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Miscarriage Symptoms Signs of a Miscarriage

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									Miscarriage Symptoms Signs of a Miscarriage


Miscarriage is a spontaneous and natural ending of a pregnancy before the baby is reaches the gestational
age of 20-22 weeks old. Miscarriages occur more commonly than people normally think. Often the
"miscarriage contents" consists of just the placenta and no fetus is aborted. This is known as a blighted
ovum. This type of miscarriage often occurs before a woman even knows that she was pregnant. There are
several causes of miscarriages, or spontaneous abortion as it is otherwise called. One of the main signs of a
miscarriage is vaginal bleeding, that occurs with or without cramps.


What Causes a Miscarriage?
The cause of a miscarriage is not possible to determine in most cases. Sometimes, the problems arise due to
unknown problems like chromosomal disorders (which increase as the mother gets older). Other unknown
causes include blighted ovum, intrauterine fetal demise and molar pregnancy. Molar pregnancy is an
abnormality, that causes fertilization problem. The placenta develops into a fast-growing mass of cysts that
may or may not contain the embryo. If there is an embryo, it will never be able to reach maturity.


At times, it is caused by infectious diseases such as parvovirus B19, rubella, herpes simplex, and
cytomegalovirus as well as severe cases of malaria. Some of the diseases like diabetes (which usually can be
controlled during pregnancy), hormonal problems such as thyroid problems or polycystic ovarian syndrome
can lead to miscarriages. Another set of causes come include collagen vascular diseases such as systemic
lupus erythematosus and antiphospholipid antibody syndrome. There are blood tests that can be used to
determine the presence of these conditions.


Abnormal anatomy of the uterus is a further reason for miscarriages. A couple of these abnormalities include
a tissue bridge or a septum dividing the uterus into sections. This would hamper the chances of an embryo to
be implanted in this septum, leading to a greater possibility of miscarriage in this case. In addition, a tipped
uterus (where the uterus is tipped to either side or towards the front), has a higher risk of miscarriage
because the embryo would implant very low in the uterus.


Signs and symptoms of a miscarriage
There are several signs of a miscarriage. Some of these are not always symptoms of a miscarriage, such as
spotting and vaginal bleeding. They can occur due to implantation bleeding, that is a normal occurrence
during pregnancy in some women. However, if these do happen in a pregnant woman, she should talk to her
doctor about it. The doctor should then examine the woman or at least make note of it. Should these signs
continue and heavier bleeding than normal takes place (especially, if it is very early in the pregnancy); then
miscarriage might very well be taking place. Some of the signs and symptoms of miscarriage include:
Abnormal bleeding that includes blood clots or tissue; this is a sure sign of a miscarriage.
If a woman finds, she has passed fetal tissue she needs to place it in a clean bowl or container if possible and
take it to the doctor for examination. This may help find out any possible reason for the miscarriage (fetal
developmental problems).
Other definite signs would include abnormal weight-loss, brownish or pink discharge, cramping or painful
contractions anywhere from five to twenty minutes.
Decreased breast tenderness, and other signs of pregnancy such as morning sickness, loss of a fetal heartbeat
and a sudden lack of fetal movement are also few other symptoms giving good indications of the
miscarriage.
It should also be noted that cramping (abdominal or in the lower back) is not always present during a
miscarriage and it may vary in its severity (mild, moderate or severe).
A woman should contact the emergency department immediately, if she experiences a gush of fluid from her
vagina. This fluid loss may occur with or without abdominal pain. Treatment for miscarriage
If the miscarriage happens in the early stages of pregnancy and upon examination the doctor finds that no
remains of the pregnancy are present then the woman may be observed by the doctor for a few days, but that
may be all that is necessary. This is known as a complete (natural, not intended) abortion. However, if a
doctor upon examination finds that there is tissue or partial remains of the placenta, then a procedure known
as a dilation and curettage (D&C) would be carried out. This is a surgical procedure that simply removes the
remains of the pregnancy to prevent further infection in the uterus.


A miscarriage in the first trimester is not often not due to severe complications, there are many possible
reasons for this, most of which are not a cause of concern for the mother's health. Most of these are quite
probably genetic in nature. However, should a miscarriage take place after the first trimester of pregnancy,
the doctor will perform any one or more of several tests to learn more about the cause of the miscarriage.


Some of these tests are:
Blood tests are done to look for disorders whether they be hormonal (thyroid etc), immune system disorders
or chromosomal in nature.
Transvaginal ultrasound is used to look for any deformities in the reproductive area.
MRI used after other test to confirm the results of the structure of the reproductive area. These are just some
of the possible tests that are taken to investigate the reproductive health of a woman who has had a
miscarriage.


Miscarriage signs cause a great deal of heartache to an expecting mother. However, one should not lose
hope and try again for a successful pregnancy. There are women who have given birth to healthy babies,
even after undergoing two successive miscarriages. However, is a woman suffers from three consecutive
miscarriage symptoms, a doctor will take a closer look and see if there is a more significant problem causing
these multiple miscarriages. Signs of a miscarriage, often emote the sensations and discomfort one feels
during their periods or menstrual cycle. If one is expecting and finds their motherly instinct ringing a bell,
she should immediately visit the doctor. It is always better to save the situation, than suffer from an untimely
end of pregnancy.


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