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your local chapter of the National Organization for the Reform of Marijuana Laws

 Cannabis Is Medicine
Updated NORML Report

Highlights The Role Of                  Presidential Candidate                         Study Highlights
   Pot In Moderating                     Barack Obama Backs
Disease Progression --                 Federal Decriminalization                        Limitations Of
   ‘Emerging Clinical                    -- “I think the war on                         Urine Testing
 Applications’ Booklet                 drugs has been a failure,                      Kansas City, KS, USA: Results of
  Reviews Nearly 200                    and I think we need to                        immunoassay urine screens – the
Studies On Therapeutic                 rethink and decriminalize                      most popular type of workplace
                                                                                      drug tests – should always be
    Use Of Cannabis                      our marijuana laws.”
                                                                                      considered     presumptive     until
Washington, DC, USA: Clinical          Washington, DC, USA: A newly
                                                                                      confirmed by a laboratory-based
and preclinical research on the        discovered video of a 2004
                                                                                      confirmation    test  (e.g.,   gas-
therapeutic use of cannabis            appearance      at    Northwestern
indicates that cannabinoids may        University      by      Democratic
                                                                                      spectrometry testing), according to
curb the progression of various        presidential   candidate    Senator
                                                                                      a review published in the journal
life-threatening     diseases      –   Barack Obama, in which he calls
                                                                                      Mayo Clinic Proceedings.
including     multiple     sclerosis   for the federal decriminalization of
(MS), Alzheimer’s disease, and         marijuana, was posted online                   Investigators at the University of
brain cancer, according to an          today by The Washington Times.                 Kansas Medical Center conclude:
updated report published today         In that appearance, Obama states,              "Immunoassays,         which   use
by the NORML Foundation. The           "I think the war on drugs has been             antibodies to detect the presence
revised report reviews nearly          a failure, and I think we need to              of specific drugs or metabolites,
200 scientific trials assessing        rethink and decriminalize our                  are the most common method for
the     therapeutic     utility   of   marijuana       laws."       Obama             the initial screening process. …
cannabinoids for the treatment         continued, saying that while he                However, these assays are not
of seventeen specific disease          supported decriminalization, he did            perfect. False positive results of
indications:         Alzheimer's       not support the full legalization of           immunoassays can lead to serious
disease, Amyotrophic Lateral           marijuana.                                     medical or socials consequences if
Sclerosis     (ALS),      diabetes                                                    the results are not confirmed by
                                       In   contrast,    Senator   Obama
mellitus,                dystonia,                                                    secondary analysis. … Also, urine
                                       appeared          to        oppose
fibromyalgia,                                                                         drug screens do not provide
                                       decriminalization    in   a   2007
gastrointestinal        disorders,                                                    information regarding the length of
                                       Democratic primary debate when
gliomas, hepatitis C, human                                                           time since last [drug] ingestion,
                                       MSNBC moderator Tim Russert
immunodeficiency               virus                                                  overall duration of [drug] abuse,
                                       asked candidates who opposed
(HIV),             hypertension,                                                      or state of intoxication."
                                       then-candidate     Senator    Chris
incontinence,             multiple     Dodd’s support of decriminalization                    <continued on page 3 >
sclerosis, <continued on page 3 >            <continued on page 3 >
* Volume 2, Issue 1 * January * 2008 * *
                         * The Willamette Valley NORML News Report *
                                      A Voice for Responsible Marijuana Smokers
                                     Since its founding in 1970, NORML has provided a voice in the public
                                     policy debate for those Americans who oppose marijuana prohibition
                                     and favor an end to the practice of arresting marijuana smokers. A
                                     nonprofit public-interest advocacy group, NORML represents the
                                     interests of the tens of millions of Americans who smoke marijuana
                                     responsibly. During the 1970s, NORML led the successful efforts to
                                     decriminalize minor marijuana offenses in 11 states and significantly
                                     lower marijuana penalties in all others.

                                     The oldest and largest marijuana legalization organization in the
                                     country, NORML maintains a professional staff in Washington, DC,
                                     and a network of volunteer state and local NORML Chapters across
                                     the country. Check ‘em out, and find the one nearest you!

                                     The NORML mission is to move public opinion sufficiently to
                                        achieve the repeal of marijuana prohibition so that the
The Willamette Valley                responsible use of cannabis by adults is no longer subject to
NORML News Report                                              penalty.
 is an all-volunteer, not-for-
 profit project to record and        When marijuana is enjoyed responsibly, subjecting users to harsh
                                     criminal and civil penalties provides no public benefit and causes
       broadcast news,
                                     terrible injustices. For reasons of public safety, public health,
     announcements and               economics and justice, the prohibition laws should be repealed to the
information about cannabis           extent that they criminalize responsible marijuana use. NORML, the
          law reform.                National Organization for the Reform of Marijuana Laws – is
                                     located at 1600 K Street, NW, Suite 501, Washington, DC 20006-
  The W-V-NORML News                 2832. Phone (202) 483-5500, Fax: (202) 483-0057 or visit:
 Report is produced by the 
Eugene, OREGON chapter of            Today Willamette Valley NORML joins the fight to reform state and
   NORML, the National               federal marijuana laws, whether by voter initiative or through the
Organization for the Reform          elected legislatures. W-V-NORML will serve as an informational
    of Marijuana Laws                resource to media on marijuana-related stories, providing a
                                     perspective to offset the anti-marijuana propaganda from the
------- Making contact -------       government; lobby state and federal legislators in support of reform
                                     legislation; publish a regular newsletter; host an informative web
    You can Snail Mail:              site; and serve as the umbrella group for a regional network of
The W-V-NORML Newsletter             citizen-activists committed to ending marijuana prohibition and
    team by writing to -             legalizing marijuana.

   P.O. Box 10957                    Along with their parent organization, W-V-NORML will sponsor public
                                     advertising campaigns to better educate the public about marijuana
  Eugene, OR 97440                   and alternatives to current marijuana policy; provide legal assistance
                                     and support to victims of the current laws; and promote relevant
            E-mailing:               research.
                                     W-V-NORML supports the right of adults to use marijuana
   or phoning:   541-517-0957        responsibly, whether for medical or personal purposes. All penalties,
                                     both civil and criminal, should be eliminated for responsible use. W-
 Check ‘em out on-line! visit:       V-NORML also advocates the legalization of hemp (non-psychoactive
                                     marijuana) for industrial use. To find out more, like how you can            help, call, write or visit our website. You’ll be glad you did!

2 * W-V-NORML * P.O. Box 10957, Eugene, Oregon, 97440 *
* Volume 2, Issue 1 * January * 2008
<continued from MEDICINE, page 1 > osteoporosis,           <continued from OBAMA, page 1 > to raise their
pruritis, rheumatoid arthritis, sleep apnea,               hands. In the video,      Senator Obama is seen
and Tourette's syndrome.               NORML Deputy        hesitantly raising his hand halfway before quickly
Director Paul Armentano, who authored the report,          lowering it again.
said: "Despite continued political debates regarding       When asked about the two different answers,
the legality of medicinal marijuana, clinical              Senator Obama’s campaign stated that he has
investigations of the therapeutic use of cannabinoids      "always" supported decriminalization, and that
are now more prevalent than at any time in history.        Obama misunderstood the question when he raised
A search of the National Library of Medicine's             his hand in the debate. In that same statement,
website quantifies this fact. A keyword search using       Obama’s campaign reiterated the Senator’s
the terms ‘cannabinoids, 1996’ reveals just 258            opposition to full legalization, but said that an
scientific journal articles published on the subject for   Obama administration "will review drug sentences
that year. If one performs this same search for the        to see where we can be smarter on crime and
year 2007, one will find over 3,400 published              reduce the blind and counterproductive sentencing
scientific studies.                                        of non-violent offenders."
"[This] emerging body of clinical and preclinical work     "It appears Senator Obama, alone among the major
… makes it clear that the US government's stance           candidates for the presidency, has the courage to
against the therapeutic use of cannabis and                state the obvious: it is time that we stopped
cannabinoids is based on politics, not science."           treating responsible marijuana smokers like
Armentano stated that the findings from recently           criminals," said NORML Executive Director Allen St.
published studies indicate that cannabinoids may           Pierre. "According to a recent CNN/Time Warner
provide long-term therapeutic relief from symptoms         poll, 76% of the American people agree with
associated with degenerative diseases such as MS or        Senator Obama, as well as the 48 million Americans
ALS. "Conditions such as multiple sclerosis are            who smoked marijuana last year."
chronic, degenerative diseases; their symptoms             Democratic rival Senator Hillary Rodham Clinton’s
become more severe over time," he said.                    campaign       stated     that      she    opposes
"Therefore, one would assume that patients would           decriminalization. On the Republican side, Senator
increase their use of cannabis over time in order to       John McCain opposes decriminalization, while
maintain their initial levels of relief. That they are     former Utah Governor Mitt Romney opposes both
typically not doing so indicates that patients are not     decriminalization    and    physician-recommended
becoming tolerant to the drug’s therapeutic effects.       access to medical cannabis.
More importantly, this result may also be evidence
that cannabinoids are moderating the progression of        For more information, please contact NORML
some of these debilitating diseases."                      Executive Director Allen St. Pierre at (202) 483-
                                                           5500. The Washington Times story, along with
Armentano also stated that preclinical studies             video of the two appearances referenced above, are
published this past year indicate that cannabinoids        available                online                at:
possess significant anti-cancer properties and can
limit the spread of various types of malignant cell        cle?AID=/20080131/NATION/896961936/-
lines – including breast cancer, lung cancer, brain        1/RSS_NATION_PO.
cancer, cervical cancer, and pancreatic carcinoma.           _____________________________________________________________
"Far from being a cancer causing agent, many
experts now believe that cannabinoids may one day          <continued from TESTING, page 1 > Authors report
represent a new class of non-toxic anti-cancer drugs       that various prescription and over-the-counter
that can halt the spread and growth of various             medications may yield false positive drug test
cancers without inducing the painful and life-             results on immunoassay tests, though these results
threatening side effects of chemotherapy," he said.        are primarily limited to amphetamines, opioids, and
Full text of the report, "Emerging Clinical                phencyclidine (PCP). For more information, please
Applications for Cannabis & Cannabinoids: A                contact Paul Armentano, NORML Deputy Director,
Review of the Recent Scientific Literature,                at: Full text of the study, "Urine
2006     –    2008,"    is   available   online  at:       drug screening: practical guide for clinicians," is        For       available                  online                at:
more information, please contact Paul Armentano, 
NORML Deputy Director, at:                 p?AID=4580&Abst=Abstract&UID.

* Ph: (541) 517-0957 * Email:                                                    *    3
                                         * The Willamette Valley NORML News Report *
 Nebraska: Legislature Considers                                                                   law enforcement priority. Similar ‘deprioritization’
                                                                                                   measures have been enacted in numerous cities
 ‘Recriminalizing’ Pot Possession Offenses
                                                                                                   nationwide, including Seattle, Washington; Santa
Lincoln, NE, USA: Nebraska lawmakers are
                                                                                                   Cruz, California; Missoula, Montana; Denver,
considering legislation that would overturn the
                                                                                                   Colorado; and Columbia, Missouri.
state’s long-standing marijuana decriminalization
law and replace it with strict criminal punishments.                                               A separate voter-approved initiative sought to
                                                                                                   exempt qualified medical cannabis users from local
As introduced, Legislative Bill 844 would raise
                                                                                                   prosecution.    Similar   policies  have     been
penalties for minor marijuana possession from a civil
                                                                                                   implemented in twelve states.
citation (punishable by a $100 fine) to a class III
misdemeanor – punishable by up to 90 days in jail,                                                 The third measure sought to legalize the production
a $500 fine, and attendance in a drug                                                              of hemp as an agricultural crop.
rehabilitation/educational program. The bill is
                                                                                                   Hailey’s city attorney said that the city is not legally
currently before the Judiciary Committee.
                                                                                                   required to accept the outcome of voter initiatives.
NORML Executive Director Allen St. Pierre criticized
                                                                                                   NORML Executive Director Allen St. Pierre strongly
the measure, stating: "Passage of LB 844 could
                                                                                                   criticized the council’s decision. "Apparently the
potentially expose thousands of minor marijuana
                                                                                                   long-held democratic notion of a government ‘by
offenders to a variety of serious penalties – including
                                                                                                   the people for the people’ no longer applies in
probation and mandatory drug testing, loss of
                                                                                                   Idaho," St. Pierre said. "These lawmakers are
employment, loss of child custody, removal from
                                                                                                   willing to cast aside a democratic vote by their own
subsidized housing, asset forfeiture, loss of federal
                                                                                                   constituents in order to bow at the altar of pot
student aid, and the loss of certain federal welfare
benefits such as food stamps."
                                                                                                   For more information, please contact Allen St.
A similar ‘recriminalization’ measure was rejected by
                                                                                                   Pierre, NORML Executive Director, or Keith Stroup,
the legislature in 2003.
                                                                                                   NORML Legal Counsel, at (202) 483-5500.
Nebraska is one of twelve states that have enacted

marijuana decriminalization – replacing criminal
                                                                                                   Vermont: Senate Bill Seeks To Replace
sanctions with the imposition of fine-only penalties
for minor pot violators. Four additional states –                                                   Minor Pot Penalties With Civil Fines
Hawaii, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, and                                                          Montpelier, VT, USA: Members of the Vermont
Vermont – are considering enacting marijuana                                                       Senate have introduced legislation seeking to
decriminalization measures this year.         For more                                             decriminalize the possession and sale of small
information, please contact Allen St. Pierre, NORML                                                amounts of cannabis.
Executive Director, or NORML Legal Counsel Keith                                                   As introduced, Senate Bill 238 would replace
Stroup at (202) 483-5500. Additional information on                                                existing   criminal    sanctions     outlawing   the
LB 844 is available from NORML’s "Take Action"                                                     possession, cultivation, and sale of minor quantities
Center at:                                                                                         of pot with civil sanctions, punishable by a fine                                            only.
                                                                                                   Specifically, the bill would impose a civil penalty of
Idaho: City Council Snuffs Voter-                                                                  no more than $250 upon first offenders found guilty
   Approved Pot Ordinances                                                                         of possessing up to two ounces of marijuana or
                                                                                                   growing up to two marijuana plants. Offenders
Hailey, Idaho, USA: Hailey city council members
                                                                                                   found guilty of possessing between two and four
voted last week to nullify the provisions of several
                                                                                                   ounces of marijuana and/or cultivating up to five
voter-approved initiatives seeking to liberalize local
                                                                                                   marijuana plants would face civil fines of $1,000.
marijuana law enforcement.
                                                                                                   Defendants found guilty of possessing or cultivating
Lawmakers alleged that the three initiatives                                                       amounts above this threshold would face up to
conflicted with state and federal laws and therefore                                               three years imprisonment.
could not legally be implemented by the city. Voters
                                                                                                   Under current state law, the possession or
had approved the measures in November.
                                                                                                   cultivation of any amount of cannabis is a
One of initiatives sought to direct local police to                                                misdemeanor offense punishable by up to six
make activities related to the investigation, citation,                                            months in jail.
and/or arrest of adult cannabis users their lowest                                                                           <continued on next page>

4      * W-V-NORML * P.O. Box 10957, Eugene, Oregon, 97440 *
* Volume 2, Issue 1 * January * 2008
<continued from previous page>     Senate Bill 238 also
                                                                                                   III. There is some evidence of arguably positive
seeks to reduce violations involving the transfer of
                                                                                                   effects from I-75in the following substantive areas
small amounts of cannabis from a felony offense to a
civil violation. The bill is currently before the Senate
Judiciary Committee.                                                                               1. Fewer adults experiencing the consequences of
                                                                                                   involvement in the criminal justice system due to
Members of the Burlington City Council are also
                                                                                                   their personal use of marijuana; and,
debating a separate marijuana decriminalization
resolution.                                                                                        2. A small reduction in the amount of public safety
                                                                                                   resources dedicated to marijuana possession cases
Currently, twelve states have enacted similar
                                                                                                   and a corresponding slight increase in availability of
versions of marijuana decriminalization – replacing
                                                                                                   these resources for other public safety priorities.
criminal sanctions with the imposition of fine-only
penalties for minor pot violators.         For more                                                The panel then recommended that the City Council
information, please contact Allen St. Pierre, NORML                                                (1) keep the current ordinance in effect; (2) require
Executive Director, or NORML Legal Counsel Keith                                                   the City Attorney’s Office to provide the city council
Stroup at (202) 483-5500. Additional information on                                                with an annual report describing the disposition of
SB 238 is available from NORML’s "Take Action"                                                     each case in which an individual was referred for
Center at:                                                                                         misdemeanor marijuana charges, tracking the                                    disposition of the charges, including an analysis of
    ____________________________________________________________________________________________   the racial and gender breakdown of those referred
                                                                                                   for prosecution; and (3) disband the Marijuana
 Seattle Marijuana Policy Review Panel
                                                                                                   Policy Review Panel.
 Concludes I-75 Working As Intended
Seattle, Washington, USA: Initiative 75, passed                                                    NORML Board member Dominic Holden, a Seattle
by the Seattle, WA voters in September of 2003,                                                    resident who led the successful effort to pass I-75
requires that "the Seattle Police Department and                                                   and is one of the 11-members appointed by the
City Attorney’s Office shall make the investigation,                                               City Council President to serve on the review panel,
arrest and prosecution of marijuana offenses, when                                                 stated:
the marijuana was intended for adult personal use,                                                 "The panel’s report is the first of its kind in the US
the city’s lowest law enforcement priority." The                                                   to show that de-prioritizing marijuana enforcement
ordinance subsequently adopted by the Seattle City                                                 has no negative impact on society. In contrast, this
Council to implement the new policy included                                                       report shows that the measure freed up limited law
provisions for the president of the city council to                                                enforcement resources to focus on violent and
appoint an eleven-member Marijuana Policy Review                                                   dangerous crime. This is the result that initiative
Panel to assess and report on the effects of this                                                  backers and endorsers, including the League of
ordinance.                                                                                         Women Voters, promised voters when I-75 was on
Today, following more than three years of meetings                                                 the ballot. To view the final version of Seattle’s
and reviews, the Marijuana Policy Review Panel                                                     Marijuana Policy Review, visit
issued their final report, including the following                                               
conclusions and findings:

I. I-75 was implemented and following its                                                               US Investigators Praise
implementation there were reductions both in the                                                   Cannabinoids As Chemo Treatment
number of Seattle Police Department marijuana                                                      Madison, WI, USA: Cannabinoids inhibit cancer
incident referrals and in the number of Seattle City                                               cell proliferation and should be clinically tested as
Attorney filings of marijuana charges, although it is                                              chemotherapeutic agents, according to a review
impossible to say whether these reductions were the                                                published in the January issue of the journal Cancer
result of I-75;                                                                                    Research.
II. There is no evidence of any adverse effect of the                                              Investigators at the University of Wisconsin School
implementation of I-75, including specifically                                                     of Medicine and Public Health reported that the
                                                                                                   administration of cannabinoids halts the spread of a
1. no evident increase in marijuana use among
                                                                                                   wide range of cancers, including brain cancer,
youth and young adults:
                                                                                                   prostate cancer, breast cancer, lung cancer, skin
2. no evident increase in crime; and                                                               cancer,   pancreatic   cancer,    and    lymphoma.
                                                                                                   Researchers suggested that cannabinoids may offer
3. no adverse impact on public health.                                                                                       <continued on next page>

* Ph: (541) 517-0957 * Email: *                                                                                                                                   5
                                          * The Willamette Valley NORML News Report *
<continued from previous page>  significant advantages                                              cannabinoids have displayed a great potency in
over standard chemotherapy treatments because                                                       reducing glioma tumor growth either in vitro or in
the compounds are both non-toxic and can uniquely                                                   animal     experimental    models.    …     Moreover,
target malignant cells while ignoring healthy ones.                                                 cannabinoids appear to be selective antitumoral
                                                                                                    agents as they kill glioma cells without affecting the
"Cannabinoids … offer potential applications as anti-
                                                                                                    viability of nontransformed counterparts."
tumor drugs, based on the ability of some members
of this class to limit inflammation, cell proliferation,                                            In 2006, investigators at Complutense University in
and cell survival," authors concluded. "[T]here is                                                  Spain reported that the intracranial administration
overwhelming evidence to suggest that cannabinoids                                                  of THC decreased recurrent GBM tumor growth in
can be explored as chemotherapeutic agents for the                                                  humans.
treatment of cancer."
                                                                                                    For more information, please contact Paul
In November, researchers at the California Pacific                                                  Armentano,     NORML     Deputy     Director,    at:
Medical Center Research Institute reported that the                                           Full   text   of   the     study,
administration of the non-psychoactive cannabinoid                                                  "Cannabinoids as potential new therapy for the
cannabidiol limits the activity of the breast cancer                                                treatment of gliomas," appears in Expert Review of
metastasis gene Id-1, stating, "[Cannabidiol] offers                                                Neurotherapeutics.
hope of a non-toxic therapy that could [treat                                                          ____________________________________________________________________________________________

aggressive forms of cancer] without any of the
painful side effects [of chemotherapy.]"                                                             White House Announces Dates,
In 2006, investigators at Madrid's Complutense                                                        Locations For 2008 Regional
University, School of Biology, reported in the British                                                   Drug Testing Summits
Journal of Cancer that THC administration decreases                                                 Washington, DC, USA: The White House Office of
recurrent glioblastoma multiforme (brain) tumor                                                     National Drug Control Policy (ONDCP) is once again
growth in patients diagnosed with the disease.                                                      sponsoring a series of regional summits to
NORML Deputy Director Paul Armentano praised the                                                    encourage     middle-school    and    high   school
University of Wisconsin study. "Far from being                                                      administrators to enact federally sponsored random
cancer causing agents, cannabinoids may one day                                                     student drug testing. The 2008 summits mark the
represent a new class of non-toxic anti-cancer drugs                                                fifth consecutive year that the White House is
that can halt the spread of the disease without                                                     funding the symposiums, which are scheduled to
inducing the painful and life-threatening side effects                                              take place this winter in Jacksonville, Florida
of chemotherapy," he said. For more information,                                                    (January 29), Oklahoma City, Oklahoma (January
please contact Paul Armentano, NORML Deputy                                                         31), Albuquerque, New Mexico (February 6), and
Director, at: Full text of the study,                                               Indianapolis, Indiana (February 13).
"Cannabinoids for cancer treatment: progress and                                                    "These summits fail to acknowledge the harsh
promise," appears in Cancer Research. Additional                                                    realities of random student drug testing programs,"
information on the use of cannabinoids as potential                                                 NORML Deputy Director Paul Armentano said.
anti-cancer agents is available in the online report                                                "These programs are humiliating, expensive
"Cannabinoids as Cancer Hope" at:                                                                   failures. They fail to deter students from using                                                       drugs and alcohol, and they break down trust
     ____________________________________________________________________________________________   between teens and educators."
    Cannabinoids Offer Novel Option For                                                             According to the results of a two-year prospective
    Brain Cancer Treatment, Study Says                                                              study published in the Journal of School Health in
Busto Arsivo, Italy: Cannabinoids possess anti-                                                     November, random drug testing programs that
tumor activity in glioblastoma cell lines and may                                                   target high school athletes do not reduce self-
offer a new therapeutic option for the treatment of                                                 reported drug use and may encourage behaviors
brain cancer, according to a review published in the                                                associated with "future substance use."
January issue of the journal Expert Review of
Neurotherapeutics.                                                                                  Last year the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP)
                                                                                                    Council on School Health resolved, "There is little
Investigators at the University of Insurbia, Center of                                              evidence of the effectiveness of school-based drug
Neurosciene, wrote: "[C]annabinoids have been                                                       testing," and warned that students subjected to
shown to exert antiproliferative effects on a wide                                                  random testing programs may experience "an
spectrum of cells in culture. Of interest,                                                          increase in known risk factors for drug use." The
                                                                                                                              <continued on next page>

6       * W-V-NORML * P.O. Box 10957, Eugene, Oregon, 97440 *
* Volume 2, Issue 1 * January * 2008
                                                                                                  The report also states, "Past use of cannabis, as
<continued from previous page> Academy also warned
                                                                                                  defined by the detection of inactive cannabis
that school-based drug testing programs could
                                                                                                  metabolites in the urine of drivers, is not associated
decrease student involvement in extracurricular
                                                                                                  with an increased accident risk." Past use of
activities and undermine trust between pupils and
                                                                                                  cannabis, as defined by the presence of trace levels
                                                                                                  of THC in a drivers’ blood, is also seldom associated
A 2003 cross-sectional study of national student                                                  with increased accident risk compared to drug-free
drug testing programs previously reported, "Drug                                                  drivers. By contrast, a handful of recent studies
testing, as practiced in recent years in American                                                 have reported a positive association between recent
secondary schools, does not prevent or inhibit                                                    cannabis exposure – as defined by the presence of
student drug use."                                                                                THC/blood concentrations above 5ng/ml – and a
                                                                                                  gradually increased risk of vehicle accident.
Since 2005, the US Department of Education has
appropriated over $10 million dollars to enact                                                    "In closed course and driving simulator studies,
random student drug testing programs in public                                                    marijuana’s     acute   effects   on   psychomotor
schools and has sponsored over 20 regional                                                        performance include minor impairments in tracking
summits. For more information, please contact Paul                                                (eye movement control) and reaction time, as well
Armentano,     NORML       Deputy      Director, at:                                              as variation in lateral positioning, headway, and Free registration to attend any of                                                speed," the report states. "[However,] these
this year’s summits is available online at:                                                       variations in driving behavior are noticeably less                                                  consistent or pronounced than the impairments
                                                                                                  exhibited by subjects under the influence of alcohol.
 New NORML Report Assesses Pot                                                                    Also, unlike subjects impaired by alcohol,
And Driving Risk --- Pot Law Reform                                                               individuals under the influence of cannabis tend to
                                                                                                  be aware of their impairment and try to
  Group Calls For Science-Based
                                                                                                  compensate for it accordingly, either by driving
 Educational Campaign Targeting                                                                   more cautiously or by expressing an unwillingness
    Drugged Driving Behavior                                                                      to drive altogether."
Washington, DC, USA: Motorists should be
                                                                                                  NORML’s report calls for the creation of a
discouraged from driving if they have recently                                                    nationwide public health campaign to educate
smoked cannabis, and they should never operate a
                                                                                                  younger drivers of the potential risks posed by
motor vehicle after having recently consumed both
                                                                                                  drugged driving. The report also calls for the
marijuana    and    alcohol,   according   to   a                                                 development      of   roadside, cannabis-sensitive
comprehensive new report published today by the
                                                                                                  technology to better assist law enforcement in
NORML Foundation.
                                                                                                  identifying drivers who may be under the influence
The report, authored by NORML’s newly appointed                                                   of pot.
Deputy Director Paul Armentano, reviews more than
                                                                                                  "The development of such technology would also
a dozen scientific studies investigating the impact of                                            increase public support for the taxation and
cannabis and other controlled substances on
                                                                                                  regulation of cannabis by helping to assuage
psychomotor performance and on-road accident risk.
                                                                                                  concerns that liberalizing marijuana policies could
It states: "While pot’s adverse impact on
                                                                                                  potentially lead to an increase in incidences of
psychomotor skills is less severe than the effects of                                             drugged driving," the report concludes. "Such
alcohol, driving under the acute influence of
                                                                                                  concerns are a significant impediment to the
cannabis still may pose an elevated risk of accident
                                                                                                  enactment of marijuana law reform, and must be
in certain situations. However, because marijuana’s                                               sufficiently addressed before a majority of the
psychomotor impairment is subtle and short-lived,
                                                                                                  public will embrace any public policy that proposes
consumers can greatly reduce this risk by refraining
                                                                                                  regulating adult cannabis use like alcohol."
from driving for a period of several hours following
their cannabis use.                                                                               Full text of the report, "Cannabis and Driving: A
                                                                                                  Scientific and Rational Review," is available
"In contrast, motorists should never be encouraged                                                online at:
to operate a vehicle while smoking cannabis. Drivers
should also be advised that engaging in the
simultaneous use of both cannabis and alcohol can                                                 For more information, please contact             Paul
significantly increase their risk of accident compared                                            Armentano,    NORML  Deputy  Director,            at:
to the consumption of either substance alone."                                          

* Ph: (541) 517-0957 * Email: *                                                                                   7
 News From your local affiliate of the National Organization for the Reform of Marijuana Laws

                                                       * NOTE! The Willamette Valley
   Anti-Extradition                                       NORML Public meeting *
Campaign Underway In                                    Happens every 4th Sat. of the
 Canada For Country’s                                       month and will be at
Most Famous Marijuana                                     Herbs Toasted Subs,
                                                       1210 Willamette St, Eugene *
 Law Reform Advocate
Toronto, Canada: National Post columnist and            call: 541.517-0957 -or- visit:
lawyer Karen Selick penned a New Year’s Eve  
column calling attention to the upcoming January          _________________________________________
21 extradition hearing for Cannabis Culture            Nicholson is reminded by Selick that an Internet
publisher, and former cannabis seed vendor, Marc       search today of the term ‘marijuana seeds’ still
Emery. The extradition hearing could lead to           finds numerous seed-selling businesses still
Emery having to stand trial in the United States       operating widely in Canada, making the arrest of
on federal charges relating to selling cannabis        only Emery (along with his co-defendants
seeds over the Internet.                               Michelle Rainey and Greg Williams) apparently a
In an open letter to Rob Nicholson, Canada’s           selective law enforcement action. Further, when
                                                       Canada was compelled in 2000 to make medical
Minister of Justice, Selick acknowledges that
                                                       marijuana available by the Ontario Court of
Emery will likely be compelled by Canadian courts
                                                       Appeals, confusion reigned and that Health Canada
to surrender to U.S. authorities, and pending such
                                                       (Canada’s health bureaucracy) referred qualified
a determination, asks Nicholson’s intervention on      medical patients to purchase seeds online from
behalf of Emery. Selick exhorts, "[Marc’s] conduct     Marc Emery’s company.
would have been grounds for criminal charges
here, although Canadian authorities never chose        Selick concludes, "It would be the height of
to charge him. But that’s enough under the Act to      hypocrisy and injustice for this country to now
make it mandatory for the judge to commit him          hand over its benefactor to a foreign government
for surrender to U.S. authorities.                     for a prosecution it declined to pursue itself. The
                                                       Extradition Act requires you, Mr. Justice Minister,
That’s where you come in, Mr. Justice Minister.        to refuse to surrender a person if the request for
Once the court has ruled, the Extradition Act gives    extradition is ‘made for the purpose of
you discretion to refuse to surrender Marc if it       prosecuting or punishing the person by reason of
"would be unjust or oppressive having regard to        their…political opinion.’ Please consider Marc’s
all the relevant circumstances." From 1999 until       long history of idealistic activism and tell the U.S.
he was arrested in 2005, Marc declared his             government that you won’t let them haul this
income tax return that his occupation was              politically motivated Canadian hero off to one of
‘marijuana seed vendor.’ He paid $578,000 in           their jails." An online petition encouraging the
income taxes into federal and BC government            Canadian government not to extradite Marc Emery
coffers….Canada     Revenue        Agency…graciously   (and Rainey/Williams) to the United States on
accepted his money without ever taking any             federal criminal charges is found at:
action to put a stop to all this criminal activity."

* The Willamette Valley ( W-V ) NORML News Report > * P.O. Box 10957, Eugene,
  Oregon, 97440 * Ph: (541) 517-0957 * Email: *
                    or visit:

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