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OPTIMA Optimisation for Sustainable Water Management

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									               OPTIMA
Optimisation for Sustainable
      Water Management
            WP 2




            corridoio.zero
      Multidisciplinary Lab for Exchanges
 with the Balkans and the Mediterranean Region
   corridoio.zero in OPTIMA

• Integrated approach
         • Systemic approach but attention to peculiar frameworks
         • Qualitative information beside quantitative data
         • Relationship building (case study partners)
         • Thematic parallel desk studies

• Care to local organizations of communities
         • Including “informal” sources of information, constraints and
         stakeholders

• Participatory tools
         • “Active hearing”
         • Workshops (facilitation)
Work Plan
                 Work Plan




                   Socio-economic framework:
                   decision making processes



                               Evaluation: post-optimal
 Requirements and
                                  decision analysis
constraints analysis
          Overall Tasks (1)

STEP 1: Identification of stakeholders
 • Local administrations
 • Local NGOs or social groups
    • i.e., manufacturing and agricultural workers, environmental NGOs
 • Water supply authorities
 • Water users
 • ...




        NETWORK OF STAKEHOLDERS
            How to identify such
                stakeholders?
                            Water Distribution

        Water Production                            Water Users




   Regional
 development                                                  Regional
and planning of                                           pollution control
 the territory




       Institutions in                               Institutions in
         charge of                                     charge of
       water quality                               water conservation
                             Unofficial/hybrid
                           groups & associations
            How to identify such
                stakeholders?
                                     Water Distribution

        Water Production                                             Water Users


                              Exploitation of the
                            freshwater resources

   Regional
 development                                          Treatment                Regional
and planning of                                     of wastewater          pollution control
 the territory

                                       Production of
                                     desalinated water
                                                                      Institutions in
    Institutions taking
                                                                        charge of
  charge of water quality
                                                                    water conservation
                                     Unofficial/hybrid
                                   groups & associations
            How to identify such
                stakeholders?
                             Water Distribution

        Water Production                             Water Users


                            Distribution of
                            potable wate

   Regional
 development                                                   Regional
and planning of                                            pollution control
 the territory                    Distribution of
                                 irrigation water



                                                      Institutions in
    Institutions taking
                                                        charge of
  charge of water quality
                                                    water conservation
                              Unofficial/hybrid
                            groups & associations
            How to identify such
                stakeholders?
                                     Water Distribution

        Water Production                                                Water Users
                                               Domestic
                            Industry (>15       Users
                             employees)
                                                          Agriculture
   Regional            Industry (<15
 development            employees)                                               Regional
and planning of                                                              pollution control
                                                           Tourism
 the territory
                         Energy
                       production
                                                     Breeding
                                 Transportation
                                                                       Institutions in
    Institutions taking
                                                                         charge of
  charge of water quality
                                                                     water conservation
                                     Unofficial/hybrid
                                   groups & associations
            How to identify such
                stakeholders?
                             Water Distribution

        Water Production                              Water Users




   Regional
 development                 Institutions relevant              Regional
and planning of             to the case study area          pollution control
 the territory




                                                       Institutions in
    Institutions taking
                                                         charge of
  charge of water quality
                                                     water conservation
                              Unofficial/hybrid
                            groups & associations
            How to identify such
                stakeholders?
                               Water Distribution

        Water Production                                 Water Users




   Regional
 development                    natural resources,                 Regional
and planning of             including water resources          pollution control
 the territory




                                                          Institutions in
    Institutions taking
                                                            charge of
  charge of water quality
                                                        water conservation
                                Unofficial/hybrid
                              groups & associations
            How to identify such
                stakeholders?
                                  Water Distribution

        Water Production                                     Water Users

                                              NGO’s

                        Water research
   Regional                centres
                                             professional              Regional
 development                                  registers
and planning of                                                    pollution control
 the territory
                   groups of citizens/
                    local commitees         educational
                                             institutes

                                                              Institutions in
    Institutions taking
                                                                charge of
  charge of water quality
                                                            water conservation
                                  Unofficial/hybrid
                                groups & associations
            How to identify such
                stakeholders?
                             Water Distribution

        Water Production                             Water Users



                              Monitoring
                               activity
   Regional
 development                                                   Regional
and planning of                                            pollution control
 the territory                 Setting of
                            quality standards



                                                      Institutions in
    Institutions taking
                                                        charge of
  charge of water quality
                                                    water conservation
                              Unofficial/hybrid
                            groups & associations
            How to identify such
                stakeholders?
                               Water Distribution

        Water Production                                Water Users




   Regional                 protection of freshwater
 development                       resources                      Regional
and planning of                                               pollution control
 the territory




                                                         Institutions in
    Institutions taking
                                                           charge of
  charge of water quality
                                                       water conservation
                               Unofficial/hybrid
                             groups & associations
    How to evaluate a local actor’s
  representativeness?...an instance:

                               Water Distribution

        Water Production                                Water Users




   Regional                 protection of freshwater
 development                       resources                      Regional
and planning of                                               pollution control
 the territory




                                                         Institutions in
    Institutions taking
                                                           charge of
  charge of water quality
                                                       water conservation
                               Unofficial/hybrid
                             groups & associations
Which is the “dimension” of the
            problem?

   Total number
                                                   Total area
  of organizations
                                                interested (km2)
    on the basin




                     protection of freshwater
                            resources




Total volume of
                                                 Total number of
water interested
                                                residents involved
    (m3/yr)
How representative is the actor I
           can contact?

         Territorial                                 Total area
     level/competence                            interested by the
        of the body                             organization (km2)




                          “Water Conservation
                            League” of the
                           Xxxx Municipality




   Total volume of                                 Total number of
water interested by the                         residents involved by
 organization (m3/yr)                             the organization
  Who’s the contact person, and how
    can I communicate to her/him?

                                Name
          Gender                                Spoken language(s)



                          “Water Conservation
                            League” of the
                                                       Is he/she directly
  Role within              Xxxx Municipality          working or living on
the organization                                           the area?


                          Mr/Ms Yyyy Zzzz
 How to communicate                                Contact details
   to contact person                             (address, telephone
(on site survey, phone,                            number, e-mail
     mail, e-mail...)                                address...)
             Overall Tasks (2)
   STEP 2: Identification of water issues
    • Campaign/survey on so far identified stakeholders
    • First Local Workshop:
          • needs/wishes/expectation expressed by stakeholder
            translated into overall objectives
          • Indentification of further performance indicators of
            water policies




               GUIDELINES (draft version)
             Overall Tasks (3)
   STEP 3: SH structure of preferences:
    • Workshop 2
          • preferences are translated in a set of relative weights
          • ranking of alternatives for every stakeholder
          • Identification of existing conflicts and mediated
            alternatives




                 GUIDELINES (2nd draft)

                          OPTIMA Kick-Off Meeting, 29 Oct ‘04
             Overall Tasks (4)
   STEP 4: comparison at regional scale
    • Collection of results
    • Comparison on a regional scale
    • Last regional workshop
          • Presentation to the larger regional community




       Guidelines for a Participatory Approach to
         Water Policies in Local Communities
                         OPTIMA Kick-Off Meeting, 29 Oct ‘04
Participative attitude all
   along OPTIMA project

• Although officially planned for specific work-
  packages, the participatory techniques should
  be an attitude & a “habit” running through all
  the project.
• Most important, although work on single study
  cases will be mostly accomplished by local
  partners, the assistance of c.zero & IRM will
  be at their full disposal while dealing with local
  actors.
                            References
   corridoio.zero experience:
      Borroni D., Oliveti Selmi O., Padovani G., Parolin M., Rodriquez C., Ruggieri G.,
        Sachero V., 2001. Towards an Integrated Approach to Reconstruction – An
        Architectural and Environmental Engineering Workshop in Kosovo – edited by
        corridoio.zero, printed by Clup ed., Milano.
   General methodology for Multicriteria Analysis:
      Bogart K. P., Preference structure I: distances between transitive preference
        relations, «Journal of Mathematical Sociology» 3 - 1973, 49-67
      Bogart K. P., Preference structure II: distances between asymmetric preference
        relations, «SIAM Journal of Applied Mathematics» 29(2) - 1975, 254-265
      Capello A., Decisioni di gruppo a molti criteri, Graduation Thesis - Politecnico of
        Milano – Faculty of Engineering, Milano 1994.
      Roy B., Slowinski R., Criterion of distance between technical programming and socio-
        economic priority, Operations Research 27 n° 1, pp. 45-60, 1993.
    Participatory processes in environmental decision-making:
      Sclavi M., L’arte di ascoltare e mondi possibili, 2001, Feltrinelli Bologna
      Sclavi M. et Al, 2003. Avventure urbane – Progettare la città con gli abitanti, ed.
        Eleuthera.
     ...


                                    OPTIMA Kick-Off Meeting, 29 Oct ‘04

								
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