Household Pest Control by leader6

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									Household Pest Control

       Cowlitz County Healthy Homes
Objectives
 Identify common household pests.

 Understand their health hazards.

 Discover where pests can enter the home and where
  they like to frequent.

 Learn how to prevent infestations and what to do if
  that occurs.

 Learn how to safely use toxic means (sprays and flea
  bombs) for killing pests.
What are household pests?
 A household pest is an annoying and often
  destructive creature.

 This can include cockroaches, fleas, termites,
  ants and flies, rats and mice.

 Pests enter our home for shelter and food, and
  also to nest and breed.




                  American Lung Association of
                          Washington
Why Control Pests?
 If the numbers and amounts of pests
  become too large.

 Indoors, certain pests are unwelcome
  because they can carry disease
  (rats), can cause asthma attacks
  (cockroaches) or they can do serious
  damage (carpenter ants and
  termites).

             American Lung Association of
                     Washington
Rodents
Will damage your home by:    Where do they live:
 Chewing holes in the        In walls
  floors, walls, ceilings,    Under cabinetry
  and around plumbing         Bathrooms
  to get in the house         Attics
  and while looking for       Basements
  food.                       Crawlspaces
 Use insulation,
  carpeting, floor pads,
  bedding, newspapers,
  and cardboard for
  building nests.
Rodents & Your Health
 Rodents carry disease including:
   Hantavirus: found in rodent urine and feces.
    Potentially deadly for humans.

   Leptospirosis: found in urine and feces, causes high
    fever, severe headache, chills, muscle aches, and
    vomiting, and may include jaundice, red eyes,
    abdominal pain, diarrhea, or a rash.

   Bites: rodent bites often cause infection.
What to do
Prevention:                       Infestation:
   Seal gaps and holes around       Set mouse and rat traps in
    plumbing, use steel wool          areas where you have seen
    and wire mesh.                    signs of rodents.
   Remove food sources by           Reseal gaps and holes that
    sealing foods in plastic          are allowing pests to enter.
    containers, cleaning spills      Use a natural rodent poison
    and crumbs immediately.           as a last resort such as
   Check window and door             vitamin D3
    screens for holes.               Remove food sources.
   Keep areas free of clutter.      Remove nesting materials
   Place your garbage in             or make inaccessible.
    plastic bags in containers
    with lids.
      Cockroaches
      Will enter through:                           Will live in:
       Cracks in walls                              Kitchen sinks
       Doors                                        Cracks around
       Windows                                         cabinets
       Where pipes pass                             Window or door
          through walls                                 frames
                                                     Loose baseboards or
                                                        molding strips
                                                     Upholstered furniture
                                                     Bathrooms
                                                     Washing machines and
                                                        other appliances
Cockroaches prefer warm, dark, humid shelters. They require a food source & moisture to survive.
                                    American Lung Association of
                                            Washington
Cockroaches & Your Health
 Proteins in dried cockroach feces and body
  parts present a problem to health.

 The feces dries and spreads around the home
  in dust.

 Cockroach fecal matter is a common asthma
  trigger.

 Pesticides used to treat cockroaches are also
  known asthma triggers.

                 American Lung Association of
                         Washington
What to do
Prevention:                          Infestation:
 Practice good sanitation            Sprinkle boric acid in
 Keep all food covered                  infested areas to kill
 Keep all food limited to               cockroaches
   the kitchen and eating             Use live traps
   areas                              Use the lowest toxic
 Reduce shelter and                     measures possible for
   access points                         the case at hand
 Promptly clean all spills.          Call a professional if case
 Clean under cabinets,                  is extreme
   furniture, sinks, stoves,
   etc.
 Clean garbage cans
                     American Lung Association of
                             Washington
Fleas
What they do:                  Where they live:
 Fleas cause                   On animals, usually cats
                                 or dogs.
  discomfort and
                                Adult fleas spend most of
  irritation to both             their time on the animal
  animals and people             but their eggs and larvae
                                 fall into the carpet
 They bite both
  humans and
  animals
 A flea in its pupae
  stage is resistant
  to insecticides
                Ridding Your Home of Fleas
Fleas & Your Health
 Can cause medical problems including flea allergy
  dermatitis (FAD), tapeworms, secondary skin irritations
  and, in extreme cases, anemia.

 Some bites can cause severe reactions (general rash or
  inflammation) resulting in secondary infections caused
  by scratching the irritated skin area.

 Bites may cause pain lasting a few minutes, hours or
  days depending on one's sensitivity.

 The main health concern surrounding fleas, is the use of
  insecticides often used when combating flea infestations.
                    Ohio State University Extension
                              Fact Sheet
What to do
Prevention:                         Infestation:
 Practice good sanitation              Use a natural flea spray
 Treat your lawn and                   Heat the home to above
   surrounding areas with                90˚ and leave for the day.
                                         Fleas can only live in
   an insect growth
                                         temperatures up to 80˚
   regulator
                                        Apply pyrethrum powder on
 Clean animal bedding                   floors, along baseboards,
   regularly                             under pet sleeping areas
 Keep stray animals at                 Use the lowest toxic
   bay                                   measures possible for the
 Treat your pets regularly              case at hand
                                        Call a professional if case is
                                         extreme

                    American Lung Association of
                            Washington
Non-Toxic Treatments
 The best way to approach indoor pest control is through non-toxic
   treatments. By first using chemical- free measures, you are
     reducing you and your family’s exposure to harsh toxins.

Some non-toxic pest repellants include:
       -Boric acid            -Apple Cider Vinegar
       -Cucumbers             -Mint Tea
       -Soapy water           -Cayenne Pepper
       -Catnip                -Borax
       -Garlic                -Peppermint Oil
       -Citrus                -Steel Wool
Name That Hazard
Insecticides, Foggers, Insect Repellents, Sprays
Hazardous Ingredients and Possible Effects
ORGANOPHOSPHATES - affects nervous system; acutely toxic causing headache,
    dizziness; twitching, nausea
CARBAMATES - Carcinogenic in rats and affects nervous system
BUTOPYRONOXYL - Can cause mild necrosis in liver and kidney
CIMETHYL PHTHALATE - Ingestion causes central nervous system depression
DIETHYLTOLUAMIDE - Irritant to sensitive skin and respiratory tract tissues
PERMETHRIN - a neurotoxin. Symptoms include tremors, decreased coordination,
    elevated body temperature, increased aggressive behavior, and disruption of
    learning. Laboratory tests suggest that Permethrin is more acutely toxic to
    children than to adults.
Use Toxic Chemicals Safely
              Always explore the least toxic option
              available.

              Know what chemicals you are using and
              their associated hazards

              Read the directions and ventilate the area
              you are working in during and after use

              Know the pests you are going after and
              tailor your chemical use to that pest
              specifically
 Up to 80% of human exposure to pesticides in the US
                  occurs indoors.
                 National Center for Healthy Housing
Healthy Homes Key Messages
 Clean all surfaces where you have seen pests

 Use baits, boric acid or traps to kill pests. Minimize the
  use of sprays. If used, carefully follow instructions to
  prevent exposure

 Clean up all food crumbs or spills immediately and store
  food in sealed containers

 Remove food, bags, newspapers, boxes, cans, and
  bottles from sleeping areas

 Seal holes or gaps
Any Questions?

								
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