Roles of educational technology in learning

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Technology can play a traditional role,
i.e.   as    delivery  vehicles     for
instructional lessons      or in a
constructivist way as partners in the
learning process.
In a constructivist way, technology
helps the learner build more
personal interpretations of life in
her/his world. Technology is a
learning tool to learn with not
from. It makes the learner gather,
think,     analyze,      synthesize
information and construct meaning
with what technology presents
•Technology as tools to support knowledge
   1. For presenting learners’ ideas,
      understandings and beliefs
   2. For producing organized, multimedia
      knowledge bases for learners

• Technology as information vehicles for exploring
knowledge to support learning-by-constructing:
   1. For accessing needed information
   2. For comparing perspectives, beliefs and
      world views
•Technology as context to support learning by
   1. for representing and simulating
      meaningful real-world problems, situations
      and contexts
   2. for representing beliefs, perspectives,
      arguments, and stories of others
   3. For defining safe, controllable problem
      space for student thinking
•Technology as a social medium to support
learning by conversing
   1. For collaborating with others
   2. For discussing, arguing, and building
      consensus among members of the
   3. For supporting discourse among
      knowledge building communities
•Technology as intellectual partner
   1. For helping learners to articulate and
      represent what they know
   2. For reflecting on what they have learned
      and how they come to know it
   3. For supporting learners’ internal
      negotiations and meaning making
   4. For constructing personal
      representations of meaning for
      supporting mindful thinking
Whether used from the traditional or
constructivist point of view, when used
effectively,   research   indicates  that
technology not only “increases students’
learning, understanding, and achievement
but also augments, motivation to learn,
encourages collaborative learning and
supports the development of critical
thinking and problem-solving skills”
(Shacter and Fagnano, 1999)
Proper      implementation     of
technology in the classroom gives
students more “control of their
own learning and … tends to
move classrooms from teacher-
dominated environments to ones
that are more learner-centered
(Russel and Sorge, 1999)
Educational technology plays various roles.
Form the traditional point of view, it serves
as presenter of knowledge just like
teachers. It also serves as productivity
tool. With the internet, technology has
facilitated communication among people.
From the constructivist’s perspective,
educational technology is a meaningful
learning tools by serving as a learning

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