but easy place to fish a fly. A paradox you his fine fly rod together and draws my at-
The water seemed to be on fire as the say, but—no obstacle to casting, but hard to tention to the new coat of varnish on it.
faint wisps of vapor rose from the surface keep out of sight. The first dozen casts "How do you like that job?"
of the pool. The calm water was unbroken brought nothing, but far up ahead I could "That's a good job, Doc."
as I sat down on an old log to enjoy the see a trout feeding on the surface. The next "Just wait until this summer."
Peacefulness that I had so suddenly found. cast and bang! I thought someone was trying
My fly rod was idle in my hand, but the to take the rod out of my hands. The Then it started. We fished from 7 P. M.
spell was soon broken as a faint dimple fish had hooked himself, as I was sure I had until midnight right there in the living
appeared on the surface near the lower end nothing to do with it. Straight up stream room, except once when we did get out in
of the pool. A trout having a few flies for he dashed, and down again, across to the the backyard, and turned on the lights to
breakfast. A few false casts, and the fly other bank, and then straight toward me. do a little plug casting. We caught some
landed gently on the water a few feet above This one was some fighter. All I could do nice ones there until I threw the plug over
the feeding fish. It floated slowly, so slowly was hold on, and I did hold on longer and the radio aerial. Doc wasn't put out about
that each moment was a drag on my nerves. better. Soon he came to the top, and laid that. He said I had possibilities and would
The fly disappeared like the bursting of a on his side, against the strain of the line have to keep on practicing. I don't know
small bubble, and a twist of the wrist set and current. As he was scooped out of the about that though. It's a pretty tough job
the hook. A brookie nearly a foot long. A stream with the net, he measured just thir- to teach a rabbit hound to point quail. But
beautiful fish, his dark back and white sides teen inches. To say a fighting brown is the any way it was one of the greatest fishing
splashed with red dots, and a belly of dark best tribute I could pay. A huge rotten pine trips I have ever been on. And the nicest
orange. A fish well worth many boots full stump edged the stream a hundred feet thing about the whole affair was that when
of water and wet clothes. He was laid care- above, and toward this I fished my way. I I got home I didn't have to argue with my
fully in the creel lined with hemlock. Isn't east above the stump, and as the fly floated wife as to who was going to clean the fish.
the first trout of the day always handled past the stump, well, there is no word or Doc is working on me, but it looks as
more reverently than the rest? sound to describe it. It looked like an express though I'll have to stick to the hickory pole
The next stretch of water proved to be train t > me, only maybe larger, came out and cork combination. Kinda old fashioned,
deep riffles, and here and there the current from under that stump, and took the fly in I guess.
had cut under the bank making dark pockets one loud gulp. For, what seemed to me like
from which the water swirled and churned. days. I was the center of a vast whirlwind, For the careful fisherman, trouting on a
No need for worry about line drag here, so though it was only a few seconds. The line densely thicketed stretch of water is rare
I shot the fly well into the head of the rough was loose on the rod. I was shaking like sport. There's a certain thrill in working
water. Down, down the current it bobbed: the aspen leaves that never cease to tremble, into some of those hidden pools. And re-
a swirling sudden flash of yellow and the fly and I had to sit down. Slowly reeling in the member, that's where the big fellows like
was gone. The line flashed up the stream, line, I found half the leader gone, snagged to lurk.
11 PENNSYLVANIA ANGLER
SEWERS OR FISHING STREAMS?
By Kenneth A. Reid
Member, Boa rd of Fish Commissioners
I Tvania's been estimated miles are Pennsyl-
waterways, eighty-five per cent
by man's activities to a greater or lesser
degree. To state it very conservatively, at
least fifty per cent of this pollution is ab-
solutely unnecessary and has no justification
whatever. Yet this very pollution, that is
treated so lightly by the public, is the
greatest single enemy to fishing in Pennsyl-
vania—in fact, greater than all others com-
bined. This reduction of potential fishing
water through the agency of pollution is
primarily responsible for congested fishing
conditions existing in most parts of Penn-
sylvania, which in turn make the problem
of good fishing more difficult for the Pish
Not only are the great majority of our
waters out of the picture as potential fishing
waters by reason of existing pollution, but
those that are now fishing streams and being
stocked by the Board are in constant jeop-
ardy of being polluted at some future time
under the existing pitiable status of the
enforcement of our anti-pollution laws.
Contrary to general belief, we have now and
have had for some time, fairly adequate
laws against pollution. The trouble lies in
the fact that enforcement acts for the ad-
ministration of these anti-pollution laws are
entirely inadequate so that these laws have
been inoperative and ineffective. To make
a comparison for the sake of illustration, the
situation is similar to the case of a hunter Fish Commissions and made a survey of lution "is absolutely unnecessary and has
going afield in an excellent game territory Pennsylvania's unique system with a view no justification whatever." Without at-
with a splendid gun, but without any ammu- to modelling their own after it. tempting to defend any pollution, I believe
nition to put in this gun. What we need Now let us loo'; at the other side of the the problem should be approached in an
primarily is "ammunition" to enable existing picture and see where the paradox comes orderly manner and that the first step should
legislation to hit the mark for which it was in. Visualize, if you please, nearly two be the correction of that pollution that is
created. million acres of State Lands on which the entirely unwarranted from any viewpoint.
forests and the game are being intelligently A study of the problem places the types
Pennsylvania presents a picture of a managed. One of the primary purposes in of pollution under three different heads:
strange paradox in conservation. Through- the establishment of the forests was to First, individual or "petty" pollution, such
out the length and breadth of the United afford protection to the watersheds which as the common practice of throwing old
States she is held up as a model in con- would assure an adequate supply of water tires, boots, bed springs, and whatnot into
servation accomplishment. Under the con- in the future for citizens of the Common- our watercourses. Also the practice (some-
trol of the Department of Forests and wealth. Yet through the midst of some of times even indulged in by fishing cottages or
Waters, the State now owns more than a these forests run streams so vilely polluted clubs and frequently by country schools) of
million and a half acres of State Forest that their water cannot be used by either building outhouses on the bank of a stream.
land. The hunters of Pennsylvania own fish or human leings. What is the sense of In the same category is the practice of some
nearly 350,000 acres purchased for them by protecting and conserving watersheds if small hamlets of dumping their garbage by
their Game Commission with funds derived water is to be rendered valueless by reason the truckload off a nearby bridge that spans
solely from their hunting licenses. The of uncontrolled pollution? Such is the pic- an otherwise unpolluted trout stream. Such
fishermen of Pennsylvania own ten splendid ture of the paradox in Pennsylvania con- instances are plainly inexcusable and their
fish farms whose combined output of fish servation—and it is one that every citizen solution is largely a matter of public educa-
easily exceeds that of any other state in should be ashameii of and interested in cor- tion In decency and cleanliness. Our public
the Union, and like the State Game Lands, recting. If the millions of dollars that are schools could well give serious considera-
these are acquired and supported entirely spent annually by municipalities and in- tion to their responsibility in eliminating
from revenue derived from fishing licenses. dustry in elaborate treatment of water from this unjustifiable form of pollution.
We can talk about our iron and steel, our our polluted streams to make it safe for Second, municipal sewapc pollution. There
coal and other industrial products, but when human and industrial use were spent in is little to be said on this subject as the
one travels widely about the United States, treating this pollution at its source, the case is a plain one. The dumping of raw
and even in foreign lands, he soon finds out problem would be well on the road toward sewage into our streams through open sewers
that what Pennsylvania is really famous for solution, and the expenditures could be class- is clearly illegal, but the progress of in-
outside of her own borders is her accom- ified as capital investments, bearing interest stalling modern sewage disposal plants by
plishments in conservation, and particularly in the cause of pure water, instead of an- Pennsylvania towns and cities has been woe-
the internationally known "Pennsylvania nual expenses in the treatment of a per- fully slow. An enlightened public with a
Game System." As evidence of these facts ennial patient. firm belief in the wisdom and fairness of
within the last biennium, representatives of In the beginning of this discussion I stated the Golden Rule would quickly speed up this
eighteen states have contacted the Game and that at least fifty per cent of existing pol- program to completion.
PENNSYLVANIA ANGLER 15
Third, industrial pollution. This classi- monwealth. With the method known, it only WORTHWHILE SLOGAN
fication covers a multitude of sins—coal remains for an aroused public to demand
mines, tanneries, paper mills, chemical that this wasteful and unnecessary pollution Bight in line with the Fish Commission's
plants, textile mills, canning factories, be stopped. drive for better fishing is the following
dairies, and many others. For most of them slogan suggested by Harry B. Davis, chair-
there are tried and proven methods of dis- man of the Game Committee of the Reading
posing of their wastes at a reasonable cost.
HIGH-FLYIN' ANGLERS Chapter, Izaak Walton League of America.
For a few, the problem has not yet been Phil Hartman, superintendent of the Erie "If you put them back to swim away, they
solved. If half the money spent in render- Hatchery, tells us that anglers on Lake Erie can bite again some other day."
ing polluted water fit for use were spent are going ultra-modern, and reports the fol-
in research and development of treatment lowing incident related by Henry C. Schacht
plants for correcting pollution at its source, of Erie to back his argument. SUCKER FISHERMAN LANDS
the problem of pure water would be much According to Schacht, a party of his PIKE-PERCH
nearer solution. friends were on the ice at the upper end of Wall-eyed pike, otherwise known as pike-
While holding no brief for industrial pol- the Bay early in February watching a large perch or Susquehanna salmon, are rarely
lution, which ~is usually the most serious number of fishermen trying their luck. The taken by sucker fisherman in early spring.
and concentrated of all forms, I think it is anglers had congregated in a comparatively But George Rice of Lebanon upset the prec-
high time for the people of Pennsylvania small area and were having good luck in edent, or near-precedent, while fishing for
to revise their ideas that watercourses are fishing through the ice. Presently the roar suckers at the juncture of Big Chickies Creek
graves for all undesirable things and begin of an aeroplane motor was heard, and the and the Susquehanna River in Lancaster
right at home in their clean-up campaign. crowd noticed a plane swooping low over the County. At the time he was using the stand-
When we have clean hands as individuals frozen surface of the lake. ard sucker bait, angleworms, and had just
and as corporate groups by correcting the Taxiing to a halt, the plane stopped near made his first cast when the wall-eye took
first two types of pollution, we can with the fishermen. Two anglers in the crowd the bait. It was only 12 inches in length, and
much better grace demand that industry immediately pulled down their wind-breaks, was released immediately when Warden
cease polluting our waters. and gathered up their fishing-gear. Boarding Frank Sanda of Steelton identified it and ex-
the plane, they were soon lost to sight. This plained that it was not in season.
In the meantime there is a large field that
new method of transportation to fishing
needs only intelligent and concerted action
grounds aroused keen interest on the part of
for accomplishment. There are many hun-
onlookers who immediately recognized the
dreds, if not thousands, of abandoned in- advantage an aeroplane offers in quick WHOSE TROUT?
dustries in Pennsylvania that are not fur- transportation when that fishing urge gets One of those incidents that make the
nishing employment or any income to a too strong to be denied. first day of the trout season unforget-
single individual, but which are nevertheless table occurred shortly after midnight
polluting many hundreds of miles of streams in the Yellow Breeches Creek, near
to the detriment of many thousands of our SEALING MINES Huntsdale, Cumberland county. Trout
People. The greatest single example is that Work is already being pushed forward fishermen were literally swarming on
of abandoned coal mines. Sufficient re- along the Big Moshannon and Clearfield the stream even before midnight, pre-
search and actual tests have been made Creeks in Centre and Clearfield Counties to pared for that first cast of the season
along this line definitely to determine that seal abandoned coal mines, according to a when the clock struck the hour that
the great majority of these mines can be recent report. Both the Big Moshannon and permitted legal trouting.
effectively sealed so that the water issuing Clearfield Creek have, in the past, been sub- Grouped about one of the smaller
from them will no longer contain a serious jected to much acid drainage from aban- pools were fifteen fishermen, and lines
acid content. Mine sealing by the Federal doned mines, and this C.W.A. project is a swished into the water almost simul-
goverment is now being actively carried for- step in the right direction for clearing up taneously. Presently an ardent first
ward in a number of sections of the Com- pollution in the area they drain. day angler had a strike. The trout, a
ten-inch brownie, darted wildly about
the pool as it attempted to escape.
And believe it or not, the observer,
who witnessed the catch, said that
when it was brought from the water
at least eight lines were tangled
around the fish. After that, it was
necessary to separate the lines to
know just whose trout it was. A great
game, this trout fishing.
A Fly-and-Spinner Catch
Dr. F. R. Knaub, of Chambersburg, fur-
nished proof last summer on Tuscarora
Creek, Juniata County, that fly-and-spinner
fishing yields unusual catches of smallmouth
bass and pickerel, according to Warden
Charley Long of East Waterford. In one
day's fishing, Dr. Knaub caught 19 bass and
pickerel. Of nine bass, all were over 12
inches in length, while the 10 pickerel taken
ranged in size from 15 to 19 inches.
Stream improvement and fly fishing are
the two most effective methods by which
the fisherman may improve his sport. A few
hours work on favorite streams by fisher-
men, installing dams and deflectors will pay
big dividends in better trouting in the years
to come. Fly fishing not only will save
many small trout, but it's sport supreme for
SAWMILL ON PADDY RUN, CAMBRIA COUNTY TROUT STREAM. the angler.
THE OWNERS PAID A FINE FOR POLLUTING THE STREAM
16 PENNSYLVANIA ANGLER
Trout Streams in Northeast Counties
T H E LOYALSOCK CREEK FORESTS AND WATERS PHOTO
INvania, northeasternBradford, and Pennsyl-
trout can't be taken with it the fisherman
might as well go home. This fly can be pur-
Forkston on highway route 87 either from
Tunkhannock on route 6 or from Dushore on
counties are a number of fine trout streams chased only, I believe, through Dr. H. W. route 220.
that annually attract hundreds of fishermen. Lyte, 427 North Street. Allentown, who Bowman's Creek, another favorite trout
Most of these waters are good producers of makes it. Hooks, numbers 10, 12, or 14, are stream, may be reached on route 92, off route
fighting brook or brown trout. principally used." (! at Tunkhannock, or from Wilkes-Barre on
In commenting on the trouting in these route 309, turning to route 92. The creek
counties. Warden Myron E. Shoemaker of Wyoming County- liows through Noxen.
Laceyville, Susquehanna County, terms the Four trout streams in Wyoming County
lly lisliing excellent from May until the close are outstanding, Mehoopany Creek, North Good meadow fishing is available on Me-
of the season for trout on July 31. Individ- Branch Mehoopany Creek, Bowman's Creek. shoppen Creek and its two tributaries, Riley
ual taste, of course, dictates the patterns and Meshoppen Creek. Mehoopany and the and White Branches. These streams flow
of flies that are effective. His own exper- North Branch are both mountain streams, chiefly through meadow land, although their
ience in fishing flies for trout, and he is an swift and rocky. The trout fishing in banks are brushy. Brook trout predomin-
excellent tly fisherman, causes him to favor Mehoopany Creek is all above Forkston, ate. They may he reached at Meshoppen on
the blue quill, hare's ear quill, ginger quill, where brook trout predominate. To reach Route 6.
Wickhnm's Fancy, cahill, female beaverkill, the best fishing in this stream means plenty Bradford County
and orange Ann for early season. However, of walking to the upper waters, which may Shrader Creek, a mountain stream, is the
in suggesting the patterns, he declares a pre- be reached over highway route 487, turning only outstanding tro.ut water in Bradford
ference to the orange finn and cahill for off route 220 at Dushore. From Ricketts on County. While brook and brown trout are
general fishing. route 487 it is necessary to walk. present in this stream, the brookies predom-
"This orange finn," he writes, "is a fly While the North Branch of Mehoopany inate. Absence of roads near it makes stock-
which many fishermen are not acquainted Creek is somewhat similar to Mehoopany ing from the railroad necessary. It can be
with. It is made up as follows: Pure white Creek in character, it is not so swift and reached from Towanda, which is located on
wing, orange silk body, and orange and black drains some cultivated land. Brook trout route 6 and 220, via Monroeton to Powell,
hackles with the tips being orange. It is and occasional brown trout are takeu from then taking a dirt road paralleling the stream
very effective for both brook and brown its waters. The lower waters of Mehoopany to Laquin, a distance of 10 miles. All of the
trout and, personally, I think that if brook Creek and the Branch are accessible at trout fishing is above Laquin.
PENNSYLVANIA ANGLER 17
In Sullivan County are the famous Loyal-
sock, the Little Loyalsock, Double Run, Lopez
Creek, Hogland Branch, Glass Creek and
Black Creek. These streams are all swift-
flowing mountain waters in which brook
trout predominate with the exception of the
Loyalsock and Little Loyalsock where brown
trout are numerous. They may be reached
on route 220 from Dushore.
FOOD SUPPLY INCREASED BY
Upon an abundant supply of natural food
in Pennsylvania trout streams hinges to a
major degree trout fishing of the future. This
food supply is a determining factor on the
size and number of trout in any stream. Fre-
quently fishermen think of trout forage in
the form of minnows, small suckers, craw-
fish, and larger types of aquatic life. Essen- LANCASTER COUNTY FISH A N D GAME ASSOCIATION MEMBERS
tial though this source of food supply may IMPROVING T R O U T STREAM
be, an equally important factor is the pres-
ence in our trout streams of minute aquatic An excellent method by which cover may to trout waters, providing not only shade,
organisms and availability of insect life. be increased, the placing of trees, with all but a harbor for insect life, a valuable source
While larger trout prey upon minnows and their branches in streams, has been suggested of food supply for trout.
other types of forage fish, growing fry and by E. R. Hewitt, noted authority on stream
fingerlings rely upon smaller organisms for improvement. When such cover is intro-
their existence. duced, it is advisable to stake the tree firm-
ly. If the branches are resting in a position LEGAL SIZE TROUT STOCKED
Stream improvement is generally recog- counter to the current, drift lodging against
nized as an outstanding method for increas- HEAVILY
them will increase the effectiveness of the
ing the supply of natural food in trout shelter for trout. In preparation for invasion of trout
streams. Fertile beds of silt are formed streams by the anglers on April 16, hatch-
and serve as breeding grounds for smaller With replenishment of the underground eries of the Fish Commission released
organisms, as do sunken logs, brush and water supply, the importance of small spring 311,330 trout of six-inch legal size or over
other material. Through the building of runs, or feeders to the main trout streams, during the months of January, February
dams, retards-, and current deflectors on our has been increased. Not only do these and March.
streams, production of trout forage is greatlyfeeders furnish a supply of cold water, thus Another significant feature in the stocking
enhanced. In more quiet pools and eddies, aiding in keeping the temperature of the program for these three months was distri-
on sand bars formed by the current, and on main stream at low level during hot weather, bution of 1,008,000 minnows to serve as ad-
water-soaked brush and logs, this vital but they serve as ideal spawning grounds ditional forage for game fish in Pennsyl-
source of trout forage is harbored, where it for trout. vania streams.
is available as food for the trout. These Improvement of the feeder streams is a Following is a list of waters in the various
quiet waters may also serve as resting places vital feature in stream betterment. During counties stocked during the first quarter of
for trout after they have been feeding in the prolonged drought, many of these feeder the year:
the current. streams became clogged with brush and Adams—trout, Little Marsh Creek, Cone-
While current deflectors in some of our muck. This condition not only served to wago Creek, Toms Run, Carbaugh Run, Con-
Pennsylvania streams are quite practical, eliminate them as spawning grounds for oeocheague Creek or Irvin Run; minnows,
the building of dams and retards, whether trout, but resulted in warming of the tem- Little Marsh Creek, Marsh Creek, Conoco-
boulder or log, is in many instances highly perature through slowing of the current and chcague Creek, Conewago Creek, Carbaugh
desirable. In a former issue of PENNSYL- in places forcing the water into wider shal- Run.
low areas exposed to the sun. Planting of
VANIA ANGLER the manner in which boulder Allegheny—minnows, Allegheny River.
and log dams may be erected, and current shade brush on the banks of spring runs, Armstrong—trout, Hauling Run, North
deflectors constructed, was described. An- and cleaning them out, where necessary, will Fork Pine Creek, Mill Run or Rinker Run,
other type of current deflector is known as benefit many of our trout streams. Scrubgrass Creek, Glade Run, Patterson Run
the I-deflector, which may be used to advan- Major trout streams, having few or no or Little Buffalo Creek.
tage in splitting the current. Michigan has feeders, may be greatly improved by intro- Heaver—trout, Big Traverse Creek, Brady
made notable progress in recent years in duction of brush shelters. These shelters Run or North Brady Run.
stream improvement, and deflectors of va- serve as ideal protection for young trout. Bedford—trout, Yellow Creek, Potter
rious types have been tried. In streams of this type, protection is of pri- Creek, Three Springs Creek, Shermans Val-
When installed in mid-stream, the I-de- mary importance, for the fingerlings require ley Run, Flintstone Creek or Bean Cove
flector serves to deepen two pools. This type protection not only from natural enemies, Creek, Laurel Run, Cumberland Valley Run
of deflector, erected with boulders, or logs, but from adult trout. or Shobers Creek, Bobs Creek, Deeters Run,
placed crosswise at midstream, throws the Brush shelters may be composed of entii-e Shavers Creek, Beaver Creek, Raystown
force of the current toward both banks. Im- bushes, or loosely woven bundles of brush, Branch of the Juniata River, Buffalo Creek;
mediately below the logs, sand bars may wired firmly to stakes to hold them in place. minnows, Raystown Branch Juniata River,
form in the comparatively quiet water. The Green brush, owing to the fact that it lasts Yellow Creek, Wills Creek.
top of the I-deflector should be flush with longer, is most suitable for this type of Berks—trout, Trout or Powder Valley
the summer water level of the stream. If shelter. Where a side channel in a stream Run, Northwest Branch Perkiomen Creek,
logs are used they should be firmly anchored. may be found, brushing is particularly effec- West Branch Pine Creek, Pine Creek or
Midsummer is regarded as the most satis- tive. Brushing at the juncture of tributaries Oysterdale Creek, Mill Creek, Rauch Creek,
factory and effective time for the work of is desirable, for the brush serves as shelter Northkill Creek; minnows, Northkill Creek,
stream improvement. Generally in July or for fingerlings dropping into the larger West Branch Pine Creek, Pine or Oysterdale
August, streams are low, revealing areas stream from spawning areas. Creek, Northwest Branch Perkiomen Creek,
suitable for improvement. From the angle The effectiveness of dams and current de- Manatawney Creek, Maiden Creek.
of comfort, a day's work in the cold water flectors on trout streams may also be in- Blair—trout, Bald Eagle Creek, Tipton
of a trout stream is not so chilling at that creased by introduction of brush shelters. Run, Shaw Run, Bells Gap Run, Blair Gap
time. Overhanging brush and foliage is important Run, Big Fill or Woomer Run, Van Scoyoc
18 PENNSYLVANIA ANGLER
River; minnows, Clover Creek, Piney Creek,
Bradford—trout, Schroder Creek, Mill-
stone Creek, Daggett Creek, Seeley Creek;
minnows, Seeley Creek, Sugar Creek.
Bucks—trout, Cook Creek or Durham
Creek, Beaver Run, Tinicum Creek; min-
nows, Queen Anns Creek or Bendix Creek.
Butler—trout, Black or Jacksville Creek,
Hogue or West Liberty Creek, Little Conno-
quenessing Creek, North Branch Bear Creek,
Bear Creek, Silver Creek, Chauncey or
Chances Run, Little Buffalo Creek, Blacks or
Furnace Run; minnows, Wolf Creek.
Cambria—trout, Beaver Dam Run, Findley
Run, Big Laurel or Laurel Run, South
Branch Blacklick Creek or Williams Run,
Rogues Harbor Run, Beaverdam Run or
Killbuck Run, Hinckstown Run, South Branch
of Little Conemaugh River, Spring Run,
North Branch Rlacklick Creek, Bens Creek,
Stewart Run, Duclos Run, North Branch
Little Conemaugh River or Branoff Creek, CANNIBALISM ILLUSTRATED
Bender Run, Mud Lick Run; minnows, A BIG P I C K E R E L AND ITS PREY
Hinckstown Run, Findley Run, Mudlick Creek, OF T H E SAME SPECIES
Beaver Dam Run or Killbuck Run, Chest or West Branch Young Womans Creek,
Creek. Kettle Creek, Long Run, Big Fishing Creek,
Cameron—trout, Mix Run, Portage Creek Chatham Run, Monument Run, Twin Run,
or Cowley Run, Lower Jerry Run, Brooks Right Branch Young Womans Creek, Hnm-
Run, Sterling Run, Clear Creek, Sinnema- mersley Forks, Antis or Rauchs Creek, Big tain Creek or Pine Creek, Mill Run, Little
honing Portage Creek, Driftwood Branch or Fishing Creek, Paddy Run, Hyner Run, Sandy Creek. Mill Run or Big Mill Run,
Driftwood Greek; minnows, Wycoff Run, Cedar Run, Tangaseootack Creek; minnows, Dunbar Creek. Mill Run or Ramcat Run,
Sinnemahoning Portage Creek. Bald Eagle Creek, Big Fishing Creek, Long Laurel Run or Morgan Run, Big Meadow
Run, Kettle Creek. Run.
Carbon—trout, Wild Creek, Big Bear
Creek, Aquashicola Creek, Quakake Creek, Columbia—trout, Little Fishing Creek, Forest—trout, Hemlock Creek, The Branch
Pine Run, Mud Run, Pohopoco or Big Creek, Coles Creek, Roaring Creek, Fishing Creek; or North Salmon Creek, Spring Creek, Maple
Hickory Run, Hayes Creek, James Run; minnows, Coles Creek, Huntingdon Creek, Creek, West Branch of Blue Jay Creek,
minnows, Pohopoco or Big Creek, Aquashi- Fishing Creek, West Creek, West Branch Little Hickory Creek, Little Coon Creek,
cola Creek. Bashing Creek. Johns Run, Otter Creek, Blue Jay Creek,
Crawford—trout, McLaughlin Run, North Bobs Creek, Ross Run, Fork Run, Beaver
Centre—trout, Spruce Creek or Rock Creek, East Hickory Creek or Big Hickory
Spring Creek, Cherry Run, Little Fishing Branch Sugar Creek, North Branch of Middle
Branch of Sugar Creek, West Branch Cusse- Creek, Lamentation Run, Bear Creek, Hunter
Creek, Pine Run or Sterling Run, South Run, Salmon Creek or Big Salmon Creek,
Fork of Beech Creek, Rapid Run, Lick Run, wago Creek, Mosey Run, Federal Run,
Gravel Run, Wolf Run, Muddy Creek, East West Branch Millstone Creek, Watson
Mountain Branch, Black Bear Run, Elk Branch, Tubbs Run, Blue Jay Creek; min-
Creek, Cold Stream, Little or Black Mosh- Branch Muddy Creek, Kelly Run, Stearns
Run, Patrick Run, Thompson Run, Little nows, Spring Creek, Blue Jay Creek.
annon Creek, Marsh Creek, Laurel Run or
Potters Stream, Pine Creek, Logan Branch, Sugar Creek, Brannon Run, Negus Run, East Franklin—trout, Falling Springs Creek;
White Deer Creek, Sinking Creek, Penns Branch Muddy Creek, Middle Branch Sugar minnows, Carbaugh Run, East Branch Little
Creek, Six Mile Run or Forge Run, Hosier Creek. Antietam, Conococheague Creek.
Dam, Spring Creek, Poe Creek, Bald Eagle Cumberland—trout, Big Springs Run, Old- Fulton—trout, Nine Mile Creek, Spring
Creek; minnows, Laurel Run, Synagogue town Run, Bird Run, Trindle Springs, Alex- Valley Run, South Fork Brush Creek, Oregon
Stream, Penns Creek, Sinking Creek, Six andria Springs Run, Mount Rock Run, Crock- Creek, Little Aughwick Creek, Wooden
Mile Run. leys Run, Green Springs, Hogestown Run, Bridge Creek.
Mountain Creek, Letort Springs Run, Big Huntingdon—trout, Licking Creek, Spruce
Chester—trout, Rock Run, Valley Creek,
Springs; minnows, Conodoguinet Creek, or Rock Springs Run, Nine Mile Run or
French Creek, Chester Creek, Pusey Run,
Yellow Breeches Creek. North Branch Little Aughwick Creek, Little
Black Horse Run, Doe Run, Lyndell Creek,
Two Log Run, Birch Run ; minnows, Chester Dauphin—trout, Stony Creek, Rattling Aughwick Creek, Saddler Creek, Shavers
Creek, Brandywine Creek, East Branch Oc- Creek, East Branch Rattling Creek, West Creek, Spruce Run or Springs Run, Laurel
toraro Creek, Buck Run. Branch Rattling Creek; minnows, Clarks Run; minnows, Spring Valley or Big Spring
Creek, East Branch Rattling Creek, West Run, Aughwick Creek.
Clarion—trout, Buck Run, Mahles Run,
Branch Rattling Creek. Greene—minnows, Enslow Fork of Dunk-
Deer Creek, Toms Run, Mill Creek or Big
Mill Creek, Step Creek, Little Piney Creek; Delaware—trout, Ridley Creek; minnows, ard Fork Creek, South Fork of Dunkard
minnows, Red Bank Creek, Deer Creek. Darby Creek. Fork Creek.
Clearfield — trout, Upper Three Runs, Elk—trout, Medix Run, Big Run, East Indiana—trout, Little Mahoning Creek,
Hackenbevry Run, Wliiskey Run, Deer Creek, Branch Spring Creek, Hicks Run, East Brush Creek, North Branch Little Mahoning
Sawmill Run, Sandy Creek, North AVilmer Branch Clarion River, Mohan Run, Island Creek, South Branch Twolick Creek, Little
or North Witmer Run, Montgomery Creek or Run, Maxwell Run, Wilson Run, Trout Run, Yellow Creek; minnows, Little Mahoning
Run, Moshannon Creek, Bennetts Branch Straight Creek, Kersey Run, Belmuth Run, Creek, Mudlick Run, Little Yellow Creek.
Sinnemahoning Creek, Mosquito Creek, Trout Laurel Run, East Branch Millstone Creek, Jefferson—trout, Little Mill Creek, Horam
Run, South Witmer or Wilmer Run, Bigler Bear Creek, Hunters Run, Mosquito Creek; Run, Rattlesnake Run, North Fork Red
Run or Hughey Run, Laurel Run, Lick Run, minnows, Kersey Run, Trout Run. Bank Creek, Clear Creek, Callen Run;
Little Clearfield Creek; minnows, Mosquito Erie—trout, Little Conneautee Creek, South minnows, Red Bank Creek, East Branch Ma-
Creek, Montgomery Creek, Laurel Run, Trout Branch French Creek, Beaver or Beaver honing Creek.
Run. Dam Run, Crooked Creek, Bear Creek, Trout Juniata—trout, Lost Creek, Big Run,
Clinton—trout, Trout Fork or Trout Run, Run ; minnows, South Branch French Creek. Licking Creek or East Licking Creek, Liberty
Cherry Creek, Backer or Baker Run, North Fayette—trout, Laurel Run, Back Creek, Valley Run; minnows, Licking Creek, Tusca-
Branch Tangaseootack Creek, Shingle Branch Buck Run, Rubles Run, South Fork Moun- rora Creek.
PENNSYLVANIA ANGLER 1!)
Lackauamw—trout, G a r d n e r Creek, Roar- Creek, Mud Run, Coffeetown Run, Little Sullivan—trout, Mill Creek, Elklick Run,
ing Brook, Lehigh R i v e r : minnows, Lehigh Bushkill Creek, Martins Creek, Hokendau- Big Muncy Creek, Double Run, Hoagland
River. Roaring Brook. qua Creek, Bushkill Creek, Monocacy Creek, Branch. Lopez, Creek, Loyalsock Creek, Glass
Lancaster—brook trout, Donegal Creek, Saucon Creek. Indian Creek or Birch Creek; Creek, Pole Bridge Run, Black Creek, Lick
Gladfelters Creek, Climbers Run or Stein- minnows, Bushkill Creek, D e l a w a r e River, Creek : minnows, Loyalsock Creek.
man Run. Big Chickies Creek, Charles Run, Saucon Creek, I n d i a n Creek, H o k e n d a u q u a Susquehanna—trout, H a r m o n y Creek.
Rock Run or Sawmill Run, Muddy Run, Seg- Creek. Tioga—trout. Cedar Run, Bailey Creek,
log Creek, Fishing Creek, S t e w a r t s R u n or Northumberland—minnows, Chillisquaque Mill Creek, Big Run, Long Run, Pine Creek.
Bone Mill Creek, I n d i a n R u n or T r o u t Run, Creek. Union—trout, Buffalo Creek, Rapid Run,
H a m m e r Creek, S w a r r Run or Governor or P e r r y — t r o u t , Horse Valley Run, Laurel North Branch Buffalo Creek, Beaver Run,
Snipe R u n ; minnows. Big Chickies Creek, Run, Houston R u n ; minnows, S h e r m a n s Spring Creek, Half Way R u n or P i n e S w a m p
Conowingo Dam. Safe H a r b o r Dam, Holt- Creek. Run, W h i t e Deer Creek, Laurel Run, Penns
wood or McCalls F e r r y Dam, Conestoga Philadelphia—trout, Wissahickon Creek. Creek, Weikert Run, B e a r Run, Corls Run,
Creek, Cocalico Creek, Middle Creek. Pike—trout, Big Bushkill Creek, Indian Slide Hollow R u n ; minnows, W h i t e Deer
Laicreitce — trout, Right Branch Little L a d d e r Creek, Little Bushkill Creek, Ray- Creek, Buffalo Creek.
Neshannock, Taylor Run, Deer Creek, J a m i - mondskill Creek, Shohola Creek, Sawkill Venango—trout, Richy, Cherry, P a n t h e r
son or Elliott Creek, Big Run, Little Nesh- Creek, Twin Lakes Creek, Middle Bushkill or P r a t h e r Run, South Fork Sandy Creek,
annock Creek, Hottenbaugh Creek; minnows, or Saw Creek, Shohola Creek, Kellam Creek, Hemlock Creek, West Pithole, Mud Branch
Big Run, Taylor Run, Little Neshannock Mill Rift Creek, Dwarf Kill Creek; minnows, of Sugar Creek, E a s t Sandy, Little Sandy,
Creek. Dingman's Creek, Middle Bushkill Creek. Lower Two Mile Run, Tarkill Creek, Mill
Lebanon—trout. Mill Back or Mill or New- Potter—trout, E a s t F o r k F i r s t Fork Sin- Creek, Horse Creek, E a s t Branch Sugar
mantown Creek, Snitz Creek, H a m m e r Creek, nemahoning Creek, Little Kettle Creek, F i r s t Creek, E a s t Branch Wolf Creek, Tipper Two
I n d i a n t o w n C r e e k ; minnows, Snitz Creek, Fork Sinnemahoning Creek, Genesee F o r k Mile Creek.
S w a t a r a Creek. of P i n e Creek, Cross F o r k s Creek, West Warren—trout, Coffee* Creek, Phelps or
Lehigh—trout, Little Lehigh River, South B r a n c h Pine Creek, Cowanesque River, Left Spencer Run, J a c k s o n or Ackley Run, P e r r y
Branch Saucon Creek, Cedar Creek, Big H a n d Branch or West B r a n c h Dingman's McGee Run, McGuire Run, Dunns Run,
T r o u t R u n ; minnows, J o r d a n Creek. Run, Dingman's Run, West Branch Genesee Mead Run, Matthews Run, Willow Creek,
Luzerne—trout, H a r v e y ' s Creek, Nesco- River, Nine Mile Run, West B r a n c h P o r t a g e F o u r Mile Creek, Upper Sheriff Creek,
peck Creek, Bowman's Creek, Wapwallopen ('reek, E a s t Branch P o r t a g e Creek, Cushing Lower Sheriff Creek, Tionesta Creek, West
Creek, Huntingdon Creek, Hunlocks Creek, Creek. Middle B r a n c h or Gold Branch Gene- Hickory Creek, E a s t B r a n c h Tionesta Creek,
Bear Creek, Pine Creek; Shades Creek, see River, West B r a n c h Fishing Creek, D r y Brown Run, Pine Creek, Ben George Creek,
Stoney Run ; minnows, P i n e Creek, Hunting- Run, Allegheny River, E a s t B r a n c h Fishing Rock Hollow Run or Arcade Run, Tidioute
don Creek, Philips Creek. Creek, Eleven Mile Creek, Luddington Creek, E a s t Hickory Creek, F o u r Mile Creek,
Lycoming—trout, McMurrin Run, Nippen- Branch, Fishing Creek, Pine Creek. Kettle Upper Sheriff Creek; minnows, Allegheny
oise or R a u n c h Creek, Black Hole Creek, Creek, Mill C r e e k ; minnows, K e t t l e Creek, River, Tidioute Creek, Phelps Creek or
Grays Run, Little B e a r Creek, F o u r t h Gap Mill Creek, Oswayo Creek, Cross Fork, Al- Spencer Creek, McGuire Run, Little Broken-
Creek, T r o u t Run, P l e a s a n t Stream, L a r r y s legheny River, P i n e Creek. s t r a w Creek, Conewango Creek.
Creek, Muncy Creek, Upper Pine Bottom Schuylkill—trout, Deep Creek. Flicker Wayne — trout, Lehigh River, Middle
Run, West Mill Creek, Hogland Run, English Creek, B e a r Creek, Black Creek, Spieee R u n Creek, Little Equinunk Creek, West Branch
Run, Blockhouse Run, Muncy Creek, Little or Spangler Run, L i t t l e Catawissa Creek, Lackawaxen River, Johnson Creek, Moss
Pine Creek, Lycoming Creek, Loyalsock Neifert Creek, Cold Run. E a s t Branch Little Hollow Run, Dyberry Creek, L a c k a w a x e n
Creek, Wallis R u n ; minnows, Loyalsock Schuylkill River, Locust Creek, Tumblin River, Wallenpaupack Creek, Big Branch
Creek. Run, Rouchs Creek, Mahoning Creek. Big Dyberry Creek, North B r a n c h Calkins Creek,
McKean—trout, Two Mile Run, Fuller Creek or Moss Glen Creek, F i s h i n g Creek, Big Branch Dyberry Creek, Shehawken
Brook, Sugar Creek, North B r a n c h Sugar West B r a n c h Fishing Creek, R a t t l i n g Run ; Creek, W a y m a r t Branch Lackawaxen R i v e r ;
Run, West B r a n c h Tuneneguent Creek, L a r g e minnows, Bear Creek, Big Creek or Moss minnows, West Branch L a c k a w a x e n Creek,
Kun, Marvin Creek, South F o r k Kinzua Glen Creek, Little Catawissa Creek. Dyberry Creek.
Creek, Seven Mile Run, Kinzua Creek, .Snyder—trout, North B r a n c h Mahantongo Westmoreland—trout, Powder Mill Run,
Chappel F o r k Creek, Bell Run, Comes Creek, Creek, Swift Run, B r i e k h a r t R u n or Mit- Camp Run, Loyalhanna Creek, Linn Run,
West Clarion Creek; minnows, Sugar Run, chell Run, T r o u t Run or Shawerville Run, Pike Run, South F o r k Mill Creek, F u r n a c e
West Branch Tuneneguent Creek, Two Mile Kuhn-Hooven Run, Aigler or Schrader Run, Run. Roaring Run, I n d i a n Creek, Middle
Run. Chappel Fork, Kinzua Creek. Krepp G a p R u n ; minnows, Middle Creek, Fork Mill Creek, Shannon Run, Jacobs Creek,
Mercer—trout, West B r a n c h Little Nesh- Peons Creek. Little Pucketa C r e e k ; minnows, I n d i a n
annock, Blocks Run, West Branch Wolf Somerset—treat, T u b Mill Run, Shafer or Creek, L o y a l h a n n a Creek.
Creek, Lackawannock Creek, Mill or P a r d o e Lohr Run, South Fork Bens Creek, Elklick Wyoming—trout, Meshoppen Creek, Me-
Creek, Mill Run, H a n n a Run, Johnson Run, Run, Big Piney or Piney Run, Sandy Run, hoopany Creek, West B r a n c h Meshoppen
Deer Creek, Mill Creek, Big Run, Probst B r e a s t w o r k s Run, Clear Shade Creek, Brush Creek, North Branch Mehoopany, Bowman's
Run. L'ttle Neshannock Creek, Wolf Creek, Creek, Koozer R u n or Hoozer Run, Negro Creek, Riley Creek; minnows, Meshoppen
Sandy Creek, Little Sandy Creek; minnows, Glade Run or MeLintock Run, Blue Hole Creek, North B r a n c h Susquehanna River.
Little Shenango River, Little Neshannock Run, Deeters R u n or Laurel Run, Wills York—trout, Orson Run, R e h m a y e r Hol-
Cree , Xeshannook Creek, Shenango River, Creek. Jones Mill Run, Laurel Hill C r e e k ; low R u n : minnows, North Branch Bermu-
Sandy Creek, Little Sandy Creek. minnows, Laurel Hill Creek. dian Creek, B e r m u d i a n Creek, South Branch
Mifflin—trout, Musser Run, Licking Creek. Codorus Creek.
Strodes Mill Run. Long Meadow or Weber
Run, Kishacopuillas Creek.
Monroe—trout, McMichaels Creek, E a s t
BOARD OF FISH COMMISSIONERS
Branch Tobyhanna Creek, Cherry Creek. HARRISBURG, PA.
Aquashicola Creek, Hotter Creek, Tobyhanna
Creek, Pocono Creek, Buckwa Creek. Big SUBSCRIPTION BLANK
Bushkill Creek, Buckhill Creek, Pohopoco
Creek, B r o d h e a d s Creek, Middle Branch
Enclosed find fiftv cents ($.50) for one vear's subscription to PENN-
Brodheads Creek, Sambo Creek, P a r a d i s e or
Analomink Creek, Lehigh R i v e r ; minnows, Name
Cherry Creek, B r o d h e a d s Creek, Aquashi-
cola Creek, Big Bushkill Creek, Pocono (Print Name)
Creek, Pohopoco Creek, McMichaels Creek.
Montgomery—trout, Mill C r e e k ; minnows,
Street and Number
Northampton—trout, Jacobus Creek, Waltz
20 PENNSYLVANIA ANGLER
HERE \ THERE
ner, cahill, and willow. Good early season day's fishing, Harry Mattern, Philipsburg,
catches on the Genesee Fork of Pine Creek 20 suckers in McCoy's dam, Chester Emil,
were made with minnows. Bellefonte, seven, and Forrest Young, Belle-
fonte, 11 suckers.
Bob Strause, Summit Station, caught 10
trout from Bear Creek on opening day, ac- From Warden W. E. Wounderly of Read-
cording to Warden Anthony Lech, Shenan- ing comes word that Berks county sucker
doah. The trout ranged in size from 7 to 10 fisherman also found their streams offering
inches. Other catches were Jake Chebinsky, an abundance of suckers. Ed Houck caught
18 trout, 8 to 15 inches, Still Creek dam; 25 in the Conestoga Creek, near Morgantown,
Joe Hama, Smiler Young, Joe Hardy, Harry and James Spatz, 21, at the mouth of Willow
Gibson and Mel Elliott, Shenandoah anglers, Creek. Special Warden John Rothermel re-
caught 20 trout apiece from Dill's Town ports that John Garret and his two sons of
beaver dam at Albrightsville. Wernersville caught 300 suckers during the
winter months while fishing in the Tulpe-
Great trout fishing has been reported by hocken near Blue Marsh.
Warden J. Albert Johnson, Bradford, in the
North Branch of Sugar Run. The following Eighty-four suckers in four days' fishing
anglers made splendid catches during the is the record set by Harry Dewey of Gaines,
first week, their trout ranging in size from Tioga County, writes Warden Horace Boyden
six to 17 inches; Clyde Johnson, Harry of Wellsboro. In three of the trips he caught
Johnson, and Morris Greenbury, Bradford, his limit of suckers.
and Victor Ericson, Corydon.
Word has been received of heavy catches
ED. BOSLER. PIKE COUNTY. W I T H of suckers in the North Branch of the Sus-
A 2 2 - I N C H BROWNIE The famous Big Spring, Cumberland Coun-
ty, had its quota of anglers on opening day, quehanna River. Warden M. E. Shoemaker
While April trout fishing was in the an- according to Warden George James, Carlisle. reports a typical catch from the river near
gling limelight last month, splendid catches Some of the anglers making outstanding Wyalusing. Gulio Toni and Pasquale Fonti,
of other fish, particularly suckers and yellow catches were C. McCallister and Jacob of Exeter, Adolph Pisaneschi, Joe Carpenter
perch were also reported. High water which Fahenstock, Springfield, Bill Hemminger, and Joe Biogotti of Wyoming had a total
greeted the anglers in their initial invasion Newville, Charles Hefflinger and Ben Davis, catch of 40 suckers and one catfish. Some
of the tromt streams receded somewhat, and Shippcasburg. A magnificent 14-inch brook of the suckers weighed four pounds apiece,
early season catches indicate that a banner trout was landed by Fred McCallister of while their average weight was two pounds.
season for the speckled kings is in the mak- Shippensburg.
ing. The largest trout reported to the Fish During March the bullhead catfish in Big
Commission was a four pound brownie, 22 Fifteen nice brown trout were taken on Chickies Creek, Lancaster County, were bit-
inches in length, taken on the Yellow opening day near Bookers Mills on Tionesta ing freely and some good catches were made.
Breeches creek in Cumberland county. It Creek by Harry Hetrick of Clarendon, ac- Charles Barclay, Columbia, caught five big
succumbed to the lure of a minnow presented cording to Warden R. C. Bailey of Youngs- fellows, and Huston Greider, Columbia, two
by McClay Gibson, veteran Carlisle angler. ville. Frank Aberg. Youngsville, made a nice large catfish and one sucker, according to
catch in Irvine Run. Warden Frank Sanda. Steelton.
Fifteen Inches of ice on Lake Wallenpau-
paclc on March 31st did not prevent George Hainuiersley Fork, one of the outstanding Wardens Dewey Grant and George Sper-
Long of Scranton from taking a banner trout streams in Potter County, lived up to ring both vouch for this one, so it must be
catch of yellow perch from that famous fish- pre-season predictions of great trout fishing right. They were fishing in Pine Creek sev-
ing ground. Long's catch numbered 24 perch, on the first day, according to Special War- eral years ago. Suddenly a 10-inch bass
ranging in size from 10 to 14 inches, accord- den George Cross of Renovo. The best zipped frantically over the water into the
ing to Warden John Schadt, Lake Ariel. catches were made by minnow fishermen, he shallows a short distance from Sperring.
writes. The 53 fishermen he interviewed had And following in its wake was the largest
The best trout fishing on the upper waters taken a total of 545 trout. Exceptional bass that Sperring says he ever saw. The
of Kettle Creek in the memory of old time catches were made by Leo Rhoney and Stan- monster bronzeback, every inch of two feet
fishermen who annually try this famous ley Cumming, Renovo, and Ed. Munn, War- in length, he says, plunged into the shallows
stream is reported this year by Horace Boy- ren. Fishing in Trout Run Richard Wylocker, in pursuit of the smaller bass, and finally,
den, warden at Wellsboro, Tioga County. L. Hammersley Fork and Leonard Mulligan, near shore, almost trapped itself. Plowever,
H. Wood, district game protector, who pa- Williamsport, also scored heavi.'y on opening it succeeded in turning- back again to deeper
trolled the stream on the first day of trout day. water.
season reported the following amazing catch.
Of 3C fishermen interviewed, 23 had taken Late March and early April sucker fishing Remember in fishing fast mountain
the individual limit of 20 trout. The 36 in the lower waters of Spring Creek yielded streams, that a stone overturned or moss
anglers who braved conditions on opening some fine catches of these fish, according to torn from a rock in passing sends just enough
day had a combined catch of 652 trout. Warden Dave Dahlgren of Philipsburg, cloudy water downstream to alarm timid
Centre County. Some of the outstanding mountain trout. For tins reason, when try-
Favorite flies on north tier waters, partic- catches were made during March. Dave ing small trout streams, don't wade in the
ularly in Tioga County, are the golden spin- Miles, Bellefonte, caught 25 suckers in a water more than necessary.
HIGHWAY DEPT. PHOTO
F I S H I N ' IN MAY
PAUL L . SWANSON
R . D. N O . 2 .
Sec. 562, P. L . & R .
U. S. POSTAGE
Permit No. 270
v VJU \i••. ///A,
' PEP&PZr fTbd-S \
Angling World's in Tune'
FlyFishing Time is Here