NATIONAL CONFERENCE ON AGRICULTURE
FOR KHARIF CAMPAIGN 2010, NEW DELHI
(MARCH. 18th – 19th 2010)
GOVERNMENT OF NAGALAND
DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE
1. Population Census (2001)
Total population : 19,88,636
Rural population : 16,35,815
Total farming household : 1,49,171
2. Total Geographical Area : 16,579 Sq.km
Total cultivable area : 7,21,924 ha
Gross cropped area : 4,19,760 ha
Double cropped area : 1,20,000 ha
Net cropped area : 2,99,760 ha
Gross irrigated area : 91,840 ha
Net irrigated area : 72,670 ha
3. Food-grain Production (2009-10) : 3,67,820 MT (Anticipated)
4. Oilseeds Production (2009-10) : 99,720 MT (Anticipated)
5. Commercial Production (2009-10) : 3,02,350 MT (Anticipated)
RAINFALL DATA FOR THE PERIOD SEPT 2009 TO FEB 2010
Average rainfall in mm
Agriculture is the mainstay of the state’s economy. More
than 80% of the population is rural based and its economy
depends on agriculture and allied sectors. Traditionally, all
the tribes practice shifting cultivation. The Angami and
Chakhesang tribes have on the other developed a system of
Wet Terraced Rice Cultivation (WTRC), which they practice
along with shifting cultivation.
VISION AND MISSION STATEMENT
A feasible Agriculture in Nagaland, economically viable
and ‘Food for All by 2020’.
Promote subsistence agriculture to commercial
agriculture in a sustainable manner by extending demand
driven services to farmers.
Promote Organic agriculture in a sustainable manner
under rain-fed situations.
A major shift in Policy from sustainable level of production to
commercial oriented production program has been put into
motion during 11th Five Year Plan period. Towards achieving this
objective various strategies has been defined and institutional
reforms carried out:
Crop zoning of cultivable agricultural land all over the State
identifying major viable crops carried out.
Input procurement and distribution policy in line with crop zoning
Adopted organic program, an effective strategy involving design
management procedures that work with natural processes
Extension services have been re-oriented and adopted New
Extension Reform (ATMA)
To strengthen market linkage, APMC has been constituted
through an Act of the State Legislature to provide meaningful
services to the farmers.
Proposed two pronged approach of increasing the area and
productivity for increasing the production of Rice & Pulses in
order to achieve Horizontal and Vertical growth.
NO.1 RABI ASSESSMENT 2009-10
RABI ASSESSMENT FOR 2009 - 10 TARGET & LIKELY
ACHIEVEMENT OF AREA & PRODUCTION
ARE A ('0 0 0 h a ) P RODUCT ION ('0 0 0 MT )
CROP S L IKE L Y L IKE L Y
T ARGE T ACHIE VE ME NT T ARGE T ACHIE VE ME NT
a. Cereals 13.00 13.10 26.90 27.00
b. Pulses 18.16 18.09 23.92 23.92
Total Food Grain 31.16 31.19 50.82 50.92
c. Oilseeds 73.21 73.21 71.00 71.00
d. Commercial Crop
(potato) 2.95 2.95 36.58 36.58
KHARIF PROSPECT FOR 2010-11
KHARIF PROSPECT FOR 2010 - 11 TARGET & PROJECTED
ACHIEVEMENT OF AREA & PRODUCTION
ARE A ('000 ha) P RODUCT ION ('000 MT )
CROP S P ROJE CT E D P ROJE CT E D
T ARGE T T ARGE T
ACHIE VE ME NT ACHIE VE ME NT
a. Cereals 243.21 243.21 519.71 519.71
b. Pulses 15.50 15.50 18.83 18.83
Total Food Grain 258.71 258.71 538.54 538.54
c. Oilseeds 31.23 31.23 41.23 41.23
d. Commercial Crop 24.55 24.55 346.42 346.42
TARGET & REQUIREMENT FOR KHARIF 2010
Sl No Crop Quantity in qtl
1 Paddy 4150
2 Maize 2300
3 Jobstear 750
4 Millets 1200
Total Cereals: 8400
1 Kholar (Rajmah) 1100
2 Rice bean 800
3 Arhar 650
4 Cowpea 600
5 Moong 105
Total Pulses: 3255
1 Soyabean 1000
2 Sesamum 950
3 Pyrilla 900
4 Groundnut 500
Total Oilseeds: 3350
SEEDS (Availability,Treatment, Testing)
State do not produce sufficient seeds and therefore
depends on the supply position of NSC/SFCI dealers etc.
NSC/SFCI seeds are all treated. About 30 % of locally
available seeds (Truthfully Labeled Seeds) are treated.
Seed viability is tested in the State Seed Testing
RASHTRIYA KRISHI VIKAS YOJANA (RKVY)
FUND ALLOCATION UNDER RKVY DURING 2008-09
(Rs. in lakh)
Sl. Department Approved Actual expenditure
1 Agriculture 450.00 225.50
2 Vety. & Animal Husbandry 165.00 82.50
3 Horticulture 240.00 120.00
4 Soil & Water Conservation 200.00 100.00
5 Fisheries 114.00 57.00
6 Sericulture 110.00 55.00
7 Land Resources 110.00 55.00
Total: 1389.00 695.00
FUND ALLOCATION UNDER RKVY DURING 2009-10
Budget allocation (Rs. In lakh)
Sl.No. Department 2007-08 2008-09 Grand expenditure
(Back log) (Back log) Total
1 Agriculture 281.00 225.00 409.00 915.00 915.00
2 Veterinary & A.H. 75.00 82.00 81.00 238.00 238.00
3 Horticulture 75.00 120.00 80.00 275.00 275.00
4 Fisheries 45.00 57.00 68.00 170.00 170.00
Soil & Water
5 150.00 100.00 80.00 330.00 330.00
6 Sericulture -- 55.00 -- 55.00 55.00
7 Land Resources -- 55.00 -- 55.00 55.00
Total: 626.00 694.00 718.00 2038.00 2038.00
IMPACT ASSESSMENT OF RKVY FOR THE YEAR 2008-09
Overall Production of the Contribution
state made from RKVY
1 Food Grain: 515300 MT 8.75 % Assessment on
2 Annual growth rate of 0.08 % Horticultural fruit
livestock: 9.32% crops could not be
done as the
3 Fish: 6175 0.55 % gestation period is
More time is required for collection, compilation and reporting as many
line departments are involved in the programme.
Actual convergence is yet to take place as the programme is at its initial
FERTILIZERS (AVAILABILITY, TESTING, INM)
In view of the Organic Policy adopted by the State, the
farmers are encouraged to use organic manures such as
Green manure, Bio-compost, Vermi-compost, Bio-fertilizers
etc. apart from chemical fertilizers.
During 2009-10, 950 MT of compost was produced and 20 MT
of Green manuring seeds were distributed to the farmers.
The different Bio-fertilizers produce and distributed to the
farmers are:- Rhizobium-1.77 MT, Azotobacter-3.23 MT,
Azospirillum-0.60 MT, Phosphotika-6 MT.
During Kharif 2010 bio-fertlizer production target is 7 MT.
Department has 3 (three) soil testing laboratory.
Nos. of Soil Health Cards made available to farmers:
2009-10 (Achieved) 14,000 nos.
Kharif 2010 (Target) 6000 nos.
Though the State has adopted Organic Policy to enhance
production for sustaining productivity, to meet increasing
demand for more food, Chemical Fertilizers will be used in
selected potential areas in the State. The availability position of
Urea is satisfactory but DAP scarcity was there during the
RABI 2009-10 KHARIF 2010
UREA 368 MT 450 MT
DAP 290 MT 300 MT
MOP 120 MT 150 MT
SSP 22 MT 140 MT
TOTAL 800 MT 1040 MT
A. National Horticulture Mission (including impact assessment & linkage to
(1) National Horticulture Mission facilitates construction of basic infrastructural
development (8 nos of Wholesale Market, 170 nos of Rural Godown and
(2) Created avenue for farming communities toward organizational set up of
farming & marketing system through the APMCs/VMCs
(3) Mobilize farming communities for surplus production of economically viable
crops thereby enhance income which improve economy and living standard
of farming community in the state.
B. Agricultural Marketing with focus on reforms:
To facilitate marketing network and infra structural development, Nagaland
State Agricultural Marketing (Development & Regulation) Act 2005 is
Constitution of 18 nos of APMC & VMC in all Government recognized
Intensive training on Post Harvest Management & Marketing activities.
Selection of economically viable commercial commodities for commercial
Crop zoning according to climate conditions has been done.
BEST PRACTICES ADOPTED BY THE STATE.
About 74% of the areas is still under shifting cultivation system
which shall remain for years. To increase production and
productivity , the following improved practices economically
Wet terrace Rice cultivation (WTRC) (Paddy cum Fishery
and Snail Culture) .
Mixed cropping in Shifting cultivation.
Alder Based Agriculture
Fallow Management practices and use of Legume as
Terrace Paddy cum Fish & Snail culture
Mixed cropping with Maize as a Raised earthen/tree branches
main crop as barrier in jhum field
Alder based Potato cultivation Wild Sunflower
Green Manuring Potato field
ANY OTHER ISSUES OF IMPORTANCE
NATIONAL FOOD SECURITY MISSION
Since Nagaland is in critical situation in
term of Food Security, National Food
Security Mission guidelines may be
relaxed to include Nagaland and alike
states in National Food Security Mission
in the interest of the state in particular
and country as a whole.
a. Non provision of Transport Subsidy for the last 3 (three) years.
b. Seeds subsidy not adequate.
a. The present arrangement of delivery from Guwahati (Assam)
is an extra added burden to the state. Fertilizers Corporations
may be requested to make delivery as done in the past at
ware-housing Dimapur ,Nagaland.
b. Unavailability of DAP during the cropping season.
3. Plant Protection: Rodents or any other pests epidemic should
be taken as natural calamity. Hence subsidy component
should not be imposed upon affected farmers .
4. Transportation Charges: Being hilly state, transportation
costs of Agricultural Inputs abnormally very high. Though
transportation charges is not permitted under Macro-
Management, Government of India may consider to relax
restriction and allow the state to utilize certain amount within
the approved schemes to meet transportation charges.
Dr.A.K.Mohanrao, Rodent Specialist at the launching of Rodent Control campaign
INDIGENOUS RODENT TRAPS
State Road Shows
Hon’ble Chief Minister of
Nagaland Shri. N. Rio at the