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Household Pest Control Cowlitz County Healthy Homes Objectives Identify common household pests. Understand their health hazards. Discover where pests can enter the home and where they like to frequent. Learn how to prevent infestations and what to do if that occurs. Learn how to safely use toxic means (sprays and flea bombs) for killing pests. What are household pests? A household pest is an annoying and often destructive creature. This can include cockroaches, fleas, termites, ants and flies, rats and mice. Pests enter our home for shelter and food, and also to nest and breed. American Lung Association of Washington Why Control Pests? If the numbers and amounts of pests become too large. Indoors, certain pests are unwelcome because they can carry disease (rats), can cause asthma attacks (cockroaches) or they can do serious damage (carpenter ants and termites). American Lung Association of Washington Rodents Will damage your home by: Where do they live: Chewing holes in the In walls floors, walls, ceilings, Under cabinetry and around plumbing Bathrooms to get in the house Attics and while looking for Basements food. Crawlspaces Use insulation, carpeting, floor pads, bedding, newspapers, and cardboard for building nests. Rodents & Your Health Rodents carry disease including: Hantavirus: found in rodent urine and feces. Potentially deadly for humans. Leptospirosis: found in urine and feces, causes high fever, severe headache, chills, muscle aches, and vomiting, and may include jaundice, red eyes, abdominal pain, diarrhea, or a rash. Bites: rodent bites often cause infection. What to do Prevention: Infestation: Seal gaps and holes around Set mouse and rat traps in plumbing, use steel wool areas where you have seen and wire mesh. signs of rodents. Remove food sources by Reseal gaps and holes that sealing foods in plastic are allowing pests to enter. containers, cleaning spills Use a natural rodent poison and crumbs immediately. as a last resort such as Check window and door vitamin D3 screens for holes. Remove food sources. Keep areas free of clutter. Remove nesting materials Place your garbage in or make inaccessible. plastic bags in containers with lids. Cockroaches Will enter through: Will live in: Cracks in walls Kitchen sinks Doors Cracks around Windows cabinets Where pipes pass Window or door through walls frames Loose baseboards or molding strips Upholstered furniture Bathrooms Washing machines and other appliances Cockroaches prefer warm, dark, humid shelters. They require a food source & moisture to survive. American Lung Association of Washington Cockroaches & Your Health Proteins in dried cockroach feces and body parts present a problem to health. The feces dries and spreads around the home in dust. Cockroach fecal matter is a common asthma trigger. Pesticides used to treat cockroaches are also known asthma triggers. American Lung Association of Washington What to do Prevention: Infestation: Practice good sanitation Sprinkle boric acid in Keep all food covered infested areas to kill Keep all food limited to cockroaches the kitchen and eating Use live traps areas Use the lowest toxic Reduce shelter and measures possible for access points the case at hand Promptly clean all spills. Call a professional if case Clean under cabinets, is extreme furniture, sinks, stoves, etc. Clean garbage cans American Lung Association of Washington Fleas What they do: Where they live: Fleas cause On animals, usually cats or dogs. discomfort and Adult fleas spend most of irritation to both their time on the animal animals and people but their eggs and larvae fall into the carpet They bite both humans and animals A flea in its pupae stage is resistant to insecticides Ridding Your Home of Fleas Fleas & Your Health Can cause medical problems including flea allergy dermatitis (FAD), tapeworms, secondary skin irritations and, in extreme cases, anemia. Some bites can cause severe reactions (general rash or inflammation) resulting in secondary infections caused by scratching the irritated skin area. Bites may cause pain lasting a few minutes, hours or days depending on one's sensitivity. The main health concern surrounding fleas, is the use of insecticides often used when combating flea infestations. Ohio State University Extension Fact Sheet What to do Prevention: Infestation: Practice good sanitation Use a natural flea spray Treat your lawn and Heat the home to above surrounding areas with 90˚ and leave for the day. Fleas can only live in an insect growth temperatures up to 80˚ regulator Apply pyrethrum powder on Clean animal bedding floors, along baseboards, regularly under pet sleeping areas Keep stray animals at Use the lowest toxic bay measures possible for the Treat your pets regularly case at hand Call a professional if case is extreme American Lung Association of Washington Non-Toxic Treatments The best way to approach indoor pest control is through non-toxic treatments. By first using chemical- free measures, you are reducing you and your family’s exposure to harsh toxins. Some non-toxic pest repellants include: -Boric acid -Apple Cider Vinegar -Cucumbers -Mint Tea -Soapy water -Cayenne Pepper -Catnip -Borax -Garlic -Peppermint Oil -Citrus -Steel Wool Name That Hazard Insecticides, Foggers, Insect Repellents, Sprays Hazardous Ingredients and Possible Effects ORGANOPHOSPHATES - affects nervous system; acutely toxic causing headache, dizziness; twitching, nausea CARBAMATES - Carcinogenic in rats and affects nervous system BUTOPYRONOXYL - Can cause mild necrosis in liver and kidney CIMETHYL PHTHALATE - Ingestion causes central nervous system depression DIETHYLTOLUAMIDE - Irritant to sensitive skin and respiratory tract tissues PERMETHRIN - a neurotoxin. Symptoms include tremors, decreased coordination, elevated body temperature, increased aggressive behavior, and disruption of learning. Laboratory tests suggest that Permethrin is more acutely toxic to children than to adults. Use Toxic Chemicals Safely Always explore the least toxic option available. Know what chemicals you are using and their associated hazards Read the directions and ventilate the area you are working in during and after use Know the pests you are going after and tailor your chemical use to that pest specifically Up to 80% of human exposure to pesticides in the US occurs indoors. National Center for Healthy Housing Healthy Homes Key Messages Clean all surfaces where you have seen pests Use baits, boric acid or traps to kill pests. Minimize the use of sprays. If used, carefully follow instructions to prevent exposure Clean up all food crumbs or spills immediately and store food in sealed containers Remove food, bags, newspapers, boxes, cans, and bottles from sleeping areas Seal holes or gaps Any Questions?
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