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Contents by leader6

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									                                         Contents
                                 The Middle Ages (To 1485)         1
Medieval English                                                   17
Old and Middle English Prosody                                     21
                                   OLD ENGLISH POETRY              24
CÆDMON’S HYMN                                                      24
THE DREAM OF THE ROOD                                              24
BEOWULF                                                            28
THE BATTLE OF MALDON                                               66
AN OLD ENGLISH RIDDLE                                              72
   The Bow                                                         73
GEOFFREY CHAUCER (ca. 1343–1400)                                   74
   THE CANTERBURY TALES                                            79
The General Prologue                                               81
The Wife of Bath’s Prologue                                       103
The Pardoner’s Prologue and Tale                                  124
   The Introduction                                               124
   The Prologue                                                   126
   The Tale                                                       129
   The Epilogue                                                   139
The Nun’s Priest’s Tale                                           140
The Miller’s Tale                                                 155
   The Introduction                                               155
   The Tale                                                       157
The Parson’s Tale                                                 172
   The Introduction                                               172
   [The Remedy Against Lechery]                                   174
   Chaucer’s Retraction                                           177
   LYRICS AND OCCASIONAL VERSE                                    178
To Rosamond                                                       178
To His Scribe Adam                                                179



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Complaint to His Purse                                            179
Merciless Beauty                                                  180
Gentilesse                                                        181
Truth                                                             182
SIR GAWAIN AND THE GREEN KNIGHT (ca. 1375–1400)                   183
PIERS PLOWMAN (B Text, ca. 1377)                                  239
   The Prologue                                                   241
   Passus I                                                       243
MIDDLE ENGLISH LYRICS                                             249
   Fowls in the Frith                                             250
   Alison                                                         250
   My Lief Is Faren in Londe                                      251
   Western Wind                                                   251
   I Have a Young Sister                                          252
   Spring Has Come with Love                                      252
   The Cuckoo Song                                                253
   Tell Me, Wight in the Broom                                    254
   The Henpecked Husband                                          254
   In Praise of Brunettes                                         255
   The Appreciative Drinker                                       255
   A Charm Against the Night Goblin                               256
   The Blacksmiths                                                256
   I Am of Ireland                                                257
   Sunset on Calvary                                              257
   I Sing of a Maiden                                             257
   Adam Lay Bound                                                 258
   The Corpus Christi Carol                                       258
   Earth Took of Earth                                            258
THE SECOND SHEPHERDS’ PLAY (ca. 1385)                             259
EVERYMAN (ca. 1485)                                               281
POPULAR BALLADS                                                   303



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   Lord Randall                                                   306
   Edward                                                         306
   Barbara Allan                                                  308
   The Wife of Usher’s Well                                       309
   The Three Ravens                                               310
   Bonny George Campbell                                          311
   Sir Patrick Spens                                              311
   The Bonny Earl of Murray                                       313
   Hind Horn                                                      313
   Thomas Rhymer                                                  315
   Robin Hood and the Three Squires                               317
   Judas                                                          320
   St. Steven and King Herod                                      321
SIR THOMAS MALORY (ca. 1405–1471)                                 322
   Morte Darthur                                                  324
      [The Death of Arthur]                                       324
                           The Sixteenth Century (1485–1603)      331
                               VIEWS OF MAN AND SOCIETY           349
SIR THOMAS MORE (1478–1535)                                       350
   Utopia                                                         352
      Book I                                                      352
      Book II: 1. Their Country and Agriculture                   357
      Book II: 7. Their Gold and Silver, and How They Keep It     359
      Book II: 12. Their Marriage Customs                         361
      Book II: 16. The Religion of the Utopians                   362
SIR THOMAS HOBY (1530–1566)                                       369
   The Courtier                                                   370
      Book I: [Grace]                                             370
      Book IV: [Love]                                             372
RICHARD HOOKER (1554–1600)                                        384
   The Laws of Ecclesiastical Polity                              385



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      The Preface: [On Moderation in Controversy]                 385
      Book I, Chapter 3: [The Law of Nature]                      389
      Book I, Chapter 8: [On Common Sense]                        390
      Book I, Chapter 9: [Nature, Righteousness, and Sin]         391
      Book I, Chapter 10: [The Foundations of Society]            392
      Book I, Chapter 12: [The Need for Law]                      394
SIR JOHN DAVIES (1569–1626)                                       394
   Orchestra                                                      395
SIR THOMAS WYATT THE ELDER (1503–1542)                            404
   The Long Love That in My Thought Doth Harbor                   405
   Farewell, Love                                                 406
   I Find No Peace                                                406
   My Galley Charged with Forgetfulness                           407
   Like to These Unmeasurable Mountains                           407
   My Lute, Awake!                                                408
   They Flee from Me                                              409
   Tangled I Was in Love’s Snare                                  409
   Mine Own John Poins                                            410
HENRY HOWARD, EARL OF SURREY (1517–1547)                          413
   Love, That Doth Reign and Live Within My Thought               414
   The Soote Season                                               414
   Alas! So All Things Now Do Hold Their Peace                    415
   Set Me Whereas the Sun Doth Parch the Green                    415
   My Friend, the Things That Do Attain                           416
   The Fourth Book of Virgil                                      416
      [The Hunt]                                                  416
SIR PHILIP SIDNEY (1554–1586)                                     418
   Astrophel and Stella                                           420
      1 (“Loving in truth, and fain in verse my love to show”)    420
      5 (“It is most true that eyes are formed to serve”)         420
      6 (“Some lovers speak, when they their Muses entertain”)    421



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      31 (“With how sad steps, Oh Moon, thou climb’st the skies!”)   421
      39 (“Come sleep! Oh sleep, the certain knot of peace”)         422
      41 (“Having this day my horse, my hand, my lance”)             422
      74 (“I never drank of Aganippe well”)                          422
   Thou Blind Man’s Mark                                             423
   Leave Me, O Love                                                  423
   Ye Goatherd Gods                                                  424
   An Apology for Poetry                                             426
EDMUND SPENSER (1552–1599)                                           442
   The Shepheardes Calender                                          444
   October                                                           444
The Faerie Queene                                                    449
   A Letter of the Authors                                           450
   Book I, Canto I                                                   454
   Book I, Canto II                                                  466
   Book I, Canto XI                                                  475
   Book I, Canto XII                                                 487
   Book II, Canto XII [The Bower of Bliss]                           496
   Book III, Canto VI [The Garden of Adonis]                         506
   Book VII, Canto VI                                                510
   Book VII, Canto VII                                               512
   Book VII, Canto VIII                                              525
Amoretti                                                             525
   Sonnet 1 (“Happy ye leaves when as those lilly hands”)            525
   Sonnet 37 (“What guyle is this, that those her golden tresses”)   526
   Sonnet 68 (“Most glorious Lord of lyfe, that on this day”)        526
   Sonnet 70 (“Fresh spring the herald of loves mighty king”)        526
   Sonnet 75 (“One day I wrote her name upon the strand”)            527
   Sonnet 79 (“Men call you fayre, and you doe credit it”)           527
Epithalamion                                                         527
An Hymne in Honour of Beautie                                        537



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                               SIXTEENTH-CENTURY LYRICS           542
JOHN SKELTON (ca. 1460–1529)                                      544
   Mannerly Margery Milk and Ale                                  544
RICHARD EDWARDS (ca. 1523–1566)                                   545
   Amantium Irae Amoris Redintegratio Est                         545
GEORGE GASCOIGNE (1539–1578)                                      546
   Gascoigne’s Lullaby                                            546
SIR EDWARD DYER (1543–1607)                                       548
   My Mind to Me a Kingdom Is                                     548
SIR WALTER RALEGH (1552–1618)                                     549
   The Nymph’s Reply to the Shepherd                              550
   The Lie                                                        550
   Farewell, False Love                                           552
JOHN LYLY (1554–1606)                                             553
   Cupid and My Campaspe                                          553
GEORGE PEELE (1556–1596)                                          554
   Fair and Fair                                                  554
CHIDIOCK TICHBORNE (ca. 1558–1586)                                555
   Tichborne’s Elegy                                              555
ROBERT SOUTHWELL (1561–1595)                                      556
   The Burning Babe                                               556
SAMUEL DANIEL (1562–1619)                                         557
   Delia                                                          557
      33 (“When men shall find thy flower, thy glory pass”)       557
      45 (“Care-charmer Sleep, son of the sable Night”)           557
      46 (“Let others sing of knights and paladins”)              558
   Ulysses and the Siren                                          558
MICHAEL DRAYTON (1563–1631)                                       560
   Since There’s No Help                                          560
THOMAS NASHE (1567–1601)                                          560
   Spring, the Sweet Spring                                       561



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   A Litany in Time of Plague                                     561
THOMAS CAMPION (1567–1620)                                        562
   My Sweetest Lesbia                                             563
   When to Her Lute Corinna Sings                                 563
   When Thou Must Home to Shades of Underground                   564
   Rose-cheeked Laura                                             564
   What If a Day                                                  565
   Never Love Unless You Can                                      565
   There Is a Garden in Her Face                                  566
ANONYMOUS LYRICS                                                  566
   Back and Side Go Bare, Go Bare                                 566
   Though Amaryllis Dance in Green                                568
   Come Away, Come, Sweet Love!                                   568
   Thule, the Period of Cosmography                               569
   Madrigal (“My Love in her attire doth show her wit”)           570
   Weep You No More, Sad Fountains                                570
   The Silver Swan                                                570
CHRISTOPHER MARLOWE (1564–1593)                                   572
   Hero and Leander                                               573
      The First Sestiad                                           573
   The Passionate Shepherd to His Love                            578
   The Tragical History of the Life and Death of Dr. Faustus      578
WILLIAM SHAKESPEARE (1564–1616)                                   629
      SONGS FROM THE PLAYS                                        631
   When Daisies Pied                                              631
   The Woosel Cock So Black of Hue                                632
   Tell Me Where Is Fancy Bred                                    632
   Sigh No More, Ladies                                           633
   Under the Greenwood Tree                                       633
   Blow, Blow, Thou Winter Wind                                   634
   It Was a Lover and His Lass                                    634



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   Oh Mistress Mine                                                635
   Take, Oh, Take Those Lips Away                                  635
   Hark, Hark! the Lark                                            635
   Fear No More the Heat o’ the Sun                                636
   When Daffodils Begin to Peer                                    636
   Full Fathom Five                                                637
   Where the Bee Sucks, There Suck I                               637
      SONNETS                                                      638
   18 (“Shall I compare thee to a summer’s day?”)                  638
   29 (“When, in disgrace with fortune and men’s eyes”)            638
   30 (“When to the sessions of sweet silent thought”)             639
   55 (“Not marble, nor the gilded monuments”)                     639
   56 (“Sweet love, renew thy force; be it not said”)              640
   60 (“Like as the waves make towards the pebbled shore”)         640
   71 (“No longer mourn for me when I am dead”)                    641
   73 (“That time of year thou mayst in me behold”)                641
   97 (“How like a winter hath my absence been”)                   641
   98 (“From you have I been absent in the spring”)                642
   106 (“When in the chronicle of wasted time”)                    642
   107 (“Not mine own fears, nor the prophetic soul”)              643
   116 (“Let me not to the marriage of true minds”)                643
   118 (“Like as, to make our appetites more keen”)                644
   129 (“Th’ expense of spirit in a waste of shame”)               644
   130 (“My mistress’ eyes are nothing like the sun”)              645
   138 (“When my love swears that she is made of truth”)           645
   144 (“Two loves I have of comfort and despair”)                 646
   146 (“Poor soul, the center of my sinful earth”)                646
   The Phoenix and the Turtle                                      647
   The First Part of King Henry the Fourth                         649
                          TOPICS IN SIXTEENTH-CENTURY LITERATURE   720
ORDER AND DEGREE                                                   720



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   The Book of Homilies                                                           721
      An Exhortation Concerning Good Order and Obedience to Rulers and Magistrates 721
   William Shakespeare: [Ulysses’ Speech on Degree]                               723
THE DEVELOPMENT OF PROSE STYLE                                                    724
   Sir John Cheke: [Our Own Tongue Clean and Pure]                                727
   The Bible: Translations of the Twenty-third Psalm                              728
      The Great Bible                                                             728
      A Latin-English Psalter                                                     728
      Thomas Sternhold and John Hopkins’ Psalm-Book                               729
      The Geneva Bible                                                            729
      The Bishops’ Bible                                                          729
      The Douai Bible                                                             730
      The Authorized or King James Bible                                          730
   John Lyly: Euphues: The Anatomy of Wit                                         730
   Sir Philip Sidney: Arcadia                                                     732
   Philip Stubbes: The Anatomy of Abuses                                          732
   William Bullein: A Dialogue Against the Pestilence                             733
                           The Seventeenth Century (1603–1660)                    737
JOHN DONNE (1572–1631)                                                            755
   The Good-Morrow                                                                759
   Song (“Go and catch a falling star”)                                           759
   The Undertaking                                                                760
   The Indifferent                                                                761
   The Canonization                                                               762
   Twicknam Garden                                                                763
   The Apparition                                                                 764
   Love’s Alchemy                                                                 764
   The Flea                                                                       765
   The Bait                                                                       766
   A Valediction: Forbidding Mourning                                             767
   The Ecstasy                                                                    768



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   Lovers’ Infiniteness                                               770
   The Sun Rising                                                     771
   Air and Angels                                                     772
   Break of Day                                                       772
   A Valediction: Of Weeping                                          773
   The Funeral                                                        774
   The Relic                                                          774
   To the Countess of Bedford                                         775
   Elegy IV. The Perfume                                              777
   Satire III, Religion                                               779
   Good Friday, 1613. Riding Westward                                 782
   Holy Sonnets                                                       783
      1 (“Thou hast made me, and shall Thy work decay?”)              783
      5 (“I am a little world made cunningly”)                        784
      7 (“At the round earth’s imagined corners, blow”)               784
      10 (“Death, be not proud, though some have calléd thee”)        785
      14 (“Batter my heart, three-personed God; for You”)             785
      18 (“Show me, dear Christ, Thy spouse so bright and clear”)     786
   A Hymn to Christ, at the Author’s Last Going into Germany          786
   Hymn to God My God, in My Sickness                                 787
   A Hymn to God the Father                                           788
   Paradoxes and Problems                                             789
      Paradox VI. That It Is Possible to Find Some Virtue in Women    789
      Problem II. Why Puritans Make Long Sermons?                     790
      Problem VI. Why Hath the Common Opinion Afforded Women Souls?   790
   Devotions upon Emergent Occasions                                  791
      Meditation XI                                                   791
      Meditation XIV                                                  793
      Meditation XVII                                                 794
   Sermon LXXVI                                                       796
      [On Falling out of God’s Hand]                                  796



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BEN JONSON (1572–1637)                                            797
   To Penshurst                                                   799
   To the Memory of My Beloved Master William Shakespeare         802
   To William Camden                                              804
   On My First Daughter                                           804
   On My First Son                                                805
   To John Donne                                                  805
   It Was a Beauty That I Saw                                     805
   Epitaph on Elizabeth, L. H.                                    806
   An Elegy                                                       806
   Slow, Slow, Fresh Fount                                        807
   Queen and Huntress                                             808
   Gypsy Songs                                                    808
   Though I Am Young and Cannot Tell                              809
   Song: To Celia                                                 809
   Come, My Celia                                                 810
   The Triumph of Charis                                          810
   Still to Be Neat                                               811
   Ode to Himself                                                 812
   The Vision of Delight                                          813
ROBERT HERRICK (1591–1674)                                        819
   The Argument of his Book                                       821
   Discontents in Devon                                           821
   Delight in Disorder                                            822
   Upon Julia’s Clothes                                           822
   To the Virgins, to Make Much of Time                           822
   Upon a Child That Died                                         823
   Another Grace for a Child                                      823
   Corinna’s Going A-Maying                                       823
   Oberon’s Feast                                                 825
   His Return to London                                           827



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   To the Water Nymphs Drinking at the Fountain                   827
   His Prayer to Ben Jonson                                       828
   An Ode for Him                                                 828
   Upon Prue, His Maid                                            829
   Upon His Spaniel Tracy                                         829
   The Pillar of Fame                                             829
GEORGE HERBERT (1593–1633)                                        830
   Easter Wings                                                   831
   Virtue                                                         831
   Jordan (I)                                                     832
   Jordan (II)                                                    833
   Denial                                                         833
   The Altar                                                      834
   The Flower                                                     835
   The Collar                                                     836
   The Pulley                                                     837
   Discipline                                                     837
   Prayer (I)                                                     838
   Anagram                                                        839
   Temptation                                                     839
   Sin’s Round                                                    840
   Aaron                                                          841
   Love (III)                                                     841
RICHARD CRASHAW (ca. 1613–1649)                                   842
   In the Holy Nativity of Our Lord God                           843
   The Flaming Heart                                              846
   On Our Crucified Lord, Naked and Bloody                        847
   To the Infant Martyrs                                          847
   I Am the Door                                                  847
   Luke 11                                                        848
   Upon the Infant Martyrs                                        848



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   Luke 7                                                         848
   On the Wounds of Our Crucified Lord                            848
HENRY VAUGHAN (1621–1695)                                         849
   The Retreat                                                    850
   Cock-Crowing                                                   851
   Regeneration                                                   852
   The Book                                                       854
   Peace                                                          855
   Corruption                                                     855
   The World                                                      856
   They Are All Gone into the World of Light!                     858
   Man                                                            859
ANDREW MARVELL (1621–1678)                                        860
   The Garden                                                     861
   The Mower, Against Gardens                                     863
   The Mower’s Song                                               864
   Bermudas                                                       865
   A Dialogue Between the Soul and Body                           866
   Mourning                                                       867
   To His Coy Mistress                                            868
   The Definition of Love                                         869
JOHN MILTON (1608–1674)                                           870
   L’Allegro                                                      872
   Il Penseroso                                                   876
   At a Solemn Music                                              881
   Comus                                                          882
      Sweet Echo                                                  882
      Sabrina Fair                                                882
      By the Rushy-fringed Bank                                   882
   Lycidas                                                        883
   How Soon Hath Time                                             889



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   On the New Forcers of Conscience Under the Long Parliament       890
   On the Late Massacre in Piedmont                                 891
   When I Consider How My Light Is Spent                            891
   Methought I Saw My Late Espoused Saint                           892
   Final Chorus from Samson Agonistes                               892
   Of Education                                                     893
   Areopagitica                                                     901
   Paradise Lost                                                    911
      Book I                                                        913
      Book II                                                       934
      Book III [The Consult in Heaven]                              959
      Book IV [Satan’s Entry into Paradise]                         969
      Book VII [The Invocation]                                     977
      Book IX [The Fall]                                            979
      Book X [Consequences of the Fall]                             997
      Book XII [The Departure from Eden]                           1004
                            SEVENTEENTH-CENTURY LYRICS             1010
SIR HENRY WOTTON (1568–1639)                                       1011
   On His Mistress, the Queen of Bohemia                           1011
EDWARD, LORD HERBERT OF CHERBURY (1583–1648)                       1012
   Sonnet of Black Beauty                                          1012
RICHARD CORBET (1582–1635)                                         1013
   A Proper New Ballad                                             1013
WILLIAM BROWNE (1591–1643)                                         1015
   On the Countess Dowager of Pembroke                             1015
HENRY KING (1592–1669)                                             1016
   The Exequy                                                      1016
ABRAHAM COWLEY (1618–1667)                                         1019
   The Wish                                                        1020
THOMAS CAREW (ca. 1594–1640)                                       1021
   An Elegy upon the Death of the Dean of Paul’s, Dr. John Donne   1021



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   Disdain Returned                                               1023
   A Song (“Ask me no more where Jove bestows”)                   1024
   Song (“Give me more love, or more disdain”)                    1025
EDMUND WALLER (1606–1687)                                         1025
   Song (“Go, lovely rose!”)                                      1025
   On a Girdle                                                    1026
   Of the Last Verses in the Book                                 1026
SIR JOHN SUCKLING (1609–1642)                                     1027
   Song (“Why so pale and wan, fond lover?”)                      1027
   A Ballad upon a Wedding                                        1028
   A Song to a Lute                                               1031
   Out upon It!                                                   1031
RICHARD LOVELACE (1618–1657)                                      1032
   To Althea, from Prison                                         1032
   To Lucasta, Going to the Wars                                  1033
JAMES SHIRLEY (1596–1666)                                         1033
   Dirge (“The glories of our blood and state”)                   1034
SIR CHARLES SEDLEY (1639–1701)                                    1034
   Song (“Love still has something of the sea”)                   1035
CHARLES SACKVILLE, EARL OF DORSET (1643–1706)                     1035
   Song (“Methinks the poor town has been troubled too long”)     1036
FRANCIS BACON (1561–1626)                                         1037
      ESSAYS                                                      1038
   Of Truth                                                       1038
   Of Marriage and Single Life                                    1040
   Of Great Place                                                 1042
   Of Studies                                                     1044
   Novum Organum                                                  1045
      [The Idols]                                                 1045
   The New Atlantis                                               1052
      [Solomon’s House]                                           1052



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                               PROSE ORNATE AND UNADORNED                     1061
SIR THOMAS BROWNE (1605–1682)                                                 1061
   Hydriotaphia, Urn-Burial                                                   1062
      Chapter V                                                               1062
JEREMY TAYLOR (1613–1667)                                                     1069
   [Gems of Pulpit Rhetoric]                                                  1069
      [The Flames of Human Desire]                                            1069
      [The Flight of the Lark]                                                1070
      [Aspirations of a Worm]                                                 1070
      [A Fair Structure Half-Completed]                                       1071
      [The Fluctuating Compass of Conscience]                                 1071
      [The Strong River of Devotion]                                          1072
      [Moses and the Glowing Coal]                                            1072
ROBERT BURTON (1577–1640)                                                     1073
   The Anatomy of Melancholy                                                  1074
      Democritus Junior to the Reader                                         1074
THOMAS HOBBES (1588–1679)                                                     1079
   Leviathan                                                                  1081
      Part I, Chapter 5. Of Reason and Science                                1081
      Part I, Chapter 13. Of the Natural Condition of Mankind as Concerning
      Their Felicity and Misery                                               1085
                    CHARACTER-WRITERS, HISTORIANS, BIOGRAPHERS                1089
JOSEPH HALL (1574–1656)                                                       1091
   The Malcontent                                                             1091
SIR THOMAS OVERBURY (1581–1613)                                               1093
   A Puritan                                                                  1093
   What a Character Is                                                        1094
JOHN EARLE (ca. 1601–1665)                                                    1095
   A Pretender to Learning                                                    1095
ANTHONY ASHLEY COOPER, FIRST EARL OF SHAFTESBURY (1621–1683)                  1096
   [A Character of Henry Hastings]                                            1097



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EDWARD HYDE, EARL OF CLARENDON (1609–1674)                                       1099
   The History of the Rebellion                                                  1099
      [The Character of John Hampden]                                            1099
      [The Character of Oliver Cromwell]                                         1101
IZAAK WALTON (1593–1683)                                                         1103
   The Life of Dr. John Donne                                                    1103
      [Donne Takes Holy Orders]                                                  1103
      [Donne on His Deathbed]                                                    1107
                        TOPICS IN SEVENTEENTH-CENTURY LITERATURE                 1112
THE VARIETIES OF WIT                                                             1112
   M. Francis Beaumonts Letter to Ben Jonson                                     1113
   Sir William Davenant: The Author’s Preface to His Much Honored Friend
   Mr. Hobbes                                                                    1113
   Thomas Hobbes: The Answer to Sir Will. D’Avenant’s Preface Before Gondibert   1114
   Abraham Cowley: Ode of Wit                                                    1115
   John Dryden: [Wit a Nimble Spaniel]                                           1117
   John Dryden: An Essay on the Dramatic Poetry of the Last Age                  1118
   Sir Richard Blackmore: An Essay upon Wit                                      1119
THE UNICORN: END OF A LEGEND                                                     1120
                The Restoration and the Eighteenth Century (1660–1798)           1126
                              MODES OF RESTORATION SATIRE                        1154
SAMUEL BUTLER (1612–1680)                                                        1154
   Hudibras                                                                      1155
      Part I, Canto I                                                            1155
JOHN WILMOT, EARL OF ROCHESTER (1647–1680)                                       1161
   A Satire Against Mankind                                                      1162
JOHN BUNYAN (1628–1688)                                                          1167
   The Pilgrim’s Progress                                                        1168
      [Christian Sets out for the Celestial City]                                1168
      [The Slough of Despond]                                                    1172
      [Vanity Fair]                                                              1173



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      [The River of Death and the Celestial City]                           1175
JOHN DRYDEN (1631–1700)                                                     1179
   Prologue to The Tempest                                                  1182
   Epilogue to Tyrannic Love                                                1183
   Epilogue to The Conquest of Granada, II                                  1184
   Song from The Indian Emperor                                             1185
   Song from An Evening’s Love                                              1186
   Song from Marriage à la Mode                                             1186
   Absalom and Achitophel: A Poem                                           1187
   Mac Flecknoe                                                             1205
   To the Memory of Mr. Oldham                                              1211
   To the Pious Memory of the Accomplished Young Lady Mrs. Anne Killigrew   1212
   A Song for St. Cecilia’s Day                                             1218
   Epigram on Milton                                                        1221
   Alexander’s Feast                                                        1221
   The Secular Masque                                                       1226
   An Essay of Dramatic Poesy                                               1230
   The Author’s Apology for Heroic Poetry and Heroic License                1235
   A Discourse Concerning the Original and Progress of Satire               1237
   The Preface to Fables Ancient and Modern                                 1238
WILLIAM CONGREVE (1670–1729)                                                1239
   The Way of the World                                                     1241
DANIEL DEFOE (ca. 1660–1731)                                                1307
   The History and Remarkable Life of the Truly Honorable Col. Jacque       1309
JONATHAN SWIFT (1667–1745)                                                  1326
   A Description of a City Shower                                           1330
   Mary the Cook-Maid’s Letter to Dr. Sheridan                              1331
   The Progress of Poetry                                                   1333
   A Satirical Elegy on the Death of a Late Famous General                  1334
   Stella’s Birthday (1727)                                                 1335
   The Day of Judgment                                                      1337



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   Gulliver’s Travels                                                           1338
      Part II. A Voyage to Brobdingnag                                          1338
   A Modest Proposal                                                            1389
JOSEPH ADDISON (1672–1719) and SIR RICHARD STEELE (1672–1729)                   1397
      THE PERIODICAL ESSAY: MANNERS                                             1400
   Steele: [The Gentleman; The Pretty Fellow] (Tatler 21)                       1400
   Steele: [Dueling] (Tatler 25)                                                1401
   Steele: [The Spectator’s Club] (Spectator 2)                                 1403
   Addison: [Party Patches] (Spectator 81)                                      1408
   Addison: [Sir Roger at Church] (Spectator 112)                               1411
   Addison: [Sir Roger at the Assizes] (Spectator 122)                          1413
      THE PERIODICAL ESSAY: IDEAS                                               1416
   Addison: [The Aims of the Spectator] (Spectator 10)                          1416
   Addison: [Paradise Lost: General Critical Remarks] (Spectator 267)           1419
   Addison: [On the Scale of Being] (Spectator 519)                             1423
ALEXANDER POPE (1688–1744)                                                      1426
   An Essay on Criticism                                                        1432
      Part I                                                                    1432
      Part II                                                                   1437
   The Rape of the Lock                                                         1445
   Ode on Solitude                                                              1463
   Epistle to Miss Blount                                                       1464
   Elegy to the Memory of an Unfortunate Lady                                   1465
   Epistle to Robert, Earl of Oxford and Mortimer                               1467
   An Essay on Man                                                              1468
      Epistle I. Of the Nature and State of Man, with Respect to the Universe   1469
      Epistle II. Of the Nature and State of Man with Respect to Himself, as
      an Individual                                                             1476
   The Universal Prayer                                                         1476
   The First Satire of the Second Book of Horace Imitated                       1478
   Epistle II. To a Lady                                                        1482



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   Epistle to Dr. Arbuthnot                                       1490
                         TYPES OF EIGHTEENTH-CENTURY POETRY       1501
MATTHEW PRIOR (1664–1721)                                         1501
   To a Child of Quality Five Years Old                           1502
   Written in the Beginning of Mézeray’s History of France        1503
   A Better Answer                                                1503
JAMES THOMSON (1700–1748)                                         1504
   The Seasons                                                    1505
      Summer: [Dawn]                                              1505
      Summer: [Swimming]                                          1506
      Summer: [Evening]                                           1506
      Winter: [A Snowstorm]                                       1507
THOMAS GRAY (1716–1771)                                           1508
   Ode on a Distant Prospect of Eton College                      1510
   Hymn to Adversity                                              1512
   On Lord Holland’s Seat Near M——e, Kent                         1513
   Elegy Written in a Country Churchyard                          1514
WILLIAM COLLINS (1721–1759)                                       1517
   Ode Written in the Beginning of the Year 1746                  1518
   Ode to Fear                                                    1519
   Ode to Evening                                                 1521
WILLIAM COWPER (1731–1800)                                        1522
   The Task                                                       1523
      Book I: [A Landscape Described. Rural Sounds]               1523
      Book I: [Crazy Kate. Gypsies]                               1525
      Book III: [The Stricken Deer]                               1526
      Book IV: [The Winter Evening]                               1526
   Lines Written on a Window Shutter at Weston                    1528
   The Castaway                                                   1529
GEORGE CRABBE (1754–1832)                                         1530
   The Village                                                    1531



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   Book I                                                                          1531
JAMES BOSWELL (1740–1795)                                                          1539
   Boswell on the Grand Tour                                                       1542
      [Boswell Interviews Voltaire]                                                1542
   The Life of Samuel Johnson, LL.D.                                               1544
      [Plan of the Life]                                                           1544
      [Johnson’s Early Years. Marriage and London] [1709–52]                       1546
      [The Letter to Chesterfield] [1754–62]                                       1552
      [A Memorable Year: Boswell Meets Johnson] [1763]                             1556
      [Goldsmith. Sundry Opinions. Johnson Meets His King] [1763–67]               1559
      [Fear of Death] [1769]                                                       1564
      [Ossian. “Talking for Victory”] [1775–76]                                    1565
      [Dinner with Wilkes] [1776]                                                  1567
      [Dread of Solitude] [1777]                                                   1573
      [“A Bottom of Good Sense.” Bet Flint. “Clear Your Mind of Cant”] [1781–83]   1574
      [Johnson Prepares for Death] [1783–84]                                       1575
      [Johnson Faces Death] [1784]                                                 1577
SAMUEL JOHNSON (1709–1784)                                                         1580
   The Vanity of Human Wishes                                                      1584
   To Miss ——                                                                      1592
   Prologue Spoken by Mr. Garrick                                                  1593
   On the Death of Dr. Robert Levet                                                1595
   A Short Song of Congratulation                                                  1596
   The History of Rasselas, Prince of Abyssinia                                    1597
   Rambler No. 4 [On Fiction]                                                      1623
   The Preface to Shakespeare                                                      1627
      LIVES OF THE POETS                                                           1637
   Cowley                                                                          1637
   Milton                                                                          1639
   Pope                                                                            1641
OLIVER GOLDSMITH (ca. 1730–1774)                                                   1645



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   Letters from a Citizen of the World                                             1646
      Letter XXVI. The Character of the Man in Black; with Some Instances of His
      Inconsistent Conduct                                                         1646
      Letter LXXI. The Shabby Beau, the Man in Black, the Chinese Philosopher,
      etc., at Vauxhall                                                            1649
   The Deserted Village                                                            1652
RICHARD BRINSLEY SHERIDAN (1751–1816)                                              1661
   The School for Scandal                                                          1664
             TOPIC IN RESTORATION AND EIGHTEENTH-CENTURY LITERATURE                1728
“A GRACE BEYOND THE REACH OF ART”                                                  1728
   Longinus: [Genius and the Rules]                                                1729
   Quintilian: [When to Break the Rules]                                           1729
   René Rapin: [Grace Beyond the Rules]                                            1730
   John Dryden: [Genius Is Above Correctness]                                      1731
   Sir William Temple: [The Inadequacy of the Rules]                               1732
   John Hughes: [“Curiosa Felicitas”]                                              1732
   Roger de Piles: [Grace Gains the Heart]                                         1733
   Joseph Addison: [The Beauties of Great Geniuses Independent of Rules]           1733
   Leonard Welsted: [No Precepts Can Teach Grace]                                  1734
SELECTED BIBLIOGRAPHIES                                                            1735
A NOTE ON LITERARY FORMS AND USAGE                                                 1750
INDEX                                                                              1760




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