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					   To Begin…
 Please turn in your JRP Working prompt to the
  bin (please write on it if you have English on A
  or B day).
 Please get out paper for your Chapter 32 quiz.

 When finished, turn in and pull out your notes
  from last class and the PD you read for today.
 JRP update
 B4: Pep Rally PwPt
              1932 Presidential Campaign
         Herbert Hoover (R)                            Franklin D. Roosevelt (D)
   Rugged Individualism -- individuals should be      Social welfare -- the government should
    responsible for their own welfare and success;      provide a minimum level of income,
    the government should provide little
    assistance
                                                        services, or other support for
                                                        disadvantaged peoples (e.g. poor,
   Thought problem was confidence, market
    would correct itself if they just waited it out     elderly, disabled)
   His approach to the Great Depression               His suggestions:
    emphasized                                           Government should take direct
     self-help                                            action to help people
     assisting businesses over individuals
                                                         Government should play a larger
       (trickle down)
     private charities
                                                           role in business
     Partnerships between business and                  Temporarily close all banks to reduce
       government should be voluntary                      panic and increase stability
                                                         Initiate the New Deal
    Examples of Hoover’s Programs:
                                                           Relief
     Federal Farm Board
     Reconstruction Finance Corporation
                                                           Recovery
     Federal Home Loan Bank Act                           reform
     public works programs (e.g. Hoover Dam)
           1932 Election – the results
 FDR won all but 6 states
 Democrats gained control of
  the presidency, House, and
  Senate
 Felt had a mandate for
  increased government
  action and involvement
 Built a new Democratic
  coalition that included labor
  unions, white Southerners,
  minorities, farmers,
  intellectuals, urban dwellers
PD HW Discussion
 How do you describe FDR’s tone?
 What does FDR identify as the problems?
 How does FDR describe how those problems should
  be addressed (generally and specifically)?
 How does his view of the government (particularly
  the executive branch) differ from Hoover’s?
    The New Deal

How effective was the New Deal?

             2/22
FDR’s Approach
                  1932 Election
                     What is his outlook? What are his
                      promises/goals?
                  Brain Trust
                  Bank Holiday
                  New Deal
                    relief: address immediate pressing needs
                     (e.g. direct aid)
                    recovery: rectify short-term problems
                     with system (e.g. bank holiday)
                    reform: long-term changes to prevent
                     recurrence (e.g. Securities and Exchange
                     Commission)
     Examining The New Deal
1.    Select seven New Deal agencies; read the provided information.

2.    For each agency, gather the following info:
     Name of the      Problem the     What the     Is the agency     Was the
       program          agency       agency did     an example       agency a
     (not the title   designed to   (in 1930s, not     of relief,   good idea?
      of the info        solve        presently)     recovery, or     Why?
        sheet)                                          reform

3.    After you’ve examined seven agencies, answer the following:
     A. When you look across the programs, what trends do you see? Explain
        your reasoning.
     B. What compliments might FDR’s New Deal receive? Why?
     C. What criticisms might FDR’s New Deal receive? Why?
RELIEF   RECOVERY   REFORM
      RELIEF                      RECOVERY                          REFORM
• Civilian Conservation Corp    • Bank Holiday (1933)           • Tennessee Valley Authority
(1933)                          • Agricultural Adjustment Act   (1933)
• Federal Emergency Relief      (1933)                          • Federal Deposit Insurance
Act (1933)                      • National Recovery             Corporation (1933)
• Public Works Administration   Administration (1933)           • Securities and Exchange
(1933)                                                          Commission (1934)
•Home Owners Loan
Corporation (1933)
• Civil Works Administration
(1933)



• Works Progress                                                • National Labor Relations
Administration (1935)                                           Board (1935)
                                                                • Social Security Act (1935)
                                                                • U.S. Housing Authority
                                                                (1937)
                                                                • Fair Labor Standards Act
                                                                (1938)
Some quick terms
 Hundred Days Congress/First Hundred Days/First New Deal:
  refers to FDR’s initial onslaught of programs from 1933-1934
 Second Hundred Days/Second New Deal: refers to FDR’s
  follow-up onslaught of programs starting in 1935; some
  consider these to be more radical
 Deficit-Spending/Priming the Pump/Keynesian Economics:
  the belief that during times of economic crisis, it is more
  important to pump money into the economy than worry about
  overspending or balancing the budget
 1937-1938 Recession: some blame on FDR’s refocus on
  balancing the budget or withdrawing too quickly from New
  Deal reforms; reinvigorated FDR’s deficit-spending
Everyone’s a Critic…
                        Turn to your neighbor and
                         discuss the following:
                          What stands out to you in
                           this cartoon? Think
                           especially about the
                           symbols.
                          In what ways is this
                           cartoon critical of the New
                           Deal?
                          Do you agree with the
                           artist?
Everyone’s a Critic…
                        Turn to your neighbor and
                         discuss the following:
                          What stands out to you in
                           this cartoon? Think
                           especially about the
                           symbols.
                          In what ways is this
                           cartoon critical of the New
                           Deal?
                          Do you agree with the
                           artist?
Everyone’s a Critic…
                        Turn to your neighbor and
                         discuss the following:
                          What stands out to you in
                           this cartoon? Think
                           especially about the
                           symbols.
                          In what ways is this
                           cartoon critical of the New
                           Deal?
                          Do you agree with the
                           artist?
  Criticisms of the New Deal
 Doing Too Much…
   American Liberty League
 Not Doing Enough…
   Huey Long
   Francis Townsend
   Father Charles Coughlin


 Court Packing Scheme
   Immediate and Lasting Impacts
 Reconfigured Democratic
  base
 Single-party control of
  government
 Increased executive power and
  size
 United States becomes a social
  welfare state
…To End
 Which two New Deal program do you consider
 the most significant? Defend your selections.

				
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