Accidents

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					Харківська спеціалізована школа I-III ступенів №156
Харківської міської ради Харківської області




         Відкритий урок в 9 класі:
                Тема:”Accidents”




                   Розробила: вчитель I категорії С.В.Осипова




                    Харків 2011 год
The subject of the lesson:”Accidents”
         Teaching Aims:
         -to revise lexis on the topic;
         -to improve listening comprehension skills;
         -to motivate the pupils in expressing their own opinion and views on the
topic;
         Developing Aims:
         -to develop monological speech;
         -to develop the pupils’ group communicative skills;
         -to develop pupils’ memory, logical thinking, quick reaction.
         Upbringing Aims:
         -to develop in pupils culture of being careful as to the accidents in
         order to avoid them.
         Visual Aids:
         -copies for evaluating themselves;
         -a set of posters.
         Procedure of the Lesson:
         1.0   Preliminaries of the Lesson.
         2.0   The Main Part of the Lesson:
         Today we are going to talk about a very serious and quite difficult problem-
accidents. At our lesson we’ll revise lexis on the topic, we’ll talk about the causes
of the accidents on the roads, about the causes of the fires at home and about
causes of the accidents in the sea. Then you will work in groups telling your
stories and asking and answering questions.
         But before we start I want you to look at the copies on your desks. There are
three questions and a chart on this copy. At the end of the lesson you should
answer the questions about difficulties at the lesson and your impressions and fill
in the chart to evaluate your work at the lesson on your own. At our lesson
tomorrow we’ll discuss your answers and compare my marks and yours.
      For the lesson, you need some posters(they are on the blackboard)which
will help you.
             So,let’s start.
             3.0   Improving Speaking Skills:
      First of all let’s talk about the reasons of the accidents on the roads. You can
see the prompts on the blackboard, use them and name the causes.
      Pupils answers:
      -Speeding causes road accidents.
      -Drunk drivers cause road accidents, too.
      -The reason of the car accidents could be the slippery road.
      -The road accidents could also happen because of the careless passers-by       -
The breakage of the traffic lights could cause the road accidents as well.
      -It’s very dangerous if there are no warning signs on the road.
      3.1 Revising of the Lexis:
      Now we’ll revise the lexis and your task is to give the explanations in
English.
      Pupils’ answers:
      Overtake - to go past a moving vehicle or person because you are going
faster than them and want to get in front of them
      Speed - to move or go faster
      brake/put on the brakes - to make a vehicle or bicycle go more slowly or
stop by using its break
      slow down - to become slower or to make something slower
      skid - if a vehicle skids, it suddenly slides sideways and you cannot control it
      crash-to have an accident in a car, plane etc by violently hitting something
knock-to hit something with a short quick action
      damage - to cause physical harm to something or to part of someone’s body
      collision - an accident in which two or more people or vehicles hit each
other while moving in different directions
         injury - a wound or damage to part of your body caused by an accident or
attack
         cross-to go from one side to the other
         traffic lights - a set of red, yellow and green lights that control traffic
seatbelt - a belt attached to the seat of a car or a plane which you fasten around
yourself for protection in an accident
         swerve - to make a sudden movement while moving forwards in order to
avoid hitting something
         witness - someone who sees a crime or an accident and can describe what
happened
         warn - to tell someone that something bad or dangerous may happen so that
they can avoid it
         passer-by - someone who is walking past a place by chance
               3.2   Working in groups:
         You were quite good at this kind of work and now we continue our lesson
working in groups. Your home task was to make up             stories about different
accidents. Group number 1,you’ve prepared the story “Accident on the Road”. And
now your task is to start telling the story, stop in the middle and suggest one group
to finish your story and the other group to ask questions to get more information
about the accident. Use as many words on the topic as you can.
         The beginning of the story:


         Last summer my friend and me decided to go to the seaside by car. We were
travelling along the road at around 40 mph as the road was very dangerous because
of the yesterday’s heavy rain. Suddenly we noticed the sports car moving out to
overtake us. It was speeding at around 60 mph. My friend braked slightly in order
to let the driver of the sports car pass but……..
         Pupils’ answer(the ending):
         Suddenly the sports car driver put on the brakes, then the car skidded and
crashed into a lorry parked at the side of the road. There was a terrible crashing
noise. My friend managed to swerve just in time. We were lucky to be alive. But
after the accident my friend never drove again.
         The variant of the story suggested by group number 1:
         Instead of slowing down,our car skidded on the slippery surface and crashed
into the sports car. As a result the sports car was knocked into the motorcyclist
coming from the other direction. The sports car and the motorcycle were severеly
damaged in the collision and the driver of the sports car and the motorcyclist had to
be taken to hospital. We were lucky that we didn’t suffer serious injuries in this
accident but our car needed to be repaired.
         Questions and Answers to the Story:
         1.-Were there any witnesses of the accident?
         -Yes, there was a passer-by who saw the accident.
         2.-Was the driver of the sports car drunk?
         -Yes, at the police station it was found out that the driver of the sports car
was drunk.
         3.-Was anybody crossing the road?
         -Luckily nobody was crossing the road.
         4.-Was your friend wearing seatbelts?
         -Fortunately he was wearing seatbelts.
         4.0 Improving Speaking Skills:
         Now we’re going to talk about “Fires at Home”. Let’s name the causes of
fires.
         Pupils’ answers:
         -Children can take matches without permission and start a fire.
         -A pan of oil which has been left unattended on the cooker could be the
reason of the fire at home.
         -The faulty electrical wiring could cause the fire, too.
         4.1   Revising of the Lexis:
         Now we’ll revise the lexis and your task is to give the explanations in
English.
       Pupils’ answers:
       Smoke - white, grey gas that is produced by something burning
       fire brigade - a group of people who work together to stop fires burning
       race - to move quickly
       flames - hot bright gas that you see when something is on fire
       unconscious - unable to see, move, feel etc in normal way because you are
not conscious
       matches - small wooden or paper sticks with a special substance at the top
that you use to light a fire, cigarette etc
       ambulance - a special vehicle that is used to take people who are ill or
injured to hospital
       save - to take someone or something safe from danger, harm or destruction
       put out the fire - to make a fire stop burning
       pull someone to safety -to save someone
              4.2     Working in groups:
       You were quite good at this kind of work and now we continue our lesson
working in groups. Group number 2-you’ve prepared the story “Fire at Home”.
And now your task is to start telling the story, stop in the middle and suggest one
group to finish your story and the other group to ask questions to get more
information about the accident. Use as many words on the topic as you can.
       The beginning of the story:
       It was eleven o’clock on Wednesday morning. I was reading a book and
drinking coffee in the garden. I smelt something burning. I looked around and
noticed thick black smoke coming from the kitchen window of my neighbours
house.
       I called the fire brigade at once and ran over to the Smiths’ house. I had just
spoken to Mrs Smith, she told me that she was going out for a walk with their dog.
And I also knew that MrSmith was away on a business trip to London, so their two
children, Tommy aged six and John aged eight, were alone in the house…….
       Pupils’ answer(the ending):
      John who was eight years old immediately ran through the smoke-filled
house to wake his younger brother Tommy. His unconscious body was too heavy
for the little boy to move alone. Luckily the door was unlocked. I rushed in and
helped John to pull little Tommy to safety.
      The variant of the story suggested by group number 2:
      Fortunately the door was unlocked so I went in and raced to the kitchen. It
was in flames. Little Tommy was lying unconscious on the floor with a box of
matches in his hand. I wrapped him in a blanket and took him to the garden. John
was locked in the bathroom and was screaming for help. Luckily the fire brigade
arrived. The firefighters managed to save John and put out the fire.
      Questions and Answers to the Story:
      1.-Was the pan of oil left unattended on the cooker that could start fire?
      -No, it wasn’t. Mrs Smith never left the cooker unattended.
      2.-Was the reason of the fire the faulty electrical wiring?
      -No, the electrical wiring wasn’t damaged.
      3.-Did anyone else see the fire?
      -No, no one saw the fire except the Smiths’ neighbour.
      4.-Were the children crying for help?
      -No, little Tommy was unconscious and his brother John was in the
bathroom and no one could hear him crying.
      5.0 Improving Speaking Skills:
      Now we’re going to talk about Accidents in the Sea”. Let’s name the causes
of these accidents.
      Pupils’ answers:
      -The accident in the sea could happen if the swimmers are not experienced.
      -Bad weather causes the accidents in the sea.
      -Accidents in the sea could happen because of the sharks.
      -It’s very dangerous to swim in the sea just after lunch because you can have
cramp in the legs.
      5.1    Revising of the Lexis:
      Now we’ll revise the lexis and your task is to give the explanations in
English.
      Pupils’ answers:
      Cramp - a severe pain that you get in part of your body when a muscle
becomes too tight, making it difficult for you to move that part of your body
      inexperienced swimmer - a swimmer who cannot swim very well
      come to rescue - to save someone
      coastguard - the organization that help swimmers and ships that are in
danger
      witness the incident - to see something happen
      dive - to swim under water
           5.2     Working in groups:
      You were quite good at this kind of work and now we continue our lesson
working in groups. Group number 3-you’ve prepared the story “Accident in the
Sea”. And now your task is to start telling the story, stop in the middle and suggest
one group to finish your story and the other group to ask questions to get more
information about the accident. Use as many words on the topic as you can.
      The beginning of the story:
      It was a hot summer day when my friend Dave and his wife Alison were
having a picnic on a quiet beach. Alison decided to go for a swim. Within seconds
she realized that she had cramp in her legs. Her husband quickly swam over to
save her…….
      Pupils’ answer(the ending):
      Dave was an experienced swimmer. He managed to save Alison just in time.
      The variant of the story suggested by group number 3:
      But by the time he had reached her, he too had cramp and they were both in
trouble. Suddenly a dolphin came to their rescue. The lucky couple were able to
hold on to the dolphin’s fin while it pulled them to safety. I think this accident
should serve as a warning to others not to swim after eating.
      Questions and Answers to the Story:
      1.-Were there any boats to pull Alison to safety?
      -Yes, there was a fishing boat but it was too far to come immediately to help.
      2.-Were they noticed by the coastguard?
      -Unfortunately there was no coastguard in this area.
      3.-Did anyone witness the incident?
      -No, the beach was alone.
      4.-Were there any sharks nearby?
      -No, there were no sharks nearby.
      6.0    Summation of the Lesson:
      So, our lesson is going to be over in a few minutes. You have some time to
answer the questions on the copies and fill in the chart.
      You’ve worked hard today. You’ve revised the lexis, you were quite good at
telling the stories, asking and answering the questions and at working in groups in
the whole.
      I’m satisfied with your work and answers at the lesson. All of you got
excellent marks.
      You home task:
      to continue working in groups and make up dialogues to the stories.
-overtake
-speed
-brake/put on the brakes
-slow down
-skid
-crash
-knock
-damage
-collision
-injury
-cross
-traffic lights
-seatbelt
-swerve
-witness
-warn
-passer-by
- fire brigade
-race
-flames
-unconscious
-matches
-ambulance
-save
-put out the fire
-pull someone to safety
-cramp
-unexperienced swimmer
-come to rescue
-coastguard
      -witness the incident
      -dive
      At the end of the lesson students are offered to answer the following
questions:
      1) Have you done all the tasks which were mentioned at the beginning of the
lesson?
      2) What did you like when you were doing the activity?
      3) What difficulties did you have?
      Then the students are offered to evaluate their work and to fill in the chart:
№ Questions                                                               Points

                                                                          (0-3)

1. I worked hard in the group -

2. I suggested good ideas, they were accepted -

3. I helped other members of the group -

4. I generalized ideas of other members of the group and
    encouraged my groupmates -

    Total                                                                 (0-12)

				
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