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NATIONAL CONFERENCE ON AGRICULTURE FOR KHARIF by dffhrtcv3

VIEWS: 4 PAGES: 27

									NATIONAL CONFERENCE ON AGRICULTURE
FOR KHARIF CAMPAIGN 2010, NEW DELHI
(MARCH. 18th – 19th 2010)




    GOVERNMENT OF NAGALAND
   DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE
                  BASIC INFORMATION

1.   Population Census (2001)
     Total population                      : 19,88,636
     Rural population                      : 16,35,815
     Total farming household               : 1,49,171

2.   Total Geographical Area               :     16,579 Sq.km
     Total cultivable area                 :   7,21,924 ha
     Gross cropped area                    :   4,19,760 ha
      Double cropped area                  :   1,20,000 ha
      Net cropped area                     :   2,99,760 ha
     Gross irrigated area                  :     91,840 ha
     Net irrigated area                    :     72,670 ha

3.   Food-grain Production (2009-10)   :   3,67,820 MT (Anticipated)
4.   Oilseeds Production (2009-10)     :     99,720 MT (Anticipated)
5.   Commercial Production (2009-10)   :   3,02,350 MT (Anticipated)
   RAINFALL DATA FOR THE PERIOD SEPT 2009 TO FEB 2010




Average rainfall in mm
                      NAGALAND
Agriculture is the mainstay of the state’s economy. More
than 80% of the population is rural based and its economy
depends on agriculture and allied sectors. Traditionally, all
the tribes practice shifting cultivation. The Angami and
Chakhesang tribes have on the other developed a system of
Wet Terraced Rice Cultivation (WTRC), which they practice
along with shifting cultivation.
VISION AND MISSION STATEMENT
   Our vision
 A feasible Agriculture in Nagaland, economically viable
   and ‘Food for All by 2020’.
   Our mission
 Promote      subsistence     agriculture to   commercial
   agriculture in a sustainable manner by extending demand
   driven services to farmers.
 Promote Organic agriculture in a sustainable manner
   under rain-fed situations.
                AGRICULTURAL POLICY

    A major shift in Policy from sustainable level of production to
    commercial oriented production program has been put into
    motion during 11th Five Year Plan period. Towards achieving this
    objective various strategies has been defined and institutional
    reforms carried out:
   Crop zoning of cultivable agricultural land all over the State
    identifying major viable crops carried out.
   Input procurement and distribution policy in line with crop zoning
   Adopted organic program, an effective strategy involving design
    management procedures that work with natural processes
   Extension services have been re-oriented and adopted New
    Extension Reform (ATMA)
   To strengthen market linkage, APMC has been constituted
    through an Act of the State Legislature to provide meaningful
    services to the farmers.
   Proposed two pronged approach of increasing the area and
    productivity for increasing the production of Rice & Pulses in
    order to achieve Horizontal and Vertical growth.
NO.1              RABI ASSESSMENT 2009-10
       RABI ASSESSMENT FOR 2009 - 10               TARGET & LIKELY
              ACHIEVEMENT OF AREA & PRODUCTION
                          ARE A ('0 0 0 h a )           P RODUCT ION ('0 0 0 MT )
       CROP S                         L IKE L Y                       L IKE L Y
                      T ARGE T   ACHIE VE ME NT         T ARGE T   ACHIE VE ME NT
a. Cereals               13.00                  13.10     26.90             27.00
b. Pulses                18.16                  18.09     23.92             23.92
  Total Food Grain       31.16                  31.19     50.82             50.92
c. Oilseeds              73.21                  73.21     71.00             71.00
d. Commercial Crop
       (potato)           2.95                   2.95     36.58             36.58
                  KHARIF PROSPECT FOR 2010-11
   KHARIF PROSPECT FOR 2010 - 11 TARGET & PROJECTED
              ACHIEVEMENT OF AREA & PRODUCTION
                           ARE A ('000 ha)              P RODUCT ION ('000 MT )

        CROP S                     P ROJE CT E D                    P ROJE CT E D
                      T ARGE T                          T ARGE T
                                 ACHIE VE ME NT                    ACHIE VE ME NT

a. Cereals             243.21              243.21        519.71           519.71
b. Pulses                15.50                  15.50      18.83            18.83
   Total Food Grain    258.71              258.71        538.54           538.54
c. Oilseeds              31.23                  31.23      41.23            41.23
d. Commercial Crop       24.55                  24.55    346.42           346.42
        TARGET & REQUIREMENT FOR KHARIF 2010

Sl No                 Crop                       Quantity in qtl
  A                  Cereal
  1     Paddy                                                 4150
  2     Maize                                                 2300
  3     Jobstear                                               750
  4     Millets                                               1200
                               Total Cereals:                 8400
 B                    Pulses
 1      Kholar (Rajmah)                                       1100
 2      Rice bean                                              800
 3      Arhar                                                  650
 4      Cowpea                                                 600
 5      Moong                                                  105
                                 Total Pulses:                3255
 C                  Oilseeds
 1      Soyabean                                              1000
 2      Sesamum                                                950
 3      Pyrilla                                                900
 4      Groundnut                                              500
                               Total Oilseeds:                3350
NO.2
       SEEDS (Availability,Treatment, Testing)




 Seeds Availability:
       State do not produce sufficient seeds and therefore
 depends on the supply position of NSC/SFCI dealers etc.
 Seed Treatment:
       NSC/SFCI seeds are all treated. About 30 % of locally
 available seeds (Truthfully Labeled Seeds) are treated.
 Seed Testing:
       Seed viability is tested in the State Seed Testing
 laboratory.
NO.3
       RASHTRIYA KRISHI VIKAS YOJANA (RKVY)

          FUND ALLOCATION UNDER RKVY DURING 2008-09
                                                     (Rs. in lakh)

Sl.          Department            Approved   Actual expenditure
No.                                 outlay
 1    Agriculture                    450.00                 225.50
 2    Vety. & Animal Husbandry       165.00                   82.50
 3    Horticulture                   240.00                 120.00
 4    Soil & Water Conservation      200.00                 100.00
 5    Fisheries                      114.00                   57.00
 6    Sericulture                    110.00                   55.00
 7    Land Resources                 110.00                   55.00
                          Total:    1389.00                 695.00
          FUND ALLOCATION UNDER RKVY DURING 2009-10



                                     Budget allocation (Rs. In lakh)
                                                                       Actual
Sl.No.      Department            2007-08    2008-09           Grand expenditure
                                                       2009-10
                                 (Back log) (Back log)         Total

  1      Agriculture                 281.00      225.00   409.00 915.00         915.00
  2      Veterinary & A.H.            75.00       82.00    81.00 238.00         238.00
  3      Horticulture                 75.00      120.00    80.00 275.00         275.00
  4      Fisheries                    45.00       57.00    68.00 170.00         170.00
         Soil & Water
  5                                  150.00      100.00    80.00 330.00         330.00
         Conservation
  6      Sericulture                 --           55.00     --         55.00     55.00
  7      Land Resources              --           55.00    --          55.00     55.00

                        Total:       626.00      694.00   718.00 2038.00       2038.00
  IMPACT ASSESSMENT OF RKVY FOR THE YEAR 2008-09



          Overall Production of the     Contribution
Sl.No.                                                        Remarks
                    state              made from RKVY
  1      Food Grain: 515300 MT              8.75 %        Assessment on
  2      Annual growth rate of              0.08 %        Horticultural fruit
         livestock: 9.32%                                 crops could not be
                                                          done as the
  3      Fish: 6175                         0.55 %        gestation period is
                                                          long

CONSTRAINTS:
 More time is required for collection, compilation and reporting as many
line departments are involved in the programme.
 Actual convergence is yet to take place as the programme is at its initial
stage.
NO.4

        FERTILIZERS (AVAILABILITY, TESTING, INM)

 In view of the Organic Policy adopted by the State, the
 farmers are encouraged to use organic manures such as
 Green manure, Bio-compost, Vermi-compost, Bio-fertilizers
 etc. apart from chemical fertilizers.
 During 2009-10, 950 MT of compost was produced and 20 MT
 of Green manuring seeds were distributed to the farmers.
 The different Bio-fertilizers produce and distributed to the
 farmers are:- Rhizobium-1.77 MT, Azotobacter-3.23 MT,
 Azospirillum-0.60 MT, Phosphotika-6 MT.
 During Kharif 2010 bio-fertlizer production target is 7 MT.

 SOIL TESTING:
 Department has 3 (three) soil testing laboratory.
 Nos. of Soil Health Cards made available to farmers:
 2009-10 (Achieved)     14,000 nos.
 Kharif 2010 (Target)    6000 nos.
Though the State has adopted Organic Policy to enhance
production for sustaining productivity, to meet increasing
demand for more food, Chemical Fertilizers will be used in
selected potential areas in the State. The availability position of
Urea is satisfactory but DAP scarcity was there during the
cropping season.

                       RABI 2009-10            KHARIF 2010
  FERTILIZERS
                      CONSUMPTION                TARGET

UREA                              368 MT                  450 MT

DAP                               290 MT                  300 MT

MOP                               120 MT                  150 MT

SSP                                22 MT                  140 MT

      TOTAL                       800 MT                 1040 MT
NO.5
                     AGRICULTURAL MARKETING

A. National Horticulture Mission (including impact assessment & linkage to
   market):
(1) National Horticulture Mission facilitates construction of basic infrastructural
   development (8 nos of Wholesale Market, 170 nos of Rural Godown and
   Apna Mandis)
(2) Created avenue for farming communities toward organizational set up of
   farming & marketing system through the APMCs/VMCs
(3) Mobilize farming communities for surplus production of economically viable
   crops thereby enhance income which improve economy and living standard
   of farming community in the state.
B. Agricultural Marketing with focus on reforms:
 To facilitate marketing network and infra structural development, Nagaland
   State Agricultural Marketing (Development & Regulation) Act 2005 is
   enforced.
 Constitution of 18 nos of APMC & VMC in all Government recognized
   villages.
 Intensive training on Post Harvest Management & Marketing activities.
 Selection of economically viable commercial commodities for commercial
   purpose.
 Crop zoning according to climate conditions has been done.
    BEST PRACTICES ADOPTED BY THE STATE.

About 74% of the areas is still under shifting cultivation system
which shall remain for years. To increase production and
productivity , the following improved practices economically
found acceptable.

    Wet terrace Rice cultivation (WTRC) (Paddy cum Fishery
     and Snail Culture) .
    Mixed cropping in Shifting cultivation.
    Alder Based Agriculture
    Fallow Management practices and use of Legume as
     cover crop.
             Terrace Paddy cum Fish & Snail culture




Mixed cropping with Maize as a   Raised earthen/tree branches
          main crop                  as barrier in jhum field
Alder based Potato cultivation   Wild Sunflower




      Green Manuring             Potato field
ANY OTHER ISSUES OF IMPORTANCE



 NATIONAL FOOD SECURITY MISSION


 Since Nagaland is in critical situation in
 term of Food Security, National Food
 Security Mission guidelines may be
 relaxed to include Nagaland and alike
 states in National Food Security Mission
 in the interest of the state in particular
 and country as a whole.
                        CONSTRAINTS:
1. Seeds:-
a. Non provision of Transport Subsidy for the last 3 (three) years.
b. Seeds subsidy not adequate.
2. Fertilizers:
a. The present arrangement of delivery from Guwahati (Assam)
   is an extra added burden to the state. Fertilizers Corporations
   may be requested to make delivery as done in the past at
   ware-housing Dimapur ,Nagaland.
b. Unavailability of DAP during the cropping season.
3. Plant Protection: Rodents or any other pests epidemic should
   be taken as natural calamity. Hence subsidy component
   should not be imposed upon affected farmers .
4. Transportation Charges: Being hilly state, transportation
   costs of Agricultural Inputs abnormally very high. Though
   transportation charges is not permitted under Macro-
   Management, Government of India may consider to relax
   restriction and allow the state to utilize certain amount within
   the approved schemes to meet transportation charges.
Millet




         Rice field
Dr.A.K.Mohanrao, Rodent Specialist at the launching of Rodent Control campaign
INDIGENOUS RODENT TRAPS
Trapped Rodents
Linseed    Maize




 Mustard
                               State Road Shows




 Hon’ble Chief Minister of
Nagaland Shri. N. Rio at the
     Agriculture stall

								
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