Chapter 7 Section 2 Notes The Business of Government Section Focus

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					Chapter 7 Section 2
Section Focus Question: How
did domestic and foreign policy
change direction under Harding
and Coolidge?
  The Harding Administration:
            p.218
 What three things could the Harding
 Administration meant when it
 campaigned for a “return to
 normalcy”?
 1.) a retreat from world affairs
 2.) Rejection of Progressive reform
 efforts
 3.) Returning to Laissez-faire
 economics
President Harding
         New Policies Favor Big
              Business:
   Andrew Mellon: a wealthy banker who was
    Harding’s Secretary of Treasury.
   Harding raised protective tariffs, which made it
    easier of U.S. producers to sell goods at home.
   In response, European nations also raised
    tariffs, making American goods harder to sell
    overseas.
   The tariff war weakened the world economy.
    Harding did not like laws designed to protect
    workers and reform business. Harding and
    Mellon worked to limit government regulation of
    business.
     New Policies Favor Big
          Business:
 Herbert   Hoover:
 – Secretary of Commerce for the Harding
   administration worked to get business
   to make voluntary advancements.
  The Ohio Gang Clashes In:
 Name    an example of the corruption
  from the “Ohio Gang”?
 Example- Charles Forbes (head of
  Veterans affairs) spent $70,000 on
  floor cleaner.
    The Teapot Dome Scandal
           Explodes:
Teapot Dome Scandal:
 scandal during the Harding
 administration in which the Secretary
 of the Interior (Albert Fall) leased
 government oil reserves to private oil
 men in return for bribes.
How did President Harding die?
Suffered from a heart attack
   Coolidge Prosperity: p.220

 Calivn  Coolidge: Harding’s vice
  president, who became president
  after his death
 How was Harding’s personality
  different than Coolidge’s?
 Known as silent Cal, quiet honest
  and frugal
     Silent Cal Supports Big
            Business:
 Coolidge believed that the creation of
  wealth benefited the nation as a
  whole.
 Coolidge saw a spectacular boom in
  the national economy.
   Troubles Brew Beneath the
            Surface:
 Name   three problems that were
  facing the nation at this time?
1.) Farmers struggled to keep their
  land as prices fell.
2.) Labor unions demanded higher
  wages and better working conditions.
3.) African Americans faced severe
  discrimination.
NOTE TAKING   Reading Skill: Compare and Contrast
  America’s Role in the World:
             p.221

 U.S.  foreign policy had been shaped
  by reaction to WWI.
 No previous war had been as deadly.

 Citizens of all nations agreed: It
  must never happen again.
    Seeking an End to the War:
 Washington Naval Disarmament
  Conference: In 1921 & 1922 diplomats
  met in Washington, D.C. to halt the naval
  arms race before it got out of control.
 Kellogg-Briand Pact: agreement which
  many nations agreed to outlaw war.
 The Kellogg-Briand Pact was ratified by 62
  nations. But, in reality, the pact was
  unenforceable.
     Collecting War Debts:
Dawes Plan:
 U.S. loaned money to Germany so
 that Germany could make their
 payments to Britain and France and
 then Britain and France could repay
 the United States.
 History   Snapshots

				
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