shortcut keys (DOC) by ehackworld


Keyboard Assistance and Shortcuts

Keyboard Shortcuts for Windows Server 2003

               To                               Press

 Open Utility Manager.              Windows Key+U

 Select and cycle through           Windows Key+TAB
 the taskbar buttons.

 Restore minimized windows. Windows Key+Shift+M

 Open the Run dialog box.           Windows Key+R

 Minimize all windows.              Windows Key+M

 Lock your computer if you          Windows Key+L
 are connected to a network
 domain, or switch users if
 you are not connected to a
 network domain.

 Display Windows Help.              Windows Key+F1

 Search for a file or folder.       Windows Key+F

 Open My Computer.                  Windows Key+E

 Show the desktop.                  Windows Key+D

 Search for computers.              Windows Key+CTRL+F

 Display the System                 Windows Key+BREAK
 Properties dialog box.

 Display or hide the Start          Windows Key

 Carry out the corresponding        ALT+Underlined letter
 command or select the
 corresponding option.
Move forward through            TAB
options in a dialog box.

Select or clear the check       SPACEBAR
box if the active option is a
check box in a dialog box.

Move backward through           SHIFT+TAB
options in a dialog box.

Select items below an           SHIFT+PAGE DOWN
already selected item.

Select items above an           SHIFT+PAGE UP
already selected item.

Select the first item in an     SHIFT+HOME
extended list.

Paste copied items from the     SHIFT+INSERT

Display the shortcut menu       SHIFT+F10
for the selected item.

Select the last item in an      SHIFT+END
extended list.

Delete selected item            SHIFT+DELETE
permanently without placing
the item in the Recycle Bin.

Select more than one item       SHIFT with any of the arrow
in a window or on the           keys
desktop, or select text
within a document.

Prevent the CD from             SHIFT when you insert a CD
automatically playing.          into the CD-ROM drive
Switch StickyKeys on and        SHIFT five times

Switch FilterKeys on and        Right SHIFT for eight seconds

Open the next menu to the       RIGHT ARROW
right, or open a submenu.

Copy an image of the            PRINT SCREEN
screen to the Clipboard.

Expand everything under         PLUS SIGN (on the numeric
the current selection back      keypad)
to a previously opened state
in Windows Explorer.

Go to the top item on the       PAGE UP

Go to the bottom item on        PAGE DOWN
the screen.

Display the contents of the     NUM LOCK+PLUS SIGN on
selected folder.                numeric keypad (+)

Collapse the selected folder.   NUM LOCK+MINUS SIGN on
                                numeric keypad (-)

Display all subfolders under    NUM LOCK+ASTERISK on
the selected folder.            numeric keypad (*)

Switch ToggleKeys on and        NUM LOCK for five seconds

Close everything under the      MINUS SIGN (on the numeric
current selection in            keypad)
Windows Explorer.

Display the shortcut menu       Menu key
for the selected item.

Open the next menu to the       LEFT ARROW
left, or close a submenu.

Switch High Contrast on         Left ALT +left SHIFT +PRINT
and off.                        SCREEN

Switch MouseKeys on and         Left ALT +left SHIFT +NUM
off.                            LOCK

Display the top of the active   HOME

Cycle through screen            F6
elements in a window or on
the desktop.

Refresh the active window.      F5

Display the items in the        F4
active list.

Display the Address bar list    F4
in My Computer or Windows

Search for a file or folder.    F3

Rename selected item.           F2

Activate the menu bar in        F10
the active program.

Display Help.                   F1

Close an open menu.             ESC

Cancel the current task.        ESC

Carry out the command for       ENTER
the active option or button
in a dialog box.

Display the bottom of the       END
active window.

Display the next or previous    DOWN ARROW OR UP ARROW
tabe page in dialog boxes.

Delete.                         DELETE

Undo.                           CTRL+Z

Cut.                            CTRL+X

Search for computers.           CTRL+Windows Key+F

Paste.                          CTRL+V

Move the insertion point to     CTRL+UP ARROW
the beginning of the
previous paragraph.

Move forward through tabs       CTRL+TAB
in a dialog box.

Select or deselect the active   CTRL+SPACEBAR

Move backward through           CTRL+SHIFT+TAB
tabs in a dialog box.

Highlight a block of text.      CTRL+SHIFT with any of the
                                arrow keys

Create shortcut to selected     CTRL+SHIFT while dragging an
item.                           item

Open the Save dialog box.       CTRL+S

Move the insertion point to     CTRL+RIGHT ARROW
the beginning of the next
Move to additional items        CTRL_PAGE DOWN
below an already selected
item, without selecting the
additional items.

Move to additional items        CTRL+PAGE UP
above an already selected
item, without selecting the
additional items.

Open the Print dialog box.      CTRL+P

Open the New dialog box.        CTRL+N

Move the insertion point to     CTRL+LEFT ARROW
the beginning of the
previous word.

Close the active document       CTRL+F4
in programs that allow you
to have multiple documents
open simultaneously.

Display the Start menu.         CTRL+ESC

Move the insertion point to     CTRL+DOWN ARROW
the beginning of the next

Copy.                           CTRL+C

Display the Windows             CTRL+ALT+DELETE
Security dialog box.

Select all.                     CTRL+A

Copy selected item to a         CTRL while dragging an item

Open a folder one level up if   BACKSPACE
a folder is selected in the
Save As or Open dialog box
in a dialog box.

View the folder one level up    BACKSPACE
in My Computer or Windows

Select a button if the active   Arrow keys
option is a group of option
buttons in a dialog box.

Display the corresponding       ALT+Underlined letter in a
menu.                           menu name

Carry out the corresponding     ALT+Underlined letter
command or select the
corresponding option in a
dialog box.

Switch between open items.      ALT+TAB

Move from the active            ALT+SHIFT+TAB
window to the previously
used window.

Display the System menu         ALT+SPACEBAR
for the active window.

Open the shortcut menu for      ALT+SPACEBAR
the active window.

Close the active window.        ALT+SPACEBAR+C

Minimize the active window.     ALT+SPACEBAR+N

Restore the active window.      SPACEBAR+R

Maximize the active window      ALT+SPACEBAR+X
if it is minimized.
 Cycle through items in the   ALT+SHIFT+ESC
 order they were opened.

 Copy the active window to    ALT+PRINTSCREEN
 the Windows Clipboard.

 Close the active item, or    ALT+F4
 quit the active program.

 Cycle through items in the   ALT+ESC
 order they were opened.

 Display the properties of the ALT+Enter
 selected object.

 View properties for the      ALT+ENTER
 selected item.

Useful Run Commands for Windows
                      To Access                 Run Command
    Accessibility Controls                       access.cpl
Add Hardware Wizard                                 hdwwiz.cpl
Add/Remove Programs                                 appwiz.cpl
Administrative Tools                                control admintools
Automatic Updates                                   wuaucpl.cpl
Bluetooth Transfer Wizard                           fsquirt
Calculator                                          calc
Certificate Manager                                 certmgr.msc
Character Map                                       charmap
Check Disk Utility                                  chkdsk
Clipboard Viewer                                    clipbrd
Command Prompt                                      cmd
Component Services                                  dcomcnfg
Computer Management                                 compmgmt.msc
Date and Time Properties                            timedate.cpl
DDE Shares                                          ddeshare
Device Manager                                      devmgmt.msc
Direct X Control Panel (If Installed)*              directx.cpl
Direct X Troubleshooter                             dxdiag
Disk Cleanup Utility                                cleanmgr
Disk Defragment                                     dfrg.msc
Disk Management                                     diskmgmt.msc
Disk Partition Manager                              diskpart
Display Properties                                  control desktop
Display Properties                                  desk.cpl
Display Properties (w/Appearance Tab Preselected)   control color
Dr. Watson System Troubleshooting Utility           drwtsn32
Driver Verifier Utility                             verifier
Event Viewer                                        eventvwr.msc
File Signature Verification Tool                    sigverif
Findfast                                            findfast.cpl
Folders Properties                                  control folders
Fonts                                               control fonts
Fonts Folder                                        fonts
Free Cell Card Game                                 freecell
Game Controllers                                    joy.cpl
Group Policy Editor (XP Prof)                     gpedit.msc
Hearts Card Game                                  mshearts
Iexpress Wizard                                   iexpress
Indexing Service                                  ciadv.msc
Internet Properties                               inetcpl.cpl
IP Configuration (Display Connection              ipconfig /all
IP Configuration (Display DNS Cache Contents)     ipconfig /displaydns
IP Configuration (Delete DNS Cache Contents)      ipconfig /flushdns
IP Configuration (Release All Connections)        ipconfig /release
IP Configuration (Renew All Connections)          ipconfig /renew
IP Configuration (Refreshes DHCP & Re-Registers   ipconfig /registerdns
IP Configuration (Display DHCP Class ID)          ipconfig
IP Configuration (Modifies DHCP Class ID)         ipconfig /setclassid
Java Control Panel (If Installed)                 jpicpl32.cpl
Java Control Panel (If Installed)                 javaws
Keyboard Properties                               control keyboard
Local Security Settings                           secpol.msc
Local Users and Groups                            lusrmgr.msc
Logs You Out Of Windows                           logoff
Microsoft Chat                                    winchat
Minesweeper Game                                  winmine
Mouse Properties                                  control mouse
Mouse Properties                                  main.cpl
Network Connections                               control
Network Connections                               ncpa.cpl
Network Setup Wizard                              netsetup.cpl
Notepad                                           notepad
Nview Desktop Manager(If Installed)               nvtuicpl.cpl
Object Packager                                   packager
ODBC Data Source Administrator                    odbccp32.cpl
On Screen Keyboard                                osk
Opens AC3 Filter (If Installed)                   ac3filter.cpl
Password Properties                                   password.cpl
Performance Monitor                                   perfmon.msc
Performance Monitor                                   perfmon
Phone and Modem Options                               telephon.cpl
Power Configuration                                   powercfg.cpl
Printers and Faxes                                    control printers
Printers Folder                                       printers
Private Character Editor                              eudcedit
Quicktime (If Installed)                              QuickTime.cpl
Regional Settings                                     intl.cpl
Registry Editor                                       regedit
Registry Editor                                       regedit32
Remote Desktop                                        mstsc
Removable Storage                                     ntmsmgr.msc
Removable Storage Operator Requests                   ntmsoprq.msc
Resultant Set of Policy (XP Prof)                     rsop.msc
Scanners and Cameras                                  sticpl.cpl
Scheduled Tasks                                       control schedtasks
Security Center                                       wscui.cpl
Services                                              services.msc
Shared Folders                                        fsmgmt.msc
Shuts Down Windows                                    shutdown
Sounds and Audio                                      mmsys.cpl
Spider Solitare Card Game                             spider
SQL Client Configuration                              cliconfg
System Configuration Editor                           sysedit
System Configuration Utility                          msconfig
System File Checker Utility (Scan Immediately)        sfc /scannow
System File Checker Utility (Scan Once At Next        sfc /scanonce
System File Checker Utility (Scan On Every Boot)      sfc /scanboot
System File Checker Utility (Return to Default        sfc /revert
System File Checker Utility (Purge File Cache)        sfc /purgecache
System File Checker Utility (Set Cache Size to size   sfc /cachesize=x
         System Properties                                                              sysdm.cpl
         Task Manager                                                                   taskmgr
         Telnet Client                                                                  telnet
         User Account Management                                                        nusrmgr.cpl
         Utility Manager                                                                utilman
         Windows Firewall                                                               firewall.cpl
         Windows Magnifier                                                              magnify
         Windows Management Infrastructure                                              wmimgmt.msc
         Windows System Security Tool                                                   syskey
         Windows Update Launches                                                        wupdmgr
         Windows XP Tour Wizard                                                         tourstart
         Wordpad                                                                        write

Cipher.exe is a command-line tool that you can use to manage encrypted data by using the Encrypting File
System (EFS).

cmdkey.exe enables you to manage Stored Usernames and Passwords from the command prompt. It displays,
creates, and deletes stored usernames and passwords.

defrag.exe is the command prompt equivalent of Disk Defragmenter. defrag.exe does everything that Disk
Defragmenter does and in addition, it supports scripting. You can use defrag.exe in a script to schedule analysis
and defragmentation of your servers. Scripting is the primary reason to use defrag.exe instead of Disk
Defragmenter. sfc.exe

The Device Console Utility is a command-line utility that can be used as an alternative to Device Manager. It
provides a level of detail that is not available in Device Manager.

dsadd.exe adds objects to Active Directory. dsadd.exe can add computer, contact, group, organization unit, or
user objects.

dsmod.exe modifies attributes of objects in Active Directory. dsmod.exe can modify computers, contacts, groups,
servers, organization units, users, quotas, and partitions.
dsget.exe is used to see the properties of objects in Active Directory. It shows selected attributes of computers,
contacts, groups, organizational units, servers, or users. You input objects into dsget.exe and it outputs a list of
properties for those objects.

dsmove.exe moves a single object to a new location in the same domain. However, it will also rename a single
object without moving it.

dsquery.exe enables you to query Active Directory for objects that match a specified criterion. This is useful if
you need to search all of AD for objects that have similar characteristics.

diskpart.exe enables you to manage disks, partitions, or volumes from the command prompt. You can type the
commands directly at the command prompt via interactive mode or you can configure diskpart.exe to use a script
for its input.

The eventcreate.exe utility creates an event in a specified event file. The valid event files are Application and
System logs. You cannot enter events in the Security log with this utility. You must have administrator access to
use this utility to enter entries into the application and system logs. The Application log is the default log file for
this utility.

eventtriggers.exe is a tool used to configure and manage triggers on event logs. A trigger is a mechanism that
initiates a new process or action when a threshold is met.

You can use fsutil.exe to manage FAT and NTFS file systems from the command prompt. Some of the actions you
can perform with this utility include the following:

         Managing sparse files
         Managing reparse points
         Mounting and dismounting volumes
         Viewing the amount of free space on a volume

gpresult.exe displays the Resultant Set of Policy (RSoP) information for a target user and computer. RSoP is a
tool that can show the effective policy applied to a user or computer or what the policy would be, for planning

The logman.exe command-line utility manages and schedules performance counters. You can also use it to
manage and schedule trace logs. You can use this utility on a remote computer provided you have the proper
administrator credentials.

You can use relog.exe to extract data from performance counter logs and convert it to tab separated value
(.TSV), Comma-Separated Value (.CSV), binary log file (.BLG), or SQL formats. This tool is commonly used to
extract logs to Excel spreadsheets and to resample logs and create new ones that are based on a particular time
period, sampling interval, or specified counters. It can also be used to create source data files for database
manipulation tools.

The Domain Rename tool allows you to rename any of your domains, as long as all domain controllers in the
forest are running Windows Server 2003. It allows you to restructure domains within a tree and create new trees.
However, it does not allow you to change which domain is the forest root. In addition, you cannot add and
remove domains from the forest; you can only rename them and you can’t reuse names.

rss.exe manages Remote Storage from the command prompt. You can use Remote Storage to extend your
server’s disk space by moving data off your hard disks and onto magnetic tapes or magneto-optical (MO) disks,
with file data cached locally for quick access.
The System File Checker (sfc.exe) is a command-line tool that can be used for initiating on-demand and boot-
time scans, as well as managing the contents of the Windows File Protection cache folder.

File Signature Verification Tool is a wizard-driven tool, which scans the system for the presence of unsigned
drivers and critical system files. It also creates a report that lists all the files scanned along with relevant version
and digital signature information. The report is stored in your Windows directory and is called sigverif.txt.

The Service Control utility is used to communicate with both services and with device drivers. The functionality
provided is only a subset of the Device Console utility focused on device drivers themselves; however, unlike the
Device Control Utility, the Service Control Utility is installed with Windows Server 2003.

You use schtasks.exe to set programs to run at scheduled intervals, delete or change existing scheduled tasks,
and stop or run a scheduled task immediately.

You use setx.exe to configure environment variables for either the user (the variables apply only to a specific
user) or the system environment (variables apply to all users).You can set variables explicitly by specifying their
value or using the value of a registry key or the contents of a file. setx is the only way to permanently (i.e.,
remembered between reboots) set a variable name via the command line.

Use the shutdown.exe command to shut down or restart local or remote computers. You can also use it for
shutting down several computers at once using the /i option. With this option, a new window appears where you
add the names of the computers that you want to shut down or restart.

tasklist.exe shows all the tasks that are running on the local or remote computer.

typeperf.exe is similar to relog.exe; this utility enables you to write performance log file data onto a command
window or a file. This functionality distinguishes this tool from relog.exe.

Use taskkill.exe to terminate processes on the local or a remote computer. You need to use tasklist first to
identify the process that needs to be terminated. Taskkill has many options and if used without care you could
end up ending more processes than you expected.

Another command-line tool useful for managing files is takeown.exe. As you might guess, this tool enables the
user to change the ownership of a file or files specified on the command line. Takeown can set the new owner of
a file as a specific user or as the administrators group, depending on the command-line parameters used. By
default, takeown assigns the user of a file to be the user who ran the tool.

The tracerpt.exe command-line utility generates a report for the event traces.

whoami.exe displays usernames and group membership information about the currently logged-on user. It can
display the security identifier (SID) and all privileges assigned to that SID.

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