Class XII Physics 2012 Question Paper (Set 2) by gyanguru

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									    I Series        : SMAIl          I                                                                       .~. Code No.        55/1/2
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    Roll No.
                                                                                               Candidates must write the Code on
                                                                                               the title page of the answer-book.

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        •     ~--q;f-q:~~cn1am-~TW.~Cf?T~~-~~lfSf-~o/m                                                                           I
        •     ~       \ifTqCR"B fcp ~          ~--q;f         -q:30 ~      ~ I
        •     ~~COT~fM&'1I'Wm--«~,                                                      'fi;ref
                                                                                 ~COT~amcr                        I
        •     ~     ~--q;f           ~
                                  Cf?T    ~~          15 fi:f:R."CfiT ~ W:rr 'FIT %" I ~--q;f           CfiT ~              ~    -q: 10.15 ~
              ~~                  110.15 ~~           10.30 ~('jCf)~~~--q;f~~~~~~~~-
              ~o/C!?Tt~~~                                 I
        •     Please check that this question paper contains 11 printed pages.
        •      Code number given on the right hand side af the question paper should be written on the
              title page of the answer-book by the candidate.
        •     Please check that this question paper contains 30 questions.
        •     Please write down the Serial Number of the question befo re attempting it.
        •     15 minutes time has been allotted to read this question paper. The question paper will be
              distributed at 10.15 a.m. From 10.15 a.m. to 10.30 a.m., the students will read the
              question paper only and will not write any answer on the answer script during this period.


                                                      ~fq~I~(~)
                                                              PHYSICS (Theory)

    ~          WFl " 3       CTUtJ                                                                                    [~3icFi,'     70
    Time allowed " 3 hours                J                                                                       [ Maximum marks,' 70

    fll¥OIl"'<4 ~             :

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                             28    '# 30 if   ~JIR             rikr3icFiw     tI
    55/1/2                                                                1                                                              [P.T.O.
                       (iv)   JlH-W        if ~        w <Nt fclcnc;q;rif t I ~        et 3fcfiT crwf 'f!?Ii"JlH if, rft;:r 3fcfiT crwf 'f!?Ii"
                              JlH     if   3#r                                                                          t
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                              3flTTcIiT    m    7J<l qq;r if -# cFwr 'f!?Ii" lH it CfiRT t I
                                                                           J
                       (v)    ~ft'iwk<         c1;" ~               qfj- ~        -;:rti. t   I ~          ~   31fCl~4Ch ~        rrT 3[JTJ ftEJ'fU/Ch74    W(U{t   CfiT
                              mCfi(~t                       I

                       (vi)   ;;rif   31fClNCh ~ 3[JTJ RAfMf@H                     ~              R4HiChT c1;"7fFif CfiT ~                Cfi( ~   t:
                                            c = 3 x 108 m1s
                                            h = 6.63 x 10-34 Js
                                            e = 1.6 x 10-19 C

                                            110= 41t            X   10-7 T mA-1

                                            _1_ = 9 x 109 Nm2C-2
                                            41tEo

                                            me = 9.1 x 10-31 kg

      General Instructions :
           (i)   All questions are compulsory.
           (ii) There are 30 questions in total. Question Nos. 1 to 8 are very short answer type
                 questions and carry one mark each.
           (iii) Question Nos. 9 to 18 carry two marks each, Question Nos. 19 to 27 carry three
                 marks each and Question Nos. 28 to 30 carry five marks each.
           (iv) There is no overall choice. However, an internal choice has been provided in one
                 question of two marks, one question of three marks and all three questions of five
                 marks each. You have to attempt only one of the choices in such questions.
           (v)   Use of calculators is not permitted. However, you may use log tables ifnecessary.
                (vi)      You may use the following values of physical constants wherever necessary :
                          c = 3 x 108 m1s
                          h = 6.63 x 10-34 Js
                          e = 1.6 x 10-19 C
                          110 = 41t x 10-7 T mA-l

                         _1_=         9 x 109 Nm2C-2
                          41tEo

                          me = 9.1 x 10-31 kg

      1.        fcfim ~               ~          Cf)f    WR ~                ~,   ~           ~        ~       1R, ~         ~        ~     MklCl(1 ~      -rnr
                ~?                                                                                                                                                    1
                Why must electrostatic field be normal to the surface at every point of a charged
                conductor?
     .~         ~ ~ it ~ ~                              31qClct'"liCfl Cf)f ~                 ~,      fcfim ~ it ~               1R   cpfq cit ~           ~
\J'                       ~~~~?                                                                                                                                       1
 .         ~r           what condition does a biconvex lens of glass having a certain refractive index
                act as a plane glass sheet when immersed in a liquid?            .

      55/1/2                                                                             2
       3.         ~-?~          qRCh(v<HI.mCf1T~            I                                                                                   1
            7e            de-Broglie hypothesis.


       4.         ~   ~        ufuq1f     1111 ~      ~         f.:rq-ffi if l1R,    1 mm      crtrr ~ ~ ~~ ri ~                  1600   A
                  ~   q{I~1111 ~fCfi{On *,mW1FfWffi~                 I                                                   '                      1
                  ~         the physical quantity which oremains same for microwaves of wavelength
       ~::                  and UV radiations of 1600 A in vacuum.

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                                                                                                                                     <:j1f
                  ~ *'~ ~JlCf';}l ~                 m fwTif Tffu CR 'W t ?                           -                                          1
            ~~~          electrons drift in a metal from lower to higher potential, does it mean that all
                  the free electrons of the metal are moving in the same direction?

       6.         ~TT<t     ~if~~~,                   ~~fwTif~~I~m~~                                           I ~~TT<t~*'
                  CR¥f (WT) Cf1T~        ~   ~     -31Tt ~ WR Wr v ~ ~                 ~           ill CR¥f if m~        ~ ~fwT
                  CflIT~?                                                                                                                       1

                                                                ~O
                                                                v                I
                                                                                           )

                  Predict the direction of induced current in a metal ring when the ring is moved
                  towards a straight conductor with constant speed v. The conductor is carrying current
                  I in the direction shown in the figure.

                                                                ~O
                                                                v                I         )




~ ./              00 ~         lR" ~      *' 1k1Cf?l4 ~    q1f ~         ~       B ~ ~         ~                   60° ~ I ~
                                                                                                     lR";p:f1 CfiTuT                     lR"
                  ~*'1k1Ch14            ~*,~~q1fl1R~WTT?                                                                                        1
                  The horizontal component of the earth's magnetic field at a place is B and angle of
                  dip is 60°. What is the value of vertical component of earth's magnetic field at
                  equator?

                                                                                                                                                1
                  Show on a graph, the variation of resistivity with temperature for a typical
                  semiconductor.

       9.         OO~~       'Q' ~~ 'r' *,~,                       (i) ~~             (E) ~(ii)           ~~          (V)        *,QRClct'1
 \                   00 *,m.~-mrn (~) ~
                  Cf1T                                               I                                                                          2
                  Draw a plot showing the variation of (i) electric field (E) and (ii) electric potential
                  (V) with distance r due to a point charge Q.                               '


       55/1/2                                                                3                                                            [P.T.O.
                                                                                                                                                                  2
                                  rive the expression for the self inductance of a long solenoid of cross sectional
                               area A and length I, having n turns per unit length.


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                                                                                                (11,) ~
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    '2--                   fcRRT WIT ?                                                                                                                            2
                        /ray            oflight, incident on an equilateral glass prism (Ilg                     =   -f3)     moves parallel to the
                           base line of the prism inside it. Find the angle of incidence for this ray.


             ~                    f<;fuq;- 'I1'ffi -It ~
                               3llf                      'Iffi 'I>f'IFf     (-       mA),   q,,,f,\!il'b   'I1'ffi   -It ~      'Iffi   t- 'IFf   (-   I1A) "i\
                               ~-wrrt          I o1ftR-~~cpr~                           q~:qf~f:(ICfl~#~m-r\ifRfTt?                                               2
                               'T'~    current in the forward bias is known to be more (-mA) than the current in the
       ", ~
       l   z»:
                          JU'-'
                           reverse         bias (-IlA). What is the reason, then, to operate the photodiode in reverse
                               bias?


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                                                                 ~

                               ~~#,                 f-ij:;jf<jjf@ct #~Gl~~cpr~~                                       I

                               (i)      ~1~~lm
                               (ii)     fttfRr   ('i1<lq~Cfl)

                               (iii)    ~1~JOOtlG< ~
                               (iv)     ~~~
                               Distinguish between' Analog and Digital signals'.
                                                                    OR
                               Mention the function of any two of the following used in communication system:
                               (i)      Transducer
                               (ii)     Repeater
                               (iii)    Transmitter
                                                                                                                     \
                               (iv)     Bandpass Filter




\
                               The susceptibility of a magnetic material is 2.6 x 10-5. Identify the type of magnetic
                               material and state its two properties.

                      55/1/2                                                                4
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         ~                 RI ~        R2 (MT ~     ~       ~     ~ ~            ~
                                                                              TT<n I ~          -q:~              cpr l1R f":P:iifCf)\I
         ~          ~              ~        -q: l1TITI TT<n :
                                                          ~                                                                                   2
         (i)             \ifGf ~       -q: Cf# ~ ~     1if ~ I                                            \   f



         (ii)            \ifGf ~       -q: ~    RI ~   ~ I
         (iii)           \ifGf ~       -q: RI (MT R2 ~ ~ -q: fi41f~ct t I
         (iv)            \ifGf ~       -q: RI (MT R2 m (fPiict{) ~ -q: fi41f\i1ct t         I

             3q{1CR1~~          ~
                              -q:     mu.:if ctl1R, 0.42 A, 1.05                          A, 1.4 A (MT 4.2 A              t   I~,        ~
         allq~lICfi 1if ~ % ~     mu.:if ~ ~ l1R 3Q{1CR1~                                       ct ~    -q:it         m   I   W,    3Q{1CR1
         ~~ctm~-q:~                        muctl1RqiT~~                                           I
         A cell of emf E and internal resistance r is connected to' two external resistances RI
             and R2 and a perfect ammeter. The current in the circuit is measured in four different
             situations:
             (i)    without any external resistance in the circuit
             (ii) with resistance RI only
             (iii)       with R] and R2 in series combination                                                     i   I
             (iv)        with RI and R2 in parallel combination
             The currents measured in the four cases are 0.42 A, 1.05 A, 1.4 A and 4.2 A, but not
             necessarily in that order. Identify the currents corresponding to the four cases
             mentioned above.

    16. ~"Whm                 ii1ICfiI< ~    ~      P (MT    Q -q: qiT
                                                          ~ r~   ~                        I~      ~~:             1 (MT 21 ~
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             ~~1R~-q:~muqiT~~~~~                                                                I~'O'             ~~~WlR
             crt 1R~ I W ~ '0' iR ~ ij)~Cfllli ~ cpr l1R -mc=r ~                            I                                                 2




                                                  1j : ir
                                                        1                         21

             Two identical circular l~                      and Q, ~h        Of~~nd             carrying currents I




                                          1                   21
             and 21 respectively are lying in parallel planes such that they have a common axis.
             The direction of current in both the loops is clockwise as seen from 0 which is
             equidistant from the both loops. Find the magnitude of the net magnetic field at
             point O.

    55/1/2                                                               5
             17. 'L' ~cnT~'tffiIcnT~~,                                          'ro' ~               3Wfn~~~~Cfi«ft~fcfi;                          ~~
                      ftro 'L' ~                ~ 'tffiI ~ ~             cWD ~ ~ If{ ~ ~ ~ afu- ~ ftro cwr:r cnT~
                                                                       CfWl
                      If{ -mn ~ I ~              cnT~         ~,          cWD ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ afu- cwr:r ~ ~
                                                                       CfWl                                     ~ c:1kfCl~
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                                                                            ~                                ('MT CfWl ~
                      ~.~.~. ~~~~m~~~~                                                                                      I                                        2
                       J.. metallic rod of 'L' length is rotated with angular frequency of 'ro' with one end
                   -...'hinged at the centre and the other end at the circumference of a circular metallic ring
                       of radius L, about an axis passing through the centre and perpendicular to the plane
                       of the ring. A constant and uniform magnetic field B parallel to the axis is present
                       everywhere. Deduce the expression for the emf between the centre and the metallic
                       nng.
        /.            ~~~~cpT~m.m.                                                      ~         ~~~~M\1fRIT~"illC1#~
                      ~               ~ mill, ~,            ~.m. (~f4ICldl) ~                 Wo          ~
                                                                                                       Cf?f             ~       If{         ~
                                                                                                                                   c:111i("11{ ~             mill
                      ~       ~ I ~-~                     cnTBCf)0FtI~ 3Wm"                  If{ ~           cxn&:rr~       cnT\ifT ~      ~ ?                       2
                   ~en      an ideal capacitor is charged by a de battery, no current flows. However, when
        y            an ac source is used, the current flows continuously. How does one explain this,
                     based on the concept of displacement current?
                                                                   I


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                      (i)         8/82

                      (ii)        ~E1~m~~W&r(~~cnT¢                                                                    I                                             3
                      ~                                   c
                                          cnTB~t;+~flc:1ctl pt ~            ~            ~
                                                                                    \1fRIT ?
                                                              .----~            I II---"'VV'(/\I\,----,




                                                              K----           300 em        ---+)
                                                                           I20cm~
                                                          A~-------:lr-----;!I:------,B


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                                                          ~        ~        ~ ~              * ~             ~          RCf?f 1H ~~,
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                                                                            9V      B                 3V

             55/1/2                                                                               6                                     -,
      In the figure a long uniform potentiometer wire AB is having a constant potential
      gradient along its length. The null points for the two primary cells of emfs El and E2
      connected in the manner shown are obtained at a distance of 120 em and 300 ern
      from the end A. Find (i) E/E2 and (ii) position of null point for the cell El.
      How is the sensitivity of a potentiometer increased?
                                         .----ll            II---JV\J'I(/\/\~---,




                                         1E---300cm  --~)
                                              120cm~
                                     A   \----------:.--~r_----'B



                                            OR
        sing Kirchoff s rules determine the value of unknown resistance R in the circuit so
      that no current flows through 4 n resistance. Also find the potential difference
      between A and D.
                                                       In     E        ~,
                                               F~~~-?----~D

                                          In                                       R


                                                   I              6V


                                               A        ~                      C
 ~                                                     9V               3V
JO. ~             (fq;f)   "# ~      l1<l ~,            ~     ~       LCR ~   "# L = 4.0 H, C = 100 /-IF ('Mf
       R= 60n~             I W 240   VCfIT~                 ~~~~~t"ffi                 QRctI(>'1'"1 ~                               3
 /                                                                R




          (i)
                    . 9:, +c
                  ~CfIT~   3Wfn~ ~o/~cn1
                                                                  L
                                                      QRillfc;>1~ ~~  I
          (ii)    ~   3Wfno/~"CfITl1R
          (iii)   ~o/m~fmt         ~~ q7f l1T'&flFf (3W.~.~.) fcrqq--qffi
          A series LCR circuit with L = 4.0 H, C= 100 /-IFand R = 60 n is connected to a
          variable frequency 240 V source as shown in.
                                                                  R
                                                                                                               'T   t:   '2   +0
                                                                                                               -v        -



                                           ~ :, fc                L
                                                                                                    q::v~24-0 V
                                                                                                    :1,,:::0
        ~_aJyulate :
      ~    _ the angular frequency of the source which derives the circuit at resonance;
      ~      the current at the resonating frequency;
     ~1)     the rms potential drop across the inductor at resonance.

 55/112                                                                                                                        [P.T.O.
 21.           (-31)         -mm ~f('jCfi{UI >W<1 ~      c)?Wrt CfiMlfiCSl<>s         m Cf?T~           CflIT3ilq~'4Cfi t?                                3
               (~)           <:ill c)? 00   W-MU-wWT      -q    A.   ct<II~c4 c)? QCfiqUnw:pm ~                  Cf?T ~       ~       .-p:rr   t     I
                             ~~c)?~~lR~~                                      A. t w:pmCfftmwrr                K ~~               t   I ill, ~

                         ~        lR w:pm Cfftmwrr -mct"~                 ~      lR ~             231.. t I

           ~                 Why are coherent sources necessary to produce a sustained interference pattern ?
               (b)           In Young's double slit experiment using mono-chromatic light of wavelength
 \                           A.,the intensity of light at a point on the screen where path difference is A.,is K
                             units. Find out the intensity of light at a point where path difference is 231...

 22.           00 2 em     x 5 em ~c)?~3iI'4ctICfiI{           'lm ~     ~ 1 A Cfft~~m~t                                                             I.
               m -q ~       "JTit ~                 ~-mm ~
                                                       (fR, ~       4A Cfft'i:ffiT ~       m ~ t, ~ 'lm ~                                          c)?
               RcRWmt        1<W(fRafu-'lm~m-~-qmill-mct"~:                                                                                               3
               (i)  'lm ~        lR ~      ~-~         (iTcfi)CflIT
               (ii) (fR -q ~        ~ 'i:ffiT c)?cmuT, 'lm lR wR                         m~
                                                                                   Cf?Tl1R CflIT ~ ~    I

                                                               1=4A
                                                                     !E--2ern     ~




                                                                         5 ern           lA




                     ~                                        lern
           /rectangular      loop of wire of size 2 em x 5 ern carries a steady current of 1 A. A
              straight long wire carrying 4 A current is kept near the loop as shown in the figure. If
              the loop and the wire are coplanar, find (i) the torque acting on the loop and (ii) the
              magnitude and direction of the force on the loop due to the current carrying wire.

                                                               I=4A
                                                                     !E--2ern~




                                                                         5 ern           lA




       /                                                      lern

J3.                           C
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                              n
                fClfCf){u c)? 1:!iliH-m c)?~              mu ~           >W<1 fcn<:rr   ~ ~           t ?                                                 3
                             w:pm ~         ~       c)?&T ~          ~        Cf?T ~          ~          ~        ~             c
                                                                                                                       ~141Cfi{UI)?~                ~
     1          ~Cfft~~t                        I
 \ /V       fit          instein's photoelectric equation. State clearly how this equation is obtained
                usi g the photon picture of electromagnetic radiation.
                   rite the three salient features observed in photoelectric effect which can be
                explained using this equation.

     55/1/2                                                                       8
  24.      (31)    ~ ~ cnm ~               ~        ~ *l1...aCf){UI ~                  ~      ~              ~ ~         ~ ~                      fcp
                   t\1$~l\iH cpl- ncff cnm       Wffi:r"#, $JlCf~I"i cpl-          m       CfiT11R ~          ($JlCf~I"i ~ ~                      61-
                   ~       i1{II~~ ~11R CfiT lfIT
                                            n                m-m t   I                                                                                              3

           0f)     M       t\1$~hH 1WfTUl "# ~         $JlCf~I'i ~           "# mmT ~               ~         "# t      I~     ~ $JlCf~I"i
                   -3llFft f-"18i14 ~     (~           ~        "#   ~         ~       01 ,ikfl%'j(1 m ~          ~          ~Cf~41 00,*
                   ~~~~~?


\ 1/v--
        $          Using Bohr's second postulate of quantization of orbital angular momentum
                   show that the circumference of the electron in the nth orbital state in hydrogen
                   atom is n times the de Broglie wavelength associated with it.
          . (b)    The electron in hydrogen atom is initially in the third excited state. What is the
                   maximum number of spectral lines which can be emitted when it finally moves
                   to the ground state?                                                r; <\\ 'r : ,....
                                                                                                                         j..-                r» '"
                                                                                                                                                  >          'r-.
                                                                                                                                                        r-";"-
                                                                                                                                                        oj



                                                                                                                                    "l.- tr'< -             .,..,..."

  25 ..    ~~~~~~M~fuRl"ffiT~~~cpl-an&rT~,                                                                                               ~fuRl           yV\.V          '

            QCf)qUnwmT~"ffiT~t                     I                                                                                                                3

                   ~   fuRl cpl-~       CfiT ~          ~~                   ~ ~       lfIT cpr ~       ~     01, ~             ~           ~
           ~~              (MT ~      1K ~       W1TCr ~         ?

   ifuse  Huygens's principle to explain the formation of diffraction pattern due to a
~(-v single slit illuminated by a monochromatic source oflight.
            When the width of the slit is made double the original width, how would this affect
            the size and intensity ofthe central diffraction band?


  26.       (i)    1WfTUl~         (A) ~30 q 170 ~~l1RT,                       ~m,>rfu~aWr~~                                         (BElA) ~
                   11R ~    WR w-f    cpl-an&rT '"{CR114~                ~ ~           ~        lJUT~"ffiT cpl-\ifT"fICfiffi t ?

            (ii)   ~        fcp~        ~~~~"#                               ~CfiT"f.R("q               WR   (f.=r:m) mT t ~~                                               -.
                   S::044H ~        (A) 1K~            (-31lf~ ~         m-m       I                                                                                3
            (i)    What characteristic property of nuclear force explains the constancy of binding
                   energy per nucleon (BElA) in the range of mass number 'A' lying 30 < A <
  \1               170 ?
   A.
\ ).....---          how that the density of nucleus over a wide range of nuclei is constant-
                   independent of mass number A.


y. ~        ~
                   ijklCf)14
                    ~-~
                               Wlll ~ ~        cpl- m ~
                                    cpl- Wlll ~ ~
                                                         ~
                                                      ~ m~
                                                                                       (fqm~ ~ ~
                                                                                       m CfiT~
                                                                                                             fu:!furt
                                                                                                            anW      cpl- ~
                                                                                                                           I 40 MHz ~
                                                                                                                                 ~ cruR
            ~I                                                                                                                                                      3
P. ~vName the three different modes of propagation        of electromagnetic waves. Ex,plain,
            using a proper diagram the mode of propagation used in the frequency range above
            40 MHz.

   55/112                                                                9                                                                            [P.T.O.
~            ~<<;~\Cf)cnl~WffiTcnl~('MT~m~~                                                                       I                                            .   5
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             ~<<;~\Cf) 3 km ~
                    ~                  W:rn-,    100 m ~ GfC.f{fiT ~
                                                              C                      ~      ill ~                   ~fdPcilklcnl ~        ~           WIT
         ~~fdPcilkl          ~~          25 em ~o/~                I
                                                                   ~

         ~~m cnr~                      ~<<;~\Cf) ~
                                              *"              ~ fcR1 WfiR ~               mm t        ?

                     oo~*"~('MT~cnl~~~:                                                                                    1.25 em ('MT 5 em          t    I
         ~           30 ~          ~         m"{{f CflB   *"m.         ~        cnr~*"                        ~&1          wmr Frtl\fu;~,             ~
         ~~cnr~cmit~~~                                                       fcrnT~t?
                                                                   BI41'""l1ct:
        $efine magnifying power of a telescope. Write its expression.
         A small telescope has an objective lens of focal length 150 em and an eye piece of
         focal length 5 cm. If this telescope is used to view a 100 m highJtower 3 km away,
         find the height of the final image when it is formed 25 em away from the eye piece.
                                                OR
         How is the working of a telescope different from that of a microscope?
         The focal lengths of the objective and eyepiece of a microscope are 1.25 em and
         5 em respectively. Find the position of the object relative to the objective in order to
         obtain an angular magnification of 30 in normal adjustment.

             CE fcRmllf        00 s;ir-ijR'<~                  *" m~ ~                    ~ ~ ~                                I~       -cnrt ~        CfiT

             ~~               I ~~fcl?~~cnl~~                                              Ay = - PacRL, ~                          Pac - 'i:ffiT~,
                                                                                                    rj
             RL -~~('MTrj-Rcm~t                                        I                                                                                           5
                      ~        ~       *"m        ~*"                    ~cnr
                                                               5fi\l11,4Cf)               cp;rr
                                                                                              ~                t?
                                                                                                                  .
                                                        ~
             (-31)    ~     ~ ~ "ctirr ~Cf)I~1 *" m ~                            ~         ~          f\ifwf       p-n ~ ~                  cnr~
                      ~          m
                             TT<:fT I ~  -cnrt ~ CfiT ~                     ~            ('MT~                -31ttWRi "ctirr ~          CfiT ~            I
             (~)                 mm A
                      f'"18ifCflct     -31ttB *"m WRi"ctirr"{C\q" (Y) CfiT ~                                           :
                      (i)     OR ~ ('MT (ii) NAND ~
                                                 tl        t2 t3       t,                                 t8
                                                  I        I           I                                  I
                                                  I        I           I                                  I
                                                  I                                                       I
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                                               Ai-'   ----I                                               I

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                                               B;-----
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             Draw a simple circuit of a CE transistor amplifier. Explain its working. Show that the
                                                                       R                            P
             voltage gain, Ay, of the amplifier is given by Ay = - a;. L, where Pac is the current
                                                                                                              1

             gain, RL is the load resistance and rj is the input resistance of the transistor. What is
             the significance of the negative sign in the expression for the voltage gain?
                                                     OR

    55/1/2                                                                      10
~                                                                                             e ~
                   Draw the circuit diagram of a full wave rectifier using p-n junction diod.." :.,.<.
                   Explain its working and show the output, input waveforms.           . .? ~
           (b)     Show the output waveforms (Y) for the following inputs A and B of                                                                       t   \
                   (i)       OR gate              (ii) NAND gate
                                                   tl             t2 t3       t4 t5 t6           t7          t8
                                                       I           I          I           I      I            I
                                                       I           I          I           I      I            I
                                                       I                                                      I
                                                       I                                                      I
                                                       I                                                      I

                                                 Ai-I      ----4                                              I

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                                                 B;-----
                                                       I
                                                       ,
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                                                                                                                                                                   5
          ~ ~      cpr ~ 41;)'1'"1161(1
                                     ~                        ~           ~       ~           CflI~fqM-cR ~           ~           1cp:rr~         ~       WI
          ~~~CfiT3~il(14~'RcnTt~mnrt?~~                                                                                       1

                                                                              ~
           (31)    ~~CfiT~~                                             I~~.~.                       (S.I.)~cp:rrt?
           0D      ~         cl;'f.:l<:rqcl;'~              WI    ~citm               fcfl,   00 ~~                   ~ ~~                   ~      ~
                   -we ~                         0
                                       cl;'"CflRUT 0          ~        'R ~           ~       cpr "48, ~          ~ ~     ~          ~
                                                                                                                                  CfiT       'R   f.Mr~
                   mnr 1

           (tl)    ~     ~        ~
                               CfiT        cp:rrmrrr, ~-we                ~            (i) 'tHI~f:(l(1 m (ii) ~1I~f:(l(1 m ?

           Explain the principle of a device that can build up high voltages of the order of a few
           million volts.
           Draw a schematic diagram and explain the working of this device.
           Is there any restriction on the upper limit of the high voltages set up in this machine?
           Explain.
     _ ~ /                                                                    OR
      ~
    ---            Defme electric flux. Write its S.L units.
          Jl1)     Using Gauss's law, prove that the electric field at a point due to a uniformly
                   charged infinite plane sheet is independent of the distance from it.
          ~        How is the field directed if (i) the sheet is positively charged, (ii) negativJl
              ;7   charged?




                                                  '\




55/1/2                                                                                11

								
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