Modern Cotton Cand by ahad1122


									Cotton candy or candy floss is a delightful treat associated with happy
times, a familiar sight at carnivals and fairgrounds. It's sugary-sweet,
and no one seems to mind that it can get sticky. It's a curious puff of
ultra-fine threads of sugar that pleasantly melt in your mouth.

Children are enticed by the cloudlike texture, and they're intrigued by
how a huge lump of it can immediately dissolve once they stick it into
their lips. Adults love it too - they're likely brought back to childhood
memories of when the Circus came to town. But the warm, caramel fragrance
of candy floss alone is enough to get you excited.

How is it Made

Cotton candy is basically sugar spun into a light and fluffy form and
then gathered onto a stick or paper cone.

A candy floss machine is used to spin granulated sugar. The colored sugar
(pre-tinted with food coloring) is poured into a rapidly-spinning central
bowl and where it is exposed to heat. Sugar caramelizes when heated; the
spaces between sugar molecules expand, resulting in a thick, syrupy
liquid. The molten sugar is then flung through tiny holes on the central
bowl, toward the outer rim at high speed. It cools so rapidly that it
doesn't get a change to pull itself back together into crystals, so it
solidifies into fine, gossamer-like threads.

The sugary threads accumulate around the inner walls of the outer bowl,
like pastel-colored spider webs. Now this is when the machine operator
takes his cue: he picks up a stick or paper cone and rolls the threads of
sugar around it, forming a fluffy cloud of cotton candy.

The Invention of the Candy Floss Machine and the Birth of it

Before the candy floss machine was invented, sugar was spun entirely by
hand. It is caramelized in a pan and then flung with a fork (and
sometimes spun on a broomstick). Spun sugar was enjoyed in various
confections and desserts since the sixteenth century, but it wasn't quite
as fine as cotton candy as we know it today. Making it required a whole
lot of time and patience, so it didn't come cheap. It was mostly a
luxury, a treat enjoyed only by wealthy people.

The candy floss machine was invented in 1897 by a candy-maker named John
C. Wharton and a dentist named William J. Morrison. They worked together
to invent a device that would reduce the effort of spinning sugar, for
the benefit of candy-makers and candy-lovers alike. They debuted their
brilliant innovation in the St. Louis World's Fair in Missouri, U.S.A. in
1904. They demonstrated how to make a fluffy confection they called
"fairy floss" - sugar in the form of cotton-like lumps served in wooden
boxes. It was a huge success; they sold over 65,000 boxes in six months!
The arrival of their machine made spinning sugar easier, quicker, and
therefore cheaper, so spun sugar was not just for rich people anymore.

Modern Cotton Candy
The treat has become popular all over the world and called different
names. It's known as cotton candy in the U.S.; candy floss in the U.K.,
Ireland and Canada; fairy floss in Australia; barbe papa in France and
sugar thread in Italy.

The modern candy floss machine has evolved to be sleeker, faster and more
efficient, but it has maintained most of Wharton and Morrison's original
design. Some models have compartments that allow three different colors
of sugar in a single run. Larger, heavy-duty machines can produce cotton
candy in bulk.

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